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1.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eRC5743, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360396

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Migration of foreign bodies into the urinary tract is a rare event. In certain instances, to unravel the way that objects arrived in the urinary tract is not easy. We report the case of an accidentally swallowed wooden toothpick that migrated and was found in the left ureterovesical junction, protruding into the bladder. Even though the computed tomography scan is widely employed to evaluate the urinary tract, this resource does not have a good sensitivity for detecting foreign bodies. Our report presents an insight into the best imaging approach if wooden toothpicks are suspected. In the present case, the endoscopic treatment was possible with an uneventful outcome and a complete resolution of symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ureter/surgery , Ureter/diagnostic imaging , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Foreign Bodies/complications , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Perforation , Urinary Bladder/surgery , Urinary Bladder/diagnostic imaging
2.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(2): e702, ago. 2021. fot.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1290000

ABSTRACT

Un gossypiboma, oblitoma o textiloma se define como todo cuerpo extraño olvidado en el interior de un paciente durante una intervención quirúrgica. Representa una complicación posquirúrgica poco frecuente pero de consecuencias potencialmente graves. En general, se manifiesta con cuadros clínicos variables: una masa o pseudotumor, sangrados, fiebre, dolor, varios meses o años después de la cirugía original. También puede ser un hallazgo accidental. Describimos el caso clínico de una paciente con un gossypiboma vinculado a una cirugía cardíaca que se realizó 40 años antes al cuadro clínico actual, que se presenta con arritmia ventricular maligna.


A gossypiboma, oblitoma or textiloma is defined as a surgical object left in the interior of the body after surgery. It represents an uncommon but potentially life threatening post-surgery complication. Clinical manifestations are variable and depend on location, relations and size, from pseudo-tumoral masses, bleeding, fever, pain and other nonspecific presentations. The onset of symptoms is unpredictable, occurring from months or years after surgery. Patients may course asymptomatically and be diagnosed incidentally as an imaging finding. We describe a case of a patient with gossypiboma diagnosed 40 years after undergoing cardiac surgery, who presented with a malignant ventricular arrhythmia.


Um gossypiboma, oblitoma ou textiloma está definido como todo corpo estranho esquecido no interior de um paciente durante um procedimento cirúrgico, representando uma complicação pos cirúrgica pouco frequente, mas com consequências potencialmente graves. Geralmente, se manifesta com quadros clínicos variáveis: uma massa ou pseudotumor, sangramentos, febre, dor, varios meses ou anos após a cirurgia original ou ser um hachado acidental. Descrevemos o caso clínico de uma paciente com um gossypiboma vinculado a uma cirurgia cardíaca realizada 40 anos antes do quadro clínico atual, que se apresenta com arritmia ventricular maligna.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/etiology , Surgical Sponges , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging , Thoracic Surgery , Foreign Bodies/surgery
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1212-1216, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134427

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La ingestión de mondadientes (IM) constituye un evento poco frecuente (se han publicado alrededor de 157 casos a nivel mundial), pero puede causar perforaciones intestinales (PI), con peritonitis, sepsis e incluso muerte. Este hecho, determina la necesidad de intervenir quirúrgicamente a la mayoría de estos pacientes. El objetivo de este manuscrito fue informar resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico de 3 casos de PI por IM. Caso 1: hombre de 52 años, con perforación duodenal y de la vesícula biliar. Caso 2: Mujer de 54 años con perforación cecal. Caso 3: hombre de 72 años, con perforación de colon izquierdo y lesión esplénica. Todos fueron hospitalizados por dolor abdominal y fiebre. En dos casos el diagnóstico se verificó por tomografía y en uno por ecotomografía. Los tres casos fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente a través de laparotomía. Intervenciones: Caso 1: se realizó colecistectomía y sutura duodenal. Caso 2: se realizó hemicolectomía derecha e ileotransverso anastomosis. Caso 3: se realizó hemicolectomía izquierda y esplenectomía. En todos los casos se encontró el mondadientes. Todos los pacientes evolucionaron de forma satisfactoria, sin complicaciones postoperatorias. La IPD es una emergencia quirúrgica. Las PI son comunes y la peritonitis asociada es frecuente. El pronóstico depende de un diagnóstico precoz y un tratamiento oportuno.


SUMMARY: Toothpick ingestion (TPI) is a rare event, but can cause intestinal perforation (IP), peritonitis, sepsis, and even death (approximately 157 cases have been published worldwide). This fact determines the need for surgical intervention in most of these patients. The aim of this manuscript was to report the results of the surgical treatment in 3 cases of IP by TPI. The report involves the following: Case 1: A 52-year-old man, with duodenal and gallbladder perforation. Case 2: A 54-year-old woman with cecal perforation. Case 3: A 72-year-old man, with perforation of the left colon and splenic rupture. All were hospitalized for abdominal pain and fever. In two of the cases the diagnosis was verified by tomography and in one by ultrasound. All three patients underwent laparotomy. In the first case (1), cholecystectomy and duodenal suture were performed; in the second case (2) right hemicolectomy and ileo-transverse anastomosis were performed, and in the third case (3), Left hemicolectomy and splenectomy were performed. Toothpick was found in all cases. The patients in this report all evolved satisfactorily without postoperative complications. In conclusion, TPI is a surgical emergency. IP are common and the associated peritonitis is high. Prognosis depends on early diagnosis and timely treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Cholecystectomy , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Colectomy , Foreign Bodies/complications , Intestinal Perforation/etiology
5.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(1): 75-78, mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099205

ABSTRACT

Los cuerpos extraños alojados en la vía aéreodigestiva superior son un motivo de consulta frecuente para el otorrinolaringólogo. Uno de los más frecuentes son las espinas de pescado. En raras ocasiones, éstas migran hacia tejidos adyacentes y generan complicaciones importantes. Presentamos el caso de una paciente que tras la ingesta de pescado manifiesta sensación de cuerpo extraño faríngeo, odinofagia y dolor látero cervical derecho. Dada la ausencia de hallazgos a la exploración física y laringoscópica se realiza una tomografia computarizada cervical, visualizando un cuerpo extraño alojado en la glándula tiroidea. Se interviene mediante cervicotomía media, realizando la extracción de la espina sin complicaciones. El diagnóstico precoz y manejo adecuado es determinante para prevenir complicaciones en estos casos.


Foreign bodies in the aerodigestive tract are commonly confronted in otolaryngology practice. The most frequent are the fish bones. In rare cases they can move and cause numerous complications. We report the case of a patient that manifest the sensation of pharyngeal foreign body, after fish ingestion. She also referred odynophagia and right cervical pain. Physical and laryngoscopic examination were normal. A cervical CT was performed, where a foreign body lodged in the thyroid gland was visualized, median cervicotomy was done and the foreign body was extracted. Early diagnosis and adequate management are crucial to prevent complications in these cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Thyroid Gland/injuries , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Gland/surgery , Bone and Bones , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Foreign-Body Migration/surgery , Foreign-Body Migration/diagnostic imaging , Seafood
6.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 27(3): 105-108, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1129233

ABSTRACT

Los cuerpos extraños intraarticulares son entidades poco frecuentes de encontrar en una consulta médica, muchas veces pueden imitar una lesión meniscal o condral y provocar episodios de dolor intenso y bloqueo articular, sobre todo en pacientes deportistas.Se presenta el caso de una niña de diez años, quien consulta por gonalgia derecha de cuatro meses de evolución. En la anamnesis la paciente refiere exacerbación del dolor en flexión y episodios de bloqueo articular. Niega trauma reciente. Como dato adicional, relata un accidente doméstico seis meses antes del inicio de los síntomas: atravesó una puerta ventana de vidrio, lo que le provocó heridas cortantes superficiales en la rodilla. En la consulta actual, la radiografía anteroposterior mostró una imagen radiopaca a nivel del intercóndilo y la espina tibial que hizo sospechar una avulsión de esta última. Se solicitó una RM de rodilla que evidenció una espina tibial continua y ninguna lesión evidente en la articulación. Se completó el estudio con una TAC, donde se visualizaron dos cuerpos intraarticulares compatibles con vidrio, tanto en la región anterior como posterior del compartimento lateral. Se programó una artroscopía para realizar su exéresis. En nuestro reporte de caso intentaremos demostrar la importancia de la anamnesis y el examen clínico cuando se sospecha una patología, de lo difícil que puede ser el diagnóstico aun con el soporte de los exámenes complementarios y de lo demandante quirúrgicamente que puede tornarse encontrar y sacar un cuerpo extraño de estas características en una articulación


Intraarticular foreign bodies are unusual entities that can be found in a medical consultation. They can often mimic a meniscal or condral injury by triggering episodes of intense pain and articular locking, most frequently in athletes. We present a case of a ten year old girl, who consults with knee pain of four months of evolution. In the anamnesis the patient refers intensification of the pain with knee flexion and episodes of articular locking. She denies recent trauma, but as a remarcable fact she refers that six months before the symptoms appear, she had a domestic accident where she broke through a glass window, getting superficial wounds in her knee.The anterior-posterior X-Ray showed a radiopaque image in the intercondylar level and the tibial spine that made us suspect an avulsion of it, that's why a knee MRI was requested but not showing any lesion of the tibial spine or joint. We completed the study with a CT scan that enhanced two intraarticular bodies, glass compatible, in the anterior as well as the posterior area of the lateral compartment. We schedule an arthroscopy to remove both pieces.In this case report we try to demonstrate the importance of the anamnesis and physical exam when you suspect a pathology, the difficult it can be the diagnosis even counting with complementary imaging, and the surgically demanding that can become finding and removing a glass foreign body in a joint


Subject(s)
Child , Arthroscopy/methods , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Knee Injuries
7.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(4): 853-853, July-Aug. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040056

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Urological surgery is estimated to be the third most common cause of iatrogenic-retained foreign bodies 1. Presentation A 76-year old man was undergoing a transurethral resection of bladder tumor with a 26-Ch continuous flow resectoscope (Karl Storz, Germany). Before starting resection, a detachment of resectoscope sheath tip was noted. The ceramic tip was free-floating in the bladder lumen, and it would not fit within the sheath, making direct extraction using the loop impossible. An attempt was made to break it with a stone punch, but it was unsuccessful due to impossibility of closing it in the branches. Therefore, we decided to fragment the tip with holmium laser (RevoLix®, LISA Laser products, Germany), using an 800-micron, front-firing fiber. Laser device was settled at with 2.5 J energy and 5 Hz frequency. Ceramic appeared very hard, but it was difficult to carry on breaking with this setting because of tip retropulsion. Then, laser setting was switched to lower energy and higher frequency (1 J and 13 Hz). This setting guaranteed the same power of 13 W, but with minimal retropulsion. Results Tip was fragmented against the posterior bladder wall in seven pieces, which were retrieved trough the outer sheath. A total 5.62 kJ were used to fragment it. At the end, superficial lesions of the posterior bladder wall were highlighted. Surgical time was 55 minutes. Patient was discharged home next day without problems. Conclusions Holmium laser fragmentation is a safe and effective approach to remove foreign bodies from the bladder.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Urinary Bladder/surgery , Ceramics/radiation effects , Equipment Failure , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Radiation Dosage , Time Factors , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time
8.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(2): e648, mar.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093166

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se presenta el caso de un paciente masculino de 39 años de edad, que acude al cuerpo de guardia del Hospital General Docente Abel Santamaría Cuadrado por presentar un cuadro de dolor abdominal de tres días de evolución. Se interviene quirúrgicamente con el diagnóstico presuntivo de apendicitis aguda complicada. En el acto quirúrgico se comprobó que el apéndice cecal era normal y al examinar el íleon terminal, a una distancia aproximada de 50 cm se encontró un divertículo de Meckel, y a 5 cm de este, una espina de pescado adherida a la pared intestinal, la cual parecía ser la causante del cuadro, ya que el divertículo también era normal. El tratamiento consistió en trasladar la espina hacia el divertículo y realizar resección intestinal de ese tramo con anastomosis término-terminal. La evolución posoperatoria fue satisfactoria y el paciente fue dado de alta a los 8 días de la operación(AU)


ABSTRACT We present the case of a male patient, 39 years of age, who presents to the emergency room of Abel Santamaría Cuadrado General Teaching Hospital with a clinical picture of abdominal pain of three days of natural history. He is surgically intervened with the presumptive diagnosis of complicated acute appendicitis. In the surgical act, the cecal appendix was verified to be normal and, when examining the terminal ileum, at a distance of approximately 50 cm, a Meckel's diverticulum was found, and, at 5 cm from this, a fish spine adhered to the intestinal wall, which seemed to be the cause of the clinical picture, since the diverticulum was also normal. The treatment consisted of transferring the spine to the diverticulum and performing intestinal resection of that section with end-to-end anastomosis. The postoperative evolution was satisfactory and the patient was discharged 8 days after the operation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Intestine, Small/diagnostic imaging , Meckel Diverticulum/surgery
9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(2): 376-383, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002189

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Retained or forgotten ureteral stents (FUS) have a potential to cause significant morbidity as well as medico-legal issues and increased cost. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and usefulness of smartphone-based Ureteral Stent Tracker (UST) application and compare the results with basic appointment card system to prevent FUS, prospectively. Materials and Methods: A total of 90 patients who underwent ureteroscopic stone treatment procedure with indwelling DJ stents were equally distributed into two groups. In group-1, patients were followed using UST application. In group-2, only appointment cards were given to the patients. Two groups were compared in terms of stent overdue times and complete lost to follow up rates. Results: Forty-four patients in group-1 and 43 patients in group-2 completed the study. Among patients, 22.7% in group-1 and 27.9% in group-2 did not return for the stent removal on the scheduled day. In group-1, these patients were identified using the UST and called for the stent removal on the same day. After 6 weeks of maximal waiting period, mean overdue times in group-1 and group-2 were 3.5 days and 20 days, respectively (p = 0.001). In group-2, 3 patients (6.9%) were lost to follow up, while in group-1, it was none (p = 0.001). Conclusions: We found that the patients who were followed by the smartphone-based UST application has less overdue times and lost to follow up cases compared to the basic appointment card system. The UST application easily follows patients with indwelling ureteral stents and can identify patients when overdue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stents/adverse effects , Stents/standards , Ureteroscopy/methods , Smartphone , Foreign Bodies/prevention & control , Ureteral Calculi/surgery , Ureteral Calculi/etiology , Prospective Studies , Device Removal/methods , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Foreign Bodies/complications , Middle Aged
10.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(6): 517-522, dic. 2018. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978024

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La ingesta de cuerpos extraños (ICE) es frecuente en pediatría y puede llevar a complicaciones. Nuestro objetivo es revisar la experiencia de nuestro centro en el manejo de estos pacientes y proponer un protocolo de tratamiento. Material y Método: Estudio transversal retrospectivo, observacional y descriptivo, en el cual se revisaron los informes endoscópicos y fichas de pacientes con diagnóstico de ICE manejados por la Unidad de Endoscopia Pediátrica del Hospital Clínico Regional de Concepción entre enero de 2013 y junio de 2017 (53 meses), totalizando 40 casos. El registro y análisis de los datos se realizó con Microsoft® Excel 2016® para MacOS®. Resultados: El promedio de edad fue de 3,96 ± 3,24 años. La moda estadística fue de 2 años. A todos los pacientes se les realizó una endoscopia digestiva alta. El CE más frecuente fue la moneda (61,9%). En 6 casos (14,2%) fue una pila de botón. La retención de CE fue en tercio proximal del esófago (30,9%), el cuerpo gástrico (26,2%) y el tercio distal del esófago (14,2%), extrayéndose principalmente con pinza de cuerpo extraño (90,4%). El 57,5% evidenció alguna lesión relacionada a la ubicación del CE, siendo la más grave la producida por pila de botón. Conclusión: La ICE en niños es una entidad potencialmente peligrosa, por lo que se hace necesario disponer de una unidad de endoscopia pediátrica y protocolos de manejo para evitar complicaciones, sobre todo con objetos de alto riesgo.


Introduction: Foreign body ingestion (FBI) is common in pediatrics and can lead to complications. The aim of the present study is to review the experience of our center in the management of these patients and to propose a treatment protocol. Material and Method: Retrospective, observational and descriptive cross-sectional study, in which the endoscopic reports and records of patients diagnosed with IFB managed by the Pediatric Endoscopy Unit of the Regional Clinical Hospital of Concepción between January 2013 and June 2017 (53 months) were reviewed, with a total of 40 cases. Data recording and analysis was performed with Microsoft® Excel 2016® for MacOS®. Results: The average age was 3,96 ± 3,24 years. The statistical fashion was 2 years. All patients underwent a upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. The most frequent FB was the coin (61,9%). In 6 opportunities (14,2%) was a button batery. FB retention was in the proximal third of the esophagus (30,9%), the gastric body (26,2%) and the distal third of the esophagus (14,2%), being extracted mainly with foreign body clamp (90,4%). The 57,5% showed some injury related to the location of the FB, being the most serious the produced by button batery. Conclusion: FBI in children is a potentially dangerous entity, so it becomes necessary to have a pediatric endoscopy unit and treatment protocols to avoid complications, especially with high-risk objects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract/diagnostic imaging , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis , Algorithms , Clinical Protocols , Retrospective Studies , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract/injuries , Esophagus/diagnostic imaging , Foreign Bodies/complications
11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(3): 303-305, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958404

ABSTRACT

Abstract Penetrating heart injuries present high mortality rates. Increasing rates of urban violence have contributed to a significant rise in the number of heart injuries by firearm projectiles. Such injuries are associated with the highest mortality rates among penetrating cardiac injuries and may involve one or more cardiac chambers. We present the case of a police officer who, in an approach to five robbers, suffered a transfixed cardiac injury by firearm with the projectile having been lodged inside the right ventricle. This patient was successfully operated, 65 days after the injury, at our institution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Wounds, Gunshot/surgery , Heart Injuries/surgery , Heart Ventricles/injuries , Wounds, Gunshot/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography , Treatment Outcome , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Heart Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1253281

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El oblito es un evento de muy baja frecuencia pero que puede generar morbilidad grave. Si bien se han reconocido algunos factores de riesgo y desarrollado sistemas complementarios de detección, continua siendo un gran problema desde el punto de vista sanitario y médico legal. Objetivos: Analizar una casuística del Hospital Maciel, su forma de presentación y complicaciones. Pacientes y métodos: Se presentan 7 pacientes asistidos en los Servicios de Cirugía General y Urología del Hospital Maciel, en el período comprendido del 2013 - 2016. Las principales variables que se analizan son la forma de presentación y complicaciones, así como presencia de factores de riesgo. Resultados: El hallazgo fue de compresas en todos los pacientes. En 2 casos el oblito fue asintomático y en otros 4 sintomático. En los últimos, 2 tuvieron una presentación temprana y 2 tardía. El recuento de material fue incorrecto solamente en un caso. Ningún paciente falleció por las complicaciones resultantes. Discusión: El oblito en cirugía es un problema que seguirá existiendo en tanto existan los procedimientos quirúrgicos, por lo que es necesario hacer énfasis en el abordaje sistemático, existiendo también métodos auxiliares de diagnóstico que podrían comenzar a implementarse. Conclusiones: Encontramos casi sin excepción la presencia de factores de riesgo conocidos en nuestra serie, si bien el número de casos es reducido. También la incidencia impresiona ser algo más elevada de la señalada en la literatura.


Introduction: Retained foreign items are infrequent but can generate serious morbidity. Although some risk factors have been recognized and complementary detection systems developed, it continues to be a major problem from a health and medical legal point of view. Objectives: to examine a case study at Hospital Maciel, focusing on clinical presentation and complications. Patients and methods: 7 patients treated at the General Surgery and Urology Departments in Hospital Maciel, between 2013-2016. The main results analized are clinical presentation and complications, as well as the presence of recongnized risk factors. Results: In all patients, the foreign bodies were compresses. In 2 cases the foreign body did not elicit symptoms whereas in 4 cases it did. In the latter, 2 had an early and a late presentation. The material count was incorrect in only one case. No patient died from the resulting complications Discussion: Because retained surgical ítems will be a problem as long as surgical procedures are performed, it is necessary to emphasize on a systematic approach accompanied by complementary diagnostic tools that are also available in cases of item miscount. Conclusions: Risk factors were present almost without exception in our casuistry. Also, the incidence seems to be higher than that reported in the literature.


Introdução: Oblito é um evento de baixa freqüência, mas que pode gerar uma grave morbidade. Embora alguns fatores de risco tenham sido reconhecidos e desenvolvidos sistemas de detecção complementares, continua a ser um grande problema do ponto de vista da saúde e do direito médico legal. Objetivos: Analisar uma casuística do Hospital Maciel, sua apresentação e complicações. Pacientes e métodos: sete pacientes foram atendidos nos Serviços de Cirurgia Geral e Urologia do Hospital Maciel, no período entre 2013 e 2016. As principais variáveis analisadas são a apresentação e complicações, bem como a presença de fatores risco. Resultados: a descoberta foi de compressas em todos os pacientes. Em 2 casos, o oblito foi assintomático e em 4 casos foi sintomático. No segundo, em 2 a apresentação foi temprana e em 2 foi tardia. A contagem de materiais estava incorreta em apenas um caso. Nenhum paciente morreu pelas complicações resultantes. Discussão: o oblito em cirurgia é um problema que continuará a existir enquanto houver procedimentos cirúrgicos, por isso é necessário enfatizar a abordagem sistemática, e também há métodos de diagnóstico que podem ser implementados. Conclusões: encontramos quase sem exceção a presença de fatores de risco conhecidos em nossa série, embora o número de casos seja pequeno. A incidência também parece ser um pouco maior do que a relatada na literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Surgical Procedures, Operative/adverse effects , Medical Errors/prevention & control , Medical Errors/statistics & numerical data , Foreign Bodies/complications , Foreign Bodies/prevention & control , Abdomen/surgery , Uruguay , Surgical Sponges/adverse effects , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging
15.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 76(2): 167-172, ago. 2016. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-793962

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los cuerpos extraños en vía aérea (CEVA) continúan siendo un desafío clínico que genera un espectro de presentaciones, desde mínima sintomatología a compromiso respiratorio, falla respiratoria e incluso muerte. Objetivos: Describir y analizar las características epidemiológicas y clínicas de los pacientes con sospecha de CEVA evaluados en el Hospital Guillermo Grant Benavente. Material y método: Estudio retrospectivo y descriptivo de pacientes con diagnóstico de CEVA admitidos en nuestro servicio de urgencia, entre los años 1997 y 2015. Se analizaron diferentes variables, especialmente en relación a síntomas, signos, hallazgos radiológicos, complicaciones, tratamiento y resultados. Resultados: Se encontraron 117 broncoscopías rígidas, confirmándose CEVA en 94 (80,4%). La mayoría niños entre 1-3 años. Hubo más de una consulta previa al diagnóstico en el 29,8%, siendo la mayoría de las consultas precoces. La mayoría informó síndrome de penetración, pero esto no hizo la diferencia en el diagnóstico. El 80,9% de los casos confirmados tuvo alguna alteración radiológica (excluyendo cuerpos radio-opacos) (p <0,05). Se ubicó en árbol bronquial derecho mayormente, siendo de una naturaleza variada. Se extrajo en el primer intento sin incidentes el 91,5%. No hubo complicaciones reportadas en relación a las extracciones. Conclusiones: Un cuerpo extraño en el tracto respiratorio es una emergencia quirúrgica, pudiendo ser incluso fatal. Un alto índice de sospecha es fundamental para evitar complicaciones.


Introduction: Airway Foreign bodies (AFB) remain a clinical challenge, generate a spectrum of presentations, from minimal symptoms to respiratory distress, respiratory failure and even death. Aim: To describe and analyze the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients with suspected AFB. Material and methods: A retrospective and descriptive study of patients diagnosed with AFB admitted to our Emergency Service between 1997 and 2015. Different variables were analyzed, especiallytheir symptoms, signs, radiologic findings, complications, treatment and outcomes. Results: 117 rigid bronchoscopies associated with suspected AFB were found. The diagnosis was confirmed in 94 cases (80.4%). Most ofthem were children between 1-3 years. There was more than one consultation before the diagnosis in 29.85. Most of the patients reported penetration syndrome, but this made no difference on diagnosis. 80.9% ofthe confirmed cases had some radiological alteration (excluding radiopaque bodies) (p <0.05). Most of the cases were found in the right bronchial tree and were of a varied nature. They were extracted in the first attempt without incidents in 91.5% of the cases. There were no reported complications regarding extractions. Conclusions: A foreign body in the respiratory tract is a surgical emergency, and may even be fatal. A high index of suspicion is essential to avoid complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Bronchi , Bronchoscopy/methods , Foreign Bodies/epidemiology , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Age and Sex Distribution , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies
17.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 31(4): 583-585, 2016. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-827468

ABSTRACT

The retained surgical item in patients after closure of the wound is a situation that although rare is preventable and requires specific care such as institutional protocols for prevention. We report a case of removal of an already encapsulated pads by fibrin tissue (textiloma) from a patient six years after an abdominoplasty, which formed a palpable mass in her abdomen. The retained surgical items lead to variable symptoms such as palpable masses, compressions, non-absorptive loss and, sometimes, severe complications. The diversity of manifestations combined with their few frequency, most of the times, lead to underdiagnosis. Treatment should be individualized for each case, although in case of symptoms removal is indicated in most cases. Surgical removal is associated with complications as longer as objects remain in patient's body.


A permanência de corpos estranhos em pacientes após o fechamento da ferida operatória é uma situação que, embora rara, é evitável e demanda cuidados específicos como protocolos institucionais de prevenção. O caso relata a retirada de uma compressa já encapsulada por tecido de fibrina (textiloma) de uma paciente seis anos após abdominoplastia, formando uma massa palpável em seu abdômen. A permanência desses itens cirúrgicos leva a sintomas variáveis como massas palpáveis, compressões, síndromes disabsortivas e, algumas vezes, graves complicações. A diversidade de manifestações combinada a sua pouca frequência levam, muitas vezes, ao subdiagnóstico. O tratamento deve ser individualizado para cada caso, embora na presença de sintomas a retirada é indicada na grande maioria das vezes. A cirurgia de retirada está mais associada a complicações quanto maior tempo de permanência dos objetos no corpo do paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Patients , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Instruments , Fibrin , Surgical Sponges , Seroma , Abdomen , Abdominoplasty , Foreign Bodies , Patients/psychology , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/pathology , Surgical Instruments/adverse effects , Surgical Instruments/standards , Fibrin/analysis , Fibrin/adverse effects , Surgical Sponges/adverse effects , Surgical Sponges/standards , Seroma/surgery , Seroma/complications , Abdominoplasty/methods , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Foreign Bodies/complications , Foreign Bodies/pathology , Abdomen/surgery
18.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-159588

ABSTRACT

Fish bone is one of the most common foreign bodies encountered in the upper aerodigestive tract region. Owing to its trivial size, smooth surface, and sharp ends, it has a great propensity to migrate in the neck and adjoining structures. Long standing migrated foreign bodies can cause devastating complications like neck abscess and injuries to the major blood vessels. Herein, we report a rare case of long-standing fish bone, which migrated to the subcutaneous tissues of the neck. The foreign body bypassed all the vital structures and was observed as a projection in the skin of the patient’s neck. A careful history and a detailed clinico-radiographic investigation helped to locate the bone and aided in its successful removal.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone and Bones , Fishes , Foreign-Body Migration/diagnostic imaging , Foreign-Body Migration/surgery , Foreign-Body Migration/diagnostic imaging , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Male , Neck/diagnostic imaging , Neck/diagnostic imaging , Subcutaneous Tissue/injuries
20.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 41(3): 602-603, May-June 2015.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-755857

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT

Objective : Ureteral stents are widely used in endo-urological procedures. However, ureteral stents can be forgotten and cause serious complications, including fragmentation, migration and urosepsis.

There are few reports about forgotten and fragmented ureteral stents with stone formation. We aimed to present this rare case with successful combined endo-urological management.

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Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Device Removal/methods , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Lithotripsy/methods , Stents/adverse effects , Ureteral Calculi/surgery , Cystoscopy/methods , Foreign Bodies/complications , Operative Time , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Ureteroscopy/methods
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