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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879588

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To describe the clinical and genetic characteristics of a child with 14q12q13.1 deletion involving the FOXG1 gene.@*METHODS@#Clinical manifestation of the child was analyzed. Peripheral blood sample of the patient was subjected to chromosomal karyotyping and single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array) analysis.@*RESULTS@#The male infant has developed feeding difficulty, poor sucking, lower limb tremor, and frontal bruising 8 days after birth. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed significant enlargement of bilateral ventricles and corpus callosum dysplasia. Chromosomal analysis revealed a karyotype of 46,XY,del(14)(q12q13.1), and SNP-array confirmed that there was a 9.6 Mb deletion in 14q11.2q13.1, which encompassed the FOXG1 gene.@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with brain development abnormalities, dyskinesia, cognitive impairment, speech disorder and other manifestations, copy number variation of the FOXG1 gene should be excluded. SNP-array should be carried out as early as possible to attain the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosome Deletion , DNA Copy Number Variations , Forkhead Transcription Factors/genetics , Heterozygote , Humans , Infant , Karyotyping , Male , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879565

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To report on the clinical features and result of genetic testing for a child featuring immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX) syndrome.@*METHODS@#Clinical records, genetic testing, laboratory investigation and treatment of the child were summarized in addition with a comprehensive review of the literature.@*RESULTS@#The 3-year-old boy was administered due to intractable diarrhea, recurrent infections, liver dysfunction and failure to thrive, though no diabetes or skin disorder was observed. Laboratory testing showed elevated liver enzymes and total IgE, decreased albumin and electrolyte imbalance. Gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed erosion and granules in the duodenum, and edema in the terminal ileum and colon. Biopsies showed villous atrophy in the duodenum and terminal ileum. Genetic testing revealed that the patient has carried a missense c.1087A>G (p.I363V) variant in the exon 10 of the FOXP3 gene. He was treated with enteral and parenteral nutrition, anti infection and Sirolimus, and was waiting for hemopoietic stem cell transplantation.@*CONCLUSION@#Although IPEX syndrome usually occur during infancy, it should not be ruled out solely based on the age, and its presentation can be variable. For male children with refractory diarrhea, autoimmune disorder and growth retardation, the diagnosis should be suspected and confirmed by genetic testing.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/genetics , Diarrhea/genetics , Forkhead Transcription Factors/genetics , Genetic Diseases, X-Linked/genetics , Genetic Testing , Humans , Immune System Diseases/genetics , Male , Mutation , Polyendocrinopathies, Autoimmune/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880039

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between FOXP3, CD11c protein expression and the prognosis of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#This study included 48 patients with DLBCL who were admitted to Jiujiang No.1 People's Hospital and TCM-Integrated Hospital of Southern Medical University from January 2015 to January 2019. The DLBCL tissues removed during the operation were collected as test specimens. The expression of FOXP3 and CD11c protein were detected by immunohistochemistry. The deadline for postoperative follow-up was December 31, 2019, and the patient's short-term efficacy (complete remission, partial remission) and progression-free survival were recorded.@*RESULTS@#FOXP3 protein was positively expressed in the nucleus, mostly focally or diffusely distributed, the FOXP3@*CONCLUSION@#In some patients with DLBCL, FOXP3 and CD11c expresse positively, and the positive expression rate is related to the clinical stage and international prognostic index score. The positive expression of FOXP3 and CD11c indicate a good prognosis.


Subject(s)
Forkhead Transcription Factors , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Prognosis , Proteomics
4.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 116: e200560, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154882

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Anisakis simplex antigens present immunomodulatory properties by the induction of tolerogenic dendritic cells (DCs) in mice. OBJECTIVES To study the capacity of DCs stimulated with A. simplex excretory-secretory (ES) or crude extract (CE) to generate Tregs. To investigate in vitro effects of antigens on the metabolic activity of splenocytes induced by LPS or CpG. METHODS Phenotypic and functional characterization of T cells co-cultured with A. simplex-pulsed DCs was performed by flow cytometry. Lymphocyte mitochondrial respiratory activity was estimated by the Alamar Blue® Assay. FINDINGS In C57BL/6J, CD4+CD25-Foxp3+ and CD8+CD25-Foxp3+ populations increased by CE-stimulated-DCs. In BALB/c, CE-stimulated-DCs caused the expansion of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+IL-10+ and CD8+CD25+Foxp3+IL-10+. IFN-γ expression raised in BALB/c CD4+CD25+ and CD4+CD25- for CE and ES, respectively. ES-stimulated-DCs increased CD4+CD25+ Foxp3+ and CD8+CD25- Foxp3+ expression in T cells. The association of ES or CE with LPS produced the increase in splenocyte activity in C57BL/6J. The association of CE with CpG decreased the proliferation caused by CpG in C57BL/6J. MAIN CONCLUSIONS A. simplex increase the frequency of Tregs, which in turn produce IL-10 and IFN-γ. The host genetic base is essential in the development of anti-Anisakis immune responses (Th2, Th1, Treg).


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Anisakis , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Antigens/metabolism , Bone Marrow , Dendritic Cells , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit , Larva , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL
5.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 697-705, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137330

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To investigate the association between interleukin-35 (IL-35) levels and single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs3761548, rs3761547) of the FoxP3 gene in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients. Methods: We conducted a prospective study including 140 patients, who were scheduled for elective isolated on-pump CABG with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) from January 2017 to September 2018 in the Jorjani heart center. Blood samples were collected before and 12 hours after the operation. Serum levels of IL-35 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and the pattern of genetic variations was assessed using single specific primer-polymerase chain reaction. Results: The serum concentrations of IL-35 after surgery were significantly higher than pre-surgery levels (18.4±8.3 vs. 9.89±3.2, respectively, P=0.002). There was no significant association between genotype frequencies of rs3761548 and rs3761547 and elevated IL-35 levels (P>0.05). There were significant associations between IL-35 levels and preoperative variables, including age (r=-0.34, P=0.047) and body mass index (r=-0.41, P=0.045), and intraoperative variables, including CPB time (r=0.4, P=0.02) and mean arterial pressure (r=-0.38, P=0.046), in carriers of the rs3761548 AA genotype. Conclusion: Serum IL-35 concentrations were significantly increased in CPB patients, which may contribute to the post-CPB compensatory anti-inflammatory response syndrome. IL-35 increased levels were not influenced by FoxP3 promoter polymorphisms (rs3761548, rs3761547).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Coronary Artery Bypass , Interleukins/blood , Forkhead Transcription Factors/blood , Prospective Studies , Interleukins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Forkhead Transcription Factors/genetics
6.
Clinics ; 75: e1665, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133413

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study intended to explore the effect of T regulatory cells (Tregs) in the perinatal liver against LPS-induced inflammation in a preterm birth mouse model. Moreover, the role of adoptive Tregs on the inflammatory response induced by LPS was also studied. METHODS: Female BALB/C mice were injected intraperitoneally (IP) with LPS dissolved in normal saline solution at a dose of 50 µg/kg. Spleens from pregnant mice were used to obtain Tregs. The expression of Forkhead family transcription factor-3 (Foxp3), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR-4), and Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) were assessed from fetal liver tissues by polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. RESULTS: LPS administered to mice induced an inflammatory response in the perinatal liver, and this inflammatory response was negatively regulated by Tregs in the experimental group. Maternal-fetal tolerance was maintained by Tregs. Transmission of Tregs was estimated in different experimental groups based on the mRNA expression of TLR-4, IL-6, HO-1, and Foxp3. CONCLUSIONS: After analysis of the experimental data, it was determined that Tregs exhibited regulatory potential against LPS-induced inflammatory response. Further, it was concluded that the transmission of Tregs improved the mother's immune tolerance against LPS-induced inflammation in the fetal liver.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Mice , Lipopolysaccharides/toxicity , Premature Birth , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Inflammation/chemically induced , Liver , Mice, Inbred BALB C
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828307

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze FOXC2 gene variant in a family affected with lymphodema-distichiasis syndrome (LDS).@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected for the extraction of DNA and protein. Whole-exome sequencing was carried out to detect variants in the proband. Suspected variant was validated by Sanger sequencing. Western blotting was used to detect changes in protein expression.@*RESULTS@#The proband and his mother were both found to carry a heterozygous nonsense variant c.177C>G (p.Tyr59X) of the FOXC2 gene, which was previously unreported. Down-regulated expression of FOXC2 was detected by Western blotting. Prenatal ultrasonography of the fetus indicated increased nuchal thickness. Amniocentesis was performed at 21+1 weeks of pregnancy, genetic testing suggested that the fetus also carried the c.177C>G variant.@*CONCLUSION@#The patients' condition may be attributed to the heterozygous nonsense variant c.177C>G of the FOXC2 gene, which resulted in a significant decrease in FOXC2 expression. Increased nuchal thickness may also be related with decreased FOXC2 expression. Above finding has expanded the variant spectrum of the FOXC2 gene.


Subject(s)
Codon, Nonsense , Eyelashes , Congenital Abnormalities , Female , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Genetic Testing , Genetic Variation , Humans , Lymphedema , Genetics , Pedigree , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 426-432, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827045

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of forkhead box O4 (FOXO4) on the senescence of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs). The hUC-MSCs were induced to senescence by natural passage, and FOXO4 expression was inhibited by lentiviral shRNA transfection. The hallmark of cell senescence was analyzed by β-galactosidase staining, and the cell viability was assayed by CCK-8 method. Flow cytometry was used to investigate the apoptosis of hUC-MSCs. The expression levels of Bcl-2, Bax, FOXO4, interleukin 6 (IL-6) and cleaved Caspase-3 were detected by qPCR and Western blot. Immunofluorescence staining was used to detect FOXO4 expression. The amount of IL-6 secreted by hUC-MSCs was detected by ELISA. The results showed that, compared with the passage 1, senescent hUC-MSCs showed up-regulated expression levels of Bax and FOXO4, down-regulated expression levels of Bcl-2 and cleaved Caspase-3, and increased IL-6 mRNA expression and secretion. FOXO4 inhibition in senescent hUC-MSCs promoted cell apoptosis, reduced cell viability, and inhibited the mRNA expression and secretion of IL-6. These results suggest that FOXO4 maintains viability and function of senescent hUC-MSCs by repressing their apoptosis response, thus accelerating senescence of the whole cell colony.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Cycle Proteins , Cell Survival , Cellular Senescence , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Transcription Factors , Umbilical Cord
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879915

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the genetic causes of a family with lymphedema-distichiasis syndrome (LDS).@*METHODS@#The whole exome sequencing was performed in a aborted fetus as the proband, and a candidate gene was identified. Peripheral blood of 8 family members were collected. Genotypic-phenotypic analysis were carried out through PCR amplification and Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The proband, and the mother, grandmother, uncle, granduncle of the proband all had distichiasis or varix of lower limb carried a @*CONCLUSIONS@#The


Subject(s)
Aborted Fetus/physiopathology , Adult , Eyelashes/pathology , Female , Forkhead Transcription Factors/genetics , Frameshift Mutation , Humans , Lymphedema/pathology , Male , Phenotype , Pregnancy , Whole Exome Sequencing
10.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 13(1): 6-10, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048791

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El gen FOXE1 (Forkhead box E1) codifica para un factor de transcripción involucrado en la morfogénesis tiroidea. El cáncer papilar de tiroides (CPT) se ha asociado con polimorfismos (SNP) de FOXE1 rs1867277 y rs965513 en población asiática y europea. Nuestro objetivo fue investigar la frecuencia y asociación de SNP rs1867277 y rs965513 con CPT y el riesgo de recurrencia de CPT en sujetos chilenos. Métodos: Se reclutaron sujetos con y sin CPT, se describieron sus características epidemiológicas y la forma de presentación clínica (AJCC VIII y MINSAL 2013). Se aisló ADN de leucocitos periféricos y evaluó ambos SNP mediante PCR-HRM y secuencia. Se compararon las frecuencias alélicas y genotípicas entre casos CPT y controles, y entre pacientes CPT de distintos riesgos de recurrencia. Se compararon frecuencia y se estimó el riesgo con test de Fisher y cálculo de odds-ratio (OR). Resultados: De los 184 sujetos, 156 (85%) eran mujeres, edad 39,3±12,3 años; 90 con CPT y 94 sin CPT 26 (28,9%) pacientes eran de riesgo muy bajo, 45 (50%) bajo, 16 (17,8%) intermedio y 3 (3,3%) alto según MINSAL 2013. En relación a la frecuencia de alelo menor (MAF) calculada en sujetos control y CPT, fue 31,7% y 24,5% (SNP rs965513), y 36,7% y 30,1% 8 (rs1867277), respectivamente (p NS). Tampoco fueron diferentes las MAF calculados y comparados entre pacientes con CPT de riesgo bajo e intermedio/alto. Sin embargo, la combinación de los genotipos rs1867277GG y rs965513AA se asoció a mayor riesgo de CPT. Conclusiones: En pacientes chilenos, se describe una frecuencia MAF de los SNP rs1867277 y rs965513 cercana a un 30%, las cuales no se asocian a CPT ni riesgo de recurrencia, sin embargo, sujetos con una combinación genotípica particular podrían tener mayor riesgo de CPT.


FOXE1 gene (Forkhead E1 box) codes for a transcription factor involved in thyroid morphogenesis. Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) has been associated with FOXE1 polymorphisms (SNPs) rs1867277 and rs965513 in Asian and European population. Our aim was to investigate the frequency and the association of SNPs rs1867277 and rs965513 with PTC and the risk of recurrence of PTC in Chilean subjects. Methods: We recruited subjects with and without PTC. In those with PTC, their epidemiological characteristics and clinical features presentation are described according to AJCC VIII and MINSAL 2013 scales. Peripheral leukocyte DNA was isolated and both SNPs were evaluated using PCR-HRM and sequencing. Allelic and genotypic frequencies were compared between PTC cases and controls, and between PTC patients with different recurrence risks. Results: Of the 184 subjects, 156 (85%) were women, age 39.3 ± 12.3 years; 94 (51%) without PTC and 90 with PTC (49%): 26 (28.9%) patients had very low, 45 (50%) low, 16 (17.8%) intermediate and 3 (3.3%) high risk of recurence according to MINSAL 2013. Regarding the minor allele frequency (MAF) calculated on control and PTC subjects, was 31.7% and 24.5% (SNP rs965513), and 36.7% and 30.1% (rs1867277), respectively (p NS). In patients with PTC, MAFs were not different between patients with low and intermediate/high risk PTC. However, the combination of rs1867277GG and rs965513AA genotypes were associated with an increased risk of PTC. Conclusions: In Chilean patients, the MAF frequency of SNPs rs1867277 and rs965513 is near 30%, and they are are not associated with PTC or its risk of recurrence. However, subjects with a particular genotypic combination may have an increased risk of PTC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Thyroid Neoplasms/epidemiology , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/epidemiology , Polymorphism, Genetic , Thyroid Neoplasms/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Chile/epidemiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Assessment , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Forkhead Transcription Factors/genetics , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/epidemiology
11.
Biol. Res ; 53: 44, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131888

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis (AS) is the main pathological basis of coronary heart disease, cerebral infarction and peripheral vascular disease, which seriously endanger people's life and health. In recent years, long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) has been found to be involved in gene expression regulation, but the research on AS is still in the initial stage. In this study, we mainly studied the role of HCG11 in patients with AS. Quantitative Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (QRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of HCG11 and miR-144 in the serum of AS patients and healthy volunteers. Oxidation Low Lipoprotein (Ox-LDL), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF α) radiation were used to establish human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in vitro model. Cell proliferation was determined by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. The apoptosis rate was determined by flow cytometry (FACS) and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling assay (TUNEL) staining. The expression levels of Forkhead box protein F1 (FOXF1), B cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and BCL2-Associated X (Bax) were detected by qRT-PCR. Luciferase gene reporter and RNA pull down experiments confirmed the relationship between HCG11 and miR-144, miR-144 and FOXF1. RESULTS: This study showed that HCG11 was significantly upregulated in patients with AS, while miR-144 was down-regulated in patients with AS. Ox-LDL and IL-6 in VSMCs induced up-regulation of HCG11 and down-regulation of miR-144. Overexpression of HCG11 promoted the proliferation and inhibited apoptosis of VSMCs. Luciferase gene reporter gene assay showed that HCG11 could bind to miR-144, and miR-144 could bind to FOXF1. Overexpression of miR-144 reversed the effect of HCG11 on VSMCs. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA HCG11 regulates proliferation and apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cell through targeting miR-144-3p/FOXF1 axis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/cytology , MicroRNAs/genetics , Atherosclerosis/genetics , Forkhead Transcription Factors/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Apoptosis/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular/cytology
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e096, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132722

ABSTRACT

Abstract Regulatory T (Treg) cells can suppress antitumor immune response, but little is known about possible age-related differences in the number of these cells in the microenvironment of oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC). The aim of this study was to determine the number of FoxP3+ Treg cells in the microenvironment of OTSCC in young (≤ 45 years) and older (≥ 60 years) patients, and to correlate the findings with clinicopathological parameters (sex, tumor size/extent, regional lymph node metastasis, clinical staging, and histopathological grade of malignancy). Forty-eight OTSCCs (24 diagnosed in young patients and 24 diagnosed in older patients) were selected. Lymphocytes exhibiting nuclear immunopositivity for FoxP3 were quantified at the tumor invasive front and the results were analyzed statistically using the non-parametric Mann-Whitney test. FoxP3+ lymphocytes were observed in all cases assessed. The number of FoxP3+ lymphocytes in OTSCC tended to be higher in older patients (p = 0.055). Analysis of OTSCC in males and in early clinical stages revealed a higher number of Treg cells in older patients than in young ones (p < 0.05). In older patients, the number of Treg cells tended to be higher in smaller tumors (p = 0.079). Tumors with intense inflammatory infiltrate exhibited a larger number of Treg cells, both in young (p = 0.099) and older patients (p = 0.005). The results suggest a greater participation of Treg cells in immunoinflammatory responses in the microenvironment of OTSCC in older patients, particularly in males and in early stages.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Tongue Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Tumor Microenvironment , Neoplasm Staging
13.
Biol. Res ; 52: 59, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100911

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: In varicose veins, vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) often shows phenotypic transition and abnormal proliferation and migration. Evidence suggests the FOXC2-Notch pathway may be involved in the pathogenesis of varicose veins. Here, this study aimed to explore the role of long non-coding RNA FOXC2-AS1 (FOXC2 antisense RNA 1) in phenotypic transition, proliferation, and migration of varicose vein-derived VSMCs and to explore whether the FOXC2-Notch pathway was involved in this process. METHODS: The effect of FOXC2-AS1 on the proliferation and migration of human great saphenous vein smooth muscle cells (SV-SMCs) was analyzed using MTT assay and Transwell migration assay, respectively. The levels of contractile marker SM22α and synthetic marker osteopontin were measured by immunohistochemistry and Western blot to assess the phenotypic transition. RESULTS: The human varicose veins showed thickened intima, media and adventitia layers, increased synthetic VSMCs, as well as upregulated FOXC2-AS1 and FOXC2 expression. In vitro assays showed that FOXC2-AS1 overexpression promoted phenotypic transition, proliferation, and migration of SV-SMCs. However, the effect of FOXC2-AS1 overexpression could be abrogated by both FOXC2 silencing and the Notch signaling inhibitor FLI-06. Furthermore, FOXC2-AS1 overexpression activated the Notch pathway by upregulating FOXC2. CONCLUSION: FOXC2-AS1 overexpression promotes phenotypic transition, proliferation, and migration of SV-SMCs, at least partially, by activating the FOXC2-Notch pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Saphenous Vein/metabolism , Cell Movement/physiology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/metabolism , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Forkhead Transcription Factors/metabolism , Phenotype , Saphenous Vein/pathology , Signal Transduction , Up-Regulation , Cells, Cultured , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/pathology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781249

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory effect of metformin on regulatory T cells (Treg) in acidic environment.@*METHODS@#CD4 CD25 Treg cells were obtained by magnetic bead sorting. Treg and conventional T cells (Tcon) cells were cultured for 24-72 h in pH 7.4 or pH 6.7 medium, and the cell proliferation, apoptosis and Foxp3 expression were detected by flow cytometry. Real-time PCR was used to detect the expression levels of the genes related with glucose metabolism. Thirty-two C57BL/6 male mouse models bearing subcutaneous prostate cancer xenograft derived from RM-1 cells were randomized into 4 equal groups for treatment with PBS, metformin, tumor vaccine, or both metformin and the vaccine. The treatment started on the 4th day following tumor cell injection, and metformin (100 mg/kg) or PBS was administered by intraperitoneal injection on a daily basis; the vaccine was intramuscularly injected every 4 days. The tumor size was continuously monitored, and the mice were euthanized on day 25 after tumor implantation to obtain tumor and blood samples. Flow cytometry was used to detect the changes in CD4, CD8, CD4Foxp3 cell subsets in the tumor tissue and peripheral blood.@*RESULTS@#Treg cells showed significantly enhanced proliferation ( < 0.05) while the proliferation of Tcon cells was suppressed in acidic medium ( < 0.001). Treg cells cultured in acidic medium showed significantly increased expressions of OXPHOS-related genes pgc1a ( < 0.001) and cox5b ( < 0.01), which did not vary significantly in Tcon cells in acidic medium. Treg cells exhibited significantly decreased apoptosis in acidic medium ( < 0.01) with increased Foxp3 cells ( < 0.001) and intracellular alkaline levels ( < 0.01). Metformin obviously reversed the acid tolerance of Treg cells without producing significant effect on Tcon cells. In the animal experiment, both metformin ( < 0.05) and vaccine ( < 0.01) alone reduced the tumor volume, but their combined treatment more potently reduced the tumor volume ( < 0.001). Metformin alone did not obviously affect CD4 cells or CD8 cells but significantly decreased the percentage of CD4Foxp3 ( < 0.05); the vaccine alone significantly increased CD4 cells and CD8 cells ( < 0.001) and also the percentage of CD4Foxp3 cells ( < 0.05). The combined treatment, while reducing the percentage of CD4Foxp3cells to a level lower than that in the vaccine group ( < 0.01), produced the strongest effect to increase CD4 cells and CD8 cells ( < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Metformin can inhibit the proliferation and function of regulatory T cells in an acidic environment and enhance the effect of tumor vaccine by reducing the proportion of Treg cells to achieve the anti-tumor effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Male , Metformin , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772109

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Behcet's disease (BD) is an autoimmune disorder that causes most commonly mouth and genital ulcerations and erythema nodules of the skin and currently has limited options of therapeutic medicines. Metformin is recently reported to suppress immune reaction, and we hypothesized that metformin could be an option for treatment of BD.@*METHODS@#Thirty patients with BD were enrolled in this perspective single-blinded, before-after study. We recorded the changes in the mucocutaneous activity index for BD (MAIBD), relapse frequency, C-reactive protein (CRP) level and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) after metformin treatment to assess the changes in the disease activity. We also analyzed the changes in the protein and mRNA expression levels of Foxp3, interleukin-35 (IL-35), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), Ror-γt, IL-17, and tumor necrosis factor- (TNF-) in these patients using ELISA and qRT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#Of the 30 patients enrolled, 26 completed the trial. After the treatment, favorable responses were achieved in 88.46% (23/26) of the patients, and partial remission was obtained in 11.54% (4/26) of them. During the treatment, 8 patients complained of gastrointestinal side effects, for which 4 chose to withdraw from the study in the first week. Our results showed that metformin treatment decreased MAIBD and relapse frequency in the patients, and significantly lowered the clinical inflammatory indexes including CRP and ESR. The results of ELISA and qRT-PCR revealed that metformin treatment obviously increased Foxp3 and TGF-β expressions at both the protein and mRNA levels and significantly decreased the levels of ROR-γt, IL-17 and TNF- as well as IL-35 level in these patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Metformin treatment relieves the clinical symptoms, reduces the inflammatory reaction indexes and regulates the Treg/Th17 axis in patients with BD, suggesting the potential of metformin as a candidate medicine for treatment of BD.


Subject(s)
Behcet Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Controlled Before-After Studies , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Interleukin-17 , Metabolism , Interleukins , Metabolism , Metformin , Therapeutic Uses , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 3 , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Recurrence , Single-Blind Method , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Cell Biology , Th17 Cells , Cell Biology , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
16.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e020, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001612

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Human Leukocyte Antigen G (HLA-G) is a molecule involved in the tumor immunosuppression and also in the generation of regulatory T (Treg) cells, thus leading to evasion to the immune system host, and consequently, contributing to tumor progression in several cancers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunoexpression of HLA-G by tumor cells and FoxP3+ Treg cells in 25 oral tongue squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) and 25 lower lip SCCs and analyze their relationship with clinical parameters. HLA-G expression was higher in oral tongue SCCs than in lower lip SCCs. In oral tongue SCCs and lower lip SCCs, no association between HLA-G expression and clinical parameters (tumor size, lymph node status, distant metastasis, and clinical stage) was verified (P>0.05). FoxP3+ Treg cells were detected along the tumor invasive front in all cases of oral tongue and lower lip SCCs. In oral tongue SCC cases, the number of Treg cells tended to be higher in smaller tumors, tumors without regional lymph node metastasis, and tumors in early clinical stages, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). A significant positive correlation was found between the expression of HLA-G by neoplastic cells and Treg cells in lower lip SCCs (p = 0.008). Our findings suggest the involvement of HLA-G and Treg cells in the modulation of immune responses in oral tongue and lower lip SCCs. This interaction between HLA-G and Treg cells may represent an evasion mechanism in these malignancies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Lip Neoplasms/pathology , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/chemistry , Forkhead Transcription Factors/analysis , HLA-G Antigens/analysis , Reference Values , Immunohistochemistry , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/pathology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tumor Burden , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
17.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 322-332, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756970

ABSTRACT

Immunosuppressive regulatory T lymphocytes (Treg) expressing the transcription factor Foxp3 play a vital role in the maintenance of tolerance of the immune-system to self and innocuous non-self. Most Treg that are critical for the maintenance of tolerance to self, develop as an independent T-cell lineage from common T cell precursors in the thymus. In this organ, their differentiation requires signals from the T cell receptor for antigen, from co-stimulatory molecules, as well as from cytokine-receptors. Here we focus on the cytokines implicated in thymic development of Treg, with a particular emphasis on the roles of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and IL-15. The more recently appreciated involvement of TGF-β in thymic Treg development is also briefly discussed. Finally, we discuss how cytokine-dependence of Treg development allows for temporal, quantitative, and potentially qualitative modulation of this process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Genetics , Cytokines , Allergy and Immunology , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Gene Expression Regulation , Immune Tolerance , Genetics , Interleukin-15 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Interleukin-2 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Mice , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Allergy and Immunology , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689564

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of ATO on the proportion of Treg in the peripheral blood of patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The peripheral blood of 20 newlydiagnosed patients were collected, and the peripheral blood monomuclear cells (PBMNC) were extracted. After the PBMNC were treated with ATO of different concentrotions (0, 1, 2.5 and 5 µmol/L) for 96 hours, the proportion of CD44 CD25CD127 regulatatory T cells (Treg) were detected by flow cytometry. The expression levels of Foxp3 mRNA were detected by RT-PCR, and the levels of IFN-γ,IL-4,IL-17 and TGF-β1 were detected by ELTSA to verify the results of flow cytomery.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>ATO significantly increased the proportion of Treg (P<0.01) at the concentration of 2.5 and 5 µmol/L, and the rising degree of Treg proportion improved with the increasing ATO concentration(r= 0.524). Treg proportion increased at a concentration of 1 µmol/L, but without statistical significance (P>0.05). At 1(P<0.05), 2.5(P<0.01) and 5 µmol/L(P<0.01), ATO significantly up-regulated the expression of Foxp3 mRNA, and the increase of Foxp3 mRNA positively and linearly correlated with the increase of Treg cell-frequency(r=0.523). ATO significantly reduced the levels of IFN-γ (at ATO 1,2.5 and 5 µmol/L, P<0.01), IL-4 (at ATO 2.5 µmol/L, P<0.01; at ATO 5 µmol/L, P<0.01) and IL-17(at ATO 2.5 µmol/L, P<0.05; at ATO 5 µmol/L, P<0.01). ATO had no significant effect on TGF-β1 at 1(P>0.05) and 2.5 µmol/L (P>0.05), but significantly reduced TGF-β1 level at 5 µmol/L (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ATO can mediate the immune regulation through up-regulating the proportion of Treg in peripheral blood of patients with SAA and reducing the levels of IFN-γ, IL-4 and IL-17.</p>


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Arsenic Trioxide , Arsenicals , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Humans , Oxides , RNA, Messenger , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813187

ABSTRACT

To explore the role of methotrexate (MTX) in regulating the number of regulatory T cells (Treg) and the mRNA expression of transcription factor Foxp3.
 Methods: 1) We analyzed the number of Treg and the mRNA expression of Foxp3 by flow cytometry (FCM) and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) respectively in patients with psoriasis vulgaris, patients with psoriasis vulgaris after the 8-week treatment of MTX, and healthy people. 2) BALB/c female mice were smeared with imiquimod (IMQ) cream for 6 days. We recorded the change of the lesion in mice every day. The morphological changes of lesion in mice were evaluated by the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) and HE staining. 3) The mouse model was randomly divided into a control group and an MTX group. The MTX group was treated with different doses of MTX (38.5 and 77.0 nmol/L) on the third day of this experiment. The morphological changes of lesion in mice were evaluated by PASI and HE staining. We tested the number of Treg and the expression level of Foxp3 mRNA in splenic lymphocytes.
 Results: 1) The number of Treg and the expression level of Foxp3 mRNA were lower in psoriasis vulgaris patients than those in the healthy control group (P<0.05). After 8-week treatment of MTX, the number of Treg was increased (P<0.05) and Foxp3 mRNA level was up-regulated (P<0.01). 2) Typical psoriasis-like skin lesions, such as red scaly skin plaque were found after topical application of IMQ. Both the number of Treg in the splenic lymphocytes of mice and the Foxp3 mRNA level of Treg were reduced by IMQ (P<0.01 and P<0.05). 3) Different doses of MTX for mice showed the ability to improve skin lesion, increase the number of Treg in the spleen of mice and Foxp3 mRNA level in psoriatic dermatitis of mice (P<0.05).
 Conclusion: MTX is able to regulate the number of Treg and Foxp3 mRNA expression in psoriasis.


Subject(s)
Adjuvants, Immunologic , Pharmacology , Aminoquinolines , Pharmacology , Animals , Case-Control Studies , Female , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Humans , Imiquimod , Immunosuppressive Agents , Pharmacology , Lymphocyte Count , Methotrexate , Pharmacology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Psoriasis , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Pathology , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Spleen , Cell Biology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Cell Biology , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774017

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of adipose mesenchymal stem cells(AMSCs) on the peripheral blood lymphocyte(PBL) in psoriasis vulgaris(PV) patients and the expression and secretion profiles of related inflammatory cytokines in the PBL.Methods AMSCs from three PV patients were co-cultured with PBL. Peripheral blood regulatory cells(Treg) and T helper cell 17(Th17)ratio was measured by flow cytometry. The anti- and pro-inflammatory cytokines expressed and secreted by PBL were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA).Results The Treg/total lymphocyte ratio was significantly higher in the healthy people AMSCs+PBL co-culture group[(3.2±0.5)%;P=0.001],but AMSCs in patients had a tendency to promote the proliferation of Treg cells [(1.3±0.2)%],with no significant difference(P=0.485) when compared with the PBL culture alone group[(1.0±0.1)%]. qRT-PCR showed that the ability of PBL in expressing Treg transcription factor forkhead box p3 and transforming growth factor(TGF)-Β mRNA was significantly lower in psoriasis AMSCs+PBL co-culture group than in the healthy people AMSCs+PBL co-culture group(P=0.00,P=0.03),AMSCs had a tendency to promote the expression of interlukin(IL)-10 in peripheral blood lymphocytes,but there was no significant difference(P=0.09).ELISA showed the PBL in healthy people AMSCs+PBL co-culture group secreted the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10[(156.9±41.8) ng/Μl] and TGF-Β[(2774.1 ± 526.4) ng/Μl];in contrast,the abilities of PBL in PV patient AMSCs+PBL co-culture group in secreting the anti-inflammatory cytokines has a downward trend:IL-10[(90.4±28.8) ng/Μl] and TGF-Β[(1597.9±55.7) ng/Μl],although the differences were not statistically significant. After the co-culture,the proportion of Th17 cells in the psoriasis AMSCs+PBL co-culture group[(0.8±0.3)%] showed a decreasing trend when compared with the PBL culture alone group[(1.1±0.1)%],although the results were not statistically significant. Also,the proportion of Th17 cells showed no significant difference between PV patient AMSCs+PBL co-culture group and healthy people AMSCs+PBL co-culture group. Finally,both the psoriasis AMSCs+PBL co-culture group and the healthy people AMSCs+PBL co-culture group showed no obvious inhibitory effect on the expression and secretion of Th17 transcription factor retinoid-related orphan nuclear receptor Γt and pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-17 and IL-23 in PBL,and there was no significant difference between these two groups.Conclusions AMSCs in PV patients have decreased ability in regulating the anti-inflammatory function of peripheral blood Treg lymphocytes. However,they have no effect on the proinflammatory effect of peripheral blood Th17 lymphocytes.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Cell Biology , Cytokines , Allergy and Immunology , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Inflammation , Allergy and Immunology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Psoriasis , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Allergy and Immunology , Th17 Cells , Allergy and Immunology
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