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Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 77-82, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011106


Objective:To investigate the management of granulation tissue during surgery for infected congenital preauricular fistula and to assess the surgical outcomes. Methods:To summarize the surgical methods and the treatment of granulation methods in 140 cases of congenital preauricular fistula during the period of infection treated in our department from January 2018 to September 2022. The study divided patients into an observation group (79 patients) undergoing fistulectomy without granulation treatment, and a control group (61 patients) where fistulectomy and granulation resection were performed concurrently.. After six months of follow-up, the wound healing, recurrence rates, and the aesthetic assessment of granulation healing were evaluated using the Stony Brook Scar Evaluation Scale(SBSES). Results:The two surgical approaches were applied to a total of 140 patients with infected congenital preauricular fistula. There was no statistical difference in wound healing and recurrence rates between the observation group and the control group. However, the observation group exhibited smaller scars. Conclusion:In cases of infected congenital preauricular fistula, surgical removal without excising granulation tissue is feasible, leading to effective healing and lesser scar formation.

Humans , Cicatrix , Wound Healing , Craniofacial Abnormalities , Fistula/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 825-828, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011051


Objective:To compare the clinical effect of surgical treatment of congenital preauricular fistulas in children during the local infection period and static inflammatory period. Methods:Forty children with congenital preauricular fistula infection treated in our hospital from January 2020 to December 2022 were selected as the experimental group, and 39 children with congenital preauricular fistula inflammation at static period were selected as the control group. The fistula of the two groups of children aged between 1-14 years old was located in front of the foot of the ear wheel or the foot of the ear wheel, and all were unilateral fistulas. The postoperative follow-up was 6 months to 2 years, and the efficacy of the two groups was compared. Results:There was no significant difference in the healing rate of stage Ⅰ and stage Ⅱ between the two groups(P>0.05). There was no significant difference in fistula recurrence rate and satisfaction with the preauricular scar between the two groups after treatment(P>0.05). There was no significant difference in postoperative hospital stay between the experimental group and the control group(P>0.05). Conclusion:The effect of surgical treatment of congenital preauricular fistula in the infected period is similar to that of surgical treatment in the static period of inflammation, and it can reduce the pain of dressing change under local anesthesia in children, avoid the second operation in children, and reduce the economic cost. This treatment method is worthy of clinical promotion. Appropriate incision and resection method were designed according to the fistula and infection sites.

Humans , Child , Infant , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Fistula/surgery , Inflammation , Craniofacial Abnormalities/surgery , Cicatrix , Treatment Outcome
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 801-808, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011046


Objective:To explore the clinical value of recurrent laryngeal nerve dissection in the surgical treatment for congenital pyriform sinus fistula(CPSF). Methods:The clinical data of 42 patients with CPSF were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were diagnosed and treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Pharmaceutical University. Results:During the operation, all patients' recurrent laryngeal nerves were dissected successfully, and fistulas were resected completely,no patients had complication of recurrent laryngeal nerve's damage.There were no recurrence cases during the 13 to 48 months of follow-up. Conclusion:The trend of congenital pyriform sinus fistula is closely related to recurrent laryngeal nerve, it's important to dissect the recurrent laryngeal nerve during the operation for congenital pyriform sinus fistula.

Humans , Neck , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Pyriform Sinus/surgery , Fistula/surgery
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 93-97, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971014


Urethrocutaneous fistula may complicate hypospadias repair. We noticed that double-layered preputial dartos flaps added to tubularized incised plate urethroplasty can reduce the risk of urethrocutaneous fistula. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of tubularized incised plate urethroplasty with double-layered preputial dartos flaps to with single-layered local fascial flaps in preventing urethrocutaneous fistula. A retrospective cohort study was conducted between January 2017 and December 2020 at Jordan University Hospital (Amman, Jordan). Boys who were aged between 6 months and 5 years, diagnosed with distal hypospadias, and not circumcised were included. The primary outcome was the occurrence of urethrocutaneous fistula in patients who underwent tubularized incised plate urethroplasty with a double-layered fascial flap. The results showed a total of 163 boys with distal hypospadias; among them, 116 patients underwent tubularized incised plate urethroplasty with a single-layered fascial flap, and 47 underwent tubularized incised plate urethroplasty with a double-layered fascial flap. The development of urethrocutaneous fistula was higher in the group receiving tubularized incised plate urethroplasty with a single-layered fascial flap than in the group receiving tubularized incised plate urethroplasty with a double-layered fascial flap after 1 month, 6 months, and 12 months (6.9% vs 0, 10.3% vs 0, and 5.2% vs 0, respectively), and the difference after 6 months was statistically significant (P = 0.02).

Male , Humans , Infant , Hypospadias/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male/methods , Urethra/surgery , Fistula/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 369-374, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009489


Hip firearm injuries are rare injuries that could lead to serious complications, such as posttraumatic hip arthritis and coloarticular fistula. We report a case of a 25-year-old male who sustained a pelvic injury caused by a single bullet which led to a bilateral acetabular fracture, concomitant with a colon injury treated on an emergency basis by a diverting colostomy; acetabular fractures were treated conservatively by traction. After the patient recovered from the abdominal injury, he was presented with bilateral hip pain and limited motion; plain radiographs showed bilateral hip arthritis with proximal migration of the femoral head and bilateral acetabular defect classified as Paprosky type ⅢA. Reconstruction of the hips was performed using the same technique: impaction bone grafting for acetabular defect reconstruction and a reversed hybrid total hip arthroplasty (THA) 6 months apart. The patient presented with loosening of the left THA acetabular cup 3 years later, which was revised; then he presented with a discharging sinus from the left THA with suspicion of coloarticular fistula, which was confirmed using CT with contrast material. A temporary colostomy and fistula excision were performed, and a cement spacer was applied to the hip. After clearing the infection, a final revision THA for the left hip was performed. Treating post-firearm hip arthritis by THA is challenging, especially in the situation of neglected cases with the presence of an acetabular defect. Concomitant intestinal injury increases the risk of infection with the possibility of coloarticular fistula formation, which could present later. Working with a multidisciplinary team is paramount.

Male , Humans , Adult , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Firearms , Wounds, Gunshot/surgery , Acetabulum/injuries , Hip Fractures/surgery , Arthritis/surgery , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Reoperation , Fistula/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Follow-Up Studies , Prosthesis Failure , Retrospective Studies
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 705-710, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939651


A boy, aged 11 years, was admitted due to intermittent fever for 15 days, cough for 10 days, and "hemoptysis" for 7 days. The boy had fever and cough with left neck pain 15 days ago, and antibiotic treatment was effective. During the course of disease, the boy developed massive "hemoptysis" which caused shock. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy revealed a left pyriform sinus fistula with continuous bleeding. In combination with neck and vascular imaging examination results, the boy was diagnosed with internal jugular vein injury and thrombosis due to congenital pyriform sinus fistula infection and neck abscess. The boy was improved after treatment with temperature-controlled radiofrequency ablation for the closure of pyriform sinus fistula, and no recurrence was observed during the follow-up for one year and six months. No reports of massive hemorrhage and shock due to pyriform sinus fistula infection were found in the searched literature, and this article summarizes the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of this boy, so as to provide a reference for the early diagnosis of such disease and the prevention and treatment of its complications.

Humans , Male , Abscess/surgery , Cough , Fever/complications , Fistula/surgery , Hemoptysis/complications , Neck , Shock
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): e269-e272, Junio 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1248235


Las anomalías de las hendiduras y arcos branquiales son la segunda causa más común de lesiones congénitas de cabeza y cuello en niños. Representan el 8% de todas las malformaciones congénitas y el 30% de las de cabeza y cuello. Pueden permanecer asintomáticas o manifestarse como una tumefacción y asociarse a infecciones recurrentes supuradas en la región preauricular, subauricular o retroauricular, en las regiones de la parótida y/o del cuello. Fueron reportados casos asociados a malformaciones óticas.La tomografía computada de alta resolución y la resonancia magnética con gadolinio pueden ayudar al diagnóstico. El tratamiento médico antibiótico está indicado ante una infección aguda, además de incisión y drenaje en los procesos abscedados. El tratamiento definitivo es quirúrgico con la extirpación completa de la lesión. Se presenta a un niño de 6 años de edad con infección aguda en la región retroauricular derecha en el oído disgenésico

Branchial cleft anomalies are the second most common congenital head and neck lesions in children. The first congenital head and neck lesion is thyroglossal duct cysts. First branchial cleft anomalies are rare congenital head and neck malformations (8% of branchial cleft anomalies).The initial clinical manifestation was recurrent infections and/or discharge in auricular, periauricular, parotid or upper neck regions. These anomalies are extremely rare and other associated facial malformations were described.The computed tomography and magnetic resonance can help the diagnosis. The antibiotic treatment is indicated in acute infection. Also, incision and drainage are recommended in abscessed processes.In this report, we present a case of retroauricular sinus infection in a 6-year-old child with congenital ear anomalies

Humans , Male , Child , Branchial Region/abnormalities , Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Congenital Abnormalities , Ear, External , Fistula/surgery
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(2): e167-e170, abril 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1152119


La fístula perilinfática de causa traumática es una patología poco habitual. En general, es causada por lápices, hisopos, hebillas de pelo y fósforos.Dentro de los síntomas más frecuentes, los pacientes pueden presentar hipoacusia y vértigo. Su diagnóstico requiere un examen físico completo que incluya otomicroscopía, audiometría ytomografía computada de ambos peñascos. El tratamiento depende de la sintomatología del paciente. En general, en un principio, es conservador, pero puede llegar a requerir cirugía. Se presenta un caso clínico de un niño de 6 años con fístula perilinfática secundaria a un traumatismo del oído izquierdo por un hisopo, que requirió tratamiento quirúrgico

Traumatic perilymphatic fistula is an unusual pathology. Generally caused by pencils, swabs, hair buckles, and matches. Among the most frequent symptoms, patients can present hearing loss and vertigo.Diagnosis requires a complete physical examination that includes otomicroscopy, audiometry and computed tomography of both boulders. Treatment depends on the patient's symptoms. In general, it is conservative at first, but may require surgery.We present a clinical case of a 6-year-old boy with perilymphatic fistula secondary to left ear trauma due to swab, which required surgical treatment

Humans , Male , Child , Perilymph , Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Wounds and Injuries , Ear, Middle , Fistula/surgery
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(2): 241-246, abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388644


RESUMEN El dispositivo intrauterino (DIU) es un método anticonceptivo muy popular, eficaz y seguro. Aunque posee complicaciones bien descritas como es la migración, la que puede ser a otros órganos dentro de la cavidad peritoneal. La fístula uteroyeyunal es un evento clínico poco frecuente, pero de gran repercusión si no es diagnosticada y tratada. Se presenta el caso de una paciente usuaria de DIU, el que migra a cavidad abdominal, con posterior formación de fístula uteroyeyunal.

ABSTRACT The intrauterine device is a popular, efficient and safe contraceptive. Although it has some well described complications, such as migration, which may be to the different organs inside of the peritoneal cavity. The uterus-jejunal fistula is a rare clinical event, but with great repercussion if it is not well assessed and treated properly. We present the clinical case of a patient with a migrated intrauterine device and a fistula uterus-jejunal formation.

Humans , Female , Adult , Uterine Diseases/etiology , Intrauterine Device Migration/adverse effects , Fistula/etiology , Jejunal Diseases/etiology , Uterine Diseases/surgery , Laparoscopy , Fistula/surgery , Intestinal Perforation , Jejunal Diseases/surgery
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 1313-1318, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942618


Objective: To investigate the feasibility and efficacy of mini-incision with endoscope-assisted resection for bilateral congenital second branchial cleft fistula, and to report on a rare pedigree. Methods: The clinical data of 5 patients with bilateral congenital second branchial fistula admitted in Fujian Provincial Hospital from April 2007 to December 2018 were retrospectively reviewed, including 2 males and 3 females, aged from 3 to 31 years old. The surgical strateges and clinical experience of single mini-incision with endoscope-assisted fistulectomy were summarized, and a rare pedigree was reported. Results: In five patients, Case 1 to Case 4 were treated with bilateral endoscopic-assisted fistula high ligation with titanium clips and removal through a single small incision under general anesthesia. No obvious complications occurred after the operation. The patients were followed up for 40-164 months with no fistula recurrence. Case 5 gave up surgical resection and was followed up for 24 months with acute infection attack once. Case 2 and Case 4 came from the same family. In this family, 7 out of 31 members of four generations had second branchial cleft fistulas, of which 4 were bilateral and 3 were right. Pedigree analysis was consistent with autosomal dominant inheritance. No deafness, preauricular tag, external and middle ear deformity and kidney malformation were found in the family members. Conclusions: Bilateral congenital second branchial cleft fistula is rare. Surgical resection is the preferred treatment. Mini-incision with endoscopic-assisted fistula high ligation with titanium clip and resection has clear operative field, ideal cosmetic effect and definite curative effect.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Branchial Region/surgery , Endoscopes , Fistula/surgery , Pedigree , Retrospective Studies
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 619-625, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942489


Objective: To compare the efficacy, advantages and disadvantages of endoscopic CO2 laser cauterization (ECLC) and open neck surgery in the treatment of congenital pyriform sinus fistula (CPSF). Methods: From September 2014 to March 2017, 80 cases with confirmed diagnosis of CPSF received initial treatment at Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital were prospectively analyzed, including 34 males and 46 females, aged 18 to 672 (194.17±141.18) months. They were consecutively divided into endoscopic group and open-surgery group, with 40 cases in each group. Both groups of patients received surgical treatment under general anesthesia. The endoscopic group was treated by endoscopic CO2 laser cauterization, and the open-surgery group underwent the following surgery: first, we performed suspension laryngoscopy examination to confirm the presence of fistula in the bottom of the piriform fossa, then open-neck resection of congenital piriform sinus fistula with recurrent laryngeal nerve and/or lateral branch of superior laryngeal nerve anatomy plus partial thyroidectomy were performed. The data between the two groups were compared, including the operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative pain, average length of stay, neck cosmetic scores, complications and cure rates. All patients were followed up in outpatient clinics. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 20.0 software. P<0.05 indicates that the difference is statistically significant. Results: All patients were successfully completed the operation. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative pain and average length of hospital stay in the endoscopic group were significantly less than those in the open group [(27.4±5.5) min to (105.8±52.5) min, (0.6±0.5) ml to (33.6±41.5) ml, (1.7±0.9) points to (4.6±0.7) points, (5.9±2.9)d to(8.9±3.3)d, t values were-9.400, -5.031, -16.199, -4.293, P values were all<0.01]; The neck cosmetic score in the endoscopy group was significantly greater than that of the open group [(9.9±0.4) against (5.8±0.9) points, t=25.847, P<0.01]. Compared with the open group (15.0%, 6/40), the complication rate of the endoscopic group (7.5%, 3/40) was not statistically significant (χ²=0.50, P>0.05). Three months after the first treatment, the cure rate in the endoscopic group (82.5%, 33/40) was significantly lower than that in the open-neck group (100.0%, 40/40), χ²=5.64, P<0.05. The follow-up time was 12 months after the last treatment. Eighty cases were followed up and none was lost to follow-up. During the follow-up period, the cure rate of the endoscopy group (97.5%, 39/40) was compared with that of the open group (100.0%, 40/40), and the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusions: In the treatment of CPSF, the two-surgical method each has their advantages. Compared with open-neck surgery, ECLC is simpler, repeatable. ECLC has shorter time in operation and hospital stay, less complications, and less postoperative pain and more precise cosmetic results. It could be preferred for the initial treatment of CPSF and relapsed cases after cauterization. But subject to relatively low cure rate of one-time cauterization and uncertain long-term efficacy, it cannot completely replace the open-neck surgery at present.

Female , Humans , Male , Carbon Dioxide , Cautery , Endoscopy , Fistula/surgery , Lasers, Gas/therapeutic use , Pyriform Sinus/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 21(3): e132, sept.-dic. 2020. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156380


Introducción: La fístula arterio-venosa para hemodiálisis es el acceso vascular utilizado con mayor frecuencia. De su adecuada funcionalidad depende la calidad de vida de los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica. Objetivo: Caracterizar a los pacientes a los que se les confeccionó fístulas arterio-venosas para hemodiálisis. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo en 73 pacientes, a los que se les confeccionó una fístula arterio-venosa para hemodiálisis. Las variables de estudio fueron: edad, sexo, tipo de fístula arterio-venosa, localización, complicaciones y tratamiento quirúrgico de las complicaciones. Resultados: Se encontró un predominio del sexo masculino y del grupo etario entre 51 y 60 años. El 94,6 por ciento de las fístulas realizadas fueron autólogas; y, de estas, el 44,1 por ciento, radio-cefálicas. El 27,3 por ciento de las autólogas y el 20 por ciento de las protésicas se presentó trombosis, y el 18,2 por ciento y el 40 por ciento presentaron hipertensión venosa para las autólogas y protésicas, respectivamente. El 43,5 por ciento de los tratamientos realizados frente a las complicaciones resultó la confección de una nueva fístula. Conclusiones: Los pacientes a los que se les confeccionó fístulas arterio-venosas eran predominantemente adultos mayores del sexo masculino y las fístulas más realizadas fueron las autólogas radio-cefálicas. Como principal complicación de las fístulas se encontró la trombosis y se realizaron escasos procederes para el rescate de estas(AU)

Introduction: Arterio-venous fistula for haemodialysis is the most commonly used vascular access. Its proper functionality depends on the quality of life of patients with chronic kidney disease. Objective: Describe patients to whom were made arterio-venous fistulas for haemodialysis. Methods: A retrospective descriptive study was conducted in 73 patients to whom were made an arterio-venous fistula for haemodialysis. The study variables were: age, sex, type of arterio-venous fistula, location, complications and surgical treatment of complications. Results: It was found a predominance of male sex and the age group of 51 to 60 years. 94.6 percent of the fistulas made were autologous; and, of these, 44.1 percent were radio-cephalic. 27.3 percent of the autologous fistulas and 20 percent of the prosthetics ones developed thrombosis, and 18.2 percent and 40 percent showed venous hypertension for autologous and prosthetic fistulas, respectively. 43.5 percent of the treatments performed to face complications resulted in the making of a new fistula. Conclusions: The patients to whom were made arterio-venous fistulas were predominantly older adults of the male sex and the most performed fistulas were the radio-cephalic autologous. As the main complication of fistulas, thrombosis was found and a few practices were performed to rescue them(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Fistula/surgery , Quality of Life
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(2): e911, abr.-jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126420


RESUMEN Introducción: Las fístulas aorto-entéricas son una causa infrecuente de hemorragia digestiva. El pronóstico, generalmente ominoso, depende de una alta sospecha clínica y diagnóstico oportuno. Objetivo: Presentar el caso de una hemorragia digestiva por una fístula Aortoentérica diagnosticada y tratada. Presentación del caso: Se reporta el caso de un hombre de 72 años intervenido con el diagnóstico hemorragia digestiva masiva en el preoperatorio; sin embargo, el diagnóstico de la fístula se hizo en el intraoperatorio, sin observar dilatación aneurismática, pero si una aorta ateromatosa y un proceso inflamatorio hacia la fístula. Se realizó reparación quirúrgica urgente con reparación cara anterior aorta infrarrenal cercana a la bifurcación y resección del íleo terminal con ileoascendentostomía termino-lateral. Discusión: Las fístulas aorto-entéricas es una causa potencialmente fatal de hemorragia digestiva. El diagnóstico continúa siendo un desafío debido a su presentación inespecífica y siempre debiese ser considerado frente a una hemorragia digestiva sin causa aparente. Existen varias opciones para el enfrentamiento quirúrgico que deben ser analizadas caso a caso, sin retrasar la reparación. Conclusiones: La fístula aorto-entérica primaria es una causa poco frecuente de hemorragia digestiva, que todo médico y cirujano debe tener en cuenta frente a un paciente con sangrado digestivo de causa no precisada(AU)

ABSTRACT Introduction: Aortoenteric fistulas are a rare cause of gastrointestinal bleeding. The generally ominous prognosis depends on high clinical suspicion and timely diagnosis. Objective: To present a case of gastrointestinal hemorrhage for aortoenteric fistula diagnosed and treated. Case presentation: The case is reported of a 72-year-old man who received surgery after the diagnosis of massive gastrointestinal bleeding during the preoperative period. However, the diagnosis of the fistula was made intraoperatively, without observing aneurysmal dilation, but an atheromatous aorta and an inflammatory process leading to the fistula instead. Urgent surgical repair was performed with repair of anterior infrarenal aorta near the bifurcation and resection of the terminal ileum with end-to-side ascending ileostomy. Discussion: Aortoenteric fistulas are a potentially fatal cause for gastrointestinal bleeding. Diagnosis continues to be a challenge due to its nonspecific presentation and should always be considered for any case of unexplained gastrointestinal bleeding. There are several options for surgical management that must be analyzed case by case, without delaying repair. Conclusions: Primary aortoenteric fistula is a rare cause for gastrointestinal bleeding, which every doctor and surgeon must take into account when dealing with a patient with digestive bleeding of an unspecified cause(AU)

Humans , Male , Aged , Fistula/surgery , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Ileum/surgery
Rev. medica electron ; 40(5): 1323-1345, set.-oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-978676


RESUMEN Introducción: la fístula faringocutánea es la complicación postoperatoria más frecuente de la laringectomía total. Incrementa la morbimortalidad, demora la administración del tratamiento oncológico y repercute en la esfera psicológica del paciente. Objetivo: conocer el comportamiento de la fístula faringocutánea en pacientes con laringectomía total. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrosprospectivo en el Hospital Universitario "Comandante Faustino Pérez", en el período comprendido entre enero 2010 a diciembre 2015. El universo lo constituyó 143 pacientes laringectomizados. Se estudiaron las variables: edad, sexo, estado nutricional previo a la cirugía, estadio del tumor, radiaciones, traqueostomía; manejo del cuello, previo a la cirugía, y evolución de la fístula. Resultados: presentó fístula postoperatoria el 28 %, predominando el sexo masculino, en un 92.3 %; y los normopesos en un 56,6 %. Se encontraban en estadio IV, el 70 %. Fueron irradiados 72,5 % y se les practicó traqueostomía, previa a la cirugía, al 95 % de los pacientes. Vaciamiento cervical se realizó al 37,5 %. En el 70 % de los pacientes, la fístula apareció entre los 8 y 14 días. Conclusiones: la incidencia de la fístula faringocutánea es mayor en el sexo masculino entre los 60-69 años. La mayor incidencia ocurrió en el año 2015. El estadio avanzado del tumor, la presencia de traqueostomía, el estado nutricional e irradiación previa, fueron los factores que más incidieron en la aparición de fístula faringocutánea. En la mayoría de los pacientes el cierre fue espontáneo con buena su evolución (AU).

ABSTRACT Introduction: pharyngocutaneous fistula is the most frequent post-surgery complication of the total laryngectomy. It increases morbimortality, delays the administration of the oncological treatment and rebounds in the patient's psychological sphere. Objective: to know the behavior of the pharyngocutaneous fistula in patients with total laryngectomy. Materials and methods: a retrospective, descriptive, observational study was carried out in the University Hospital "Comandante Faustino Pérez", in the period from January 2010 until December 2015. The universe were 143 patients who undergone a laryngectomy. The studied variables were age, sex, nutritional status before the surgery, tumor stage, radiations, tracheotomy, neck management before surgery, and fistula evolution. Results: 28 % of the patients presented post-surgery fistula, predominantly among males (92.3 %). Normal weight patients were 56.6 %; 70 % were in the IV stage. 72.5 % of the patients were irradiated and 95 % undergone tracheotomy before the surgery. 37.5 % of them undergone cervical resection. In 70 % of the patients, the fistula appeared after 8-14 days. Conclusions: the incidence of the pharyngocutaneous fistula is higher in the male sex and the 60-69 years age-group. The highest incidence occurred in 2015. The advanced stage of the tumor, the presence of tracheotomy, the nutritional status and previous irradiation were the factors that had more incidences on pharyngocutaneous fistulae. The closure of the fistula was spontaneous in most of the patients, with a good evolution (AU).

Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Fistula/complications , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms/complications , Cutaneous Fistula/surgery , Cutaneous Fistula/complications , Fistula/surgery , Fistula/diagnosis , Laryngectomy
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 40(9): 563-569, Sept. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977820


Abstract Objective To describe a case of vesicouterine fistula and to review the literature related to this condition. Methods For the review, we accessed the MEDLINE, BIREME and LILACS databases; the references of the searched articles were also reviewed. Results A 38-year-old woman, in the 1st day after her 3rd cesarean, presented heavy hematuria, which was considered secondary to a difficult dissection of the bladder. A total of 6 months after delivery, she failed to resume her regular menstrual cycles and presented cyclic menouria and amenorrhea. At this time, she had two episodes of urethral obstruction by blood clots. She remained without a correct diagnosis until about two years postdelivery, when a vesicouterine fistula was confirmed through cystoscopy. A surgical correction through open abdominal route, coupled with hysterectomy, was performed. After the surgery, the symptoms disappeared. The review showed a tendency of change in the relative frequency of the different types of genitourinary fistulae. Vesicovaginal fistulae, usually caused by inadequate care during labor, are becoming less frequent than those secondary tomedical procedures, such as vesicouterine fistulae. The most common cause of this latter kind of fistula is cesarean section, especially repeated cesarean sections. The diagnosis is confirmed through one or more imaging exams, or through cystoscopy. The most common treatment is surgical, and the routes are: open abdominal, laparoscopic, vaginal or robotic. There are some reports of success with the conservative treatment. Conclusion Vesicouterine fistulae are becoming more common because of the increase in the performance of cesarean sections, and the condition must be considered a possible complication thereof.

Resumo Objetivo Apresentar um caso de fístula vesico-uterina e realizar revisão da literatura sobre esta condição. Métodos Revisão realizada consultando-se as bases MEDLINE, BIREME e LILACS, além das referências dos artigos consultados. Resultados Uma mulher de 38 anos, após sua terceira cesárea, no puerpério imediato, apresentou hematúria importante, que foi atribuída a uma dificuldade na dissecção da bexiga durante o procedimento. Seis meses pós-parto, emvez de retomar os ciclos menstruais regulares, apresentou menúria cíclica e amenorreia (síndrome de Youssef). A paciente chegou a apresentar obstrução uretral por coágulos, e permaneceu sem diagnóstico correto até cerca de anos pós-parto, quando este foi feito por cistoscopia. Ela foi então submetida a correção cirúrgica por via abdominal, associada a uma histerectomia, com desaparecimento dos sintomas. A revisão mostrou que tem havido mudança na frequência dos vários tipos de fístulas urogenitais. As fístulas vesicovaginais, normalmente secundárias à má assistência durante o parto, têm sido mais raras, enquanto aquelas secundárias a procedimentos médicos, como as vesicouterinas, têm sido mais frequentes. A causa mais comum deste tipo de fístula é a cesárea, especialmente a de repetição. A apresentação pode ser de amenorreia e menúria e/ou perda urinária. O diagnóstico é feito por um ou maismétodos de imagem ou cistoscopia. O tratamento mais comum é cirúrgico, por via abdominal aberta, laparoscópica, transvaginal ou robótica. Existem relatos de cura com tratamento conservador. Conclusão As fístulas vesicouterinas têm sido mais comuns devido ao aumento da proporção de cesáreas. Deve-se ter em mente a possibilidade deste diagnóstico e considerá-las uma das possíveis complicações da cesárea.

Humans , Female , Adult , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , Uterine Diseases/surgery , Uterine Diseases/diagnosis , Urinary Bladder Fistula/surgery , Urinary Bladder Fistula/diagnosis , Fistula/surgery , Fistula/diagnosis , Syndrome , Cesarean Section
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 33(2): 196-203, abr.-jun. 2018. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-909405


Introdução: O retalho miomucoso de músculo bucinador, descrito em 1989, pode ser utilizado para corrigir fístulas palatinas, fissuras com alongamento do palato mole ou cobrir áreas cruentas após ressecções de tumores. Métodos: Trata-se da análise do resultado após 27 anos de 6 casos de pacientes operados no Hospital de Base e na Santa Casa de São José do Rio Preto, no período de 1984 a 1989, e reavaliados em 2016, nos quais foram realizados retalhos miomucosos de bucinador para correção de fissura palatina. Resultados: Dos 36 casos operados, 6 foram reavaliados após 27 anos, dos quais 5 trataram-se de correção primária e 1 de correção secundária (fístula após fechamento de fissura palatina). Todos os casos obtiveram resultados satisfatórios no crescimento maxilar, na correção da fistula palatina e na função da fala. Conclusão: Apesar de estatisticamente não significativo, o presente estudo demonstrou que o retalho miomucoso de músculo bucinador para correção e alongamento do palato é um procedimento adequado, com resultados de crescimento maxilar normal ou próximo disso e fala praticamente normal, mesmo sem adequado tratamento fonoaudiológico.

Introduction: The buccal musculo-mucosal patch, described in 1989, can be used to correct palatine fistulas and fissures with stretching of the soft palate, or to cover bloody areas after tumor resection. Methods: This is an analysis of the 27-year postoperative results for 6 patients who underwent operation at Base Hospital and Santa Casa de São José do Rio Preto between 1984 and 1989, and reassessed in 2016, when a myo-buccinator mucosa was used for cleft palate correction. Results: Of the 36 operated cases, 6 were reevaluated after 27 years, of which 5 had primary correction and 1 had a secondary correction (fistula after cleft palate closure). All the cases had satisfactory results in terms of maxillary growth, correction of the palatine fistula, and speech function. Conclusion: Although not statistically significant, the present study demonstrated that the buccal musculo-mucosal flap is an adequate procedure for correction and stretching of the palate, with normal or near-normal maxillary growth and practically normal speech even without adequate phono-audiological treatment.

Humans , History, 21st Century , Palate, Soft , Surgical Flaps , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency , Cleft Lip , Cleft Palate , Oral Surgical Procedures , Fistula , Palate, Soft/anatomy & histology , Palate, Soft/abnormalities , Palate, Soft/surgery , Surgical Procedures, Operative/adverse effects , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/surgery , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/complications , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/rehabilitation , Cleft Lip/surgery , Cleft Lip/complications , Cleft Palate/surgery , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Fistula/surgery , Fistula/complications , Fistula/rehabilitation
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(2): 280-287, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892978


ABSTRACT Objectives This study aims to improve laparoscopic nephrectomy techniques for inflammatory renal diseases (IRD) and to reduce complications. Materials and Methods Thirty-three patients underwent laparoscopic nephrectomy for IRD, with a method of outside Gerota fascia dissection and en-bloc ligation and division of the renal pedicle. Operative time, blood loss, complications, analgesia requirement, post-operative recovery of intestinal function and hospital stay were recorded. The degrees of perinephric adhesion were classified based on the observation during operation and post-operative dissection of the specimen, and the association of different types of adhesion with the difficulty of the procedures was examined. Results Among 33 cases, three were converted to hand-assisted laparoscopy, and one was converted to open surgery. Mean operative time was 99.6±29.2min, and blood loss was 75.2±83.5 mL. Postoperative recovery time of intestinal function was 1.6±0.7 days and average hospital stay was 4.8±1.4 days. By classification and comparison of the perinephric adhesions, whether inflammation extending beyond Gerota fascia or involving renal hilum was found to be not only an important factor influencing the operative time and blood loss, but also the main reason for conversion to hand-assisted laparoscopy or open surgery. Conclusions In laparoscopic nephrectomy, outside Gerota fascia dissection of the kidney and en-bloc ligation of the renal pedicle using EndoGIA could reduce the difficulty of procedure and operative time, with satisfactory safety and reliability. Inflammation and adhesion extending beyond Gerota fascia or involving renal hilum is an important predictor of the difficulty related to laparoscopic nephrectomy for IRD.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Pyelonephritis/surgery , Tuberculosis, Renal/surgery , Pyonephrosis/surgery , Hand-Assisted Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Kidney Diseases/surgery , Nephrectomy/methods , Nephritis/surgery , Pyelonephritis, Xanthogranulomatous/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Blood Loss, Surgical , Intestinal Fistula/surgery , Colonic Diseases/surgery , Operative Time , Fistula/surgery , Length of Stay , Middle Aged , Nephrectomy/adverse effects
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(2): 168-172, 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959366


Resumen Introducción: Las fístulas del seno piriforme, originadas desde el tercer o cuarto arco branquial, son entidades poco frecuentes. Se pueden presentar como aumento de volumen cervical, fístula cervical, absceso cervical, tiroiditis abscedada y/o disfonía. Objetivo: Reportar 4 casos tratados en nuestro hospital y revisión de la literatura. Discusión: Frente a un cuadro clínico compatible, se debe realizar estudio endos- cópico y de imágenes. El manejo quirúrgico sigue siendo el de mejores resultados, pero se han desarrollado terapias endoscópicas y combinaciones de estas con buenos resultados. Conclusión: El diagnóstico requiere un alto índice de sospecha clínica. La cirugía abierta se mantiene como el gold standard, sin embargo, en población pediátrica estaría indicada la resolución endoscópica debido a la alta morbilidad de la cirugía tradicional.

Introduction: Pyriform sinus fistula is a rare cervical branchial anomaly derived from the third and fourth branchial arch. Pyriform sinus fistula should be considered in children presenting enlarged neck mass, fistula, abscess, thyroid infection and/or dysphonia. Objective: We here report 4 cases treated in Hospital Clínico Universidad de Chile and review of the current literature on pyriform sinus fistula. Discussion: When clinical presentation is compatible with pyriform sinus fistula, endoscopic and imaging techniques are required. Surgical outcomes are better, although endoscopic therapies and combination of both surgery and endoscopy have also reported good outcomes. Conclusion: Diagnosis is made based on signs and symptoms and a high index of clinical suspicion. Open surgery is gold standard, however in pediatric population endoscopic resolution should be considered to reduce the high morbidity of traditional surgery.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Pharyngeal Diseases/surgery , Pyriform Sinus , Fistula/surgery , Pharyngeal Diseases/congenital , Pharyngeal Diseases/diagnosis , Endoscopy , Fistula/congenital , Fistula/diagnosis