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1.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 177-180, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928469

ABSTRACT

Proximal tibiofibular instability is a rare condition for which treatment is poorly codified. A 21-year-old patient, a leisure sportswoman, presented a post-traumatic anterolateral instability of the proximal tibiofibular articulation without cartilage lesion. We propose an original surgical technique based on a review of the literature that combines an anatomical ligamentoplasty of the proximal tibiofibular joint and a proximal fibular diaphyseal osteotomy to reduce the distal tibiofibular mechanical stresses. This original technique allows a favorable evolution with recovery of professional and sports activities at 6 months.


Subject(s)
Adult , Fibula , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Osteotomy/methods , Tibia/surgery , Young Adult
2.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 53(1): 35-41, jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1252919

ABSTRACT

El acortamiento y la rotación del peroné son las deformidades más frecuentemente encontradas cuando se presentan maluniones postraumáticas del tobillo resultando en ensanchamiento de la mortaja e inestabilidad astragalina, con consecuentes cambios artrósicos. Los pacientes acuden por presentar dolor y limitación en sus actividades diarias y deportivas. En el presente estudio retrospectivo se hace una evaluación de los resultados clínicos y radiológicos de 9 pacientes que se sometieron a tratamiento quirúrgico posterior a maluniones de fracturas de peroné, en los cuales se realizaron osteotomías de alargamiento y desrotación para reconstrucción del tobillo, en la Unidad de Cirugía de Pie y Tobillo del Hospital Universitario de Caracas, entre junio de 2014 y agosto del 2019. Se realizaron mediciones radiológicas pre y postoperatorias de los ángulos de inclinación astragalina, talocrural y bimaleolar, y se reportaron los cambios degenerativos articulares. Para la evaluación clínica y funcional se aplicó la Escala Análoga Visual (VAS) para el dolor, y la Escala AOFAS de retropié, evidenciándose mejoría en cuanto a dolor, función y alineación. El objetivo del tratamiento fue restituir la longitud inicial del peroné, mediante osteototomías oblicuas en el sitio de la fractura anterior, o transversas suprasindesmales, con lo cual también se corrige la alineación del astrágalo, y de esta manera prevenir o disminuir los síntomas y signos inherentes a degeneración articular progresiva(AU)


The shortening and rotation of the fibula are the most frequent deformities found when post-traumatic ankle malunions occur, resulting in widening of the mortise and talus instability, with consequent arthritic changes. Patients have pain and limitation in their daily activities and sports. In the present retrospective study, an evaluation of the clinical and radiological results of 9 patients who underwent surgical treatment after fibular fracture malunions was performed, in which osteotomies of lengthening and de-rotation were performed for reconstruction of the ankle, in the Unit of Foot and Ankle Surgery at the University Hospital of Caracas, between June 2014 and August 2019. Pre and postoperative radiological measurements of the astragaline, talocrural and bimaleolar inclination angles were performed, and degenerative joint changes were reported. For the clinical and functional evaluation, the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was applied for pain, and the AOFAS Hindfoot Scale, evidencing improvement in pain, function, and alignment. The objective of the treatment was to restore the initial length of the fibula by means of oblique osteotomies at the site of the previous fracture or suprasindesmal transverse osteotomy, which also corrects the alignment of the talus and thus prevents or decreases the symptoms and signs inherent to joint progressive degeneration(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Osteotomy , Bone Lengthening , Fractures, Malunited , Traumatology , Fractures, Bone , Fibula/surgery
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921903

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To measure anatomical data of calcaneofibular ligament (CFL), relevant data of CFL attachment to provide an anatomical basis for CFL reconstruction.@*METHODS@#Twenty-seven adult ankle specimens were selected, including 11 males and 16 females, aged from 22 to 71 years old with an average of (41.6±17.2) years old;9 cases on the left side and 18 cases on the right side. The specimens reserved at least 20 cm above ankle joint and a complete foot, and exclude deformities, fractures, incomplete development and degenerative lesions. CFL was performed detailed anatomical observation, morphological parameters of CFL was measured, and coordinates of fibula side and calcaneal side of CFL in the coordinate axis were measured. The distance between fibula insertion of CFL and fibula tip, distance between calcaneal insertion of CFL and lateral calcaneal nodule, and Angle between CFL and long axis of fibula were also measured.@*RESULTS@#In these 27 specimens, CFL cases were all single bundles and the length of CFL was (32.83 ± 8.19) mm. The center point of fibula attachment in CFL was(2.87± 1.21) mm proximal with a coefficient of variation of 42.16% and (2.08±1.34) mm anteriorly with a coefficient of variation of 64.42%. The center point of calcaneal attachment region of CFL was located on coordinate axis on the distal end (15.32±5.33) mm, with a coefficient of variation of 34.79%, and the posterior part (6.38±2.15) mm, with a coefficient of variation of 33.86%. The distance between center point of fibula attachment and fibula tip was (4.81±0.82) mm. The distance between center point of calcaneal attachment area of CFL and lateral calcaneal nodules was(17.25±3.12) mm. Angle between CFL and fibula axis is (43 ±18)° .@*CONCLUSION@#According to anatomical studies, we could locate the fibula and calcaneal attachment of CFL by anatomical markers around ankle joint. However, the location of CFL attachment has a large variation, and the anatomical characteristics need to be considered in anatomical reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Ankle Joint/surgery , Cadaver , Calcaneus/surgery , Female , Fibula/surgery , Humans , Lateral Ligament, Ankle/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888310

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the short-term clinical effect of double channel decompression and bone grafting through the greater trochanter combined with allograft fibula propping in the treatment of osteonecrosis of femoral head (ONFH).@*METHODS@#Twenty two patients (23 hips) with osteonecrosis of the femoral head were included from November 2017 to February 2019. According to Association Research Cirulation Osseous(ARCO) staging, there were 13 hips at stageⅡgroup, aged from 20 to 48 years old with an average of(32.5±8.5)years old;10 hips at stageⅢgroup, aged from 18 to 45 years old with an average of(32.7±8.6) years old. A single approach through the greater trochanterwas used for decompression, bone grafting and fibula support. Harris scoring system was used to evaluate the function of hip joint before and after implantation, and the anteroposterior and lateral X-ray films of hip joint were taken at 3, 6, 12 and 18 months after implantation to observe and analyze the progress of femoral head necrosis and regeneration.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 12 to 18 months with an average of (14.6±2.1) months. Harris score of stageⅡand stageⅢpatients increased from 73.2± 5.5 and 66.5±3.4 to 87.6±8.7(@*CONCLUSION@#The effect of double trochanteric decompression and bone grafting combined with fibular allograft propping in the treatment of early and middle stage avascular necrosis of the femoral head is good, especially suitable for young and middle aged patients with ARCOⅡstage avascular necrosis of the femoral head.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Allografts , Bone Transplantation , Decompression , Femur Head , Femur Head Necrosis , Fibula , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
5.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 35(1): 62-66, 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1378527

ABSTRACT

Introducción El estándar de manejo para las fracturas del peroné distal es la reducción abierta más fijación interna con placa y tornillos (bloqueados o no), sin embargo, existen complicaciones asociadas a este tipo de intervención. En pacientes ancianos con mala calidad de tejidos blandos o en quienes presentan traumas de alta energía como etiología de las fracturas en el tobillo, la tasa de complicaciones previamente mencionadas aumenta, por lo que el manejo de las fracturas de peroné distal con tornillos percutáneos representa una alternativa con menor riesgo de complicaciones y con desenlaces similares al manejo convencional. Materiales y métodos Se realiza una serie de casos de pacientes con fractura de peroné manejados de forma percutánea. Se obtuvo una muestra de 17 pacientes por un año, a quienes se les realizó seguimiento sobre tasa de consolidación, funcionalidad y complicaciones postoperatorias. Resultados Diez (62,5%) fueron hombres, con una media de edad de 59 años (rango entre 24 y 90). El 100% fueron secundarios a traumas de alta energía, 10 (62,5%) fueron izquierdas, 14 (87,5%) se clasificaron como Weber B y 7 casos (56,25%) se presentaron concomitantemente con fracturas abiertas. Conclusiones Con el fin de evitar complicaciones, se debe considerar este abordaje en pacientes con comorbilidades, de edad avanzada o con tejidos blandos lesionados severamente o de mala calidad


Background The standard management for distal fibula fractures is open reduction plus internal fixation with plate and screws (blocked or not), however, there are complications associated with this type of intervention. In elderly patients with poor soft tissue quality or in those with high-energy trauma as the etiology of ankle fractures, the rate of previously mentioned complications increases, so that the management of distal fibula fractures with percutaneous screws represents a alternative with lower risk of complications and similar outcomes to conventional management. Methods A series of cases of patients with fibula fracture managed percutaneously was carried out. A sample of 17 patients was obtained for one year, who were followed up on consolidation rate, functionality, and postoperative complications. Results 10 (62.5%) were men, with a mean age of 59 years (range between 24 and 90). 100% were secondary to high-energy trauma, 10 (62.5%) were left, 14 (87.5%) were classified as Weber B and 7 cases (56.25%) presented concomitantly with open fractures. Discussion In order to avoid complications, this approach should be considered in patients with comorbidities, the elderly, or those with severely injured or poor-quality soft tissues.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibula , Skin Absorption , Fractures, Bone , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary
6.
Actual. osteol ; 17(2): 78-91, 2021. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1370190

ABSTRACT

La concepción original del mecanostato como un regulador de la rigidez estructural ósea orientado a mantener un determinado 'factor de seguridad' en todos los esqueletos parece no corresponder por igual a cualquier hueso y para cualquier tipo de estímulo. Hemos descubierto que la estructura cortical diafisaria del peroné humano manifiesta un comportamiento ambiguo del sistema, referido al uso del pie. La diáfisis peronea, además de ser insensible al desuso, se rigidiza, como sería de esperar, por entrenamientos en disciplinas deportivas que rotan o revierten el pie (hockey, fútbol, rugby); pero, llamativamente, se flexibiliza en su mitad proximal por entrenamiento en carrera larga, que optimiza el rendimiento del salto que acompaña a cada paso. La referida rigidización robustecería la región peronea de inserción de los músculos que rotan o revierten el pie, favoreciendo la locomoción sobre terrenos irregulares o 'gambeteando', propia de especies predadoras como los leopardos. La 'inesperada' flexibilización proximal, pese a reducir la resistencia a la fractura por flexión lateral (poco frecuente en el hombre), favorecería la absorción elástica de la energía contráctil de la musculatura inserta, optimizando el rendimiento del salto al correr, condición vital para especies presas como las gacelas. La falta de analogía de estas respuestas de la estructura peronea a distintos entrenamientos, incompatible con el mantenimiento de un factor de seguridad, sugiere su vinculación preferencial con la optimización de aptitudes esqueléticas con valor selectivo. Esto ampliaría el espectro regulatorio del mecanostato a propiedades esqueléticas 'vitales', más allá del control de la integridad ósea. Su manifestación en el hombre, ajena a connotaciones selectivas (quizá resultante del mantenimiento de genes ancestrales), permitiría proponer la indicación de ejercicios orientados en direcciones preferenciales a este respecto, especialmente cuando estas coincidieran con las de las fuerzas que podrían fracturar al hueso. (AU)


The original notion of the mechanostat as a regulator of bone structural rigidity oriented to maintain a certain 'safety factor' in all skeletons does not seem to correspond equally to every bone and for any type of stimulus. We have discovered that the diaphyseal cortical structure of the human fibula shows an ambiguous behavior of the system, with reference to the use of the foot. The peroneal shaft, in addition to being insensitive to disuse, becomes stiffened, as might be expected, by training in sport disciplines that involve rotating or reversing the foot (hockey, soccer, rugby); but, remarkably, it becomes more flexible in its proximal half by long-distance running training, which optimizes the performance of the jump that accompanies each step. The stiffening would strengthen the peroneal region of insertion of the muscles that rotate or reverse the foot, favoring locomotion on uneven terrain or 'dribbling', typical of predatory species such as leopards. The 'unexpected' proximal flexibilization, despite reducing the resistance to lateral flexion fracture (rare in human), would favor the elastic absorption of contractile energy from the inserted muscles, optimizing jumping performance when running, a vital condition for prey species such as gazelles. The lack of analogy of these responses of the peroneal structure to different training, incompatible with the maintenance of a safety factor, suggests its preferential link with the optimization of skeletal aptitudes with selective value. This would expand the regulatory spectrum of the mechanostat to 'vital' skeletal properties, beyond the control of bone integrity. Its manifestation in humans, oblivious to selective connotations (perhaps resulting from the maintenance of ancestral genes), would make it possible to propose the indication of exercises oriented in preferential directions, especially when they coincide with the direction of the forces that could fracture the bone. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Sports/physiology , Bone and Bones/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Fibula/physiology , Foot/physiology , Soccer/physiology , Track and Field/physiology , Biomechanical Phenomena , Fractures, Bone/prevention & control , Fibula/anatomy & histology , Football/physiology , Hockey/physiology
7.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 171-174, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282684

ABSTRACT

La inestabilidad de la articulación tibioperonea proximal puede presentarse con una luxación, con escasos síntomas laterales de la rodilla, dolor, malestar e incomodidad durante distintas actividades o síntomas relacionados con la irritación del nervio peroneo común. Un preciso diagnóstico prequirúrgico es imperativo, así como el tratamiento conservador con inmovilización y kinesiología por cuatro a seis semanas. En la población adolescente, el planeamiento prequirúrgico puede ser dificultoso por la presencia de los cartílagos abiertos, por lo tanto, se debe tomar precaución en la realización de los túneles y en la colocación de implantes en relación con la fisis abierta. El objetivo del siguiente trabajo es presentar el caso de un niño de once años con inestabilidad tibioperonea proximal recurrente, además mostrar detalles de la técnica quirúrgica, protocolo postoperatorio y sus excelentes resultados


Instability of the proximal tibiofibular joint (PTFJ) can present as dislocations, vague symptoms of lateral knee pain, discomfort during activity, or symptoms related to irritation of the common peroneal nerve. An accurate preoperative diagnosis is imperative and should include a trial of taping of the PTFJ for a 4- to 6-week time frame before surgical reconstruction is indicated. In the adolescent population, surgical planning can be complicated by the presence of open physes; therefore, caution must be taken to avoid drilling through or placing screw fixation across the physes. Potential complications include growth arrest and limb length discrepancy. Therefore, the purpose of this case report is to describe the surgical technique for addressing PTFJ instability in adolescent patients. The aim of this case report is to present a case of instability of the proximal tibiofibular joint (PTFJ) treated surgically in an eleven-year-old male soccer player, focused on technical tips, strict rehab protocol with excellent results


Subject(s)
Child , Tibia/surgery , Fibula/surgery , Growth Plate/surgery , Joint Instability , Knee Joint/surgery
8.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): e231, jul.-dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156596

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Las fracturas abiertas del tercio distal de tibia o pilón son poco frecuentes, en nuestro medio se producen por traumas de alta energía como los accidentes de tránsito, y pueden ser de distintos grados según su envergadura. Entre las complicaciones frecuentes están la seudoartrosis, deformidades y artritis postraumática. Cuando el dolor es refractario a los analgésicos están indicadas las artrodesis. Objetivo: Presentar los resultados del tratamiento realizado en un paciente con seudoartrosis distal de tibia y artritis postraumática del tobillo, dolorosa, con gran lesión de partes blandas, por lo que fue imposible realizar los procedimientos quirúrgicos habituales. Presentación del caso: Se realizó artrodesis de las articulaciones tibio-peronea-astragalina-calcánea, mediante un injerto libre del peroné autólogo, compresión, y estabilización con un fijador externo RALCA®; se asoció un campo electromagnético pulsátil para acelerar la formación del callo óseo y disminuir el dolor posquirúrgico. Durante dos años se le hizo seguimiento. Conclusiones: Se logró el objetivo del tratamiento al fusionar la articulación tibiotarsiana, comenzar el apoyo precoz y su capacidad funcional. Los resultados demuestran además los beneficios de la compresión realizada con los fijadores externos en las artrodesis; el uso del campo electromagnético asociado aceleró la osteogénesis, se consiguió la consolidación ósea, la estabilización, disminuyó el edema y el dolor, además la reincorporación del paciente a la sociedad. No se encontró en la bibliografía revisada otra técnica quirúrgica similar(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Open fractures of the distal third of the tibia or pilon are rare, in our environment they are caused by high-energy traumas such as traffic accidents, and can be of different degrees depending on their size. Common complications include nonunion, deformities, and post-traumatic arthritis. When pain is refractory to analgesics, arthrodesis is indicated. Objective: To report the results of the treatment carried out in a patient with distal tibial pseudoarthrosis and post-traumatic arthritis of the ankle, painful, with a large soft tissue injury, which made it impossible to perform the usual surgical procedures. Case report: Arthrodesis of the tibiofibular-talar-calcaneal joints was performed, using a free graft of the autologous fibula, compression, and stabilization with a RALCA® external fixator. A pulsatile electromagnetic field was associated to accelerate bone callus formation and reduce postoperative pain. This patient was followed up for two years. Conclusions: The treatment objective was achieved by fusing the tibiotarsal joint, by starting early support and functional capacity. The results also prove the benefits of compression performed with external fixators in arthrodesis. The use of the associated electromagnetic field accelerated osteogenesis, bone consolidation and stabilization were achieved, edema and pain decreased, as well as the patient's reincorporation into society. No other similar surgical technique was found in the reviewed literature(AU)


Subject(s)
Arthrodesis/methods , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Fibula/transplantation , Fractures, Open/surgery
9.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): e273, jul.-dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156599

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Cronobacter sakazakii es una bacteria Gram negativa que pertenece a un grupo emergente de patógenos oportunistas de la familia de los Enterococos, que causa infecciones nosocomiales. Afecta típicamente a los recién nacidos de bajo peso; puede causar graves infecciones como meningitis, sepsis o enterocolitis necrotizante, potencialmente mortales, aunque la gran mayoría de las infecciones se producen en pacientes ancianos, en los que son mucho más leves. Se reporta el primer caso confirmado de infección de herida quirúrgica en España causada por C. sakazakii en un adulto inmunocompetente(AU)


ABSTRACT Cronobacter sakazakii is a Gram negative bacterium that belongs to an emerging group of opportunistic pathogens of the Enterococci family, which causes nosocomial infections. It typically affects low birth weight newborns. It can cause serious infections such as meningitis, sepsis, or life-threatening necrotizing enterocolitis, although the vast majority of infections occur in elderly patients, where they are much milder. We report the first confirmed case of surgical wound infection in Spain, caused by C. sakazakii in an immunocompetent adult(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Surgical Wound Infection/etiology , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/etiology , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fibula/injuries , Open Fracture Reduction/adverse effects
10.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 472-476, abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056464

ABSTRACT

El ligamento tibiofibular anterior suele presentar un fascículo distal independiente de la banda principal, denominado fascículo distal del ligamento tibiofibular anterior (FD-LTFA). Este discurre oblicuamente, cubriendo sus fibras más inferiores la zona anterolateral de la articulación talocrural. Su presencia se asocia a pellizcamiento del tobillo en esta zona, el cual puede producir un desgaste cartilaginoso de la cara anterolateral de la tróclea talar. El propósito de este estudio fue determinar la presencia y biometría del FD-LTFA, y su relación con la troclea talar en tobillos de un grupo de individuos Chilenos. En este estudio se utilizaron 30 miembros inferiores de cadáveres de individuos adultos. Se evaluó en el fascículo distal: Ancho en la inserción tibial, ancho en la inserción fibular, longitud del margen superior, longitud del margen inferior y el espesor. Se determinó si había contacto talar por parte del FD-LTFA y se observó desgaste articular en la superficie del domo talar, a nivel de la región de contacto del mencionado ligamento. El FD-LTFA fue encontrado en un 76,7 % de los casos, su anchura a nivel del sitio de fijación tibial fue de 5,30 mm (± 1,4) y a nivel fibular 4,43 mm (± 0,85). En cuanto a su longitud en el margen superior fue de 14,26 mm (± 3,66) y a nivel del margen inferior fue de 16,74 mm (± 2,91). Su espesor fue de 2,1 mm (± 0,36). En las 23 muestras de tobillo con presencia del FD-LTFA, hubo contacto talar en el 100 % de los casos y desgaste articular en esta zona en 3 de ellas (13,04 %). Los datos biométricos aportados por este estudio complementarán el conocimiento anatómico del FD-LTFA en la población Chilena.


The anterior tibiofibular ligament usually presents an independent distal fascicle of the main band, denominated distal fascicle of the anterior tibiofibular ligament (DF-ATiFL). Which obliquely passes, covering its most inferior fiber to the anterolateral corner of the talocrural articulation. Its presence is associated with the anterolateral impingement of the ankle in this area, which can produce cartilage wear of the anterolateral surface of the talar trochlea. The purpose of this study was to determine the presence and biometry of DF-ATiFL and its relation with the talar trochlea on the ankles of a group of Chilean individuals. Thirty inferior members were used in this study, all from adult individuals. It was evaluated: Width of the tibial insertion, width of the fibular insertion, length of the top margin, length of the bottom margin, and the thickness. It was determined whether there was talar contact by the distal fascicle of the anterior tibiofibular ligament. Also, it was observed the articular wear on the surface of the talar dome, at the level of the contact region of the distal fascicle of the anterior tibiofibular ligament. The DFATiFL was found in 76.7 % of the cases, its width at the level of the place of tibial fixation was 5.30 mm (± 1.40), and at the fibular level 4.43 mm (± 0.85). Regarding its length on the top margin was 14.26 mm (± 3.66), and at the bottom, the margin level was 16.74 mm (± 2.91). Its thickness was 2.1 mm (± 0.36). In the 23 ankles samples with the presence of DF-ATiFL, there was talar contact in 100 % of the cases and articular wear in this area in 3 of them (13.04 %). The biometric data contributed by this study will supplement the anatomical knowledge of the distal fascicle of the anterior tibiofibular ligament on the Chilean population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tibia/anatomy & histology , Fibula/anatomy & histology , Ligaments/anatomy & histology , Ankle/anatomy & histology , Talus/anatomy & histology
11.
Actual. osteol ; 16(1): 26-34, Ene - abr. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130074

ABSTRACT

La expansión modeladora de la geometría cortical de un hueso inducida por su entorno mecánico podría ser difícil de modificar por estímulos ulteriores con diferente direccionalidad. Este estudio, que por primera vez combina datos tomográficos del peroné (pQCT) y dinamométricos de la musculatura peronea lateral, intenta demostrar que, en individuos jóvenes no entrenados, el entrenamiento en fútbol produce cambios geométricos peroneos expansivos, similares a los del rugby, que podrían interferir en los efectos de un entrenamiento ulterior direccionalmente diferente (carrera larga). Confirmando la hipótesis, los resultados indican, con evidencias originales, 1) la relevancia creciente del uso del pie (rotación externa y eversión provocadas por los peroneos laterales) para la determinación de la geometría peronea (incremento del desarrollo de los indicadores de masa y de diseño óseos), evidenciada por la secuencia creciente de efectos: carrera < fútbol < rugby; 2) la predominancia de esos efectos sobre el desarrollo centro-proximal del peroné para resistir a la flexión lateral, y en la región distal para resistir el buckling (principal sitio y causa de fractura del hueso) y 3.) la relevancia de la anticipación de esos efectos para interferir en la manifestación de los cambios producidos por un entrenamiento ulterior (carrera), cuando los del primero (fútbol) afectan la modelación cortical de modo expansivo. Esta última deducción demuestra, en forma inédita, que un cambio modelatorio expansivo tempranamente inducido sobre la estructura cortical ósea 'delimitaría el terreno'para la manifestación de cualquier otro efecto ulterior por estímulos de distinta direccionalidad. (AU)


The modeling-dependent, geometrical expansion of cortical bone induced by the mechanical environment could be hard to modify by subsequent stimulations with a different directionality. The current study aimed to demonstrate that in young, untrained individuals, training in soccer or rugby enhances the geometric properties of the fibula cortical shell in such a way that the geometrical changes could interfere on the effects of a second training in which the loads are induced in a different direction, e.g. long-distance running. The original findings reported herein confirm our hypothesis and support 1) The relevance of the use of the foot (external rotation and eversion produced by peroneus muscles) to determine fibula geometry (improved development of indicators of bone mass and design) as evidenced by the increasing nature of the effects induced by running < soccer < rugby trainings; 2) The predominance of those effects on the ability of the fibula to resist lateral bending in the centralproximal region (insertion of peroneus muscles), and to resist buckling in the distal region (the main cause and site of the most frequent bone fractures), and 3) The interaction of the effects of a previous training with those of a subsequent training with a different orientation of the loads when the former induced a modeling-dependent expansion of the cortex. Our results support the proposed hypothesis with original arguments by showing that a first, expansive effect induced on cortical bone modeling would set the stage the manifestation of any subsequent effect derived from mechanical stimuli. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Exercise/physiology , Fibula/growth & development , Running/physiology , Soccer/physiology , Sports/physiology , Tomography , Bone Density , Fractures, Bone/prevention & control , Muscle Strength/physiology , Muscle Strength Dynamometer , Fibula/diagnostic imaging , Cortical Bone/diagnostic imaging , Foot/growth & development , Foot/physiology , Foot/diagnostic imaging , Football/physiology
12.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(1): 33-39, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092677

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The literature entails various intramedullary and extramedullary methods for distal fibula fracture fixation; with no consensus yet over the ideal method of fixation. We have retrospectively analyzed the results of using a twisted and contoured 3.5 mm locking compression plate (LCP) as a posterior buttress plate. Methods Of the 62 cases with ankle fractures managed at our institute by the senior author from 1st January 2012 to 31st December 2015, 41 patients met our inclusion criteria (Danis-Weber types B and C). Results All 41 distal fibular fractures healed uneventfully, at a mean of 10.4 weeks (8-14 weeks) (Figs. 6, 7, 8 to 9) with no complications. The mean American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) score was 92.6 (86-100) at a mean follow-up of 31.5 months (14-61 months). Conclusions We have achieved excellent clinical and radiological outcomes using a twisted 3.5 mm LCP as a posterior buttress by combining the advantages of posterior antiglide plating and lateral LCP.


Resumo Objetivo A literatura discute diversos métodos intramedulares ou extramedulares para fixação de fraturas da fíbula distal, mas não há consenso acerca do método ideal de fixação. Analisamos retrospectivamente os resultados do uso de uma placa bloqueada de compressão (LCP) de 3,5 mm retorcida e com contorno como placa de apoio posterior. Métodos Dos 62 casos de fraturas de tornozelo tratadas em nosso instituto pelo autor sênior entre 1° de janeiro de 2012 e 31 de dezembro de 2015, 41 pacientes atenderam aos critérios de inclusão (tipos B e C de Danis-Weber). Resultados Todas as 41 fraturas fibulares distais cicatrizaram sem intercorrências, em uma média de 10,4 semanas (8-14 semanas) (Figuras 6 a 9) e sem complicações. A pontuação American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) média foi de 92,6 (86-100) em um período médio de acompanhamento de 31,5 meses (14-61 meses). Conclusões Obtivemos excelentes resultados clínicos e radiológicos com uso de LCP retorcida de 3,5 mm como apoio posterior ao combinar as vantagens da placa antideslizante posterior e a LCP lateral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Bone Plates , Fractures, Bone , Fibula , Ankle Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Internal
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828229

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical diagnosis and treatment features of Maisonneuve fractures (maisonneuve fractures of the fibula, MFF), and evaluate its clinical effects.@*METHODS@#From March 2017 to June 2018, 15 patients with MFF were treated with operation, including 9 males and 6 females, aged from 27 to 54 years old with an average of (35.00±7.46) years old, the time from injury to operation ranged from 5 to 8 days with an average of (6.33±1.04) days. All the fractures were fresh and closed injury. The time of bone union and postoperative complications were observed, and AOFAS score was used to evaluate recovery of ankle joint function at 12 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from12 to 28 months with an average of (17.00±3.79) months. Four patients were misdiagnosed. All fractures were obtained bone union from 4 to 6 months with an average of (4.80±0.94) months. No postoperative complications such as infection, delayed union or nonunion occurred. Postoperative AOFAS score at 12 months was 90.23±7.27, among which 9 patients got excellent result, 3 good, and 3 fair.@*CONCLUSION@#Maisonneuve fracture is an unstable fracture. High fibular fracture and the separation of the lower tibia and fibula could be easily neglected, which could lead to misdiagnosis and missed care. Surgical treatment could recover anatomical relation of the lower tibia and fibula and ankle mortise, and obtain satisfying clinical effect.


Subject(s)
Adult , Ankle Fractures , Female , Fibula , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tibia , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879476

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a pedigree affected with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease through high-throughput sequencing.@*METHODS@#Potential variants of the genes associated with CMT were screened by next-generation sequencing (NGS) of the members of the pedigree.@*RESULTS@#NGS has revealed that the two affected sisters both harbored homozygous c.1A>G variant of the GDAP1 gene, which caused replacement of the first amino acid Methionine by Valine (p.Met1Val). Their parents were both carriers of the heterozygous c.1A>G variant. The variant was unreported previously and has an extremely low frequency in the population. Meanwhile, one of the sisters and the mother also carried heterozygous c.710A>T variant of the BAG3 gene.@*CONCLUSION@#The homozygous c.1A>G variant of the GDAP1 gene probably underlay the CMT in both children. Above result has enabled clinical diagnosis and genetic counseling for this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/genetics , Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease/genetics , Child , Female , Fibula/abnormalities , Homozygote , Humans , Mutation , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Pedigree
15.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 34(1): 74-81, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1117665

ABSTRACT

El tumor pardo, también conocido como osteoclastoma ó como osteítis fibrosa quística, es un tumor lítico, que se presenta en hiperparatiroidismo (primario, secundario y terciario), aunque su presentación habitual es altamente invasiva, no tiene potencial de malignidad. Los tumores pardos en la mano son muy poco frecuentes y existen solo algunos reportes de casos. Presentamos un paciente masculino de 18 años con una tumoración dura, no móvil, adherida a planos profundos en región dorsal de la mano derecha sobre el cuarto metacarpiano, que además limita la flexión y extensión del cuarto dedo sin alterar su función neurovascular. El paciente fue sometido a resección de la tumoración que involucraba por completo al cuarto metacarpiano derecho, además se realizó un abordaje lateral directo en miembro pelvico izquierdo para tomar un injerto autólogo de peroné no vascularizado. Es importante la detección temprana de este tipo de tumores y se debe dar un adecuado seguimiento, ya que, al progresar, generan una destrucción ósea importante y el tratamiento se vuelve de mayor complejidad. En etapas tempranas, el manejo agresivo con resección y aporte óseo puede evitar secuelas funcionales. El uso de injerto no vascularizado de peroné de seis centímetros para la sustitución del cuarto metacarpiano por osteolísis secundaria a un tumor pardo es una alternativa adecuada de tratamiento que permite la preservación estético funcional de la mano.


The brown tumour, also known as osteoclastoma, or as osteitis fibrosa cystica, is a lytic tumour, which occurs in hyperparathyroidism (primary, secondary, and tertiary), although its usual presentation is highly invasive, has no potential for malignancy. Brown tumours of the hand are sporadic, and there are only few case reports. The case is presented of an 18-year-old male patient with a solid, non-mobile tumour, adhered to deep planes, in the dorsal region of the right hand over the fourth metacarpal. This also limited the flexion and extension of the fourth finger, but did not show alterations in the neurovascular function of the finger. The patient underwent a tumour resection that completely involved the right fourth metacarpal. A direct lateral approach was made in the left pelvic limb to perform a non-vascularised autologous fibular graft. Early detection of this type of tumour is important, and an adequate follow-up must be carried out, since when they progress, they generate significant bone destruction and the treatment becomes more complex. In early stages, aggressive management of resection and bone support can prevent functional sequelae.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Osteitis Fibrosa Cystica/surgery , Metacarpal Bones/surgery , Osteitis Fibrosa Cystica/etiology , Osteitis Fibrosa Cystica/diagnostic imaging , Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder/complications , Bone Transplantation , Metacarpal Bones/diagnostic imaging , Fibula/surgery , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/complications
16.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(4): 323-329, ago. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058279

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Realizar un análisis retrospectivo de pacientes pediátricos sometidos a reconstrucciones con injertos libres microvasculares del territorio maxilofacial en el Hospital Luis Calvo Mackenna entre los años 2014 y 2018. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: Se realizó un análisis de los casos reconstruidos entre los años indicados. RESULTADOS: Un total de 11 pacientes fueron incluidos en la muestra, 7 hombres y 4 mujeres. El rango de edad de los pacientes fue entre 3 a 17 años (media 10,1). Siete colgajos de fíbula, 3 dorsales y 1 anterolateral de muslo fueron utilizados para reconstrucción. La tasa de éxito de los colgajos fue de un 100%. Discusión: Se realizó una discusión de los colgajos y sus principales indicaciones en pediatría y se compararon los resultados de la revisión con los casos reportados. CONCLUSIÓN: El estudio preoperatorio, una adecuada planificación, la rehabilitación de la oclusión dentaria, la reconstrucción simétrica y mantener el contorno facial deben ser objetivos de la reconstrucción.


AIM: Carry out a retrospective analysis of pediatric patients undergoing reconstructions with free micro-vascular grafts of the maxillofacial territory at the Luis Calvo Mackenna Hospital during the years 2014 and 2018. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Retrospective analysis of the cases reconstructed during the years 2014 and 2018 was made. RESULTS: A total of 11 patients were included in the sample, 7 men and 4 women. The age range of the patients was between 3 to 17 years (mean 10.1 years) . Seven Fibula flaps, 3 dorsal and 1 anterolateral thigh flaps were used for reconstruction. The success rate of the flaps was 100%. DISCUSSION: A discussion of the flaps and their main indications in pediatrics was made and the results of the review were compared with the cases reported. CONCLUSION: The pre-operative study, adequate planning, the rehabilitation of the dental occlusion, the symmetry reconstruction and maintaining the facial contour must be objective of the reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Jaw Diseases/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Microsurgery/methods , Jaw Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Fibula/transplantation , Mandible/surgery
17.
Rev. méd. Hosp. José Carrasco Arteaga ; 11(1): 79-83, Marzo 2019. Ilustraciones
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1016377

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El quiste óseo aneurismático es una neoplasia benigna que aparece con mayor frecuencia en la segunda década de vida. Clínicamente se presenta como una masa que produce dolor y deformidad de la extremidad afectada; radiológicamente se caracteriza por lesiones líticas con tabicaciones internas y abombamiento de la cortical. Se presenta un caso donde se realizó un aloinjerto estructural para el tratamiento de esta patología. CASO CLÍNICO: Paciente de sexo masculino, de 18 años de edad; con historia de 5 meses de evolución de dolor e impotencia funcional de extremidad inferior derecha; al examen físico se evidenció masa de 15 x 6 cm en tobillo derecho. La radiografía simple demostró una lesión lítica de tercio distal de peroné con adelgazamiento e insuflación de la cortical. El examen histopatológico fue positivo para células gigantes de tipo osteoclasto, cambios simplásticos, estroma miofibroblástico y extravasación eritrocitaria; datos compatibles con quiste óseo aneurismático. EVOLUCIÓN: Se realizó la resección en bloque de la masa tumoral del peroné, para la reconstrucción se utilizó un aloinjerto estructural más estabilización con placa de compresión dinámica y tornillo transindesmal; se realizó además una reconstrucción ligamentaria utilizando la técnica de Watson Jones. El paciente tuvo una evolución favorable, a los 16 meses del procedimiento se observó consolidación completa, además de una función articular conservada; no se evidenció recidiva en los 5 años posteriores de control. CONCLUSIÓN: El quiste óseo aneurismático es una patología benigna que siendo tratada en etapas iniciales, conlleva un mejor pronóstico y requiere de la realización de procedimientos quirúrgicos menos complejos. En pacientes con tumores de gran tamaño no es posible la realización de tratamientos convencionales; siendo la resección en bloque más la colocación de aloinjerto y estabilización ligamentaria, una alternativa terapéutica válida que permita preservar la extremidad.(ua)


BACKGROUND: Aneurysmal bone cyst is a benign neoplasm that presents more frequently in the second decade of life. Clinically It manifests as a mass that causes pain and deformity of the affected limb; radiologically, it is characterized by lytic lesions with internal septations and bulging of the cortex. A case is presented where a structural allograft was performed for the treatment of this pathology. CASE REPORT: 18 year-old male patient, with 5 month history of pain and functional impotence of right lower extremity; physical examination revealed a 15 x 6 cm mass in right ankle. X-ray showed a lytic lesion in the distal third of the fibula, with thinning an insufflation of bone cortex. The histopathological report was positive for giant cells (osteoclast-like cells), symplastic changes, myofibroblastic stroma and erythrocyte extravasation; data compatible with aneurysmal bone cyst. EVOLUTION: An en-bloc resection of the fibular tumor was performed, for the reconstruction a structural allograft plus stabilization with dynamic compression plate and transindesmal screw was used; a ligament reconstruction was also performed using the Watson Jones technique. The patient had a favorable evolution, at 16 months complete consolidation in addition to a preserved joint function was observed; there was no recurrence in the 5 years after control. CONCLUSION: The aneurysmal bone cyst is a benign condition that if treated in initial stages, has a better prognosis and requires less complex surgical procedures. In patients with large tumors, conventional treatment is not possible; en bloc resection plus allograft placement and ligament stabilization, is a valid therapeutic alternative to save the limb.(au)


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal , Fibula , Allografts , Bone Cysts , Neoplasms
18.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 33(S1): 34-36, 2019. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1378959

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas-avulsión de cabeza de fíbula son raras, generalmente son acompañadas por fracturas de tibia proximal, son muy pocos los casos reportados dentro de la bibliografía. Este tipo de fracturas son ocasionadas en su mayoría por traumas de alta energía, y en las que se puede acompañar de lesiones del ligamento colateral lateral (LCL) concomitantes. El caso que presentamos se trata de paciente femenina de 65 años de edad sin antecedentes patológicos, que sufre caída desde su propia altura provocando trauma directo en zona lateral de la rodilla derecha en flexión. El control radiológico confirmó fractura-avulsión de la cabeza de fíbula. Se encontró además lesión del LCL. La paciente fue tratada quirúrgicamente, se realizó reducción abierta más osteosíntesis con tornillo.


Isolated fibular head avulsion fractures are unusual. They usually occur along with proximal tibial fractures. These types of fractures are a result of a high-energy trauma, and related to lateral collateral ligament (LCL) injuries. The case is presented of a 65 year-old woman with no clinical history of interest, who fell from her own height, causing direct trauma on lateral zone of a flexed right knee. The radiological studies showed a fibular head avulsion fracture. LCL injury was also found. The patient was treated with an open reduction and internal fixation surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibula , Wounds and Injuries , Fractures, Bone , Ligaments
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739483

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Results of limb lengthening in patients with achondroplasia were previously reported in many studies. However, the reports of comparison among the three long bones (femur, tibia, and humerus) are rare, especially for the results of crossed lengthening (lengthening of one femur and contralateral tibia followed by that of the opposite side) for the lower limbs. The purpose of this study was to report the surgical results of a series of limb lengthening in achondroplastic or hypochondroplasia patients at our institution. METHODS: Fifteen patients (14 with achondroplasia and 1 with hypochondroplasia) underwent lower limb lengthening of the femur (n = 32) and tibia (n = 28), and 12 of them underwent crossed lengthening. Humeral lengthening was performed in 14 patients (n = 28). The mean age at the first operation was 11.7 years, and the mean follow-up duration was 66.7 months. The healing index, consolidation period index (duration of consolidation period/gained length), and other radiographic indices were analyzed. Limb length discrepancy and hip-knee-ankle alignment in lower limbs, and the occurrence of difficulties were assessed. RESULTS: The average gain in length for the femur, tibia, and humerus was 8.3 cm, 8.5 cm, and 7.4 cm, respectively. The mean healing index was 29.6 days/cm for the femur, 29.0 days/cm for the tibia, and 27.2 days/cm for the humerus. The mean consolidation period index was 14.7 days/cm for the humerus, which was significantly lower than that in the lower limb (17.3 days/cm for the femur and 17.8 days/cm for the tibia). Of the 12 who underwent crossed lengthening, five showed limb length discrepancy ≥ 1.0 cm. Among their 24 lower limbs, three showed valgus alignment ≥ 5° and one showed varus alignment ≥ 5°. Thirty-two pin site infections and three fractures were conservatively managed. Three femoral fractures, eight equinus deformities, and four cases with premature consolidation of the fibula were surgically treated. Obstacle and true complication related to humeral lengthening were not observed. CONCLUSIONS: Humeral lengthening was relatively effective and safe. Careful attention will be needed to avoid the occurrence of limb length discrepancy or malalignment in crossed lengthening.


Subject(s)
Achondroplasia , Equinus Deformity , Extremities , Femoral Fractures , Femur , Fibula , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Humerus , Lower Extremity , Osteogenesis, Distraction , Tibia
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741580

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Condylar dislocation can arise as a complication in patients who required mandibular and/or condylar reconstruction and were operated on with fibula free flap (FFF) using surgical guides designed using simulation surgery. Surgeons should be aware of the complications in these present cases when planning and performing reconstructions as well as predicting prognoses. CASES PRESENTATION: Two cases showed condylar dislocation in mandibular reconstruction using a FFF fixed with a reconstruction plate. Three cases showed condylar dislocation in mandibular reconstruction using a fibula free flap fixed with a mini-plate. CONCLUSION: Despite the lack of clinical symptoms in these cases following mandibular reconstruction using an FFF, the mandibular condyle was severely displaced away from the glenoid fossa. A surgeon must have sufficient time to consider the use of a long flap with thickness similar to that of the mandible, ways to minimize span and bending, and methods of fixation. The patient, moreover, should be educated on condylar dislocation. Customized CAD/CAM-prototyped temporomandibular condyle-connected plates may be a good alternative even if virtual simulation surgery is to be performed before surgery. These considerations may help reduce the incidence of complications after mandibular reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Joint Dislocations , Fibula , Free Tissue Flaps , Humans , Incidence , Mandible , Mandibular Condyle , Mandibular Reconstruction , Prognosis , Surgeons
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