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1.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(4): 325-334, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974170

ABSTRACT

Abstract Several techniques have been proposed for vertical bone regeneration, and many of them use bone autogenous and allogeneic grafts. The purpose of this study was to compare demineralised freeze-dried bone allografts (DFDBA), fresh-frozen (FF) allografts, autogenous bone grafts to find differences between volumetric and histological quantity of bone formation and vertical bone growth dynamic. A vertical tissue regeneration bone model was performed in rabbit calvarias under general anaesthesia. Four hollow cylinders of pure titanium were screwed onto external cortical bone calvarias in eight rabbits. Each one of the cylinders was randomly filled with one intervention: DFDBA, FF, autogenous bone, or left to be filled with blood clot (BC) as control. Allogeneic grafts were obtained from a ninth animal following international standardised protocols for the harvesting, processing, and cryopreservation of allografts. Autogenous graft was obtained from the host femur scraping before adapting hollow cylinders. Animals were euthanized at 13 weeks. Vertical volume was calculated after probe device measurements of the new formed tissue inside the cylinders and after titanium cylinders were removed. Histomorphometry and fluorochrome staining were used to analyse quantity and dynamic of bone formation, respectively. Results showed that DFDBA and fresh-frozen bone improved the velocity and the quantity of bone deposition in distant portions of the basal plane of grafting. Remaining material in allograft groups was more intense than in autogenous group. Both allografts can be indicated as reliable alternatives for volume gain and vertical bone augmentation.


Resumo Várias técnicas foram propostas para regeneração óssea vertical, e muitas delas usam enxertos ósseos e alogênicos ósseos. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar os aloenxertos ósseos congelados desmineralizados (DFDBA), os aloenxertos congelados frescos (FF) com os enxertos ósseos autógenos para encontrar diferenças entre o volume, a histologia da formação óssea e a dinâmica do crescimento ósseo vertical. Um modelo ósseo de regeneração tecidual vertical foi realizado em calvarias de coelho sob anestesia geral. Quatro cilindros ocos de titânio puro foram parafusados nas calvarias de osso cortical externo em oito coelhos. Cada um dos cilindros foi preenchido aleatoriamente com uma intervenção: DFDBA, FF, osso autógeno ou com coágulo sanguíneo (BC) como controle. Os enxertos alogênicos foram obtidos a partir de um nono animal seguindo protocolos internacionais padronizados para a coleta, processamento e criopreservação de aloenxertos. O enxerto autógeno foi obtido da raspagem do fêmur do hospedeiro antes de adaptar os cilindros ocos. Os animais foram eutanasiados após 13 semanas. O volume vertical foi calculado após a medição, por meio de sonda milimetrada, do novo tecido formado dentro dos cilindros e após a remoção dos cilindros de titânio. Histomorfometria e coloração com fluorocromios foram utilizados para analisar a quantidade e a dinâmica da formação óssea. Os resultados mostraram que DFDBA e osso fresco congelado melhoraram a velocidade e a quantidade de deposição óssea em porções distantes do plano basal de enxerto. O material remanescente nos grupos de aloenxerto foi mais intenso do que em grupo autógeno. Ambos os aloenxertos podem ser indicados como alternativas confiáveis para ganho de volume e aumento ósseo vertical.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Bone Regeneration , Bone Transplantation/methods , Models, Biological , Transplantation, Autologous , Transplantation, Homologous , Bone Screws , Fluorescent Dyes/chemistry , Freeze Drying , Microscopy, Fluorescence
2.
Bauru; s.n; 2017. 143 p. tab, ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-880165

ABSTRACT

A adição de corantes fluorescentes a adesivos odontológicos possibilita a investigação da distribuição espacial desses materiais na interface dente-restauração, utilizando-se a microscopia confocal de varredura a laser (MCVL). A literatura indica falta de padronização na aplicação de agentes fluorescentes com tal finalidade. Esse estudo sistematizou estratégias para a adição de rodamina B (RB) e fluoresceína sódica (FS) a um sistema adesivo convencional de três passos, Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose (MP), e um autocondicionante de dois passos, Clearfil SE Bond (SE), considerados "padrão-ouro" na Odontologia. Os objetivos principais foram (a) determinar a menor faixa de concentrações de RB e FS necessária para produzir imagens satisfatórias da interface dentina-adesivo e (b) avaliar o efeito da adição desses corantes sobre algumas propriedades das resinas. Os adesivos foram marcados com RB ou FS em concentrações decrescentes (0,5, 0,1, 0,02 e 0,004 mg/mL) por meio de um método de dispersão semidireto. O comportamento fotofísico/ fluorescente dos adesivos marcados foi investigado por espectroscopia de fotoluminescência e MCVL. Paralelamente, avaliaram-se os adesivos quanto ao grau de conversão (GC) e ao ângulo de contato (AC). Tanto os resultados de GC como os de AC foram submetidos à análise de variância com dois fatores (adesivo e tratamento) com α = 0,05, seguida de teste post-hoc de Tukey. Os máximos comprimentos de onda de emissão e de excitação da RB e da FS foram influenciados pelo meio polimérico e pela concentração de corante de modo geral. A MCVL preliminar de amostras de adesivo polimerizado, realizada sob condições experimentais padronizadas, mostrou que o comportamento fluorescente da RB em MP e SE foi muito semelhante na mesma concentração de corante, mas o mesmo não pôde ser dito do comportamento da FS, que foi notavelmente inferior no adesivo autocondicionante, SE, na concentração mais alta. Em dentina, os adesivos preparados com RB nas concentrações-alvo de 0,1 e 0,02 mg/mL apresentaram fluorescência ótima; já aqueles preparados com 0,004 mg/mL produziram fraco sinal. Adesivos preparados com FS a 0,5 mg/mL apresentaram ótima fluorescência na interface de adesão, enquanto que concentração menor desse corante não produziu sinal suficiente. Padrões morfológicos aparentemente atípicos foram observados na interface de adesão, quando da associação do adesivo SE com o corante FS. A adição de RB e FS nas quatro concentrações indicadas aos adesivos MP e SE não afetou o GC nem o AC em comparação com os grupos de controle correspondentes. Em suma, a RB mostra-se um corante mais versátil que a FS na avaliação morfológica das interfaces dentina-MP e dentina-SE via MCVL. A menor faixa de concentrações de RB nos adesivos MP e SE, na qual é possível produzir imagens satisfatórias das interfaces, situa-se entre 0,1­0,02 mg/mL. Já o corante FS deve ser adicionado a esses adesivos a pelo menos 0,5 mg/mL para produzir níveis de fluorescência satisfatórios na interface de adesão. A não ocorrência de efeitos deletérios sobre a polimerização e a molhabilidade das resinas estabelece uma margem de segurança para a incorporação desses agentes fluorescentes (em concentração ≤ 0,5 mg/mL) nesses sistemas monoméricos.(AU)


The addition of fluorescent dyes to dental adhesives makes it possible to investigate the spatial distribution of such resin-based materials in the tooth-restoration interface, using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Literature indicates a lack of standardization on the application of fluorescent agents for this purpose. This work presents strategies for adding rhodamine B (RB) and fluorescein sodium salt (FS) to a three-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system, Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose (MP), and a two-step self-etching one, Clearfil SE Bond (SE), both regarded as "gold standard" in restorative dentistry. The main objectives were (a) to determine the lowest range of RB and FS concentrations required to produce suitable images of the dentin-adhesive interface via CLSM and (b) to investigate potential effects of addition of these dyes on some resin properties. The adhesives were labeled with RB or FS at decreasing concentrations (0.5, 0.1, 0.02 and 0.004 mg/mL) by means of a semi-direct dispersion method. The photophysical/fluorescent behavior of the labeled resins was investigated by photoluminescence spectroscopy and by CLSM. The adhesives were also investigated with regards to the degree of conversion (DC) and contact angle (CA). A two-way ANOVA of "adhesive" and "treatment" was conducted on DC and CA separately, followed by Tukey's test. The maximum emission and excitation wavelengths of RB and FS were influenced by the host polymer and the dye concentration in general. The preliminary CLSM of cured adhesive samples, performed with standardized settings, showed that the fluorescent behavior of RB in MP and SE was very similar in the same dye concentration, unlike the behavior of FS, which was lower in the self-etching adhesive for the highest dye concentration. In dentin, the adhesives prepared with RB at the target concentrations of 0.1 and 0.02 mg/mL presented optimal fluorescence; those with 0.004 mg/mL produced poor signal. Adhesives prepared with FS at 0.5 mg/mL presented optimal fluorescence at the bonding interface, whereas lower concentrations of FS did not produce sufficient signal. Atypical morphological features were observed at the bonding interface, when adhesive SE was used with FS. The addition of RB and FS at the four decreasing concentrations to adhesives MP and SE did not affect DC or CA compared to the corresponding controls. In short, RB is more versatile than FS for the morphological characterization of dentin-MP and dentin-SE interfaces via MCVL. The lowest range of RB concentrations in adhesives MP and SE that can produce suitable images of the bonding interface lies between 0.1­0.02 mg/mL. The dye FS should be added to these adhesives at 0.5 mg/mL at least to produce satisfactory fluorescence levels at the bonding interface. Since negative effects on polymerization and wettability of the resins were not observed, the use of RB and FS (in concentration ≤ 0.5 mg/mL) together with MP and SE should be reliable in terms of resin properties.(AU)


Subject(s)
Fluorescein/chemistry , Fluorescent Dyes/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Rhodamines/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Ethanol/chemistry , Microscopy, Confocal , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Spectrometry, Fluorescence , Spectrophotometry, Infrared
3.
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(4): 317-324, July-Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792589

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective This study investigated the effect of the fluorescent dye rhodamine B (RB) for interfacial micromorphology analysis of dental composite restorations on water sorption/solubility (WS/WSL) and microtensile bond strength to dentin (µTBS) of a 3-step total etch and a 2-step self-etch adhesive system. Material and Methods The adhesives Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose (MP) and Clearfil SE Bond (SE) were mixed with 0.1 mg/mL of RB. For the WS/WSL tests, cured resin disks (5.0 mm in diameter x 0.8 mm thick) were prepared and assigned into four groups (n=10): MP, MP-RB, SE, and SE-RB. For µTBS assessment, extracted human third molars (n=40) had the flat occlusal dentin prepared and assigned into the same experimental groups (n=10). After the bonding and restoration procedures, specimens were sectioned in rectangular beams, stored in water and tested after seven days or after 12 months. The failure mode of fractured specimens was qualitatively evaluated under optical microscope (x40). Data from WS/WSL and µTBS were assessed by one-way and three-way ANOVA, respectively, and Tukey’s test (α=5%). Results RB increased the WSL of MP and SE. On the other hand, WS of both MP and SE was not affected by the addition of RB. No significance in µTBS between MP and MP-RB for seven days or one year was observed, whereas for SE a decrease in the µTBS means occurred in both storage times. Conclusions RB should be incorporated into non-simplified DBSs with caution, as it can interfere with their physical-mechanical properties, leading to a possible misinterpretation of bonded interface.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rhodamines/chemistry , Water/chemistry , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Fluorescent Dyes/chemistry , Solubility , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Dental Bonding/methods , Microscopy, Confocal , Composite Resins/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Restoration Failure
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-161071

ABSTRACT

The traditional light microscopy has limitations for precise growth assays of malaria parasites in culture or for assessment of new compounds for antimalarial activity; the speed and high reproducibility of flow cytometry can overcome these limitations. A flow cytometric method using PicoGreen, a DNA-binding fluorochrome, was developed with optimal precision suitable for performing growth assays of low-parasitemia field isolates. In addition, intra- and inter-person reproducibility of the flow cytometric and the microscopic method were compared in order to quantitatively demonstrate the improved precision. RNase treatment contributed to the precision of the flow cytometric measurements by enhancing the signal-to-noise ratios. Coefficients of variation of the method were smaller than 10% for 0.1% or higher parasitemia samples. The intra- and inter-person coefficients of variation of the flow cytometric method were three to six times smaller than those of the microscopic method. The flow cytometric method developed in this study yielded substantially more precise results than the microscopic method, allowing determination of parasitemia levels of 0.1% or higher, with coefficients of variation smaller than 10%. Thus, the PicoGreen method could be a reliable high sensitivity assay for analysis of low parasitemia samples and might be applied to a high throughput system testing antimalarial drug activity.


Subject(s)
Flow Cytometry , Fluorescent Dyes/chemistry , Humans , Microscopy , Organic Chemicals/chemistry , Parasitemia/diagnosis , Plasmodium falciparum/isolation & purification , Reproducibility of Results , Ribonucleases/metabolism , Signal-To-Noise Ratio
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65160

ABSTRACT

Genetically modified (GM) animals are unique mutants with an enormous scientific potential. Cryopreservation of pre-implantation embryos or spermatozoa is a common approach for protecting these lines from being lost or to store them in a repository. A mutant line can be taken out of a breeding nucleus only if sufficient numbers of samples with an appropriate level of quality are cryopreserved. The quality of different donors within the same mouse line might be heterogeneous and the cryopreservation procedure might also be error-prone. However, only limited amounts of material are available for analysis. To improve the monitoring of frozen/thawed spermatozoa, commonly used in vitro fertilization (IVF) followed by embryo transfer were replaced with animal-free techniques. Major factors for assessing spermatozoa quality (i.e., density, viability, motility, and morphology) were evaluated by fluorescence microscopy. For this, a live/dead cell staining protocol requiring only small amounts of material was created. Membrane integrity was then examined as major parameter closely correlated with successful IVF. These complex analyses allow us to monitor frozen/thawed spermatozoa from GM mice using a relatively simple staining procedure. This approach leads to a reduction of animal experiments and contributes to the 3R principles (replacement, reduction and refinement of animal experiments).


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzimidazoles/chemistry , Cryopreservation/veterinary , Embryo Transfer/veterinary , Female , Fertilization in Vitro/veterinary , Fluorescent Dyes/chemistry , Male , Mice , Mice, Transgenic , Microscopy, Fluorescence/methods , Propidium/chemistry , Semen Analysis/methods , Semen Preservation/veterinary , Spermatozoa/physiology
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-131144

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Since the recent introduction of radioimmunotherapy (RIT) using antibodies against cluster of differentiation (CD) 45 for the treatment of lymphoma, the clinical significance of the CD45 antigen has been increasing steadily. Here, we analyzed CD45 expression on lymphocyte subsets using flow cytometry in order to predict the susceptibility of normal lymphocytes to RIT. METHODS: Peripheral blood specimens were collected from 14 healthy individuals aged 25-54 yr. The mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of the cell surface antigens was measured using a FACSCanto II system (Becton Dickinson Bioscience, USA). MFI values were converted into antibody binding capacity values using a Quantum Simply Cellular microbead kit (Bangs Laboratories, Inc., USA). RESULTS: Among the lymphocyte subsets, the expression of CD45 was the highest (725,368+/-42,763) on natural killer T (NKT) cells, 674,030+/-48,187 on cytotoxic/suppressor T cells, 588,750+/-48,090 on natural killer (NK) cells, 580,211+/-29,168 on helper T (Th) cells, and 499,436+/-21,737 on B cells. The Th cells and NK cells expressed a similar level of CD45 (P=0.502). Forward scatter was the highest in NKT cells (P<0.05), whereas side scatter differed significantly between each of the lymphocyte subsets (P<0.05). CD3 expression was highest in the Th and NKT cells. CONCLUSIONS: NKT cells express the highest levels of CD45 antigen. Therefore, this lymphocyte subset would be most profoundly affected by RIT or pretargeted RIT. The monitoring of this lymphocyte subset during and after RIT should prove helpful.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antibodies/immunology , Leukocyte Common Antigens/analysis , B-Lymphocytes/immunology , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Female , Flow Cytometry/methods , Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate/chemistry , Fluorescent Dyes/chemistry , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural/immunology , Lymphocytes/immunology , Lymphoma/radiotherapy , Male , Middle Aged , Natural Killer T-Cells/immunology , Protein Binding , Radioimmunotherapy , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/immunology
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-131141

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Since the recent introduction of radioimmunotherapy (RIT) using antibodies against cluster of differentiation (CD) 45 for the treatment of lymphoma, the clinical significance of the CD45 antigen has been increasing steadily. Here, we analyzed CD45 expression on lymphocyte subsets using flow cytometry in order to predict the susceptibility of normal lymphocytes to RIT. METHODS: Peripheral blood specimens were collected from 14 healthy individuals aged 25-54 yr. The mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of the cell surface antigens was measured using a FACSCanto II system (Becton Dickinson Bioscience, USA). MFI values were converted into antibody binding capacity values using a Quantum Simply Cellular microbead kit (Bangs Laboratories, Inc., USA). RESULTS: Among the lymphocyte subsets, the expression of CD45 was the highest (725,368+/-42,763) on natural killer T (NKT) cells, 674,030+/-48,187 on cytotoxic/suppressor T cells, 588,750+/-48,090 on natural killer (NK) cells, 580,211+/-29,168 on helper T (Th) cells, and 499,436+/-21,737 on B cells. The Th cells and NK cells expressed a similar level of CD45 (P=0.502). Forward scatter was the highest in NKT cells (P<0.05), whereas side scatter differed significantly between each of the lymphocyte subsets (P<0.05). CD3 expression was highest in the Th and NKT cells. CONCLUSIONS: NKT cells express the highest levels of CD45 antigen. Therefore, this lymphocyte subset would be most profoundly affected by RIT or pretargeted RIT. The monitoring of this lymphocyte subset during and after RIT should prove helpful.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antibodies/immunology , Leukocyte Common Antigens/analysis , B-Lymphocytes/immunology , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Female , Flow Cytometry/methods , Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate/chemistry , Fluorescent Dyes/chemistry , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural/immunology , Lymphocytes/immunology , Lymphoma/radiotherapy , Male , Middle Aged , Natural Killer T-Cells/immunology , Protein Binding , Radioimmunotherapy , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/immunology
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-221449

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Enzyme immunoassay (EIA) capable of detecting both toxin A and toxin B is strongly recommended for the diagnosis of Clostridium difficile associated disease. Therefore, we evaluated two different EIAs for the detection of C. difficile toxin A/B. METHODS: For a total of 228 stool specimens we performed bacteriologic cultures for C. difficile and examined for toxin A and toxin B using enzyme linked fluorescent immunoassay (ELFA; VIDAS CDAB, Bio-Merieux sa, France) and ELISA (C.DIFFICILE TOX A/B II, TECHLAB, USA). We also performed PCR assays for toxin A and B genes in 117 C. difficile isolates that grew from the stool cultures and compared the results with those obtained with the two different EIAs. RESULTS: The concordance rate between ELFA and ELISA was 85.5% (195/228). Using the culture and PCR results as the standard, the sensitivity/specificity of the ELFA and ELISA were 65.0%/72.1% and 71.8%/70.3%, and for positive/negative predictive values were 78.4%/69.6% and 71.8%/70.3%, respectively (P value >0.05). No differences were observed between the results of ELFA and ELISA with toxin A- toxin B+ strains of C. difficile. CONCLUSIONS: The sensitivity of the ELISA was slightly higher than that of ELFA for toxin A and toxin B, but the specificity and positive predictive value of the ELFA were rather higher than those of the ELISA, although no statistical differences were observed. A bacteriologic culture and PCR assay for toxin genes are recommended in case the both EIAs are negative.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Proteins/analysis , Bacterial Toxins/analysis , Clostridioides difficile/genetics , Enterotoxins/analysis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , Feces/microbiology , Fluorescent Dyes/chemistry , Humans , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76612

ABSTRACT

Tumor cells are known to produce larger amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) than normal cells. Although numerous reports have indicated the importance of ROS in urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) production, the precise mechanisms remain controversial. In our study, we investigated the effect of ROS on uPA generation in human hepatoma cells, HepG2 and Hep 3B. We determined the effects of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) on the regulation of ROS, which resulted in suppression of ROS production, as measured with the fluorescent probe, 2'-7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate. The role of HGF in modulating ROS production, particularly that regulated by Rac-1, was determined. HGF suppressed the increment in Rac-1-regulated ROS in both cell lines. Treatment with 200 microM of H2O2 showed a 1.6-2.1 fold increment in HGF, but a little increment occurred at 500 microM of H2O2. It looks no dose dependent manner. Combined treatment with H2O2 and HGF, resulted in a slightly increased production of HGF compared to no treatment (control). Also, H2O2 upregulated uPA expression in both hepatoma cell lines. To identify the downstream pathways regulated by ROS, we treated cells with PD 98059, an MEK inhibitor, and SB 203580, a p38 inhibitor, after treatment with H2O2, and showed negative control between ERK and p38 kinase activities for uPA regulation. We found that HGF modulate Rac-1-regulated ROS production through activation of Akt and ROS regulates uPA production via MAP kinase, which provides a novel clue to clarify the mechanism underlying hepatoma progression.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Fluorescent Dyes/chemistry , Hepatocyte Growth Factor/pharmacology , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide/pharmacology , Imidazoles/pharmacology , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors , Pyridines/pharmacology , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Recombinant Proteins/pharmacology , Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator/biosynthesis , rac1 GTP-Binding Protein/metabolism
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-112917

ABSTRACT

In this study of a developed soft tissue filler, adipose tissue equivalents were constructed using adipose stem cells (ASCs) and micronized acellular dermal matrix (Alloderm). After labeling cultured human ASCs with fluorescent green protein and attaching them to micronized Alloderm (5X10(5) cells/1 mg), ASC-Alloderm complexes were cultured in adipogenic differentiation media for 14 days and then injected into the dorsal cranial region of nude male mice. The viabilities of ASCs in micronized Alloderm were determined at 1, 4, 7, and 14 days, and complexes, which had been cultured for 14 days and implanted in vivo for 2 months, were histologically evaluated by light, confocal, and scanning electron microscopy. The viabilities represented that ASCs in micronized Alloderm were alive during the culture period. ASC-Alloderm complexes cultured for 14 days contained round cells with large lipid vesicles by light microscopy and many spherical cells by SEM. ASCs in implanted ASCAlloderm complexes harvested from mice at 2 months postinjection were histologically found to have differentiated into adipocytes which had green fluorescence dye. Micronized Alloderm may be found useful as scaffold for human ASCs when constructing fat tissue for three-dimensional soft tissue filling. The present study suggests that ASC-Alloderm complexes can be used as injectable three-dimensional soft tissue fillers.


Subject(s)
Adipocytes/cytology , Adipogenesis , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Collagen/chemistry , Fluorescent Dyes/chemistry , Injections, Subcutaneous , Male , Mice , Mice, Nude , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Stem Cells/cytology , Time Factors , Tissue Engineering/methods , Transplantation, Heterologous
11.
J Biosci ; 2007 Mar; 32(2): 229-39
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-111141

ABSTRACT

The unsymmetrical cyanine dyes BOXTO (4-[6-(benzoxazole-2-yl-(3-methyl-)-2,3-dihydro-(benzo-1,3-thiazole)-2- methylidene)]-1-methyl-quinolinium chloride)and its positive divalent derivative BOXTO-PRO (4-[(3-methyl-6-(benzoxazole-2-yl)-2,3-dihydro-(benzo-1,3-thiazole)-2-methylidene)]-1-(3-trimethylammonium-propyl)-quinolinium dibromide) were studied as real-time PCR reporting fluorescent dyes and compared to SYBR GREEN I (SG)(2-[N- (3-dimethylaminopropyl)-N-propylamino] -4-[2,3-dihydro-3-methyl-(benzo-1,3-thiazol-2-yl)-methylidene]-1-phenyl- quinolinium).Unmodified BOXTO showed no inhibitory effects on real-time PCR,while BOXTO-PRO showed complete inhibition. Sufficient fluorescent signal was acquired when 0.5-1.0 meu M BOXTO was used with RotorGene and iCycler platforms.Statistical analysis showed that there is no significant difference between the efficiency and dynamic range of BOXTO and SG.BOXTO stock solution (1.5 mM) was stable at -20 degree C for more than one year and 40 meu M BOXTO solution was more stable than 5x SG when both were stored at 4 degree C for 45 days.


Subject(s)
DNA Primers/genetics , Fluorescent Dyes/chemistry , Molecular Structure , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Quinolinium Compounds/chemistry , Temperature , Thiazoles/chemistry
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-161381

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the meiotic competence of buffalo oocytes with different layers of cumulus cells. A total of 588 oocytes were collected from 775 ovaries averaging 0.78 oocytes per ovary. Oocytes with homogenous cytoplasm (n = 441) were selected for in vitro maturation (IVM) and divided into four groups based on their cumulus morphology: a) oocytes with > or == 3 layers of cumulus cells, b) 1-2 layers of cumulus cells and oocytes with partial remnants or no cumulus cells to be cocultured c) with or d) without cumulus cells. Oocytes in all four groups were matured in 100 microL drop of TCM-199 supplemented with 10microgram/mL follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), 10microgram/mL luteinizing hormone (LH), 1.5microgram/mL estradiol, 75microgram/mL streptomycin, 100 IU/mL penicillin, 10 mM Hepes and 10% FBS at 39degrees C and 5% CO2 for 24 hours. After IVM, cumulus cells were removed from oocytes using 3 mg/mL hyaluronidase, fixed in 3% glutaraldehyde, stained with DAPI and evaluated for meiotic competence. The oocytes with > or ==3 layers of cumulus cells showed higher maturation rates (p <0.05: 64.5%) than oocytes with partial or no cumulus cells (8.6%) and oocytes co-cultured with cumulus cells (34.5%) but did not differ from oocytes having 1-2 layers of cumulus cells (51.4%). The degeneration rates were higher (p < 0.05) for oocytes with partial or no cumulus cells (51%) than rest of the groups (range: 13.8% to 17.4%). These results suggest that buffalo oocytes with intact layers of cumulus cells show better IVM rates than oocytes without cumulus cells and the co-culture of poor quality oocytes with cumulus cells improves their meiotic competence.


Subject(s)
Animals , Buffaloes/physiology , Female , Fluorescent Dyes/chemistry , Indoles/chemistry , Meiosis/physiology , Microscopy, Fluorescence/veterinary , Oocytes/cytology
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-161380

ABSTRACT

Supplementation of beta-mercaptoethanol (beta-ME) in in vitro maturation (IVM) medium was shown to improve embryo development and quality in several species. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) was also shown to improve IVM of human oocyte and embryo development after in vitro fertilization (IVF). The effect of these two compounds were suggested to be mediated through the synthesis of glutathione (GSH) which is known to play an important role in protecting the cell or embryos from oxidative damage. Thus, it is suggested that supplementation of canine IVM medium with beta-ME or EGF may be of benefit due to its positive role in IVM of various mammalian oocytes and embryo development, including cattle, pigs, rodents and humans. This study investigates the effect of ovarian estrus stage on canine oocyte quality and supplementation of medium with beta-ME or EGF on IVM of canine oocytes. As results, a significantly higher percentage of oocytes progressed to metaphase II (MII) stage in 50 or 100 microM of beta-ME supplemented oocytes collected from the follicular stage. The maturation rate to metaphase I (MI) stage was also significantly higher in oocytes collected from follicular stage and cultured with 25 or 100 microM compared to other experimental groups. After IVM culture, oocytes recovered from dogs with the follicular stage and matured in TCM-199 supplemented with 20 ng/ml EGF yielded better oocyte maturation to MII phase compared to other groups. Taken together, supplementation of beta-ME (50 or 100 microM) or EGF (20 ng/ml) improved IVM of canine oocytes to MII stage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzimidazoles/chemistry , Dogs/physiology , Epidermal Growth Factor/pharmacology , Estrus/physiology , Female , Fluorescent Dyes/chemistry , Meiosis/drug effects , Mercaptoethanol/pharmacology , Microscopy, Ultraviolet/veterinary , Oocytes/drug effects , Ovary/drug effects
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103012

ABSTRACT

The specific association of drugs with deoxyoligonucleotides, containing a B-Z junction between left-handed Z-DNA and right-handed B-DNA, was examined by fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD) technique. Ethidium was chosen for a simple DNA binding compound because it binds to right-handed DNA and hybrid B-Z forms containing a B-Z junction in a highly cooperative manner. The binding isotherms were analyzed by an allosteric model in order to describe the cooperativity of association. Binding of ethidium to the DNA that are initially in the hybrid B-Z forms showed over an order of magnitude higher affinity than other DNA which were entirely in the B-form. The conformational transitions of deoxyoligonucleotides containing a B-Z junction as a result of ethidium binding were monitored by CD and the influence of NaCl on the complex formation was also determined by the CD spectra. The singular value decomposition (SVD) analysis was used to characterize a family of CD spectra of the species in binding equilibria. The results of SVD analysis showed a strikingly complex thermodynamic equilibria of cooperative binding of drugs to the allosterically converted DNA forms. The results also showed that these DNA forms in low- and high-salt were different in the absence or presence of drug. These results demonstrate that DNA-binding-drugs can preferentially interact with specific DNA structures and that these interactions are accompanied by allosteric changes of DNA conformations.


Subject(s)
Allosteric Regulation/genetics , Circular Dichroism , DNA/chemistry , Ethidium/chemistry , Fluorescent Dyes/chemistry , Nucleic Acid Conformation , Oligodeoxyribonucleotides/chemistry , Sodium Chloride/pharmacology , Thermodynamics
15.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 1998 Aug; 35(4): 247-54
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-27769

ABSTRACT

Use of safranine-o has been examined as membrane potential probe in 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-3-phosphatidylcholine (POPC) vesicles both in presence and absence of cholesterol. The fluorescence signal increases in presence of vesicles and the increase in fluorescence intensity on hyperpolarization with valinomycin is diffusion potential dependent. The fluorescence spectra recorded after time driven experiments reveals the blue shift in gamma max of fluorescence with increasing diffusion potential. The fluorescence spectra of vesicles-associated dye is at variance with those of the safranine-o in organic solvents. In organic solvents with increasing hydrophobic character of the solvent the gamma max is slightly red shifted. The electronic spectra of the dye molecule and the charges on different atomic centers have been calculated by quantum chemical method GRINDOL. The predicted first excited state originating from the phenazine moiety is in very good agreement with the excitation wavelength. On the basis of charges on various atoms the binding of safranine with vesicles has been discussed. The nonlinear behaviour of fluorescence signal with delta phi, anisotropy measurements and the computational results, reveal the penetration of bound dye molecules (along with orientation) as a function of diffusion potential. Addition of microaliquots of 1.5 M K2SO4 to already hyperpolarized vesicles decreases the fluorescence signal and the fluorescence spectra recorded on stabilization of signal after each addition showed a shift in gamma max of fluorescence in opposite direction i.e. red shifted.


Subject(s)
Cholesterol , Fluorescent Dyes/chemistry , Liposomes , Membrane Potentials , Molecular Probes/chemistry , Phenazines/chemistry , Phosphatidylcholines , Spectrometry, Fluorescence
16.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 1995 Dec; 32(6): 442-6
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-26368

ABSTRACT

Di(cyano vinyl)julolidine (DCVJ) is a fluorescent probe which has been used to monitor the local mobility of its binding sites on proteins. It shows a concentration dependence of its emission spectrum in water. At higher DCVJ concentrations, a longer wavelength band appears. The latter increases relative to the shorter wavelength band as a function of increased DCVJ concentration. Absorption and excitation spectra indicate that the concentration dependent emission in the longer wavelength is a consequence of association in the ground state and subsequent excimer formation. DCVJ forms two types of complexes with gamma-cyclodextrin, one of which shows the longer wavelength emission band. Analysis of stoichiometry of association also suggests that longer wavelength emission band may be a consequence of association of two molecules of DCVJ in the gamma-cyclodextrin cavity. Possible uses of such excimer formation in biological systems have also been discussed.


Subject(s)
Fluorescent Dyes/chemistry , Nitriles/chemistry , Proteins/chemistry , Quinolizines/chemistry , Spectrometry, Fluorescence , Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet
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