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1.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-29946

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective comparative study. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of prophylactic antibiotics in spinal surgery for the occurrence of postoperative surgical site infection (SSI) and host immune reactions depending on various administration regimens and protocols. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: The superiority of one regimen or protocol of prophylactic antibiotics over others for SSI in spinal surgery has not been clearly demonstrated. We designed a controlled clinical trial to compare the occurrence of SSI with the changes of hematologic results depending on prophylaxis regimens and protocols. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2007 and February 2011, two hundred consecutive patients who had undergone thoracolumbar/lumbar surgery for degenerative or traumatic disease were included. Postoperative protocol was altered for each group of fifty consecutive patients; 1st generation cephalosporins for 5-days (group A), 2nd generation cephalosporins for 5-days (group B), 1st generation cephalosporins for 3-days (group C), and 2nd generation cephalosporins for 3-days (group D). Preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis was administrated within 1 hour prior to surgical incision with the same trial antibiotics. Intraoperative bacterial culture was performed from the surgical site. The occurrences of SSI were evaluated as either incisional or organ/space SSI. Serial changes in hematologic inflammatory markers (WBC, ESR, CRP) and DIC markers (fibrinogen, FDP, D-dimer) were compared until postoperative 2 weeks. RESULTS: The study groups were homogeneous regarding age, sex, body mass index, estimated blood loss, diabetes mellitus, smoking, diagnosis, baseline laboratory values, and type of surgery including instrumentation. Overall, 13 cases of incisional SSI (6.5%) and 3 cases (1.5%) of organ/space SSI occurred. There was no difference in the occurrence of incisional and organ/space SSI among the 4 groups (P=0.690, 0.799). Laboratory results revealed that postoperative changes in hematologic inflammatory markers and DIC markers were not influenced by prophylaxis regimens and protocols (all P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The occurrences of SSI and host immune responses were not influenced by postoperative antibiotics regimens and protocols. Hematologic investigation revealed that host immune responses did not depend on the type of prophylactic antibiotics.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Body Mass Index , Cephalosporins , Dacarbazine , Diabetes Mellitus , Formycins , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Ribonucleotides , Smoke , Smoking
2.
Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research. 2012; 67 (3): 223-233
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-154107

ABSTRACT

Electron beam irradiation and using of organic acids cause reducing or eliminating the microbial load of poultry diets. This study was conducted to compare the effect of electron beam irradiation and organic acids on diet microbial load, immune system, serum lipids, intestinal morphology, organs relative weight and growth characters of broilers. 300 day-old male broilers [Cobb 500] were randomly divided into 5 experimental groups, so that each group included 4 replicates with 15 birds per pen. Treatments were basal diet as control, irradiate diet by 3, 5 and 7 kGy doses and diet containing Formycin 0.2%. The highest and lowest of daily weight gain average were observed in finisher and total period by 7 kGy and control groups, respectively [p<0.05]. Moreover, a significant reduction were observed in microbial load of diets among treatments [p<0.05]. Highest [5.66] and lowest [4.17] antibody titer against SRBC were observed in Formycin and control groups, respectively [p<0.05] after 2[nd] injection. Highest and lowest percentage of breast weight and abdominal fat were observed in 7 kGy and control groups, respectively [p<0.05]. Greatest villus height [1089 micro m] and villus height to crypt depth ratio [5.84] in jejunum were obtained in 7 kGy group [p<0.05]. Experimental dietary irradiation improves broiler performance, that its trend is more evident with increasing exposure dose


Subject(s)
Animals , Radiation , Formycins , Food Irradiation , Immunity
3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209301

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In this study on fibrinogen/fibrin degradation products (FDPs), we evaluated the performance of a quantitative immunoturbidimetric assay (ITA) using the new Nanopia P-FDP reagent kit (Sekisui Medical Co., Japan) in comparison with a semiquantitative latex agglutination assay (LA) currently performed using the FDP PLASMA kit (Diagnostica Stago SAS, France). METHODS: The quantitative Nanopia P-FDP method using the STA-R EVOLUTION automated coagulation analyzer (Diagnostica Stago SAS) was evaluated with respect to precision, linearity, carryover, and reference interval. The correlations were measured for each of the 145 samples by using the Nanopia P-FDP method and the semiquantitative FDP PLASMA method. RESULTS: The coefficients of variation with regard to precision in low and high control concentrations were 2.97% and 5.77%, respectively. The correlation coefficient of linearity (r) was 0.990 in the measurement range of 2.4-122.8 microg/mL. The level of carryover was 0.83%, while the reference interval range was 0.22-4.32 microg/mL. The results of FDP assay showed an acceptable accord in 115 samples (79%) among the 145 samples by both LA method and ITA method. Seventeen samples (12%) showed relatively lower FDP values in the LA method than those in the ITA method. Thirteen cases (9%) showed relatively higher FDP values in the LA method than those in the ITA method. CONCLUSIONS: The quantitative Nanopia P-FDP method showed good precision, linearity, carryover, reference interval, and an acceptable concordance rate with the semiquantitative FDP PLASMA method. Thus, the Nanopia P-FDP reagent using the STA-R EVOLUTION automated coagulation analyzer can replace the FDP PLASMA reagent for the quantitative analysis of FDPs.


Subject(s)
Agglutination , Blood Coagulation , Formycins , Latex , Phenothiazines , Plasma , Ribonucleotides
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-68137

ABSTRACT

A 50-year-old male patient presented with a right scrotal mass that had been growing rapidly for more than one year. A heterogeneous enhancing right scrotal mass (12x9 cm) with para-aortic and peri-caval lymphadenopathies was found on abdominal computed tomography (CT). Right orchiectomy was performed and the gross finding had shown intact testis with a well-defined, huge, whitish solid mass adjacent to the testis. According to pathology, the mass was characterized as a leiomyosarcoma, grade 3 (by National Cancer Instituted [NCI] system). Therefore, the diagnosis was stage III, grade 3 paratesticular leiomyosarcoma. The patient underwent additional systemic chemotherapy using ifosfamide and adriamycin. After nine cycles of chemotherapy, positron emission tomography-CT was performed and no FDP uptake was observed. The patient has been followed up for 12 months after systemic chemotherapy, and he has maintained a complete response. We report here on a rare case of paratesticular leiomyosarcoma treated successfully with orichiectomy and additional systemic chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Doxorubicin , Electrons , Formycins , Humans , Ifosfamide , Leiomyosarcoma , Male , Middle Aged , Orchiectomy , Ribonucleotides , Testis
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-50317

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nonabsorbable sutures are favorable for repairing flexor tendons. However, absorbable sutures have performed favorably in an animal model. METHODS: Two-strand sutures using the interlocking modified Kessler method with polydioxanone absorbable sutures 4-0 were used to repair completely ruptured flexor tendons in 55 fingers from 41 consecutive patients. The medical records of average 42 follow up weeks were analyzed retrospectively. The data analyzed using the chi-squared test, and Fisher's exact test was used for postoperative complications. The results were compared with those of other studies. RESULTS: Among the index, middle, ring, and little fingers were injured in 9, 17, 16, and 13 fingers, respectively. The injury levels varied from zone 1 to 5. Of the 55 digits in our study, there were 26 (47%) isolated flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) injuries and 29 (53%) combined FDP and with flexor digitorum superficialis injuries. Pulley repair was also conducted. Concomitant injuries of blood vessels and nerves were found in 17 patients (23 fingers); nerve injuries occurred in 5 patients (10 fingers). Two patients had ruptures (3.6%), and one patient had two adhesions (3.6%). Using the original Strickland criteria, all the patients were assessed to be excellent or good. Also, fibrosis and long-term foreign body tissue reactions such as stitch granuloma were less likely occurred in our study. Compared to the Cullen's report that used nonabsorbable sutures, there was no significant difference in the rupture or adhesion rates. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, this study suggests that appropriate absorbable core sutures can be used safely for flexor tendon repairs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Vessels , Fibrosis , Fingers , Follow-Up Studies , Foreign Bodies , Formycins , Granuloma , Hand , Humans , Medical Records , Polydioxanone , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Ribonucleotides , Rupture , Sutures , Tendon Injuries , Tendons
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-179794

ABSTRACT

Due to the aging population and tremendous changes in life style over the past decades, cancer has been the leading cause of death in Korea. The incidence rate of breast cancer is the second highest in Korea, and it has shown an annual increase of 6.8% for the past 6 years. The major risk factors of breast cancer in Korean women are as follows: Early menarche, late menopause, late full-term pregnancy (FTP), and low numbers of FTP. Height and body mass index increased the risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women only. There are ethnic variations in breast cancer due to the differences in genetic susceptibility or exposure to etiologic agent. With the epidemiological evidences on the possibility of further increase of breast cancer in Korea, the Korean Government began implementing the National Cancer Screening Program against breast cancer in 2002. Five-year survival rates for female breast cancer have improved significantly from 78.0% in early 1993-1995 to 90.0% in 2004-2008. This data indicate that improvement of the survival rate may be partially due to the early diagnosis of breast cancer as well as the increased public awareness about the significance of early detection and organized cancer screening program. The current primary prevention programs are geared towards strengthening national prevention campaigns. In accordance with the improvement in 5-year survival rate, the overall cancer mortality has started to decrease. However, breast cancer death rate and incidence rates are still increasing, which need further organized effort by the Korean Government.


Subject(s)
Aging , Body Mass Index , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Cause of Death , Early Detection of Cancer , Early Diagnosis , Female , Formycins , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Life Style , Menarche , Menopause , Pregnancy , Primary Prevention , Ribonucleotides , Risk Factors , Survival Rate
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14159

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the marginal fit of three-unit zirconia fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) fabricated using CAD/CAM and MAD/MAM system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dentiform maxillary central and lateral incisor were prepared for 3-unit FDP and fixed in yellow stone. This model was duplicated to epoxy resin die. On the resin die, fifteen 3-unit FDPs were fabricated. Metal-ceramic group was three-unit metal-ceramic FDPs, Everest(R) group was zirconia three-unit FDPs fabricated using the Everest(R) system (Kavo Dental GmbH, Biberach, Germany) and Rainbow(TM) group was zirconia three-unit FDPs fabricated using the Rainbow(TM) system (Dentium Co. Inc., Seoul, South Korea). They were cemented to resin dies with adhesive resin cement. After removing pontics, each retainers were separated and observed under measuring machine (Presize 440C) and analyzed through one-way ANOVA and Duncan test (alpha= .05). RESULTS: Mean values and standard deviations of marginal gap dimensions in each group for three-unit FDPs were 78.5 +/- 11.05 microm for the metal-ceramic group, 59.30 +/- 11.63 microm for the Everest(R) group and 70.34 +/- 13.98 microm for the Rainbow(TM) group. CONCLUSION: 1. The Everest(R) group in comparison with metal-ceramic group showed better marginal fit, which had significant differences (P.05). 3. The mean marginal gap values between Rainbow(TM) group and metal-ceramic group did not showed significant differences (P>.05). 4. The mean marginal gaps of each group were within clinically acceptable range (120 microm).


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Dental Prosthesis , Denture, Partial, Fixed , Formycins , Incisor , Resin Cements , Ribonucleotides , Zirconium
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-34993

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In hand injury, pedicle is usually damaged by avulsion injury or crushing injury. Because of postoperative pedicle obliteration, it is often hard to save the injured hand and fingers, even after successful replantation. The author introduces three cases of extensive hand injury, and successful results after applicatoin of multiple venous grafts to these patients. METHODS: In all cases there was no circulation in any finger. In the first case, some vessels were extracted, so venous graft was applied to two sites of severely damaged venous sites. In the second case, venous grafts were applied to all four digital arteries of all fingers except thumb which got severely crushed, and two sites of dorsal veins. In the third case, venous graft was applied to all four digital arteries of all five fingers, and two sites of dorsal veins and palmar veins each. RESULTS: In all cases, survival of hands and fingers was successful. In the second case, however, amputation in thumb and little finger at DIP joint level was inevitable, because of its severe damage, and the large dorsal defect on index finger was filled with DIEP free flap. Thumb was reconstructed with toe-to-thumb free flap, and additional debulking procedures and contracture release is furtherly needed. In the first case, additional surgery was done, as FDP tendon got re-ruptured, but in long term follow-up, satisfactory range of motion was attained. In the third case, FTSG on dorsal skin region was planned. as flap on dorsal area got partial necrosis. CONCLUSION: In hand injury, there are many structures to be repaired, but sometimes venous graft is avoided for its long operating time. Even though the length of damaged vessel is enough for anastomosis, the endothelium is often damaged(zone of injury). In extensive hand injury, successful reconstruction would be possible with active venous graft to all vessels suspicious for damage.


Subject(s)
Amputation , Arteries , Contracture , Diclofenac , Endothelium , Fingers , Follow-Up Studies , Formycins , Free Tissue Flaps , Glycosaminoglycans , Hand , Hand Injuries , Humans , Joints , Necrosis , Range of Motion, Articular , Replantation , Ribonucleotides , Skin , Tendons , Thumb , Transplants , Veins
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-34343

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In the case of repair for far distal parts of FDP (Flexor digitorum profundus) division, the method of either pull-out suture or fixation of tendon to the distal phalanx is preferred. In this paper, the results of a modified loop suture technique used for the complete division of FDP from both zone 1a and distal parts of zone 1b in Moiemen classification are presented. METHODS: From July 2006 to July 2009, the modified loop suture technique was used for the 10 cases of FDP in complete division from zone 1a and distal parts of zone 1b, especially where insertion sites were less than 1 cm apart from a tendon of a stump. In a suture technique, a loop is applied to each distal and proximal parts of tendon respectively. Core suture of 2-strand and epitendinous suture are done with PDS 4-0. Out of 10 patients, the study was done on 6 patients who were available for the follow-up. The average age of the patients was 49.1 years (in the range from 26 to 67). 5 males and 1 female patients were involved in this study. There were 3 cases with zone 1a and distal parts of zone 1b. The average distance to the distal tendon end was 0.6 cm. There were 5 cases underwent microsurgical repair where both artery and nerve divided. One case of only tendon displacement was presented. The dorsal protective splint was kept for 5 weeks on average. The results of the following tests were measured: active & passive range of motion, grip strength test, key pinch and pulp pinch test. RESULTS: The follow-up period on average was 11 months, in the range from 2 to 20 months. There was no case of re-rupture, but tenolysis was performed in 1 cases. In all 6 cases, the average active range of motion of distal interphalangeal joint was 50.8 degree. The grip strength (ipsilateral/contralateral) was measured as 88.7% and the pulp pinch test was 79.2% as those of contralateral side. Flexion contracture was presented in 2 cases (15 degree on average) and there was no quadrigia effect found. CONCLUSION: Despite short length of tendon from the insertion site in FDS rupture in zone 1a and distal parts of zone 1b, sufficient functional recovery could be expected with the tendon to tendon repair using the modified loop suture technique.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Contracture , Displacement, Psychological , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Formycins , Hand Strength , Humans , Joints , Male , Range of Motion, Articular , Ribonucleotides , Rupture , Splints , Suture Techniques , Sutures , Tendons
10.
Genomics & Informatics ; : 49-51, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76618

ABSTRACT

Although abundant biology data have been accumulated in public biology databases, such as GenBank and PIR, few easy-interface services are provided for users to access or update them. We have developed a system, named BioStore, that is composed of several programs to aid users to not only access public data but also share their own data easily. The service can be used for maintaining a local database as a repository of raw data files of several public databases and distributing the data files to other users. Currently, BioStore manipulates major bio-databases and will expand to include more databases and more useful interfaces.


Subject(s)
Biology , Databases, Nucleic Acid , Formycins , Ribonucleotides , Information Storage and Retrieval
11.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 435-440, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-70827

ABSTRACT

Primary lymphoma arising from the uterine cervix has been rarely encountered, and breast involvement is rare because of the relative paucity of lymphoid tissue in the breast. A 32-year-old woman with a primary malignant lymphoma of the uterine cervix and breast involvement is reported. The patient presented with post-coital vaginal bleeding, and punch biopsy of the cervix revealed the diffuse large B cell type of malignant lymphoma. PET-scan was done for staging, and abnormal FDP uptakes were detected in a uterine cervical mass and breast nodule. Ultrasonography-guided needle biopsy was done for the breast mass, and 2 biopsied nodules revealed fibroadenoma and diffuse large B cell lymphoma. The patient (Ann Arbor stage IV) was treated with 6 cycles of combination chemotherapy with CHOP plus rituximab. The patient went into complete remission. Thereafter, 4500cGy pelvic irradiation was done for adjuvant therapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived , Biopsy , Biopsy, Needle , Breast , Cervix Uteri , Drug Therapy, Combination , Female , Fibroadenoma , Formycins , Humans , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Ribonucleotides , Uterine Hemorrhage , Rituximab
12.
Genomics & Informatics ; : 95-97, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110088

ABSTRACT

Many bioinformatics sites have managed local bio-databases, including major databases such as GenBank and PIR with update load. We have developed several programs to monitor the update status of these databases and to FTP them automatically. These programs can be used for maintaining local bio-databases as recent versions and providing up-to-date databases through FTP sites. Currently, the program serves major bio-databases and will extend to accommodate many more bio-databases.


Subject(s)
Computational Biology , Databases, Nucleic Acid , Formycins , Organothiophosphorus Compounds , Ribonucleotides
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77804

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We designed a pig to canine liver xenotransplantation model to study the diverse immunologic and hemodynamic consequences that follow xenotransplantation and hyperacute rejection. METHODS: The animals were divided into two groups: the cobra venom factor and Gadolinium chloride treatment group (CVF+Gd group) (3 cases) and the control group (3 cases). The donor pig's whole liver was harvested, and then the harvested pig's whole liver was transplanted into a dog after the dog underwent left hepatectomy. After reperfusion of the graft, blood samples were taken 20, 40 and 60 minutes after reperfusion, and the liver, lung and kidney tissues were taken 1 hour after reperfusion. RESULTS: In the control group, the grafts showed a patchy hypoperfused liver surface and it felt rubbery solid compared to the CVF+Gd group. The serum total protein, albumin, fibrinogen and platelets decreased abruptly and there were no significant differences between the two groups. The serum PT, PTT and FDP were increased in both groups and the CVF+Gd group showed a more obtuse slope than the control group. We could not find any intravascular pathologic changes on the microscopic findings of the graft. Only scant intravascular fibrin deposition was found. Hepatocellular vacuolization and sinusoidal dilatation were also found. There were patches of necrosis without any zonal distribution, intrasinusoidal neutrophil sequestration and interstitial hemorrhage. These findings were milder in the CVF+Gd group. CONCLUSION: The pig to canine partial auxiliary liver xenotransplantation model is feasible and it is a good model before starting to perform pig to primate liver xenotransplantation. In the CVF+Gd group, pathologic findings like patch hepatocyte necrosis etc. were less severe. As there were no corresponding vascular pathologic findings, these findings are not the direct effect of CVF and gadolinium treatment, and so other factors like Ischemia- reperfusion injury should be considered.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Platelets , Elapid Venoms , Complement System Proteins , Dilatation , Dogs , Fibrin , Fibrinogen , Fluconazole , Formycins , Gadolinium , Hemodynamics , Hemorrhage , Hepatectomy , Hepatocytes , Humans , Kidney , Kupffer Cells , Liver , Lung , Necrosis , Neutrophils , Primates , Rejection, Psychology , Reperfusion , Reperfusion Injury , Ribonucleotides , Tissue Donors , Transplantation, Heterologous , Transplants
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-157160

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although levels of D-dimer and fibrinogen/fibrin degradation products (FDP) are low in the circulation of healthy individuals, their levels are significantly elevated in patients with thromboembolic diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical utilities of D-dimer and FDP in the early diagnosis of stroke subtypes and the prediction of early prognosis. METHODS: Hospitalized patients due to acute ischemic stroke underwent measurement of plasma levels of D-dimer and FDP within 12 hours after admission. Stroke severity was assessed on admission and 2 weeks later using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). Stroke subtypes were classified according to the criteria of the Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment criterion. RESULTS: D-dimer and FDP levels were significantly higher in the cardioembolic group than in the atherosclerotic and lacunar groups. There was independent correlation between the level of FDP and cardioembolism. Ninety-six patients showed clinical improvement that was defined by a reduction of more than 4 points on the NIHSS two weeks later compared with that on admission. The level of D-dimer was higher in patients with clinical improvement than in patients without improvement (p=0.032). However, there was no correlation between the level of D-dimer and early improvement. CONCLUSIONS: These results show that measurement of FDP in acute ischemic stroke could be helpful in subtype classification. However, D-dimer and FDP were not related with early prognosis.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Infarction , Chondroitin Sulfates , Dermatan Sulfate , Early Diagnosis , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Formycins , Heparitin Sulfate , Humans , Plasma , Ribonucleotides , Stroke , Thromboembolism
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-652615

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the treatment results of fragment excision of the hamate hook nonunion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine patients operated for hamate hook nonunion were reviewed retrospectively, and were clinically assessed for pain, range of motion, tingling sensation, and grip strength postoperatively. RESULTS: The initial symptoms were pain (3 cases), tingling sensation (3 cases), 5th DIP joint flexion LOM (2 cases), and pain and accompanying LOM in 5th DIP joint flexion (1 case). The causes of injuries seemed to be mainly associated with sports activities. Time from initial symptom to diagnosis was averaged 15 months (2 months-5 years), and confirmative image was plain x-ray (one case), carpal tunnel view (six cases), and CT scan (two cases). All patients underwent fragment excision, and in three patients with accompanying carpal tunnel syndrome, transverse carpal ligament release was performed accordingly. In three other patients complicated with 5th FDP rupture, tenorrhaphy was performed in two cases, and tendon transfer was performed in the other case. Eight patients showed excellent clinical results one year postoperatively, but one patient complained of transient tingling sensation on the 4th and 5th fingers. CONCLUSION: Hamate hook excision after nonunion showed excellent clinical results in one year postoperative follow-up.


Subject(s)
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Formycins , Hand Strength , Humans , Joints , Ligaments , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Ribonucleotides , Rupture , Sensation , Sports , Tendon Transfer
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