Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 39.857
Filter
1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 29: e57581, jan.-dez. 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224578

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever as características sociodemográficas e de saúde de mulheres e homens com 75 anos ou mais de idade, no baseline e follow-up de quatro anos e verificar para mulheres e homens as mudanças nas condições de saúde. Métodos: estudo longitudinal com 109 idosos de 75 anos ou mais de idade de um município no Triângulo Mineiro. A coleta dos dados, realizada em dois momentos (2014-2018), ocorreu no domicílio com a aplicação de instrumentos validados no Brasil. Procederam-se às análises descritiva e teste t pareado (p<0,05). Os projetos foram aprovados pelo Comitê de Ética e Pesquisa com Seres Humanos. Resultados: verificaram-se, em ambos os sexos, aumento do número de morbidades e diminuição do escore total das atividades instrumentais da vida diária. Entre as mulheres observou-se, ainda, aumento do número de quedas e do escore de fragilidade. Conclusão: ao longo do seguimento houve piora nas condições de saúde dos idosos, sendo mais expressiva entre as mulheres.


Objective: to describe the sociodemographic and health characteristics of women and men aged 75 or over, at baseline and after four years of follow-up, and to ascertain changes in their health status. Methods: in this longitudinal study of 109 elderly people aged 75 or over from a city in the Triângulo Mineiro, data were collected at two points (2014 and 2018), at home, by applying instruments validated for use in Brazil. Descriptive analysis and paired t-tests were performed (p < 0.05). The projects were approved by the human research ethics committee. Results: in both genders, the number of morbidities increased and the total score for instrumental activities of daily living decreased. Among women, the number of falls and frailty score also increased. Conclusion: the older people's health status worsened over the course of follow-up, more so among the women.


Objetivo: describir las características sociodemográficas y de salud de mujeres y hombres de 75 años o más, en la base de referencia y el seguimiento durante cuatro años, y verificar los cambios en las condiciones de salud de mujeres y hombres. Métodos: estudio longitudinal con 109 personas mayores, de 75 años o más, de un municipio del Triângulo Mineiro. La recolección de datos, realizada en dos momentos (2014-2018), se realizó en sus domicilios aplicando instrumentos validados en Brasil. Se realizaron análisis descriptivos y prueba t pareada (p <0.05). Los proyectos fueron aprobados por el Comité de Ética en Investigación con Humanos. Resultados: en ambos os sexos, hubo un aumento en el número de morbilidades y una disminución en la puntuación total de las actividades instrumentales de la vida diaria. Entre las mujeres, se observó asimismo un aumento en el número de caídas y la puntuación de fragilidad. Conclusión: a lo largo del seguimiento, las condiciones de salud de las personas mayores empeoraron, más expresivamente entre las mujeres.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Health Status , Health of the Elderly , Follow-Up Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Social Determinants of Health
2.
Rev. ADM ; 78(5): 291-296, sept.-oct. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348330

ABSTRACT

La anquilosis de la articulación temporomandibular en niños continúa siendo una patología presente a pesar de los avances médicos y sociales. El tratamiento de esta patología en niños tiene como objetivos restablecer la apertura bucal y mejorar la estética facial cuando se presentan hipoplasias o micrognatias asociadas. El uso de materiales aloplásticos para el tratamiento de la anquilosis temporomandibular en niños es evitar la reanquilosis y disminuir riesgos, molestias y costos que ocasionan la toma y aplicación de injertos, siendo utilizados con buenos resultados en niños en otras especialidades como la Traumatología y Ortopedia. Estos procedimientos pueden llevarse a cabo de manera segura y predecible. En este artículo se reportan dos casos de anquilosis temporomandibular en niños, tratados con materiales aloplásticos, llevados a cabo en la Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad No. 71 del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Torreón, Coahuila, México, con un seguimiento de 11 y 16 años de postoperatorio, demostrando que se trata de una buena opción de tratamiento sin presentar alteraciones al crecimiento y desarrollo de los pacientes (AU)


Temporomandibular ankilosis in children is pathology still present despite the medical and social advances. The treatment of this pathology in children aims to restore mouth opening and improve facial aesthetics when hypoplasia or micrognatia are present. The use of alloplastic materials to treat temporomandibular ankilosis in children is to prevent the re ankilosis and reduce discomfort, risks, and cost causing by the take and application of graft, alloplastic materials being used with good results in children in other specialties such as Traumatology and Orthopedics. These procedures can be made safely and predictably. This article describes two cases of temporomandibular ankilosis in children, treated with alloplastic materials, carried out in the Medical Unit of High Specialty, number 71, of the Mexican Institute Social Security, Torreon, Coahuila, Mexico, with follow up of cases 11 and 16 years of postoperative, prove that is a good option of treatment, without presenting any alterations in growth and development of patients (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Biocompatible Materials , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/therapy , Ankylosis/therapy , Maxillofacial Prosthesis , Titanium , Follow-Up Studies , Chromium Alloys , Genioplasty , Mandibular Condyle/injuries
3.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(4): 491-495, ago. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346500

ABSTRACT

Resumen La incidencia de compromiso cardíaco post COVID-19 en pacientes que cursaron la enfermedad asintomáticos o con síntomas leves no es bien conocida. Tampoco están claras las eventuales repercusiones cardíacas en el regreso al deporte de alto rendimiento. Se realizó un estudio observacional pros pectivo con evaluación mediante electrocardiograma, ecocardiograma Doppler y resonancia magnética cardiaca (RMC) a hombres futbolistas profesionales de nivel internacional que habían cursado COVID-19 asintomáticos o con síntomas leves; seguimiento 4 meses con participación en competencias nacionales e internacionales. Se incluyeron 24 futbolistas, edad media 27, (20-36). Nueve (37.5%) cursaron la enfermedad asintomáticos y 15 (62.5%) con síntomas leves. Los exámenes físicos, electro y ecocardiográficos no evidenciaron cardiopatía. Las RMCs mostraron espesores y volúmenes ventriculares acordes a deportistas de alto rendimiento. En las señales de T1, T2 y saturación grasa no se observó infiltración grasa ni signos de edema; sin realce tardío post inyección de gadolinio. Comenzaron sus entrenamientos entre 12 y 14 días post diagnóstico. Once (45.8%) participaron entre 4 y 6 encuentros internacionales de la Copa Libertadores de América. Los restantes 13 cumplieron con entrenamientos de alta intensidad y participaron en competencias de liga local. A 4 meses del diagnóstico nin guno de los futbolistas desarrolló eventos cardíacos y los entrenamientos y competencias fueron bien tolerados. Estos hallazgos sugieren la escasa repercusión cardiovascular de COVID-19 y la excelente tolerancia al ejercicio de alta intensidad realizado en forma precoz post COVID de deportistas jóvenes que cursaron la enfermedad asintomáticos o con síntomas leves.


Abstract The incidence of post-COVID-19 cardiac compromise is not well known. The eventual cardiac repercussions on a return to high-performance sport are unclear. A prospective observational study with evaluation by physical examination, electrocardiogram, Doppler echocardiogram and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) was carried out in international level professional soccer players recovering from COVID-19 who had the disease asymptomatic or with mild symptoms. Four-month follow-up with participation in national and international competitions. Twenty-four soccer players were included, age 27.13 years (between 20 and 36). Nine (37.5%) had asymptomatic disease and 15 (62.5%) had mild symptoms. No athletes required hospitalization. Physical, electrocardiographic, and echocardiographic examinations did not reveal heart disease. CMRs showed ventricular thicknesses and volumes consistent with high-performance athletes. In T1, T2 and fat saturation signals, no fat infiltration or signs of edema were observed. No late enhancement after gadolinium injection. They began their training between 12 and 14 days after diagnosis. Eleven (45.8%) participated between 4 and 6 international matches of Libertadores de América International Cup. The remaining 13 completed high intensity training sessions and participated in local league competitions. At 4 months after diagnosis, none of the soccer players developed cardiac events and training and competitions were well tolerated. These findings suggest low cardiovascular impact of COVID 19 and excellent tolerance to early post-COVID high intensity exercise of young athletes recovering from the disease with no or mild symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Soccer , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Follow-Up Studies , Athletes , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): e364-e369, agosto 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1281909

ABSTRACT

Los trastornos de la conducta alimentaria son enfermedades de elevada prevalencia en la adolescencia y tienen repercusión en la salud integral. El objetivo fue describir su evolución y tratamiento en un grupo de adolescentes. Se estudiaron adolescentes menores de 18 años con al menos 6 meses de seguimiento y tratados por un equipo interdisciplinario. Se incluyeron 41 adolescentes: 23 presentaron anorexia nerviosa; 9, trastornos alimentarios no especificados; 7, bulimia nerviosa y 2, trastorno por atracones. El 35 % de pacientes con anorexia nerviosa requirió internación por complicaciones de la desnutrición. El 69 % de las pacientes con anorexia nerviosa, el 57 % de quienes tenían bulimia nerviosa y el 78 % de quienes tenían un trastorno alimentario no especificado presentaron remisión total o parcial, y no hubo pacientes fallecidos. La mayoría presentó una evolución favorable con el tratamiento.


Eating disorders are highly prevalent diseases in adolescence and have an impact on overall health. The objective was to describe the evolution and treatment of eating disorders in adolescents. Adolescents under 18 years of age with at least 6 months of follow-up and treated by an interdisciplinary team were studied. Forty one adolescents were included, 23 presented anorexia nervosa, 9 unspecified eating disorders, 7 bulimia nervosa and 2 binge eating disorders. Thirty five percent of patients with anorexia nervosa required hospitalization for complications of malnutrition. Sixty nine percent of the patients with anorexia nervosa, 57 % with bulimia nervosa, and 78 % with unspecified eating disorders had total or partial remission and there were no deceased patients. The majority presented a favorable evolution with the treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Feeding and Eating Disorders/diagnosis , Feeding and Eating Disorders/therapy , Anorexia Nervosa/diagnosis , Anorexia Nervosa/therapy , Anorexia Nervosa/epidemiology , Feeding and Eating Disorders/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Bulimia Nervosa/diagnosis , Bulimia Nervosa/therapy , Bulimia Nervosa/epidemiology , Binge-Eating Disorder/diagnosis , Binge-Eating Disorder/therapy , Binge-Eating Disorder/epidemiology
5.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(2): 191-197, June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287270

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cardiovascular disorders represent the leading cause of death in dialysis patients. Alterations of bone and mineral metabolism (BMM) and vascular calcifications play a fundamental role in it. The objective of this study was to evaluate the predictive role on cardiovascular mortality of the measurement of biomarkers of BMM and vascular calcifications. A prospective cohort study was performed. All prevalent patients on chronic dialysis in September 2009 at our institution, who completed the total of the complementary stud ies, were studied. BMM biomarkers were measured (FGF 23, fetuin A, PTH, calcium and phosphorus) and the vascular calcifications were evaluated using the Kauppila and Adragao scores. Follow-up was carried out until 1/1/2019, death or transplant. Of the 30 patients included, 7 (23.3%) died due to cardiovascular causes. The follow-up time was 44.1 ± 30.4 (range = 1.4-112) months. The Adragao score was the only predictive variable of long-term cardiovascular mortality (area under the curve = 0.82; 95% CI 0.64-0.94; p < 0.001). The best cut-off point was 5 (sensitivity = 85.7%; specificity = 78.3%). It was also an independent risk factor for cardiovascular mortality adjusted for age, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, aortic calcifications, time spent on dialysis and follow-up time (adjusted OR = 1.77; 95% CI = 1.06-2.96; p = 0.028). The vascular calcifications quantified from the Adragao score were the only independent predictor of long-term cardiovascular mortality. This score represents a simple, useful and superior tool to the biomarkers of BMM.


Resumen Los trastornos cardiovasculares representan la primera causa de muerte en los pacientes en diálisis. Las alteraciones del metabolismo óseo y mineral (MOM) y las calcificaciones vasculares juegan un papel fundamental en la misma. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el rol predictor sobre la mortalidad car diovascular de la medición de los biomarcadores del MOM y las calcificaciones vasculares. Se realizó un estudio de cohorte prospectivo. Se estudiaron todos los pacientes prevalentes en diálisis crónica en septiembre del 2009 en nuestra institución que completaron el total de los estudios complementarios. Se midieron biomarcadores del MOM (FGF 23, fetuína A, PTH, calcio y fósforo) y se evaluaron las calcificaciones vasculares mediante los scores de Kauppila y de Adragao. Se realizó un seguimiento hasta el 1/1/2019, la muerte o el trasplante. De los 30 pacientes incluidos, 7 (23.3%) fallecieron por causa cardiovascular. El tiempo de seguimiento fue de 44.1 ± 30.4 (rango = 1.4-112) meses. El score de Adragao fue la única variable predictiva de muerte cardiovascular a largo plazo (área bajo la curva = 0.82; IC95% = 0.64-0.94; p<0.001). El mejor punto de corte fue de 5 (sensibili dad = 85.7%; especificidad = 78.3%). Además, fue un factor de riesgo independiente de muerte cardiovascular ajustado por edad, diabetes mellitus, enfermedad coronaria, calcificaciones aorticas, tiempo de permanencia en diálisis y tiempo de seguimiento (OR ajustado = 1.77; IC95% = 1.06-2.96; p = 0.028). Las calcificaciones vasculares cuantificadas a partir del score de Adragao fueron el único predictor independiente de mortalidad cardiovascular a largo plazo. Este score representa una herramienta simple, útil y superior a los biomarcadores del MOM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vascular Calcification , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Biomarkers , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Renal Dialysis , alpha-2-HS-Glycoprotein , Minerals
6.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 474-477, jun. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346489

ABSTRACT

Abstract Borrelia burgdorferi infection (Lyme disease) is one of the few identifiable causes of neuralgic amyotrophy (AN). Bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis is considered rare in borreliosis, and the pattern of long-term recovery of diaphragm function is also uncertain. Transdiaphragmatic pressure is the gold standard for diagnosing bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis, a study that has been reported on a few occasions. We pres ent a case of AN associated with borrelia infection and bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis that provides a detailed follow-up of the spirometric evolution, the maximum static pressures in the mouth, and the transdiaphragmatic pressure from the onset of symptoms and in the long term. This case allows us to know one of the possible evolutionary profiles of diaphragmatic dysfunction in AN due to borreliosis.


Resumen La infección por Borrelia burgdorferi (enfermedad de Lyme) es una de las pocas causas identificables de amiotrofia neurálgica. La parálisis diafragmática bilateral es considerada rara en la borreliosis y el patrón de recuperación a largo plazo de la función del diafragma también es incierto. La presión transdiafragmática es el patrón de oro para el diagnóstico de parálisis diafragmática bilateral, un estudio que ha sido informado en pocas ocasiones. Se presenta un caso de amiotrofia neurálgica asociado a infección por Borrelia y parálisis diafrag mática bilateral, que aporta un seguimiento detallado de la evolución espirométrica, de las presiones estáticas máximas en la boca y de la presión transdiafragmática desde el inicio de los síntomas y a largo plazo. Este caso permite conocer uno de los posibles perfiles evolutivos de la disfunción diafragmática en la amiotrofia neurálgica por borreliosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiratory Paralysis/diagnosis , Respiratory Paralysis/etiology , Brachial Plexus Neuritis , Lyme Neuroborreliosis/complications , Lyme Neuroborreliosis/diagnosis , Diaphragm/diagnostic imaging , Follow-Up Studies
7.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 359-366, jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346470

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome de leucoencefalopatía posterior reversible (PRES) es un desorden neurológico agudo caracterizado por cefalea, alteración de la conciencia, convulsiones y alteraciones visuales, con imágenes de edema vasogénico reversible en regiones cerebrales posteriores. Nos propusimos describir una serie de casos de pacientes trasplantados que desarrollaron PRES, caracterizando su presentación, evolución clínica, imágenes y terapéutica. Se analizaron historias clínicas informatizadas desde enero 2009 hasta enero 2019. Se recabaron datos demográficos, antecedentes clínicos, motivos y días de internación, tiempos desde el trasplante a la presentación clínica y diagnóstico. Se evaluó la mejoría/resolución en estudios por imágenes y la supervivencia anual. Se identificaron 27 pacientes con PRES; 22 trasplantados de órgano sólido de 1647 totales (1.3%) y 5 de médula ósea de 617 totales (0.8%). La media de edad fue de 38.2 años (DS 19.5), 62.9% de sexo femenino, 59.2% (16) antes del año del trasplante. Las comorbilidades más frecuentes enfermedad renal (14; 51%) e hipertensión arterial (11; 40%). Se realizó tomografía axial computarizada (TAC) a 23 pacientes (85.1%), siendo patológica en 11 (47.8%), y resonancia magnética nuclear (RMN) a 25 (92.6%), mostrando patrón característico en 17 (62.9%), con mejoría/resolución antes del año en 20 (74%). El tratamiento fue sintomático, modificando la inmunosupresión. Se registraron 5 óbitos durante la internación y otros 3 antes del año, con una supervivencia anual del 70.3% (19). La población de trasplantados, en crecimiento en nuestro medio, es particularmente susceptible al PRES. Tanto su presentación en estudios por imágenes, como su comorbilidad, difieren de otras poblaciones.


Abstract Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is an acute neurological disorder characterized by headache, encephalopathy, seizures and visual disturbances, with reversible vasogenic edema in posterior brain areas. The aim of this research was to describe a case series of transplanted patients who developed PRES, characterize their presentation, treatment, clinical and imaging evolution. Electronic medi cal records were analyzed from January 2009 to January 2019. Demographic data, clinical backgrounds, causes of admission, hospital length of stay and time from transplantation to PRES were collected. Image improvement/ resolution and annual survival were assessed. We identified 27 patients with PRES; 22 of 1647 total solid-organ transplant (1.3%) and 5 of 617 total bone marrow transplant (0.8%). The mean age at presentation was 38.2 years (SD 19.5), 62.9% female, 59.2% (16) before the year of transplantation. The most common comorbidities were kidney disease (14; 51%) and high blood pressure (11; 40%). Computed axial tomography (CT) was per formed in 23 patients (85.1%), with pathological findings in 11 (47.8%). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of 25 (92.6%), showed a characteristic pattern in 17 (62.9%) with improvement/resolution before the year in 20 (74%). Treatment was symptomatic, modifying immunosuppression. Five deaths were recorded during hospital stay and another 3 before the year of admission, with an annual survival of 70.3% (19 patients). Organ transplant trend is growing in our region. These patients are particularly susceptible to PRES, with a different imaging presentation and comorbidities from other populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome/etiology , Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome/epidemiology , Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Hypertension , Seizures , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Follow-Up Studies
8.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 116-126, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345509

ABSTRACT

Abstract This 2-year-follow up study compared and evaluated the stability of early anterior open bite (AOB) treatment based on different appliances. Children from 7 to 10 years with Angle Class I, AOB larger than 1.0 mm and fully erupted maxillary and mandibular permanent central incisors were eligible. The initial sample was 99 patients distributed, by simple randomization, into four groups: BS (bonded spurs), CC (chincup), FPC (fixed palatal crib) and RPC (removable palatal crib). Cephalometric analysis was performed at baseline (T1), final (T2) and 2-year post-treatment (T3) by taking the overbite measurements as the main outcome. Blinding was possible to cephalometric analysis. At T3, with dropouts, there were 63 individuals, being BS (n=15; overbite 0.19 mm; 11.54 years; 10 female (F)/5 male (M)); CC (n=11; overbite -0.19 mm; 11.41 years; 8 F/3 M); FPC (n=21; overbite 1.23 mm; 11.44 years; 15 F/6 M) and; RPC (n=16; overbite 0.73 mm; 11.67 years; 6 F/10 M). Changes in dentoskeletal variables and breaking deleterious oral habits during the follow up were statically analyzed with p<.05. Mandibular skeletal linear measurements and vertical dental components have gradually increased with age, manly at pubertal growth spurt and at the establishment of permanent dentition after treatment. Incisor teeth extrusion had impact on AOB correction and stability in 4 groups, which recorded a 1.15 mm-improvement of overbite after treatment (T3-T2). The experimental appliances were effective with stable results, being FPC the device recorded the highest AOB correction and the lowest patient withdrawal rate.


Resumo Os objetivos do presente estudo foram comparar e avaliar a estabilidade do tratamento precoce da mordida aberta anterior (MAA) com diferentes dispositivos. A amostra inicial foi composta por 99 pacientes randomizados em quatro grupos experimentais: BS - esporões colados; CC - mentoneira; FPC - grade palatina fixa; RPC - grade palatina removível. Análise cefalométrica foi realizada para avaliar os dados do período inicial (T1), final do tratamento (T2) e 2 anos após tratamento (T3), sendo a variável overbite o desfecho principal. Em T3, após perdas de seguimento, haviam 63 indivíduos, sendo BS (n=15; overbite 0.19 mm; 11.54 anos; 10 Feminino (F)/5 Masculino (M)); CC (n=11; overbite -0.19 mm; 11.41 anos; 8 F/3 M); FPC (n=21; overbite 1.23 mm; 11.44 anos; 15 F/6 M) e; RPC (n=16; overbite 0.73 mm; 11.67 anos; 6 F/10 M). Comparações das alterações nas variáveis dentoesqueléticas e abandono de hábitos bucais deletérios durante o tempo de acompanhamento foram estatisticamente analisados com p<.05. Medidas esqueléticas lineares mandibulares e componentes verticais aumentaram gradualmente com a idade, principalmente com o surto de crescimento puberal e estabelecimento da dentição permanente no pós-tratamento. O overbite foi significantemente melhorado durante o tratamento, permanecendo estável com alterações positivas. A extrusão dos incisivos impactou na correção da MAA e estabilidade nos 4 grupos, que registraram uma melhora de 1.15 mm no pós-tratamento (T3-T2). Com suas limitações, todos dispositivos experimentais foram efetivos e mostraram resultados estáveis no tratamento precoce da MAA, sendo que a FPC apresentou a maior correção da MAA e o menor índice de desistência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Open Bite/therapy , Malocclusion, Angle Class II , Cephalometry , Follow-Up Studies , Mandible
9.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(2): 240-245, Apr.-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285326

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Duodenal papilla neuroendocrine tumors (DP-NET) are rare. Surgical therapy may be recommended for their treatment. However, they have high rates of morbidity and mortality. Endoscopic papillectomy (EP) is safe and effective for complete resection of tumors at this site. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe a case series of DP-NETs resected by EP and perform a literature review. METHODS: A series of patients with DP-NETs underwent EP as primary treatment between Jan/2008 and Mar/2020 at a tertiary referral center. A comprehensive search was made on the MEDLINE primary electronic database. The search strategy was designed to find all articles related to DP-NETs published in the literature. RESULTS: Six patients underwent EP for presenting DP-NETs, four of whom were women (mean age, 63 years). The mean diameter of DP-NETs was 1.6±0.3 cm. Four of six patients were followed up, one of whom suffered relapse at the resection site after 3 months and was referred to surgery (pT3n1b) and the remaining three patients experienced no endoscopic or histological recurrence during follow-up periods of 10, 7, and 4 years, respectively. Eighteen articles were found in the literature search in MEDLINE. The articles included case reports of endoscopically treated DP-NETs. CONCLUSION: EP is safe and effective for DP-NETs that are ≤20 mm, confined to the submucosal layer, well-differentiated, and without local or remote metastasis. Adequate endoscopic follow-up and definitive surgical treatment in the presence of relapse are necessary.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Tumores neuroendócrinos da papila duodenal (TNE-PD) são raros. A cirurgia deve ser recomendada para o tratamento. No entanto, apresentam altas taxas de morbimortalidade. A papilectomia endoscópica (PE) é segura e eficaz para a ressecção completa de tumores nesta região. OBJETIVO: Descrever uma série de casos de TNEs-PD ressecados por PE e realizar uma revisão da literatura. MÉTODOS: Pacientes com TNEs-PD submetidos a PE como tratamento primário com intenção curativa entre jan/2008 e mar/2020 em um centro de referência terciário foram estudados. Uma pesquisa abrangente foi feita no MEDLINE. A estratégia de busca foi desenhada para encontrar todos os artigos relacionados a TNEs-PD publicados na literatura, que haviam sido submetidos a PE. RESULTADOS: Seis pacientes foram submetidos a PE por apresentar TNEs-PD, sendo quatro mulheres, com média de idade de 66 anos (22-96). O diâmetro médio dos TNEs-PD foi de 1,8±0,4 cm. Quatro dos seis pacientes foram acompanhados, um dos quais sofreu recidiva no local da ressecção após 3 meses e foi encaminhado para cirurgia (pT3n1b), e os três pacientes restantes não apresentaram recorrência endoscópica ou histológica durante os períodos de acompanhamento de 10, 7 e 4 anos, respectivamente. Dezoito artigos foram encontrados no MEDLINE. Os artigos incluíram relatos de casos de TNEs-PD tratados pela PE. CONCLUSÃO: A PE é segura e eficaz para TNEs-PD ≤20 mm, confinados à camada submucosa, bem diferenciados e sem metástases locais ou remotas. Acompanhamento endoscópico adequado e tratamento cirúrgico definitivo na vigência de recidiva são necessários.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Neuroendocrine Tumors/surgery , Duodenal Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
10.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1248721

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas osteocondrales (FOC) traumáticas de rodilla en la edad pediátrica, son lesiones que acompañan hasta un 30% de las luxaciones agudas de rótula (LAR). Si no se mantiene una elevada sospecha clínica, es frecuente su retraso diagnóstico, pudiendo generar potenciales complicaciones. A propósito, presentamos el caso de una paciente de 12 años con una FOC post LAR que pasó inadvertida en la primera consulta, requiriendo la fijación del fragmento osteocondral con tornillos HCS a los 5 meses, logrando un excelente resultado funcional a los 54 meses de seguimiento.


Traumatic osteochondral fractures (OCF) of the knee in pediatric age are injuries that accompany up to 30% of acute patellar dislocations (APD). If high clinical suspicion is not maintained, its diagnostic delay is frequent, and may generate potential complications. Incidentally, we present the case of a 12-year-old patient with a post-APD OCF that went unnoticed in the first consultation, requiring fixation of the osteochondral fragment with HCS screws at 5 months. Achieving an excellent functional result at 54 months follow-up.


As fraturas osteocondrais traumáticas (FOC) do joelho em idade pediátrica são lesões que acompanham até 30% das luxações agudas da patela (LAP). Se uma alta suspeita clínica não for mantida, seu atraso no diagnóstico é frequente e pode gerar complicações potenciais. A propósito, apresentamos o caso de um paciente de 12 anos com FOC pós-LAP que passou despercebido na primeira consulta, exigindo fixação do fragmento osteocondral com parafusos HCS em 5 meses. Obtendo um excelente resultado funcional aos 54 de acompanhamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Knee Injuries/surgery , Knee Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Bone Screws , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Patellar Dislocation/complications , Fracture Fixation , Knee Injuries/etiology
11.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1248722

ABSTRACT

La mitad de los pacientes con cáncer de origen colorrectal desarrollan metástasis hepáticas durante el curso de su enfermedad y de esas el 80% son irresecables. La resecabilidad se define no por la extensión de la hepatectomía, sino por la función del hígado remanente, por lo que para pacientes con ciertos factores favorables se pueden realizar técnicas de remodelación hepática para aumentar el volumen del hígado remanente para que este sea suficiente. La hepatectomía en dos tiempos se basa en procedimientos secuenciales que buscan tratar metástasis hepáticas colorrectales consideradas inicialmente irresecables, logrando la resección completa de las mismas dejando un remanente hepático funcionante suficiente, lo cual no sería posible en un solo acto quirúrgico. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar el caso clínico de un paciente portador de metástasis hepáticas sincrónicas de origen colorrectal irresecables, que luego de una quimioterapia de conversión, con el fin de aumentar el futuro remanente hepático y evitar falla hepática postoperatoria y realizar una resección oncológica, fue sometido a una hepatectomía en dos tiempos, técnica utilizada con baja frecuencia en nuestro medio, destacando una evolución favorable, con marcadores tumorales en valores normales y sin evidencia imagenológica de recaída local ni sistémica.


Half of colorectal cancer patients develop liver metastases during the course of their disease, 80% of which are unresectable. Resectability is defined not by the extent of the hepatectomy, but by the function of the liver remnant. Therefore, for patients with certain factors, liver remodeling techniques can be performed to increase volume of the remaining liver so that it is sufficient. Two-stage hepatectomy is performed on colorectal liver metastases which are initially considered unresectable in one stage resection procedures, in which sequential procedures are performed in order to achieve complete resection and preserve a sufficient functioning liver remnant. The objective of this paper is to present the case of a patient with unresectable synchronous colorectal liver metastases, in which after conversion chemotherapy, in order to increase the future liver remnant, avoid postoperative liver failure and perform an oncological resection underwent a two-stage hepatectomy, a technique used with low frequency in our setting, highlighting a favorable evolution, with tumor markers in normal values and without imaging evidence of local or systemic relapse.


Metade dos pacientes com câncer colorretal desenvolve metástases hepáticas durante o curso da doença e, desses, 80% são irressecáveis. A ressecabilidade é definida não pela extensão da hepatectomia, mas pela função do fígado remanescente; portanto, para pacientes com certos fatores favoráveis, técnicas de remodelação hepática podem ser realizadas para aumentar o volume do fígado remanescente de forma que seja suficiente. A hepatectomia em dois estágios é baseada em procedimentos sequenciais que buscam tratar metástases hepáticas colorretais inicialmente consideradas irressecáveis, obtendo ressecção completa, deixando um remanescente hepático funcional suficiente, o que não seria possível em um único ato cirúrgico. O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar o caso clínico de um paciente com metástases hepáticas sincrônicas irressecáveis ​​de origem colorretal, que após quimioterapia de conversão, com o objetivo de aumentar o futuro remanescente hepático e evitar insuficiência hepática pós-operatória e realizar uma ressecção oncológica, foi submetido a dois Hepatectomia em estágio, técnica utilizada com baixa frequência em nosso meio, evidenciando evolução favorável, com marcadores tumorais em valores normais e sem evidências de imagem de recidiva local ou sistêmica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Induction Chemotherapy , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Capecitabine/therapeutic use , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , Oxaliplatin/therapeutic use
12.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 1-17, jun. 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284420

ABSTRACT

Background: Echocardiographic predictors for new onset heart failure in patients with ischemic heart disease with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFrEF) or with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFpEF) in Ethiopian and Sub-Saharan African is not well-known.Methods: Two hundred twenty-eight patients with ischemic heart disease were retrospectively recruited and followed. Analysis on baseline clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of patients, and risk factors for new onset HFpEF and new onset HFrEF were done. The exclusion criteria were known heart failure at baseline and those who did not have echocardiography data.Results: During the follow up period, heart failure developed in 62.2% (61/98) of ischemic heart disease patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction and in 70.1% (92/130) of ischemic heart disease patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. We did not find significant difference between HFrEF and HFpEF in time to new onset heart failure. Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, diabetes, left atrium and diastolic left ventricular dimension had significant association with new onset HFrEF on univariate regression analysis. Whereas new onset HFpEF was significantly associated with age, sex, presence of hypertension, Systolic blood pressure and diastolic left ventricular dimension. On cox regression analysis diastolic left ventricular dimension was associated with both new onset HFpEF and HFrEF. Age, diabetes, and dimension of left atrium were also associated with HFrEF.Conclusion: This cohort study in ischemic heart disease patients suggests a key role for the diastolic left ventricular dimension, left atrium size, diabetes, sex and age as predictors of new onset HFrEF and HFpEF. Strategies directed to prevention and early treatment of diabetes, dilatation of left ventricle and left atrium may prevent a considerable proportion of HFrEF or HFpEF.


Antecedentes: Los predictores ecocardiográficos de nuevos eventos de insuficiencia cardiaca en pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica con fracción de eyección ventricular preservada (HFpEF) o con fracción de eyección ventricular reducida (HFrEF) no son bien conocidos en la Africa etíope y subsahariana.Métodos: Doscientos veintiocho pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica fueron reclutados y seguidos retrospectivamente. Se realizaron análisis sobre las características clínicas y ecocardiográficas basales de los pacientes, así como los factores de riesgo para un nuevo evento de HFpEF y un nuevo evento de HFrEF. Los criterios de exclusión fueron insuficiencia cardíaca conocida al inicio del estudio y aquellos que no tenían datos de ecocardiografía.Resultados: Durante el período de seguimiento, la insuficiencia cardíaca se desarrolló en el 62,2% (61/98) de pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica con fracción de eyección ventricular izquierda preservada y en el 70,1% (92/130) de pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica con fracción de eyección ventricular izquierda reducida. No encontramos diferencias significativas entre HFrEF y HFpEF en el tiempo hasta la nueva aparición de insuficiencia cardíaca. La presión arterial sistólica, la presión arterial diastólica, la diabetes y las dimensiones de la aurícula iquierda y del ventrículo izquierdo en diástole tuvieron una asociación significativa con nuevos eventos de HFrEF en el análisis de regresión univariada. Mientras que un nuevo evento de HFpEF se asoció significativamente con la edad, el sexo, la presencia de hipertensión, la presión arterial sistólica y la dimensión ventricular izquierda diastólica. En el análisis de regresión de cox, la dimensión ventricular izquierda diastólica se asoció con HFpEF de nuevo inicio y HFrEF. La edad, la diabetes y la dimensión de la aurícula izquierda también se asociaron con HFrEF. Conclusión: Este estudio de cohorte en pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica sugiere un papel clave para la dimensión ventricular izquierda diastólica, el tamaño de la aurícula izquierda, la diabetes, el sexo y la edad como predictores de un nuevo evento de HFrEF y HFpEF. Las estrategias dirigidas a la prevención y el tratamiento temprano de la diabetes, la dilatación del ventrículo izquierdo y la aurícula izquierda pueden prevenir una proporción considerable de HFrEF o HFpEF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Echocardiography/methods , Myocardial Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Stroke Volume , Tobacco Use Disorder , Multivariate Analysis , Predictive Value of Tests , Regression Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Ventricular Function, Left , Age Factors , Myocardial Ischemia/physiopathology , Risk Assessment/methods , Heart Disease Risk Factors
13.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1248724

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Poland constituye una malformacion que asocia diversos grados de anomalia toracica y a nivel del miembro superior, con una incidencia de 1 cada 30000 nacidos vivos. Esta patologia geenra ausencia de la glandula mamaria y del musculo pectroral mayor como malformacion mas frecuente. Lo cual produce una asimetria a nivel de torax con perdida de la armonia la cual lleva a una alteracion tanto fisica como psicologica a nivel de la paciente. Por esto es necesario resolver esta patologia con la menor morbilidad posible. El planteo de generar la menor morbilidad nos llevo a realizar una tecnica por abordaje unico sub axilar, a traves del cual se diseca el musculo dorsal ancho y se transpone de forma anterior, obteniendo una sola incision, la cual se mantiene oculta debajo del miembro superior adducido. Produciendo menor tiempo operatorio, menor tiempo de internacion, disminuyendo el número de incsiones y logrando una adecuada fijacion anterior del musculo dorsal ancho.


Poland's syndrome is a malformation associated with varying degrees of thoracic and upper limb abnormality, with an incidence of 1 in 30,000 live births. This pathology generates the absence of the mammary gland and the major pectoral muscle as the most frequent malformation. Which produces an asymmetry at the chest level with loss of harmony which leads to both physical and psychological alteration at the level of the patient. For this reason, it is necessary to resolve this pathology with the least possible morbidity. The proposal to generate the least morbidity led us to perform a single sub axillary approach technique, through which the latissimus dorsi muscle is dissected and transposed anteriorly, obtaining a single incision, which is kept hidden under the upper limb adduced. Producing less operative time, shorter hospitalization time, reducing the number of incisions and achieving an adequate anterior fixation of the latissimus dorsi muscle.


A síndrome de Poland é uma malformação associada a vários graus de anomalia torácica e de membros superiores, com uma incidência de 1 em 30.000 nascidos vivos. Essa patologia gera a ausência da glândula mamária e do músculo pectoral principal como a malformação mais frequente. O que produz uma assimetria ao nível do peito com perda de harmonia que conduz a alterações físicas e psicológicas ao nível do paciente. Por isso, é necessário resolver essa patologia com a menor morbidade possível. A proposta de gerar o mínimo de morbidade nos levou a realizar uma única técnica de abordagem subaxilar, por meio da qual o músculo grande dorsal é dissecado e transposto anteriormente, obtendo-se uma única incisão, que é mantida escondida sob o membro superior. aduzido. Produzindo menos tempo operatório, menor tempo de internação, reduzindo o número de incisões e conseguindo uma fixação anterior adequada do músculo grande dorsal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Poland Syndrome/surgery , Mammaplasty/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Thoracic Wall/abnormalities , Thoracic Wall/surgery
14.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): e420-e427, oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292096

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El síndrome de McCune-Albright (SMA) es un trastorno genético caracterizado por displasia ósea fibrosa, manchas cutáneas color "café con leche" e hiperfunción autónoma de uno o varios órganos endocrinos. El SMA es producido por mutaciones activadoras del gen GNAS1. La endocrinopatía más frecuente es la gonadal, que se manifiesta como pubertad precoz periférica. Objetivo. Describir las características clínicas y los estudios de laboratorio e imágenes en el momento del diagnóstico y a lo largo de la evolución de la enfermedad, con énfasis en la tríada clásica del síndrome. Población y métodos. Estudio clínico observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo de las historias clínicas de pacientes con SMA de la División de Endocrinología del Hospital de Niños Ricardo Gutiérrez desde 1974 hasta 2019. Resultados. Se presentan 12 niñas. Todas tuvieron pubertad precoz periférica (PPP) secundaria a quistes ováricos funcionantes. La edad de presentación fue temprana (2,6 ± 1,3 años). Los niveles de gonadotrofinas estuvieron suprimidos o en rango prepuberal con niveles de estradiol generalmente elevados. Diez niñas tuvieron manchas "café con leche" desde el nacimiento. Durante la evolución se detectó displasia fibrosa poliostótica en todas las pacientes. Los tratamientos utilizados para disminuir la recurrencia de los quistes ováricos y los efectos del hiperestrogenismo mostraron diferente eficacia. Conclusiones. En esta serie, la aparición de PPP contribuyó al diagnóstico temprano del SMA y fue de difícil tratamiento. En la evolución persistió la hiperfunción gonadal y empeoraron las lesiones óseas.


Introduction. McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is a genetic disorder defined by fibrous dysplasia of bone, café-au-lait skin spots, and autonomous hyperfunction of one or more endocrine organs. MAS is caused by activating mutations of the GNAS1 gene. The most frequent type of endocrinopathy is gonadal endocrinopathy in the form of peripheral precocious puberty. Objective. To describe the clinical characteristics, laboratory and imaging tests at the time of diagnosis and over the course of the disease, focusing on the classical triad of MAS. Population and methods. Observational, descriptive, retrospective clinical study of patients with MAS seen at the Department of Endocrinology of Hospital de Niños Ricardo Gutiérrez between 1974 and 2019. Results. Twelve girls are described, all of whom developed peripheral precocious puberty (PPP) secondary to functional ovarian cysts. Their age at presentation was early (2.6 ± 1.3 years). Gonadotropin levels were suppressed or in the prepubertal range with generally high estradiol levels. Ten girls had café-au-lait skin spots since birth. During the course of disease, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia was detected in all patients. The treatments used to reduce ovarian cyst recurrence and hyperestrogenism effects showed varied effectiveness. Conclusions. In this series, the onset of PPP helped to make an early diagnosis of MAS and was difficult to treat. The course of disease showed persistent gonadal hyperfunction and worsening of bone injuries


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Puberty, Precocious/diagnosis , Puberty, Precocious/etiology , Puberty, Precocious/therapy , Fibrous Dysplasia, Polyostotic/complications , Fibrous Dysplasia, Polyostotic/diagnosis , Fibrous Dysplasia, Polyostotic/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Cafe-au-Lait Spots/diagnosis , Cafe-au-Lait Spots/therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
15.
Med. infant ; 28(1): 10-15, Marzo 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1282213

ABSTRACT

Los trastornos del desarrollo conforman la "nueva morbilidad" y su identificación oportuna facilita planear los apoyos específicos que pueden favorecer el pronóstico de estos pacientes. El objetivo de este proyecto es brindar información acerca del abordaje de los pacientes con diagnóstico de TEA en el primer nivel de atención, mediante la descripción de diferentes variables a través de la evaluación de sus historias clínicas. Se analizaron 35 historias clínicas y se obtuvieron los siguientes resultados. 85,7% sexo masculino con un promedio de edad de 8,1 años. El 48,57% poseían obra social. 14,29% fueron nacidos pretérmino. 8,57% presentaron síndrome genético/cromosómico asociado al autismo. 22.86% presentaban hermano con mismo diagnóstico. Retraso madurativo o discapacidad intelectual en el 22,8%. Edad de diagnóstico media de 45.05 meses, (DE 17.13). En el 65,71% de las HC no se consignaba si el familiar presentaba alguna preocupación con respecto al desarrollo. En el 40% de las HC figura alteración en la comunicación/ ausencia o retraso del lenguaje, como motivo de preocupación/ derivación. El 91,43% se realizó el diagnostico por el equipo especializado en el Hospital Garrahan. El 85,71% realiza o realizó tratamiento, 71,43% en un centro público. El 88,57% se encontraba escolarizado. 51,43% en escuela especial. El 68,57% tenían certificado de discapacidad. El 28,57% se encontraban en tratamiento psicofarmacológico. El análisis de las HC nos permitió acercarnos a describir nuestra población, con características de diagnóstico y seguimiento que se ajustan en mayor medida a la descripta en la bibliografía, pese a tratarse de una población con un bajo nivel socio económico (AU)


Developmental disorders are the "new morbidity" and their timely identification enhances the planning of specific support measures that may improve the prognosis of these patients. The aim of this project is to provide information on the approach of patients diagnosed with ASD at the first level of care, by describing different variables obtained from medical records (MR). Thirtyfive MR were analyzed and the following results were obtained: 85.7% were male and mean age was 8.1 years. Overall, 48.57% had a health insurance; 14.29% were born preterm; 8,57% had a genetic/chromosomal syndrome associated with autism; 22.86% had a sibling with the same diagnosis. Developmental delay or intellectual disability was observed in 22.8%. Mean age at diagnosis was 45.05 months (SD 17.13). In 65.71% of the MR it was not clear if the caregiver was worried about the development of the child. In 40% of the MR, communication disturbances or absence of language/language delay were mentioned as the reason for worry or referral. In 91.43% the diagnosis was made by the specialized team at Garrahan Hospital. Overall, 85.71% underwent or is undergoing treatment, of whom 71.43% at a public center. Of all the children, 88.57% was attending school, 51.43% of whom at a special school; 68.57% had a disability certificate; 28.57% received psychopharmacological treatment. Analysis of the MR allowed us to describe our population, with diagnostic and follow-up features that mostly agree with the findings reported in the literature, in spite of the low socio-economic level of the families (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Autism Spectrum Disorder/diagnosis , Autism Spectrum Disorder/therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 426-435, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154471

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the functional outcomes and complications of modified Hautmann neobladder with Wallace ureteroileal anastomosis on a 6-8 cm long isoperistaltic chimney, following radical cystectomy. Materials and Methods: Between January 2015 and October 2019, 22 patients (18 men and 4 women) underwent radical cystectomy and Hautmann neobladder reconstruction with chimney modification and Wallace I ureteroileal anastomosis. The mean age of patients was 61 years (45-74 years). All procedures were performed by the same surgeon and the mean follow-up was 29.4 months. Complications were registered as early (occurring within 3 months) or late (occurring after 3 months), with particular attention addressed to the ureteroileal anastomotic stricture and anastomotic leakage rate. Patient evaluation also included symptom analysis for daytime continence and voiding frequency. Results: Ureteroileal anastomotic stricture was not detected as a cause of hydronephrosis. Hovewer, the anastomotic leakage occurred in one patient during the early postoperative period. Early complications occurred in 9 patients and the most common was bilateral hydronephrosis, detected in 5 examinees. Late complications occurred in 4 patients. Complete daytime and nighttime continence achieved in 18 and 16 patients respectively, with two patients (9%) still required intermittent catheterization three months after surgery. Conclusions: The functional results with modified Hautmann neobladder, incorporating short afferent limb in Wallace I uretero-enteric anastomosis, were efficient. This technique is an effective way to minimize potential uretero-enteric stricture, anastomotic leakage and incidence of vesicoureteral reflux.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urinary Diversion/adverse effects , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Cystectomy/adverse effects , Follow-Up Studies , Ileum/surgery , Middle Aged
17.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(1): 11-18, mar. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342590

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Realizar la evaluación clínica, imagenológica y funcional de pacientes con fracturas avulsivas tibiales del ligamento cruzado posterior (FTALCPs) fijadas con tornillos canulados con técnica abierta. MÉTODOS: Los pacientes con FTALCP operados entre 2010 y 2017 fueron revisados retrospectivamente. Criterios de inclusión: fracturas agudas, desplazadas, test de cajón posterior grado III, lesiones combinadas de rodilla, seguimiento > 12 meses. Se excluyeron pacientes > 65 años, con FTALCPs bilaterales, lesiones del ligamento cruzado posterior (LCP) intrasustancia, test de cajón posterior grados I-II, fracturas expuestas, lesiones neurovasculares, y seguimientos < 12 meses. Objetivo primario: medir la estabilidad clínica mediante test de cajón posterior y radiografía de estrés arrodillada comparativa. Objetivos secundarios: nvaluar la consolidación en radiografías, complicaciones y funcionalidad con las escalas de Lysholm y Tegner. Resultados Se incluyeron 20 pacientes, con edad media de 41 años (rango: 32 a 61 años). El seguimiento promedio fue de 33,9 meses (rango: 12 a 82 meses). La estabilidad clínica mejoró en 93% (cajón posterior postoperatorio grados 0 y I) de los pacientes. La radiografía de estrés arrodillada mostró una diferencia promedio de 2,6 mm (rango: 0,1 mm a 6,8 mm) de traslación posterior al comparar con el lado sano. Todas las fracturas consolidaron. Siete pacientes presentaron complicaciones. El puntaje promedio de la escala de Lysholm al final del seguimiento fue de 85,17. El promedio preoperatorio del puntaje en la escala de Tegner no varió significativamente en comparación con el postoperatorio. CONCLUSIONES: La fijación de fracturas avulsivas tibiales del LCP con tornillos canulados con técnica abierta es efectiva en restaurar la estabilidad posterior y lograr la consolidación ósea. La funcionalidad clínica a mediano plazo es buena, a pesar del alto número de complicaciones y lesiones concomitantes. NIVEL DE EVIDENCIA: tipo IV.


OBJECTIVE: To report mid-term clinical, radiographic, and functional outcomes following open reduction and fixation of posterior cruciate ligament tibial avulsion fractures (PCLTAFs) with cannulated screws. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of patients with PCLTAF operated on from August 2010 to April 2017. Patients with acute fractures, with more than 2 mm of displacement and grade III on the posterior drawer test, combined or not to knee injuries, were included. Patients older than 65 years of age, with bilateral avulsion fractures, intrasubstance posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) lesions, stable grade-I to -II on the posterior drawer test, concomitant neurovascular injuries, mid-substance tears, open fractures, and less than 12 months of follow-up were excluded. Primary outcomes: the clinical stability was assessed using the posterior drawer test and a single comparative knee stress radiograph. Secondary outcomes: radiographic consolidation, complications, Lysholm score, and Tegner activity score. RESULTS: In total, 20 patients with a mean age of 41 years (range: 32 to 61 years) were included. The mean follow-up was of 33.9 months (range: 12 to 82 months). Clinical stability (grade 0 or I on the posterior drawer test) was observed in 93% of the patients. The mean difference in contralateral posterior displacement was of 2.6 mm (range: 0.1 mm to 6.8 mm) on a single comparative knee stress radiograph. All fractures presented radiological consolidation. Seven patients developed complications. The mean Lysholm score at the last follow-up visit was of 85.17. The postoperative Tegner activity scores did no vary significantly compared to the preinjury scores. CONCLUSIONS: Cannulated screw fixation of a displaced PCLTAF through a posterior approach restores clinical and radiographic stability and has excellent union rates. The mid-term functional outcomes are good despite the high rates of combined knee lesions and postoperative complications. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Tibial Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Bone Screws , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/diagnostic imaging , Fracture Fixation/methods , Tibial Fractures/physiopathology , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/physiopathology , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Avulsion , Fracture Fixation/instrumentation
18.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 91-97, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288643

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To analyze long-term functional and radiographic results of partial shoulder replacement for humeral head osteonecrosis. Methods Retrospective review of thirteen cases, with a mean postoperative follow-up of 17 years (range 10 to 26 years). The findings from the last follow-up were compared to those in which the patients had one year of postoperative follow-up. Functional assessment consisted of shoulder movement measurements and application of the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder score. All patients underwent radiographic examination to measure glenoid erosion, proximal humeral migration and lateral glenohumeral dislocation. Results Glenoid erosion increased over time significantly (p < 0.05). Paradoxically, all active shoulder movements also improved (p < 0.05), while UCLA scores remained the same. Radiographic deterioration was not correlated with clinical function. We had an 84.7% survival rate for arthroplasties after a mean time of 16 years. Conclusions Early functional outcomes were maintained in the long run and do not correlate with radiographic deterioration (increased erosion of the glenoid).


Resumo Objetivo Analisar os resultados funcionais e radiográficos de longo prazo da artroplastia parcial do ombro para estosteonecrose da cabeça do úmero. Métodos Revisão retrospectiva de 13 casos, com seguimento pós-operatório médio de 17 anos (variação de 10 a 26 anos). Os achados do último seguimento foram comparados àqueles em que os pacientes tinham com 1 ano de acompanhamento pós-operatório. A avaliação funcional consistiu em medidas do movimento do ombro e aplicação do escore do ombro da Universidade da Califórnia, Los Angeles (UCLA). Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a exame radiografico para medir a erosão glenoidal, a migração umeral proximal, e o deslocamento glenoumeral lateral. Resultados A erosão da glenoide aumentou com o tempo significativamente (p < 0,05). Paradoxalmente, todos os movimentos ativos do ombro também melhoraram (p < 0,05), enquanto os escores da UCLA permaneceram os mesmos. A deterioração radiográfica não teve correlação com a função clínica. Tivemos uma taxa de sobrevida de 84,7% das artroplastias após tempo médio de 16 anos. Conclusões Os resultados funcionais precoces mantiveram-se a longo prazo e não se correlacionem com a deterioração radiográfica (aumento da erosão glenoidal).


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteonecrosis , Follow-Up Studies , Humeral Head
19.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(1): 48-56, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155787

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of hybrid transthoracic periventricular device closure of ventricular septal defects (VSDs) in a single center. Methods: All patients who underwent hybrid transthoracic periventricular device closure of VSDs between January 2018 and December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The preoperative, operative and postoperative findings and clinical follow-ups were reviewed. Results: A total of 59 patients underwent the procedure. Transesophageal echocardiographic guidance was used in all procedures. The procedure was successful in 57 procedures (97%). The procedures of two patients were changed to open-heart surgery during the same intervention due to severe aortic insufficiency (the device was not deployed) and significant residual shunt after device deployment. One major complication (1.7%) was observed after the procedure. The patient's device was dislodged within 12 hours after the procedure, and this patient underwent device extraction and VSD patch closure due to significant residual shunt. Eight (14%) minor complications were observed after the procedure, and three of them persisted during follow-up. Three of these eight complications were incomplete right bundle branch block, one of which resolved during follow-up; two were mild residual shunts, one of which resolved during follow-up; two were mild new-onset tricuspid valve insufficiencies; and one was mild new-onset mitral valve insufficiency; all valvular insufficiencies were resolved during follow-up. Conclusions: Hybrid transthoracic periventricular device closure of VSD seems to be a good alternative approach due to its procedural success and low risk rates. The best advantage of the procedure is the possibility of switching to open-heart surgery, if necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Septal Occluder Device , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/surgery , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/diagnostic imaging , Cardiac Catheterization , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Echocardiography, Transesophageal
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879517

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the results of concurrent hearing and deafness genetic screening and follow up of newborns.@*METHODS@#In total 33 911 babies born to 5 designated hospitals in Nanshan District of Shenzhen city from October 2017 to December 2019 were included. All subjects underwent concurrent hearing and deafness genetic screening covering 21 variants of 4 genes including GJB2, SLC26A4, GJB3 and Mt12SrRNA. For those with positive results, Sanger sequencing was carried out for confirmation.@*RESULTS@#93.32% subjects passed the first-round hearing screening, and 87.01% passed the recheck testing. The overall detection rate was 4.18%. The detection rates for GJB2, SLC26A4, GJB3 and Mt12srRNA variants were 1.98%, 1.58%, 0.37% and 0.25%, respectively. 126 and 84 subjects were found with high risk for delayed-onset and drug-induced hearing loss, respectively. In addition, 4 and 5 subjects were found to harbor homozygous/compound heterozygous variants of the GJB2 and SLC26A4 genes, respectively. Concurrent screening showed that subjects (with heterozygous variants) who did not passed the two round hearing test were as follows: GJB2 with 6.75% in the first round and 2.61% in the second round testing, SLC26A4 (3.3%/1.2%), GJB3 (0.72%/0.14%) and 12SrRNA (0.36%/Nil), respectively. Moreover, the No-pass rate in the subjects with homozygous or compound variants in single gene, heterozygous variant in single gene, heterozygous variant in multiple genes, and homozygous variant in GJB3 gene were significantly higher than the subjects with negative results of genetic screening.@*CONCLUSION@#Concurrent newborn genetic screening can enhance the effectiveness of hearing screening and enable earlier identification and intervention for children with hearing impairment. Follow-up can improve the diagnostic rate for children who are positive for the concurrent screening. Nevertheless, genetic and hearing screening cannot replace the diagnostic testing. It is necessary to conduct comprehensive analysis for the results of genetic and hearing screening and radiological examinations. Sanger sequencing and next-generation sequencing are critical for ascertain the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , DNA Mutational Analysis , Deafness/genetics , Follow-Up Studies , Genes/genetics , Genetic Testing/statistics & numerical data , Hearing/genetics , Hearing Tests/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Mutation , Neonatal Screening
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL