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2.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(1): 11-16, mar. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1102183

ABSTRACT

Las Unidades de Mediana Estancia (UME) se definen como un recurso institucional con camas de hospitalización para pacientes ancianos, en donde ‒una vez superada la fase aguda de la enfermedad‒ sea posible efectuar un tratamiento a medio plazo, con recursos rehabilitadores, atención médica y cuidados de enfermería, todo ello con el propósito de conseguir la recuperación funcional y la reinserción en la comunidad. El objetivo de este trabajo fue efectuar un estudio cuasi experimental con propio individuo control antes-después con el fin de describir las características basales de los pacientes ingresados en la UME con objetivos de rehabilitación, así como su ganancia funcional luego de la intervención, medida como la diferencia entre el índice de Barthel al alta (valor final) y al ingreso en la UME (valor basal). Para ello se incluyeron 122 personas y se obtuvo como principal resultado una ganancia funcional positiva de 40 puntos y un parámetro de eficacia (ganancia funcional/días de internación) de 1,18. Los resultados obtenidos se consideran, de acuerdo con la literatura, como efectivos y eficaces. (AU)


Subacute Care Units are defined as an institutional resource with hospital beds where once a patient overcomes the acute phase of a disease, it is possible for him to undergo a rehabilitation treatment with the objective of achieving functional recovery and reintegration into the community. The purpose of this paper was to carry out a quasi-experimental before and after study where the subjects serve as their own controls, in order to describe the baseline characteristics of the patients admitted to the subacute care unit with rehabilitation objectives, as well as their functional gain after the intervention, measured as the difference between the Barthel index at discharge (final value) and admission to the EMU (baseline value). For this, 122 people were included, obtaining as main results a positive functional gain of 40 points (p <0.001) and an efficiency parameter (functional gain / days of hospitalization) of 1.18, considering the results obtained according to the literature as effective and efficient. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Subacute Care/statistics & numerical data , Hospital Units/statistics & numerical data , Argentina/epidemiology , Rehabilitation/methods , Population Dynamics/statistics & numerical data , Frail Elderly/statistics & numerical data , Caregivers/psychology , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Patient-Centered Care , Homebound Persons/rehabilitation , Subacute Care/methods , Subacute Care/organization & administration , Medical Care/methods , Rehabilitation Services , Hospitalization/economics , Hospitalization/trends , Nursing Care/methods
3.
Arch. med ; 20(1): 181-187, 2020-01-18.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1053280

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: caracterizar los pacientes adultos mayores con hipertensión arterial pertenecientes al Policlínico Docente José Martí (Santiago de Cuba, Cuba, consultorios médicos de familia número 14 y 15) en el período enero y diciembre del 2016. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal, en un universo constituido por los 201 adultos mayores diagnosticados con hipertensión arterial y que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Para obtener los datos se revisaron las historias clínicas de salud familiar y las historias clínicas individuales de los pacientes, y se realizó encuesta a los mismos. Se utilizó el porcentaje como medida de resumen y los resultados se llevaron a tablas estadísticas. Resultados: tabulados los resultados se encontró que el 60,2% de los pacientes tienen hipertensión arterial grado I, el 22,4% están entre 60 y 64 años y el 65,2% son de sexo femenino. El 80,1% tienen antecedentes hereditarios de hipertensión arterial y el 56,2% manifiestan el estrés como factor de riesgo asociado. Los eventos agudos asociados a urgencia y/o emergencia hipertensiva fueron los más frecuentes con un 88,6%; y el 54,2% realiza tratamiento combinado.Conclusiones: los adultos mayores estudiados forman parte de la alta prevalencia de hipertensión arterial (HTA) en el municipio Santiago de cuba, relacionándose a las estadísticas nacionales y donde la prevención es elemental..(AU)


Objective: to characterize the elderly patients with arterial hypertension, belonging to the Educational Polyclinic Jose Marti (Santiago de Cuba, Cuba , family doctor's office number 14 and 15), during the period understood between January and December of the 2016. Materials and methods: a descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed in a universe constituted by the 201 elderly patients diagnosed as hypertensive, which fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Family health medical records, individual patient medical records and surveys were used for data collection. the percentage was used as a summary measure and the results were taken to statical tables. Results: the tabulated results find 60.2% of patients have grade 1 arterial hypertension, 22.4% are between 60 and 64 years old and 65.2% are female. 80.1% have a hereditary history of arterial hypertension and 56.2% have stress as an associated risk factor. The acute events associated with urgency and/or hypertensive emergency were the most frequent with 88.6% and 54.2% performed combined treatment. Conclusions: the bigger affected adults are part of the high prevalence of arterial hypertension (HTA) en the Santiago de Cuba municipality, by relating to the national estadiscases and where the prevention is elementary.


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Frail Elderly , Hypertension
4.
J. nurs. health ; 10(1): 20101006, jan.2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1097588

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: investigar a ocorrência de quedas em idosos residentes em uma instituição de longa permanência. Método: estudo quantitativo, retrospectivo, exploratório, que revisou prontuários de idosos institucionalizados em Goiás, quanto à existência de quedas. Resultados: entre os 65 prontuários investigados, entre os anos 2014 a 2018, 32,3% tiveram registro de quedas, com recorrência de quedas em 47,6% dos idosos. Os principais agravos decorrentes das quedas foram ferimentos cortantes 32% e escoriações 14%. Conclusão: os agravos relacionados às quedas variaram entre lesões cutâneas a fraturas, reforçando a importância da implantação de protocolos, com vista à prevenção de quedas. A revisão dos prontuários demonstrou lacunas nos registros das informações, o que não permitiu a identificação de informações relativas aos horários das quedas, tipo de atendimento prestado e o desfecho desses casos.(AU)


Objective: to investigate the occurrence of falls in elderly residents in a long-stay institution. Method: quantitative, retrospective, exploratory study, which reviewed medical records of institutionalized elderly in Goiás, regarding the existence of falls. Results: among the 65 medical records investigated, between the years 2014 to 2018, 32.3% had a record of falls, with recurrence of falls in 47.6% of the elderly. The main injuries resulting from the falls were sharp wounds 32% and abrasions 14%. Conclusion: the injuries related to recorded falls varied between skin lesions to fractures, reinforcing the importance of the implementation of protocols with a view to preventing falls. The review of medical records showed gaps in information records, and did not allow the identification of information related to the times of falls, type of care provided and the outcome of these cases.(AU)


Objetivo: investigar la ocurrencia de caídas em ancianos residentes em una institución de larga estancia. Método: estudio cuantitativo, retrospectivo, exploratorio, que revisó los registros médicos de ancianos institucionalizados en Goiás, sobre la existencia de caídas. Resultados: se investigaron los registros de caídas en 65 registros médicos entre 2014 y 2018, el 32,3% tuvo un registro de caídas, con recurrencia de las caídas en el 47,6% de los ancianos. Las principales lesiones resultantes de las caídas fueron lesiones bruscas 32% y abrasiones 14%. Conclusión: las lesiones relacionadas con las caídas registradas variaron entre lesiones cutáneas y fracturas, reforzando la importancia de la implementación de protocolos con miras a prevenir caídas. La revisión de los registros médicos mostró lagunas en los registros de información, y no permitió la identificación de información de los momentos en que hubo las caídas, el tipo de atención proporcionada y el resultado de estos casos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Accidental Falls , Aged , Frail Elderly , Institutionalization
5.
Cogitare enferm ; 25: e67077, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1089626

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: analisar a associação dos marcadores e da condição de fragilidade física à incontinência urinária em assistência ambulatorial de geriatria e gerontologia. Método: estudo transversal, desenvolvido na atenção secundária à saúde de ambulatório do Paraná, com 384 idosos. Coletaram-se dados entre setembro de 2016 a março de 2017 mediante fenótipo de fragilidade e questionário International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form. Resultados: dos idosos 118 (30,7%) foram considerados não frágeis, 212 (55,2%) pré-frágeis, 54 (14,1%) frágeis, 106 (27,6%) com incontinência urinária, 50 (47,2%) com impacto muito grave na rotina diária, 18 (17,0%) grave, 16 (15,0%) moderado, 11 (10,4%) leve a nenhum impacto. Associaram-se à incontinência urinária a condição de fragilidade (p=0,011), os marcadores força de preensão manual diminuída (p=0,027), fadiga e exaustão (p=0,002) e velocidade da marcha reduzida (p=0,000). Conclusão: os resultados contribuem com o desenvolvimento crítico da enfermagem no momento de avaliar as necessidades de cuidado gerontológico.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar la asociación de los marcadores y la condición de fragilidad física a la incontinencia urinaria en la atención ambulatoria en geriatría y gerontología. Método: estudio transversal, desarrollado en atención secundaria ambulatoria de salud del estado de Paraná (Brasil), con 384 ancianos. La recolección de datos se realizó entre septiembre de 2016 y marzo de 2017, mediante fenotipo de fragilidad y cuestionario International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form. Resultados: 118 (30,7%) ancianos se consideraron no débiles, 212 (55,2%) pre débiles, 54 (14,1%) débiles, 106 (27,6%) con incontinencia urinaria, 50 (47,2%) con impacto muy grave en la rutina diaria, 18 (17,0%) con impacto grave, 16 (15,0%) con impacto moderado, 11 (10,4%) con leve o ningún impacto. Se asociaron a la incontinencia la condición de fragilidad (p=0,011), los marcadores fuerza de sujeción manual disminuida (p=0,027), fatiga y agotamiento (p=0,002) y velocidad da marcha reducida (p=0,000). Conclusión: los resultados contribuyen al desarrollo crítico de la enfermería al momento de evaluar las necesidades de cuidado gerontológico.


ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the association of markers and physical frailty condition with urinary incontinence in outpatient geriatric and gerontological care. Method: A cross-sectional study, developed in the secondary health care of an outpatient clinic of Paraná, with 384 elderly. Data were collected between September 2016 and March 2017 through frailty phenotype and the questionnaire International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form. Results: of the elderly 118 (30.7%) were considered non-frail, 212 (55.2%) pre-frail, 54 (14.1%) frail, 106 (27.6%) with urinary incontinence, 50 (47.2 %) with very severe impact on daily routine, 18 (17.0%) severe, 16 (15.0%) moderate, 11 (10.4%) mild to no impact. Urinary incontinence was associated with the condition of frailty (p=0.011), the markers for decreased handgrip strength (p=0.027), fatigue and exhaustion (p=0.002) and reduced gait speed (p=0.000). Conclusion: The results contribute to the critical development of nursing when assessing the needs of gerontological care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Urinary Incontinence , Frail Elderly , Geriatric Nursing , Aged , Frailty
6.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 1037-1044, jan.-dez. 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1118677

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Comparar a prevalência da fragilidade com o perfil sociodemográfico e a avaliação subjetiva de saúde de idosos cadastrados em Centros de Referência de Assistência Social em um município do interior paulista. MÉTODOS: Estudo comparativo e transversal, baseado no método quantitativo de investigação. Foram avaliados 247 idosos utilizando-se: questionário para caracterização do idoso, Avaliação Subjetiva de Saúde e Escala de Fragilidade de Edmonton. As entrevistas foram realizadas no domicílio. Todos os cuidados éticos foram observados. A pesquisa foi aprovada sob CAAE 00867312.8.0000.5504. RESULTADOS: Dos idosos avaliados, 41,7% não apresentaram fragilidade e 36,8% possuíam algum nível (seja fragilidade leve, moderada ou severa). Houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre fragilidade e: número de doenças relatadas e avaliação subjetiva de saúde (p<0,01). CONCLUSÃO: Idosos frágeis, com comorbidades e auto percepção negativa da saúde merecem especial atenção dos serviços de saúde e de assistência social


Objective: The study's main purpose has been to compare the prevalence of frailty with both demographic profile and subjective evaluation of health of older adults registered in Social Assistance Referral Centers of a countryside municipality from the São Paulo State. Methods: It is a comparative and cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. There were assessed 247 older adults using the following: a questionnaire for the characterization of older adults, Subjective Evaluation of Health and the Edmonton Frail Scale. The interviews were carried out at home. All ethical precepts were respected. This research was approved under the Certificado de Apresentação para Apreciação Ética (CAAE) [Certificate of Presentation for Ethical Appraisal] No. 00867312.8.0000.5504. Results: Considering the assessed older people, 41.7% did not show frailty, whereas 36.8% did show some level (mild, moderate or severe) of it. There was found a statistically significant difference between frailty and the following: number of reported diseases and subjective evaluation of health (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Frail older adults bearing comorbidities and negative self-perception of their health deserve special attention from social assistance and health care services


Objetivo: El estudio tuvo como objetivo comparar la prevalencia de la fragilidad con el perfil sociodemográfico y la evaluación subjetiva de la salud de las personas mayores inscrita en los Centros de Referencia de Asistencia Social en un municipio del Estado de Sao Paulo. Métodos: Estudio comparativo y transversal, basado en el método cuantitativo de investigación. Se evaluarón 247 adultos mayores utilizando: cuestionario para caracterización del adulto mayor, Evaluación Subjetiva de Salud y Escala de Fragilidad de Edmonton. Las encuentas se realizarón en el domicilio. Se tuvieron todos los cuidados éticos. La investigación fue aprobada bajo CAAE 00867312.8.0000.5504. Resultados: Considerando la evaluación de los adultos mayores,41,7% de los adultos mayores evaluados no presentarón fragilidad y 36,8% tenían algún nivel (sea fragilidad leve, moderada o severa). Se observó una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre la fragilidad y el número de enfermedades notificadas y la evaluación subjetiva de la salud. Conclusión: Adultos mayores frágiles, con comorbilidad y auto percepción negativa de la salud merecen especial atención de los servicios de salud y de asistencia social


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Frail Elderly , Social Vulnerability , Health Services for the Aged , Aged
7.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 503-508, jan.-dez. 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1087515

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar a associação entre a síndrome da fragilidade e o uso de tecnologias assistivas em idosos de um ambulatório. Método: Pesquisa transversal, com 374 idosos, entre fevereiro de 2016 a fevereiro de 2017. A coleta de dados contemplou instrumento estruturado e Escala de Fragilidade de Edmonton. Para análise utilizou-se o Stata®12, verificou-se a associação por meio dos testes F de Fisher e t de Student (p≤0,05). Resultados: Predomínio de mulheres (67,4%), média de idade de 67,9 anos, casados (56,4%), baixa escolaridade (55,1%). Dos participantes, 4,5% utilizavam bengala, 1,3% muleta e 0,3% andador, 29,4% faziam uso de lentes corretivas, 40,1% dos idosos apresentaram algum grau de fragilidade. As análises bivariada e multivariada apontaram associação positiva entre a fragilidade e bengala (p=0,001). Conclusão: Importante do profissional de saúde, realize o rastreio precoce da fragilidade com destaque para os idosos em uso de tecnologias assistivas, pois podem indicar o comprometimento e perda funcional


Objective: To analyze the association between the fragility syndrome and the use of assistive technologies in the elderly in an outpatient clinic. Method: Cross-sectional research with 374 elderly individuals, between February 2016 and February 2017. Data collection included structured instrument and Edmonton Fragility Scale. Stata®12 was used for analysis, the association was verified through Fisher's F test and Student's t test (p≤0.05). Results: Predominance of women (67.4%), mean age of 67.9 years, married (56.4%), low educational level (55.1%). Of the participants, 4.5% used bengal, 1.3% crutch and 0.3% walker, 29.4% used corrective lenses, 40.1% of the elderly presented some degree of fragility. The bivariate and multivariate analysis showed a positive association between fragility and bengal (p=0.001). Conclusion: Important for the health professional, perform the early screening of the fragility, highlighting the elderly using assistive technologies, as they may indicate impairment and functional loss


Objetivo: Analizar la asociación entre el síndrome de fragilidad y el uso de tecnologías asistivas en ancianos de un ambulatorio. Método: Investigación transversal, con 374 ancianos, entre febrero de 2016 a febrero de 2017. La recolección de datos contempló instrumento estructurado y Escala de Fragilidad de Edmonton. Para el análisis se utilizó el Stata®12, se verificó la asociación por medio de las pruebas F de Fisher y t de Student (p≤0,05). Resultados: Predominio de mujeres (67,4%), promedio de edad de 67,9 años, casados (56,4%), baja escolaridad (55,1%). De los participantes, el 4,5% utilizaba bengala, el 1,3% muleta y el 0,3% andador, el 29,4% hacía uso de lentes correctivas, el 40,1% de los ancianos presentaron algún grado de fragilidad. Los análisis bivariados y multivariados apuntaron una asociación positiva entre la fragilidad y el bengala (p=0,001). Conclusión: Importante del profesional de salud, realice el rastreo precoz de la fragilidad con destaque para los ancianos en uso de tecnologías asistivas, pues pueden indicar el compromiso y pérdida funcional


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Self-Help Devices/statistics & numerical data , Frail Elderly/statistics & numerical data , Frailty/nursing , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ambulatory Care/trends , Frailty/prevention & control , Geriatric Nursing
8.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782496

ABSTRACT

Frailty is defined as a reduced physiologic reserve vulnerable to external stressors. For older individuals, frailty plays a decisive role in increasing adverse health outcomes in most clinical situations. Many tools or criteria have been introduced to define frailty in recent years, and the definition of frailty has gradually converged into several consensuses. Frail older adults often have multi-domain risk factors in terms of physical, psychological, and social health. Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is the process of identifying and quantifying frailty by examining various risky domains and body functions, which is the basis for geriatric medicine and research. CGA provides physicians with information on the reversible area of frailty and the leading cause of deterioration in frail older adults. Therefore frailty assessment based on understanding CGA and its relationship with frailty, can help establish treatment strategies and intervention in frail older adults. This review article summarizes the recent consensus and evidence of frailty and CGA.


Subject(s)
Aged , Consensus , Frail Elderly , Geriatric Assessment , Humans , Risk Factors
9.
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) ; 46(6): 151-155, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1054917

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Cognitive impairment and frailty are important problems affecting the elderly population. Frail elderly present worse overall cognitive performance. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate general and domain-specific cognitive performance among non-frail, pre-frail, and frail elderly persons. Methods This is a cross-sectional study in which 267 elderly persons living in São Carlos, SP were divided into three groups according to the frailty criteria defined by Fried et al. Cognitive performance was evaluated with a battery of cognitive tests covering domains such as memory, attention, language, and executive functioning. A multinomial logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, gender, and education was performed to evaluate the association between performance in cognitive domains and levels of frailty. Results Frailty was significantly associated with lower scores on the global cognitive test (RRR = 0.86; IC 95% 0.78-0.96; p < 0.01), word list memory (RRR = 0.92; IC 95% 0.86-0.99; p = 0.02), and figure list recognition (RRR = 0.78; IC 95% 0.62-0.99; p = 0.04). Pre-frailty was associated with lower scores on the word list memory (RRR = 0.92; IC 95% 0.86-1.00; p = 0.04) and naming test (RRR = 0.82; IC 95% 0.69-0.99; p = 0.03). Discussion Frailty syndrome can influence general cognition and specific domains such as memory and language. Prospective studies will be fundamental to evaluate the causal relation between frailty and cognition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Cognitive Dysfunction/epidemiology , Frailty/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Frail Elderly , Cognition , Self Report , Cognitive Dysfunction/complications , Frailty/complications , Neuropsychological Tests
10.
Estud. interdiscip. envelhec ; 24(3): 101-114, dez. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1104162

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Delinear o perfil sociodemográfico da população idosa de um município de pequeno porte do estado do Rio Grande do Sul e identificar a prevalência de fragilidade em idosos residentes na comunidade. Método: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, analítico e de base populacional. Foram incluídas pessoas com 60 anos ou mais, de ambos os sexos, que residiam na zona urbana e estavam adstritos às Estratégias de Saúde Família. Foram avaliados dados sociodemográficos e de saúde e o Fenótipo da Fragilidade, o qual inclui perda de peso, velocidade da marcha, força de preensão palmar, nível de atividade física e fadiga. Para análise dos dados utilizou-se medidas de tendência central, de dispersão e variabilidade, teste do qui-quadrado de Pearson e o teste Mann-Whitney, considerando valores de p menores ou igual a 0,05 significativos. Resultados: A prevalência de fragilidade foi de 14,3% e de pré- -fragilidade foi de 46,9%. As mulheres apresentaram maior fadiga, menor força de preensão palmar, menor velocidade de marcha e maior taxa de gasto metabólico, e houve diferença entre homens e mulheres quanto ao estado civil e número de condições crônicas. Conclusão: Enfatiza-se a importância de políticas públicas voltadas a população idosa, com ênfase nas diferenças entre os sexos e salienta-se a importância do rastreio da condição de fragilidade em idosos residentes na comunidade.


Objective: To outline the sociodemographic profile of older adults population of a small municipality in the state of Rio Grande do Sul and to identify the prevalence of frailty in elderly residents of the community. Method: This is a cross-sectional, analytical and population-based study. We included people aged 60 and over, both sexes, who lived in the urban area and were attached to the Family Health Strategies. Sociodemographic and health data and the Frailty Phenotype were evaluated, which included weight loss, walking speed, grip strength, physical activity level and fatigue. For the analysis of the data we used measures of central tendency, dispersion and variability, Pearson's chi-square test and the Mann-Whitney test, considering values of p less than or equal to 0.05 significant. Results: The prevalence of frailty was 14.3% and pre-frailty was 46.9%. The women presented greater fatigue, lower grip strength, lower gait velocity and higher rate of metabolic expenditure, and there were differences between males and females regarding marital status and number of chronic conditions. Conclusion: Emphasis is given to the importance of public policies aimed at older adults population, with emphasis on the differences between the sexes and the importance of the screening of the condition of frailty in elderly residents in the community.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Socioeconomic Factors , Aging , Frail Elderly , Brazil/epidemiology , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies
11.
Estud. interdiscip. envelhec ; 24(3): 115-127, dez. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1104166

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar os sentimentos atribuídos quanto à convivência com o idoso com Doença de Parkinson à luz dos cuidadores familiares. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo, do tipo descritivo-exploratório e transversal. Os participantes do estudo foram os cuidadores familiares que conviviam com o idoso portador da Doença de Parkinson. A amostra foi constituída por 20 cuidadores familiares. Para a coleta de dados utilizou-se os seguintes instrumentos: questionário referente ao perfil pessoal e familiar dos participantes e roteiro de entrevista semiestruturado, a estratégia metodológica para análise das entrevistas foi o Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo (DSC). Resultados: Emergiram as seguintes categorias: "dificuldade pela evolução da doença", "convivo de forma tranquila", "compromisso diário", "sentimento de impotência". Conclusão: É de extrema necessidade cuidar do cuidador e intensificar esforços para amparar estas famílias na sua integralidade, no propósito de eliminar as vulnerabilidades que esses cuidadores são expostos e que implicam diretamente na sua qualidade de vida.


Purpose: To identify the feelings attributed to living with elderly people with Parkinson's disease in the light of family caregivers. Methods: This is a qualitative, descriptive-exploratory and cross-sectional study. The study participants were family caregivers who lived with older adults carrier with Parkinson's disease. The sample consisted of 20 family caregivers. For data collection, the following instruments were used: questionnaire regarding the personal and family profile of the participants and a semi-structured interview script, the methodological strategy for the analysis of the interviews was the Discourse of the Collective Subject (DSC). Results: The following categories emerged: "difficulties by evolution of illness", "live together with ease", "daily commitment", and "feeling of impotence". Conclusion: It is of extreme necessity to care for the caregiver and to intensify efforts in order to support these families in their integrality, in the purpose of eliminating the vulnerabilities that these caregivers are exposed and that imply directly in their quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Parkinson Disease , Frail Elderly , Caregivers/psychology , Family Relations , Cross-Sectional Studies
12.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 21(3): 30-39, sept.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1090441

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: Dentro de los grandes síndromes geriátricos, la inmovilidad es una de las más graves consecuencias de las enfermedades que puede sufrir el anciano. Objetivo: Caracterizar el comportamiento del síndrome de inmovilidad en los adultos mayores del Grupo Básico de Trabajo n.o 1 del policlínico Bernardo Posse de San Miguel del Padrón. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, en 145 pacientes con síndrome de inmovilidad, de una población de 160 ancianos desde enero de 2015 a diciembre del 2017. Se determinó el tipo de inmovilidad, y las causas principales, así como las complicaciones. Resultados: El síndrome predominó en pacientes femeninos en edades altas de la vida. El tipo de inmovilidad más frecuente fue la larvada y las causas más frecuentes fueron las enfermedades osteomioarticulares, las infecciones, el cáncer y el síndrome del cuidador. Las complicaciones que predominaron fueron a nivel de los sistemas digestivo, respiratorio, cardiovascular y la piel. Conclusiones: El riesgo de presentar algún tipo de inmovilidad aumenta con la edad y el sexo femenino es más susceptible a este. La inmovilidad es una entidad sindromática que deteriora de manera significativa la calidad de vida de los adultos mayores ya que el anciano inmovilizado es un paciente de alto riesgo para la aparición de complicaciones.


ABSTRACT Background: Within the great geriatric syndromes, immobility is one of the most serious consequences of the diseases that the elderly can suffer. Objective: To characterize the behavior of the immobility syndrome in the elderly from the Basic Working Group No. 1 at Bernardo Posse polyclinic in San Miguel del Padrón. Methodology: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out in 145 patients with immobility syndrome, from a population of 160 elderly people, from January 2015 to December 2017. The type of immobility was determined, as well as the main causes, as well as complications. Results: The syndrome predominated in female patients at high ages of life. The most frequent type of immobility was larvae and the most frequent causes were osteomyoarticular diseases, infections, and cancer also the caregiver syndrome. The predominated complications were at the level of the digestive, respiratory, cardiovascular and skin systems. Conclusions: The risk of presenting some type of immobility increases with age, and the female sex is more susceptible to it. Immobility is a syndromic disease that significantly deteriorates the quality of life of elderly, since the immobilized elderly person is a high-risk patient for complications.


Subject(s)
Risk Factors , Frail Elderly , Health Risk Behaviors , Geriatrics , Immobilization , Disabled Persons , Homebound Persons , Mobility Limitation
13.
Vínculo ; 16(2): 88-109, jul.-dez. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1099427

ABSTRACT

O Alzheimer é uma doença neurodegenerativa que prejudica a cognição, memória e habilidades motoras do indivíduo. O objetivo desse estudo verificou benefícios da intervenção grupal e interdisciplinar, propiciando qualidade de vida para pessoas com Alzheimer. Trata-se de uma pesquisa de campo que constituiu na intervenção psicológica grupal alcançando pessoas com Alzheimer em instituição de acolhimento para idosos. Realizou-se 10 encontros, semanalmente com os usuários, houve observação, registros de diário e materiais de arte. O projeto foi aprovado pelo CEP: 80950417.5.0000.5495 da universidade local. As categorias de análise foram: participação ativa; recusa; dificuldades motoras; auditivas; de interação; memória e diálogo. Os resultados confirmaram a hipótese inicial da intervenção em grupo interdisciplinar possibilitar melhora na qualidade de vida de pessoas com Alzheimer.


Alzheimer's is a neurodegenerative disease that affects cognition, memory, and motor skills. This study results unveiled the benefits when a group interdisciplinary intervention is applied, providing better life quality to the patients. This study regards to a field research composed by a group intervention of Alzheimer's carriers in a nursing home. Ten weekly meetings were held with the patients, through the meetings data was collected and Art as tool was utilized. The study has the CEUA approval, under the following code in the local university: 80950417.5.0000.5495. The analysis categories were: Active participation; denial; motor difficulties; auditory; interaction; memory; and dialogue. The results confirmed the initial hypothesis of interdisciplinary group intervention to improve the quality of life of Alzheimer's patients.


Alzheimer es una enfermedad neurodegenerativa que deteriora la cognición, la memoria y las habilidades motrices del sujeto. El objetivo era verificar los beneficios de la intervención interdisciplinaria grupal proporcionando cualidad de vida para personas con Alzheimer. És un estudio de campo que se constituyó en el grupo de intervención psicológica con enfermos de Alzheimer en una institución anfitriona para los ancianos. El proyecto fue de 10 encuentros, semanales en la institución, hubo observación, registros de revistas y materiales de arte. Fue aprobado por el CEP: 80950417.5.0000.5495 de la universidad local. Las categorías de análisis fueron: participación activa; Rechaza Dificultades motoras; Auditivas Interacción; memoria y diálogo. Los resultados confirmaron la hipótesis inicial que la intervención en grupo interdisciplinario permite la mejora de la cualidad de vida de personas con Alzheimer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Art , Quality of Life , Health of the Elderly , Frail Elderly , Neurodegenerative Diseases , User Embracement , Alzheimer Disease , Homes for the Aged , Memory , Nursing Homes
14.
Acta méd. costarric ; 61(4): 166-171, oct.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1054726

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Entre los años del 2000 y 2050 el número de habitantes mayores de 60 años de edad en Costa Rica se duplicarán. Un número considerable de ellos llegarán a ser frágiles. Estudios han demostrado la relación entre la condición de fragilidad y pobres desenlaces. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue identificar los eventos adversos asociados a la fragilidad en la población adulta mayor de Costa Rica. Métodos: Para realizar el análisis, se emplea la totalidad de los casos disponibles en la base de datos del estudio de CRELES en el 2005, que pertenecen a la cohorte que da seguimiento en el periodo 2005-2009. En el año de partida de esta cohorte, se cuenta con un total de 2827 pacientes. El fenotipo de la fragilidad fue construido basado en el modelo fenotípico. Se realizó un análisis longitudinal, y se examinó los años iniciales y finales de esta cohorte. Los desenlaces analizados fueron la mortalidad, los ingresos hospitalarios, el deterioro funcional, las caídas y la autopercepción de la salud en el año 2009. Se utilizó una técnica de regresión logística multinomial, utilizando variables de desenlaces como variables dependientes. La condición de fragilidad se utilizó como variable independiente. Como resultado, se obtuvo una odds ratio para la incidencia de cada categoría de desenlaces con un 95% de confianza. Resultados: La condición de fragilidad se asoció con mayor deterioro funcional, aumento en los ingresos hospitalarios y empeoramiento en la autopercepción de la salud. Conclusión: La fragilidad se relacionó con pobres desenlaces en la población costarricense. La identificación de esta condición proporciona una oportunidad para una intervención temprana.


Abstract Objective: Between 2000 and 2050 the number of inhabitants aged 60 years or older in the World and in Costa Rica will double. A considerable number of them will become frail. Studies have shown the relationship between the frailty condition and poor outcomes. The aim of this study was to identify the adverse outcomes of frailty in the older Costa Rican population. Methods: To carry out the analysis, all the available cases of the CRELES study database in 2005 which belong to the cohort that follows in the period 2005-2009 were used. In the year of the initial cohort there was a total of 2827 patients. A frailty phenotype was constructed based on the phenotypic model. A longitudinal analysis was conducted, and it examined the initial and final years of this cohort. The outcome variables analysed were mortality, hospital admittances, functional deterioration, falls, and self-perception of worsening health in the year 2009. A multinomial logistic regression technique was used, using outcome variables as dependent variables. The frailty condition was used as an independent variable. As a result, there was an odds ratio obtained for the incidence of each outcome category with 95% confidence. Results: Frailty was associated with functional declines, hospital admittances, and worsening of the self-perception. Conclusion: Frailty was related to adverse outcomes in Costa Rica. Identifying this provides an opportunity for an early intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Health of the Elderly , Frail Elderly , Costa Rica , Frailty
15.
Estud. interdiscip. envelhec ; 24(2): 29-43, set. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1096092

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Identificar na literatura publicações que abordem o uso de contenção mecânica na atenção domiciliar. Métodos: Revisão integrativa da literatura realizadas nas bases de dados MEDLINE, LILACS, CINAHL e SCOPUS, no período de 2008 a 2018. Resultados: As prevalências de contenção física variavam entre 20% a 40%, a alta variação ser refere as distintas metodologias e legislações vigentes quanto à pratica de contenção física. A grade lateral é a contenção mais comum e as razões mais citadas para conter foram segurança do paciente, para evitar quedas e pedido dos familiares. Identificou- -se que 16,7% dos profissionais afirmaram ter aconselhado aos cuidadores o uso de restrições e, que 93% destes não souberam identificar alternativas para esta prática. Conclusão: Recomenda-se orientações específicas ao cuidado domiciliar centradas nas famílias, evitando a transposição inadequada do meio hospitalar para o âmbito domiciliar, e disseminar intervenções alternativas à contenção. (AU)


Objectives: To identify in the literature publications that address the use of mechanical restriction in home care. Methods: Integrative literature review carried out in the MEDLINE, LILACS, CINAHL and SCOPUS data bases from 2008 to 2018. Results: The prevalence of physical restraint ranged from 20% to 40%, the high variability refers to the different methodologies and legislation regarding the practice of physical restraint. The lateral grid is the most common containment and the most cited reasons to contain were patients afety, to avoid falls and family members' request. It was identified that 16.7% of the professionals stated that they advised caregivers to use restrictions, and that 93% of them did not know how to identify alternatives for this practice. Conclusion: Specific guidelines for household-centered care are recommended, avoiding the inadequate transposition of the hospital environment into the home, and disseminating alternative interventions to containment. (AU)


Subject(s)
Restraint, Physical/statistics & numerical data , Frail Elderly , Caregivers , Home Nursing/psychology , Restraint, Physical/instrumentation
16.
Estud. interdiscip. envelhec ; 24(2): 45-60, set. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1096117

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar os fatores sociodemográficos e econômicos associados a diferentes níveis de dependência funcional em idosos restritos ao lar assistidos por uma Unidade de Saúde da Família de Vitória (ES). Métodos: Pesquisa transversal de 101 idosos com dependência funcional e restritos ao lar. Perfil sociodemográfico e econômico foi obtido através de questionário; dependência funcional foi aferida através da Escala Medida de Independência Funcional. Foram realizados os testes Chi-quadrado de Pearson ou Exato de Fisher e Razão de Prevalência. Resultados: Verificou-se que 43,5% dos idosos apresentaram dependência leve e 56,4% dependência moderada/grave. A maioria dos idosos era do sexo feminino, com idade ≥ 80 anos, brancos, viúvos, baixa escolaridade, aposentados, baixa renda, contribuíam para renda familiar, com filhos, com cuidador, relataram ter passado a maior parte da vida na cidade, residindo em bairro nobre e em residências multigeracionais. Verificou-se como variáveis associadas aos diferentes níveis de dependência funcional idade ≥ 80 anos (p = 0,018), ocupação (p = 0,033) e renda (p = 0,036). Conclusão: Se comportaram com fatores associados aos diferentes níveis de dependência funcional: idade ≥ 80 anos, ocupação e renda. (AU)


Objective: to identify sociodemographic and economic factors associated with different levels of functional dependency in older adults restricted to the home, assisted by a Family Health Unit of Vitória, ES. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 101 older people with functional dependency and restricted to the home. Sociodemographic and economic profiles were obtained through questionnaire; Functional dependency was measured through the Functional Independence Measure scale. Pearson's Chi-square or Fisher's Exact and Prevalence Ratio tests were performed. Results: It was found that 43.5% of the older adults had mild dependency and 56.4% had moderate/severe dependency. The majority of the older adults were female, aged 80 and over, white, widowers, low schooling, retirees, low income, contributed to family income, with children, with caregiver, reported having spent most of their lives in the city residing in middle-class neighborhoods and multigenerational residences. The variables associated with the different levels of functional dependency were the fourth age (p = 0.018), occupation (p = 0.033) and income (p = 0.036). Conclusion: Behaved with factors associated with different levels of functional dependency age ≥ 80 years, occupation and income. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Socioeconomic Factors , Activities of Daily Living/psychology , Health of the Elderly , Frail Elderly/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Family Health Strategy
17.
Saude e pesqui. (Impr.) ; 12(2): 367-375, maio/ago 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1016580

ABSTRACT

Este estudo tem como objetivo descrever as particularidades teórico-metodológicas e discutir as experiências vivenciadas no processo de pesquisa sobre fragilidade biológica e condições de saúde de idosos ribeirinhos amazônicos. A pesquisa descritiva, de abordagem qualiquantitativa, realizada em 19 ilhas do município de Cametá, Pará, envolveu 108 idosos e permitiu alcançar tanto as proposições diretas sobre os marcadores de fragilidade e de saúde multidimensional, quanto os aspectos subjetivos referentes às particularidades do contexto histórico-cultural. A trajetória percorrida pelos pesquisadores nesse desafio foi marcada, especialmente, por uma arreigada estruturação metodológica, direcionada ao contexto peculiar da pesquisa, desde a inserção ecológica dos pesquisadores, ponto-chave para a concretização do arcabouço metodológico e do período de coleta de dados até a elaboração das propostas norteadoras em saúde pública considerando, sobretudo, as particularidades dos modelos de cuidado vigentes nessas comunidades amazônicas.


Experiences lived during the research on the biological fragility and health conditions of elderly river people on the Amazon are described. Descriptive, qualitative and quantitative research in 19 islands in Cametá, Pará, Brazil, involved 108 elderly people and attained direct propositions on fragility markers, multidimensional health, and the subjective aspects on particulars within the historical and cultural context. Researchers´ trajectory was marked by strict methodology, foregrounded on the peculiar context of research ranging from the ecological insertion of the researchers, a key point for the materialization of the methodological design. It also took into account the period of data retrieval until the elaboration of proposals in public health, with special attention to care models in Amazon communities.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Frail Elderly , Amazonian Ecosystem , Cultural Characteristics , Empirical Research , Methods
18.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 46(4): 384-391, ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1013802

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los ancianos están más expuestos al desarrollo del cáncer, pues el envejecimiento deja las células más susceptibles a la transformación maligna. Identificar la fragilidad puede contribuir a mejorar resultados en el tratamiento antineoplásico. El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar la prevalencia y grado de fragilidad en ancianos oncológicos en tratamiento con quimioterapia e investigar factores asociados al síndrome. Se incluyeron pacientes ≥60 años en nivel ambulatorio. La fragilidad se evaluó a partir del fenotipo desarrollado en la Universidad Johns Hopkins. El nivel de significancia adoptado para todas las pruebas fue menor que p<0,05. De la muestra de 60 individuos, el 55,0% era hombres, con promedio de edad 69,8±7,6. Entre los pacientes evaluados, el 66,7% presentaron fragilidad y el 33,3% pre-fragilidad. Las mujeres fueron más frágiles (81,5% vs 54,5%; p= 0,028) y la fragilidad tendió a ser mayor entre los caquécticos (81,8% vs 57,9%; p= 0,051). Concluimos que hubo un porcentaje elevado de pacientes frágiles y pre-frágiles. El sexo femenino y el sedentarismo se presentaron como factores asociados.


ABSTRACT The elderly are more at risk for developing cancer, as aging leaves cells more susceptible to malignant transformations. Identifying frailty can contribute to improved outcomes in antineoplastic treatment. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence and degree of frailty in elderly cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy treatment and investigate factors associated with this syndrome. Ambulatory patients> 60 years were included. Frailty was assessed from the phenotype developed by Johns Hopkins University. The significance level adopted for all tests was p<0.05. From the sample of 60 individuals, 55.0% were men, with mean age 69.8 ± 7.6. Among the patients evaluated, 66.7% presented frailty, and 33.3% pre-frailty. Women were more frail (81.5% vs 54.5%; p= 0.028) and frailty tended to be higher among cachectic patients (81.8% vs 57.9%; p= 0.051). We concluded that there was an elevated percentage of frail and pre-frail patients. Female sex and sedentarism were associated factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brazil , Aged , Weight Loss , Health Status , Frail Elderly , Drug Therapy , Muscle Strength , Fatigue , Walking Speed , Neoplasms/drug therapy
19.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(4): 944-950, jul.-set. 2019. il
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1005772

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Compreender as experiências de cuidadores familiares com sobrecarga e desconforto emocional, ao cuidarem de idosos dependentes no domicílio. Métodos: Pesquisa realizada com o método da grounded theory, da qual participaram nove cuidadores, considerando-se a saturação teórica. Os dados foram coletados em visita domiciliar por entrevista aberta e analisados pelos processos de codificação, aberta, axial e seletiva. Resultados: Substantivamente, obteve-se que o idoso dependente com necessidades de cuidados no domicílio estimulou movimento na família, pelo qual um familiar tornou-se cuidador. Com a vivência desse papel, desenvolveu sobrecarga, desgaste emocional, repercutindo na qualidade de vida, demandando atenção, apoio e capacitação. Produziu saberes e experiências de cuidado ao persistir no desempenho do papel. Conclusões: Cuidadores familiares necessitam de recursos assistenciais do sistema de saúde, suporte emocional e aprendizagem de processos. São necessárias pesquisas sobre planos de cuidados interprofissionais aos cuidadores familiares no âmbito de políticas e serviços de atenção domiciliar


Objective: To understand the experiences of family caregivers in distress with role overload providing care for elderly dependent home care patient. Methods: Research carried out based on grounded theory with the participation of nine caregivers, considering theoretical saturation. Data were collected during home visits with open interview and were analyzed by processes of open axial and selective coding. Results: It was considerably found that the elderly dependent with specific home care needs triggered a shift in the family system when a family member becomes a caregiver. Experiencing this new role, the family caregiver feels overwhelmed and emotional exhaustion, causing impact on quality of life and requiring attention, support and training. Caregiver has produced knowledge and care experiences by persisting in playing such a role. Conclusions: Family caregivers need health care resources coming from health system, emotional support and process learning. Further research is needed on interprofessional care plans for family caregivers in the context of home care policies and services


Objetivo: Comprensión de las experiencias de cuidadores familiares con sobrecarga e incomodidad emocional, por cuidar a mayores dependientes en domicilio. Métodos: Investigación realizada con el método de grounded theory, de dicha investigación participaron nueve cuidadores, se consideró la saturación teórica. Los datos se obtuvo por medio de visitación domiciliaria y entrevistas abiertas, y se los analizó por procesos de codificación abierta, axial y selectiva. Resultados: Sustancialmente, se verificó que los mayores dependientes con necesidades de atención a domicilio provocaron movilización en la família, por los cuales un familiar se quedó su cuidador. A partir de la vivencia en este papel, dicho familiar desarolló sobrecarga, desgaste emocional, repercutiendo en su calidad de vida, demandando atención, apoyo y capacitación. El familiar produzco saberes y experiencias de cuidado al persistir en el desarrollo de su papel. Conclusiones: Cuidadores familiares necesitan de recursos asistenciales del sistema de salud, de soporte emocional y de aprendizaje de procesos. Se necesitan investigaciones sobre planos de cuidados interprofesionales a los cuidadores familiares en el ámbito de políticas y servicios de atención domiciliaria


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Frail Elderly , Caregivers , Stress, Psychological , Family Relations , Home Care Services , Nursing Care
20.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 12(3): 165-169, jul. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1006502

ABSTRACT

Existe escasa información respecto al estudio y manejo de la osteoporosis en los pacientes que han sufrido fractura por fragilidad en Chile. Objetivo: Describir la epidemiologia, aproximación diagnóstica y manejo realizado a pacientes hospitalizados por fractura por fragilidad (muñeca, cadera, columna) que ingresaron al Servicio de Traumatología (ST) del Hospital de Antofagasta (HRA). Método: Estudio retrospectivo, se revisó registros de pacientes hospitalizados en ST y se identificó a pacientes que presentaron fractura por fragilidad. Se revisó sus fichas clínicas (período enero 2015-diciembre 2016). Se analizaron factores de riesgos, exámenes realizados, terapias y controles médicos al alta. Resultados: Fueron 971 ingresos y 100 pacientes con fractura por fragilidad. 88% fueron mujeres cuya edad promedio fue 73,1 años. El factor de riesgo más común fue la postmenopausia y antecedente de fractura previa. Las fracturas se distribuyeron en cadera 64%, muñeca 35% y columna 1%. A solo 3 pacientes se le pidió densitometría ósea. En ninguno fue evaluada vitamina D ni PTH. Al 7% se indicó calcio y vitamina D post fractura, a 4% se indicó antiresortivos. En ningún paciente se promovió el consumo de lácteos. Discusión: Las fracturas osteoporóticas en el HRA son inadecuadamente estudiadas para descarte de factores modificables y son farmacológicamente subtratadas, con el riesgo de nueva aparición de fracturas por fragilidad y morbimortalidad asociada. Es importante reforzar en los servicios de traumatología la importancia del manejo médico postfracturas y eventualmente incorporar la participación de otros especialistas en el manejo de estos pacientes durante la hospitalización y al alta.


We have poor information regarding study and management of osteoporosis in patient who have a fragility fracture in Chile. Objetive: Describe epidemiology, diagnostic approach and management performed on patients hospitalized for fragility fracture in Traumatology Service(ST) of the Antofagasta Hospital(HRA). Method: Retrospective study, we reviewed your clinical record (period January 2015-December 2016). Risk factor, laboratory test performed, therapies and medical controls at discharge were analyzed. Resuls: 971 patient admited to ST, 100 were fragility fracture. 88% were women with average age 73,1 years old. The mosts commons risk factors were chronic kidney failure and anticonvulsants treatment. The fractures were 64% of hip, 35% wrist, and 1% column. Only 3 patients have bone densitometry. None had vitamin D or PTH evaluated. Calcium and vitamin D after fracture were indicated at 7%, antiresorptives were indicated at 4%. In none diary consumption were promoted. Discussion: Osteoporotic fractures in HRA are inadequately studied to rule out modifiable factors and they are pharmacologically subtracted, with risk of new fractures an mobility and mortality. Is important remember in the ST importance of the medical management postfracture and the multidisciplinary work.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Frail Elderly , Osteoporotic Fractures/therapy , Osteoporotic Fractures/epidemiology , Osteoporosis/complications , Trauma Centers , Chile/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Osteoporotic Fractures/diagnosis , Hospitalization
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