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1.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e220028, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529119

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the influence of non-invasive treatment associated with the use of infiltrating resin for managing caries lesions in primary teeth. Material and Methods: A systematic review was performed by selecting articles from 6 online databases, using a search algorithm and eligibility criteria for data extraction and data synthesis for the papers included. Clinical trials involving primary teeth with incipient caries lesions (1/2 of the enamel or 1/3 of the outer dentin) were included, presenting full text and answering the study's guiding question. This study used the RoB 2 tool for the risk of bias assessment and GRADE for certainty of evidence. Random effects meta-analyses were implemented, and lesion progression treatment effects were estimated through relative risk (RR) and associated 95% confidence intervals. Results: A total of 440 studies were found. After analyzing the inclusion criteria and removal of duplicates, eight studies were analyzed for quality evidence. Five of the eight studies included in this review contributed to the meta-analysis, all with some reflections regarding the risk of bias. Overall, the results of the meta-analysis showed that non-invasive treatment, when associated with the use of infiltrating resins, significantly reduced the risk of caries progression in relation to the treatment without this addition for follow-up periods ranging from 12 months to 2 years (RR 0.51 [0.40-0.65]). Conclusion: There is moderate certainty of evidence that the use of infiltrating resins associated with non-invasive treatments decreases the risk of caries progression in primary teeth with incipient caries lesions (1/2 of the enamel or 1/3 of the dentin outer) when combined with non-invasive control methods alone.


Subject(s)
Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Materials
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226341, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354797

ABSTRACT

Treatment of dental caries in children still remains challenging due to lack of cooperation with conventional treatment modalities. Recently, the use of Silver Diamine Fluoride (SDF) has proved useful in addressing this challenge. Aim: This clinical trial aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Silver Diamine Fluoride (SDF) in arresting caries in children in Lagos, Nigeria. Methods: This was a phase III balanced randomized controlled school based interventional study on 240 children. The study group was treated with SDF while GIC was used in the control group. Follow up visits in 2 weeks, 1 month, and 3 months were carried out to assess the treatment outcome. Inferential statistics with the use of Pearson Chi-square test and Independent Student t-test were used at 5% level of significance. Results: There was significant relationship between SDF and caries arrest in 2 weeks, 1 month and 3 months' assessment period (p = 0.001). The control group showed continuous decline (71.7%, 54.3% and 50.9%) in restorative success from 2 weeks to 3 months respectively. The mean ± SD and Confidence Interval (CI) of arrested caries in the SDF group were 113± 1.24 and 113.1 ­ 113.5 respectively. In the control group the mean ± SD and CI of restorative success were 69.3±11.8 and 67.2 ­ 71.4. The effect size was 5.24. Conclusion: The result of the study showed that SDF was effective in arresting caries in children without any harm and there was statistically significant difference in the use of 38% SDF in arresting caries in children


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Child , Fluorides, Topical , Dental Caries , Glass Ionomer Cements
3.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 80(231): 25-30, jul. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392550

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La caries dental es una enfermedad infecciosa y multifactorial, que co- mienza por una desmineralización del esmalte producida por la acción de ácidos generados por bacterias presentes en el biofilm dental. Estas lesiones se inician como manchas blancas (MB) y es el único estadio de la caries dental capaz de ser revertido mediante la aplicación profesional de agentes remineralizantes, por lo que es fundamental la detección y tratamiento temprano de las mismas. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de manchas blancas en la dentición temporaria de los niños atendidos en el Servicio de Clínica y Orientación del Hospital de Odontología Infantil (HOI) «Don Benito Quinquela Martín¼. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluó una muestra de 94 niños con dentición temporaria, en el Servicio de Clínica y Orientación del HOI, teniendo en cuenta los ingresos y reingresos, durante el período comprendido entre septiembre de 2019 y febrero de 2020. Resultados: La prevalencia de manchas blancas de un total de 94 niños evaluados fue del 55 %. De los pacientes que presentaron MB, el 59 % fue de sexo masculino y el 41 % de sexo femenino. La media de edad fue de 4.77 años. De los pacientes atendidos, 73 concurrieron por primera vez y 21 pacientes fueron reingresos. Conclusión: La prevalencia de manchas blancas en la muestra evaluada de niños atendidos en el Servicio de Clínica y Orientación del HOI fue del 55 %. Este resultado sugiere la necesidad de continuar y potenciar la promoción de la salud bucal, no solo como herramienta estratégica para brindar conocimientos acerca de los beneficios de una correcta higiene oral y una dieta saludable, sino también como factor de prevención en cuanto a la aparición de lesiones de caries y posteriores consecuencias adversas (AU)


Introduction: Dental caries is an infectious and multifactorial disease that begins with the demineralization of the enamel produced by the action of acids generated by bacteria in the dental biofilm. These lesions start as white spots (WS), and it's the only stage of dental caries capable of being reverted by the professional application of remineralizing agents. Hence, its early detection and treatment are essential. Objective: To determine the prevalence of white spots in the temporary dentition of children treated at the Clinical and Orientation Service of "Don Benito Quinquela Martin" Children's Dentistry Hospital (CDH). Materials and methods: A sample of 94 children with temporary dentition was evaluated on admission and readmission at CDH's Clinical and Orientation Service between September 2019 and February 2020. Results: The prevalence of WS in 94 children evaluated was 55%: 59% of patients who presented WS were males, and 41% were females. The mean age was 4.77 years. Seventy-three patients seen attended for the first time, and the other 21 were readmissions. Conclusion: The prevalence of WS in children who attended CDH's Clinical and Orientation Service was relevant. This result indicates that we must continue and enhance oral health promotion as a strategy to give knowledge about good oral hygiene benefits, a healthy diet, and to prevent the appearance of caries lesions and subsequent consequences (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Tooth, Deciduous/pathology , Dental Care for Children , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Dental Service, Hospital , Tooth Remineralization , Fluorides, Topical , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Tooth Demineralization/epidemiology
4.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210094, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1422273

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the efficacy of resin infiltration and fluoride casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate varnish on non-cavitated active white spot lesions in 5-8 years old children. Material and Methods: 60 non-cavitated active white spot lesions in 60 patients with ICDAS II score 2 from both genders in the age range of 5 to 8 years were taken. Thirty lesions were treated by resin infiltration (Group 1) and 30 by Fluoride CPP-ACP varnish (Group 2). Resin infiltration was performed on the same day, while Fluoride CPP-ACP varnish was applied once a week for 4 weeks. The follow-up was done at 3, 6 months, and 12 months. Results: At 3, 6, and 12 months change in mean ICDAS II Score in group 1 was 1.5±0.5,1.13±0.73 and 0.9±0.88, respectively, while in group 2, it was observed to be 0.30±0.59, 0.4±0.89 and 0.06±0.82, respectively (p<0.001). Conclusion: Resin infiltration was more successful than Fluoride CCP-ACP varnish in active non-cavitated white spot lesions (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Plaque/etiology , Fluorine/therapeutic use , Chi-Square Distribution , Oral Health , Analysis of Variance , Dental Caries/diagnosis , Dental Caries/prevention & control
5.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 37(86): 1-10, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1413725

ABSTRACT

Se comparó el desempeño técnico-asistencial de 2 programas de atención odontológica con iguales protocolos de atención y diferente modalidad de implementación. Ambos programas se caracterizaron por un perfil preventivo-promocional; uso de protocolos validados según riesgo biológico, atención odontológica adaptada a sedes no convencionales, recursos asignados por método de necesidades; ejecución por recurso humano pre-profesional supervisado y modulación por altas. La modalidad de implementación difirió en la densidad/concentración de las actividades realizadas: en el Programa Extensivo (PE) las acciones se implementaron con frecuencia semanal; en el Programa Intensivo (PI) las acciones se concentraron en una semana en el año. Cobertura anual: PE = 120 escolares de 6 a 9 años de edad; PI = 180 escolares y preescolares de 3 a 12 años de edad. Se midió la cantidad de prestaciones, sesiones y tiempo -en minutos- hasta alcanzar el Alta Básica Operativa (ABO). Para comparar grupos (PI y PE) se utilizaron los tests: U de Mann Whitney, t de Student para mues-tras independientes, chi cuadrado y comparación de proporciones. La razón de prestaciones/sesión fue significativamente mayor (p=0,000) en el programa intensivo. El número de prestaciones hasta el alta (ABO) y la razón tiempo/sesión no mostraron diferencias entre programas (p=0,8 p=0,087), mientras que se evidenció una mayor razón tiempo/prestación y tiempo en alcanzar el alta (ABO) en la modalidad extensiva (p=0,000). La modalidad intensiva mostró mayor eficiencia en el desempeño técnico asistencial que la extensiva (AU)


Aim: To compare technical-care performance of 2 dental care programs with the same care protocols and different implementation modalities. Both programs shared the following features: preventive-promotional profile; use of validated clinical protocols according to biological risk, dental care adapted to non-conventional settings, allocation of resources by needs method; supervised pre-professional human resource and modulation by discharges. The implementation mode differed in the density/concentration of the activities: in the extensive program (EP) the actions were implemented on a weekly basis along the year; in the intensive program (IP) the actions were concentrated in one week in the year. Annual coverage of the programs: 180 schoolchildren and preschoolers (3 -12 years old); EP = 120 schoolchildren (6 - 9 years old). We measured the following variables: the number of dental services performed, the number of sessions and the time, in minutes, to reach the basic operating discharge (BOD). We used the following tests to compare groups (IP and EP): Mann Whitney U; Student's t for independent samples, chi square and comparison of proportions test. The action per session ratio was significantly higher (p=0.000) in the intensive program. The number of actions performed until discharge (BOD) and the time per session ratio did not show differences between programs (p=0.8 p=0.087). In the extensive mode, compared to intensive mode, it took longer to reach discharge (BOD) (p=0.000) The program implemented with intensive modality (PI) showed greater efficiency regarding technical-care performance when compared to the extensive mode (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , School Dentistry/methods , Health Programs and Plans , Clinical Protocols , Dental Care/methods , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Program Evaluation , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Preventive Dentistry/methods , Retrospective Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Treatment Outcome , Community Dentistry/methods , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Healthcare Models
6.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 14(1): 100-104, abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385175

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Introducción: Con el fin de prevenir la progresión de la caries interproximal no cavitada en dientes temporales, se ha generalizado el uso de estrategias mínimamente invasivas como la aplicación de sellantes, barniz de flúor o la resina infiltrante, ya sea combinadas o como monoterapia. Pese a lo anterior, hay incertidumbre con relación al efecto de la infiltración de resina en combinación con el barniz de flúor en dientes temporales. Métodos: Realizamos una búsqueda en Epistemonikos, la mayor base de datos de revisiones sistemáticas en salud, la cual es mantenida mediante el cribado de múltiples fuentes de información, incluyendo MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, entre otras. Extrajimos los datos desde las revisiones identificadas, analizamos los datos de los estudios primarios, realizamos un metaanálisis y preparamos una tabla de resumen de los resultados utilizando el método GRADE. Resultados y conclusiones: Se identificaron nueve revisiones sistemáticas que en conjunto incluyeron tres estudios primarios que corresponden a ensayos clínicos aleatorizados. Se concluye que la infiltración de resina probablemente reduce el riesgo de la progresión de la caries interproximal no cavitada en dientes temporales. No se encontraron estudios que evaluaran los eventos adversos. Palabras claves: caries, infiltración de resina, caries interproximal, barniz de flúor, tratamiento mínimamente invasivo, Epistemonikos, GRADE.


ABSTRACT: Introduction: Minimally invasive techniques are widely used in non-cavitated interproximal caries treatment in primary dentition. Sealants, fluoride varnish, or resin infiltration can be applied in conjunction or as monotherapy. There is uncertainty regarding the effect of resin infiltration in conjunction with fluoride varnish in primary dentition. Methods: We searched in Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We extracted data from the systematic reviews, reanalyzed data of primary studies, conducted a meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach. Results and conclusions: We identified 9 systematic reviews including three studies overall, of which all were randomized trials. We conclude that resin infiltration plus fluoride varnish probably decreases the risk of progression of non-cavitated interproximal caries in primary dentition. No studies were found that looked at adverse effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Resins, Synthetic/therapeutic use , Dental Caries/therapy , Fluorides/therapeutic use , Fluorides, Topical
8.
Araçatuba; s.n; 2021. 50 p. tab, ilus, graf.
Thesis in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1435678

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo desse estudo foi investigar a permeabilidade dentinária e a oclusão tubular de materiais dessensibilizantes de uso em consultório. Métodos: Blocos de dentina bovina foram obtidos e imersos em EDTA 0,5 M para promover a abertura dos túbulos dentinários. Os materiais testados foram: verniz placebo (PLA); verniz fluoretado (FLU); verniz de NaF 5% + 5% trimetafosfato de sódio nanoparticulado (TMP); sistema adesivo universal (SBU); verniz contendo partículas S-PRG (SPRG); solução de Biosilicato (BIOS) e solução de amelotina (AMTN). Os materiais foram aplicados e os espécimes submetidos ao desafio erosivo-abrasivo. A permeabilidade dentinária foi avaliada em T0 (inicial), T1 (após a aplicação dos materiais) e T2 (após o desafio erosivo-abrasivo). As imagens confocais foram usadas para avaliar o comprimento e o número dos túbulos ocluídos e as imagens de microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) para avaliar o número de tubulos abertos. Os dados de permeabilidade e MEV foram analisadas pelo teste ANOVA duas medidas repetidas e pós teste de Tukey. O comprimento e número de túbulos dentinários ocluídos foram analisadas pelo teste ANOVA um critério e pós teste de Tukey, Kruskal-Wallis e pós teste de Dunn's, respectivamente. Os testes de correlação de Spearman e Pearson também foram realizados. O nível de significância foi de 5%. Resultados: O grupo AMTN mostrou os menores valores de permeabilidade em T1 e a seguinte ordem decrescente ocorreu em T2: AMTN=SBU>BIOS=SPRG>TMP>FLU>PLA. O grupo SBU teve o maior comprimento médio de túbulos dentinários ocluídos. O grupo AMTN teve maior número de túbulos dentinários ocluídos do que PLA e FLU e os menores valores de túbulos dentinários abertos foram observados para os grupos AMTN e SBU. Uma correlação significativa foi encontrada entre as análises realizadas. Significância: O sistema adesivo universal e a proteína amelotina foram mais efetivos em reduzir a permeabilidade dentinária através da oclusão dos túbulos dentinários(AU)


Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the dentin permeability and tubule occlusion of in-office desensitizing materials. Methods: Bovine dentin blocks were obtained and immersed in 0.5 M EDTA to open dentinal tubules. The materials tested were: placebo varnish (PLA); fluoride varnish (FLU); NaF 5% + 5% nanoparticulate sodium trimetaphosphate varnish (TMP); universal adhesive system (SBU); S-PRG filler-containing varnish (SPRG); Biosilicate solution (BIOS) and amelotin solution (AMTN). The materials were applied, and specimens were submitted to an erosive-abrasive challenge. Dentin permeability was evaluated at T0 (initial), T1 (after application of materials) and T2 (after erosive-abrasive challenge). Confocal images were used to evaluate length and number of dentinal tubules occluded and images from scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to evaluate opened dentinal tubules. Permeability and SEM data were evaluated by two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey tests. The length and number of dentinal tubules occluded were evaluated by one-way ANOVA and Tukey, Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's tests, respectively. Spearman and Pearson correlation tests were also used. The significance level was 5%. Results: AMTN group showed the lowest permeability value in T1 and the following decreasing order occurred in T2: AMTN=SBU>BIOS=SPRG>TMP>FLU>PLA. SBU group had the highest mean value of dentinal tubules occluded lengths. AMTN group had greater number of dentinal tubules occluded than PLA and FLU and the lowest values of opened dentin tubules were observed for AMTN and SBU groups. A significant negative correlation was found between the analysis. Significance: Universal adhesive system and the AMTN solution were more effective to reduce dentin permeability by occluding dentin tubules(AU)


Subject(s)
Dentin Permeability , Dentin Desensitizing Agents , Phosphates , Fluorides, Topical , Dental Cavity Lining , Dentin , Dentin Sensitivity
9.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(3): 1-7, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1282175

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of different fluoride varnishes on white spot lesions (WSL) remineralization. Material and Methods: Polished bovine enamel specimens were obtained (n = 60) and had their initial surface Knoop microhardness (SMH) determined. WSL were created and the SMH was measured again. Then, specimens were allocated into six groups: C ­ Control (without varnish); BF ­ Bifluorid 12 (6% NaF + 6% CaF2); DP ­ Duraphat (5% NaF); PF ­ Profluorid (5% NaF); FP - Fluor Protector (0.2% NaF + 0.9% difluorsilane); CW - Clinpro White Varnish (5% NaF + 5% TCP). After varnishes application, specimens were immersed in artificial saliva for 24 h. Then, pH-cycling was performed for 8 days and SMH was measured. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. Results: Non-significant differences were observed among the groups at baseline (p = 0.187) and after WSL formation (p = 0.999). After treatments, significant differences were observed among the groups (p = 0.001). Mean % of alteration (SD) and results of Tukey test were: C- 92.40 (12.10)a; PF- 88.66 (10.66)a; FP- 85.90 (14.49)ab; BF- 67.85 (17.86)bc; CW- 66.60 (18.48)c; DP- 58.62 (8.69)c. Conclusion: Bifluorid 12, Clinpro White Varnish, and Duraphat showed higher efficacy than artificial saliva in promoting the remineralization of WSL, nevertheless, none of the treatments were able to recover sound enamel baseline microhardness (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar a eficácia de diferentes vernizes fluoretados na remineralização de lesões de mancha branca (LMB). Material e métodos: Espécimes de esmalte bovino polido (n = 60) foram submetidos à análise de microdureza superficial Knoop (KMH) inicial. Foram então criadas LMB artificialmente e os espécimes foram alocados em seis grupos: C ­ Controle (sem aplicação de verniz); BF ­ Bifluorid 12 (6% NaF + 6% CaF2); DP ­ Duraphat (5% NaF); PF ­ Profluorid (5% NaF); FP - Fluor Protector (0.2% NaF + 0.9% difluorsilano); CW - Clinpro White Varnish (5% NaF + 5% TCP). Após a aplicação dos vernizes, os espécimes ficaram imersos em saliva artificial por 24h e uma ciclagem de pH foi realizada por 8 dias. Após a ciclagem, KMH final foi realizada. Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA e teste de Tukey (5%). Resultados: Não foi observada diferença significante para os grupos após a KHM inicial (p = 0.187) e após a formação de LMB (p = 0.999). Após os tratamentos, diferenças significativas foram observadas entre os grupos (p = 0.001). Valores de média de % de alteração superficial (desvio-padrão) e resultados do teste de Tukey foram: C- 92.40 (12.10)a; PF- 88.66 (10.66)a; FP- 85.90 (14.49)ab; BF- 67.85 (17.86)bc; CW- 66.60 (18.48)c; DP- 58.62 (8.69)c. Conclusão: Os vernizes Bifluorid 12, Clinpro White Varnish e Duraphat apresentaram maior eficácia na remineralização das LMB quando comparados à saliva artificial, entretanto, nenhum dos produtos testados foi capaz de recuperar os valores iniciais de microdureza. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Fluorides, Topical , Dental Caries , Fluorine
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e058, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1285725

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of non-invasive and micro-invasive treatments on the arrest of occlusal enamel carious lesions in erupting permanent molars. This two-arm randomized clinical trial included 27 subjects, aged 5-11 years, with 64 erupting permanent molars presenting active occlusal enamel carious lesions (as assessed by the International Caries Detection and Assessment System [ICDAS]; scores 1-3). The sample was randomly assigned into two treatment groups: 1) resin-modified glass ionomer cement sealant (Clinpro XT Varnish; 3M ESPE) and 2) 4-week topical fluoride varnish application (Duraphat; Colgate). All children and parents received oral hygiene and dietary instructions. Teeth were evaluated at baseline and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months regarding the eruption stage, biofilm accumulation, as well as severity and activity of the carious lesions. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate the survival estimates for inactivation of the carious lesions for both treatment groups. Multivariate Cox regression models with shared frailty were performed to identify factors associated with the outcome (p < 0.05). After 12 months, 22% and 3% of the lesions treated with topical fluoride varnish and sealant, respectively remained active. The adjusted model demonstrated that younger children had a higher probability of active enamel carious lesions arresting (hazard ratio [HR] 0.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.22-0.78; p=0.01). However, the probability of active enamel carious lesions arresting after sealant application was 8.85 times higher compared with fluoride varnish applications (p=0.01). Sealing is a more effective approach than fluoride varnish for arresting occlusal enamel carious lesions in erupting permanent molars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Dental Caries/therapy , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Fluorides , Glass Ionomer Cements , Molar
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200859, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286923

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Due to its ability to arrest untreated dental caries, silver diamine fluoride (SDF) has been advocated for indirect pulp capping procedures. However, the high concentrations of silver and fluoride in SDF raise concerns about its biocompatibility to pulpal tissues. Objectives This study aimed to investigate the effect of SDF on the viability, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and morphology of pulpal-like cells (RPC-C2A) and to evaluate the influence of reduced glutathione (GSH) on SDF-induced cytotoxicity and deposit formation on dentin. Methodology The cytotoxicity of diluted 38% SDF solutions (10-4 and 10-5), with or without the addition of 5 mM or 50 mM GSH, was evaluated at 6 and 24 hours. Cell viability was detected using WST-8 and the effect on ALP activity was performed using an ALP assay kit. Cell morphology was observed using a phase-contrast microscope. Scanning electron microscopy analysis was conducted to evaluate the effect of GSH incorporation or conditioning on SDF-induced deposit formation on dentin discs. Cytotoxicity data were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey post hoc tests (p<0.05). Results There were significant differences between the groups. The results demonstrated that all tested SDF dilutions caused a remarkable cytotoxic effect, while the addition of GSH prevented SDF-induced damage at 6-hour exposure time in the higher dilution of SDF. Dentin treated with plain SDF or GSH-incorporated SDF solution showed deposit formation with occluded dentinal tubules, unlike the other groups. Conclusion SDF severely disturbed the viability, mineralization-ability, and morphology of pulpal-like cells, while controlled concentrations of GSH had a short-term protective effect against SDF-induced damage. GSH showed an inhibitory effect on SDF-induced dentinal deposit formation. Further research is warranted to evaluate the effect of GSH on caries-arresting, anti-hypersensitivity, and antibacterial functions of SDF.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Dental Caries , Cariostatic Agents/toxicity , Fluorides, Topical/toxicity , Silver Compounds , Dentin , Glutathione , Quaternary Ammonium Compounds
12.
Rev. ADM ; 77(6): 301-305, nov.-dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151065

ABSTRACT

A finales de 2019 se identificó el virus SARS-CoV-2 (por su significado en inglés Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) como agente etiológico de la COVID-19 (por su significado en inglés coronavirus disease 2019) en la ciudad de Wuhan, China. Debido a su rápida propagación al resto del mundo durante el primer trimestre del año 2020, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) la declaró pandemia mundial en marzo del mismo año. Por el potencial de contagio de COVID-19 se ha considerado que el entorno clínico en el que se desenvuelve la odontología puede ser de alto riesgo para el paciente, el odontólogo y sus asistentes si no se tienen las medidas de bioseguridad adecuadas. En un principio se vieron suspendidas las consultas regulares; sin embargo, al volver a la actividad laboral se han adaptado protocolos para el control de infecciones como reforzar el uso de barreras de protección y minimizar tratamientos que involucren aerosoles. La caries es uno de los principales motivos de consulta en la odontología pediátrica, por lo que en este escrito se sugieren algunos protocolos basados en la mínima invasión que prescinden de instrumental rotatorio para salvaguardar al paciente en riesgo de contagio, reduciendo el número de visitas y tiempo en consulta e incluso controlando algunos aspectos de salud bucal fuera de consulta clínica por medio de estrategias preventivas que pueden llevarse a cabo desde casa. Esto significa también mantener la tranquilidad por parte de los tutores del paciente ante la pandemia que se vive actualmente (AU)


At the end of 2019, the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was identified as the etiological agent of COVID-19 in the city of Wuhan China. Due to its rapid spread to the rest of the world during the first trimester of 2020, the WHO declared a global pandemic in March of the same year. Due to the contagion potential of COVID-19, it has been considered that the clinical environment in which dentistry operates may be in high risk for the patient if the appropriate biosafety measures are not taken, initially clinical practices were suspended. However, when returning to work, protocols have been adapted to the infection control procedures, reinforced the use of protective barriers, and minimize treatments that involve aerosols. Caries is one of the main reasons for consultation in Pediatric Dentistry, this article suggests some protocols based on minimal invasion that dispense with rotating instruments to safeguard the patient from the risk of contagion, reducing the number of visits and time in consultation and even controlling some aspects of the oral health outside the dental visit through preventive strategies that can be carried out from home. Modifications to Dental Home. This should include maintaining tranquility and calm on the part of the patient's tutors in the face of the pandemic that we are currently experiencing (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Coronavirus Infections , Dental Care for Children/methods , Aerosols , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Tooth Remineralization , Clinical Protocols , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Risk Factors , Composite Resins , Infection Control, Dental/methods , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Plaque/prevention & control , Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment
13.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(6): 664-672, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132357

ABSTRACT

Abstract Evaluated the effect of CPP-ACP/NaF and xylitol/NaF varnishes in reduce erosion and progression of erosion. Forty enamel blocks were divided into four groups (n=10): G1=CPP-ACP/NaF varnish (MI varnishTM); G2=xylitol/NaF varnish (Profluorid®); G3=NaF varnish (Duraphat®, positive control) and G4=deionized water (MilliQ®, negative control). Samples were immersed in Sprite ZeroTM (pH 2.58, 4x/day, 3 days), in between immersions, the specimens stayed in artificial saliva. After 3 days of erosion, the eroded area was divided in two (half of one received an additional varnish layer while the other half repeated the same 3-day erosion cycle). The 3D, non-contact profilometry technique was used to determinate tooth structure loss (TSL) and surface roughness (SR). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and 3D images were utilized to evaluate the topography of the samples. Mann-Whitney, one-way ANOVA and Tukey tests were used (significance level of 0.05%). SEM and 3D images were descriptively evaluated. After 3 or 6 days of erosion, all tested varnishes were better than G4 (p<0.05) for TSL and SR. In addition, G1 had lower values for TSL than G3 (p<0.05) after 3 days of erosion. Under SEM and 3D images observation, all groups presented porosity, irregularities and depressions on the surface enamel after 3 and 6 days of erosion, more pronounced in G4. An application of topical NaF varnishes was effective in reducing TSL and enamel roughness after erosion challenges, being the CCP-ACP/NaF varnish more effective than NaF varnish and water after 3 days of erosion.


Resumo Avaliou-se o efeito dos vernizes CPP-ACP/NaF e xilitol/NaF na redução da erosão e progressão da erosão. Quarenta blocos de esmalte foram divididos em quatro grupos (n=10): G1=verniz CPP-ACP/NaF (verniz MITM); G2=verniz xilitol/NaF (Profluorid®); G3=verniz NaF (Duraphat®, controle positivo) e G4=água desionizada (MilliQ®, controle negativo). As amostras foram imersas em refrigerante Sprite ZeroTM (pH 2.58, 4x/dia, 3 dias), entre imersões, os espécimes ficaram em saliva artificial. Após 3 dias de erosão, a área erodida foi dividida em duas (metade recebeu uma camada adicional de verniz, enquanto a outra metade repetiu o mesmo ciclo de erosão de 3 dias). A técnica de perfilometria 3D de não contato foi utilizada para determinar a perda de estrutura dentária (PED) e rugosidade superficial (RS). Microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) e imagens em 3D foram utilizadas para avaliar a topografia das amostras. Testes de Mann-Whitney, One-way ANOVA e Tukey foram utilizados (nível de significância de 0,05%). Imagens do MEV e 3D foram avaliadas descritivamente. Após 3 ou 6 dias de erosão, todos os vernizes testados foram melhores que G4 (p<0,05) para PED e RS. Além disso, o G1 apresentou menores valores de PED do que o G3 (p<0,05) após 3 dias de erosão. Observando as imagens em MEV e 3D, todos os grupos apresentaram porosidade, irregularidades e depressões no esmalte superficial após 3 e 6 dias de erosão, sendo mais pronunciados no G4. Uma aplicação tópica de vernizes fluoretados foi eficaz na redução da rugosidade e PED do esmalte após desafios de erosão. Além disso, o grupo CPP-ACP/NaF teve melhor desempenho na redução da PED quando comparado ao verniz de NaF e a água, após 3 dias de erosão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Erosion/prevention & control , Sodium Fluoride , Xylitol , Caseins , Fluorides, Topical , Dental Enamel
14.
Medwave ; 20(6): e7974, 31-07-2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119714

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La caries dental es la enfermedad bucal más prevalente en Ecuador. En nuestro país no existen estudios que hayan considerado a la población de las Islas Galápagos. La aplicación de flúor sobre lesiones incipientes de caries dental ha demostrado efectividad para evitar ejecutar procedimientos invasivos restauradores. OBJETIVOS: El objetivo del Estudio de Salud Oral Galápagos, EESO-Gal, es determinar la prevalencia e incidencia de caries dental y evaluar el efecto de la acción del cepillado dental supervisado, acompañado de aplicaciones periódicas de flúor en barniz sobre lesiones cariosas incipientes en escolares de las Islas Galápagos. Con este informe se busca reportar el protocolo del Estudio de Salud Oral Galápagos. MÉTODOS: Se plantea realizar una cohorte con los escolares de las Islas Galápagos para determinar la prevalencia e incidencia de caries con evaluaciones cada seis meses durante veinticuatro meses. RESULTADOS: Se espera determinar la prevalencia e incidencia de caries cada seis meses durante veinticuatro meses en escolares de tres a diez años y obtener datos que permitan evidenciar el estado de las condiciones de caries en los escolares de Galápagos con la inclusión del cepillado diario en la escuela, supervisado por el docente, y con la aplicación semestral del barniz de flúor. CONCLUSIONES: La prevalencia de caries dental e incidencia después de las acciones tomadas demostrará la importancia de aplicar acciones de prevención y promoción de la salud oral, para crear hábitos de higiene y salud desde edades tempranas.


INTRODUCTION: Dental caries is the most prevalent oral disease in Ecuador. In our country, there are no studies that have included the population of the Galapagos Islands. Fluoride application to incipient lesions of dental caries has shown to be effective in avoiding the use of invasive restorative procedures. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the EESO-Gal study is to determine the prevalence and incidence of dental caries and to evaluate the effect of supervised dental brushing, accompanied by periodic applications of fluoride varnish on incipient precarious lesions of schoolchildren in the Galapagos Islands. This article presents the protocol of the EESO-Gal study. METHODS: A cohort is planned with Galapagos Islands schoolchildren to determine the prevalence and incidence of dental caries, with assessments every six months, during twenty-four months. RESULTS: We expect to determine the prevalence and incidence of caries every six months, for twenty-four months, in schoolchildren between three and ten years of age, and obtain data to show the state of the caries conditions in Galapagos schoolchildren, with the inclusion of daily brushing at school, supervised by the teacher, and with the application of fluoride varnish every six months. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of dental caries and incidence after the program will demonstrate the importance of implementing oral health prevention and promotion actions to create hygiene and health habits from an early age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Oral Hygiene , Toothbrushing/methods , Fluorides, Topical/administration & dosage , Dental Caries/epidemiology , School Health Services , Cariostatic Agents/administration & dosage , Oral Health , Incidence , Prevalence , Cohort Studies , Ecuador/epidemiology
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(3): 257-263, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132306

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this in vitro study was to determine the fluoride concentration in silver diamine fluoride (SDF) products and their bioavailability with demineralized dentine. The products evaluated (expected fluoride concentrations) were: I: Saforide 38% (45,283 ppm F); II: Advantage Arrest 38.3 to 43.2% (45,283 to 51,013 ppm F); III: Ancárie 12% (14,100 ppm F); IV: Ancárie 30% (35,400 ppm F), V: Cariestop 12% (14,100 ppm F) and VI: Cariestop 30% (35,400 ppm F). The fluoride concentration was evaluated using an ion-specific electrode (ISE) by direct technique, which was confirmed after microdiffusion. The pH of the products was determined with a pH test strip. For the bioavailability test, demineralized dentine slabs were treated with one of the products for 1 min. Loosely (CaF2-like) and firmly-bound fluoride (FAp) were determined. The fluoride concentration found in the products (mean±SD; ppm F) by the ISE direct technique was: I:53,491±554; II:57,249±1,851; III:4,814±268; IV:5,726±43; V:10,145±468; VI:11,858±575; these values were confirmed after microdiffusion (t-test; p>0.05) and disagree with the declared by the manufacturers. The pH of Ancárie 12 and 30% was 6.0 and 4.5, respectively, in disagreement with the alkaline pH expected for SDF solution and found in the other products evaluated. There was no correlation between either CaF2-like (r=0.221; p=0.337) or FAp (r=-0.144; p=0.830) formed in demineralized dentine and fluoride concentration found in the products. The problems of pH and fluoride concentration found in available professional commercial SDF products suggest that they are not under sanitary surveillance.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo in vitro foi determinar a concentração de fluoreto nos produtos de diamino fluoreto de prata (DFP) e sua biodisponibilidade com dentina desmineralizada. Os produtos avaliados (concentrações esperadas de flúor) foram: I: Saforide 38% (45.283 ppm F); II: Advantage Arrest 38,3 a 43,2% (45.283 a 51.013 ppm F); III: Ancárie 12% (14.100 ppm F); IV: Ancárie 30% (35.400 ppm F), V: Cariestop 12% (14.100 ppm F) e VI: Cariestop 30% (35.400 ppm F). A concentração de fluoreto foi avaliada utilizando um eletrodo íon-específico (EIE) por técnica direta, que foi confirmada após microdifusão. O pH dos produtos foi determinado com uma tira de teste de pH. Para o teste de biodisponibilidade, blocos de dentina desmineralizada foram tratados com um dos produtos por 1 min. Fluoreto fracamente (tipo CaF2) e firmemente ligado (FAp) foram determinados. A concentração de fluoreto encontrada nos produtos (média±DP; ppm F) pela técnica direta com EIE foi: I: 53.491±554; II: 57.249±1.851; III: 4.814±268; IV: 5.726±43; V: 10.145±468; VI: 11.858±575; esses valores foram confirmados após microdifusão (teste t; p>0,05) e discordam dos declarados pelos fabricantes. O pH do Ancárie 12 e 30% foi de 6,0 e 4,5, respectivamente, em desacordo com o pH alcalino esperado para a solução de DFP e encontrado nos demais produtos avaliados. Não houve correlação entre CaF2 (r=0,221; p=0,337) ou FAp (r=-0,144; p=0,830) formados na dentina desmineralizada e concentração de fluoreto encontrada nos produtos. Os problemas de pH e concentração de fluoreto encontrados nos produtos comerciais profissionais disponíveis de DFP sugerem que eles não estão sob vigilância sanitária.


Subject(s)
Cariostatic Agents , Fluorides , Sodium Fluoride , Biological Availability , Fluorides, Topical , Silver Compounds , Dentin , Quaternary Ammonium Compounds , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
16.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e017, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089399

ABSTRACT

Abstract Prevention and health promotion are considered important strategies to control oral diseases. Dental caries is preventable disease and remains the most common chronic disease that affects mainly low income children and still considered the main cause of tooth loss in adulthood in Brazil. The aim of this study is to present a System Dynamics model (SDM) specifically developed with the Stella Architect software to estimate the cost and clinical hours required to control the evolution of dental caries in preschool children in Maringá, Brazil. Two main strategies to control caries were considered in the model: the application of fluoride varnish on teeth presenting white spots, and the use of Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) in cavitated carious lesions without pulp involvement. The parameters used in the model were: number of people covered by a local oral health team = 4,000; number of children up to 5 years = 7% of the population; children's decayed, missing, filled teeth (dmft) index = 2.4; time/cost of 4 applications of fluoride varnish = 5 minutes/US$ 0.716; and time/cost of each ART restoration = 15 minutes/US$ 1.475. The SDM generated an estimated total cost of US$698.00, and a total of 112 clinical hours to treat the population in question. The use of the SDM presented here has the potential to assist decision making by measuring the material and human resources required to prevent and control dental caries at an early age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Systems Analysis , Dental Caries/economics , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment/economics , Time Factors , Software/standards , Brazil , DMF Index , Fluorides, Topical/economics , Dental Materials/economics , Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment/methods
17.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20200259, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134797

ABSTRACT

Abstract Mineralization-promoting peptides are attractive candidates for new remineralization systems. In previous studies, peptides have been applied as aqueous solutions, which is not a clinically relevant form. Objective This study aims to investigate the efficiency of a mineralization-promoting peptide, applied in varnish, on remineralizing artificial caries on primary teeth. Methodology 55 primary molars were collected. Specimens were immersed in a demineralizing solution for 7 days and then, divided into 7 groups: Baseline: No-remineralization, Placebo: Blank colophony, F: Colophony 5% fluoride, P: Colophony 10% peptide, P+F: Colophony 5% fluoride and 10% peptide, Embrace: Embrace™ varnish, Durashield: Durashield™ varnish. A mixture of 35% w/v colophony varnishes were prepared in ethanol and applied accordingly. Specimens were immersed in a remineralization solution for 4 weeks and it was evaluated using PLM and SEM. Lesion depth reduction was examined by one-way ANOVA. Results There was no significant difference in mean lesion depths between baseline (147.04 ± 10.18 µm) and placebo groups (139.73 ± 14.92 µm), between F (120.95 ± 12.23 µm) and Durashield (113.47 ± 14.36 µm) groups and between P (81.79 ± 23.15 µm) and Embrace (90.26 ± 17.72 µm) groups. Lesion depth for the P+F group (66.95±10.59 µm) was significantly higher compared to all other groups. All groups contained samples with subsurface demineralized regions. Number of subsurface demineralized regions were higher in fluoride-containing groups. Conclusions We conclude that the mineralization-promoting peptide (MPP3) is effective in this in vitro study and the peptide shows benefits over fluoride as it yields less subsurface demineralized regions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Tooth Remineralization , Dental Caries , Paint , Peptides , Tooth, Deciduous , Cariostatic Agents , Fluorides, Topical
18.
Araçatuba; s.n; 2020. 99 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1451310

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo avaliou o efeito de vernizes fluoretados suplementados com nanopartículas de Trimetafosfato de Sódio (TMP) sobre o desgaste erosivo do esmalte dental bovino, em protocolos in vitro e in situ. Para a 1ª fase, blocos de esmalte dental bovino (n=100) foram selecionados por meio de dureza de superfície (DS) e aleatoriamente divididos em 5 grupos experimentais (n=20/grupo), de acordo com os vernizes testados: (a) Placebo (Pla - sem F ou TMP), (b) 5% NaF, (c) 5% NaF + 5% TMP microparticulado (5% Micro), (d) 5% NaF + 2,5% TMP nanoparticulado (2,5% Nano), (e) 5% NaF + 5% TMP nanoparticulado (5% Nano). Os blocos receberam uma única aplicação dos vernizes e foram imersos em saliva artificial por 6 h. Em seguida, os vernizes foram removidos e todos os blocos, submetidos a 4 desafios erosivos diários durante 5 dias (ERO, imersão em ácido cítrico 0,05 M, pH 3,2, 90 s/ciclo, sob agitação). Após ERO, metade dos blocos foi submetida a abrasão por escovação (15 s/ciclo) com dentifrício placebo (ERO+ABR). Os blocos foram analisados por perfilometria, dureza de superfície (DS) e dureza em secção longitudinal (ΔKHN). Os dados foram submetidos a ANOVA a dois critérios e Teste de Fisher LSD (p< 0,05). O desgaste do esmalte foi significativamente menor para ERO comparado a ERO+ABR para todos os vernizes testados (p< 0,001), seguindo o padrão 5% Nano < 5% Micro < 5% NaF < 2,5% Nano < Pla (ERO e ERO+ABR). A maior perda de DS foi observada para o Pla e a menor para 5% NaF (ERO) e 2,5% Nano (ERO+ABR), sem diferenças significativas entre 2,5% Nano, 5% NaF e 5% Micro. Os maiores valores de ΔKHN foram observados para 5% Micro e 5% Nano a 5-30 µm, com diferenças menos acentuadas entre os grupos a 30-70 µm (ERO e ERO+ABR). Para a 2ª fase, blocos de esmalte bovino (n=224) foram selecionados por DS e distribuídos aleatoriamente entre os grupos: (a) Placebo (Pla - sem F ou TMP), (b) 5% NaF, (c) 5% NaF + 5% TMP microparticulado (5% Micro), e (d) 5% NaF + 5% TMP nanoparticulado (5% Nano). Os blocos foram inseridos em dispositivos acrílicos palatinos (n=4/dispositivo), e tratados com os vernizes uma única vez, permanecendo na cavidade bucal dos voluntários (n=14) por 6 h. Em seguida, os vernizes foram removidos e os blocos, submetidos à ERO (imersão ex vivo em ácido cítrico 0,05 M, pH 3,2, 90 s, 4x/dia), enquanto dois blocos foram adicionalmente submetidos a abrasão por escovação com dentifrício fluoretado (ERO+ABR), totalizando 5 dias em cada etapa experimental, seguindo um protocolo duplo-cego e cruzado. As análises dos blocos e dos dados foram idênticas às da 1ª fase. Os valores do desgaste seguiram um padrão similar em ambas as condições experimentais (ERO ou ERO+ABR), com 5% Nano < 5% Micro < 5% NaF < Pla. Um padrão similar foi observado para dureza em secção longitudinal (ΔKHN), apesar de não serem verificadas diferenças significativas entre 5% Micro×5% Nano (5-30 µm). Quanto à perda de DS, o maior valor foi observado para Pla e o menor para 5% Nano (ERO ou ERO+ABR), sem diferenças significativas entre Pla×5% NaF (ERO), 5% NaF×5% Micro (ERO+ABR), e 5% Micro×5% Nano (ERO+ABR). Diante dos resultados, conclui-se que a adição de TMP a vernizes fluoretados melhorou significativamente a proteção contra o desgaste erosivo do esmalte in vitro e in situ. O uso de 5% de TMP em escala nanométrica aumentou ainda mais esses efeitos(AU)


The present study evaluated the effect of fluoride (F) varnishes supplemented with sodium trimetaphosphate (TMP) nanoparticles on erosive tooth wear, using in vitro and in situ protocols. For the first phase, bovine enamel blocks (n=100) were selected by surface hardness (SH) and randomly divided into 5 experimental groups (n=20/group), according to the varnishes tested: (a) Placebo (Pla - without F or TMP), (b) 5% NaF, (c) 5% NaF + 5% micrometric TMP (5% Micro), (d) 5% NaF + 2.5% nano-sized TMP (2.5% Nano), (e) 5% NaF + 5% nano-sized TMP (5% Nano). Blocks received a single varnish application, and were immersed in artificial saliva for 6 h. Varnishes were then removed and all blocks, subjected to 4 daily erosive challenges during for 5 days (ERO, immersion in 0.05 M citric acid, pH 3.2, 90 s/cycle, under agitation). After ERO, half of the blocks were subjected to abrasion by brushing (15 s/cycle) with placebo dentifrice (ERO+ABR). Blocks were analyzed by profilometry, surface hardness (SH) and cross-sectional hardness (ΔKHN). The data were submitted to 2-way ANOVA and Fisher's LSD test (p< 0.05). Enamel wear was significantly lower for ERO compared to ERO+ABR for all varnishes tested (p< 0.001), following the pattern 5% Nano < 5% Micro < 5% NaF < 2.5% Nano < Pla (ERO and ERO+ABR). The highest SH loss was observed for Pla, and the lowest for 5% NaF (ERO) and 2.5% Nano (ERO+ABR), without significant differences between 2.5% Nano, 5% NaF and 5% Micro. The highest values of ΔKHN were observed for 5% Micro and 5% Nano at 5-30 µm, with less marked differences between the groups at 30-70 µm (ERO and ERO+ABR). In the second phase, bovine enamel blocks (n=224) were selected by SH and randomly distributed among the groups: (a) Placebo (Pla - without F or TMP), (b) 5% NaF, (c) 5% NaF + 5% micrometric TMP (5% Micro), and (d) 5% NaF + 5% nano-sized TMP (5% Nano). The blocks were inserted in acrylic palatal devices (n=4/device), and treated with the varnishes only once, remaining in the oral cavity of the volunteers (n=14) for 6 h. Then, the varnishes were removed and the blocks, subjected to ERO (ex vivo immersion in 0.05 M citric acid, pH 3.2, 90 s, 4x/ day), while two blocks were additionally subjected to abrasion by brushing with fluoride dentifrice (ERO+ABR), totaling 5 days in each experimental stage, following a double-blind, crossover protocol. The blocks and the data were analyzed as described for the first phase. The wear values followed a similar pattern under both experimental conditions (ERO or ERO+ABR), with 5% Nano < 5% Micro < 5% NaF < Pla. A similar pattern was observed for hardness in depth (ΔKHN), although no significant differences were found between 5% Micro×5% Nano (5-30 µm). As for SH loss, the highest value was observed for Pla, and the lowest for 5% Nano (ERO or ERO+ABR), without significant differences between Pla×5% NaF (ERO), 5% NaF×5% Micro (ERO+ABR), and 5% Micro×5% Nano (ERO + ABR). In view of the results, it was concluded that the addition of TMP to fluoride varnishes significantly improved protection against erosive enamel wear in vitro and in situ. The use of 5% nano-sized TMP further increased these effects(AU)


Subject(s)
Phosphates , Tooth Erosion , Fluorides, Topical , Polyphosphates
19.
Medwave ; 20(7): e8003, 2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122677

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las lesiones de caries cavitadas en dentición primaria y mixta requieren un tratamiento oportuno, para evitar así la progresión de la caries. El fluoruro diamino de plata ha surgido como una alternativa a la técnica de restauración atraumática debido a su fácil aplicación. Sin embargo, aún existe incertidumbre en relación a su efectividad y seguridad. MÉTODOS: Realizamos una búsqueda en Epistemonikos, la mayor base de datos de revisiones sistemáticas en salud, la cual es mantenida mediante el cribado de múltiples fuentes de información, incluyendo MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, entre otras. Extrajimos los datos desde las revisiones identificadas, analizamos los datos de los estudios primarios, realizamos un metanálisis y preparamos una tabla de resumen de los resultados utilizando el método GRADE. RESULTADOS Y CONCLUSIONES: Identificamos diez revisiones sistemáticas que en conjunto incluyeron dos estudios primarios, ambos ensayos aleatorizados. Concluimos que el fluoruro diamino de plata en comparación a la técnica de restauración atraumática podría aumentar el arresto de caries en dentición primaria y mixta primera fase, pero la certeza de la evidencia ha sido evaluada como baja. Por otra parte, el tratamiento con fluoruro diamino de plata comparado con la técnica de restauración atraumática (ART) probablemente aumenta el riesgo de eventos adversos


INTRODUCTION: Cavitated carious lesions in primary and mixed dentition require prompt treatment to control caries progression. Silver diamine fluoride has emerged as an alternative to the atraumatic restorative technique due to its easy application. However, there is still uncertainty regarding its effectiveness and safety. METHODS: We searched in Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We extracted data from the systematic reviews, reanalyzed data of primary studies, conducted a metanalysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: We identified ten systematic reviews, including two studies overall, which are randomized trials. We concluded that silver diamine fluoride compared to the atraumatic restorative technique may increase the arrest of caries in primary and mixed first phase dentition, however, the certainty of the evidence has been assessed as low. On the other hand, treatment with silver diamine fluoride compared to the atraumatic restorative technique (ART) probably increases the risk of adverse events.


Subject(s)
Humans , Silver Compounds/administration & dosage , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment/methods , Quaternary Ammonium Compounds/administration & dosage , Cariostatic Agents/administration & dosage , Cariostatic Agents/adverse effects , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Fluorides, Topical/administration & dosage , Fluorides, Topical/adverse effects , Databases, Factual , Silver Compounds/adverse effects , Dentition, Mixed , Quaternary Ammonium Compounds/adverse effects
20.
Arq. odontol ; 56: 1-8, jan.-dez. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1120200

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a efetividade de uma abordagem de tratamento não invasiva para a inativação de lesões não cavitadas de dentes decíduos e permanentes realizada na Clínica Infanto-Juvenil (CIJ) da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (FO-UFRGS), identificando os fatores clínicos do paciente e associando-os ao sucesso clínico do tratamento. Métodos: Foram incluídos 55 prontuários de pacientes que receberam instruções de higiene bucal, controle de dieta e aplicações tópicas de flúor (ATF) na CIJ da FO-UFRGS entre 2016 e 2018. Foram coletados dados demográficos e clínicos referentes a avaliação da atividade de cárie dentária na consulta inicial e após o tratamento realizado: índice de placa visível (IPV), índice de sangramento gengival (ISG) e o número médio de dentes permanentes cariados, perdidos e restaurados (CPO-D) e/ou número médio de dentes decíduos cariados, extraídos ou com indicação de extração e restaurados (ceo-d). Na análise estatística foram utilizados os testes Qui-quadrado de Pearson, Exato de Fisher e Wilcoxon, nível de significância: p < 0,05. Resultados: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa quando se comparou as variáveis idade, sexo, IPV, ISG e ceo-d/CPO-D com o sucesso do tratamento. Houve diferença estatisticamente significativa comparando o IPV inicial com o final (p = 0,016) e número de lesões não cavitadas ativas inicial e final (p < 0,001), mas não houve diferença para o ISG inicial e final (p = 0,324). Conclusão: Baseado nos achados da redução do IPV e da redução no número de lesões não cavitadas ativas ao final do tratamento, sugere-se que a abordagem de tratamento não invasiva para inativação de lesões de cárie dentária não cavitadas aplicada na CIJ da FO-UFRGS é efetiva.


Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of a non-invasive treatment on the arrest of non-cavitated caries lesions of primary and permanent teeth performed at the Pediatric Clinic (PC) at the Dental Teaching Hospital of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (DT-UFRGS), identifying the patient's clinical factors and associating them with the clinical success of the treatment. Methods: This study included 55 patient's medical records who received oral hygiene instructions, diet control, and topical fluoride applications (TFA) at the PC of DT-UFRGS between 2016 and 2018. Demographic and clinical data regarding the evaluation of caries activity in the initial visit and after the performed treatment were collected: visible plaque index (VPI), gingival bleeding index (GBI), and DMF-T caries index (average number of decayed, missing, and restored permanent teeth), and/or dmf-t (average number of decayed, extracted or with recommendation for extraction, and restored deciduous teeth). Pearson's Chi-square, Fisher's Exact, and Wilcoxon tests were used for statistical analysis, significance level: p < 0.05. Results: No significant difference was observed when the variables of age, gender, VPI, CBI, DMF-T/dmf-t were compared with treatment success. A statistically significant difference was found when comparing the initial with the final VPI (p = 0.016), as well as the number of initial and final active non-cavitated carious lesions (p < 0.001), but no difference was identified for the initial and final GBI (p = 0.324). Conclusion: Based on the findings of VPI reduction and reduction in the number of active non-cavitated carious lesions upon completion of treatment, it is suggested that the non-invasive treatment for arrestment of non-cavitated carious lesions applied at the PC of DT-UFRGS is effective.


Subject(s)
Child , Oral Hygiene , Tooth, Deciduous , Child , Fluorides, Topical , Dental Caries , Fluorine/therapeutic use , DMF Index , Retrospective Studies
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