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1.
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(3): e1679, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347521

ABSTRACT

La desproporcional y alta frecuencia de órdenes médicas de anticuerpos frente al citoplasma del neutrófilo (ANCA, por sus siglas en inglés) dirigidas a nuestros laboratorios clínicos evidencia el sobreuso de la prueba de ANCA. El uso indiscriminado de esta aumenta los gastos sin beneficio de salud. El laboratorio clínico es el eslabón de la cadena diagnóstica que más siente el uso excesivo de las solicitudes de ANCA, básicamente porque genera resultados falsos positivos que comprometen la utilidad clínica de la prueba, además de recargar innecesariamente el trabajo diario del laboratorio. La prueba de ANCA es una herramienta diagnóstica muy útil para las vasculitis sistémicas primarias, pero su valor en situaciones no vasculíticas así como en otras condiciones inflamatorias y en enfermedades infecciosas o tumorales, no ha sido demostrado.1,2 El descubrimiento de los ANCA cambió...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Systemic Vasculitis , Fluorescence
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4095-4101, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921490

ABSTRACT

Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) have the potential to differentiate into multiple cell types. Motor neurons (MNs) differentiated from hiPSCs are important models of many motor neuron diseases. To simplify the identification of MNs, lentivirus vectors were used to transfer MNs-specific promoter HB9 and red fluorescent protein (RFP) gene into hiPSCs-derived human neural stem cells (hNSCs). Stable positive cells hNSCs-HB9-RFP-Puro were obtained after antibiotic selection. Subsequently, the positive cell line was infected with lentiviruses LV-Ngn2-Sox11-GFP and LV-Isl1-Lhx3-Hygro, which overexpressed the MNs differentiation transcription factor, and differentiated to MNs directly. Differentiated mature MNs showed neuron-like structure, expressed RFP and neuron-related markers β-tubulin and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) under the control of the MNs-specific promoter HB9. The fluorescence reporter system provides a visual method for directed differentiation and identification of MNs, and may promote the applications of MNs in disease models and drug screening.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Fluorescence , Humans , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Motor Neurons , Transcription Factors
3.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 19: eRC5638, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249744

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Peri-implant diseases, caused by bacteria from biofilm related to dental implants, are one of the main causes of late loss of implants. In this sense, peri-implant diseases are divided into peri-implant mucositis, when it affects only the soft tissues, and peri-implantitis, when there is a bone involvement, which can lead to the failure of dental implant therapy. Thus, biofilm removal is essential for peri-implant health, allowing long-term success in implant therapy. To improve the visualization of oral biofilm, which is usually transparent or colorless, disclosing agents have been routinely used. However, disclosing agents have allergenic potential and can cause staining extrinsically in restorative and prosthetic materials, leading to aesthetic impairment. Thus, the use of fluorescence has been studied as an alternative for visualization of oral biofilm. Therefore, this report describes the use of wide-field optical fluorescence for visualization of oral biofilm associated with implants and teeth, in a routine appointment and follow-up of a partially edentulous patient with peri-implant mucositis. In addition, this report showed wide-field optical fluorescence can be used in a clinical routine of care of patients with dental implants. In this sense, wide-field optical fluorescence allowed easy and immediate visualization of the mature oral biofilm for its adequate removal, evaluation of the quality of restoration to sealing of screw access-hole of implant and identification of cariogenic lesions, without risk of allergic reactions or staining of prostheses and restorations.


RESUMO Doenças peri-implantares, causadas por bactérias de biofilme relacionadas a implantes dentários, são uma das principais causas de perda tardia de implantes. Nesse sentido, as doenças peri-implantares são divididas em mucosite peri-implantar, quando afeta apenas tecidos moles, e peri-implantite, quando há comprometimento ósseo, o que pode levar ao fracasso da terapia com implantes dentários. Assim, a remoção do biofilme é essencial para a saúde peri-implantar, permitindo sucesso a longo prazo na terapia com implantes. A fim de melhorar a visualização do biofilme oral, que geralmente é transparente ou incolor, agentes reveladores têm sido rotineiramente utilizados. No entanto, esses agentes têm potencial alergênico e podem causar manchas extrinsecamente em materiais restauradores e protéticos, levando a prejuízo estético. Assim, o uso da fluorescência tem sido estudado como alternativa para visualização do biofilme oral. Este relato descreve o uso da fluorescência óptica de campo amplo para visualização do biofilme oral associado a implantes e dentes em uma consulta de acompanhamento de rotina de uma paciente parcialmente edêntula com mucosite peri-implantar. Além disso, este relato evidenciou que a fluorescência óptica de campo amplo pode ser utilizada dentro da rotina clínica de atendimento de pacientes com implantes dentários. Nesse sentido, a fluorescência óptica de campo amplo permitiu a visualização fácil e imediata do biofilme oral maduro para sua remoção adequada, a avaliação da qualidade da restauração do selamento do orifício de acesso do parafuso do implante e a identificação de lesões cariogênicas, sem risco de reações alérgicas ou manchamento de próteses e restaurações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Mucositis , Peri-Implantitis/etiology , Peri-Implantitis/diagnostic imaging , Biofilms , Fluorescence
4.
Gac. méd. boliv ; 43(2): 120-126, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249991

ABSTRACT

En diferentes regiones de Latinoamérica la infección por T. cruzi y Leishmania se superponen, por lo cual se reportan infecciones mixtas circulantes, debido a esto; deben realizarse pruebas diagnósticas específicas para evitar reacciones cruzadas entre estas dos patologías. OBJETIVO: determinar patrones de fluorescencia que permitan la diferenciación entre Leishmaniasis, enfermedad de Chagas e infección mixta empleando epimastigotes de T. cruzi. MÉTODOS: se empleó la técnica de Inmunofluorescencia Indirecta utilizando epimastigotes de T. cruzi (TcV autóctono) como antígeno figurado frente a un panel de muestras de suero codificados como A, B, C y D correspondientes a pacientes con infección por: Leishmaniasis (A), Infección mixta por Leishmania y Chagas(B), Enfermedad de Chagas (C) y sin ninguna de las dos infecciones (D). RESULTADOS: en los cuatro paneles de muestras se observaron diferentes patrones de intensidad de fluorescencia a nivel de membrana y núcleo de los epimastigotes de T. cruzi (TcV autóctono). CONCLUSIONES: la técnica de Inmunofluorescencia (IFI) con antígenos de epimastigotes de T. cruzi a demostrado utilidad en la diferenciación entre enfermedad de Chagas, Leishmaniasis y/o infecciones mixtas por ambos parásitos en aquellas zonas donde la coexistencia de ambas es habitual


In different regions of Latin America, infection by T. cruzi and Leishmania overlap, for which mixed circulating infections are reported, due to this; Specific diagnostic tests must be performed to avoid cross reactions between these two pathologies. OBJECTIVE: to determine fluorescence patterns that allow the differentiation between Leishmaniasis, Chagas disease and mixed infection using T. cruzi epimastigotes. METHODS: the Indirect Immunofluorescence technique was used using epimastigotes of T. cruzi (autochthonous TcV) as figurative antigen against a panel of serum samples coded as A, B, C and D corresponding to patients with infection by: Leishmaniasis (A) , Mixed infection by Leishmania and Chagas (B), Chagas disease (C) and without either of the two infections (D). RESULTS: in the four sample panels, different patterns of fluorescence intensity were observed at the membrane and nucleus level of the epimastigotes of T. cruzi (autochthonous TcV). CCONCLUSIONS: the Immunofluorescence technique (IFI) with T. cruzi epimastigote antigens has proven useful in differentiating between Chagas disease, Leishmaniasis and / or mixed infections by both parasites in areas where the coexistence of both is common.


Subject(s)
Humans , Trypanosoma cruzi , Leishmaniasis , Fluorescence , Parasites , Chagas Disease , Infections
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1485-1495, oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134466

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Axolotl limb regeneration is a fascinating characteristic that has attracted attention for several decades. Our previous studies on axolotl limb regeneration indicated that the satellite cells in the remnant muscles move distally into the blastema to regenerate new muscles that are separated by a gap from remnant muscles. Thereafter, the regenerative muscle fibers start to reconnect with remnant ones. In this study, the reconnection at the individual muscle fiber level was elucidated to test the hypothesis that this reconnection happens synchronously among involved muscles. Three pairs of EGFP+ mid-bud stage blastemas were transplanted onto freshly amputated stumps of RFP+ axolotls at the same thigh position to generate double fluorescence chimeric regenerative hindlimbs. These regenerative limbs were harvested very late far beyond they had reached the late differentiation stage. Fluorescence imaging of these limbs in cross sections revealed that in the proximal remnant part of the muscle fiber, reconnection occurred at a different pace among the muscles. In the major thigh muscle gracilis, the reconnection started from the periphery before it was completed. Furthermore, RFP+ muscle fibers contributed to muscle regeneration in the distal regenerative parts. Intriguingly, this red cell contribution was limited to ventral superficial muscles of the calf. This kind of double fluorescence chimeric limb regeneration model may help increase the understanding of the patterning of axolotl limb regeneration in late stages.


RESUMEN: La regeneración del miembro de Axolotl es una característica fascinante que ha llamado la atención durante varias décadas. Nuestros estudios previos sobre la regeneración del miembro del Axolotl indicaron que las células satélite en los músculos remanentes se mueven distalmente hacia el blastema para regenerar nuevos músculos que están separados por una brecha de músculos remanentes. A partir de entonces, las fibras musculares regenerativas comienzan a reconectarse con las restantes. En este estudio, se aclaró la reconexión a nivel de fibra muscular individual para probar la hipótesis de que esta reconexión ocurre sincrónicamente entre los músculos involucrados. Se trasplantaron tres pares de blastemas EGFP+ en la etapa de yema media en tocones recién amputados de axolotls RFP+ en la misma posición del muslo para generar miembros posteriores regenerativos quiméricos de fluorescencia doble. Estos miembros regenerativos se cosecharon muy tarde mucho más allá de haber alcanzado la etapa de diferenciación tardía. Las imágenes de fluorescencia de estos miembros en secciones transversales revelaron que en la parte remanente proximal de la fibra muscular, la reconexión se produjo a un ritmo diferente entre los músculos. En el músculo grácil, la reconexión comenzó desde la periferia antes de completarse. Además, las fibras musculares RFP+ contribuyeron a la regeneración muscular en las partes regenerativas distales. Curiosamente, esta contribución de glóbulos rojos se limitó a los músculos superficiales ventrales de la pantorrilla. Este tipo de modelo de regeneración quimérica de doble fluorescencia del miembro puede ayudar a aumentar la comprensión del patrón de la regeneración del miembro del Axolotl en etapas tardías.


Subject(s)
Animals , Regeneration/physiology , Extremities/physiology , Ambystoma mexicanum/physiology , Animals, Genetically Modified , Cell Transplantation , Fluorescence
9.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 20-26, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787278

ABSTRACT

We examined the effect of fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant, on neuronal viability in mouse cortical near-pure neuronal cultures. Addition of fluoxetine to the media for 24 hours induced neuronal death in a concentration-dependent manner. To delineate the mechanisms of fluoxetine-induced neuronal death, we investigated the effects of trolox, cycloheximide (CHX), BDNF, z-VAD-FMK, and various metal-chelators on fluoxetine-induced neuronal death. Neuronal death was assessed by MTT assay. The addition of 20 µM fluoxetine to the media for 24 hours induced 60–70% neuronal death, which was associated with the hallmarks of apoptosis, chromatin condensation and DNA laddering. Fluoxetine-induced death was significantly attenuated by CHX, BDNF, or z-VAD-FMK. Treatment with antioxidants, trolox and ascorbate, also markedly attenuated fluoxetine-induced death. Interestingly, some divalent cation chelators (EGTA, Ca-EDTA, and Zn-EDTA) also markedly attenuated the neurotoxicity. Fluoxetine-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation was measured using the fluorescent dye 2′,7′-dichlorofluorescin diacetate. Trolox and bathocuproine disulfonic acid (BCPS), a cell membrane impermeable copper ion chelator, markedly attenuated the ROS production and neuronal death. However, deferoxamine, an iron chelator, did not affect ROS generation or neurotoxicity. We examined the changes in intracellular copper concentration using a copper-selective fluorescent dye, Phen Green FL, which is quenched by free copper ions. Fluoxetine quenched the fluorescence in neuronal cells, and the quenching effect of fluoxetine was reversed by co-treatment with BCPS, however, not by deferoxamine. These findings demonstrate that fluoxetine could induce apoptotic and oxidative neuronal death associated with an influx of copper ions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants , Apoptosis , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Cell Death , Cell Membrane , Chelating Agents , Chromatin , Copper , Cycloheximide , Deferoxamine , DNA , Fluorescence , Fluoxetine , Ions , Iron , Mice , Neurons , Reactive Oxygen Species , Serotonin
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811330

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) and the Standardized Patient Evaluation of Eye Dryness (SPEED) which are standard questionnaires of dry eye syndrome were used to determine the associations between clinical dry eye tests and meibomian gland dysfunctions (MGD).METHODS: Forty-one patients with MGD were enrolled in this study. The score of the dry eye syndrome questionnaire and the degree of blepharitis (score: 0–4), Schirmer test results, degree of fluorescence staining of cornea (Oxford Grading System), tear break-up time (TBUT), Pentacam imaging, and anterior segment optical coherence tomography results were used to compare and analyze the results of each test for possible correlations with the dry eye questionnaire answers.RESULTS: There was a significant correlation between OSDI and SPEED (R = 0.278, p = 0.011). SPEED was correlated with the Oxford grade (R = 0.478, p < 0.001) and MGD grade (R = 0.280, p = 0.011) while there was no significant correlation with corneal aberrations, tear meniscus height, tear meniscus area, Schirmer test results, or TBUT. The OSDI correlated with the MGD grade (R = 0.651, p < 0.001), TBUT (R = −0.360, p = 0.001), and age (R = −0.230, p = 0.037). Using multiple regression analyses, the MGD grade affected the OSDI (β = 0.580, p < 0.001) and the Oxford grade significantly influenced the SPEED (β = 0.447, p < 0.001).CONCLUSIONS: In Koreans, the OSDI questionnaire answers were associated with the MGD grade and SPEED questionnaire answers were associated with the corneal surface status. The OSDI questionnaire was therefore clinically useful in patients with meibomian gland dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Blepharitis , Cornea , Dry Eye Syndromes , Fluorescence , Humans , Meibomian Glands , Tears , Tomography, Optical Coherence
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811193

ABSTRACT

Breast adenomyoepitheliomas are composed of a biphasic proliferation of myoepithelial cells around small epithelial-lined spaces. Due to the rarity of adenomyoepitheliomas, the molecular data describing them are limited. Adenomyoepitheliomas are considered to be benign or have low malignant potential, and be prone to local recurrence. Malignant transformation has been associated with homozygous deletion of CDKN2A or somatic mutations in TERT, but remains unexplained in many cases. Here, we describe a case of carcinomatous transformation of both epithelial and myoepithelial cells in an estrogen receptor-negative adenomyoepithelioma caused by amplification of MYC. Break-apart fluorescence in situ hybridization revealed an increase in the MYC gene copy number (3–4 copies/cell in 37%, > 4 copies/cell in 40%). Deregulation of MYC is responsible for uncontrolled proliferation and cellular immortalization in basal-like breast cancers. Our case demonstrates that genomic instability events associated with gene amplification may be involved in the carcinogenesis of malignant adenomyoepitheliomas.


Subject(s)
Adenomyoepithelioma , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Carcinogenesis , Estrogens , Fluorescence , Gene Amplification , Genes, myc , Genomic Instability , In Situ Hybridization , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Recurrence
12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1051-1059, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826871

ABSTRACT

Neurotransmitters play an important role in nervous system. Temporal and spatial changes of neurotransmitter distribution are crucial to information processing in neural networks. Biosensors that can visually monitor neurotransmitters are one of the vital tools to explore a variety of physiological and pathological activities. This article reviews recent advances in monitoring neurotransmitters with high temporal and spatial resolution, and introduces the latest fluorescent imaging methods for typical neurotransmitters, including glutamate, dopamine, γ-aminobutyric acid and acetylcholine. The article also summarizes the basic principles, advantages and disadvantages of various visually detection methods, and provides systematic suggestions for designing neurotransmitter sensors with high temporal and spatial resolution.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biosensing Techniques , Fluorescence , Humans , Neurotransmitter Agents , Metabolism
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1216-1222, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826856

ABSTRACT

A rapid and simple method to detect tumor markers in liver cancer was established by combining immunochromatography technique with fluorescent microsphere labeling. According to the principle of double antibody sandwich, the cytoskeleton-associated protein 4 (CKAP4) paired antibody was used as the labeled and coated antibody, and the goat anti-rabbit polyclonal antibody was used as the quality control line coated antibody in the preparation of the CKAP4 fluorescent immunochromatographic test strips. After the preparation, the test strips were evaluated on various performance indicators, such as linearity, precision and stability. The CKAP4 immunochromatographic strip prepared by time-resolved fluorescent microspheres had high sensitivity, and good specificity. Its precision was within 15%, recovery between 85% and 115%, and linear range between 25 and 1 000 pg/mL. The test strip could be kept stable at 37 °C for 20 days, and it correlated well with commercial ELISA kits. The CKAP4 fluorescence immunochromatography method can quantitatively detect the content of CKAP4 in serum. Furthermore, it is rapid, sensitive, simple, economical and single-person operation. This method has the potential of becoming a new method for the diagnosis and treatment of liver cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , Metabolism , Chromatography, Affinity , Fluorescence , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Membrane Proteins , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques , Methods , Sensitivity and Specificity
14.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4954, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056032

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the magnetic hyperthermia therapy in glioblastoma tumor-on-a-Chip model using a microfluidics device. Methods: The magnetic nanoparticles coated with aminosilane were used for the therapy of magnetic hyperthermia, being evaluated the specific absorption rate of the magnetic nanoparticles at 300 Gauss and 305kHz. A preculture of C6 cells was performed before the 3D cells culture on the chip. The process of magnetic hyperthermia on the Chip was performed after administration of 20μL of magnetic nanoparticles (10mgFe/mL) using the parameters that generated the specific absorption rate value. The efficacy of magnetic hyperthermia therapy was evaluated by using the cell viability test through the following fluorescence staining: calcein acetoxymethyl ester (492/513nm), for live cells, and ethidium homodimer-1 (526/619nm) for dead cells dyes. Results: Magnetic nanoparticles when submitted to the alternating magnetic field (300 Gauss and 305kHz) produced a mean value of the specific absorption rate of 115.4±6.0W/g. The 3D culture of C6 cells evaluated by light field microscopy imaging showed the proliferation and morphology of the cells prior to the application of magnetic hyperthermia therapy. Fluorescence images showed decreased viability of cultured cells in organ-on-a-Chip by 20% and 100% after 10 and 30 minutes of the magnetic hyperthermia therapy application respectively. Conclusion: The study showed that the therapeutic process of magnetic hyperthermia in the glioblastoma on-a-chip model was effective to produce the total cell lise after 30 minutes of therapy.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a terapia de magneto-hipertermia em modelo de tumor de glioblastoma on-a-Chip. Métodos: As nanopartículas magnéticas recobertas com aminosilana foram utilizadas para a terapia da magneto-hipertermia, sendo avaliada a taxa de absorção específica das nanopartículas magnéticas em 300 Gauss e 305kHz. Uma pré-cultura de células C6 foi realizada e, seguidamente, foi feito o cultivo das células 3D no chip. O processo de magneto-hipertermia no chip foi realizado após administração de 20μL de nanopartículas magnéticas (10mgFe/mL), utilizando os parâmetros que geraram o valor da taxa de absorção específica. A eficácia da terapia de magneto-hipertermia foi avaliada pela viabilidade celular por meio dos corantes fluorescentes acetoximetiléster de calceína (492/513nm), para células vivas, e etídio homodímero-1 (526/619nm), para células mortas. Resultados: As nanopartículas magnéticas, quando submetidas ao campo magnético alternado (300 Gauss e 305kHz), produziram um valor médio da taxa de absorção específica de 115,4±6,0W/g. A cultura 3D das células C6 avaliada por imagem de microscopia de campo claro mostrou a proliferação e a morfologia das células antes da aplicação da terapia de magneto-hipertermia. As imagens de fluorescência mostraram diminuição da viabilidade das células cultivadas no organ-on-a-Chip em 20% e 100% após 10 e 30 minutos, respectivamente, da aplicação da terapia de magneto-hipertermia. Conclusão: O processo terapêutico da magneto-hipertermia no modelo de tumor glioblastoma on-a-chip foi eficaz para produzir lise total das células após 30 minutos de terapia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Glioblastoma/therapy , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Lab-On-A-Chip Devices , Magnetite Nanoparticles/therapeutic use , Hyperthermia, Induced/methods , Temperature , Time Factors , Cell Survival , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Cell Line, Tumor , Magnetic Fields , Fluorescence
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(3): e8960, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089336

ABSTRACT

This research aimed to explore the molecular mechanism of microRNA (miR)-106b in cell apoptosis of atherosclerosis (AS). Human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) were divided into control group, oxidized-low-density lipoproteins (ox-LDL) group, miR-106b NC+ox-LDL group, miR-106b mimics+ox-LDL group, miR-106b mimics+PTEN+ox-LDL group, and miR-106b mimics+empty+ox-LDL group. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction, cholecystokinin, TdT-mediated biotinylated nick end-labeling assay, luciferase reporter gene assay, and flow cytometry analysis were performed to determine the morphology, proliferation, and apoptosis in HSECs. Moreover, the levels of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN), Bcl-2, p-P13K, and p-AKT in HAECs were detected by western blot. MiR-106b was down-regulated in ox-LDL-induced HAECs. PTEN was the target gene of miR-106b-5p. Overexpression of PTEN inhibited the anti-apoptotic effect of miR-106b. Compared with the control group, the proportion and number of HAECs apoptosis and Bax, caspase-3, and caspase-9 expression in ox-LDL and miR-106b mimics+PTEN+ox-LDL groups were significantly increased (all P<0.05). Moreover, the activity of HAECs and Bcl-2 were decreased significantly (all P<0.05). Overexpression of miR-106b in ox-LDL-induced AS inhibited endothelial cell apoptosis. Furthermore, miR-106b might activate the PI3K/AKT pathway by down-regulating the expression of PTEN in ox-LDL-induced HAECs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , MicroRNAs/genetics , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Atherosclerosis/metabolism , Lipoproteins, LDL/genetics , Signal Transduction , Up-Regulation , Cell Proliferation , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Fluorescence , Lipoproteins, LDL/metabolism
16.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(5): 561-566, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054858

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Rubeosis faciei diabeticorum is a persistent facial erythema in patients with diabetes mellitus. The actual pathogenesis has not been studied. However, it is speculated to be a cutaneous diabetic microangiopathy. Objective Examine the correlation between the severity of facial erythema and the possible causes of microvascular diabetic complications, namely oxidative stress, hyperglycemia, and cutaneous accumulation of advanced glycation end-products . Methods Patients diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (n = 32) were enrolled in the study. The facial erythema index was measured using the Mexameter MX18; cutaneous accumulation of advanced glycation end-products was estimated by measuring skin auto fluorescence with the AGE Reader (DiagnOptics Technologies B.V. - Groningen, Netherlands). Glycated haemoglobin, total antioxidant status, and malondialdehyde were measured in blood by TBARS assay. The correlation between the selected variables was assessed by Spearman's rank test; p ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results There was a statistically significant correlation between total antioxidant status and the facial erythema index (ρ = 0.398, p = 0.024). Malondialdehyde, skin autofluorescence, glycated haemoglobin, body mass index, duration of diabetes, and age did not demonstrate statistically significant correlation with the facial erythema index. Study limitations This is an observational study. Elevation of total antioxidant status could have been caused by several factors that might have also influenced the development of rubeosis faciei, including hyperbilirubinemia and hyperuricemia. Conclusions The results contradicted expectations. Total antioxidant status correlated positively with facial erythema index; however, there was no correlation with oxidative stress and skin autofluorescence. Further investigations should be conducted to reveal the cause of total antioxidant status elevation in patients with rubeosis faciei.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Oxidative Stress , Diabetic Angiopathies/metabolism , Erythema/metabolism , Facial Dermatoses/metabolism , Reference Values , Spectrophotometry , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Body Mass Index , Statistics, Nonparametric , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/metabolism , Diabetic Angiopathies/complications , Erythema/etiology , Facial Dermatoses/etiology , Fluorescence , Malondialdehyde/blood , Antioxidants/analysis
17.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 7(1): 66-77, ene.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1005864

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar la remineralización de lesiones de manchas blancas en el esmalte de premolares humanos a través de la fluorescencia láser utilizando el barniz de flúor al 5% (Duraphat®), la nanohidroxiapatita (Nano P®), y la combinación de ambos agentes, a los 30 días de su aplicación. Método: La muestra estuvo conformada por 40 premolares y dividida en 4 grupos, (1) control (sin agente): saliva artificial, (2) barniz de flúor al 5% (Duraphat®), (3) nanohidroxiapatita (Nano P®), (4) y una combinación de ambos agentes remineralizantes (nanohidroxiapatita - Nano P® y barniz de flúor al 5% - Duraphat®). Se analizaron los datos mediante la prueba de Anova de una vía y test de Bonferroni. Se trabajó con un nivel de significancia p < 0,05. Resultados: La aplicación del barniz de flúor al 5% (Duraphat®) y la nanohidroxiapatita (Nano P®), seguido del barniz de flúor al 5% (Duraphat®) usado individual-mente, mostraron clínicamente valores mayores de remineralización comparado con el grupo control. No se encontró diferencia estadísticamente significativa, al comparar la remineralización de lesiones de manchas blancas medidas a través de fluorescencia láser utilizando dos agentes remineralizantes, el barniz de flúor al 5% (Duraphat®), la nanohidroxiapatita (Nano P®) y una combinación de ambos agentes a los 30 días de su aplicación. Conclusión: La combinación del barniz de flúor al 5% (Duraphat®) y la nano-hidroxiapatita (Nano P®), y barniz de flúor al 5% (Duraphat®) usado individualmente, mostraron clínicamente un incremento en la remineralización de las lesiones de manchas blancas a los 30 días de aplicación. (AU)


Objective: Evaluate the remineralization of white spot lesions on human premolar enamel by laser induced fluorescence following the use of a 5% fluoride varnish (Duraphat®), nanohydroxyapatite (Nano P®), and the combination of both agents 30 days after application. Method: The sample consisted of 40 premolars divided into 4 groups, (1) control (without agent): artificial saliva, (2) 5% fluoride varnish (Duraphat®), (3) nanohydroxyapatite (Nano P ®), (4) and a combination of both remineralizing agents (nanohydroxyapatite - Nano P® and 5% fluoride varnish - Duraphat®). The data were analyzed using the oneway ANOVA and Bonferroni tests. A p value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Compared to the control group the highest remineralization values were obtained after the application of the 5% fluoride varnish (Duraphat®) and the nanohydroxyapatite (Nano P®), followed by the 5% fluoride varnish (Duraphat®) used individually. Conclusion: The combination of the 5% fluoride varnish (Duraphat®) and the nanohydroxyapatite (Nano P®), and the 5% fluoride varnish (Duraphat®) used individually improved remineralization of white spot lesions at 30 days. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Remineralization , Fluorides, Topical , Fluorescence , Hydroxyapatites
18.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 39: 74-81, may. 2019. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1052041

ABSTRACT

Background: CPEB is considered as an RNA-binding protein first identified in Xenopus oocytes. Although CPEB1 was involved in the growth of oocyte, its role in goat follicular granulosa cell has not been fully elucidated. To clarify the functions of this gene in goat follicular granulosa cells, CPEB1-overexpressing vector and interference vector were structured and transfected into follicular granulosa cells from Jiangsu native white goats of Nantong city, Jiangsu Province, China. The expression levels of differentiation-related genes including CDK1, Cyclin B1, and C-mos were determined 24 h after administration of CPEB1 by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting methods. Results: The expression levels of CDK1, Cyclin B1, and C-mos were significantly upregulated after overexpression and significantly downregulated after interference with CPEB1. Conclusions: The CPEB1 gene expression could affect the transcription of genes related to early cleavage divisions, which provided a reference for further research on its role in the growth and maturation of oocytes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Oocytes , Transcription Factors/genetics , Goats/genetics , Transfection , Fertilization in Vitro , Gene Expression , Blotting, Western , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , RNA-Binding Proteins , Embryo Transfer , Livestock , Fluorescence , Granulosa Cells
19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(3): 330-332, Mar. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003036

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Vitiligo is the most common depigmenting, chronic acquired disease of the skin and mucosa. However, vitiligo of an unclassified type and mucosal subtype affecting only one area of the mucosa is considered quite uncommon. The diagnosis of vitiligo, regardless of its type, is clinical. Nonetheless, a device that allows the visualization of the tissue fluorescence may be useful for confirming the diagnosis. We present the use of wide-field optical fluorescence device for complementary examination and diagnosis of unusual cases of mucosal vitiligo located only in angles of the mouth.


RESUMO O vitiligo é a doença crônica adquirida despigmentante mais comum da pele e/ou da mucosa. Entretanto, o vitiligo do tipo não classificado e subtipo de mucosa afetando apenas uma área da mucosa é considerado bastante incomum. O diagnóstico de vitiligo, independentemente do seu tipo, é clínico. No entanto, o uso de um dispositivo que permite a visualização da fluorescência tecidual pode ser útil para a confirmação do diagnóstico de vitiligo. Apresentamos o uso do dispositivo de exame complementar de fluorescência óptica de campo amplo para o diagnóstico de um caso incomum de vitiligo de mucosa localizado apenas em ângulos da boca.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Vitiligo/diagnostic imaging , Optical Imaging/methods , Mouth Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Mouth Mucosa/diagnostic imaging , Vitiligo/pathology , Optical Imaging/instrumentation , Fluorescence , Middle Aged , Mouth Diseases/pathology , Mouth Mucosa/pathology
20.
Laboratory Animal Research ; : 140-147, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786393

ABSTRACT

P53 and its family member p63 play important roles in cellular senescence and organismal aging. In this study, p53 and p63 immunoreactivity were examined in the hippocampus of young, adult and aged mice by using immunohistochemistry. In addition, neuronal distribution and degeneration was examined by NeuN immunohistochemistry and fluoro-Jade B fluorescence staining. Strong p53 immunoreactivity was mainly expressed in pyramidal and granule cells of the hippocampus in young mice. p53 immunoreactivity in the pyramidal and granule cells was significantly reduced in the adult mice. In the aged mice, p53 immunoreactivity in the pyramidal and granule cells was more significantly decreased. p63 immunoreactivity was strong in the pyramidal and granule cells in the young mice. p63 immunoreactivity in these cells was apparently and gradually decreased with age, showing that p63 immunoreactivity in the aged granule cells was hardly shown. However, numbers of pyramidal neurons and granule cells were not significantly decreased in the aged mice with normal aging. Taken together, this study indicates that there are no degenerative neurons in the hippocampus during normal aging, showing that p53 and p63 immunoreactivity in hippocampal neurons was progressively reduced during normal aging, which might be closely related to the normal aging processes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aging , Animals , Cellular Senescence , Fluorescence , Hippocampus , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Mice , Neurons , Pyramidal Cells
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