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Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 80-82, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011107


Objective:To explore the feasibility of using self-made visual throat forceps to remove hypopharyngeal foreign bodies. Methods:The throat forceps were combined with the endoscope and connected to a monitor via a data cable resulting in a visual throat forceps apparatus. This device was utilized to examine and treat the hypopharyngeal foreign bodies. Results:Among 53 patients, foreign bodies were detected in 51,with 48 cases involving hypopharyngeal foreign bodies. All were successfully extracted using the visual throat forceps. Three cases, diagnosed as esophageal foreign bodies by electronic gastroscopy, were treated using the same method. Conclusion:Visual throat forceps can be used to examine the hypopharynx and remove foreign bodies. It has the advantages of simple operation, rapid operation, and high success rate of foreign body removal from the hypopharynx. It is worthy of clinical application.

Humans , Hypopharynx/surgery , Pharynx/surgery , Endoscopes , Surgical Instruments , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 481-485, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986916


Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and complications of esophageal foreign bodies of button battery ingestion in children. Methods: A retrospective descriptive study included 83 children who were hospitalized in our hospital on account of button battery ingestion from January 2011 to December 2021. There were 50 males (60.2%) and 33 females (39.8%). The age ranged from 7.6 months to one month off 10 years, with a median age of 18 months. The data of patient demographics and time from ingestion to admission, location, symptoms, management, complications, and follow-up outcome were recorded. SPSS17.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: Seventy-two children (86.7%) were younger than 3 years old. The time from ingestion to admission ranged from 1 h to 2 months, with a median time of 8 h. Among the 63 children who were first diagnosed in our hospital, the most common clinical symptoms were nausea and vomiting (32 cases, 50.8%), dysphagia (31 cases, 49.2%), salivation (11 cases, 17.5%) and fever (10 cases, 15.9%). Seventy-three of 83 cases had complete preoperative diagnostic tests, and 55 cases (75.3%) were diagnosed by X-ray. In 56 cases (76.7%), the foreign badies were impacted in the upper third of esophagus. In 72 cases (86.7%), the foreign badies were removed by rigid esophagoscopy. 23 (27.7%) had serious complications, including tracheoesophageal fistula in 15 cases(TEF;65.2%), vocal cord paralysis (VCP;34.8%) in 8 cases, esophageal perforation in 3 cases (EP;13.0%), hemorrhage in 3 cases(13.0%), mediastinitis in 3 cases (13%), and periesophageal abscess in 1 case (4.3%). There were significant differences in the exposure time of foreign bodies and unwitnessed ingestion by guardians in the complications group (P<0.05). 2 cases died (2.4%)respectively due to arterial esophageal fistula bleeding and respiratory failure caused by stent displacement during the treatment of tracheoesophageal fistula. Conclusion: Accidental button battery ingestion can be life-threatening. and it mostly happens in children under 3 years old. Serious complications may happen cause of non-specific clinical manifestations and unwitnessed ingestions. Anterior and lateral chest X-ray is the first examination choice. Tracheoesophageal fistula is the most common serious complication.

Male , Female , Child , Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Tracheoesophageal Fistula/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis , Eating
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 455-457, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982385


Chest pain is one of the most common complaints in the emergency department. Diseases of the heart, aorta, lungs, esophagus, stomach, mediastinum, pleura, and abdominal viscera can all cause chest discomfort (Gulati et al., 2021; Jiao et al., 2021; Lu et al., 2022). Clinicians in the emergency department are expected to immediately recognize life-threatening chest pain (Jiao et al., 2021). Delayed diagnosis further increases the risk of complications and mortality (Liu et al., 2021). In this case, we present an elderly Chinese female who had a history of myocardial infarction two years previously, with chest pain eventually found to be caused by ingestion of a duck bone.

Humans , Female , Aged , Esophagus , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis , Chest Pain/complications , Emergency Service, Hospital , Heart
West Indian med. j ; 69(3): 166-167, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341897


ABSTRACT This report aims to discuss the occurrence and differential diagnosis in hard palate foreign bodies in infants. We present the case of a 16-month-old girl who was found to have plastic part of a toy embedded in her hard palate as a foreign body. The foreign body was extracted with care to avoid aspiration. The possibilities of misdiagnosis and airway aspiration are discussed. Great care was focused on the prevention of airway aspiration.

Humans , Female , Infant , Palate, Hard , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(1): 102-108, jan.-fev. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-989384


A female dog was treated at the Veterinary Hospital Governador Laudo Natel for symptomscaused by an intra-abdominal gossypiboma (gossypium: cotton; boma: place of hiding). Showing high morbidity and mortality, the gossypiboma is a granulomatous reaction that is formed in response to exposure to a textile matrix. The objective of this report is to describe the clinical and pathological findings of an intra-abdominal gossypiboma in a female dog. This patient arrived at urgent care showing increased abdominal volume, pain, and cachexia. Ultrasonography showed a regular contour formation that could not be completely delimited. The patient underwent exploratory laparotomy and died in the postoperative period. The gossypiboma had a smooth, firm, and purple-gray exterior surface. Microscopy revealed a severe reaction of desmoplasia around the necrotic region, residual textile material, and adipose tissue. Negligence by veterinarians leading to this condition can result in patients' death as well as causing psychological damage to owners.(AU)

Uma cadela foi atendida no Hospital Veterinário "Governador Laudo Natel", apresentando sinais clínicos oriundos de gossipiboma intra-abdominal (gossypium: algodão e boma: local de ocultação), tais como aumento de volume abdominal, regurgitação e caquexia. A ultrassonografia evidenciou formação de contorno regular que não podia ser totalmente delimitada. A paciente foi submetida à laparotomia exploratória e veio a óbito no período pós-operatório. O gossipiboma mostrou-se com superfície externa lisa, firme e roxo-acinzentada apresentando-se à microscopia como reação severa de desmoplasia ao redor de material necrótico, resíduos de material têxtil e do tecido adiposo. A negligência por parte dos médicos veterinários pode levar pacientes ao óbito, bem como trazer prejuízos psicológicos aos proprietários. Objetiva-se, com este relato, descrever os achados clínicos e patológicos de uma cadela que apresentou um gossipiboma intra-abdominal.(AU)

Animals , Dogs , Dogs/abnormalities , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis , Foreign Bodies/pathology
Medisan ; 23(1)ene.-feb. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-990181


Se presenta el caso clínico de un niño de un año de edad, quien fue atendido en el Servicio de Pediatría del Hospital de Serrekunda en Gambia por presentar, desde hacía 2 días, dificultad respiratoria, tos y falta de aire, todo ello de inicio rápido. Ante la posible presencia de un cuerpo extraño en las vías respiratorias altas se realizó un examen físico minucioso que incluyó el laringoscopio, pero debido a su ubicación profunda no fue posible una correcta observación de este, por lo cual se indicaron otros estudios (resonancia magnética y endoscopia), que permitieron una correcta visualización de dicho cuerpo. Debido al tratamiento multidisciplinario y oportuno, el paciente tuvo una evolución favorable y egresó sin complicaciones.

The case report of a year-old child is presented who was assisted in the Pediatrics Service of the Serrekunda Hospital in Gambia for presenting breathing difficulty for 2 days, cough and lack of air, all of them of fast beginning. Taking into account the possible presence of a strange body in the high breathing ways a meticulous physical exam was carried out that included the laryngoscope, but due to its deep location it was not possible a correct observation of it, reason why other studies were indicated (magnetic resonance and endoscopy) that allowed a correct visualization of this body. Due to the multidisciplinary and opportune treatment, the patient had a favorable clinical course and was discharged without complications.

Humans , Male , Infant , Respiratory Insufficiency/etiology , Foreign-Body Reaction , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis , Emergencies , Emergency Medical Services
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(6): 517-522, dic. 2018. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978024


Introducción: La ingesta de cuerpos extraños (ICE) es frecuente en pediatría y puede llevar a complicaciones. Nuestro objetivo es revisar la experiencia de nuestro centro en el manejo de estos pacientes y proponer un protocolo de tratamiento. Material y Método: Estudio transversal retrospectivo, observacional y descriptivo, en el cual se revisaron los informes endoscópicos y fichas de pacientes con diagnóstico de ICE manejados por la Unidad de Endoscopia Pediátrica del Hospital Clínico Regional de Concepción entre enero de 2013 y junio de 2017 (53 meses), totalizando 40 casos. El registro y análisis de los datos se realizó con Microsoft® Excel 2016® para MacOS®. Resultados: El promedio de edad fue de 3,96 ± 3,24 años. La moda estadística fue de 2 años. A todos los pacientes se les realizó una endoscopia digestiva alta. El CE más frecuente fue la moneda (61,9%). En 6 casos (14,2%) fue una pila de botón. La retención de CE fue en tercio proximal del esófago (30,9%), el cuerpo gástrico (26,2%) y el tercio distal del esófago (14,2%), extrayéndose principalmente con pinza de cuerpo extraño (90,4%). El 57,5% evidenció alguna lesión relacionada a la ubicación del CE, siendo la más grave la producida por pila de botón. Conclusión: La ICE en niños es una entidad potencialmente peligrosa, por lo que se hace necesario disponer de una unidad de endoscopia pediátrica y protocolos de manejo para evitar complicaciones, sobre todo con objetos de alto riesgo.

Introduction: Foreign body ingestion (FBI) is common in pediatrics and can lead to complications. The aim of the present study is to review the experience of our center in the management of these patients and to propose a treatment protocol. Material and Method: Retrospective, observational and descriptive cross-sectional study, in which the endoscopic reports and records of patients diagnosed with IFB managed by the Pediatric Endoscopy Unit of the Regional Clinical Hospital of Concepción between January 2013 and June 2017 (53 months) were reviewed, with a total of 40 cases. Data recording and analysis was performed with Microsoft® Excel 2016® for MacOS®. Results: The average age was 3,96 ± 3,24 years. The statistical fashion was 2 years. All patients underwent a upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. The most frequent FB was the coin (61,9%). In 6 opportunities (14,2%) was a button batery. FB retention was in the proximal third of the esophagus (30,9%), the gastric body (26,2%) and the distal third of the esophagus (14,2%), being extracted mainly with foreign body clamp (90,4%). The 57,5% showed some injury related to the location of the FB, being the most serious the produced by button batery. Conclusion: FBI in children is a potentially dangerous entity, so it becomes necessary to have a pediatric endoscopy unit and treatment protocols to avoid complications, especially with high-risk objects.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract/diagnostic imaging , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis , Algorithms , Clinical Protocols , Retrospective Studies , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract/injuries , Esophagus/diagnostic imaging , Foreign Bodies/complications
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(4): 256-261, ago. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-950040


Introducción: La ingestión de un cuerpo extraño (CE) es un accidente frecuente en el hogar en la edad pediátrica; su manejo oportuno por especialistas puede evitar complicaciones a corto y largo plazo. Objetivo: Describir características y complicaciones de los CE en el tubo digestivo en población pediátrica. Material y métodos: Estudio transversal, retrospectivo y prospectivo. Se incluyeron pacientes con diagnóstico de ingestión de un CE desde enero de 1971 a diciembre de 2016. Se recabaron características generales de los pacientes, tipo de objeto, métodos de extracción y complicaciones. Se realizó análisis descriptivo. Resultados: Durante 45 años, se extrajeron 2637 CE localizados en faringe (n= 118), esófago (n= 2410), estómago (n= 103) e intestino (n= 6). Predominaron en el sexo masculino (50,9%); 74% fueron en menores de 5 años. El 57% llegó en las primeras 24 horas; sialorrea, disfagia y vómito fueron los principales síntomas y un 16% estaba asintomático. La radiografía permitió localizar el CE en el 93%; el más ingerido fue la moneda (78%); la localización más común fue el tercio superior del esófago (79%); el 86% se extrajo con endoscopio rígido y las complicaciones se presentaron en el 7,8% de los casos. Conclusiones: La ingestión de un CE predomina en menores de 5 años, y los metales son los más frecuentes. La radiografía simple es el estudio de elección, que permite realizar el diagnóstico y la extracción es por vía endoscópica con endoscopio rígido o flexible según la experiencia del endoscopista.

Introduction: Foreign body (FB) ingestion is a common home accident during childhood; a timely management by the specialists may help prevent complications in the short and long term. Objective: To describe the characteristics and complications of FB ingestion located in the gastrointestinal tract in the pediatric population. Material and methods: Two phases, retrospective, and prospective study. Patients diagnosed with FB ingestion between January 1971 and December 2016 were included. The general characteristics of patients, FB type, removal method, and complications were registered. A descriptive analysis was performed. Results: Over 45 years, 2637 FBs were removed from the pharynx (n= 118), the esophagus (n= 2410), the stomach (n= 103), and the intestines (n= 6). Male patients predominated (50.9%); 74% were younger than 5 years. Besides, 57% arrived within the first 24 hours; ptyalism, dysphagia, and vomiting were the main symptoms; 16% of patients had no symptoms. It was possible to locate the FB using an X-ray in 93% of cases; the most common FBs were coins (78%); the most frequent location was the upper third of the esophagus (79%); 86% of FBs were removed using a rigid endoscope, and complications were observed in 7.8% of patients. Conclusions: FB ingestion predominated among children younger than 5 years; metal objects were the most common ones. A plain X-ray is the test of choice for diagnosis; removal is usually done with a rigid or flexible endoscope, depending on the endoscopist's experience.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Bronchoscopy , Esophagoscopy , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis , Turkey/epidemiology , Child, Hospitalized , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Foreign Bodies/therapy , Foreign Bodies/epidemiology
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 13(1): 21-23, ene. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-999232


Foreign body aspiration in children is a frequent cause of consultation in the pediatric emergency department and can be a life-threatening event. It occurs mainly during the first 4 years of life and is more frequent in males. It is possible to find the clinical triad of cough, localized wheezing and decrease of respiratory noises in 50 percent of cases. The diagnosis is based on an adequate clinical history to detect an asphyxiation event. Chest radiography is an important diagnostic tool although it is possible to find normal results in 12 to 25 percent of cases. Several studies have reported the usefulness of flexible bronchoscopy in extracting foreign bodies; however, rigid bronchoscopy remains the best choice for foreign body aspiration

La aspiración de cuerpo extraño en niños es una causa frecuente de consulta en el departamento de urgencias pediátricas y puede ser un evento potencialmente mortal. Se presenta principalmente durante los primeros 4 años de vida y es mas frecuente en el género masculino. Clínicamente es posible encontrar en un 50 por ciento de los casos la triada clínica de tos, sibilancias localizadas y disminución de ruidos respiratorios. El diagnóstico se basa en una historia clínica adecuada en la cual se busca intencionadamente el antecedente de un evento de asfixia. La radiografía de tórax es una herramienta importante para el diagnóstico aunque es posible encontrarla normal del 12 al 25 por ciento de los casos. Diversos estudios reportan la utilidad de la broncoscopia flexible en la extracción de cuerpos extraños, sin embargo la broncoscopia rígida continua siendo el estándar de oro para el manejo de la aspiración de cuerpo extraño

Humans , Child , Bronchoscopy , Respiratory Aspiration/diagnosis , Respiratory Aspiration/therapy , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis , Foreign Bodies/therapy
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 16(1): eAO3997, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891459


ABSTRACT Objective To test performance of SurgiSafe®, a radiofrequency electronic device to detect surgical textiles during operations as compared to manual counting. Methods Surgical sponges with radiofrequency TAGs were placed in the abdominal cavity of a pig submitted to laparotomy, in randomly distributed sites. The TAGs were counted manually and also using SurgiSafe®. Positive and negative predictive values, sensitivity, specificity and time required for counting were analyzed for both methods. Results Through the analysis of 35 surgical cycles, SurgiSafe® immediately identified all sponges, with specificity, sensitivity, positive and negative predictive values of 100%. Although not statistically significant, the manual count had sensitivity of 99.72% and specificity of 99.90%. Conclusion SurgiSafe® proved to be an effective device to identify surgical sponges in vivo, in real time; and its use as an adjuvant to manual counting is very helpful to increase patient's safety.

RESUMO Objetivo Testar o desempenho do SurgiSafe®, dispositivo eletrônico de detecção de têxteis cirúrgicos por radiofrequência no intraoperatório, comparado à contagem manual. Métodos Gazes com etiquetas de radiofrequência (TAGs) foram alocadas na cavidade abdominal de um suíno submetido à laparotomia, em locais distribuídos aleatoriamente. As TAGs foram contadas manualmente e com uso do SurgiSafe®. Valores preditivos positivos e negativos, sensibilidade, especificidade e tempo de contagem foram analisados para ambos os métodos. Resultados Por meio da análise de 35 ciclos cirúrgicos, o SurgiSafe® fez a identificação instantânea de todas as gazes, com especificidade, sensibilidade, valores preditivos negativo e positivo de 100%. Apesar de não apresentar significância estatística, a contagem manual apresentou sensibilidade de 99,72% e especificidade de 99,90%. Conclusão O SurgiSafe® mostrou-se eficaz para contabilização de têxteis cirúrgicos em tempo real in vivo, e seu uso como adjuvante na contagem manual é de grande valor para o aumento de segurança do paciente.

Animals , Radio Waves , Surgical Mesh , Monitoring, Intraoperative/methods , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis , Laparotomy/methods , Swine , Predictive Value of Tests , Sensitivity and Specificity
Health sci. dis ; 19(2): 61-64, 2018. ilus
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1262797


Introduction. La survenue d'un corps étranger (CE) est un motif fréquent de consultation en ORL. Le but de notre étude était d'analyser les données épidémiologiques, cliniques et thérapeutiques des sujets porteurs de corps étrangers à l'Hôpital National Ignace Deen (CHU de Conakry). Matériels et méthodes. Il s'agit d'une étude prospective de type descriptif, étalée de Janvier ­à décembre 2015 (un an), portant sur tous les cas de corps étrangers des conduits auditifs externes et des voies aérodigestives supérieures colligés au service d'ORL de l'Hôpital National Ignace Deen. Nos variables d'intérêt étaient les données épidémiologiques, cliniques et thérapeutiques Résultats. Durant la période d'étude, 192 cas de CE ont été colligés parmi les 2177 consultations, soit une fréquence de 8,82%. L'âge des patients variait de 2 à 60 ans avec une prédominance des enfants de moins de 10 ans (42,71%). Le sex-ratio homme/femme était de deux. Le délai moyen d'admission était de 48h avec des extrêmes de 0 à 30 jours. Les circonstances de survenue des CE étaient représentées par les jeux dans 54,17 % des cas. Le conduit auditif externe était la localisation la plus fréquente (64,58%). La nature des CE était inorganique dans 76,56 % des cas et organique dans 23,44 % des cas. Tous les CE ont été extraits par la voie d'introduction, le plus souvent au fauteuil de consultation (90,10 % des cas). L'évolution a été favorable chez tous les patients. Conclusion. Les corps étrangers ORL constituent un motif fréquent de consultation et affectent surtout les enfants de sexe masculin.ils sont habituellement inorganiques et affectent surtout le conduit auditif externe. L'évolution est en règle favorable après extraction

Ear Canal , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis , Foreign Bodies/epidemiology , Foreign Bodies/therapy , Guinea , Otolaryngology
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 12(3): 125-127, jul. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-999095


Young children tend to explore the environment and not infrequently swallow objects. Foreign body ingestion is a frequent cause of urgency consultation. Ingestion of button cells can produce mild to severe complications, even death if it lodges in the esophagus. Aspiration of foreign body should be considered as a differential diagnosis in children with persistent respiratory or gastrointestinal symptoms. X-ray is a very useful diagnostic tool. Button cell ingestion causes respiratory or digestive epithelium damage and the severity is proportional to lenght of stage in contact with the mucosa before its extraction. Therefore the early detection is vital. We present a clinical case and review of the literature.

Los niños pequeños tienden a explorar el medio ambiente y no es infrecuente que ingieran objetos. La ingesta de cuerpo extraño es una causa frecuente de visitas al Servicio de Urgencia. Las baterías de botón pueden producir complicaciones desde leves hasta severas, incluso la muerte cuando la batería se aloja en el esófago por mayor tiempo. Esta se debe considerar como diagnóstico diferencial cuando un niño presenta síntomas respiratorios o gastrointestinales persistentes. La radiografía es una herramienta muy útil para su diagnóstico. Esta puede producir daño del epitelio respiratorio o digestivo. La severidad es proporcional a la duración del contacto de la batería con la mucosa previo a su extracción, por lo tanto el reconocimiento temprano es vital. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar un caso clínico y revisar la literatura.

Humans , Male , Batteries/adverse effects , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Time Factors , Radiography, Thoracic , Diagnosis, Differential , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis
Arq. ciênc. vet. zool. UNIPAR ; 20(3): 179-182, jul-set. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-882949


Os corpos estranhos esofágicos (CEE), ocasionados geralmente por objetos pontiagudos, são comuns em cães, sendo uma das causas que frequentemente levam à regurgitação e disfagia. Seu tratamento consiste na remoção endoscópica ou cirúrgica do corpo estranho e tratamento de suas complicações. Relata-se um caso clínico de corpo estranho esofágico em paciente canino mestiço, de um ano, atendido no Hospital Veterinário da Universidade Paranense, apresentando histórico de ingestão de osso e regurgitação por um período de três dias anteriores à consulta, diagnosticado com CEE por meio do histórico e de radiografias torácicas obtidas durante seu internamento. O tratamento consistiu na remoção cirúrgica do CEE e tratamento sintomático das complicações e patologias concomitantes desenvolvidas ao longo do período pós-operatório, incluindo-se piotórax, babesiose e erliquiose. O método cirúrgico de remoção do corpo estranho esofágico no paciente canino relatado permitiu uma abordagem terapêutica e diagnóstica, proporcionando completa remoção do CEE e resolução da perfuração esofágica secundária.(AU)

Esophageal foreign bodies (EFB), usually caused by sharp objects, are common in dogs, being one of the causes frequently leading to regurgitation and dysphagia. Treatment consists in endoscopic or surgical removal and treatment of any resulting complications. This is a report of a clinical case of esophageal foreign body in a one-year-old mixed-breed dog treated in the Teaching Veterinary Hospital of Universidade Paranense, with a history of bone ingestion and regurgitation for a period of three days prior to the visit. The EFB diagnosis was reached based on the history and chest radiographs obtained during hospitalization. The treatment consisted of the surgical removal of the EFB, symptomatic treatment of complications and concomitant conditions developed during the postoperative period, including pyothorax, babesiosis and erlichiosis. The surgical removal of the esophageal foreign body in the reported case allowed a therapeutic and diagnostic approach, providing the complete removal of the EFB and the resolution of a secondary esophageal perforation.(AU)

Los cuerpos extraños esofágicos (CEE), ocasionados generalmente por objetos puntiagudos, son comunes en perros, siendo una de las causas que frecuentemente conduce a la regurgitación y disfagia. Su tratamiento consiste en la remoción endoscópica o quirúrgica del cuerpo extraño y el tratamiento de sus complicaciones. Se relata un caso clínico de cuerpo extraño esofágico en paciente canino mestizo, de un año, atendido en el Hospital Veterinario de la Universidad Paranaense, presentando histórico de ingestión de hueso y regurgitación por un período de tres días anteriores a la consulta, diagnosticado con CEE por medio del histórico y de radiografías torácicas obtenidas durante su internamiento. El tratamiento consistió en la remoción quirúrgica del CEE y tratamiento sintomático de las complicaciones y patologías concomitantes desarrolladas a lo largo del período postoperatorio, incluyendo piotórax, babesiosis y erliquiosis. El método quirúrgico de remoción del cuerpo extraño esofágico en el paciente canino relatado permitió un abordaje terapéutico y diagnóstico, proporcionando completa remoción del CEE y resolución de la perforación esofágica secundaria.(AU)

Animals , Dogs , Endoscopy/methods , Foreign Bodies/classification , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis , Foreign Bodies/veterinary , Models, Anatomic , Thoracotomy/statistics & numerical data
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 113(6): e353-e356, dic. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-838151


La fractura y migración de la cánula de traqueostomía en el árbol traqueobronquial es una complicación poco frecuente de la traqueostomía. El diagnóstico precoz y el tratamiento adecuado son esenciales debido al riesgo potencial de obstrucción respiratoria fatal. El diagnóstico se debe sospechar en todo niño traqueotomizado que presenta dificultad respiratoria. Se confirma mediante radiografía de tórax y examen endoscópico. El tratamiento de elección es la remoción endoscópica de la cánula aspirada a través del estoma traqueal. Describimos la presentación clínica y el manejo de la rotura de cánula de traqueostomía que se presentó como cuerpo extrano en la vía aérea de un niño de 18 meses. También incluimos recomendaciones para el cuidado de la traqueostomía.

Fracture and migration of the tracheotomy tube in the tracheobronchial tree is an uncommon complication of tracheotomy. Early diagnosis and proper treatment are essential because of the potential risk of fatal respiratory obstruction. Diagnosis should be suspected in all tracheotomized children undergoing breathing difficulties. It is confirmed by chest x-ray and endoscopic examination. The recommended treatment includes the endoscopic removal of the aspirated cannula through the tracheal stoma. We describe the clinical presentation and the management of a broken tracheotomy tube which was presented as a foreign body in the airway of a 18-month-old child. Recommendations for tracheostomy care are listed.

Humans , Male , Infant , Trachea/physiopathology , Tracheostomy/adverse effects , Airway Obstruction/etiology , Equipment Failure , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 86(3): 187-191, set. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-763417


La aspiración de cuerpo extraño (ACE) es un evento provocado por un agente externo, esta forma de lesión puede ser evitada con medidas preventivas. Los episodios de aspiración pueden pasar desapercibidos provocando lesiones en sectores distales del árbol bronquial manifestándose en la evolución por la presencia de complicaciones. Este artículo presenta 4 casos clínicos que plantearon dificultades diagnósticas y complicaciones en su evolución. Los mismos presentan similitudes con la literatura internacional en cuanto a sus características epidemiológicas ya que predominan en menores de 3 años, varones, en días festivos, predomina el maní como cuerpo extraño y existió un retraso en el diagnóstico en la mayoría de los casos. En el diagnóstico de la ACE se debe tener en cuenta el antecedente de sofocación o tos con dificultad respiratoria en un niño previamente asintomático que se encontraba jugando o comiendo. El examen físico y radiológico pueden ser normales después que el episodio de sofocación ha pasado, por lo que es necesario un alto índice de sospecha para el diagnóstico. Frente a la sospecha de ACE se debe realizar broncoscopía rígida porque ésta constituye el mejor método diagnóstico y terapéutico. Asimismo, hay que considerar el diagnóstico en pacientes que presentan neumonías recurrentes o lesiones persistentes sin otra causa, fundamentalmente si se asocian a otras lesiones como atelectasia y episodios de obstrucción bronquial.

The foreign body aspiration event is caused by an external agent, this form of injury can be avoided by preventive measures. The episodes of aspiration may go unnoticed causing injury to distal areas of the bronchial tree, manifesting the presence of complications in the evolution. This article presents four clinical cases that raised diagnostic difficulties and complications in its evolution. These cases have similarities with the international literature regarding their epidemiological characteristics: prevalence in children under 3 years, male, in festive days, peanuts being the most common foreign body and there being a delay in diagnosis in most cases. Diagnosis must take into account the history of choking or coughing respiratory distress in a previously asymptomatic child who was playing or eating. The physical and radiological examination may be normal after the episode of suffocation has passed, so a high index of suspicion is necessary for diagnosis. Upon suspicion of foreign body aspiration event, a rigid bronchoscopy should be performed, since this is the best diagnostic and therapeutic method. Also, in patients with persistent or recurrent pneumonia lesions without other cause, mainly this diagnosis should be considered, if associated with other lesions such as atelectasis and episodes of bronchial obstruction.

Humans , Male , Bronchoscopy , Respiratory Aspiration/complications , Respiratory Aspiration/diagnosis , Radiography, Thoracic , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis
Invest. clín ; 56(3): 296-300, sep. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-841087


Gossypiboma is a retained surgical cotton matrix material in the body after a surgical procedure. Cases are rarely reported due to medico-legal concerns. Although infrequent, it causes serious morbidity and even mortality if left undiagnosed. We present the case of a trans-mural migration of gossypiboma and a review of the literature. Gossypiboma’s trans-duodenal migration is a rare complication of retained gauzes. Cases reported in the literature were easy to diagnose based on clinical grounds and endoscopic studies.

La palabra gossypiboma define una gasa o matriz de algodón retenida en el organismo después de un procedimiento quirúrgico. Se reportan con poca frecuencia debido a las implicaciones médico-legales. A pesar de ser poco frecuentes, pueden ser causa de morbilidad si no se diagnostican. En el presente trabajo se reporta un caso de un gossypiboma con migración transduodenal. La migración transduodenal de un gossypiboma es una complicación rara que suele diagnosticarse sin dificultad con base a la clínica y a la endoscopía.

Adult , Female , Humans , Foreign-Body Migration/diagnosis , Duodenum/pathology , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis , Radiography , Foreign-Body Migration/diagnostic imaging , Duodenum/diagnostic imaging , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 10(3): 106-110, jul. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-774010


It is a frequent pediatric event and a common cause of morbidity and mortality in children, requiring accurate diagnosis and proper treatment. Diagnosis is usually based on clinical manifestations such as cough, dyspnea. stridor, respiratory distress and asymmetric decreased air entry or unilateral wheeze. Choking crisis may be absent or minimized. Chest X-ray may have no abnormalities or show signs such as asymmetrical hyperinflation, massive, fixed or changing atelectasis. Occasionally, hyperinflation or obstructive emphysema with atelectasis can be present in the same hemithorax. Inspiratory and expiratory chest X-rays show ipsilateral mediastinum movements. Most foreign bodies are not visible to chest X-ray exploration. Acute suffocation must be treated with Heimlich procedure. In later stages, diagnosis and treatment require rigid bronchoscopy. Prognosis is fairly positive with an early and complete foreign-body extraction.

La aspiración de un cuerpo extraño (CE) a la vía aérea en pediatría es un accidente frecuente, presenta importante morbimortalidad, por lo que requiere un diagnóstico y tratamiento oportuno. El diagnóstico usualmente se establece mediante hallazgos clínicos, siendo los más frecuentes tos, síndrome de penetración, y con menor frecuencia dificultad respiratoria, estridor, sibilancias unilaterales. La radiografía de tórax puede ser normal o alterada, mostrando hiperinsuflación unilateral, atelectasia u otros signos. La mayoría de los CE son radiotransparentes. Durante la fase aguda debe practicarse la maniobra de Heimlich, en cambio en la fase crónica el diagnóstico y tratamiento definitivo se hace mediante broncoscopía. La prevención es fundamental evitando que niños menores manipulen objetos pequeños, advertir el riesgo de asfixia por aspiración en los envases de alimentos riesgosos y de juguetes de pequeño tamaño. El pronóstico es bueno si la extracción del cuerpo extraño es precoz y completa.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis , Foreign Bodies/therapy , Respiratory Aspiration/etiology , Foreign Bodies/etiology , Heimlich Maneuver , Airway Obstruction/etiology , Prognosis , Risk Factors
Acta ortop. mex ; 29(2): 123-126, mar.-abr. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-771826


La monoartritis es un reto diagnóstico para el clínico, ya que es extensa la lista de patologías asociadas. En pacientes con diagnóstico establecido de enfermedad articular inflamatoria, se acepta que la monoartritis corresponde a la exacerbación de la enfermedad de base; sin embargo, ignorar el abordaje sistematizado de las monoartritis puede generar omisiones e implicaciones diagnósticas erróneas. En este reporte se analiza el abordaje de un caso de artritis seudoséptica, simulando un ataque agudo de artritis por urato monosódico recurrente en un paciente con retención de cuerpo extraño intraarticular.

Monoarthritis is a diagnostic challenge for the clinician, as the list of associated conditions is quite long. It is accepted that in patients with a diagnosis of inflammatory joint disease monoarthritis represents exacerbation of the underlying disease. However, ignoring the systematized approach to monoarthritides may lead to omissions and mistaken diagnostic implications. This report describes the approach to a case of pseudoseptic arthritis that mimicked an acute episode of recurrent arthritis due to monosodium urate in a patient with retention of an intraarticular foreign body.

Adult , Humans , Male , Arthritis, Infectious/diagnosis , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis , Gout/pathology , Synovitis/diagnosis , Arthritis, Infectious/pathology , Foreign Bodies/pathology , Synovitis/pathology , Uric Acid/metabolism