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Odovtos (En linea) ; 25(1)abr. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1422193


The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the biomechanical and chemical behavior of various bioactive materials in class II MOD restorations. Forty- eight standardized class II MOD cavities were prepared in sound extracted human molar teeth. The specimens were divided into four groups according to the restorative material: Group 1 (Filtek™ Z350 XT), Group 2 (Biodentine™ as a liner, and then restored with Filtek™ Z350 XT), Group 3 (Cention N™), and Group 4 (Activa™ Bioactive-Restorative). The samples were tested for fracture resistance by subjecting them to a compressive load in a Universal testing Machine. The failure modes of each specimen were evaluated. The alkalinizing potential and calcium ion release of the materials were measured. SEM-EDAX analyses were also performed for all materials. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and post hoc Tukey test (p<0.05). Group 1 showed the higher fracture resistance (p<0.05). Group 3 had greater fracture resistance values but no statistical difference from Group 4. Biodentine™ showed greater biomineralization potential. Class II MOD restorations of Group 1 displayed the higher fracture resistance; however, it was highly associated with catastrophic failure. Conversely, Biodentine™ presented a more significant bioactivity potential, and its use, as in Group 2, promoted the most favorable failure mode.

El objetivo de este estudio, in vitro, fue evaluar el desempeño biomecánico y químico de varios materiales bioactivos en restauraciones clase II MOD. Se prepararon cuarenta y ocho cavidades clase II MOD estandarizadas en dientes molares humanos extraídos. Las muestras se dividieron en cuatro grupos según el material de restauración: Grupo 1 (Filtek™ Z350 XT), Grupo 2 (Biodentine™ como base y luego restaurado con Filtek™ Z350 XT), Grupo 3 (Cention N™) y Grupo 4 (Activa™ Bioactivo-Reparador). La prueba de resistencia a la fractura fue realizada en una máquina de ensayo universal Instron. Se evaluaron los modos de falla de cada espécimen. Se midió el pH y la liberación de iones de calcio de los materiales. Se realizaron análisis SEM-EDAX. Los datos se analizaron mediante ANOVA y la prueba post hoc de Tukey (p<0,05). El grupo 1 mostró la mayor resistencia a la fractura (p<0,05). El Grupo 3 tuvo mayores valores de resistencia a la fractura que el Grupo 4, pero sin diferencia estadística. Biodentine™ mostró un mayor potencial de biomineralización. Las restauraciones Clase II MOD del Grupo 1 mostraron la mayor resistencia a la fractura; sin embargo, estuvo altamente asociado con fallas irreparables. Por el contrario, Biodentine™ presentó un potencial de bioactividad más significativo y su uso, como en el Grupo 2, promovió el modo de falla más favorable.

Biomedical and Dental Materials/analysis , Composite Resins/analysis , Flexural Strength
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e237338, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1397295


Aim: Endocrown restorations are commonly used to rehabilitate endodontically treated posterior teeth and their use is well-founded in these cases. However, to date, there is little scientific evidence of their behavior in anterior teeth. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the compressive strength of upper central incisors teeth, restored with glass-ceramic total crowns by the conventional anatomical core technique, and compare them to teeth restored with endocrowns with and without the presence of ferrule. Methods: Thirty teeth were randomly distributed into three groups: GE2 - endocrown group with 2 mm ferrule, GE0 - endocrown group without a ferrule, and GC - conventional crown with intraradicular post group. Crowns were cemented and teeth submitted to the 45o compression test until the fracture happened. Fractured specimens were analyzed to determine the fracture pattern. Descriptive analysis of the variables was performed and one-way analysis of variance was utilized to analyze the data for significant differences at p < 0.05. Results: The results of the control group (284.5 ± 201.05N) showed the highest fracture resistance value, followed by the 2mm group (274.54 ± 199.43N) and by the 0mm group (263.81 ± 80.05N). There was no statistically significant difference between all the groups (p = 0.964). Conclusions: The absence of a cervical enamel necklace favored a debonding of the pieces and endodontically treated anterior teeth could be restored with endocrown, which could be considered a conservative and viable treatment option

Computer-Aided Design , Crowns , Endodontics , Flexural Strength
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e210155, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1507020


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the mechanical properties of mini-implants (MIs) manufactured from stainless steel and compare them with conventional titanium-aluminum-vanadium alloy MIs. Material and Methods: The following groups were formed: G1 (n=24), 8×1.5 mm steel MIs; G2 (n=24), 12×2.0 mm steel MIs; and G3 (n=24), 10×1.5 mm titanium MIs. The 72 MIs were inserted in the infra zygomatic crest region of the maxilla and retromolar trigone in the jaw of 10 pigs. Pull-out, insertion torque, fracture and percussion tests were performed in order to measure the tensile strength, primary stability and fracture strength of MIs. A digital torque gauge was used to measure insertion and fracture torque, a universal mechanical testing machine was used for pull-out testing and a periotest device was used to measure the micromovement of MIs. For morphological and MI component evaluation, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was performed. D'Agostino & Pearson, Kruskal-Wallis, and Dunn post-hoc and normality tests were used. Results: G2 insertion and fracture torques were significantly higher than G1 and G3 insertion and fracture torques (p<0.05). The pull-out and percussion tests presented similar values among the groups. SEM revealed that the fracture point was predominantly on the fourth thread for steel MIs (G1 and G2) and on the seventh thread for titanium-aluminum-vanadium MIs (G3). Conclusion: The mechanical properties of stainless steel MIs are superior to those of titanium-aluminum-vanadium alloy MIs.

Animals , Stainless Steel/chemistry , Tensile Strength , Titanium , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures/instrumentation , Swine , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/instrumentation , Statistics, Nonparametric , Flexural Strength , Mechanical Tests
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 52: e20230006, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1442091


Introduction: with the technological advance in dentistry, light-polymerized three-dimensional (3D) printing resins had become an alternative for the manufacture of occlusal splint splints. Objective: the present study aimed to analyze the flexural strength of a resin for 3D printing compared to conventional acrylic resins (chemically activated and thermally activated), under the influence of thermocycling. Material and method: 60 specimens were made, which were distributed in six experimental groups (n = 10), according to the resin employed (chemically activated acrylic resin, thermally activated acrylic resin and 3D printing resin) and the treatment received (control and thermocycling). The specimens were submitted to flexural strength by the three-point flexural test. Result: data analysis showed that the material factor (<0.0001) and the thermocycling factor (p = 0.0096) influenced flexural strength, however, the interaction between the two factors did not (p = 0.9728). Conclusion: it was concluded that 3D printing resins presented the lowest flexural resistance to acrylic resins, especially when submitted to thermocycling.

Introdução: com o avanço tecnológico dentro da odontologia, as resinas fotopolimerizáveis para impressão tridimensional (3D) se tornaram uma alternativa para a fabricação de dispositivos interoclusais. Objetivo: o presente trabalho teve como objetivo analisar a resistência flexural de uma resina para impressão tridimensional comparada com resinas acrílicas convencionais (quimicamente ativada e termicamente ativada), sob a influência da termociclagem. Material e método: foram confeccionados 60 corpos de prova, que foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em seis grupos experimentais (n=10), de acordo com a resina utilizada (resina acrílica ativada quimicamente, resina acrílica ativada termicamente e resina para impressão 3D) e com o tratamento recebido (controle e termociclagem). Os corpos de prova foram submetidos ao ensaio de flexão de três pontos para determinação da resistência flexural. Resultado: a análise dos dados demonstrou que o fator material (<0.0001) e o fator termociclagem (p=0.0096) influenciaram a resistência flexural, entretanto, a interação entre os dois fatores não (p=0.9728). Conclusão: deste modo podemos concluir que a resina para impressão 3D apresentou desempenho inferior às resinas acrílicas, especialmente quando submetida a termociclagem.

Acrylic Resins , Occlusal Splints , Resins , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Flexural Strength
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e239056, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1443592


Aim: This review investigated the effect of applying an adhesive after surface treatment of glass-ceramics on the bonding, mechanical or clinical behavior. Methods: Studies comparing the adhesive, mechanical or clinical behavior of glass-ceramics, with or without adhesive application after surface treatment, were included. Searches were performed in PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Sciences databases (January 2022), resulting in 15 included studies. Results: Regarding the evaluated outcomes, 13 studies assessed bond strength, 2 studies assessed biaxial flexural strength and 1 study assessed fatigue failure load, while no study evaluating clinical outcomes was included. It was possible to observe that the adhesive application after ceramic surface treatment was unfavorable or did not influence the evaluated outcomes. Conclusion: Most of the evidence available in the literature shows that the adhesive application after surface treatment does not improve the adhesive and mechanical behavior of glass-ceramics

Ceramics , Dental Cements , Flexural Strength
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226036, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393321


Dental implants could give back function, esthetics and quality of life to patients. The correct choice of the implant, especially in borderline cases, is essential for a satisfactory result. Aim: Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the mechanical behavior of Morse taper implants with two different prosthetic interfaces. Methods: Twenty self-locking Morse taper implants, 2.9 mm in diameter (FAC), and 20 Morse taper implants, 3.5 mm in diameter (CM) were divided into two groups (n=10), and submitted to strength to failure test, optical microscopic evaluation of fracture, metallographic analysis of the alloy, finite element analysis (FEA) and strain gauge test. A Student's t test (α = 0.05) was made for a statistical analysis. Results: For the strength to failure test, a statistically difference was observed (p <0.001) between FAC (225.0 ± 19.8 N) and CM (397.3 ± 12.5 N). The optical microscopic evaluation demonstrated a fracture pattern that corroborated with FEA ́s results. The metallographic analysis determined that the implants of the FAC group have titanium-aluminum-vanadium alloy in their composition. In the strain gauge test, there was no statistical difference (p = 0.833) between CM (1064.8 ± 575.04 µS) and FAC (1002.2 ± 657.6 µS) groups. Conclusion: Based on the results obtained in this study, ultra-narrow implants (FAC) should ideally be restricted to areas with low masticatory effort

Tensile Strength , Dental Implantation , Flexural Strength
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225757, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1366215


Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of frozen storage on the physical properties of a silicone-based test food material, highly used to evaluate the masticatory performance in research settings. Methods: A total of 1,666 silicone cubes of Optosil Comfort® with 5.6-mm edges were shaped and stored at -18°C. The cubes were subsequently tested for flexural strength (maximum force, displacement, stress, and strain) before breaking (n = 136), changes in weight and size (n = 170), and masticatory performance (n = 1360) at eight timepoints: immediately after cube preparation (baseline, no freezing), and 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks, and 2, 4 and 6 months after frozen storage. The cubes were thawed 8 h before each assessment. Results: The maximum force, stress, maximum displacement, and deformation values for the cubes were not affected by freezing (P > 0.05). At all of the time points, the cubes exhibited similar weight (P = 0.366) and size (identical values). The masticatory performance for the cubes also showed no differences from baseline through 6 months (P = 0.061). Conclusion: Freezing Optosil Comfort® silicone cubes did not alter the physical and mechanical properties of the material, being suitable to optimize the assessment of masticatory parameters for research purposes

Humans , Male , Adult , Silicone Elastomers , Materials Testing/methods , Freezing , Flexural Strength , Mastication , Time Factors
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(6): 1-9, nov. 3, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437585


Background: This study evaluated the effects of using different root canal sealers and protocols for cleaning intraradicular dentin on the bond strength of a composite resin used to reinforce weakened roots. Material and Methods: Sixty-four roots of extracted human maxillary canines were weakened, prepared and filled with two different endodontic sealers (Endofill and AH Plus). In half of the sample, set aside for each respective sealer, excess filling material was cleaned. In the other half, the weakened areas were not cleaned, and the excess of sealer was spread on the intraradicular dentin. Intentionally worn areas inside each root were restored with a microhybrid light-cure composite resin (Z100) to reinforce them, with and without acid etching. Prefabricated metal posts were fixed with a dual resin cement (RelyX ARC), and the specimens were submitted to a pull-out test. Statistical analysis was performed by means of Shapiro-Wilk, analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA) and Tukey-Kramer tests (p<0.05). Results: The groups filled with Endofill (GI, GII, GIII, GIV) had the lowest bond strength values, which were similar among each other (p>0.05).The greatest bond strength values were observed in roots filled with AH Plus (GV, GVI, GVII, GVIII), mainly without cleaning of the weakened areas, and followed by acid etching (GVII), and also with cleaning of the weakened areas, however, with no acid etching (GVI) (p<0.05). Conclusion: The greatest bond strength values were observed in roots filled with AH Plus; (1) without cleaning of the weakened areas and with acid etching, and; (2) with cleaning of the weakened areas, but without acid etching.

Antecedentes: este estudio evaluó los efectos del uso de diferentes selladores de conductos radiculares y protocolos para limpiar la dentina intrarradicular sobre la fuerza de unión de una resina compuesta utilizada para reforzar las raíces debilitadas. Material y Métodos: Sesenta y cuatro raíces de caninos maxilares humanos extraídos fueron debilitadas, preparadas y rellenadas con dos selladores endodónticos diferentes (Endofill y AH Plus). En la mitad de la muestra, reservada para cada sellador respectivo, se limpió el exceso de material de relleno. En la otra mitad, las áreas debilitadas no se limpiaron y el exceso de sellador se esparció sobre la dentina intrarradicular. Las áreas desgastadas intencionalmente dentro de cada raíz se restauraron con una resina compuesta fotopolimerizable microhíbrida (Z100) para reforzarlas, con y sin grabado ácido. Los postes metálicos prefabricados se fijaron con un cemento de resina dual (RelyX ARC) y los especímenes se sometieron a una prueba de extracción. El análisis estadístico se realizó mediante Shapiro-Wilk, análisis de varianza (ANOVA de una vía) y pruebas de Tukey-Kramer (p<0,05). Resultados: Los grupos rellenos con Endofill (GI, GII, GIII, GIV) presentaron los valores más bajos de fuerza de unión, los cuales fueron similares entre sí (p>0,05). Los mayores valores de fuerza de unión se observaron en raíces rellenas con AH Plus (GV, GVI, GVII, GVIII), principalmente sin limpieza de las áreas debilitadas, seguido de grabado ácido (GVII), y también con limpieza de las áreas debilitadas aunque sin grabado ácido (GVI) (p<0.05). Conclusión: Los mayores valores de fuerza de unión se observaron en las raíces rellenas con AH Plus; (1) sin limpieza de las áreas debilitadas y con grabado ácido, y; (2) con limpieza de las áreas debilitadas, pero sin grabado ácido.

Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dentin/drug effects , Flexural Strength , Treatment Outcome , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects
Rev. ADM ; 79(5): 284-291, sept.-oct. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1428520


Introducción: se realizó una revisión bibliográfica con el objetivo de conocer, analizar y comparar los diferentes tipos de adhesivos de octava generación que se encuentran en el mercado y la diferencia que existe entre cada uno. Los adhesivos universales han demostrado mejoras en su resistencia, sobre todo en las técnicas de aplicación y en las propiedades de estos materiales, al mejorar la fuerza adhesiva para que el odontólogo pueda brindar tratamientos restaurativos exitosos. Objetivo: conocer, analizar y comparar los diferentes tipos de adhe- sivos de la octava generación empleados en odontología. Material y métodos: se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos electrónicas PubMed, BVS, Redalyc y ScienceDirect. Se utilizaron 32 artículos que cumplieron con los criterios predeterminados y la especificidad reque- rida para la pregunta de investigación. Conclusiones: se demostró que la tecnología cada día avanza, sobre todo en el área de los adhesivos, ya que éstos son de mucha utilidad en el día a día del odontólogo; es importante conocer cada uno de éstos, puesto que es un poco complejo seleccionar el correcto, mas no el uso. En la actualidad, existen diversas opciones por las que el odontólogo puede optar, es por ello que el pro- fesional debe estar capacitado sobre cada una de las diferentes marcas existentes y, de acuerdo al tratamiento, debe elegir cuál es mejor utilizar en una rehabilitación. Es importante para el odontólogo conocer estos materiales, ya que esto lo beneficiará al momento de llevar un plan de tratamiento restaurador (AU)

Introduction: a bibliographic review was carried out to learn about, analyze, and compare the different types of eighth-generation adhesives on the market and the difference between each one. Universal adhesives have demonstrated improvements in their resistance, especially in the application techniques and properties of these materials, improving the adhesive strength so that the dentist can provide successful restorative treatments. Objective: to know, analyze and compare the different types of eighth-generation adhesives used in dentistry. Material and methods: a search was made of the following electronic databases: PubMed, BVS, Redalyc, ScienceDirect. Finally, 32 articles that met the predetermined criteria and the specificity required for the research question were used. Conclusions: it was demonstrated that technology is advancing every day, especially in the area of adhesives since these are very useful in the daily life of the dentist. It is important to know each one of these since it is a little complex at the moment of selecting the correct one, but not the use. Currently, there are several options that the dentist can choose, which is why the professional must be trained on each of the various existing brands and according to the treatment which is the best to use at the time of rehabilitation. The dentist needs to know these materials since they will benefit him/her when carrying out a restorative treatment plan (AU)

Technology, Dental/trends , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Surface Properties , Acid Etching, Dental/methods , Compressive Strength , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Shear Strength , Dentin/drug effects , Nanoparticles , Flexural Strength
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(1): 45-50, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361713


O objetivo deste relato de caso foi descrever em detalhes a técnica de transfixação de pino de fibra de vidro no sentido horizontal e restauração de resina composta em um dente molar tratado endodonticamete. Paciente, sexo feminino, 51 anos de idade, buscou o Centro Universitário da Serra Gaúcha (FSG ­ Caxias do Sul ­ Rio Grande do Sul) com a necessidade de realizar tratamento endodôntico do elemento molar número 26. Após a avaliação inicial, foi realizada a endodontia. O elemento havia pouca sustentação das paredes vestibular e palatina, então foi proposto a colocação de pino intrarradicular seguido de coroa, entretanto, por questões financeiras a paciente não aceitou. Logo, foi proposto a técnica de transfixação horizontal de pino de fibra de vidro associado a uma restauração de resina composta de forma direta. O procedimento foi realizado em sessão única e foi utilizado um pino de fibra de vidro número 1 disposto transversalmente entre as paredes mesiopalatina e distovestibular. A restauração foi realizada com resina composta Filtek Z350, devolvendo estética e função ao elemento dentário. Pode-se concluir que a técnica de transfixação horizontal de pino de fibra de vidro associado à resina composta é uma alternativa restauradora que possibilita maior resistência aos dentes tratados endodonticamente, apresenta resultados funcionais e estéticos satisfatórios, além de possibilitar uma maior sobrevida aos mesmos(AU)

The purpose of this case report was to describe in detail the technique of horizontal transfixion of a fiberglass post into an endodontically treated tooth. Female patient, 51 years old, sought the University Center of Serra Gaúcha (FSG - Caxias do Sul ­ Rio Grande do Sul) with the need to perform the endodontic treatment of molar element number 26. After the initial evaluation, endodontics was performed. The element had little support for the buccal and palatal walls, so an intraradicular postplacement followed by a crown was proposed, for financial reasons the patient did not accept it. Therefore, the technique of horizontal transfixion of a fiberglass pin was proposed, associated with a restoration of direct composite resin. The procedure was performed in a single session and a number 1 fiberglass post was fixed crosswise between the mesiopalatal and distobuccal walls. The restoration was carried out with composite resin Filtek Z350, restoring aesthetics and function. It can be concluded that the horizontal transfixion of a fiberglass post associated with composite resin technique is a restorative alternative that allows greater resistance to endodontically treated teeth, provides satisfactory esthetics and better survival rates(AU)

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Composite Resins , Tooth, Nonvital , Dental Pins , Molar , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Therapy , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Flexural Strength
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 59(1)mar. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED, BNUY-Odon, BNUY | ID: biblio-1408375


Introducción: Las diferencias en las propiedades mecánicas de los materiales cerámicos y a base de resina plantean la interrogante sobre cuál puede tener un mejor desempeño a largo plazo. Objetivos: Evaluar la resistencia flexural y estabilidad de color de diferentes materiales restauradores estéticos indirectos. Métodos: Los materiales seleccionados fueron Filtek™ Z250 XT (3M ESPE), Ceramage (SHOFU Dental), VITA VM® LC y VITA ENAMIC® (VITA Zahnfabrik), IPS e.max® (Ivoclar-Vivadent) y Zolid FX (Amann Girrbach AG). El ensayo de resistencia flexural (n = 10) fue realizado en una máquina universal de ensayos mecánicos. Las lecturas de color (n = 5) se midieron en un espectrofotómetro VITA Easyshade V®. Resultados: Los materiales totalmente cerámicos mostraron un mejor desempeño mecánico (p < 0,001). Los resultados de estabilidad de color muestran que Ceramage, IPS e.max® y Zolid FX, mostraron una diferencia estadísticamente significativa (p ≤ 0,002) con Filtek Z250 XT, VITA VM® LC y VITA ENAMIC®. Conclusiones: Los materiales totalmente cerámicos presentaron una mayor resistencia flexural y estabilidad de color que los materiales de base polimérica. A pesar de ello, los materiales estéticos indirectos con polímeros en su composición, como Ceramage, se presentan como una alternativa válida, ya que además de tener propiedades mecánicas adecuadas, poseen una estabilidad de color semejante a los materiales cerámicos(AU)

Introduction: Differences in the mechanical properties of ceramic and resin-based materials pose the question of which of the two will perform better in the long run. Objectives: Evaluate the flexural resistance and color stability of different indirect esthetic restorative materials. Methods: The materials selected were Filtek™ Z250 XT (3M ESPE), Ceramage (SHOFU Dental), VITA VM® LC and VITA ENAMIC® (VITA Zahnfabrik), IPS e.max® (Ivoclar-Vivadent) and Zolid FX (Amann Girrbach AG). The flexural resistance assay (n = 10) was conducted in a universal mechanical testing machine. Color readings (n = 5) were taken with a VITA Easyshade V® spectrophotometer. Results: All-ceramic materials had better mechanical performance (p < 0.001). Color stability results show that Ceramage, IPS e.max® and Zolid FX displayed a statistically significant difference (p ≤ 0.002) with respect to Filtek Z250 XT, VITA VM® LC and VITA ENAMIC®. Conclusions: All-ceramic materials exhibited greater flexural resistance and color stability than polymer-based materials. However, indirect esthetic materials with polymers in their composition, such as Ceramage, are presented as a valid alternative, due to their appropriate mechanical properties and their color stability, which is similar to that of ceramic materials(AU)

Humans , Spectrophotometers , Color , Dental Materials/adverse effects , Composite Resins/therapeutic use , Flexural Strength , Mechanical Tests
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2022. 104 p. tab, ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1396533


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar in vitro a influência de um novo dispositivo fotopolimerização e pino de fibra de vidro nas propriedades mecânicas, físicoquímicas e adesão dos cimentos resinosos. Foram utilizados oitenta dentes bovinos, submetidos ao tratamento endodôntico, distribuídos em 5 grupos (n=16): CD (Pino fibra vidro e cimento dual); PF (Pino perfurado e cimento fotoativado); PD (Pino perfurado e cimento dual); POF (Pino perfurado iluminador de fibra óptica e cimento fotoativado); POD (Pino perfurado iluminador de fibra óptica e cimento dual). Os dentes foram preparados para colocação de um protótipo de pino em fibra de vidro que possui um canal interno de diâmetro regular e com conicidade progressiva. A perfuração permite a inserção da fibra óptica ao longo da extensão do pino a fim de possibilitar a ação da luz ao longo de todo o comprimento do conduto radicular. Após a cimentação, os espécimes foram seccionados perpendicularmente, e obtida 1 fatia de 2 mm de espessura do terço apical, médio e cervical. A avaliação mecânica foi realizada através do ensaio de push-out para determinação da resistência adesiva nos terços cervical, médio e apical seguido pela análise da fratura em estereomicroscópio. Os retentores intrarradiculares foram também submetidos ao teste de flexão de 3 pontos para análise do material preenchedor do pino de fibra (n=10). As análises físico - químicas foram realizadas através da determinação do grau de conversão dos cimentos (RAMAN) e análise em espectroscopia de energia dispersiva (EDS) dos monômeros presentes. A adesão foi analisada pela interface de cimentação pelo MEV e reconstrução 3D do novo sistema através do Micro-CT. Os dados obtidos foram analisados estatisticamente pelo ANOVA (um e dois fatores) e comparação múltipla de Tukey, (p<0,05). Os resultados de resistência adesiva evidenciaram que o terço apical obteve o maior valor de resistência adesiva em comparação ao terço médio (p<0,001), o grupo POD do terço apical foi estatisticamente significante em relação ao grupo CD do terço médio (p<0,001). Na analise individual de cada terço, não houve diferença entre os grupos experimentais e o controle (p>0,05). A falha adesiva entre cimento e dentina foi a mais predominante entre todos os grupos e terços. O pino de fibra de vidro (controle) obteve o maior valor de resistência à flexão (p<0,001), seguido do pino de fibra de vidro perfurado preenchido com cimento resinoso (p<0,001). Os maiores valores de GC foram alcançados pelo grupo POD com 82,3% (cervical) 69,9 % (médio) e 76,21% (apical) e o EDS comprovou a presença de componentes químicos adequados. A análise da adesão do novo pino de fibra de vidro comprova uma excelente adaptação no interior do canal radicular nas regiões cervical, médio e apical. Portanto o novo dispositivo com fibra óptica e pino de fibra de vidro experimental aumentaram as propriedades mecânicas, físico-químicas e adesão do cimento resinoso (AU)

The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro the influence of a new light curing device with optical fiber and experimental glass fiber post on the physicochemical, mechanical, and adhesion properties of resin cements. Eighty bovine teeth were used, submitted to an endodontic treatment, distributed in 5 groups (n=16): CD (Glass fiber post and dual cement); PF (Perforated post and light-cured cement); PD (Perforated post and dual cement); POF (Fiber optic illuminating with a perforated post and lightcured cement); POD (Fiber optic illuminating with a perforated post and dual cement). The teeth were prepared for placement of a glass fiber post prototype, which has an internal canal of regular diameter and progressive taper. The internal perforation extension allows the insertion of the optical fiber along the entire length of the post in order to allow the action of light along the entire length of the root canal.The specimens were sectioned perpendicularly for the tests, and 1 slice approximately 2 mm thick was obtained from the apical, middle and cervical thirds. The mechanical evaluation was carried out through the push-out test to determine the adhesive bond strength, in the cervical, middle and apical thirds, followed by the fracture analysis under a stereomicroscope, the intraradicular post were also submitted to the 3-point bending test for material analys of the fiber post filler (n=10). The physicochemical analyzes were performed by determining the degree of conversion of the cements (RAMAN) of each sample and the analysis of energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) of the monomers present. Adhesion was analyzed by the cementation interface and 3D reconstruction of the new system through micro-CT, and finally, SEM analysis of the adhesive interface. The data obtained were analyzed for normality and statistically by ANOVA (one and two ways) and Tukey's multiple comparison (p<0.05). The adhesive bond strength results showed that the apical third had the highest value of adhesive strength compared to the middle third (p<0.001), and the POD group of the apical third was statistically significant in relation to the CD group of the middle third (p<0.001). In the individual analysis of each third, there was no difference between the experimental and control groups (p>0.05). Adhesive failure between cement and dentin was the most prevalent among all groups and thirds. The conventional post (control) had the highest flexural strength value (p<0.001), followed by the perforated fiberglass post filled with resin cement (p<0.001). The POD group achieved the highest GC values with 82.3% (cervical), 69.9% (medium), and 76.21% (apical) and EDS confirmed the presence of adequate chemical components. The analysis of the adhesion of the new fiberglass post proves an excellent adaptation inside the root canal in the cervical, middle and apical regions. Therefore, the new light curing device with optical fiber and experimental glass fiber post improved the resin cement's mechanical, phycochemical, and adhesion. (AU)

Animals , Cattle , Analysis of Variance , Post and Core Technique , Resin Cements , Curing Lights, Dental , Flexural Strength , Mechanical Tests
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 51: e20210024, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1377169


Introduction: Screw-retained restorations have a screw access hole (SAH) sealed with resin composite aiming at safe-guarding the aesthetic features of the ceramic veneer. The loss or wear of the resin composite applied in sealing the SAH is among the most common complications in implant prosthodontics, as the fracture of ceramic veneer. Objective: Evaluate the influence of sealant materials on the fracture resistance of resin composite applied in sealing screw access hole in screwed (SAH) implants. Material and method: The samples were produced from UCLA abutments in metallic NiCr alloy with subsequent application of ceramic. After asperisation and conditioning ceramic surface, was applied silane and dentin adhesive, before sealing the conduits with resin composites Z100 and P60. Nine groups (n=10) were evaluated: sealing with Z-100 (ZNC) and P-60 (PNC) without obturation of SAH; sealing with Z100 (ZCP) and P-60 (PCP) with absorbent cotton; Z100 (ZPT) and P60 (PPT) with polytetrafluoroethylene; Z100 (ZGP) and P60 (PGP) with gutta-percha and a cemented ceramic crown (ICS). After the fracture resistance test, the data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey HSD tests (p<.05). Result: The fracture mode was evaluated by scanning electron microscope. Irrespective of the filling material, the highest mean values of fracture resistance were observed in the sealing with P60 (p=.002). When combined with resins composed of a sealing material, the results obtained were: ZGP: 805.5N/ PGP: 929.5N

Introdução: As próteses parafusadas possuem orifício de acesso ao parafuso (SAH), os quais são selados com resina composta. Sua perda ou desgaste está entre as complicações mais comuns em próteses sobre implantes, associadas a fratura da lâmina cerâmica. Objetivo: Assim, é importante avaliar a influência dos materiais de selamento na resistência à fratura de resina composta aplicada ao SAH no selamento de prótese sobre implantes parafusadas. Material e método: As amostras foram produzidas utilizando pilares UCLA em liga metálica de NiCr com posterior aplicação de cerâmica. Após asperização e condicionamento da superfície cerâmica, foram aplicados silano e adesivo dentinário, antes da selagem dos condutos com as resinas compostas Z100 e P60. Foram avaliados nove grupos (n = 10): selamento com Z-100 (ZNC) e P-60 (PNC) sem selamento do SAH; selamento com Z100 (ZCP) e P-60 (PCP) com algodão absorvente; Z100 (ZPT) e P60 (PPT) com politetrafluoroetileno; Z100 (ZGP) e P60 (PGP) com guta-percha e coroa de cerâmica cimentada (ICS). Após o teste de resistência à fratura, os dados foram analisados usando ANOVA de dois fatores e testes Tukey HSD (p<0,05). O tipo de fratura foi avaliado por microscópio eletrônico de varredura. Resultado Independentemente do material obturador, os maiores valores médios de resistência à fratura foram observados no selamento com P60 (p=0,002). Quando combinados com resinas compostas por um material de selamento, os resultados obtidos foram: ZGP: 805,5N/ PGP: 929,5N

Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Analysis of Variance , Composite Resins , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Dental Implantation , Flexural Strength , Mouth Rehabilitation
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36(Jun): e082, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, BNUY-Odon, BNUY | ID: biblio-1372593


Abstract The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of irradiance and radiant exposure on the chemical-mechanical properties of a resin composite. A micro-hybrid resin composite (Clearfil AP-X, Kuraray) was investigated under two different irradiances: low (300 mW/cm2) and high (800 mW/cm2) and radiant exposures: 8 and 16 J/cm2. Four groups, named Low 8 J/cm2, High 8 J/cm2, Low 16 J/cm2, and High 16 J/cm2 were tested, and their flexural strengths, elastic moduli, depths of cure, and degrees of conversion were evaluated. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. A multiple linear regression model was used to correlate the irradiance and radiant exposure with dependent variables (α = 0.05). Irradiance and radiant exposure were found statistically significant for all dependent variables. The interaction between the factors was statistically significant only for the degree of conversion and elastic modulus. Group Low 16 J/cm2 exhibited a significantly superior performance in all the evaluated properties. Barring the degree of conversion, no significant differences were observed among the properties evaluated between the Low 8 J/cm2 and High 8 J/cm2 groups. The adjusted R2 values were high for the depth of cure and degree of conversion (0.58 and 0.96, respectively). Both irradiance and radiant exposure parameters play an important role in establishing the final properties of a micro-hybrid resin composite. Irradiance has a greater influence under higher radiant exposures.

Materials Testing , Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Curing Lights, Dental , Polymerization , Flexural Strength , Surface Properties
Odovtos (En línea) ; 23(3)dic. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386561


ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to investigate the fracture strength of different composite resins and the quantity of voids in conventional posterior composite, high- flow flowable composite, bulk-fill flowable composite, and fiber-reinforced composite. Forty-four caries-free, freshly extracted mandibular premolars were used for this study. Teeth were prepared for cavity and root canal treatment. Subsequently, root canal treatment was applied to the teeth and cavities in order to prepare them for restorations. The specimens were then divided into four groups: group-1: Estelite Posterior; group-2: Estelite Flow Quick High Flow; group-3: Estelite Bulk-fill Flow; group-4: everX Posterior. One specimen from each experimental group was examined using micro-CT to perform measurement of voids. The fracture strength values of high-flow flowable, bulk-fill flowable, fiber-reinforced, and conventional micro- hybrid composites were found to be similar (p=0.497). EverX Posterior showed the highest fracture strength values (841.1±149.4 N), followed by Estelite Bulk-fill Flow (822.8±170.8 N). Volume of voids (%) obtained from Micro-CT analysis revealed that restorations with high-flow liner or bulk-fill flowable exhibited more voids. The fiber-reinforced composite showed the lowest percentage volume of incorporating voids and the highest fracture strength results.

RESUMEN: El objetivo del estudio fue investigar la resistencia a la fractura de diferentes resinas compuestas y la cantidad de burbujas en resinas posteriores convencionales, resinas fluidas de alto flujo, resinas fluidas tipo bulk-fill y resinas reforzados con fibras. Cuarenta y cuatro premolares mandibulares libres de caries, recién extraídos, fueron usados para este estudio. Los dientes se prepararon para el tratamiento de conductos radiculares y las cavidades para prepararlos para las restauraciones. Los especímenes se dividieron en cuatro grupos: Grupo-1: Estelite Posterior; Grupo-2: Estelite Flow Quick High Flow; Grupo-3: Estelite Bulk-fill Flow; Grupo-4: everX Posterior. Un espécimen de cada grupo experimental fue examinado usando micro-CT para realizar la medición de las burbujas. Los valores de resistencia a la fractura de los compuestos de alto flujo, flujo de relleno, reforzados con fibra y microhíbridos convencionales fueron similares (p=0,497). EverX Posterior mostró los valores más altos de resistencia a la fractura (841,1±149,4 N), seguido de Estelite Bulk-fill Flow (822,8±170,8 N). El volumen de las burbujas (%) obtenido del análisis de Micro-TC reveló que las restauraciones con revestimiento de alto flujo o con flujo de relleno a granel presentaban más huecos. El compuesto reforzado con fibra mostró el menor porcentaje de volumen de incorporación de vacíos y los resultados más altos de resistencia a la fractura.

Composite Resins/analysis , Flexural Strength
Dent. press endod ; 11(3): 52-57, Sept-Dec.2021. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379356


Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a influência do pré-alargamento coronário na resistência à fadiga cíclica de dois instrumentos reciprocantes tratados termicamente. Métodos: 20 instrumentos Reciproc Blue (R25 Blue) e 20 instrumentos X1 Blue (X1) foram utilizados para instrumentar blocos de resina simulando um molar superior com três canais radiculares. Os dentes foram divididos em quatro grupos (n=10), de acordo com o instrumento e com a técnica de instrumentação utilizada: grupos R25 e X1 - instrumentação com R25 Blue (25/0.08) ou X1 Blue (25/0.06), respectivamente, sem alargamento prévio; e grupos R25 ou X1 + pré-alargamento cervical - pré-alargamento com os instrumentos ProTaper Universal SX e S1 antes da instrumentação com R25 Blue ou X1. Os instrumentos foram testados com relação à fadiga cíclica utilizando-se um canal simulado de aço inoxidável com ângulo de curvatura de 86 graus e raio de curvatura de 6 mm. Os instrumentos foram acionados utilizando-se o movimento "RECIPROC ALL" do motor endodôntico (VDW) e o tempo de instrumentação até a fratura do instrumento foi contabilizado. Os resultados foram analisados pelo teste t de Student (p<0,05). Resultados: Os instrumentos X1 apresentaram maior resistência à fadiga cíclica do que R25 Blue em ambas as condições testadas (p<0,05). Não houve diferença entre os grupos com e sem pré-alargamento coronário para os instrumentos R25 Blue e X1 (p>0,05). Conclusão: O instrumento X1 Blue apresentou maior resistência à fadiga cíclica do que o Reciproc Blue. O pré-alargamento coronário não foi capaz de aumentar a resistência à fratura por fadiga cíclica dos instrumentos testados (AU).

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of cervical pre-flaring on the cyclic fatigue resistance of two heat-treated reciprocating instruments. Methods: 20 Reciproc Blue (R25 Blue) instruments e 20 X1 Blue File (X1) were used to instrument resin blocks simulating an upper molar with 3 root canals. The specimens were divided into four groups (n=10) according the instrument and type of instrumentation used: R25 and X1 groups: root canal preparation with R25 Blue (25/0.08) ou X1 Blue (25/0.06), without cervical pre-flaring; R25 or X1 + cervical pre-flaring- pre-flaring with ProTaper Universal SX e S1 before instrumentation with R25 Blue or X1 blue. After instrumentation the instruments were tested for cyclic fatigue using a simulated stainless steel root canal with 86 degree bending angle and 6 mm bending radius. The instruments were triggered using the "RECIPROC ALL" motion of a reciprocating endodontic motor (VDW) and the instrumentation time until instrument fracture was accounted. Results were analyzed by Students t-test (p<0.05). Results: Statistical analysis showed that the X1 Blue showed higher resistance to cyclic fatigue than the R25 Blue under both conditions tested (p<0.05). There were no differences between the groups with and without coronary pre-flaring for the R25 Blue and X1 Blue (p<0.05). Conclusion: X1 Blue showed higher resistance to cyclic fatigue than the R25 Blue. The cervical pre-flaring did not increased the resistance to cyclic fatigue fracture of the tested instruments (AU)

Stainless Steel , Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation , Flexural Strength , Hot Temperature , Simulation Exercise , Fatigue
NOVA publ. cient ; 19(36): 133-142, ene.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356545


Resumen Antecedentes. La resistencia a la fractura de las coronas puede tener influencia en su ocurrencia, de acuerdo con el método de fabricación usado, ya sea análogamente o por medio de tecnología Cad-Cam. Objetivo. Comparar la resistencia a la fractura de las coronas individuales realizadas por dos métodos de fabricación, bajo diseño asistido por ordenador y fabricación computarizada (CAD-CAM) e inyectadas. Método. Estudio in vitro. Tamaño de la muestra 20 coronas en dos grupos: 10 coronas bajo tecnología CAD-CAM y 10 coronas inyectadas. Fueron sometidas a cargas compresivas en una máquina de ensayos universal, con una velocidad de 1mm/min y una carga de celda de 5kN hasta obtener la fractura máxima de estas. Los datos se analizaron estadísticamente utilizando las pruebas Shapiro Wilk, Mann Whitney p=0,05. Resultados. Las coronas fabricadas por Cad-Cam obtuvieron un mínimo de 602,5 Newton y un máximo de 1093 Newton, mientras que las coronas fabricadas análogamente obtuvieron un mínimo de 525,2 Newton y un máximo de 1773 Newton en el experimento con la máquina de ensayo universal para lograr su fractura. Se obtuvo una diferencia significativa en la prueba de resistencia a la factura entre ambos métodos de fabricación (p <0,001). Conclusión. Las coronas de Disilicato de litio Prensadas obtuvieron una mayor resistencia a la fractura que las coronas fabricadas via CAD-CAM.

Abstract Background. The fracture resistance of the crowns may have an influence on their appearance, according to the method of making them, either analogously or by means of Cad-Cam technology. Objective. To compare the resistance to the fracture of the individual crowns made by two manufacturing methods, under computer-aided design and computerized manufacturing (CAD-CAM) and injected. Methods. In vitro study. Sample size 20 crowns in two groups: 10 crowns using CAD-CAM technology and 10 crowns injected. Crowns were subjected to compressive loads in a universal testing machine, with a speed of 1mm / min and a cell load of 5kN until obtaining the maximum bill for these. Data were statistically analyzed using the Shapiro Wilk tests, Mann Whitney p = 0.05. Results. Crowns manufactured by Cad-Cam obtained a minimum of 602.5 Newton and a maximum of 1093 Newton, while the crowns manufactured analogously obtained a minimum of 525.2 Newton and a maximum of 1773 Newton in the experiment with the machine Universal test to achieve their fracture. A significant difference was obtained in the invoice resistance test between both manufacturing methods (p <0.001). Conclusion. Pressed Lithium Disilicate crowns obtained higher fracture resistance than crowns under design and manufacturing by computer (CAD-CAM).

Humans , Crowns , Computer-Aided Design , Fractures, Bone , Flexural Strength
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(2): 61-73, maio 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1282737


Introdução:Os sistemas adesivos possibilitama execução de restaurações estéticas e minimamente invasivas, sendo, portanto,objeto de pesquisas para contornar os problemas que se apresentam no procedimento restaurador.Objetivo:Avaliar in vitroa resistência de união de um sistema adesivo autocondicionante, e deste modificado com soluções extrativas de semente de uva.Metodologia:Duas soluções extrativas foram preparadas comextrato de semente de uva em pó dissolvido em acetona e etanol. A partir delas e de umadesivo,seis sistemas adesivos autocondicionantes experimentais foram preparados, diferindo quanto aosolvente utilizado eàsproporções entre adesivo puro e solução extrativa(7,5%, 15% e 30%). Setenta incisivos bovinos hígidos tiveram as raízes removidas com disco de carborundum e as faces vestibulares desgastadas comlixas d'água de granulação 120, 240, 600 e 1200 sob refrigeração até expor a dentina superficial. Os dentes foram distribuídos aleatoriamenteem sete grupos distintos: Controle; A7,5; A15; A30; E7,5; E15; e E30, contendo 10 elementos cada. A aplicação dos adesivos foi executada de acordo com as recomendações do fabricante do adesivo controle. A restauração foi realizada com uma matriz de silicone com dimensões 2mm de altura e 4mm de diâmetro e inserido o material restaurador em incremento único e fotopolimerizado por 40s. Após três meses armazenados em água destilada, os espécimes foram submetidos ao teste de resistência de união. Foi empregado ométodo estatísticoTeste Paramétrico Anova 1 Fator e pós-teste de Tamhane (p<0,05). Resultados:Os grupos A7,5, E7,5 e E30 não apresentaram diferença em relação ao grupo Controle; A15 e A30 mostraram desempenho estatisticamente semelhante entre si; e E15 não apresentou diferença estatística em relação aos outros adesivos.Conclusões:A adição de proantocianidina teve efeitos diferentes,dependendodos solventes e das concentrações utilizadas, mas sem alterar significativamente o desempenho do adesivo (AU).

Introduction:Adhesive systems make it possible to perform aestheticand minimally invasive restorations, being the subject of research to circumvent the problems that arise in the restorative procedure.Objective:Evaluate in vitrothe bond strength of a self-etching adhesive system,and modified with extractive grape seed solutions. Methodology:Two extractive solutions were prepared with powdered grape seed extract dissolved in acetone and ethanol. From them and an adhesive, six experimental self-etching adhesive systems were prepared, differing in terms of the solvent used and the proportions between pure adhesive and extractive solution(7.5%, 15% and 30%). Seventy healthy bovine incisors had their roots removed with carborundum disc and the vestibular faces were worn with sandpaper with granulation water 120, 240, 600 and 1200 under refrigeration until the superficial dentin was exposed. The teeth were randomly assigned to seven different groups: Control; A7.5; A15; A30; E7.5; E15; and E30, containing 10 elements each. The application of the adhesives was carried out according to the recommendations of the manufacturer of the control adhesive. The restoration was performed with a silicone matrix with dimensions 2mm high and 4mm indiameter and the restorative material was inserted in a single increment and light cured for 40s. After three months stored in distilled water, the specimens were submitted to the bond strength test. The statistical method Parametric Test Anova 1 Factor and Tamhane post-test (p<0.05) were used. Results:Groups A7.5, E7.5 and E30 showed no difference in relation to the Control group; A15 and A30 showed a statistically similar performance; and E15 showed no statistical difference in relation to the other adhesives. Conclusions:The addition of proanthocyanidin had different effects, depending on the solvents and concentrations used, but without significantly altering the performance ofthe adhesive (AU).

Introducción: Sistemas adhesivos permiten realizar restauraciones estéticas y mínimamente invasivas, siendo objeto de investigación para sortear problemas que surgen en elprocedimiento restaurador. Objetivo: Evaluar in vitrola fuerza de unión de un sistema adhesivoautograbante y modificado con soluciones extractivas de semilla de uva. Metodología: Se prepararon dos soluciones extractivas con extracto de semilla de uva en polvo disuelto en acetona y etanol. A partir de ellos y de un adhesivo, se prepararon seis sistemas experimentales de adhesivos autograbantes, que se diferencian en cuanto al solvente utilizado y las proporciones entre adhesivo puro y solución extractiva (7,5%, 15% y 30%). Setenta incisivos bovinos sanos fueron removidos con un disco de carborundo y las caras vestibulares fueron usadas com lija de agua de granulación 120, 240, 600 y 1200 bajo refrigeración hasta que la dentina superficial quedo expuesta. Los dientes se asignaron aleatoriamente a siete grupos diferentes: Control; A7,5; A15; A30; E7,5; E15; y E30, que contiene 10 elementos cada uno. La aplicación de los adhesivos se realizó siguiendo las recomendaciones del fabricante del adhesivo de control. La restauración se realizó con matriz de silicona con 2mm de altura y 4mm de diámetro y el material restaurador se insertó en un solo incremento y se fotopolimerizó durante 40s. Tres meses después, almacenados em agua destilada, las muestras se sometieron a la prueba de resistencia de la unión. Se utilizó el método estadístico Prueba Paramétrica Factor Anova 1 y post-prueba de Tamhane (p<0,05). Resultados: Los grupos A7,5, E7,5 y E30 no mostraron diferencias em relación con el grupo Control; A15 y A30 mostraron un desempeño estadísticamente similar; y E15 no mostró diferencia estadística en relación con los otros adhesivos. Conclusiones: La adición de proantocianidina tuvo diferentes efectos, dependiendo de los disolventes y concentraciones utilizadas, pero sin alterar significativamente el rendimiento del adhesivo (AU).

Animals , Cattle , Dental Polishing/instrumentation , Proanthocyanidins , Flexural Strength , Solvents , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Brazil , Intervention Studies , Analysis of Variance , Dental Cements/chemistry , Grape Seed Extract
J. bras. econ. saúde (Impr.) ; 13(1): 55-65, Abril/2021.
Article in Portuguese | ECOS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1252727


Objetivo: Analisar o custo-efetividade da utilização de ureteroscópios flexíveis descartáveis em comparação com o uso de ureteroscópios flexíveis reprocessáveis. Métodos: Revisão integrativa de literatura realizada nos bancos de dados SciELO, LILACS e MEDLINE, utilizando os descritores "ureteroscopia", "resistência à flexão", "marketing", "análise de custo-benefício" e "esterilização", cujo objeto trata das vantagens custo-efetivas da utilização do ureteroscópio flexível descartável. Resultados: Trinta e cinco artigos foram encontrados, sendo quatro utilizados no estudo. Além disso, características de sete modelos de ureteroscópios flexíveis comercializados no Brasil mais conhecidos atualmente foram apresentadas. Os resultados foram baseados na análise conjunta dos artigos selecionados e características dos modelos de flexíveis apresentados e discutidos em duas categorias: a evolução dos ureteroscópios flexíveis e marketing mix ­ ureteroscópios flexíveis de uso único. Conclusão: Apesar da escassez de pesquisas que se aprofundem em custos de utilização de um ureteroscópio flexível de uso único, comparado a um reprocessável, são notórios os benefícios advindos das inovações agregadas a esses dispositivos, dando retorno positivo tanto para o profissional que faz seu uso deles quanto para o paciente, fazendo-se necessário analisar mais profundamente a possibilidade de migração da "cultura" de uso de ureteroscópios flexíveis reprocessáveis para os descartáveis

Objective: To analyze the cost-effectiveness of using disposable flexible ureteroscopes versus using reprocessable flexible ureteroscopes. Methods: Integrative literature review conducted in the SciELO, LILACS and MEDLINE databases, using the descriptors ureteroscopy, flexion resistance, marketing, cost-benefit analysis, and sterilization, whose object deals with the cost-effective advantages of using the flexible ureteroscope disposable. Results: Thirty-five articles were found and four were used in the study. In addition, characteristics of seven models of flexible ureteroscopes commercialized in Brazil, that are currently better known, were presented. The results were based on a joint analysis of the selected articles and characteristics of the flexible models presented, and discussed in two categories: the evolution of flexible ureteroscopes; and marketing mix - flexible single-use ureteroscopes. Conclusion: Despite the scarcity of research that deepens the costs of using a flexible single-use ureteroscope when compared to a reprocessable one, the benefits arising from the innovations added to these devices are notorious, giving a positive return both to the professional who uses it and to the patient, making it necessary to further analyze the possibility of migration from the "culture" of using flexible reprocessable ureteroscopes to disposable ones

Sterilization , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Ureteroscopy , Flexural Strength
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(2): 1-9, abr. 30, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381731


Objective: To determine the cytotoxicity and effects of graphene oxide (GO) on cellular proliferation of gingival-fibroblasts, pulp-dental cells and human osteoblasts in culture, and to determine the physical, mechanical and biological properties of poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) enriched with GO. Material and Methods: The GO was characterized with SEM. Cytotoxicity and cell proliferation were determined by the MTT bioassay. The physical mechanical tests (flexural strength and elastic modulus) were carried out with a universal testing machine. Sorption and solubility were determined by weighing before and after drying and immersion in water. Porosity was evaluated by visual inspection. Data were analyzed with Student's t-test and Tukey's posthoc ANOVA. Results: The GO has a heterogeneous morphology and a particle size of 66.67±64.76 µm. GO has a slight to no-cytotoxicity (>50-75% viability) at 1-30 days, and at 24 hours incubation of PMMA with GO significantly stimulates osteoblasts (45±8%, p<0.01). The physical and mechanical properties of PMMA with GO increase considerably without altering sorption, solubility and porosity. Conclusion: GO alone or with PMMA has an acceptable biocompatibility, could contribute to cell proliferation, cell regeneration and improve the physical mechanical properties of PMMA.

Objective: To determine the cytotoxicity and effects of graphene oxide (GO) on cellular proliferation of gingival-fibroblasts, pulpdental cells and human osteoblasts in culture, and to determine the physical, mechanical and biological properties of poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) enriched with GO. Material and Methods: T he G O w as c haracterized with SEM. Cytotoxicity and cell proliferation were determined by the MTT bioassay. The physical-mechanical tests (flexural strength and elastic modulus) were carried out with a universal testing machine. Sorption and solubility were determined by weighing before and after drying and immersion in water. Porosity was evaluated by visual inspection. Data were analyzed with Student's t-test and Tukey's post-hoc ANOVA. Results: The GO has a heterogeneous morphology and a particle size of 66.67±64.76 ?m. GO has a slight to no-cytotoxicity (>50-75% viability) at 1-30 days, and at 24 hours incubation of PMMA with GO significantly stimulates osteoblasts (45±8%, p<0.01). The physical and mechanical properties of PMMA with GO increase considerably without altering sorption, solubility and porosity. Conclusion: GO alone or with PMMA has an acceptable biocompatibility, could contribute to cell proliferation, cell regeneration and improve the physical-mechanical properties of PMMA.

Humans , Biocompatible Materials , Polymethyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Graphite/chemistry , Osteoblasts , Oxides , Regeneration , Biological Assay , Cell Proliferation , Flexural Strength