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1.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 503-517, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982571

ABSTRACT

Aldolase B (ALDOB), a glycolytic enzyme, is uniformly depleted in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) tissues. We previously showed that ALDOB inhibited proliferation through a mechanism independent of its enzymatic activity in ccRCC, but the mechanism was not unequivocally identified. We showed that the corepressor C-terminal-binding protein 2 (CtBP2) is a novel ALDOB-interacting protein in ccRCC. The CtBP2-to-ALDOB expression ratio in clinical samples was correlated with the expression of CtBP2 target genes and was associated with shorter survival. ALDOB inhibited CtBP2-mediated repression of multiple cell cycle inhibitor, proapoptotic, and epithelial marker genes. Furthermore, ALDOB overexpression decreased the proliferation and migration of ccRCC cells in an ALDOB-CtBP2 interaction-dependent manner. Mechanistically, our findings showed that ALDOB recruited acireductone dioxygenase 1, which catalyzes the synthesis of an endogenous inhibitor of CtBP2, 4-methylthio 2-oxobutyric acid. ALDOB functions as a scaffold to bring acireductone dioxygenase and CtBP2 in close proximity to potentiate acireductone dioxygenase-mediated inhibition of CtBP2, and this scaffolding effect was independent of ALDOB enzymatic activity. Moreover, increased ALDOB expression inhibited tumor growth in a xenograft model and decreased lung metastasis in vivo. Our findings reveal that ALDOB is a negative regulator of CtBP2 and inhibits tumor growth and metastasis in ccRCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/genetics , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase/metabolism , Co-Repressor Proteins/metabolism , Transcription Factors/genetics , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 942-948, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826882

ABSTRACT

It is of great significance to use biosynthesis to transform the inorganic substance formaldehyde into organic sugars. Most important in this process was to find a suitable catalyst combination to achieve the dimerization of formaldehyde. In a recent report, an engineered glycolaldehyde synthase was reported to catalyze this reaction. It could be combined with engineered D-fructose-6-phosphate aldolase, a "one-pot enzyme" method, to synthesize L-xylose using formaldehyde and the conversion rate could reach up to 64%. This process also provides a reference for the synthesis of other sugars. With the increasing consumption of non-renewable resources, it was of great significance to convert formaldehyde into sugar by biosynthesis.


Subject(s)
Biocatalysis , Formaldehyde , Chemistry , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase , Metabolism , Xylose
3.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(1): 72-75, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887146

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: There are scarce studies in the literature about hyaluronic acid in systemic autoimmune myopathies. Objectives: To analyze the serum level of hyaluronic acid in patients with dermatomyositis and polymyositis. Methods: Cross-sectional study, single-center, that evaluated hyaluronic acid in 18 dermatomyositis and 15 polymyositis (Bohan and Peter criteria), newly diagnosed, with clinical and laboratory activity, with no previous drug treatment. The patients were also age-, gender- and ethnicity-matched to 36 healthy individuals. The hyaluronic acid was analyzed by ELISA/EIA kit anti-hyaluronic acid. Results: There was a higher serum level of hyaluronic acid in patients with autoimmune myopathies, in relation to control group (P<0.05). Moreover, the serum level of this glycosaminoglycan was higher in dermatomyositis, when compared to polymyositis. Both groups were comparable with regard to demographic, clinical and laboratory data, except for the presence of skin lesions in the first group. Study limitations. The presence of hyaluronic acid in cutaneous lesions, particularly of patients with dermatomyositis, was not analyzed neither quantified. In addition, due to disease rarity and the establishment of strict inclusion and exclusion criteria, there was a small sample in the present study. Conclusions: As an example of others systemic autoimmune diseases, it is possible that the hyaluronic acid is involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmune myopathies, and particularly when associated with cutaneous lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Polymyositis/blood , Dermatomyositis/blood , Hyaluronic Acid/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Creatine Kinase/blood , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase/blood
4.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984751

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To describe a case series of spontaneous pneumomediastinum in dermatomyositis and to review the literature. METHODS: This was a retrospective single-center case series, reporting 9 patients with pneumomediastinum and defined dermatomyositis, followed from 2005 to 2017. RESULTS: Median age of patients: 33 years; cutaneous and pulmonary involvement in all cases; constitutional symptoms in 88.8% of patients; involvement of the joints in 11.1%, gastrointestinal tract in 44.4%, and muscles in 77.7%; subcutaneous emphysema was observed in 55.5% and pneumothorax in 11.1%, respectively. Muscle weakness was observed in 77.7% of cases and with a median level of serum creatine phosphokinase of 124U/L. Drawing on results for our literature review, the overall analysis showed that the risk factors associated with spontaneous pneumomediastinum were: (a) a history of interstitial pneumopathy; (b) normal or low levels of muscle enzymes; (c) previous use of systemic glucocorticoid; (d) over 50% of patients had subcutaneous emphysema; (e) high mortality as a consequence of severity of the interstitial lung disease. CONCLUSIONS: Our case series revealed that pneumomediastinum is a rare complication in dermatomyositis that occurs in patients with a history of interstitial pneumopathy and may be accompanied by subcutaneous emphysema and pneumothorax.


OBJETIVOS: Descrever série de casos de pneumomediastino espontâneo em portadores de dermatomiosite e revisar a literatura. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de série de casos, único centro, relatando 9 pacientes com pneumomediastino e dermatomiosite definida, acompanhados de 2005 a 2017. RESULTADOS: A mediana da idade dos pacientes foi de 33 anos. Sintomas constitucionais estavam presentes em 88,8% dos pacientes. Houve acometimento cutâneo e pulmonar em todos os casos, acometimento das articulações em 11,1%, trato gastrointestinal em 44,4% e musculatura em 77,7% dos pacientes. Enfisema subcutâneo foi observado em 55,5% e pneumotórax em 11,1%, respectivamente. A fraqueza muscular foi observada em 77,7% dos casos, com um nível médio de creatinofosfoquinase sérica de 124U/L. Com base nos resultados da revisão da literatura, a análise geral mostrou que: os fatores de risco associados ao pneumomediastino espontâneo foram: história de pneumopatia intersticial, níveis normais ou baixos de enzimas musculares, uso prévio de glicocorticoide sistêmico; >50% dos pacientes tiveram enfisema subcutâneo; houve alta mortalidade como consequência da gravidade da doença pulmonar intersticial. CONCLUSÕES: Nossa série de casos revelou que o pneumomediastino é uma complicação rara na dermatomiosite e que ocorre em pacientes com história de pneumopatia intersticial e pode ser acompanhada por enfisema subcutâneo e pneumotórax.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Dermatomyositis/complications , Mediastinal Emphysema/etiology , Autoantibodies/blood , Methylprednisolone/administration & dosage , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous/therapeutic use , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/complications , Fatal Outcome , Creatine Kinase/blood , Pulse Therapy, Drug , Rare Diseases , Dermatomyositis/diagnosis , Dermatomyositis/drug therapy , Dyspnea/etiology , Electronic Health Records , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase/blood , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Mediastinal Emphysema/drug therapy , Mediastinal Emphysema/diagnostic imaging
5.
MedicalExpress (São Paulo, Online) ; 5: mo18003, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984752

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate insulinemia in glucocorticoid naïve patients with dermatomyositis and to evaluate insulin resistance using the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA2-IR). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 25 dermatomyositis, non-diabetic glucocorticoid naïve patients. The control group consisted of 50 volunteers matched for age, gender, ethnicity, weight and height. The HOMA2-IR index was calculated from baseline insulin and glucose data. The International Myositis Assessment & Clinical Studies Group (IMACS) parameters were used to evaluate disease status. RESULTS: Mean age of the patients was 43.5 years and these were predominantly females. Patients had low disease activity according to IMACS parameters. Higher body mass index and waist circumference were observed in the dermatomyositis group compared to the control group. Insulin level and HOMA2-IR were also higher in patients with dermatomyositis. Moreover, analyzing dermatomyositis alone, the HOMA2-IR index correlated positively with weight, body mass index and waist circumference and was independent on disease status parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with dermatomyositis had higher values for basal insulinemia, insulin resistance, body mass index and waist circumference. Moreover, HOMA2-IR moderately correlated with these anthropometric parameters. These metabolic abnormalities are related to the development of metabolic syndrome, one of the main comorbidities observed in dermatomyositis.


OBJETIVO: Avaliar a insulinemia em pacientes com dermatomiosite virgens de glicocorticoide e avaliar a resistência insulínica, utilizando o modelo de avaliação da homeostase de resistência insulínica (HOMA2-IR). MÉTODOS: Este estudo transversal incluiu 25 pacientes com dermatomiosites, não-diabéticos e sem uso prévio de glicocorticoides. Para o grupo de controle, 50 voluntários foram pareados por idade, gênero, etnia, peso e estatura. O índice HOMA2-IR foi calculado a partir de dados basais de insulina e glicose. Os parâmetros do International Myositis Assessment & Clinical Studies Group (IMACS) foram utilizados para avaliar o status da doença. RESULTADOS: A méda de idade dos pacientes foi de 43,5 anos, predominantemente do sexo feminino. Os pacientes apresentaram baixa atividade de doença de acordo com os parâmetros do IMACS. O índice de massa corporal e a circunferência da cintura foram maiores no grupo da dermatomiosite em comparação com o grupo controle. O nível de insulina e o HOMA2-IR também foram maiores em pacientes com dermatomiosite. Além disso, analisando a dermatomiosite isoladamente, o índice HOMA2-IR correlacionou-se positivamente com o peso, o índice de massa corporal e a circunferência da cintura e foi independente dos parâmetros de status da doença. CONCLUSÕES: Pacientes com dermatomiosite apresentam valores mais elevados de insulinemia basal, resistência à insulina, índice de massa corporal e circunferência da cintura. Além disso, o HOMA2-IR está moderadamente correlacionado com esses parâmetros antropométricos. Essas anormalidades metabólicas estão relacionadas ao desenvolvimento da síndrome metabólica, uma das principais comorbidades observadas na dermatomiosite.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Insulin Resistance , Dermatomyositis/diagnosis , Autoantibodies , Health Profile , Blood Glucose/analysis , Body Weight , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Creatine Kinase/blood , Waist Circumference , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase/blood , Transaminases/blood , Insulin/analysis , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/analysis
6.
Dementia and Neurocognitive Disorders ; : 121-127, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-69934

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Amyloid beta (Aβ) is the main component of amyloid plaques, which are deposited in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Biochemical and animal studies support the central role of Aβ in AD pathogenesis. Despite several investigations focused on the pathogenic mechanisms of Aβ, it is still unclear how Aβ accumulates in the central nervous system and subsequently initiates the disease at the cellular level. In this study, we investigated the pathogenic mechanisms of Aβ using proteomics and antibody microarrays. METHODS: To evaluate the effect of Aβ on neural stem cells (NSCs), we treated primary cultured cortical NSCs with several doses of Aβ for 48 h. A 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, trypan blue staining, and bromodeoxyuridine cell proliferation assay were performed. We detected several intracellular proteins that may be associated with Aβ by proteomics and Western blotting analysis. RESULTS: Various viability tests showed that Aβ decreased NSCs viability and cell proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner. Aβ treatment significantly decreased lactate dehydrogenase B, high-mobility group box 1, aldolase C, Ezrin, and survival signals including phosphorylated phosphoinositide 3-kinase, Akt, and glycogen synthase kinase-3β. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that several factors determined by proteomics and Western blot hold the clue to Aβ pathogenesis. Further studies are required to investigate the role of these factors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid , Blotting, Western , Brain , Bromodeoxyuridine , Cell Proliferation , Central Nervous System , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase , Glycogen Synthase , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Neural Stem Cells , Plaque, Amyloid , Proteomics , Trypan Blue
7.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 851-857, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815259

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the association between angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) and aldolase A (ALDOA) in human melanoma cell. 
@*METHODS@#Overexpression or knockdown of ANGPTL4 was performed in WM-115 or WM-266-4 cells, respectively. The expression of ANGPTL4 and ALDOA was measured by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. The promoter activity of ALDOA gene was determined by luciferase assay.
@*RESULTS@#The promoter activity of ALDOA gene and the expression of ALDOA (mRNA and protein) were increased or decreased in the melanoma cells with overexpression or knockdown of ANGPTL4, which was blocked by selective protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor or restored by PKC agonist, respectively.
@*CONCLUSION@#ANGPTL4 promotes ALDOA expression in human melanoma cell in a PKC dependent manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiopoietin-Like Protein 4 , Angiopoietins , Genetics , Metabolism , Blotting, Western , Cell Line, Tumor , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase , Metabolism , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Melanoma , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism
8.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 279-284, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-104729

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We intended to clarify the hypothesis that minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty (MI-THA) leads to less tissue damage and inflammatory response than does conventional total hip arthroplasty (C-THA). METHODS: We performed 30 cases of THA between September 2005 and May 2006 and evaluated these cases prospectively. We chose 15 MI-THA cases for the study group and another 15 C-THA cases for the control group. We checked skeletal muscle marker enzymes, such as serum creatinine kinase and aldolase, the pro-inflammatory cytokines, interleukin (IL)-6 and 8, and the anti-inflammatory cytokines, IL-10 and IL-1 receptor antagonist (ra) the day before surgery and at postoperative days 1, 7, and 14. RESULTS: On postoperative days 1 and 3, the study group showed significantly lower serum creatinine kinase, IL-6, IL-10, and IL-1ra values than those in the control group. Additionally, IL-8 was significantly lower on day 7 after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: These data show that MI-THA decreased the release of muscle marker enzymes due to tissue damage immediately after surgery and minimized the inflammatory response related to the surgery during the early postoperative period.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Biomarkers/blood , Creatine Kinase/blood , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase/blood , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/blood , Interleukin-10/blood , Interleukin-6/blood , Interleukin-8/blood , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Soft Tissue Injuries/blood
9.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; : 84-93, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-84617

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hypoxia, or ischemia, is a common cause of neurological deficits in the elderly. This study elucidated the mechanisms underlying ischemia-induced brain injury that results in neurological sequelae. METHODS: Cerebral ischemia was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats by transient ligation of the left carotid artery followed by 60 min of hypoxia. A two-dimensional differential proteome analysis was performed using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry to compare changes in protein expression on the lesioned side of the cortex relative to that on the contralateral side at 0, 6, and 24 h after ischemia. RESULTS: The expressions of the following five proteins were up-regulated in the ipsilateral cortex at 24 h after ischemia-reperfusion injury compared to the contralateral (i.e., control) side: aconitase 2, neurotensin-related peptide, hypothetical protein XP-212759, 60-kDa heat-shock protein, and aldolase A. The expression of one protein, dynamin-1, was up-regulated only at the 6-h time point. The level of 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein precursor on the lesioned side of the cerebral cortex was found to be high initially, but then down-regulated by 24 h after the induction of ischemia-reperfusion injury. The expressions of several metabolic enzymes and translational factors were also perturbed soon after brain ischemia. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide insights into the mechanisms underlying the neurodegenerative events that occur following cerebral ischemia.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Aconitate Hydratase , Hypoxia , Brain Injuries , Brain Ischemia , Carotid Arteries , Cerebral Cortex , Dynamin I , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase , Geriatrics , Heat-Shock Proteins , Ischemia , Ligation , Mass Spectrometry , Proteome , Proteomics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury
10.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 258-262, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81267

ABSTRACT

Proximal muscle weakness can be induced by many diseases, such as muscular dystrophies, inflammatory muscle diseases, and polymyalgia rheumatica. Differential diagnosis of these diseases is important. The patient had proximal muscle weakness with a normal creatine kinase (CK) level. Our initial diagnosis was polymyalgia rheumatica because the CK level was normal. The patient was treated with low-dose corticosteroid. However, the muscle weakness did not improve. The diagnosis of polymyositis was confirmed by a muscle biopsy. We suggest that if the patient has typical symptoms with normal CK, then evaluations for inflammatory muscle diseases are essential.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Creatine Kinase , Creatine , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase , Muscle Weakness , Muscles , Muscular Dystrophies , Myositis , Polymyalgia Rheumatica , Polymyositis
11.
Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine [The]. 2013; 50: 150-155
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-170275

ABSTRACT

The present study consisted of 50 subjects were classified into three groups; Group [GI] Control group consisted of 10 clinically healthy adult subjects of both sexes free from any liver, kidney or cardiovascular diseases. Group [GII] diabetes mellitus type 1 consisted of 20 patients of both sexes. Group [GIII] diabetes mellitus type 1 with nephropathy consisted of 20 patients of both sexes. All subjects were undergo to the following investigated parameters; Ascorbic acid [vitamin C], Catalase, Total antioxidant capacity, Aldolase and Pyruvate kinase enzyme. vitamins C, catalase, total antioxidant capacity enzymes were highly significant decreased [P < 0. 01] in diabetes mellitus type 1 [GII] and diabetes mellitus type 1 with nephropathy [GIII] when compared to the control group. Adolase activity was highly significant increased [P < 0. 01] in diabetes mellitus type 1 with nephropathy [GIII] when compared to the control group. Pyruvate Kinase activity was highly significant increased [P < 0. 01] in diabetes mellitus type 1 [GII] when compared to the control group. The antioxidant and enzymes can be used for follow up in patients suffering from diabetes mellitus type 1 and predict other complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Ascorbic Acid/blood , Antioxidants/blood , Aldehyde-Lyases/blood , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase/blood , Pyruvate Kinase/blood , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
12.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 297-302, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-93449

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) are chronic systemic connective tissue diseases. The muscle biopsy is a definitive diagnostic tool but blind biopsy sometimes produces to negative results. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a tool for early diagnosis, guidance for biopsy, assessing extent of lesions and monitoring therapy in IIMs has been reported. The aim of this study is to assess the association of thigh inflammation through MRI and biopsy specimens with clinical findings. METHODS: Sixty patients diagnosed with dermatomyositis (DM) or polymyositis (PM) from 2004 to 2011 in one center of rheumatology were enrolled. We reviewed clinical, laboratory, histopathologic and MRI of thigh data at initial diagnosis. The inflammation grades by MRI and histopathology of muscles were evaluated through 4-point scoring systems. RESULTS: The laboratory findings for aldolase and CK differed significantly between DM patients (68.3%) and PM patients (31.7%). Fasciitis was detected by MRI in 43.3% of patients, of whom 88.5% had DM (p<0.05). The fasciitis was also associated with myalgia (p<0.05). Almost all MRI findings were symmetric except for two patients. The mean of total signal intensity was higher in patients with decreased muscle power. The signal intensity of affected muscle was slightly associated with muscle enzymes and histopathologic grading. CONCLUSION: Fasciitis was observed more in DM patients. MRI findings were associated with muscle enzymes and histopathologic grading. Signal intensity on MRI may be useful for measurement of disease activity in acute IIMs. The noninvasive nature and high sensitivity of muscle inflammation suggest that MRI images should be considered prior to muscle biopsy and treatment of IIMs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Connective Tissue Diseases , Dermatomyositis , Early Diagnosis , Fasciitis , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase , Inflammation , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetics , Magnets , Muscles , Myositis , Polymyositis , Rheumatology , Thigh
13.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 155-163, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103959

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of fructose-1,6-bis phosphate aldolase (SMALDO) DNA vaccination against Schistosoma mansoni infection using different routes of injection. The SMALDO has been cloned into the eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA3.1/V5-His TOPO-TA and was used in injecting Swiss albino mice intramuscularly (IM), subcutaneously (SC), or intraperitoneally (IP) (50 microg/mouse). Mice vaccinated with non-recombinant pcDNA3.1 served as controls. Each group was immunized 4 times at weeks 0, 2, 4, and 6. Two weeks after the last booster dose, all mice groups were infected with 80 S. mansoni cercariae via tail immersion. At week 8 post-infection, animals were sacrificed for assessment of parasitological and histopathological parameters. High anti-SMALDO IgG antibody titers were detected in sera of all vaccinated groups (P<0.01) compared to the control group. Both the IP and SC vaccination routes resulted in a significant reduction in worm burden (46.2% and 28.9%, respectively, P<0.01). This was accompanied by a significant reduction in hepatic and intestinal egg counts (41.7% and 40.2%, respectively, P<0.01) in the IP group only. The number of dead eggs was significantly increased in both IP and IM groups (P<0.01). IP vaccination recorded the highest significant reduction in granuloma number and diameter (54.7% and 29.2%, respectively, P<0.01) and significant increase in dead miracidia (P<0.01). In conclusion, changing the injection route of SMALDO DNA vaccination significantly influenced the efficacy of vaccination. SMALDO DNA vaccination via IP route could be a promising protective and anti-pathology vaccine candidate against S. mansoni infection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Antibodies, Helminth/blood , Disease Models, Animal , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase/genetics , Histocytochemistry , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Injections, Intramuscular , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Injections, Subcutaneous , Parasite Load , Schistosoma mansoni/enzymology , Schistosomiasis mansoni/immunology , Vaccination/methods , Vaccines, DNA/administration & dosage , Vaccines, Synthetic/administration & dosage
14.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 46(1): 53-57, mar. 2012. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-639601

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar la variabilidad biológica (VB) de Aldolasa (ALD) en individuos sanos, el índice de individualidad (II) del analito y evaluar la utilidad del intervalo de referencia poblacional (IRP) considerando al IRP de los analitos útil cuando el II es > 1,4 y de poca utilidad si es <0,6. También se evaluó el valor de referencia para el cambio (VRC) en la interpretación de dos determinaciones seriadas del mismo individuo, especialmente en el seguimiento de enfermedades músculo-esqueléticas en las que los niveles de creatinquinasa (CK) permanecen dentro del intervalo de referencia, mientras que los de ALD están elevados. Se obtuvieron 8 muestras de sangre de 10 individuos aparentemente sanos en días diferentes según protocolo preestablecido. Se determinó la actividad de ALD por método enzimático UV y se calcularon los parámetros de VB, II y VRC. Se obtuvo una VB intraindividual: 31%; VB interindividual: 21%, II 1.47 y VRC 90%. De acuerdo a los coeficientes de VB y el II obtenidos, los IRP son útiles para la interpretación de los resultados de ALD. Un resultado seriado será estadísticamente diferente del dato previo cuando el mismo tenga una diferencia mayor al 90% en relación al valor previo. El VRC entre dos determinaciones seriadas debe ser calculado en cada laboratorio con su propia variabilidad analítica para una correcta interpretación de los resultados.


The aim of this study was to determine the Biological Variation (BV) of Aldolase (ALD) in healthy patients, the individuality index (II) of the analyte and to assess how useful the population reference interval (PRI) is for the interpretation of the results, considering PRI useful when the II is >1.40 and useless when it is <0.6. Reference change values (RCV) were also assessed in the interpretation of two serial measurements of the same individual, specially in the monitoring of patients in which the serum level of Creatine Kinase (CK) remain within the reference range while ALD values are increased. Eight bloodsam-ples were obtained from ten apparently healthy subjects in different days according to a predetermined protocol. ALD activity was measured by an enzymatic UV method and BV, II and RCV were calculated. Intraindividual BV was 31 %, interindividual BV 21 %, II 1.47 and RCV 90%. Based on the results obtained for BV and II, PRIs are useful for the interpretation of ADL results. A serial result will be statistically different from the previous one when the variability between both results is higher than 90%. RCV must be determined in each laboratory using their own analytical variability in order to obtain a correct interpretation of the results.


O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar a variabilidade biológica (VB) de Aldolase (ALD) em individuos saudáveis, o índice de individualidade (II) do analito e avaliar a utilidade do intervalo de referencia populacional (IRP) considerando o IRP dos analitos útil quando o II é > 1,4 e de pouca utilidade se é <0,6. Também foi avaliado o valor de referencia da variagáo (VRV) na interpretagáo de duas determinagóes seriadas do mesmo individuo, especialmente no seguimento de doengas músculo-esqueléticas nas quais os níveis de creatinoquinase (CK) permanecem dentro do intervalo de referencia, enquanto que os de ALD estáo elevados. Foram obtidas 8 amostras de sangue de 10 individuos aparentemente saudáveis em dias diferentes conforme protocolo preestabelecido. Determinou-se a atividade de ALD por método enzimático UV e se calcularam os parámetros de VB, II e VRC. Foi obtida uma VB intra-individual: 31 %; VB interindividual: 21 %, II 1.47 e VRV 90%. De acordo com os coeficientes de VB e o II obtidos, os IRP sáo úteis para a interpretagáo dos resultados de ALD. Um resultado seriado será estatisticamente diferente do dado prévio quando o mesmo tenha uma diferenga maior a 90% em relagáo ao valor prévio. O VRV entre duas determinagóes seriadas deve ser calculado em cada laboratório com sua própria variabilidade analítica para uma correta interpretagáo dos resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase/blood , Biological Variation, Population , Chemistry Techniques, Analytical/standards , Reference Values
15.
Gut and Liver ; : 126-128, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-211728

ABSTRACT

Hereditary fructose intolerance is an autosomal recessive disorder that is caused by a deficiency in fructose-1-phosphate aldolase (Aldolase B). Children can present with hypoglycemia, jaundice, elevated liver enzymes and hepatomegaly after intake of dietary fructose. Long-term intake of fructose in undiagnosed patients can result in hepatic failure or renal failure. We experienced a case of hereditary fructose intolerance presenting as recurrent hepatitis-like episodes. Detailed evaluation of her dietary habits revealed her avoidance of sweetened foods and fruits. Genetic analysis of ALDOB revealed that she is a homozygote for a novel frameshifting mutation c[758_759insT]+[758_759insT] (p.[val25 3fsX24]+[val253fsX24]). This report is the first of a Korean patient diagnosed with hereditary fructose intolerance using only molecular testing without undergoing intravenous fructose tolerance test or enzyme assay.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Enzyme Assays , Feeding Behavior , Frameshift Mutation , Fructose , Fructose Intolerance , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase , Fructosephosphates , Fruit , Hepatitis , Hepatomegaly , Homozygote , Hypoglycemia , Jaundice , Liver , Liver Failure , Renal Insufficiency
16.
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine ; : 28-30, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103649

ABSTRACT

A 48-year-old male visited the emergency room of the authors' hospital due to nausea, vomiting, and myalgia for four days. Acute hepatitis A was identified from the serologic marker of the hepatitis A virus. Mild elevation of the serum creatinine and creatinine phosphokinase (CPK) suggested rhabomyolysis, which was confirmed with the serum aldolase, myoglobin, and urine myoglobin. With supportive care, both the liver and renal functions were recovered gradually and fully. This case shows that rhabdomyolysis can be one of the mechanisms of renal complication in cases of acute symptomatic hepatitis A.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Kidney Injury , Creatinine , Emergencies , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase , Hepatitis , Hepatitis A , Hepatitis A virus , Kidney , Liver , Myoglobin , Nausea , Rhabdomyolysis , Vomiting
17.
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine ; : 202-205, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-170825

ABSTRACT

Dermatomyositis is a rare and idiopathic inflammatory myopathy with a characteristic cutaneous manifestation. A 62-year-old female complained of polyarthralgia that lasted for many years. She was diagnosed with hypomyopathic dermatomyositis by the typical skin rash associated with dermatomyositis but without muscle involvement such as muscle weakness, elevated level of creatinine phosphokinase and aldolase. Her symptoms improved with treatment of hydroxychloroquine and prednisolone. We experienced a case of hypomyopathic dermatomyositis on 62-year-old female patient and report with review of literatures.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Arthralgia , Creatinine , Dermatomyositis , Exanthema , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase , Hydroxychloroquine , Muscle Weakness , Muscles , Myositis , Prednisolone
18.
Journal of Bacteriology and Virology ; : 267-278, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-64590

ABSTRACT

The mouse model is alleged to be a useful tool for understanding of pathophysiological roles of Helicobacter pylori in the development of gastric disorders. However, it has been observed that H. pylori strains significantly differed in their fitness in mice and even mouse strains differed in their susceptibilities to a H. pylori strain. Bacterial components of H. pylori which could affect on its fitness in mice have to be elucidated for the establishment of the mouse model for H. pylori infections. In the comparison of colonization ability between two H. pylori Korean isolates, 51 (isolated from a patient with duodenal ulcer) and 52 (isolated from a patient with gastric cancer), 52 could colonize better than 51 on the gastric mucosa of mouse. Proteome components of H. pylori 52, as a good colonizer and H. pylori 51, as a poor one were quantitatively compared each other. Five bacterial proteins including catalase, urease subunit alpha/beta, enolase and ferritin, were up-regulated in 52. In addition, the respective proteome components of the two strains were also compared with their mouse-passaged homologous strains. Seven and five proteins, which included catalase, flagellin A/B in common, were up-regulated in mouse-adapted 51 and 52, respectively. Among the fourteen identified proteins, urease subunit alpha/beta, flagellin A/B, catalase, ferritin, superoxide dismutase and neutrophil-activation protein have been previously known to be necessary to gastric colonization of H. pylori in animal models. The other up-regulated proteins including enolase, elongation factor Tu and fructose-bisphosphate aldolase have been reported to be associated with acid tolerance of H. pylori. These data provide confirmatory evidence for the importance of those proteins in the development of H. pylori-associated gastric disorders.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Bacterial Proteins , Catalase , Colon , Ferritins , Flagellin , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase , Gastric Mucosa , Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Models, Animal , Peptide Elongation Factor Tu , Phosphopyruvate Hydratase , Proteins , Proteome , Sprains and Strains , Superoxide Dismutase , Urease
19.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 67(3a): 668-676, Sept. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-523618

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze a series of Brazilian patients suffering from MELAS. METHOD: Ten patients with MELAS were studied with correlation between clinical findings, laboratorial data, electrophysiology, histochemical and molecular features. RESULTS: Blood lactate was increased in eight patients. Brain image studies revealed a stroke-like pattern in all patients. Muscle biopsy showed ralled-red fibers (RRF) in 90 percent of patients on modified Gomori-trichrome and in 100 percent on succinate dehydrogenase stains. Cytochrome c oxidase stain analysis indicated deficient activity in one patient and subsarcolemmal accumulation in seven patients. Strongly succinate dehydrogenase-reactive blood vessels (SSV) occurred in six patients. The molecular analysis of tRNA Leu(UUR) gene by PCR/RLFP and direct sequencing showed the A3243G mutation on mtDNA in 4 patients. CONCLUSION: The muscle biopsy often confirmed the MELAS diagnosis by presence of RRF and SSV. Molecular analysis of tRNA Leu(UUR) gene should not be the only diagnostic criteria for MELAS.


OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar uma série de pacientes brasileiros portadores de MELAS. MÉTODO: Dez pacientes com MELAS foram estudados com correlação entre manifestações clínicas, alterações laboratoriais, estudo eletrofisiológico, histoquímico e molecular. RESULTADOS: O nível de lactato sérico estava aumentado em 8 pacientes. O estudo das imagens do crânio revelou padrão semelhante ao de AVC isquêmico em todos os pacientes. A biópsia muscular mostrou fibras rajadas vermelhas (RRF) em 90 por cento dos pacientes na coloração pelo tricrômio de Gomori modificado e em 100 por cento na reação histoquímica pela desidrogenase succicínica (SDH). A análise da coloração pela citocromo c oxidase indicou atividade deficiente em um paciente e acúmulo subsarcolemal em sete pacientes. Vasos com forte reação para SDH (SSV) ocorreram em seis pacientes. O estudo molecular do gene tRNA Leu(UUR) por PCR/RLFP e seqüenciamento direto mostrou a mutação A3243G no DNAmt de 4 pacientes. CONCLUSÃO: A biópsia muscular frequentemente confirma o diagnóstico de MELAS pela presença de RRF e SSV. O estudo molecular do gene tRNA Leu(UUR) não deve ser o único critério diagnóstico para MELAS.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , MELAS Syndrome , Biopsy , Creatine Kinase/blood , DNA, Mitochondrial/genetics , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase/blood , Lactates/blood , Lactates/cerebrospinal fluid , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , MELAS Syndrome/diagnosis , MELAS Syndrome/genetics , MELAS Syndrome/pathology , Muscle, Skeletal/pathology , Mutation/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Young Adult
20.
Indian Pediatr ; 2009 Aug; 46(8): 728
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-144158
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