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1.
Gac. méd. boliv ; 43(2): 143-146, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249995

ABSTRACT

El cadmio es un metal pesado presente en desechos mineros y otros, y tiene efectos deletéreos en la salud humana especialmente en el riñón en el que destruye células tubulares. En una investigación de la calidad del lecho de los ríos que reciben aguas residuales en el norte de Potosí, Bolivia, se reportó presencia de cadmio en papas regadas con esa agua en Quila-quila, una población rural de la zona. OBJETIVO: de este trabajo fue el de identificar posibles daños del cadmio en la salud de los pobladores de Quila-quila. MÉTODOS: para ello se realizó revisión clínica y análisis laboratorial clínico y químico de sangre y orina de los pobladores de Quila-quila, y se calculó la tasa de filtración glomerular (TFG) y se correlacionó ésta con indicadores de lesión glomerular. RESULTADOS: se encontraron niveles elevados de cadmio en sangre en algunas personas, y una correlación de la TFG con la concentración de cadmio en sangre y con indicadores de lesión de membrana glomerular. CONCLUSIONES: en conclusión, los pobladores de Quila-quila estuvieron contaminados por cadmio, el cual produjo lesión renal leve.


Cadmium is a heavy metal present in mining and other wastes, and has deleterious effects on human health especially in the kidney in which it destroys tubular cells. In an investigation of the quality of the river beds that receive wastewater in the north of Potosí, Bolivia, the presence of cadmium was reported in potatoes watered with these water in Quila-quila, a rural town in the area. OBJECTIVE: of this work was to identify possible damage from cadmium to the health of the inhabitants of Quila-quila. METHODS: for this, clinical review and clinical and chemical laboratory analysis of blood and urine from the inhabitants of Quila-quila, and the filtration rate was calculated glomerular (GFR) and this was correlated with indicators of glomerular injury. RESULTS: elevated levels of cadmium were found in the blood in some people, and a correlation of GFR with blood cadmium concentration and indicators of membrane injury glomerular. CONCLUSIONS: in conclusion, the inhabitants of Quila-quila were contaminated by cadmium, which caused mild kidney damage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Cadmium , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Environmental Pollution , Filtration , Membranes
2.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(4): 438-444, dic. 2020. graf, il
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288155

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la pandemia de COVID-19 presentó nuevos desafíos en el manejo de la patología quirúrgica laparoscópica. Objetivos: presentar el sistema de filtrado de bajo costo utilizado para la laparoscopia durante la pandemia en nuestro Servicio de Cirugía. Material y métodos: se realizó búsqueda bibliográfica y se diseñó un protocolo y sistema de filtrado para evacuar el CO2 contenido en el neumoperitoneo para evitar el contagio por el virus SARS-CoV-2. Resultados: se pone en práctica el empleo de un sistema de filtrado del neumoperitoneo en época de pandemia, el cual es de bajo costo y armado sencillo con materiales disponibles habitualmente en las áreas quirúrgicas. Conclusiones: la cirugía laparoscópica es factible durante la pandemia de SARS-CoV-2 utilizando un método sencillo y económico de filtrado del neumoperitoneo.


ABSTRACT Background: Background: the COVID-19 pandemic gave rise to new challenges in the management of laparoscopic surgery. Objectives: the aim of this study is to present a low-cost filtering system used for laparoscopic surgery during the pandemic in our Department of Surgery. Material and methods : a bibliographic search was conducted and a protocol and filtering system were designed to evacuate the pneumoperitoneum avoiding contact with the SARS-CoV-2. Results: this low-cost filtering system to evacuate the pneumoperitoneum during the pandemic is easy to assemble using materials that are usually available at the operating room. Conclusions: laparoscopic surgery is feasible during the COVID-19 pandemic using a simple, low-cost carbon dioxide filtering system.


Subject(s)
Carbon Dioxide , Laparoscopy , Filtration/methods , COVID-19/prevention & control , Pneumoperitoneum/prevention & control , Protocols , Personal Protective Equipment , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810971

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies on the efficacy of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy for primary prevention in Asian patients are relatively lacking compared to those for secondary prevention. Also, it is important to stratify which patients will benefit from ICD therapy for primary prevention.METHODS: Of 483 consecutive patients who received new implantation of ICD in 9 centers in Korea, 305 patients with reduced left ventricular systolic function and/or documented ventricular fibrillation/tachycardia were enrolled and divided into primary (n = 167) and secondary prevention groups (n = 138).RESULTS: During mean follow-up duration of 2.6 ± 1.6 years, appropriate ICD therapy occurred in 78 patients (25.6%), and appropriate ICD shock and anti-tachycardia pacing occurred in 15.1% and 15.1% of patients, respectively. Appropriate ICD shock rate was not different between the two groups (primary 12% vs. secondary 18.8%, P = 0.118). However, appropriate ICD therapy rate including shock and anti-tachycardia pacing was significantly higher (primary 18% vs. secondary 34.8%, P = 0.001) in the secondary prevention group. Type of prevention and etiology, appropriate and inappropriate ICD shock did not affect all-cause death. High levels of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, New York Heart Association functional class, low levels of estimated glomerular filtration ratio, and body mass index were associated with death before appropriate ICD shock in the primary prevention group. When patients were categorized in 5 risk score groups according to the sum of values defined by each cut-off level, significant differences in death rate before appropriate ICD shock were observed among risk 0 (0%), 1 (3.6%), 2 (3%), 3 (26.5%), and 4 (40%) (P < 0.001).CONCLUSION: In this multicenter regional registry, the frequency of appropriate ICD therapy is not low in the primary prevention group. In addition, combination of poor prognostic factors of heart failure is useful in risk stratification of patients who are not benefiting from ICD therapy for primary prevention.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Body Mass Index , Defibrillators, Implantable , Filtration , Follow-Up Studies , Heart , Heart Failure , Humans , Korea , Mortality , Primary Prevention , Risk Assessment , Secondary Prevention , Shock
4.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(3): 310-315, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114897

ABSTRACT

El SARS-CoV-2 es un tipo de coronavirus con un alto grado de contagio entre pacientes y personal de salud, por lo que ha provocado la emergencia sanitaria más grande de los últimos años. Los equipos de protección personal (EPP) tienen como indicación un único uso, sin embargo, la escasez de estos ha llevado a buscar métodos para descontaminarlos y reutilizarlos, asegurando su disponibilidad. La evidencia presenta múltiples procedimientos para descontaminar mascarillas con filtro respirador tipo N95 (MFR N95), pero el método ideal debe inactivar al patógeno, asegurar la integridad del filtro respirador, el ajuste de la mascarilla y la salud del personal que la utilizará. La descontaminación con peróxido de hidrógeno vaporizado, irradiación germicida ultravioleta e incubación con calor húmedo se presentan como los métodos más eficaces contra distintos patógenos. Ante la creciente demanda de EPP y MFR N95, se sugiere realizar más estudios clínicos, que evalúen la eficacia de los métodos de descontaminación específicamente contra SARS-CoV-2 y se generen protocolos que permitan reutilizar con total seguridad este vital elemento para el personal de salud.


SARS-CoV-2 is a type of coronavirus with a high risk of contagion among patients and health care workers (HCW), being the cause of the largest health emergency in recent years. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) are indicated for a single use. However, shortage has led to research new methods to decontaminate and reuse them, ensuring its availability. Evidence presents multiple procedures to decontaminate Filtering Facepiece Respirators type N95 (FFR), despite this, the ideal treatment should inactivate the pathogen, to ensure filter integrity, mask adjustments and the safety of who use this elements. Decontamination methods as vaporized hydrogen peroxide, ultraviolet germicidal irradiation and moist heat are the most effective procedures against different pathogens. Facing the rising demand of PPE and FFR, it's suggested to conduct researches to evaluate decontamination methods efficacy, and specifically against SARS-CoV-2, to generate protocols in ways to let to HCW reuse FFR N95 totally safe.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Respiratory Protective Devices , Decontamination/methods , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Disinfection , Equipment Contamination/prevention & control , Equipment Reuse , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Filtration , Betacoronavirus , Masks
5.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 40: 10-16, July. 2019. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053200

ABSTRACT

Background: Methanol can be effectively removed from air by biofiltration. However, formaldehyde is one of the first metabolic intermediates in the consumption of methanol in methylotrophic microorganisms, and it can be released out of the cell constituting a secondary emission. Results: The total removal of methanol was achieved up to input loads of 263 g m−3 h−1 and the maximum elimination capacity of the system was obtained at an empty bed residence times of 90 s and reached 330 g m− 3 h−1 at an input methanol load of 414 g m−3 h−1 and 80% of removal efficiency. Formaldehyde was detected inside the biofilter when the input methanol load was above 212 g m−3 h−1 . Biomass in the filter bed was able to degrade the formaldehyde generated, but with the increase of the methanol input load, the unconsumed formaldehyde was released outside the biofilter. The maximum concentration registered at the output of the system was 3.98 g m−3 when the methanol load was 672 g m−3 h−1 in an empty bed residence times of 60 s. Conclusions: Formaldehyde is produced inside a biofilter when methanol is treated in a biofiltration system inoculated with Pichia pastoris. Biomass present in the reactor is capable of degrading the formaldehyde generated as the concentration of methanol decreases. However, high methanol loads can lead to the generation and release of formaldehyde into the environment


Subject(s)
Pichia/metabolism , Methanol/metabolism , Formaldehyde/metabolism , Biomass , Air Pollutants , Environment , Filtration
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759004

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Adipose tissue accumulation in specific body compartments has been associated with diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia. Perirenal fat (PRF) may lead to have direct lipotoxic effects on renal function and intrarenal hydrostatic pressure. This study was undertaken to explore the association of PRF with cardiovascular risk factors and different stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: We studied 103 patients with CKD of different stages (1 to 5). PRF was measured by B-mode renal ultrasonography in the distal third between the cortex and the hepatic border and/or spleen. RESULTS: The PRF thickness was greater in CKD patients with impaired fasting glucose than in those with normal glucose levels (1.10 ± 0.40 cm vs. 0.85 ± 0.39 cm, P < 0.01). Patients in CKD stages 4 and 5 (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] < 30 mL/min/1.73 m²) had the highest PRF thickness. Serum triglyceride levels correlated positively with the PRF thickness; the PRF thickness was greater in patients with triglyceride levels ≥ 150 mg/dL (1.09 ± 0.40 cm vs. 0.86 ± 0.36 cm, P < 0.01). In patients with a GFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m², uric acid levels correlated positively with the PRF thickness (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In CKD patients, the PRF thickness correlated significantly with metabolic risk factors that could affect kidney function.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Dyslipidemias , Fasting , Filtration , Glucose , Humans , Hydrostatic Pressure , Hypertension , Kidney , Renal Insufficiency , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Risk Factors , Spleen , Triglycerides , Ultrasonography , Uric Acid
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758881

ABSTRACT

White blood cells (WBCs) and storage period are the main factors of transfusion reactions. In the present study, cytokine/chemokine concentrations after leukoreduction (LR) and irradiation (IR) in stored canine whole blood were measured. Red blood cell storage lesion caused by IR and LR were also compared. Blood samples from 10 healthy Beagles were divided into four groups (no treatment, LR-, IR-, and LR + IR-treated). Leukocytes were removed by filtration in the LR group and gamma radiation (25 Gy) was applied in the IR group. Immunologic factors (WBCs, interleukin-6 [IL-6], C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 8 [CXCL-8], and tumor necrosis factor-alpha) and storage lesion factors (blood pH, potassium, and hemolysis) were evaluated on storage days 0, 7, 14, 21, and 28. Compared to the treated groups, IL-6 and CXCL-8 concentrations during storage were significantly higher in the control (no treatment) group. LR did not show changes in cytokine/chemokine concentrations, and storage lesion presence was relatively mild. IR significantly increased CXCL-8 after 14 days of storage, but IR of leukoreduced blood did not increase CXCL-8 during 28 days of storage. Storage lesions such as hemolysis, increased potassium, and low pH were observed 7 days after IR and storage of blood, regardless of LR. IR of leukoreduced blood is beneficial to avoid immune reactions; however, storage lesions should be considered upon storage.


Subject(s)
Blood Preservation , Down-Regulation , Erythrocytes , Filtration , Gamma Rays , Hemolysis , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Immunologic Factors , Interleukin-6 , Leukocyte Reduction Procedures , Leukocytes , Necrosis , Potassium , Transfusion Reaction
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 69-77, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772839

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#How to increase the long-term retention rate of autologous fat grafting has been widely discussed. This study aimed to evaluate long-term fat graft retention rates for the most widely used fat processing methods in the area of facial esthetic surgery, including centrifugation, filtration, and sedimentation, using three-dimensional (3D) imaging.@*DATA SOURCES@#PubMed, Embase, Wiley/Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases were comprehensively searched from inception to July 2018 according to the guidelines of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons Fat Graft Task Force Assessment Methodology.@*STUDY SELECTION@#Articles were screened using predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data collected included patient characteristics, follow-up devices, fat grafting techniques, and clinical outcomes. Patient cohorts were pooled, and fat graft retention rates were calculated. Complications were summarized according to different clinical characteristics.@*RESULTS@#Of 77 articles, 10 clinical studies met the inclusion criteria and reported quantified measurement outcomes with 3D imaging which provide precise volumetric data with approximately 2% standard deviation compared to real volumes. Data of 515 patients were included. Fat grafting retention varied from 21% to 82%. We found filtration and centrifugation techniques could result in better retention outcomes. However, retention varied within each processing technique, with no significant difference among the 3 techniques. Twenty-two complications were reported among 515 patients, including donor-site hematoma (1 case), mild post-operative erythema (2 cases), mild volumetric asymmetries (2 cases), chronic edema (2 cases), overcorrection (2 cases), skin irregularity (6 cases), and headache or dysesthesia (7 cases).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Filtration and centrifugation techniques may result in better fat grafting retention outcomes than gravity sedimentation; however, more accurate statistical evidence is needed. Controversies continue to exist with respect to the performance of the different fat-processing techniques in fat graft retention.


Subject(s)
Adipocytes , Cell Biology , Adipose Tissue , Cell Biology , Centrifugation , Methods , Filtration , Methods , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Methods
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763269

ABSTRACT

Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is the most common glomerular disorder in childhood, and a vast majority of cases are idiopathic. The precise cause of this common childhood disease is not fully elucidated despite significant advancements in our understanding of podocyte biology. Idiopathic NS has been considered “a disorder of T-cell function” mediated by a circulating factor that alters podocyte function resulting in massive proteinuria since the last four decades. Several circulatory factors released from T-cells are considered to be involved in pathophysiology of NS; however, a single presumptive factor has not been defined yet. Extended evidence obtained by advances in the pathobiology of podocytes has implicated podocytes as critical regulator of glomerular protein filtration and podocytopathy. The candidate molecules as pathological mediators of steroid-dependent NS are CD80 (also known as B7-1), hemopexin, and angiopoietin-like 4. The “two-hit” hypothesis proposes that the expression of CD80 on podocytes and ineffective inhibition of podocyte CD80 due to regulatory T-cell dysfunction or impaired autoregulation by podocytes results in NS. Recent studies suggest that not only T cells but also other immune cells and podocytes are involved in the pathogenesis of MCNS.


Subject(s)
Biology , Filtration , Hemopexin , Homeostasis , Nephrosis, Lipoid , Nephrotic Syndrome , Pathology , Podocytes , Proteinuria , T-Lymphocytes
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761481

ABSTRACT

The basic action mechanism of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor is to lower the glucose burden by excreting the glucose filtered by the kidney into the urine. Although SGLT2 inhibitors are primarily indicated as glucose-lowering agents, they have a broad range of effects on renal function and plasma volume homeostasis, as well as on adiposity and energy metabolism across the entire body. That might be why SGLT2 inhibition causes spill-over of sodium and glucose beyond the proximal tubule, triggering dynamic and reversible realignment of energy metabolism, renal filtration, and plasma volume. A better understanding of SGLT2 inhibition in the kidney and the entire body will lead to more benefits in people with and without diabetes.


Subject(s)
Adiposity , Diabetes Mellitus , Energy Metabolism , Filtration , Glucose , Homeostasis , Kidney , Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action , Plasma Volume , Sodium
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786481

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the diagnostic value of the relative filtration fraction (RFF) assessed by dynamic ⁹⁹mTc-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (⁹⁹mTc-DTPA) renal scintigraphy after angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition for renovascular hypertension (RVHT) diagnosis.METHODS: ⁹⁹mTc-DTPA captopril renal scintigraphy performed in adolescents or adults (≥ 10 years) with suspected RVHT was retrospectively reviewed. The RFF of the affected kidney was qualitatively assessed as the relative glomerular filtration rate during the 2 to 3-min period compared with the relative perfusion during the first 60 s (qualitative RFF) and scored from 1 (definitely same) to 5 (definitely decreased). The quantitative RFF of the affected kidney was obtained by dividing the percentage of glomerular filtration rate by the percentage of renal perfusion.RESULTS: Overall, 173 patients (high probability, n = 15; and low probability, n = 158) were included based on conventional captopril renal scintigraphic criteria. An abnormal qualitative RFF was observed in 12 patients with high probability, and the diagnostic sensitivity was 80.0% (95% CI, 51.9–95.7). The RFF was normal in 152 patients with low probability, and the diagnostic specificity was 96.2% (95% CI, 91.9–98.6). The RFF was lower in patients with high probability than in those with low probability (0.79 ± 0.15 vs. 1.02 ± 0.11, P < 0.0001).CONCLUSIONS: The RFF assessed by dynamic ⁹⁹mTc-DTPA renal scintigraphy after ACE inhibition can detect patients with high probability for RVHT. The RFF after ACE inhibition might be a useful diagnostic criterion especially when baseline scintigraphy is not available for evaluating ACE inhibition-induced changes.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Captopril , Diagnosis , Filtration , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Humans , Hypertension, Renovascular , Kidney , Perfusion , Radionuclide Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 291-297, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742532

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Cardiac changes in end-stage renal disease are the most common causes of death after kidney transplantation (KT). Chronic kidney disease presents a major risk factor for the development and progression of diastolic dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to identify the association between changes in left ventricular (LV) diastolic function and perioperative clinical factors in patients with preserved ejection fraction following KT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 115 patients who underwent KT between January 2011 and December 2015 with both preand post-transplant echocardiograms; patients with LV systolic dysfunction were excluded. LV diastolic function was measured using the ratio of early transmitral flow velocity to early diastolic velocity of the mitral annulus (E/e′). RESULTS: Patients with normal pre-operative LV systolic function (n=97) showed improvement in E/e′ after KT (11.9±4.4 to 10.5±3.8, p=0.023). Additionally, post-KT estimated glomerular filtration ratio was associated with changes in E/e′ (odds ratio, −0.056; 95% confidence interval, −0.014 to −0.007; p=0.026). Among patients with preexisting diastolic dysfunction (20/97 patients), the amount of intraoperative fluid administration was related to E/e′ changes (odds ratio, 0.003; 95% confidence interval, 0.000 to 0.005; p=0.029). CONCLUSION: KT is associated with improved diastolic function. Post-KT renal function was significantly related to changes in LV diastolic function. The amount of intraoperative fluid was a risk factor for worsening diastolic function after KT in patients with preexisting diastolic dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Cause of Death , Filtration , Humans , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741444

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether computed tomography (CT) reconstruction algorithms affect the CT texture features of the liver parenchyma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study comprised 58 patients (normal liver, n = 34; chronic liver disease [CLD], n = 24) who underwent liver CT scans using a single CT scanner. All CT images were reconstructed using filtered back projection (FBP), hybrid iterative reconstruction (IR) (iDOSE4), and model-based IR (IMR). On arterial phase (AP) and portal venous phase (PVP) CT imaging, quantitative texture analysis of the liver parenchyma using a single-slice region of interest was performed at the level of the hepatic hilum using a filtration-histogram statistic-based method with different filter values. Texture features were compared among the three reconstruction methods and between normal livers and those from CLD patients. Additionally, we evaluated the inter- and intra-observer reliability of the CT texture analysis by calculating intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs). RESULTS: IR techniques affect various CT texture features of the liver parenchyma. In particular, model-based IR frequently showed significant differences compared to FBP or hybrid IR on both AP and PVP CT imaging. Significant variation in entropy was observed between the three reconstruction algorithms on PVP imaging (p 0.75) for CT imaging without filtration. CONCLUSION: CT texture features of the liver parenchyma evaluated using the filtration-histogram method were significantly affected by the CT reconstruction algorithm used.


Subject(s)
Entropy , Filtration , Humans , Liver Diseases , Liver , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741443

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the usefulness of computed tomography (CT) texture analysis (CTTA) in estimating histologic tumor grade and in predicting disease-free survival (DFS) after surgical resection in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-one patients with a single HCC who had undergone quadriphasic liver CT followed by surgical resection were enrolled. Texture analysis of tumors on preoperative CT images was performed using commercially available software. The mean, mean of positive pixels (MPP), entropy, kurtosis, skewness, and standard deviation (SD) of the pixel distribution histogram were derived with and without filtration. The texture features were then compared between groups classified according to histologic grade. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards analyses were performed to determine the relationship between texture features and DFS. RESULTS: SD and MPP quantified from fine to coarse textures on arterial-phase CT images showed significant positive associations with the histologic grade of HCC (p < 0.05). Kaplan-Meier analysis identified most CT texture features across the different filters from fine to coarse texture scales as significant univariate markers of DFS. Cox proportional hazards analysis identified skewness on arterial-phase images (fine texture scale, spatial scaling factor [SSF] 2.0, p <001; medium texture scale, SSF 3.0, p <001), tumor size (p = 0.001), microscopic vascular invasion (p = 0.034), rim arterial enhancement (p = 0.024), and peritumoral parenchymal enhancement (p = 0.010) as independent predictors of DFS. CONCLUSION: CTTA was demonstrated to provide texture features significantly correlated with higher tumor grade as well as predictive markers of DFS after surgical resection of HCCs in addition to other valuable imaging and clinico-pathologic parameters.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Disease-Free Survival , Entropy , Filtration , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Liver , Prognosis , Recurrence , Weights and Measures
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764381

ABSTRACT

Metabolic abnormalities and catheter-related infections are common complications of parenteral nutrition (PN). Particulate contamination is a catheter-related complication can occur when administering PN: mixing the electrolytes, trace elements, vitamins into the PN, or puncturing a rubber stopper at the PN formulation. In addition, the aggregation of the components of the PN solution by a drug incompatibility reaction could be related to particulate contamination. PN contaminated with precipitates, insoluble particles, and bacteria was reported as the cause of the death of a patient. The Food and Drug Administration recommended that the filters be used during PN administration. In-line filters can retain the bacteria and insoluble particles in PN solutions, and prevent their infusion into the patient. Therefore, in-line filters are recommended to prevent catheter-related complications that can occur during PN infusion. A 0.2µ filter for lipid-free PN and a 1.2µ filter for lipid-containing PN solutions can be used. On the other hand, when a filter is applied, the infusion rate can decrease and the economic burden will increase for patients requiring long-term PN. In addition, small particles, such as viruses, polymers, and proteins cannot be filtered out completely. In conclusion, in-line filers are recommended to prevent catheter-related complications that can occur during PN administration, but there are no international standardized guidelines. Therefore, standardized guidelines will be needed based on evidence accompanied by clinical trials. In addition, in-line filter applications should be considered in the clinical field depending on the patient's condition.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Catheter-Related Infections , Drug Incompatibility , Electrolytes , Filtration , Hand , Humans , Parenteral Nutrition , Polymers , Rubber , Trace Elements , United States Food and Drug Administration , Vitamins
16.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 40(10): 625-630, Oct. 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977774

ABSTRACT

Abstract Improving infrastructural conditions of the in vitro fertilization laboratory, such as the air quality, has profound positive effects on embryo culture. Poor environmental conditions reduce the rate of embryo formation and, therefore, of pregnancy. This review article presents important publications regarding the impact of air quality in human reproduction laboratories on embryo quality, pregnancy success, and live births. The studies demonstrate that the replacing the air filtration system improves significantly the environmental air quality, and, consequently, improves laboratory parameters, such as the fertilization rate, the number of blastocysts, the embryo implantation rate, and the number of live births. On the other hand, improving air quality decreases the number of abortions. Therefore, environmental parameters that improve embryo quality and increase healthy child birth ratesmust be themain targets for the assisted reproduction laboratory quality control.


Resumo Melhorar as condições de infraestrutura do laboratório de fertilização in vitro, com influência na qualidade do ar, tem efeitos positivos profundos na qualidade do embrião. As más condições ambientais do ar reduzem a taxa de sucesso na formação de embriões e a taxa de gravidez. Este artigo de revisão apresenta importantes publicações sobre o impacto da qualidade do ar dentro do laboratório de reprodução humana na qualidade do embrião, no sucesso de gravidez e no número de nascidos vivos. Os estudos demonstram que a troca do sistema de filtração de ar melhora significativamente a qualidade do ar ambiente, e consequentemente, melhora os parâmetros laboratoriais, tais como a taxa de fertilização, o número de blastocistos, a taxa de implantação e o número de nascidos vivos. Por outro lado,amelhora da qualidade do ar diminui o número de abortos. Portanto, os parâmetros ambientais que melhoram a qualidade do embrião e aumentam as taxas de nascimentos de crianças saudáveis devem ser os principais alvos para o controle de qualidade do laboratório de reprodução assistida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fertilization in Vitro/standards , Embryo Culture Techniques/standards , Environment, Controlled , Air Filters , Filtration/standards , Quality Control , Laboratories
17.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 33: 63-67, May. 2018. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024839

ABSTRACT

Background: Trimethylamine (TMA) is the main responsible for the odor associated with rotting fish and other annoying odors generated in many industrial activities. Biofiltration has proved to be efficient for treating odorous gaseous emissions. The main objective of this work was to determine the removal capacity of TMA of a biotrickling filter inoculated with Aminobacter aminovorans and to evaluate the effect of H2S on its performance. Results: The maximumspecific growth rate ofA. aminovorans in a liquid culture was 0.15 h -1 , witha TMAto biomass yield of 0.10 (g g -1) and a specific consumption rate of 0.062 g·g-1·h-1 . The initial specific consumption rate of TMA was highly influenced by the presence of H2S in liquid culture at concentrations of 20 and 69 ppm in heading space oftheflasks.ABTF inoculatedwithA. aminovorans showedremoval efficiencieshigher than98%ina range ofloading rate of 0.2 to 8 g·m-3·h-1 at empty bed residence time (EBRT) of 85 and 180 s. No effect on the elimination capacity and efficiency was detected when H2S was added at 20 and 50 ppm to the inlet gaseous emission, though the fraction of A. aminovorans measured by qPCR in the biofilm decreased. Conclusions:Abiotrickling filter inoculated with A. aminovorans can remove efficiently the TMA in a gaseous stream. The elimination capacity of TMA can be negatively affected by H2S, but its effect is not notorious when it is forming part of a biofilm, due to its high specific consumption rate of TMA.


Subject(s)
Alphaproteobacteria/metabolism , Hydrogen Sulfide , Methylamines/metabolism , Deodorization/methods , Bioreactors , Filtration , Fishes
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758805

ABSTRACT

Three dogs were evaluated for severe hyperproteinemia and hyperglobulinemia secondary to Leishmania infantum. Double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) was performed in two dogs at days 1, 2, and 6 after presentation. The third dog received DFPP at days 1 and 3 after presentation and eleven hemodialysis treatments. Significant reduction in serum total protein (p < 0.0001), alpha-1 (p = 0.023), alpha-2 (p = 0.018), gamma globulins (p = 0.0105), and a significant increase in albumin/globulin ratio (p = 0.0018) were found. DFPP may be a promising therapeutic technique for rapid resolution of signs of hyperproteinemia in dogs affected by L. infantum.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Filtration , gamma-Globulins , Leishmania infantum , Leishmania , Plasmapheresis , Renal Dialysis
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718623

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Cystatin C , Female , Filtration , Humans , Kidney , Pregnant Women
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