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1.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20200013, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136810

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fusarium spp. has been associated with a broad spectrum of emerging infections collectively termed fusariosis. This review includes articles published between 2005 and 2018 that describe the characteristics, clinical management, incidence, and emergence of these fungal infections. Fusarium solani and F. oxysporum are globally distributed and represent the most common complexes. Few therapeutic options exist due to intrinsic resistance, especially for the treatment of invasive fusariosis. Therefore, the use of drug combinations could be an important alternative for systemic antifungal resistance. Increase in the number of case reports on invasive fusariosis between 2005 and 2018 is evidence of the emergence of this fungal infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/parasitology , Fusariosis/parasitology , Fusarium/classification , Antifungal Agents/administration & dosage , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/drug therapy , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/epidemiology , Drug Resistance, Fungal , Fusariosis/drug therapy , Fusariosis/epidemiology
2.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 37(4): 142-145, dic. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095740

ABSTRACT

La infección diseminada por Fusarium se ha convertido en un problema creciente en las personas con neoplasias hematológicas malignas, principalmente en pacientes con leucemias agudas; se describen cada vez más casos en aquellos sometidos a un trasplante de médula ósea. No existe un tratamiento óptimo establecido para la fusariosis diseminada. La mortalidad global comunicada de esta infección oscila entre el 50 y el 80%. Se presenta a continuación el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino de 29 años, con diagnóstico de leucemia mieloide aguda, que presenta como complicación una fusariosis diseminada, y logra sobrellevar un trasplante alogénico de médula ósea en el Hospital Italiano de San Justo (Argentina) de forma exitosa. (AU)


Disseminated fusariosis has become an increasing problem in people with hematopoietic neoplasms, mainly in patients affected by acute leukemias, and even more in those who undergo hematopoietic cell transplantation. There is not an optimal treatment for disseminated fusariosis. The global mortality described in the literature is between 50% and 80%. We introduce a case of a 29 year old patient with diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia complicated with disseminated fusariosis, who copes with an allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation with a successful outcome in the "Hospital Italiano de San Justo" (Argentina). (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/surgery , Bone Marrow Transplantation/trends , Fusariosis/therapy , Azacitidine/adverse effects , Tobacco Use Disorder , Transplantation, Homologous , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/complications , Amphotericin B/administration & dosage , Amphotericin B/therapeutic use , Mitoxantrone/administration & dosage , Mitoxantrone/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Cytarabine/administration & dosage , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Positron-Emission Tomography , Drug Therapy , Fever , Fusariosis/microbiology , Fusariosis/mortality , Fusariosis/epidemiology , Fusariosis/diagnostic imaging , Myalgia , Voriconazole/administration & dosage , Voriconazole/therapeutic use , Filgrastim/therapeutic use , Marijuana Use , Cocaine Smoking , Terbinafine/therapeutic use , Melphalan/administration & dosage , Melphalan/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
3.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 46(1): 41-44, mar. 2014.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009717

ABSTRACT

La fusariosis es una de las enfermedades más importantes de los cereales, Fusarium graminearum es su principal agente etiológico. Este hongo posee la capacidad de producir distintos tipos y niveles de toxinas, en especial deoxinivalenol (DON). En la campaña 2012-2013 se dieron condiciones ambientales predisponentes para el desarrollo de esta enfermedad. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar la presencia del hongo y el contenido de DON en 50 muestras de trigo. Los resultados demostraron la presencia de Fusarium graminearum en el 80 % de las muestras analizadas. El 24 % de las muestras presentó valores de DON ≥ 1µg/g, el 26 % varió entre 0,5 y 0,99µg/g, mientras que el 50 % restante mostró valores inferiores a 0,5µg/g. Se observó correlación entre la presencia de Fusarium graminearum y de DON. Es necesario establecer valores límites de DON en granos de trigo destinados al consumo humano


One of the most important diseases in cereal crops is Fusarium head blight, being Fusarium graminearum the main etiological agent. This fungus has the ability to produce a wide spectrum and quantity of toxins, especially deoxynivalenol (DON). During the last crop season (2012-2013) the climatic conditions favored Fusarium colonization. The objective of this work was to determine the presence of this fungus as well as the DON content in 50 wheat grain samples. Our results showed that 80% of the samples were contaminated with Fusarium graminearum. Twenty four percent (24%) of the samples contained ≥ 1µg/g DON, 26% ranged from 0,5 and 0,99µg/g, and the remaining 50% had values lower than 0,5µg/g. Correlation was found between the presence of Fusarium graminearum and DON. It is necessary to establish DON limit values in wheat grains for human consumption


Subject(s)
Triticum/toxicity , Fusarium/pathogenicity , Fusariosis/epidemiology , Fusarium/isolation & purification , Fusarium/growth & development , Mycotoxins/analysis
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