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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 772-776, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357139

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the better potential and functional results in pain control in the treatment of pathological fractures and prophylactic fixation with an intramedullary nail associated with polymethylmethacrylate, compared with the utilization of an intramedullary nail in long bone tumor lesions. Methods From January 2012 to September 2017, 38 patients with 42 pathological lesions (fractures or impending fractures according to the Mirels criteria) were treated surgically. Sixteen patients allocated to the control group underwent a locked intramedullary nail fixation, and 22 patients with pathological lesions were allocated to treatment with an intramedullary nail associated with polymethylmethacrylate. Postoperatively, the patients were submitted to the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) rating scale, radiographic assessment, and to the assessment of events and complications related to the treatment. Results The evaluation using the MSTS questionnaire showed better functional results in the group associated with polymethylmethacrylate, in comparison with the control group, which obtained an average score of 16.375 out of a maximum of 30 points (54.6%). The group studied with association with polymethylmethacrylate obtained a mean of 22.36 points (74.5%). The procedure proved to be safe, with similar complication and severity rates, and with no statistical difference in comparison with the standard treatment. Conclusion Stabilization of tumor lesions with an internal fixation associated with the polymethylmethacrylate demonstrated early rehabilitation and improved the quality of life, allowing rapid functional recovery. The use of polymethylmethacrylate has advantages such as reduced bleeding, tumor necrosis and higher mechanical stability.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o potencial melhor resultado funcional e controle álgico no tratamento de fraturas patológicas e fixações profiláticas tratadas com haste intramedular associada ao polimetilmetacrilato (PMMA) em comparação com o uso de haste intramedular em lesões tumorais em ossos longos. Métodos De janeiro de 2012 a setembro de 2017, 38 pacientes com 42 lesões patológicas (fraturas ou iminência segundo os critérios de Mirels) foram tratados cirurgicamente. Dezesseis pacientes submetidos a fixação com haste intramedular bloqueada foram alocados ao grupo controle e 22 pacientes com lesões patológicas foram alocados para tratamento com haste intramedular associada ao PMMA. No pósoperatório, foi realizada a submissão dos pacientes ao escore da Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS, na sigla em inglês) e à avaliação radiográfica do tratamento realizado, assim como à avaliação de intercorrências e complicações relacionadas ao tratamento. Resultados A avaliação através do questionário MSTS demonstrou melhor resultado funcional do grupo associado com PMMA quando comparado com o grupo controle, o qual obteve uma pontuação média de 16,375 em um máximo de 30 pontos (54,6%), enquanto o grupo em estudo com associação do PMMA obteve uma média de 22,36 pontos (74,5%). O procedimento mostrou-se seguro, taxas de complicações e gravidade semelhantes e sem diferença estatística quando comparado com o tratamento padrão. Conclusão A estabilização de lesões tumorais com fixação associada ao PMMA demonstrou reabilitação precoce e melhora na qualidade de vida, permitindo rápida recuperação funcional. A utilização do PMMA apresenta vantagens como diminuição do sangramento e da necrose tumoral e maior estabilidade mecânica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Bone Cements , Bone Neoplasms , Surveys and Questionnaires , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fractures, Spontaneous
2.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(1): 34-38, mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342663

ABSTRACT

Presentamos el primer reporte de caso en paciente adulto con virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH + ) con fractura por fragilidad en fémur proximal asociada al uso de terapia antirretroviral (TARV) con fumarato de disoproxilo de tenofovir (FDT) en Chile. Actualmente, los pacientes diagnosticados con VIH inician tratamiento precoz con TARV, lo que implica mayor cantidad de años de exposición a los fármacos de la terapia. El tiempo de exposición acumulado al FDT se ha asociado a disminución de la densidad mineral ósea y falla renal progresiva, pudiendo el paciente desarrollar síndrome de Fanconi adquirido y osteomalacia, con riesgo aumentado de fractura. Presentamos el caso de un hombre de 44 años, VIH+ , evaluado en urgencia tras caída a nivel que resultó en fractura patológica del fémur proximal. Los exámenes de ingreso destacaron hipocalemia, hipocalcemia, hipofosfatemia e hipovitaminosis D. Se realizó manejo multidisciplinario, con suspensión del FDT, un cambio en la TARV, y suplementación con calcio y carga de vitamina D. Se realizó reducción cerrada y fijación con clavo cefalomedular largo, que evolucionó favorablemente con rehabilitación motora precoz; el paciente recuperó su funcionalidad previa, y se observó consolidación ósea a las 12 semanas. La aparición de dolor osteomuscular en pacientes VIH+ en TARV debe levantar alta sospecha clínica de efecto adverso a medicamento; el seguimiento de estos pacientes debe incluir el control seriado de la función renal y de los niveles séricos de calcio y fósforo. La búsqueda y sospecha de estas complicaciones permitiría una intervención precoz, mejorando la condición de los pacientes y previniendo fracturas patológicas.


We present the first case report of a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive adult patient with a fragility fracture of the proximal femur associated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) in Chile. Currently, patients diagnosed with HIV start ART early, resulting in more years of exposure to these drugs. The accumulated exposure time to TDF has been associated with a decreased bone mineral density and progressive renal failure, potentially leading to acquired Fanconi syndrome, osteomalacia, and an increased risk of fracture. We present a case of a 44-year-old, HIV-positive man assessed at the emergency room after a fall from standing height which resulted in a proximal femoral pathological fracture. Laboratory findings at admission revealed hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, hypophosphatemia, and hypovitaminosis D. Multidisciplinary management was performed, with TDF discontinuation, ART change, and supplementation with calcium and vitamin D. Closed reduction and fixation with a long cephalomedullary nail was successful, with early motor rehabilitation, functional recovery, and bone consolidation at 12 weeks. Musculoskeletal pain in HIV-positive patients on ART must raise the clinical suspicion of an adverse drug effect; the follow-up of these subjects must include serial monitoring of renal function and serum calcium and phosphorus levels. Screening and suspicion of such complications would enable an early intervention, improving the patients' condition and preventing pathological fractures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Anti-HIV Agents/adverse effects , Femoral Fractures/chemically induced , Femoral Fractures/therapy , Tenofovir/adverse effects , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Bone Nails , Calcium/therapeutic use , Closed Fracture Reduction , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/instrumentation
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879461

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effects of intramedullary nailing through suprapatellar approach with semiextended position in treating tibial fractures.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to June 2019, 23 patients with tibia fractures were treated with suprapatellar approach intramedullary nailing on knee semiextended position, including 18 males and 5 females, aged from 26 to 67 years old with an average age of (38.5±9.6) years old. Eight patients were tibial proximal fractures, 7 patients were tibial shaft fractures, 6 patients were tibial distal fractures and 2 patients were tibial segmental fractures. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, complications and fracture healing time were recorded. Range of motivation of knee joint between 3 days and 3 months after operation were compared, Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score and visual analogue scale (VAS) were used to evaluate clinical effects.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 8 to 19 months with an average of (12.3±7.6) months. Operation time was (55.3±5.1) min, intraoperative blood loss was (84.0±8.7) ml. No obvious complications occurred. All patients were achieved bony union at stageⅠ, fracture healing time ranged from 3 to 8 months with an average of (4.6±1.5) months. Flexion extension range of knee motion at 3 days after operation was (110.4±15.3)°, and increased to (123.7±16.5)° at 3 months after operation (@*CONCLUSION@#Intramedullary nailing through suprapatellar approach with semiextended position in treating tibia fractureshas advantages of simple operation, less trauma for soft tissue, less pain, rapid recovery of function and less complication. It is especially suitable for patients with tibial multi-segment fracture and multiple fractures of ipsilateral lower limb for safety and simple.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Nails , Diaphyses , Female , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tibia , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879452

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effect of intramedullary nailing through suprapatellar, infrapatellar and paracpatellar approach in treating tibial shaft fracture.@*METHODS@#From June 2012 to June 2018, 36 patients with tibial shaft fracture were treated with intramedullary nails, and were divided into three groups according to surgical approach. Twleve patients were through suprapatellar approach, including 7 males and 5 females aged from 25 to 53 years old with an average of (37.8±11.4) years old;and 4 patients were type A, 4 patients were type B, and 4 patients were type C according to AO classification. Ten patients were through infrapatellar approach, including 6 males and 4 females aged from 19 to 56 years old with an average of (35.6±10.0) years old;and 3 patients were type A, 4 patients were type B, and 3 patients were type C according to AO classification. Forteen patients were through paracpatellar approach, including 8 males and 6 females aged from 21 to 58 years old with an average of (36.6±10.0) years old;and 4 patients were type A, 6 patients were type B, and 4 patients were type C according to AO classification. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fluoroscopy times, fracture healing time and complications among three groups were observed, and knee joint functions were evaluated by Lysholm score.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 18 months with an average of (15.0±3.0) months. There were no difference in intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing time among three groups (@*CONCLUSION@#intramedullary nailing through suprapatellar for the treatment of tibial shaft fracture is benefit for fracture healing and recovery of knee joint function, while infrapatellar and paracpatellar approach have advantages in exposure of insertion point. We should select approach reasonably according to our experience.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Nails , Diaphyses , Female , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tibia , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879431

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of double plate combined with iliac bone graft in the treatment of femoral nonunion after intramedullary nailing.@*METHODS@#From December 2008 to December 2017, double plate combined with autogenous iliac bone graft was used to treat femoral nonunion after intramedullary nailing. There were 11 cases, including 10 males and 1 female, aged 35 to 62 years, and the time from fracture to nonunion was 12 to 20 months. According to Judet classification, there were 8 cases of atrophic nonunion and 3 cases of proliferative nonunion. Regular follow-up was conducted after operation to record the fracture healing time, load-bearing activity time and complications, and to observe the repair effect of double plate fixation combined with iliac bone graft on nonunion after femoral shaft fracture operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 22 months. The operation time was 70 to 130 min and the blood loss was 180 to 350 ml. After operation, 2 cases had knee stiffness, which recovered after passive exercise with CPM machine for 2 weeks;1 case had pain in iliac bone donor area, which was relieved after 3 months. The time of fracture healing was 24 to 40 weeks, and the time of complete weight-bearing activity was 14 to 32 weeks. SF-36 quality of life score at the final follow-up:body pain 70 to 82, activty 70 to 82, social function 72 to 83, the overall health 72 to 82. At the end of the follow-up, there were no complications such as limb shortening, infection, poor wound healing, internal fixation failure (fracture, loosening).@*CONCLUSION@#It is an effective method to treat nonunion of femur after intramedullary nailing by using double plate combined with autogenous iliac bone graft.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Nails , Bone Plates , Bone Transplantation , Female , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Femur , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Ununited/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921943

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the short-term effect of suprapatellar interlocking intramedullary nail in the treatment of tibial fractures.@*METHODS@#Eighty patients with tibial fractures treated from January 2016 to June 2018 were treated with interlocking intramedullary nail, who were divided into observation group (suprapatellar approach) and control group (patellar ligament approach) according to different surgical approaches. There were 40 cases in the observation group, including 28 males and 12 females, aged 28 to 67 years with a mean of (46.70±10.34) years. There were 40 cases in the control group, including 30 males and 10 females, aged 31 to 69 years with a mean of(49.38±10.74) years. The operation time, incision length, intraoperative C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy times, intraoperative blood loss, fracture healing time, postoperative active straight leg raise (SLR) time, hospital stay, visual analogue scale (VAS), knee pain rate and postoperative Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score were recorded and compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 19 to 38 months, with an average of(24.60±4.52) months. In the observation group, the operation time was(53.83± 7.01) min;the incision length was (3.98±0.83) cm;the number of intraoperative C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy was (18.90±1.75) times;the fracture healing time was (10.03±0.89) weeks;the postoperative active SLR time was (1.19±0.25) days;and the hospital stay was(6.73±1.06) days. The above indexes were better than those in the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment of tibial fractures with suprapatellar interlocking intramedullary nail has the advantages of less trauma and better recovery of knee function. It can obtain more satisfactory clinical results and can be further widely used.


Subject(s)
Bone Nails , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fracture Healing , Humans , Male , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921926

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the complications of core drilling intramedullary nail in the treatment of femoral shaft closed fracture and explore the treatment strategy.@*METHODS@#From August 2014 to June 2018, a total of 215 patients with closed femoral shaft fractures were treated with closed reduction core drill intramedullary nail, including 129 males and 86 females, aged from 18 to 62 years, with an average of (44.2±10.6) years old. The time from injury to operation was 3 to 21 days. There were 102 cases of AO type A fracture, 82 cases of AO type B fracture and 31 cases of AO type C fracture. The time of operation, the amount of blood loss during operation, the duration of hospitalization, the time of fracture healing and the HSS score of knee joint function at the last follow-up were recorded. The observation of complications included:iatrogenic fracture, core drill broken, core drill twist, postoperative infection, and fracture nonunion.@*RESULTS@#The average operation time was (63.2± 15.6) min and intraoperative blood loss was (150.0±34.5) ml. All the incisions reached grade A healing. Patients were follow up for a mean of (18.5±3.2) months, the average hospital stay was (4.3±1.2) days, and the average fracture healing time was (5.6±2.3) months. At the final follow-up, the average HSS score of knee joint was 90.3±4.7. Related complications occurred in 37 cases (17.2%). The core drill related complications occurred in 13 cases (6.0%), including core drill broken in 5 cases (2.3%), core removal in 1 case and slotting in 4 cases;core drill twist in 8 cases (3.7%). After the core was cut, the core was removed. Similar complicationsof conventional intramedullary nail:iatrogenic fracture was performed in 12 cases (5.6%), including 10 cases of fracture end split and 2 cases of distal perimedullary fracture of intramedullary nail. The patients with cleavage at the fracture end were not treated after judging their stability, and the patients with fracture around the distal end of the intramedullary nail were fixed with auxiliary steel plate during operation;1 case(0.4%) with delayed infection after operation, debridement and external fixation was replaced and healed after bone transfer; fracture nonunion occurred in 11 cases (5.1%), of which 7 cases (3.3%) were hypertrophic nonunion and healed with additional plate. Atrophic nonunion occurred in 4 cases (1.9%), which healed after additional steel plate and bone graft.@*CONCLUSION@#Core drilling intramedullary nail is an effective method for the treatment of closed femoral shaft fracture, and the complications include core drill related complications and conventional intramedullary nail similar complications. Accurate preoperative evaluation, careful operation during operation and early postoperative symptomatic treatment can effectively reduce the occurrence of related complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Nails , Female , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Closed , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921916

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of femoral offset (FO) on the postoperative functional results of proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) in femoral trochanteric fractures.@*METHODS@#From May 2017 to June 2019, 112 patients receiving PFNA were analyzed, X-ray and CT examination of both hips were performed before operation, and X-ray examination of both hips of pelvis was performed on the first day after operation. Among them, 71 patients showed bilateral FO difference≤ 5 mm on positive X-ray film (group A), and 41 patients showed bilateral FO difference>5 mm (group B). There was no significant difference between two groups in gender, age, operative side, course of disease, Harris score of preoperative hip joint, preoperativeFO(@*RESULTS@#Patients in both groups were followed up for 12 months after surgery, and all patients reached the healing criteria. The difference of Harris score of the hip joint at 6 and 12 months after surgery was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#In the treatment of trochanteric fractures with PFNA, the greater the difference of FO between the two sides, the worse the postoperative function of the patients. The appropriate FO(the difference of FO between the two sides ≤5 mm) can improve the postoperative function of the patients.


Subject(s)
Bone Nails , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921915

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the prognosis and complications of proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA) in the treatment of elderly intertrochanteric fracture.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to November 2019, 127 cases of femoral intertrochanteric fracture were treated with PFNA, including 51 males and 76 females. The average age was 81.39±8.16 (range from 60 to 98). According to Evans classification, the numbers of cases of typeⅠa, typeⅠb, typeⅠc, typeⅠd and typeⅡwere 10, 46, 48, 16 and 7, respectively. Based on the AO /OTA classification, there were 10 cases of type 31-A1.2, 84 of type 31- A1.3, 17 of type 31-A2.2, 9 of type 31-A2.3, and 7 of type 31-A3. Preoperative and the final follow up, function of hip joint of patients treatedwith the PFNA were evaluated by harris hip score, and the postoperative complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#No incision infection occurred in all patients after PFNA. In this research, 4 cases failed in internal fixation, three of them underwent artificial femoral head replacement;5 cases died within one year after operation;2 cases had multiple embolizations of pulmonary artery branches, which recovered after anticoagulation treatment. There were 48 cases complicated with pneumonia, among which 9 cases had pulmonary inflammation before operation;27 cases with pleural effusion, 3 cases with acute heart failure, 3 cases with acute renal insufficiency, except one case died of pneumonia, pleural effusion, hypoproteinemia and respiratory failure during hospitalization, the other patients recovered after treatment. All 119 patients were followed up for 6 to 36 months, with an average of (17.01±6.03) months, Harris hip score increased from 8.96±5.40 preoperation to 83.57±8.92 at the final follow-up (@*CONCLUSION@#PFNA is a recommended option for the treatment of senile patients with intertrochanteric fracture. However, there were a lot of complications when femoral intertrochanteric fractures happened in aged patients, especially prevention and treatment of pulmonary embolism, promptly corrected low hemoglobin and low albumin, and reduce complications.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Nails , Female , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921914

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of metabolic syndrome on 15 days postoperative adverse events of femoral intertrochanteric fractures with internal fixation.@*METHODS@#From January 2011 to June 2019, 986 elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture were treated with internal fixation, including 312 males and 674 females, with an average age of(77.71± 7.58) years old. And there were 97 patients with metabolic syndrome and 889 patients without metabolic syndrome. Through the electronic medical record system, the patient's age, gender, fracture type, cause of trauma, body mass index, smoking history, preoperative comorbidities, preoperative bloodtransfusion, operation timing, ASA classification, anesthesia method, internal fixation type, operation duration, and 15 days postoperative adverse events, which include surgical site infection, acute heart failure, acute respiratory failure, pulmonary infection, acute renal failure, DVT, embolism in important organs, urinary tract infection, death, and blood transfusion after surgery were collected. The differences of preoperative and intraoperative baseline datas and 15 days postoperative adverse events between the two groups were compared and analyzed by t text or univariate @*RESULTS@#There were statistical differences in age, body mass index, history of cardiac insufficiency, history of COPD, history of renal insufficiency, operation timing, ASA classification, operation duration, surgical site infection, acute heart failure, DVT, urinary tract infection and blood transfusion between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture with metabolic syndrome had higher postoperative surgical site infection rate, DVT incidence rate, urinary tract infection rate, and postoperative blood transfusion rate. Therefore, the orthopedic treatment team should give more attentionand optimize the treatment plan during the perioperative period with the cooperation of internal physician and anesthesiologist.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Nails , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Male , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921913

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of femoral head replacement and internal fixation in the treatment of unstable intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly.@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis of 70 cases of unstable intertrochanteric fractures treated from January 2016 to January 2019 and meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 39 cases were fixed with closed reduction and new proximal femoral intramedullary nail(InterTAN), and 31 cases were treated with open trochanter reconstruction and artificial femoral head replacement. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, hospital stay, weight bearing time, postoperative complication rate and hip function recovery (Harris score) were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All cases were followed up for 12 to 24 months. There were no significant differences in intraoperative bleeding and hospital stay between the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#InterTAN and femoral head replacement can treat unstable intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly, but femoral head replacement can move down early, improve the quality of life at the end of life, reduce postoperative complications and facilitate the treatment of coexisting diseases in internal medicine.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Nails , Femoral Fractures , Femur Head , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921899

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy of intramedullary nail fixation following two-step closed reduction or limited open reduction for femoral subtrochanteric fractures.@*METHODS@#Forty six patients with femoral subtrochanteric fractures were analyzed retrospectively from January 2014 to April 2020. Twenty four patients which including 16 males and 8 females, aged from 34 to 91 years old with an average of (55.42±18.25) years old, were treated with two step closed reduction and intramedullary nail fixation on supine position. Twenty-two patients which including 15 males and 7 females, aged from 33 to 87 years old with an average of (56.31±14.77) years old, were performed limited open reductionand intramedullary nail fixation. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, complications and fracture healing time were recorded and compared between two groups. Postoperative Harris hip score at 8 months was applied to evalaute joint function.@*RESULTS@#All patients were successfully complete operation without incision infection. All patients were followed up from 8 to 36 months with an average of (18.2± 6.1) months. Introperation blood loss, operation time in closed reduction group were (157.92±51.07) ml, (82.08±13.43) min respectively, while in limited open reduction group were (230.91±87.88) ml, (92.73±12.79) min respectively; while there were statistical difference between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Femoral subtrochanteric fractures could be effectively treated by both methods. Two-step closed reduction and intramedullary nail fixation may be more advantageous in less tissue damage, shorter operation time and less intraoperative bleeding.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Nails , Female , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fracture Healing , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888352

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influencing factors of perioperative blood transfusion in the treatment of elderly femoral intertrochanteric fractures with proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 109 elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures who received PFNA treatment from July 2018 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Both pelvic hip X-rays and CT plain scans were performed before surgery. All patients were diagnosed by X-ray and CT plain scan of pelvis and hip before operation. Through the statistical analysis of the basic data of patients before and during operation, the risk factors of perioperative blood transfusion were explored.@*RESULTS@#Logistic regression analysis showed that age (@*CONCLUSION@#Age, fracture type, diabetes history, and preoperative hemoglobin are independent risk factors for perioperative blood transfusion in the treatment of elderly intertrochanteric fractures with PFNA. The older the patient, the history of diabetes, the more unstable the fracture, and the lower preoperative hemoglobin, the more likely it is to require a blood transfusion, which may provide a reference for clinical perioperative blood transfusion decisions.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Transfusion , Bone Nails , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888335

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the biomechanical stability of elastic intramedullary nail in the treatment of pubic ramus fractures by finite element analysis, and to compare the stability of elastic intramedullary nail with cannulated screw intramedullary fixation.@*METHODS@#The CT data of the pelvis of a volunteer were selected, and the three-dimensional model of the pelvis was reconstructed by reverse engineering software and the fracture of the pubic ramus fractures was simulated by osteotomy. The hollow nail model, single elastic nail model and double elastic nailmodel were assembled with different implants respectively. The mesh division, material assignment loading and other steps were carried out in the ANSYS software, and then the calculation was submitted.@*RESULTS@#The overall displacement of the pelvis of the elastic nail model was smaller than that of the cannulated screw model, in which the double elastic nail model had the smallest overall displacement, but the cannulated screw model had the smallest plant displacement and the single elastic nail model had the largest plant displacement. Although the stress of cannulated screw was small, there was obvious stress concentration, the stress of elastic nail was large, but there was no obvious stress concentration, especially the stress distribution of double elastic nail was more uniform and the overall stress of pelvis was the smallest.@*CONCLUSION@#All the three fixation methods can effectively improve the stability of the anterior ring of the pelvis. Among them, there is no significant difference in the overall biomechanical propertiesof hollow nail fixation and double elastic nail fixation, which is better than that of single elastic nail fixation. Elastic nail fixation has the advantages of minimally invasive surgery and good biomechanical stability, so it can be used as a better surgical method for the treatment of pubic ramus fractures.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Screws , Finite Element Analysis , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Spinal Fractures
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a universal screwdriver for sealing the end of the central hole of the femoral interlocking intramedullary nail, so as to shorten the operation time of the tail cap implantation of the intramedullary nail and improve the accuracy of implantation.@*METHODS@#Total 77 patients with intertrochanteric fractures underwent femoral interlocking intramedullary nail (FIIN) surgery from June 2018 to June 2019. There were 28 males and 49 females, aged 55 to 80 (76.22± 7.32) years old, and course of disease was 20 to 40 h. All patients were divided into universal screwdriver group (39 cases) and ordinary screwdriver group (38 cases) according to whether the self-developed universal screw was applicable during the operation. The blood loss during tail cap implantation, the time of tail cap implantation, the success rate of one-time implantation, and the postoperative curative effect were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 36 months, with an average of(20.00±6.38) months. The bleeding volume and the time of tail cap implantation in the universal screwdriver group were significantly lower thanthose in the ordinary screwdriver group (@*CONCLUSION@#The universal screwdriver is easy to operate during the operation when using the cap of the femoral intramedullary nail, the operation time is shortened, the amount of bleeding is reduced, and the treatment effect is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Nails , Female , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fracture Healing , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353931

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La afección articular que lleva a la necesidad de una artrodesis tibio-calcánea puede estar acompañada de una segunda lesión en el mismo segmento óseo, y los clavos de diseño para artrodesis no tienen la longitud adecuada para cubrir ambas lesiones. No hallamos opciones terapéuticas para este tipo de lesiones en la bibliografía. Objetivo: Presentar una serie de casos en los que se utilizó un único clavo de tibia (de colocación anterógrada) de forma retrógrada, con el doble objetivo de efectuar una artrodesis tibio-talo-calcánea, sumada al tratamiento de una lesión asociada en un mismo tiempo quirúrgico. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluó, en forma retrospectiva, desde septiembre de 2009 hasta junio de 2019, a un grupo de 12 pacientes que requirió una artrodesis tibio-talo-calcánea sumada a la necesidad de resolver simultáneamente un defecto secundario local. La edad promedio fue de 43.7 años, y el seguimiento global fue de 43.9 meses. Resultados: Todos los pacientes lograron una artrodesis tibio-calcánea constatada en radiografías de frente y de perfil, y el 83,3% recuperó el stock óseo de manera completa. Conclusión: Ante la ausencia en el mercado de osteosíntesis para resolver las patologías asociadas en un mismo paciente, proponemos el uso del clavo endomedular largo de tibia colocado de manera retrógrada como una opción de tratamiento, porque se ha demostrado que es eficaz para lograr la artrodesis tibio-calcánea. Además, se lo pudo utilizar como guía en el alargamiento y el transporte óseo, y como estabilización para tratar lesiones simultáneas. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


background: The joint condition that leads to the need for a tibiocalcaneal arthrodesis may be accompanied by a second injury in the same bone segment, and design nails for arthrodesis are not of adequate length to cover both injuries. We have not found therapeutic options for this type of injury in the literature. Objective: To present a series of cases where a single tibia nail (antegrade placement) was used retrogradely, with the dual objective of performing a tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis added to the treatment of an associated injury in the same surgical stage. materials and methods: We retrospectively evaluated a group of 12 patients who required a tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis as well as to simultaneously resolve a local secondary defect from September 2009 to June 2019. The average age was 43.7 (27-61) years, and the global follow-up was 43. 9 months. Results: All patients achieved a tibiocalcaneal arthrodesis confirmed in antero-posterior and lateral radiographs, and 83.3% of the patients recovered their bone stock completely. Conclusion: Faced with the lack of osteosynthesis in the market to resolve associated pathologies in the same patient, we propose the use of a long tibial intramedullary nail placed in a retrograde manner as a treatment option since it has proven to be efficient in achieving tibiocalcaneal arthrodesis. In addition, it could be used as a rail for bone lengthening and transport, and as stabilization to treat simultaneous injuries. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Arthrodesis , Tibial Fractures , Bone Lengthening , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Ankle Joint
17.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(5) (Nro Esp - AACM Asociación Argentina de Cirugía de la Mano): 568-574, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353962

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fractura diafisaria de húmero es frecuente y, en la actualidad, se privilegia el tratamiento quirúrgico. La consolidación en mala rotación puede causar un deterioro de la función y artrosis a largo plazo. Con las técnicas mínimamente invasivas, es difícil manejar la rotación intraoperatoria al no tener una visión directa de la reducción fracturaria. Objetivo: Describir criterios radiográficos para la reducción rotatoria en las fracturas diafisarias de húmero. Materiales y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de radiografías de húmero comparando criterios radiográficos del húmero distal entre radiografías con rotación interna (sin retroversión proximal) y rotación externa (con retroversión fisiológica). Criterios estudiados: sobreproyección del epicóndilo lateral por sobre el capitellum >50%, esclerosis del borde inferior de la fosa olecraneana, esclerosis del borde lateral de la fosa olecraneana y asimetría de la fosa olecraneana. Resultados: El 97% de las 200 radiografías estudiadas cumplió con los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Sobreproyección del epicóndilo por sobre el capitellum: 83,3% de los casos; esclerosis del borde inferior de la fosa olecraneana: 30%, esclerosis del borde lateral de la fosa olecraneana: 86,6% y asimetría: 80% de ellas. Todos los criterios con significancia estadística (p <0,001). Al analizar los tres signos positivos en conjunto, la sensibilidad fue del 70% y la especificidad, del 98%; valor predictivo positivo 95,5% y valor predictivo negativo 84,5%. Conclusiones: La rotación humeral correcta es difícil de reproducir en las cirugías mínimamente invasivas, en pacientes con una fractura diafisaria. Describimos cuatro criterios radiográficos que permiten inferir una correcta rotación humeral. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Introduction: Humeral shaft fractures are frequent and surgical treatment is currently favored. Consolidation in malrotation is a complication that can lead to impaired function and long-term osteoarthritis. In minimally invasive techniques, it is difficult to manage intraoperative rotation as there is no direct view of the fracture reduction. Objective: To describe radiological criteria for rotational reduction in humeral shaft fractures. Materials and methods: Retrospective study of humerus radiographs comparing radiological criteria of the distal humerus between radiographs with internal rotation (without proximal retroversion) and radiographs with external rotation (with physiological retroversion). Criteria studied: Overprojection of the lateral epicondyle over the capitellum of more than 50%; sclerosis of the lower border of the olecranon fossa (OF); sclerosis of the lateral border of the OF and asymmetry of the OF. Results: 200 radiographs were studied; 97% met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Overprojection of the epicondyle over the capitellum was found in 83.3% of the cases. Sclerosis of the inferior border of the OF in 30%, sclerosis of the lateral border of the OF in 86.6%, and asymmetry of OF in 80%. All criteria with statistically significant (p<0.001). When analyzing the 3 positive signs, we found a sensitivity of 70% and a specificity of 98%. The positive predictive value was 95.5% and the negative predictive value was 84.5%. Conclusions: Correct humeral rotation is difficult to reproduce when performing minimally invasive surgeries in patients with a diaphyseal fracture. We describe 4 radiological criteria that allow inferring a correct humeral rotation. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Radiography , Diaphyses , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Humeral Fractures/surgery
18.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353934

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La indicación de realizar una osteosíntesis con un clavo endomedular retrógrado en las fracturas de fémur se ha incrementado en los últimos años y, con ello, la cantidad de complicaciones. Se describen tres técnicas quirúrgicas para el manejo del fragmento proximal de la osteosíntesis endomedular rota. Desde marzo de 2001 hasta enero de 2019, se realizaron 321 osteosíntesis con clavos endomedulares retrógrados de fémur en nuestra institución. La tasa de rotura del implante asociada a una seudoartrosis fue del 0,9%. Se realizaron técnicas mínimamente invasivas para la extracción del implante, preservando las partes blandas. Se logró la reosteosíntesis definitiva con la consiguiente consolidación en un tiempo medio de 140 días. Conclusiones: Las técnicas utilizadas fueron simples, seguras, mínimamente invasivas y muy reproducibles. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


background: The indication for osteosynthesis with a retrograde intramedullary nail in femur fractures has increased in recent years and with it, the number of complications. Three surgical techniques are described for the management of the proximal fragment of the broken intramedullary osteosynthesis. From March 2001 to January 2019, 321 osteosyntheses with retrograde femoral intramedullary nails were performed at our institution. The implant rupture rate associated with nonunion was 0.9%. Minimally invasive techniques were performed to remove the implant, preserving the soft tissues. Definitive reosteosynthesis was achieved with the consequent consolidation in an average time of 140 days. Conclusions: The techniques used were simple, safe, minimally invasive, and reproducible. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Middle Aged , Aged , Rupture , Bone Nails/adverse effects , Device Removal , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects
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