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Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(3): 346-354, sept. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409945


Resumen La insuficiencia velofaríngea (IVF) es una de las principales secuelas estructurales tras la palatoplastía primaria en casos de fisura de paladar. La IVF se caracteriza por la ausencia de tejido suficiente para lograr un cierre adecuado del mecanismo velofaríngeo durante el habla, lo que conlleva a una resonancia hipernasal y la emisión nasal de aire durante la producción de sonidos orales. Al respecto, el tratamiento ideal para corregir la IVF es quirúrgico, dentro de los cuales el colgajo faríngeo de pedículo superior es uno de los procedimientos más utilizados en nuestro país. Para su realización es fundamental determinar el ancho necesario, lo cual puede ser determinado mediante una videofluoroscopía multiplano (VFMP). Por esto, con el objetivo de potenciar el trabajo multidisciplinario en la corrección quirúrgica de la IVF, a continuación, se presentan los procedimientos de evaluación fonoaudiológica, videonasofaríngoscopía flexible y videofluoroscopía multiplano utilizados para la planificación quirúrgica de un colgajo faríngeo en un adolescente chileno diagnosticado con IVF secundaria a fisura palatina operada. Además, se describe el uso de la VFMP en la planificación quirúrgica del colgajo faríngeo mediante una revisión de literatura.

Abstract Velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) is one of the main structural sequelae after primary palatoplasty in cases of cleft palate. VPI is characterized by the absence of sufficient tissue to achieve adequate closure of the velopharyngeal mechanism (VFM) generating hyper-nasal resonance and nasal emission during the production of oral sounds. In cases of cleft palate, the ideal treatment to correct VPI is surgery. The upper pedicle pharyngeal flap is one of the most widely used procedures. To plan it, is essential to determine the appropriate width, which can be determined by means of multiplane videofluoroscopy (MPVF). For this reason, and with the aim of promoting multidisciplinary approach in the surgical correction of VPI, the following procedures such as speech and language evaluation, flexible videonasopharyngoscopy and multiplane videofluoroscopy used for the surgical planning of a pharyngeal flap, in a Chilean adolescent diagnosed with VPI secondary to operated cleft palate, will be presented. In addition, the use of MPVF in pharyngeal flap surgical planning is described through a literature review.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Pharynx/surgery , Surgical Flaps , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/surgery , Cleft Palate/surgery , Video Recording , Fluoroscopy , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging , Cleft Palate/diagnostic imaging
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 142-149, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935118


Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of left bundle branch pacing(LBBP) in patients after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Methods: This is a retrospective study. A total of 35 patients underwent TAVI and received pacemaker implantation from January 2018 to December 2020 in Beijing Fuwai Hospital were enrolled. Patients were divided into LBBP group (n=12) and right ventricular apex pacing (RVAP) group (n=23) according to the pacing position. The success rate of operation in LBBP group was calculated, and the occurrence of complications were observed, and the parameters of pacemaker were measured on the 3rd day and 1, 3 and 6 months after operation. The N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), echocardiographic and ECG indexes were compared between the two groups on the 3rd day and 1, 3, and 6 months after pacemaker implantation. Result: A total of 35 patients were included, The age was (76.4±7.7) years, including 19 males (54.3%). The procedure time ((86.58±17.10)min vs. (68.74±9.18)min, P<0.001) and fluoroscopy duration ((20.08±4.44)min vs. (17.00±2.26)min, P<0.001) were significantly longer in LBBP group compared with RVAP group. The operation success rate of LBBP group was 11/12. There was no serious operation related complications such as pneumothorax, hemothorax, electrode dislocation, infection, and lower limb bleeding. The patients were followed up for 7.43 (5.21, 9.84) months. The programmed parameters of pacemaker were in the ideal range and stable during follow-up. At 3 and 6 months after operation, the left ventricular ejection fraction in LBBP group was higher than that in RVAP Group (at 3 months: (60.75±2.89)% vs. (57.35±3.33)%, P=0.004; at 6 months: (63.17±3.33)% vs. (56.17±3.97)%, P<0.001), NT-proBNP values was lower in LBBP group than that in RVAP Group (at 3 months: 822 (607, 1 150)ng/L vs. 1 052 (902, 1 536)ng/L, P=0.006; at 6 months: 440 (330,679)ng/L vs. 783 (588, 1 023)ng/L, P=0.001). At 1, 3 and 6 months after operation, the QRS duration was shorter in LBBP group than that in RVAP group (1 month: 99 (97, 107)ms vs. 126(124, 130)ms, P<0.001; 3 months: 98(96, 105)ms vs. 129(128, 133)ms, P<0.001; 6 months: 96(94, 104)ms vs. 130(128, 132)ms, P<0.001). Conclusions: For patients with permanent pacemaker indications after TAVI, LBBP is feasible, safe and reliable. It could improve the cardiac function in the short term, the long-term effect of LBBP needs to be further observed.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bundle of His , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Electrocardiography/methods , Fluoroscopy , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928277


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the accuracy and safety of pedicle screw placement assisted by orthopedic robot and C-arm fluoroscopy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 36 patients with spinal diseases underwent surgical treatment from January 2019 to August 2020 was retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 18 cases were implanted pedicle screws assisted by orthopaedic robot(observation group), including 12 males and 6 females, aged from 16 to 61 years with an average of (38.44±3.60) years;there were 1 case of adolescent scoliosis, 1 case of spinal tuberculosis, 7 cases of lumbar spondylolisthesis, 4 cases of thoracic fracture and 5 cases of lumbar fracture. Another 18 cases were implanted pedicle screws assisted by C-arm fluoroscopy(control group), including 10 males and 8 females, aged from 18 to 58 years with an average of (43.22±2.53) years;there were 1 case of adolescent scoliosis, 6 cases of lumbar spondylolisthesis, 6 cases of thoracic fracture and 5 cases of lumbar fracture. The intraoperative fluoroscopy times, nail placement time and postoperative complications were recorded in two groups. CT scan was performed after operation. The Gertzbein-Robbins standard was used to evaluate the accuracy of pedicle screw placement which was calculated.@*RESULTS@#The number of intraoperative fluoroscopy in observation group was(6.89±0.20) times, which was significantly higher than that in control group(14.00±0.18)times(P<0.05). The placement time of each screw in observation group was(2.56±0.12) min, which was significantly different from that in control group(4.22±0.17) min (P<0.05). One case of incision infection occurred in control group after operation, and recovered after active dressing change. During the follow-up period, no serious complications such as screw loosening and fracture occurred in two groups, and there was no significant difference in complications between two groups(P>0.05). A total of 107 screws were placed in observation group, including 101 screws in class A, 4 in class B, 2 in class C, 0 in class D and 0 in class E, the accuracy rate of pedicle screw placement=[(number of screws in class A+B) / the number of all screws placed in the group] ×100%=98.1%(105/107); and a total of 104 screws were placed in control group, including 90 screws in class A, 4 in class B, 5 in class C, 5 in class D and 0 in class E, the accuracy rate of pedicle screw implantation=[(number of screws in class A+B/the number of all screws placed in the group]×100%=90.3% (94/104); there was significant difference between two groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Orthopaedic robot assisted pedicle screw placement has the advantages of less fluoroscopy times, shorter screw placement time and higher accuracy, which can further improve the surgical safety and has a broad application prospect in the orthopaedic.

Adolescent , Adult , Female , Fluoroscopy/methods , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Robotics , Scoliosis , Spinal Fusion/methods , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928276


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the safety and nail placement accuracy of fluoroscopy-assisted and robot-assisted minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) in the treatment of single-space lumbar disc herniation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 52 patients with single-space lumbar disc herniation treated by MIS-TLIF from March 2019 to February 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 24 patients were treated by robot-assisted MIS-TLIF(group A) and 28 patients were treated by fluoroscopy-assisted MIS-TLIF (group B). The intraoperative blood loss, operation time, intraoperative fluoroscopy times, preoperative and postoperative visual analogue scale(VAS), Japanese Orthopaedic Association(JOA) scores and operation-related complications were recorded in two groups. Gertzbein-Robbins grade according to CT scan was used to evaluate the nail placement after operation. Grade A and B were evaluated as satisfactory nail placement, and grade C, D, and E were evaluated as error placement. Babu's method was used to evaluate the screw's invasion to the superior articular process.@*RESULTS@#The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and intraoperative fluoroscopy times in group A were less than those in group B(P<0.05).VAS and JOA scores of all patients at the final follow-up were significantly improved compared with those before operation(P<0.05), but there was no statistically significant difference between the groups(P>0.05). There were 96 and 112 screws in group A and group B, respectively. Three days after operation, according to the Gertzbein-Robbins grade to evaluate the nail placement accuracy, there were 90 screws of grade A, 5 of grade B, 1 of grade C, no grade D and E in group A;there were 84 screws of grade A, 16 of grade B, 8 of grade C, 4 of grade D, no grade E in group B;the difference between two groups was statistically significant(Z=-3.709, P=0.000). The satisfactory rate of screw placement in group A was 98.96% (95/96), and that of group B was 89.29% (100/112), the difference between two groups was statistically significant (χ2=8.254, P=0.004). Three days after operation, the invasion of superior facet joints by pedicle screws was evaluated according to Babu's method, including 90 screws in grade 0, 4 in grade 1, 2 in grade 2, and 0 in grade 3 in group A;86 in grade 0, 12 in grade 1, 10 in grade 2 and 4 in grade 3 in group B, and the difference was statistically significant(Z=-3.433, P=0.001). There were no serious spinal cord, nerve and vascular injuries and other operation-related complications caused by screw implantation failure in both groups. All patients were followed up from 6 to 12(9.06±1.60) months. The neurological symptoms improved well after operation. During the follow-up period, there was no recurrence of symptoms, loosening or breakage of the internal fixation.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the traditional fluoroscopy-assisted MIS-TLIF, the spinal robot-assisted MIS-TLIF not only has more minimally invasive and safer, but also has higher accuracy in nail placement, lower incidence of upper articular process invasion, and more accurate decompression targets, which can be used for minimally invasive treatment of single-space lumbar disc herniation.

Case-Control Studies , Fluoroscopy , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Spinal Fusion/methods , Treatment Outcome
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(3): eabc308, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411458


Introdução: Hipertensão Pulmonar (HP), uma condição clínica grave, pode levar à disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direto (DSVD), com implicações prognósticas. Pacientes com suspeita de HP devem ser submetidos ao ecocardiograma transtorácico (ECOTT) para diagnóstico e avaliação, colocando-o como o principal exame de triagem e acompanhamento. Objetivo: Verificar a associação e a concordância das medidas referentes à pressão média no átrio direito (AD) e à disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direto (DSVD) ao (ECOTT) e ao cateterismo de câmaras direitas (CCD) em pacientes com (HP). Métodos: Foram incluídos indivíduos com diagnóstico de (HP). Todos os pacientes foram submetidos ao ECOTT e CCD. Avaliou-se pelo ECOTT: área do átrio direito (AAD), pressão média do átrio direito (AD) através por meio do diâmetro e da colapsabilidade da veia cava inferior (PMADECOTT ), strain AD (SAD), TAPSE (excursão sistólica do plano anular tricúspide), MAF (mudança da área fracional), SPLVD (strain da parede livre do VD) e onda s´ tricuspídea. Pelo CCD avaliaram-se pressão média do (PMADCCD ) e índice cardíaco (IC). Resultados: Dos 16 pacientes, 13 eram do sexo feminino. A idade média foi de 44,4 anos (±14,9). Constataram-se associação entre pressão média do átrio direito PMADCCD com área do átrio direito, PMADECOTT pressão média do átrio direito e SAD strain do átrio direito (r=0,845, r=0,621 e r=-0,523, respectivamente; p< 0,05). Verificou-se associação entre as categorias de risco de mortalidade, mensuradas pelas medidas AAD da área do átrio direito e pressão média do átrio direito PMADCCD (X2=10,42; p=0,003), com concordância moderada (k=0,44; p=0,012). DSVD A disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direto estava presente em dez pacientes. Houve associação entre disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direto DSVD (presente ou ausente) e índice cardíaco IC (r=0,522; p=0,04), com concordância moderada (k=0,43; p=0,037). Conclusão: As medidas do ecocardiograma transtorácico (ECOTT) e cateterismo de câmara direita (CCD) demostraram associação na avaliação da pressão média do átrio direito com melhor associação entre área do átrio direito AAD e pressão média do átrio direito (PMADCCD) . Houve associação com concordância moderada quanto à disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direto (DSVD) entre métodos. (AU)

Introduction: Pulmonary hypertension (PH), a serious clinical condition, can lead to right ventricular systolic dysfunction (RVSD) with prognostic implications. Patients with suspected PH should undergo transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for diagnosis and evaluation as the main screening and follow-up exam. Objective: To verify the associations of and agreement between measurements of mean pressure in the right atrium (RA) and RVSD with TTE Method: Individuals diagnosed with PH were included. All patients underwent TTE and RCC. The following were evaluated by TTE: right atrial area (RAA), mean right atrial pressure through the diameter and collapsibility of the inferior vena cava (RMAPTTE), RA strain (RAS), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, fractional area change, RV free wall strain, and tricuspid s' wave. Mean RA pressure (RMAPRCC) and cardiac index (CI) were evaluated through the RCC. Results: Of the 16 patients, 13 were female. The mean patient age was 44.4 (±14.9) years. An association was found between RMAPRCC and AAD, RMAPTTE, and RAS (r=0.845, r=0.621, and r=-0.523, respectively; p<0.05). There was an association between the mortality risk categories measured by the RAA and RMAPRCC measures (X2=10.42; p=0.003), with moderate agreement (k=0.44; p=0.012). RVSDJ was present in 10 patients. There was an association between RVSD (present or absent) and CI (r=0.522; p=0.04) with moderate agreement (k=0.43; p=0.037). Conclusion: The TTE and RCC measurements showed an association in the assessment of mean right atrial pressure, especially between RAA and RMAPRCC. An association with RVSD and moderate agreement between methods were also noted. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/complications , Heart Atria/physiopathology , Hypertension, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Echocardiography/methods , Fluoroscopy/methods , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Hemodynamics/radiation effects , Hypertension, Pulmonary/mortality
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(3): 391-398, jul.-set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347356


Resumen La enfermedad litiásica biliar es una patología frecuente en mujeres embarazadas, y las complicaciones relacionadas con los cálculos biliares durante el embarazo pueden generar desenlaces adversos tanto en la madre como en el feto. La coledocolitiasis en el embarazo requiere de una aproximación diagnóstica adecuada y su manejo busca minimizar los riesgos de las intervenciones médicas. Se describen dos casos de mujeres embarazadas quienes presentan coledocolitiasis documentada por colangiorresonancia. Se realizó el tratamiento con la combinación de ultrasonido endoscópico (USE) y colangiopancreatografía endoscópica retrógrada (CPRE) sin fluoroscopia, con lo cual se logró resolver la coledocolitiasis sin exponer al feto a radiación ionizante, se confirmó la permeabilización del colédoco y se observó una adecuada evolución posoperatoria tanto materna como fetal.

Abstract Biliary lithiasis is a common condition in pregnant women, and complications related to gallstones during pregnancy can lead to adverse outcomes in both the mother and the fetus. Choledocholithiasis during pregnancy requires an adequate diagnostic approach to minimize the risks of medical interventions. The following are two cases of pregnant women with choledocholithiasis diagnosed using magnetic resonance cholangiography. Treatment included a combination of endoscopic ultrasound and retrograde endoscopic cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) without fluoroscopy, achieving the resolution of choledocholithiasis, without exposing the fetus to ionizing radiation, confirming the permeabilization of the common bile duct, and observing an adequate postoperative evolution of both the mother and the fetus.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Ultrasonics , Fluoroscopy , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Pregnant Women , Choledocholithiasis , Pathology , Radiation, Ionizing , Therapeutics , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Gallstones , Lithiasis
Distúrb. comun ; 32(4): 587-594, dez. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398741


Introdução: A síndrome Cornélia De Lange (CdLS) é caracterizada por ser polimalformativa que envolve anomalias faciais, atraso de crescimento e desenvolvimento psicomotor, alterações comportamentais e malformações associadas. Sabe-se que as crianças acometidas por essa síndrome apresentam alterações de deglutição, mas são poucos os estudos apresentados na literatura devido à raridade da doença, sendo encontrado relato de um caso, e na maioria das vezes, com descrição dos achados. Objetivo: Identificar as alterações de deglutição em crianças com a Síndrome Cornélia de Lange, por meio da videofluoroscopia. Metodologia: Série de Casos, retrospectiva. Trata-se de uma amostra de conveniência com crianças, diagnosticadas com Síndrome Cornélia de Lange, que apresentassem videofluoroscopia da deglutição. Foram excluídos prontuários de pacientes que não estivessem completos. Os dados de caracterização da amostra foram obtidos através de prontuários físicos e os dados de desfecho do estudo através de laudos clínicos de videofluoroscopias da deglutição dos pacientes. Resultados: Dos 6 indivíduos, 5 do sexo masculino, em que 3 (50%) apresentaram aspiração laringotraqueal, de forma silente. A mediana de idade foi de 5,50 meses. Conforme os achados nas videofluoroscopias da deglutição, identificou-se dificuldades de deglutição como escape posterior prematuro de alimento, ejeção ineficiente e dificuldades de formação do bolo alimentar, como atraso no acionamento da reação faríngea, refluxo para nasofaringe, estase em valéculas e seios periformes e aspiração traqueal. Conclusão: Todas as crianças com Síndrome Cornélia de Lange deste estudo apresentaram disfagia em algum grau, e metade delas apresentou aspiração laringotraqueal de forma silente.

Introduction: Cornélia De Lange Syndrome (CdLS) is characterized by being polymalformative that involves facial anomalies, growth and psychomotor development retardation, behavioral changes and associated malformations. It is known that children affected by this syndrome have swallowing disorders, but there are few studies presented in the literature due to the rarity of the disease, with a case report being found and mostly with description of the findings. Objective: To identify swallowing disorders in children with Cornelia de Lange Syndrome, through videofluoroscopy. Methodology: Case series, retrospective. This is a convenience sample with children, diagnosed with Cornelia de Lange Syndrome, who had swallowing videofluoroscopy. Medical records of patients who were not complete were excluded. The sample characterization data were obtained from physical records and the study outcome data through clinical reports of patients' swallowing videofluoroscopies. Results: Of the 6 individuals, 5 were male, in which 3 (50%) had laryngotracheal aspiration, silently. The median age was 5.50 months. According to the findings in the swallowing videofluoroscopies, swallowing difficulties were identified, such as premature posterior escape of food, inefficient ejection and difficulties in the formation of the bolus, such as delay in triggering the pharyngeal reaction, reflux to the nasopharynx, stasis in the valleys and peripheral sinuses and tracheal aspiration. Conclusion: All children with Cornelia de Lange Syndrome in this study had dysphagia to some degree, and half of them had silent laryngotracheal aspiration.;Introducción: El síndrome de Cornélia De Lange (CdLS) se caracteriza por ser polimalformativo que involucra anomalías faciales, retraso del crecimiento y desarrollo psicomotor, cambios de comportamiento y malformaciones asociadas. Se sabe que los niños afectados por este síndrome presentan trastornos de la deglución, pero existen pocos estudios presentados en la literatura debido a la rareza de la enfermedad, encontrándose un reporte de caso y la mayoría de las veces con descripción de los hallazgos.

Objetivo: identificar los trastornos de la deglución en niños con síndrome de Cornelia de Lange, mediante videofluoroscopia. Metodología: Serie de casos, retrospectiva. Se trata de una muestra de conveniencia con niños, diagnosticados de Síndrome de Cornelia de Lange, que habían ingerido videofluoroscopia. Se excluyeron los registros médicos de los pacientes que no estaban completos. Los datos de caracterización de la muestra se obtuvieron de los registros médicos físicos y los datos de los resultados del estudio a través de informes clínicos de videofluoroscopias de deglución de los pacientes. Resultados: De los 6 individuos, 5 eran varones, de los cuales 3 (50%) tenían aspiración laringotraqueal, en silencio. La mediana de edad fue de 5,50 meses. De acuerdo con los hallazgos en las videofluoroscopias de deglución, se identificaron dificultades de deglución, como escape posterior prematuro de alimentos, eyección ineficiente y dificultades en la formación del bolo, como retraso en el desencadenamiento de la reacción faríngea, reflujo a la nasofaringe, estasis en los valles y senos periféricos y aspiración traqueal. Conclusión: Todos los niños con síndrome de Cornelia de Lange en este estudio tenían disfagia en algún grado y la mitad de ellos tenían aspiración laringotraqueal en silencio.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Deglutition Disorders/diagnosis , De Lange Syndrome/complications , Oropharynx , Fluoroscopy , Retrospective Studies
Acta ortop. mex ; 34(6): 426-432, nov.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383460


Resumen: Introducción: Las fracturas intraarticulares de radio distal son un desafío terapéutico para el cirujano ortopedista. Hay estudios que avalan el uso de la fluoroscopía y otros promueven la artroscopia. Con este trabajo intentamos resumir la evidencia, para determinar si la asistencia artroscópica aporta beneficios adicionales para evitar incongruencias articulares en comparación con los resultados obtenidos bajo asistencia fluoroscópica. Material y métodos: Búsqueda sistemática de estudios prospectivos, retrospectivos, de cohortes, seguimiento, ensayos clínicos en PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus, Scielo, Embase, Google Scholar y otras fuentes nacionales, incluyendo como palabras clave los términos: intraarticular distal radius fracture, wrist arthroscopy, arthroscopy, fluoroscopy. Los valores medios y desvíos estándar para cada característica, obtenidos de los trabajos seleccionados fueron analizados usando estadística descriptiva y gráficos ilustrativos. Resultados: Fueron evaluados 463 pacientes (256 mujeres y 207 hombres), con una edad promedio de 48.29 años y rango de 39 a 64 años. Los dos tratamientos (A y F) fueron homogéneos en cuanto a la edad de los pacientes que reportan (p = 0.5820) y el tiempo de seguimiento promedio (p = 0.9597). Sólo la desviación cubital y el DASH, para las cuales el grupo de artroscopía tuvo mejor desempeño, en las variables restantes las diferencias no fueron significativas. Conclusión: La evidencia disponible hasta la fecha es controvertida y no permite hacer recomendaciones a favor o en contra de estas intervenciones, encontrando otros factores que podrían influir en la toma de decisiones.

Abstract: Introduction: Intraarticular distal radius fractures are a therapeutic challenge for the orthopedist surgeon there are studies that support the use of fluoroscopy, and others promote arthroscopy, with this work we try to summarize the evidence, to determine whether arthroscopic assistance provides additional benefits to avoid joint incongruities compared to results obtained under fluoroscopic assistance. Material and methods: Systematic search for prospective, retrospective, cohort, follow-up, clinical trials on PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus, Scielo, Embase, Google Scholar and other national sources, including as keywords the terms: «intra-articular distal radius fracture¼, «wrist arthroscopy¼, «arthroscopy¼, «fluoroscopy¼. The average values and standard offsets for each characteristic, obtained from the selected works, were analyzed using descriptive statistics and illustrative graphs. Results: 463 patients (256 women and 207 men) were evaluated, with an average age of 48.29 years and range from 39 to 64 years. The two treatments (A and F) were homogeneous in terms of the age of the patients reporting (p = 0.5820) and the average follow-up time (p = 0.9597). Only the ulnar deviation and DASH score, for which the arthroscopy group performed best, in the remaining variables the differences were not significant. Conclusion: The evidence available to date is conflicting, and does not allow recommendations to be made for or against these interventions, finding other factors that could influence decision-making.

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Radius Fractures , Intra-Articular Fractures , Arthroscopy , Radius , Radius Fractures/surgery , Radius Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Fluoroscopy , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Internal
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(6): 1154-1161, dez. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152938


Resumo Fundamento Nos últimos anos, o recente aumento no número de procedimentos intervencionistas tem resultado em crescente preocupação em relação à exposição radiológica por pacientes e equipe médica. A avaliação da exposição dos níveis de radiação em crianças é difícil devido à grande variabilidade no peso corporal. Portanto, os valores de referência de radiação não estão bem definidos para essa população. Objetivos Avaliar e validar a razão do produto dose-área (DAP) em relação ao peso corporal como uma medida de referência de radiação em cateterismos cardíacos em crianças. Métodos Estudo multicêntrico observacional com dados do Registro Brasileiro de Cateterismo Cardíaco em Cardiopatias Congênitas (CHAIN) de março de 2013 a junho de 2014. Os critérios de inclusão foram: pacientes <18 anos submetidos a procedimentos hemodinâmicos para cardiopatia congênita, com DAP devidamente registrado. Foram considerados diferenças estatísticas significativas os valores de p < 0,05. Resultados Este estudo avaliou 429 pacientes com idade e peso medianos de 50 (10, 103) meses e 15 (7, 28) kg, respectivamente. O DAP mediano foi de 742,2 (288,8, 1.791,5) μGy.m2. Houve uma boa correlação entre o DAP e o produto peso/tempo de fluoroscopia (rs=0,66). Não foi observada diferença estatisticamente significativa na relação DAP/peso entre procedimentos terapêuticos e diagnósticos. Houve ampla variação da relação DAP/peso entre os procedimentos terapêuticos (p<0.001). Conclusões A proporção DAP/peso é a medida mais simples e aplicável para avaliar a exposição radiológica em uma população pediátrica. Apesar da escassa literatura disponível, as doses obtidas no presente estudo foram semelhantes àquelas encontradas anteriormente. Estudos de validação e comparação são importantes na avaliação do impacto de estratégias para redução da exposição radiológica nessa população. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)

Abstract Background In recent years the increasing number of interventional procedures has resulted in growing concerns regarding radiation exposure for patients and staff. The evaluation of radiation exposure in children is difficult due to the great variability in body weight. Therefore, reference levels of radiation are not well defined for this population. Objectives To study and validate the ratio of dose-area product (DAP) to patient weight as a reference measurement of radiation for hemodynamic congenital heart disease procedures in children. Methods This observational multicenter study uses data obtained from a Brazilian registry of cardiac catheterization for congenital heart disease from March 2013 to June 2014. Inclusion criteria were all patients aged <18 years old undergoing hemodynamic procedures for congenital heart disease, with recorded DAP doses. P-value < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results This study evaluated 429 patients with median age and weight of 50 (10, 103) months and 15 (7, 28) kg, respectively. Median DAP was 742.2 (288.8, 1,791.5) μGy.m2. There was a good correlation between DAP and weight-fluoroscopic time product(rs=0.66). No statistically significant difference was observed in DAP/weight ratio between therapeutic and diagnostic procedures. There was a wide variation in the DAP/weight ratio among the therapeutic procedures (p<0.001). Conclusions The DAP/weight ratio is the simplest and most applicable measurement to evaluate radiation exposure in a pediatric population. Although there is limited literature available, the doses obtained in the present study were similar to those previously found. Ongoing research is important to evaluate the impact of strategies to reduce radiation exposure in this population (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)

Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Aged , Radiation Exposure/adverse effects , Heart Defects, Congenital , Radiation Dosage , Brazil , Fluoroscopy , Cardiac Catheterization/adverse effects , Radiography, Interventional , Registries
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(4): 442-451, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152819


Abstract Background: One-catheter strategy, based in multipurpose catheters, allows exploring both coronary arteries with a single catheter. This strategy could simplify coronary catheterization and reduce the volume of contrast administration, by reducing radial spasm. To date, observational studies showed greater benefits regarding contrast consumption and catheterization performance than controlled trials. The aim of this work is to perform the first systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCT) to adequately quantify the benefits of one-catheter strategy, with multipurpose catheters, over conventional two-catheter strategy on contrast consumption, and catheterization performance. Methods: A search in PubMed, CINALH, and CENTRAL databases was conducted to identify randomized trials comparing one-catheter and two-catheter strategies. The primary outcome was volume of iodinated contrast administrated. Secondary endpoints, evaluating coronary catheterization performance included: arterial spasm, fluoroscopy time, and procedural time. Results: Five RCT were included for the final analysis, with a total of 1599 patients (802 patients with one-catheter strategy and 797 patients with two-catheter strategy). One-catheter strategy required less administration of radiological contrast (difference in means [DiM] [95% confidence interval (CI)]; −3.831 mL [−6.165 mL to −1.496 mL], p = 0.001) as compared to two-catheter strategy. Furthermore, less radial spasm (odds ratio [95% CI], 0.484 [0.363 to 0.644], p < 0.001) and less procedural time (DiM [95% CI], −72.471 s [−99.694 s to −45.249 s], p < 0.001) were observed in one-catheter strategy. No differences on fluoroscopy time were observed. Conclusions: One-catheter strategy induces a minimal reduction on radiological contrast administration but improves coronary catheterization performance by reducing arterial spasm and procedural time as compared to conventional two-catheter strategy.

Resumen Antecedentes: La estrategia de catéter único permite explorar ambas coronarias con un solo catéter. Nuestro objetivo es realizar la primera revisión sistemática y meta-análisis de ensayos clínicos aleatorizados para cuantificar adecuadamente los beneficios de la estrategia de catéter único, con catéteres multipropósito, sobre la estrategia convencional de dos catéteres. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda en PubMed, CINALH y CENTRAL, identificando ensayos aleatorizados que compararan estrategias de un catéter y dos catéteres. El resultado primario fue volumen de contraste administrado. Los secundarios, que evaluaron el rendimiento del cateterismo, incluyeron: espasmo radial, tiempo de fluoroscopia y de procedimiento. Resultados: Se incluyeron cinco ensayos, totalizando 1,599 pacientes (802 con estrategia de un catéter y 797 con estrategia de dos catéteres). La estrategia de catéter único requirió menos contraste (diferencia-de-medias; −3.831 mL [−6.165 mL a −1.496 mL], p = 0.001), presentando menos espasmo radial (odds ratio, 0.484 [0.363 a 0.644], p < 0.001) y menos tiempo de procedimiento (diferencia-de-medias; −72.471 s [−99.694 s a −45.249 s], p < 0.001). No hubo diferencias en el tiempo de fluoroscopia. Conclusiones: La estrategia de catéter único induce una reducción mínima en la administración de contraste, pero mejora el rendimiento del cateterismo al reducir el espasmo radial y el tiempo de procedimiento en comparación con la estrategia convencional.

Humans , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Coronary Angiography/methods , Cardiac Catheters , Fluoroscopy , Cardiac Catheterization/instrumentation , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Coronary Angiography/instrumentation , Radial Artery , Contrast Media/administration & dosage , Coronary Vessels/diagnostic imaging
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 39(2): 159-164, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138529


Abstract A 68-year-old man previously subjected to radiotherapy had a prior aortic valve replacement due de radiation induced calcification of the aortic valve. Presently the patient developed severe calcification of the mitral valve ring leading to critical mitral valve stenosis. A supra annular implantation of an On X Conform valve was successfully achieved. The clinical course was uneventful, and the echocardiographic evaluation demonstrated a normal function of the valve. Different alternatives for the surgical management of this complication are discussed.

Humans , Male , Aged , Calcinosis/complications , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Mitral Valve Stenosis/surgery , Mitral Valve Stenosis/complications , Calcinosis/surgery , Calcinosis/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography , Fluoroscopy , Mitral Valve Annuloplasty , Mitral Valve Stenosis/diagnostic imaging
Coluna/Columna ; 19(3): 189-193, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133571


ABSTRACT Objective To compare the use of a dynamic surgical guide (PediGuard®) and pilot hole preparation, with the use of a probe and the aid of fluoroscopy in osteoporotic or osteopenic patients undergoing pedicular fixation of the thoracic or lumbar spine. Methods One hundred and eight patients were randomized. A pilot hole was prepared with the dynamic surgical guide (PediGuard®), or with a probe with the aid of fluoroscopy. A total of 657 vertebral pedicles (120 thoracic and 180 lumbar) were included in the study. The parameters used for the comparison were: accuracy of the pedicular screw, number of fluoroscopic shots, and change in intraoperative trajectory of the perforation after detecting pedicle wall rupture. Results In the group with use of the dynamic surgical guide, malpositioning of the pedicle screws was observed in 8 (2.6%) patients and intraoperative change of perforation trajectory in 12 (4%) patients, and there were 52 fluoroscopic shots. In the group without use of the dynamic surgical guide (PediGuard®), misplacement of the pedicle screws was observed in 33 (11%) patients and intraoperative change of perforation trajectory in 47 (13.2%) patients, and there were 136 fluoroscopic shots. Conclusion The use of the dynamic surgical guide (PediGuard®) in patients with osteoporosis or osteopenia enabled more accurate placement of pedicular screws, with less change in the intraoperative course of the perforation and less intraoperative radiation. Level of Evidence II; Randomized clinical trial of lesser quality.

RESUMO Objetivo Comparar o uso de um guia cirúrgico dinâmico (PediGuard®) e o preparo de orifício piloto com uma sonda e o auxílio de fluoroscopia em pacientes com osteopenia ou osteoporose submetidos à fixação pedicular da coluna torácica ou lombar. Métodos Cento e oito pacientes foram randomizados. Um orifício piloto foi preparado com o guia cirúrgico dinâmico (PediGuard®) ou com uma sonda com auxílio de fluoroscopia. Foram incluídos no estudo 657 pedículos vertebrais (120 torácicos e 180 lombares). Os parâmetros usados para a comparação foram: acurácia da colocação do parafuso pedicular, número de disparos fluoroscópicos e mudança da trajetória intraoperatória da perfuração depois da detecção de ruptura da parede do pedículo. Resultados No grupo de pacientes em que se usou o guia cirúrgico dinâmico, observou-se mau posicionamento dos parafusos pediculares em oito (2,6%) pacientes e alteração da trajetória intraoperatória da perfuração em 12 (4%) pacientes, com 52 disparos fluoroscópicos. No grupo de pacientes em que o guia cirúrgico dinâmico (PediGuard®) não foi usado o mau posicionamento dos parafusos pediculares foi observado em 33 (11%) pacientes, a mudança intraoperatória da trajetória da perfuração foi vista em 47 (13,2%) pacientes, com 136 disparos fluoroscópicos. Conclusão O uso do guia cirúrgico dinâmico (PediGuard®) em pacientes com osteoporose ou osteopenia permitiu a colocação de parafusos pediculares com maior acurácia, com menor alteração da trajetória intraoperatória da perfuração e menor dose de radiação intraoperatória. Nível de Evidência II; Estudo clínico randomizado de menor qualidade.

RESUMEN Objetivo Comparar el uso de una guía quirúrgica dinámica (PediGuard®) y la preparación del orificio piloto con una sonda y la ayuda de fluoroscopia en pacientes con osteopenia u osteoporosis sometidos a fijación pedicular de la columna torácica o lumbar. Métodos Ciento ocho pacientes fueron asignados aleatoriamente. Se preparó un orificio piloto preparado con la guía quirúrgica dinámica (PediGuard®) o con una sonda con ayuda de fluoroscopia. Se incluyeron en el estudio 657 pedículos vertebrales (120 torácicos y 180 lumbares). Los parámetros utilizados para la comparación fueron: precisión de la colocación del tornillo pedicular, número de disparos del dispositivo de fluoroscopia y cambio en la trayectoria intraoperatoria de la perforación después de la detección de ruptura de la pared del pedículo. Resultados En el grupo de pacientes en el que se utilizó la guía quirúrgica dinámica, se observó mal posicionamiento de los tornillos pediculares en 8 (2,6%) pacientes y cambios de la trayectoria intraoperatoria de la perforación en 12 (4%) pacientes, con 52 disparos del aparato de fluoroscopia. En el grupo de pacientes en los que no se utilizó la guía quirúrgica dinámica (PediGuard®), se observó un mal posicionamiento de los tornillos pediculares en 33 (11%) pacientes, el cambio intraoperatorio de la trayectoria de perforación se observó en 47 (13,2%) pacientes, con 136 disparos fluoroscópicos. Conclusión El uso de la guía quirúrgica dinámica (PediGuard®) en pacientes con osteoporosis u osteopenia permitió la colocación de tornillos pediculares con mayor precisión, menos cambios en la trayectoria intraoperatoria de la perforación y dosis más baja de radiación intraoperatoria. Nivel de Evidencia II; Ensayo clínico aleatorizado de menor calidad.

Humans , Orifice Valves , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Bone Screws , Fluoroscopy
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(6): 1015-1026, Jun., 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131238


Resumo Fundamento O uso da radiação ionizante em procedimentos médicos está associado a riscos significativos à saúde dos pacientes e da equipe de saúde. Objetivos Avaliar a segurança e a eficácia aguda da ablação por cateter para tratamento da fibrilação atrial (FA) e arritmias supraventriculares (SVTs), utilizando uma abordagem exclusivamente não fluoroscópica, guiada por eco intracardíaco (ICE) e mapeamento 3D. Métodos 95 pts (idade média 60 ± 18 anos, 61% do sexo masculino) programados para ablação de FA (69 pts, 45 FA paroxística e 24 FA persistente) ou SVTs (26 pts - 14 reentrada nodal, 6 Wolf-Parkinson-White [WPW], 5 flutter atrial direito [AD], 1 taquicardia atrial). Nove pacientes (9,5%) tinham marcapasso definitivo ou dispositivos de ressincronização com desfibrilador. Dois sistemas de mapeamento eletroanatômico foram utilizados - CARTO (65%) e NAVx (35%), bem como cateteres de ICE disponíveis - Acunav e ViewFlex. Resultados O isolamento das veias pulmonares (VPs), bem como todos os outros alvos que precisavam de ablação em ambos os átrios, foram alcançados e adequadamente visualizados. Não foram observados derrames pericárdicos, complicações trombóticas ou outras intercorrências nesta série. Punções transseptais difíceis (19 pacientes - 20%) foram realizadas sem fluoroscopia em todos os casos. Não foi utilizada fluoroscopia de backup, e nenhum vestuário de chumbo foi necessário. Avaliações detalhadas dos marcapassos após o procedimento não mostraram nenhum dano aos eletrodos, deslocamentos ou mudanças de limiar. Conclusões Uma estratégia de ablação por cateter sem uso de radiação para FA e outras arritmias atriais é segura e eficaz quando guiada pela utilização adequada do ICE e do mapeamento 3D. Diversos sítios em ambos os átrios podem ser alcançados e adequadamente ablacionados sem a necessidade de fluoroscopia de backup. Não foram observadas complicações. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(6):1015-1026)

Abstract Background The use of ionizing radiation in medical procedures is associated with significant health risks for patients and the health care team. Objectives Evaluate the safety and acute efficacy of ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) and supraventricular arrhythmias (SVTs) using an exclusively non-fluoroscopic approach guided by intracardiac echo (ICE) and 3D-mapping. Methods 95 pts (mean age 60 ± 18 years, 61% male) scheduled for AF Ablation (69 pts, 45 paroxysmal AF and 24 persistent AF) or non-AF SVT (26 pts - 14 AV node reentry, 6 WPW, 5 right atrial (RA) flutters, 1 atrial tachycardia) underwent zero fluoro procedures. Nine patients (9.5%) had permanent pacemakers or defibrillator resynchronization (CRT-D) devices. Both CARTO (65%) and NAVx (35%) mapping systems were used, as well as Acunav and ViewFlex ICE catheters. Results Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI), as well as all other targets that needed ablation in both atria were reached and adequately visualized. No pericardial effusions, thrombotic complications or other difficulties were seen in these series. Difficult transseptal puncture (19 patients - 20%) was managed without fluoroscopy in all cases. No backup fluoroscopy was used, and no lead apparel was needed. Pacemaker interrogations after the procedure did not show any lead damage, dislocation, or threshold changes. Conclusions A radiation-free (fluoroless) catheter ablation strategy for AF and other atrial arrhythmias is acutely safe and effective when guided by adequate ICE and 3D-mapping utilization. Multiple different bi-atrial sites were reached and adequately ablated without the need for backup fluoroscopy. No complications were seen. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(6):1015-1026)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Pulmonary Veins , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Tachycardia, Supraventricular/surgery , Catheter Ablation , Fluoroscopy , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(2): 142-147, Apr.-Jun. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131023


Abstract In this paper, we describe our coronary stent (INC-1) design and development, the way that we found the specific characteristics needed for our device including biophysics aspects, design, finite element testing, manufacturing, and mechanic trials, we submitted and animal models experiences. The stent platform was cobalt-chromium L605 (Co-Cr), with struts thickness of 80 μm, balloon expandable. We placed the coronary stent INC-1 on a rabbit and dog models so we can evaluate efficacy and security of the device in relationship to its biomechanical properties including navigation capacity, traceability, symmetric expansion, and safety, as well as endothelial attachment, thrombogenicity, and lack of involvement of secondary branches in these models. We succeeded in efficacy and safety of the device after fluoroscopy-guided implant proving excellent capacity of release system, traceability, fluoroscopic visualization, symmetric expansion, and complete endothelial attach. Furthermore, we obtained a good post-implant balloon withdrawal, functional integrity, and no vascular complications. We observed adequate clinical evolution 3 weeks after the stent implantation.

Resumen En esta publicación se describen el diseño y el desarrollo de un stent coronario (INC-1), la forma en que se determinaron las características biofísicas deseadas, el diseño y las pruebas computacionales por elemento finito, su fabricación, así como las pruebas mecánicas a las que se sometió el prototipo y por último las primeras experiencias en modelos animales. La plataforma del stent desarrollado fue de cobalto y cromo L605 (Co-Cr), con struts de 80 μm de grosor, expandido por balón. La colocación del stent coronario INC-1 se realizó en un modelo de conejo y uno canino con el objetivo de evaluar el éxito técnico y de seguridad del stent en relación con las propiedades biomecánicas (capacidad de navegación, maniobrabilidad, expansión simétrica del stent) y de seguridad (fijación a la pared vascular y ausencia de compromiso de ramas secundarias y formación de trombos en el momento de la colocación del stent en el modelo animal). Se obtuvo éxito técnico y de seguridad del stent después del implante guiado por fluoroscopia, lo que demostró adecuada capacidad del sistema liberador, excelente maniobrabilidad, adecuada visualización fluoroscópica, expansión simétrica y fijación completa a la pared vascular, capacidad para retirar el balón desinflado después del implante, e integridad funcional y sin complicaciones vasculares. La evolución clínica fue favorable a tres semanas del seguimiento planeado.

Humans , Animals , Dogs , Rabbits , Prosthesis Design , Stents , Coronary Vessels/surgery , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Fluoroscopy , Chromium Alloys/chemistry , Models, Animal
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(4): 548-552, abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127095


Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has a lower perioperative risk than traditional surgery mostly when the transfemoral access is used. Some patients have anatomical conditions that contraindicate the use of this route. Lithoplasty is a novel technique that fractures calcium in coronary and peripheral arteries using pulsatile waves transmitted through an angioplasty balloon. We report an 83 year-old male with an aortic stenosis requiring TAVI, with severe calcification of his femoral and aortic arteries. A balloon lithoplasty of the right iliac-femoral tract was carried out, which allowed the use of the transfemoral route to install the aortic prosthesis. The patient had a good subsequent evolution.

Humans , Aortic Valve Stenosis , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Fluoroscopy , Cardiac Catheterization , Treatment Outcome