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Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 51-55, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009108


OBJECTIVE@#To report the clinical characteristics and treatment analysis of 3 cases of congenital ulnar collateral flexor contracture of the forearm and take a reference for clinic.@*METHODS@#A total of 3 patients with congenital ulnar collateral flexor contracture of the forearm were admitted between February 2019 and August 2021. Two patients were male and 1 was female, and their ages were 16, 20, and 16 years, respectively. The disease durations were 8, 20, and 15 years, respectively. They all presented with flexion deformity of the proximal and distal interphalangeal joints of the middle, ring, and little fingers in the neutral or extended wrist position, and the deformity worsened in the extended wrist position. The total action motion (TAM) scores of 3 patients were 1 and the gradings were poor. The Carroll's hand function evaluation scores were 48, 55, and 57, and the grip strength indexes were 72.8, 78.4, and 30.5. Preoperative CT of case 2 showed a bony protrusion of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon at the proximal end of the ulna; and MRI of case 3 showed that the ulnar flexor digitorum profundus presented as a uniform cord. After diagnosis, all patients were treated with operation to release the denatured tendon, and functional exercise was started early after operation.@*RESULTS@#The incisions of 3 patients healed by first intention. Three patients were followed up for 12, 35, and 12 months, respectively. The hand function and the movement range of the joints significantly improved, but the grip strength did not significantly improve. At last follow-up, TAM scores were 3, 4, and 4, respectively, among which 2 cases were excellent and 1 case was good. Carroll's hand function evaluation scores were 95, 90, and 94, and the grip strength indexes were 73.5, 81.3, and 34.2, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Congenital ulnar collateral flexor contracture is a rare clinical disease that should be distinguished from ischemic muscle contracture. The location of the contracture should be identified and appropriate surgical timing should be selected for surgical release. Active postoperative rehabilitation and functional exercise can achieve good hand function.

Humans , Male , Female , Forearm/surgery , Contracture/surgery , Muscle, Skeletal , Tendons/surgery , Ulna/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(2): 227-229, March-Apr. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439582


Abstract A male patient was scheduled for urgent amputation of his right forearm. His right forearm was stuck inside the insertion slot of a meat grinder, resulting in severe pain to his injured arm. His upper body could not move to sit in a semi-upright position. An endotracheal tube was successfully placed after rapid sequence intubation using a video laryngoscope from behind the patient on the first attempt. This case report is the first documentation of successful anesthetic induction with subsequent endotracheal intubation using a video laryngoscope from behind an injured patient whose upper body was upright with limited positioning.

Humans , Male , Laryngoscopes , Anesthetics , Forearm/surgery , Sitting Position , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Laryngoscopy/methods
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 447-451, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981613


OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the clinical characteristics, differential diagnosis, and treatment methods of finger flexion contracture caused by three kinds of forearm flexor diseases.@*METHODS@#Between December 2008 and August 2021, 17 patients with finger flexion contracture were treated, including 8 males and 9 females, aged 5-42 years, with a median of 16 years. The disease duration ranged from 1.5 months to 30 years, with a median of 13 years. The etiology included 6 cases of Volkmann's contracture, all of which were flexion deformity of the 2nd to 5th fingers, accompanied by limitation of thumb dorsiflexion in 3 cases and limitation of wrist dorsiflexion in 3 cases; 3 cases of pseudo-Volkmann's contracture, including 2 cases of flexion deformity of middle, ring, and little fingers, and 1 case of flexion deformity of ring and little fingers; 8 cases of ulnar finger flexion contracture caused by forearm flexor disease or anatomical variations, all of which were flexion deformity of middle, ring, and little fingers. Operations such as slide of flexor and pronator teres origin, excision of abnormal fibrous cord and bony prominence, and release of entrapped muscle (tendon) were performed. Hand function was evaluated according to WANG Haihua's hand function rating standard or modified Buck-Gramcko classification standard, and muscle strength was evaluated according to British Medical Research Council (MRC) muscle strength rating standard.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up 1-10 years (median, 1.5 years). At last follow-up, 8 patients with contracture caused by forearm flexor disease or anatomical variations and 3 patients with pseudo-Volkmann's contracture achieved excellent hand function, with muscle strength of grade M5 in 6 cases and grade M4 in 5 cases. One patient with mild Volkmann's contracture and 3 patients with moderate Volkmann's contracture without severe nerve damage had excellent hand function in 2 cases and good in 2 cases, with muscle strength of grade M5 in 1 case and grade M4 in 3 cases. Two patients with moderate or severe Volkmann's contracture had poor hand function, with 1 case of muscle strength of grade M3 and 1 case of grade M2, which improved when compared with those before operation. The overall excellent and good rate of hand function and the proportion of patients with muscle strength of grade M4 and above were 88.2% (15/17), respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The finger flexion contracture caused by different etiology can be differentiated by analyzing the history, physical examination, radiographs, and intraoperative findings. After different surgical treatments, such as resection of contracture band, release of compressed muscle (tendon), and downward movement of flexor origin, most patients have a good outcome.

Male , Female , Humans , Forearm/surgery , Contracture/surgery , Ischemic Contracture/surgery , Fingers/surgery , Muscle, Skeletal/surgery
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 192-196, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935201


Objective: To evaluate the effect of trifoliate flap design of radial forearm flap in reconstruction of defects after mouth floor cancer resection. Methods: From June 2016 to December 2019, 12 patients with defect after resection of mouth floor cancer were treated with trifoliate flap design of radial forearm flap. All of these patients were T2 stage, included 9 well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and 3 moderate differentiated SCC. The defect size ranged from 8.0 cm×6.0 cm to 5.0 cm×4.5 cm after resection of tumor and neck dissection. All defects were repaired with trifoliate flap design of radial forearm flap. The flap size ranged from 8.0 cm×2.0 cm to 4.0 cm×1.5 cm, the donor site was sutured directly on Z plasty. Results: All flaps completely survived well. Both the wound and the donor site were stage Ⅰ healing. With the average follow-up of 38.6 months, the swallowing and speech function were satisfactory. Conclusions: Trifoliate flap design of radial forearm flap can effectively repair the postoperative defect of mouth floor cancer, and the donor site can be directly sutured on Z plasty. This technique can avoid forearm scar caused by skin grafting and the formation of the second donor site.

Humans , Forearm/surgery , Mouth Floor , Neoplasms , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Skin Transplantation , Surgical Flaps , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 1158-1163, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942593


Objective: To compare the clinical application results of the FPTF (free posterior tibial artery perforator flap) and RFFF (radial forearm free flap) for reconstruction of head and neck defects. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 27 cases treated with FPTF (19 males and 8 females, aged 14-69 years) and 24 cases with RFFF (11 males and 13 females, aged 22-69 years) for head and neck defect reconstruction at Beijing Tongren Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2015 to December 2020 was conducted. Flap size, vascular pedicle length, matching degree of recipient area blood vessels, preparation time, total operation time, hospital stay, recipient area complications, donor area complications and scale-based patient satisfaction were compared between two groups of patients with FTPF and RFFF. SPSS 26.0 statistical software was used for statistical analysis. Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups of patients in tumor T staging (P=0.38), primary sites (P=0.05) and mean flap areas ((53.67±29.84) cm2 vs. (41.13±11.08) cm2, t=-1.472, P=0.14). However the mean vascular pedicle length of FPTF was more than that of RFFF ((11.15±2.48)cm vs. (8.50±1.69)cm, t=-4.071, P<0.01). The donor sites of 4 patients in FPTF group could be sutured directly, while all the 24 patients in RFFF group received skin grafts from the donor sites. There was no statistically significant difference in the recipient area arteries between two groups of flaps (P=0.10), with more commonly using of the facial artery (RFFF: FPTF=21∶27), but there was significant difference in the recipient area veins (P<0.01), with more commonly using of the external jugular vein in RFFF (14/24) than FPTF (4/32) and the posterior facial vein in FPTF (27/32) than RFFF (9/24). There were 10 recipient complications and 3 donor complications in RFFF group; no recipient complication and 3 donor complications occurred in FPTF group. With patient's subjective evaluation of the donor site at 12 months after surgery, FPTF was better than RFFF (χ²=22.241, P<0.01). Conclusions: FPTF is an alternative to RFFF in head and neck reconstruction and has unique advantages in aesthetics and clinical application.

Female , Humans , Male , Forearm/surgery , Free Tissue Flaps , Perforator Flap , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Skin Transplantation , Tibial Arteries/surgery
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 1150-1157, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942592


Objective: To compare the recovery and quality of life of patients with oral and oropharyngeal tumors treated with three kinds of free soft tissue flaps. Methods: The clinical data of 103 patients, including 66 males and 37 females, aged 26-74 years, who underwent primary repair of defects after resection of oral and oropharyngeal tumors in Sichuan Tumor Hospital from July 2014 to August 2020 were analyzed. Anterolateral thigh flap (ALTF) was used in 43 patients, radial forearm free flap (RFFF) in 45 patients, and lateral arm free flap (LAFF) in 15 patients. Postoperative qualities of life of patients were evaluated by the university of Washington quality of life questionnaire and oral health impact scale (HIP-14 Chinese edition). SPSS 23.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The T staging of RFFF or LAFF group was significantly lower than that of ALTF group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in mean flap areas between ALTF group ((55.87±27.38) cm2) and LAFF group ((49.93±19.44) cm2), while RFFF group had smaller mean flap area ((33.18±6.05) cm2) than ALTF group (t=5.311, P<0.001) and LAFF group (t=3.284, P=0.005). In terms of oral functions including swallowing, mastication, taste and spitmouth, there were no significant differences between LAFF group and RFFF group (P>0.05), but both groups had better oral functions than ALTF group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in appearance scores between LAFF group (75(75, 75)) and ALTF group (75(75,75) vs.75(75,75),Z=-1.532, P=0.126), and both groups had higher scores than RFFF group (50(50, 75),Z values were -3.447 and -3.005 respectively, P<0.05). RFFF group had higher speech score (100(67, 100)) than LAFF group (67(50, 76),Z=-2.480, P<0.05) and ALTF group (67(33, 67),Z=-5.414, P<0.05). ALTF group had lower mean score of quality of life than RFFF group [72(56,77) vs.79(69, 89),Z=-3.070, P<0.05), but there was no statistical difference in the mean scores of qualities of life between ALTF group and LAFF group (Z=1.754, P=0.079). According to the evaluation of oral health impact scale (HIP-14 Chinese version) 1 year after surgery, individual item scores and the average score of all items in ALTF group were lower than those in RFFF and LAFF groups (P<0.05), with no significant difference between RFFF group and LAFF group (P>0.05). Conclusions: RFFF has unique advantages for small tissue defects, while ALTF is suitable for large tissue defects, such as buccal penetrating defect, whole tongue and near whole tongue defect, and LAFF is a compromise choice between ALTF and RFFF. ALTF is inferior to RFFF and LAFF in oral functional reconstruction, including swallowing, chewing, taste and spittle. ALTF and LAFF are superior to RFFF in postoperative appearance.

Female , Humans , Male , Forearm/surgery , Free Tissue Flaps , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Quality of Life , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Thigh/surgery
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(3): 330-335, July-Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040248


Abstract Introduction: Arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) are the best hemodialysis vascular accesses, but their failure rate remains high. Few studies have addressed the role of the vascular surgeon's skills and the facility's practices. We aimed to study these factors, with the hypothesis that the surgeon's skills and facility practices would have an important role in primary failure and patency rates at 12 months, respectively. Methods: This was a single-center, prospective cohort study carried out from March 2005 to March 2017. Only incident patients were included. A single surgeon made all AVFs, either in the forearm (lower) or the elbow (upper). Vascular access definitions were in accordance with the North American Vascular Access Consortium. Results: We studied 113 AVFs (65% lower) from 106 patients (39% diabetics, 58% started with catheter). Time to first connection was 21.5 days (IR: 14 - 31). Only 14 AVFs (12.4%) underwent primary failure and 18 failed during the first year. Functional primary patency rate was 80.9% (SE 4.1) whereas primary unassisted patency rate, which included PF, was 70.6% (4.4). Logistic regression showed that diabetes (OR = 3.3, 95%CI 1.38 - 7.88, p = .007) and forearm location (OR = 3.03, 95CI% 1.05 - 8.76, p = 0.04) were predictors of AVF failure. Patency of lower and upper AVFs was similar in non-diabetics, while patency in diabetics with lower AVFs was under 50%. (p = 0.003). Conclusions: Results suggest that a long-lasting, suitable AVF is feasible in almost all patients. The surgeon's skills and facility practices can have an important role in the long term outcome of AVF.

Resumo Introdução: Fístulas arteriovenosas (FAV) são os melhores acessos vasculares para hemodiálise, mas sua taxa de falhas permanece alta. Poucos estudos abordaram o papel das habilidades do cirurgião vascular e das práticas hospitalares. Nosso objetivo foi avaliar esses fatores, com a hipótese de que as habilidades do cirurgião e as práticas hospitalares teriam um papel importante nas taxas de falhas primárias e perviedade em 12 meses, respectivamente. Métodos: Este foi um estudo de coorte prospectivo de um único centro, realizado de março de 2005 a março de 2017. Apenas os pacientes incidentes foram incluídos. Um único cirurgião fez todas as FAVs, seja no antebraço (inferior) ou no cotovelo (superior). As definições de acesso vascular estavam de acordo com o Consórcio Norte-Americano de Acesso Vascular. Resultados: Estudamos 113 FAVs (65% inferiores) de 106 pacientes (39% diabéticos, 58% começaram com cateter). O tempo até a primeira conexão foi de 21,5 dias (RI: 14 - 31). Apenas 14 FAV (12,4%) tiveram falha primária e 18 falharam durante o primeiro ano. A taxa de patência funcional primária foi de 80,9% (SE 4,1), enquanto a taxa de permeabilidade primária não assistida, que incluiu FP, foi de 70,6% (4,4). A regressão logística mostrou que o diabetes (OR = 3,3, 95% IC 1,38 - 7,88, p = 0,007) e localização no antebraço (OR = 3,03, 95% IC 1,05 - 8,76, p = 0,04) foram preditores de falha da FAV. A patência das FAVs inferior e superior foi semelhante em não-diabéticos, enquanto a perviedade em diabéticos com FAV inferior foi menor que 50%. (p = 0,003). Conclusões: Nossos resultados sugerem que uma FAV duradoura e adequada é viável em quase todos os pacientes. As habilidades do cirurgião e das práticas hospitalares podem ter um papel importante no resultado a longo prazo da FAV.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Vascular Patency , Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical , Clinical Competence , Surgeons , Health Facilities , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Renal Dialysis/methods , Treatment Failure , Diabetes Mellitus , Elbow/surgery , Forearm/surgery , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 423-427, jul.-sep. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047173


Introdução: Lesões que acometem as mãos com importante perda cutânea frequentemente requerem retalhos para cobertura precoce, visto que permitem melhor reabilitação. Dentre as opções, o retalho interósseo posterior reverso do antebraço é o mais utilizado para defeitos no dorso da mão e punho, com baixas taxas de complicações. Normalmente, esse retalho não é utilizado para a reconstrução de defeitos em região palmar, já que geralmente não alcança esse local. Relato de caso: Apresentamos o caso de um paciente com queimadura elétrica de terceiro grau, em palma da mão direita, cuja reconstrução foi realizada com o uso do retalho interósseo posterior reverso do antebraço, após debridamentos conservadores, no 14o dia após a queimadura. O paciente apresentou boa evolução pós-operatória, sem complicações ou sequelas funcionais a longo prazo. Conclusão: O retalho interósseo posterior reverso do antebraço permite cobertura adequada de lesões em palma da mão, preservando sua funcionalidade.

Introduction: Lesions affecting the hands with significant skin loss often require flaps for early coverage, as these permit faster healing. Among the various options, the reverse posterior interosseous flap of the forearm is most commonly used for defects involving the back of the hand and wrist due to low complication rates. Normally, this flap is not used for the reconstruction of defects in the palmar region since its distal reach is insufficient. Case report: We present the case of a male patient with third-degree electrical burns on his right palm, whose reconstruction was performed on the 14th day postinjury using the reverse posterior interosseous flap of the forearm after conservative debridement. The patient presented good postoperative evolution, without long-term complications or functional sequelae. Conclusion: The reverse posterior interosseous flap of the forearm permits adequate coverage of palm injuries, preserving its functionality.

Humans , Male , Adult , History, 21st Century , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Surgical Flaps , Wounds and Injuries , Burns , Burns, Electric , Wound Closure Techniques , Forearm , Forearm Injuries , Hand , Hand Injuries , Intraoperative Complications , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/rehabilitation , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Surgical Procedures, Operative/rehabilitation , Surgical Flaps/adverse effects , Wounds and Injuries/surgery , Wounds and Injuries/rehabilitation , Burns, Electric/surgery , Burns, Electric/complications , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Wound Closure Techniques/rehabilitation , Forearm/surgery , Forearm Injuries/surgery , Forearm Injuries/complications , Forearm Injuries/rehabilitation , Hand/surgery , Hand Injuries/surgery
Acta ortop. mex ; 29(2): 114-117, mar.-abr. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-771835


Propósito: Presentar el resultado exitoso de la técnica de formación de un solo hueso en antebrazo en un paciente con fractura inicial de cúbito con múltiples osteosíntesis e injertos fallidos. Caso: Paciente masculino dedicado a labores del campo que, a los 39 años de edad, sufre fractura de cúbito izquierdo, después de una evolución de 13 años y 5 intervenciones quirúrgicas con diversos tipos de osteosíntesis e injertos fallidos, que finalizaron en seudoartrosis infectada de cúbito izquierdo, decidiendo efectuarle la formación de un solo hueso en antebrazo evolucionando satisfactoriamente en función. Actualmente: supinación de 20º de antebrazo, flexoextensión de codo y muñeca completas, fuerza muscular adecuada, actualmente integrado en su trabajo de campo sin limitaciones funcionales. Conclusión: La técnica de formación de un solo hueso en antebrazo es, en casos adecuadamente seleccionados, una excelente alternativa de cirugía de reconstrucción o de salvamento en extremidad torácica.

Purpose: To present the successful results of the single-bone reconstruction technique in the forearm in a patient who sustained an ulnar fracture and underwent multiple osteosyntheses and failed grafts. Case: Male patient, agricultural worker, who at age 39 sustained a left ulnar fracture. After 13 years and 5 surgeries involving different types of osteosyntheses and failed grafts, which resulted in infection of the left ulnar pseudoarthrosis, we decided to do a single-bone reconstruction of the forearm. He did well and achieved good function. His current status is: 20º of forearm supination, full elbow and wrist flexion and extension, appropriate muscle strength, and he returned to his job without functional limitations. Conclusion: The single-bone forearm reconstruction technique is, in properly selected cases, an excellent surgical alternative when reconstruction or salvage of the thoracic limb is required.

Adult , Humans , Male , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Ulna Fractures/surgery , Forearm/pathology , Forearm/surgery , Pseudarthrosis/pathology , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome , Ulna Fractures/pathology , Ulna/pathology , Ulna/surgery
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 838-844, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77277


PURPOSE: We compared three methods of ultrasound-guided axillary brachial plexus block, which were single, and double perivascular (PV) infiltration techniques, and a perineural (PN) injection technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 78 patients of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II undergoing surgery of the forearm, wrist, or hand were randomly allocated to three groups. 2% lidocaine with epinephrine 5 microg/mL was used. The PN group (n=26) received injections at the median, ulnar, and radial nerve with 8 mL for each nerve. The PV1 group (n=26) received a single injection of 24 mL at 12-o'clock position of the axillary artery. The PV2 group (n=26) received two injections of 12 mL each at 12-o'clock and 6-o'clock position. For all groups, musculocutaneous nerve was blocked separately. RESULTS: The PN group (391.2+/-171.6 sec) had the longest anesthetic procedure duration than PV1 (192.8+/-59.0 sec) and PV2 (211.4+/-58.6 sec). There were no differences in onset time. The average induction time was longer in PN group (673.4+/-149.6 sec) than PV1 (557.6+/-194.9 sec) and PV2 (561.5+/-129.8 sec). There were no differences in the success rate (89.7% vs. 86.2% vs. 89.7%). CONCLUSION: The PV injection technique consisting of a single injection in 12-o'clock position above the axillary artery in addition to a musculocutaneous nerve block is equally effective and less time consuming than the PN technique. Therefore, the PV technique is an alternative method that may be used in busy clinics or for difficult cases.

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anesthetics, Local/administration & dosage , Brachial Plexus/drug effects , Brachial Plexus Block/adverse effects , Forearm/surgery , Hand/surgery , Injections , Peripheral Nerves/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Single-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Upper Extremity/innervation , Vascular System Injuries/etiology , Wrist/surgery
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 282-290, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-70759


BACKGROUND: Plate fixation is the most commonly used technique for the treatment of shaft fractures of both forearm bones (SFBFBs). However, all fractures are difficult to treat with plate fixation because of soft tissue injuries, fracture patterns, or the patient's condition. The purpose of this study is to compare the functional results of plate fixation only and combined plate and intramedullary (IM) nail fixation in SFBFBs. METHODS: Fifty-nine cases of SFBFBs that were surgically treated from June 2007 to July 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. In this study, 47 cases that were followed up for more than 12 months were included. All SFBFBs were divided into two groups according to the methods used for internal fixation: plate fixation only (group A) and combined plate and IM nail fixation (group B). The fixation methods were determined intraoperatively. Plate fixation was considered as the first option in all cases, but combined plate and IM nail fixation was selected as the second option if it was difficult to be fixed with plate only. Groups A and B comprised of 31 and 16 cases, respectively. The functional results were evaluated by the Grace and Eversmann rating system and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire. RESULTS: In groups A and B, a radiologic union was achieved in 30/31 and 14/16 cases and average union time was 11.1 and 17.8 weeks, respectively. According to the Grace and Eversmann rating system, group A had excellent results in 15 cases, good in 14, acceptable in one, and unacceptable in one. Group B had excellent results in three cases, good in nine, acceptable in two, and unacceptable in two. The average DASH score was 7.1 points (range, 0 to 19.2 points) in group A and 15.1 points (range, 0 to 29.6 points) in group B. Three cases of nonunion with unacceptable results achieved a bony union by additional procedures and the functional results of these cases improved to good or excellent. CONCLUSIONS: The functional results and the average union time were superior in group A than in group B. However, we think that combined fixation is a useful method for SFBFBs that cannot be treated with plate fixation only.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Nails/statistics & numerical data , Bone Plates/statistics & numerical data , Forearm/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Radius Fractures/epidemiology , Range of Motion, Articular/physiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ulna Fractures/epidemiology
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 58(3): 313-316, abr. 2014.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-709347


After a total parathyroidectomy, well-established protocols for the cryopreservation of parathyroid tissue and for the delayed autograft of this tissue exist, especially in cases of secondary hiperparathyroidism (HPT) or familial or sporadic parathyroid hyperplasia. Although delayed autografts are effective, the published success rates vary from 10% to 83%. There are numerous factors that influence the viability, and therefore the success, of an autograft, including cryopreservation time. Certain authors believe that the tissue is only viable for 24 months, but there is no consensus on how long the parathyroid tissue can be preserved. A 63-year-old male who was diagnosed with sporadic multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 and primary hyperparathyroidism, and was submitted to a total parathyroidectomy and an autograft in the forearm. The implant failed, and the patient developed severe hypoparathyroidism in the months following the surgery. Thirty-six months after the total parathyroidectomy, the cryopreserved autograft was successfully transplanted, and hypoparathyroidism was reversed (most recent systemic parathyroid hormone, PTH, of 36 pg/mL, and total calcium of 9.1 mg/dL; no oral calcium supplementation). The case presented here indicates that cryopreserved parathyroid tissue may remain viable after 24 months in storage, and may retain the capacity to reverse permanent postsurgical hypoparathyroidism. These data provide reasonable evidence that the time limit for cryopreservation remains undetermined and that additional research would be valuable. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab. 2014;58(3):313-6.

O implante de tecido paratireoideano criopreservado após paratireoidectomia total é um procedimento bem estabelecido e, embora tenha sua eficácia comprovada, as taxas de sucesso variam de 10% a 83% na literatura. O tempo de criopreservação é um dos diversos fatores relacionados ao sucesso do implante. Alguns autores defendem que o tecido permanece viável até 24 meses de criopreservação, no entanto, não há consenso. Homem de 63 anos diagnosticado com neoplasia endócrina múltipla tipo I e hiperparatireoidismo primário foi submetido a paratireoidectomia total e autoimplante em membro superior. O implante falhou e o paciente desenvolveu hipoparatireoidismo. Após 36 meses da paratireoidectomia total, foi realizado o implante de paratireoide criopreservada, com sucesso. O hipoparatireoidismo foi revertido e o paciente permanece sem suplementação de cálcio e PTH sistêmico de 36 pg/mL e cálcio total de 9,1 mg/dL. O caso apresentado mostra que o tecido paratireoideano criopreservado pode permanecer viável após 24 meses e há possibilidade de reverter o hipoparatireoidismo pós-cirúrgico. Isso traz evidência de que o tempo limite de criopreservação permanece incerto e que novas pesquisas seriam de grande valia. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab. 2014;58(3):313-6.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Autografts/growth & development , Cryopreservation/methods , Hypoparathyroidism/therapy , Parathyroid Glands/transplantation , Forearm/surgery , Parathyroidectomy , Time Factors , Tissue Survival
Acta cir. bras ; 28(1): 19-25, jan. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-662343


PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of nitroglycerine (NTG) on sensory and motor block onset and recovery time as well as the quality of tourniquet pain relief, when added to lidocaine (LID) for intravenous regional anesthesia in elective forearm and hand surgery. METHODS: A randomized double-blinded clinical trial was performed on 40 patients that were randomly allocated into two groups received lidocaine 3 mg/kg with NTG 200 µg or received only lidocaine 3 mg/kg as the control. RESULTS: There was no difference between the two study groups in hemodynamic parameters before tourniquet inflation, at any time after inflation and after its deflation. There was no difference in the mean of pain score over time between the two groups. The onset time of sensory and motor blockades was shorter in the group received both LID and NTG. The mean recovery time of sensory blockade was longer in the former group. The frequency of opioid injections was significantly lower in those who administered LID and NTG. CONCLUSION: The adjuvant drug of NTG when added to LID is effective in improving the overall quality of anesthesia, shortening onset time of both sensory and motor blockades, and stabling homodynamic parameters in hand and forearm surgery.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adjuvants, Anesthesia/administration & dosage , Anesthesia, Intravenous/methods , Anesthetics, Local/administration & dosage , Forearm/surgery , Hand/surgery , Lidocaine/administration & dosage , Nitroglycerin/administration & dosage , Hemodynamics/drug effects , Pain Measurement , Reproducibility of Results , Elective Surgical Procedures/methods , Time Factors
KMJ-Kuwait Medical Journal. 2013; 45 (1): 26-30
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-171943


To evaluate the effect of lornoxicam added to lignocaine for intravenous regional anesthesia [IVRA]. Prospective, randomized, double-blind controlled study. King Fahd Hospital, University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia. Forty patients scheduled for upper limb surgery under IVRA were randomly allocated into two groups [20 patients per group] during the period from August 2010 to November 2011. All patients received 4 mg/kg body weight lignocaine in 40 ml solution plus 3 ml of study solution containing either normal saline [control group] or lornoxicam 12 mg [IVRA- L group]. Hemodynamic changes, sensory and motor block onset time, intraoperative and postoperative analgesia and total analgesic drug required in first 24 hours were observed. Onset of sensory and motor block, requirement of intraoperative fentanyl, incidence of tourniquet pain, requirement of postoperative analgesia in terms of paracetamol consumption. Patients who received the lornoxicam [IVRA-L group] had earlier onset of sensory and motor block [p < 0.001] and less requirement of intraoperative fentanyl [p < 0.001]. Lornoxicam group patients tolerated tourniquet pain better [p < 0.001] and had better postoperative analgesia for first 24 hours [p < 0.0005]. Lornoxicam 12 mg is a beneficial addition to IVRA. It shortens the sensory and motor block onset time and increases the intraoperative and postoperative analgesia without any side effects. We observed that among nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs], lornoxicam is a very effective and safe adjunct to lignocaine for IVRA in upper limb surgery

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lidocaine , Anesthesia, Conduction , Pain, Postoperative , Intraoperative Care , Analgesia , Forearm/surgery , Prospective Studies , Double-Blind Method , Pain Measurement
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 34(Supl 1)jul.-dez. 2010.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-598691


Introdução: Quinze pacientes submetidos a osteotomia do rádio distal para correção de deformidade por sequela de fratura foram avaliados funcionalmente pelos critérios anatômicos de Frykman e de McBride, prospectiva e comparativamente, entre o pré-operatório e seis meses de pós. Objetivo Avaliar os resultados da Osteotomia Distal do Rádio para a correção das deformidades causadas por fraturas viciosamente consolidadas. Materiais e Métodos Quinze pacientes com deformidades Sintomáticas do Rádio distal foram submetidos a osteotomia para correção anatômica da sequela e avaliados pelos critérios anatômicos de Frykman e Funcionais de McBride e comparados no pré-operatório seis meses após a osteotomia e estudados os resultados. Resultados Frykman 15,4 porcento excelentes, 53,9 porcento bons, 30,8 porcento ruins; McBride 69,2 porcento bons, 30,8 porcento ruins. Conclusão A osteotomia do rádio distal mostrou-se eficiente pelos critérios adotados para a avaliação (Frykman e McBride) e os resultados mostraram-se semelhantes aos da literatura.

Introduction: Fifteen patients undergoing osteotomy of the distal radius for correction of deformity caused by sequelae of fracture were evaluated functionally by Frykman and McBride anatomical criteria, prospectively and comparatively between the preoperative and six months later. Objective To evaluate the results of Distal Osteotomy of the Radius for correction of deformities caused by fractures viciously consolidated. Materials and Methods Fifteen patients with Symptomatic Radio deformities underwent distal osteotomy for anatomical correction of the sequel and evaluated by Frykman Anatomical and McBride Functional criteria and compared preoperatively six months after the osteotomy and the results were studied. Results: Frykman 15.4% excellent, 53.9 percent good, 30.8 percent bad; McBride 69.2 percent good, 30.8 percent poor. Conclusion The osteotomy of the distal radius was shown to be effective by the adopted criteria for evaluation (Frykman and McBride) and the results were similar to literature.

Introducción: Quince pacientes sometidos a osteotomía del radio distal para corrección de deformidad por secuela de fractura fueron evaluados funcionalmente por los critérios anatómicos de Frykman y de McBride, prospectiva y comparativamente, entre el pre-operatório y seis meses de post-operatorio. Objetivo Evaluar los resultados de la Osteotomía Distal del Radio para la corrección de las deformidades causadas por fracturas viciosamente consolidadas. Materiales y Métodos Quince pacientes con deformidades sintomáticas del Radio distal fueron sometidos a osteotomía para corrección anatómica de la secuela y evaluados por los critérios anatómicos de Frykman y Funcionais de McBride y comparados en el pre-operatório seis meses después a la osteotomía y los resultados estudiados. Resultados Frykman 15,4 por ciento excelentes, 53,9 por ciento buenos, 30,8 por ciento malos; McBride 69,2 por ciento buenos, 30,8 por ciento malos. Conclusión La osteotomía del radio distal se mostro eficiente a partir de los critérios adoptados para la evaluação Frykman y McBride y los resultados se mostraron semejantes a los de la literatura.

Humans , Osteotomy , Fractures, Bone , Forearm/surgery
Rev. méd. hered ; 20(3): 151-155, jul.-sept. 2009. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: lil-540584


Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico de las fracturas diafisiarias del radio y/o cubito mediante la colocación intramedular de clavos Kirschner moldeados en pacientes pediátricos. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo observacional de pacientes tratados con clavo intramedular en fracturas diafisiarias de antebrazo en elHospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia û Lima. Se usaron clavos Kirschner moldeado de acuerdo a especificaciones del clavo ESIN y se evaluaron la técnica operatoria, tiempo de consolidación, complicaciones y funcionalidad. Resultados: Se incluyeron 12 pacientes, 10 de sexo masculino, con edad promedio de 13.7 años (11 a 15 años), se encontró evidencia de consolidación a las seis semanas y el tiempo operatorio promedio fue de 75 minutos. Un paciente presentó parestesias del nervio cubital que remitió a los 4 meses, la perdida sanguínea fue mínima con un abordaje minimamente invasivo. Todas las fracturas consolidaron. Conclusión: El uso de clavo Kirschner moldeado es una alternativa de tratamiento en este tipo de fracturas debido a su bajo costo, y resultados comparables con el ESIN que es el tratamiento de elección.

Objective: To evaluate the surgical treatment of radius or ulna shaft fractures by molded intramedullary Kirschner wire in paediatric patients. Material and methods: Descriptive observational study of patients treated with intramedullary nailing of forearm diaphyeal fractures al the Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia. We used Kirschner wires molded acording to ESIN specifications, evaluating the surgical technique, time of consolidation, complications, and functional results. Results: We evaluated 12 patients, 10 male and 2 females, with average age of 13.7 years and evidence of consolidation in six weeks. Operative time averaged 75 minutes. One patient presented ulnar nerve paresthesias that improved in four months, little blood less with a minimally invasive approach, 78 per cent of all fractures healed with good functional outcome. Conclusion: The use of Kirshner molding wires is an alternative treatment in this type of fractures due its low cost and results comparables with the ESIN that is the treatment of choice.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Forearm/surgery , Bone Nails , Radius Fractures/therapy , Forearm Injuries , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Studies as Topic
Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology. 2009; 20 (2): 271-276
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-92201


The present study was conducted to compare the effect of pump injection versus manual injection on the venous pressure, during forearm intravenous regional anesthesia [IVRA] and the incidence and the magnitude of lidocaine leak,. A crossover randomized study of IVRA with a forearm tourniquet was conducted on 14 male healthy volunteers. This study was performed, once using manual injection of local anesthetic and once using automatic pump injection, on two separate sessions. In both techniques, 0.3 ml/kg lidocaine 0.5% was injected over 90 seconds. The occlusion pressure, continuous venous pressure and the serum lidocaine two minutes at end of injection, were recorded. The mean occlusion pressure 161.6 [17.2] mmHg was always higher than the mean initial arm systolic blood pressure 131.7[11]. The maximum venous pressure was significantly higher in the manual technique 176.7 [15.4] mmHg than in the pump technique 161.3 [12.3] mmHg [p = 0.04]. The incidence of lidocaine leak was significantly lower [35.71%] in the pump technique compared to [78.5%] in the manual technique [p = 0.02]. Moreover; the mean lidocaine plasma concentrations was significantly higher [0.86 [0.5][-1]] in the manual technique compared to [0.32 [0.4][-1]] the pump technique [p = 0.04]. The use of pump injection for forearm IVRA could significantly decrease the maximum venous pressure, and decrease the incidence and the magnitude of lidocaine leak past the tourniquet

Humans , Male , Anesthesia, Intravenous/methods , Tourniquets , Lidocaine/blood , Venous Pressure , Cross-Over Studies , Forearm/surgery
Oman Medical Journal. 2009; 24 (1): 44-48
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-100073


Severe crush injuries to the upper limb may require a formal amputation with devastating consequences to the patient. We report a patient with a near total amputation at the level of mid-forearm who underwent revascularization and salvage of his hand. The operative details of this case are described. It is the first time that such a patient has been treated successfully by plastic surgeons and orthopedic surgeons at the Sultan Qaboos Hospital, Salalah, Awareness of the possibility of salvage should be spread among health care personnel as well as the need for immediate attention by a multispeciality team. Literature related to the operative technique, contraindications and long term results is reviewed

Humans , Male , Amputation, Traumatic/surgery , Patient Care Team , Bone Wires , Forearm/surgery
IPMJ-Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal. 2008; 7 (1): 47-53
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-108439


The hand is exposed to various types of trauma, the majority of which involve multiple tissues which needs to be repaired in the most perfect way. The distally based radial forearm flap is one of the commonly used flaps for reconstruction of hand defects. The aim is to test the applicability and the versatility of the distally based radial forearm flap in complex soft tissue reconstruction of the hand. Nine patients were treated using distally-based radial forearm flaps. There were seven males and two females, mean age was 21 year. Reconstructed sites involved the thumb, the first web, the palm and dorsum of the hand. Neurofasciocutaneous flap was transferred in one case, adipofascial flap in one case, all the remaining flaps were fasciocutaneous island flaps. All the flaps survived completely. There were two donor sites complications, but no major functional disturbances. No patient had symptoms of cold intolerance or other ischemic changes. Distally based radial forearm flap is very useful in hand reconstruction especially when no suitable local flaps can solve the problem and it can permit further surgical procedures to be done underneath when indicated

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Surgical Flaps , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Forearm/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Thumb/injuries , Finger Injuries/surgery