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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879092

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents were isolated and purified from fruiting bodies of Ganoderma calidophilum by various column chromatographic techniques, and their chemical structures were identified through combined analysis of physicochemical properties and spectral data. As a result, 11 compounds were isolated and identified as(24E)-lanosta-8,24-dien-3,11-dione-26-al(1), ganoderone A(2), 3-oxo-15α-acetoxy-lanosta-7,9(11), 24-trien-26-oleic acid(3),(23E)-27-nor-lanosta-8,23-diene-3,7,25-trione(4), ganodecanone B(5), ganoderic aldehyde A(6), 11β-hydroxy-lucidadiol(7), 3,4-dihydroxyacetophenone(8), methyl gentiate(9), ganoleucin C(10), ganotheaecolumol H(11). Among them, compound 1 is a new triterpenoid. The cytotoxic activities of all of the compounds against tumor cell lines were evaluated. The results showed that compounds 1, 3, 4 and 6 showed cytotoxic activity against BEL-7402, with IC_(50) values of 26.55, 11.35, 23.23, 18.66 μmol·L~(-1); compounds 1 and 3-6 showed cytotoxic activity against K562, with IC_(50) values of 5.79, 22.16, 12.16, 35.32, and 5.59 μmol·L~(-1), and compound 4 showed cytotoxic activity against A549, with IC_(50) value of 42.50 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Ganoderma , Molecular Structure , Triterpenes/pharmacology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773159

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents from the fruiting bodies of Tremella sanguinea were separated and purified by column chromatography on silica gel,ODS,Sephadex LH-20,and RP-HPLC. The structures of the isolated compounds were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data analysis,as well as comparisons with the data reported in the literature. Sixteen compounds were isolated from the 90% ethanol extract of the fruiting bodies of T. sanguinea,which were identified as( 22 E)-5α,8α-epidioxy-24-methyl-cholesta-6,9( 11),22-trien-3β-ol( 1),( 22 E)-5α,8α-epidioxyergosta-6,22-dien-3β-ol( 2),cerevisterol( 3),ergosta-7-ene-3β,5α,6β-triol( 4),( 22 E)-6β-methoxyergosta-7,22-diene-3β,5α-diol( 5),ergosta-7-en-3β-ol( 6),4-hydroxy-methylincisterol( 7),2-pyrrolidone( 8),nicotinamide( 9),1-( 3-indolyl)-3-dihydroxypropan-1-one( 10),yangambin( 11),linoleic acid( 12),( 9 Z,12 Z,15 Z)-2,3-dihydroxypropyl octadeca-trienoate( 13),( 9 Z,12 Z)-2,3-dihydroxypropyl-octadeca-dienoate( 14),crypticin B( 15)and 3-phenyllactic acid( 16). All compounds were isolated from T. sanguinea for the first time. Except for compounds 6,9 and 12,the remained compounds were isolated from the genus Tremella for the first time.


Subject(s)
Basidiomycota , Chemistry , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Chemistry , Molecular Structure
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776906

ABSTRACT

Antrodia camphorata, a well-known and highly valued edible medicinal mushroom with intriguing activities like liver protection, has been traditionally used for the treatment of alcoholic liver disease. A. camphorata shows highly medicinal and commercial values with the demand far exceeds the available supply. Thus, the petri-dish cultured A. camphorata (PDCA) is expected to develope as a substitute. In this paper, nineteen triterpenes were isolated from PDCA, and thirteen of them were the unique anthroic acids in A. camphorata, including the main content antcin K, which suggested that PDCA produced a large array of the same anthroic acids as the wild one. Furthermore, no obvious acute toxicity was found suggesting the edible safety of PDCA. In mice alcohol-induced liver injury model, triglyceride (TG), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and malondialdehyde (MDA) had been reduced by the PDCA powder as well as the main content antcin K, which indicated that the PDCA could protect alcoholic liver injury in mice model and antcin K could be the effective component responsible for the hepatoprotective activities of PDCA against alcoholic liver diseases.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Blood , Aldehyde Dehydrogenase , Blood , Animals , Antrodia , Chemistry , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Blood , Biological Products , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Cholestenes , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Cholesterol, VLDL , Blood , Disease Models, Animal , Ethanol , Toxicity , Female , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Chemistry , Liver , Metabolism , Pathology , Liver Diseases, Alcoholic , Male , Malondialdehyde , Blood , Mice , Molecular Structure , Triglycerides , Blood , Triterpenes , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777474

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents were isolated from the fruiting bodies of Ganoderma australe by various column chromatographic techniques and HPLC method, and their chemical structures were identified through the combined analysis of physicochemical properties and spectral data. Meanwhile, their α-glucosidase inhibitory activity and anti-oxidative ability were evaluated. Seven compounds were isolated from G. australe and were identified as 6-methoxyl-cyclo-(Phe-Ile)(1), applanoxidic acid A methyl ester(2), ergosta-7,22 E-dien-3β-ol(3), cinnamic acid(4), 5α,8α-epidioxy-(20S,22E,24R)-ergosta-6,22-diene-3β-ol(5), 1-(3, 4-dihydroxyphenyl) ethanone(6), salicylic acid(7) and benzoic acid(8). Among the compounds, compound 1 was a new cyclic dipeptide. Compound 2 was a new lanosta natural product, and compounds 4, 6, 7 and 8 were obtained from G. australe for the first time. Moreover, compounds 4 and 8 exhibited α-glucosidase inhibitory activity with inhibition rates of 36.8% and 34.7%, and compounds 4, 7 and 8 had a certain activity in DPPH free radical scavenging activity with IC_(50) values of 0.168, 0.458 and 0.170 g·L~(-1), respectively. The DPPH radical scavenging rate of compound 1 was 41.1%.


Subject(s)
Free Radical Scavengers , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Chemistry , Ganoderma , Chemistry , Glycoside Hydrolase Inhibitors , Molecular Structure
5.
Mycobiology ; : 311-316, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729745

ABSTRACT

Amylosporus sulcatus sp. nov. is described from Nonggang Nature Reserve, southern China, on the basis of morphological and molecular data. The morphological description and illustrations for the new species are provided. The species is characterized by pileate and stipitate basidiocarps. The pileus surface is obviously concentrically and radiately sulcate and tomentum, and the pore surface is snow white. Phylogenetic analyses based on sequences of the internal transcribed spacer and nuclear large subunit ribosomal DNA confirmed it to be a new species.


Subject(s)
China , Classification , DNA, Ribosomal , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Snow
6.
Mycobiology ; : 225-230, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729641

ABSTRACT

The polypore genus Abundisporus Ryvarden is characterized by resupinate to pileate fruitbodies with a purplish brown hymenophore, slightly thick-walled, pale yellowish and non-dextrinoid basidiospores, and causing white rot. A purple color hymenophore, an easily observable and striking character, was considered the main distinctive feature at the generic level within polypores. However, due to highly similar basidiocarp features, species identification within these purple polypores is particularly difficult. Three species of purple colored polypores have been reported in Korea (Abundisporus fuscopurpureus, A. pubertatis, and Fomitopsis rosea). Based on morphological re-examination, ecological information, and sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer, we showed that previous classification was incorrect and there is only one species (A. pubertatis) in Korea. We provide a detailed description of A. pubertatis in Korea, as well as a taxonomic key to distinguish wood rot fungi with a purple hymenophore.


Subject(s)
Classification , Coriolaceae , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Fungi , Korea , Sequence Analysis , Strikes, Employee , Wood
7.
Cienc. tecnol. salud ; 1(1): 35-42, jul.-dic. 2014. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-834309

ABSTRACT

En el presente estudio se determinó la producción de cuerpos fructíferos de cinco cepas nativas de Agrocybe cylindracea sobre tres sustratos y dos tratamientos térmicos, a través del porcentaje de eficiencia biológica y la medición del diámetro de los píleos. Se encontró que el mayor porcentaje de eficiencia biológica de las cepas en los sustratos evaluados fue 115.84 %, que correspondió al sustrato constituido por 29% paja de trigo más 1% de harina de soya pasteurizado y obtenido por la cepa 58.01, la cual también produjo las mayores eficiencias biológicas en todos los sustratos evaluados. Al confrontar el porcentaje de eficiencia biológica en los diferentes sustratos, todas las cepas presentaron valores altos en el sustrato compuesto por 28% de paja de trigo, 1% harina de soya y CaCO3. Con respecto al diámetro de los cuerpos fructíferos, las cepas 58.01, 59.01, 60.01 y 638.08 produjeron píleos menores de 2 cm, entre 2-4 cm y mayores a 4.0 cm en los diferentes sustratos y tratamientos, excepto la cepa 59.01 que en el sustrato formulado con 29% de paja de trigo y 1% de harina de soya, solo produjo cuerpos fructíferos con píleos menores a 2 cm y entre 2-4 cm. En el análisis proximal de los basidiomas de las cepas evaluadas se obtuvo un alto porcentaje de proteínas, fibra cruda y carbohidratos, así como bajo porcentaje de grasas. Se recomienda que en futuras investigaciones o transferencia de tecnología a comunidades o entidades interesadas en el cultivo de este hongo, utilizar paja de trigo suplementada con harina de soya y como regulador de pH CaCO3, ya que en dicho sustrato se obtuvieron los mayores porcentajes de eficiencia biológica para la producción de cuerpos fructíferos de A. cylindracea.


This study determined the production of fruiting bodies of five native strains of Agrocybe cylindracea over three different substrates and two heat treatments, by the biological efficiency percentage and the measurement of diameters of pileus. The major percentage of biological efficiency found from the strains in the evaluated substrates was 115.84%, and corresponded to the substrate formulated by 29% of wheat straw and 1% of pasteurized soy flour, and obtained from the strain 58.01, which also produced the major biological efficiencies in all of the evaluated substrates. When confronting the percentage of biological efficiency in the different substrates, all the strains presented high values in the substrate comprising 28% of wheat straw, 1% of soy flour and CaCO3. In relation to the diameter of the fruiting bodies, the strains 58.01, 59.01, 60.01 and 638.08 produced pileus less than 2 cm, between 2-4 cm and greater than 4 cm in the different substrates and treatments, excepting the strain 59.01 which in the substrate formulated with 29% of wheat straw and 1% of soy flour, only produced fruiting bodies with pileus less than 2 cm and between 2-4 cm. In the chemical proximate analysis of the fruiting bodies of the tested strains, a high percentage of proteins, crude fiber and carbohydrates was obtained, and also a low percentage of fats. For future research or when transferring the technology to communities interested in mushroom cultivation, the utilization of wheat straw supplemented with soy flour and as a regulator of pH CaCO3 is recommended, as in this substrate the highest percentages of biological efficiency for the production of fruiting bodies of A. cylindracea where obtained.


Subject(s)
Humans , Agaricales , Agrocybe/growth & development , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Whole Foods , Soy Foods , Triticum
8.
Bol. micol. (Valparaiso En linea) ; 29(1): 18-27, jul. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-716831

ABSTRACT

Desde el punto de vista estrictamente micológico, se ha discutido por décadas la relación de Cylindrocarpon cylindroides como anamorfo de Neonectria fuckeliana, lo que entre otras consecuencias, ha incidido en la controversial ubicación taxonómica de este teleomorfo. Se añade a esto que en patología forestal se ha brindado poca atención a la presencia de C. cylindroides dentro del ciclo de la enfermedad causada por Neonectria fuckeliana en coníferas, razón por la cual los estudios específicos respecto de este anamorfo han sido también muy escasos. El presente trabajo tuvo como objetivo verificar la relación entre C. cylindroides y Neonectria fuckeliana, asociados a cancros en troncos de Pinus radiata en Chile, mediante el análisis de las características macro y micromorfológicas que ellos manifiestan en cultivos in vitro, además de análisis de tipo molecular. Se pudo constatar que ambos agentes dieron origen a colonias con idénticas características macro y micromorfológicas, destacando entre éstas la producción de abundantes conodióforos y microconidios del tipo Acremonium, el cual ya ha sido señalado en anteriores estudios como estado anamorfo de Neonectria fuckeliana. El que este mismo estado asexual del tipo Acremonium haya sido la manifestación in vitro tanto de C. cylindroides como de Neonectria fuckeliana, permitió confirmar la relación existente entre estos dos agentes en estudio, la que también fue ratificada mediante los análisis moleculares realizados.


From the point of view strictly mycological has been discussed for decades the relationship of Cylindrocarpon cylindroides as anamorph of Neonectria fuckeliana, which among other consequences, has influenced the controversial taxonomic status of this teleomorph. Add to this that in forest pathology has given little attention to the presence of C. cylindroides within the cycle of the disease caused by Neonectria fuckeliana on conifers, why specific studies regarding this anamorph have been very few. This study aimed to verify the relationship between C. cylindroides and Neonectria fuckeliana associated with cankers on trunks of Pinus radiata in Chile, by analyzing the macro and micromorphological characteristics they manifest in cultures in vitro, further analysis type molecular. It was found that both agents gave rise to colonies with identical macro and micromorphological characteristics, highlighting among them the production of abundant microconidia and conidiophores of Acremonium type, which has already been noted in previous studies as anamorph state of Neonectria fuckeliana. The asexual state that this same type of Acremonium has been the in vitro demons-tration of both C. cylindroides as Neonectria fuckeliana, allowed us to confirm the relationship between these two agents in the study, which was also ratified by the molecular analyzes performed.


Subject(s)
Acremonium/growth & development , Tracheophyta/microbiology , Plant Bark/microbiology , Spores, Fungal/isolation & purification , Spores, Fungal/classification , Spores, Fungal/growth & development , Spores, Fungal/pathogenicity , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Pinus/microbiology , Chile , Laminar Flow
9.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 45(2): 467-474, Apr.-June 2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-723101

ABSTRACT

The research evaluated the interactions of two main factors (strain / types of spawn) on various parameters with the purpose to assess its effect on yield and biochemical composition of Lentinula edodes fruiting bodies cultivated on pasteurized wheat straw. The evaluation was made with four strains (IE-40, IE-105, IE-124 and IE-256). Different types of spawns were prepared: Control (C) (millet seed, 100%), F1 (millet seed, 88.5%; wheat bran, 8.8%; peat moss, 1.3%; and CaS0(4), 1.3%) and F2 (the same formula as F1, but substituting the wheat bran with powdered wheat straw). Wheat straw was pasteurized by soaking it for 1 h in water heated to 65 °C. After this the substrate (2 kg wet weight) was placed in polypropylene bags. The bags were inoculated with each spawn (5% w/w) and incubated in a dark room at 25 °C. A proximate analysis of mature fruiting bodies was conducted. The mean Biological Efficiency (BE) varied between 66.0% (C-IE-256) and 320.1% (F1-IE-124), with an average per strain of 125.6%. The highest mean BE was observed on spawn F1 (188.3%), significantly different from C and F2. The protein content of fruiting bodies was high, particularly in strain IE-40-F1 (17.7%). The amount of fat varied from 1.1 (F1-IE-40) to 2.1% (F2-IE-105) on dry matter. Carbohydrates ranged from 58.8% (F1-IE-40) to 66.1% (F1-IE-256). The energy value determined ranged from 302.9 kcal (F1-IE-40) to 332.0 kcal (F1-IE-256). The variability on BE observed in this study was significantly influenced by the spawn's formulation and genetic factors of the different strains.


Subject(s)
Fruiting Bodies, Fungal/growth & development , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal/metabolism , Plant Stems/microbiology , Shiitake Mushrooms/growth & development , Shiitake Mushrooms/metabolism , Triticum/microbiology , Carbohydrates/analysis , Darkness , Fats/analysis , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal/chemistry , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal/isolation & purification , Fungal Proteins/analysis , Shiitake Mushrooms/chemistry , Shiitake Mushrooms/isolation & purification , Temperature
10.
Mycobiology ; : 140-146, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729233

ABSTRACT

In Seoul, a majority of plant communities have undergone significant changes over the last few decades; however, how wood decay fungi have responded and adapted to the changes in vegetation remains unknown. Through an ongoing investigation of Korean indigenous fungi, ca. 300 specimens with poroid basidiocarp were collected in Seoul during 2008~2012. Morphological examination and molecular analysis using the internal transcribed spacer and nuclear large subunit ribosomal DNA region sequences helped identify 38 species belonging to 28 genera, 10 families, and 5 orders in this area. Among them, three polypores, Abundisporus pubertatis, Coriolopsis strumosa, and Perenniporia maackiae were found to be new to South Korea.


Subject(s)
Basidiomycota , Classification , DNA, Ribosomal , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Fungi , Humans , Korea , Maackia , Phylogeny , Plants , Seoul , Wood
11.
Biol. Res ; 47: 1-8, 2014. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950726

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Termitomyces heimii is a basidiomycete fungus that has a symbiotic relationship with termites, and it is an edible mushroom with a unique flavour and texture. T. heimii is also one of the most difficult mushrooms to cultivate throughout the world. Little is known about the growth and development of these mushrooms, and the available information is insufficient or poor. The purpose of this study was to provide a base of knowledge regarding the biological processes involved in the development of T. heimii. The proteomic method of 2 dimensional difference gel electrophoresis 2D-DIGE was used to determine and examine the protein profiles of each developmental stage (mycelium, primordium and fruiting body). Total proteins were extracted by TCA-acetone precipitation. RESULTS: A total of 271 protein spots were detected by electrophoresis covering pH 3 - 10 and 10 - 250 kDa. Selected protein spots were subjected to mass spectrometric analyses with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation (MALDI TOF/TOF). Nineteen protein spots were identified based on peptide mass fingerprinting by matching peptide fragments to the NCBI non-redundant database using MASCOT software. The 19 protein spots were categorised into four major groups through KEGG pathway analysis, as follows: carbohydrate metabolism, energy metabolism, amino acid metabolism and response to environmental stress. CONCLUSIONS: The results from our study show that there is a clear correlation between the changes in protein expression that occur during different developmental stages. Enzymes related to cell wall synthesis were most highly expressed during fruiting body formation compared to the mycelium and primordial stages. Moreover, enzymes involved in cell wall component degradation were up-regulated in the earlier stages of mushroom development.


Subject(s)
Proteome/isolation & purification , Termitomyces/growth & development , Termitomyces/chemistry , Chemical Precipitation , Mass Spectrometry , Mycelium/metabolism , Databases, Protein , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal/metabolism , Two-Dimensional Difference Gel Electrophoresis , Fluorescent Dyes
12.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 12(5): 493-498, sept. 2013. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-726549

ABSTRACT

A mixture of ceramides and known terpenes, was obtained from the fruiting bodies of Russula austrodelica. The structures were determined from chemical and spectroscopic evidence. R. austrodelica is a mycorrhizal fungus that grow in the Nothophagus forests of southern Chile. This is the first report of the isolation of ceramides in Chilean mushrooms.


Una mezcla de ceramidas y de terpenos conocidos, se obtuvo de los cuerpos fructíferos de Russula austrodelica. Las estructuras fueron determinadas a partir de evidencias químicas y espectroscópicas. R. austrodelica es un hongo micorrícico que crecen en los bosques de Nothophagus del sur de Chile. Este es el primer informe del aislamiento de ceramidas en hongos chilenos.


Subject(s)
Agaricales/chemistry , Ceramides/isolation & purification , Terpenes/isolation & purification , Chile , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal/chemistry , Spectrum Analysis
13.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2011 Apr; 48(2): 88-94
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-135305

ABSTRACT

A laccase with a molecular mass of 67 kDa and inhibitory activity toward HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (IC50 = 7.5 M) was isolated from fresh fruiting bodies of the Lentinus edodes (Shiitake mushroom). Its characteristics were compared with those of laccases from cultured mushroom mycelia reported earlier. The laccase was unadsorbed on DEAE-cellulose, Affi-gel blue gel and CM-cellulose, but was adsorbed on Con A-Sepharose. About 50-fold purification was achieved with a 19.2% yield of the enzyme. The activity of the enzyme increased steadily from 20°C to 70°C. The activity disappeared after exposure to the boiling temperature for 10 min. Its optimal pH was 4 and very little enzyme activity remained at and above pH 10. The laccase inhibited HIV-1 reverse transcriptase with an IC50 of 7.5 M, but did not demonstrate any antifungal or anti-proliferative activity.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Anti-HIV Agents/chemistry , Anti-HIV Agents/isolation & purification , Anti-HIV Agents/metabolism , Anti-HIV Agents/pharmacology , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal/enzymology , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal/growth & development , HIV Reverse Transcriptase/antagonists & inhibitors , HIV Reverse Transcriptase/metabolism , HIV-1/enzymology , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Laccase/chemistry , Laccase/isolation & purification , Laccase/metabolism , Laccase/pharmacology , Molecular Weight , Mycelium/enzymology , Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors/chemistry , Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors/isolation & purification , Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors/metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Shiitake Mushrooms/enzymology , Shiitake Mushrooms/growth & development , Substrate Specificity , Temperature
14.
Cusco; s.n; 2011. 106 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in Spanish | MTYCI, LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-880302

ABSTRACT

El presente trabajo, tuvo como objetivo el cultivo del hongo Pycnoporus sanguineus (L: Fr) Murr para evaluar la actividad leishmanicida de los extractos de los carpóforos silvestres y cultivados. Los cuerpos fructíferos se colectaron en el distrito de Quellouno de la provincia de la Convención, los cuales fueron trasladados al Centro de Investigación y Producción de Hongos Alimenticios y Medicinales (CIPHAM) donde se realizó el proceso del cultivo, determinando como medio sólido óptimo para la propagación del micelio vegetativo el Agar extracto de malta con una velocidad de crecimiento micelial de 11,7 mm/día; siendo el sustrato óptimo para la obtención de cuerpos fructíferos el que contiene 19 % de salvado de arroz + 80 % de aserrín + 1 % de yeso (SAS), el rendimiento obtenido en este sustrato fue de 41 ,98 %, la eficiencia biológica de 83,97 % con una tasa de producción de 0,23 obtenidos a una temperatura de 16 °C. Los carpóforos silvestres y cultivados fueron llevados al Laboratorio de Química Orgánica, donde se obtuvieron los extractos etanólicos, evaluándose la Biotoxicidad en nauplios de Artemia salina Leach, determinando mediante el Método Probit que la dosis letal media (DL50) para el extracto de los carpóforos silvestres es de 415,04 ug/mL y de los cultivados es 441,20 ug/mL, ambos valores se encuentran en la categoría de extractos moderadamente tóxicos. La actividad leishmanicida de los carpóforos silvestres y cultivados se evaluó en promastigotes de cuatro especies de Leishmania determinándose para cada una de ellas la concentración efectiva media (CEso) así en Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis 229,58 y 197,76 ug/mL, en Leishmania (Viannia) guyanensis 180,68 y del 172,11 ug/mL, en Leishmania (Viannia) panamensis55, 72 y 37,71 ug/mLy en Leishmania spp.275, 78 y 219,86 ug/mL; respectivamente el análisis estadístico demostró que ambos extractos tienen la misma actividad leishmanicida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Leishmania , Pycnoporus , Peru
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298389

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the chemical constituents of the roots of Osbeckia opipara.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Repeated column chromatography over silica gel, RP-18 and Sephadex LH-20, and preparative thin layer chromatography(PTLC) were used to isolate the compounds, whose structures were determined by spectroscopic methods by direct comparing spectral data with those reported references.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>From the MeOH extract of the roots O. opipara, twelve compounds were isolated and identified as follows: lasiodiplodin (1) , de-O-methyllasiodiplodin (2), 2, 3- dihydro-2-hydroxy-2, 4-dimethyl-5-trans-propenylfuran-3-one (3), integracin (4), 5alpha, 8alpha-epidioxy-(22E, 24R)-ergosta-6, 22-dien-3beta-ol (5), 3, 3', 4'-tri-O-methylellagic acid (6), 5-hydroxymethyl furaldehyde (7), vomifolio (8) , betulintic acid (9), 2alpha-hydroxyursolic acid (10), (24R)-stigmast-4-ene-3-one (11), and eugenitin (12).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compounds 1-12 were isolated from O. opipara for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Cholestenones , Chemistry , Fermentation , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Chemistry , Melastomataceae , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Spectrum Analysis , Triterpenes , Chemistry
16.
Mycobiology ; : 305-307, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729428

ABSTRACT

An unrecorded Ceriporiopsis species was collected at Mt. Gariwang, Gangwon Province, in 2008. Based on morphological characteristics, such as a fully resupinate basidiocarp, a reddish white to pinkish poroid hymenophore and a monomitic hyphal system with clamp connections, the species was identified as Ceriporiopsis resinascens. This is the first report of Ceriporiopsis resinascens in Korea. We confirmed the identity of the species as Ceriporiopsis resinascens based on ITS sequence analysis.


Subject(s)
Coriolaceae , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Humans , Korea , Sequence Analysis
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265387

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop a convenient, practical low-cost and efficient Ganoderma spore collector.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The spore collector was made from common materials such as white cardboard and oil-lustrous paper, temperature and humidity were used as indexes to study the effect of the collector on the growth environment of Ganoderma and spore collection.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The spore collector developed could effectively separate Ganoderma fruit bodies from the outside to form an independent closed space and stop free flow of spores. The use of the collector had few effects on temperature and humidity that influenced the growth of G. spp. and development of the fruit bodies. In addition, the fluctuation of the relative humidity inside the collector tended to be small.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This collector could efficiently collect quality spores and the yield of spores accounted for 38.3% of the total yield of spores and fruit bodies when this collector was applied on a large scale.</p>


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Methods , Equipment Design , Equipment and Supplies , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Ganoderma , Plants, Medicinal , Spores, Fungal
18.
Mycobiology ; : 81-87, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-730103

ABSTRACT

The optimal conditions for mycelial growth of Phellinus linteus ATCC 26710 were determined to be a log length of 20 cm, temperature of 30degrees C and pH of 6.0. Mycelial growth was excellent on the mushroom complete medium, and was optimal when sucrose, mannose and glucose were supplied as carbon sources. Potassium nitrate and sodium nitrate as nitrogen sources supported good mycelial growth. To evaluate P. linteus mycelial colonization on logs, sterilized short log inoculation, drilling inoculation and log-end sandwich inoculation techniques were used. Only sterilized short log inoculation produced good mycelial colonization. Initial mycelial growth and full mycelial colonization were best on 20 cm logs having 42% moisture content. The initial mycelial growth of P. linteus was accelerated over 12 hr of sterilization. Basidiocarp formation was optimal using a burying method of logs after 5~6 months, and fruiting body formation was superior in cultivation house conditions of 31~35degrees C and in excess of 96% relative humidity.


Subject(s)
Agaricales , Carbon , Colon , Cultural Characteristics , Fruit , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Glucose , Humidity , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Mandrillus , Mannose , Nitrates , Nitrogen , Potassium , Potassium Compounds , Sodium , Sterilization , Sucrose
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252190

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To optimize the extracting condition for triterpenoids from the fruits of Ganoderma lucidum by supercritical fluid extraction (SFE).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Optimum extraction conditions were studied by orthogonal tests. The total triterpenoids were determined by ultraviolet spectrophotometry and ganoderic acid B was determined by RP-HPLC.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The optimal extraction conditions were that the pressure 25 MPa, the temperature was 45 degrees C, the extraction time was 1.5 hour, and the ethanol was employed as modifier carrier at the volume of 3 mL x g(-1).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SFE is superior and it is feasible to extract triterpenoids from fruits of Ganoderma lucidum.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Supercritical Fluid , Methods , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Chemistry , Reishi , Chemistry , Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet , Triterpenes , Chemistry
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324778

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the chemical constituents of the dried sorophore of cultured Cordyceps militaris.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Compounds were isolated and purified by macroporous adsorption resin and silica gel column chromatography. Their chemical structures were elucidated on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectral data (IR, FAB-MS, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Nine compounds were isolated and identified as: ergosta-4, 6, 8 (14)-tetraen-3-one (1), citrostadienol (2), tetracosanoic acid 2, 3-dihydroxypropyl ester (3), ergosterol (4), ergosterol peroxide (5), ergosta-7, 22-dien-3beta, 5alpha, 6beta-triol (6), cordycepin (7), adenosine (8), N-(2-hydroxyethyl) adenosine (9), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compounds 1-3, 6, 9 were separated from the sorophore of cultured C. militaris for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Cordyceps , Chemistry , Culture Techniques , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Chemistry
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