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1.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 80(Único): 1-8, dez. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1358996

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho teve como objetivo a caracterização nutricional (umidade, proteínas, lipídeos, cinzas e açúcares totais), quantificação do Valor Energético Total (VET) e determinação do teor de carotenoides totais dos frutos de cajuzinho do cerrado (Anacardium humile A.St.-Hil.), curriola (Pouteria ramiflora (Mart.) Radlk) e inharé (Brosimum gaudichaudii Trécul), do Cerrado mato grossense. No intuito de oferecer uma alternativa de dieta nutritiva e incentivar o reaproveitamento de alimentos, foram analisadas polpas e cascas destes frutos. O cajuzinho do cerrado apresentou expressiva quantidade de carotenoides totais nas polpas (5,95 mg/100g) e cascas (6,55 mg/100g). Já a curriola apresentou um valor considerável de cinzas (0,66%) nas polpas e mostraram quantidade significativa de Valor Energético Total (80,96 Kcal/100g). O inharé destacou-se por apresentar elevado teor de proteínas nas cascas (3,76%) e polpas (3,19%). Estes resultados mostraram que polpas e cascas dos frutos analisados, podem ser utilizadas como fonte de nutrientes ou como ingredientes na elaboração de novos alimentos com potencial funcional. Este é o primeiro estudo que avalia o potencial nutricional e carotenoides totais nas cascas destes frutos do Cerrado mato grossense. (AU)


This study aimed at performing the nutritional characterization (moisture, protein, lipid, ashes and total sugar), quantification of the Total Energy Value (TEV) and determination of carotenoid content of cajuzinho do cerrado (Anacardium humile A.St.-Hil.), curriola (Pouteria ramiflora (Mart.) Radlk) and inharé (Brosimum gaudichaudii Trécul), of the Midwestern Cerrado. Aiming at offering a nutritious alternative of diet and motivating the reuse of foods, the pulps and peels of fruits were analyzed. Cajuzinho do cerrado showed expressive amount of total carotenoids in the pulps (5.95 mg/100g) and peels (6.55 mg/100g). The curriola presented a considerable amount of ash (0.66%) in the pulps and a significant amount of Total Energy Value (80.96 Kcal/100g). On the other hand, the inharé had a high amount of protein in the peels (3.76%) and pulps (3.19%). These results showed that pulps and peels of the analyzed fruits can be used as source of nutrients or as ingredients in the manufacture of new functional foods. This is the first report which evaluates the nutritional potential and total carotenoids in peels of fruits from Midwestern Cerrado. (AU)


Subject(s)
Grassland , Brosimum gaudichaudii , Anacardium , Pouteria , Food Composition , Fruit
2.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(5): 730-737, set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138609

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El consumo de quínoa (Chenopodium quínoa Willd) ha aumentado, renovando el interés en su composición y valor nutricional. El objetivo del estudio fue determinar los contenidos de humedad, cenizas, proteínas y algunos minerales (Fe, Zn y Cu) de 10 variedades de quínoa chilena cultivadas en cuatro zonas geográficas, utilizando metodologías analíticas validadas. Las muestras (n=10) de quínoa cultivada en Vallenar, Los Tilos, Hidango y Santa Rosa fueron analizadas en triplicado. Los métodos normalizados aplicados fueron: humedad; cenizas; proteínas; hierro, zinc y cobre, bajo los requisitos de ISO/IEC 17025:2017. Los datos se analizaron usando análisis de varianza para comparar variedades y zonas de cultivo. Las muestras contienen en promedio 16,6 g de proteínas/100 g (14,4-17,5), 8,97 mg de hierro/100 g (7,71-10,76), 3,38 mg de zinc/100 g (2,17-5,30), y 0,83 mg de cobre/100 g (0,60-1,10). Las variedades cultivadas en Vallenar, Los Tilos e Hidango mostraron mayor contenido proteico que las de Santa Rosa (p<0,05). Todas las variedades tienen un contenido destacado de los microminerales cobre, zinc y hierro. Los resultados aportan información relevante sobre el valor nutricional de la quínoa chilena, entregando datos para la actualización de las Tablas de Composición Química de alimentos.


ABSTRACT The intake of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd) has increased worldwide. Its revival has renewed interest in its composition and nutritional value. The aim of this study was to determine the contents of moisture, ash, protein, and some minerals (Fe, Zn and Cu) of ten varieties of Chilean quinoa grown in various geographical zones, using validated analytical methods under rule ISO/IEC 17025:2017. Grains grown in Vallenar, Los Tilos, Hidango, and Santa Rosa were analyzed in triplicates, using previously validated analytical methodologies and certified reference materials. The normalized methods used were: moisture; ash; protein; mineral, under the ISO/IEC 17025:2017 norm. Data were analyzed using ANOVA to compare varieties and growth zones. The analyzed quinoa grains contain a mean of 16.6 g proteins/100 g (range 14.4-17.5), 8.97 mg iron/100 g (range 7.71-10.76), 3.38 mg zinc/100 g, and 0.83 mg copper/100 g (range 0.60-1.10). The varieties grown in Vallenar, Los Tilos and Hidango showed higher protein content compared to Santa Rosa (p<0.05). All varieties exhibit considerable microminerals content, such as copper, zinc, and iron. These results provide relevant information about the nutritional value of Chilean quinoa and updated reliable data for Food Composition Tables.


Subject(s)
Dietary Proteins , Edible Grain , Chenopodium quinoa , Minerals , Food Chemistry , Food Composition , Nutritive Value
3.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 70(3): 205-214, sept. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1223705

ABSTRACT

Las frutas exóticas se encuentran dentro del grupo de las frutas tropicales y su carácter perecedero limita su exportación a mercados distantes. En general, su consumo es local, son subutilizadas o poco valoradas tanto en el hogar como industrialmente; sin embargo, debido su alto valor nutricional, su consumo se ha incrementado significativamente en los últimos años. Estas frutas son fuente de compuestos bioactivos como fibra, vitamina C, carotenoides, ácidos fenólicos y polifenoles, los cuales han sido asociados a la reducción de los riesgos de enfermedades crónicas causadas por el estrés oxidativo. Estos compuestos bioactivos han demostrado que poseen varias actividades biológicas in vitro e in vivo incluyendo actividad antioxidante, antimicrobiana, antiinflamatoria, antiedad, neuroprotectora y antiviral entre otras. Por lo tanto, la obtención de ingredientes funcionales a partir de las frutas tropicales consideradas exóticas resulta viable; así como su utilización para el desarrollo de alimentos funcionales y nutracéuticos, para elaboración de productos de la industria farmacéutica y la conservación de alimentos. En la presente revisión se discute la información más relevante publicada en el período 2010-2020 de las principales bases de datos científicas, incluyendo Scopus, Science Direct, PubMed, Medline y Scielo, sobre los compuestos fenólicos y las bioactividades reportadas de las frutas tropicales exóticas como acai (Euterpe oleraceae), acerola (Malpighia emarginata), buruti (Mauritia flexuosa) caqui (Diospyros kaki), chicozapote (Manilkara zapota), litchi (Litchi chinensis), maracuyá (Passiflora edulis), noni (Morinda citrifolia) rambután (Nephelium lappaceum), pitaya blanca (Hylocereus undatus), pitaya roja (Hylocereus polyrhizus) y su relación con sus potenciales efectos benéficos en la salud(AU)


Exotic fruits are found in the group of tropical fruits and their perishable nature limits their export to distant markets. In general, their consumption is local; they are underutilized or little valued both at home and industrially; however, its consumption has increased significantly in recent years due to its high nutritional value. These fruits are a source of bioactive compounds such as fiber, vitamin C, carotenoids, phenolic acids and polyphenols, which have been associated with reducing the risks of chronic diseases caused by oxidative stress. These bioactive compounds have been shown to possess various in vitro and in vivo biological activities, including antioxidant, antimicrobial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, anti-aging, neuroprotective, and among others. Therefore, obtaining functional ingredients from tropical fruits considered exotic is viable and used to develop functional and nutraceutical foods, prepare products for the pharmaceutical industry and food preservation. This review discusses the most relevant information published in the 2010-2020 period from the main scientific databases, including Scopus, Science Direct, PubMed, Medline and Scielo, on phenolic compounds and reported bioactivities of exotic tropical fruits such as acai (Euterpe oleraceae), acerola (Malpighia emarginata), persimmon (Diospyros kaki), chicozapote (Manilkara zapota), litchi (Litchi chinensis), passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) noni (Morinda citrifolia), rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum), white pitaya (Hylocereus undatus) and red pitaya (Hylocereus polyrhizus) and their relationship with their potential beneficial effects on health(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dietary Fiber , Food Composition , Phenolic Compounds , Fruit , Nutritive Value , Food Analysis , Antioxidants
4.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 9(2): 224, ago. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1103542

ABSTRACT

El consumo de proteína y especialmente aminoácidos esenciales juega un papel fundamental en la dieta, ya que suple las necesidades de nitrógeno del organismo y favorece el mantenimiento de estructuras corporales. En los últimos años, la nutrición y la tecnología de los alimentos están experimentando una profunda transformación debido al desarrollo del concepto de alimentos funcionales y nutracéuticos. Tanto las proteínas funcionales como los péptidos bioactivos están cobrando gran importancia ya que, además de su papel nutricional por ser fuente de aminoácidos, son capaces de ejercer diferentes efectos biológicos específicos sobre el sistema inmune, el sistema cardiovascular o el tracto gastrointestinal. Los aminoácidos de cadena ramificada (BCAAs denominación por las siglas en inglés) como lo son la Leucina, Isoleucina y Valina son considerados útiles para el tratamiento y predicción de algunas enfermedades, el presente artículo de revisión, se recopila información acerca de los aminoácidos de cadena ramificada y su uso positivo en el tratamiento de diferentes patologías como enfermedades neurológicas, hepáticas, cardiometabólicas, cáncer, además de su uso en deportistas. Se tuvieron en cuenta los siguientes criterios de inclusión: 1. La búsqueda se realizó en reconocidas bases de datos, 2. Se incluyeron artículos desde el 2006 a la fecha, 3. Se realizó la búsqueda con palabras como aminoácidos de cadena ramificada y efecto en diferentes patologías, con la inclusión de artículos donde se menciona el consumo humano de los mismos, se excluyeron artículos donde los aminoácidos no intervengan de manera positiva en su consumo y tratamiento de enfermedades(AU)


The consumption of protein and especially essential amino acids play a fundamental role in the diet, in order to meet the body's nitrogen needs and the maintenance of body structures. In recent years nutrition and food technology are undergoing a profound transformation due to the development of the concept of functional foods and nutraceuticals. Both functional proteins and bioactive peptides are becoming very important since, in addition to their nutritional role as a source of amino acids, they are capable of exerting different specific biological effects on the immune system, the cardiovascular system or the gastrointestinal tract. Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), such as Leucine, Isoleucine and Valine, are considered useful for the treatment and prediction of some diseases. This review article collects information about branched-chain amino acids. and it's positive use in the treatment of different pathologies such as neurological, liver, cardiometabolic diseases, cancer, in addition to it's use in athletes. The following inclusion criteria were taken into account: 1. The search was carried out in recognized databases, 2. Articles were included from 2006 to date, 3. The search was carried out with words such as branched-chain amino acids and effect in different pathologies, with the inclusion of articles where their human consumption is mentioned, articles were excluded where amino acids do not intervene positively in their consumption and treatment of diseases(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Proteins , Diet , Food Composition , Functional Food , Amino Acids, Branched-Chain , Nitrogen Compounds , Food Technology , Nutritive Value
5.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 57(2): e159691, mai. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1122172

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the relationship between humans and companion animals has tightened considerably and resulted in the expansion of the range of pet food industry products available in the market. In this context, snacks have gained greater popularity as pet owners seek to please their animals by providing such foods. Due to the growing importance of the snack segment, a need exists for accurate information on the nutritional composition of these products, such as fat concentration. No studies were found that evaluated the effectiveness of different methods applied for determining the content of this nutrient in dog snacks. In addition, too much mineral content can pose health risks. Thus, the objective of this study was to compare three methodologies for determining fat in pet snack products. The moisture, calcium and phosphorus content of each was also determined to compare the obtained results with each value stated on their product labels. Fat determination methods evaluated were ether extract (EE), ether extract after acid hydrolysis (EEHA), and fat content obtained from Ankom XT15 analyzer (ANKOM). Twenty-four snacks produced by 17 companies were evaluated. The results of the three methodologies were compared using the Tukey test. The comparison between the results of the laboratory analysis and the values stated on the labels was performed using descriptive statistics. There was no difference between the three methods evaluated (p = 0.34) regarding fat content. Regarding the nutritional compliance of the labels, 25% (n = 6) of the snacks presented higher moisture content than the declared amount, 50% (n = 12) presented lower fat content, 25% (n = 6) lower phosphorus content and, in 50% (n = 12), the calcium content was not within the minimum and maximum range stated on the label. Therefore, due to the absence of difference between the results, any of the three fat determination methodologies could be used. Regarding compliance of labels for calcium, phosphorus and fat content, greater control over the nutritional composition of these foods is required since most pet owners tend to supply large quantities of snacks to dogs, leading to excessive daily energy intake.(AU)


Nos últimos anos a relação entre seres humanos e animais de companhia estreitou-se consideravelmente e houve uma expansão da gama de produtos da indústria pet food disponíveis no mercado. Nesse contexto, os petiscos ganharam maior popularidade, uma vez que os tutores buscam agradar seus pets com esse tipo de alimento. Devido à crescente importância do segmento de petiscos, há a necessidade de informações precisas sobre a composição nutricional desses produtos, como o teor de gordura, uma vez que não foram encontrados estudos que avaliassem a eficácia dos métodos de determinação do teor deste nutriente em petiscos destinados a cães e o excesso de minerais pode implicar em riscos para a saúde. Assim, o presente trabalho comparou três metodologias para determinação de gordura em petiscos para cães, e também determinou os seus respectivos teores de umidade, cálcio e fósforo, cujos resultados foram comparados aos valores declarados pelos fabricantes nos rótulos dos produtos. Os métodos de determinação da gordura avaliados foram: extrato etéreo (EE), extrato etéreo após hidrólise ácida (EEHA) e teor de gordura obtido em analisador Ankom XT15 (ANKOM). Vinte e quatro petiscos produzidos por 17 empresas foram avaliados. Os resultados das três metodologias de determinação da gordura foram comparados com o emprego do teste Tukey. A comparação entre os resultados das análises laboratoriais e os valores declarados nos rótulos foi realizada por meio de estatística descritiva. Não houve diferença entre os três métodos avaliados (p = 0,34) em relação ao teor de gordura dos petiscos examinados. Em relação à conformidade nutricional dos rótulos, 25% (n = 6) dos petiscos apresentaram teor de umidade superior ao declarado, 50% (n = 12) apresentaram menor teor de gordura; 25% (n = 6) menor teor de fósforo e, em 50% (n = 12) deles, o teor de cálcio estava fora da faixa mínima e máxima declarada no rótulo. Portanto, devido à ausência de diferença entre os resultados, as três metodologias de determinação de gordura podem ser utilizadas. Quanto à conformidade dos rótulos em relação aos teores de cálcio, fósforo e gordura, é necessário maior controle sobre a composição nutricional desses alimentos, uma vez que a maioria dos tutores fornece petiscos em elevadas quantidades para os cães, que podem determinar excessivo consumo de energia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Dietary Fats/analysis , Food Composition , Pets/metabolism , Snacks/classification , Nutritive Value , Dietary Minerals , Food Labeling
6.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 6(1): 65-75, ene.-mar. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1096725

ABSTRACT

El rápido aumento de la obesidad infantil se ha asociado al elevado consumo de alimentos procesados de alta densidad energética e insuficiente actividad física. Chile el año 2016, implementó la Ley 20.606 sobre Composición Nutricional de los Alimentos y su Publicidad, que prohíbe la publicidad de alimentos altos en calorías, grasas saturadas, azúcares y sodio para los niños menores de 14 años y la venta de estos alimentos al interior de las escuelas. El objetivo de este trabajo fue identificar los cambios en la oferta y consumo de alimentos de los kioscos escolares en escuelas públicas de Chile con la implementación de la Ley 20.606 sobre Composición Nutricional de los Alimentos y su Publicidad. Se hizo so de un estudio longitudinal. La muestra provino del estudio "Efectividad de una intervención en alimentación y actividad física orientada a controlar la obesidad en niños pertenecientes a escuelas públicas en escuelas de tres regiones del país" (estudio KIND), alcanzando 351 escolares de 8 a 14 años pertenecientes a tres escuelas municipalizadas. Para analizar la oferta en el kiosco se registraron en una base Excel todos los alimentos junto a su aporte nutricional, para el consumo de alimentos, se aplicó la encuesta utilizada en el estudio KIND y la medición del estado nutricional fue realizada por nutricionistas previamente estandarizadas. Se utilizó de la línea base la información obtenida en el estudio KIND, obtenida el año 2015 y se comparó con el año 2017 a través de Test de Mac Nemar y Test de proporciones para una muestra. Todos los análisis se realizaron con STATA 15 (Copyright 1984-2009 StataCorp). Los alimentos procesados y ultra procesados (84,8%) siguen siendo los más ofertados dentro de los kioscos en donde destacan los snacks dulces y los caramelos, manteniéndose la oferta al interior y exterior de las escuelas. Los grupos de alimentos que los niños prefieren comprar y traer desde la casa en ambos periodos analizados son los snacks dulces y las bebidas y jugos azucarados. Con la implementación de la Ley 20.606, disminuyó la variedad de alimentos ofertados altos en nutrientes críticos, sin embargo, se mantiene la oferta de alimentos ultra procesados y procesados en los kioscos escolares.


The fast growth in childhood obesity has been linked to the increased intake of high energy density processed food and poor physical activity. In 2016 in Chile the law 20.606 about Food Nutritional Composition and Advertisement, forbids the advertising of food with high calories, saturated fats, sugars, and sodium for children younger than 14 years and the sale of these food products inside schools. This work aimed to identify changes in the food supply and consumption in public school kiosks from Chile with the addition of the law 20.606 about Food Nutritional Composition and Advertisement. A longitudinal study was performed. The sample came from the study "Effectiveness of a food and physical activity intervention oriented to control obesity in children belonging to public schools from three regions of the country" (KIND study), reaching 351 students from 8 to 14 years belonging to three municipal schools. To analyze the supply at the kiosk, every food product along with its nutritional content was registered in an Excel base, for the intake of food it was used the survey from the KIND study and the nutritional state measurement was made by nutritionist standardized in advance. We used the baseline of the data obtained from the KIND study, this data was gathered in 2015 and we compared it to the one from 2017 using the Mac Nemar Test and the Test for proportions of a sample. Every analysis was made with STATA 15 (Copyright 1984-2009 StataCorp). Processed and ultra-processed food (84.8%) still is the most offered in the kiosks where the sweet snacks and candy are featured, keeping the supply at the inside and outside of schools. The foods that children prefer to buy and bring from home in both analyzed periods are the sweet snacks and sugary drinks and juices. With the addition of the law 20.606, the variety of the high critical nutrient food decreased, however, the supply of processed and ultra-processed food in school kiosks still remains.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Schools , Eating , Food Composition , Food Services , Obesity/epidemiology , Chile , Nutritional Status , Surveys and Questionnaires
7.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): e40996, jan.- mar.2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1097207

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A associação entre dietas balanceadas e exercícios físicos é crescente devido à preocupação atual da população com o bem-estar físico e um estilo de vida mais saudável. No entanto, preparações que ofereçam bom valor nutricional com características sensoriais atrativas não são frequentemente encontradas por este público. Objetivo: Desenvolver quatro preparações (barra proteica, docinho de tâmara, torta de batata-doce e patê caprese) destinadas a esportistas e verificar o perfil nutricional, a aceitabilidade e a atitude de consumo de cada receita. Métodos: A avaliação sensorial e a atitude de consumo foram realizadas com 224 julgadores utilizando escala hedônica de nove pontos. No desenvolvimento das preparações, foram priorizados ingredientes com teores reduzidos de açúcares, sódio e gorduras saturadas. Resultados: As preparações barra proteica, docinho de tâmara, torta de batata-doce e patê caprese apresentaram, no teste de intenção de consumo e na avaliação sensorial, para todos os atributos avaliados, notas médias superiores a 6, e índice de aceitabilidade superior a 75%. Quanto ao valor nutricional, a barra proteica e a torta de batata-doce apresentaram bom conteúdo proteico, de energia e de carboidratos; e o docinho de tâmara e o patê caprese se destacaram pela baixa quantidade de calorias, gorduras totais e saturadas. Conclusão: Conclui-se que os resultados encontrados são satisfatórios, dada a realidade de grande parte dos consumidores que, em meio à atribulada rotina diária, estão em busca de produtos que possam aliar sabor, praticidade e melhor custo-benefício, e que resultarão em saúde e bem-estar físico geral.


Introduction: The association of balanced diets with physical exercise is increasing due to the population's current concern with physical well-being and a healthy lifestyle. However, food preparations that offer good nutritional value along with attractive sensory characteristics are not found often by the public. Objective: The objective of this study is to develop four food preparations (protein bar, date candy, sweet potato pie, and caprese pate) for sportspersons and to verify the nutritional profile, acceptability, and consumption intention of each food preparation. Methods: Sensory and consumption intention evaluation were performed with 224 tasters using a hedonic scale of 9 points. Ingredients with reduced levels of sugars, sodium, and saturated fats were prioritized for the development of the food preparations. Results: In the consumption intention and sensory evaluation tests, for all attributes evaluated, the food preparations protein bar, date candy, sweet potato pie, and caprese pate presented average scores higher than 6, and an acceptability index higher than 75%. Regarding the nutritional value, the protein bar and sweet potato pie presented good protein, energy, and carbohydrate content, and the date candy and the caprese pate stood out for the low number of calories, and total and saturated fats. Conclusion: It is concluded that the results found are satisfactory, given that a large number of consumers, amid a harsh daily routine, are in search of food preparations that can combine flavor, practicality, and cost-benefit, that will ultimately result in health and physical well-being. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Cooking , Athletes , Nutritive Value , Exercise , Health , Diet , Food Composition
8.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 79: 1-10, 31 mar. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1293176

ABSTRACT

Focus Group é uma técnica sensorial qualitativa baseada no comportamento de um grupo de pessoas quanto aos atributos sensoriais. É conduzida por um moderador que garante a interação para discussão diante às percepções. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar carne de sol a partir de análises sensoriais, associando-as com resultados obtidos por análises físico-químicas. Para tanto, quatro amostras foram coletadas de comércio varejista na cidade de João Pessoa, PB, sendo caracterizadas quanto à composição centesimal, atividade de água, pH e capacidade de retenção de água (CRA). Os participantes foram recrutados conforme hábitos de consumo e as amostras foram preparadas a partir do dessalgue e cocção em forno elétrico, sendo mantidas em banho-maria até o momento da avaliação sensorial. Com as respostas obtidas, observou-se que além da aparência, o teor de umidade e a CRA são considerados parâmetros que influenciam diretamente nos atributos sensoriais. O estudo qualitativo exploratório - Focus Group, em associação aos parâmetros físico-químicos, representaram métodos confiáveis para a interpretação do perfil de consumo da carne de sol. Conclui-se que por meio de critérios específicos, os fatores de qualidade foram melhor interpretados, definindo as preferências de um consumidor cada dia mais exigente quanto às características de seu alimento. (AU)


Focus Group is a qualitative sensory technique, based on the behavior of a group of people, regarding the attributes of a product. It is conducted by a moderator who ensures an interaction for discussion in the face of perceptions. The aim of this study was to evaluated dried meat by sensory analysis associating the evaluation with results obtained by physicochemical analysis. Therefore, four samples were collected from the retail trade in the city of João Pessoa, PB, which were then characterized for chemical composition, water activity, pH and water holding capacity (WHC). Participants were recruited according to consumer habits and the samples were prepared by desalting and cooking in an electric oven, and kept in a water bath until the time for sensory analysis. With the answers obtained, in addition to appearance, the moisture content and the WHC are considered parameters that directly influence the sensory attributes. The qualitative exploratory study - Focus Group, in association with physical-chemical methods, represented methods used for the interpretation of the consumption profile of sun dread meat. Thus, conclude what is the use of specific criteria, the quality factors that were evaluated, defining the preferences of consumers who are increasingly demanding as to the characteristics of their food. (AU)


Subject(s)
Focus Groups , Consumer Behavior , Food Composition , Chemical Phenomena , Meat , Meat Products
9.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 33: e190116, 2020. tab
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136681

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze and compare the sugar content in sugar sweetened beverages in Brazil and Portugal, according to the Pan American Health Organization nutritional profile model. Methods One hundred six equivalent sugary beverages were selected in the markets of São Paulo, Brazil and Porto, Portugal. Nutritional information reported on the labels was reviewed, according to the Pan American Health Organization nutritional profile model, regarding the critical content of free sugars, salt, total saturated fats and trans fatty acids. Results The Brazilian nectars presented higher amounts of sugar and vitamin C compared to Portuguese nectars that contained more protein. The juices in Portugal contained a higher content of vitamin C and Portuguese dairy beverages had higher levels of protein and sodium, while the Brazilian ones had more total fats. According to the critical nutrients proposed by the Pan American Health Organization, Brazil had excess sodium in dairy beverages and soft drinks, while in Portugal excess sodium was found in nectars and dairy beverages. In both countries, excess free sugars were present in all beverages. Conclusion The amount of sugar in the beverages represents an important contribution of added sugar, especially in the Brazilian nectars. The identification of this component in sugary beverages is fundamental for the adoption of strategies of food education to control obesity.


RESUMO Objetivo Este estudo buscou analisar e comparar o teor de açúcar presente em bebidas prontas para consumo no Brasil e em Portugal, segundo o modelo de perfil nutricional da Organização Pan-Americana de Saúde. Métodos Selecionaram-se 106 bebidas açucaradas comercializadas nos mercados das cidades de São Paulo e do Porto. Analisaram-se informações nutricionais nos rótulos, conforme o modelo de perfil nutricional da Organização Pan-Americana de Saúde, quanto ao teor crítico de açúcares livres, sal, gorduras totais, saturados e ácidos graxos trans. Resultados Os néctares brasileiros apresentaram maior quantidade de açúcar e vitamina C; os portugueses evidenciaram maior valor proteico. Os sucos em Portugal continham maior teor de vitamina C, e as bebidas lácteas portuguesas demonstraram ter maior teor de proteína e sódio; já as brasileiras, maior quantidade de gorduras totais. De acordo com os nutrientes críticos propostos pela Organização Pan-Americana de Saúde, o Brasil possuiu excesso de sódio nas bebidas lácteas e refrigerantes, enquanto Portugal, nos néctares e nas bebidas lácteas. Em ambos os países, o excesso de açúcares livres esteve presente em todas as bebidas. Conclusão A quantidade de açúcar nas bebidas representa uma expressiva contribuição de açúcar adicionado, destacando-se os néctares brasileiros. A identificação desse componente em bebidas açucaradas é fundamental para a adoção de estratégias de educação alimentar contra a obesidade.


Subject(s)
Child , Food Composition , Fruit and Vegetable Juices/statistics & numerical data , Sugar-Sweetened Beverages/statistics & numerical data
10.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 69(3): 157-164, sept. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1053250

ABSTRACT

El ayuno intermitente es una estrategia nutricional de creciente interés para el control del peso y mejora de la salud metabólica. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar el efecto de un protocolo de ayuno intermitente sobre la composición corporal, perfil lipídico y los biomarcadores de riesgo cardiovascular en estudiantes universitarios. En este estudio experimental participaron 30 sujetos varones y fueron divididos aleatoriamente en dos grupos, 15 sujetos constituían el grupo experimental (GE) (edad: 20,83±0,98 años) y 15 el grupo control (GC) (edad: 23,71±5,55 años). El GE realizó un protocolo de ayuno 16/8, dieciséis horas de ayuno y ocho horas de ingesta calórica sin limitaciones, dos días consecutivos a la semana durante cinco semanas. Se evaluó la composición corporal, la ingesta calórica, el perfil lipídico y los biomarcadores del riesgo cardiovascular al inicio, mitad y final del protocolo. Se observaron descensos significativos en el GE en pliegues cutáneos, perímetro cintura, porcentaje de grasa, perfil lipídico y biomarcadores del riesgo cardiovascular en comparación con GC (p<0,05). Se encontraron incrementos significativos en la ingesta de colesterol y ácidos grasos poliinsaturados en el GE al final del estudio (p<0,05). Se observaron descensos en el colesterol total, triglicéridos, lipoproteínas de baja densidad y biomarcadores del riesgo cardiovascular a lo largo del protocolo en el GE (p<0,05). Un protocolo de ayuno intermitente 16/8, dos días consecutivos por semana, durante cinco semanas, parece efectivo para mejorar parámetros de composición corporal y perfil lipídico, así como para mejorar los biomarcadores relacionados con el riesgo cardiovascular(AU)


Intermittent fasting is a nutritional strategy of high interest in weight control and improvement of metabolic health. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of an intermittent fasting protocol on body composition, lipid profile and biomarkers of cardiovascular risk in university students. In this experimental study thirty male subjects participated and were randomly divided into two groups; fifteen subjects constituted the experimental group (GE) (age: 20.83 ± 0.98 years) and fifteen the control group (GC) (age: 23.71 ± 5.55 years). The GE performed a fasting protocol 16/8, sixteen hours of fasting and eight hours of caloric intake without limitations, two consecutive days per week for five weeks. Body composition, calorie intake, lipid profile and biomarkers of cardiovascular risk were evaluated at the beginning, middle and at the end of the protocol. Significant decreases were found in GE in skinfolds, waist perimeter, % fat, lipid profile and biomarkers of cardiovascular risk as compared to GC (p <0.05). There were significant increases in the intake of cholesterol and polyunsaturated fatty acids in the GE at the end of the study (p <0.05). There were decreases in total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoproteins, and biomarkers of cardiovascular risk throughout the study in GE (p<0.05). An intermittent fasting protocol 16/8, two consecutive days per week, for five weeks, seems effective to improve parameters of body composition and lipid profile, as well as to improving biomarkers related to cardiovascular risk(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Fasting/adverse effects , Feeding Behavior , Lipids/analysis , Body Composition , Nutritional Status , Food Composition
11.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 69(3): 165-173, sept. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1053336

ABSTRACT

Debido a los cambios en los estilos de vida y su reflejo en la prevalencia de malnutrición por exceso a nivel mundial, en Chile (2016) se aprobó la Ley sobre Composición de los Alimentos y su Publicidad. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar las actitudes alimentarias en madres de preescolares de distinto nivel socioeconómico y el estado nutricional de sus hijos, frente a la publicidad de alimentos y bebidas a través de distintas formas de promoción comercial, así como su actitud ante la Ley 20.606. Se aplicó una encuesta validada, la cual incluye preguntas sobre las etiquetas en los envases de los alimentos. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de las variables y se determinó si existía diferencias entre la distribución de las respuestas según NSE mediante la prueba Chi2 .Al consultar los lugares en los que han visto publicidad de alimentos, 72% de las madres refiere haberla visto en los supermercados y 48,5% en internet. Sólo 34, 8% refirió recordar algún comercial en particular, y al solicitarles que especificaran el comercial que recordaban, 45,3% nombró alguna bebida azucarada y 13,6% alguna de yogurt. Respecto a los sellos de advertencia presentes en los envases de los alimentos, 87% declaró que les gustaban o les parecían bien. Sólo 43,6% respondió que había dejado de comprar alimentos con dichos sellos. Estos resultados serán útiles para el diseño de intervenciones específicas para este importante grupo, ya que un cambio positivo en sus conductas actuales podría repercutir en la creación de hábitos saludables en sus hijos e hijas(AU)


Due to changes in lifestyles and its reflection on the worldwide prevalence of malnutrition due to excess, in Chile (2016) the Law on Food Composition and its Advertising was approved. The objective of this study was to determine the nutritional attitudes of 509 mothers of preschoolers of different socioeconomic levels and the nutritional status of their children, in front of the advertising of food and beverages through different forms of commercial promotion, as well as their attitude towards Law 20,606. A validated survey was applied, which includes questions about labels on food containers. A descriptive analysis of the variables was carried out to determine if there were differences between the distributions of the responses according to the SEL using the Chi2 test. When consulting the places where they have seen the food advertising, 72% of the mothers reported having seen it in the supermarkets and 48.5% on the internet. Only 34, 8% reported to remembering a particular commercial, and when asked to specify the commercial they remembered, 45.3% named a sugary drink and 13.6% some yogurt. Regarding the warning seals present on food containers, 87% stated that they liked them or they seemed good to them. Only 43.6% answered that they have stopped buying foods with these labels. These results will be useful for the design of specific interventions for this important group, since a positive change in their current behaviors could have an impact on the creation of healthy habits in their children(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Dietary Carbohydrates , Food Composition , Food Publicity , Food Handling , Food Labeling , Dietary Sugars , Legislation, Food , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Adolescent Nutrition , Diet, Food, and Nutrition
12.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 46(3): 328-335, jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003711

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El objetivo fue evaluar y comparar la alimentación en escolares de la ciudad de Santa Fe, Argentina que asisten a dos escuelas primarias públicas, una con (ECC) y otra sin comedor escolar (ESC). Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal, en alumnos de 1° a 5° grado. Se realizaron dos recordatorios de 24 hs y un cuestionario de frecuencia de consumo. En ambas escuelas, los niños consumieron las porciones recomendadas solo para el grupo carnes y huevos. Para verduras, frutas y lácteos, el consumo fue inferior a las recomendaciones en los niños de ambas escuelas. La distribución calórica de hidratos de carbono, proteínas y lípidos totales fue acorde a las recomendaciones, con una ingesta de grasa saturada superior al límite máximo recomendado, en los niños de ECC y ESC. Fue notable la baja ingesta de fibra en todos los escolares. En los niños de ambas escuelas, la ingesta de hierro fue adecuada, mientras que la ingesta de calcio fue muy por debajo de las recomendaciones. Los niños de la ESC presentaron mayor consumo diario de bebidas azucaradas y de golosinas. En este estudio se observó que la alimentación de los niños fue similar en presencia o ausencia de comedor escolar.


ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to examine and compare food intake among children from two public schools, one with and one without a school dining room, in Santa Fe, Argentina. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 1st to 5th grade students. Two 24-hour food recalls and a food frequency questionnaire were administered. In both schools, children consumed the recommended portions of meat and eggs only. For vegetables, fruits and dairy products, consumption was lower than recommended amounts among children of both schools. The caloric distribution of carbohydrates, proteins and total lipids was in accordance with recommendations, with saturated fat intake above the maximum recommended limit. The low fiber intake in all school children was notable. In children from both schools, iron intake was adequate, while calcium intake was well below recommended levels. The children from a school without a dining room had greater daily consumption of sugary drinks and candies. In this study, it was observed that the feeding of children was similar in the presence or absence of a school cafeteria.


Subject(s)
Schools , School Feeding , Education, Primary and Secondary , Food Guide , Food Composition , Argentina , Cross-Sectional Studies
13.
Diaeta (B. Aires) ; 37(167): 8-17, jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056026

ABSTRACT

La harina de trigo es un alimento no balanceado, debido al bajo valor biológico de su proteína, originado por la deficiencia de lisina. Para mejorar las propiedades nutricionales de la pasta de trigo, se utilizan distintas fuentes con alto contenido y calidad de proteína. Las algas son un recurso abundante, económico y atractivo para utilizar como ingrediente en alimentos. Entre las macroalgas rojas comestibles, Porphyra columbina es una de las más importantes de la Patagonia Argentina. El objetivo de este trabajo fue comparar la composición química y la calidad proteica de fideos elaborados con harina de Triticum durum (FC) y fideos complementados al 30% en la fase sólida con harina de Porphyra columbina (F30). La composición centesimal se determinó por métodos oficiales de la AOAC. La determinación cuantitativa de aminoácidos se llevó a cabo mediante el método propuesto por Alaiz et al. (23). La separación de los aminoácidos se realizó mediante HPLC. Los resultados de composición química para FC y F30, expresados en g cada 100 g de pasta seca comestible, fueron respectivamente: humedad 7,9 ± 0,4 y 8,1 ± 0,2; cenizas 1,0 ± 0,1 y 1,7 ± 0,1; grasas 5,6 ± 0,2 y 4,7 ± 0,1; proteínas 15,8 ± 0,1 y 17,7 ± 0,1; fibra dietaria total 7,7 ± 0,3 y 19,8 ± 0,2 y carbohidratos 62,0 y 47,9. Los cálculos del puntaje químico, teniendo en cuenta las necesidades del preescolar, revelaron un valor de 55% y 94% para FC y F30, respectivamente. En FC la lisina se evidenció como el aminoácido limitante, mientras que en F30 el limitante fue el triptofano(AU).


The wheat pasta is an unbalanced food, due to the low biological value of its protein, caused by the deficiency of lysine. To improve the nutritional properties of wheat pasta, different sources with high protein content and quality are used. Seaweed is an abundant, economical and attractive resource to use as an ingredient in food. Among red edible macroalgae, Porphyra columbina is one of the most important ones in Argentine Patagonia. The objective of this work was to compare the chemical composition and protein quality of pasta made with Triticum durum flour (FC) and pasta supplemented at 30% in the solid phase with Porphyra columbina flour (F30). The centesimal composition was determined by AOAC official methods. The quantitative determination of amino acids was carried out by the method proposed by Alaiz, et al.(23). The separation of amino acids was carried out through HPLC. The chemical composition results for FC and F30, expressed in g per 100 g of edible dry pasta, were: water 7,9 ± 0,4 and 8,1 ± 0,2; ash 1,0 ± 0,1 and 1,7 ± 0,1; fat 5,6 ± 0,2 and 4,7 ± 0,1; protein 15,8 ± 0,1 and 17,7 ± 0,1; total dietary fiber 7,7 ± 0,3 and 19,8 ± 0,2 and carbohydrates 62,0 and 47,9, respectively. The chemical score, taking into account the needs of pre-schoolers, revealed a value of 55% and 94% for FC and F30, respectively. In FC, lysine was found to be the limiting amino acid, whereas in F30, the limiting factor was tryptophan(AU).


Subject(s)
Food Composition , Food , Proteins
15.
J. Health NPEPS ; 4(1): 210-227, jan.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-999667

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: construir e implementar fichas técnicas de preparação de uma unidade de alimentação e nutrição militar de Brasília, Distrito Federal. Método: estudo longitudinal e quantitativo. Coleta de dados através de pesagem e observação in loco, construção de fichas técnicas de preparação com o auxílio do software CookGO. Foram realizadas análises nutricionais e análises de indicadores culinários a partir das informações nutricionais do software e das tabelas de composição de alimentos nele inseridas. Resultados: os dados demonstraram a falta de padronização dentro da unidade de alimentação e nutrição. Com isso há um grande desperdício em relação a alguns alimentos e um grande excesso na utilização de outros, gerando grande aporte de alguns nutrientes, como sódio e lipídeos. Conclusão: a ficha técnica de preparação possibilita identificar erros na produção e corrigi-los. Com ela pode-se padronizar preparações, reduzir desperdício, averiguar custo, criar lista de compras, rótulos e, sobretudo, a avaliação nutricional da preparação e sua adequação, o que permite a prevenção de DCNT.(AU)


Objective: to construct and implement technical preparation files for the preparation of a military food and nutrition unit in Brasília, Distrito Federal. Method: quantitative and longitudinal study. Collection of data through weighing and observation in loco and construction of technical preparation files with the help of CookGO software. Nutritional analyzes and analyzes of culinary indicators were carried out based on the nutritional information of the software and the food composition tables inserted in it. Results: the data demonstrated the lack of standardization within the food and nutrition unit. There was a great waste in relation to some foods and a great excess in the use of others, generating a great contribution of some nutrients, like sodium and lipids. Conclusion: technical preparation files makes it possible to identify errors in production and to correct them. With it, it is possible to standardize preparations, reduce waste, find out cost, create shopping list, labels, and especially the nutritional evaluation of the preparation and its adequacy, which allows the prevention of chronic non-communicable diseases.(AU)


Objetivo: construir e implementar la estandarización de recetas de un Servicio de Alimentación militar de Brasília, Distrito Federal. Método: estudio longitudinal y cuantitativo. Recolección de datos a través de pesaje y observación in loco, construcción de recetas estandarizadas con la ayuda del software CookGO. Se realizaron análisis nutricionales y análisis de indicadores culinarios a partir de las informaciones nutricionales del software y de las tablas de composición de alimentos en él insertadas. Resultados: los datos demostraron la falta de estandarización dentro de lo Servicio de Alimentación. Con ello hay un gran desperdicio en relación a algunos alimentos y un gran exceso en la utilización de otros, generando un gran aporte de algunos nutrientes, como sodio y lípidos. Conclusión: la receta estandarizada permite identificar errores en la producción y corregirlos. Con ella se pueden estandarizar preparaciones, reducir desperdicio, averiguar costo, crear lista de compras, etiqueta, y sobre todo la evaluación nutricional de la preparación y su adecuación lo que permite la prevención de enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Nutrition Assessment , Quality Management , Food Composition , Food Services/organization & administration , Longitudinal Studies
16.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 46(2): 137-143, abr. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003686

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se evaluó químicamente el perfil de aminoácidos y contenido de vitaminas según la metodología oficial, las harinas crudas de batata y tratadas térmicamente por cocción. Se obtuvieron harinas crudas con contenidos de carbohidratos totales de 84,81%, almidón 50,65%, proteínas de 2,94%, contenidos de grasa cruda de 0,34%. Se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p≤ 0,05) por efecto de los tratamientos aplicados. Se redujo el contenido de humedad, cenizas, carbohidratos totales y azúcares reductores. Se observó un incremento en el contenido de fibra cruda. Predominaron en todas las harinas los aminoácidos ácido glutámico y ácido aspártico, el aminoácido limitante fue triptófano. Por efecto de los tratamientos aplicados, hubo diferencias (p≤ 0,05) en la composición de la mayoría de los aminoácidos, incrementando su concentración. El contenido de vitaminas A y C disminuyó por efecto de los tratamientos aplicados (p≤ 0,05). Se concluye que las harinas crudas de batata y cocidas pueden ser empleadas en la formulación de alimentos ya que aportan buenas cantidades de nutrientes.


ABSTRACT The chemical composition, amino acid profile and vitamin content of sweet potato flour (raw and heat treated by cooking) were evaluated according to official methodology. Crude flours with total carbohydrate content of 84.81%, starch 50.65%, proteins 2.94% and crude fat contents 0.34% were used. Statistically significant differences were found (p≤ 0.05) due to the effect of the applied treatments. The content of humidity, ash, total carbohydrates and reducing sugars were reduced and an increase in crude fiber content was observed. The amino acids glutamic acid and aspartic acid predominated in all flours. We observed low levels of the amino acid tryptophan. There were statistically significant differences (p≤ 0.05) due to the effect of the treatments applied on the composition of most of the amino acids, increasing their concentration. Vitamin A and C content decreased due to the effect of the applied treatments (p≤ 0.05). Raw and cooked sweet potato flours can be used in food formulation because they provide good amounts of nutrients.


Subject(s)
Thermic Treatment , Solanaceae , Food Composition , Flour , Food Ingredients , Nutritive Value
17.
Rev. biol. trop ; 67(1): 196-205, Jan.-Mar. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041903

ABSTRACT

Resumen La composición de la dieta en anfibios puede ser influenciada por diversos factores que causan su variación intraespecífica, como pueden ser la distribución geográfica, ontogenia, estacionalidad, y el sexo de los organismos. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la composición de la dieta en adultos de la Craugastor rhodopis (rana hojarasquera común) en la región montañosa del centro de Veracruz, México. Un total de 77 individuos adultos fueron colectados durante la época de lluvias de 2012, de los cuales 66 tuvieron contenido estomacal. Se realizó un análisis de la variación intersexual en la diversidad de la dieta, y el volumen, número de presas, y número de categorías de presa consumidas. La dieta de C. rhodopis estuvo compuesta por 20 categorías, de las cuales predominó Orthoptera en cuanto a número, volumen, frecuencia de ocurrencia e importancia relativa. Los machos consumieron presas de menor tamaño en relación a las hembras. Aunque ambos sexos consumieron similar número de presas, se encontró un efecto significativo de la interacción del sexo y el tamaño de las ranas sobre esta variable de la dieta, en la cual las hembras pequeñas consumen más presas que las grandes, y los machos grandes consumen más presas que los pequeños. El alto consumo de ortópteros (al menos en cuanto a volumen) es un fenómeno común dentro de la familia Craugastoridae y posiblemente está relacionado con el éxito de algunas especies en los ecosistemas donde habitan. A pesar de que la composición de la dieta fue similar entre sexos en C. rhodopis, se sugiere que la competencia intersexual por los recursos tróficos es mínima, dadas las diferencias en el tamaño de presas consumidas por machos y hembras.(AU)


Abstract Dietary composition in amphibians may be influenced by several factors that cause their intraspecific variation, such as geographic distribution, ontogeny, seasonality, and sex of organisms. The objective of this study was to analyze the composition of the diet in adults of the Polymorphic Robber Frog Craugastor rhodopis in the mountainous region of central Veracruz, Mexico. A total of 77 adult individuals were collected during the rainy season of 2012, of which 66 had stomach contents. We performed an analysis of the intersexual variation in diet diversity, volume, number of prey, and number of prey categories consumed. The diet of C. rhodopis was composed by 20 categories. Orthoptera predominated in terms of number, volume, frequency of occurrence, and relative importance. Males consumed smaller prey items relative to females. Although both sexes consumed similar numbers of prey, we found a significant effect of interaction of sex and size of frogs on this variable, with small females consuming more prey than the large ones, whereas in males the opposite occurred. High consumption of orthopterans (at least in volume) is a common phenomenon within Craugastoridae and is possibly related to the success of some species in the ecosystems where they live. Although the composition of the diet was similar between sexes in C. rhodopis, we suggest that intersexual competition for trophic resources is minimal, given differences in prey size consumed by males and females.(AU)


Subject(s)
Food Chain , Food Composition , Amphibians/metabolism , Linear Models , Mexico
18.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 62: e19180436, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055414

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fishburgers were made with washed mechanically separated meat (MSM) from carcass and filleting by-product (both washed and unwashed) of the Nile tilapia. The proximal composition of fishburgers was different and varied according to the raw material used, as well the color parameters. Fishburgers with MSM from filleting by-product had lower hardness and springiness, and fishburger with MSM from unwashed filleting by-product had higher yield and lower reduction in thickness. The fishburgers containing MSM from filleting by-product had better sensory acceptance, due to higher color intensities (sensory), fish odor, tenderness, succulence, cohesiveness and fish flavor. The fishburger with MSM from washed carcass was the least acceptable, because of surface uniformity. This study shows the potentiality of using MSM from tilapia filleting by-product for burgers, while the formulation of fishburgers with smaller amounts of MSM from washed carcass or with added condiments can result in improved sensory acceptance and potentiality of use.


Subject(s)
Cichlids , Prepared Foods , Condiments , Food Composition
19.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 45(4): 323-330, dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978093

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La germinación es un proceso que involucra cambios en la actividad enzimática de los granos y ruptura de macro-moléculas, los cuales disminuyen los factores antinutricionales e incrementan la síntesis de otros constituyentes. Se obtienen granos con características sensoriales mejoradas, mayor valor nutricional y funcional. En esta investigación se germinaron granos de Cajanus cajan, por 96 horas, a 20°C en oscuridad, para estudiar las variaciones en composición proximal, ácidos grasos, capacidad antioxidante y bioaccesibilidad mineral. Los resultados obtenidos indican una disminución de las proteínas y aumento de cenizas, grasas y carbohidratos. Se determinó el perfil de ácidos grasos y se identificó la presencia de seis ácidos grasos, siendo el más abundante el ácido linoléico, la cantidad de los mismos también varió como consecuencia del proceso aplicado. El contenido de polifenoles y la capacidad antioxidante de la semilla aumentaron debido a la germinación. Se obtuvieron valores de bioaccesibilidad mineral, en un rango entre 16 y 31 % para el magnesio y el potasio, respectivamente. Se concluyó que el quinchoncho representa un alimento de elevado valor nutricional y que a través de la germinación se pueden introducir cambios nutricionales positivos y de esta forma promover su consumo.


ABSTRACT Germination is a process that involves changes in the enzymatic activity of grains and macromolecule breakdown, which decreases anti-nutritional factors and increases the synthesis of other constituents. Germinated grains are thus of higher sensory, nutritional and functional value. In this research, pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) grains were germinated for 96 hours at 20°C in the dark. Variations in proximal composition, fatty acids composition, antioxidant ability and mineral bioaccessibility were determined. The results obtained showed that because of the germination process, protein content decreased, while ash, fat and carbohydrate content increased. Fatty acid profile was determined and six fatty acids were identified, with the greatest amount of linoleic acid. The fatty acid content changed with the applied process. The polyphenolic content and antioxidant ability also increased as a result of the germination process. The values obtained for the mineral bioaccessibility varied from 16 to 31% for magnesium and potassium, respectively. It was concluded that pigeon pea grains represent a food of high nutritional value, which, as a result of germination, can create positive nutritional changes. Thus, consumption of this food should be promoted.


Subject(s)
Edible Grain , Fatty Acids , Fabaceae , Antioxidants , Food Composition
20.
Hig. aliment ; 32(278/279): 68-73, 30/04/2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-909977

ABSTRACT

O mel é um produto alimentício natural, utilizado pela população desde o antigo Egito, como fonte de alimento e na medicina popular, devido as suas propriedades antioxidante, cicatrizante, expectorante, ação sedativa, analgésica e anti-inflamatória, além de possuir atividade antibacteriana. O aumento do consumo de mel pela população, associada à prática da apicultura, tem-se demonstrado uma atividade promissora e rentável para os produtores e para a economia do Brasil. Contudo, devido ao aumento da demanda de consumo, o mel pode ser alvo da adição de substâncias adulterantes, como açúcar comercial, ocasionando a diminuição da qualidade do produto. O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar uma análise das propriedades físico-químicas de amostras de mel comercializadas em feiras livres do município de Assis Chateaubriand, PR. Foram analisadas cinco amostras de méis quanto aos parâmetros: umidade, presença de corante, determinação da densidade, Reações de Jagerschmidt, Lugol, Fiehe, acidez total, teor de cinzas e análise microscópica e organoléptica. Para execução dos experimentos, a metodologia adotada foi baseada nos métodos físico-químicos para Análise de Alimentos, do Instituto Adolf Lutz, sendo o mesmo, realizado em triplicata. Pode-se concluir que, das cinco amostras analisadas, duas se apresentaram positivas para a adição de açúcar. Os resultados apresentados obtiveram variações entre as amostras, uma vez que a composição do mel difere de acordo com a espécie floral e região da qual o mesmo é oriundo, além das condições de armazenamento e manejo do mesmo.(AU)


Honey is a natural food product, used by the population since ancient Egypt, as a food source and in popular medicine, due to its antioxidant, healing, expectorant, sedative, analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as antibacterial activity. The increase in honey consumption by the population, associated with the practice of beekeeping, has been shown to be a promising and profitable activity for producers and for the Brazilian economy. However, due to the increase in consumption demand, honey may be the target of the addition of adulterating substances, such as commercial sugar, causing a decrease in product quality. The objective of this work was to perform an analysis of the physicochemical properties of samples of honey marketed in open fairs of the municipality of Assis Chateaubriand-PR. The parameters evaluated were moisture, dye presence, density determination, Jagerschmidt reactions, Lugol, Fiehe, total acidity, ash content and analysis. The samples were analyzed commercially at free trade fairs in the municipality of Assis Chateaubriand. microscopic and organoleptic. For the execution of the experiments, the methodology adopted was based on the physical-chemical methods for Food Analysis, of the Adolf Lutz Institute, being the same, carried out in triplicate. It can be concluded that of the five samples analyzed, two were positive for sugar addition. The presented results obtained variations among the samples, since the composition of the honey differs according to the floral species and region from which it comes from, besides the conditions of storage and handling of the same.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chemical Phenomena , Food Composition , Honey/analysis , Brazil , Food Samples , Street Food , Food Storage/standards , Beekeeping
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