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1.
Univ. salud ; 23(2): 151-161, mayo-ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1252319

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En producción avícola el uso de antibióticos promotores del crecimiento es limitado, debido al incremento de resistencia bacteriana. Una alternativa evalúa los probióticos microencapsulados y su efecto en la salud intestinal. Objetivo: Determinar el efecto de Lactobacillus plantarum microencapsulado sobre parámetros intestinales e inmunológicos en pollos de engorde. Materiales y métodos: A 240 pollos Ross-308-AP de un día de nacidos se suministró alimento con o sin adición de probiótico bajo el siguiente modelo: sin probiótico-(T0), con probiótico comercial-(T1), con L. plantarum microencapsulado-(T2) y sin microencapsular-(T3). L. plantarum ATCC-8014 se microencapsuló mediante secado por aspersión, determinando su viabilidad en (%). Se evaluaron parámetros intestinales, morfo-histopatológicos e inmunológicos por Azul de Alcian, microscopia de barrido e inmunohistoquímica y la abundancia microbial por UFC/mL. Resultados: El microencapsulado confirió una viabilidad in vivo de L. plantarum del 88,1%. El tratamiento T2 mejoró los parámetros inmunológicos y confirió beneficios intestinales con una abundancia de bacterias benéficas (Lactobacillus) de (9,13x105-UFC/mL), significativamente mayor a la encontrada en los tratamientos T1 (8,91x105) y T3 (8,23x105) y el control T0 (9,18x104), (p<0,05). Conclusiones: La adición de L. plantarum microencapsulado en alimento para pollos mejora parámetros inmunológicos y confiere mayor abundancia de bacterias benéficas presentes en la microbiota intestinal.


Introduction: Usage of growth-promoting antibiotics in poultry production is limited due to the increase in bacterial resistance. An alternative to assess microencapsulated probiotics and their effect on gut health is presented in this study. Objective: To determine the effect of microencapsulated L. plantarum on intestinal and immunological parameters in broilers. Materials and methods: 240 Ross-308-AP chickens (one day old) were fed with or without the addition of a probiotic, under the following model: without probiotic (T0); with commercial probiotic (T1); with probiotic containing either microencapsulated (T2) or non-microencapsulated (T3) L. plantarum. ATCC-8014 was microencapsulated by spray drying, assessing its viability in (%). Alcian blue, scanning microscopy, and immunohistochemistry were used to evaluate intestinal, morpho-histopathological, and immunological parameters. Microbial abundance was quantified by UFC/ml. Results: Microencapsulation of L. plantarum induced an 88.1% in vivo viability. T2 treatment improved both immunological parameters and the intestinal population of beneficial bacteria (Lactobacillus) (9.13x105 UFC/ml), which was significantly higher than that found in T1 (8.91x105), T3 (8.23x105), and control T0 (9.18x104), (p<0.05). Conclusion: Adding microencapsulated L. plantarum to chicken feed improves immunological parameters and increases the population of beneficial bacteria in the intestinal microbiota.


Subject(s)
Functional Food , Lactobacillus , Bacteria , Probiotics , Microbiota
2.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 80(Único): e37356, dez. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1367630

ABSTRACT

Dietas populares, como as detox, surgem a todo o momento. Todavia, poucos dados científicos comprovam a eficácia e segurança destas dietas. Este trabalho avaliou rótulos de bebidas à base de frutas e vegetais e identificou as que se autodenominam detox. Tratou-se de estudo transversal descritivo, realizado de setembro a outubro/2016. O tamanho da porção na informação nutricional e as alegações encontradas nos rótulos foram analisados em relação às legislações vigentes. Composição nutricional, quantidade total de ingredientes e presença de aditivos alimentares e/ou outros ingredientes não usuais em preparações culinárias foram comparados entre as bebidas detox e as comuns. De 83 produtos analisados, 9,6% (n=8) se autodenominaram detox. A composição nutricional e o número médio de ingredientes não diferiram entre as bebidas detox e as comuns. Alegações nutricionais e de saúde estavam presentes em 77,1% (n=64) dos produtos e 53,0% (n=44) apresentaram alegações não previstas na RDC nº 54/2012. As informações mais frequentes foram quanto aos teores de micronutrientes, açúcares, sódio e fibras. O termo detox, apesar de não permitido, é encontrado neste tipo de produto no mercado brasileiro. Os resultados sugerem que o termo detox seja utilizado mais como estratégia de marketing do que como real alegação de propriedade nutricional. (AU)


Popular diets, such as detox, appear all the time. However, few scientific data prove the efficacy and safety of these diets. This work evaluated labels of drinks based on fruits and vegetables and identified those that call detox. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study, carried out from September to October/2016. The portion size in the nutrition information and the claims found on the labels were analyzed in relation to the current legislation. Nutritional composition, total amount of ingredients and presence of food additives and other unusual ingredients in culinary preparations were compared between detox and ordinary drinks. Of 83 products analyzed, 9.6% (n=8) called detox. The nutritional composition and the average number of ingredients did not differ between detox drinks and ordinary drinks. Nutritional and health claims were present in 77.1% (n=64) of the products and 53.0% (n=44) presented claims not provided for in RDC nº 54/2012. The most frequent information was about the levels of micronutrients, sugars, sodium and fibers. The term detox, although not allowed, is found in this type of product in the Brazilian market. The results suggest that the term detox is used more as a marketing strategy than as a real claim of nutritional property. (AU)


Subject(s)
Functional Food , Fruit and Vegetable Juices , Food Labeling , Industrialized Foods
3.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 80(Único): 1-14, dez. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1358978

ABSTRACT

O climatério é uma fase natural da vida da mulher que ocorre entre os 40 e 65 anos de idade e é caracterizado pela transição entre a fase reprodutiva e não reprodutiva. Neste período, devido às alterações hormonais, ocorrem alterações biológicas, endócrinas e clínicas. Sintomas vasomotores são típicos do hipoestrogenismo e podem interferir negativamente na qualidade de vida das mulheres. Este estudo teve como objetivo revisar os resultados dos estudos de intervenção que utilizaram isoflavonas na sintomatologia de mulheres climatéricas não usuárias de Terapia de Reposição Hormonal (TRH). Realizou-se uma revisão sistemática de artigos publicados entre os anos de 2008 e 2019 na base de dados PubMed. Foram encontrados 169 estudos, e considerando os critérios de inclusão, 18 artigos foram selecionados, em que houve intervenção com isoflavonas por meio de cápsulas e/ou suplementos ou alimentos para tratamento da síndrome climatérica. Foram verificados resultados positivos nos sintomas globais, com destaque para sintomas vasomotores, em mais da metade dos estudos avaliados, em que doses entre 45 mg a 160 mg diárias de isoflavonas por pelo menos 12 semanas foram administradas, especificadamente nas mulheres no período da pós-menopausa. (AU)


The climacteric is a natural phase during women's life, which occurs between 40 and 65 years. It is characterized by the transition from their reproductive to non-reproductive phase. In this period, due to hormonal changes, biological, endocrine and clinical modifications also occur. Vasomotor symptoms are characteristic of hypoestrogenism and can negatively affect women's quality of life. This study aimed to review the results of intervention studies which used isoflavones to treat the symptoms of climacteric women who did not undergo Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT). A systematic review of articles published between 2008 and 2019 in the PubMed database was carried out. 169 studies were found, and considering the inclusion criteria, 18 articles were selected, in which it was described isoflavones intervention with capsules and/ or supplements or foods for the treatment of climacteric syndrome. Positive results were observed regarding to global symptoms, with emphasis on vasomotor symptoms in more than half of the studies, in which daily doses of isoflavones, between 45 mg to 160 mg, for at least 12 weeks, were administered specifically in postmenopausal women. (AU)


Subject(s)
Complementary Therapies , Menopause , Dietary Supplements , Phytoestrogens , Functional Food , Systematic Review , Isoflavones
4.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 48: 62-71, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254807

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A key challenge for manufacturers of pro-health food containing active probiotic microorganisms is to develop a product with attractive sensory features along with maintenance of declared number of microorganisms during storage and transfer by alimentary tract. RESULTS: The highest concentration of polyphenols was observed in snacks without an additive of probiotics as well as those with an additive of L. rhamnosus and B. animalis bacteria and concentration of these compounds increased by 9.5% during six months of storage. None of the products distinguished itself in the sensorial assessment although each was assessed positively. The number of microorganisms was stable and comparatively high during six months of storage at a room temperature and in cooling conditions (108 cfu/g). In the digestion model, an influence of aggressive digestion conditions was examined in the alimentary tract on the number of microorganisms, which allowed to arrange strains from the most resistant (S. boulardii) to the most sensitive (B. breve). It must be noted that currently on the market there is no available snack containing probiotic yeast as well as there is no literature data on works on such formulation of food. CONCLUSIONS: In the newly developed snack made of chocolate, in which sugar has been replaced with maltitol, a raw material was added in the form of raspberry, prebiotic in the form of inulin and a strain of probiotic bacteria, including the unprecedented so far S. boulardii, which stands a high chance to occupy a good place on the market of functional food.


Subject(s)
Probiotics , Functional Food , Chocolate/microbiology , Sugar Alcohols , Temperature , Whole Foods , Digestion , Food Storage , Prebiotics , Synbiotics , Polyphenols , Snacks , Rubus , Maltose/analogs & derivatives
5.
Arq. Ciênc. Vet. Zool. UNIPAR (Online) ; 23(2, cont.): e2311, jul-dez. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1141381

ABSTRACT

Currently, a large number of consumers seek to include functional foods in their diets, aiming beyond the nutritional value prevent health problems, among these foods are probiotic products and vegetables containing bioactive compounds. The objective of this work was to develop and physical-chemically evaluate fresh Shanklish cheeses with the addition of kefir and turmeric extract in order to develop a functional cheese. Shanklish cheese was manufactured and submitted to three different treatments: with the addition of kefir, turmeric extract and both of them. The results obtained for cheese composition were close to the results found in the literature and the cheeses showed stable pH values during the 21 days of storage at 8ºC. It concluded that the addition of kefir and turmeric extract in Shanklish cheese is a way to develop a functional cheese.(AU)


Atualmente é grande o número de consumidores que buscam incluir alimentos funcionais em suas dietas visando além do valor nutricional a prevenção de problemas de saúde, entre esses alimentos encontram-se os produtos probióticos e os vegetais contendo compostos bioativos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi desenvolver e avaliar físico-quimicamente queijos Chancliche frescos com adição de kefir e extrato de cúrcuma buscando o desenvolvimento de um queijo funcional. Foram fabricados queijos Chancliche e submetidos a três tratamentos diferentes: com adição de kefir, extrato de cúrcuma e ambos. Os resultados obtidos para a composição dos queijos estavam próximos dos resultados encontrados na literatura e os queijos mostraram pH estável durante os 21 dias de armazenamento a 8ºC. Concluiu-se que a adição de kefir e extrato de cúrcuma em queijo Chancliche é uma maneira de desenvolver um queijo funcional.(AU)


Actualmente, una gran cantidad de consumidores buscan incluir alimentos funcionales en sus dietas, apuntando más allá del valor nutricional para prevenir problemas de salud, entre estos alimentos se encuentran los productos probióticos y los vegetales que contienen compuestos bioactivos. El objetivo de este trabajo fue desarrollar y evaluar químicamente quesos Chancliche frescos con la adición de kéfir y extracto de cúrcuma para desarrollar un queso funcional. Los quesos Chancliche fueron elaborados y sometidos a tres tratamientos diferentes: con la adición de kéfir, extracto de cúrcuma y ambos. Los resultados obtenidos para la composición de los quesos estaban cercanos a los resultados encontrados en la literatura y los quesos mostraron pH estable durante los 21 días de almacenamiento a 8ºC. Se concluyó que la adición de kéfir y extracto de cúrcuma en queso Chancliche es una forma de desarrollar un queso funcional.(AU)


Subject(s)
Cheese , Chemistry, Physical , Curcuma , Functional Food , Kefir , Nutritive Value , Probiotics
6.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(5): 792-800, set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138616

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities of three edible seaweed extracts from Chilean coasts: Pyropia orbicularis, Ulva spp, and Durvillaea antarctica. Seaweed extracts in methanol and 70% acetone were performed to evaluate antioxidant and antidiabetic activities, whereas 60% methanol was used to measure anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities. Acetone extracts from D. antarctica had the highest total phenolic content and consequently exhibited the strongest antioxidant activity, while methanol extract of this seaweed presented the highest α-glucosidase inhibition (IC50= 0.004 mg mL-1). In the tests against E. coli and Penicillium sp., the extracts obtained from Ulva spp. were the most effective and exhibited the maximum anti-inflammatory effect against phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate irritant agent (61.8% inhibition) in mice. Results indicated that all evaluated Chilean seaweed extracts are promising candidates for application in functional foods and in the pharmaceutical industry.


RESUMEN El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar las actividades antioxidantes, antidiabéticas, antiinflamatorias y antimicrobianas de los extractos de tres algas marinas comestibles de las costas Chilenas (Pyropia orbicularis, Ulva spp. y Durvillaea antarctica). Se realizaron extractos de algas marinas en metanol y acetona al 70% para evaluar las actividades antioxidantes y antidiabéticas, mientras que el metanol al 60% se usó para actividades antiinflamatorias y antimicrobianas. Los extractos de acetona de D. antarctica tuvieron el mayor contenido de fenoles totales (TPC) y, en consecuencia, exhibieron la mayor actividad antioxidante, mientras que el extracto metanólico de estas algas presentó la mayor inhibición de la α-glucosidasa (IC50= 0,004 mg mL-1). En las pruebas contra E. coli y Penicillium sp., los extractos obtenidos de Ulva spp., actuaron como los más efectivos y exhibieron el máximo efecto antiinflamatorio contra el agente irritante de forbol 12-miristato 13-acetato (TPA) (inhibición del 61,8%) en ratones. Por lo tanto, los resultados indican que todos los extractos de algas chilenas evaluados pueden ser candidatos prometedores para su aplicación en alimentos funcionales y en las industrias farmacéuticas.


Subject(s)
Mice , Seaweed , Hypoglycemic Agents , Anti-Infective Agents , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Antioxidants , Functional Food , Phenolic Compounds , Glucosidases
7.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(5): 848-864, set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138622

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los adultos mayores son especialmente vulnerables a sufrir enfermedades asociadas al tracto gastrointestinal, ya que el envejecimiento conlleva naturalmente a un desbalance en la diversidad y cantidad de los microorganismos presentes en el intestino. Por ello, la suplementación de su dieta con oligosacáridos y polisacáridos no digestibles (OPND) ha cobrado gran relevancia científica. Esto, con el propósito de prevenir y revertir, en parte, los cambios negativos en la microbiota intestinal derivados del envejecimiento. Se ha observado que la suplementación de OPND en adultos mayores genera variados beneficios, entre los que destacan una mejora en el sistema inmune, una mayor absorción de calcio, reducción en la incidencia de alergias, reducción de la constipación y una disminución en los niveles de glicemia y colesterol sanguíneos. Debido a que, los efectos del consumo de OPND en adultos mayores han sido escasamente discutidos en la literatura científica en idioma castellano, el propósito de esta revisión es abordar el tema haciendo énfasis en la realidad chilena y latinoamericana. Ello, con miras a fomentar la incorporación de OPND en alimentos y programas de alimentación dirigidos específicamente a personas de la tercera edad.


ABSTRACT Since aging naturally leads to an imbalance in the diversity and quantity of microorganisms present in the intestine, older people are particularly vulnerable to diseases associated with the gastrointestinal tract. Thus, supplementing the diet of elderly persons with non-digestible oligosaccharides and polysaccharides (OPND) has gained scientific relevance. Supplementation aims to prevent and (partially) revert the negative changes in intestinal microbiota due to aging. It has been observed that OPND supplementation in older adults provides several benefits, including an improvement in the immune system, increased calcium absorption, a reduction in the incidence of allergies, a reduction in constipation and a decrease in blood levels of cholesterol and glucose. Because the effects of OPND supplementation in older adults has been scarcely discussed in the scientific literature in the Spanish language, the purpose of this review is to address the issue with emphasis on the Chilean and Latin-American reality. The article promotes the incorporation of OPND in processed food and feeding programs specifically designed for older people in Latin America.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oligosaccharides , Polysaccharides , Aged , Probiotics , Functional Food , Prebiotics
8.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(5): 836-847, set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138621

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Actualmente se generan grandes cantidades de sub-productos agroindustriales como residuos, aun cuando pueden ser fuente importante de variados compuestos antioxidantes. Una de las formas de aprovechar esta funcionalidad es concentrar los antioxidantes mediante la elaboración de extractos, siendo las "extracciones verdes", que usan solventes como agua o etanol, que por ser más amigables con el medio ambiente y la salud humana, han sido las más estudiadas en los últimos años. Sin embargo, uno de los principales problemas de reutilizar este tipo de compuestos bioactivos es mantener su estabilidad, debido a que luego de ser extraídos desde su matriz biológica son muy sensibles a distintas condiciones medioambientales y de almacenamiento. Una tecnología que puede reducir la inestabilidad de los compuestos antioxidantes es la encapsulación, la cual también reduce las alteraciones organolépticas que se pudieran producir cuando son incorporados en alimentos. Según nuestro conocimiento no existen revisiones de encapsulación de extractos de sub-productos agroindustriales (en donde se puede encontrar una gran variedad de compuestos antioxidantes) y la información existente se basa en compuestos antioxidantes específicos encapsulados. Por tanto, el objetivo de esta revisión fue recopilar información actualizada respecto a la encapsulación de extractos antioxidantes obtenidos a partir de sub-productos agroindustriales vegetales y su incorporación como ingredientes en alimentos.


ABSTRACT Currently large quantities of agro-industrial by-products are generated as waste even when they can be used as important sources of various antioxidant compounds. One of the ways to take advantage of this functionality is to concentrate antioxidants via the preparation of extracts. Due to their lower impact on the environment and human health "green extractions" using solvents such as water or alcohol have been the most studied in recent years. However, one of the main problems in re-using these bioactive compounds is maintaining stability after being extracted from their biological matrix. Instability relates to different environmental and storage conditions. One technology that can reduce antioxidants instability is encapsulation, which also reduces organoleptic alterations that could occur when they are incorporated into food. To our knowledge there are no reviews of encapsulation of agroindustry by-product extracts (where a wide variety of antioxidant compounds can be found) and existing information is based on specific encapsulated antioxidant compounds. Therefore, the objective of this review was to gather up-to-date information regarding the encapsulation of antioxidant extracts obtained from vegetable agro-industrial by-products and their incorporation as ingredients in food.


Subject(s)
Humans , Waste Products , Functional Food , Antioxidants , Plants , Agribusiness , Recycling
9.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 9(2): 224, ago. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1103542

ABSTRACT

El consumo de proteína y especialmente aminoácidos esenciales juega un papel fundamental en la dieta, ya que suple las necesidades de nitrógeno del organismo y favorece el mantenimiento de estructuras corporales. En los últimos años, la nutrición y la tecnología de los alimentos están experimentando una profunda transformación debido al desarrollo del concepto de alimentos funcionales y nutracéuticos. Tanto las proteínas funcionales como los péptidos bioactivos están cobrando gran importancia ya que, además de su papel nutricional por ser fuente de aminoácidos, son capaces de ejercer diferentes efectos biológicos específicos sobre el sistema inmune, el sistema cardiovascular o el tracto gastrointestinal. Los aminoácidos de cadena ramificada (BCAAs denominación por las siglas en inglés) como lo son la Leucina, Isoleucina y Valina son considerados útiles para el tratamiento y predicción de algunas enfermedades, el presente artículo de revisión, se recopila información acerca de los aminoácidos de cadena ramificada y su uso positivo en el tratamiento de diferentes patologías como enfermedades neurológicas, hepáticas, cardiometabólicas, cáncer, además de su uso en deportistas. Se tuvieron en cuenta los siguientes criterios de inclusión: 1. La búsqueda se realizó en reconocidas bases de datos, 2. Se incluyeron artículos desde el 2006 a la fecha, 3. Se realizó la búsqueda con palabras como aminoácidos de cadena ramificada y efecto en diferentes patologías, con la inclusión de artículos donde se menciona el consumo humano de los mismos, se excluyeron artículos donde los aminoácidos no intervengan de manera positiva en su consumo y tratamiento de enfermedades(AU)


The consumption of protein and especially essential amino acids play a fundamental role in the diet, in order to meet the body's nitrogen needs and the maintenance of body structures. In recent years nutrition and food technology are undergoing a profound transformation due to the development of the concept of functional foods and nutraceuticals. Both functional proteins and bioactive peptides are becoming very important since, in addition to their nutritional role as a source of amino acids, they are capable of exerting different specific biological effects on the immune system, the cardiovascular system or the gastrointestinal tract. Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), such as Leucine, Isoleucine and Valine, are considered useful for the treatment and prediction of some diseases. This review article collects information about branched-chain amino acids. and it's positive use in the treatment of different pathologies such as neurological, liver, cardiometabolic diseases, cancer, in addition to it's use in athletes. The following inclusion criteria were taken into account: 1. The search was carried out in recognized databases, 2. Articles were included from 2006 to date, 3. The search was carried out with words such as branched-chain amino acids and effect in different pathologies, with the inclusion of articles where their human consumption is mentioned, articles were excluded where amino acids do not intervene positively in their consumption and treatment of diseases(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Proteins , Diet , Food Composition , Functional Food , Amino Acids, Branched-Chain , Nitrogen Compounds , Food Technology , Nutritive Value
10.
Rev. Rede cuid. saúde ; 14(1): [39-51], jul,2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116339

ABSTRACT

Incretin-based therapies are an alternative for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and weight reduction. In this respect, functional foods such as palm oil and glutamine are dietary strategies for the stimulation of intestinal peptides. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the palm oil capsules of ileal release (LI) and of glutamine (LI) result in increased secretion of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and Peptide tyrosine tyrosine (PYY). Method: Nineteen obese patients follow-up of the Ambulatory Health Services, received nutritional guidance and supplementation with ileal release capsules containing palm oil and glutamine. Result: Prospective analysis showed an increase in median GLP-1 levels between T0 (before treatment) and T2 (after 2 months of treatment) from 21.9 pmol/liter (2-93) to 25.7 pmol/liter (3-92.5) (p= 0.564). The baseline of peptide YY increased between T0 68.5 pg / mL (46.5 to 150) to 71 pg / mL (46-181) in T2 (p= 0.909). The significant level established for all analyses was 5% (p <0.05). Conclusion: The daily intake of palm oil capsules (LI) and of glutamine (LI) by a period of 2 months did not influence the secretion of GLP-1 and PYY in obese patients. However, weight maintenance was observed during the evaluated period. Further studies are needed for inferences in this population, to determine if functional foods such as palm oil and glutamine are associated with other specific health benefits.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Functional Food , Health Services Accessibility , Hospitals, Public , Obesity
11.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(2): 272-280, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115498

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the antioxidant characteristics and sensory acceptance of Greek yogurt with added whole sorghum flours (WSF) from genotypes BRS305 (tannin) and BR501 (tannin-free). Five formulations were elaborated: 1) Control (without WSF); 2) 2% BR501; 3) 4% BR501; 4) 2% BRS305 and 5) 4% BRS305 and evaluated for antioxidant capacity, total anthocyanins, total phenols, condensed tannins, sensory acceptance and purchase intention. The 4% BRS305 formulation presented higher antioxidant properties, but lower sensory acceptance. No significant difference was observed for: color, flavor and overall acceptability between the control and 2% BR501; nor for texture and overall acceptability between the control and 4% BR501. Principal component analysis explained that all variables associated with antioxidant properties were positively correlated with the first major component (PC1: 82.7%). The 2% and 4% BR501 formulations were more highly correlated with PC1 (92.7%), as well as the control in relation to sensorial characteristics. The addition of WSF BRS305 improved the antioxidant properties of yogurts and the addition of WSF BR501 did not interfere with the sensory acceptance of the formulations. The similarity of the sensory acceptance of the yogurt containing WSF from the BR 501 genotype to the control, opens perspectives for the insertion of sorghum in human food, using dairy products as suitable matrices, adding potential functionality to this type of product.


RESUMEN El trabajo tuvo como propósito desarrollar y evaluar las características antioxidantes y la aceptación sensorial de yogurt griego con adición de harinas integrales de sorgo (HIS) de los genotipos BRS305 (con taninos) y BR501 (sin taninos). Cinco formulaciones fueron elaboradas: 1) Control (sin HIS); 2) 2% BR501; 3) 4% BR501; 4) 2% BRS305 y 5) 4% BRS305. Las formulaciones fueron evaluadas en función de su actividad antioxidante, antocianinas totales, fenólicos totales, taninos condensados, aceptación sensorial e intención de compra. La formulación 4% BRS305 presentó más propiedades antioxidantes, pero menor aceptación sensorial que las otras formulaciones. No se observó diferencia significativa entre el control y el 2% BR501 para el color, sabor e impresión global, ni tampoco para textura e impresión global en relación al 4% BR501. El análisis de componente principal ha explicado que todas las variables asociadas a las propiedades antioxidantes han sido positivamente correlacionadas con el primer componente principal (PC1: 82,7%). Las formulaciones 2% y 4% BR501 se han correlacionado más con el PC1 (92,7%), así como el control con las características sensoriales. La adición de HIS BRS305 ha mejorado las propiedades antioxidantes de los yogurts y la adición de HIS BR501 no ha interferido en la aceptación sensorial de las formulaciones. La similitud de la aceptación sensorial del yogurt que contiene el HIS del genotipo BR501 con el control, abre perspectivas para la inserción del sorgo en la alimentación humana, utilizando productos lácteos como matrices adecuadas, agregando funcionalidad potencial a este tipo de producto.


Subject(s)
Tannins/genetics , Yogurt , Sorghum/chemistry , Flour , Antioxidants/chemistry , Phenols/analysis , Tannins/analysis , Taste , Dairy Products , Principal Component Analysis , Functional Food , Anthocyanins/analysis
12.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): 44816, jan.- mar.2020. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1097198

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A linhaça dourada apresenta importantes quantidades de ácido αlinolênico, fibras solúveis e lignanas, podendo trazer benefícios para a saúde. Objetivo: Desenvolver paçoquinha adicionada de farinha de linhaça dourada (FLD) em diferentes proporções, bem como determinar sua composição centesimal e aceitação sensorial. Materiais e métodos: Foram elaboradas paçoquinhas com adição de 10%, 15% e 20% de FLD. A composição centesimal foi determinada e, após, foram aplicados testes de aceitação (escala hedônica). Os dados foram analisados através de teste de Kruskal Wallis e ANOVA, adotando-se nível de significância de 5%. Resultado: As paçoquinhas padrão e adicionadas de FLD não apresentaram diferença no teor de umidade (17,1 a 18,5%) e lipídeos (30,8 a 34,2%). Quanto ao teor de cinzas, apenas as formulações com 15 e 20% de FLD tiveram maior percentual, 1,94% e 2,03%, respectivamente. O teor de proteínas foi significativamente menor nas formulações com adição de linhaça (15,4 a 18,5%) e a quantidade de fibras alimentares aumentou nas formulações com FLD. Em relação à análise sensorial, as paçoquinhas adicionadas de FLD obtiveram boa aceitabilidade, não sendo observadas diferenças significativas com relação aos atributos avaliados em comparação com a paçoquinha padrão. Conclusão: Os dados obtidos permitiram verificar que é possível a substituição parcial do amendoim em paçoquinhas por farinha de linhaça dourada, pois os novos produtos apresentaram características sensoriais que agradaram aos consumidores em todos os atributos avaliados, além de apresentarem valor nutricional superior no que se refere ao incremento de fibras e teor de minerais. (AU)


Introduction: Golden flaxseed has important amounts of α-linolenic acid, soluble fibers and lignans, which can bring benefits to health. Objective: To prepare peanut candy added with golden flaxseed flour (GFF) in different proportions and determine its proximate composition and sensory acceptance. Materials and methods: Peanut candies were prepared with the addition of 10%, 15% and 20% of GFF. The proximate composition was determined and then acceptance tests (hedonic scale) were applied. Data were analyzed using the Kruskal Wallis test and ANOVA, adopting a significance level of 5%. Result: Regular peanut candy and a preparation added with GFF showed no difference in moisture (17.1 to 18.5%) and lipid (30.8 to 34.2%) content. As for ash content, only formulations with 15 and 20% of GFF had the highest percentage, 1.94% and 2.03%, respectively. The protein content was significantly lower (15.4 to 18.5%) and the amount of dietary fiber increased in formulations with GFF. In relation to sensory analysis, the candies added with GFF obtained good acceptability, with no significant differences regarding the attributes evaluated in comparison with the regular peanut candy. Conclusion: The data obtained allowed us to see that it is possible to partially replace peanuts with golden flaxseed flour in the preparation of candies, as the new products presented sensory characteristics that pleased consumers in all the evaluated attributes, in addition to superior nutritional value with regard to increased fiber and mineral content. (AU)


Subject(s)
Flax , Functional Food , Fatty Acids , Diet, Food, and Nutrition
13.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 8(1): 1-5, 01/01/2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100088

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: realizar um levantamento bibliográfico com enfoque nos compostos bioativos que modulam a inflamação na obesidade. Métodos: foram utilizadas as bases de dados Scientific Eletronic Library Online e PubMed, com artigos de revisão e originais, em língua portuguesa e inglesa, publicados entre 2010 e 2019, adotando os seguintes descritores: obesity, inflammation e bioactive compounds. Resultados: alimentos com propriedades funcionais e fontes de compostos bioativos podem auxiliar na modulação de citocinas pró-inflamatórias, como a curcumina no açafrão da terra, as catecolaminas no chá-verde, punicalagina na romã, a ß-glucana na aveia e os polifenóis no azeite de oliva. Tais compostos geralmente atuam inibindo mediadores, como fator nuclear Kappa ß, diminuindo marcadores inflamatórios, como fator de necrose tumoral α e as interleucinas (1, 2, 6, 8, e 12). Conclusão: tendo em vista o potencial dos alimentos em modular a inflamação na obesidade, o conhecimento de suas propriedades funcionais é importante por auxiliar os profissionais de Nutrição no planejamento de estratégias para a prevenção e o tratamento da obesidade.


Obijective: To perform a bibliographical survey with a focus on bio-active compounds with the potential to modulate inflammation in obesity. Methods: Scientific Electronic Library Online and PubMed databases were used, with review articles and originals, in Portuguese and English, published between 2010 and 2019, adopting the following descriptors: obesity, inflammation e bioactive compounds. Results: Foods with functional properties, sources of bio-active compounds may aid in the modulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as curcumin in earth turmeric, catecholamines in green tea, punicalagin in pomegranate, ß-glucan in oats and polyphenols in olive oil which mostly act to inhibit mediators such as nuclear factor Kappa ß, thereby decreasing inflammatory markers such as tumor necrosis factor α and interleukins 1, 2, 6, 8, and 12. Conclusion: Considering the potential of food to modulate inflammation in obesity, knowledge about its functional properties is important as it assists nutrition professionals in planning strategies for obesity prevention and treatment.


Subject(s)
Phytochemicals , Obesity , Functional Food
14.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 19(1): 77-125, ene. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103089

ABSTRACT

This contribution includes the registration of 70 fresh fruit species and their derivative products marketed in the Metropolitan Area of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Data on fruits and derived products were obtained from ethnobotanical fieldwork, where usual qualitative ethnobotanical methodologies were used: participant observation, free listings, open and semi-structured interviews. A bibliographic review was made on the biological activity and effects studied in order to evaluate their correspondence with the assigned local uses. The situation of invisibility/visibility of the treated species was analyzed, according to their circulation in the restricted commercial circuits (Chinese and Bolivian immigrants) and the general commercial circuit. Of the total of 70 recorded species, 62 are visible (89%) and 8 invisible (11%). These last, only found in the Barrio Chino. The registration of marketed fruits, together with their associated knowledge, represents a contribution to the study of local biocultural diversity.


Esta contribución incluye el registro de 70 especies de frutas frescas y sus productos derivados comercializadasen el Área Metropolitana de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Los datos sobre las frutas y productos derivados se obtuvieron del trabajo de campo etnobotánico, en donde se emplearon metodologías etnobotánicas cualitativas habituales: observación participante, listados libres, entrevistas abiertas y semiestructuradas. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica sobre la actividad biológica y efectos estudiados a fin de evaluar su correspondencia con los usos locales asignados. Se analizó la situación de invisibilidad/visibilidad de las especies tratadas, según su circulación en los circuitos comerciales restringidos (inmigrantes chinos y bolivianos) y el circuito comercial general. Del total de 70 especies registradas, 62 son visibles (89%) y 8 invisibles (11%). Estas últimas se encuentran solamente en el Barrio Chino. El registro de las frutas comercializadas, junto a sus saberes asociados representa un aporte al estudio de la diversidad biocultural local.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ethnobotany , Functional Food , Fruit/classification , Fruit/chemistry , Argentina , Metropolitan Zones , Commerce
15.
Rev. peru. med. integr ; 5(4): 140-145, 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | MTYCI, LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1179401

ABSTRACT

Cada vez se encuentra disponible en el mercado una variedad de alimentos etiquetados como «alimentos funcionales¼, con diferentes declaraciones sobre sus beneficios para la salud, incluyendo para la diabetes; los compuestos bioactivos hallados en varios alimentos justifican la investigación, en este estudio se evaluará la capacidad hipoglicemiante de una especia de cocina. Objetivo. Determinar si el extracto acuoso del Syzygium aromaticum tiene efecto sobre la glicemia en ratones con diabetes experimental (DE). Materiales y métodos. Se elaboró un extracto acuoso de Syzygium aromaticum. Los ratones fueron distribuidos en cinco grupos de cuatro unidades cada grupo (G). El G1 sin DE recibió agua destilada (AD), los cuatro grupos restantes fueron ratones con DE. La diabetes experimental se indujo con estreptozotocina vía intraperitoneal. El grupo G2 con DE se trató con agua destilada; el G3 con DE fue tratado con S. aromaticum 50 mg/kg; el G4 con DE fue tratado con S. aromaticum 200 mg/kg; el G5 con DE fue tratado con acarbosa 100 mg/kg. Estos tratamientos y la administración de agua destilada al grupo sin DE fueron en dosis única durante 5 días; la evaluación final de las glicemias se realizó 24 h después. Resultados. Los grupos G3 y G4 disminuyeron significativamente (p<0,05) la glicemia con respecto al grupo placebo. El grupo G3 no mostró diferencia significativa con respecto al grupo tratado con acarbosa, ambos mostraron un drástico efecto hipoglicemiante. Conclusiones. En condiciones experimentales, el extracto de Syzygium aromaticum tiene efecto hipoglicemiante equiparable a la droga control, y podría ser el primer paso para que esta especia se considere un alimento funcional con potencial preventivo y terapéutico para la diabetes tipo 2.


A variety of foods labeled "functional foods" are increasingly available on the market, with different claims about their health benefits, including for diabetes; the bioactive compounds found in various foods justifies the investigation, in this study the hypoglycemic capacity of a kitchen spice will be evaluated. Objective: To determine if the aqueous extract of Syzygium aromaticum has an effect on glycemia in mice with experimental diabetes (ED). Materials and methods: The aqueous extract of Syzygium aromaticum was prepared. The mice were divided into five groups of four units each group (G). Group G1 without DE received distilled water (DA), the remaining four groups where mice with ED. ED was induced with streptozotocin intraperitoneally, achieving hyperglycemic values. Group G2 with ED treated with distilled water, G3 with ED treated with Syzygium 50 mg / kg, G4 with ED treated with Syzygium 200 mg / kg, G5 with ED treated with acarbose 100 mg / kg, these treatments and the administration of distilled water to the group without ED were in a single dose for 5 days; the final evaluation of the glycemia was carried out 24 hours later. Results: The G3 and G4 groups significantly decreased (p <0.05) the glycemia with respect to the placebo group. The G3 group did not show a significant difference with respect to the group treated with acarbose, both showed a drastic hypoglycemic effect. Conclusions: Under experimental conditions, the Syzygium aromaticum extract has a hypoglycemic effect comparable to the control drug, and could be the first step for this spice to be considered a functional food with preventive and therapeutic potential for type 2 diabetes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Syzygium , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Peru , Plant Extracts , Functional Food , Hypoglycemic Agents
16.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190286, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132191

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to develop and evaluate fermented milk by Lactobacillus reuteri LR92 with addition of juçara pulp (FMJ) and reuterin production in situ. The fermentation process was analyzed for 24 hours and the storage of FMJ for 30 days at 4 °C. During the fermentation, there was consumption of 25% (w / v) of lactose and increase of 0.01 to 0.85% (w / v) of lactic acid. The FMJ presented 0.43 ± 0.01 mM of reuterin, inhibiting Staphylococcus aureus strains under in vitro test. For the carbohydrates, the percentages (g.100g-1) found were 7.31 ± 1.07; 9.19 ± 0.82; 1.60 ± 0.50 and 0.08 ± 0.00 for sucrose, lactose, galactose and fructose respectively. The survival of L. reuteri, present in FMJ, was 2.47 log CFU / mL after 6 hours of gastrointestinal simulation. In sensory analysis FMJ received a grade 7 for global acceptance indicating good acceptance of the product.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cultured Milk Products/microbiology , Functional Food/microbiology , Lactobacillus reuteri/metabolism , Euterpe/metabolism , Propane/metabolism , Staphylococcus aureus/drug effects , Lactic Acid , Anti-Infective Agents
17.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2020. 75 p. graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290802

ABSTRACT

O kombucha é uma bebida fermentada tradicional, originária da China, preparada pela fermentação de chá preto adoçado com cultura mista de bactérias e leveduras chamada Simbiotic Culture of Bacteria and Yeast (SCOBY). Tem sido alegado que o mesmo possui propriedades funcionais, tais como recuperação ou manutenção de peso corporal, atividade antihiperglicêmica, entre outras. Por não existirem estudos suficientes que as comprovem, este trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar a influência do consumo de kombucha como tratamento alternativo para amenizar e/ou retardar sintomas e complicações do Diabetes Mellitus e identificar as possíveis modificações metabólicas, morfológicas e imunológicas ocorridas em camundongos com diabetes tipo 1. De acordo com os resultados obtidos, observou-se que, apesar de ter havido recuperação de massa corpórea próxima daquela que se tinha antes da indução da diabetes, esse efeito não foi exclusivo do kombucha e, embora a influência no controle glicêmico tenha sido maior nos camundongos normoglicêmicos que diabéticos, acredita-se que a administração por um período prolongado pudesse indicar melhores resultados, uma vez que as avaliações histológicas e morfométricas do intestino demonstraram resultados satisfatórios quanto ao aumento da superfície de mucosa e diminuição do infiltrado inflamatório, favorecendo a modulação imunológica. Logo, considera-se necessária a realização de mais trabalhos para comprovação da capacidade funcional do kombucha e elucidação de sua eficácia enquanto tratamento exclusivo e/ou complementar do diabetes


Kombucha is a traditional Chinese fermented beverage prepared by fermenting sweetened black tea with mixed bacterial and yeast culture called Simbiotic Culture of Bacteria and Yeast (SCOBY). It has been claimed that it has functional properties such as body weight recovery or maintenance, antihyperglycemic activity, among others. Because there are not enough studies to prove them, this study aimed to evaluate the influence of kombucha consumption as an alternative treatment to alleviate and/or delay symptoms and complications of Diabetes Mellitus and to identify possible metabolic, morphological and immunological changes in mice with type 1 diabetes. According to the results obtained, it was observed that, although there was a recovery of body mass close to the one obtained before diabetes induction, this effect was not unique to kombucha, and although the influence on glycemic control was greater in normoglycemic rather than diabetic mice, it is believed that administration over a prolonged period could indicate better results, since histological and morphometric evaluations of the intestine showed satisfactory results in terms of mucosal surface enlargement and decreased inflammatory infiltrate, favoring immune modulation. . Therefore, further work is considered necessary to prove the functional capacity of kombucha and to elucidate its effectiveness as an exclusive and / or complementary treatment of diabetes


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/diagnosis , Kombucha Tea/analysis , Efficacy/classification , Diabetes Complications/complications , Functional Food/analysis , Fermented Foods and Beverages/adverse effects , Hypoglycemic Agents , Inflammation/prevention & control , Maintenance
18.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 33: e190165, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136682

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Polyunsaturated fatty acids oxidize easily due to their chemical structure, causing a reduction of their nutritional properties. Nanostructured systems may be an alternative to protect fatty acids against oxidation, improving solubility and stability. Consequently, nutritional value of food is maintained as well as the sensory characteristics (color, flavor, texture, and aroma) when fatty acids are added to food products. The present study is a narrative review to introduce the potential benefits of omega-3 unsaturated fatty acids nanoparticles incorporated in food products. The literature review includes publications in English and Portuguese issued between March 1985 and March 2019, in PubMed, ScienceDirect and Web of Science databases. Manual searches were conducted in the articles references lists of the articles included to identify other relevant studies. There were studies that evaluated the stability of fatty acids in food products such as bread, fruit juice, milk, yogurt, and meat. In this study, the most used nanostructured systems for the incorporation of fatty acids were the nanocapsules and the nanoliposomes. Currently, the nanostructured system demonstrates a potential to improve protection of polyunsaturated fatty acids against oxidization and thermal degradation. In this way, they maintain their functional properties and their bioavailability increases and therapeutic efficacy and sensory properties are improved. There are several methodologies being tested, which makes it difficult to identify the most efficient formulation to protect fatty acids. Nanostructured systems seem to be the best alternative to protect polyunsatured fatty acids from oxidization. The encapsulation efficiency, particle's size and type are relevant factors to be considered to evaluate oxidization. In conclusion, the review showed that currently it is impossible to determine the most efficient methodology. Besides, nanoformulations should follow international guidelines to present more standardized and therefore more efficient particles.


RESUMO Os ácidos graxos poli-insaturados são facilmente oxidados devido à sua estrutura química, o que acarreta a diminuição de suas propriedades nutricionais. Nesse contexto, o sistema nanoestruturado pode ser uma alternativa para protegê-los contra a oxidação, melhorando a solubilidade e estabilidade. Consequentemente, quando são adicionados a produtos alimentares, o valor nutricional é mantido, bem como as características sensoriais (cor, sabor, textura e aroma). O presente estudo é uma revisão narrativa para apresentar os potenciais benefícios das nanopartículas com ácidos graxos insaturados da classe ômega-3 incorporados a produtos alimentícios. A literatura consultada incluiu publicações em inglês e em português, considerando o período entre março de 1985 e março de 2019, utilizando as bases de dados PubMed, ScienceDirect e Web of Science. Foram realizadas buscas manuais nas referências dos artigos incluídos, a fim de identificar outros estudos relevantes. Foram encontradas pesquisas que avaliaram a estabilidade dos ácidos graxos em produtos alimentícios, como pães, suco de fruta, leite, iogurte e carne. Neste estudo, as nanoestruturas mais utilizadas para a incorporação dos ácidos graxos foram as nanocápsulas e os nanolipossomas. Atualmente, o sistema nanoestruturado demonstra um potencial para melhorar a proteção desses ácidos poli-insaturados contra a oxidação e degradação térmica. Dessa forma, eles mantêm suas propriedades funcionais, aumenta-se sua biodisponibilidade e há melhora da eficácia terapêutica e das propriedades sensoriais. Existem diversas metodologias sendo testadas, o que dificulta a identificação de qual seria a formulação mais eficiente nessa proteção, mas os sistemas nanoestruturados parecem ser a melhor alternativa para proteger os ácidos graxos insaturados da oxidação. A eficiência de encapsulação bem como o tamanho e o tipo de partícula são fatores importantes a considerar na avaliação da oxidação. Em conclusão, a revisão demonstrou que atualmente a metodologia mais eficiente não é possível de ser identificada. Ademais, as nanoformulações devem seguir diretrizes do protocolo internacional para apresentar partículas mais padronizadas e, assim, eficientes.


Subject(s)
Fatty Acids, Omega-3 , Nanotechnology , Functional Food , Fatty Acids, Unsaturated
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811252

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship between job stress, attributes of health functional food (HFF) selection, and consumption values for information technology (IT) workers, and analyzed the factors influencing the selection of HFF to improve health by making the right choice of HFFs.METHODS: Three hundred forty IT workers in Gyeonggi area participated in the study. The participants were divided into low or high job stress group. The differences in participants' general characteristics, attributes of HFF selection, and HFF consumption values were investigated, and the mediating effects of HFF consumption values on the relationship between job stress levels and the HFF selection attributes were analyzed.RESULTS: Job stress levels were high in those IT workers with a length of service < 5 years (p = 0.013). The group with lower job stress levels had a higher tendency to consider the ingredients contained in HFF products (p < 0.001), and their efficacy (p = 0.047). They also showed greater emotional value for a sense of security from consuming HFFs to stay healthy (p = 0.047). The group with higher job stress levels had greater epistemic value in that their choice of HFFs differentiated them from the other workers (p = 0.036). Higher job stress was associated with less consideration of the intrinsic attributes such as ingredients and efficacy of the HFF selection attributes (p = −0.113), emotional value of the HFF consumption values (p = −0.136), and the functional value such as practicality, price, and safety (p = −0.134). The job stress level influenced the intrinsic attributes through the functional and emotional values, demonstrating that the functional and emotional values had appropriate mediating effects on the relationship between job stress levels and intrinsic attributes.CONCLUSION: Education needs to be provided for workers to relieve job stress and improve the functional and emotional values, which contributes to choosing the appropriate HFFs.


Subject(s)
Education , Food Preferences , Functional Food , Negotiating
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