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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879465

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of early incision and decompression combined with screw fixation in treating Lisfranc injury and foot osteofascial compartment syndrome.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 5 patients with Lisfranc injury and foot osteofascial compartment syndrome were retrospective analysized from January 2017 to December 2018, including 4 males and 1 female, aged from 19 to 62 years old. All patients were suffered from closed injuries. The time from injury to treatment ranged from 1 to 14 h. According to Myerson classification, 1 patient was type A, 1 patient was type B, and 3 patients were type C. All patients were performed early incision decompression and screw fixation. Maryland foot functional scoring standard at 12 months after opertaion was used to evaluate clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 10 to 48 months. All fractures were achieved bone union, and healing time ranged from 3 to 9 months. All metatarsal and tarsal joints were reached to anatomical reduction. No infection, osteomyelitis, loosening or breaking of internal fixation occurred. Postopertaive Maryland foot function score at 12 months was from 44 to 97, and 2 patients got excellent result, 2 good, and 1 poor.@*CONCLUSION@#Early incision and decompression with screw fixation for the treatment of Lisfranc injury and foot osteofascial compartment syndrome, which has advantages of simple opertaion, thoroughly decompression, screw fixation does not occupy space, stable decompression and fixation, and could receive satisfied clinical effect.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Screws , Compartment Syndromes/surgery , Decompression , Female , Foot Injuries , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Tarsal Joints , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879385

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore biomechanical characteristics of minimally invasive different screw fixations in treating Sanders typeⅡcalcaneal fractures.@*METHODS@#Dicom data of calcaneus by CT scan were input into Mimics 21.0 software and Ansys15.0 software to construct three-dimensional finite element digital model of calcaneus;this model was input into UG NX 10.0 software, and calcaneus was cut according to Sanders classification to establish Sanders typeⅡ calcaneus model with posterior articular surface collapse;then simulated minimally invasive screw internal fixation after calcaneal fracture:a screw from posterior articular surface was used to outside-in fix sustentaculum tali, other 4 screws were used to fix calcaneus by different methods through calcaneal tuberosity, and 4 different calcaneal models were obtained. Under the same conditions, 4 types of internal fixation models were loaded respectively, and nonlinear finite element analysis was performed to calculate the stress distribution of different internal fixation models.@*RESULTS@#Under the same condition of loading, the model 3 had smaller displacement value, maximum calcaneus displacement value and maximum equivalent stress value of the screw than other three internal fixation models, and the stress was more dispersed.@*CONCLUSION@#In minimally invasive screw internal fixation of calcaneus fracture, after 1 sustentaculum tali screw fixation, 2 screws crossed fix posterior articular surface from calcaneal tuberosity, 2 screws fix parallelly calcaneocuboid joint from calcaneal tuberosity are more suitable for biomechanical requirements, and could provide basic theory for clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Bone Screws , Calcaneus/surgery , Finite Element Analysis , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888356

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of staged surgery on Sanders Ⅳ calcaneal fractures with soft tissue Ⅲ swelling.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 76 patients with Sanders type Ⅳ closed calcaneal fracture with soft tissue three-degree swelling treated from June 2017 to May 2020 was retrospectively analyzed, including 54 males and 22 females, aged from 25 to 50 (38.16±10.24) years. The patients were divided into observation group and control group according to different treatment methods. Twenty-four patients in the observation group were treated by staged surgery stageⅠclosed prying traction reduction and Kirschner wire fixation, stageⅡopen reduction and internal fixation with titanium plate, including 17 males and 7 females, aged from 25 to 50 (36.12±9.56) years. There were 52 patients in the control group, including 37 males and 15 females, aged from 25 to 50 (38.32±10.67) years, these patients were treated with open reduction and internal fixation with titanium plate after the dermatoglyphic signs appeared. The swelling subsidence time, the length of hospitalization days, and the incidence of postoperative incision complications were compared between two groups. The Bhler angle, Gissane angle, and calcaneal varus angle were measured by X-ray before and 6 months after operation. American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) about the ankle hindfoot score was used to evaluate the clinical efficacy.@*RESULTS@#All 76 patients were followed up for 8 to 12 (9.52±2.01) months. The swelling subsidence time and hospitalization days in observation group were (12.12± 3.24) d and (24.53±6.44) d, respectively, which in control group were (15.16±4.16) d and (29.46±9.61) d, with statistical difference between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with open reduction and internal fixation with titanium plate after the appearance of dermatoglyphic signs, staged surgery for Sanders type Ⅳ calcaneal fractures with soft tissue three-swelling does not increase the risk of soft tissue complications, and can significantly shorten the patient's swelling subsidence time and hospitalization days, improve the quality of fracture reduction and short term function, and relieve pain.


Subject(s)
Ankle Injuries , Calcaneus/surgery , Female , Foot Injuries , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888338

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of distal radius T-plate combined with suture anchor and distal clavicle anatomical locking plate combined with suture anchor in the treatment of Neer Ⅱb distal clavicle fracture.@*METHODS@#From June 2014 to June 2018, 42 patients with Neer Ⅱb distal clavicle fractures were retrospectively analyzed. According to different surgical methods, they were divided into the observation group (T-shaped plate combined with suture anchor) and the control group (anatomical locking plate combined with suture anchor). There were 22 patients in the observation group and 20 patients in the control group. In the observation group, there were 13 males and 9 females, aged from 22 to 70 (45.78± 14.44) years old, 12 cases on the left side and 10 cases on the right side, 8 cases of traffic accident injury and 14 cases of fall. In the control group, there were 12 males and 8 females, aged from 24 to 66 (44.17±15.58) years, 13 cases on the left side and 7 cases on the right side, 6 cases of traffic accident injuryand 14 cases of fall. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing time were compared between the two groups, and Constant Murley score was used to evaluate shoulder joint function.@*RESULTS@#The patients in both groups were followed up for 18 to 24 (20.96±2.02) months. The incisions of both groups were healed at stageⅠ. The fracture ends of both groups were bony healed at the last follow up. There was no significant difference in operation time, intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing time between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The two methods can obtain satisfactory results in the treatment of Neer Ⅱb distal clavicle fractures, especially suitable for patients with comminuted distal clavicle fractures or osteoporosis; the clinical effect of the treatment of NeerⅡb distal clavicle fractures with T type distal radius plate combined with suture anchor is satisfactory, which provides another feasible treatment scheme for clinic.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Plates , Case-Control Studies , Clavicle/surgery , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Suture Anchors , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888335

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the biomechanical stability of elastic intramedullary nail in the treatment of pubic ramus fractures by finite element analysis, and to compare the stability of elastic intramedullary nail with cannulated screw intramedullary fixation.@*METHODS@#The CT data of the pelvis of a volunteer were selected, and the three-dimensional model of the pelvis was reconstructed by reverse engineering software and the fracture of the pubic ramus fractures was simulated by osteotomy. The hollow nail model, single elastic nail model and double elastic nailmodel were assembled with different implants respectively. The mesh division, material assignment loading and other steps were carried out in the ANSYS software, and then the calculation was submitted.@*RESULTS@#The overall displacement of the pelvis of the elastic nail model was smaller than that of the cannulated screw model, in which the double elastic nail model had the smallest overall displacement, but the cannulated screw model had the smallest plant displacement and the single elastic nail model had the largest plant displacement. Although the stress of cannulated screw was small, there was obvious stress concentration, the stress of elastic nail was large, but there was no obvious stress concentration, especially the stress distribution of double elastic nail was more uniform and the overall stress of pelvis was the smallest.@*CONCLUSION@#All the three fixation methods can effectively improve the stability of the anterior ring of the pelvis. Among them, there is no significant difference in the overall biomechanical propertiesof hollow nail fixation and double elastic nail fixation, which is better than that of single elastic nail fixation. Elastic nail fixation has the advantages of minimally invasive surgery and good biomechanical stability, so it can be used as a better surgical method for the treatment of pubic ramus fractures.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Screws , Finite Element Analysis , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Spinal Fractures
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921924

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the complications of tourniquet in the clinical application of lower tibiofibular fracture.@*METHODS@#From June 2018 to September 2019, 33 cases of closed lower tibiofibular fractures (AO type 43A) were treated with plates and screws and were divided into two groups according to whether pueumatic tourniquet was used:16 cases in the observation group, 13 males and 3 females, aged 18 to 69 (38.8±17.0) years, the operation time after injury was (6.9±1.7) days, and tourniquet was not used during operation. There were 17 cases in the control group, 13 males and 4 females, aged from 21 to 71 (43.8±12.4) years, the operation time after injury was (6.5±1.0) days, automatic pneumatic tourniquetwas routinely used in the operation. The operation time, blood loss, postoperative swelling, pain and other complications were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#Total of 33 patients were followed up for an average of 15 months. There was no significant difference in operation time and blood loss between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The fracture of lower tibiofibular segment is superficial and easy to be exposed and fixed during operation. In order to avoid tourniquet complications, it is not recommended to use air bag tourniquet routinely or minimize the application time of tourniquet.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Operative Time , Retrospective Studies , Tourniquets , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921918

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effects of tension band combined with patellar cerclage and memory alloy patellar concentrator fixation in the treatment of comminuted fracture of the lower pole of patella.@*METHODS@#From July 2015 to July 2019, 60 patients with distal patellar fracture were treated and were divided into two groups according to different operation methods. In group A, 30 patients were fixed with memory alloy patellar concentrator (NiTi PC), 17 males and 13 females, aged 20 to 71 (39.4±9.9) years, including 19 cases of falling injury, 9 cases of traffic injury and 2 cases of sports injury. The time from injury to operation was 10 to 75 (33.1±7.8) hours; 30 cases in group B were fixed with tension band andcerclage, 15 males and 15 females, aged 21 to 76 (38.6±10.2) years, including 17 cases of falling injury, 12 cases of traffic injury and 1 case of smashing injury. The time from injury to operation was 10 to 91 (34.5±9.1) hours. The curative effects of two groups were observed and compared.@*RESULTS@#All 60 patients were followed up for 9 to 30 months. There was no significant difference in intraoperative bleeding, operation time, follow-up time and fracture healing time between the two groups. Six months after operation, according to the Bostman function score of knee joint:30 cases in group A, the total score was 28.6±4.7, of which 26 cases were excellent and 4 cases were good. The total score of 30 cases in group B was 25.5±4.4, of which 20 cases were excellent, 8 cases were good and 2 cases were poor. There were significant differences in Bostman total score and curative effect evaluation between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Memory alloy patellar concentrator is strong and reliable in the treatment of inferior patellar fracture. It can take early rehabilitation exercise after operation, with good recovery of joint function and range of motion and less complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Wires , Case-Control Studies , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Patella/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921896

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effects of artificial bone and autogenous bone in internal fixation of complex calcaneal fracture with profitated plate.@*METHODS@#From April 2015 to April 2019, 60 patients with complex calcaneal fractures were treated with open reduction and heteromorphic plate internal fixation, and were divided into experiment group and control group by implant bone substitutes, and 30 patients in each group. In experiment group, there were 21 males and 9 females aged from 18 to 71 years old with an average of (36.85±7.42) years old;19 patients were classified to type Ⅲ and 11 patients were type Ⅳ according to Sanders classification;implanted with artificial bone. While in control group, there were 23 males and 7 females aged from 20 to69 years old with an average of (37.26±7.38) years old;18 patients were classified to type Ⅲ and 12 patients were type Ⅳ according to Sanders classification; implanted with autogenous bone. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, drying time of incision, fracture healing time and complications were compared between two groups, changes of preoperative and postoperative Böhler angle and Gissane angle were also compared, and Maryland scoring was applied to evaluate recovery of affected foot.@*RESULTS@#Both of two groups were followed up from 3 to 15 months with an average of (10.15±2.67) months. Operation time and intraoperative blood loss in experiment group were (89.32±12.43) min, (101.64±5.13) ml, respectively;while in control group were (112.45±13.82) min, (119.01±5.26) ml, respectively;and there were statistical difference between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Artificial bone and autogenous bone in internal fixation of complex calcaneal fracture with irregular plate have similar function in promoting fracture healing, drying time of incision, fracture healing time and complications, while artificial bone has better effects in reducing intraoperative blood loss, shorten operation time.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Calcaneus/surgery , Case-Control Studies , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921895

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy between anatomical locking plate (ALP) and ordinary steel plate (OSP) in treating closed calcaneal fractures with SandersⅡ and Ⅲ.@*METHODS@#From May 2016 to May 2018, 68 patients with closed Sanders typeⅡ and Ⅲ calcaneal fractures were retrospectively analyzed, and were divided into anatomical locking plate group (ALP group) and ordinary steel plate group (OSP group) according to two kinds of plate fixation, and 34 patients in each group. In ALP group, there were 21 males and 13 females aged from 20 to 63 years old with average of (35.16±8.45) years old; 14 patients were typeⅡand 20 patients were type Ⅲaccording to Sanders classification;treated with ALP. In OSP group, there were 20 males and 14 females aged from 19 to 63 years old with average of (35.05±8.39) years old;19 patients were typeⅡand 15 patients were type Ⅲ according to Sanders classification;treated with OSP. Operative time, intraoperative blood loss and complications between two groups were observed and compared;preoperative and postoperative Böhler angle and gissane angle were also compared;American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle and hind foot scores, foot and ankle disability index (FADI) scores were applied to evaluate clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 11 to 14 months with an average of (12.06±0.81) months. There were no statistical differences in opertive time, intraoperative blood loss, incision infection and refracture rate in complications between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with OSP, ALP in treating SandersⅡ and Ⅲ calcaneal fractures could achieve better therapeutic effect, avoid screw loosening, reduce complications, and improve limb function in further.


Subject(s)
Adult , Ankle Joint , Calcaneus/surgery , Case-Control Studies , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Lower Extremity , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Steel , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921894

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy of minimally invasive locking plate and anatomic locking plate in treating intra-articular calcaneal fractures via sinus tarsi approach.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted of 48 patients with intra-articular calcaneal fractures treated with surgery via sinus tarsi approach from July 2016 to June 2017. According to differernt methods of internal fixation, the patients were divided into minimally invasive locking plate group and anatomic locking plate group. In minimally invasive locking plate group, there were 14 males and 10 females, aged from 27 to 46 years old with an average age of (38.70±5.58) years old, 18 patients were typeⅡand 6 patients were type Ⅲ according to Sanders classification. In anatomic locking plate group, there were 17 males and 7 females, aged from 26 to 46 years old with an average age of (37.10±6.44) years old, 16 patients were typeⅡ and 8 patients were type Ⅲ according to Sanders classification. Operative time, visual analogue scale (VAS), postoperative complications between two groups were compared, and Böhler angle, Gissane angal, calcaneal width and height were recorded and compared between two groups at 1 week after operation and final follow up. The functional effect was assessed according to Maryland foot function score at final follow up.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for (14.10±1.94) months (ranged 12 to 18 months). All patients were obtained bone union from 8 to 16 weeks with an average of (10.60±2.25) weeks. Operation time, VAS score and complication rate in minimally invasive locking plate group were (69.50±7.51) min, (2.80±1.07) and 2 cases respectively, and (77.50±7.15) min, (3.80±1.09) and 8 cases in anatomic locking plate group respectively, there were statistical difference between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compare with anatomic locking plate, minimally invasive locking plate via sinus tarsi approach for Sanders typeⅡ and Ⅲ intra-articular calcaneal fractures could obtain similar reliable fixation and functional recovery with more simple operation, shorter operative time, lighter postoperative pain and less complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Calcaneus/surgery , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Heel , Humans , Intra-Articular Fractures/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
11.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): e273, jul.-dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156599

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Cronobacter sakazakii es una bacteria Gram negativa que pertenece a un grupo emergente de patógenos oportunistas de la familia de los Enterococos, que causa infecciones nosocomiales. Afecta típicamente a los recién nacidos de bajo peso; puede causar graves infecciones como meningitis, sepsis o enterocolitis necrotizante, potencialmente mortales, aunque la gran mayoría de las infecciones se producen en pacientes ancianos, en los que son mucho más leves. Se reporta el primer caso confirmado de infección de herida quirúrgica en España causada por C. sakazakii en un adulto inmunocompetente(AU)


ABSTRACT Cronobacter sakazakii is a Gram negative bacterium that belongs to an emerging group of opportunistic pathogens of the Enterococci family, which causes nosocomial infections. It typically affects low birth weight newborns. It can cause serious infections such as meningitis, sepsis, or life-threatening necrotizing enterocolitis, although the vast majority of infections occur in elderly patients, where they are much milder. We report the first confirmed case of surgical wound infection in Spain, caused by C. sakazakii in an immunocompetent adult(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Surgical Wound Infection/etiology , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/etiology , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fibula/injuries , Open Fracture Reduction/adverse effects
12.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 61(2): 40-46, oct. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342377

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Evaluar los resultados radiológicos a corto y mediano plazo de pacientes operados de fractura de pared posterior de acetábulo, describir la morfología de la fractura, presencia de lesiones asociadas y la necesidad de artroplastia total de cadera (ATC) durante la evolución. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo-descriptivo de una serie consecutiva de 40 pacientes operados entre julio de 2012 y julio de 2017 por fractura de pared posterior de acetábulo. Treinta y siete hombres y tres mujeres con una edad promedio de 41 años fueron operados (mediana de seguimiento 17,7 meses). Se registró el mecanismo del accidente y presencia de lesiones asociadas. Se registraron el número de fragmentos que presentaba la fractura, presencia de impactación marginal, compromiso de la cabeza femoral, presencia de fragmentos intra-articulares y complicaciones postoperatorias. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó el test de Wilcoxon. RESULTADOS: Todos los casos fueron secundarios a un accidente de alta energía. Un 70% de los pacientes presentó luxación posterior. La mayoría de los pacientes presentó una fractura entre 2 y 5 fragmentos (70%), 47,5% de los pacientes presentó impactación marginal, 37,5% compromiso de la cabeza femoral en zona de carga, 30% fragmentos intra-articulares. La complicación que más frecuente se observó fue la artrosis post-traumática la cual se presentó en un 22,5%. Cinco pacientes (12,5%) requirieron ATC. CONCLUSIÓN: Aunque se categorizan dentro de los patrones simples, las fracturas de pared posterior son lesiones complejas. La tomografía axial computada preoperatoria es esencial para determinar lesiones intra-articulares dada su alta frecuencia y también permite realizar un buen plan preoperatorio.


OBJECTIVE: Evaluate radiologic results in short and medium-term in surgically treated patients with acetabular posterior wall fracture. Describe fracture morphology, the presence of associated lesions and the necessity of total hip arthroplasty (THA) during the evolution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective-descriptive study design of 40 patients treated during July 2012 and July 2017 for acetabular posterior wall fracture. 37 men and 3 women, 41 years old mean age. The mean follow-up was 17.7 months. Accident mechanism and presence of associated lesions were registered, as well as the number of fragments of the fracture, the presence of marginal impaction, femoral head compromise, intra-articular fragments and postoperatory complications. Wilcoxon test was used for the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Every case resulted due to a high energy accident. 70% of patients had posterior luxation of the hip. 70% of patients presented 2 to 5 fragments. 47.5% of patients presented marginal impaction, 37.5% compromised femoral head and 30% intra-articular fragments. The most frequent complication was post-traumatic arthrosis, which appeared in 22.5% of patients. Five patients required THA. CONCLUSION: Though it is categorized as simple fracture pattern, posterior wall fractures are complex. Preoperatory CT scan is essential to determine intra-articular lesions due to its high frequency and permits to plan an adequate intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fracture Fixation/methods , Acetabulum/injuries , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Bone/etiology , Fractures, Bone/diagnostic imaging , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Acetabulum/surgery , Acetabulum/diagnostic imaging
13.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(4): 429-433, July-Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137200

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: In patients with elbow fractures, when there is suspected injury to underlying nerves, it is imperative for surgeons to elicit the function in the immediate postoperative period. Brachial plexus blocks like interscalene, supraclavicular and infraclavicular approaches can be a hurdle in such situations. The block planned should allow assessment of integrity of the nerves immediately in the postoperative period. Case report: We describe two cases in which we administered a block not yet described in literature. We blocked the cutaneous and articular branches innervating the elbow under ultrasound guidance. General anesthesia was administered in both cases. The block provided stable intraoperative hemodynamics, good postoperative analgesia and also allowed surgeons to test the viability of the nerve. Conclusion: In situations where nerves are injured during elbow fractures, selective articular cutaneous block at elbow can be used as it provides good perioperative analgesia, besides allowing evaluation of motor and sensory components in the postoperative period.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Quando há suspeita de lesão nos nervos subjacentes em pacientes com fratura de cotovelo, é imperativo que o cirurgião estimule a função dos nervos no pós-operatório imediato. Bloqueios do plexo braquial com as técnicas interescalênica, supraclavicular e infraclavicular pode ser um obstáculo nessas situações. O bloqueio deve ser planejado de modo a permitir a avaliação da integridade dos nervos no pós-operatório imediato. Relato de caso: Descrevemos dois casos em que realizamos uma técnica de bloqueio ainda não descrito na literatura. Realizamos o bloqueio dos ramos cutâneo e articular de nervos que inervam o cotovelo com auxílio de ultrassonografia. Anestesia geral foi realizada nos dois casos. O bloqueio proporcionou estabilidade hemodinâmica intraoperatória, boa analgesia pós-operatória e também permitiu que os cirurgiões testassem a viabilidade do nervo. Conclusão: Em fraturas do cotovelo associadas à lesão de nervos, o bloqueio seletivo articular cutâneo do cotovelo pode ser utilizado, pois proporciona boa analgesia perioperatória, além de permitir a avaliação dos componentes motores e sensoriais no pós-operatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Elbow/surgery , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Nerve Block/methods , Elbow/injuries , Anesthesia, General/methods
14.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(2): 107-118, jun. 2020. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1125547

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fracturas articulares de rodilla son frecuentes y pueden evolucionar a gonartrosis postraumática. El tratamiento en su estadio final es el reemplazo total de rodilla (RTR). Cuando se indica, el especialista se enfrenta a situaciones que predisponen a resultados menos satisfactorios. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los resultados del RTR en pacientes con secuela de fracturas articulares de rodilla, con un seguimiento mínimo de 4 años. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo observacional, entre mayo de 1999 y enero de 2013. Se evaluaron 25 RTR en 24 pacientes (edad promedio 67.1 años) con secuela de fractura articular de rodilla y un seguimiento promedio de 6.1 años. Tres (12%) tenían cirugías anteriores al RTR. Ocho se resolvieron en dos tiempos. Se empleó un implante constreñido en 4 pacientes (16%). Se determinaron el KSS, el KSSf y el rango de movilidad preoperatorios y del último control. Se documentó la supervivencia del implante. Resultados: El KSS se incrementó de 38,5 en el preoperatorio a 82,8 en promedio. El KSSf posoperatorio mejoró de 48 a 85. El rango de movilidad aumentó de un promedio de 7,5-76° a 1-102,4° en el posoperatorio. Cuatro casos fueron reoperados. La supervivencia de la prótesis fue del 92% a los 6.1 años. Conclusiones: El RTR es adecuado para la gonartrosis postraumática en su estadio final, con buenos resultados a mediano plazo. Si se logran una adecuada alineación posoperatoria y un correcto posicionamiento de los componentes, los resultados son satisfactorios y se asemejan a los del RTR por gonartrosis idiopática. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Knee joint fractures are common in Orthopedics, and may evolve to post-traumatic Osteoarthritis (PTOA). Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) is an effective treatment for the end-stage of this process. When indicated, orthopedic surgeons face many situations that may cause unsatisfactory results and affect prosthesis survival. The purpose of our study was to evaluate TKA outcomes on Osteoarthritis secondary to distal femoral and proximal tibial joint fractures, in cases with a minimum follow-up period of 4 years. Materials and Methods: We carried out an observational, retrospective study on TKA patients treated between May 1999 and January 2013. We evaluated 25 TKAs, performed on 24 patients, with knee fracture sequela, with an average follow-up of 6.1 years and an average age of 67.1 years. Three cases (12%) had required additional surgeries before TKA. Eight cases (32%) were 2-stage surgeries. Constrained implants were used in four cases (16%). The Knee Society Score (KSS), the Functional KSS (KSSf) and the Range of Motion (ROM) were evaluated preoperatively and at the last follow-up. Prosthesis survival evaluation was documented. Results: KSS increased from a preoperative average of 38.5 to a postoperative average of 82.8. Postoperative KSSf increased on average from 48 to 85. ROM increased on average from 7.5°-76° to 1°-102.4°. Four patients required a second surgical procedure. Prosthesis survival was 92% at a 6.1-year average follow-up. Conclusion: TKA is an appropriate treatment for advanced PTOA, with good mid-term outcomes. If adequate postoperative alignment and correct component positioning is achieved, expected outcomes are satisfactory and similar to those with TKA in primary osteoarthritis. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Fractures, Bone/surgery
15.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 331-335, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879644

ABSTRACT

Pre-contoured anatomical locking plates were designed to address the clinical need of fixing small epiphyseal segments with a larger number of screws. Those plates match the contour and shape of a variety of bones allowing for optimal buttress properties. The aim of this manuscript is to highlight the benefits of applying proximal humerus locking plates in the fixation of lower extremity bones. Although designed for the proximal humerus, the low-profile plate shape and anatomic contour also provides versatile use in certain areas of the lower extremity. This technical narrative highlights the versatile and reliable use of this plate for other anatomical areas than the one to which it has been originally conceived.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Bones of Lower Extremity/surgery , Child , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Humerus , Male , Middle Aged
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879349

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of three minimally invasive methods of anterior column screw, plate and screw rod system in the treatment of anterior pelvic ring fracture.@*METHODS@#From December 2015 to September 2018, 77 patients with pelvic anterior ring fracture were treated and followed up, including 45 males and 32 females, aged 19 to 73 years. According to AO / OTA classification, there were 26 cases of type B1, 20 cases of type B2, 17 cases of type B3 and 14 cases of type C. According to the different internal fixation methods, they were divided into three groups:anterior column screw group(35 cases), plate group(20 cases), and screw rod system group(22 cases). The operation time, intraoperative fluoroscopy times, blood loss, fracture reduction quality, complications and curative effect of the three groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#All 77 patients were followed up for 12 to 33 (16.5±5.7) months. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and incision length of anterior column screw group were significantly shorter than those of plate group and screw rod system group, and intraoperative fluoroscopy times of plate group were significantly less than those of anterior column screw group and screw rod system group (@*CONCLUSION@#Minimally invasive internal fixation with anterior column screw, plate and screw rod system can obtain good clinical effect, but anterior column screw fixation has less trauma and lower incidence of surgicalcomplications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Pelvic Bones/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879333

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate clinical effect of poking reduction cannulated screw based on Pingle orthopedic muscle-bone interoperability balance theory in treating Sanders Ⅱ calcaneal fracture.@*METHODS@#From October 2014 to December 2017, 28 patients with Sanders Ⅱ calcaneal fracture were treated with poking reduction cannulated screw guided by Pingle orthopedic muscle-bone interoperability balance theory, including 20 males and 8 females, aged from 24 to 55 years old with an average of (37.2±3.9) years old. Calcaneal width, Bhler angle, and Gissane angle were measured before and after operation, and Maryland Score before and 6 months after operation were compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 16 months with an average of (13.7±1.3) months. All fractures healed normally, and healing time ranged from 9 to 12 weeks with an average of (10.2±1.3) weeks. No postoperative wound infection, cortical necrosis, or osteomyelitis occurred. The width of the calcaneus decreased from (34.15±2.58) mm before surgery to (30.49±2.37) mm after surgery, Bhler angle increased from (14.16±3.27)° before operation to (31.95±3.07)°after operation, Gissane angle decreased from (128.45±9.04)° before operation to (120.83±8.15)° after operation. Maryland Score was 15.68±4.73 before operation, and was improved to 88.32±2.65 at 6 months after operation;19 patients got excellent result, 6 good, 2 fair and 1 poor.@*CONCLUSION@#Poking reduction cannulated screw based on Pingle orthopedic muscle-bone interoperability balance theory in treating Sanders Ⅱ calcaneal fracture has certain clinical effects, high acceptation of patient, and without special demand for soft tissue around fracture. But it should avoid choosing severe comminuted Sanders Ⅲand Ⅳcalcaneal fracture.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Screws , Calcaneus/surgery , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
18.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 61(3): 94-100, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177770

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO Mostrar una fractura infrecuente del tubérculo posteromedial del astrágalo diagnosticado y tratado de manera aguda mediante osteosíntesis con tornillo Acutrak® (2014 Acumed® LLC). MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS Varón de 28 años, que acude a Urgencias tras torcedura de tobillo con dolor al mover tobillo y hallux y tumefacción en cara interna. En Urgencias pasó desapercibida. En consulta a la semana refería sensación de que se le engancha el primer dedo con la flexoextensión. Se observa fractura del tubérculo medial de la apófisis posterior del astrágalo con desplazamiento >3mm y clínica de posible interposición del flexor hallucis longus. Se decidió tratamiento quirúrgico con tornillo Acutrak®. Se inmovilizó con férula 3 semanas y descarga 6 semanas. RESULTADOS A los 8 meses balance articular completo, sin dolor ni limitación para las ABVD y sin clínica de atrapamiento del flexor del hallux. Como complicación aguda, se verificó infección de herida quirúrgica que se trató con antibióticos. DISCUSIÓN Ese tipo de fracturas son infrecuentes. El mecanismo lesional suele ser dorsiflexión-pronación. Es importante un diagnóstico temprano y para ello es necesario una alta sospecha diagnóstica. Para su diagnóstico, son necesarias radiografías anteroposterior y lateral y si no se visualiza la lesión, proyección oblicua con 30°- 40° de rotación externa. En casos agudos resulta de utilidad la TAC y en casos crónicos la RM. CONCLUSIÓN Aunque generalmente el tratamiento es conservador, en ocasiones puede ser necesario la cirugía mediante osteosíntesis o exéresis del fragmento cuando la fractura provoca impingement.


OBJECTIVE Show an infrequent fracture of the posteromedial tubercle of the talus diagnosed and treated acutely by Acutrak® screw (2014 Acumed® LLC) osteosynthesis. MATERIAL AND METHODS A 28-year-old man attended the Emergency Department after spraining his ankle with pain when moving his ankle and hallux and swelling on the internal face. In the ER it went unnoticed. A week later in the clinic, he refered to the sensation that the first finger is hooked with the flexion extension. A fracture of the medial tubercle of the posterior process of the talus is observed with a displacement of > 3 mm and clinical signs of possible interposition of the hallucis longus . Surgical treatment with Acutrak® screw was made. He was immobilized with a splint for 3 weeks and discharge for 6 weeks. RESULTS At 8 months complete joint balance, without pain or limitations for BADL and without hallux flexor entrapment symptoms. As an acute complication, surgical wound infection that was treated with antibiotics. DISCUSSION These types of fractures are rare. The injury mechanism is usually dorsiflexion-pronation. Early diagnosis is important and a high diagnostic suspicion is required. Anteroposterior and lateral radiographs are necessary for its diagnosis and if the lesion is not visualized, oblique projection with 30°- 40° external rotation. CT is useful in acute cases and MRI in chronic cases. CONCLUSION Although the treatment is conservative, surgery may sometimes be necessary by means of osteosynthesis or excision of the fragment when the fracture causes impingement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Talus/surgery , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fractures, Bone/diagnosis , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Bone Screws , Talus/injuries , Talus/diagnostic imaging , Early Diagnosis
19.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(4): 342-352, dic. 2019. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1057059

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La reducción abierta y fijación interna mediante el sistema absorbe-tracción es un método que ha demostrado su eficacia y logra resultados predecibles en el tratamiento de las fracturas de olécranon tipos IIA y IIIA de la Clasificación de la Clínica Mayo. Considerada por muchos cirujanos como una técnica sencilla y reproducible a la hora de restaurar la anatomía y la continuidad del aparato extensor del codo, su empleo puede asociarse con una tasa de complicaciones relativamente alta, y no es infrecuente la necesidad de retirar el cerclaje de alambre previamente colocado. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar si reemplazar el clásico alambre de 1,6 mm por suturas de alta resistencia aporta la estabilidad suficiente para el tratamiento de las fracturas de olécranon tipos IIA y IIIA, y analizar los resultados obtenidos en una serie de casos. Materiales y Métodos: Se estudió, en forma retrospectiva, a 25 pacientes consecutivos con fracturas de olécranon tipos IIA y IIIA, tratados mediante reducción abierta y fijación interna con sistema absorbe-tracción compuesto por alambres de Kirschner de 1,6 mm y suturas de alta resistencia (polietileno trenzado de alto peso molecular), con un seguimiento mínimo de 12 meses. Se evaluaron el tiempo de consolidación radiográfica, el rango de movilidad, el puntaje MEPS, y se registraron las complicaciones. Resultados: Todas las fracturas consolidaron, en un promedio de 6.83 semanas (rango 6-10). El puntaje MEPS promedio fue de 96,6 (rango 85-100). El arco total de movilidad promedio para la flexo-extensión activa del codo fue de 139° (rango 110-150°). La extensión promedio fue de -4,8° (rango 0-20°) y la flexión, de 143,8° (rango 130-150°). Se registraron cuatro casos de migración proximal de los alambres de Kirschner y un caso de pérdida de reducción de 3 mm en la tercera semana del posoperatorio. Dos pacientes requirieron una segunda intervención para retirar los alambres de Kirschner. Ninguno refirió dolor o molestias inherentes al uso de la sutura. Conclusiones: El sistema absorbe-tracción utilizando suturas de alta resistencia es una opción a la hora de realizar la osteosíntesis de una fractura de olécranon tipos IIA y IIIA. Los resultados clínicos y radiográficos han sido satisfactorios, con una baja tasa de complicaciones. El uso de suturas ultrarresistentes simplifica el procedimiento y disminuye la necesidad de una segunda intervención para retirar el alambre. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objectives: Open reduction and internal fixation using tension band wiring is an efficient approach that offers predictable results in patients with olecranon fractures types 2A and 3A (Mayo Classification). Many surgeons consider it a simple and reproducible technique for restoring the anatomy responsible for elbow extension, as well as its functional continuity. This technique may be associated with a relatively high percentage of complications, as well as the need to remove the previous cerclage wire, if present. The purpose of our study was to determine if replacing the traditional 1.6 mm Kirschner wires with high resistance suture materials could reliably maintain reduction in patients with olecranon fractures types 2A and 3A (Mayo Classification), and to analyze the results. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five consecutive patients were studied retrospectively. All of them presented olecranon fractures types 2A and 3A (Mayo Classification), and were treated with open reduction and internal fixation using tension band wiring built with two 1.6 mm Kirschner wires and two high resistance sutures (ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene). A minimum 12-month follow up was performed in all patients. Time to bone healing, range of motion and functional scores were evaluated and complications recorded. Results: All fractures healed in an average time of 6.83 weeks (range 6-10). The average Mayo score was 96.6 (range 85-100). The average range of motion for active elbow flexion-extension was 139 degrees (range 130-150). The average extension and flexion was -4.8 degrees (range 0 to -20) and 143.8 (range 130-150). Four cases of proximal migration of the Kirschner wires and one case of a 3 mm loss of reduction in the third postoperative week were reported. Two patients required a second intervention for removal of the Kirschner wires. None of the patients reported pain or discomfort as a a result of the sutures. Conclusions: Tension band wiring using high resistance suture materials is an adequate alternative for the surgical management of olecranon fractures types 2A and 3A (Mayo Classification). Clinical and radiological outcomes in this series were satisfactory, and the complication rate was low. The use of high resistance suture materials may simplify the procedure and reduce the need of a second intervention to remove the hardware. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Wires , Suture Techniques , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Olecranon Process/surgery , Olecranon Process/injuries , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(5): 510-513, Sept.-Oct. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057461

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Costoclavicular brachial plexus block is an anesthesia performed through the infraclavicular route described in the literature as a safe and effective route for upper limb anesthesia distal to the elbow. The following report describes the case of a patient whose traditional plexus blocking techniques presented ultrasound visualization difficulty, but the costoclavicular approach was easy to visualize for anesthetic blockade. Case report: A grade 3 obese patient scheduled for repair of left elbow fracture and dislocation. Ultrasound examination revealed a distorted anatomy of the supraclavicular region and the axillary region with skin lesions, which made it impossible to perform the blockade in these regions. It was decided to perform an infraclavicular plexus block at the costoclavicular space, where the brachial plexus structures are more superficial and closer together, supported by a muscular structure, lateral to all adjacent vascular structures and with full view of the pleura. The anesthetic block was effective to perform the procedure with a single injection and uneventfully. Conclusion: Costoclavicular brachial plexus block is a good alternative for upper limb anesthesia distal to the elbow, being a safe and effective option for patients who are obese or have other limitations to the use of other upper limb blocking techniques.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: O bloqueio de plexo braquial via costoclavicular é uma anestesia feita por via infraclavicular, já descrita na literatura como uma via segura e efetiva para anestesia de membro superior distal ao cotovelo. O relato a seguir trata de um paciente em que as técnicas tradicionais para bloqueio de plexo apresentavam dificuldade de visibilização à ultrassonografia, já a via costoclavicular foi de fácil visibilização para execução do bloqueio anestésico. Relato de caso: Paciente com obesidade grau 3 a ser submetido a correção de fratura e luxação de cotovelo esquerdo apresentava anatomia da região supraclavicular distorcida à avaliação ultrassonográfica e região axilar com lesões de pele, que impossibilitavam o bloqueio nessas regiões. Optou-se por fazer o bloqueio de plexo via infraclavicular no espaço costoclavicular, região onde as estruturas do plexo braquial estão mais superficiais e unidas, amparadas por uma estrutura muscular, laterais a todas as estruturas vasculares adjacentes e com a visibilização plena da pleura. O bloqueio anestésico foi efetivo para a realização do procedimento sob punção única em pele e sem intercorrências. Conclusão: O bloqueio de plexo braquial via costoclavicular é uma boa opção para anestesia de membro superior distal ao cotovelo, é uma opção segura e efetiva para pacientes obesos ou que tenham outras limitações à aplicação de outras técnicas de bloqueio de membro superior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Arm , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Joint Dislocations/complications , Elbow Joint/injuries , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fractures, Bone/complications , Brachial Plexus Block/methods , Obesity/complications , Elbow Joint/surgery
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