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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 75-81, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365741

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To describe the profile of the patients and the results obtained with the use of an external fixator for metatarsal lengthening in brachymetatarsia. Methods A retrospective analysis of the medical records of patients with brachymetatarsia treated between January 2018 and April 2020 was performed. During this period, eight feet of six patients were operated on. Frequencies were estimated according to demographic and surgical aspects. Results All patients (100%; n= 6) were female, with a mean age of 28 years old, ranging from 15 to 48 years old, and were motivated to seek the orthopedic service due to aesthetic deformity. The deformity was bilateral in two patients and unilateral in four patients. The average lengthening time was 22 days ( ± 7.15, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 19.04-26.81). The lengthening speed was 0.5 mm/day, and the average total length of the lengthening was 11.46 mm ( ± 3.57; 95%CI: 9.52-13.40). Half of the patients (50%; n= 3) had local infection of the pins and were treated with antibiotics, and the others did not report any postsurgical complications. All patients denied pain or calluses after the surgical procedure and reported satisfaction with the results. Conclusion All patients were female and sought surgery for brachymetatarsia for aesthetic reasons. Osteogenic distraction at a rate of 0.5 mm/day resulted in successful lengthening of the metatarsal, with a low frequency of complications, good clinical outcomes, and high patient satisfaction.


Resumo Objetivo Descrever o perfil dos pacientes e os resultados obtidos com o uso de fixador externo para alongamento de metatarso em braquimetatarsia. Métodos Foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva dos prontuários de pacientes com braquimetatarsia tratados entre janeiro de 2018 e abril de 2020. Durante este período, foram operados oito pés de seis pacientes. Foram coletadas e estimadas as frequências em relação a aspectos demográficos e cirúrgicos. Resultados Todas as pacientes (100%; n= 6) eram do sexo feminino, com média de idade de 28 anos, variando de 15 a 48 anos, e motivadas a buscar o serviço de ortopedia em função da deformidade estética. O acometimento era bilateral em duas pacientes e unilateral em quatro pacientes. O tempo médio de alongamento foi de 22 dias ( ± 7,15; intervalo de confiança [IC] 95%: 19,04-26,81). A velocidade de alongamento foi de 0,5 mm/dia e o comprimento médio total do alongamento foi de 11,46 mm ( ± 3,57; IC95%: 9,52-13,40). Metade das pacientes (50%; n= 3) teve infecção local dos pinos e foi tratada com antibióticos; as demais não relataram nenhuma complicação pós-cirúrgica. As pacientes negaram dor ou calosidade após o procedimento cirúrgico e relataram satisfação com os resultados. Conclusão Todas as pacientes eram do sexo feminino e buscaram a cirurgia para braquimetatarsia por motivos estéticos. A distração osteogênica a uma taxa de 0,5 mm/dia resultou em alongamento bem-sucedido do metatarso, com uma baixa frequência de complicações, bons resultados clínicos e alta satisfação das pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Congenital Abnormalities , Foot Deformities , Metatarsal Bones , Patient Satisfaction , Orthopedic Procedures , Osteogenesis, Distraction
2.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 8(2): e404, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1358061

ABSTRACT

El conjunto de patologías bajo el nombre de síndromes dolorosos de pie y tobillo engloban diferentes tendinopatías asociadas entre varios factores clínicos a la presencia de huesos accesorios tarsianos. La correcta identificación y diferenciación radiológica de estas variantes anatómicas en virtud de su capacidad de influir en la dinámica normal del tarso motivan el estudio de su incidencia. Nuestro objetivo es determinar la presencia de distintos huesos accesorios tarsianos en una muestra poblacional. Se expone el resultado de un estudio observacional retrospectivo en 240 pacientes entre 15 y 85 años de edad atendidos en un centro privado de la ciudad de Las Piedras, Canelones, con radiografías de pie y tobillo preexistentes en la base de datos institucional. Se determinó presencia de huesos accesorios tarsianos en 23 pacientes (9,58%), identificando hallazgos de Os Trigonum (1,66%), Proceso de Stieda (3.33%), Os Peroneum (2,93%) y Os Navicular (1,66%). Se presenta en tablas el análisis de frecuencia correspondiente y estudio de contingencia entre variantes encontradas, edad y sexo del paciente. El resultado de la investigación busca aportar al conocimiento de variantes anatómicas normales correlativas a procesos patológicos infradiagnosticados, desde el rol de la anatomía radiológica.


The group of pathologies under the name of foot and ankle pain syndromes encompass different tendinopathies associated among various clinical factors with the presence of accessory tarsal bones. The correct identification and radiological differentiation of these anatomical variants, by virtue of their ability to influence the normal dynamics of the tarsus, motivated the study of their incidence. Our objective is to determine the presence of different tarsal accessory bones in a population sample. Here we present the results of a retrospective observational study in 240 patients between 15 and 85 years of age, treated in a private health center in the city of Las Piedras, Canelones, with pre-existing ankle and foot x-rays in the institutional database. The presence of tarsal accessory bones was determined in 23 patients (9.58%), identifying findings of Os Trigonum (1.66%), Stieda Process (3.33%), Os Peroneum (2.93%) and Os Navicular (1, 66%). The corresponding frequency analysis and contingency study between the variants found, age and sex of the patient are exposed in tables. The result of the research seeks to contribute to the knowledge of normal anatomical variants correlative to under diagnosed pathological processes, from the role of radiological anatomy.


O grupo de patologias com a denominação de síndromes dolorosas no pé e tornozelo engloba diferentes tendinopatias associadas entre diversos fatores clínicos à presença de ossos acessórios do tarso. A correta identificação e diferenciação radiológica dessas variantes anatômicas em virtude de sua capacidade de influenciar a dinâmica normal do tarso motiva o estudo de sua incidência. Nosso objetivo é determinar a presença de diferentes ossos acessórios do tarso em uma amostra populacional. É apresentado o resultado de um estudo observacional retrospectivo em 240 pacientes entre 15 e 85 anos de idade atendidos em um centro privado na cidade de Las Piedras, Canelones, com radiografias de pé e tornozelo pré-existentes no banco de dados institucional. A presença de ossos acessórios do tarso foi determinada em 23 pacientes (9,58%), identificando achados de Os Trigonum (1,66%), Processo de Stieda (3,33%), Os Peroneum (2,93%) e Os Navicular (1,66%). A correspondente análise de frequência e estudo de contingência entre as variantes encontradas, idade e sexo do paciente são apresentados em tabelas. O resultado da pesquisa busca contribuir para o conhecimento das variantes anatômicas normais correlativas aos processos patológicos subdiagnosticados, a partir do papel da anatomia radiológica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Foot Deformities/epidemiology , Foot Deformities/diagnostic imaging , Tarsal Bones/abnormalities , Ankle/abnormalities , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Complex Regional Pain Syndromes/etiology , Age and Sex Distribution , Observational Study
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 683-688, Nov.-Dec. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357142

ABSTRACT

Abstract Congenital clubfoot is one of the most common deformities at birth. The inadequacy or absence of treatment causes serious limitations for people with this condition. The initial treatment using the Ponseti method ensures functional results superior to other treatment modalities previously proposed. However, recurrences and neglected feet are still a challenge today. An understanding of the pathophysiology of the disease, as well as of the anatomy and local biomechanics and a thorough clinical and radiological evaluation of patients are essential to understanding the limits of the method and choosing the best treatment.


Resumo O pé torto congênito é uma das deformidades mais comuns ao nascimento. A inadequação ou ausência do tratamento provoca sérias limitações aos portadores desta condição. O tratamento inicial pelo método Ponseti garante resultados funcionais superiores a outras modalidades de tratamento propostas anteriormente, porém as recidivas e os pés negligenciados ainda são um desafio na atualidade. O entendimento da fisiopatologia da doença, da anatomia e biomecânica local e uma minuciosa avaliação clínica e radiológica dos pacientes são imprescindíveis para entendermos o limite do método e escolhermos o melhor tratamento.


Subject(s)
Congenital Abnormalities , Biomechanical Phenomena , Foot Deformities , Clubfoot , Talipes/therapy
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353930

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados clínico-radiográficos y las complicaciones en pacientes <18 años con coaliciones calcáneo-escafoideas (CCE) sintomáticas tratados con resección e interposición de grasa autóloga de la región glútea. Materiales y métodos: Se analizó retrospectivamente a los pacientes con CCE sintomáticas operados con dicha técnica, en dos instituciones, y un seguimiento mínimo de 2 años. Se analizaron los datos demográficos y las complicaciones posoperatorias. Los resultados funcionales fueron evaluados con la escala AOFAS y la EAV. Se determinó la presencia de recidiva en la radiografía oblicua más reciente (defecto remanente <50%). Resultados: Entre enero de 2008 y enero de 2018, se operó a 52 pacientes (65 pies) con CCE. Cuarenta (48 pies) cumplían con los criterios de inclusión. La edad promedio al operarse era de 11.9 años. El seguimiento promedio fue de 43 meses. El puntaje AOFAS promedio mejoró significativamente de 58,9 ± 8,2 precirugía a 92,9 ± 7,8 después (p <0,001). El puntaje promedio preoperatorio de la EAV era de 6,9 ± 2,5 y de 0,49 ± 1,1 (p <0,001) en el último seguimiento. El 87,5% no tenía síntomas en el último control y 5 pacientes (6 pies) sufrían molestias ocasionales con la actividad física intensa. Hubo 5 complicaciones posoperatorias: dehiscencia de la herida e infección superficial. Dos pies (4,2%) presentaron recidiva radiográfica de la coalición aunque ningún paciente requirió revisión. Conclusión: La resección de CCE y la interposición de grasa autóloga permiten aliviar el dolor y mejorar la función con una baja tasa de complicaciones en la población pediátrico-adolescente. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


background: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate clinical/radiographic outcomes, and complications for calcaneonavicular coalition (CNC) excision and fat graft interposition in patients under the age of 18. materials and methods: A retrospective review of all pediatric patients surgically treated with symptomatic CNC at two institutions was performed. Demographic data and postoperative complications were recorded. Functional results were evaluated with AOFAS Ankle-hindfoot Scale and Visual analog scale (VAS). Radiographic assessment of coalition recurrence was performed on the most recent oblique radiograph (resect-ed gap remaining <50%). Results: Between January 2008 and January 2018, 52 patients (65 feet) with CNC were surgically treated. Forty patients (48 feet) met the inclusion criteria and were available for evaluation. The average age at surgery was 11.9 years old (range 9-17 years old). The average follow-up was 43 months. The average AOFAS score improved from 58.9±8 points preoperative to 92.9±7.8 points postoperatively (p<0.001). Preoperative pain scores averaged 6.9 ± 2.5 points. At the last follow-up, the VAS score was 0.49 ±1.1 points (p<0.001). Most patients (87.5%) were painless at the last follow-up and five patients (6 feet) had occasional pain with strenuous activities. Five complications were recorded: wound dehiscence (N=3) and superficial infection (N=2). Two feet (4.2%) had coalition regrowth on the postoperative radiographs without requiring further surgery. Conclusion: Calcaneonavicular coalition excision with fat graft interposition can improve function and relieve pain with a low rate of complications in the pediatric adolescent population. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Child , Adolescent , Foot Deformities , Treatment Outcome , Tarsal Coalition
5.
Rev. cienc. med. Pinar Rio ; 25(2): 1-9, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | MTYCI, LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1252475

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la enfermedad de Sever es causa frecuente de talalgia en niños. Objetivo: evaluar la utilidad de la Ozonoterapia en el tratamiento de la enfermedad de Sever en niños de 7-18 años atendidos en el Hospital Provincial Pediátrico Docente "Pepe Portilla" de Pinar del Río, de julio 2017 a julio 2018. Métodos: se ha realizado investigación descriptiva longitudinal y prospectiva, a 46 niños, que asistieron a consulta de Medicina Natural y Tradicional con enfermedad de Sever recidivante. Se les aplicó Ozono terapéutico, por la vía rectal, mediante el equipo OZOMED mini. En el procesamiento se utilizaron herramientas descriptivas como tablas de frecuencias y cálculo porcentual. Resultados: el grupo de edad de 7 a 12 años fue el más representado y el sexo masculino sobre el femenino, el calcáneo valgo fue la deformidad podálica que más se presentó. Se encontró actividad física alta en el 73.9 % de los niños y la mitad eran sobrepesos u obesos. Para la cuarta semana total de casos se encontraban aliviados, no hubo recaídas. No se presentaron efectos indeseables durante la aplicación de la Ozonoterapia. Conclusiones: la Ozonoterapia es una modalidad terapéutica útil en el tratamiento de la enfermedad de Sever.


Introduction: Sever's disease is a common cause of thalalgia in children. Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of the Ozone Therapy in the treatment of Sever's disease in children from 7-18 years old attended at Pepe Portilla Pediatric Provincial Teaching Hospital, Pinar del Rio province, during July 2017 to July 2018. Methods: longitudinal and prospective descriptive research was conducted to 46 children, who attended Natural and Traditional Medicine service with relapsed of Sever's disease. Therapeutic ozone was applied to them through the rectal route, and by means of the OZOMED mini-equipment. Descriptive tools such as frequency tables and percentage calculation were used throughout the process. Results: the age group from 7 to 12 years old was the most represented and male sex prevailed over the female, the calcaneus valgus was the most frequent foot deformity. High physical activity prevailed in the 73.9% of children and half of them were overweight or obese. By the fourth week of treatment, the total of cases were relieved, without relapses. No undesirable effects during the application of ozone therapy were observed. Conclusions: ozone therapy is a useful therapeutic modality in the treatment of Sever's disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Ozone/therapeutic use , Heel Spur , Complementary Therapies , Brazil , Foot Deformities
6.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 26(3): 121-126, 20200900. fig, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1148265

ABSTRACT

El colgajo peroneo posterior es un colgajo fasciocutáneo, que está basado en 4 posibles fuentes como son perforantes fasciocutáneas de la arteria peronea, perforantes fasciocutáneas de la arteria tibial posterior, perforantes venocutáneas de la vena safena menor y perforantes neurocutáneas del nervio sural. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir la técnica quirúrgica y demostrar la versatilidad que tiene el colgajo peroneo posterior para la reconstrucción y cobertura de defectos del tercio distal de la pierna y el tercio proximal del pie, proporcionando el potencial para el cierre simple y eficiente de dichos defectos. Este colgajo proporciona grandes ventajas debido a que es reproducible en cualquier centro quirúrgico y no requiere un entrenamiento específico en microcirugía del cirujano y del resto del equipo quirúrgico. Si bien las complicaciones existen, la mayoría no son graves y en general son de resolución simple. En los últimos años, se ha incrementado el empleo del colgajo fasciocutáneo peroneo posterior para lograr la cobertura de los defectos de partes blandas del tercio distal de la pierna y pie. El éxito de estos colgajos está relacionado con el tipo de paciente y de su lesión: el porcentaje es alto en pacientes jóvenes y sanos en quienes el origen del defecto es traumático.


The posterior peroneal flap is a fasciocutaneous flap, which is based on 4 possible sources such as fasciocutaneous perforations of the peroneal artery, fasciocutaneous perforations of the posterior tibial artery, venocutaneous perforations of the saphenous vein, and neurocutaneous perforators of the sural nerve. The objective of this work is to describe the surgical technique and demonstrate the versatility of the posterior peroneal flap for the reconstruction and coverage of defects in the distal third of the leg and the proximal third of the foot, providing the potential for simple and efficient closure of said defects. It provides great advantages because it is reproducible in any surgical center and does not require specific training in microsurgery of the surgeon and the rest of the surgical team. Although complications do exist, most are not serious and are generally of simple resolution. In recent years, the use of the posterior peroneal flap has been increased to achieve coverage of soft tissue defects of the distal third of the leg and foot. The success of these flaps is related to the type of patient and his injury, the success rate is high in young and healthy patients in whom the origin of the defect is traumatic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Foot Deformities , Free Tissue Flaps/transplantation , Surgical Clearance , Leg Injuries
7.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 61(1): 28-35, mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291848

ABSTRACT

La corrección de deformidades en extremidades inferiores del adulto sigue siendo un capítulo desafiante en ortopedia y traumatología. El conocimiento del alineamiento normal de las extremidades inferiores y su comportamiento son fundamentales para una adecuada planificación quirúrgica y éxito del tratamiento, especialmente en tobillo y retropié. El objetivo de esta revisión, es conocer los principios fundamentales de la corrección de deformidades, orientar en que factores fijarse al momento de corregir y poder dar una guía de cómo planificar la cirugía, particularmente en deformidades de tobillo y retropié. NIVEL DE EVIDENCIA: Nivel V.


Adult lower limb deformity corrections remain a challenging chapter in orthopedic surgery. The knowledge of the normal lower limb alignment and their behavior is essential for a proper surgical planning and treatment success, especially on foot and ankle surgery. The objective of this review is to show the main principles of deformity correction, to guide the factors to consider when correcting and to provide a surgical planning guide, particularly in the ankle and hind foot deformities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteotomy/methods , Foot Deformities/surgery , Ankle Joint/surgery , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Lower Extremity/surgery
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811116

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the results of the standard once-weekly Ponseti casting technique to an accelerated twice-weekly regimen in our population cohort.METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted with a total of 100 consecutive patients (158 feet) being enrolled for the study. Fifty patients were randomized to each group and followed up for at least one year.RESULTS: Initial mean Pirani score was 4.67 ± 0.73 in the standard group and 4.35 ± 0.76 in the accelerated group, and the score decreased to 0.34 ± 0.38 and 0.35 ± 0.31, respectively. Initial mean Dimeglio score was 11.75 ± 2.75 in the standard group and 10.51 ± 2.57 in the accelerated group, and the score decreased to 0.79 ± 0.77 and 0.79 ± 0.71, respectively, immediately after casting. The average number of casts required to correct all the deformities was 6.3 ± 1.2 in the standard group and 6.1 ± 1.4 in the accelerated group (p = 0.45). Average time spent in cast was 58.2 ± 8.3 days in the standard group and 39.5 ± 5.2 days in the accelerated group (p < 0.001). Percutaneous Achilles tendon tenotomy was done in 86.42% in the standard group and in 84.41% in the accelerated group (p = 0.72). Final results were assessed by using a modified functional rating scoring system: 55.55% clubfeet had excellent results and 44.45% had good results in the standard group, whereas 66.23% clubfeet had excellent results and 33.77% had good results in the accelerated group. None amongst the two groups had fair or poor results.CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the accelerated Ponseti technique significantly reduces the correction time without affecting the final results and that it is as safe and effective as the traditional Ponseti technique.


Subject(s)
Achilles Tendon , Casts, Surgical , Clubfoot , Cohort Studies , Congenital Abnormalities , Foot Deformities , Humans , Prospective Studies , Tenotomy
10.
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 13(1): 45-52, Ene-Jul. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1006780

ABSTRACT

La forma en que se manejan los problemas biomecánicos en niños constituye un tema contro-versial en el campo de la rehabilitación física. Se desarrolló un proceso investigativo con el objetivo de: describir la evolución de un grupo de pacientes pediátricos mayores de dos años diagnosticados con pie plano atendidos en consulta de fisioterapia en la ciudad de Riobamba; la que fue de tipo observacional descriptivo, de corte longitudinal, cuya población de estudio estuvo constituida por las fichas de control, evaluación y valoración de 30 niños mayores de 2 años que acudieron a consulta de fisioterapia acompañados de un tutor legal por presentar signos de alteraciones de la huella plantar (pie plano). Se observó un predominio de los pacien-tes con edades comprendidas entre cuatro y cinco años, para un 33 y 27% respectivamente. El 93% de los participantes presentó alteraciones de la huella plantar comprobada mediante medi-ción utilizando el plantígrafo, pero el 53% tuvo pie plano fisiológico. Luego de aplicados los ejercicios de Risser, los datos reflejaron una elevación de la cifra de huella plantar normal hasta el 33% y una disminución en el grado de afectación en el 35% de los niños diagnosticados. Los resultados de la recuperación fueron ratificados mediante el análisis del desgaste del calzado en los pacientes pediátricos en cuestión.


The way how biomechanical problems are handled is a controversial topic in the field of physi-cal rehabilitation. This is a research was carried out in order to describe the evolution of a group of pediatric patients over two years of age diagnosed with flat feet treated in a physiotherapy consultation in the city of Riobamba. This research was of observational descriptive type and longitudinal-cut. The study population consisted of the control, evaluation and assessment cards of 30 children over 2 years of age who attended a physiotherapy consultation accompanied by a legal guardian to show signs of alterations in the footprint (flat foot). A predominance of patients between four and five years of age with 33% and 27% respectively was observed. 93% of the participants presented alterations of the footprint checked by the means of a machine for measu-ring foot plant, but 53% had physiological flat feet. After applying the Risser exercises, the data was reflected in the figure of normal footprint up to 33%, and a decrease of affectation in 35% of the children diagnosed. The results of the recovery were confirmed through the analysis of footwear wear in the pediatric patients in question.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Foot Deformities , Flatfoot , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Orthopedics , Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine , Child
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764510

ABSTRACT

SHORT syndrome is an extremely rare congenital condition due to a chromosomal mutation of the PIK3R1 gene found at 5q13.1. SHORT is a mnemonic representing six manifestations of the syndrome: (S) short stature, (H) hyperextensibility of joints and/or inguinal hernia, (O) ocular depression, (R) Rieger anomaly, and (T) teething delay. Other key aspects of this syndrome not found in the mnemonic include lipodystrophy, triangular face with dimpled chin (progeroid facies, commonly referred to as facial gestalt), hearing loss, vision loss, insulin resistance, and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). 3q duplication syndrome is rare syndrome that occurs due to a gain of function mutation found at 3q25.31-33 that presents with a wide array of manifestations including internal organ defects, genitourinary malformations, hand and foot deformities, and mental disability. We present a case of a 2 year and 3 month old male with SHORT syndrome and concurrent 3q duplication syndrome. The patient presented at birth with many of the common manifestations of SHORT syndrome such as bossing of frontal bone of skull, triangular shaped face, lipodystrophy, micrognathia, sunken eyes, and thin, wrinkled skin (progeroid appearance). Additionally, he presented with findings associated with 3q duplication syndrome such as cleft palate and cryptorchidism. Although there is no specific treatment for these conditions, pediatricians should focus on referring patients to various specialists in order to treat each individual manifestation.


Subject(s)
Chin , Cleft Palate , Cryptorchidism , Depression , Facies , Fetal Growth Retardation , Foot Deformities , Frontal Bone , Hand , Hearing Loss , Hernia, Inguinal , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Joints , Lipodystrophy , Male , Micrognathism , Parturition , Skin , Skull , Specialization , Tooth , Tooth Eruption
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1003003

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La braquimetatarsia es un acortamiento de algún metatarsiano, debido principalmente a una detención prematura del crecimiento de la fisis. Es más frecuente en mujeres, y afecta, sobre todo, al cuarto y al primer metatarsiano. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los resultados del tratamiento mediante alargamiento óseo progresivo con minitutor externo. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo. Serie de casos. Se analizaron los resultados de los pacientes operados con esta técnica en nuestro Centro. Se analizaron 6 casos, dos con braquimetatarsia bilateral. Todas eran mujeres y tenían braquimetatarsia del 4.° metatarsiano. El promedio de edad era de 14 años. Se evaluaron los siguientes aspectos: alargamiento en milímetros y complicaciones, como retraso de la consolidación, infección, luxación metatarsofalángica, articulación metatarsofalángica en flexión y satisfacción del paciente. Resultados: Se logró un alargamiento promedio de 15 mm. Dos pacientes tuvieron una infección superficial de las agujas. Una paciente evolucionó con luxación de la articulación metatarsofalángica; otra, con flexión de la articulación metatarsofalángica. No hubo complicaciones neurovasculares. Conclusiones: El alargamiento óseo guiado con tutor externo es un tratamiento seguro y eficaz, además lograría un largo mayor en milímetros que el alargamiento en un tiempo, con un mejor control del alargamiento de partes blandas y estructuras neurovasculares. Todas las complicaciones se resolvieron de manera simple, no afectaron el resultado final del tratamiento. Las complicaciones concuerdan con las descritas en la literatura internacional. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Brachymetatarsia is a shortening of any metatarsal bone, mainly due to premature growth arrest of the growth plate. It is more frequent in women, the fourth and the first metatarsal being the most affected bones. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of progressive bone lengthening with external mini-fixator. Methods: This is a retrospective, descriptive, case series study in which we analyzed the outcomes of all patients operated on with this technique in our Center. Six cases were evaluated, two of them presented bilateral brachymetatarsia. All patients were women, and had brachymetatarsia of the 4th metatarsal. The average age was 14 years. The following aspects were evaluated: lengthening in millimeters and presence of complications, such as delayed consolidation, infection, metatarsophalangeal joint dislocation, metatarsophalangeal joint in flexion and patient satisfaction. Results: On average, an increase of 15 mm was achieved. Two cases presented superficial infection at the needle insertion site. One patient progressed to metatarsophalangeal joint dislocation, and another one to metatarsophalangeal joint flexion. No neurovascular complications were observed. Conclusions: Bone lengthening with external fixator is a safe and effective treatment. A greater length in millimeters can be achieved in comparison to one-stage lengthening, as well as an improved soft-tissue neurovascular stretching. All complications resolved smoothly and did not affect final treatment results. Complications are similar to those described in the international literature. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Child , Adolescent , Bone Lengthening , Foot Deformities , Metatarsal Bones/surgery , Toes/abnormalities , External Fixators , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Rev. méd. Hosp. José Carrasco Arteaga ; 10(1): 33-38, mar. 2018. ilustraciones, tablas
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-997093

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La braquimetatarsia es una enfermedad poco conocida e infrecuente, consiste en el acortamiento de uno o más metatarsianos, generalmente congénita. Existen diversos tipos de tratamiento. El objetivo de este estudio es describir los resultados en el tratamiento mediante elongación ósea progresiva utilizando mini fijador externo. MÉTODOS: Se trata de un estudio descriptivo observacional, incluyeron siete pacientes en el periodo, entre enero 2009 a diciembre 2015, edad comprendida entre 13 y 53 años. Se realizó elongación por callotaxis con minifijador externo y seguimiento a los pacientes con controles clínicos y radiológicos durante un año. RESULTADOS: Los pacientes fueron de sexo femenino, presentaron afección de cuarto metatarsiano. Tiempo de alargamiento promedio de seis semanas, longitud promedio de alargamiento de 17 mm (15 a 20 mm). El fijador externo fue retirado después de observar la consolidación ósea del segmento elongado con una radiografía del pie en tres proyecciones. Se observó que los pacientes consultaron por deformidad estética, dolor al utilizar calzado debido a la deformidad de dedos adyacentes que acompañaba a su braquimetatarsia con metatarsalgia debida hiperqueratosis plantar y alteración en la parábola metatarsal. CONCLUSIONES: El alargamiento óseo mediante distracción progresiva, es una buena opción para el tratamiento con resultados satisfactorios. Se recomienda realizar tratamiento quirúrgico para corregir la deformidad y debe ser realizado después que cierren los cartílagos de crecimiento en el pie.


BACKGROUND: The brachymetatarsia is a little known and infrequent disease. It consists of shortening of one or more metatarsals, usually of congenital origin. There are several types of treatments; The goal of this study is to describe the results in the treatment with progressive bone elongation using external mini-fixator. METHODS: This is an observational descriptive study, which includes seven patients during the period of January 2009 and December 2015, aged between 13 and 53 years. All of them underwent lengthening through callotaxis with external mini-fixator, after the treatment, followed up for one year with clinical and radiographic controls. RESULTS: The patients were female and presented shortening of the fourth metatarsal. Lengthning average time six weeks, length average of 17 mm (from 15 to 20 mm). The external fixator was retreated after observing the bone healed of the section lenghtening with a radiograph of foot in three projections. Patients consulted for aesthetic deformity, pain for using footwear due to the anormality of the adjacent toes and pain for the hyperqueratosis and alteration in the metatarsal parabole. CONCLUSIONS: The bone lengthening through the progressive distraction is a good option to treat with satisfactory results. It is advisable surgical treatment to correct the deformity and the operation is realized after the growth cartilages


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Middle Aged , Bone Lengthening/methods , Foot Deformities/diagnostic imaging , External Fixators
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717528

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Pes planovalgus is one of the most common foot deformities among pediatric orthopedic diseases and is divided into idiopathic and neuromuscular planovalgus according to its etiology. This study evaluated the radiologic and pedobarographic outcomes of the treatment for pes planovalgus in children treated with lateral column lengthening, compared the outcomes according to the etiology, and investigated the correlation between the radiologic and pedobarographic findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-three patients (97 feet), who underwent lateral column lengthening, were divided into groups of 30 patients (47 feet) with neuromuscular disease and 33 patients (50 feet) with idiopathic etiology. The preoperative, immediately postoperative, 1 year, and 3 year follow-up radiographic measurements on the plain radiograph antero-posterior (AP) and lateral view were compared. In pedobarography, the foot pressures were subdivided into 4 areas to measure the contact time, contact area, peak pressure, and maximum force. The pre- and postoperative pedobarographic measurements were compared and the correlations between the radiographic and pedobarographic measurements were evaluated. RESULTS: The radiographic index at the 1st postoperative year and 3rd postoperative follow-up did not show significant differences according to the etiology. In pedobarography, idiopathic planovalgus showed a significant increase in the maximum force in the hindfoot and forefoot. The correlation between the radiologic findings and pedobarographic findings was statistically significant between the tibiocalcaneal angle in the lateral view and the maximum force, and the contact area of hindfoot on pedobarography, between tibiocalcaneal angle in the lateral view and the contact area of the toes in idiopathic planovalgus. In neuromuscular planovalgus, the peak pressure in the hindfoot had a strong negative correlation with talonavicular coverage angle in the AP view and talo-1st metatarsal angle, and the talohorizontal angle in the lateral view. CONCLUSION: Lateral column lengthening is an effective surgical procedure for flatfoot patients. On the other hand, the radiographic examination has limitations for accurate assessments of the postoperative results and prognosis. Qualitative and quantitative evaluations are available by pedobarography and it is a useful instrument for an evaluation of planovalgus when used in conjunction with radiography.


Subject(s)
Child , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Flatfoot , Follow-Up Studies , Foot , Foot Deformities , Hand , Humans , Metatarsal Bones , Neuromuscular Diseases , Orthopedics , Prognosis , Radiography , Toes
15.
Acta ortop. mex ; 31(2): 86-90, mar.-abr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-886541

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La braquimetatarsia (acortamiento metatarsal) afecta directamente el arco transverso del pie condicionando graves deformidades como hallux valgus, divergencia digital, dedo supraaducto, metatarsalgia, todas estas alteran la biomecánica del pie y la marcha. El tratamiento se realiza mediante dos técnicas principales, elongación en un solo tiempo quirúrgico con interposición de injerto óseo o elongación por callotaxis con minifijador externo. Existen variantes de ambas técnicas con la finalidad de disminuir las desventajas de cada una de ellas. El objetivo del tratamiento debe ser devolver la armonía estructural del antepié, con lo que mejora la biomecánica, traduciéndose en una evolución satisfactoria para los pacientes. En este artículo se presenta una técnica quirúrgica para pies con fisis cerradas que busca la reestructuración de la fórmula metatarsal y el restablecimiento de la estética y función. En el caso reportado se efectuó alargamiento en un solo tiempo del metatarsiano afectado con interposición de injerto óseo, acortamiento a los metatarsianos adyacentes, corrección del hallux valgus realizando las osteotomías necesarias y el tratamiento de las deformidades de los dedos menores con los métodos requeridos para cada caso. Esta técnica quirúrgica tiene como ventaja la corrección de todo el antepié en un solo tiempo quirúrgico sin necesidad de fijador externo ni de sus cuidados postoperatorios. Sus principales desventajas son la dependencia del injerto óseo estructural y la necesidad de vendaje funcional postquirúrgico hasta la consolidación ósea. En la paciente tratada se obtuvieron resultados clínicos y radiográficos satisfactorios.


Abstract: Brachymetatarsia (shortening of the metatarsal) directly affects the transversal arch of the foot causing severe deformities, such as hallux valgus, divergent toes, overlapping toes, metatarsalgia, all of these alter the biomechanics of the foot and gait. Treatment consists of two main techniques, one-stage lengthening with bone graft or elongation through callotaxis with external fixator; there are variants of both techniques used to minimize the disadvantages of each. The objective of treatment must be to return the structural harmony to the forefoot, improving the biomechanics, resulting in a satisfactory outcome for the patients. This article presents a surgical treatment for feet with closed physis to obtain the appropriate metatarsal formula and to reestablish aesthetics and function. This case was treated by means of one-stage lengthening with bone graft to the affected metatarsal; shortening of the adjacent metatarsals; hallux valgus alignment through the necessary osteotomies and the treatment of deformities of the lesser toes as needed. This surgical technique has as one of its advantages the correction of the entire forefoot at one time, without the need of an external fixator and its required postoperative care. Its main disadvantages are its dependence on structural bone graft and the need of postoperative dressing until healing of the bone has taken place. Satisfactory clinical and radiographical outcomes were obtained in treated patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Foot Deformities/surgery , Hallux Valgus/surgery , Osteotomy , Metatarsal Bones/surgery , External Fixators
16.
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1263819

ABSTRACT

Objectif - La méthode de Ponseti est le traitement de choix du pied bot. Le but de cette étude prospective était d'évaluer les résultats du traitement avec le score de Pirani.Patients et méthodes - Deux cent quatre pieds bots idiopathiques (122 enfants) ont été traités par la méthode de Ponseti du 1er juin 2012 au 1er juin 2015. L'âge moyen des enfants à la première consultation était de 3 mois18 jours (2 jours - 1 an 11 mois). Le score de Pirani moyen était de 4,5/6. Le nombre moyen de plâtre était de 6,8. Une ténotomie a été faite pour 147 (72,1%) sous anesthésie locale à l'aide d'une aiguille. La dernière phase du traitement était le port de l'attelle d'abduction de Steenbeck.Résultats - Le score moyen de Pirani à la fin du traitement était de 0,3/6 ( 0 à 3/6). La correction était complète (n=173 ; 84,4%), modérée (n= 17 ; 8,3%), et incomplète (14 ;7,3%). Conclusion - Notre étude suggère que cette méthode lorsqu'elle est réalisée le plus tôtpar une équipe entrainée donne un excellent résultat morphologique et fonctionnel du pied permettant un chaussage normal


Subject(s)
Burundi , Drug Therapy , Foot Deformities , Talipes
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-11667

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To see how people think about their own feet, and evaluate whether there are correlations among self-awareness of the participants and clinical examination findings. METHODS: Adult twins and their families who participated in the Healthy Twin study from May 2008 to April 2010 were recruited. Participants were asked whether they thought their feet were normal, flat, or cavus. The lateral talometatarsal angles were measured on foot X-rays to determine the foot arch height. Using the podoscopic footprints taken with the podobaroscope, the Staheli arch index was also measured. Kappa statistics were used to calculate degree of agreement among the three measurement methods. RESULTS: Self-awareness and radiographic findings were significantly different (Pearson chi-square test, p=0.000) and only slightly agreed (kappa measure of agreement=0.136, p=0.000). Self-awareness and podoscopy results revealed a significant difference (Pearson chi-square test, p=0.000), with only slight agreement (kappa measure of agreement=0.072, p=0.000). CONCLUSION: There is significant disagreement between patients' perception of their feet and actual test results. Many people may have an incorrect assumption about their own foot conditions that may be reflected in improper management. Dissemination of accurate information about foot disorders by foot clinicians would be helpful.


Subject(s)
Adult , Flatfoot , Foot Deformities , Foot , Humans , Twins
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-655874

ABSTRACT

Tarsal tunnel syndrome is an entrapment neuropathy of the tibial nerve and its branches within the tarsal tunnel, which usually occurs as a result of a space-occupying lesion, trauma or foot deformity. The typical symptoms are pain and paresthesia of the foot at the dermatome of involved nerve branches, and the diagnosis can be made through careful history taking and physical examination. Treatments include conservative management and surgery. Although the reported results of surgical treatment vary, surgical decompression can yield satisfactory outcomes in cases of tarsal tunnel syndrome with a space-occupying lesion.


Subject(s)
Decompression, Surgical , Diagnosis , Foot , Foot Deformities , Paresthesia , Physical Examination , Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome , Tibial Nerve
20.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 51(6): 657-661, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-830025

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVES: To analyze and evaluate functional and clinical results in patients with congenital clubfoot treated with Ponseti's technique. METHODS: This study evaluated 31 patients diagnosed with 51 congenital clubfeet, treated between April 2006 and September 2011 with Ponseti's technique. The patients who did not achieve an equinus correction with manipulation were treated with Achilles tenotomy. An anterior tibial tendon transfer was performed in patients who maintained residual adduction. All plasters were made by fellows and supervised by Ankle and Foot Chiefs. The technique was performed without the need for physical therapists, orthotics, and plaster technicians. Patients were submitted to pre- and post-treatment examination and evaluated under Pirani's classification. RESULTS: Male patients had an increased incidence and the right side was more affected, while bilateral involvement was observed in 64.5% of the cases. The mean number of cast changes was 5.8, and Achilles tenotomy was necessary in 26 patients. There were significant deformity improvements in 46 of the 51 treated feet (90.2%); Pirani's mean score improved from 5.5 to 3.6 after treatment. CONCLUSION: The Ponseti method was effective in both functional and clinical evaluation of patients, with significant statistical relevance (p = 0.0001), with a success rate of 90.2% and mean improvement in the Pirani's index of 65.5%.


RESUMO OBJETIVOS: Analisar e avaliar os resultados funcionais e clínicos em pacientes com pé torto congênito tratados pela técnica de Ponseti. MÉTODOS: O estudo incluiu 31 pacientes diagnosticados com 51 pés tortos congênitos, tratados entre abril de 2006 a setembro de 2011 pela técnica de Ponseti. Os pacientes que não alcançaram a correção do estado equino com manipulação foram tratados com tenotomia do Aquiles. Uma transposição do tendão tibial anterior foi feita nos pacientes que mantiveram uma adução residual. Todos os gessos foram feitos por residentes e supervisionados pelos chefes de Tornozelo e Pé. A técnica foi aplicada sem a necessidade de fisioterapeutas ou técnicos de gesso. Os pacientes foram submetidos a exame antes e depois do tratamento e avaliados de acordo com a escala de Pirani. RESULTADOS: Os pacientes do sexo masculino apresentaram um aumento de incidência e o lado direito foi o mais afetado, enquanto que o acometimento bilateral foi observado em 64,5% dos casos. A média de mudanças de gesso foi de 5,8 e a tenotomia do tendão de Aquiles foi necessária em 26 pacientes. Houve melhorias significativas das deformidades em 46 dos 51 dos pés tratados (90,2%), a escala de Pirani pontuou um avanço na média de 5,5 para 3,6 após o tratamento. CONCLUSÃO: O método de Ponseti foi eficaz nas avaliações funcionais e clínicas dos pacientes, com uma relevância estatística significante (p = 0,0001), com uma taxa de sucesso de 90,2% e um avanço na escala de Pirani de 65,5%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Clubfoot , Congenital Abnormalities , Foot Deformities , Treatment Outcome
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