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1.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eRC5743, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360396

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Migration of foreign bodies into the urinary tract is a rare event. In certain instances, to unravel the way that objects arrived in the urinary tract is not easy. We report the case of an accidentally swallowed wooden toothpick that migrated and was found in the left ureterovesical junction, protruding into the bladder. Even though the computed tomography scan is widely employed to evaluate the urinary tract, this resource does not have a good sensitivity for detecting foreign bodies. Our report presents an insight into the best imaging approach if wooden toothpicks are suspected. In the present case, the endoscopic treatment was possible with an uneventful outcome and a complete resolution of symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ureter/surgery , Ureter/diagnostic imaging , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Foreign Bodies/complications , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Perforation , Urinary Bladder/surgery , Urinary Bladder/diagnostic imaging
2.
Medisur ; 19(3): 524-529, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287334

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La ingestión intencional de cuerpos extraños es frecuente entre prisioneros. Es un fenómeno asociado a un aumento de la morbimortalidad y los costos. Generalmente no requiere de intervención específica, aunque pueden aparecer complicaciones severas, que requieren, en ocasiones, tratamiento quirúrgico urgente. Se presenta un paciente masculino, de 24 años de edad, sin antecedentes relevantes, recluido en la prisión de máxima seguridad de la provincia Camagüey. Se introdujo por la boca un alambre de 40 cm de longitud, con un gancho en su punta. Presentó sialorrea y molestias retroesternales. Al examen físico se encontró normalidad de sus parámetros vitales, sin alteraciones en el examen del tórax, con abdomen doloroso a la palpación profunda del cuadrante inferior derecho. Se realizaron radiografías simples de tórax posteroanterior, lateral, y de abdomen simple, se encontraron un cuerpo extraño desde la boca hasta el tercio inferior del esófago torácico y otro cuerpo extraño ubicado en la pelvis, que refirió haber ingerido intencionalmente hace un año. Se realizó laparotomía urgente y extracción de ambos cuerpos extraños. El paciente evolucionó satisfactoriamente sin desarrollar complicaciones. La ingestión intencional de cuerpos extraños en la población penal es un problema de salud complejo. La prevención es uno de los pilares fundamentales de su tratamiento. Es importante un alto índice de sospecha sobre la ingestión de múltiples objetos, en este grupo de pacientes la cirugía es frecuentemente requerida.


ABSTRACT The conscious ingestion of foreign bodies is frequent among prisoners. It is a phenomenon associated with an increase in morbidity - mortality and costs. Generally, it does not require specific intervention, although severe complications may appear, which sometimes require urgent surgical treatment.to present the case of a prisoner with recurrent intentional ingestion of multiple foreign bodies, one of them not previously diagnosed. Case presentation: A 24-years-old male patient, with no relevant history, held in the Camagüey province maximum security prison. The wire was introduced through the mouth 40 cm long, with a hook at its tip. Referring to hypersalivation and retrosternal discomfort. The physical examination found normality of his vital parameters, without alterations in the chest examination, with a painful abdomen on deep palpation of the right lower quadrant. A posteroanterior and lateral chest X-ray was performed, finding a foreign body from the mouth to the lower third of the thoracic esophagus, an abdominal X-ray where another foreign body was located in the pelvis, which he reported having intentionally ingested a year ago. An urgent laparotomy was performed and both foreign bodies were removed. The patient evolves satisfactorily without developing complications. The intentional ingestion of foreign bodies in the prison population is a complex health problem. Prevention is one of the fundamental pillars of its treatment. A high index of suspicion on the ingestion of multiple objects is important; in this group of patients surgery is frequently required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Prisoners/psychology , X-Rays , Costs and Cost Analysis , Foreign Bodies/complications , Physical Examination , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Foreign Bodies/therapy
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1212-1216, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134427

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La ingestión de mondadientes (IM) constituye un evento poco frecuente (se han publicado alrededor de 157 casos a nivel mundial), pero puede causar perforaciones intestinales (PI), con peritonitis, sepsis e incluso muerte. Este hecho, determina la necesidad de intervenir quirúrgicamente a la mayoría de estos pacientes. El objetivo de este manuscrito fue informar resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico de 3 casos de PI por IM. Caso 1: hombre de 52 años, con perforación duodenal y de la vesícula biliar. Caso 2: Mujer de 54 años con perforación cecal. Caso 3: hombre de 72 años, con perforación de colon izquierdo y lesión esplénica. Todos fueron hospitalizados por dolor abdominal y fiebre. En dos casos el diagnóstico se verificó por tomografía y en uno por ecotomografía. Los tres casos fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente a través de laparotomía. Intervenciones: Caso 1: se realizó colecistectomía y sutura duodenal. Caso 2: se realizó hemicolectomía derecha e ileotransverso anastomosis. Caso 3: se realizó hemicolectomía izquierda y esplenectomía. En todos los casos se encontró el mondadientes. Todos los pacientes evolucionaron de forma satisfactoria, sin complicaciones postoperatorias. La IPD es una emergencia quirúrgica. Las PI son comunes y la peritonitis asociada es frecuente. El pronóstico depende de un diagnóstico precoz y un tratamiento oportuno.


SUMMARY: Toothpick ingestion (TPI) is a rare event, but can cause intestinal perforation (IP), peritonitis, sepsis, and even death (approximately 157 cases have been published worldwide). This fact determines the need for surgical intervention in most of these patients. The aim of this manuscript was to report the results of the surgical treatment in 3 cases of IP by TPI. The report involves the following: Case 1: A 52-year-old man, with duodenal and gallbladder perforation. Case 2: A 54-year-old woman with cecal perforation. Case 3: A 72-year-old man, with perforation of the left colon and splenic rupture. All were hospitalized for abdominal pain and fever. In two of the cases the diagnosis was verified by tomography and in one by ultrasound. All three patients underwent laparotomy. In the first case (1), cholecystectomy and duodenal suture were performed; in the second case (2) right hemicolectomy and ileo-transverse anastomosis were performed, and in the third case (3), Left hemicolectomy and splenectomy were performed. Toothpick was found in all cases. The patients in this report all evolved satisfactorily without postoperative complications. In conclusion, TPI is a surgical emergency. IP are common and the associated peritonitis is high. Prognosis depends on early diagnosis and timely treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Cholecystectomy , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Colectomy , Foreign Bodies/complications , Intestinal Perforation/etiology
4.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(6): 518-522, dic. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058312

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El cuerpo extraño rectal (CER) es un problema de difícil manejo para el cirujano general. La vía anal es la puerta de entrada más habitual seguido de la oral. La sospecha clínica es fundamental para el diagnóstico, pudiendo apoyarse de imágenes. El tratamiento es su extracción por vía transanal o por vía anterior. Objetivos: Caracterizar, describir y presentar el tratamiento de los pacientes con CER que consultaron en urgencia del Hospital el Pino (HEP) entre los años 2011 y 2016. Material y Método: Estudio serie de casos. Se realiza revisión de fichas clínicas de pacientes con CER en un periodo de 5 años en el Servicio de Urgencia del HEP. Se identificó a los pacientes tratados en box y a aquellos tratados en pabellón. Se caracterizó según variables demográficas, tratamiento, complicaciones y días de hospitalización. Resultados: Se identificaron 18 pacientes, 13 hombres y 5 mujeres de 45 años (± 36-51) y 34 años (± 23-64) respectivamente. En 1 de ellos fue posible extracción manual transanal en box sin anestesia y en 17 se requirió tratamiento en pabellón, donde 12 fue por vía transanal y 5 por abordaje abdominal. En ningún caso se identificó lesión intestinal. Evolución postoperatoria adecuada. Días de hospitalización promedio 1,8 días. Conclusión: Este es un problema infrecuente y de difícil manejo. Existe mayor frecuencia en hombres de edades media siendo la puerta de entrada la vía anal en todos los casos. En la mayoría se requirió extracción en pabellón bajo anestesia siendo el abordaje transanal el más utilizado y con buenos resultados.


Introduction: The rectal forcing body (RFB) is a problem which involves a difficult management for surgeons. Anal via is the most frequent entrance area, followed by the oral via. Clinical suspicion is fundamental for diagnosis and it is possible to support it using imaging. Treatment considers extraction through transanal or frontal via. Aim: To describe and present the treatment of patients with rectal foreing body in the Urgency Service of El Pino Hospital during years 2011 to 2016. Materials and Method: Case studies. Clinical records revision of patients with rectal foreing body in the Urgency Service of El Pino Hospital considering a 5-year period. Patients are identified as those treated in the box and in a surgical pavilion. Patients were classified according to demographic variables, received treatment, associated complications and hospitalization time. Results: 18 patients are identified, 13 men and 5 women, 45 (± 36-51) and 34 (± 23-64) years respectively. It was possible to manually extract via trans-anal at box, in one of these cases; 17 of them required treatment at surgical pavilion, where 12 were via trans-anal and 5 via abdominal. None of these cases had intestinal injury. Post-surgery evolution was adequate. Average hospitalization was 1.8 days. Conclusion: RFB is a non-frequent problem which requires high diagnose suspicious to be able to carry out proper treatments. It is more frequent in middle age men, with transanal input. In most cases, the extraction was done in surgical pavilion and required anesthesia and were done via trans anal with good results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Rectum/injuries , Rectum/diagnostic imaging , Foreign Bodies/complications , Foreign Bodies/therapy , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Chile , Device Removal , Lacerations/etiology , Mental Disorders/complications
5.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 31(4): 582-585, out.-dez. 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058042

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente de 71 anos de idade admitida à unidade de terapia intensiva clínica em condição de falência de múltiplos órgãos. Após o quarto dia, com aplicação de todas as modalidades de suporte à vida (estímulo com vasopressores, ventilação mecânica, terapia com diálise contínua, terapia com antibióticos de amplo espectro e outras medidas de suporte), dados inespecíficos fornecidos por acompanhante revelaram que a paciente vinha apresentando dificuldade persistente para deglutir líquidos e alimentos sólidos por alguns dias antes da admissão ao hospital. Após a realização de procedimentos adicionais de diagnóstico radiológico e endoscópico, detectou-se a presença de um corpo estranho no esôfago: um fragmento de fio de aço com cerca de 6 cm de comprimento e dobrado ao meio, que havia penetrado a parede do esôfago e se projetava ao nível da sétima vértebra cervical. Conseguimos remover o corpo estranho por via endoscópica sem maiores complicações e, a seguir, estabilizar nossa paciente, com utilização de medidas terapêuticas adicionais, conforme necessário.


ABSTRACT We present the case of a 71-year-old patient who was admitted to the medical intensive care unit in a state of multiple organ dysfunction. After the fourth day of applying all needed life-saving measures (vasopressor stimulation, mechanical ventilation, continuous dialysis treatment, broad spectrum antibiotic therapy, and other supportive measures), nonspecific heteroanamnestic data revealed that the patient had been having a persistent difficulty in swallowing liquids and food for a few days prior to hospital admission. After performing additional radiological and endoscopic diagnostic procedures, a foreign body was detected; a steel wire that had a length of approximately 6cm and was bent in a half had penetrated the esophagus and was projected into the seventh neckline. We managed to evacuate the foreign body endoscopically without further complications, and we stabilized our patient using additional therapeutic measures as needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Esophagus/pathology , Foreign Bodies/complications , Multiple Organ Failure/etiology , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Endoscopy , Intensive Care Units , Multiple Organ Failure/therapy
8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(2): 384-391, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002212

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To study the effect of penile constriction devices used on a large series of patients who presented at our emergency facility. We explored treatment options to prevent a wide range of vascular and mechanical injuries occurring due to penile entrapment. Materials and Methods: Between January 2001 and March 2016, 26 patients with penile entrapment were admitted to our facility and prospectively evaluated. Results: The time that elapsed from penile constrictor application to hospital admission varied from 10 hours to 6 weeks (mean: 22.8 hours). Non-metallic devices were used by 18 patients (66.6%) while the other nine (33.4%) had used metallic objects. Acute urinary retention was present in six (23%) patients, of whom four (66.6%) underwent percutaneous surgical cystotomy and two (33.4%) underwent simple bladder catheterization. The main reason for penile constrictor placement was erectile dysfunction, accounting for 15 (55.5%) cases. Autoerotic intention, psychiatric disorders, and sexual violence were responsible in five (18.5%), five (18.5%), and two (7.4%) cases, respectively. The mean hospital stay was 18 hours (range, 6 hours to 3 weeks). Conclusion: Penile strangulation treatment must be immediate through the extraction of the foreign body, avoiding vascular impairments that can lead to serious complications. Most patients present with low-grade injuries and use penile constrictors due to erectile dysfunction. Removal of constrictor device can be challenging. The use of specific tools for achieving penile release from constrictors is a fast, safe and effective method. Patients with urinary retention may require urinary diversion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Penile Diseases/etiology , Penis/injuries , Self-Injurious Behavior/therapy , Foreign Bodies/therapy , Penile Diseases/pathology , Penis/surgery , Penis/pathology , Sexual Behavior , Self-Injurious Behavior/surgery , Self-Injurious Behavior/complications , Constriction, Pathologic , Foreign Bodies/complications , Amputation , Middle Aged
9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(2): 376-383, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002189

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Retained or forgotten ureteral stents (FUS) have a potential to cause significant morbidity as well as medico-legal issues and increased cost. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and usefulness of smartphone-based Ureteral Stent Tracker (UST) application and compare the results with basic appointment card system to prevent FUS, prospectively. Materials and Methods: A total of 90 patients who underwent ureteroscopic stone treatment procedure with indwelling DJ stents were equally distributed into two groups. In group-1, patients were followed using UST application. In group-2, only appointment cards were given to the patients. Two groups were compared in terms of stent overdue times and complete lost to follow up rates. Results: Forty-four patients in group-1 and 43 patients in group-2 completed the study. Among patients, 22.7% in group-1 and 27.9% in group-2 did not return for the stent removal on the scheduled day. In group-1, these patients were identified using the UST and called for the stent removal on the same day. After 6 weeks of maximal waiting period, mean overdue times in group-1 and group-2 were 3.5 days and 20 days, respectively (p = 0.001). In group-2, 3 patients (6.9%) were lost to follow up, while in group-1, it was none (p = 0.001). Conclusions: We found that the patients who were followed by the smartphone-based UST application has less overdue times and lost to follow up cases compared to the basic appointment card system. The UST application easily follows patients with indwelling ureteral stents and can identify patients when overdue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stents/adverse effects , Stents/standards , Ureteroscopy/methods , Smartphone , Foreign Bodies/prevention & control , Ureteral Calculi/surgery , Ureteral Calculi/etiology , Prospective Studies , Device Removal/methods , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Foreign Bodies/complications , Middle Aged
10.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(1): 110-115, Jan.-Mar. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002174

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Fish bone foreign body (FFB) impaction in the upper aerodigestive tract is a common cause for emergency department referral. Its management varies in both diagnosis and treatment paradigms. Fish bone foreign bodies are more commonly found in the oropharynx in cases of patients < 40 years old, and in the esophagus in cases of patients > 40 years old. Symptoms are typically non-indicative for the location of the FFB, with the exception of foreign body sensation at/superior to the cervical esophagus. A lack of findings during the physical examination is routinely followed by imaging, with computed tomography (CT) being the preferred modality. In practice, many patients undergo unnecessary imaging studies, including CT scans. Objectives To identify patients with suspected fish bone impaction who do not require CT imaging and can be safely discharged. Data Synthesis We have searched the PubMed database for the following medical subject headings (MeSH) terms: fish bone, fish foreign body AND oropharynx, hypopharynx, esophagus, flexible esophagoscopy, and rigid esophagoscopy. Our search in the English language yielded 32 papers. Case reports were included, since they highlighted rare and serious complications. Conclusion In patients > 40 years old suspected of fish bone impaction, noncontrast CT is recommended and should be urgently performed, even in the presence of ambiguous symptoms. However, in patients < 40 years old presenting within 24 hours from ingestion, imaging has little diagnostic value due to the low probability of esophageal fish bones. For this specific subgroup, in the absence of clinical findings, discharge without imaging studies may be considered safe. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Adult , Middle Aged , Bone and Bones/diagnostic imaging , Pharyngeal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Esophageal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Fishes , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Prevalence , Esophagoscopy/methods , Foreign Bodies/complications , Foreign Bodies/physiopathology , Foreign Bodies/therapy , Foreign Bodies/epidemiology
12.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 8(1): 153, 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1022854

ABSTRACT

La presencia de gasas intracavitarias posterior a procedimientos quirúrgicos es una situación que genera importantes complicaciones, con graves repercusiones médico-legales. El objetivo de este estudio es describir la presencia de un cuerpo extraño vesical como complicación iatrogénica. Se presentan dos casos, el primero es de un hombre de 63 años de edad, con antecedente de prostatectomía simple por hiperplasia prostática benigna, quien acude por episodio de retención aguda de orina (RAO); y el segundo es de una mujer de 65 años, con antecedente de histerectomía abdominal por leiomiomatosis uterina, quien presenta dolor pélvico crónico e infecciones urinarias a repetición. A los pacientes se les realizó un ecosonograma pélvico que reportó lesión ocupante de espacio en vejiga, la urotomografia (urotac) evidencia un cuerpo extraño intravesical de apariencia radiopaca, y en la uretrocistoscopia se visualiza material sintético intravesical flotando. Al primer paciente se le realiza una cistotomía con extracción de material compatible con gasa y a la segunda paciente se le realiza extracción endoscópica de la misma, ambos presentando evolución satisfactoria. La revisión del sitio quirúrgico y el contaje transoperatorio de gasas antes de la síntesis final de los tejidos es un paso fundamental para el éxito de una cirugía pélvica(AU)


The presence of intracavitary gauzes after the surgical procedures is a situation that generates important complications, with serious medico-legal repercussions. The objective of this study is describe the presence of a bladder foreign body as an iatrogenic complication. Two cases are presented, the first is from a 63-year-old man with a history of simple prostatectomy for benign prostatic hyperplasia who presents with episodes of acute urinary retention; and the second is a 65-year-old woman with a history of abdominal hysterectomy due to leiomyomatosis that presents with chronic pelvic pain and recurrent urinary tract infections. A pelvic ecosonogram was performed on the patients who reported a bladder space-occupying lesion, urotac showed an intravesical foreign body with a radiopaque appearance, and intravesical synthetic flotation material was visualized in the urethrocystoscopy. The patient underwent a cystotomy with gas-compatible material extraction and the patient underwent endoscopic extraction, both showing a satisfactory evolution. Surgical site revision and transoperative gauze infection before the final synthesis of tissues is a fundamental step for the success of pelvic surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Urinary Retention , Foreign Bodies/complications , Hysterectomy , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Pelvic Pain
13.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(6): 517-522, dic. 2018. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978024

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La ingesta de cuerpos extraños (ICE) es frecuente en pediatría y puede llevar a complicaciones. Nuestro objetivo es revisar la experiencia de nuestro centro en el manejo de estos pacientes y proponer un protocolo de tratamiento. Material y Método: Estudio transversal retrospectivo, observacional y descriptivo, en el cual se revisaron los informes endoscópicos y fichas de pacientes con diagnóstico de ICE manejados por la Unidad de Endoscopia Pediátrica del Hospital Clínico Regional de Concepción entre enero de 2013 y junio de 2017 (53 meses), totalizando 40 casos. El registro y análisis de los datos se realizó con Microsoft® Excel 2016® para MacOS®. Resultados: El promedio de edad fue de 3,96 ± 3,24 años. La moda estadística fue de 2 años. A todos los pacientes se les realizó una endoscopia digestiva alta. El CE más frecuente fue la moneda (61,9%). En 6 casos (14,2%) fue una pila de botón. La retención de CE fue en tercio proximal del esófago (30,9%), el cuerpo gástrico (26,2%) y el tercio distal del esófago (14,2%), extrayéndose principalmente con pinza de cuerpo extraño (90,4%). El 57,5% evidenció alguna lesión relacionada a la ubicación del CE, siendo la más grave la producida por pila de botón. Conclusión: La ICE en niños es una entidad potencialmente peligrosa, por lo que se hace necesario disponer de una unidad de endoscopia pediátrica y protocolos de manejo para evitar complicaciones, sobre todo con objetos de alto riesgo.


Introduction: Foreign body ingestion (FBI) is common in pediatrics and can lead to complications. The aim of the present study is to review the experience of our center in the management of these patients and to propose a treatment protocol. Material and Method: Retrospective, observational and descriptive cross-sectional study, in which the endoscopic reports and records of patients diagnosed with IFB managed by the Pediatric Endoscopy Unit of the Regional Clinical Hospital of Concepción between January 2013 and June 2017 (53 months) were reviewed, with a total of 40 cases. Data recording and analysis was performed with Microsoft® Excel 2016® for MacOS®. Results: The average age was 3,96 ± 3,24 years. The statistical fashion was 2 years. All patients underwent a upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. The most frequent FB was the coin (61,9%). In 6 opportunities (14,2%) was a button batery. FB retention was in the proximal third of the esophagus (30,9%), the gastric body (26,2%) and the distal third of the esophagus (14,2%), being extracted mainly with foreign body clamp (90,4%). The 57,5% showed some injury related to the location of the FB, being the most serious the produced by button batery. Conclusion: FBI in children is a potentially dangerous entity, so it becomes necessary to have a pediatric endoscopy unit and treatment protocols to avoid complications, especially with high-risk objects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract/diagnostic imaging , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis , Algorithms , Clinical Protocols , Retrospective Studies , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract/injuries , Esophagus/diagnostic imaging , Foreign Bodies/complications
14.
Rev. medica electron ; 40(5): 1617-1628, set.-oct. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-978691

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se presentó un caso con complicación tardía de una colecistectomía video-laparoscópica, cuatro años después de una colecistectomía laparoscópica. Se procedió a realizar la colangiopancreatografia retrograda endoscópica mediante la técnica convencional, por un especialista en Gastroenterología. Se procedió a realizar pre-corte papilar y se logró extraer el clip con pinza de biopsia. Se produjo la expulsión espontánea de un litio oscuro de aproximadamente 1 cm de diámetro (AU).


ABSTRACT We presented a case with late complication of a video-laparoscopic cholecystectomy, occurring four years after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A specialist in Gastroenterology carried out an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography using the conventional technique. A papillary pre-cut was done and the clip was extracted with biopsy clamp. A dark stone of around 1 cm of diameter was spontaneously passed (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Surgical Instruments/adverse effects , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/adverse effects , Patients , Surgical Procedures, Operative/rehabilitation , Gallstones/complications , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Foreign Bodies/complications
15.
Medisan ; 22(4)abr. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-894711

ABSTRACT

Se realizó una investigación descriptiva, observacional y longitudinal en el Servicio de Otorrinolaringología del Hospital Infantil Sur Dr. Antonio María Béguez César de Santiago de Cuba, que abarcó desde enero de 2015 hasta diciembre de 2017, con el objetivo de caracterizar a los 341 niños y adolescentes atendidos en el cuerpo de guardia por presentar cuerpos extraños aerodigestivos. En la casuística primaron el grupo etario de menores de 5 años (62,5 por ciento), el sexo masculino (52,8 por ciento), la procedencia urbana (65,1 por ciento), los cuerpos extraños orgánicos (67,4 por ciento), la fosa nasal como localización anatómica, la obstrucción nasal como síntoma principal y la extracción manual a través de rinoscopia anterior. En 11,1 por ciento de los exámenes radiográficos se observó el cuerpo extraño. Solo falleció un paciente durante el estudio


A descriptive, observational and longitudinal investigation in the Otolaryngology Service of Dr. Antonio María Béguez César Southern Children Hospital was carried out in Santiago de Cuba from January, 2015 to December, 2017, aimed at characterizing the 341 children and adolescents assisted in the emergency room because they presented aerodigestive foreign bodies. In the case material There was a prevalence of under 5 age group (62.5 percent), male sex (52.8 percent), urban origin (65.1 percent), organic foreign bodies (67.4 percent), the nasal cavity as anatomical localization, nasal obstruction as main symptom and the manual extraction through previous rhinoscopy. In 11.1 percent of the radiographic exams the foreign body was observed. Just a patient died during the study


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Airway Obstruction/epidemiology , Airway Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Foreign Bodies/complications , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Longitudinal Studies , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Accident Prevention
16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1253281

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El oblito es un evento de muy baja frecuencia pero que puede generar morbilidad grave. Si bien se han reconocido algunos factores de riesgo y desarrollado sistemas complementarios de detección, continua siendo un gran problema desde el punto de vista sanitario y médico legal. Objetivos: Analizar una casuística del Hospital Maciel, su forma de presentación y complicaciones. Pacientes y métodos: Se presentan 7 pacientes asistidos en los Servicios de Cirugía General y Urología del Hospital Maciel, en el período comprendido del 2013 - 2016. Las principales variables que se analizan son la forma de presentación y complicaciones, así como presencia de factores de riesgo. Resultados: El hallazgo fue de compresas en todos los pacientes. En 2 casos el oblito fue asintomático y en otros 4 sintomático. En los últimos, 2 tuvieron una presentación temprana y 2 tardía. El recuento de material fue incorrecto solamente en un caso. Ningún paciente falleció por las complicaciones resultantes. Discusión: El oblito en cirugía es un problema que seguirá existiendo en tanto existan los procedimientos quirúrgicos, por lo que es necesario hacer énfasis en el abordaje sistemático, existiendo también métodos auxiliares de diagnóstico que podrían comenzar a implementarse. Conclusiones: Encontramos casi sin excepción la presencia de factores de riesgo conocidos en nuestra serie, si bien el número de casos es reducido. También la incidencia impresiona ser algo más elevada de la señalada en la literatura.


Introduction: Retained foreign items are infrequent but can generate serious morbidity. Although some risk factors have been recognized and complementary detection systems developed, it continues to be a major problem from a health and medical legal point of view. Objectives: to examine a case study at Hospital Maciel, focusing on clinical presentation and complications. Patients and methods: 7 patients treated at the General Surgery and Urology Departments in Hospital Maciel, between 2013-2016. The main results analized are clinical presentation and complications, as well as the presence of recongnized risk factors. Results: In all patients, the foreign bodies were compresses. In 2 cases the foreign body did not elicit symptoms whereas in 4 cases it did. In the latter, 2 had an early and a late presentation. The material count was incorrect in only one case. No patient died from the resulting complications Discussion: Because retained surgical ítems will be a problem as long as surgical procedures are performed, it is necessary to emphasize on a systematic approach accompanied by complementary diagnostic tools that are also available in cases of item miscount. Conclusions: Risk factors were present almost without exception in our casuistry. Also, the incidence seems to be higher than that reported in the literature.


Introdução: Oblito é um evento de baixa freqüência, mas que pode gerar uma grave morbidade. Embora alguns fatores de risco tenham sido reconhecidos e desenvolvidos sistemas de detecção complementares, continua a ser um grande problema do ponto de vista da saúde e do direito médico legal. Objetivos: Analisar uma casuística do Hospital Maciel, sua apresentação e complicações. Pacientes e métodos: sete pacientes foram atendidos nos Serviços de Cirurgia Geral e Urologia do Hospital Maciel, no período entre 2013 e 2016. As principais variáveis analisadas são a apresentação e complicações, bem como a presença de fatores risco. Resultados: a descoberta foi de compressas em todos os pacientes. Em 2 casos, o oblito foi assintomático e em 4 casos foi sintomático. No segundo, em 2 a apresentação foi temprana e em 2 foi tardia. A contagem de materiais estava incorreta em apenas um caso. Nenhum paciente morreu pelas complicações resultantes. Discussão: o oblito em cirurgia é um problema que continuará a existir enquanto houver procedimentos cirúrgicos, por isso é necessário enfatizar a abordagem sistemática, e também há métodos de diagnóstico que podem ser implementados. Conclusões: encontramos quase sem exceção a presença de fatores de risco conhecidos em nossa série, embora o número de casos seja pequeno. A incidência também parece ser um pouco maior do que a relatada na literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Surgical Procedures, Operative/adverse effects , Medical Errors/prevention & control , Medical Errors/statistics & numerical data , Foreign Bodies/complications , Foreign Bodies/prevention & control , Abdomen/surgery , Uruguay , Surgical Sponges/adverse effects , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging
17.
Medisan ; 21(11)nov. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-894574

ABSTRACT

Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal de 30 pacientes con mediastinitis aguda por perforación esofágica, operados en el Hospital Provincial Docente Clinicoquirúrgico Saturnino Lora Torres de Santiago de Cuba, con vistas a caracterizarles desde los puntos de vista clínico, diagnóstico y quirúrgico, desde enero de 1990 hasta agosto de 2016. La incidencia de la enfermedad fue de 37,9 por cada 100 000 habitantes con predominio de los pacientes jóvenes, en los cuales la esofagoscopia terapéutica por cuerpo extraño de difícil extracción fue la causa más frecuente de la perforación torácica, acompañada de síntomas y signos de síndrome esofágico y de sepsis, asociada a la presencia de estafilococos y estreptococos. La tomografía computarizada constituyó el examen de mayor valor para el diagnóstico, en tanto, los diferentes hallazgos durante la intervención quirúrgica estuvieron en dependencia del grado de infección mediastinal. Se necesita un conocimiento exhaustivo de los antecedentes, la clínica y posibles resultados de los exámenes complementarios para asumir una conducta rápida y eficaz, a fin de lograr la disminución de la mortalidad por dicha afección


A descriptive and cross-sectional study of 30 patients with acute mediastinitis due to esophageal perforation, who were surgically intervened at Saturnino Lora Torres Teaching Clinical Surgical Provincial Hospital was carried out in Santiago de Cuba from January, 1990 to August, 2016, aimed at characterizing them from the clinical, diagnostic and surgical points of view. The incidence of the disease was 37.9 out of 100 000 inhabitants with the young patients prevalence, in which the therapeutic esophagoscopy due to strange body of difficult extraction was the most frequent cause in the thoracic perforation, accompanied by symptoms and signs of esophageal syndrome and sepsis, associated with the staphylococci and streptococci presence. The computerized axial tomography constituted the exam of more value for the diagnosis, as long as, the different findings during the surgical intervention were in dependence of the grade of mediastinal infection. An exhaustive knowledge of the history, clinic and possible results of the complementary exams is necessary to assume a quick and effective behaviour, in order to achieve the decrease of mortality due to this disorder


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Morbidity , Esophageal Perforation/mortality , Mediastinitis/epidemiology , Secondary Care , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Foreign Bodies/complications , Mediastinitis
20.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 115(2): e126-e130, abr. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-838353

ABSTRACT

Los cuerpos extraños en el esófago son accidentes evitables que se observan, con mayor frecuencia, en niños menores de 3 años. Los síntomas de presentación más comunes son la disfagia, la sialorrea y los vómitos. Ocasionalmente, un cuerpo extraño en el esófago puede manifestarse con síntomas respiratorios, tales como tos, estridor y dificultad respiratoria. Esto es más frecuente en los niños pequeños y cuando el objeto permanece alojado en el esófago durante un período prolongado. La sospecha clínica es fundamental para el diagnóstico precoz, lo cual permite evitar potenciales complicaciones. Describimos a 3 niños con un cuerpo extraño impactado en el esófago que presentaron, principalmente, síntomas respiratorios. Alertamos a los pediatras sobre la variación sintomática en la presentación de un cuerpo extraño ingerido y subrayamos la importancia de realizar un diagnóstico y tratamiento oportunos.


Foreign bodies in esophagus are avoidable accidents that occur most often in children younger than 3 years. The most common presenting symptoms are dysphagia, drooling and vomiting. Occasionally a foreign body in the esophagus may present with respiratory symptoms such as cough, stridor and respiratory distress. This is more common in young children and when the object remains lodged in the esophagus for a prolonged period. Clinical suspicion is essential for early diagnosis, which allows to avoid potential complications. We describe 3 children with a foreign body impacted in the esophagus who presented mainly respiratory symptoms. We alert pediatricians on symptomatic variation in the presentation of a foreign body ingestion and we underline the importance of early diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Respiratory Sounds/etiology , Cough/etiology , Esophagus , Foreign Bodies/complications , Respiration
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