Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 247
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921926

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the complications of core drilling intramedullary nail in the treatment of femoral shaft closed fracture and explore the treatment strategy.@*METHODS@#From August 2014 to June 2018, a total of 215 patients with closed femoral shaft fractures were treated with closed reduction core drill intramedullary nail, including 129 males and 86 females, aged from 18 to 62 years, with an average of (44.2±10.6) years old. The time from injury to operation was 3 to 21 days. There were 102 cases of AO type A fracture, 82 cases of AO type B fracture and 31 cases of AO type C fracture. The time of operation, the amount of blood loss during operation, the duration of hospitalization, the time of fracture healing and the HSS score of knee joint function at the last follow-up were recorded. The observation of complications included:iatrogenic fracture, core drill broken, core drill twist, postoperative infection, and fracture nonunion.@*RESULTS@#The average operation time was (63.2± 15.6) min and intraoperative blood loss was (150.0±34.5) ml. All the incisions reached grade A healing. Patients were follow up for a mean of (18.5±3.2) months, the average hospital stay was (4.3±1.2) days, and the average fracture healing time was (5.6±2.3) months. At the final follow-up, the average HSS score of knee joint was 90.3±4.7. Related complications occurred in 37 cases (17.2%). The core drill related complications occurred in 13 cases (6.0%), including core drill broken in 5 cases (2.3%), core removal in 1 case and slotting in 4 cases;core drill twist in 8 cases (3.7%). After the core was cut, the core was removed. Similar complicationsof conventional intramedullary nail:iatrogenic fracture was performed in 12 cases (5.6%), including 10 cases of fracture end split and 2 cases of distal perimedullary fracture of intramedullary nail. The patients with cleavage at the fracture end were not treated after judging their stability, and the patients with fracture around the distal end of the intramedullary nail were fixed with auxiliary steel plate during operation;1 case(0.4%) with delayed infection after operation, debridement and external fixation was replaced and healed after bone transfer; fracture nonunion occurred in 11 cases (5.1%), of which 7 cases (3.3%) were hypertrophic nonunion and healed with additional plate. Atrophic nonunion occurred in 4 cases (1.9%), which healed after additional steel plate and bone graft.@*CONCLUSION@#Core drilling intramedullary nail is an effective method for the treatment of closed femoral shaft fracture, and the complications include core drill related complications and conventional intramedullary nail similar complications. Accurate preoperative evaluation, careful operation during operation and early postoperative symptomatic treatment can effectively reduce the occurrence of related complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Nails , Female , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Closed , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
2.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(6): 2487-2498, nov.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1150032

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: el control de daños en Ortopedia es aplazar la reparación definitiva de lesiones traumáticas, con el objetivo de la recuperación fisiológica deteriorada por lesiones y/o complicaciones que pueden poner en peligro la vida, realizando entonces procedimientos quirúrgicos sencillos, como una estabilización quirúrgica externa de las fracturas. Objetivo: determinar el comportamiento del control de daños ortopédicos en politraumatizados pediátricos. Materiales y método: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, prospectivo, de corte transversal, de enero del 2015 a diciembre del 2018. El universo estuvo constituido por 22 pacientes menores de 19 años de edad, politraumatizados en el período; la muestra por 15 pacientes, a los que se les aplicó control de daños ortopédicos, según criterios de selección. Resultados: se aplicó control de daños ortopédicos a 15 infantes. El más afectado fue el sexo masculino con el 73,3 %. Prevalecieron los traumatismos de los miembros inferiores con el 58,3 % y las fracturas cerradas con un 53,8 %. La osteomielitis crónica fue la complicación que predominó, en el 20 % de la muestra. En el 73,3 % de los casos se evaluó como satisfactoria la aplicación del control de daños ortopédicos en los politraumatizados. Conclusiones: a la totalidad de los traumatizados se le aplicó control de daños ortopédicos. Predominó el sexo masculino y el grupo de edad de 9 -14 años. Los miembros inferiores aportan la mayor cantidad con el fémur y la tibia. El control de daños ortopédicos se evaluó satisfactoriamente en la mayoría de los pacientes estudiados (AU).


ABSTRAC Introduction: the control of damages in Orthopedics is to postpone the definitive repair of traumatic lesions, with the objective of the physiologic recovery deteriorated by lesions and/or complications that can put in danger the life, carrying out simple surgical procedures, like an external surgical stabilization of the fractures at that time. . Objective: to determine the behavior of the orthopedic damage control in pediatric politraumatized patients. Material and method: a cross-sectional, prospective, descriptive, observational study was carried out from January 2015 to December 2018. The universe was formed by 22 patients younger than 19 years politraumatized in the period and the sample formed 15 patients; they underwent orthopedic damage control, according to the selection criteria. Results: the orthopedic damage control, was applied to 15 children. Male sex was the most affected one. Trauma in the lower limbs with 58.3 % and closed fractures with 53.8 prevailed. The predominating complication was chronic poliomyelitis in 20 % of the sample. The orthopedic damage control in politraumatized patients was assessed as successful in 73.3 % of the cases. Conclusions: the orthopedic damage control was applied to the total of traumatized patients. The male sex and the 9-14 years-old age group predominated. Lower limbs contributed with the biggest quantity of trauma, in femur and tibia. The orthopedic damage control was assessed as successful in most of studied patients (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Multiple Trauma/prevention & control , Child , Patient Harm/prevention & control , Orthopedics/methods , Minor Surgical Procedures/methods , Wounds and Injuries/prevention & control , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Fractures, Closed/diagnosis , Fractures, Open/diagnosis
3.
Hip & Pelvis ; : 23-32, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740450

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Isolated greater trochanteric (GT) fractures are often identified using plain radiography of patients with post-traumatic hip pain. In many cases, the fracture extends to form an occult intertrochanteric fracture. We conducted a study to determine the frequency of occult intertrochanteric fractures in patients diagnosed with isolated GT fractures using plain radiographs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 3,017 individuals who visited our emergency department with a trauma-induced pertrochanteric femur fracture between July 2004 and March 2018, 100 patients diagnosed with isolated GT fractures using plain radiographs were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups, those with: i) isolated GT fractures (group A) and ii) occult intertrochanteric fractures (group B). In addition, plain radiographs, magnetic resonance imaging results, and treatment methods were further analyzed in each group. If surgery treatment was needed, it was performed by one surgeon, and in all cases, a 2-hole dynamic hip screw was used. RESULTS: Among the 100 cases of isolated GT fractures diagnosed using plain radiograph, additional examinations revealed that 10 (10.0%) were suffering from isolated GT fractures alone, while the remaining 90 (90.0%) were further diagnosed with occult intertrochanteric fracture. Gender, age, mechanism of injury, and bone mineral density did not correlate with fracture type. CONCLUSION: In our analysis, 90% of injuries initially diagnosed as isolated GT fractures were found to extend into occult intertrochanteric fractures upon further examination with additional imaging modalities. Therefore, additional evaluation should be performed to test for the potential presence of occult intertrochanteric fractures and to establish appropriate treatment plans.


Subject(s)
Bone Density , Emergency Service, Hospital , Femur , Fractures, Closed , Hip , Hip Fractures , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Radiography , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762799

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Closed reduction of nasal fracture with various instrument is performed to treat nasal fracture. Depending on the type of nasal fracture and the situation in which it is being operated, the surgeon will determine the surgical tool. The objective of this study was to investigate whether a periosteal elevator (PE) was a proper device to perform closed reduction for patients with simple nasal fractures. METHODS: From March 2018 to December 2018, 50 cases of simple nasal bone fracture underwent closed reduction performed by a single surgeon. These patients were divided into two groups randomly: nasal bone reduction was performed using only PE (freer) and nasal bone reduction was performed using Walsham, Asch forcep, and Boies elevator (non-freer, non-PE). RESULTS: The paranasal sinus computed tomography was performed on patients before and after operation to carry out an accurate measurement of reduction distance at the same level. According to the results, the interaction between instruments and fracture types had a significant influence on reduction distance (p = 0.021). To be specific, reduction distance was significantly (p= 0.004) increased by 2.157 mm when PE was used to treat patients with partial displacement compared to that when non-PEs were used. CONCLUSION: Closed reduction using PE and other elevator is generally an effective treatment for nasal fracture. In partial-displacement type of simple nasal fracture, closed reduction using PE can have considerable success in comparison with using classic instruments.


Subject(s)
Elevators and Escalators , Facial Bones , Fractures, Closed , Humans , Nasal Bone , Rubber , Surgical Instruments , Treatment Outcome
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(1): e20190010000002, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983685

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effects of food restriction on fracture healing in growing rats. Methods: Sixty-eight male Wistar rats were assigned to two groups: (1) Control and (2) Dietary restriction. After weaning the dietary restricted animals were fed ad libitum for 42 days with 50% of the standard chow ingested by the control group. Subsequently, the animals underwent bone fracture at the diaphysis of the right femur, followed by surgical stabilization of bone fragments. On days 14 and 28 post-fracture, the rats were euthanized, and the fractured femurs were dissected, the callus was analyzed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, micro-computed tomography, histomorphometry, mechanical tests, and gene expression. Results: Dietary restriction decreased body mass gain and resulted in several phenotypic changes at the bone callus (a delay in cell proliferation and differentiation, lower rate of newly formed bone and collagen deposition, reductions in bone callus density and size, decrease in tridimensional callus volume, deterioration in microstructure, and reduction in bone callus strength), together with the downregulated expression of osteoblast-related genes. Conclusion: Dietary restriction had detrimental effects on osseous healing, with a healing delay and a lower quality of bone callus formation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Bony Callus/physiology , Bone Density/physiology , Fracture Healing/physiology , Malnutrition , Femoral Fractures/physiopathology , Fractures, Closed/physiopathology , Osteoporosis/prevention & control , Rats, Wistar , Femoral Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fractures, Closed/diagnostic imaging
6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1003004

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los defectos óseos segmentarios infectados son entidades de complejo tratamiento. La técnica de Masquelet representa una alternativa para estos casos. El objetivo de este estudio retrospectivo multicéntrico fue mostrar los resultados clínicos y radiográficos obtenidos con esta técnica de reconstrucción en defectos óseos segmentarios infectados de fémur y tibia, caracterizar los defectos tratados y describir los diferentes aspectos de la técnica quirúrgica. Materiales y Métodos: Analizamos a 24 pacientes (14 hombres y 10 mujeres; edad promedio 36.16 años [rango 18-67]) tratados con la técnica de Masquelet, operados entre 2011 y 2016. El seguimiento promedio fue de 16.5 meses (rango 12-27) desde el segundo tiempo quirúrgico. Se analizaron el hueso afectado, la longitud del defecto (en cm), el tiempo de consolidación y el control del proceso infeccioso. Resultados: La longitud del defecto óseo tratado fue, en promedio, de 5,7 cm (rango 3-12), fue superior a 4 cm en el 50% de los casos, el defecto óseo segmentario de mayor tamaño en la tibia fue de 12 cm y de 10 cm en el fémur. Se logró la consolidación ósea, en todos los casos, en 4.5 meses. Un paciente presentó una recidiva del proceso infeccioso a los 12 meses de la consolidación. Conclusiones: La técnica de Masquelet o de la membrana inducida ofrece una alternativa razonable y sencilla para un problema altamente desafiante como son los defectos óseos segmentarios infectados. La tasa de consolidación es superior al 90% aun en casos complejos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Infected segmental bone defects are challenging conditions, which require a complex treatment. The Masquelet technique is an alternative for these cases. The aim of this retrospective, multicenter study was to show clinical and radiological outcomes achieved with the use of this reconstruction technique in infected femoral and tibial segmental defects in order to characterize the defects treated and describe different aspects of this surgical approach. Methods: We analyzed 24 patients (14 men and 10 women; average age 36.16 years [range 18-67]) treated with the Masquelet technique between 2011 and 2016. The average follow-up was 16.5 months (range 12-27) from the second surgical stage. We analyzed the affected bone, defect length (cm), consolidation time and infection control. Results: Average length of treated bone defect was 5.7 cm (range 3-12), exceeding 4 cm in 50% of the cases. The largest segmental bone defect was 12 cm at the tibia and 10 cm at the femur. Bone consolidation was achieved in all cases, on an average of 4.5 months. One patient presented a recurrent infection 12 months after the successful consolidation. Conclusions: The Masquelet technique, or induced membrane technique offers a reasonable and simple alternative to a highly challenging problem, such as infected segmental bone defects, achieving a consolidation rate greater than 90% even in complex cases. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Osteomyelitis , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Tibial Fractures/complications , Fracture Healing , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Femoral Fractures/complications , Fractures, Closed/complications , Fractures, Open/complications , Treatment Outcome
7.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 17(2): 1-7, mayo.-ago. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-991029

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El tétanos es una enfermedad infecciosa prevenible que puede causar la muerte. Las manifestaciones clínicas son debidas a una potente toxina secretada por el Clostridiumtetani, un bacilo Gram positivo que penetra a través de pérdidas de continuidad de la piel, independientemente del tamaño de la herida. Objetivo: Presentar la evolución clínica de una paciente residente en una zona rural en Latacunga, Cotopaxi, Ecuador. Desarrollo: Paciente sin antecedentes de inmunización previa que acudió a sala de emergencias por fractura cerrada de tibia y peroné en miembro inferior izquierdo como secuela de un accidente de tránsito. El diagnóstico clínico de tétanos generalizado se basó en la aparición al noveno día del trauma de disfagia, trismus, rigidez nucal y posteriormente contracturas generalizadas con opistóstono, parada cardiorrespiratoria y disfunción autonómica. Con una prolongada estadía hospitalaria de 82 días, recibió anestesia en críticas condiciones durante 15 ocasiones, sufrió complicaciones graves y amenazantes para la vida que requirió la permanencia durante 46 días en sala de cuidados intensivos. Conclusiones: Este caso enfatiza la amenaza permanente del tétanos en este entorno, así como la necesidad de implementar esquemas de inmunización de una forma más abarcadora y constante(AU)


Introduction: Tetanus is a preventable infectious disease that can cause death. The clinical manifestations are due to a powerful toxin secreted by Clostridiumtetani, a Gram-positive bacillus that penetrates through losses of skin continuity, regardless of the wound's size. Objective: To present the clinical evolution of a female patient living in a rural area in Latacunga, Cotopaxi, Ecuador. Development: Patient with no history of previous immunization who went to the emergency room due to a closed fracture of the tibia and the fibula in the left lower limb as a result of a traffic accident. The clinical diagnosis of generalized tetanus was based on the appearance on the ninth day of dysphagia´s trauma, trismus, nuchal rigidity, and later on: generalized contractures with opistho-tonus, cardiorespiratory arrest, and autonomic dysfunction. With a prolonged hospital stay of 82 days, she received anesthesia under critical conditions in 15 occasions, and suffered serious complications. She remained for 46 days in the intensive care unit. Conclusions: This case emphasizes the permanent threat of tetanus in this environment, as well as the need to implement immunization schemes in a more comprehensive and constant manner(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Tibial Fractures/complications , Fibula/injuries , Fractures, Closed/complications , Tetanus/complications , Tetanus/therapy
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776159

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the operative methods and clinical effects of stage therapy for the treatment of fractures of tibia plateau with osteofascial compartment syndrome according to its clinical characteristics.@*METHODS@#From April 2014 to May 2017, 22 patients with fractures of tibia plateau with osteofascial compartment syndrome were treated by stage therapy, including 16 males and 6 females, ranging in age from 22 to 56 years old, with an average of 39 years old. Fifteen patients had injuries on the left and 7 patients had injuries on the right. Open fracture occurred in 2 cases, and closed fracture occurred in 20 cases. According to its characteristics, all the patients were divided into the window period (window period), the open decompression period (decompression period), the evaluation period of soft tissue (evaluation period) and the fixed recovery period of fracture terminal (recovery period). All the patients were treated with incision and decompression.@*RESULTS@#All fractures healed. The healing time ranged from 3 to 9 months, with an average of 6 months. According to the Merchant knee function score to evaluate the curative effects: 18 cases got an excellent result, 3 cases good and 1 case fair.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Stage therapy is effective to find early, diagnose early and treat early for fascia compartment syndrome, as well as to observe the soft tissue of the affected limb all the way, so as to avoid misdiagnosis, missed diagnosis, mistaken treatment and out of treatment of fascia compartment syndrome. It is a convenient, effective and worthy-of-promotion method.


Subject(s)
Adult , Compartment Syndromes , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Closed , Fractures, Open , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tibia , Tibial Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 51(4): 396-399, July-Aug. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792730

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence and microbiological profile of surgical site infections (SSIs) associated with internal fixation of fractures and to compare differences in the SSIs observed among patients with closed and open fractures. METHODS: Retrospective study. Analyzed data included information from all patients who underwent surgery for fixation of closed or open fractures from January 2005 to December 2012 and remained outpatients for at least one year following surgery. Incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) was compared between patients with closed and open infection, as well as polymicrobial infection and infection related to Gram-negative bacilli (GNB). Cumulative antibiograms were performed to describe microbiological profiles. RESULTS: Overall incidence of SSI was 6%. This incidence was significantly higher among patients with open fractures (14.7%) than among patients with closed fractures (4.2%). The proportions of patients with polymicrobial infections and infections due to GNB were also significantly higher among patients with open fractures. Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CoNS) species were the primary infectious agents isolated from both groups. The overall incidence of MRSA (methicillin-resistant S. aureus) was 72%. A. baumannii was the predominant GNB isolate recovered from patients with open fractures and P. aeruginosa was the most frequent isolate recovered from patients with closed fractures, both exhibited low rates of susceptibility to carbapenems. CONCLUSIONS: Incidence of SSIs related to the internal fixation of fractures was significantly higher among patients with open fractures, indicating that an open fracture can be a risk factor for infection. Among the bacterial isolates, S. aureus (with a high prevalence of MRSA) and CoNS species were most prevalent. A. baumannii and P. aeruginosa isolates underscored the low rate of susceptibility to carbapenems that was observed in the present study.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Avaliar a incidência e o perfil microbiológico das ISC relacionadas a procedimentos de fixação de fraturas num hospital acadêmico ortopédico terciário em São Paulo, Brasil, e comparar as diferenças observadas entre os pacientes com fraturas fechadas e expostas. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo. Foram incluídos na análise os dados relativos a todos os pacientes que passaram por procedimento cirúrgico para fixação de fraturas fechadas ou expostas de janeiro de 2005 a dezembro de 2012 e que mantiveram seguimento por pelo menos um ano. Foi verificada a presença de associação entre o tipo de fratura, a incidência de ISC e as incidências de infecções polimicrobianas e por bacilos Gram-negativos. O perfil microbiológico foi estabelecido por meio da elaboração de antibiogramas cumulativos. RESULTADOS: A incidência geral de infecção de 6%. Essa incidência foi maior no grupo de pacientes com fraturas expostas (14,7%) do que naqueles com fraturas fechadas (4,2%), com diferença estatisticamente significante. O número de pacientes com infecções polimicrobianas e com infecções relacionadas a BGN também foi significativamente maior no grupo de casos relacionados a fraturas expostas. Staphylococcus aureus e espécies de Staphylococcus coagulase-negativo (CoNS) foram os principais agentes isolados nos dois grupos. A incidência de MRSA (S. aureus resistente a meticilina) dentre todos os isolados de S. aureus foi de 72%. A. baumannii foi o principal BGN isolado entre os pacientes com fraturas expostas e P. aeruginosa entre os pacientes com fraturas fechadas. Em ambos os casos, observaram-se baixos índices de sensibilidade a carbapenêmicos. CONCLUSÕES: A incidência de ISC relacionada à fixação interna de fraturas foi significantemente maior nos pacientes com fraturas expostas, o que indica que esse tipo de fratura pode ser um fator de risco para a ocorrência desse tipo de infecção. Dentre os isolados bacterianos, predominaram no geral S. aureus (com elevada prevalência de MRSA) e S. coagulase-negativo. Dentre os BGN, houve predomínio de A. baumanni também entre os isolados de pacientes com fraturas expostas e P. aeruginosa entre os isolados daqueles com fraturas fechadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Closed , Surgical Wound Infection
10.
Acta ortop. mex ; 30(3): 123-131, may.-jun. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-837771

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: La infección de sitio operatorio (ISO) es la infección nosocomial más común y es un proceso asociado a múltiples factores, los cuales en conjunto generan una alteración que afecta directamente el bienestar del paciente. Material y métodos: Estudio de corte transversal realizado en un período de un año, el tamaño de la muestra se estableció por el total de pacientes que cumplían los criterios de inclusión; se efectuó doble tabulación de los pacientes en el programa de Excel 2013 y se analizaron los datos en Stata versión 11. Resultados: La edad promedio fue de 44.3 ± 18.8 años y la relación hombre:mujer fue 1.7:1. De las características clínicas, los miembros inferiores fueron los más afectados y 21.9% de los casos afectó el fémur. Se halló una prevalencia de 6.6%, siendo la infección profunda la más frecuente; Staphylococcus aureus se cultivó en 38.5%, de los cuales 40% fue meticilino sensible. Conclusión: La prevalencia de ISO en pacientes con fracturas cerradas en el HUS fue de 6.6%, dato elevado comparado con la literatura. Los hallazgos de este estudio permitieron establecer que la hemoglobina por debajo de 10 g/dl, la realización de transfusión, la reintervención y el riesgo quirúrgico ASA se asociaron de manera estadística a la ISO.


Abstract: Introduction: Surgical site infection (ISO) is the most common nosocomial infection and is a process associated with multiple factors, which together generate a condition that directly affects the welfare of the patient. Material and methods: Cross-sectional study, conducted over 1 year period, the sample size was established for all patients who met the inclusion criteria. An instrument takes the variables; double tabulation of patients is performed in Excel 2013 and data are analyzed in Stata version 11. Results: The average age was 44.3 ± 18.8 years and the male: female ratio is 1.7:1. Clinical features, lower limbs are the most affected and 21.9 % of cases affect the femur. A prevalence of 6.6 % was found, being the most common deep infection classification. Staphylococcus aureus was cultured in 38.5% of which 40% were methicillin sensible. Conclusion: ISO prevalence in patients with closed fractures in HUS is 6.6% higher compared with literature data. The findings of this study it was established that hemoglobin below 10 g/dl, transfusion, reoperation and surgical risk ASA were associated statistically with ISO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Staphylococcal Infections/etiology , Staphylococcal Infections/epidemiology , Surgical Wound Infection , Fractures, Closed/complications , Fractures, Closed/microbiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Middle Aged
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309161

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>A study was conducted to investigate the relevant applied technique and clinical value of endoscope-assisted repair of zygomatic arch fracture.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 10 cases of unilateral zygomatic arch fracture and 8 cases ofunilateral zygomatic fracture were included. Reduction and fixation of the zygomatic arch in all cases were performed via asmall face incision by an endoscope. Endoscope-assisted repair allowed exposure of zygomatic arch fracture and ended the anatomy of the reset. Zygomatic arch was stabilized with titanium plates.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Symmetric malar was achieved in allcases after operation. Patients did not show difficulty in opening the mouth. No chewing problems or severe complicationswere evident. This method had the advantage of hidden incision, and it did not leave scars on the face. Postoperative CT examination showed excellent reduction of zygomatic arch fracture and good fixed position of titanium plate.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Endoscope-assisted repair of zygomatic arch fracture via a small face incision can be an alternative operation for zygomaticarch fracture. Patients are less traumatized. There are fewer complications. A good reduction of fracture is achieved.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Plates , Endoscopes , Endoscopy , Methods , Facial Bones , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Fractures, Closed , General Surgery , Humans , Titanium , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Wound Healing , Zygoma , Wounds and Injuries , Zygomatic Fractures , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery
12.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 342-347, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235712

ABSTRACT

<p><b>PURPOSE</b>To report complications in the management of complex closed proximal tibial fractures.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the infectious and noninfectious complications encountered in the management of high-energy Schatzker type V and VI tibial plateau fractures. All patients were treated at the level 1 trauma centre between January 2011 and March 2014. Sixty two patients were included in the study. The mean patient age was (43.16 ± 11.59) years with 60 males and 2 females. Infectious complications like superficial and deep infection, wound dehiscence, malalignment in the immediate postoperative period and in follow-up period were noted.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall complication rate was 30.65% (19 out of 62). Infectious complications were noted in 20.97% cases (13/62). In majority of the cases (8/13), superficial infection was seen which managed with regular dressing and antibiotic administration. The patients (5/13) who had developed deep-seated infection were subjected to repeated debridements, flap coverage, implant removal or amputation depending upon the host response. Thirteen patients had experienced noninfectious complications. Hardware related complications were noticed in six patients and four among them received a secondary procedure. Malalignment was observed in seven patients but only single patient underwent subsequent operative intervention.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Proximal tibial plateau fractures especially Shatzker type V and VI are associated with extensive soft tissue damage even in closed injuries. The complications encountered in the management of these fractures can be minimized with appropriate patient selection and minimal soft tissue dissection.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Fasciotomy , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fractures, Closed , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Therapeutics , Retrospective Studies , Tibial Fractures , General Surgery
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304303

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical effects of internal fixation with lag screws plus an anti-sliding plate for the treatment of Hoffa fractures of the lateral femoral condyle.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From May 2006 to May 2014, 17 patients with Hoffa fractures of the lateral femoral condyle were treated with lag screws plus an anti-sliding plate. There were 13 males and 4 females, ranging in age from 27 to 59 years, with a mean of 32.5 years. All the fractures were fresh and closed fractures. According to the Letenneur's classification, 8 cases were type I, 4 cases were type II, 5 cases were type III. All the patients had no injuries of the cruciate ligament and the another part of the knee. Operative incision and fracture healing time were observed, knee joint function was evaluated by Letenneur system and HSS standard.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patients were followed up from 10 to 24 months with a mean of 14.6 months. All incisions achieved primary healing, and no internal fixation breakage, malunion, femoral candyle necrosis, deep vein thrombosis of lower extremity were found. Fracture healing time was from 4 to 9 months with an average of 4.7 months. According to Letenneur's functional assessment, 10 patients got an excellent results, 4 good, 3 fair. Total HSS score was 91.1 +/- 4.7 on average,15 cases obtained excellent results, 2 good.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Internal fixation with lag screws and an anti-sliding plate can result in excellent effects for Hoffa fractures of the lateral femoral condyle. The key to a successful surgery is an anatomic reduction and rigid fixation of the fracture.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Female , Femoral Fractures , General Surgery , Femur , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Closed , General Surgery , Humans , Ligaments, Articular , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304252

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore clinical efficacy of closed reduction and external fixation under local anesthesia for the treatment of high-risk elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From March 2013 to March 2015, 10 patients with intertrochanteric fractures treated with closing reduction and external fixator under local anesthesia were analyszed, including 4 males and 6 females, aged from 69 to 88 years old with an average of 75.2 years old. All fractures were caused by injury and classified to type I (5 cases), II (3 cases), and V (2 cases) according to Evans classification. According to American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), 6 cases were type III and 4 cases were type IV. Blood loss,operative time,hospital stays, postoperative complications, ambulation time and fracture healing time were observed, and Harris scoring were used to evaluate hip joint function.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up from 3 to 23 months with an average of 13.1 months. One patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease died for non-operation reason at 4 months after operation, the other fractures were healed at stage I, the mean fracture healing time was 5.6 months. There were no coxa vara, lower limb venous thrombosis, loosen and remove of needle passage. The average operative time was 46 min, blood loss was (35.00 ± 8.46) ml without blood transfusion. One patient was occurred pulmonary infection and stent-tract infection on the 2 nd and 3 rd day after operation, and improved with active anti-infection and dressing change; the other patients gone to ground activity at 4.2 d after operation. The patients stayed hospital for 10.6 d on average. According to Harris scoring at final following-up, the total score was 83.42 ± 3.27, 3 cases obtained excellent results, 5 cases good and 1 case poor.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Closed reduction and external fixation under local anesthesia in treating high-risk elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture,which has advantages of shorter operative time, less blood loss, good recovery of postoperative function, is a safe, stable and economic method.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anesthesia, Local , Bone Nails , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fractures, Closed , General Surgery , Hip Fractures , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Treatment Outcome
15.
Hip & Pelvis ; : 112-119, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-207621

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Occult intertrochanteric fractures are misdiagnosed as isolated greater trochanteric fractures in some cases. We investigated the utility of three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis and outcome management of occult intertrochanteric fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study involved 23 cases of greater trochanteric fractures as diagnosed using plain radiographs from January 2004 to July 2013. Until January 2008, 9 cases were examined with 3D-CT only, while 14 cases were screened with both 3D-CT and MRI scans. We analyzed diagnostic accuracy and treatment results following 3D-CT and MRI scanning. RESULTS: Nine cases that underwent 3D-CT only were diagnosed with isolated greater trochanteric fractures without occult intertrochanteric fractures. Of these, a patient with displacement received surgical treatment. Of the 14 patients screened using both CT and MRI, 13 were diagnosed with occult intertrochanteric fractures. Of these, 11 were treated with surgical intervention and 2 with conservative management. CONCLUSION: Three-dimensional CT has very low diagnostic accuracy in diagnosing occult intertrochanteric fractures. For this reason, MRI is recommended to confirm a suspected occult intertrochanteric fracture and to determine the most appropriate mode of treatment.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Femur , Fractures, Closed , Hip Fractures , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-31007

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify comprehensive hand injury patterns in different pediatric age groups and to assess their risk factors. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted among patients younger than 16-year-old who presented to the emergency room of a general hospital located in Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea, and were treated for an injury of the finger or hand from January 2010 to December 2014. The authors analyzed the medical records of 344 patients. Age was categorized according to five groups. RESULTS: A total of 391 injury sites of 344 patients were evaluated for this study. Overall and in each group, male patients were in the majority. With regard to dominant or non-dominant hand involvement, there were no significant differences. Door-related injuries were the most common cause in the age groups of 0 to 3, 4 to 6, and 7 to 9 years. Sport/recreational activities or physical conflict injuries were the most common cause in those aged 10 to 12 and 13 to 15. Amputation and crushing injury was the most common type in those aged 0 to 3 and 4 to 6 years. However, in those aged 10 to 12 and 13 to 15, deep laceration and closed fracture was the most common type. With increasing age, closed injuries tended to increase more sharply than open injuries, extensor tendon rupture more than flexor injuries, and the level of injury moved proximally. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides a comprehensive overview of the epidemiology of hand injuries in the pediatric population.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Amputation , Child , Emergency Service, Hospital , Epidemiology , Fingers , Fractures, Closed , Hand Injuries , Hand , Hospitals, General , Humans , Lacerations , Male , Medical Records , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Rupture , Tendons
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-11096

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The first purpose of this study is to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of surgical treatment for displaced midshaft clavicle fracture (Robinson type 2B1 vs. 2B2) with 3.5-mm low profile clavicular locking compression plate. The second purpose is to evaluate the difference of the results depending on the presence of accompanying injuries. METHODS: Forty-nine patients who underwent an operation for the fractures were reviewed retrospectively. Fracture patterns were classified according to group 2B1 and 2B2 using Robinson's classification. For radiological outcome, time to union after operation was evaluated and for clinical outcome, American Shoulder and Elbow Society (ASES) score, University of California in Los Angeles (UCLA) score, visual analogue scale (VAS), and range of motion (ROM) were evaluated from preoperative period to last follow-up period. RESULTS: The mean time for union was not significantly different in the 2B1 group and 2B2 group (p=0.062). No statistically significant difference in ASES score, UCLA score, and VAS was observed between 2B1 and 2B2 (p=0.619, p=0.896, p=0.856, respectively). In ROM, significant higher mean forward flexion and abduction was observed in 2B2 (p=0.025, p=0.017, respectively) and there was no difference in external rotation and external rotation at shoulder 90° abduction position (p=0.130, p=0.180, respectively). There was no significant difference in clinical outcomes according to the accompanying injuries. CONCLUSIONS: There was no difference in clinical and radiological outcome between Robinson 2B1 and 2B2 type fracture after the operation. Accompanying injuries may not affect the clinical result of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures.


Subject(s)
California , Classification , Clavicle , Elbow , Follow-Up Studies , Fractures, Closed , Humans , Preoperative Period , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Shoulder , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770751

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The first purpose of this study is to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of surgical treatment for displaced midshaft clavicle fracture (Robinson type 2B1 vs. 2B2) with 3.5-mm low profile clavicular locking compression plate. The second purpose is to evaluate the difference of the results depending on the presence of accompanying injuries. METHODS: Forty-nine patients who underwent an operation for the fractures were reviewed retrospectively. Fracture patterns were classified according to group 2B1 and 2B2 using Robinson's classification. For radiological outcome, time to union after operation was evaluated and for clinical outcome, American Shoulder and Elbow Society (ASES) score, University of California in Los Angeles (UCLA) score, visual analogue scale (VAS), and range of motion (ROM) were evaluated from preoperative period to last follow-up period. RESULTS: The mean time for union was not significantly different in the 2B1 group and 2B2 group (p=0.062). No statistically significant difference in ASES score, UCLA score, and VAS was observed between 2B1 and 2B2 (p=0.619, p=0.896, p=0.856, respectively). In ROM, significant higher mean forward flexion and abduction was observed in 2B2 (p=0.025, p=0.017, respectively) and there was no difference in external rotation and external rotation at shoulder 90° abduction position (p=0.130, p=0.180, respectively). There was no significant difference in clinical outcomes according to the accompanying injuries. CONCLUSIONS: There was no difference in clinical and radiological outcome between Robinson 2B1 and 2B2 type fracture after the operation. Accompanying injuries may not affect the clinical result of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures.


Subject(s)
California , Classification , Clavicle , Elbow , Follow-Up Studies , Fractures, Closed , Humans , Preoperative Period , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Shoulder , Treatment Outcome
19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 61(4): 362-367, July-Aug. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-761714

ABSTRACT

SummaryObjective:to compare the efficacy of two analgesia protocols (ketamine versus morphine) associated with midazolam for the reduction of dislocations or closed fractures in children.Methods:randomized clinical trial comparing morphine (0.1mg/kg; max 5mg) and ketamine (2.0mg/kg, max 70mg) associated with midazolam (0.2mg/kg; max 10mg) in the reduction of dislocations or closed fractures in children treated at the pediatrics emergency room (October 2010 and September 2011). The groups were compared in terms of the times to perform the procedures, analgesia, parent satisfaction and orthopedic team.Results:13 patients were allocated to ketamine and 12 to morphine, without differences in relation to age, weight, gender, type of injury, and pain scale before the intervention. There was no failure in any of the groups, no differences in time to start the intervention and overall procedure time. The average hospital stay time was similar (ketamine = 10.8+5.1h versus morphine = 12.3+4.4hs; p=0.447). The median pain (faces pain scale) scores after the procedure was 2 in both groups. Amnesia was noted in 92.3% (ketamine) and 83.3% (morphine) (p=0.904). Parents said they were very satisfied in relation to the analgesic intervention (84.6% in the ketamine group and 66.6% in the morphine group; p=0.296). The satisfaction of the orthopedist regarding the intervention was 92.3% in the ketamine group and 75% in the morphine group (p=0.222).Conclusion:by producing results similar to morphine, ketamine can be considered as an excellent option in pain management and helps in the reduction of dislocations and closed fractures in pediatric emergency rooms.


ResumoObjetivo:comparar a eficácia de dois protocolos de analgesia (cetamina versus morfina) associados ao midazolam para a redução de luxações ou fraturas fechadas em crianças.Métodos:ensaio clínico randomizado comparando morfina (0,1 mg/kg; máx. 5 mg) e cetamina (2,0 mg/kg; máx. 70 mg) associados a midazolam (0,2 mg/kg; máx. 10 mg) na redução de luxações ou fraturas fechadas em crianças atendidas em emergência pediátrica, no período de outubro de 2010 a setembro de 2011. Os grupos foram comparados segundo os seguintes indicadores: tempo para realizar os procedimentos, analgesia, satisfação de pais e da equipe ortopédica.Resultados:treze pacientes foram alocados para cetamina e 12 para morfina, sem diferenças em relação a idade, peso, gênero, tipo de lesão e escala da dor antes da intervenção. Não houve falha em nenhum dos grupos, sem diferenças no tempo para iniciar a intervenção e no tempo total de procedimento. O tempo médio de hospitalização foi similar (cetamina=10,8±5,1 h versus morfina=12,3±4,4 h; p=0,447). A mediana de dor (escala de faces da dor) após o procedimento foi de 2 em ambos os grupos. Amnésia foi observada em 92,3% (cetamina) e 83,3% (morfina) (p=0,904). Os pais declararam estar muito satisfeitos em relação à intervenção analgésica (84,6% no grupo cetamina e 66,6% no grupo morfina; p=0,296). A satisfação do ortopedista em relação à intervenção foi de 92,3% no grupo cetamina e 75% no grupo da morfina (p=0,222).Conclusão:a cetamina, ao apresentar resultados semelhantes à morfina, pode ser considerada uma excelente opção no manejo da dor e no auxílio da redução de luxações e fraturas fechadas em salas de emergência pediátrica.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Analgesics , Adjuvants, Anesthesia/administration & dosage , Analgesia/standards , Joint Dislocations/therapy , Fractures, Closed/therapy , Ketamine , Midazolam , Morphine , Analgesics, Opioid/administration & dosage , Clinical Protocols/standards , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital/standards , Pain Measurement , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
20.
Acta méd. colomb ; 40(3): 246-248, jul.-dic. 2015.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: lil-780576

ABSTRACT

Presentamos un caso de osteomielitis aguda en un paciente con fractura cerrada de cúbito y radio por accidente de tránsito, a quien se le aisló Cedecea lapagei en cultivo de tejido óseo obtenido en cirugía cuando fue llevado para lavado y curetaje. La evolución clínica del paciente y el tratamiento son presentados y discutidos en este reporte. Se realiza una revisión acerca de esta bacteria y los principales tipos de infección que causa y los factores relacionados con su presentación. (Acta MedColomb 2015; 40: 246-248).


A case of acute osteomyelitis in a patient with closed fracture of the ulna and radio by a traffic accident is presented. Cedecea lapagei was isolated in bone tissue culture obtained in surgery when he was brought to washing and curettage. The clinical evolution and treatment are presented and discussed in this report. A review on this bacterium and the main types of infection that it causes as well as factors related to its presentation, are made. (Acta Med Colomb 2015; 40: 246-248).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bacteremia , Osteomyelitis , Therapeutics , Fractures, Closed , Infections
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL