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2.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e058, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1285725

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of non-invasive and micro-invasive treatments on the arrest of occlusal enamel carious lesions in erupting permanent molars. This two-arm randomized clinical trial included 27 subjects, aged 5-11 years, with 64 erupting permanent molars presenting active occlusal enamel carious lesions (as assessed by the International Caries Detection and Assessment System [ICDAS]; scores 1-3). The sample was randomly assigned into two treatment groups: 1) resin-modified glass ionomer cement sealant (Clinpro XT Varnish; 3M ESPE) and 2) 4-week topical fluoride varnish application (Duraphat; Colgate). All children and parents received oral hygiene and dietary instructions. Teeth were evaluated at baseline and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months regarding the eruption stage, biofilm accumulation, as well as severity and activity of the carious lesions. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate the survival estimates for inactivation of the carious lesions for both treatment groups. Multivariate Cox regression models with shared frailty were performed to identify factors associated with the outcome (p < 0.05). After 12 months, 22% and 3% of the lesions treated with topical fluoride varnish and sealant, respectively remained active. The adjusted model demonstrated that younger children had a higher probability of active enamel carious lesions arresting (hazard ratio [HR] 0.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.22-0.78; p=0.01). However, the probability of active enamel carious lesions arresting after sealant application was 8.85 times higher compared with fluoride varnish applications (p=0.01). Sealing is a more effective approach than fluoride varnish for arresting occlusal enamel carious lesions in erupting permanent molars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Dental Caries/therapy , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Fluorides , Glass Ionomer Cements , Molar
3.
Rev. ADM ; 77(6): 301-305, nov.-dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151065

ABSTRACT

A finales de 2019 se identificó el virus SARS-CoV-2 (por su significado en inglés Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) como agente etiológico de la COVID-19 (por su significado en inglés coronavirus disease 2019) en la ciudad de Wuhan, China. Debido a su rápida propagación al resto del mundo durante el primer trimestre del año 2020, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) la declaró pandemia mundial en marzo del mismo año. Por el potencial de contagio de COVID-19 se ha considerado que el entorno clínico en el que se desenvuelve la odontología puede ser de alto riesgo para el paciente, el odontólogo y sus asistentes si no se tienen las medidas de bioseguridad adecuadas. En un principio se vieron suspendidas las consultas regulares; sin embargo, al volver a la actividad laboral se han adaptado protocolos para el control de infecciones como reforzar el uso de barreras de protección y minimizar tratamientos que involucren aerosoles. La caries es uno de los principales motivos de consulta en la odontología pediátrica, por lo que en este escrito se sugieren algunos protocolos basados en la mínima invasión que prescinden de instrumental rotatorio para salvaguardar al paciente en riesgo de contagio, reduciendo el número de visitas y tiempo en consulta e incluso controlando algunos aspectos de salud bucal fuera de consulta clínica por medio de estrategias preventivas que pueden llevarse a cabo desde casa. Esto significa también mantener la tranquilidad por parte de los tutores del paciente ante la pandemia que se vive actualmente (AU)


At the end of 2019, the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was identified as the etiological agent of COVID-19 in the city of Wuhan China. Due to its rapid spread to the rest of the world during the first trimester of 2020, the WHO declared a global pandemic in March of the same year. Due to the contagion potential of COVID-19, it has been considered that the clinical environment in which dentistry operates may be in high risk for the patient if the appropriate biosafety measures are not taken, initially clinical practices were suspended. However, when returning to work, protocols have been adapted to the infection control procedures, reinforced the use of protective barriers, and minimize treatments that involve aerosols. Caries is one of the main reasons for consultation in Pediatric Dentistry, this article suggests some protocols based on minimal invasion that dispense with rotating instruments to safeguard the patient from the risk of contagion, reducing the number of visits and time in consultation and even controlling some aspects of the oral health outside the dental visit through preventive strategies that can be carried out from home. Modifications to Dental Home. This should include maintaining tranquility and calm on the part of the patient's tutors in the face of the pandemic that we are currently experiencing (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Coronavirus Infections , Dental Care for Children/methods , Aerosols , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Tooth Remineralization , Clinical Protocols , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Risk Factors , Composite Resins , Infection Control, Dental/methods , Dental Caries/therapy , Dental Plaque/prevention & control , Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment
5.
Rev. ADM ; 76(2): 77-80, mar.-abr. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005030

ABSTRACT

La OMS y la FDI han publicado que entre el 60 y 90% de los escolares padecen caries. En nuestro país, el Sistema de Vigilancia Epidemiológica de Patologías Orales (SIVEPAB) 2012, reporta un 85% de caries a nivel nacional en población pediátrica. Los agentes anticariogénicos como el diamino y el fluoruro de plata son un tratamiento alentador, este agente puede actuar como bactericida o bacteriostático en función de su concentración y su capacidad para inhibir el crecimiento de estreptococos del grupo viridans, y por ende, de la caries. Problema: ¿Cuál es la efectividad bactericida del diamino fluoruro de plata (Saforide®) a diferente concentración sobre la microbiota cariogénica de escolares? Objetivo: Determinar la eficacia bactericida del diamino fluoruro de plata (DFP) a diferentes concentraciones en el crecimiento bacteriano de Streptococcus mitis, S. mutans y S. salivarius en muestras de saliva y dentina en escolares. Material y métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio experimental con una variable independiente, el efecto bactericida del diamino fluoruro de plata y se tomó el halo de inhibición como la dependiente. Se utilizaron medidas descriptivas como prueba de comparación y análisis de varianza usando post-hoc Tukey≠ con una confianza del 95%, y análisis de datos exploratorios. Resultados: Se analizaron 100 muestras, de las cuales 48.3% correspondió a S. mutans, 41.4% a S. salivarius y 10.3% a S. mitis, se obtuvo una mayor zona de inhibición para las tres bacterias al 38% mostrando una diferencia estadísticamente significativa 12% (p < 0.05). También se observó un efecto bacteriostático al 12%, no así para el 38%, donde se encontró un efecto bactericida Conclusión: Nuestros resultados sugieren que al 38% de la concentración hay un claro efecto bactericida en el grupo de estreptococos viridans y el 12% no se recomienda para la detención de caries debido al efecto bacteriostático (AU)


WHO and FDI have ruled that 60-90% of schoolchildren are affected by caries. In our country, the System of Epidemiological Surveillance of Oral Pathologies (SIVEPAB) (SIVEPAB) 2012. Report a rate of 85% of caries nationally in pediatric population. Anticariogenic diamino agents such as silver fluoride are an encouraging decrease in treatment for these high rates of tooth decay in our country, this agent can act as bactericidal or bacteriostatic based on their concentration and their ability to inhibit endogenous metalloproteinase (MMP-2, 8, 9). Problem: What will be the bactericidal effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride different concentration on cariogenic Streptococci saliva samples taken from school and dentin? Objective: Determine the bactericidal effectiveness Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) to different concentration on bacterial growth of Streptococcus mitis, S. mutans, and S. salivarius in saliva samples and dentin in school. Material and methods: An experimental study was conducted as an independent variable the bactericidal effect of silver diamine fluoride was taken as dependent inhibition halo. Descriptive measures were used as a comparison test and analysis of variance using Post-hoc Tukey with 95% confidence, and exploratory data analysis. Results: One hundred samples, of which 48.3% corresponded to S. mutans, 41.4% to S. salivarius and 10.3% to S. mitis, were analyzed, we obtained a larger zone of inhibition for all three organisms at 38% showing a statistically significant difference from 12% (p < 0.05). It was also observed that the 12% sample bacteriostatic effect, not to the concentration of 38% was found a bactericidal effect. Conclusion: Our results suggest that 38% concentration has a bactericidal effect on Streptococcus viridans group and 12% showed not recommended for the arrest or detention of dentine caries bacteriostatic effect (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , School Dentistry , Streptococcus mutans/drug effects , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Saliva/microbiology , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Silver Compounds/therapeutic use , Culture Media , Dentin/microbiology , Mexico
6.
Rev. ADM ; 74(4): 189-193, jul.-ago. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-908021

ABSTRACT

La osteogénesis imperfecta es un desorden hereditario que comprende unamplio espectro de presentaciones fenotípicas cuya principal característicaes la fragilidad ósea. La dentinogénesis imperfecta es un trastorno de origen hereditario en el desarrollo de la dentina, cuya incidencia se estimaen alrededor de 1:8,000. Objetivo: Implementar un abordaje estomatoló-gico con enfoque en nuevas tendencias rehabilitadoras y preventivas entratamientos para pacientes con dentinogénesis imperfecta. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de tres años de edad que acude al Servicio de Estomatología del Instituto Nacional de Pediatría, diagnosticado con osteogénesis imperfecta tipo IV. Se observan las coronas con coloración ámbar generalizada, atrición y pérdida de la estructura dentaria por caries en diversos órganos dentarios. Se realiza la rehabilitación bucal bajo anestesia general, restaurando los dientes afectados con coronas de acero cromoy colocando selladores de fosetas y fi suras en molares con esmalte íntegro así como fluoruro en barniz al 5 por ciento. Conclusiones: El tratamientode la dentinogénesis imperfecta depende de la severidad que presente elpaciente. Es esencial dar un seguimiento estrecho, resolviendo de manera oportuna las necesidades que vayan surgiendo con un tratamiento no tan radical como se recomendaba anteriormente.


Osteogenesis imperfecta is a hereditary disorder that encompasses abroad spectrum of phenotypic presentations whose main characteristicis bone fragility. Dentinogenesis imperfecta is a disorder in developinghereditary dentin whose incidence is estimated to about 1:8,000.Objective: Implement a focused approach dentistry new trends inrehabilitative and preventive treatments for patients with dentinogenesisimperfecta. Case report: Male patient age three who comes toDentistry Service of the National Institute of Pediatrics, diagnosed withosteogenesis imperfecta type IV. Crowns with generalized amber colorobserved oral rehabilitation is performed under general anesthesia,restoring the aff ected teeth with stainless steel crown and placingsealant in the molar pit and fi ssure enamel integral and placementof fl uoride varnish to 5%. Conclusions: Dentinogenesis imperfectatreatment depends on the severity with which the patient presents. Itis very important to closely monitor, timely meeting the needs as theyarise, conducting a treatment not as radical as it was in the beginning.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Child, Preschool , Dental Care for Chronically Ill/methods , Dentinogenesis Imperfecta/etiology , Dentinogenesis Imperfecta/therapy , Osteogenesis Imperfecta/complications , Crowns , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Mexico/methods , Pit and Fissure Sealants/therapeutic use
7.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 11(1): 41-46, abr. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-841014

ABSTRACT

La Hipersensibilidad Dentinaria (HD) se define como un corto y fuerte dolor generado por la exposición de dentina, que surge de un estímulo químico, térmico, táctil u osmótico, el cual no puede catalogarse como una patología dental propiamente tal. La teoría hidrodinámica de Brännström es la más aceptada en la actualidad para explicar la etiopatogenia de esta afección. Muchos productos han sido elaborados con el fin de combatir la HD, pero no todos constan de la efectividad deseada para atenuarla. El objetivo del presente estudio es evaluar la efectividad inmediata y mediata (posterior a 2 semanas), de un barniz de flúor (Flúor Protector®) utilizado en la problemática. El estudio es un ensayo clínico no controlado. La muestra consistió de 30 pacientes, sin distinción de género, de entre 20 a 60 años, atendidos en las clínicas de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Andrés Bello, cuyo diagnóstico fue HD, en al menos un diente, con recesión gingival de al menos 2 mm, la cual presento dentina expuesta desde la unión amelocementaria, y además que respondieron a 3 o más puntos en la Escala Numérica (EN), cuando fue aplicado el estímulo evaporativo. Los datos fueron recogidos, en una ficha diseñada para el estudio, la cual incluyo datos del paciente y 9 EN, con las cuales se cuantifico la percepción de dolor de los pacientes frente a 3 estímulos: evaporativo, táctil y térmico. Estadísticamente se utilizó análisis de tipo descriptivo y de varianza de Friedman. Se obtuvieron resultados estadísticamente significativos (p<0.05) en la disminución casi completa de la HD frente al tratamiento inmediato (mediana< 3), además de la mantenida reducción de la misma en el control posterior a 2 semanas de aplicada la terapia. En conclusión, la terapia con flúor barniz es efectiva en el tratamiento inmediato y mediato de la HD.


Dentin Hypersensitivity (DH) is defined as a short, sharp pain generated by exposure of dentin, which arises from a chemical stimuli, thermal, tactile or osmotic, which can't be categorized as a dental pathology as such. Brännström hydrodynamic theory is widely accepted today to explain the pathogenesis of this condition. Many products have been developed to combat DH, but not all consist of the desired effectiveness to attenuate. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effectiveness immediate and mediate (after two weeks), a fluoride varnish (Fluor Protector), used in the management of patients with this problem. The present study is an uncontrolled clinical trial. The sample consisted of 30 patients, regardless of gender, aged 20 to 60, treated at the clinics of the Faculty of Dentistry at the "Universidad Andres Bello", whose diagnosis was DH, in a least one tooth with gingival recession at least 2 mm, which exposed dentin present from the CEJ, and also responding to three of more points on the Numeric Scale (NS), when the stimulus was applied evaporative. Data were collected after approval and written informed consent, in a form designed for the study, which included data from the patient and 9 NS, which was quantified with pain perception of patients versus 3 stimuli: evaporative, touch and heat. For statistical analysis we used descriptive analysis and variance of Friedman. Regarding the 3 stimuli under study results were statistically significant (p< 0.05) decrease in the almost complete DH versus immediate treatment (median < 3), besides the maintained reduction thereof in the inspection after 2 weeks of therapy applied. In conclusion, treatment with fluoride varnish is effective in treating the immediate and mediate DH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Dentin Sensitivity/drug therapy , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Sodium Fluoride/therapeutic use
8.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e30, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839519

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical survival of sealants applied in first permanent molars (FPMs) affected by molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH), at 18 months of follow-up. Forty-one first permanent molars were selected from 21 children, 6–8 years of age. MIH was classified by one calibrated examiner (kappa = 0.80) according to EAPD criteria. The inclusion criteria were fully erupted FPMs with MIH or sound FPMs (without MIH) for which sealant treatment was indicated. The FPMs were assigned to two groups: CG (control group) and HG (MIH group). Both groups were treated with sealant (FluroShield). Clinical follow-up was performed from baseline to 18 months to assess anatomical form, marginal adaptation, retention and presence of caries, according to criteria set by the United States Public Health Service-Modified, and was conducted by a blinded examiner (kappa = 0.80). The actuarial method was used to evaluate the survival of the sealants. The survival rates for the groups were compared using Fisher’s exact test (α = 5%). The cumulative survival rates were 81% at 1 month, 68.8% at 6 months, 68.8% at 12 months, and 62.6% at 18 months for CG, and 88% at 1 month, 84% at 6 months, 76% at 12 months, and 72% at 18 months for HG. No significant difference was found between the groups. The sealants in molars affected by MIH presented a survival rate similar to the sealants in the control, suggesting that sealants may be an adequate approach for preventing carious lesions in MIH-affected molars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Pit and Fissure Sealants/therapeutic use , Polyurethanes/therapeutic use , Sodium Fluoride/therapeutic use , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/therapeutic use , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia/therapy , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Time Factors , Survival Analysis , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Risk Assessment , Dentition, Permanent , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Enamel/drug effects
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e20, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839524

ABSTRACT

Abstract This in situ study aimed to investigate the effect of a tin-containing fluoride solution in preventing enamel erosion. Also, its effects on the partly demineralized zone were assessed for the first time. Thirteen volunteers participated in this 2-phase study, wearing removable intra-oral appliances containing four sterilized bovine enamel slabs, for 8 days, where 2 treatment protocols were tested using samples in replicas (n = 13): CO - no treatment (negative control) and FL - AmF/NaF/SnCl2 solution (500 ppm F-, 800 ppm Sn2+, pH = 4.5). Samples were daily exposed to an erosive challenge (0.65% citric acid, pH 3.6, 4 min, 2x/day). In the 2nd phase, volunteers switched to the other treatment protocol. Samples were evaluated for surface loss using a profilometer (n = 13) and a cross-sectional nanohardness (CSNH) test (n = 13) was carried out in order to determine how deep the partly demineralized zone reaches below the erosive lesion. The data were statistically analyzed by two-way ANOVA. Erosive challenges lead to smaller enamel surface loss (p < 0.001) in the FL group when compared to group CO. Data from CSNH showed that there was no significant difference in demineralized enamel zone underneath erosion lesions between the groups. An amorphous layer could be observed on the surface of enamel treated with tin-containing solution alone. Under the experimental conditions of this in situ study, it can be concluded that AmF/NaF/SnCl2 solution prevents enamel surface loss but does not change the hardness of the partly demineralized zone near-surface enamel.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Adult , Cattle , Young Adult , Sodium Fluoride/therapeutic use , Tin Fluorides/therapeutic use , Tooth Erosion/prevention & control , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Surface Properties/drug effects , Time Factors , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Anatomy, Cross-Sectional , Hardness Tests
10.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 31(71): 43-50, jul.-dic. 2016. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-869420

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la cantidad de fluoruro (F) residual en saliva después de la aplicación de barniz de fluoruro desodio al 5 por ciento y de barniz fluorado con fosfato tricálcico al 5 por ciento en niños de 2 a 5 años de edad. Se recolectó la saliva no estimulada de 24 niños que tenían acceso a sal fluorada diariamente y utilizaban dentífricos infantiles conteniendo 550 ppm F. La primera toma de muestrasalival fue colectada como basal y las siguientes fueron tomadas en diferentes intervalos de tiempo luego de realizar la aplicación del barnizfluorado (15; 30; 60 minutos y 24; 48; 72; 96; 168 horas). Un total de 216 muestras fueron obtenidas, siendo 96 muestras de barniz de Duraphat®, 96 muestras de barniz de ClinproTM WV y 24 muestras muestras basales. Los análisis de laboratorio fueron realizadosen el departamento de Bioquímica de la Facultad de Odontología de Baurú (FOB), Universidad de Sao Paulo. Un electrodo Orión 9409 y un microelectrodo acoplados a un potenciómetro Orion EA 940 se utilizaron para analizar las muestras previa difusión de las muestrascon el método de Taves. La concentración de iones de flúor mostró diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre ambos productos desde las 24 horas (p<0.001), esta característica se repite a las 48 (p=0.003); 96 (p<0.001) y 168 horas (p<0.001). Se utilizó el análisisestadístico de Shapiro Wilks y T de Student. Ambos barnices mostraron un incremento de fluoruro residual en saliva durante los 15; 30 y 60 minutos, sin embargo, posteriormente a estos tiempos, ambos muestran niveles no significativamente diferentes al basal.


The aim of this study was compared the amount of residual fluoride after application of sodium fluoride varnish 5% and application offluoride varnish with phosphate tricalcium 5% in children from 2 to 5 years old. Unstimulated saliva was collected of 24 children who hadaccess to fluoridate salt daily and used children´s tooth pastes containing 550ppm F. The first salivary sample was collected as a base lineand the following were taken at different intervals after making the application of fluoride varnish (15; 30; 60 minutes; 24; 48; 72; 96;168 hours).Children were grouped in two groups according of type of varnish containing fluoride going to be applied. A total of 216samples were obtained, 96 samples from Duraphat® and 96 samples from ClinproTM WV 3M ESPE. The lab analyzes wereconducted in the Department of Biochemistry at the Faculty of Dentistry, Bauru (FOB), University of Sao Paulo. An Orion 9409electrode and a microelectrode coupled to a potentiometer Orion EA 940 analyzed the samples prior dissemination of samples with themethod of work. The fluoride concentration was statistically significant after 24 (p<0.001); 48 (p=0.003); 96 (p<0.001) y 168 hours(p<0.001) for both products. We used Shapiro Wilks and T student test for statistical analysis. Both products showed an increased inresidual fluoride in saliva during the 15; 30 and 60 minutes, however, both showed not differences that baseline levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Sodium Fluoride/chemistry , Fluorides, Topical/analysis , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Saliva/chemistry , Brazil , Cariostatic Agents/administration & dosage , Cariostatic Agents/classification , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Fluorides, Topical/metabolism , Statistical Analysis
11.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-158245

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The objective of this triple blind randomized controlled clinical trial was to compare the efficacy of a mouth rinse containing amine fluoride (AmF) and chlorhexidine in controlling the supragingival plaque accumulation and gingival inflammation during a 4‑week period in patients with chronic gingivitis. Subjects and Methods: A total of 30 patients were participated in this study. Fifteen patients were prescribed an AmF‑containing mouth rinse and 15 were prescribed a chlorhexidine mouth rinse. Plaque index, gingival index, bleeding index, tooth stain, and tongue stain (TS) were recorded at baseline, 15 days and 1‑month. Patients’ perception of odor, taste and any discomfort were recorded. Results: The comparisons between the groups were done using Mann–Whitney U‑test. The comparison within the group at different time visits were done using Wilcoxon signed rank test. Both the mouth rinses resulted in a significant decrease in plaque index, gingival index, bleeding index. However, AmF mouth rinse resulted in a statistically significant decrease in bleeding index and gingival index compared to chlorhexidine group. There was no significant difference in tooth stain and TS in both the groups. Conclusions: The 4 weeks use of AmF containing mouth rinse is effective in reducing the gingival inflammation and plaque.


Subject(s)
Adult , Chlorhexidine/therapeutic use , Dental Plaque/prevention & control , Dental Plaque Index , Female , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Gingivitis/prevention & control , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mouthwashes/therapeutic use , Oral Hygiene , Young Adult
12.
Araçatuba; s.n; 2015. 74 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-870065

ABSTRACT

É na infância que os dentes, em geral, são mais vulneráveis, estando mais susceptíveis a contrair cárie dentária, especialmente no período de irrupção, momento em que o elemento dental se encontra em infra oclusão, o que favorece o acúmulo de placa e dificulta sua adequada higienização. Soma-se ainda a pouca habilidade da criança em executar as manobras de uma adequada escovação dentária. O primeiro molar permanente em irrupção, além destes fatores de susceptibilidade citados, é por excelência um nicho de colonização de microrganismo pela sua anatomia oclusal, fato que torna este período de alto risco para o surgimento de novas lesões de cárie dentária. Portanto, partindo da premissa que molares permanente em fase de irrupção, de criança com experiência de cárie dentária, são mais susceptíveis a adquirir a doença, o objetivo desse trabalho foi comparar três métodos preventivos da ocorrência de lesão cariosa neste dente. Participaram do estudo 242 crianças (968 molares), de ambos os gêneros, na faixa etária de 6 a 8 anos, com experiência de cárie dentária, apresentando os quatros primeiros molares permanentes hígidos em fase de irrupção. As crianças foram divididas aleatoriamente em três grupos: grupo com 81 crianças, cujo os 324 molares receberam aplicação única de selante de fossas e fissuras à base de ionômero de vidro (SIV), grupo com 83 crianças (332 molares), com aplicação de verniz fluoretado (VF) em 3 sessões (0, 6 e 12 meses) e grupo com 78 crianças, 312 molares que receberam profilaxia profissional (PP) em 6 sessões (0, 3, 6, 9, 12 e 15 meses). A avaliação clínica pós-operatória foi realizada após 6, 12 e 18 meses, para os pacientes dos três grupos. Quanto ao efeito preventivo o SIV, o VF e a PP apresentaram resultados diferentes, aos 6 meses (99,5%, 96% e 98%), aos 12 meses (99,5%, 96% e 96%) e aos 18 meses (99%, 99,5% e 95%), respectivamente. A lesão cariosa ocorreu em 1, 11 e 5 molares (0,5%, 4% e 2% ) aos 6 meses; 1, 8 e 10 molares...


It is in childhood that the teeth in general, are more vulnerable, are more susceptible to getting tooth decay, especially in the outbreak period, hampering their proper hygiene. Also, it is added to the little child’s ability to perform the maneuvers of proper tooth brushing. The first permanent molar eruption, in addition to cited susceptibility factors, is par excellence a microorganism colonization niche because of its occlusal anatomy, a fact that makes of this period highly risky for the emergence of new lesions of dental caries. Therefore, based on the premise that children with caries experience in the permanent molar eruption phase are more likely to acquire the disease, the goal of this study was to compare three preventive methods of occurrence of carious lesions in the tooth. The study included 242 children (968 molars), of both genders, aged 6-8 years, with caries experience, with the four first permanent molars at the erupting phase. The children were randomly divided into three groups: a group of 81 children, whose 324 molar received a single application of pit and fissure sealant made on the basis of glass ionomer (GIS), a group of 83 children (332 molars), with coating application of fluoride varnish (FV) in 3 sessions (0, 6 and 12 months) and a group of 78 children (312 molars) who received professional prophylaxis (PP) in 6 sessions (0, 3, 6, 9, 12 and 15 months). Patients were clinically evaluated after 6, 12 and 18 months, patients in the three groups. As for the preventive effect the GIS, FV and PP showed different results at 6 months (99.5%, 96% and 98%), at 12 months (99.5%, 96% and 96%) and at 18 months (99%, 99.5% and 95%), respectively. The carious lesion occurred in 1, 11 and 5 molars (0.5%, 4% and 2%) at 6 months; 1, 8 and 10 molars (0.5%, 4% and 4%) at 12 months; 3, 9 and 1 (1%, 0.5%, 5%) at 18 months for the groups GIS, FV and PP, respectively. It was concluded that in children with caries experience the best results for their...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Dental Prophylaxis/methods , Pit and Fissure Sealants/therapeutic use , Glass Ionomer Cements/therapeutic use , Molar
13.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 54(2): 9-14, 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-776099

ABSTRACT

La hipoplasia del esmalte es una anomalía estructural originada por la formación incompleta o defectuosa de la matriz del esmalte dentario. Se manifiesta como defectos macroscópicos que varían desde línas tenues hasta cavidades de diferentes tamaños. Las propuestas terapéuticas son variadas y abarcan desde la remineralización de la lesión hasta la exodoncia de la pieza afectada. Frente a los reiterados fracasos de las restauraciones en molares hipoplásicos debido al pobre patrón de grabado que presentan, el objetivo de este trabajo es mostrar una alternativa para el tratamiento restaurador de estas piezas dentarias, mejorando la adhesión.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Collagen , Dentin , Acid Etching, Dental/methods , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia/therapy , Molar/pathology , Phosphoric Acids/chemistry , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Oral Hygiene/education , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Patient Care Planning , Dental Enamel Proteins/physiology , Dental Bonding/methods , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods
17.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-777806

ABSTRACT

La caries es una enfermedad infecciosa y contagiosa que por tener un a alta prevalencia a nivel mundial afectando tanto a niños como adultos, es necesario buscar y evaluar nuevas alternativas de tratamiento y prevención, que permitan mejorar la salud bucal de toda la población afectada, en donde el profesional debe estar involucrado.En cuanto a los métodos preventivos se encuentran los barnices con fluoruros y los derivados de la caseína, que se hallan en los productos lácteos, dentífricos y chicles, siendo de gran utilidad para pacientes pediátricos.Aunado a ello, se están utilizando actualmente, diversos métodos para la eliminación de la caries dental que permiten realizar procedimientos poco invasivos y que pueden ser aplicados en pacientes pediátricos o con discapacidad debido a que no requieren la utilización de anestesia local, ni instrumental rotatorio, mejorando la adaptación a la consulta y además obteniendo resultados favorables con respecto a las técnicas convencionales.Los diferentes procedimientos pueden ser mecánicos, químicos-mecánicos y de otros tipos como el láser que en conjunto conforman los métodos no invasivos. Ellos permiten una amplia variedad de opciones dependiendo de la población a la cual vayan dirigidos, tomando en cuenta el acceso a servicios de salud, estatus socio-económico, edad y requerimientos a corto plazo para evitar la extensión de las lesiones que implica perdidas tempranas de estructuras dentales que afectan la salud integral del individuo.


Dental caries is an infectious and contagious disease with an elevated prevalence in children and adults around the world. For that reason it is necessary to evaluate the new methods of prevention and treatment to improve bucal health in this population.In relation to the preventive methods, there are the fluoride varnish and casein derivates that can be in the milk, the tooth pastes and chewing gum and can be use to improve children´s bucal health.Nowadays there are many new methods that are using to eliminate caries in a non-invasive way. Many of them do not need the use of local anesthesia or rotatory handpieces and represent a good alternative to the behavibucal management of pediatric patients.The several methods can be mechanical, chemical & mechanical and others like laser that constitute the non-invasive methods. They give to the professional many options depending to some factors of the patients like age, social and economical status, possibility to access to health services and other requirements to avoid the extension of the caries lesions and the dental structure loss.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Dental Caries/complications , Dental Caries , Dental Caries/therapy , Fluorides, Topical/administration & dosage , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Oral Health , Cariogenic Agents , Caseins , Dental Cavity Lining , Pediatric Dentistry
18.
J. appl. oral sci ; 21(6): 597-600, Nov-Dec/2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-697812

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of Neem (Azadirachta indica) experimental gel for the prevention of erosive wear on bovine dentin, in vitro. Material and Methods: One hundred dentin blocks were allocated into 5 experimental groups (20 samples each): C (control group, without gel); CG (control group, only base gel); F (fluoride gel, 1.23% NaF; pH 4.1, Dentsply; Brazil); N (Neem gel, 10% neem extract; pH 4.1, manipulation); NF (Neem+fluoride gel, 10% Neem extract and 1.23% NaF; pH 4.1, manipulation). The blocks were stored in artificial saliva for 24 hours. After this, they were submitted to six alternating re- and demineralization cycles. The blocks were analyzed for wear (profilometry). The results were submitted to statistical analysis by ANOVA and Tukey tests (P<0.05). Results: The mean wear (±SD, µm) was shown as follows in groups: C (13.09±0.99), CG (10.60±1.99), F (10.90±1.44), N (12.68±1.13) and NF (10.84±1.65). All gels showed some preventive action when compared with control group. However, significant differences were found only between Neem+fluoride gel and fluoride gel. Conclusion: A single application of a neem-containing fluoride gel reduced dentin erosion, thus it is a possible alternative in reducing dental wear. Further research should investigate the action mechanism and the synergism between them. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Azadirachta/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Tooth Erosion/prevention & control , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Fluorides, Topical/pharmacology , Gels , Hardness , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Reproducibility of Results , Saliva, Artificial/chemistry , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Tooth Demineralization , Tooth Remineralization
19.
Bauru; s.n; 2013. 152 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-866665

ABSTRACT

Os dentifrícios de baixa concentração de fluoreto têm sido sugeridos como alternativa para reduzir o risco de fluorose dentária, embora não haja consenso quanto a sua eficácia clínica, a qual pode ser aumentada quando o pH é ácido. Este estudo clínico randomizado teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito anti-cárie do pH e da concentração de fluoreto presente em dentifrícios líquidos, em crianças com diferentes status de atividade cariosa. Crianças de 2-4 anos de idade residentes em uma área fluoretada (0,6-0,8 ppm F), com (A) e sem (I) lesões de cárie ativa foram distribuídas aleatoriamente em três grupos de acordo com o tipo de dentifrício utilizado: Grupo 1 (n=48-A/56-I): 550 ppm F pH 4,5, Grupo 2 (n=56-A/48-I) 1100 ppm F pH 7,0, Grupo 3 (n=52-A/55-I): 550 ppm F pH 7,0. O número de lesões tornando-se ativas/cavidades ou inativas, respectivamente, foi avaliado clinicamente após 12 meses, podendo-se determinar se as lesões progrediram ou regrediram. Além disso, as lesões de mancha branca foram avaliadas através da técnica de quantificação de fluorescência induzida por luz (Quantitative Light-Induced Fluorescence - QLF) em uma subamostra de 75 crianças. A concentração de fluoreto nas unhas dos pés e no biofilme dentário também foi avaliada após 6 meses de uso dos dentifrícios. A progressão de cárie seguiu um padrão decrescente de acordo com o dentifrício utilizado (G3>G2>G1), independentemente da atividade de cárie da criança, mas diferenças significativas foram detectadas apenas para a progressão e o incremento de cárie (G1 < G3) no grupo de crianças cárie-ativas, quando avaliadas por inspeção visual. Para a regressão de cárie, os valores encontrados para os 3 grupos foram mais parecidos entre si, não havendo diferenças significativas entre osgrupos. Por outro lado, a análise com o QLF não detectou diferença significativa entre os Grupos 1 e 2, mas eles tiveram um desempenho significativamente melhor que o Grupo 3. Concentrações de fluoreto...


Low-F dentifrices have been suggested as an alternative to reduce the risk of dental fluorosis, although there is no consensus on their clinical efficacy, which may be increased when the pH is acidic.The present randomized clinical trial evaluated the anticaries effect of low-F acidic liquid dentifrice in children at different caries activity status. Two-to-four-year-old schoolchildren living in a fluoridated area (0.6 0.8 ppm F), with (A) or without (I) active caries lesions were randomly allocated into 3 groups differing according to the type of dentifrice used over 12 months: Group 1 (n=48-A/56-I): 550 ppm F pH 4.5, Group 2 (n=56-A/48-I) 1100 ppm F pH 7.0, Group 3 (n=52-A/55-I): 550 ppm F pH 7.0. The number of lesions becoming active/cavities or inactive was clinically evaluated determining progression or regression. Additionally, the white spot lesions were evaluated by the quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) method in a subsample of 75 children. Toenail and plaque fluoride concentration were also evaluated 6 months after the use of the dentifrices. Plaque samples were collected 5 and 60 minutes after the last use of the dentifrices. Caries net increment followed a decreasing pattern according to the dentifrice used (G3>G2>G1) regardless caries activity, but significant differences were detected only for caries progression and net increment (G1 < G3) for the cariesactive group when evaluated through visual inspection. For the regression, the values found for the three groups were more similar, without significant differences. QLF analysis detected no significant difference between Groups 1 and 2, but they performed significantly better than Group 3. Toenail fluoride concentration significantly lower was observed when children used the low-fluoride dentifrices. Plaque F concentration was significantly higher for Group 2 compared to group 3, egardless the time, while Group 1 did not significantly differ Group 2, but was...


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Child, Preschool , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Caries/drug therapy , Dentifrices/chemistry , Fluorides, Topical/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Dentifrices/therapeutic use , Fluoridation , Fluorine/analysis , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Dental Plaque/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
20.
Bauru; s.n; 2013. 152 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-707700

ABSTRACT

Os dentifrícios de baixa concentração de fluoreto têm sido sugeridos como alternativa para reduzir o risco de fluorose dentária, embora não haja consenso quanto a sua eficácia clínica, a qual pode ser aumentada quando o pH é ácido. Este estudo clínico randomizado teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito anti-cárie do pH e da concentração de fluoreto presente em dentifrícios líquidos, em crianças com diferentes status de atividade cariosa. Crianças de 2-4 anos de idade residentes em uma área fluoretada (0,6-0,8 ppm F), com (A) e sem (I) lesões de cárie ativa foram distribuídas aleatoriamente em três grupos de acordo com o tipo de dentifrício utilizado: Grupo 1 (n=48-A/56-I): 550 ppm F pH 4,5, Grupo 2 (n=56-A/48-I) 1100 ppm F pH 7,0, Grupo 3 (n=52-A/55-I): 550 ppm F pH 7,0. O número de lesões tornando-se ativas/cavidades ou inativas, respectivamente, foi avaliado clinicamente após 12 meses, podendo-se determinar se as lesões progrediram ou regrediram. Além disso, as lesões de mancha branca foram avaliadas através da técnica de quantificação de fluorescência induzida por luz (Quantitative Light-Induced Fluorescence - QLF) em uma subamostra de 75 crianças. A concentração de fluoreto nas unhas dos pés e no biofilme dentário também foi avaliada após 6 meses de uso dos dentifrícios. A progressão de cárie seguiu um padrão decrescente de acordo com o dentifrício utilizado (G3>G2>G1), independentemente da atividade de cárie da criança, mas diferenças significativas foram detectadas apenas para a progressão e o incremento de cárie (G1 < G3) no grupo de crianças cárie-ativas, quando avaliadas por inspeção visual. Para a regressão de cárie, os valores encontrados para os 3 grupos foram mais parecidos entre si, não havendo diferenças significativas entre osgrupos. Por outro lado, a análise com o QLF não detectou diferença significativa entre os Grupos 1 e 2, mas eles tiveram um desempenho significativamente melhor que o Grupo 3. Concentrações de fluoreto...


Low-F dentifrices have been suggested as an alternative to reduce the risk of dental fluorosis, although there is no consensus on their clinical efficacy, which may be increased when the pH is acidic.The present randomized clinical trial evaluated the anticaries effect of low-F acidic liquid dentifrice in children at different caries activity status. Two-to-four-year-old schoolchildren living in a fluoridated area (0.6 0.8 ppm F), with (A) or without (I) active caries lesions were randomly allocated into 3 groups differing according to the type of dentifrice used over 12 months: Group 1 (n=48-A/56-I): 550 ppm F pH 4.5, Group 2 (n=56-A/48-I) 1100 ppm F pH 7.0, Group 3 (n=52-A/55-I): 550 ppm F pH 7.0. The number of lesions becoming active/cavities or inactive was clinically evaluated determining progression or regression. Additionally, the white spot lesions were evaluated by the quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) method in a subsample of 75 children. Toenail and plaque fluoride concentration were also evaluated 6 months after the use of the dentifrices. Plaque samples were collected 5 and 60 minutes after the last use of the dentifrices. Caries net increment followed a decreasing pattern according to the dentifrice used (G3>G2>G1) regardless caries activity, but significant differences were detected only for caries progression and net increment (G1 < G3) for the cariesactive group when evaluated through visual inspection. For the regression, the values found for the three groups were more similar, without significant differences. QLF analysis detected no significant difference between Groups 1 and 2, but they performed significantly better than Group 3. Toenail fluoride concentration significantly lower was observed when children used the low-fluoride dentifrices. Plaque F concentration was significantly higher for Group 2 compared to group 3, egardless the time, while Group 1 did not significantly differ Group 2, but was...


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Child, Preschool , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Caries/drug therapy , Dentifrices/chemistry , Fluorides, Topical/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Dentifrices/therapeutic use , Fluoridation , Fluorine/analysis , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Dental Plaque/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
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