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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e252059, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339358

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study describes the haematological profile, feeding preference, and comparison of morphometric characters of blue rock pigeon (Columba livia) breeding pairs. For this purpose, 25 pairs (25 samples per sex) were sampled through Mist nets from district Okara and Bahawalnagar, Punjab, Pakistan. Birds were then anaesthetized with a combination of ketamine HCL (10 mg/kg) and diazepam (0.2 mg/kg) and subjected to morphometric measurements. 5µL blood also was taken from the jugular vein of each anaesthetized bird for haematological analysis. Few pairs were also dissected to remove gastrointestinal tracts (GITs) for food preferences. Results revealed that there are no significant differences in the haematological parameters and feeding preference of breeding pairs of Columba livia. The gut analysis further revealed, the major portion of gut contents consisted of pea and corn in most of the pairs. Regarding the mensural measurements, significant differences were recorded in the body weight, length of the longest primary feather, and chest circumference, whereas the rest of the studied parameters remain nonsignificant between sexes. So, it is concluded that apart from 3 morphometric parameters (body weight, length of longest primary feather and chest circumference), both sexes are alike in term of morphometry, haematology and food preference.


Resumo O presente estudo descreve o perfil hematológico, a preferência alimentar e a comparação de caracteres morfométricos de casais reprodutores de pombo-rocha (Columba livia). Para tanto, 25 pares (25 amostras por sexo) foram amostrados por meio de redes de névoa do distrito de Okara e Bahawalnagar, Punjab, Paquistão. As aves foram então anestesiadas com uma combinação de cetamina HCL (10 mg/kg) e diazepam (0,2 mg/kg) e submetidas a medidas morfométricas; 5 µL de sangue também foram retirados da veia jugular de cada ave anestesiada para análise hematológica. Poucos pares também foram dissecados para remover o trato gastrointestinal (GITs) para preferências alimentares. Os resultados revelaram que não há diferenças significativas nos parâmetros hematológicos e na preferência alimentar dos casais reprodutores de Columba livia. A análise intestinal revelou ainda que a maior parte do conteúdo intestinal consistia em ervilha e milho na maioria dos pares. Em relação às medidas mensurais, foram registradas diferenças significativas no peso corporal, comprimento da pena primária mais longa e circunferência torácica, enquanto os demais parâmetros estudados permanecem não significativos entre os sexos. Assim, conclui-se que além de três parâmetros morfométricos (peso corporal, comprimento da pena primária mais longa e circunferência torácica), ambos os sexos são semelhantes em termos de morfometria, hematologia e preferência alimentar.


Subject(s)
Animals , Columbidae , Food Preferences , Pakistan , Feathers , Plant Breeding
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e234855, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153468

ABSTRACT

Abstract Exposure to the hight-fat diet may alter the control of food intake promoting hyperphagia and obesity. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of this diet on dopamine receptors (drd1 and drd2), proopiomelanocortin (pomc), neuropeptideY (npy) genes expression, and preference food in adult rats. Wistar female rats were fed a hight-fat or control diet during pregnancy and lactation. The offspring were allocated into groups: Lactation - Control (C) and High-fat (H). Post-weaning - Control Control (CC), offspring of mothers C, fed a control diet after weaning; Control Hight-fat (CH), offspring of mothers C, fed a hight-fat diet after weaning; Hight-fat Control (HC), offspring of mothers H, fed with control diet after weaning; and Hight-fat Hight-fat (HH), offspring of mothers H, fed a H diet after weaning. The groups CH and HH presented greater expression of drd1 in comparison to the CC. The drd2 of CH and HC presented higher gene expression than did CC. HH presented higher pomc expression in comparison to the other groups. HC also presented greater expression in comparison to CH. The npy of HH presented greater expression in relation to CH and HC. HH and HC have had a higher preference for a high-fat diet at 102º life's day. The high-fat diet altered the gene expression of the drd1, drd2, pomc and npy, and influencing the food preference for high-fat diet.


Resumo A exposição à dieta hiperlipídica pode alterar o controle da ingestão de alimentos, promovendo hiperfagia e obesidade. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar os efeitos dessa dieta sobre a expressão gênica dos receptores de dopamina (drd1 e drd2), da proopiomelanocortina (pomc) e neuropeptídeo Y (npy), e preferência alimentar em ratos adultos. Ratas Wistar foram alimentadas com uma dieta hiperlipídica ou controle durante a gestação e lactação. Os descendentes foram alocados em grupos: Lactação - Controle (C) e Hiperlipídica (H). Pós-desmame - Controle Controle (CC), descendentes das genitoras do grupo controle e alimentados com dieta controle após o desmame; Controle Hiperlipídica (CH), descendentes das genitoras do grupo controle e alimentados com dieta hiperlipídica após o desmame; Hiperlipídica Controle (HC), descendentes das genitoras do grupo hiperlipídica e alimentados com dieta controle após o desmame; Hiperlipídica Hiperlipídica (HH), descendentes das genitoras do grupo hiperlipídica e alimentados com dieta hiperlipídica após o desmame. Os grupos CH e HH apresentaram maior expressão de drd1 em comparação ao CC. O drd2 de CH e HC apresentou maior expressão gênica que o CC. HH apresentou maior expressão de pomc em comparação com os outros grupos. O HC também apresentou maior expressão de pomc em comparação ao CH. O npy do HH apresentou maior expressão em relação ao CH e HC. HH e HC tiveram uma preferência maior por uma dieta rica em gordura no 102º dia de vida. A dieta hiperlipídica alterou a expressão gênica dos drd1, drd2, pomc e npy e influenciou na preferência alimentar pela dieta hiperlipídica.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Pro-Opiomelanocortin/genetics , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Body Weight , Neuropeptide Y/genetics , Gene Expression , Receptors, Dopamine/genetics , Rats, Wistar , Food Preferences
3.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(4): 1323-1332, abr. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285911

ABSTRACT

Resumo A conexão com a natureza pode favorecer o bem-estar e a adoção de práticas alimentares sustentáveis. Profissionais de saúde seriam agentes fundamentais nesta interface, promovendo a saúde ambiental. Estudo transversal com 146 profissionais da atenção primária avaliou a associação entre conexão com a natureza e os motivos para escolhas alimentares consideradas importantes à saúde humana e ambiental. Aplicou-se Escala de Conexão com a Natureza (ECN), contendo 14 itens que medem o quanto a pessoa se sente integrada ao meio ambiente, variando de 14 a 70 pontos; e o Questionário sobre Motivos para as Escolhas Alimentares (FCQ), com 36 itens distribuídos em nove fatores, dentre os quais elegeu-se para este estudo: "Saúde", "Conteúdo Natural" e "Preocupação Ética". A pontuação média na ECN foi de 53,8, (± 9). "Apelo Sensorial" e "Preço" foram os fatores mais pontuados; "Preocupação Ética" ocupou a última posição. Houve associação positiva significativa da ECN com a pontuação nos fatores "Saúde" (p = 0,031), "Conteúdo Natural" (p = 0,001) e "Preocupação Ética" (p < 0,001). Os resultados desta pesquisa inédita permitiram concluir que aumentar conexão com a natureza pode favorecer escolhas alimentares mais saudáveis e sustentáveis.


Abstract Connectedness to nature can boost well-being and lead to healthier and more sustainable food choices. Health professionals have the potential to be key agents in promoting environmental health. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 146 primary healthcare professionals to determine the association betweennature connectedness and food choicemotives considered important for human and environmental health. We used the 14-item Connectedness to Nature Scale (CNS) and the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ), consisting of 36 items distributed between nine factors, including "health", "natural content", and "ethical concern". The average CNS score was 53.8 (± 9). The highest scoring factors of the FCQ were sensory appeal and price.Ethical concern was ranked last. There was a significant positive association between degree of nature connectedness and scoring for the factors health (p = 0.031), natural content (p = 0.001), and ethical concern (p <0.001). The results of this unprecedented studyshow that increased connectedness to nature may lead to healthier and more sustainable food choices.


Subject(s)
Food Preferences , Motivation , Primary Health Care , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health Personnel
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(1): 51-55, feb. 2021. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1147087

ABSTRACT

Internet permitió expandir la promoción de alimentos/bebidas a diferentes medios. El objetivo del estudio fue identificar las estrategias de marketing en sitios web de marcas de alimentos y bebidas consumidos por niños/as y adolescentes, y clasificarlos según las recomendaciones de las Guías Alimentarias para la Población Argentina.Se seleccionaron los alimentos/bebidas más consumidos por la población infantojuvenil según la Encuesta Alimentaria Nutricional de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. Se identificaron las páginas web de las marcas; se analizaron las estrategias de marketing y se clasificaron los alimentos/bebidas promocionados según las Guías.Se encontraron 80 páginas web, donde las estrategias más frecuentes fueron identificación de la marca, beneficios y declaraciones, y vínculos a páginas web y/o redes sociales. El 30 % de los sitios estaban dirigidos a niños/as/adolescentes, donde el 75 % de los alimentos/bebidas promocionados correspondieron al grupo de dulces y grasas, que incluye aquellos de bajo valor nutricional.


The Internet has allowed the expansion of food and beverage advertising in different media. The objective of this study was to identify the marketing strategies used in brand websites of foods and beverages consumed by children and adolescents, and classify them based on the Food Guidelines for the Argentinean Population.The foods and beverages most commonly consumed by the child and adolescent population as per the Survey on Nutritional Food Intake of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires were selected. Brand websites were identified; marketing strategies were analyzed and marketed foods and beverages were classified based on the Guidelines.A total of 80 websites were found; the most common strategies were brand identity, benefits and claims, and links to websites and/or social media. Also, 30 % of sites were aimed at children and adolescents, and 75 % of marketed foods and beverages corresponded to the group of sweets and fats, including those of low nutritional value


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Advertising/methods , Information Dissemination/methods , Marketing/methods , Persuasive Communication , Argentina , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Food and Beverages , Internet , Food Preferences/psychology
5.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 55: 19, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252111

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance and perception of five models of front-of-package nutrition labeling (FOPNL) among Brazilian consumers. METHODS: Cross-sectional study, which applied an online questionnaire to 2,400 individuals, allocated randomly into six study groups: a control group and five others exposed to FOPNL (octagon, triangle, circle, magnifier and traffic light), applied to nine products. We evaluated the understanding of nutritional content, the perception of healthiness, the purchase intention and the perception of Brazilian consumers on the models. RESULTS: All FOPNL models increased the understanding of the nutritional content and reduced the perception of healthiness and purchase intention, when compared with the control group (41.3%). FOPNL warning models — octagon (62.4%), triangle (61.9%) and circle (61.8%) — performed significantly better than the traffic light (55.0%) regarding the understanding of the nutritional content. The performance of the magnifier (59.5%) was similar to the other four tested models, including the traffic light (55.0%), for understanding nutritional content. The individual analysis of the products suggests a better performance of warnings in relation to the magnifier and the traffic light for the perception of healthiness and purchase intention. Consumers were favorable to the presence of FOPNL, perceiving it as reliable to increase the understanding to nutritional information. CONCLUSION: FOPNL must be implemented on food labels in Brazil, considering that it increases the nutritional understanding, reduces the perception of healthiness and the purchase intention of products with critical nutrients. Warnings showed a better performance when compared with other models.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Avaliar o desempenho e a percepção de cinco modelos de rotulagem nutricional frontal (RNF) entre consumidores brasileiros. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, com aplicação de questionário online a 2.400 indivíduos, alocados de forma aleatória em seis grupos de estudo, sendo um controle e cinco expostos a modelos de RNF (octógono, triângulo, círculo, lupa e semáforo), aplicados a nove alimentos. Foi avaliado o entendimento do conteúdo nutricional, a percepção de saudabilidade, a intenção de compra e a percepção dos consumidores brasileiros sobre os modelos. RESULTADOS: Todos os modelos de RNF aumentaram o entendimento do conteúdo nutricional e reduziram a percepção de saudabilidade e a intenção de compra, quando comparados ao grupo controle (41,3%). Os modelos de RNF de advertência - octógono (62,4%), triângulo (61,9%) e círculo (61,8%) - apresentaram desempenho significativamente superior ao semáforo (55,0%) quanto ao entendimento do conteúdo nutricional. O desempenho do modelo da lupa (59,5%) não diferiu dos outros quatro modelos testados, inclusive do semáforo (55,0%), para o entendimento do conteúdo nutricional. A análise individual dos alimentos sugere melhor desempenho das advertências em relação à lupa e ao semáforo para a percepção de saudabilidade e a intenção de compra. Os consumidores manifestam-se favoráveis à presença da RNF, percebendo-a como confiável para aumentar o entendimento das informações nutricionais. CONCLUSÃO: A RNF deve ser implementada nos rótulos dos alimentos no Brasil, considerando que aumenta o entendimento nutricional, reduz a percepção de saudabilidade e a intenção de compra de alimentos com nutrientes críticos. As advertências apresentaram melhor desempenho quando comparadas aos demais modelos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Choice Behavior , Food Preferences , Perception , Brazil , Health Behavior , Cross-Sectional Studies , Consumer Behavior , Food Labeling , Nutritive Value
6.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 39: e2020089, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136751

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify the factors associated with food neophobia in children through a systematic review. Data sources: This research was based on the recommendations of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. The research was carried out in the PubMed, Science Direct, and Scientific Electronic Library Online databases, with the combination of health descriptors in English and Portuguese: ("Food Neophobia" OR "Feeding Behavior" OR "Food Preferences" OR "Food Selectivity") AND Child, from 2000 to 2019. Studies that evaluated factors associated with food neophobia in children were included. The quality of the studies was assessed using the Effective Public Health Practice Project: Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies (QATQS). Data synthesis: 19 studies were included in the systematic review. The prevalence of food neophobia ranged from 12.8 to 100%. The studies used three different scales to measure the level of food neophobia. The main factors associated with food neophobia were: parental influence on children's eating habits, children's innate preference for sweet and savory flavors, influence of the sensory aspect of the food, parents' pressure for the child to eat, parents' lack of encouragement and/or affection at mealtime, childhood anxiety, and diets with low variety and low nutritional quality. Conclusions: The factors associated with food neophobia permeate several areas of the child's life, thus, interprofessional follow-up becomes essential in the intervention process.


RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar os fatores associados à neofobia alimentar em crianças por meio de uma revisão sistemática. Fontes de dados: Esta pesquisa foi baseada nas recomendações do Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. A busca foi realizada nas bases de dados PubMed, ScienceDirect e Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), com a conjugação dos descritores em saúde em português e inglês: ("Food Neophobia" OR "Feeding Behavior" OR "Food Preferences" OR "Food Selectivity") AND Child, no período de 2000 a 2019. Foram incluídos os estudos que avaliaram os fatores associados à neofobia alimentar em crianças. A qualidade dos estudos foi mensurada por meio da ferramenta Effective Public Health Practice Project: Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies (QATQS). Síntese dos dados: Dezenove trabalhos foram incluídos na revisão sistemática. A prevalência da neofobia alimentar variou de 12,8 a 100%. Os estudos utilizaram três diferentes escalas a fim de medir o nível de neofobia alimentar. Os principais fatores associados a esse quadro foram: influência parental nos hábitos alimentares da criança, preferência inata das crianças por sabores doces e salgados, influência do aspecto sensorial do alimento, pressão dos pais para a criança comer, falta de encorajamento e/ou afetividade dos pais no momento das refeições, ansiedade na infância, dietas pouco variadas e com baixa qualidade nutricional. Conclusões: Os fatores associados à neofobia alimentar permeiam diversos âmbitos da vida da criança, assim, o acompanhamento interprofissional torna-se essencial no processo de intervenção.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder , Anxiety/psychology , Parent-Child Relations , Severity of Illness Index , Risk Factors , Parenting/psychology , Feeding Behavior/psychology , Food Preferences/psychology
7.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 70(4): 282-289, dic. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1247669

ABSTRACT

El deterioro de la calidad de la dieta está afectando la salud de los niños menores de dos años. Por tal motivo, es de vital importancia la identificación de factores relacionados con el desarrollo y establecimiento de preferencias alimentarias en etapas tempranas de la vida y brindar recomendaciones que faciliten su adopción. Esta revisión sistemática de la literatura tiene como objetivo resumir la evidencia existente sobre los factores asociados a formar y modelar las preferencias alimentarias en etapas tempranas de la vida. Para esto se realizó una búsqueda en PubMed de estudios que evaluaran la asociación entre la exposición prenatal y posnatal de sabores, introducción temprana de alimentos y habituación al sabor dulce, alimentación complementaria y diversidad dietética. Se incluyeron artículos publicados desde el 2000 hasta el 2019. Resultados de 39 artículos sugieren que la alimentación durante los primeros dos años de vida y el desarrollo de preferencias alimentarias en etapas tempranas de la vida tiene el potencial de modificar los patrones de alimentación y establecerse en etapas posteriores de la vida, por lo que, los primeros mil días de vida constituyen una ventana de oportunidad para formar preferencias alimentarias saludables y mejorar la calidad de dieta de los niños(AU)


Poor diets are damaging children's health. Therefore, it is urgent to identify factors related to the development and establishment of healthy food preferences early in life and to provide recommendations to enable their adoption. This systematic literature review aims to summarize the existing evidence on the factors identified on shaping food preferences early in life. For this, a search was conducted on PubMed about studies evaluating the association between prenatal and postnatal exposure of flavors and the development of food preferences, early food introduction, innate preference to sweet taste, complementary feeding and dietary diversity with the development of food preferences. Articles published from 2000 to 2019 were included. Results from 39 manuscripts suggest that the first 2 years of life are critical for the development of food preferences early in life. These food preferences have the potential to modify children's eating patterns and persist later in life. Therefore, the first 1000 days of life are a key window of opportunity to establish healthy food preferences and shape the quality of children's diet(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child Health , Child Nutrition , Food Preferences , Diet, Healthy , Feeding Behavior , Diet, Food, and Nutrition , Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
8.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 70(4): 247-254, dic. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1247628

ABSTRACT

El dramático aumento de la prevalencia e incidencia de la obesidad sugiere que factores ambientales y cambios en el estilo de vida contribuyen de forma importante a su tendencia epidémica. En humanos, se han reportado diferencias interindividuales en los umbrales de detección y preferencia del sabor dulce, lo que podría afectar la ingesta habitual de azúcares, y por ende al estado nutricional. Objetivo: El presente estudio busca determinar la relación entre el estado nutricional y la preferencia al sabor dulce en la comunidad de un establecimiento de educación superior. Método: Muestra fue constituida por estudiantes, funcionarios y docentes, entre 18 y 60 años, pertenecientes a la Universidad Mayor, Sede Temuco. Para determinar preferencia al sabor dulce se empleó prueba organoléptica que mide grado de satisfacción frente a solución dulce, junto a ello se realizaron mediciones de peso y talla para determinar el Índice de Masa Corporal. Resultados: Muestra final comprendió de 319 personas, de las cuales un 30,1% fueron hombres y 69,9% mujeres. No se observaron diferencias significativas en la preferencia hacia las soluciones con mayor concentración de sacarosa según el estado nutricional. Sin embargo, el modelo predictivo desarrollado arrojó que hombres prefieren las soluciones con mayor concentración de azúcar independiente de la edad y estado nutricional. Conclusiones: Es necesario desarrollar nuevos estudios que permitan aclarar si la preferencia al sabor dulce favorece el desarrollo de obesidad y sobrepeso, o si es la composición nutricional de los alimentos procesados o ultraprocesados, lo que está teniendo un mayor impacto negativo en el estado nutricional de la población(AU)


The dramatic increase in the prevalence and incidence of obesity seems to suggest that environmental factors and lifestyle changes are contributing significantly to the epidemic trend of this pathology. In humans, inter-individual differences in the thresholds of preference of sweet taste have been reported, which could affect habitual sugar intake, and therefore the nutritional status. Objective: The present study seeks to determine the relationship between nutritional status and the preference of sweet taste in the population of a higher education establishment. Method: Sample was constituted by students, officials and teachers between 18 and 60 years, belonging to the Universidad Mayor, Temuco. To determine the perception of the sweet taste, an organoleptic test was used that measures the degree of satisfaction with the sweet solution, along with this, weight and height measurements were made to determine the Body Mass Index. Results: Final sample comprised 319 people, of which 30.1% were men and 69.9% women. No significant differences were observed in the preference for solutions with a higher concentration of sucrose according to nutritional status. However, a predictive model developed showed that men prefer the solutions with the highest concentration of sugar regardless of age and nutritional status. Conclusions: It is necessary to develop new studies to clarify whether the preference for sweet taste favors the development of obesity and overweight, or if it is the nutritional composition of processed or ultraprocessed foods, which is having a greater negative impact on the nutritional status of the population.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Nutritional Status , Dietary Sucrose , Food Preferences , Dietary Sugars , Chronic Disease , Obesity
9.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(5): 738-749, set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138610

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Una política pública creada para abordar el problema de la obesidad en Chile, es la Ley de Alimentos del año 2016 y su Reglamento que incluye etiquetado frontal de advertencia. El objetivo del estudio es evaluar el reconocimiento, juicio de valor y utilización del etiquetado frontal de advertencia descrito en la reglamentación, en personas responsables de escolares de las comunas de La Serena y Coquimbo. En estudio transversal, se aplicaron 543 encuestas personales en 22 establecimientos educacionales seleccionados por muestreo probabilístico estratificado. Se utilizó prueba de Chi-cuadrado para bondad de ajuste y tablas de contingencia, se consideró significativo un valor p<0,05. El 98,7% reconoció los sellos de advertencia, principalmente en los envases. El 86,2% valoró como no saludable su presencia y 68,1%, como saludable su ausencia. La comparación de sellos fue realizada por el 67,5% de los encuestados, de los cuales un 97,4% eligió los alimentos con menor cantidad de sellos. El 91,3% señaló que disminuyó la cantidad de alimentos comprados con presencia de sellos en relación al período anterior a la vigencia de la Ley. Los sellos de advertencia son conocidos, entendidos y considerados en la selección de los alimentos.


ABSTRACT The Chilean Food Law of 2016 was a public policy created to address the problem of obesity in Chile and includes front-of-package warning labeling. The objective of the study is to evaluate the recognition, value judgment and use of the front-of-package warning labels described in the regulation, among caretakers of schoolchildren, in the districts of La Serena and Coquimbo, Chile. A cross-sectional study was conducted. A total of 543 personal surveys were applied in 22 educational establishments selected by stratified probability sampling. Chi-square goodness of fit test and contingency tables were used, a p value<0.05 was considered significant. Almost all caretakers surveyed (98.7%) recognized warning labels, mainly in packaging, 82% of the participants rated the presence of the labels as unhealthy and 68.1% reported the absence of the label indicated a healthy food. The label comparison was made by 67.5% of the respondents, of which 97.4% chose foods with fewer labels. 91.3% indicated that the quantity of food purchased with warning labels decreased in relation to the period before the law was launched. Warning labels are known, understood, and considered in food selection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Whole Foods , Food , Obesity , Product Packaging , Absenteeism , Food Preferences
10.
ABCS health sci ; 45: e020014, 02 jun 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1123708

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Food is closely linked with emotions in a complex relationship. The imaginary and symbolic meaning attributed to food has been little studied and the act of eating needs to be better understood. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association of adolescents´ feelings to selected foods. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 995 adolescents from public and private schools in Teresina, PI, Brazil. It was a Supplementary Project to the Brazilian national survey ERICA (Estudo de Riscos Cardiovasculares em Adolescentes). Adolescents had to choose one of the following feelings to selected food: well-being/satisfaction, malaise, no feeling, aversion. For the option aversion, the participant had to indicate if it was related to smell, color, appearance, or taste. Adolescents´ feelings to foods were analyzed by type of school, sex, and age range, using Pearson's chi-square (χ²) or Fisher's exact tests. RESULTS: There was significant differences regarding the type of school for the feeling to chocolate (p=0.015); vegetables (p=0.003); leafy greens (p=0.005); healthy sandwich/natural fruit juice (p≤0.001); high fat red meat (p=0.046); fruit/natural fruit juice (p≤0.001). For sex, there was significant difrerences for healthy sandwich/natural fruit juice (p=0.001); beans and rice (p=0.021) and high fat red meat (p=0.005). There was significant differences between age groups for sandwich, chips, soda and ice cream (p=0.018); pasta (p=0.047) and high fat red meat (p=0.021). Well-being predominated in almost all foods and aversion was poorly reported. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that adolescents' feelings are not directed to specific foods.


INTRODUÇÃO: O alimento está intimamente ligado com as emoções em uma relação complexa. O sentido imaginário e simbólico atribuído à alimentação tem sido pouco estudado e o ato de comer precisa ser melhor compreendido. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a associação de sentimentos dos adolescentes relacionados a alimentos selecionados. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal com 995 adolescentes de escolas públicas e privadas de Teresina, PI, Brasil. Os dados foram provenientes do Projeto Suplementar ao levantamento nacional brasileiro ERICA (Estudo de Riscos Cardiovasculares em Adolescentes). O adolescente teve que escolher um dos seguintes sentimentos para o alimento selecionado: bem-estar/satisfação, desconforto, nenhum sentimento ou aversão. Para a opção aversão, o participante deveria indicar se ela estava relacionada ao cheiro, cor, aparência ou sabor. Os sentimentos dos adolescentes em relação aos alimentos foram analisados ​​por tipo de escola, sexo e faixa etária, por meio do teste qui-quadrado de Pearson (c²) ou teste exato de Fisher. RESULTADOS: Houve diferenças significativas entre os tipos de escola para o sentimento em relação ao chocolate (p=0,015); legumes/verduras (p=0,003); folhosos (p=0,005); sanduiche/suco natural (p≤0,001); carne vermelha gordurosa (p=0,046); fruta/suco natural (p≤0,001). Para o sexo, houve diferença significativa para sanduiche/suco natural (p=0,001); arroz com feijão (p=0,021) e carne vermelha gordurosa (p=0,005). Para a faixa etária, houve diferença significativa para sanduíche, batata frita, refrigerante e sorvete (p=0,018); macarrão (p=0,047) e carne vermelha gordurosa (p=0,021). O bem-estar predominou em quase todos os alimentos e a aversão foi pouco relatada. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados sugerem que os sentimentos dos adolescentes não estão direcionados a um alimento específico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Eating , Eating , Emotions , Adolescent Nutrition , Food Preferences , Cross-Sectional Studies
11.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 19(1): 5-10, jun 17, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358634

ABSTRACT

Introdução: obesidade é um problema de saúde pública e está relacionada com fatores genéticos, ambientais e comportamento alimentar. É uma doença de difícil controle e a cirurgia bariátrica tem surgido com uma terapêutica de sucesso para obesos graves. Objetivo: descrever o comportamento e preferências alimentares de pacientes obesos encaminhados à cirurgia bariátrica. Metodologia: estudo descritivo baseado em dados secundários de uma clínica especializada no tratamento da obesidade. Foram estudadas variáveis antropométricas, sociodemográficas e outras referentes ao comportamento e preferências alimentares. Para análise dos dados foram utilizados: estatística descritiva e qui-quadrado de Pearson, sendo considerados significantes valores de p<0,05. Resultados: foram avaliados 542 pacientes com média (desvio padrão) de idade e índice de massa corporal de 35,9 (9,8) anos e 41,5 (4,9) kg/m2 respectivamente, sendo 73,6% do sexo feminino. Observou-se que os pacientes tinham preferência por cereais e massas (62,4%), seguido de carne e ovos (58,1%). Destacou-se que adultos jovens realizavam menos o desjejum (65,1% x 75,4%; p= 0,011) e ingeriam maior volume de alimentos nas refeições (90,7% x 81,1%; p=0,007) quando comparados aos mais velhos e que o comportamento de acordar para comer à noite foi mais frequente nos homens do que nas mulheres (31,2% x 21,6%; p=0,029). Conclusão: o estudo mostrou que os grupos alimentares preferidos foram os cereais e massas seguidos de carne e ovos. Quanto ao comportamento alimentar foi observado influência do sexo e da idade dos indivíduos, o mesmo não acontecendo em relação ao grau de obesidade.


Introduction: obesity is a public health problem related to genetic, environmental and eating behaviour factors. It is difficult to control, and bariatric surgery has emerged as a successful treatment for the severely obese. Objective: to describe the behaviour and food preferences of obese patients referred to bariatric surgery. Methodology: descriptive study based on secondary data from a clinic specialized in the treatment of obesity. Anthropometric, sociodemographic and other variables related to behavioural and food preferences were studied. For data analysis, descriptive statistics and Pearson's chi-square were used, with p <0.05 being considered significant. Results: 542 patients with mean age (standard deviation) and body mass index of 35.9 (9.8) years and 41.5 (4.9) kg / m2 respectively were evaluated, 73.6% of which were female. It was observed that the patients preferred to eat cereals and pasta (62.4%), followed by meat and eggs (58.1%). It was highlighted that young adults had less breakfast (65.1% x 75.4%; p = 0.011) and ingested a greater volume of food at meals (90.7% x 81.1%; p = 0.007) when compared to older people and that the behaviour of waking up to eat at night was more frequent in men than in women (31.2% x 21.6%; p = 0.029). Conclusion: the study showed that the preferred food groups were cereals and pasta followed by meat and eggs. As for eating behaviour, the influence of the individuals' sex and age was observed, the same not happening in relation to the degree of obesity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Bariatric Surgery , Feeding Behavior , Food Preferences , Obesity , Epidemiology, Descriptive
12.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(2): 224-230, abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115492

ABSTRACT

Las alteraciones durante la vida prenatal tienen diversos efectos en los organismos. La restricción alimentaria materna ocasiona modificaciones en la conducta alimentaria como hiperfagia y su exacerbación ante la exposición a una dieta hiperlipídica. La evidencia experimental indica que aun cuando existe una preferencia por los alimentos altos en grasa, cuando las ratas realizan actividad física, esta preferencia disminuye o se elimina. Objetivo: evaluar el efecto de la restricción alimentaria materna sobre el consumo de una dieta suplementada con nuez pecana y cómo influye la actividad física. El experimento incluyó 22 ratas, 11 del grupo experimental y 11 del grupo control. De los cuales 6 realizaron actividad y 5 permanecieron sedentarias en cada grupo (machos y hembras). El experimento duró 114 días, de los cuales 42 días tuvieron disponible la rueda de actividad. Los resultados mostraron que la restricción alimentaria materna no modificó el comportamiento alimentario, sin embargo, cuando incrementaron la actividad por la disponibilidad de la rueda de actividad, los sujetos experimentales aumentaron su consumo de nuez pecana. Los resultados se consideran contradictorios con respecto a la literatura, ya que muestran ausencia de hiperfagia e incremento en el consumo a la par del incremento en actividad física.


Alterations during prenatal life have various effects on organisms. Maternal food restriction causes changes in feeding behavior such as hyperphagia and its exacerbation when exposed to a hyperlipidic diet. Experimental evidence indicates that even when there is a preference for high-fat foods, when rats do physical activity, this preference decreases or is eliminated. Objective: to evaluate the effect of maternal dietary restriction on the consumption of a diet supplemented with pecan nuts and how physical activity influences this relationship. The experiment included 22 rats, 11 experimental and 11 controls. Of these, 6 performed physical activity and 5 remained sedentary in each group (males and females). The experiment lasted 114 days; the activity wheel was available on 42 days. The results showed that maternal food restriction did not modify eating behavior, however, when rats increased physical activity, experimental subjects increased their consumption of pecan nuts. The results are contradictory with respect to the literature, as they show an absence of hyperphagia and an increase in consumption along with an increase in physical activity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Exercise , Feeding Behavior , Animals, Newborn , Behavior, Animal , Body Weight , Rats, Wistar , Caloric Restriction , Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Fetal Development , Diet, High-Fat , Food Deprivation , Food Preferences , Nuts
13.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(2): 286-291, abr. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115500

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las emociones tendrían un rol en la elección, calidad y cantidad de alimentos ingeridos, lo que llevaría al aumento o disminución del peso corporal. La relación entre las emociones y la conducta alimentaria es bidireccional y es dependiente del contexto, de la variabilidad de la emoción en cuanto a su valencia, excitación e intensidad, así como de la variabilidad fisiológica del sujeto. Dentro del contexto de la obesidad, se ha descrito el concepto del "comedor emocional" como aquel individuo que utiliza los alimentos como un mecanismo disfuncional para afrontar sus emociones negativas (ira, apatía, frustraciones, entre otras). Estas emociones negativas estarían más presentes en situaciones de alto estrés percibido, lo que conllevaría al aumento de la ingesta de alimentos llamados "reconfortantes", como lo son aquellos altos en azúcares y grasas. La presencia del comer emocional sería más prevalente en mujeres que en hombres; en personas obesas que en aquellas con estado nutricional normal y en contextos de restricción alimentaria. Las últimas investigaciones señalan que la forma en cómo regulamos nuestras emociones permitirían controlar la cantidad o calidad de los alimentos que se ingieren, siendo una estrategia efectiva para el control alimentario.


ABSTRACT Emotions may have a role in the choice, quality and quantity of food ingested, which may lead to an increase or decrease in body weight. The relationship between emotions and eating behavior is bidirectional and is dependent on the context, the variability of the emotion in terms of its valence, excitation and intensity, as well as physiological variability. Within the context of obesity, the concept of the "emotional eater" has been described as an individual who uses food as a dysfunctional mechanism to cope with negative emotions (anger, apathy, and frustrations, among others). These negative emotions would be more present in situations of high perceived stress, which would lead to an increase in the intake of so-called "comfort foods", such as those high in sugars and fats. The presence of emotional eating would be more prevalent in women than in men; in obese people than in those with normal nutritional status and in contexts of food restriction. The latest research indicates that the way in which we regulate our emotions would allow us to control the quantity or quality of the food we eat and an effective strategy for food control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Eating/psychology , Emotions/physiology , Feeding Behavior , Stress, Psychological , Food Preferences/psychology
14.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): e43568, jan.- mar.2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1096559

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Conhecer os determinantes das escolhas alimentares entre as beneficiárias do Programa Bolsa Família em um município do interior da Bahia. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo transversal, com abordagem quantitativa, realizado com mulheres adultas titulares do Programa. Foram realizadas entrevistas para a aplicação do questionário de marcadores de consumo alimentar, da ficha de cadastro e acompanhamento nutricional do Sistema de Vigilância Alimentar e Nutricional, e do questionário sobre motivo das escolhas alimentares. Resultados: : Foram avaliadas 40 mulheres, todas consideradas de baixa renda, pretas e pardas (90%), com idade entre 20 e 39 anos (57,5%) e escolaridade superior a quatro anos de estudos (62,5%). Observaram-se maior consumo de feijão, frutas e bebidas adoçadas, e baixa ingestão de verduras e alimentos ultraprocessados. Os motivos das escolhas alimentares com maior grau de importância foram o apelo sensorial, a saúde e o preço dos alimentos; aqueles com menor relevância foram conveniência e humor. Conclusão: Um conjunto de determinantes é responsável pelas escolhas alimentares: alguns relacionados ao alimento, outros vinculados ao indivíduo e aqueles ainda referentes aos aspectos sociais, culturais, éticos, entre outros. Assim, conhecer os principais determinantes torna-se essencial para a compreensão do consumo alimentar das beneficiárias do Bolsa Família e as repercussões sobre o estado nutricional, auxiliando nutricionistas, demais profissionais de saúde e gestores públicos na adoção de estratégias que promovam a Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional das famílias de baixa renda. (AU)


Objective: To know the determinants of food choices among the beneficiaries of the Bolsa Família Program in a city in the State of Bahia. Methods: This is a crosssectional study with a quantitative approach, conducted with adult women who were beneficiaries of the Program. Interviews were conducted by the application of dietary intake markers questionnaire, the registration form, and the nutritional monitoring of Food and Nutrition Surveillance System, and the questionnaire exploring the reason for food choices. Results: fourty women participated in the study, all of them were considered to be low income, 90% were black and brown 57.5% aged 20 to 39 years old, and 62.5% had more than four years of education. Higher consumption of beans, fruits and sweetened beverages and low intake of vegetables and ultraprocessed foods were observed. The most important food choices reasons were sensory appeal, health and food prices; the least relevant were convenience and mood.Conclusion: A set of determinants is responsible for food choices: some related to food, others are individual-related, and still are related to social, cultural, and ethical factors, among others. Hence, it is fundamental to know the main determinants in order to understand the food consumption of Bolsa Família beneficiaries and the impacts on nutritional status, helping nutritionists, health professionals, and public managers when it comes to adopting strategies that promote Food and Nutrition Security of low income families. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Poverty , Feeding Behavior , Food Preferences , Nutrition Programs and Policies , Eating , Vulnerable Populations , Food Security
15.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(3): 977-988, mar. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089479

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivou-se analisar o índice de adesão à alimentação escolar e os fatores associados entre adolescentes matriculados em escolas públicas estaduais do município da Lapa, Paraná, sul do Brasil. De caráter transversal e analítico, incluiu 492 adolescentes de 10 a 19 anos de cinco escolas urbanas e cinco rurais do município. Foi aplicado um questionário sobre o consumo da alimentação escolar e de alimentos competitivos (aqueles comprados ou trazidos de casa) e realizada a avaliação antropométrica nos adolescentes. Os seus pais/responsáveis responderam um questionário demográfico e socioeconômico. Foi utilizado modelo de regressão de "odds" proporcionais ajustado para verificar as associações. O índice de adesão efetiva à alimentação escolar foi de 30,1% nas escolas rurais e de 23,7% nas urbanas. Não gostar das preparações servidas foi o principal motivo apontado para a não adesão. Observou-se menor adesão entre os adolescentes que possuíam maior renda familiar per capita e entre os que consumiam alimentos competitivos de 4 a 5x/semana. A adesão foi maior entre aqueles que consideravam a alimentação escolar saudável. Diante do baixo índice de adesão à alimentação escolar, a universalidade do atendimento não está sendo atingida. Os fatores apontados podem auxiliar em melhoras na execução do programa.


Abstract The scope of this study was to analyze adherence to school food and associated factors among adolescents from public state schools in the municipality of Lapa, Paraná, in the Southern region of Brazil. The study uses a cross-sectional and analytical design and includes 492 male and female adolescents aged 10 to 19 years from five urban and five rural schools in the municipality. The students underwent anthropometric assessment and answered a questionnaire about school food and alternative food intakes (purchased or home-cooked). Their parents/guardians answered a questionnaire about their demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. An adjusted proportional odds regression model investigated the associations. The effective adherence to school food was 30.1% in rural schools and 23.7% in urban schools. Dislike of the food preparation was the main reason for non-adherence. The results showed lesser adherence among adolescents with higher per capita family income who consumed alternative food products four to five times per week. Adolescents who considered school food healthy showed higher adherence. Low adherence to school food indicates the inadequate universality of the program. The factors revealed may help to improve program planning and execution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Schools , Food Preferences , Food Services , Rural Population , Urban Population , Public Facilities , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies
16.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 11(2,n.esp): 226-230, dez. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1145898

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Refletir sobre a experiência de pesquisadores em realizar entrevistas com mulheres refugiadas sobre cuidados com etapas de seleção, higiene e preparo de alimentos em tempos de Covid-19. Método: Trata-se de um relato de experiência a respeito do processo vivenciado por pesquisadores em manter coleta de informações a partir de entrevistas com mulheres refugiadas residentes no Estado do Rio de Janeiro sobre alimentação em tempos de pandemia. Resultados: Foram identificadas fragilidades para manter hábitos alimentares saudáveis, medidas de proteção individual e aquisição de informações seguras, o que contribuiu para reforçar a necessidade de orientações sobre segurança alimentar, atreladas às recomendações de isolamento social, lavagem das mãos e uso de máscaras, medidas importantes para o enfrentamento da pandemia e manutenção da vida. Conclusão: Essa experiência possibilitou criar grupos de orientações para as refugiadas na área da saúde alimentar, em especial no fornecimento de informações acerca de alimentos, seleção, higiene e preparo durante a pandemia. (AU)


Objective: Reflecting on the experience of researchers in conducting interviews with refugee women about food care due to steps of selection, hygiene and food preparation in times of COVID-19. Methodo: It is an experience report on the reflections regarding the process experienced by researchers in maintaining information collection from interviews with refugee women living in the state of Rio de Janeiro in times of pandemic. Results: reflecting on weaknesses to maintain healthy eating habits, individual protection measures and the acquisition of safe information contributed to reinforce the need for guidelines on food security, linked to recommendations for social isolation, hand washing and the use of important masks to face the pandemic and maintenance of life. Conclusion: This experience made it possible to create groups of guidelines for refugees in the area of food health, especially in providing information about food, selection, hygiene and preparation during the pandemic. (AU)


Objetivo: Reflexionar sobre la experiencia de los investigadores en la realización de entrevistas con mujeres refugiadas sobre la atención con pasos de selección, higiene y preparación de alimentos en tiempos de COVID-19. Metodo: Es un informe de experiencia sobre las reflexiones sobre el proceso experimentado por los investigadores para mantener la recopilación de información de entrevistas con mujeres refugiadas que viven en el estado de Río de Janeiro en tiempos de pandemia. Resultados: Reflexionar sobre las debilidades para mantener hábitos alimenticios saludables, las medidas de protección individual y la adquisición de información segura contribuyeron a reforzar la necesidad de pautas sobre seguridad alimentaria, vinculadas a recomendaciones para el aislamiento social, el lavado de manos y el uso de máscaras importantes para enfrentar la pandemia y mantenimiento de la vida. Conclusión: Esta experiencia permitió crear grupos de pautas para los refugiados en el área de la salud alimentaria, especialmente en el suministro de información sobre alimentos, selección, higiene y preparación durante la pandemia. Descriptores: Infecciones por Coronavirus; Refugiados; Dieta; Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional; Preferencias Alimentarias. (AU)


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections , Refugees , Diet , Food Security , Food Preferences
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811252

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship between job stress, attributes of health functional food (HFF) selection, and consumption values for information technology (IT) workers, and analyzed the factors influencing the selection of HFF to improve health by making the right choice of HFFs.METHODS: Three hundred forty IT workers in Gyeonggi area participated in the study. The participants were divided into low or high job stress group. The differences in participants' general characteristics, attributes of HFF selection, and HFF consumption values were investigated, and the mediating effects of HFF consumption values on the relationship between job stress levels and the HFF selection attributes were analyzed.RESULTS: Job stress levels were high in those IT workers with a length of service < 5 years (p = 0.013). The group with lower job stress levels had a higher tendency to consider the ingredients contained in HFF products (p < 0.001), and their efficacy (p = 0.047). They also showed greater emotional value for a sense of security from consuming HFFs to stay healthy (p = 0.047). The group with higher job stress levels had greater epistemic value in that their choice of HFFs differentiated them from the other workers (p = 0.036). Higher job stress was associated with less consideration of the intrinsic attributes such as ingredients and efficacy of the HFF selection attributes (p = −0.113), emotional value of the HFF consumption values (p = −0.136), and the functional value such as practicality, price, and safety (p = −0.134). The job stress level influenced the intrinsic attributes through the functional and emotional values, demonstrating that the functional and emotional values had appropriate mediating effects on the relationship between job stress levels and intrinsic attributes.CONCLUSION: Education needs to be provided for workers to relieve job stress and improve the functional and emotional values, which contributes to choosing the appropriate HFFs.


Subject(s)
Education , Food Preferences , Functional Food , Negotiating
18.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4682, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039741

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the epidemiological data of hypertension in pregnant women, as well as to identify its possible associated events. Methods Data collection was performed at the high-risk prenatal outpatient clinic and in the maternity ward at a public hospital in the São Paulo city, during the morning and afternoon periods, from October 2015 to July 2016. A questionnaire with 22 questions prepared by the researchers was used. The margin of error was 5% and the confidence level was 95%. For the calculation, the two-proportion equality, Pearson correlation and ANOVA tests were used. Results Among the interviewees, 43% had chronic hypertension, 33.3% presented with up to 20 weeks of gestation, 23.7% presented after the 20th week of gestation, 62.3% were between 18 and 35 years of age, 78.1% had a family history of hypertension, and among those aged 36 to 45 years, 11.4% were in the first gestation, and 26.3% in the second gestation. Considering the associated conditions, diabetes prevailed with 50%; obesity with 22.2%, and the most selected foods for consumption among pregnant women, 47.5% had high energy content (processed/ultraprocessed). Conclusion After an epidemiological analysis of the prevalence of hypertension, pregnant women with chronic hypertension, preexisting hypertension diagnosed during pregnancy, and hypertensive disease of pregnancy were identified. Regarding the possible factors associated with arterial hypertension, higher age, family history of hypertension, preexistence of hypertension, late pregnancies, diabetes, obesity and frequent consumption of processed/ultraprocessed foods were found.


RESUMO Objetivo Pesquisar os dados epidemiológicos da hipertensão arterial em gestantes, bem como identificar seus possíveis eventos associados. Métodos A coleta de dados foi realizada no ambulatório do pré-natal de alto risco e na enfermaria da maternidade em hospital público da cidade de São Paulo, nos períodos matutino e vespertino, de outubro de 2015 a julho de 2016. Foi aplicado um questionário com 22 perguntas elaborado pelos pesquisadores. A margem de erro foi de 5% e o nível de confiança, de 95%. Para o cálculo, foram usados o teste de igualdade de duas proporções, a correlação de Pearson e o teste de ANOVA. Resultados Dentre as entrevistadas, 43% tinham hipertensão crônica, 33,3% se apresentaram com até 20 semanas de gestação, 23,7% se apresentaram após a 20ª semana da gestação, 62,3% tinham idade entre 18 e 35 anos, 78,1% tinham antecedente familiar com hipertensão arterial, 11,4% com idade entre 36 a 45 anos estavam na primeira gestação, e 26,3% com a mesma idade estavam a partir da segunda gestação. Dentre as afecções associadas, prevaleceu o diabetes com 50%; 22,2% se tratavam de obesidade, e dos alimentos mais escolhidos para consumo entre as gestantes, 47,5% possuíam alto teor energético (processados/ultraprocessados). Conclusão Após análise epidemiológica no resultado da prevalência da hipertensão arterial, foram encontradas gestantes com hipertensão arterial crônica, hipertensão arterial preexistente descoberta durante a gestação e doença hipertensiva específica da gestação. Em relação aos possíveis fatores associados à hipertensão arterial, foram encontrados: idade mais elevada, antecedentes familiares de hipertensão, preexistência de hipertensão, gestações tardias, diabetes, obesidade e frequente consumo de alimentos processados/ultraprocessados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced/epidemiology , Pregnancy in Diabetics/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Maternal Age , Food Preferences , Middle Aged , Obesity/complications , Obesity/epidemiology
20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(3): 374-380, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038553

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Stress is a state of threat to the balance of the organism, which can cause biological and psychological changes. In hypertensive patients, stress can interfere with blood pressure levels, influence on food choices and neglect of the diet. Objective: This study aims to describe the relationship between stress and dietary intake of hypertensive patients. Methods: A transversal study was carried out at the Arterial Hypertension Clinic of the Cardiology Institute of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The participants were aged ≥ 18 years and hypertensive. Blood pressure, food consumption and anthropometric measurements were collected. The variables related to stress were evaluated by the Lipp's Stress Symptoms Inventory (LSSI) for adults. Significance level of 5% has been considered for all analyzed data. Results: The number of participants was 100. There was a higher prevalence of the female sex (67%), the mean age of the study population was 55.87 ± 12.55 years. Among the participants, 86% were classified in some of the stress phases, on which 57% were in the resistance phase. It was observed that there was no correlation between the presence of stress (as well as their actions), pressure levels and food consumption. The consumption of foods rich in lipids and individuals with a prevalence of psychological symptoms of stress displayed a significant association. Conclusions: Rich in fat dietary has been the first choice in patients with psychological symptoms of stress. Further studies regarding remodeled dietary intake and blood pressure levels in relation to the stress phases are suggested. These findings are important to contribute to the development of prevention and treatment strategies for cardiovascular diseases.


Resumo Fundamento: O estresse é um estado de ameaça ao equilíbrio do organismo, podendo causar alterações biológicas e psicológicas. No paciente hipertenso o estresse pode interferir nos níveis pressóricos e gerar influência nas escolhas alimentares e negligência da dieta. Objetivo: Este estudo tem como objetivo descrever a relação entre o estresse e consumo alimentar de pacientes hipertensos. Métodos: Estudo transversal, desenvolvido no Ambulatório de Hipertensão Arterial do Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul. Participaram da pesquisa indivíduos hipertensos com idade > 18 anos. Foram coletados dados de pressão arterial, consumo alimentar e medidas antropométricas. As variáveis relacionadas ao estresse foram avaliadas pelo inventário de sintomas de stress para adultos de Lipp (ISSL). Em todas as análises foi considerando um nível de significância 5% (p < 0,05). Resultados: O número de participantes foi de 100. Houve maior prevalência no sexo feminino (67%), a idade média da população estudada foi 55,87 ± 12,55 anos. Dos participantes, 86% se classificaram em alguma das fases do estresse, sendo que destes, 57% estavam na fase de resistência. Observou-se que não houve correlação entre a presença de estresse (bem como suas fases), níveis pressóricos e consumo alimentar. O consumo de alimentos ricos em lipídios em hipertensos com sintomas de estresse apresentou significância estatística. Conclusão: Os alimentos ricos em gordura prevaleceram entre as escolhas alimentares nos pacientes com sintomas psicológicos de estresse. Sugere-se mais estudos em relação a alteração do consumo alimentar e níveis pressóricos em relação às fases do estresse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Stress, Psychological , Diet/psychology , Food Preferences/psychology , Hypertension/psychology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Diet/adverse effects , Feeding Behavior , Hypertension/etiology
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