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1.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(2): e317, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357335

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fractura de un hueso se define como la solución de continuidad de cierta porción ósea. Las fracturas diafisarias representan un bajo porcentaje de todas las fracturas, y el hueso tibial es el más afectado, debido a su escasa vascularidad, poca protección y existencia de diversos factores que hacen más propensos algunos problemas como pseudoartrosis y osteomielitis, que complican el tratamiento. Objetivo: Demostrar la eficacia de los resultados clínicos funcionales con la cura quirúrgica de pseudoartrosis infectada de diáfisis tibial con aporte de injerto óseo heterólogo de cadáver, y autoinjerto cortical esponjoso de cresta iliaca. Presentación del caso: Se presenta el caso de un paciente varón de 42 años que ingresa con diagnóstico de fractura expuesta II postraumática. Se realiza fijación externa en 2 ocasiones, con un intervalo de 6 días para corrección de valgo. El paciente se ausenta de sus controles clínicos y reingresa después de 10 meses aproximadamente por diagnóstico de pseudoartrosis atrófica infectada de tibia izquierda, según clasificación anatómica de Cierny-Mader IV. Se hospitaliza para cura quirúrgica y reconstrucción con aloinjerto óseo y autoinjerto de cresta iliaca, lo que da lugar a la consolidación y controles favorables. Actualmente el paciente ha recuperado la funcionalidad de su pierna izquierda, y queda como secuela una fístula con exposición de aloinjerto. Conclusiones: La cura quirúrgica de pseudoartrosis infectada de diáfisis tibial con aporte de injerto óseo heterólogo de cadáver, y autoinjerto cortical esponjoso de cresta iliaca presenta buenos resultados clínicos y funcionales, lo que constituye un método eficaz(AU)


Introduction: The fracture of a bone is defined as the solution of continuity of a certain bone portion. Diaphyseal fractures represent a low percentage of all fractures, and the tibial bone is the most affected, due to its scarce vascularity, little protection and the existence of various factors that make them more prone to some problems such as pseudoarthrosis and osteomyelitis, which complicate treatment. Objective: To demonstrate the efficacy of functional clinical results with the surgical cure of infected pseudoarthrosis of the tibial shaft with the contribution of heterologous cadaveric bone graft, and cortical cancellous autograft of the iliac crest. Case report: The case of a 42-year-old male patient admitted with a diagnosis of post-traumatic exposed fracture II is reported here. External fixation was performed on 2 occasions, with an interval of 6 days for valgus correction. The patient was absent from his clinical check-ups and was readmitted after approximately 10 months due to a diagnosis of infected atrophic nonunion of the left tibia, according to the anatomical classification of Cierny-Mader IV. He was hospitalized for surgical cure and reconstruction with bone allograft and iliac crest autograft, resulting in consolidation and favorable controls. Currently, the patient has recovered the functionality of his left leg, and a fistula with allograft exposure remains. Conclusions: Surgical treatment of infected tibial shaft pseudoarthrosis with provision of heterologous cadaveric bone graft and cortical cancellous autograft of iliac crest presents good clinical and functional results, which constitutes an effective method(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Fracture Healing , Allografts/surgery , Autografts/surgery , Fractures, Open/surgery , Infections , Ilium
2.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(5): 1436-1444, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352123

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las fracturas expuestas de tibia han sido uno de los problemas más importantes para los sistemas de atención en salud pública. Se caracterizan por tres factores de riesgo fundamentales: daño óseo y tejidos blandos, gran posibilidad de contaminación y dificultades para el tratamiento conservador y quirúrgico, debido al daño óseo y de partes blandas asociados, que implica un alto índice de complicaciones. El tratamiento de estas fracturas es un tema ampliamente discutido en cuanto a la técnica quirúrgica a utilizar. Debido la pobre vascularización y poca cantidad de tejidos blandos que cubren la tibia, este hueso es muy vulnerable a la pseudoartrosis y a la infección. El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir la técnica quirúrgica de transportación ósea con fijador externo Ilizarov y evaluar el resultado en defectos óseos de tibia de más de 6 cm, secundario a pseudoartrosis infectada. Como resultado, el paciente evolucionó con una pseudoartrosis séptica de tibia derecha secundaria a fractura expuesta. El seguimiento fue de 18 meses, la pérdida ósea de 6 cm, la velocidad de distracción de 1 mm/día, el período de transportación de 95 días, y el tiempo con fijador de 198 días. Fue necesario realizar un nuevo proceder quirúrgico en el sitio de contacto, con vistas a reavivar los extremos óseos. La transportación ósea con fijador Ilizarov es válida para el tratamiento de la pérdida ósea en fracturas expuestas de tibia o pseudoartrosis séptica (AU).


ABSTRACT Exposed tibia fractures have been one of the most important problems for public health care systems. They are characterized by three main risk factors: bone and soft tissue damage, high possibilities of contamination and difficulties for the surgical and conservative treatment, due to the associated bone and soft tissues damage implying a high rate of complications. The treatment of these fractures is a widely discussed topic regarding the surgical technique to be used. Due to poor vascularization and little quantity of soft tissue covering tibia, this bone is highly vulnerable to pseudoarthritis and infection. The aim of this work was to describe the surgical technique of bone transport with Ilizarov external fixator and to evaluate the result in tibial bone defects of more than 6 cm, secondary to infected pseudoarthritis. As a result, the patient evolved with septic pseudoarthritis of right tibia secondary to exposed fracture. The follow up lasted 18 months; the bone loss was 6 cm; the distraction speed was 1 mm/day; the transportation period was 95 days and the time with fixator was 198 days. It was necessary to perform a new surgical procedure at the contact site to recuperate the bone ends. Bone transport with Ilizarov fixator is valid for the bone loss treatment in tibia exposed fractures or septic pseudo arthritis (AU).


Subject(s)
Male , Pseudarthrosis/epidemiology , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Pseudarthrosis/complications , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Tibial Fractures/diagnosis , Fractures, Open/surgery , Fractures, Open/diagnosis
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353906

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fijación interna de las fracturas de pierna expuestas en la etapa aguda, es decir, dentro de las 24 h del trauma es un tema controvertido. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar las infecciones asociadas a la colocación de clavos endomedulares en la etapa aguda y a la colocación diferida, en la fijación de fracturas expuestas de pierna grados I y II de Gustilo. materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio de cohorte retrospectivo sobre el tratamiento en la etapa aguda de los pacientes que ingresaron en el hospital con fracturas expuestas de pierna entre 2015 y 2018. Se analizó la tasa de infecciones durante los primeros 6 meses después de la cirugía y se comparó la fijación en la etapa aguda con la fijación diferida. Resultados: La fijación interna con clavos endomedulares en la etapa aguda, en pacientes con fracturas expuestas de pierna no aumentó, sino que disminuyó la tasa de infecciones en el control posoperatorio. Conclusión: El estudio avala la colocación de clavos endomedulares en la etapa aguda, en pacientes con fractura de tibia expuestas. Nivel de Evidencia: II


Introduction: The internal fixation of leg fractures exposed in acute, that is, within 24 hours of trauma is quite controversial. The objective of this work is to assess infections associated with acute intramedullary nailing fixation ­versus deferred fixation­ of Gustilo type I and II open fractures. Patients and Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of the acute treatment of patients with open leg fractures admitted to the hospital between 2015 and 2018. The infection rate was analyzed during the first 6 postoperative months after intramedullary nailing, and acute fixation patients were compared against deferred fixation patients. Results: Acute internal fixation with intramedullary nail in patients with open leg fractures does not increase, but decreases, the infection rate in the postoperative control. Conclusion: The study supports acute intramedullary nailing in patients with open tibial fractures. Level of Evidence: II


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Open , Infections
4.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(5) (Nro Esp - AACM Asociación Argentina de Cirugía de la Mano): 651-658, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353972

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 27 años con una lesión grave articular interfalángica proximal en el dedo anular de la mano derecha, provocada por un proyectil de arma de fuego, que fue tratada con doble injerto osteocondral de costilla. Tenía una fractura expuesta y déficit de stock óseo y cartilaginoso tanto en la primera como en la segunda falange. Luego de la limpieza inicial, a las 3 semanas, se realizó una artroplastia interfalángica proximal con doble injerto osteocondral de costilla y fijador externo distractor de Suzuki. Se describe con detalle la técnica quirúrgica.A las 10 semanas posoperatorias, la flexión activa interfalángica era de 75° y la extensión activa, de -15°, con articulación estable. Alta laboral a los 3 meses de la cirugía, sin dolor y un puntaje DASH de 14,2. Las radiografías mostraron la incorporación de los injertos, sin reabsorción y con una articulación congruente.Se valora la ventaja de esta técnica en cuanto a la escasa morbilidad para la zona dadora y la versatilidad para las reconstrucciones con defectos articulares. El resultado funcional temprano subjetivo y objetivo fue satisfactorio. No se pueden descartar complicaciones futuras. Nivel de Evidencia; IV


We present the case of a 27-year-old male patient with a gunshot wound and severe proximal interphalangeal joint injury in the ring finger of the right hand, treated with a double osteochondral rib graft. He had an exposed fracture and a lack of bone and cartilage stock in both the first and second phalanx. After the initial toilette, at 3 weeks, a proximal interphalangeal arthroplasty was performed with a double osteochondral rib graft protected by a Suzuki external distractor. The surgical technique is described in detail. At 10 weeks after surgery, an active interphalangeal joint flexion of 75° and active extension of -15° were verified, without articular instability. The patient returned to work at 3 months after surgery, with no residual pain (0 VAS score) and a DASH score of 14.2. Radiographs showed incorporated grafts without resorption and a congruent joint. This technique is valued for its low morbidity on the donor site and versatility for joint defect reconstructions. The limitations of our study are mentioned. The clinical case presented obtained a satisfactory subjective and objective early functional outcome. Further complications cannot be ruled out. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Transplantation , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Finger/methods , Finger Joint/surgery , Fingers/surgery , Fractures, Open
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921937

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the treatment methods and experience of open fracture of lower limb in high altitude area.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to January 2021, 62 patients with open fractures of lower limbs were treated by staged surgery with the concept of injury control orthopedics, emphasizing wound treatment and combining various fracture fixation methods. There were 51 males and 11 females, ranging in age from 14 to 59 years old, with a mean of (37.2±12.3) years old; and the course of disease ranged from 7 to 59 days, with a mean of (23.7±15.5) days. According to Gustilo Anderson classification, there were 14 cases of typeⅠ, 24 cases of typeⅡ, 14 cases of typeⅢA, 8 cases of typeⅢB and 2 cases of typeⅢC. The fracture repair and wound healing were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated by Johner-Wruhs evaluation standard.@*RESULTS@#Fifty-five patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 4 to 36 months, with a mean of (14.7±8.5) months, and 7 cases were lost to follow-up. According to Johner-Wruhs evaluation criteria, 33 cases got an excellent result, 16 good, 4 poor and 2 bad. The wound healing was poor in 2 cases, partial necrosis of Achilles tendon in 1 case, nonunion of fracture in 1 case and delayed healing of fracture in 2 cases.@*CONCLUSION@#It is an effective method to treat the open fracture of lower extremity in high altitude area to pay attention to the management of soft tissue injury, the management of wound moisturizing, staged operation of fracture and full protection of blood supply at the fracture end. Paying attention to the treatment of soft tissue injury and the management of wound moisturizing, staged operation of fracture and full protection of blood supply at the fracture end are effective methods for the treatment of open fracture of lower limbs in high altitude areas.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Altitude , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Open , Humans , Lower Extremity/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921917

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect of individualized controllable stress external fixator in the treatment of open tibial fractures.@*METHODS@#From December 2018 to July 2020, 60 patients with open tibial fractures were treated, including 35 males and 25 females;The age ranged from 23 to 58 years;The course of disease was 1.2 to 10.0 h. According to the stress stimulation on the fracture end after operation, all patients were divided into 4 groups, including non stress group (15 cases) and 3 groups with different stress stimulation(15 cases in each group). All patients with open tibial fractures were treated with controllable stress external fixator. Four weeks after operation, the stress group adjusted the elastic external fixator to apply axial stress of 1/6, 2/6 and 3/6 of their own weight to the fracture end based on the patient's weight. The wound healing of all patients after operation was observed, the plain CT images of fracture ends at 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 weeks after operation were followed up, the average valueof callus area per 10 scanning planes was calculated, and the differences between the groups were compared. The fracture healing was observed and statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The wounds of all patients healed well, of which 7 patients underwent secondary free skin grafting and transferred myocutaneous flap. All patients were followed up for 12 to 24 months, with an average of 16.5 months. The final follow-up results showed that the fracture healing of stress groups and non stress group had significant difference(@*CONCLUSION@#When the controllable stress external fixation technique is used to treat open tibial fractures, the elastic external fixator is adjusted according to the patient's own weight after 4 weeks, and a certain axial stress is applied to the fracture end, which is conducive to the fracture healing of patients, and can reduce the incidence of delayed union or nonunion of open fractures, which has a certain application value.


Subject(s)
Adult , External Fixators , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Open/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879387

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of bridge-link combined fixation system(BCFS) in treating open middle and lower tibial fractures by external fixation.@*METHODS@#From October 2016 to September 2017, 11 patients with open middle and lower tibial fractures were treated with BCFS by external fixation, including 7 males and 4 females aged from 23 to 65 years old with an average of 44.2 years old;the course of disease ranged from 7 to 10 days. All fractures were open, middle and lower tibiofibular fractures. According to AO classification, 5 patients were type A, 5 patients were type B, and 1 patient was type C. All fractures were classified as typeⅡaccording to Gustilo-Anderson classification. The time of fracture healing, postoperative complications were observed, Johner-Wruhs standard were used to evaluate clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 7 to 13 months with an average of 10.1 months. Fracture healing time ranged from 4 to 8 months with an average of 6.2 months. The removal time of BCFS ranged from 5 to 11 months with an average of 7.8 months. No screws loosening and BCFS breakage occurred after operation, while 1 patient occurred infection of proximal and distal tibia after operation which was healed by anti-inflammatory treatment and dressing change. According to Johner-Wruhs standard, 8 patients were excellent and 3 patients good at the latest follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#BCFS could be used to treat open middle and lower tibial fractures by external fixation, which had features of small size, flexible use, solid and elastic fixation. It could not effectively reduce tissue injury and promote fracture healing, but also have advantages of less postoperative complications and better recovery of limb function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , External Fixators , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Open , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
8.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): e231, jul.-dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156596

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Las fracturas abiertas del tercio distal de tibia o pilón son poco frecuentes, en nuestro medio se producen por traumas de alta energía como los accidentes de tránsito, y pueden ser de distintos grados según su envergadura. Entre las complicaciones frecuentes están la seudoartrosis, deformidades y artritis postraumática. Cuando el dolor es refractario a los analgésicos están indicadas las artrodesis. Objetivo: Presentar los resultados del tratamiento realizado en un paciente con seudoartrosis distal de tibia y artritis postraumática del tobillo, dolorosa, con gran lesión de partes blandas, por lo que fue imposible realizar los procedimientos quirúrgicos habituales. Presentación del caso: Se realizó artrodesis de las articulaciones tibio-peronea-astragalina-calcánea, mediante un injerto libre del peroné autólogo, compresión, y estabilización con un fijador externo RALCA®; se asoció un campo electromagnético pulsátil para acelerar la formación del callo óseo y disminuir el dolor posquirúrgico. Durante dos años se le hizo seguimiento. Conclusiones: Se logró el objetivo del tratamiento al fusionar la articulación tibiotarsiana, comenzar el apoyo precoz y su capacidad funcional. Los resultados demuestran además los beneficios de la compresión realizada con los fijadores externos en las artrodesis; el uso del campo electromagnético asociado aceleró la osteogénesis, se consiguió la consolidación ósea, la estabilización, disminuyó el edema y el dolor, además la reincorporación del paciente a la sociedad. No se encontró en la bibliografía revisada otra técnica quirúrgica similar(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Open fractures of the distal third of the tibia or pilon are rare, in our environment they are caused by high-energy traumas such as traffic accidents, and can be of different degrees depending on their size. Common complications include nonunion, deformities, and post-traumatic arthritis. When pain is refractory to analgesics, arthrodesis is indicated. Objective: To report the results of the treatment carried out in a patient with distal tibial pseudoarthrosis and post-traumatic arthritis of the ankle, painful, with a large soft tissue injury, which made it impossible to perform the usual surgical procedures. Case report: Arthrodesis of the tibiofibular-talar-calcaneal joints was performed, using a free graft of the autologous fibula, compression, and stabilization with a RALCA® external fixator. A pulsatile electromagnetic field was associated to accelerate bone callus formation and reduce postoperative pain. This patient was followed up for two years. Conclusions: The treatment objective was achieved by fusing the tibiotarsal joint, by starting early support and functional capacity. The results also prove the benefits of compression performed with external fixators in arthrodesis. The use of the associated electromagnetic field accelerated osteogenesis, bone consolidation and stabilization were achieved, edema and pain decreased, as well as the patient's reincorporation into society. No other similar surgical technique was found in the reviewed literature(AU)


Subject(s)
Arthrodesis/methods , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Fibula/transplantation , Fractures, Open/surgery
9.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1142102

ABSTRACT

En las fracturas abierta una de las complicaciones más temidas por los cirujanos ortopédicos es la infección de partes blandas y ósea. A pesar de múltiples investigaciones, las pautas de manejo terapéutico para las fracturas abiertas continúan en constante cambio. El objetivo principal de nuestro trabajo fue realizar una actualización sobre la prevención de la infección en las fracturas abiertas a través de una búsqueda bibliográfica poniendo especial énfasis en la utilidad de los cultivos (recuento microbiano) de heridas en el perioperatorio de estas fracturas.


In open fractures, one of the most feared complications by orthopedic surgeons is soft tissue and bone infection. Despite multiple investigations, therapeutic management guidelines for open fractures, is constantly changing. The main objective of our work was to make an update on the prevention of infection in open fractures through a bibliographic search, with special emphasis on the usefulness of cultures (microbial count) of wounds in the perioperative period of these fractures.


Nas fraturas abertas, uma das complicações mais temidas pelos cirurgiões ortopédicos é a infecção de tecidos moles e ossos. Apesar de várias investigações, as diretrizes de tratamento terapêutico para fraturas expostas estão mudando constantemente. O principal objetivo do nosso trabalho foi atualizar a prevenção de infecção em fraturas expostas por meio de uma pesquisa bibliográfica, com ênfase especial na utilidade das culturas (contagem microbiana) de feridas no período perioperatório dessas fraturas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wound Infection/microbiology , Wound Infection/prevention & control , Fractures, Open/microbiology , Colony Count, Microbial , Predictive Value of Tests , Perioperative Period , Fractures, Open/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
10.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(6): 2487-2498, nov.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1150032

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: el control de daños en Ortopedia es aplazar la reparación definitiva de lesiones traumáticas, con el objetivo de la recuperación fisiológica deteriorada por lesiones y/o complicaciones que pueden poner en peligro la vida, realizando entonces procedimientos quirúrgicos sencillos, como una estabilización quirúrgica externa de las fracturas. Objetivo: determinar el comportamiento del control de daños ortopédicos en politraumatizados pediátricos. Materiales y método: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, prospectivo, de corte transversal, de enero del 2015 a diciembre del 2018. El universo estuvo constituido por 22 pacientes menores de 19 años de edad, politraumatizados en el período; la muestra por 15 pacientes, a los que se les aplicó control de daños ortopédicos, según criterios de selección. Resultados: se aplicó control de daños ortopédicos a 15 infantes. El más afectado fue el sexo masculino con el 73,3 %. Prevalecieron los traumatismos de los miembros inferiores con el 58,3 % y las fracturas cerradas con un 53,8 %. La osteomielitis crónica fue la complicación que predominó, en el 20 % de la muestra. En el 73,3 % de los casos se evaluó como satisfactoria la aplicación del control de daños ortopédicos en los politraumatizados. Conclusiones: a la totalidad de los traumatizados se le aplicó control de daños ortopédicos. Predominó el sexo masculino y el grupo de edad de 9 -14 años. Los miembros inferiores aportan la mayor cantidad con el fémur y la tibia. El control de daños ortopédicos se evaluó satisfactoriamente en la mayoría de los pacientes estudiados (AU).


ABSTRAC Introduction: the control of damages in Orthopedics is to postpone the definitive repair of traumatic lesions, with the objective of the physiologic recovery deteriorated by lesions and/or complications that can put in danger the life, carrying out simple surgical procedures, like an external surgical stabilization of the fractures at that time. . Objective: to determine the behavior of the orthopedic damage control in pediatric politraumatized patients. Material and method: a cross-sectional, prospective, descriptive, observational study was carried out from January 2015 to December 2018. The universe was formed by 22 patients younger than 19 years politraumatized in the period and the sample formed 15 patients; they underwent orthopedic damage control, according to the selection criteria. Results: the orthopedic damage control, was applied to 15 children. Male sex was the most affected one. Trauma in the lower limbs with 58.3 % and closed fractures with 53.8 prevailed. The predominating complication was chronic poliomyelitis in 20 % of the sample. The orthopedic damage control in politraumatized patients was assessed as successful in 73.3 % of the cases. Conclusions: the orthopedic damage control was applied to the total of traumatized patients. The male sex and the 9-14 years-old age group predominated. Lower limbs contributed with the biggest quantity of trauma, in femur and tibia. The orthopedic damage control was assessed as successful in most of studied patients (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Multiple Trauma/prevention & control , Child , Patient Harm/prevention & control , Orthopedics/methods , Minor Surgical Procedures/methods , Wounds and Injuries/prevention & control , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Fractures, Closed/diagnosis , Fractures, Open/diagnosis
11.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 26(3): 143-147, 20200900. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1151323

ABSTRACT

El traumatismo de miembros inferiores representa un reto para el cirujano plástico en cuanto a su reconstrucción cuando no se dispone de técnicas microquirúrgicas. En el presente trabajo se presentan tres casos de reconstrucción de rodilla con doble colgajo muscular de gemelo en donde se demuestra que la utilización simultánea de los dos gemelos puede ser aplicada sin dejar ninguna secuela en la parte funcional y estética en la deambulación de los pacientes. No existe en la literatura nacional ni internacional un reporte de casos con esta aplicación, ya que siempre se ha limitado al uso de un solo músculo precisamente por el temor de alterar la función en cuanto a la flexoextensión del pie.


Lower limb trauma is a challenge for plastic surgeons in their reconstruction when microsurgical techniques are available. In this paper we present three cases of reconstruction of the knee with twin double-muscle flap where it is shown that the simultaneous use of the twins can be applied without leaving any sequel partly functional and aesthetics in ambulation of patients. For there is in the national or international literature a repost of cases with this application as it has always been limited to using just a single muscle for fear of disrupting the function in terms of flexion and extension of the foot.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Wounds and Injuries/classification , Lower Extremity/surgery , Fractures, Open/surgery , Knee Injuries/surgery
12.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(3): 284-292, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138038

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate whether the conducts involving antimicrobial treatment and prophylaxis against tetanus have been performed according to the Clinical Protocol of the Institution. Methods Descriptive and retrospective study conducted in patients of both genders, > 18 years old admitted to a public hospital specialized in emergency and trauma, to treat primary open fracture. The data of interest were surveyed in medical records, drug prescriptions, report of patients admitted in the Surgical Block and tetanus prophylaxis requests. Results A total of 241 patients were selected, mostly male (81.7%), young adults (64.3%), victims of motorcycle accidents (53.5%). Infectious complications were present in 18.7% of the fractures, the mean time for the surgical approach was 4 hours and 12 minutes, and 91.7% of the patients had preoperative antimicrobial prescription. The main inadequacies identified were: period of prescription of antimicrobial treatment (63.5%); choice of the antimicrobial scheme (59.3%) and antimicrobial dose (58.0%). Only 14.1% of the patients were immunized against tetanus. Conclusion The greatest divergences with the Clinical Protocol were observed in the issues involving the antimicrobial regimen used, doses and time of prescription, as well as in tetanus prophylaxis.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar se as condutas envolvendo o tratamento antimicrobiano e a profilaxia contra o tétano têm sido realizadas conforme o Protocolo Clínico da Instituição. Métodos Estudo descritivo e retrospectivo, realizado em pacientes de ambos os gêneros, > 18 anos, admitidos em um hospital público estadual especializado em urgência e trauma, para tratamento primário de fratura exposta. Os dados de interesse foram pesquisados em prontuários médicos, prescrições de medicamentos, relatórios de pacientes admitidos no Bloco Cirúrgico e solicitações de profilaxia antitetânica. Resultados Foram selecionados 241 pacientes, a maioria homens (81,7%), adultos jovens (64,3%), vítimas de acidentes motociclísticos (53,5%). As complicações infecciosas estiveram presentes em 18,7% das fraturas, o tempo médio para a abordagem cirúrgica foi de 4 horas e 12 minutos, e 91,7% dos pacientes tiveram prescrição do tratamento antimicrobiano no pré-operatório. As principais inadequações identificadas foram: período de prescrição do tratamento antimicrobiano (63,5%); escolha do esquema de antimicrobianos (59,3%) e dose dos antimicrobianos (58,0%). Apenas 14,1% dos pacientes foram imunizados contra o tétano. Conclusão As maiores divergências com o Protocolo Clínico foram observadas nas questões envolvendo o esquema de antimicrobianos utilizados, doses e tempo de prescrição, bem como na profilaxia antitetânica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Tetanus , Wounds and Injuries , Motorcycles , Accidents , Primary Treatment , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Emergencies , Disease Prevention , Fractures, Bone , Clinical Audit , Fractures, Open , Hospitals, Public , Infections , Anti-Infective Agents , Anti-Bacterial Agents
13.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(4): 430-436, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136238

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical efficacy of cefazolin sodium pentahydrate combined with vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) in the treatment of open fracture complicated with soft tissue injury. METHODS Sixty-three patients with open fracture complicated with soft tissue injury were divided into observation (n = 33) and control (n = 30) groups. After surgical reduction, fixation, and repair of the fractures, the control group was treated with VSD for 10 days, and the observation group was treated with cefazolin sodium pentahydrate based on VSD for 10 days. The infection control time was recorded. After treatment, the pain of patients was evaluated. Before and after treatment, the serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), cortisol, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and glucose were detected. After 6 months of treatment, the total effective rate of the treatment was evaluated. RESULTS The infection control time and Visual Analogue Scale score after treatment in the observation group were significantly lower than in the control group, respectively (P < 0.05). After the treatment, the serum levels of CRP, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, cortisol, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and glucose in each group were significantly lower than before the treatment (P < 0.05), and each index in observation was significantly lower than in the control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS In the treatment of open fractures complicated with soft tissue injury, cefazolin sodium pentahydrate combined with VSD can effectively reduce inflammation and stress, thus improving the treatment efficacy.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Investigar a eficácia clínica do cefazolin penta-hidrato de sódio combinado com drenagem por vedação a vácuo (VSD) no tratamento da fratura exposta complicada com lesão nos tecidos moles. MÉTODOS Sessenta e três doentes com fratura exposta complicada com lesões nos tecidos moles foram divididos em grupos de observação (n=33) e controle (n=30). Após redução cirúrgica, fixação e reparação da fratura, o grupo de controle foi tratado com VSD durante dez dias e o grupo de observação foi tratado com cefazolina penta-hidrato de sódio com base no VSD durante dez dias. O tempo de controle de infecção foi gravado. Após o tratamento, a dor dos doentes foi avaliada. Antes e após o tratamento, foram detectados os níveis séricos de proteína C-reativa (CRP), interleucina (IL)-6, IL -8, fator de necrose tumoral alfa (TNF-α), cortisol, epinefrina, norepinefrina e glicose. Após seis meses de tratamento, a taxa efetiva total de tratamento foi avaliada. RESULTADOS O tempo de controle da infecção e a pontuação da Escala Visual Analógica após o tratamento no grupo de observação foram significativamente inferiores ao do grupo de controle, respectivamente (P<0,05). Após o tratamento, os níveis séricos de CRP, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, cortisol, epinefrina, norepinefrina e glicose em cada grupo foram significativamente menores do que antes do tratamento, respectivamente (P<0,05), e cada índice de observação foi significativamente inferior ao do grupo de controle (P<0,05). CONCLUSÃO No tratamento da fratura exposta complicada com lesões nos tecidos moles, o cefazolin penta-hidrato de sódio combinado com VSD pode efetivamente reduzir a inflamação e o estresse, melhorando assim a eficácia do tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cefazolin/therapeutic use , Soft Tissue Injuries , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy , Fractures, Open/therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Wound Healing , Drainage , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate therapeutic effect of minimally invasive percutaneous plate internal fixation (MIPPO) through a single incision in treating open distal tibiofibula fractures.@*METHODS@#From March 2015 to February 2019, 10 patients with open distal tibiofibula fractures were treated with MIPPO technique through single anterolateral incision, including 8 males and 2 females, aged from 31 to 68 years old. According to Gustilo classification, 6 patients were typeⅠ, 3 patients were typeⅡand 1 patient was type ⅢA. Operative time, intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing were observed, Mazur ankle joint scoring was used to evaluate clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 9 to 24 months. Operative time ranged from 85 to 120 min, intraoperative blood loss ranged from 80 to 200 ml, fracture healing time ranged from 18 to 30 weeks. Nine patients with Gustilo typeⅠandⅡachieved satisfactory healing wound, original wound of 1 patient with Gustilo type ⅢA was poor, and healed by skin flap transplantation at stageⅡ. No steel exposed and infection occurred. According to Mazur ankle scoring at the final following-up, total score was from 61 to 97, and 8 patients got excellent result, 1 good and 1 poor.@*CONCLUSION@#MIPPO technique through anterolateral single incision for the treatment of open distal tibiofibula fractures could protect original medial wound in opertaion, avoid plate exposed through anterolateral extensor tendon to cover internal fixation, and MIPPO technique could protect fracture end blood flow to improve fracture healing rate, and it is a kind of choice.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Open , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
15.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 6(2): 58-65, dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1088703

ABSTRACT

La luxación erecta expuesta de hombro es una asociación lesional de muy baja frecuencia en la edad pediátrica. Son más frecuentes las lesiones fisarias y epifisarias que las luxaciones y lesiones ligamentarias. Esto es debido a la presencia de un tejido óseo con gran poder de deformidad elástica y un periostio grueso. Presentamos un caso clínico de un paciente de 11 años de edad que sufrió una luxación erecta expuesta de hombro derecho, producto de una caída de 1 metro y medio de altura. El tratamiento consistió en una limpieza quirúrgica de urgencia, reducción gleno humeral y antibioticoterapia empírica, penicinila 400.000 UI/kg/día fraccionado cada 6 hs y gentamicina 3mg/Kg/día fraccionada cada 8 h por 10 días, inmovilización por 3 semanas con cabestrillo seguido de rehabilitación, y un follow up de 2 años al final del cual el paciente no presento secuelas funcionales en la articulación glenohumeral derecha.


The exposed erect dislocation of the shoulder is a very low frequency lesion association in the pediatric age. The physical and epiphyseal lesions are more frequent than the dislocations and ligament injuries. This is due to the presence of a bone tissue with great elastic deformity power and a thick periosteum. We present a clinical case of an 11-year-old patient who suffered an exposed erect dislocation of the right shoulder, due to a fall of 1 meter and a half high. The treatment consisted of emergency surgical cleaning, humeral gleno reduction and empirical antibiotic therapy, penicinila 400,000 IU/kg/day divided every 6 hours and gentamicin 3mg/Kg/day divided every 8 hours for 10 days, immobilization for 3 weeks with a sling followed by rehabilitation, and a follow-up of 2 years at the end of which the patient did not present functional sequelae in the right glenohumeral joint.


A luxação ereta exposta do ombro é uma associação de lesão de freqüência muito baixa na idade pediátrica. As lesões físicas e epifisárias são mais freqüentes que as luxações e lesões ligamentares. Isto é devido à presença de um tecido ósseo com grande poder de deformidade elástica e um periósteo espesso. Apresentamos um caso clínico de um paciente de 11 anos de idade que sofreu uma luxação ereta exposta do ombro direito, devido a uma queda de 1 metro e meio de altura. O tratamento consistiu em limpeza cirúrgica de emergência, redução de gleno umeral e antibioticoterapia empírica, penicinila 400.000 UI / kg / dia dividida a cada 6 horas e gentamicina 3mg / Kg / dia dividida a cada 8 horas por 10 dias, imobilização por 3 semanas com tipóia seguida de reabilitação e seguimento de 2 anos no final dos quais o paciente não apresentava sequela funcional na articulação glenoumeral direita.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Dislocation/rehabilitation , Shoulder Dislocation/diagnostic imaging , Fractures, Open/surgery , Fractures, Open/rehabilitation , Fractures, Open/diagnostic imaging , Penicillins/administration & dosage , Shoulder Dislocation/drug therapy , Restraint, Physical , Gentamicins/administration & dosage , Follow-Up Studies , Exercise Therapy , Closed Fracture Reduction , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage
16.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 25(1): 28-32, 20190000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358046

ABSTRACT

El traumatismo grave de rodilla con fractura GIIIC es un desafío para el cirujano plástico en cuanto a planificar su reconstrucción, más aún en nuestro Servicio donde no contamos con técnicas microquirúrgicas ni personal especializado para llevar a cabo dicho procedimiento. En el presente trabajo presentamos 1 caso de reconstrucción de rodilla con colgajo muscular bigemelar, en el cual demostramos buenos resultados, pronta resolución, rápida deambulación del paciente, menor tiempo de estadía hospitalaria y no hubo necesidad de derivación a un hospital de alta complejidad para aplicar un colgajo microvascularizado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Care , Rehabilitation , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Early Diagnosis , Free Tissue Flaps/transplantation , Myocutaneous Flap/transplantation , Fractures, Open/surgery , Knee Injuries/surgery , Microsurgery/methods
17.
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(1): 28-35, ene.-feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248629

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Antecedentes: La introducción de armas de fuego ha incrementado las muertes, asesinatos y suicidios. Las lesiones por proyectil de arma de fuego (PAF) afectan cada vez más a poblaciones civiles (500,000 lesiones anualmente) y es la segunda causa de muerte en jóvenes. La mitad requiere tratamiento de fracturas (45%), acompañado de reportes de 6% que desarrollaron una infección profunda. Material y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo, observacional y transversal en cuatro hospitales de la Secretaría de Salud de la CDMX de la frecuencia de infección en fracturas expuestas por PAF y si existe algún otro factor que acompañe a la infección. Resultados: Se encontraron en la revisión de los expedientes de los cuatro hospitales a 67 pacientes, hombres, con una incidencia de infecciones de 4.5%, al analizar los factores de riesgo éstos no presentaron asociación significativa. Discusión: Ningún factor de riesgo posee significancia estadística de que se presente algún proceso infeccioso, probablemente por un buen tratamiento inicial.


Abstract: Background: The introduction of firearms has increased deaths, assassinations and suicides. Firearm projectile injuries (PAF) increasingly affect civilian populations (500,000 injuries annually), it is the second cause of death in young people. Half required fracture treatment (45%), accompanied by reports of 6% who developed a deep infection. Material and methods: Retrospective, observational, cross-sectional study in four hospitals of the Secretary of Health of CDMX of the frequency of infection in fractures exposed by PAF and if there is any other factor that is associated with the infection. Results: In the review of the files of the four hospitals, 67 patients were found, men, with an incidence of infections of 4.5%, when analyzing the risk factors these did not present a significant association. Discussion: No risk factor has statistical significance for any infectious process to occur, probably due to a good initial treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Wounds, Gunshot/complications , Firearms , Retrospective Studies , Fractures, Open/complications , Wounds, Gunshot , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Infections/etiology
18.
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(1): 2-7, ene.-feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248624

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: El manejo de la extremidad severamente traumatizada continúa siendo materia de debate. Las fracturas de tibia III-B de Gustilo-Anderson tienen un amplio espectro de variantes, no hay guías mediante esta clasificación para un manejo. MESS ha demostrado asociación funcional y pronóstica. Objetivo: Identificar el patrón de decisión por parte de los cirujanos para la prescripción de amputaciones en fracturas de tibia expuesta grado IIIB Gustilo-Anderson con escala MESS. Material y métodos: Es un estudio descriptivo, observacional, prospectivo, transversal y analítico. Se evaluaron 131 ortopedistas de un centro de referencia de patología traumática, quienes con uso de la escala MESS evaluaron 10 casos clínicos representativos de fracturas de tibia expuesta grado III-B de Gustilo-Anderson presentados en dispositivo electrónico. Se evaluó la concordancia de las decisiones entre cirujanos que laboran y expertos. Se realizó análisis inferencial mediante χ2 (p < 0.05) de las variables del estudio: experiencia del cirujano, postgrados académicos, práctica clínica frecuente de amputaciones, concordancia de las decisiones con escala MESS con respecto al patrón de prescripción obtenido por expertos. Resultados: No se encontró asociación entre las variables con la aplicación de MESS (χ2 = 1.28, p = 0.2575). Los cirujanos de más de 10 años incrementaron una vez la posibilidad de coincidir con el resultado de expertos (OR = 2.088, IC 95%) (p = 0.0066). Conclusión: Las variables como postgrados académicos, experiencia quirúrgica y práctica clínica frecuente no influyen en la correcta aplicación de la escala MESS. Los cirujanos de más de 10 años de experiencia incrementaron al doble la posibilidad de una decisión precisa.


Abstract: Introduction: The management of severely traumatized extremity continues to be a matter of debate. Gustilo-Anderson tibial fractures III-B have a wide spectrum of variants, there are no guidelines using this classification for management. MESS has demonstrated functional and prognostic association. Objective: To identify the pattern of decision made by surgeons for the prescription of amputations in tibial fractures exposed grade III-B Gustilo-Anderson with MESS scale. Material and methods: This is a descriptive, observational, prospective, transversal, analytical study. One hundred thirty-one orthopedists from a traumatic pathology referral center were evaluated, using the MESS scale to evaluate 10 representative clinical cases of Gustilo-Anderson grade III-B tibial fractures presented in an electronic device. The concordance of the decisions between working surgeons and experts was evaluated. Inferential analysis was performed using the χ2 (p < 0.05) of the study variables: surgeon experience, academic postgraduate studies, frequent clinical practice of amputations, concordance of decisions with MESS scale with respect to the prescription pattern obtained by experts. Results: There was no association between the variables, with the application of MESS. (χ2 = 1.28, p = 0.2575). Surgeons of more than 10 years, increased once the possibility of matching the result of experts (OR = 2.088, 95% CI) (p = 0.0066). Conclusion: Academic degrees, surgical experience, and frequent clinical practice do not influence the correct application of the MESS scale. Surgeons with more than 10 years of experience have doubled the possibility of a precise decision.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Fractures, Open/surgery , Amputation , Prognosis , Tibia , Retrospective Studies , Decision Making
19.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1003009

ABSTRACT

Se presenta un paciente con una extremidad superior gravemente lesionada por arma de fuego. Inicialmente fue tratado con múltiples limpiezas quirúrgicas y colocación de tutor externo AO. El tratamiento definitivo consistió en tutor externo monolateral, además de injerto estructural de cresta ilíaca. Durante el manejo inicial, se detecta lesión del nervio radial, con nervio en continuidad. Dado el proceso cicatricial y la infección de partes blandas, no se logra manejar en la etapa aguda. Posteriormente se realizan transferencias tendinosas para nervio radial. La evolución fue favorable y la función de la extremidad superior resultó satisfactoria. Se comunica este caso debido a su complejo manejo a causa de las lesiones óseas, neurovasculares, cutáneas y de partes blandas. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


We present a patient with a severely injured upper extremity due to a shotgun. Patient was initially managed with multiple surgical debridements and an external AO fixator. Final treatment was performed with a monolateral external fixator in addition to a iliac crest structural graft. During initial management, a radial nerve injury was observed; the nerve was intact, though devitalized. Given the scarring process and soft tissue infection, treatment was performed in the acute phase. Subsequently, tendon transfers were made to treat a radial nerve injury. Patient evolved favorably and regained adequate function of the upper extremity. This case is presented due to its complex management due to bone, neurovascular, skin, and soft tissue involvement. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Arm Injuries , Tendon Transfer , Wounds, Gunshot , External Fixators , Fractures, Open , Humeral Fractures
20.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1003004

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los defectos óseos segmentarios infectados son entidades de complejo tratamiento. La técnica de Masquelet representa una alternativa para estos casos. El objetivo de este estudio retrospectivo multicéntrico fue mostrar los resultados clínicos y radiográficos obtenidos con esta técnica de reconstrucción en defectos óseos segmentarios infectados de fémur y tibia, caracterizar los defectos tratados y describir los diferentes aspectos de la técnica quirúrgica. Materiales y Métodos: Analizamos a 24 pacientes (14 hombres y 10 mujeres; edad promedio 36.16 años [rango 18-67]) tratados con la técnica de Masquelet, operados entre 2011 y 2016. El seguimiento promedio fue de 16.5 meses (rango 12-27) desde el segundo tiempo quirúrgico. Se analizaron el hueso afectado, la longitud del defecto (en cm), el tiempo de consolidación y el control del proceso infeccioso. Resultados: La longitud del defecto óseo tratado fue, en promedio, de 5,7 cm (rango 3-12), fue superior a 4 cm en el 50% de los casos, el defecto óseo segmentario de mayor tamaño en la tibia fue de 12 cm y de 10 cm en el fémur. Se logró la consolidación ósea, en todos los casos, en 4.5 meses. Un paciente presentó una recidiva del proceso infeccioso a los 12 meses de la consolidación. Conclusiones: La técnica de Masquelet o de la membrana inducida ofrece una alternativa razonable y sencilla para un problema altamente desafiante como son los defectos óseos segmentarios infectados. La tasa de consolidación es superior al 90% aun en casos complejos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Infected segmental bone defects are challenging conditions, which require a complex treatment. The Masquelet technique is an alternative for these cases. The aim of this retrospective, multicenter study was to show clinical and radiological outcomes achieved with the use of this reconstruction technique in infected femoral and tibial segmental defects in order to characterize the defects treated and describe different aspects of this surgical approach. Methods: We analyzed 24 patients (14 men and 10 women; average age 36.16 years [range 18-67]) treated with the Masquelet technique between 2011 and 2016. The average follow-up was 16.5 months (range 12-27) from the second surgical stage. We analyzed the affected bone, defect length (cm), consolidation time and infection control. Results: Average length of treated bone defect was 5.7 cm (range 3-12), exceeding 4 cm in 50% of the cases. The largest segmental bone defect was 12 cm at the tibia and 10 cm at the femur. Bone consolidation was achieved in all cases, on an average of 4.5 months. One patient presented a recurrent infection 12 months after the successful consolidation. Conclusions: The Masquelet technique, or induced membrane technique offers a reasonable and simple alternative to a highly challenging problem, such as infected segmental bone defects, achieving a consolidation rate greater than 90% even in complex cases. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Osteomyelitis , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Tibial Fractures/complications , Fracture Healing , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Femoral Fractures/complications , Fractures, Closed/complications , Fractures, Open/complications , Treatment Outcome
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