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Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 46-50, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009107


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of Nice knot technique for wound closure in Gustilo type ⅢA and ⅢB open tibial fractures.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was performed on 22 patients with Gustilo type ⅢA and ⅢB open tibial fractures, who underwent wound closure using the Nice knot technique and were admitted between June 2021 and June 2022. There were 15 males and 7 females. The age ranged from 18 to 67 years, with an average of 41.9 years. The causes of injury included traffic accident in 11 cases, falling from height in 7 cases, and heavy object injuries in 4 cases. Fractures were located on the left side in 9 cases and on the right side in 13 cases. And 9 cases were type ⅢA fractures and 13 were type ⅢB fractures according to Gustilo classification. All patients had extensive soft tissue injuries, and no vascular or neurological damage was observed. The time from injury to debridement was 3-8 hours (mean, 6.5 hours). The sizes of wounds before operation and at 2 weeks after operation were measured and wound healing rate at 2 weeks after operation were calculated. The wound healing time and wound healing grading were recorded. The Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS) score was used to assess the wound scar after wound healed and the excellent and good rate was calculated.@*RESULTS@#The wound area was 21.0-180.0 cm 2 (mean, 57.82 cm 2) before operation, and it was 1.2-27.0 cm 2 (mean, 6.57 cm 2) at 2 weeks after operation. The wound healing rate at 2 weeks after operation was 76%-98% (mean, 88.6%). After operation, 2 cases needed to adjust Nice knot due to skin cutting and 1 case occurred soft tissue infection on the wound. The other patient's wounds healed. The average wound healing time was 27.8 days (range, 18-44 days). And the wound healing were grade A in 13 cases and grade B in 9 cases. VSS score was 2-9, with an average of 4.1; 10 cases were rated as excellent, 10 as good, and 2 as poor, with an excellent and good rate of 90.9%. All patients were followed up 9-24 months (mean, 14.6 months). During follow-up, no deep infection or osteomyelitis occurred. Two cases experienced fracture non-union, and were treated with compression fixation and bone grafting. The fractures of the other patients all healed, with a healing time of 85-190 days (mean, 148.2 days).@*CONCLUSION@#Nice knot technique can be used in wound closure of Gustilo type ⅢA and ⅢB open tibial fractures effectively, which is easy to operate.

Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cicatrix , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Wound Healing , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Open/surgery
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(4): 662-666, July-Aug. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521802


Abstract Intracapsular proximal femoral fracture is a frequent injury in elderly patients, often associated with low-energy trauma and reduced bone mass. In young patient, it is uncommon, usually caused by high-energy trauma and accompanied by damage to the adjacent soft tissues. However, reports of open intracapsular proximal femoral fracture due to indirect trauma are rare in the orthopedic literature. In the present article, we describe a case of this injury in a 35-year-old man involved in a car accident. The proximal femur was exposed at the gluteal region due to a mechanism similar to dislocation of the posterior hip. We describe the initial treatment and subsequent management until achieving a definitive solution using total hip arthroplasty and muscle transfer to reconstruct the abductor mechanism of the hip. At 10 months of follow-up, the patient presented good functional outcome, with gradual recovery of the abductive strength and a Harris Hip Score of 91 points. In addition, a radiographic study showed that the cemented total prosthesis was well-positioned. This therapeutic strategy (total hip arthroplasty with muscle transfer to reconstruct the abductor musculature) was successful to treat an intracapsular proximal femoral fracture with bone exposure.

Resumo A fratura intracapsular do fêmur proximal é uma lesão frequente no paciente idoso, e em geral está associada a trauma de baixa energia e redução da massa óssea. No jovem, esta lesão é pouco frequente, decorre de trauma de alta energia, e resulta em dano das partes moles adjacentes. Contudo, o relato de fratura intracapsular do fêmur proximal com exposição óssea por trauma indireto é raro na literatura ortopédica. Neste relato, esta lesão foi diagnosticada em um homem de 35 anos, vítima de acidente automobilístico. Mediante um mecanismo semelhante ao da luxação posterior do quadril, o segmento proximal do fêmur determinou exposição óssea através da região glútea. Foram descritos o tratamento inicial e os tratamentos subsequentes até a solução definitiva por artroplastia total do quadril associada a transposição muscular para reconstrução do mecanismo abdutor do quadril. Após 10 meses de seguimento, o paciente apresentava boa recuperação funcional, com retorno gradual da força abdutora, Harris Hip Score de 91 pontos, com estudo radiográfico revelando prótese total cimentada bem posicionada. A estratégia terapêutica utilizada neste paciente (artroplastia total do quadril com transferência muscular para a reconstrução da musculatura abdutora) foi uma solução eficiente para tratar a fratura intracapsular do fêmur proximal com exposição óssea.

Humans , Male , Adult , Femur Neck/surgery , Fractures, Open/surgery
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1523934


Introducción: El Hospital Militar Central cuenta con un grupo especial para la atención de pacientes con trauma de guerra que incluye una evaluación inicial y manejo urgente de las lesiones que amenacen la vida, mediante un enfoque de control de daños que busca preservar la vida del paciente, salvar la extremidad y conservar su función. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal de pacientes de las fuerzas militares de Colombia, que sufrieron fracturas de fémur o tibia por trauma de guerra entre 2012 y 2020; y tratados mediante fijación externa en este Hospital. Objetivos: Describir las complicaciones del trauma de guerra tras un año de manejo de pacientes con fracturas de fémur o tibia utilizando un protocolo de control de daños en el Hospital Militar Central, centro de referencia para este tipo de trauma en el país. Resultados: Se realizó una revisión retrospectiva de pacientes con fracturas femorales o tibiales por traumas de guerra entre 2012 y 2020, manejados con un protocolo de control de daños. Se seleccionaron 72 soldados, el 96% de las fracturas eran abiertas, el 91% (66 casos) sufrió alguna complicación, como lesión nerviosa, lesión vascular, defecto de cobertura, infección, falta de consolidación. Conclusiones: El trauma de guerra continúa representando una de las etiologías de politraumatismo en pacientes jóvenes de nuestro país que, a su vez, sigue teniendo grandes implicaciones clínicas y económicas. Las lesiones óseas de las extremidades requieren un manejo por etapas basado en la fijación externa según los principios de control de daños. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Introduction: The Central Military Hospital of Bogotá, Colombia has a specialized team for treating war trauma patients. They conduct an initial assessment of patients and promptly manage potentially fatal injuries using a damage control approach that aims to save the patient's life, save the limb, and preserve its function. Materials and Methods: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted on patients from the Colombian armed forces who, between 2012 and 2020, had femur or tibia fractures as a result of war trauma; these patients were treated using external fixation by the orthopedics and traumatology service of the Central Military Hospital in Bogotá, Colombia. Objectives: To describe the complications associated with war trauma following a year of treatment for femur and/or tibia fractures under a damage control protocol at the Central Military Hospital, the nation's reference facility for this kind of trauma. Results:A retrospective review of war trauma patients between 2012 and 2020 with femoral or tibial fractures treated with DCO was performed. Fisher's Exact tests were used for comparisons. Seventy-two soldiers were selected, 96% of fractures were open, 91% (66 cases) had some type of complication such as nerve injury, vascular injury, coverage defect, infection, and nonunion. Conclusions: In our country, war trauma persists as one of the causes of polytrauma in young patients, which has significant clinical and financial implications. Bone injuries of severely affected extremities require staged management based on external fixation according to damage control principles. Level of Evidence: IV

Adult , Tibial Fractures , External Fixators , Femoral Fractures , War-Related Injuries , Fractures, Open , Leg Injuries
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1520021


Las fracturas expuestas de pierna son lesiones frecuentes, sus principales complicaciones son la infección y la dificultad en la consolidación ósea. El abordaje ortoplástico implica llevar a cabo principios y prácticas de ambas especialidades en forma conjunta, evitando el tratamiento por separado de los problemas que surgen de estas lesiones graves y así intentar disminuir al mínimo las complicaciones. Nuestro objetivo es transmitir la importancia del enfoque ortoplástico en las fracturas expuestas. Se reporta el caso de un paciente adulto, con una fractura de pierna, tibia y peroné expuesta, que requirió múltiples procedimientos quirúrgicos en vistas a preservar el miembro. Fueron necesarias variadas estrategias para controlar la infección ósea y reconstruir las partes blandas y óseas. Con el estímulo de la movilidad del tobillo y pie, se logró comenzar a restituir la función del miembro desde el inicio; permitiendo, a las 6 semanas de evolución, el apoyo del miembro mediante una fijación ósea estable. A los 24 meses de seguimiento clínico y radiográfico evidenciamos paciente y familia satisfechos con un excelente resultado funcional según score ASAMI. Se concluye que en pacientes con fracturas expuestas graves, es clave el abordaje ortoplástico para lograr mejores resultados.

Open leg fractures are frequent injuries; the infection and difficulty in bone healing are their main complications. The orthoplastic approach involves carrying out principles and practices of both specialties together, avoiding separate treatment of the problems that arise from these serious injuries and thus minimizing complications. The objective of the article is to convey the importance of the orthoplastic approach in open fractures. We report the case of an adult patient, with an open fractured leg, to required multiple surgical procedures to preserve the limb. Various strategies were necessary to cure the bone infection and reconstruct the soft tissue and bone. The limb function restore was possible promoting the ankle and foot mobility from the beginning and it allowed weight-bearing on the limb through stable bone fixation, at 6 weeks of evolution. We evidenced a patient and family satisfied with an excellent functional result according to the ASAMI score, at 24 moths of clinical and radiographic follow-up. It is concluding that in patients with severe open fractures, the orthoplastic approach is key to obtain better results.

As fraturas expostas da perna são lesões frequentes, suas principais complicações são infecção e dificuldade de consolidação óssea. A abordagem ortoplástica envolve a realização conjunta de princípios e práticas de ambos ases especialidades, evitando o tratamento separado dos problemas decorrentes dessas lesões graves e minimizando assim as complicações. Nosso objetivo é transmitir a importância da abordagem ortoplástica nas fraturas expostas. É relatado o caso de um paciente adulto, com fratura de perna, tíbia e fíbula expostas, necessitando de múltiplos procedimentos cirúrgicos para preservação do membro. Várias estratégias foram necessárias para curar a infecção óssea e reconstruir os tecidos moles e o osso. Foi possível começar a restaurar a função do membro desde o início, com a estimulação da mobilidade do tornozelo e do pé; com 6 semanas de evolução, concedendo cargas ao membro por meio de fixação óssea estável. Apresentou boa evolução, aos 24 meses de acompanhamento clínico y radiográfico, constatamos a satisfação do paciente e família. com um excelente resultado funcional de acordo a pontuação ASAMI. Conclui-sé que em pacientes com fraturas expostas graves, a abordagem ortoplástica é fundamental para obter melhores resultados.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Fractures, Open/surgery , Leg Injuries/surgery , Catastrophic Illness , Follow-Up Studies , External Fixators , Treatment Outcome , Focal Infection/complications , Fracture Fixation , Fractures, Open/complications
Mali méd. (En ligne) ; 38(3): 10-14, 2023. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1516387


But : Evaluer les résultats initiaux de nos des différents traitements des fractures ouvertes de l'humérus. Méthode: Il s'agissait d'une étude rétrospective réalisée à Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire) sur une période de 10 ans, portant sur 16 fractures ouvertes de la diaphyse humérale. Elle incluait 10 hommes et six femmes d'âge moyen de 32,8 ans (Extrêmes : 21 et 61). L'ouverture cutanée était classée selon Cauchoix et Duparc. Les fractures étaient, soit traitées par parage suivi de plâtre brachio-anti-brachial, soit traitées par plaque vissée ou fixateur externe. Les patients étaient suivis selon un protocole strict. Les résultats globaux étaient évalués par la cotation fonctionnelle de Stewart et Hundley. Résultats : Au recul minimum de 24 mois, tous les patients avaient consolidé. On notait un cas d'infection locale, trois cas de raideur du coude et quatre cas réversibles de paralysie du nerf radial. Les résultats fonctionnels selon le score de Stewart et Hundley étaient très bons dans 11 cas, bons dans quatre cas et assez-bon dans un cas, et aucun mauvais résultat. Conclusion : En fonction des indications thérapeutiques, les résultats initiaux sont satisfaisants tant sur le plan clinique que fonctionnel.

Aim: To evaluate the initial results of our different treatments of open humeral shaft fractures. Method: This was a retrospective study conductecd in Abidjan (Ivory Coast) over a period of 10 years, involving 16 open humeral shaft fractures. It included 10 men and six women with a mean age of 32.8 years (Extremes: 21 and 61). The skin opening was classified according to Cauchoix and Duparc. Fractures were either treated by trimming followed by a brachial-ante-brachial cast, or treated with a screwed plate or external fixator. Patients were followed according to a strict protocol. Overall results were assessed by Stewart and hundley functional scoring. Results: At a minimum follow-up of 24 months, all patients had consolidated. There was one case of local infection, three cases of elbow stiffness and four reversible cases of radial nerve palsy. The functional results according to the Stewart and Hundley score were very good in 11 cases, good in four cases and fair in one case, with no poor result. Conclusion: Depending on the therapeutic indications, the initial results are satisfactory both clinically and functionally.

Humans , Male , Female , Treatment Outcome , Adult , Fractures, Open
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 839-845, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009146


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the causes of soft tissue complications in patients with dorsal displacement distal radius fractures (DRF) after volar locking plate surgery.@*METHODS@#From July 2016 to May 2021, 112 patients with dorsal displacement DRF were treated with volar locking plate surgery, including 45 males and 67 females. The average age was (46.24±10.08) years old, ranging from 18 to 85 years old. According to whether there were soft tissue complications after operation, they were divided into complication group (40 cases) and non complication group (72 cases). Compared with preoperation, the radial metacarpal inclination and ulnar deflection angle, wrist flexion activity and dorsal extension activity, and grip strength of patients after operation were significantly improved (P<0.05). Compared with the non complication group, the proportion of patients in the complication group whose age was>60 years, body mass index (BMI) more than 30 kg·m-2, smoking, diabetes, fracture type C, open fracture and operation time more than 90 min was higher (P<0.05). The age, BMI, smoking, diabetes, fracture AO classification, fracture type and operation time were analyzed by multifactor Logistic regression to determine the independent risk factors affecting the occurrence of postoperative soft tissue complications of patients, establish a nomogram prediction model, and evaluate the model.@*RESULTS@#At the latest follow-up, the excellent and good rate of wrist joint function recovery was 83.93% (94/112), and the excellent and good rate of fracture reduction was 84.82% (95/112). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age more than 60 years old, diabetes, fracture type C, open fracture and operation time more than 90 min were independent risk factors for postoperative soft tissue complications (P<0.05). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC), calibration curve and clinical decision curve of the nomogram prediction model showed discrimination, accuracy and validity were good.@*CONCLUSION@#Age more than 60 years, diabetes mellitus, fracture type C, open fracture, and operation time more than 90 min are all independent risk factors for soft tissue complications after DRF volar plate fixation. In clinical treatment, perioperative soft tissue management should be done in such patients to prevent complications.

Female , Male , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Young Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Wrist Fractures , Fractures, Open , Risk Factors , Wrist Joint/surgery , Metacarpal Bones
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 101-105, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970964


PURPOSE@#Various surgical modalities are available to treat Neer types 2 and 5 unstable fractures of lateral end clavicle but none of them are standardized. Arthroscopic fixation of the displaced lateral end clavicle fractures provides good short-term results but mid- to long-term outcomes are not available. The purpose of this study was to show the mid- to long-term radiological and functional outcomes of these fractures treated arthroscopically by a TightRope device, and to show the complications associated with this procedure.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted over 2 years from January 2014 to December 2015 with a minimum 5-year follow-up. Active patients aged 18-50 years with acute (less than 3 weeks) displaced fracture of lateral end of the clavicle, with a minimum 5-year follow-up were included in the study. Patients with associated fractures of the proximal humerus, glenoid, scapula and acromioclavicular joint injuries were excluded from the study along with open fractures and neurovascular injuries. The outcomes were assessed by objective (complications and radiographic examination) and subjective criteria (quick disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand score, the Constant-Murley score and the visual pain analogue scale). The data were analyzed by SPSS version 21.0.@*RESULTS@#Totally, 42 patients were operated during the study period and 37 were available with a minimum 5-year follow-up. Thirty were male and 7 were female with a mean age of 29.5 years and a mean follow-up of 6.1 years. The mean quick disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand score was 68.2 ± 4.6 preoperatively and 1.27 ± 2.32 at final follow-up (p < 0.001); the mean visual pain analogue scale score was 6.85 ± 2.2 preoperatively and 0.86 ± 1.60 at final follow-up (p < 0.001). The average Constant-Murley score was 93.38 ± 3.25 at the end of the follow-up. There were 2 fixation failures, with established non-union and 3 patients developed radiographic acromioclavicular joint arthritis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Arthroscopic TightRope fixation of displaced lateral end clavicular fractures provides good radiological and functional outcomes at mid- to long-term follow-up. With the low complication rates and high patient satisfaction, this technique can be considered as a primary option in the surgical treatment of these fractures.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Follow-Up Studies , Clavicle/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Fractures, Bone/complications , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Open , Pain , Treatment Outcome
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 54(2): 53-61, dic. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1516086


La Impresión 3D es una tecnología emergente utilizada cada vez más en medicina. En los países en vías de desarrollo, donde las fracturas por motocicletas y automóviles se encuentran en aumento, la disponibilidad de fijadores externos para el manejo de fracturas abiertas es un problema frecuente. La impresión 3D puede ser una alternativa económica e igualmente confiable a los dispositivos tradicionales elaborados con acero o titanio. El objetivo de este trabajo es mostrar la experiencia con el uso de Impresión 3D y su aplicación en el manejo clínico de fracturas abiertas diafisiarias de tibia. Se realizó un estudio pre-experimental y prospectivo. Se incluyeron 14 pacientes con fracturas de tibia AO/ASIF 42A, 42B y 42C tratados con un fijador externo con rótulas elaboradas con Impresión 3D como medida de Control de Daños en Ortopedia desde su ingreso hasta su resolución definitiva. Todos los pacientes fueron de sexo masculino, con un promedio de edad 23,16 años con 50% entre 20-23 años. Las fracturas fueron 42,85% tipo 42A, 37,71% 42B y 21,42% 42C. El 78,57% de las fracturas fueron ocasionadas por motocicletas: 57,14% grado II según Gustilo y Anderson, un 28,57% grado III y 14,28% grado I. El 37,71% eran politraumatizados. Ninguno de los pacientes presentó complicaciones como pérdida de la reducción, aflojamiento de las rótulas, ruptura o fatiga de las rótulas ni fatiga de la barra. La impresión 3D demostró ser una herramienta y alternativa útil en el manejo agudo de fracturas abiertas diafisiarias de tibia(AU)

3D Printing is an emerging technology used more and more in medicine. In developing countries, where motorcycle and automobile fractures are on the rise, the availability of external fixators for the management of open fractures is a frequent problem. 3D printing can be a cheap and equally reliable alternative to traditional devices made of steel or titanium. The objective of this work is to show the experience with the use of 3D Printing and its application in the clinical management of open diaphyseal fractures of the tibia. A pre-experimental and prospective study was made. 14 patients with AO/ASIF tibia fractures 42A, 42B and 42C treated with an external fixator with 3D-printed ball-caps as a Damage Control measure in Orthopedics from admission to final resolution were included. All patients were male, with an average age of 23,16 years, 50% between 20-23 years. The fractures were 42,85% type 42A, 37,71% 42B and 21,42% 42C. 78,57% of the fractures were caused by motorcycles: 57,14% grade II according to Gustilo and Anderson, 28,57% grade III and 14.28% grade I. 37,71% were polytraumatized. None of the patients had complications such as loss of reduction, loosening of the patellas, rupture or fatigue of the patellas, or rod fatigue. 3D printing proved to be a useful tool and alternative in the acute management of open diaphyseal fractures of the tibia(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Fractures, Open , Accidents, Traffic , Medical Records , Data Collection
Malawi med. j. (Online) ; 34(2): 118-122, Jul 11, 2022. Figures, Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1398068


Road traffic accidents in Malawi have increased in recent years resulting in a high incidence of trauma seen in the hospitals as well as a high prevalence of musculoskeletal impairment in the community. Open fractures are a common consequence of road traffic accidents, and the tibia is the most common long bone open fracture. Objective Epidemiology of open tibia fractures at the largest tertiary level hospital in Malawi and incidence of infections of open fractures managed at the institution. Methodology This was a retrospective study of consecutive open tibia fracture patients seen and admitted to Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital's (QECH) orthopedic department from 1st January 2019 to 31st December 2019. Patients with life-threatening head, chest, or abdominal injuries were excluded as management takes priority over any limb-threatening injury. Results There were 72 open tibia fractures screened, and 60 of these met our entry criteria; 6 patients did not, while 6 patient files were missing. The median age of patients was 36 years, IQR (27-44.75) with Males making up 82%(n=49) of open fractures. Most of the open tibia fractures were caused by road traffic accidents 63%(n=38), followed by assaults 18%(n=11), falls 17%(n=10), and industrial accidents 2%(n=1). 26.7% (n=16) of open tibia fractures developed an infection. We found that patients' average length of stay was 16. 9(IQR 9.5-31.25) days. Most of the injuries (68.3%, n=41) were moderate to high energy injuries being Gustilo et al. grade II and III open tibia fractures. Conclusion This study identified that open tibia fractures were common in our hospital and that were often high energy injuries requiring an extended hospital stay to manage. The infection rate noted was higher than that reported on average in lower- and middle-income countries. There is a need to do more robust prospective studies in the area to gather more information.

Wounds and Injuries , Fractures, Open , Land Transport Accidents , Musculoskeletal Abnormalities , Hospitals , Infections , Malawi
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(2): e405, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341472


Introducción: Las fracturas abiertas de tibia son un subconjunto de la carga de traumatismos en América Latina. Se examinaron cuestiones relacionadas con el tratamiento potencialmente críticas en Cuba, país con recursos limitados, pero con un programa nacional de salud estandarizado, coherencia en educación y similitudes de programas de posgrado. Objetivos: Describir los patrones de tratamiento de la fractura abierta de tibia en Cuba, y comparar las características del manejo agudo y tardío en siete provincias del país. Métodos: Se encuestaron 67 cirujanos ortopédicos para evaluar cuatro aspectos en el tratamiento de la fractura abierta: profilaxis antibiótica, irrigación y desbridamiento, estabilización y tratamiento de heridas. Se utilizó el método de muestreo por conveniencia para identificar a los cirujanos y el análisis se realizó mediante la prueba exacta de Fisher (p < 0,05). Resultados: Se administraron antibióticos posoperatorios durante más de 72 horas para las fracturas GA-I/II (49 por ciento) y las fracturas GA-III (70 por ciento). Los cirujanos de La Habana (n= 32) utilizaron con más frecuencia la fijación interna primaria para las fracturas GA-I/II, que los cirujanos en las restantes provincias (n= 35) (64,3 porciento vs. 30,3 por ciento, p= 0,008). Los cirujanos de otras provincias realizaron cierre primario en el momento de la fijación definitiva de fracturas GA-I /II con más frecuencia que los de La Habana (62,9 por ciento vs. 32,3 por ciento, p= 0,013). Para fracturas GA-III, la mayoría de los cirujanos habaneros (88,6 %), al igual que los de las restantes provincias (96,8 por ciento) prefirieron realizar cierre diferido.Conclusiones: El tratamiento de fracturas abiertas de tibia en Cuba es generalmente consistente con otros países de América Latina. Se describen las características del manejo de fracturas abiertas de tibia en Cuba y se comparan las diferencias en los métodos de estabilización y tratamiento de heridas entre provincias, lo cual resulta útil para evaluar si son resultado de diferencias en la práctica quirúrgica, o en la disponibilidad de recursos. Esto representa una ayuda al abordar las formas de optimizar la atención al paciente, a través de la capacitación especializada y la asignación de los recursos(AU)

Introduction: Open tibia fractures are a significant subset of the overall trauma burden in Latin America. Latin American countries vary in their access to orthopaedic care resources, and country-specific orthopaedic recommendations are necessary. Cuba, a country with limited resources, has a standardized national health program, consistencies in education, and similarities across post-graduate training programs. This study aimed to identify management preferences for open tibia factures in Cuba. Objectives: To describe the treatment of open tibial fractures in Cuba, and to compare the characteristics of acute and delayed management across seven Cuban provinces. Methods: Sixty-seven orthopaedic surgeons were surveyed to evaluate four aspects of open fracture management, regarding antibiotic prophylaxis, irrigation and debridement, stabilization, and wound management. The convenience sampling method was used to identify surgeons and the analysis was performed using Fisher's exact test (p <0.05). Results: Postoperative antibiotics were administered for more than 72 hours for GA-I / II fractures (49 pecent) and GA-III fractures (70 percent). Surgeons in Havana (n = 32) used primary internal fixation for GA-I / II fractures more frequently than surgeons in the remaining provinces (n = 35) (64.3 pecent vs. 30.3 percent p = 0.008). Surgeons from other provinces performed primary closure at the time of definitive fixation of GA-I / II fractures more frequently than those from Havana (62.9 percent vs. 32.3 percent, p = 0.013). For GA-III fractures, the majority of Havana surgeons (88.6 percent), as well as those of the remaining provinces (96.8 percent) preferred to perform deferred closure. Conclusions: The treatment of open tibial fractures in Cuba is generally consistent with other Latin American countries. The characteristics of the management of open tibial fractures in Cuba are described and differences in wound stabilization and treatment methods between provinces are compared, which is useful to assess whether they are the result of differences in surgical practice, or in availability of resources. This is helpful in addressing ways to optimize patient care through specialized training and resource allocation(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Tibial Fractures , Diaphyses/injuries , Fractures, Open
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(2): e317, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357335


Introducción: La fractura de un hueso se define como la solución de continuidad de cierta porción ósea. Las fracturas diafisarias representan un bajo porcentaje de todas las fracturas, y el hueso tibial es el más afectado, debido a su escasa vascularidad, poca protección y existencia de diversos factores que hacen más propensos algunos problemas como pseudoartrosis y osteomielitis, que complican el tratamiento. Objetivo: Demostrar la eficacia de los resultados clínicos funcionales con la cura quirúrgica de pseudoartrosis infectada de diáfisis tibial con aporte de injerto óseo heterólogo de cadáver, y autoinjerto cortical esponjoso de cresta iliaca. Presentación del caso: Se presenta el caso de un paciente varón de 42 años que ingresa con diagnóstico de fractura expuesta II postraumática. Se realiza fijación externa en 2 ocasiones, con un intervalo de 6 días para corrección de valgo. El paciente se ausenta de sus controles clínicos y reingresa después de 10 meses aproximadamente por diagnóstico de pseudoartrosis atrófica infectada de tibia izquierda, según clasificación anatómica de Cierny-Mader IV. Se hospitaliza para cura quirúrgica y reconstrucción con aloinjerto óseo y autoinjerto de cresta iliaca, lo que da lugar a la consolidación y controles favorables. Actualmente el paciente ha recuperado la funcionalidad de su pierna izquierda, y queda como secuela una fístula con exposición de aloinjerto. Conclusiones: La cura quirúrgica de pseudoartrosis infectada de diáfisis tibial con aporte de injerto óseo heterólogo de cadáver, y autoinjerto cortical esponjoso de cresta iliaca presenta buenos resultados clínicos y funcionales, lo que constituye un método eficaz(AU)

Introduction: The fracture of a bone is defined as the solution of continuity of a certain bone portion. Diaphyseal fractures represent a low percentage of all fractures, and the tibial bone is the most affected, due to its scarce vascularity, little protection and the existence of various factors that make them more prone to some problems such as pseudoarthrosis and osteomyelitis, which complicate treatment. Objective: To demonstrate the efficacy of functional clinical results with the surgical cure of infected pseudoarthrosis of the tibial shaft with the contribution of heterologous cadaveric bone graft, and cortical cancellous autograft of the iliac crest. Case report: The case of a 42-year-old male patient admitted with a diagnosis of post-traumatic exposed fracture II is reported here. External fixation was performed on 2 occasions, with an interval of 6 days for valgus correction. The patient was absent from his clinical check-ups and was readmitted after approximately 10 months due to a diagnosis of infected atrophic nonunion of the left tibia, according to the anatomical classification of Cierny-Mader IV. He was hospitalized for surgical cure and reconstruction with bone allograft and iliac crest autograft, resulting in consolidation and favorable controls. Currently, the patient has recovered the functionality of his left leg, and a fistula with allograft exposure remains. Conclusions: Surgical treatment of infected tibial shaft pseudoarthrosis with provision of heterologous cadaveric bone graft and cortical cancellous autograft of iliac crest presents good clinical and functional results, which constitutes an effective method(AU)

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Fracture Healing , Allografts/surgery , Autografts/surgery , Fractures, Open/surgery , Infections , Ilium
Rev. medica electron ; 43(5): 1436-1444, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352123


RESUMEN Las fracturas expuestas de tibia han sido uno de los problemas más importantes para los sistemas de atención en salud pública. Se caracterizan por tres factores de riesgo fundamentales: daño óseo y tejidos blandos, gran posibilidad de contaminación y dificultades para el tratamiento conservador y quirúrgico, debido al daño óseo y de partes blandas asociados, que implica un alto índice de complicaciones. El tratamiento de estas fracturas es un tema ampliamente discutido en cuanto a la técnica quirúrgica a utilizar. Debido la pobre vascularización y poca cantidad de tejidos blandos que cubren la tibia, este hueso es muy vulnerable a la pseudoartrosis y a la infección. El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir la técnica quirúrgica de transportación ósea con fijador externo Ilizarov y evaluar el resultado en defectos óseos de tibia de más de 6 cm, secundario a pseudoartrosis infectada. Como resultado, el paciente evolucionó con una pseudoartrosis séptica de tibia derecha secundaria a fractura expuesta. El seguimiento fue de 18 meses, la pérdida ósea de 6 cm, la velocidad de distracción de 1 mm/día, el período de transportación de 95 días, y el tiempo con fijador de 198 días. Fue necesario realizar un nuevo proceder quirúrgico en el sitio de contacto, con vistas a reavivar los extremos óseos. La transportación ósea con fijador Ilizarov es válida para el tratamiento de la pérdida ósea en fracturas expuestas de tibia o pseudoartrosis séptica (AU).

ABSTRACT Exposed tibia fractures have been one of the most important problems for public health care systems. They are characterized by three main risk factors: bone and soft tissue damage, high possibilities of contamination and difficulties for the surgical and conservative treatment, due to the associated bone and soft tissues damage implying a high rate of complications. The treatment of these fractures is a widely discussed topic regarding the surgical technique to be used. Due to poor vascularization and little quantity of soft tissue covering tibia, this bone is highly vulnerable to pseudoarthritis and infection. The aim of this work was to describe the surgical technique of bone transport with Ilizarov external fixator and to evaluate the result in tibial bone defects of more than 6 cm, secondary to infected pseudoarthritis. As a result, the patient evolved with septic pseudoarthritis of right tibia secondary to exposed fracture. The follow up lasted 18 months; the bone loss was 6 cm; the distraction speed was 1 mm/day; the transportation period was 95 days and the time with fixator was 198 days. It was necessary to perform a new surgical procedure at the contact site to recuperate the bone ends. Bone transport with Ilizarov fixator is valid for the bone loss treatment in tibia exposed fractures or septic pseudo arthritis (AU).

Male , Pseudarthrosis/epidemiology , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Pseudarthrosis/complications , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Tibial Fractures/diagnosis , Fractures, Open/surgery , Fractures, Open/diagnosis
Rev. medica electron ; 43(4): 1118-1130, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341541


RESUMEN Con el paulatino incremento de accidentes automovilísticos, de trabajo, y la violencia urbana, las fracturas expuestas y complejas constituyen traumatismos de creciente incidencia y de difícil solución, con largos períodos de convalecencia que ponen en peligro la vida o la conservación del miembro lesionado. Un gran número de ellas dejan secuelas invalidantes. Existen varios tratamientos, entre ellos la fijación externa, utilizando el sistema creado por el profesor Rodrigo Álvarez Cambras, con varias ventajas que proporcionan una mejor evolución. Se realizó este trabajo con el objetivo de mostrar la evolución y los resultados de un paciente ingresado y operado con el diagnóstico de lesión expuesta, compleja y grave de la extremidad inferior, específicamente de tibia. Este presentó varias complicaciones, por lo que se le colocó un aparato de osteosíntesis de fijación externa Álvarez Cambras en el Hospital Provincial Clínico Quirúrgico Docente José Ramón López Tabrane, de Matanzas (AU).

ABSTRACT With the gradual increase of automobile and work accidents as well as urban violence, exposed and complex fractures are traumas of increasing incidence and difficult solution, with long periods of convalescence that endanger the life or the conservation of the injured member. A large number of them leave invalidating sequels. There are several treatments, including external fixation using the system created by Professor Rodrigo Alvarez Cambra, with several advantages that provide a better evolution. The current work was carried out with the objective of showing the evolution and results of a patient who entered the Teaching Provincial Clinical-surgical Hospital Jose Ramon Lopez Tabrane, of Matanzas, and underwent a surgery with the diagnosis of exposed, complex and serious lesion in the lower limb, specifically of tibia. The patient had several complications and so he was put an Alvarez Cambra external fixation osteosynthesis devise (AU).

Humans , Male , Tibial Fractures/surgery , External Fixators , Therapeutics , Tibial Fractures/complications , Tibial Fractures/diagnosis , Tibial Fractures/therapy , Wounds and Injuries/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Open/surgery , Fractures, Open/diagnosis
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(5) (Nro Esp - AACM Asociación Argentina de Cirugía de la Mano): 651-658, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353972


Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 27 años con una lesión grave articular interfalángica proximal en el dedo anular de la mano derecha, provocada por un proyectil de arma de fuego, que fue tratada con doble injerto osteocondral de costilla. Tenía una fractura expuesta y déficit de stock óseo y cartilaginoso tanto en la primera como en la segunda falange. Luego de la limpieza inicial, a las 3 semanas, se realizó una artroplastia interfalángica proximal con doble injerto osteocondral de costilla y fijador externo distractor de Suzuki. Se describe con detalle la técnica quirúrgica.A las 10 semanas posoperatorias, la flexión activa interfalángica era de 75° y la extensión activa, de -15°, con articulación estable. Alta laboral a los 3 meses de la cirugía, sin dolor y un puntaje DASH de 14,2. Las radiografías mostraron la incorporación de los injertos, sin reabsorción y con una articulación congruente.Se valora la ventaja de esta técnica en cuanto a la escasa morbilidad para la zona dadora y la versatilidad para las reconstrucciones con defectos articulares. El resultado funcional temprano subjetivo y objetivo fue satisfactorio. No se pueden descartar complicaciones futuras. Nivel de Evidencia; IV

We present the case of a 27-year-old male patient with a gunshot wound and severe proximal interphalangeal joint injury in the ring finger of the right hand, treated with a double osteochondral rib graft. He had an exposed fracture and a lack of bone and cartilage stock in both the first and second phalanx. After the initial toilette, at 3 weeks, a proximal interphalangeal arthroplasty was performed with a double osteochondral rib graft protected by a Suzuki external distractor. The surgical technique is described in detail. At 10 weeks after surgery, an active interphalangeal joint flexion of 75° and active extension of -15° were verified, without articular instability. The patient returned to work at 3 months after surgery, with no residual pain (0 VAS score) and a DASH score of 14.2. Radiographs showed incorporated grafts without resorption and a congruent joint. This technique is valued for its low morbidity on the donor site and versatility for joint defect reconstructions. The limitations of our study are mentioned. The clinical case presented obtained a satisfactory subjective and objective early functional outcome. Further complications cannot be ruled out. Level of Evidence: IV

Adult , Bone Transplantation , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Finger/methods , Finger Joint/surgery , Fingers/surgery , Fractures, Open
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353906


Introducción: La fijación interna de las fracturas de pierna expuestas en la etapa aguda, es decir, dentro de las 24 h del trauma es un tema controvertido. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar las infecciones asociadas a la colocación de clavos endomedulares en la etapa aguda y a la colocación diferida, en la fijación de fracturas expuestas de pierna grados I y II de Gustilo. materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio de cohorte retrospectivo sobre el tratamiento en la etapa aguda de los pacientes que ingresaron en el hospital con fracturas expuestas de pierna entre 2015 y 2018. Se analizó la tasa de infecciones durante los primeros 6 meses después de la cirugía y se comparó la fijación en la etapa aguda con la fijación diferida. Resultados: La fijación interna con clavos endomedulares en la etapa aguda, en pacientes con fracturas expuestas de pierna no aumentó, sino que disminuyó la tasa de infecciones en el control posoperatorio. Conclusión: El estudio avala la colocación de clavos endomedulares en la etapa aguda, en pacientes con fractura de tibia expuestas. Nivel de Evidencia: II

Introduction: The internal fixation of leg fractures exposed in acute, that is, within 24 hours of trauma is quite controversial. The objective of this work is to assess infections associated with acute intramedullary nailing fixation ­versus deferred fixation­ of Gustilo type I and II open fractures. Patients and Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of the acute treatment of patients with open leg fractures admitted to the hospital between 2015 and 2018. The infection rate was analyzed during the first 6 postoperative months after intramedullary nailing, and acute fixation patients were compared against deferred fixation patients. Results: Acute internal fixation with intramedullary nail in patients with open leg fractures does not increase, but decreases, the infection rate in the postoperative control. Conclusion: The study supports acute intramedullary nailing in patients with open tibial fractures. Level of Evidence: II

Acute Disease , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Open , Infections
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 148-152, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879387


OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of bridge-link combined fixation system(BCFS) in treating open middle and lower tibial fractures by external fixation.@*METHODS@#From October 2016 to September 2017, 11 patients with open middle and lower tibial fractures were treated with BCFS by external fixation, including 7 males and 4 females aged from 23 to 65 years old with an average of 44.2 years old;the course of disease ranged from 7 to 10 days. All fractures were open, middle and lower tibiofibular fractures. According to AO classification, 5 patients were type A, 5 patients were type B, and 1 patient was type C. All fractures were classified as typeⅡaccording to Gustilo-Anderson classification. The time of fracture healing, postoperative complications were observed, Johner-Wruhs standard were used to evaluate clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 7 to 13 months with an average of 10.1 months. Fracture healing time ranged from 4 to 8 months with an average of 6.2 months. The removal time of BCFS ranged from 5 to 11 months with an average of 7.8 months. No screws loosening and BCFS breakage occurred after operation, while 1 patient occurred infection of proximal and distal tibia after operation which was healed by anti-inflammatory treatment and dressing change. According to Johner-Wruhs standard, 8 patients were excellent and 3 patients good at the latest follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#BCFS could be used to treat open middle and lower tibial fractures by external fixation, which had features of small size, flexible use, solid and elastic fixation. It could not effectively reduce tissue injury and promote fracture healing, but also have advantages of less postoperative complications and better recovery of limb function.

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Plates , External Fixators , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Open , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1132-1135, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921937


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the treatment methods and experience of open fracture of lower limb in high altitude area.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to January 2021, 62 patients with open fractures of lower limbs were treated by staged surgery with the concept of injury control orthopedics, emphasizing wound treatment and combining various fracture fixation methods. There were 51 males and 11 females, ranging in age from 14 to 59 years old, with a mean of (37.2±12.3) years old; and the course of disease ranged from 7 to 59 days, with a mean of (23.7±15.5) days. According to Gustilo Anderson classification, there were 14 cases of typeⅠ, 24 cases of typeⅡ, 14 cases of typeⅢA, 8 cases of typeⅢB and 2 cases of typeⅢC. The fracture repair and wound healing were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated by Johner-Wruhs evaluation standard.@*RESULTS@#Fifty-five patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 4 to 36 months, with a mean of (14.7±8.5) months, and 7 cases were lost to follow-up. According to Johner-Wruhs evaluation criteria, 33 cases got an excellent result, 16 good, 4 poor and 2 bad. The wound healing was poor in 2 cases, partial necrosis of Achilles tendon in 1 case, nonunion of fracture in 1 case and delayed healing of fracture in 2 cases.@*CONCLUSION@#It is an effective method to treat the open fracture of lower extremity in high altitude area to pay attention to the management of soft tissue injury, the management of wound moisturizing, staged operation of fracture and full protection of blood supply at the fracture end. Paying attention to the treatment of soft tissue injury and the management of wound moisturizing, staged operation of fracture and full protection of blood supply at the fracture end are effective methods for the treatment of open fracture of lower limbs in high altitude areas.

Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Altitude , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Open , Lower Extremity/surgery , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 915-919, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921917


OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect of individualized controllable stress external fixator in the treatment of open tibial fractures.@*METHODS@#From December 2018 to July 2020, 60 patients with open tibial fractures were treated, including 35 males and 25 females;The age ranged from 23 to 58 years;The course of disease was 1.2 to 10.0 h. According to the stress stimulation on the fracture end after operation, all patients were divided into 4 groups, including non stress group (15 cases) and 3 groups with different stress stimulation(15 cases in each group). All patients with open tibial fractures were treated with controllable stress external fixator. Four weeks after operation, the stress group adjusted the elastic external fixator to apply axial stress of 1/6, 2/6 and 3/6 of their own weight to the fracture end based on the patient's weight. The wound healing of all patients after operation was observed, the plain CT images of fracture ends at 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 weeks after operation were followed up, the average valueof callus area per 10 scanning planes was calculated, and the differences between the groups were compared. The fracture healing was observed and statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The wounds of all patients healed well, of which 7 patients underwent secondary free skin grafting and transferred myocutaneous flap. All patients were followed up for 12 to 24 months, with an average of 16.5 months. The final follow-up results showed that the fracture healing of stress groups and non stress group had significant difference(@*CONCLUSION@#When the controllable stress external fixation technique is used to treat open tibial fractures, the elastic external fixator is adjusted according to the patient's own weight after 4 weeks, and a certain axial stress is applied to the fracture end, which is conducive to the fracture healing of patients, and can reduce the incidence of delayed union or nonunion of open fractures, which has a certain application value.

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , External Fixators , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Open/surgery , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Rev. medica electron ; 42(6): 2487-2498, nov.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1150032


RESUMEN Introducción: el control de daños en Ortopedia es aplazar la reparación definitiva de lesiones traumáticas, con el objetivo de la recuperación fisiológica deteriorada por lesiones y/o complicaciones que pueden poner en peligro la vida, realizando entonces procedimientos quirúrgicos sencillos, como una estabilización quirúrgica externa de las fracturas. Objetivo: determinar el comportamiento del control de daños ortopédicos en politraumatizados pediátricos. Materiales y método: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, prospectivo, de corte transversal, de enero del 2015 a diciembre del 2018. El universo estuvo constituido por 22 pacientes menores de 19 años de edad, politraumatizados en el período; la muestra por 15 pacientes, a los que se les aplicó control de daños ortopédicos, según criterios de selección. Resultados: se aplicó control de daños ortopédicos a 15 infantes. El más afectado fue el sexo masculino con el 73,3 %. Prevalecieron los traumatismos de los miembros inferiores con el 58,3 % y las fracturas cerradas con un 53,8 %. La osteomielitis crónica fue la complicación que predominó, en el 20 % de la muestra. En el 73,3 % de los casos se evaluó como satisfactoria la aplicación del control de daños ortopédicos en los politraumatizados. Conclusiones: a la totalidad de los traumatizados se le aplicó control de daños ortopédicos. Predominó el sexo masculino y el grupo de edad de 9 -14 años. Los miembros inferiores aportan la mayor cantidad con el fémur y la tibia. El control de daños ortopédicos se evaluó satisfactoriamente en la mayoría de los pacientes estudiados (AU).

ABSTRAC Introduction: the control of damages in Orthopedics is to postpone the definitive repair of traumatic lesions, with the objective of the physiologic recovery deteriorated by lesions and/or complications that can put in danger the life, carrying out simple surgical procedures, like an external surgical stabilization of the fractures at that time. . Objective: to determine the behavior of the orthopedic damage control in pediatric politraumatized patients. Material and method: a cross-sectional, prospective, descriptive, observational study was carried out from January 2015 to December 2018. The universe was formed by 22 patients younger than 19 years politraumatized in the period and the sample formed 15 patients; they underwent orthopedic damage control, according to the selection criteria. Results: the orthopedic damage control, was applied to 15 children. Male sex was the most affected one. Trauma in the lower limbs with 58.3 % and closed fractures with 53.8 prevailed. The predominating complication was chronic poliomyelitis in 20 % of the sample. The orthopedic damage control in politraumatized patients was assessed as successful in 73.3 % of the cases. Conclusions: the orthopedic damage control was applied to the total of traumatized patients. The male sex and the 9-14 years-old age group predominated. Lower limbs contributed with the biggest quantity of trauma, in femur and tibia. The orthopedic damage control was assessed as successful in most of studied patients (AU).

Humans , Male , Female , Multiple Trauma/prevention & control , Child , Patient Harm/prevention & control , Orthopedics/methods , Minor Surgical Procedures/methods , Wounds and Injuries/prevention & control , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Fractures, Closed/diagnosis , Fractures, Open/diagnosis
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): e231, jul.-dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1156596


RESUMEN Introducción: Las fracturas abiertas del tercio distal de tibia o pilón son poco frecuentes, en nuestro medio se producen por traumas de alta energía como los accidentes de tránsito, y pueden ser de distintos grados según su envergadura. Entre las complicaciones frecuentes están la seudoartrosis, deformidades y artritis postraumática. Cuando el dolor es refractario a los analgésicos están indicadas las artrodesis. Objetivo: Presentar los resultados del tratamiento realizado en un paciente con seudoartrosis distal de tibia y artritis postraumática del tobillo, dolorosa, con gran lesión de partes blandas, por lo que fue imposible realizar los procedimientos quirúrgicos habituales. Presentación del caso: Se realizó artrodesis de las articulaciones tibio-peronea-astragalina-calcánea, mediante un injerto libre del peroné autólogo, compresión, y estabilización con un fijador externo RALCA®; se asoció un campo electromagnético pulsátil para acelerar la formación del callo óseo y disminuir el dolor posquirúrgico. Durante dos años se le hizo seguimiento. Conclusiones: Se logró el objetivo del tratamiento al fusionar la articulación tibiotarsiana, comenzar el apoyo precoz y su capacidad funcional. Los resultados demuestran además los beneficios de la compresión realizada con los fijadores externos en las artrodesis; el uso del campo electromagnético asociado aceleró la osteogénesis, se consiguió la consolidación ósea, la estabilización, disminuyó el edema y el dolor, además la reincorporación del paciente a la sociedad. No se encontró en la bibliografía revisada otra técnica quirúrgica similar(AU)

ABSTRACT Introduction: Open fractures of the distal third of the tibia or pilon are rare, in our environment they are caused by high-energy traumas such as traffic accidents, and can be of different degrees depending on their size. Common complications include nonunion, deformities, and post-traumatic arthritis. When pain is refractory to analgesics, arthrodesis is indicated. Objective: To report the results of the treatment carried out in a patient with distal tibial pseudoarthrosis and post-traumatic arthritis of the ankle, painful, with a large soft tissue injury, which made it impossible to perform the usual surgical procedures. Case report: Arthrodesis of the tibiofibular-talar-calcaneal joints was performed, using a free graft of the autologous fibula, compression, and stabilization with a RALCA® external fixator. A pulsatile electromagnetic field was associated to accelerate bone callus formation and reduce postoperative pain. This patient was followed up for two years. Conclusions: The treatment objective was achieved by fusing the tibiotarsal joint, by starting early support and functional capacity. The results also prove the benefits of compression performed with external fixators in arthrodesis. The use of the associated electromagnetic field accelerated osteogenesis, bone consolidation and stabilization were achieved, edema and pain decreased, as well as the patient's reincorporation into society. No other similar surgical technique was found in the reviewed literature(AU)

Arthrodesis/methods , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Fibula/transplantation , Fractures, Open/surgery