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3.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(6): 721-725, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355630

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cast immobilization is used in the management of various injuries of joints and/or limbs. A variety of nail disorders have been reported in association with cast immobilization of the forearm and wrist among a limited number of patients so far. The mechanism was not clearly identified in some of these cases. Here, the authors report two patients with nail disorders appeared after the removal of immobilization cast of forearm and wrist and review the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Forearm , Nail Diseases/etiology , Wrist , Immobilization/adverse effects
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(6): 764-770, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156206

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To analyze the anatomical variations of the motor branches of the radial nerve in the elbow region. The origin, course, length, branches, motor points and relationships with neighboring structures were evaluated. Materials and Methods Thirty limbs from15 adult cadavers were dissected and prepared by intra-arterial injection of a 10% glycerin and formaldehyde solution. Results The first branch of the radial nerve in the forearm went to the brachioradialis muscle (BR), originating proximally to the division of the radial nerve into superficial branch of the radial nerve (SBRN) and posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) in all limbs. The branches to the extensor carpi radialis longus muscle (ECRL) detached from the proximal radial nerve to its division into 26 limbs, in 2, at the dividing points, in other 2, from the PIN. In six limbs, the branches to the BR and ECRL muscles originated from a common trunk. We identified the origin of the branch to the extensor carpi radialis brevis muscle (ECRB) in the PIN in 14 limbs, in the SBRN in 12, and in the radial nerve in only 4. The branch to the supinator muscle originated from the PIN in all limbs. Conclusion Knowledge of the anatomy of the motor branches of the radial nerve is important when performing surgical procedures in the region (such as the approach of the proximal third and the head of the radius, release of compressive syndromes of the posterior interosseous nerve and radial tunnel, and distal nerve transfers) in order to understand the order of recovery of muscle function after a nerve injury.


Resumo Objetivo Analisar as variações anatômicas dos ramos motores do nervo radial na região do cotovelo. Foram avaliadas a origem, curso, comprimento, ramificações, pontos motores e relações com estruturas vizinhas. Materiais e Métodos Foram dissecados 30 membros de 15 cadáveres adultos, preparados por injeção intra-arterial de uma solução de glicerina e formol a 10%. Resultados O primeiro ramo do nervo radial no antebraço foi para o músculo braquiorradial (BR), que se origina proximalmente à divisão do nervo radial em ramo superficial do nervo radial (RSNR) e nervo interósseo posterior (NIP) em todos os membros. Os ramos para o músculo extensor radial longo do carpo (ERLC) se desprenderam do nervo radial proximalmente à sua divisão em 26 membros, em 2, nos pontos de divisão, em outros 2, do NIP. Em seis, os ramos para os músculos BR e ERLC originavam-se de um tronco comum. Identificamos a origem do ramo para o músculo extensor radial curto do carpo (ERCC) no NIP em 14 membros, no RSNR em 12, e no nervo radial em apenas 4. O ramo para o músculo supinador originou-se do NIP em todos os membros. Conclusão O conhecimento da anatomia dos ramos motores do nervo radial é importante quando se realizam procedimentos cirúrgicos na região, como a abordagem do terço proximal e da cabeça do rádio, a liberação das síndromes compressivas do nervo interósseo posterior e do túnel radial, as transferências nervosas distais, e para entender a ordem de recuperação da função muscular após uma lesão nervosa.


Subject(s)
Radial Nerve , Radius , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Wrist , Cadaver , Nerve Transfer , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Elbow , Extremities , Forearm , Forearm Injuries , Glycerol , Head , Anatomy , Injections, Intra-Arterial
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 1148-1154, Aug. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124908

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to investigate rs1805086 and rs1805065 polymorphisms of MSTN gene of national and amateur Turkish arm wrestlers and people leading a sedentary lifestyle, and the anthropometric properties such as hand, wrist, and forearm circumferences of national and amateur Turkish arm wrestlers are aimed to be explored. In this study, a total of 79 volunteers who were 24 national (7 females, 17 males) Turkish arm wrestlers, 21 amateur (7 females, 14 males) Turkish arm wrestlers and 34 sedentary people (12 females, 22 males) participated. To analyse the data, Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, SPSS 22 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) was used. As a result of the study, when data on rs1805086 and rs1805065 polymorphisms of MSTN gene were examined respectively, it was found out that MSTN 153KK genotype was 100.0% dominant in both national (n=24) and amateur (n=21) arm wrestlers, and it was 94.12 % dominant in sedentary people. KR genotype was observed in 5.88 % of the sedentary people. The data from the other rs1805065 polymorphism of MSTN gene showed that all participants (n = 45, 100.0 %) were carriers of normal homozygous genotype. Furthermore, for both female group and male group, there found to be statistically significant difference in terms of anthropometric properties. It can be concluded that though there was no significant difference between national and amateur Turkish arm wrestlers in terms of their MSTN gene characteristics; in terms of anthropometric properties, significant differences were discovered. It was found out that on these athletes, not MSTN gene polymorphisms but anthropometric properties were effective.


El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar los polimorfismos rs1805086 y rs1805065 del gen MSTN de luchadores de brazos turcos, nacionales y aficionados, y personas que llevan un estilo de vida sedentario, y las propiedades antropométricas además de las circunferencias de manos, muñecas y antebrazos de los luchadores de brazos turcos nacionales y aficionados. En este estudio, participaron un total de 79 voluntarios: 24 luchadores de brazos turcos nacionales (7 mujeres, 17 hombres), 21 luchadores de brazos turcos aficionados (7 mujeres, 14 hombres) y 34 personas sedentarias (12 mujeres, 22 hombres). Para analizar los datos, se utilizó el Paquete Estadístico para las Ciencias Sociales, SPSS 22 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, EE. UU.). Como resultado del estudio, cuando se examinaron los datos sobre los polimorfismos rs1805086 y rs1805065 del gen MSTN respectivamente, se descubrió que el genotipo MSTN 153KK era 100,0 % dominante en luchadores de brazos nacionales (n = 24) y aficionados (n = 21) , y era 94,12 % dominante en personas sedentarias. El genotipo KR se observó en el 5,88 % de las personas sedentarias. Los datos del otro polimorfismo rs1805065 del gen MSTN mostraron que todos los participantes (n = 45; 100,0 %) eran portadores del genotipo homocigoto normal. Además, tanto para el grupo femenino como para el masculino, se encontró una diferencia estadísticamente significativa en términos de propiedades antropométricas. Se puede concluir que, aunque no hubo una diferencia significativa entre los luchadores de brazos turcos nacionales y aficionados en términos de sus características genéticas MSTN; en términos de propiedades antropométricas, se descubrieron diferencias significativas. Se descubrió que, en estos atletas, no fueron los polimorfismos del gen MSTN sino las propiedades antropométricas las efectivas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arm/anatomy & histology , Polymorphism, Genetic , Wrestling , Myostatin/genetics , Athletes , Turkey , Wrist/anatomy & histology , Anthropometry , Athletic Performance/physiology , Forearm/anatomy & histology , Genotype , Hand/anatomy & histology
6.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 22(2): 111-119, mayo.-ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124840

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamentación: La discondrosteosis de Léri-Weill, displasia ósea de origen genético que afecta la región mesomélica con acortamiento de las extremidades, provoca talla baja con extremidades cortas con deformidad de Madelung; esta enfermedad muestra un patrón de herencia autosómico dominante con alta penetrancia. Objetivo: Describir las deformidades de esta discondrosteosis de baja frecuencia con expresividad variable, que se presentó de la misma forma en todos los afectados de esta familia. Presentación de caso: Se reportó una familia con enfermos en tres generaciones con deformidad de Madelung de ambas muñecas y baja estatura de origen mesomélico, que se mantiene seguimiento en consultas de Genética Clínica y Ortopedia. Conclusiones: El examen físico y radiológico imprescindibles para llegar al diagnóstico clínico. El método clínico y la valoración multidisciplinaria resultaron de gran valor para definir esta enfermedad y poder brindar un adecuado asesoramiento genético a esta familia.


ABSTRACT Background: Léri-Weill dyschondrosteosis, bone dysplasia of genetic origin that affects the mesomelic region with shortening of the extremities, causes short stature with short extremities with Madelung deformity.This disease shows an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern with high penetrance. Objective: To describe the deformities of this low frequency dyschondrosteosis with variable expressivity which was presented in the same way in all those affected in this family. Case presentation: A family with sick members was reported in three generations with Madelung deformity of both wrists and short stature of mesomelic origin which is followed up in consultations of Clinical Genetics and Orthopedics. Conclusion: The essential physical and radiological examination to reach the clinical diagnosis. The clinical method and the multidisciplinary assessment were of great value to define this disease and to be able to provide adequate genetic counseling to this family.


Subject(s)
Lipomatosis, Multiple Symmetrical/genetics , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/genetics , Wrist/abnormalities , Forearm/abnormalities
7.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(2): 157-162, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128104

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: comparar os efeitos do treino com restrição de flux o sanguíneo com o treino resistido de alta intensidade no ganho de força e hipertrofia. Material e métodos: n este ensaio clínico randomizado e controlado, 24 homens sedentários foram randomizados em do is grupo s: treino com restrição de fluxo sanguíneo ou treino resistido de alta intensidade. Ambos os grupos realizaram 10 sessões de exercício de preensão manual até com 3 séries de exercícios até a falha, sendo que o grupo com treino de restrição de fluxo sanguíneo realizou com 30% da carga máxima obtida no teste de 1 repetição máxima, enquanto que o grupo de alta intensidade realizou com 80% da carga. T odo s o s voluntários foram avaliados e reavaliados a dinamometriade preensão manual e a perimetria de antebraço. Os dados foram tabulados e analisados no statistical package for the social sciences, utilizando o teste t-student, e o não paramétrico u de mann whitney, adotando a significância de 5% (α = 0,05). Resultados: para o desfecho força, identificou-se que tanto o grupo que treino com restrição do fluxo, quanto o grupo que treinou com alta intensidade tiveram aumentos significativos (p= 0,005 e 0,026, respectivamente). Já em relação ao aumento da circunferência, notou-se que somente o treino de restrição do flux o se mostrou estatisticamente quando comparado o aumento entre os grupos (p= 0,00 1). Conclusão: foi possível concluir que o treinamento com restrição do fluxo sanguíneo mostrou eficaz tanto para o ganho de força, quanto para o aumento de circunferência, apresentando vantagens quando comparado ao grupo de treinamento resistido com alta intensidade...(AU)


Objectives: to compare the effects of blood flow restriction trainin g wit h h igh in tensity resistance training on strength gain and hypertrophy. Material and methods: in this randomized controlled trial, 24 sedentary men were randomized into two groups: restricted blood flow training or high inten sity resistance training. Both groups performed 10 handgrip exercise sessions up to 3 sets of exercises un t il failure, and the group with blood flow restriction training performed with 3 0 % o f t he m ax imum lo ad obtained in the 1-repetition maximum test, while the high intensity group performed with 80% of the load. All volunteers were assessed and reassessed by handgrip dynamometry and forearm perimetry. Data were tabulated and analyzed in the statistical package for the social sciences, using the t-studen t test an d t he non-parametric mann whitney u test, adopting the significance of 5% (α = 0.05). Results: for the stren gth outcome, it was found that both the flow restriction training group and the high intensity train in g gro up had significant increases (p = 0.005 and 0.026, respectively). Regarding the increase in circumference, it was noted that only the flow restriction training was statistically when compared to the increase bet ween the groups (p = 0.001). Conclusion: it was concluded that training with blood flow restriction was effective for both strength gain and circumference increase, presenting advantages when compared to the high intensity resistance training group...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Blood Circulation , Exercise , Muscle Strength , Resistance Training , Sedentary Behavior , High-Intensity Interval Training , Hypertrophy , Men , Physical Education and Training , Blood , Forearm
10.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(3): 383-385, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138022

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fractures of the radial head account for over 50% of all fractures of the forearm. Broberg and Morrey (modification of the Mason classification) classify them in four types. Type 1 fractures are non-displaced or minimally displaced, considered stable and without mechanical joint blockage. In this type of fracture, a non-operative management with a short period of immobilization leads to a good clinical result without adverse outcomes. Clinically relevant associated lesions are not common. Because of this, arthritis of the radiocapitellar and ulnohumeral joint after the non-displaced radial head fracture is uncommon. This case report presents a young patient diagnosed with isolated non-displaced radial head fracture, that evolved 8 months later, to global arthritis of the elbow.


Resumo As fraturas da cabeça radial representam mais de 50% de todas as fraturas do antebraço. Broberg e Morrey (modificação da classificação de Mason) as classificam em quatro tipos. As fraturas do tipo 1 são aquelas não deslocadas ou minimamente deslocadas, consideradas estáveis e sem bloqueio mecânico das articulações. Nesse tipo de fratura, um manejo não operatório com um curto período de imobilização permite bom resultado clínico sem desfechos adversos. Lesões associadas clinicamente relevantes não são comuns. Por esse motivo, a artrite da articulação radiocapitelar e ulnoumeral após a fratura da cabeça do rádio não deslocada é incomum. Este relato de caso apresenta um paciente jovem com diagnóstico de fratura isolada da cabeça radial não deslocada que evoluiu, 8 meses depois, para artrite global do cotovelo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Osteoarthritis , Arthritis , Radius Fractures , Wounds and Injuries , Elbow , Fractures, Bone , Forearm , Immobilization
11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(2): 191-197, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138007

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate 15 patients with ruptured distal biceps tendon submitted to reinsertion via a single, anterior and transverse approach using two anchors. They were submitted to a rehabilitation protocol and, within six months, to an evaluation of the range of motion and strength intensity during flexion and supination of the operated elbow. Methods The data were collected prospectively, and were analyzed through the Mann-Whitney test and the mixed-model test to evaluate the force between the operated and non-operated elbows. Results A total of 80% of the patients were men, 60% were injured on the dominant side, 46% were manual workers, and 73% led sedentary lifestyles. The use of anabolic steroids was reported by two patients. After the treatment, the patients recovered supination strength by 98% and flexion by 94%. According to the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire, 73% of the patients presented the score expected of a normal population. Conclusion The single, anterior and transverse approach associated with tendon repair using anchors was esthetically satisfactory, with good strength recovery during flexion and supination, and no occurrence of heterotopic ossification.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar 15 pacientes com ruptura do tendão distal do bíceps submetidos a reinserção por meio de via única, anterior e transversa no antebraço com o uso de duas âncoras. Os pacientes foram submetidos a um protocolo de reabilitação e, ao término de seis meses, efetuou-se avaliação do arco de movimento do cotovelo operado e da intensidade de força durante a flexão e a supinação. Métodos Os dados foram coletados de maneira prospectiva, e foram analisados pelo teste de Mann-Whitney e pelo teste de modelos mistos para avaliar a força entre os cotovelos operado e não operado. Resultados Um total de 80% dos pacientes eram homens, 60% sofreram lesão do lado dominante, 46% eram trabalhadores braçais, e 73% não praticavam atividades físicas regularmente. O uso de anabolizante foi relatado por dois pacientes. Após o tratamento, os pacientes recuperaram 98% da força de supinação, e 94% da de flexão. De acordo com questionário de Disfunções do Braço, Ombro e Mão (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand, DASH), 73% dos pacientes encontram-se dentro do esperado para uma população normal. Conclusão A via única, anterior e transversa associada ao reparo do tendão com o uso de âncoras apresentou-se esteticamente satisfatória, com boa recuperação da força durante a flexão e a supinação, não ocorrendo casos de ossificação heterotópica ou complicações graves.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Rehabilitation , Rupture , Surveys and Questionnaires , Range of Motion, Articular , Elbow , Forearm , Life Style , Occupational Groups , Hamstring Muscles
12.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(2): 250-251, Mar.-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130839

ABSTRACT

Abstract Gamasoidosis is a poorly known and underdiagnosed mite infestation. It is characterized by the presence of erythematous and flattened papules that are quite pruritic, and can affect any region of the body, with preference for areas of folds. This article reports a case of the disease caused by mites of the species Dermanyssus gallinae. Increasingly, the agents that cause this disease are found in urban environments, increasing the incidence of people affected by the disease. This dermatosis has a self-limiting clinical picture and the treatment is done with the use of topical corticosteroids and oral antihistamines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Aged , Pruritus/pathology , Erythema/pathology , Forearm/pathology , Mite Infestations/pathology , Pruritus/parasitology , Birds/parasitology , Dermoscopy , Erythema/parasitology , Forearm/parasitology , Mite Infestations/parasitology , Mites
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811449

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the muscle activities of the brachioradialis and extensor carpi radialis longus according to the type of backhand stroke in badminton.METHODS: To measure the muscle activities, we used electromyography (EMG) equipment to measure EMG values by performing maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) of the forearm muscles, which depends on the type of backhand stroke. With these values, the %maximum voluntary isometric contraction values were obtained. The data were calculated using SPSS ver. 21.0 and one-way repeated measures analysis of variance with a post-hoc least significant difference test.RESULTS: In this study, the backhand clear achieved higher maximum muscle activity values than those by the backhand push, under clear, and drive in the brachioradialis. The backhand smash achieved higher maximum muscle activity values than those by the backhand push in the extensor carpi radialis longus.CONCLUSION: The backhand clear is associated with a higher injury rate than those associated with the backhand push, under clear, and drive. The backhand smash is associated with a higher rate of the occurrence of tennis elbow than that associated with the backhand push. To prevent injuries, it is considered that the forearm's strength, stretching before and after exercise, and sufficient time to rest are important.


Subject(s)
Electromyography , Forearm , Isometric Contraction , Muscles , Racquet Sports , Stroke , Tennis Elbow
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828208

ABSTRACT

The distal radioulnar joint is not only the main load-bearing joint in the wrist, but also the pivot of the rotation of the forearm. It is one of the most important and unique joints in the body. Maintaining the stability of the distal radioulnar joint is very important for our daily life. The tissue to stabilize the distal radioulnar joint includes bone structures and soft tissue structures. Although the contribution of soft tissue structures to its stability is far exceeding that of bone structures, the influence of abnormal bone structure on the distal radioulnar joint cannot be ignored. By reviewing the relevant literatures, this article divides the bone structural abnormalities into congenital and acquired bone structural abnormalities. The effects of congenital and acquiredbone structural abnormalities on the distal radioulnar joint stability are analysized and collated in this article, and its clinical symptoms, clinical grading, clinical treatments are also summerized. The problems of distal radioulnar joint instability in clinical practicing and its future researching directions are briefly described in order to provide some suggestions for future clinical applications.


Subject(s)
Forearm , Humans , Joint Instability , Rotation , Ulna , Wrist , Wrist Joint
15.
Clinics ; 75: e2020, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133479

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine the central tendency measures and variability of vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) with regard to the latency and wave amplitude when potentials are captured from the flexor muscles of the forearm. METHODS: Ten adult volunteers with normal hearing underwent examination of their forearm flexor muscles (right and left sides; 20 samples in total) for VEMP acquisition. To this end, 200 tone burst stimuli at a 500 Hz frequency and 95 dBnHL intensity were promediated. RESULTS: No statistical differences were observed in VEMP responses acquired from the right and left forearm flexor muscles concerning P34 and N44 latencies (p=0.32 and 0.90, respectively). The mean latency obtained for the P34 wave component was 34.9 ms (±2.6), with a lower limit equal to 29.3 and an upper limit equal to 40.4 ms. The average latency of the N44 wave component was 43.6 ms (±2.1), with a lower limit of 39.1 ms and an upper limit of 48.1 ms. The results were consistent and had low variability, and showed an average asymmetry index of 15.4 (±10.7). These findings indicate that potentials may be investigated in different age groups and in specific clinical populations, such as pathologies that may alter the neuronal transmission of the inferior vestibular pathway, especially when a longer portion is observed. CONCLUSIONS: VEMP recording from forearm flexors is both feasible and stable, with latency reference ranges between 29.3 and 40.4 ms for P34, and 39.1 and 48.1 ms for N44.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials , Reference Values , Acoustic Stimulation , Feasibility Studies , Forearm , Muscles
16.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1280-1285, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040125

ABSTRACT

Knowing the anatomical, topographic and morphometric properties of the superficial branch of the radial nerve (SBRN) in the forearm and the dorsum of the hand is important for minimizing nerve damage. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the anatomical and morphometric properties of SBRN in foetuses. Forty forearms of twenty-one foetuses (n=21) were dissected. The anatomical variations of SBRN in the dorsal forearm were assessed in three types (Type-1, Type-2 and Type-3). The innervation areas in dorsum of hand were assessed in four types (Type-1, Type-2, Type-3 and Type-4). The forearm length was divided to three part and emerging point of SBRN was determined as topographically. The relation of the SBRN with lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve (LACN), anatomic snuffbox and cephalic vein was also evaluated. In forearm, Type-1 variation rate of SBRN was 87.5 %. In the dorsum of hand, Type-3 innervation pattern was 32.5 %. The emerging rate of SBRN in the middle third of the forearm was 74.4 %. There were nerve branches between LACN and SBRN or its terminal branches in 32.5 % of the forearms. The branches of SBRN passed within the margins of anatomic snuffbox in 50 % of the forearms. The most frequently branching type of SBRN was Type-1 in the forearm and Type-3 in the dorsum of hand in foetuses. These results may aid to minimize nerve injuries performed in clinical applications.


Conocer las propiedades anatómicas, topográficas y morfométricas del ramo superficial del nervio radial (RSNR) en el antebrazo y el dorso de la mano es importante para minimizar el daño a los nervios. El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar las propiedades anatómicas y morfométricas de RSNR en fetos. Fueron disecados 40 antebrazos de veintiún fetos. Las variaciones anatómicas de RSNR en el dorso del antebrazo se clasificaron en tres tipos (Tipo-1, Tipo-2 y Tipo-3). Las áreas de inervación en el dorso de la mano se evaluaron en cuatro tipos (Tipo 1, Tipo 2, Tipo 3 y Tipo 4). La longitud del antebrazo se dividió en tres partes y el punto emergente de RSNR se determinó topográficamente. Se evaluó la relación del RSRN con el nervio cutáneo antebraquial lateral (NCAL), la tabaquera anatómica y la vena cefálica. En el antebrazo, la tasa de variación de Tipo 1 de RSNR fue de 87,5 %. En el dorso de la mano, el patrón de inervación tipo 3 fue del 32,5 %. La emergencia del RSNR en el tercio medio del antebrazo fue de 74,4 %. En el 32,5 % de los antebrazos se observaron ramos nerviosos entre NCAL y RSNR. Los ramos de RSNR pasaron dentro de los límites de la tabaquera anatómica en 50 % de los antebrazos. El tipo de RSNS con ramificación más frecuente fue el Tipo 1 en el antebrazo y el Tipo 3 en el dorso de la mano en los fetos. Conocer las variaciones anatómicas de RSNS puede ayudar a minimizar las lesiones nerviosas durante los procedimientos clínicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Radial Nerve/anatomy & histology , Fetus/innervation , Forearm/innervation , Fetus/anatomy & histology , Anatomic Variation
17.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 858-860, Sept. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012365

ABSTRACT

Se presenta un caso de variación del trayecto habitual del nervio ulnar, en los primeros 12 cm proximales del antebrazo, con la descripción de las estructuras anatómicas en relación con esta variación anatómica. Esto debe ser tenido en cuenta ante la ausencia de hallazgo del nervio ulnar al momento de realizar su abordaje quirúrgico habitual, como ocurre en las trasposiciones del nervio ulnar en los casos de compresión. De esta manera, se podrán evitar recidivas de la patología, y agregar otros factores anatómicos como causas de compresión del nervio.


We present an unusual ulnar nerve path variation case, in forearm first 12 cm, with anatomical structures description in relation to this anatomical variation. This must be consider in the ulnar nerve finding absence during its usal surgical preformance, as occurs in ulnar nerve compression transplant cases. In this way, pathology relapses can be avoided, and other anatomical factors can be added as nerve compression causes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ulnar Nerve/anatomy & histology , Anatomic Variation , Forearm/innervation
18.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 1192-1196, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012416

ABSTRACT

The ulnar and median nerves are widely distributed, innervating the muscles of the forearm and hand. In the latter, it also registers the sensitivity of a significant part of the skin. A series of communicating branches (CB) is described on the path of these nerves, including: 1) the Martin-Gruber communicating branch, 2) the Marinacci communicating branch, 3) the Riché-Cannieu communicating branch and 4) the Berrettini communicating branch. The aim of this study was to establish a correct denomination of these CB, using Latin and eliminating the use of eponyms. The exploratory study included books on anatomy and scientific articles that detailed the anatomical aspects of these CB. To these were added the terms that these branches presented in the various anatomical lists and terminologies. Each term proposal was done in Latin, using the corresponding gender, number and case. The CB between the median and ulnar nerves are described in anatomy texts as well as a plethora of publications. The prevalence rates of the CB range between 1.7 and 94 %; however, their inclusion in the anatomical terminologies has been limited. Based on the description of these branches and the presence of some of them in the existing terminologies, a proposal was prepared in line with the indications of the Federative International Programme on Anatomical Terminologies (FIPAT): 1) Ramus comunicans cum nervo ulnari, 2) Ramus comunicans cum nervo mediano, 3) Ramus communicans cum ramo profundo nervi ulnaris y 4) Ramus communicans cum nervo digitali palmari communi. Considering that terminologies are dynamic linguistic corpora, it is important to analyze constantly the incorporation of new terms that are in harmony with the scientific findings. The incorporation of new structures must follow FIPAT guidelines and include the grammatical aspects of Latin.


Los nervios ulnar y mediano presentan una amplia distribución que permite inervar músculos del antebrazo y mano, en esta última, también registran la sensibilidad de un importante territorio cutáneo. En el recorrido de estos nervios se describen una serie de ramos comunicantes (RC), entre los cuales destacan: 1) Ramo comunicante de Martin-Gruber 2) Ramo comunicante de Marinacci 3) Ramo comunicante de Riché-Cannieu y 4) Ramo comunicante de Berretini. El propósito de este trabajo fue establecer una correcta denominación de estos RC, usando para ello el latín y eliminando el uso de epónimos. El estudio exploratorio incluyó libros de anatomía y artículos científicos que detallaran los aspectos anatómicos de estos RC. A lo anterior se sumaron los términos que estos ramos presentaron en las diversas nóminas y terminologías anatómicas. Cada propuesta de denominación se realizó en latín, utilizando el género, número y caso correspondiente. Los RC entre los nervios mediano y ulnar se encuentran descritos tanto en textos de anatomía como en un sinnúmero de publicaciones. Las tasas de prevalencia de los RC fluctúan entre 1,7 y 94 %; a pesar de ello; su inclusión en las terminologías anatómicas ha sido limitado. En base a la descripción de éstos ramos y la presencia de algunos de ellos en las terminologías existentes, se elaboró una propuesta alineada con las indicaciones del Programa Federativo Internacional de Terminología Anatómica (FIPAT): 1) Ramus comunicans cum nervo ulnari, 2) Ramus comunicans cum nervo mediano, 3) Ramus communicans cum ramo profundo nervi ulnaris y 4) Ramus communicans cum nervo digitali palmari communi. Considerando que las terminologías son cuerpos lingüísticos dinámicos, resulta importante analizar constantemente la incorporación de nuevos términos que se encuentren en sintonía con los hallazgos científicos. La incorporación de nuevas estructuras debe seguir los lineamientos de FIPAT y considerar los aspectos gramaticales del latín.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ulnar Nerve/anatomy & histology , Forearm/innervation , Median Nerve/anatomy & histology , Terminology as Topic
19.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(3): 330-335, July-Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040248

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) are the best hemodialysis vascular accesses, but their failure rate remains high. Few studies have addressed the role of the vascular surgeon's skills and the facility's practices. We aimed to study these factors, with the hypothesis that the surgeon's skills and facility practices would have an important role in primary failure and patency rates at 12 months, respectively. Methods: This was a single-center, prospective cohort study carried out from March 2005 to March 2017. Only incident patients were included. A single surgeon made all AVFs, either in the forearm (lower) or the elbow (upper). Vascular access definitions were in accordance with the North American Vascular Access Consortium. Results: We studied 113 AVFs (65% lower) from 106 patients (39% diabetics, 58% started with catheter). Time to first connection was 21.5 days (IR: 14 - 31). Only 14 AVFs (12.4%) underwent primary failure and 18 failed during the first year. Functional primary patency rate was 80.9% (SE 4.1) whereas primary unassisted patency rate, which included PF, was 70.6% (4.4). Logistic regression showed that diabetes (OR = 3.3, 95%CI 1.38 - 7.88, p = .007) and forearm location (OR = 3.03, 95CI% 1.05 - 8.76, p = 0.04) were predictors of AVF failure. Patency of lower and upper AVFs was similar in non-diabetics, while patency in diabetics with lower AVFs was under 50%. (p = 0.003). Conclusions: Results suggest that a long-lasting, suitable AVF is feasible in almost all patients. The surgeon's skills and facility practices can have an important role in the long term outcome of AVF.


Resumo Introdução: Fístulas arteriovenosas (FAV) são os melhores acessos vasculares para hemodiálise, mas sua taxa de falhas permanece alta. Poucos estudos abordaram o papel das habilidades do cirurgião vascular e das práticas hospitalares. Nosso objetivo foi avaliar esses fatores, com a hipótese de que as habilidades do cirurgião e as práticas hospitalares teriam um papel importante nas taxas de falhas primárias e perviedade em 12 meses, respectivamente. Métodos: Este foi um estudo de coorte prospectivo de um único centro, realizado de março de 2005 a março de 2017. Apenas os pacientes incidentes foram incluídos. Um único cirurgião fez todas as FAVs, seja no antebraço (inferior) ou no cotovelo (superior). As definições de acesso vascular estavam de acordo com o Consórcio Norte-Americano de Acesso Vascular. Resultados: Estudamos 113 FAVs (65% inferiores) de 106 pacientes (39% diabéticos, 58% começaram com cateter). O tempo até a primeira conexão foi de 21,5 dias (RI: 14 - 31). Apenas 14 FAV (12,4%) tiveram falha primária e 18 falharam durante o primeiro ano. A taxa de patência funcional primária foi de 80,9% (SE 4,1), enquanto a taxa de permeabilidade primária não assistida, que incluiu FP, foi de 70,6% (4,4). A regressão logística mostrou que o diabetes (OR = 3,3, 95% IC 1,38 - 7,88, p = 0,007) e localização no antebraço (OR = 3,03, 95% IC 1,05 - 8,76, p = 0,04) foram preditores de falha da FAV. A patência das FAVs inferior e superior foi semelhante em não-diabéticos, enquanto a perviedade em diabéticos com FAV inferior foi menor que 50%. (p = 0,003). Conclusões: Nossos resultados sugerem que uma FAV duradoura e adequada é viável em quase todos os pacientes. As habilidades do cirurgião e das práticas hospitalares podem ter um papel importante no resultado a longo prazo da FAV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Vascular Patency , Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical , Clinical Competence , Surgeons , Health Facilities , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Renal Dialysis/methods , Treatment Failure , Diabetes Mellitus , Elbow/surgery , Forearm/surgery , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy
20.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 423-427, jul.-sep. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047173

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Lesões que acometem as mãos com importante perda cutânea frequentemente requerem retalhos para cobertura precoce, visto que permitem melhor reabilitação. Dentre as opções, o retalho interósseo posterior reverso do antebraço é o mais utilizado para defeitos no dorso da mão e punho, com baixas taxas de complicações. Normalmente, esse retalho não é utilizado para a reconstrução de defeitos em região palmar, já que geralmente não alcança esse local. Relato de caso: Apresentamos o caso de um paciente com queimadura elétrica de terceiro grau, em palma da mão direita, cuja reconstrução foi realizada com o uso do retalho interósseo posterior reverso do antebraço, após debridamentos conservadores, no 14o dia após a queimadura. O paciente apresentou boa evolução pós-operatória, sem complicações ou sequelas funcionais a longo prazo. Conclusão: O retalho interósseo posterior reverso do antebraço permite cobertura adequada de lesões em palma da mão, preservando sua funcionalidade.


Introduction: Lesions affecting the hands with significant skin loss often require flaps for early coverage, as these permit faster healing. Among the various options, the reverse posterior interosseous flap of the forearm is most commonly used for defects involving the back of the hand and wrist due to low complication rates. Normally, this flap is not used for the reconstruction of defects in the palmar region since its distal reach is insufficient. Case report: We present the case of a male patient with third-degree electrical burns on his right palm, whose reconstruction was performed on the 14th day postinjury using the reverse posterior interosseous flap of the forearm after conservative debridement. The patient presented good postoperative evolution, without long-term complications or functional sequelae. Conclusion: The reverse posterior interosseous flap of the forearm permits adequate coverage of palm injuries, preserving its functionality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , History, 21st Century , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Surgical Flaps , Wounds and Injuries , Burns , Burns, Electric , Wound Closure Techniques , Forearm , Forearm Injuries , Hand , Hand Injuries , Intraoperative Complications , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/rehabilitation , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Surgical Procedures, Operative/rehabilitation , Surgical Flaps/adverse effects , Wounds and Injuries/surgery , Wounds and Injuries/rehabilitation , Burns, Electric/surgery , Burns, Electric/complications , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Wound Closure Techniques/rehabilitation , Forearm/surgery , Forearm Injuries/surgery , Forearm Injuries/complications , Forearm Injuries/rehabilitation , Hand/surgery , Hand Injuries/surgery
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