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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 647-652, May-June 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278370

ABSTRACT

The treatment of fractures from the thoracic limb in giant anteaters is extremely challenging. Unfamiliar and peculiar anatomical characteristics, robust musculature and the imminent need for an early return to limb function highlight such challenges. The objective of this report was to describe the successful use of anatomical osteosynthesis with a robust locking compression plate in a humeral fracture of an adult giant anteater. The patient was rescued on the highway after being run over and presented for treatment at the Veterinary Teaching Hospital. Surgical stabilization was performed using a craniomedial approach to the humerus, using a customized broad 3.5mm locking compression plate. The patient presented early limb support at 24 hours postoperatively. Radiographic monitoring was performed at 30, 60 and 90 days postoperatively, and bone healing was observed without any complications. It is concluded that the treatment of humerus fractures in giant anteaters requires robust fixation. The use of a reinforced locking compression plate system proved to be effective and adequate to the mechanical load that an adult individual of this species needs for early use of the thoracic limb and, at the same time, efficient in controlling interfragmentary movement, which allowed fracture consolidation.(AU)


O tratamento das fraturas do membro torácico dos tamanduás-bandeira (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) é extremamente desafiador. Características anatômicas pouco familiares e peculiares, musculatura muito desenvolvida e necessidade iminente de retorno precoce à função do membro destacam tais desafios. Objetivou-se, neste relato, descrever a utilização com sucesso da osteossíntese anatômica com placa bloqueada robusta em fratura umeral de um tamanduá-bandeira. O paciente foi resgatado em rodovia após atropelamento e atendido no Hospital Veterinário Universitário. Após sedação e avaliação física completa, foi realizado exame radiográfico, o qual revelou fratura completa oblíqua curta em diáfise média de úmero esquerdo. A estabilização cirúrgica foi realizada por abordagem craniomedial ao úmero, utilizando-se placa bloqueada (LCP) do sistema 3,5mm customizada. O paciente apresentou apoio precoce do membro com 24 horas de pós-operatório. Realizou-se acompanhamento radiográfico aos 30, 60 e 90 dias, sendo observada união clínica sem quaisquer complicações. Conclui-se que o tratamento das fraturas do úmero em tamanduás-bandeira exige robustez na fixação. A utilização de sistema reforçado de placa bloqueada mostrou-se efetiva e adequada à carga mecânica de que um indivíduo adulto dessa espécie necessita para uso precoce do membro torácico e, ao mesmo tempo, eficiente no controle da movimentação interfragmentária, o qual permitiu consolidação da fratura.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Fracture Healing , Eutheria/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/veterinary , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humeral Fractures/veterinary , Bone Plates/veterinary , Animals, Wild/surgery
2.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2): 3103-3119, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251929

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: las fracturas de pilón tibial son un desafío para el cirujano y actualmente existe controversia en cuanto a su tratamiento. Objetivo: evaluar los resultados del tratamiento aplicado. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, longitudinal, con el universo de estudio de todos los pacientes que fueron atendidos y tratados con fractura de pilón tibial desde el 1 de enero de 2015 al 31 de diciembre de 2016. Se seleccionó una muestra de 27 pacientes. Resultados: hubo un predominio del sexo masculino (78 %), y del grupo de edades de 40 a 49 años para ambos sexos (37 %). Prevalecieron las fracturas producidas por accidentes de tránsito, con 59 %. Las fracturas cerradas fueron las más representadas, con 78 %. El 67 % de los pacientes no presentaron lesiones asociadas y predominaron las fracturas tipo II en el 55 % del total. Se aplicó tratamiento quirúrgico a un 74 % y se logró la consolidación en un 78 % de los casos antes de las 16 semanas. Antes de las 20 semanas se le indicó el apoyo al 78 % de los casos. Se complicaron 13 pacientes, para un 48 % del total. A pesar de ello, como resultado final, fueron evaluados de excelente y bien el 63 % de los pacientes. Conclusiones: la fractura de pilón tibial constituye una lesión de muy difícil manejo para el cirujano traumatólogo de hoy (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: tibial pylon fractures are a challenge for the surgeon surgery and currently there is a controversy regarding their treatment. Objective: to assess the outcomes of the applied treatment. Materials and methods: an observational, descriptive, longitudinal study was carried out with the study universe of all the patients who were attended and treated with tibial pylon fracture from January 1st, 2015 to December 31st, 2016. A sample composed by 27 patients was chosen. Results: male sex (78 %) and both-sexes 40-49 age group (37 %) predominated. There was a predominance of fractures caused by traffic accidents with 59 %, being closed fractures the most represented ones, with 78 %. 67 % of the patients did not present associated injuries, being type II fractures predominant in 55 % of the total. 74 % of the cases underwent surgery, achieving consolidation in 78 % of the cases before 16 weeks. Before 20 weeks, 78 % of the cases were indicated to set on their foot, and 13 patients had complications, representing 48 % of the total. In spite of this, 63 % of the patients were evaluated as excellent and well as final outcome. Conclusions: the tibial pylon fracture is an injury of very difficult handling for the today's orthopedic surgeon (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patients , Tibial Fractures/therapy , Therapeutics/methods , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Orthopedic Surgeons/standards , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods
3.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(1): 39-45, mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342670

ABSTRACT

Los fragmentos posterolaterales (FPLs) en fracturas de platillo tibial son frecuentes, pero difíciles de reducir y estabilizar. Actualmente existe controversia sobre cómo deben ser abordados; si bien un abordaje anterolateral es más seguro, este puede ser insuficiente para lograr una correcta reducción. Los abordajes posterolaterales y posteriores ofrecen una visión directa y permiten una fijación con ventaja biomecánica; sin embargo, son más demandantes y exponen al paciente a una mayor morbilidad. A continuación, se presenta una nota técnica sobre la reducción y fijación de FPLs con una placa rim por medio de un abordaje anterolateral extendido a través del espacio paraligamento colateral lateral.


Posterolateral fragments (PLFs) are commonly seen in tibial plateau fractures, but their reduction and fixation are challenging. There is no consensus about the ideal approach to fix this particular fragment. Even though an anterolateral approach is a safe option, it may impair a correct reduction. The posterolateral and posterior approaches offer direct visualization of the fragment, and enable a fixation with a biomechanical advantage; however, they are more demanding and expose the patient to a higher risk if morbidity. The following technical note describes the reduction and fixation of PLFs with a rim plate through an extended anterolateral approach using the paralateral collateral ligament space.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Tibial Fractures/rehabilitation , Collateral Ligaments , Fracture Fixation, Internal/instrumentation
4.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(1): 2838-2857, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156779

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la fractura de cadera es una de las causas más frecuentes de cirugía traumatológica. La selección del material de osteosíntesis constituye el objetivo fundamental en el tratamiento quirúrgico, lo que puede influir en el nivel de validismo alcanzado. Objetivo: evaluar el nivel de validismo en los pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente, con diferentes implantes según los diferentes tipos de fracturas del extremo proximal de fémur. Atendidos en el Hospital Provincial Clínico Quirúrgico "Comandante Faustino Pérez Hernández" de la provincia de Matanzas. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio prospectivo, longitudinal donde se estudiaron todos aquellos pacientes con fractura de cadera. En el periodo comprendido desde el 1er de enero del 2016 al 31 de diciembre del 2017. Resultados: predominó el sexo femenino con un 60 % y el grupo de edades de 70 a 79 años para ambos sexos. Prevaleció la fractura extracapsular en un 74 %. El material de osteosíntesis más representado fue el clavo intramedular Gt y en las intracapsulares la prótesis simple. El tiempo quirúrgico se comportó con un tiempo menor a 2 h y el egreso antes de los 5 días. El 48,2 % de los pacientes fueron evaluados de bueno según nivel de validismo alcanzado posterior al tratamiento aplicado. Conclusiones: la fractura de cadera es propia de pacientes adultos mayores que sobrepasan los 65 años. La intervención quirúrgica de urgencia con una adecuada selección del método de osteosíntesis, disminuye un serio problema de salud en el contexto médico, social y epidemiológico cubano (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: hip fracture is one of the most frequent indications of trauma surgery. The choice of the osteosynthesis material is the main objective in the surgical treatment, which can influence the level of validity achieved. Objective: to assess the level of validism in patients who underwent surgery with different implants according to the different types of fracture of the proximal end of the femur in the Provincial Surgical Clinical Hospital Comandante Faustino Pérez Hernández of the province of Matanzas. Materials and methods: A prospective, longitudinal study was carried out in all patients with hip fracture in the period from January 1st 2016 to December 31st 2017. Results: female sex (60%) and the 70-79 age group for both sexes (36%) predominated. The extracapsular fracture prevailed with 74%. The most represented osteosynthesis material was the Gt intramedullary nail, and the simple prosthesis in the intracapsular ones. Surgical time was less than 2 hours and the patients were discharged before the 5th day. 48.2% of patients were evaluated as good according to the level of validism achieved after the applied treatment. Conclusions: hip fracture is proper of elder adult people aged more than 65 years. The emergency surgical intervention with an adequate choice of the osteosynthesis method, reduces a serious health problem in the Cuban epidemiological, social and medical context (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Population Dynamics , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Hip Fractures/surgery , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
5.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(6): 2512-2529, nov.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1150034

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: el tratamiento ideal en las fracturas estables del extremo proximal de fémur lo constituye el Sistema Dinámico de cadera. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de su uso en dichas fracturas. Diseño metodológico: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, de tipo longitudinal de los pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente por fractura del extremo proximal de fémur en el Hospital Provincial José Ramón López Tabrane, de Matanzas en el periodo comprendido entre enero del 2013 y diciembre del 2015, quedando la muestra constituida por 128 pacientes. Resultados: encontramos un predominio de las femeninas (60%) y el grupo de edades más representado el de 70 a 79 años con 50 pacientes. Predominaron las fracturas extracapsulares con 122 pacientes, siendo dentro de la variedad del DHS la placa de 130 grados la más usada en 81% de los casos. Se operó el 78 % de los pacientes antes de las 2 horas, presentando 12 complicaciones locales, dentro de las cuales resaltó el colapso de la fractura con 4 pacientes. El 70 % de los pacientes apoyó antes de las 12 semanas, presentando 33 % de fallecidos en el primer año de operado. El 92 % de los pacientes fueron evaluados de bien al final de los resultados. Conclusiones: el Sistema Dinámico de Cadera constituye el método de osteosíntesis ideal en fracturas estables con muy buenos resultados funcionales y con temprana indicación de carga de peso; recomendamos su uso en las fracturas estables del extremo proximal de fémur por sus buenos resultados (AU).


SUMMARY Introduction: the ideal treatment for stable fractures of the proximal end of the femur is the Dynamic Hip System. Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of its use in such fractures. Methodological design: a longitudinal, descriptive, observational study of patients operated on for fractures of the proximal end of the femur was carried out at the José Ramón López Tabrane Provincial Hospital, Matanzas, between January 2013 and December 2015. The sample consisted of 128 patients. Results: we found a predominance of females (60%) and the most represented age group was 70-79 years old with 50 patients. Extracapsular fractures predominated with 122 patients, being within the DHS variety the 130 degree plate the most used in 81% of the cases. Seventy-eight percent of the patients were operated before 2 hours, presenting 12 local complications, among which the collapse of the fracture stood out with 4 patients. Seventy percent of the patients supported before 12 weeks, presenting 33% of deaths in the first year of surgery. Ninety-two percent of the patients were evaluated as being well at the end of the results. Conclusions: The Dynamic Hip System constitutes the ideal method of osteosynthesis in stable fractures with very good functional results and with early indication of weight load;we recommend its use in stable fractures of the proximal end of the femur because of its good results (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Femoral Fractures/rehabilitation , Hip Fractures/rehabilitation , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Incidence , Frail Elderly , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Hip Fractures/surgery , Hip Fractures/diagnosis
6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1142103

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fracturas ipsilaterales proximales de fémur ocurren en el 1 al 9% de las fracturas diafisarias. Existen múltiples tratamientos propuestos para dicha asociación lesional. El objetivo de este trabajo es revisar los diferentes métodos de tratamiento propuestos, y comparar sus resultados funcionales y principales complicaciones. Materiales y Métodos: Se utilizaron los buscadores electrónicos: PubMed, Lilacs, Cochrane y Ovid SP. La búsqueda llegó a un total de 1829 trabajos, de los cuales se seleccionaron 21 según criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Discusión: No existe un consenso acerca de cuál es el mejor método de fijación para esta asociación lesional. Esta ocurre en pacientes jóvenes por un mecanismo axial de alta energía cinética y la opción elegida debe buscar la reducción anatómica de la fracturas proximales de fémur. Las complicaciones como la pseudoartrosis de cuello femoral y la necrosis avascular son de difícil manejo en este grupo etario. Conclusión: Las fracturas ipsilaterales proximales y diafisarias de fémur son lesiones que presentan un problema diagnóstico y terapéutico. Hay un subdiagnóstico de las mismas y no existe un implante ideal, ni un consenso de cual es el mejor método de fijación.


Introduction: Ipsilateral proximal femoral fractures ocurred in 1 to 9% of femoral shaft fractures. There are multiple treatments proposed for these injuries. The objetive of the present work is revise the different treatment options and compare their functional results and main complications Materials and methods: A comprehensive literature search was carried out using: Pubmed, Lilacs, Cochrane and OVID SP. Initially there were identified a total of 1829 studies. Only 21 studies remained after inclusion and exclusion were applied. Discussion: There is no consensus about which is the best fixation option for these injuries. These occurred in young patients as a result of a high energy axial trauma, and the selected treatment must achieve anatomic reduction of the proximal femoral fracture. Complications such as femoral neck no-union and avascular necrosis are difficult to manage at this age. Conclusion: Ipsilateral proximal and shaft femoral fractures present diagnostic and therapeutic problems. There is an underdiagnosis of these injuries, and there is no ideal implant or consensus on which is the best fixation method.


Introdução: As fraturas proximais ipsilaterais do fêmur ocorrem em 1 a 9% das fraturas diafisárias. Existem vários tratamentos propostos para essa associação lesional. O objetivo deste trabalho é rever os diferentes métodos de tratamento propostos, e comparar os seus resultados funcionais e principais complicações. Materiais e Métodos: Foram utilizados os buscadores eletrônicos: Pubmed, Lilacs, Cochrane e Ovid SP. A busca chegou a um total de 1829 trabalhos, dos quais foram selecionados 21 segundo critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Discussão: Não há consenso sobre qual é o melhor método de fixação para esta associação lesional. Esta ocorre em pacientes jovens por um mecanismo axial de alta energia cinética e a opção escolhida deve procurar a redução anatômica da fratura proximal do fêmur. Complicações como a pseudoartrose do pescoço femoral e a necrose avascular são de difícil manejo neste grupo etário. Conclusão: As fraturas ...(SUPRIMIR LO PRECEDENTE)Conclusão: As fracturas ipsilaterais proximais e diafisárias do fémur são lesões que apresentam um problema diagnóstico e terapêutico. Há um subdiagnóstico das mesmas e não existe um implante ideal, nem um consenso de qual é o melhor método de fixação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Nails/adverse effects , Bone Plates/adverse effects , Bone Screws/adverse effects , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Hip Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects
7.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(5): 605-611, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144212

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present paper aims to present results from radiographic evaluations of patients with extra-articular distal radius fractures submitted to percutaneous fixation with a 3.5 mm solid screw. Methods Analytical, descriptive and retrospective case series of 16 patients with evaluation of the radiographic parameters. Results The average age of the study population was 46.5 years old (25-60 years old); 81.25% of the sample was female. The average time until surgery was 8.8 days (4-14 days). The mean preprocedural volar tilt was - 7.41° (−23.48°-5.29°, standard deviation [SD] ± 6.59°). The mean volar tilt immediately after surgery was 5.93° (SD ± 6.23°, p< 0.001). There was no statistical difference in volar tilt values after 6 months of follow-up. The mean preprocedural radial height was 4.13 mm (−7.8 mm-9.5 mm, SD ± 5.06 mm). There was a statistically significant increase at the immediate postoperative period to 10.04 mm (p= 0.002), and a significant reduction at 6 months to 9.55 mm (p= 0.012). The consolidation rate was 100% with the technique used, with a minimal complication rate. No patient had infection or required a reoperation. Conclusion The technique was effective for the treatment of distal radial extra-articular fractures at 6 months, with a low complication rate; radiographic parameters values were acceptable and close to the anatomical ones.


Resumo Objetivo Apresentar o resultado das avaliações radiográficas dos pacientes com fraturas extra-articulares do rádio distal submetidos a fixação percutânea com parafuso maciço de 3.5mm. Métodos Série de casos, analítica, descritiva e retrospectiva de 16 pacientes com avaliação dos parâmetros radiográficos da técnica utilizada. Resultados A média de idade da população estudada foi de 46,5 anos (25-60 anos), sendo 81,25% do sexo feminino. O tempo de espera até a cirurgia foi de 8,8 dias (4-14 dias). O tilt volar médio pré-procedimento foi - 7,41° (−23,48°-5,29°, desvio padrão [DP] ± 6,59°). O tilt volar imediatamente após o procedimento cirúrgico foi de 5,93° (DP ± 6,23°, p< 0,001). Sem diferença estatística nos valores de tilt volar ao final de 6 meses de evolução. A altura radial pré-procedimento foi de 4,13 mm (−7,8°-9,5°, DP ± 5,06°). Aumento estatisticamente significativo no pós-operatório imediato para 10,04 mm (p= 0,002). Redução significativa ao final de 6 meses para 9,55 mm (p= 0,012). Atingimos 100% de consolidação com a técnica utilizada, com índice mínimo de complicações. Nenhum paciente apresentou infecção ou precisou ser reoperado. Conclusão A técnica mostrou-se eficaz para o tratamento de fraturas extra-articulares da extremidade distal do rádio ao final de 6 meses, com baixo índice de complicações e parâmetros radiográficos aceitáveis e próximos dos valores anatômicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Radius Fractures/surgery , Radius Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Bone Screws , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Radius/anatomy & histology , Retrospective Studies , Range of Motion, Articular , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
8.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 61(2): 40-46, oct. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342377

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Evaluar los resultados radiológicos a corto y mediano plazo de pacientes operados de fractura de pared posterior de acetábulo, describir la morfología de la fractura, presencia de lesiones asociadas y la necesidad de artroplastia total de cadera (ATC) durante la evolución. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo-descriptivo de una serie consecutiva de 40 pacientes operados entre julio de 2012 y julio de 2017 por fractura de pared posterior de acetábulo. Treinta y siete hombres y tres mujeres con una edad promedio de 41 años fueron operados (mediana de seguimiento 17,7 meses). Se registró el mecanismo del accidente y presencia de lesiones asociadas. Se registraron el número de fragmentos que presentaba la fractura, presencia de impactación marginal, compromiso de la cabeza femoral, presencia de fragmentos intra-articulares y complicaciones postoperatorias. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó el test de Wilcoxon. RESULTADOS: Todos los casos fueron secundarios a un accidente de alta energía. Un 70% de los pacientes presentó luxación posterior. La mayoría de los pacientes presentó una fractura entre 2 y 5 fragmentos (70%), 47,5% de los pacientes presentó impactación marginal, 37,5% compromiso de la cabeza femoral en zona de carga, 30% fragmentos intra-articulares. La complicación que más frecuente se observó fue la artrosis post-traumática la cual se presentó en un 22,5%. Cinco pacientes (12,5%) requirieron ATC. CONCLUSIÓN: Aunque se categorizan dentro de los patrones simples, las fracturas de pared posterior son lesiones complejas. La tomografía axial computada preoperatoria es esencial para determinar lesiones intra-articulares dada su alta frecuencia y también permite realizar un buen plan preoperatorio.


OBJECTIVE: Evaluate radiologic results in short and medium-term in surgically treated patients with acetabular posterior wall fracture. Describe fracture morphology, the presence of associated lesions and the necessity of total hip arthroplasty (THA) during the evolution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective-descriptive study design of 40 patients treated during July 2012 and July 2017 for acetabular posterior wall fracture. 37 men and 3 women, 41 years old mean age. The mean follow-up was 17.7 months. Accident mechanism and presence of associated lesions were registered, as well as the number of fragments of the fracture, the presence of marginal impaction, femoral head compromise, intra-articular fragments and postoperatory complications. Wilcoxon test was used for the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Every case resulted due to a high energy accident. 70% of patients had posterior luxation of the hip. 70% of patients presented 2 to 5 fragments. 47.5% of patients presented marginal impaction, 37.5% compromised femoral head and 30% intra-articular fragments. The most frequent complication was post-traumatic arthrosis, which appeared in 22.5% of patients. Five patients required THA. CONCLUSION: Though it is categorized as simple fracture pattern, posterior wall fractures are complex. Preoperatory CT scan is essential to determine intra-articular lesions due to its high frequency and permits to plan an adequate intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fracture Fixation/methods , Acetabulum/injuries , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Bone/etiology , Fractures, Bone/diagnostic imaging , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Acetabulum/surgery , Acetabulum/diagnostic imaging
9.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(3): 197-203, ago. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1340620

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El tratamiento de las fracturas de muñeca con placas volares bloqueadas puede ser insuficiente para las fracturas con fragmentos volares marginales distales a la línea de inserción distal del pronador cuadrado, sitio de inserción de importantes ligamentos. Objetivo: Evaluar la reproducibilidad de la técnica y los resultados del tratamiento de fracturas marginales volares de radio distal con clavijas, capturando el fragmento volar y dejándolas debajo de la placa volar bloqueada de radio distal. Materiales y Métodos: La técnica quirúrgica utiliza una o varias clavijas para fijar el fragmento volar semilunar del radio distal, bloqueándolas debajo de la placa. Inicialmente efectuamos una simulación cadavérica. Luego, realizamos un estudio retrospectivo que incluyó a 7 pacientes con fracturas de radio distal intrarticular con un fragmento marginal volar distal a la línea de la orilla, tratados entre septiembre de 2014 y febrero de 2015. El promedio de edad era de 53 años, y el del seguimiento, de 16 meses. Se obtuvieron radiografías en sucesivos controles. Al alta se evaluaron el rango de movilidad, la fuerza de prensión y dos puntajes funcionales. Resultados: Todas las fracturas consolidaron satisfactoriamente manteniendo la reducción del fragmento marginal volar. No hubo casos con inestabilidad radiocubital inferior como secuela. Conclusión: La fijación adicional del fragmento marginal volar lunar del radio con clavijas dobladas por debajo de la placa ofrece una alternativa de estabilización sencilla, económica y adecuada para suplir la fijación de un fragmento que la placa sola no estabilizaría adecuadamente. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Wrist fracture management with volar locking plates may be insufficient in fractures with volar marginal fragments distal to the line insertion of the pronator quadratus, the insertion site of important ligaments. Objective: To evaluate the reproducibility and results for the treatment of volar marginal fragment in distal radius fractures with a technique of pin fixation, capturing the fragment and securing them under the distal radius volar locking plate. Materials and Methods: The surgical technique uses one or more pins for the fixation of the volar lunate facet fragment in the distal radius, securing the pins under the locking plate. We initially performed a cadaveric simulation. Then we conducted a retrospective study on 7 patients with distal radius intra-articular fractures and volar marginal fragments distal to the watershed line, treated between September 2014 and February 2015. The average age was 53 years, and the average follow-up was 16 months. Radiographs were obtained in successive controls. Range of motion, grip strength, and 2 functional scores were assessed at discharge. Results: All fractures healed successfully maintaining reduction of the volar marginal fragment. There were no cases of postoperative distal radio ulnar joint instability. Conclusion: Additional fixation of volar marginal fragment in distal radius fractures with bent pins under the plate provides an easy, affordable and adequate alternative to supply the adequate fragment stabilization that plate-alone techniques do not achieve. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Radius Fractures/surgery , Wrist Injuries , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods
10.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 737-743, May-June, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1128945

ABSTRACT

Atropelamentos de animais silvestres são frequentes e muitas vezes causam fraturas ósseas que, se não tratadas adequadamente, levam à morte do animal por complicações ou por inabilidade de sobrevivência no seu habitat natural. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi relatar o uso de placa associada ao pino intramedular e ao biovidro 60S (BV60S) para o tratamento de fratura de fêmur em tamanduá-bandeira. O animal foi resgatado pela polícia ambiental com suspeita de atropelamento. Foi sedado para avaliação clínica e radiográfica, que revelou fratura em fêmur direito. Utilizou-se dexmedetomidina como medicação pré-anestésica, midazolam e cetamina para indução, e isoflurano para manutenção. Também foi realizado bloqueio peridural com bupivacaína e morfina. A osteossíntese foi feita com placa bloqueada 2,7 e pino intramedular 2,5. Colocaram-se 4g de BV60S no foco de fratura para favorecer a osteogênese. O paciente teve recuperação funcional imediata do membro acometido. A reparação óssea ocorreu por segunda intenção, observando-se ossificação completa do calo com consolidação clínica, aos 30 dias, e remodelação quase completa, aos 180 dias. Conclui-se que o uso de placa e pino associado ao BV60S é eficiente no tratamento de fratura de fêmur em tamanduá, permitindo a rápida recuperação e a reintrodução do animal na natureza.(AU)


Roadblocks of wild animals are frequent and often cause bone fractures that if not properly treated lead to the death of the animal due to complications or inability to survive in its natural habitat. The objective of the present study was to report the use of plate rod and bioglass 60S (BG60S) for the treatment of femoral fracture in anteater. The animal was rescued by environmental police on suspicion of being hit. It was sedated for clinical and radiographic evaluation, which revealed a fracture in the right femur. Dexmedetomidine was used as preanesthetic medication, midazolam and ketamine for induction, and isoflurane for maintenance. Epidural blockade with bupivacaine and morphine was also performed. Osteosynthesis was done with a locking plate 2.7 and 2.5 intramedullary pin. 4G of BG60S was placed in the focus of fracture to favor osteogenesis. The patient had immediate functional recovery of the affected limb. The bone repair occurred by second intention, with complete ossification of the callus with clinical consolidation at 30 days, and near complete remodeling at 180 days. It is concluded that the use of plate rod to the BG60S is efficient in the treatment of femur fracture in anteater, allowing the rapid recovery and reintroduction of the animal in the wild.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cingulata/surgery , Femoral Fractures/veterinary , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/veterinary , Osteogenesis/physiology , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Fractures, Bone , Anesthesia, Conduction/veterinary
11.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202508, 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136540

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Nosso objetivo é descrever a técnica de fixação intramedular (IM) da fíbula no tratamento cirúrgico das fraturas maleolares do tornozelo. A redução é realizada sempre de forma percutânea: quando o traço de fratura é oblíquo simples, utilizamos uma pinça de redução de pontas e quando a fratura apresenta padrão multifragmentar, usa-se tração longitudinal e rotação. Isso reduz as complicações relacionadas à redução aberta e fixação interna com placa. A técnica demonstrou ser simples e reprodutível. Além disso, essa forma de fixação permite apoio precoce do peso corporal, o que acelera o processo de reabilitação e potencialmente acelera a cicatrização da fratura. A fixação IM da fíbula mostrou-se uma opção viável para a fixação do maléolo lateral nas fraturas do tornozelo, devendo ser considerada no arsenal do cirurgião.


ABSTRACT Our objective is to describe the technique of intramedullary (IM) nailing of lateral malleolus in the surgical management of ankle fractures. Fracture reduction is performed either percutaneously with a small pointed reduction clamp in simple oblique fractures or using longitudinal traction and rotation for comminuted fractures, thus reducing complications related to open reduction and internal fixation with a plate. The technique has been shown to be simple and reproducible. In addition, the technique allows early weight bearing, which accelerates rehabilitation and potentially fasten fracture healing. IM nailing is a viable option for the fixation of the of lateral malleolus in ankle fractures and should be considered in the surgeon's armamentarium.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Ankle Fractures/diagnostic imaging
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1124134

ABSTRACT

La asociación entre fractura de radio distal y fractura de escafoides es una asociación infrecuente, en la presentación inicial, pasa inadvertida muchas veces la fractura a nivel de escafoides. El diagnóstico precoz nos permite un correcto tratamiento evitando posibles complicaciones en la evolución. Se presenta el caso de un adolescente de 14 años con dicha asociación lesional. Se le realizó reducción cerrada y fijación percutánea con alambres de Kirschner a nivel del radio distal y se trató la fractura de escafoides, de forma ortopédica, con yeso antebraquipalmar con inclusión del primer dedo. Se obtuvo la consolidación de ambos focos con excelentes resultados clínicos.


The association between distal radius fracture and scaphoid fracture is a rare association, in many cases the scaphoid fracture can be overlooked at the initial presentation. The early diagnosis allows a correct treatment avoiding possible complications in the follow-up. The case of a 14-year-old teenager with this association is presented. Closed reduction and percutaneous fixation was performed with Kirschner Wires at distal radius fracture, the scaphoid fracture was treated orthopedically with short-arm thumb spica cast. Consolidation of both fractures was obtained with excellent clinical results.


A associação entre fratura do rádio distal e fratura do escafoide é uma associação pouco freqüente; na apresentação inicial, a fratura do escafóide geralmente passa despercebida. O diagnóstico precoce nos permite um tratamento correto, evitando possíveis complicações na evolução. É apresentado o caso de um adolescente de 14 anos com essa associação lesional. Ele foi submetido a redução fechada e fixação percutânea com fios de Kirschner no raio distal, e a fratura do escafóide foi tratada ortopedicamente com um molde de antebraço incluindo o primeiro dedo. A consolidação de ambos os focos foi obtida com excelentes resultados clínicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Radius Fractures/therapy , Radius Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Wrist Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Scaphoid Bone/injuries , Splints , Wrist Injuries/therapy , Bone Wires , Closed Fracture Reduction , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods
13.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 61(3): 94-100, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177770

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO Mostrar una fractura infrecuente del tubérculo posteromedial del astrágalo diagnosticado y tratado de manera aguda mediante osteosíntesis con tornillo Acutrak® (2014 Acumed® LLC). MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS Varón de 28 años, que acude a Urgencias tras torcedura de tobillo con dolor al mover tobillo y hallux y tumefacción en cara interna. En Urgencias pasó desapercibida. En consulta a la semana refería sensación de que se le engancha el primer dedo con la flexoextensión. Se observa fractura del tubérculo medial de la apófisis posterior del astrágalo con desplazamiento >3mm y clínica de posible interposición del flexor hallucis longus. Se decidió tratamiento quirúrgico con tornillo Acutrak®. Se inmovilizó con férula 3 semanas y descarga 6 semanas. RESULTADOS A los 8 meses balance articular completo, sin dolor ni limitación para las ABVD y sin clínica de atrapamiento del flexor del hallux. Como complicación aguda, se verificó infección de herida quirúrgica que se trató con antibióticos. DISCUSIÓN Ese tipo de fracturas son infrecuentes. El mecanismo lesional suele ser dorsiflexión-pronación. Es importante un diagnóstico temprano y para ello es necesario una alta sospecha diagnóstica. Para su diagnóstico, son necesarias radiografías anteroposterior y lateral y si no se visualiza la lesión, proyección oblicua con 30°- 40° de rotación externa. En casos agudos resulta de utilidad la TAC y en casos crónicos la RM. CONCLUSIÓN Aunque generalmente el tratamiento es conservador, en ocasiones puede ser necesario la cirugía mediante osteosíntesis o exéresis del fragmento cuando la fractura provoca impingement.


OBJECTIVE Show an infrequent fracture of the posteromedial tubercle of the talus diagnosed and treated acutely by Acutrak® screw (2014 Acumed® LLC) osteosynthesis. MATERIAL AND METHODS A 28-year-old man attended the Emergency Department after spraining his ankle with pain when moving his ankle and hallux and swelling on the internal face. In the ER it went unnoticed. A week later in the clinic, he refered to the sensation that the first finger is hooked with the flexion extension. A fracture of the medial tubercle of the posterior process of the talus is observed with a displacement of > 3 mm and clinical signs of possible interposition of the hallucis longus . Surgical treatment with Acutrak® screw was made. He was immobilized with a splint for 3 weeks and discharge for 6 weeks. RESULTS At 8 months complete joint balance, without pain or limitations for BADL and without hallux flexor entrapment symptoms. As an acute complication, surgical wound infection that was treated with antibiotics. DISCUSSION These types of fractures are rare. The injury mechanism is usually dorsiflexion-pronation. Early diagnosis is important and a high diagnostic suspicion is required. Anteroposterior and lateral radiographs are necessary for its diagnosis and if the lesion is not visualized, oblique projection with 30°- 40° external rotation. CT is useful in acute cases and MRI in chronic cases. CONCLUSION Although the treatment is conservative, surgery may sometimes be necessary by means of osteosynthesis or excision of the fragment when the fracture causes impingement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Talus/surgery , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fractures, Bone/diagnosis , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Bone Screws , Talus/injuries , Talus/diagnostic imaging , Early Diagnosis
14.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202590, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136535

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: the number of hip fractures is estimated to increase from 1.66 million in 1990 to 6.26 million by 2050. Internal fixation is the most common surgical treatment for intertrochanteric fractures. Objectives: the objective of the present research is to describe a minimally invasive technique with a modified instrument for the treatment of stable proximal femoral trochanteric fractures using the standard DHS, classified as Tronzo types 1 and 2 (AO 31A1.2), and presenting a case series. Methods: a case was selected to present the technique. Patients operated by this technique undergo a clinical evaluation and preoperative preparation as routine. The criteria for inclusion in the study were the presence of stable fracture of the proximal femur verified by two hip specialist orthopedists, and operated by the minimally invasive technique with a modified instrument using a standard DHS. Exclusion criteria were cases of patients operated for unstable fractures, and the use of other surgical techniques. A case series of 98 patients was performed and discussed. Results: minimally invasive technique with a modified instrument using the standard DHS device can reduce bleeding, it decreases soft tissue injuries, surgical time, and hospital stay, as any other MIPO procedures. Ninety-eight patients underwent the operation (Tronzo types I and II), 59 female and 39 male, ages from 50 to 85 years old. Immediate post-operative complications were shortening of the lower limb, loss of fracture reduction, and death by clinical complications. Conclusion: the present study describes a minimally invasive surgical technique using a modified instrument to perform proximal femoral osteosynthesis for stable trochanteric fractures, using the standard DHS.


RESUMO Introdução: estima-se que o número de fraturas de quadril aumente de 1,66 milhão em 1990 para 6,26 milhões em 2050. A fixação interna é o tratamento cirúrgico mais comumente utilizado para as fraturas intertrocantéricas. Objetivos: o objetivo da presente investigação é descrever uma técnica minimamente invasiva com um instrumento modificado para o tratamento de fraturas trocantéricas femorais proximais estáveis, classificadas como tipos I e II de Tronzo (AO 31A1.2), usando o DHS padrão, e apresentar uma série de casos. Métodos: foi selecionado um caso aleatório para apresentar a técnica. Os pacientes operados por essa técnica passam por avaliação clínica e preparo pré-operatório de rotina. Os critérios para inclusão no estudo foram a presença de fratura estável do fêmur proximal, verificada por dois ortopedistas especialistas em quadril, e operada pela técnica minimamente invasiva com um instrumento modificado usando um DHS padrão. Os critérios de exclusão foram os casos de pacientes operados por fraturas instáveis e o uso de outras técnicas cirúrgicas. Uma série de casos de 98 pacientes foi realizada e é discutida. Resultados: a técnica minimamente invasiva com o instrumento modificado usando o dispositivo DHS padrão pode reduzir a hemorragia, as lesões dos tecidos moles, o tempo cirúrgico e a estadia hospitalar, tal como quaisquer outros procedimentos de osteossíntese minimamente invasivos. Noventa e oito pacientes foram operados (tipos I e II de Tronzo), 59 do sexo feminino e 39 do masculino, com idades entre 50 e 85 anos. As complicações pós-operatórias imediatas foram encurtamento do membro inferior, perda da redução da fratura e morte por complicações clínicas. Conclusão: o presente estudo descreve uma técnica cirúrgica minimamente invasiva, utilizando um instrumento modificado para realizar osteossíntese femoral proximal para fraturas trocantéricas estáveis, utilizando o DHS padrão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Hip Fractures/surgery , Reference Standards , Bone Screws , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
15.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202546, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136613

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate the biomechanical role of both a non-locking two-hole small fragment dynamic compression plate with 3.5-mm screws and a 4.5-mm cortical screw with a washer applied to a Schatzker type-I tibial plateau fracture. Sixteen right synthetic tibiae were used to create an anterolateral shear tibial plateau fracture (Schatzker type-I fracture). Eight models were fixed with a small fragment non-locked straight dynamic compression plate with one 3.5-mm bicortical screw (plate-screw construction) and eight models were fixed with a 4.5-mm cortical screw and a washer (screw-washer construction), both inserted at 1.0 mm distal to the apex of the fracture. Specimens were tested up to the onset of yielding at a constant strain rate of 5.0-mm/min. Stiffness ranged from 311.83 N/mm to 199.54 N/mm, with a mean + SD of 260.32 + 33.8 N/mm in the plate-screw construction, and from 290.34 N/mm to 99.16 N/mm, with a mean + SD of 220.46 + 63.12 N/mm in screw-washer construction. There was no significant difference (p=0.172). Use of a two-hole small-fragment non-locked plate with one 3.5-mm cortical screw or a 4.5-mm cortical screw with a washer applied at 1.0 mm distal to the apex of the fracture as buttressing present similar stiffness in terms of preventing axial displacement in synthetic tibiae models tested up to the onset of yielding.


RESUMO O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar o comportamento biomecânico de dois tipos de fixação: placa de compressão dinâmica de pequenos fragmentos, não bloqueada com parafuso de 3,5mm e parafuso cortical de 4,5mm com arruela, ambos posicionados no vértice de fratura do platô tibial do tipo I de Schatzker. Dezesseis tíbias sintéticas foram utilizadas para criar uma fratura por cisalhamento na face ântero-lateral do platô tibial (tipo I de Schatzker). Oito modelos foram fixados com placa de compressão dinâmica de pequenos fragmentos não bloqueada com parafuso de 3,5mm, inserido 1,0mm distal ao vértice da fratura (construção placa-parafuso), e oito modelos foram fixados com parafuso cortical de 4,5mm com arruela, inserido 1,0mm distal ao vértice da fratura (construção parafuso-arruela). Os modelos foram testados em compressão axial até o início da falha mecânica na interface construção-osso, com taxa de deformação constante de 5,0mm/min. A rigidez variou de 311,83 N/mm a 199,54 N/mm, com média + DP de 260,32 + 33,8 N/mm nos modelos da construção placa-parafuso, e de 290,34 N/mm a 99,16 N/mm, com média + DP de 220,46 + 63,12 N/mm nos modelos da construção parafuso-arruela. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa (p=0,172). A utilização de placa de compressão dinâmica de pequenos fragmentos não bloqueada com parafuso de 3,5mm ou de parafuso cortical de 4,5mm com arruela, posicionados no vértice da fratura do platô tibial do tipo I de Schatzker, apresenta rigidez similar na prevenção do desvio axial da fratura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Models, Anatomic
16.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 331-335, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879644

ABSTRACT

Pre-contoured anatomical locking plates were designed to address the clinical need of fixing small epiphyseal segments with a larger number of screws. Those plates match the contour and shape of a variety of bones allowing for optimal buttress properties. The aim of this manuscript is to highlight the benefits of applying proximal humerus locking plates in the fixation of lower extremity bones. Although designed for the proximal humerus, the low-profile plate shape and anatomic contour also provides versatile use in certain areas of the lower extremity. This technical narrative highlights the versatile and reliable use of this plate for other anatomical areas than the one to which it has been originally conceived.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Bones of Lower Extremity/surgery , Child , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Humerus , Male , Middle Aged
17.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(4): 342-352, dic. 2019. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1057059

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La reducción abierta y fijación interna mediante el sistema absorbe-tracción es un método que ha demostrado su eficacia y logra resultados predecibles en el tratamiento de las fracturas de olécranon tipos IIA y IIIA de la Clasificación de la Clínica Mayo. Considerada por muchos cirujanos como una técnica sencilla y reproducible a la hora de restaurar la anatomía y la continuidad del aparato extensor del codo, su empleo puede asociarse con una tasa de complicaciones relativamente alta, y no es infrecuente la necesidad de retirar el cerclaje de alambre previamente colocado. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar si reemplazar el clásico alambre de 1,6 mm por suturas de alta resistencia aporta la estabilidad suficiente para el tratamiento de las fracturas de olécranon tipos IIA y IIIA, y analizar los resultados obtenidos en una serie de casos. Materiales y Métodos: Se estudió, en forma retrospectiva, a 25 pacientes consecutivos con fracturas de olécranon tipos IIA y IIIA, tratados mediante reducción abierta y fijación interna con sistema absorbe-tracción compuesto por alambres de Kirschner de 1,6 mm y suturas de alta resistencia (polietileno trenzado de alto peso molecular), con un seguimiento mínimo de 12 meses. Se evaluaron el tiempo de consolidación radiográfica, el rango de movilidad, el puntaje MEPS, y se registraron las complicaciones. Resultados: Todas las fracturas consolidaron, en un promedio de 6.83 semanas (rango 6-10). El puntaje MEPS promedio fue de 96,6 (rango 85-100). El arco total de movilidad promedio para la flexo-extensión activa del codo fue de 139° (rango 110-150°). La extensión promedio fue de -4,8° (rango 0-20°) y la flexión, de 143,8° (rango 130-150°). Se registraron cuatro casos de migración proximal de los alambres de Kirschner y un caso de pérdida de reducción de 3 mm en la tercera semana del posoperatorio. Dos pacientes requirieron una segunda intervención para retirar los alambres de Kirschner. Ninguno refirió dolor o molestias inherentes al uso de la sutura. Conclusiones: El sistema absorbe-tracción utilizando suturas de alta resistencia es una opción a la hora de realizar la osteosíntesis de una fractura de olécranon tipos IIA y IIIA. Los resultados clínicos y radiográficos han sido satisfactorios, con una baja tasa de complicaciones. El uso de suturas ultrarresistentes simplifica el procedimiento y disminuye la necesidad de una segunda intervención para retirar el alambre. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objectives: Open reduction and internal fixation using tension band wiring is an efficient approach that offers predictable results in patients with olecranon fractures types 2A and 3A (Mayo Classification). Many surgeons consider it a simple and reproducible technique for restoring the anatomy responsible for elbow extension, as well as its functional continuity. This technique may be associated with a relatively high percentage of complications, as well as the need to remove the previous cerclage wire, if present. The purpose of our study was to determine if replacing the traditional 1.6 mm Kirschner wires with high resistance suture materials could reliably maintain reduction in patients with olecranon fractures types 2A and 3A (Mayo Classification), and to analyze the results. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five consecutive patients were studied retrospectively. All of them presented olecranon fractures types 2A and 3A (Mayo Classification), and were treated with open reduction and internal fixation using tension band wiring built with two 1.6 mm Kirschner wires and two high resistance sutures (ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene). A minimum 12-month follow up was performed in all patients. Time to bone healing, range of motion and functional scores were evaluated and complications recorded. Results: All fractures healed in an average time of 6.83 weeks (range 6-10). The average Mayo score was 96.6 (range 85-100). The average range of motion for active elbow flexion-extension was 139 degrees (range 130-150). The average extension and flexion was -4.8 degrees (range 0 to -20) and 143.8 (range 130-150). Four cases of proximal migration of the Kirschner wires and one case of a 3 mm loss of reduction in the third postoperative week were reported. Two patients required a second intervention for removal of the Kirschner wires. None of the patients reported pain or discomfort as a a result of the sutures. Conclusions: Tension band wiring using high resistance suture materials is an adequate alternative for the surgical management of olecranon fractures types 2A and 3A (Mayo Classification). Clinical and radiological outcomes in this series were satisfactory, and the complication rate was low. The use of high resistance suture materials may simplify the procedure and reduce the need of a second intervention to remove the hardware. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Wires , Suture Techniques , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Olecranon Process/surgery , Olecranon Process/injuries , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(5): 1535-1540, set.-out. 2019. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1038647

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to develop a locked tibial-plateau-leveling osteotomy (TPLO) plate and to compare this implant with the conventional bone fixation method using a locked plate to determine bone stabilization against torsion forces. Maximum force, angle at peak torque, and stiffness values were determined. Ten synthetic tibias were used, divided into 2 groups. The results in Group 1 (modified TPLO plate) and Group 2 (locked plate) were assessed using analysis of variance and the means were compared using Tukey's test at 5% probability. There were significant differences in the angle at peak torque and stiffness. The group Modified TPLO plate had higher mean values of stiffness compared with Group locked plate. Group locked plate showed a greater angle at peak torque compared with Group modified TPLO plate. All constructs failed due to tibial fractures distal to the plate. The modified TPLO plate presented higher stiffness indexes than conventional locked plate in torsion. The locked plate presented greater elasticity than modified TPLO plate having greater angle at the peak of torque.(AU)


O objetivo do presente estudo foi desenvolver placa de TPLO bloqueada modificada e avaliar, em ensaio de torção, a estabilização óssea proporcionada pelo implante desenvolvido comparativamente a método de fixação óssea convencional com placa reta bloqueada. As variáveis obtidas foram força máxima, ângulo no pico de torque e rigidez. Foram utilizadas 10 tíbias sintéticas, dividas em dois grupos. Os resultados obtidos do grupo 1 (placa TPLO modificada) e do grupo 2 (placa bloqueada) foram submetidos à análise de variância, e as médias comparadas entre si pelo teste de Tukey a 5% de probabilidade. Houve diferença significativa em relação às variáveis, ângulo no pico de torque e rigidez. Na variável rigidez, a média do grupo placa de TPLO modificada foi maior que a do grupo placa reta bloqueada. Em relação à variável ângulo no pico de torque, o grupo placa reta bloqueada foi superior ao grupo placa de TPLO modificada. Todas as montagens falharam devido à quebra do corpo de prova distal à placa. Conclui-se que a placa de TPLO modificada apresentou maior índice de rigidez que a placa reta convencional sob força de torção. A placa reta bloqueada apresentou maior ângulo no pico de torque, sendo, portando, mais elástica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Prostheses and Implants/veterinary , Orthopedic Procedures/veterinary , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/veterinary , Tibia
19.
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(4): 217-224, jul.-ago. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284943

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: Las técnicas de fijación transpedicular percutánea son una herramienta emergente en el tratamiento del trauma espinal, sin embargo, su uso no es totalmente aceptado. Objetivo: Comparar resultados en pacientes con fractura vertebral traumática que fueron tratados con cirugía de fijación transpedicular percutánea versus fijación transpedicular abierta. Material y métodos: De Enero a Diciembre de 2016, 15 pacientes con fractura vertebral traumática fueron divididos aleatoriamente en dos grupos: el grupo A fue de seis pacientes tratados con fijación transpedicular percutánea y el grupo B fue de seis pacientes tratados con fijación transpedicular con técnica abierta; tres pacientes fueron eliminados. Se evaluó el sangrado transoperatorio, el dolor postoperatorio con la escala visual análoga a las 24 horas y a las dos semanas del postoperatorio; también se evaluó el índice de discapacidad de dolor lumbar Oswestry a seis semanas, además de tres, seis, 12 y 24 meses del postoperatorio. Resultado: El seguimiento fue de 24 meses. Se reportaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en el sangrado transoperatorio (p 2.43E-05), EVA al primer día (p < 0.0003), EVA a las dos semanas (p = 0.01); también en el cuestionario de discapacidad de dolor lumbar Oswestry a las seis semanas (p = 0.0007), tres meses (p = 0.005), seis meses (p = 0.005), 12 meses (p = 0.01) y 24 meses (p = 0.004). No se observaron diferencias significativas con respecto al tiempo operatorio (p = 0.12). Discusión: En nuestro trabajo encontramos que el sangrado transoperatorio, dolor postoperatorio y discapacidad funcional son significativamente menores en el grupo de fijación transpedicular percutánea.


Abstract: Introduction: Percutaneous transpedicular fixation techniques are an emerging tool in the treatment of spinal trauma, however, their use is not fully accepted. Objective: Compare results in patients with traumatic vertebral fracture, treated with percutaneous transpedicular fixation surgery versus open transpedicular fixation. Material and methods: From January to December 2016, 15 patients with traumatic vertebral fracture were randomly divided into 2 groups, group A were six treated with percutaneous transpedicular fixation, group B were treated with open technique transpedicular fixation, three patients were eliminated. Transoperative bleeding, postoperative pain with the 24-hour and two-week postoperative visual scale, the six-week Oswestry lumbar pain disability index, and three, six, 12 and 24 months of postoperative control were evaluated. Results: The follow-up was 24 months. Statistically significant differences in transoperative bleeding (p 2.43E-05), EVA on the first day (p < 0.0003), EVA at two weeks (p = 0.01) were reported in the Oswestry lumbar pain disability questionnaire at six weeks (p = 0.0007), three months (p = 0.005), six months (p = 0.005), 12 months (p = 0.01) and 24 months (p = 0.004), no significant differences were observed with respect to operating time (p = 0.12). Discussion: In our work we find that transoperative bleeding, postoperative pain and functional disability are significantly minor in the percutaneous transpedicular fixation group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Treatment Outcome , Lumbar Vertebrae
20.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(2): 129-135, jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1003021

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Organización Mundial de la Salud define como persona anciana a toda aquella de entre 75 y 90 años, y los que sobrepasan esta edad se denominan personas de edad muy avanzada. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar los resultados posoperatorios de las fracturas de tobillo tratadas con técnicas MIPO, y de reducción abierta y fijación interna (RAFI), en las que se logró una reducción funcional y biológica en pacientes >75 años. Materiales y Métodos: Entre 2013 y 2017, se evaluó a 13 pacientes >75 años con fractura inestable de tobillo. Seis fueron operados con técnica MIPO y siete, con RAFI. Todos fueron evaluados a los 90 días y a los 18 meses de la cirugía mediante el puntaje de la AOFAS. Resultados: La edad promedio era de 79.7 años (rango 75-95). El puntaje global de la AOFAS fue 97 a los 90 días y 96 a los 18 meses. No se observaron pérdidas de reducción ni vicios de ejes. Conclusión: Nuestro estudio indica que la reducción biológica y funcional en pacientes >75 años es el tratamiento ideal para las fracturas de tobillo. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: The World Health Organization defines an elderly person as anyone who is between 75 and 90 years of age, while those older are called old people. The objective of this study was to discuss postoperative results of ankle fractures treated with MIPO and ORIF techniques, achieving a functional and biological reduction in patients older than 75 years. Methods: Between 2013 and 2017, 13 patients beyond the age of 75 with unstable ankle fractures were evaluated. Six were treated with MIPO technique and 7 with ORIF. All patients were evaluated at 90 days and at 18 months postoperatively using the AOFAS score. Results: Mean age was 79.7 years (range 75-95). Overall postoperative AOFAS score was 97 at day 90 and 96 at 18 months. No losses of reduction or shaft defects were observed. Conclusion: Our study indicates that biological and functional reduction in patients older than 75 years is the ideal treatment for ankle fractures. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
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