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1.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 17(3): 327-334, sept. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514371

ABSTRACT

The mandibular advancements performed in orthognathic surgeries can be stabilized with several techniques when using stable internal fixation. This study aims to comparatively evaluate, in vitro, the mechanical strength in a polyurethane mandibular model for four fixation techniques for sagittal split ramus osteotomy mandibular. 60 samples were divided into 4 groups, with 15 units for each group: group A, group B, group C and group D. Advances of 5 mm were made for each subgroup and fixed with 2.0 mm system plates and monocortical screws in the replicas of human hemimandibles in polyurethane resin. The samples were submitted to mechanical tests of linear loading, being evaluated the peak load and peak deformation. Technique B presented higher peak load (Kgf) and techniques A and B presented higher peak strain (p<0.05). Technique D presented lower peak load and lower peak strain (p<0.05). It is concluded that the study based on the development of new techniques for fixation for sagittal osteotomy of the mandibular ramus is of great importance for the advancement of orthognathic surgery, provided by the technical innovation of more favorable plate models.


Los avances mandibulares realizados en cirugías ortognáticas pueden estabilizarse con varias técnicas cuando se utiliza fijación interna estable. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar comparativamente, in vitro, la resistencia mecánica en un modelo mandibular de poliuretano para cuatro técnicas de fijación para la osteotomía sagital de la rama mandibular. Se dividieron 60 muestras en 4 grupos, con 15 unidades para cada grupo: grupo A, grupo B, grupo C y grupo D. Se realizaron avances de 5 mm para cada subgrupo y se fijaron con placas de sistema de 2,0 mm y tornillos monocorticales en las réplicas de hemimandíbulas humanas en resina de poliuretano. Las muestras fueron sometidas a pruebas mecánicas de carga lineal, siendo evaluadas la carga máxima y la deformación máxima. La técnica B presentó mayor pico de carga (Kgf) y las técnicas A y B presentaron mayor pico de deformación (p<0,05). La técnica D presentó menor carga máxima y menor tensión máxima (p<0,05). Se concluye que el estudio basado en el desarrollo de nuevas técnicas de fijación para la osteotomía sagital de la rama mandibular es de gran importancia para el avance de la cirugía ortognática, proporcionada por la innovación técnica de modelos de placas más favorables.


Subject(s)
Mandibular Advancement/methods , Osteotomy, Sagittal Split Ramus/methods , Mandible/surgery , Biomechanical Phenomena , Orthognathic Surgery/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods
2.
MedUNAB ; 26(1): 30-39, 20230731.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525363

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El objetivo del estudio fue describir las características sociodemográficas, tratamiento y complicaciones pre y posquirúrgicas de las fracturas supracondíleas del húmero distal en niños que requirieron manejo quirúrgico en un hospital de Santander, Colombia. Metodología. Se trata de un estudio observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal con 58 pacientes que cumplieron los siguientes criterios de inclusión: edad entre 3 a 14 años, fracturas supracondíleas de manejo quirúrgico; como criterios de exclusión se tomó: antecedente de enfermedad ósea o neurológica previa y fracturas de más de 7 días de evolución. Para las variables continuas se usó medidas de tendencia central y dispersión, las categóricas en porcentajes y frecuencias absolutas. Resultados. La edad media de presentación fue de 6.2 años, el principal mecanismo de trauma fue caídas de altura con un 96.5%. El 65.5% provenía de zonas urbanas. El 13.8% se asoció con fracturas de antebrazo, y el 3.4% de epitróclea. La fijación se realizó en un 75% con técnica cruzada y un 17.2% se asoció con lesión iatrogénica del nervio ulnar. Discusión. En el estudio no se informaron lesiones vasculares; sin embargo, se documentó una alta prevalencia de lesión neurológica con la fijación medial, similar a lo descrito en la literatura (1.4%-17.7%); algunos autores describen técnicas que disminuyen estas lesiones hasta en un 0%. Conclusión. Las características sociodemográficas de nuestra población coinciden con la estadística publicada mundialmente; la principal complicación fue la lesión iatrogénica nervio ulnar, que se puede disminuir con un uso racional del pin medial y con el empleo de técnicas que busquen rechazar directamente el nervio. Palabras clave: Fracturas del Húmero; Fijación Interna de Fracturas; Clavos Ortopédicos; Codo; Niño; Nervio Cubital.


Introduction. The objective of this study was to describe sociodemographic characteristic, treatment, and pre- and post-surgical complications of supracondylar fractures of the distal humerus in children who required surgical management at a hospital in Santander, Colombia. Methodology. This was an observational, descriptive, and cross-sectional study involving 58 patients who met inclusion criteria: age between 3 and 14 years old, supracondylar fractures with surgical management; exclusion criteria include previous bone or neurological illness and fractures with more than 7 days of evolution. Central tendency and dispersion measures were used for continuous variables, and categorical variables in percentages and absolute frequencies. Results. The average age at presentation was 6.2 years old, the main mechanism of trauma was fall from height (96.5%). 65.5% came from urban zones. The 13.8% were associated with forearm fractures, and 3.4% with epitrochlear fractures. Pinning was performed at 75% with crossed technique and 17.2% were associated with iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury. Discussion. Study didn't inform vascular injuries. However, a high prevalence of neurological injury with medial pinning was documented, similar to that describe in the literature (1.4%-17.7%); some author described techniques that reduce these lesions by 0%. Conclusion. The sociodemographic characteristics of our population match with worldwide published statistics; the main complication was iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury, which can be reduced with the rational use of medial pin and with the application of techniques that seek to directly spare the nerve. Keywords: Humeral Fractures; Fracture Fixation, Internal; Bone Nails; Elbow; Child; Ulnar Nerve.


Introdução. O objetivo do estudo foi descrever as características sociodemográficas, o tratamento e as complicações pré e pós-cirúrgicas das fraturas supracondilianas do úmero distal em crianças que precisaram de tratamento cirúrgico em um hospital de Santander, Colômbia. Metodologia. Trata-se de um estudo observacional, descritivo e transversal com 58 pacientes que atenderam aos seguintes critérios de inclusão: idade entre 3 e 14 anos, fraturas supracondilianas tratadas cirurgicamente. Os critérios de exclusão foram: histórico de doença óssea ou neurológica prévia e fraturas com duração superior a 7 dias de evolução. Para variáveis contínuas foram utilizadas medidas de tendência central e dispersão, as categóricas em percentuais e frequências absolutas. Resultados. A média de idade de apresentação foi de 6.2 anos, o principal mecanismo de trauma foi a queda de altura com 96.5%. 65.5% vieram de áreas urbanas. 13.8% estavam associados a fraturas de antebraço e 3.4% a epitróclea. A fixação foi realizada em 75% com técnica cruzada e 17.2% esteve associada à lesão iatrogênica do nervo ulnar. Discussão. Nenhuma lesão vascular foi relatada no estudo. No entanto, foi documentada alta prevalência de lesão neurológica com fixação medial, semelhante à descrita na literatura (1.4%-17.7%). Alguns autores descrevem técnicas que reduzem essas lesões em até 0%. Conclusão. As características sociodemográficas da nossa população coincidem com as estatísticas publicadas mundialmente. A principal complicação foi a lesão iatrogênica do nervo ulnar, que pode ser reduzida com o uso racional do pino medial e com o uso de técnicas que buscam rejeitar diretamente o nervo. Palavras-chave: Fraturas do Úmero; Fixação Interna de Fraturas; Pinos Ortopédicos; Cotovelo; Criança; Nervo Ulnar


Subject(s)
Fracture Fixation, Internal , Ulnar Nerve , Bone Nails , Child , Elbow , Humeral Fractures
3.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 55(1): 20-28, jun. 2023. graf, tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1512025

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas de meseta tibial compleja se asocian a traumatismo de alta energía, principalmente en accidentes de motocicleta, siendo un desafío para el cirujano ortopedista. En la década de 1970, Schatzker propuso una clasificación radiológica para las fracturas de la meseta tibial, que destacaba la morfología de los seis tipos principales. Las imágenes de tomografía computarizada y tridimensional, han cambiado la comprensión y el tratamiento de las fracturas de la meseta tibial. Recientemente, esa clasificación original se complementó con una más amplia; puesto que, se introdujo el fragmento en cuña dividida y la continuidad de la columna posterior como determinantes de la estabilidad articular y el papel fundamental que desempeña en el tratamiento de las fracturas de la meseta tibial, con ellos también la importancia de abordajes quirúrgicos que permitan la visualización posterior para una adecuada reducción. El estudio documenta las técnicas de fijación interna y abordajes posteriores realizadas en el IAHULA, valorando los resultados clínicos en cuanto a dolor y satisfacción del paciente, como consolidación, pseudoartrosis o falla en la técnica de osteosíntesis realizada. El resultado a partir de las escalas de evaluación de la AO y KOOS, arrojaron que, con un efecto excelentes se agrupa un 28,6% y bueno a un 42,9%, indicando la importancia de la fijación de la columna posterior, para prevenir artrosis postraumática temprana e inestabilidad articular(AU)


A complex fracture of the posterior tibial plateau are related to high energy traumatisms, mainly during motorcycle accidents, becoming a challenge to the ortopedic surgen. During the seventies, Stchatzker proposed a radiologic classification for the tibial plateau fractures that pointed the morphology of six main types. The computarized and tridimensional tomographic images have changed the comprehension and treatment of these fractures. Recently, the original classification was complemented with a more broaded approach due to the introduction of the fragment in divided crib and the continuity of the posterior column as factors determining the articular stability and the fundamental roll played in the treatment of fractures of the tibial plateau, as well as the important roll of surgical approaches that allow the posterior visualization for a correct reduction. This research documents the technics of internal fixation and posterior approach developed in the IAHULA, evaluating the clinic results about patients' pain level and comfort, as well as the radiologic findings of consolidation, pseudoarthrosis, or fail in the technic of osteosynthesis developed. The results from a point of view of the evaluation scales of the AO and KOOS, show 28.6% with excellent outcomes, and 42.9% with good outcomes, indicating the importance of the fixation of the posterior column to prevent early start of posttraumatic arthrosis and articular instability(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Data Collection , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Land Transport Accidents , Tibial Plateau Fractures
4.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 55(1): 38-45, jun. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1512030

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo es determinar la epidemiología de la infección post osteosíntesis a través de cultivos de fluidos sonicados en los pacientes del Hospital Universitario de Caracas en el período comprendido entre noviembre 2021-noviembre 2022. Se realizó un estudio observacional de tipo, serie de casos, a través de la revisión de historias médicas de todos los casos que acudieron con diagnóstico de infección post osteosíntesis a fin de determinar cuál agente causal fue el más común, factores de riesgo asociados y tratamiento de elección. Se incluyeron 10 pacientes, 70% de sexo masculino y edad promedio de 40,6±17,9 años. Los gérmenes aislados en el cultivo convencional fueron el SAMS, SAMR, Enterobacter cloacae, Staphylococcus coagulasa negativo (10,0% cada uno), el 60,0% de los cultivos en esta modalidad fueron negativos, en el cultivo de fluidos por baño de ultrasonido, el germen más frecuente fue el SAMR en el 30% de los casos, seguido del SAMS con 20%, en menor medida un caso de Staphylococcus coagulasa negativo y una infección polimicrobiana compuesta por K. pneumoniae, E. cloacae y Enterococo sp. El tratamiento médico consistió en antibioticoterapia vía endovenosa, se realizó de acuerdo al antibiograma obtenido del cultivo, el más empleado fue la cefazolina en 30% (en casos de SAMS), seguido de la vancomicina + meropenem y la vancomicina aislada en 20%. Todos los pacientes cumplieron tratamiento al menos por 4 semanas con evolución satisfactoria(AU)


The objective of this work is to determine the epidemiology of post-osteosynthesis infection through sonicated fluid cultures in patients at the Hospital Universitario de Caracas in the period between November 2021 and November 2022. An observational study of type, series of cases, through the review of the medical records of all the cases that presented with a diagnosis of post-osteosynthesis infection in order to determine which causative agent was the most common, associated risk factors and treatment of choice. 10 patients were included, 70% male and mean age 40.6 ± 17.9 years. The germs isolated in the conventional culture were SAMS, SAMR, Enterobacter cloacae, coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (10.0% each), 60.0% of the cultures in this modality were negative, in the culture of fluids by bath of On ultrasound, the most frequent germ was MRSA in 30% of cases, followed by SAMS with 20%, to a lesser extent a case of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus and a polymicrobial infection made up of K. pneumoniae, E. cloacae and Enterococcus sp. The medical treatment consisted of intravenous antibiotic therapy, it was carried out according to the antibiogram obtained from the culture, the most used was cefazolin in 30% (in cases of SAMS), followed by vancomycin + meropenem and vancomycin alone in 20%. All patients complied with treatment for at least 4 weeks with satisfactory evolution(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Postoperative Care , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Infections/epidemiology , Enterobacter cloacae
5.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 55(1): 66-73, jun. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1513220

ABSTRACT

La fijación interna combinada con artroplastia en pacientes de edad avanzada, está indicada en fracturas acetabulares complejas inveteradas, artrosis preexistente, luxación inveterada, Impactación supero-medial de la cúpula acetabular, la finalidad de la cirugía es lograr la fijación de la columna anterior, columna posterior, lamina cuadrilátera y pared posterior para proporcionar estabilidad adecuada al componente acetabular y restaurar el centro de rotación de la cadera. Debido a la complejidad de estas lesiones, se decide presentar el siguiente caso clínico, que corresponde una paciente femenina de 70 años, quien posterior a traumatismo de baja energía presenta fractura inveterada compleja con patrón en T de Acetábulo de 8 meses de evolución. El Objetivo es: Evaluar los resultados del tratamiento de las fracturas acetabulares complejas en pacientes de edad avanzada con reducción abierta más fijación interna combinada con artroplastia total de cadera. Se realiza en un 1er tiempo: Abordaje Ilioinguinal, ORIF con placa de reconstrucción 3,5 mm para CA, 2do Tiempo: Abordaje de Kocher Langenbeck, ORIF con placa de reconstrucción 3,5 mm para CP y PP. 3er Tiempo: ATC izquierda primaria no cementada, con aporte biológico de injerto óseo autologo. Resultado: Se restableció la integridad de las líneas acetabulares, reducción anatómica según Matta, índice de Harris hip score de 88 puntos. Se concluye que el procedimiento combinado de ORIF mas ATC es el tratamiento ideal de las fracturas acetabulares complejas inveteradas en pacientes de edad avanzada(AU)


Internal fixation combined with arthroplasty in elderly patients is indicated in inveterate complex acetabular fractures, preexisting osteoarthritis, inveterate dislocation, supero medial impaction of the acetabular dome, the purpose of surgery is to achieve fixation of the anterior column (AC), posterior column (PC), quadrilateral plate, and posterior wall (PP) to provide adequate stability to the acetabular component and restore the hip center of rotation. Due to the complexity of these injuries, it is decided to present the following clinical case, which corresponds to a 70-year-old female patient, who, after a low-energy trauma, presents a complex inveterate fracture with a T-pattern of the acetabulum of 8 months of evolution. The Objective is: To evaluate the results of the treatment of complex acetabular fractures in elderly patients with open reduction plus internal fixation (ORIF) combined with total hip arthroplasty (THA). It is performed in a 1st stage: Ilioinguinal approach, ORIF with 3.5 mm reconstruction plate for (CA), 2nd Stage: Kocher Langenbeck approach, ORIF with 3.5 mm reconstruction plate for (CP) and (PP). 3rd Time: Uncemented primary left THA, with biological contribution of autologous bone graft. Result: The integrity of the acetabular lines was restored, anatomical reduction according to Matta, Harris hip score index of 88 points. It is concluded that the combined procedure (ORIF plus ATC) is the ideal treatment of inveterate complex acetabular fractures in elderly patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Orthopedic Procedures , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Open Fracture Reduction
6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 191-198, Mar.-Apr. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449794

ABSTRACT

Abstract Historically, surgeries on the immature skeleton were reserved for open or articular fractures. In recent years, the improvement in the quality and safety of anesthesia, new imaging equipment, implants designed especially for pediatric fractures, associated with the possibility of shorter hospitalization time and rapid return to social life has demonstrated a new tendency to evaluate and treat fractures in children. The purpose of this update article is to answer the following questions: (1) Are we really turning more surgical in addressing fractures in children? (2) If this is true, is this surgical conduct based on scientific evidence? In fact, in recent decades, the medical literature demonstrates articles that support better evolution of fractures in children with surgical treatment. In the upper limbs, this is very evident in the systematization of the reduction and percutaneous fixation of supracondylar fractures of the humerus and fractures of the forearm bones. In the lower limbs, the same occurs with diaphyseal fractures of the femur and tibia. However, there are gaps in the literature. The available published studies show low scientific evidence. Thus, it can be inferred that, even though the surgical approach is more present, the treatment of pediatric fractures should always be individualized and conducted according to the knowledge and experience of the professional physician, taking into account the presence of technological resources available for the care of the small patient. All possibilities, non-surgical and/or surgical, should be included, always instituting actions based on science and in agreement with the family's wishes.


Resumo Historicamente, as cirurgias no esqueleto imaturo eram reservadas às fraturas expostas ou articulares. Nos últimos anos, a melhora na qualidade e segurança das anestesias, novos equipamentos de imagem, implantes desenhados especialmente para fraturas pediátricas, associados à possibilidade de menor tempo de hospitalização e rápido retorno ao convívio social vêm demonstrando uma nova tendência de avaliar e tratar fraturas na criança. O objetivo deste artigo de atualização é responder às seguintes questões: (1) estamos realmente ficando mais cirúrgicos na abordagem das fraturas em crianças? (2) Caso isto seja verdadeiro, esta conduta cirúrgica está baseada em evidências científicas? De fato, nas últimas décadas, a literatura médica demonstra artigos que suportam melhor evolução das fraturas na criança com o tratamento cirúrgico. Nos membros superiores, isto fica muito evidente na sistematização da redução e fixação percutânea das fraturas supracondilianas do úmero e das fraturas de ossos do antebraço. Nos membros inferiores, o mesmo ocorre com fraturas diafisárias do fêmur e tíbia. No entanto, há lacunas na literatura. Os estudos publicados são geralmente com baixa evidência científica. Assim, pode-se deduzir que, mesmo sendo a abordagem cirúrgica mais presente, o tratamento de fraturas pediátricas deve ser sempre individualizado e conduzido de acordo com o conhecimento e experiência do médico profissional, levando em conta a presença de recursos tecnológicos disponíveis para o atendimento do pequeno paciente. Deve-se incluir todas as possibilidades, não cirúrgicas e/ou cirúrgicas, sempre instituindo ações baseadas na ciência e em concordância com os anseios da família.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Fractures, Bone , Salter-Harris Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Growth Plate/surgery
7.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(1): 42-47, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441348

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the clinical results between conservative (CS) and surgical treatment (CXS) of A3 and A4 fractures without neurological deficit. Methods Prospective observational study of patients with thoracolumbar fractures type A3 and A4. These patients were separated between the surgical and conservative groups, and evaluated sequentially through the numeric rating scale (NRS), Roland-Morris disability questionnaire (RMDQ), EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) quality of life questionnaire, and Denis work scale (DWS) up to 2.5 years of follow-up. Results Both groups showed significant improvement, with no statistical difference in pain questionnaires (NRS: CXS 2.4 ± 2.6; CS 3.5 ± 2.6; p> 0.05), functionality (RMDQ: CS 7 ± 6.4; CXS 5.5 ± 5.2; p> 0.05), quality of life (EQ-5D), and return to work (DWS). Conclusion Both treatments are viable options with equivalent clinical results. There is a tendency toward better results in the surgical treatment of A4 fractures.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar os resultados clínicos entre os tratamentos conservador (CS) e cirúrgico (CXS) das fraturas A3 e A4 sem déficit neurológico. Métodos Estudo prospectivo observacional de paciente com fraturas toracolombares tipo A3 e A4. Esses pacientes foram separados entre os grupos cirúrgico e conservador e avaliados sequencialmente através da escala numérica de dor (NRS), do questionário de incapacidade de Roland-Morris (RMDQ), do EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) e da escala de trabalho de Denis (DWS) até 2,5 anos de acompanhamento. Resultados Ambos os grupos apresentaram melhora significante, sem diferença estatística nos questionários de dor (NRS: CXS 2,4 ± 2,6; CS 3,5 ± 2,6; p> 0,05), funcionalidade (RMDQ: CS 7 ± 6,4; CXS 5,5 ± 5,2; p> 0,05), qualidade de vida (EQ-5D) e retorno ao trabalho (DWS). Conclusão Ambos os tratamentos são opções viáveis e com resultados clínicos equivalentes. Há uma tendência a melhores resultados no tratamento cirúrgico das fraturas A4.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Conservative Treatment , Fracture Fixation, Internal
8.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 308-312, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981688

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore treatment strategy for complex Schatzker Ⅳ tibial plateau fracture.@*METHODS@#Forty-one patients with complex Schatzker type Ⅳ tibial plateau fractures were treated from January 2016 to January 2021, including 28 males and 13 females, aged from 19 to 65 years old with an average of (35.3±19.8) years old. Individualized treatment plan was developed according to preoperative imaging characteristics, medial surgical approach was mainly combined with other auxiliary incisions. Posteromedial inverted L approach was used in 18 patients, posteromedial approach and anterolateral extended approach in 19 patients, and posteromedial approach with anterolateral and lateral condylar osteotomy in 4 patients. Articular surface and facture healing were observed, range of knee joint motion was measured at 12 months after opertaion, and function of knee joint was evaluated by Lysholm scoring system.@*RESULTS@#Forty-one patients were followed up for 12 to 26 months with an average of (13.3±6.8) months. Twenty-nine patients and 10 patients were obtained complete fracture healing at 6 and 12 months after operation respectively, and fracture healing time was 4 to 13 months with an average of (5.0±3.7) months. Two patients occurred posterior medial internal fixation failure and varus deformity of knee joint, and the fracture healed and varus deformity was corrected after the second operation. Range of knee joint motion was (118±29) °, and Lysholm score was(83.0±16.0) points.@*CONCLUSION@#Individualized treatment should be reasonably selected for complex Schatzker Ⅳ tibial plateau fractures, the characteristics of lateral plateau fractures are an important reference for selecting surgical approaches, the effective fixation of posteromedial bone blocks should be pay full attention, and the overall treatment results are satisfied.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Adolescent , Tibial Plateau Fractures , Bone Plates , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Knee Joint/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Retrospective Studies
9.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 302-308, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981687

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy of No-touch technique and traditional retractor in treating calcaneal fracture.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 74 calcaneal fracture patients with closed Sanders typeⅡ to Ⅳ were retrospectively analyzed from July 2019 to June 2021. According to different treatment methods, the patients were divided into No-touch group and conventional group, 37 patinets in each group. In No-touch group, there were 25 males and 12 females, aged from 19 to 70 years old with an average of (42.64±14.16) years old;17 patients were typeⅡ, 14 patinets with type Ⅲ, 6 patients with type Ⅳ according to Sanders fracture classification;three 2.0 mm Kirschner wires were implanted into the talus body, talus neck, and cuboid bone, and the flap was turned upward to expose the operation area. In conventional group, there were 30 males and 7 females, aged from 19 to 67 years old with an average of (41.56±11.38) years old;17 patients with typeⅡ, 12 patients with type Ⅲ, 8 patients with type Ⅳ according to Sanders fracture classification;the operation was completed by exposing the operation area with traditional retractor. Operation time, postoperative incision complications, postoperaive American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle hind foot score at 6 months between two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#Seventy-four patients were followed up, and follow-up time in No-touch group ranged from 6 to 17 months with an average of(9.57±2.72) months, while in conventional group ranged from 6 to 16 months with an averge of(9.14±2.71) months, and no difference in follow-up between two groups (P>0.05). Operation time in No-touch group (55.67±7.94) min was shorter than that in conventional group (70.16±9.41) min (P<0.05);four patients in No-touch group occurred incision complications, while 8 patients in normal group, and had statistically difference(P<0.05). Daily activities and support, maximum walking distance (block), ground walking, limited degree of flexion, extension and valgus, foot alignment and total score of AOFAS scores in No-touch group was significantly higher than that of conventional group (P<0.05). There were no significant difference in pain degree, abnormal gait and ankle hind foot stability between two groups(P>0.05). According to AOFAS score, 19 patients got excellent result, 16 good and 2 poor in No-touch group;while 9 excellent, 24 good, and 4 poor in conventional group, and no difference between two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with traditional retractor in treating calcaneal fracture, No-touch technology could significantly shorten operation time, reduce incidence of postopertive complications, while two methods could improve excellent and good rate of ankle joint function recovery after operation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Retrospective Studies , Calcaneus/surgery , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Ankle Injuries , Treatment Outcome , Ankle Joint , Foot Injuries , Knee Injuries , Postoperative Complications , Talus
10.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 694-699, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981654

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effectiveness of limited internal fixation combined with a hinged external fixator in the treatment of peri-elbow bone infection.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 19 patients with peri-elbow bone infection treated with limited internal fixation combined with a hinged external fixator between May 2018 and May 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 15 males and 4 females with an average age of 44.6 years (range, 28-61 years). There were 13 cases of distal humerus fractures and 6 cases of proximal ulna fractures. All the 19 cases were infected after internal fixation of fracture, and 2 cases were complicated with radial nerve injury. According to Cierny-Mader anatomical classification, 11 cases were type Ⅱ, 6 cases were type Ⅲ, and 2 cases were type Ⅳ. The duration of bone infection was 1-3 years. After primary debridement, the bone defect was (3.04±0.28) cm, and the antibiotic bone cement was implanted into the defect area, and the external fixator was installed; 3 cases were repaired with latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap, and 2 cases were repaired with lateral brachial fascial flap. Bone defects repair and reconstruction were performed after 6-8 weeks of infection control. The wound healing was observed, and white blood cell (WBC), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and C-reaction protein (CRP) were reexamined regularly after operation to evaluate the infection control. X-ray films of the affected limb were taken regularly after operation to observe the bone healing in the defect area. At last follow-up, the flexion and extension range of motion and the total range of motion of the elbow joint were observed and recorded, and compared with those before operation, and the function of the elbow joint was evaluated by Mayo score.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up 12-34 months (mean, 26.2 months). The wounds healed in 5 cases after skin flap repair. Two cases of recurrent infection were effectively controlled by debridement again and replacement of antibiotic bone cement. The infection control rate was 89.47% (17/19) in the first stage. Two patients with radial nerve injury had poor muscle strength of the affected limb, and the muscle strength of the affected limb recovered from grade Ⅲ to about grade Ⅳ after rehabilitation exercise. During the follow-up period, there was no complication such as incision ulceration, exudation, bone nonunion, infection recurrence, or infection in the bone harvesting area. Bone healing time ranged from 16 to 37 weeks, with an average of 24.2 weeks. WBC, ESR, CRP, PCT, and elbow flexion, extension, and total range of motions significantly improved at last follow-up ( P<0.05). According to Mayo elbow scoring system, the results were excellent in 14 cases, good in 3 cases, and fair in 2 cases, and the excellent and good rate was 89.47%.@*CONCLUSION@#Limited internal fixation combined with a hinged external fixator in the treatment of the peri-elbow bone infection can effectively control infection and restore the function of the elbow joint.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Elbow , Elbow Joint/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Bone Cements , Treatment Outcome , External Fixators , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Bone , Range of Motion, Articular
11.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 688-693, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981653

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The biomechanical characteristics of three internal fixation modes for femoral subtrochanteric spiral fracture in osteoporotic patients were compared and analyzed by finite element technology, so as to provide the basis for the optimization of fixation methods for femoral subtrochanteric spiral fracture.@*METHODS@#Ten female patients with osteoporosis and femoral subtrochanteric spiral fractures caused by trauma, aged 65-75 years old, with a height of 160-170 cm and a body weight mass of 60-70 kg, were selected as the study subjects. The femur was scanned by spiral CT and a three-dimensional model of the femur was established by digital technology. The computer aided design models of proximal intramedullary nail (PFN), proximal femoral locking plate (PFLP), and the combination of the two (PFLP+PFN) were constructed under the condition of subtrochanteric fracture. Then the same load of 500 N was applied to the femoral head, and the stress distribution of the internal fixators, the stress distribution of the femur, and the displacement of femur after fracture fixation were compared and analyzed under the three finite element internal fixation modes, so as to evaluate the fixation effect.@*RESULTS@#In the PFLP fixation mode, the stress of the plate was mainly concentrated in the main screw channel, the stresses of the different part of the plate were not equal, and gradually decreased from the head to the tail. In the PFN fixation mode, the stress was concentrated in the upper part of the lateral middle segment. In the PFLP+PFN fixation mode, the maximum stress appeared between the first and the second screws in the lower segment, and the maximum stress appeared in the lateral part of the middle segment of the PFN. The maximum stress of PFLP+PFN fixation mode was significantly higher than that of PFLP fixation mode, but significantly lower than that of PFN fixation mode ( P<0.05). In PFLP and PFN fixation modes, the maximum stress of femur appeared in the medial and lateral cortical bone of the middle femur and the lower side of the lowest screw. In PFLP+PFN fixation mode, the stress of femur concentrated in the medial and lateral of the middle femur. There was no significant difference in the maximum stress of femur among the three finite element fixation modes ( P>0.05). The maximum displacement occurred at the femoral head after three finite element fixation modes were used to fix subtrochanteric femoral fractures. The maximum displacement of femur in PFLP fixation mode was the largest, followed by PFN, and PFLP+PFN was the minimum, with significant differences ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Under static loading conditions, the PFLP+PFN fixation mode produces the smallest maximum displacement when compared with the single PFN and PFLP fixation modes, but its maximum plate stress is greater than the single PFN and PFLP fixation mode, suggesting that the combination mode has higher stability, but the plate load is greater, and the possibility of fixation failure is higher.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Finite Element Analysis , Biomechanical Phenomena , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Hip Fractures/surgery , Bone Plates , Femur Head , Femoral Fractures/surgery
12.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 681-687, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981652

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of joystick technique assisted closed reduction and cannulated screw fixation in the treatment of femoral neck fracture.@*METHODS@#Seventy-four patients with fresh femoral neck fractures who met the selection criteria between April 2017 and December 2018 were selected and divided into observation group (36 cases with closed reduction assisted by joystick technique) and control group (38 cases with closed manual reduction). There was no significant difference in gender, age, fracture side, cause of injury, Garden classification, Pauwels classification, time from injury to operation, and complications (except for hypertension) between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time, intraoperative infusion volume, complications, and femoral neck shortening were recorded and compared between the two groups. Garden reduction index was used to evaluate the effect of fracture reduction, and score of fracture reduction (SFR) was designed and was used to evaluate the subtle reduction effect of joystick technique.@*RESULTS@#The operation was successfully completed in both groups. There was no significant difference in operation time and intraoperative infusion volume between the two groups ( P>0.05). All patients were followed up 17-38 months, with an average of 27.7 months. Two patients in the observation group received joint replacement due to failure of internal fixation during the follow-up, and the other patients had fracture healing. Within 1 week after operation, the Garden reduxtion index of the observation group was better than the control group; the SFR score of the observation group was also higher than that of the control group; the proportion of femoral neck shortening within 1 week after operation and at 1 year after operation in the observation group were lower than those in the control group. The differences of the above indexes between the two groups were significant ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The joystick technique can improve the effectiveness of closed reduction of femoral neck fractures and reduce the incidence of femoral neck shortening. The designed SFR score can directly and objectively evaluate the reduction effect of femoral neck fracture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Treatment Outcome , Bone Screws , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Retrospective Studies
13.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 675-680, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981651

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate effectiveness of suture anchor fixation combined with Nice knot strapping via longitudinal patellar drilling in the treatment of patellar inferior pole fractures.@*METHODS@#A clinical data of 37 patients with unilateral patellar inferior pole fracture who met the selection criteria between June 2017 and June 2021 was retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 17 cases were treated with the suture anchor fixation combined with Nice knot strapping via longitudinal patellar drilling (group A), and 20 cases were treated with the traditional Kirschner wire tension band technique (group B). There was no significant difference in terms of gender, age, body mass index, fracture side, combined medical disease, and preoperative hemoglobin between the two groups ( P>0.05). Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative complications, fracture healing time, knee range of motion, and knee function Bostman score (range of motion, pain, daily work, muscle atrophy, walking aids, knee effusion, soft leg, and stair climbing) and grading were recorded in both groups at last follow-up.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in operation time and intraoperative blood loss between the two groups ( P>0.05). All incisions healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 1-2 years, with an average of 1.7 years. X-ray films reexamination showed that all fractures in group A healed, while 2 cases in group B did not heal. There was no significant difference in bone healing time between the two groups ( P>0.05). At last follow-up, the knee range of motion, the range of motion score of Bostman score, total score and effectiveness grading in group A were significantly better than those in group B ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the other items of Bostman scores between the two groups ( P>0.05). During follow-up, 2 cases of internal fixation failure and 1 case of internal fixator irritation occurred in group B, and no complication related to internal fixation occurred in group A. The occurrence of complications was significantly lower in group A than in group B ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the traditional Kirschner wire tension band technique, the suture anchor combined with Nice knot strapping via longitudinal patellar drilling for the patellar inferior pole fractures has the advantages of simple operation, reliable fixation, early flexion and extension activity, and better functional recovery of knee joint.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Blood Loss, Surgical , Bone Wires , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Knee Injuries , Patella/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Suture Anchors , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 572-577, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981634

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effectiveness of open reduction of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) avulsion fracture at tibial insertion of knee joint with absorbable screws fixation and absorbable screw combined with suture anchor fixation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 26 patients with PCL avulsion fracture at tibial insertion who met the selection criteria between March 2015 and October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 14 patients were fixed with simple absorbable screw (group A), and 12 patients were fixed with absorbable screw combined with suture anchors (group B). All patients were confirmed by X-ray film, CT, or MRI preoperatively, and got positive results in preoperative posterior drawer tests. There was no significant difference in gender, age, side of affected limb, time from injury to operation, comorbidities, and preoperative Meyers & McKeever classification, Lysholm score, and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time and postoperative complications were recorded and compared between the two groups. At last follow-up, Lysholm score and IKDC score were used to evaluate the improvement of knee function.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in operation time between the two groups ( P>0.05). All incisions healed by first intention, and no complication such as vascular and nerve injury or venous thrombosis occurred. All 26 patients were followed up 9-89 months, with an average of 55.3 months. The follow-up time of group A and group B was (55.7±23.2) and (56.8±29.3) months, respectively, with no significant difference ( t=-0.106, P=0.916). Radiographs showed bone healing in both groups at 3 months after operation, and no complication such as infection and traumatic arthritis occurred. At last follow-up, the posterior drawer test was negative in both groups, and the Lysholm score and IKDC score significantly improved when compared with the pre-operative values ( P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the improvement value between the two groups ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For PCL avulsion fracture at tibial insertion of the knee joint, the open reduction and absorbable screw combined with suture anchor fixation can achieve reliable fracture reduction and fixation, which is conducive to the early rehabilitation and functional exercise, and the postoperative functional recovery of the knee joint is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Humans , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/injuries , Suture Anchors , Fractures, Avulsion/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Arthroscopy/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Knee Joint/surgery , Bone Screws , Suture Techniques , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 566-571, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981633

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the short-term effectiveness of transverse antecubital incision in the treatment of failed closed reduction of Gartland type Ⅲ supracondylar humeral fractures (SHFs) in children.@*METHODS@#Between July 2020 and April 2022, 20 children with Gartland type Ⅲ SHFs who failed in closed reduction were treated with internal and external condylar crossing Kirschner wire fixation through transverse antecubital incision. There were 9 boys and 11 girls with an average age of 3.1 years (range, 1.1-6.0 years). The causes of injuries were fall in 12 cases and fall from height in 8 cases. The time from admission to operation ranged from 7 to 18 hours, with an average of 12.4 hours. The healing of the incision and the occurrence of complications such as nerve injury and cubitus varus were observed after operation; the elbow flexion and extension range of motion after removing the gypsum, after removing the Kirschner wire, and at last follow-up were recorded and compared, as well as the elbow flexion and extension and forearm rotation range of motion at last follow-up between healthy and affected sides; the Baumann angle was measured on the X-ray film, and the fracture healing was observed. At last follow-up, the effectiveness was evaluated according to the Flynn elbow function evaluation criteria.@*RESULTS@#All incisions healed by first intention, and there was no skin necrosis, scar contracture, ulnar nerve injury, and cubitus varus. Postoperative pain occurred in the radial-dorsal thumb in 2 cases. The gypsum was removed and elbow flexion and extension exercises were started at 2-4 weeks (mean, 2.7 weeks) after operation, and the Kirschner wire was removed at 4-5 weeks (mean, 4.3 weeks). All the 20 patients were followed up 6-16 months, with an average of 12.4 months. The fracture healing time was 4-5 weeks, with an average of 4.5 weeks, and there was no complication such as delayed healing and myositis ossificans. The flexion and extension range of motion of the elbow joint gradually improved after operation, and there were significant differences between the time after removing the gypsum, after removing the Kirschner wire, and at last follow-up ( P<0.017). There was no significant difference in the flexion and extension of the elbow joint and the forearm rotation range of motion between the healthy and affected sides at last follow-up ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in Baumann angle between the time of immediate after operation, after removing the Kirschner wire, and at last follow-up ( P>0.05). According to Flynn elbow function evaluation standard, 16 cases were excellent and 4 cases were good, the excellent and good rate was 100%.@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment of Gartland type Ⅲ SHFs in children with failed closed reduction by internal and external condylar crossing Kirschner wire fixation through transverse antecubital incision has the advantages of complete soft tissue hinge behind the fracture for easy reduction and wire fixation, small incision, less complications, fast fracture healing, early functional recovery, reliable reduction and fixation, and can obtain satisfactory results.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Child, Preschool , Calcium Sulfate , Humerus , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Bone Wires , Fracture Healing , Treatment Outcome , Range of Motion, Articular
16.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 443-446, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981612

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of absorbable anchor combined with Kirschner wire fixation in the reconstruction of extension function of old mallet finger.@*METHODS@#Between January 2020 and January 2022, 23 cases of old mallet fingers were treated. There were 17 males and 6 females with an average age of 42 years (range, 18-70 years). The cause of injury included sports impact injury in 12 cases, sprain in 9 cases, and previous cut injury in 2 cases. The affected finger included index finger in 4 cases, middle finger in 5 cases, ring finger in 9 cases, and little finger in 5 cases. There were 18 patients of tendinous mallet fingers (Doyle type Ⅰ), 5 patients were only small bone fragments avulsion (Wehbe type ⅠA). The time from injury to operation was 45-120 days, with an average of 67 days. The patients were treated with Kirschner wire to fix the distal interphalangeal joint in a mild back extension position after joint release. The insertion of extensor tendon was reconstructed and fixed with absorbable anchors. After 6 weeks, the Kirschner wire was removed, and the patients started joint flexion and extension training.@*RESULTS@#The postoperative follow-up ranged from 4 to 24 months (mean, 9 months). The wounds healed by first intention without complications such as skin necrosis, wound infection, and nail deformity. The distal interphalangeal joint was not stiff, the joint space was good, and there was no complication such as pain and osteoarthritis. At last follow-up, according to Crawford function evaluation standard, 12 cases were excellent, 9 cases were good, 2 cases were fair, and the good and excellent rate was 91.3%.@*CONCLUSION@#Absorbable anchor combined with Kirschner wire fixation can be used to reconstruct the extension function of old mallet finger, which has the advantages of simple operation and less complications.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Bone Wires , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Finger Injuries/surgery , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Tendon Injuries/surgery , Fingers , Treatment Outcome , Finger Joint/surgery
17.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 438-442, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981611

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the percutaneous hollow screw internal fixation combined with cementoplasty in the treatment of periacetabular metastasis.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was performed on 16 patients with periacetabular metastasis who were treated with percutaneous hollow screw internal fixation combined with cementoplasty between May 2020 and May 2021. There were 9 males and 7 females. The age ranged from 40 to 73 years, with an average of 53.6 years. The tumor involved around the acetabulum, and 6 cases were located on the left and 10 cases on the right. Operation time, frequency of fluoroscopy, bed rest time, and complications were recorded. Before operation, and at 1 weeks, 3 months after operation, the visual analogue scale (VAS) score was used to evaluate the pain degree, the short-form 36 health survey scale (SF-36) score was used to evaluate the quality of life. At 3 months after operation, the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) scoring system was used to evaluate the functional recovery of patients. During follow-up, the loosening of internal fixator and bone cement leakage were observed by X-ray film.@*RESULTS@#All patients were performed operation successfully. The operation time ranged from 57 to 82 minutes, with an average of 70.4 minutes. The frequency of intraoperative fluoroscopy was 16-34 times, with an average of 23.1 times. After operation, 1 case of incision hematoma and 1 case of scrotal edema occurred. All patients felt the pain relieved after operation. The patients started walking at 1-3 days after operation, with an average of 1.4 days. All patients were followed up 6-12 months (mean 9.7 months). The VAS and SF-36 scores significantly improved after operation when compared with the preoperative scores, and the scores at 3 months after operation were significant better than those at 1 week after operation ( P<0.05). At 3 months after operation, the MSTS score ranged from 9 to 27, with an average of 19.8. Among them, 3 cases were excellent (18.75%), 8 cases were good (50%), 3 cases were fair (18.75%), and 2 cases were poor (12.5%). The excellent and good rate was 68.75%. And 11 patients returned to normal walking, 3 had mild claudication, and 2 had obvious claudication. Radiological examination showed that there were 2 cases of bone cement leakage after operation, and there was no internal fixator loosening or displacement.@*CONCLUSION@#Percutaneous hollow screw internal fixation combined with cementoplasty can effectively relieve pain and improve the quality of life of patients with periacetabular metastasis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Bone Cements , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Bone Screws , Cementoplasty , Pain
18.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 431-437, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981610

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the surgical technique and effectiveness of titanium elastic nail (TEN) assisted retrograde channel screw implantation of superior pubic branch.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 31 patients with pelvic or acetabular fractures treated with retrograde channel screw implantation in superior pubic branch between January 2021 and April 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 16 cases were implanted with assistance of TEN (study group) and 15 cases were implanted under the guidance of C-arm X-ray machine (control group). There was no significant difference in gender, age, cause of injury, Tile classification of pelvic fracture, Judet-Letournal classification of acetabular fracture, and time from injury to operation between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time, fluoroscopy times, and intraoperative blood loss of each superior pubic branch retrograde channel screw were recorded during operation. X-ray films and three-dimensional CT were reexamined after operation, the quality of fracture reduction was evaluated by Matta score standard, and the position of channel screw was evaluated by screw position classification standard. The fracture healing time was recorded during the follow-up, and the postoperative functional recovery was evaluated by Merle D'Aubigne Postel score system at last follow-up.@*RESULTS@#Nineteen and 20 retrograde channel screws of superior pubic branch were implanted in the study group and the control group, respectively. The operation time, fluoroscopy times, and intraoperative blood loss of each screw in the study group were significantly less than those in the control group ( P<0.05). According to the postoperative X-ray films and three-dimensional CT, none of the 19 screws in the study group penetrated out of the cortical bone or into the joint, and the excellent and good rate was 100% (19/19); in the control group, there were 4 screws of cortical bone penetration, and the excellent and good rate was 80% (16/20); the difference between the two groups was significant ( P<0.05). Matta score standard was used to evaluate the quality of fracture reduction, there was no patient in the two groups with poor reduction results, and the difference was not significant between the two groups ( P>0.05). The incisions of the two groups healed by first intention, and there was no complication such as incision infection, skin margin necrosis, and deep infection. All patients were followed up 8-22 months, with an average of 14.7 months. There was no significant difference in healing time between the two groups ( P>0.05). At last follow-up, the difference in functional recovery evaluated by the Merle D'Aubigne Postel scoring system between the two groups was not significant ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#TEN assisted implantation technique can significantly shorten the operation time of retrograde channel screw implantation of superior pubic branch, reduce the times of fluoroscopy, and have less intraoperative blood loss and accurate screw implantation, which provides a new safe and reliable method for minimally invasive treatment of pelvic and acetabular fractures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Titanium , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Blood Loss, Surgical , Retrospective Studies , Bone Screws , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Spinal Fractures , Hip Fractures
19.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 410-416, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981607

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of osteotomy of non-core weight-bearing area of the lateral tibial plateau, reduction, and internal fixation in the treatment of tibial plateau fractures involving posterolateral column collapse.@*METHODS@#A clinical data of 23 patients with tibial plateau fractures involving posterolateral column collapse, who had undergone osteotomy of non-core weight-bearing area of the lateral tibial plateau, reduction, and internal fixation between January 2015 and June 2021, was retrospectively analyzed. There were 14 males and 9 females with an average age of 42.6 years ranging from 26 to 62 years. The causes of injury included traffic accident in 16 cases, falling from height in 5 cases, and other injuries in 2 cases. According to Schatzker classification, there were 15 cases of type Ⅴ and 8 cases of type Ⅵ. The time from injury to operation was 4-8 days with an average of 5.9 days. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fracture healing time, and complications were recorded. The depth of articular surface collapse of posterolateral column and posterior inclination angle (PSA) of the tibial plateau were compared before operation and at 2 days and 6 months after operation; fracture reduction of tibial plateau fracture was evaluated by Rasmussen anatomic score. The recovery of knee function was evaluated by Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score at 2 days and 6 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All 23 patients were completed the operation successfully. The operation time was 120-195 minutes, with an average of 152.8 minutes; the intraoperative blood loss was 50-175 mL, with an average of 109.5 mL. All patients were followed up 12-24 months, with an average of 16.7 months. One patient had superficial wound infection after operation, and the incision healed after dressing change; primary healing of incision of other patients was obtained. The fracture healing time was 12-18 weeks, with an average of 13.7 weeks. No failure of internal fixation, varus and valgus deformity of the knee joint, and instability of the knee joint was found at last follow-up. One patient developed joint stiffness and the range of motion of the knee joint was 10°-100°; the range of motion of the knee joint of other patients was 0°-125°. At 2 days and 6 months after operation, the depth of articular surface collapse of posterolateral column, PSA, and Rasmussen anatomic scores significantly improved when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two postoperative time points ( P>0.05). The HSS score at 6 months after operation was significantly higher than that at 2 days after operation ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For tibial plateau fractures involving posterolateral column collapse, reduction and internal fixation through osteotomy of non-core weight-bearing area of the lateral tibial plateau has the advantages of fully expose the posterolateral column fragment, good articular surface reduction, sufficient bone grafting, and fewer postoperative complications. It is beneficial to restore knee joint function and can be widely used in clinic.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Tibial Plateau Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Bone Plates , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Knee Joint , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Osteotomy , Weight-Bearing
20.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 530-536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986885

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of percutaneous pedicle screw fixation combined expandable tubular retractor in the treatment of patients with spinal metastases.@*METHODS@#In the study, 12 patients of spinal metastases treated with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation combined expandable tubular retractor in our hospital were retrospectively reviewed between June 2017 and October 2019. Among the 12 patients, 9 were males and 3 were females; the median age was 62.5 years [(65.1±2.9) years]. The decompression segment of 7 patients was located at the lower thoracic spine (including 1 patient with incomplete paraplegia) and the decompression segment of 5 patients was located at the lumbar spine; Tomita score was 6.0±0.6. Perioperative data of the patients were reviewed. Visual analog scale (VAS score), Karnofsky score, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score were compared before and after surgery. The patient's survival, adjuvant treatment, and internal fixation failure were observed in the follow-up period.@*RESULTS@#All the 12 patients had a successful operation with percuta-neous pedicle screw fixation combined expandable tubular retractor. The average operative time, blood loss, and blood transfused of the patients were (247.0±14.6) min, (804.2±222.3) mL and (500.0±100.0) mL, respectively. The average amount of drainage was (240.8±79.3) mL. Drainage tubes were pulled out early postoperative [(3.2±0.3) d], allowing early mobilization. The patients discharged (7.8±0.8) d postoperative. All the patients were followed up for 6-30 months, and the average overall survival time was (13.6±2.4) months. During the follow-up period, 2 patients experienced screw displacement, the internal fixation was stable after conservative treatment and no revision surgery was performed. The VAS of the patients was 7.1±0.2 before surgery, which decreased to 2.3±0.1 and 2.8±0.4 at 3 and 6 months after surgery (P < 0.05). The Karnofsky score of the patients was 59.2±1.9 before surgery, which increased to 75.0±1.9 and 74.2±3.1 at 3 and 6 months after surgery (P < 0.05). The ECOG of the patients was 2.3±0.2 before surgery, which decreased to 1.7±0.1 and 1.7±0.2 at 3 and 6 months after surgery (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For selected patients with spinal metastases, minimally invasive surgical treatment of spinal metastases (percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation combined with expandable tubular retractor) can effectively relieve the clinical symptoms and improve the quality of life, with satisfactory clinical outcome.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Treatment Outcome , Spinal Neoplasms/surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Spinal Fractures/surgery
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