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1.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(2): 1-7, abr. 30, 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381603

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Clinicians tend to encounter unfavorable situations in the treatment of teeth with severe attachment loss. Periodontal regeneration has been a successful therapeutic approach in treatments that require a long-term prognosis improvement. This case shows the benefits of combined regenerative periodontal therapy in a patient with a molar severely compromised by furcation, intrabony defects and attachment loss to the apex. Case Report: The clinical case included an endo-periodontal, class III furcation and intrabony defects in a generalized periodontitis, Stage III Grade C patient. After non-surgical periodontal treatment and re-evaluation, a full-thickness flap and surgical debridement were performed. Dental root surface was treated with EDTA and enamel matrix derivatives and the defects were filled with allograft and platelet-rich fibrin, additionally a collagen membrane was applied over the graft. After a 12-month follow-up there was a resolution of the intrabony defects and periodontal regeneration. Clinical and radiographic evaluation also showed the partial resolution of the class III furcation defect. Conclusion: Combined periodontal regeneration can be a therapeutic approach to improve the prognosis and prevent the extraction of molars severely compromised by furcation, intrabony defects and attachment loss to the apex.


Introducción: Los clínicos tienden a encontrar situaciones desfavorables en el tratamiento de dientes por pérdida de inserción severa. La regeneración periodontal ha sido un enfoque terapéutico exitoso en tratamientos que requieren una mejora del pronóstico a largo plazo. Este caso demuestra los beneficios de la terapia periodontal regenerativa combinada en un paciente con un molar gravemente comprometido por furcación, defectos intraóseos y por pérdida de inserción hasta el ápice. Reporte de caso: El caso clínico incluyó un defecto endoperiodontal, furcación clase III y defectos intraóseos en una Periodontitis estadio III generalizada grado C. Tras el tratamiento periodontal no quirúrgico y la reevaluación, se realizó un colgajo de espesor total y un desbridamiento quirúrgico. La superficie de la raíz dental se trató con EDTA y derivados de la matriz de esmalte y los defectos se rellenaron con aloinjerto y fibrina rica en plaquetas, adicionalmente se aplicó una membrana de colágeno sobre el injerto. Después de un seguimiento de 12 meses hubo resolución de los defectos intraóseos y regeneración periodontal. La evaluación clínica y radiográfica también mostró la resolución parcial del defecto de furcación de clase III. Conclusión: La regeneración periodontal combinada puede ser un abordaje terapéutico para mejorar el pronóstico y prevenir la extracción de molares severamente comprometidos por furcación, por defectos y hasta el ápice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Guided Tissue Regeneration, Periodontal , Furcation Defects/therapy , Periodontitis , Regeneration , Periodontal Attachment Loss , Platelet-Rich Fibrin
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878454

ABSTRACT

Due to the complicated anatomical structures in the furcation area of multirooted mandibular first molars, dental hygiene is greatly compromised once the furcation is involved in the periodontitis, leading to the unfavorable prognosis of teeth with furcation involvement. A patient came to a dental office with the chief complaint of "mobile mandibular posterior tooth" 27 years ago. The periapical film showed alveolar bone resorption at the root furcation of the right mandibular first molar. Flap surgery and fine supportive therapy were conducted. The patient was diagnosed with "furcation involvement Class Ⅲ" during a revisit three years ago. Satisfactory and healthy periodontal statuses were observed 2, 9, 24, and 33 months after the periodontal flap surgery plus tunneling procedures. A follow-up of 27 years in the present case demonstrated that a favorable prognosis of furcation involvement can be achieved after adequate periodontal treatment.


Subject(s)
Follow-Up Studies , Furcation Defects/surgery , Humans , Mandible , Molar , Periodontitis
3.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(1): e011, ene.-abr. 2020. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1095510

ABSTRACT

Durante el tratamiento del conducto se pueden producir complicaciones como las perforaciones a diferentes niveles, y la más común es la de furca, asociada con la apertura cameral. No obstante, en la actualidad, los cementos bio cerámicos permiten obtener un mejor pronóstico. Se presenta el caso de un primer molar inferior derecho con perforación de furca, el cual fue sellado con Biodentine®. (AU)


During the root canal treatment procedure, complications such as perforations at different levels may occur, the most common being furcal perforation associated with the cameral opening. However, the bioceramic cements currently available can provide better outcomes. We present a case of a right lower first molar with furcation, which was sealed with Biodentine®. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Furcation Defects , Dental Pulp Cavity , Endodontics , Follow-Up Studies
4.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056875

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the assessment of mandibular molar furcation defects. Material and Methods: Thirty patients with furcation defects were selected, oral hygiene instructions, scaling, and root planing with ultrasonic devices and hand instruments and occlusal adjustments were performed. Pre-surgical clinical measurements were carried out at the buccal aspect of the selected mandibular molars. The horizontal furcation measurements were measured with a Nabers Probe starting at the furcation entrance to the greatest horizontal depth. The degree of furcation involvement was graded from 0 to III. Bone loss in the horizontal and vertical direction and the width of the furcation entrance were measured on CBCT and after reflecting the full-thickness flap and debridement of the defects. The data were analyzed using t-test and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results: The width of furcation entrance in clinical method was 3.27 ± 0.77, while in CBCT method was 3.35 ± 0.71, clinically the vertical bone loss was 3.61±1.09, while in CBCT was 3.57 ± 1.15, horizontal bone loss in clinical method was 5.08 ± 2.21, while in CBCT was 5.11 ± 2.23. No significant difference between the two methods was noted, and a high correlation between the two methods was observed. With regards to the agreement between the two methods of assessment, the width of furcation entrance revealed a difference between the two methods by 0.08 ± 0.21, while vertical bone loss showed difference between the two methods by -0.04 ± 0.19, the horizontal bone loss showed a mean difference between the two methods by 0.03 ± 0.21. Conclusion: CBCT provided high accuracy for the furcation involvement detection and anatomy of surrounding periodontal tissues.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Furcation Defects , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/instrumentation , Molar , Odontometry/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Root Planing , Occlusal Adjustment , Malaysia
5.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(3): 1-8, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1103699

ABSTRACT

The advent of CBCT has contributed significantly to dental imaging. In the field of periodontics, CBCT provides a multi-planar view to assess the alveolar bone in three dimensions. This helps the dentist to make measurements at any location that could significantly improve periodontal diagnosis. Objective: The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the accuracy of using CBCT in the assessment of alveolar bone level and furcation involvement in periodontal diseases. Material and Methods: PubMed, LILACS and Google Scholar databases were searched for literature related to the application of CBCT in periodontal diseases. Keywords used for the search were CBCT, furcation involvement, measurement and their synonyms. Results: Fifteen full-text English language research papers were eligible for the systematic review using the PRISMA guidelines. Conclusion: From the results of the systematic review it can be concluded that conebeam computed tomography imaging technique offers significantly reliable images of the furcation involvement and height of the alveolar bone. (AU)


O advento da Tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC) contribuiu significativamente para a imageologia. No campo da periodontia, a TCFC fornece uma visão multiplano para avaliar o osso alveolar em três dimensões. Isso ajuda o dentista a fazer medições em qualquer local que possa melhorar significativamente o diagnóstico periodontal. Objetivo: O objetivo desta revisão sistemática foi avaliar a precisão do uso da TCFC na avaliação do nível ósseo alveolar e do envolvimento da furca em doenças periodontais. Material e Métodos: As bases de dados PubMed, LILACS e Google Scholar foram pesquisadas na literatura relacionada à aplicação da TCFC em doenças periodontais. As palavras-chave utilizadas para a pesquisa foram TCFC, envolvimento da furca, mensuração e seus sinônimos. Resultados: Quinze trabalhos de pesquisa em inglês com texto completo foram elegíveis para a revisão sistemática usando as diretrizes do PRISMA. Conclusão: A partir dos resultados da revisão sistemática, pode-se concluir que a técnica de imagem por tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico oferece imagens significativamente confiáveis do envolvimento da furca e da altura do osso alveolar.(AU)


Subject(s)
Diagnostic Imaging , Alveolar Bone Loss , Furcation Defects , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
6.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(1): 1-8, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1049727

ABSTRACT

Objective: Periodontal diseases are very common dental disease. Many risk factors may play significant role in the periodontal disease initiation and progression. This study was performed to evaluate the effects of khat chewing, smoking, age and gender on periodontal status among Yemeni adults. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 1231 patients attending the outpatient dental polyclinics of University of Science and Technology during the academic years 2017/2018. All completed sheets were collected throughout the year by the supervisors. Data cleaning, descriptive statistics, and inferential statistics were then performed. Results: Khat chewers were more frequent than non-chewers counterparts (60.7% vs. 39.3%). The prevalence of smoking was 25.5% (297 patients). Study results indicated that periodontitis is more associated with female gender and participants aged more than 35 years old. Results also showed that female and age older participants aged more than 35 years were significantly associated with gingival recession. Mean number of the teeth with gingival recession in male patients were higher than in females. Male gender and patients aged more than 35 years old were significantly associated with furcation involvement. Conclusion: The present study has shown females gender and age older than 35 seem to be risk factors of periodontal diseases. Males has more teeth affected by gingival recession and more furcation involvement (AU)


Objetivo: As doenças periodontais são patologias dentárias com alta prevalência. Diversos fatores de risco podem desempenhar papel significativo no início e progressão das doenças periodontais. Este estudo foi realizado para avaliar os efeitos da mastigação de khat, tabagismo, idade e gênero na condição periodontal de adultos iemenitas. Material e Métodos: Este estudo transversal foi realizado em 1231 pacientes atendidos nas policlínicas odontológicas ambulatoriais da Universidade de Ciência e Tecnologia durante os anos acadêmicos de 2017/2018 através de um questionário para coleta de dados préestabelecido. Todas os questionários preenchidos foram coletados ao longo do ano pelos supervisores. A apuração dos dados, estatística descritiva e estatística inferencial foram realizadas. Resultados: os mastigadores de Khat foram mais frequentes do que as não-mastigadores (60,7% vs. 39,3%). A prevalência de tabagismo foi de 25,5% (297 pacientes). Os resultados do estudo indicaram que a periodontite está mais associada ao gênero feminino e aos participantes com mais de 35 anos de idade. Os resultados também mostraram que participantes do gênero feminino e acima de 35 anos foram significativamente associadas à recessão gengival. O número médio de dentes com recessão gengival em pacientes do gênero masculino foi maior que no feminino. O gênero masculino e os pacientes com mais de 35 anos de idade foram significativamente associados ao envolvimento da furca. Conclusão: O presente estudo mostrou que o gênero feminino e a idade acima de 35 anos parecem ser fatores de risco para doenças periodontais. Pacientes do gênero masculino têm mais dentes afetados pela recessão gengival e mais envolvimento de furca.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Periodontal Diseases/epidemiology , Tobacco Use Disorder/epidemiology , Catha , Mastication , Periodontal Diseases/etiology , Periodontitis/etiology , Periodontitis/epidemiology , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications , Yemen/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Distribution , Furcation Defects/etiology , Furcation Defects/epidemiology , Age Distribution , Catha/adverse effects , Gingival Recession/etiology , Gingival Recession/epidemiology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827547

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to assess the accuracy of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in detecting furcation involvement (FI) in maxillary molars.@*METHODS@#Thirty-one maxillary molars of 15 patients with generalized chronic periodontitis considered for furcation surgery were assessed. Clinical examination and CBCT were performed, and the FI degree was evaluated. Clinical and CBCT-based FI assessments were compared with intrasurgical data.@*RESULTS@#The agreement between clinical and intrasurgical assessments was weak in all sites, with a kappa of less than 0.4; the complete, overestimated, and underestimated agreement percentages were 42.0%, 24.7%, and 33.3%, respectively. The agreement between the CBCT and intrasurgical assessments was strong, with a ka ppa of 0.831; the complete, overestimated, and underestimated agreement percentages were 88.2%, 3.2%, and 8.6%, respectively. The agreement between both assessments was the highest in the buccal furcation entrance (κ=0.896), followed by that in the distopalatal (κ=0.822) and mesiopalatal (κ=0.767) furcation entrances.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CBCT images demonstrated high accuracy in assessing the horizontal bone loss of FI in maxillary molars.


Subject(s)
Chronic Periodontitis , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Furcation Defects , Humans , Molar
8.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(6): 527-539, dic. 28, 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224625

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aims to assess the accuracy of the linear measurements of intrabony and/or furcation defect quantified by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Material and Methods: A systematic search of the literature was conducted by two authors independently from the PubMed, Scopus, and EBSCO for full articles published in journals between January 2003 and March 2017. Eligible studies were assessed for quality and heterogeneity using the QUADAS-2 tool. A meta-analysis was performed to identify the accuracy of CBCT in the measurement of intrabony defects. The effect size was estimated and reported as the standardised mean difference (SMD). Results: A total of 105 titles and abstracts were screened. Of those, 11 articles met the inclusion criteria for the systematic review while only four were selected for meta-analysis. The overall effects of standardized mean difference and 95% CI was -0.03 [95% CI -0.67 to 0.60] with a x2 statistic of 0.49 with 3 degrees of freedom (p>0.05), I2= 0.01%. Conclusion: CBCT is highly accurate and reproducible regarding linear measurements for assessing intrabony defects with a weighted standardized mean difference of 0.03 mm. More randomised controlled trials are required to assess the accuracy of CBCT in assessing patients with periodontal defects.


Objetivo: Este estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar la precisión de las mediciones lineales de defectos intraóseos y/o de furcación cuantificados por tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (CBCT). Material y Métodos: Dos autores, independientemente realizaron una búsqueda sistemática de la literatura en PubMed, Scopus y EBSCO, para obtener artículos completos publicados en revistas entre Enero de 2003 y Marzo de 2017. Los estudios elegibles se evaluaron para determinar la calidad y la heterogeneidad utilizando la herramienta QUADAS-2. Se realizó un metanálisis para identificar la precisión de CBCT en la medición de defectos intraóseos. El tamaño del efecto se estimó y se informó como la diferencia de medias estandarizada (DME). Resultados: Se seleccionaron un total de 105 títulos y resúmenes. De ellos, 11 artículos cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión para la revisión sistemática, mientras que solo cuatro fueron seleccionados para el metanálisis. Los efectos generales de la diferencia de medias estandarizada y el IC del 95% fueron -0.03 [IC del 95%: -0.67 a 0.60] con una estadística X2 de 0.49 con 3 grados de libertad (p>0.05), I2= 0.01%. Conclusión: CBCT es altamente preciso y reproducible con respecto a mediciones lineales para evaluar defectos intraóseos con una diferencia de medias estandarizada ponderada de 0.03 mm. Se requieren más ensayos controlados aleatorios para evaluar la precisión de CBCT en la evaluación de pacientes con defectos periodontales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Periodontitis/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Databases, Bibliographic , Furcation Defects
10.
Odontoestomatol ; 20(31): 27-33, junio de 2018.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-905018

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Describir las características morfométricas de los dientes multirradiculares a nivel de la zona de furcación. Método. 54 dientes multirradiculares (maxilares y mandibulares); fueron evaluados a través de un calibrador de precisión: longitud del tronco radicular, separación radicular, ángulo de divergencia radicular, longitud radicular así como la extensión de las proyecciones cervicales del esmalte y presencia de perlas del esmalte. Resultados. El ángulo de divergencia de la furca distal (50°) maxilar fue mayor que a nivel bucal (22°) y mesial (37°), a nivel mandibular bucal fue de 25° y lingual de 22°. No se encontró perlas del esmalte y las proyecciones cervicales del esmalte más comunes fueron de clase I a nivel bucal (60% para maxilares y 31% para mandibulares). La longitud del tronco radicular lingual fue de 2,8mm y a nivel bucal de 2,2mm. Conclusión. El tronco radicular de los molares mandibulares es mayor a nivel lingual que bucal, al igual que la zona palatina de molares maxilares. En los molares maxilares el mayor ángulo de divergencia se presentó en la entrada de la furca distal, siendo esta la recomendable para iniciar la instrumentación mecánica.


Objective. The aim of this study is to describe the morphometric characteristics of multirooted teeth at the furcation area. Method. Fifty-four multirooted teeth (maxillary and mandibular teeth) were evaluated using a precision calibrator: root trunk length, root separation, root divergence angle, root length, length of cervical enamel projections and presence of enamel pearls. Results. The divergence angle of the maxillary distal furcation (50°) was greater than on the buccal (22°) and mesial (37°) aspects. On the mandible it was 25° on the buccal aspect and 22° lingually. No enamel pearls were found. The cervical enamel projections most commonly found were class I on the oral aspect (60% for maxillary teeth and 31% for mandibular teeth). The length of the lingual root trunk was 2.8 mm, and on the buccal aspect it was 2.2 mm. Conclusion. The root trunk of mandibular molars is larger lingually than on the buccal aspect, as is the palatal area of maxillary molars. In maxillary molars the greater divergence angle appeared at the entrance of the distal furcation, which is the one recommended to start using mechanical instruments.


Subject(s)
Tooth/anatomy & histology , Furcation Defects , Odontometry
11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e103, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974462

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study is to evaluate the expression of cytokines in response to mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) plus selenium in germ-free mice with experimental furcal perforation. The first left maxillary molar was opened, and the furcal area was perforated and treated with post-MTA-Se (experimental group). The same surgical intervention was performed for the maxillary right first molar, which was treated with MTA (control group). Fifteen mice were sacrificed 7, 14, and 21 days after furcal perforation, and periapical tissue samples were collected. The mRNA expression levels of the cytokines TGF-β, TNF-α, IFN-γ, HPRT, IL-10, IL-4, RANK, RANKL, IL-1, and IL-17 were assessed by using real-time polymerase chain reaction. In the experimental group, at 21-days post-MTA-Se sealing, the mRNA levels of TNF-α and IL-10 were upregulated compared with those in the control group (p < 0.05). Futher assessment revealed basal mRNA expression levels of IL-1α, IFN-γ, RANK, RANKL, IL-17A, IL-4, and TGF-β, over long experimental times, in both the experimental and control groups (p > 0.05). In conclusion, MTA+Se sealing favoured increased expression of IL-10 and TNF-α at later time points (day 21).


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Oxides/pharmacology , Root Canal Filling Materials/pharmacology , Selenium/pharmacology , Cytokines/analysis , Silicates/pharmacology , Furcation Defects/drug therapy , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Dental Pulp Cavity/injuries , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Time Factors , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Furcation Defects/immunology , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dental Pulp Cavity/immunology , Drug Combinations , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Molar/drug effects , Molar/injuries
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740376

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to carry out a systematic review of studies in the literature comparing conventional imaging techniques with cone-beam computed tomography in terms of the role of these techniques for assessing any of the following periodontal conditions and parameters: infrabony defects, furcation involvement, height of the alveolar bone crest, and the periodontal ligament space. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Interventional and observational studies comparing conventional imaging techniques with cone-beam computed tomography were considered eligible for inclusion. The MEDLINE and Embase databases were searched for articles published through 2017. The PRISMA statement was followed during data assessment and extraction. RESULTS: The search strategy yielded 351 publications. An initial screening of the publications was performed using abstracts and key words, and after the application of exclusion criteria, 13 studies were finally identified as eligible for review. CONCLUSION: These studies revealed cone-beam computed tomography to be the best imaging technique to assess infrabony defects, furcation lesions, the height of the alveolar bone crest, and the periodontal ligament space.


Subject(s)
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Diagnosis, Oral , Furcation Defects , Mass Screening , Periodontal Ligament , Periodontics
13.
Dent. press endod ; 7(3): 22-26, set.-dec. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-877428

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o conhecimento das possíveis variações da cavidade pulpar torna-se necessário para aumentar o êxito nos tratamentos endodônticos, tornando relevante o reconhecimento do canal cavo inter-radicular (CCIR). Objetivo: relatar o caso de um primeiro molar inferior com ampla perda óssea na região de furca associada à presença de canal cavo inter-radicular. Relato de caso: paciente relatou o surgimento de "bolhas ao redor do dente". Ao exame clínico, constatou-se a presença de fístula associada à necrose pulpar do dente #36; não existiam sinais de doença periodontal. Radiograficamente, identificou- se extensa rarefação na região de furca e periapical. Após cuidadoso acesso, foi realizada radiografia na qual constatou-se a presença do FC comunicando a câmara pulpar à furca. Após a localização dos canais radiculares e seu preparo químico-mecânico, procederam-se trocas de hidróxido de cálcio após 240 dias, constatando-se franco reparo. Após 270 dias, obturaram-se os canais radiculares e procedeu-se ao selamento da embocadura desses e do CCIR com MTA. No controle de 360 dias, observou-se a ausência de sinais clínicos indesejáveis e neoformação óssea na região de furca. Conclusão: é de fundamental importância o conhecimento da existência do CCIR e sua relação com lesões de furca em dentes sem sinais clínicos de doença periodontal; nesses casos, a correta sanificação do sistema de canais é capaz de solucionar problemas endoperiodontais, mesmo de grandes proporções, restabelecendo a saúde do paciente e, assim, evitando tratamentos desnecessários.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Endodontics , Furcation Defects/therapy , Root Canal Preparation
14.
Araçatuba; s.n; 2017. 150 p. ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-911532

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Este estudo avaliou comparativamente a influência dos quimioterápicos 5-fluotouracil (5-FU) e Cisplanina (CIS) para tratamento de câncer no periodonto saudável, sobre a evolução da periodontite experimental (PE) e as funções hepáticas e renais de ratos portadores de PE submetidos ao tratamento com os quimioterápicos 5-FU ou CIS. Materiais e Métodos: foram utilizado 90 ratos machos distribuídos em 6 grupos. Grupo SPE-SS (n = 15): animais que receberam injeções de 0,5 ml de solução salina 0.9% (SS) sem indução da PE (grupo Sham). Grupo PE-SS (n = 15): animais que receberam injeções s de 0,5 ml de SS e indução da PE após a primeira injeção. Grupo SPE-5FU (n=15): animais que receberam injeções de 5-Fluorouracil (5- FU) sem indução da PE. Grupo PE-5FU (n = 15): animais que receberam injeções de 5- FU e indução da PE após a primeira injeção. Grupo SPE-CIS (n = 15): animais que receberam injeções Cisplatinas (CIS) sem indução da PE. Grupo PE-CIS (n = 15): animais que receberam injeções de CIS e indução da PE após a primeira injeção. Para indução da PE foi adaptado um fio de algodão número 24 ao redor dos primeiros molares inferiores direito e esquerdo. Decorridos 07, 15 e 30 dias após a primeira injeção intraperitoneal (SS ou quimioterápicos) os animais foram eutanaziados. Foi realizada coleta sanguínea para análises hematológia e bioquímicas de aspartato aminotransferase (AST), alamina aminotransferase (ALT), creatinina e uréia previamente as injeções e aos 07 e 30 dias, totalizando 60 dos 90 ratos. Foram coletadas as mandíbulas contendo os primeiros molares inferiores e processadas de acordo com as análises propostas. Para a análise fotométrica avaliou-se a perda óssea alveolar ao redor do primeiro molar inferior. Para a análise de microtomografia computadorizada (µCT) avaliou-se a porcentagem de volume de tecido ósseo (PVTO) na região de furca. As hemimandíbulas contralaterais foram utilizadas para análises histomorfométrica e imunoistoquímicas na região de furca e avaliou-se a porcentagem de área sem osso (PASO), características histológicas e análises dos biomarcadores (TRAP, RANKL, OPG, TNF-α, IL-1ß, PCNA, BAX e HIF-1α,). Os dados obtidos foram submetidos à análise estatística (p<0,05). Resultado: ambos os quimioterápicos 5-FU e CIS contribuíram para o agravamento da evolução da PE por duas vias: aumentando a intensidade e duração do processo inflamatório; e diminuindo a capacidade de reparo tecidual por redução do "turnover" celular e vascular, resultando de forma significativa na maior perda óssea, que comparativamente foi maior nos animais que receberam aplicação sistêmica de 5-FU do que de CIS. Adicionalmente a PE associada ao 5-FU apresentou de maneira significante maiores níveis de ALT e AST aos 30 dias e associada a CIS apresentou de maneira significante maiores níveis de Uréia e não apresentou diferença significativa nos níveis de Creatinina. Conclusão: ambos os quimioterápicos, 5-FU ou CIS, exacerbaram a severidade da periodontite, sendo que os danos periodontais causadas pelo 5-FU foram comparativamente maiores e mais intensos do que os causados pela CIS. Adicionalmente, podemos concluir que a PE agravou de forma sinérgica as condições debilitantes hepáticas e renais ocasionadas pelos quimioterápicos(AU)


Objective: This study evaluated the influence of chemotherapy with 5-fluorotouracil (5- FU) and Cisplanin (CIS) for the treatment of cancer in healthy periodontium, on the evolution of experimental periodontitis (EP), and liver and kidney function of rats with EP treated with chemotherapeutic agents. Materials and Methods: 90 male rats were distributed in 6 groups. Group SPE-SS (n = 15): animals that received injections of 0.5 ml of 0.9% saline solution (SS) without PE induction (Sham group). Group PE-SS (n = 15): animals that received injections s of 0.5 ml of SS and induction of PE after the first injection. Group SPE-5FU (n = 15): animals receiving injections of 5-Fluorouracil (5- FU) without induction of PE. Group PE-5FU (n = 15): animals receiving injections of 5- FU and induction of PE after the first injection. SPE-CIS group (n = 15): animals that received Cisplatin injections (CIS) without PE induction. PE-CIS group (n = 15): animals that received CIS injections and PE induction after the first injection. For EP induction a cotton thread number 24 was fitted around the first right and left lower first molars. After 07, 15 and 30 days after the first intraperitoneal injection (SS or chemotherapeutic) the animals were euthanized. Blood samples were collected for hematological and biochemical analyzes of AST, ALT, creatinine and urea before injections and at 07 and 30 days. The mandibles containing the mandibular first molars were collected and processed according to the proposed analyzes. For the photometric analysis, alveolar bone loss (ABL) around the lower first molar was evaluated. For the analysis of computerized microtomography (µCT) the percentage of bone tissue volume (PBTV) in the furcation region was evaluated. The contralateral hemimandibula were used for histomorphometric and immunohistochemical analyzes in the furcation region and the percentage of bone-free area (PBFA), histological characteristics and biomarkers analysis (TRAP, RANKL, OPG, TNF-α, IL-1ß, PCNA, BAX and HIF-1α). Data were submitted to statistical analysis (p <0.05). Results: Both chemotherapy 5-FU and CIS contributed to the worsening of the evolution of EP by two routes: increasing the intensity and duration the inflammatory process; and decreased tissue repair ability by reducing cell and vascular turnover, resulting in significantly greater bone loss, which was comparatively higher in animals treated with 5-FU than in CIS. Additionally, 5-FU associated PE significantly increased ALT and AST levels at 30 days and associated CIS significantly increased Urea levels and showed no significant difference in Creatinine levels. Conclusion: both chemotherapy, 5-FU or CIS, exacerbated the severity of periodontitis, and periodontal damage caused by 5-FU was comparatively bigger and faster than those caused by CIS. In addition, we can conclude that PE has synergistically aggravated the liver and kidney debilitating conditions caused by chemotherapy(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Alveolar Bone Loss , Alveolar Bone Loss/drug therapy , Periodontitis , Periodontitis/drug therapy , Furcation Defects , Periodontal Diseases , Pharmaceutical Preparations
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-196795

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Furcation involvement in the molars is difficult to treat, and has been recognized as a risk factor for tooth loss. Although periodontal regenerative therapies, including guided tissue regeneration and various types of bone grafts, have been applied to furcation defects, the effects of these treatments are limited, especially in large class III furcation defects. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the effect of reciprocal autologous root transplantation on periodontal wound healing and regeneration in class III furcation defects in dogs. METHODS: Furcation defects (7 mm wide and 6 mm high) were surgically created after root separation of the unilateral third and fourth premolars in 4 dogs. Eight furcation defects were randomized to receive either reciprocal autologous root transplantation (test) or no further treatment (control). In the test group, the mesial and distal roots were transplanted into the distal and mesial extraction sockets, respectively. The animals were sacrificed 10 weeks after surgery for histologic evaluation. RESULTS: The healing pattern in the control group was characterized by extensive collapse of the flap and limited periodontal regeneration. New bone formation in the test group (3.56±0.57 mm) was significantly greater than in the control group (0.62±0.21 mm). Dense collagen fibers inserting into the residual cementum on the transplanted root surfaces were observed in the test group. Slight ankylosis was observed in 2 of the 4 specimens in the test group on the mesiodistal sides where the root-planed surfaces faced the existing bone. Root resorption (RR) was detected in both the control and test groups. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limits of this study, it can be concluded that reciprocal autologous root transplantation was effective for bone regeneration in class III furcation defects in dogs. However, further studies are required to standardize the approach in order to prevent unwanted RR prior to clinical application.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ankylosis , Bicuspid , Bone Regeneration , Collagen , Dental Cementum , Dogs , Furcation Defects , Guided Tissue Regeneration , Models, Animal , Molar , Osteogenesis , Periodontal Diseases , Periodontal Ligament , Pilot Projects , Regeneration , Risk Factors , Root Resorption , Tooth Loss , Transplants , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147790

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of the diagnosis of incipient furcation involvement with periapical radiography (PR) and 2 cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging protocols, and to test metal artifact interference. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mandibular second molars in 10 macerated pig mandibles were divided into those that showed no furcation involvement and those with lesions in the furcation area. Exams using PR and 2 different CBCT imaging protocols were performed with and without a metallic post. Each image was analyzed twice by 2 observers who rated the absence or presence of furcation involvement according to a 5-point scale. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of the observations. RESULTS: The accuracy of the CBCT imaging protocols ranged from 67.5% to 82.5% in the images obtained with a metallic post and from 72.5% to 80% in those without a metallic post. The accuracy of PR ranged from 37.5% to 55% in the images with a metallic post and from 42.5% to 62.5% in those without a metallic post. The area under the ROC curve values for the CBCT imaging protocols ranged from 0.813 to 0.802, and for PR ranged from 0.503 to 0.448. CONCLUSION: Both CBCT imaging protocols showed higher accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity than PR in the detection of incipient furcation involvement. Based on these results, CBCT may be considered a reliable tool for detecting incipient furcation involvement following a clinical periodontal exam, even in the presence of a metallic post.


Subject(s)
Animals , Artifacts , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Diagnosis , Furcation Defects , Mandible , Molar , Radiography , Radiography, Dental , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-84879

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare tooth surface characteristics in extracted human molars after cervical enamel projections (CEPs) were removed with the use of three rotating instruments. METHODS: We classified 60 extracted molars due to periodontal lesion with CEPs into grade I, II, or III, according to the Masters and Hoskins' criteria. Each group contained 20 specimens. Three rotating instruments were used to remove the CEPs: a piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler, a periodontal bur, and a diamond bur. Tooth surface characteristics before and after removal of the projections were then evaluated with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). We analyzed the characteristics of the tooth surfaces with respect to roughness and whether the enamel projections had been completely removed. RESULTS: In SEM images, surfaces treated with the diamond bur were smoothest, but this instrument caused considerable harm to tooth structures near the CEPs. The piezoelectric ultrasonic scaler group produced the roughest surface but caused less harm to the tooth structure near the furcation. In general, the surfaces treated with the periodontal bur were smoother than those treated with the ultrasonic scaler, and the periodontal bur did not invade adjacent tooth structures. CONCLUSIONS: For removal of grade II CEPs, the most effective instrument was the diamond bur. However, in removing grade III projections, the diamond bur can destroy both adjacent tooth structures and the periodontal apparatus. In such cases, careful use of the periodontal bur may be an appropriate substitute.


Subject(s)
Dental Enamel , Dental Instruments , Furcation Defects , Humans , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Molar , Root Planing , Tooth , Ultrasonics
18.
Rev. ADM ; 72(5): 250-154, sept.-oct. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-775333

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento y pronóstico de las lesiones endoperiodontales depende del diagnóstico oportuno y preciso de la enfermedad endodóntica y/o periodontal. Cuando se trata de lesiones endodónticas primarias con involucración periodontal secundaria, la estrategia de tratamiento debe ser primeramente enfocada a la infección pulpar, al debridamiento y desinfección de los conductos radiculares. El objetivo de este estudio es demostrar la capacidad de reparación de una lesión endoperiodontal mediante terapia endodóntica no quirúrgica, sin posterior terapia periodontal. El caso es un paciente masculino de 10 años con necrosis pulpar del órgano dentario 46 con involucración periodontal mediante lesión en furca, la cual reparó completamente en tres meses tras el tratamiento endodóntico. Estos hallazgos se confirman radiográficamente y por la disminución de la profundidad sondeable en la zona de la lesión. Se concluye que en este tipo de casos, con involucración endodóntica primaria, la necesidad del tratamiento periodontal quirúrgico o no quirúrgico será determinada exclusivamente por la falta de reparación de la lesión por largos periodos de tiempo.


he treatment and prognosis of endo-periodontal lesions depend on the timely and accurate diagnosis of the endodontic and/or periodontal disease. In the case of primary endodontic lesions with secondary peri-odontal involvement, the treatment strategy should be focused primarily on the pulp infection and the debridement and disinfection of root canals. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the repair capacity of an endo-periodontal lesion treated with nonsurgical endodontic root therapy and no subsequent periodontal treatment. The case involves a 10-year-old male patient with pulpal necrosis and apical periodontitis of tooth 46; periodontal furcation involvement was also evident. The diagnosis was a primary endodontic lesion with secondary periodontal involvement. The furcation defect healed completely within three months of non-surgical root canal treatment, a fact confi rmed by X-rays and by the reduction in the probing depth in the area of the lesion. We conclude that in cases such as this, where there is primary endodontic involvement, surgical or non-surgical periodontal treatment should be considered exclusively if the periodontal lesion persists for long periods of time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Furcation Defects/therapy , Dental Pulp Diseases/therapy , Periodontal Diseases/therapy , Dental Pulp Necrosis/therapy , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Wound Healing/physiology , Schools, Dental , Follow-Up Studies , Mexico , Molar/injuries , Molar , Treatment Outcome
19.
Perionews ; 9(2): 171-179, mar.-abr. 2015. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-764875

ABSTRACT

O tratamento periodontal de dentes que apresentam lesão de furca, muitas vezes, tem resultados imprevisíveis devido a diversos fatores que podem dificultar a terapia ou influenciar no progresso da doença periodontal. Destes, o comprimento do tronco radicular pode contribuir para a lesão precoce das furcas ou mesmo trazer complicações para a aplicação do tratamento. A abertura das raízes pode orientar o tipo de tratamento a ser instituído e as projeções cervicais de esmalte podem dificultar a instrumentação da região, ou mesmo atuar como nicho de retenção de placa. Assim, o propósito deste estudo foi medir, por meio de um paquímetro digital, os troncos radiculares de 400 molares de banco, tanto os primeiros como os segundos, e tanto os superiores como os inferiores, assim como analisar, por meio de índice apropriado, o tipo da projeção cervical de esmalte e, por meio de classificação apropriada, a abertura das raízes, com o objetivo de orientar no diagnóstico e no plano de tratamento. Concluiu-se que há variação das medidas de tronco radicular entre as faces dos dentes avaliados e que uma maior projeção cervical de esmalte (PCE) correlaciona-se com uma diminuição do comprimento de tronco radicular na amostra avaliada, assim como os primeiros molares apresentam maior ocorrência de raízes com grau de abertura maior do que os segundos molares.


Subject(s)
Furcation Defects/diagnosis , Molar/abnormalities , Periodontal Diseases/therapy , Furcation Defects , Molar , Tooth Root
20.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154658

ABSTRACT

Aim : The aim of the present study was to determine the occurrence of furcation involvement in the molars of patients with chronic periodontitis and correlate clinical and radiographic findings. Materials and Methods: Seventy subjects aged 35-69 years enrolled for treatment at a periodontics specialization program in Pernambuco, Brazil (EAP-SCDP-ABO/PE) participated in the study, comprising a total of 350 molars examined. The clinical diagnosis of furcation involvement was performed with a horizontal Nabers probe, whereas the radiographic examination was performed with periapical and bite-wing radiographs. The images were analyzed with an X-ray viewer at 3× magnification. The Chi-square test was used, with the level of significance set at 5%. Results: A total of 64.5% individuals presented with furcation involvement, 43.1% of whom had degree II furcation. A significant association (P = 0.0060) was found between tooth type and frequency of furcation involvement. The first lower and upper molars were affected in 64.5 and 58.5% of cases, respectively. Adequate agreement (0.65) was observed between the clinical and radiographic findings. Conclusion: Taking into consideration the method employed and the results obtained, it may be concluded that the clinical and radiographic examinations performed are effective tools for diagnosing furcation involvement in teeth affected with periodontal disease.


Subject(s)
Aged , Adult , /diagnosis , /diagnostic imaging , Furcation Defects/diagnosis , Furcation Defects/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Periodontitis/complications , Radiography, Dental
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