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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(3): 441-448, 2024-04-24. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554115

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El cáncer de vesícula biliar es el más común en el tracto biliopancreático y una importante causa de mortalidad. La metaplasia y la displasia han sido mencionados como probables precursores relacionados con la secuencia metaplasia-displasia-cáncer. El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer las posibles asociaciones entre estas alteraciones histopatológicas y su relación con la edad y el sexo de los pacientes. Métodos. Estudio observacional retrospectivo descriptivo, con un componente analítico de corte transversal. Se incluyeron los informes de patología de pacientes llevados a colecistectomía laparoscópica electiva y ambulatoria, entre enero de 2015 y diciembre de 2020, con colecistitis crónica, colelitiasis o pólipos vesiculares, mayores de 18 años. Se describieron las características demográficas por sexo y edad utilizando medias, desviaciones estándar y porcentajes. Se emplearon la prueba de chi cuadrado y la prueba exacta de Fisher para evaluar la asociación entre las variables cualitativas. Resultados. Se incluyeron 4871 informes de patología. En esta cohorte se encontró asociación estadísticamente significativa entre metaplasia, displasia y cáncer de vesícula (p<0,05), al igual que con el sexo y la edad de los pacientes. Conclusiones. Los resultados sugieren una asociación entre metaplasia, displasia y cáncer de vesícula biliar en la población estudiada. Se recomienda la realización de investigaciones complementarias para definir la posible causalidad entre metaplasia, displasia y cáncer de vesícula biliar en una población más heterogénea.


Introduction. Gallbladder cancer is the most common cancer in the biliopancreatic tract and an important cause of mortality. Metaplasia and dysplasia have been mentioned as probable precursors related to the metaplasia-dysplasia-cancer sequence. The objective of this study was to establish the possible associations between these histopathological alterations and their relationship with the age and sex of the patients. Methods. Descriptive retrospective observational study, with a cross-sectional analytical component. Pathology reports of patients undergoing elective and outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included between January 2015 and December 2020, with chronic cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, or gallbladder polyps, over 18 years of age. Demographic characteristics by sex and age was performed using means, standard deviations, and percentages. The chi2 test and Fisher's exact test were used to evaluate the association between the qualitative variables. Results. 4871 pathology reports were included. In this cohort, a statistically significant association was found between metaplasia, dysplasia, and gallbladder cancer (p<0.05), as well as with the sex and age of the patients. Conclusions. The results suggest an association between metaplasia, dysplasia and gallbladder cancer in the study population. Additional research is recommended to define the possible causality between metaplasia, dysplasia, and gallbladder cancer in a more heterogeneous population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholecystectomy , Gallbladder Neoplasms , Disease Progression , Gallbladder , Metaplasia , Neoplasms
2.
Prensa méd. argent ; 109(5): 224-226, 20230000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1523818

ABSTRACT

El carcinoma de vesícula biliar es una entidad poco frecuente. El diagnóstico precoz de esta neoplasia es difícil, ya que sus síntomas son muy inespecíficos y muchas veces estes se realiza de manera tardía cuando el enfermo posee una enfermedad avanzada y solo para mitigar los síntomas. Con el crecimiento exponencial en el número de colecistectomías laparoscópicas en las últimas décadas, se ha generado un aumento en la detección de neoplasias incidentales, permitiendo ofrecer tratamiento curativo en un gran grupo de pacientes. Se evaluaron todas las colecistectomías realizadas durante julio de 2019 a diciembre de 2022 en el Hospital Nacional de Clínicas, Córdoba, Argentina. La evaluación patológica de todas las muestras quirúrgicas reveló una incidencia de 0,83% de adenocarcinoma insospechado en colecistectomías realizadas. 66% de los pacientes con neoplasias insospechadas pertenecían al sexo femenino


Gallbladder carcinoma is a rare entity. Early diagnosis of this neoplasia is difficult, since its symptoms are very unspecific and often this is done late when the patient has an advanced disease and only to mitigate symptoms. With the exponential growth in the number of laparoscopic cholecystectomies in recent decades, there has been an increase in the detection of incidental neoplasms, allowing offering curative treatment in a large group of patients. All cholecystectomies performed during July 2019 to December 2022 were evaluated at the National Hospital of Clinics, Córdoba, Argentina. Pathological evaluation of all surgical samples revealed an incidence of 0.83% of unsuspected adenocarcinoma in cholecystectomies performed. 66% of patients with unsuspected neoplasms were female


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cholelithiasis/therapy , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Gallbladder Neoplasms/therapy , Incidental Findings
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2210-2220, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007633

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is the most common malignant tumor of biliary tract. Isoliquiritigenin (ISL) is a natural compound with chalcone structure extracted from the roots of licorice and other plants. Relevant studies have shown that ISL has a strong anti-tumor ability in various types of tumors. However, the research of ISL against GBC has not been reported, which needs to be further investigated.@*METHODS@#The effects of ISL against GBC cells in vitro and in vivo were characterized by cytotoxicity test, RNA-sequencing, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, reactive oxygen species (ROS) detection, lipid peroxidation detection, ferrous ion detection, glutathione disulphide/glutathione (GSSG/GSH) detection, lentivirus transfection, nude mice tumorigenesis experiment and immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#ISL significantly inhibited the proliferation of GBC cells in vitro . The results of transcriptome sequencing and bioinformatics analysis showed that ferroptosis was the main pathway of ISL inhibiting the proliferation of GBC, and HMOX1 and GPX4 were the key molecules of ISL-induced ferroptosis. Knockdown of HMOX1 or overexpression of GPX4 can reduce the sensitivity of GBC cells to ISL-induced ferroptosis and significantly restore the viability of GBC cells. Moreover, ISL significantly reversed the iron content, ROS level, lipid peroxidation level and GSSG/GSH ratio of GBC cells. Finally, ISL significantly inhibited the growth of GBC in vivo and regulated the ferroptosis of GBC by mediating HMOX1 and GPX4 .@*CONCLUSION@#ISL induced ferroptosis in GBC mainly by activating p62-Keap1-Nrf2-HMOX1 signaling pathway and down-regulating GPX4 in vitro and in vivo . This evidence may provide a new direction for the treatment of GBC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Humans , Carcinoma in Situ , Chalcones/pharmacology , Ferroptosis , Gallbladder Neoplasms/genetics , Glutathione Disulfide , Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1 , Mice, Nude , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/genetics , Reactive Oxygen Species
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1680-1689, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980933

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Textbook outcome (TO) can guide decision-making among patients and clinicians during preoperative patient selection and postoperative quality improvement. We explored the factors associated with achieving a TO for gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) after curative-intent resection and analyzed the effect of adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) on TO and non-TO patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 540 patients who underwent curative-intent resection for GBC at the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2011 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Multivariable logistic regression was used to investigate the factors associated with TO.@*RESULTS@#Among 540 patients with GBC who underwent curative-intent resection, 223 patients (41.3%) achieved a TO. The incidence of TO ranged from 19.0% to 51.0% across the study period, with a slightly increasing trend over the study period. The multivariate analysis showed that non-TO was an independent risk factor for prognosis among GBC patients after resection ( P = 0.003). Age ≤60 years ( P = 0.016), total bilirubin (TBIL) level ≤34.1 μmol/L ( P <0.001), well-differentiated tumor ( P = 0.008), no liver involvement ( P <0.001), and T1-2 stage disease ( P = 0.006) were independently associated with achieving a TO for GBC after resection. Before and after propensity score matching (PSM), the overall survival outcomes of non-TO GBC patients who received ACT and those who did not were statistically significant; ACT improved the prognosis of patients in the non-TO group ( P <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Achieving a TO is associated with a better long-term prognosis among GBC patients after curative-intent resection, and ACT can improve the prognosis of those with non-TO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Gallbladder Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Prognosis , Hepatectomy , Cholecystectomy
5.
ABCD (São Paulo, Online) ; 36: e1732, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439011

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Gallbladder polyps are becoming a common finding in ultrasound. The management has to consider the potential risk of malignant lesions. AIMS: The aim of this study was to analyze the ultrasound findings in patients undergoing cholecystectomy due to gallbladder polyps and compare them for histopathological findings (HPs). METHODS: Patients with an ultrasonographic diagnosis of gallbladder polyp and who underwent cholecystectomy from 2007 to 2020 were included in the study. RESULTS: A total of 447 patients were included, of whom 58% were women. The mean age was 45±12 years. The mean size of polyps in US was 7.9±3.6 mm. Notably, 9% of polyps were greater than 10 mm, and single polyps were significantly larger than the multiple ones (p=0.003). Histopathological findings confirmed the presence of polyps in 88.4%, with a mean size of 4.8±3.4 mm. In all, 16 cases were neoplastic polyps (4.1%), 4 of them being malignancies, and all were single and larger than 10 mm. We found a significant correlation between ultrasound and histopathological findings polyp size determination (r=0.44; p<0.001). The Bland-Altman analysis obtained an overestimation of the US size of 3.26 mm. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis between both measures obtained an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.77 (95%CI 0.74-0.81). Ultrasound polyps size larger than 10 mm had an odds ratio (OR) of 8.147 (95%CI 2.56-23.40) for the presence of adenoma and malignancy, with a likelihood ratio of 2.78. CONCLUSIONS: There is a positive correlation and appropriate diagnostic accuracy between ultrasound size of gallbladder polyps compared to histopathological records, with a trend to overestimate the size by about 3 mm. Neoplastic polyps are uncommon, and it correlates with size. Polyps larger than 10 mm were associated with adenoma and malignancy.


RESUMO RACIONAL: Os pólipos da vesícula biliar estão se tornando um achado comum na ultrassonografia (US). O manejo deve levar em consideração o risco de lesões malignas. OBJETIVOS: Analisar os achados da ultrassonografia em pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia por pólipos vesicais e compará-los com os achados histopatológicos. MÉTODOS: Foram revisados os prontuários médicos dos pacientes com diagnóstico ultrassonográfico de pólipo vesicular e submetidos à colecistectomia no período de 2007 a 2020. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos no estudo 447 pacientes. A média de idade foi 45±12anos, sendo 58% mulheres. O tamanho médio dos pólipos na US foide 7,9±3,6mm. Nove por cento foram maiores que 10 mm, e os pólipos únicos encontrados foram maiores do que os múltiplos (p=0,003). A HP confirmou a presença de pólipos em 88,4%, tamanho médio 4,8±3,4mm. Dezesseis eram pólipos neoplásicos (4,1%) e quatro deles malignos, únicos e maiores que 10 mm. Foi encontrado correlação significativa entre a determinação do tamanho do pólipo ao ultrassonografia e histopatológicos (r=0,44; p<0,001). A análise de Bland-Altman obteve uma superestimação do tamanho do pólipo ao US em 3,26 mm. A análise da curva da característica de operação do receptor entre as duas medidas obteve uma área sob a curva curva da característica de operação do receptor (AUC) de 0,77 (IC95% 0,74-0,81). Pólipos ao ultrassonografia maiores que 10 mm apresentaram razão de chance (OR) de 8,147 (IC95% 2,56-23,40) para presença de adenoma e malignidade, com razão de verossimilhança de 2,78. CONCLUSÕES: Há uma correlação positiva e acurácia diagnóstica apropriada entre o tamanho dos pólipos da vesícula biliar por ultrassonografia em comparação com os achados histopatológicos, com uma tendência de superestimar o tamanho em cerca de 3 mm. Pólipos maiores que 10 mm foram associados a adenoma e malignidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Polyps/diagnostic imaging , Gallbladder Neoplasms/pathology , Gallbladder Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Polyps/complications , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Adenoma, Bile Duct/pathology , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery , Gallbladder Neoplasms/etiology
6.
Rev. venez. cir ; 76(2): 142-145, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1553934

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El adenocarcinoma de vesícula biliar es de las neoplasias digestivas con peor pronóstico; es poco común, y está asociado a una alta mortalidad. La mayoría de los diagnósticos son incidentales cuando se realiza exploración quirúrgica por sospecha de colelitiasis; encontrando malignidad en el 1 a 2% de estos casos. Produce síntomas inespecíficos, llevando a diagnósticos tardíos, empeorando así el pronóstico. Las características de esta neoplasia y el diagnóstico tardío hacen que muchas veces la resección curativa no sea posible. Caso Clínico : Paciente femenino de 45 años, quien refiere inicio de enfermedad actual (IEA) en diciembre de 2021 cuando posterior a ingesta de comida presenta dolor de aparición súbita, opresivo, de fuerte intensidad en epigastrio, intermitente. Ultrasonido abdominal (USA) reporta LOE vesicular. Se decide resolución mediante colecistectomía abierta extendida, donde se encuentra vesícula biliar (VB), con tumor en su interior que ocupa 30% de la luz, se realiza biopsia intraoperatoria, diagnosticándose ADC de vesícula. La paciente evolucionó satisfactoriamente y es egresada. En controles periódicos no hay evidencia de recidiva de la enfermedad. Conclusión : El cáncer de vesícula biliar (CVB) es una patología poco común, de difícil diagnóstico y asociado a una alta tasa de mortalidad, que produce síntomas inespecíficos por lo que es necesario un alto índice de sospecha para su diagnóstico. El manejo y conducta terapéutica depende de la extensión y el estadiaje del tumor. Es necesaria la realización de más estudios para determinar y estandarizar el manejo de esta infrecuente neoplasia(AU)


Introduction: Gallbladder adenocarcinoma is one of the digestive neoplasms with the worst prognosis; it is uncommon and is associated with high mortality. Most diagnoses are incidental when surgical exploration is performed due to suspected cholelithiasis, with malignancy found in 1 to 2% of these cases. It produces nonspecific symptoms, leading to late diagnoses, thereby worsening the prognosis. The characteristics of this neoplasm and the late diagnosis often make curative resection impossible.Clinical Case : A 45-year-old female patient who reported the onset of the current illness in December 2021. After a meal, she experienced sudden, intense, and intermittent epigastric pain. Abdominal ultrasound (US) reported gallbladder wall thickening. It was decided to perform an extended open cholecystectomy, and a tumor was found inside the gallbladder, occupying 30% of its lumen. An intraoperative biopsy was performed, diagnosing gallbladder adenocarcinoma. The patient recovered satisfactorily and was discharged. Subsequent follow-up visits have shown no evidence of disease recurrence.Conclusion : Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is a rare condition with a challenging diagnosis and a high mortality rate. It produces nonspecific symptoms, so a high index of suspicion is necessary for its diagnosis. The management and therapeutic approach depend on the tumor's extent and staging. Further studies are needed to determine and standardize the management of this uncommon neoplasm(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma , Digestive System Neoplasms , Gallbladder Neoplasms , Prognosis
7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 260-264, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970189

ABSTRACT

Gallbladder cancer(GBC)is one common type of bile tract cancers with poor prognosis. This review summarizes the recent development of studies about somatic mutation, molecular subtype, microenvironment heterogeneity, organoid, orthotopic model, patient-derived xenograft and clinical translation on GBC in aspects of genomic,transcriptome,single cell omics and clinical translation. We expect this review will provide new ideas on dissecting molecular mechanisms underlying the development and emerging chemoresistance of GBC following therapy and promote GBC precision medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gallbladder Neoplasms/genetics , Prognosis , Tumor Microenvironment
8.
Rev. med. Chile ; 150(9): 1131-1137, sept. 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431886

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Gallbladder Cancer (GBC) prevalence varies among countries, associated with different geographical and genetic factors. The Mapuche ethnicity (Ethnia mostly located between the VIII and X Chilean regions) stands out in Chile due to its high GBC prevalence. Aim: To estimate the GBC prevalence in patients undergoing cholecystectomy at a public hospital in the Northern region of Chile (Tarapaca), where other ethnical groups are common. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pathological reports of 3270 patients (72% women) who underwent cholecystectomy between January 2016 and December 2019 were revised. Subsequently, the accreditation of ethnic belonging for each patient to one of the ten native communities in Chile was requested to the National Corporation for Native Communities Development (CONADI). RESULTS: According to the analysis of pathological reports, the global GBC prevalence was 0.3 %. The prevalence in Aymaras was 0.4% and 0% in Mapuches. The distribution of ethnic origins among analyzed patients was Aymara in 14.3, Mapuche in 2.7%, Diaguita in 1.7%, Quechua in 1.3%, Atacameña in 0.2%, and Colla in 0.2%. No specific ethnic origin was found in 79% of patients. Conclusions: There was a low GBC prevalence rate in Northern Chile and among the Aymara population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Gallbladder Neoplasms/epidemiology , Cholecystectomy , Ethnicity , Chile/epidemiology , Prevalence
9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 372-377, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935613

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in perioperative management of patients with gallbladder carcinoma. Methods: The data of the patients with gallbladder carcinoma admitted at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 2017 and December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 69 males(42.1%) and 95 females(57.9%),with age of (64.0±10.3) years(range:37 to 89 years). Patients were divided into ERAS group(n=53) and normal group(n=111) according to whether they were treated with ERAS measures during the perioperative period.The basic characteristics of the two groups were matched by propensity score matching,and then the perioperative information was compared between the two groups. Categorical variables were presented as absolute numbers or frequencies. Differences between study groups were analyzed using χ2 test, Fisher's exact test, t-test, or Mann-Whitney U test, as appropriate. Results: Each group had 45 patients after propensity score matching with well-balanced basic characteristics. There was no difference in basic characteristics, operation time,bleeding,complication,and hospitalization expenses between two groups(all P>0.05). Compared with the normal group,time of ambulation (M(IQR)) (1(1) day vs. 2(2) days;Z=-3.839,P<0.01),postoperative anal exhaust time (2(1) days vs. 3(1) days;Z=-3.013,P=0.003),feeding time(2(1) days vs. 2(1) days;Z=-3.647,P<0.01),postoperative (5(2) days vs. 7(4) days;Z=-3.984,P<0.01) and total(8(4) days vs. 13(6) days;Z=-3.605,P<0.01) hospitalization time were shorter in ERAS group. Postoperative complications occurred in 12 patients. According to the Clavien-Dindo classification,6,4,and 2 patients were classified as grade Ⅰ,Ⅱ,and Ⅲa,respectively. Conclusion: The ERAS measures is safe and effective for perioperative management of patients with gallbladder carcinoma, enhancing patient recovery and shortening hospitalization time without increasing complication or hospitalization cost.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery , Length of Stay , Postoperative Complications , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 140-147, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935592

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the short-term efficacy and long-term prognosis of laparoscopic and laparotomy radical resection for gallbladder cancer(GBC). Methods: From January 2010 to December 2020,the clinical data and survival information for 133 patients who underwent radical resection of GBC at the Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery,Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital,were retrospectively collected. Eighty patients(23 males and 57 females) underwent laparoscopic radical resection and had a median age(M(IQR)) of 66.0(12.8)years(range:28.0 to 82.0 years). Fifty-three patients(45 males and 8 females) who received laparotomy were 63.0(6.0)years old(range:45.0 to 80.0 years old). There were no significant differences in age,gender,body mass index,preoperative albumin,preoperative total bilirubin,N stages,vascular invasion,peri-neural invasion or tumor differentiation between the laparoscopic and laparotomy group(all P>0.05). But there were significant differences in preoperative CA19-9(Z=-2.955, P=0.003), preoperative ALT level(Z=-2.801,P=0.031) and T stage (χ2=19.110,P=0.007) between the two groups. A non-parametric test was used for quantitative data. χ2 test or Fisher exact probability method was used for count data. Results: Patients in the laparoscopic group did not differ from those in the laparotomy group in terms of length of operation,number of lymph node yield,number of positive lymph nodes,the incidence of intraoperative gallbladder rupture,incidence of postoperative bile leakage,abdominal bleeding or abdominal infection,30-day mortality,90-day mortality, the incidence of incision implantation or peritoneal cavity metastasis(all P>0.05). Patients in the laparoscopic group showed less intraoperative bleeding(100.0(200.0)ml vs. 400.0(250.0)ml)(Z=-5.260,P<0.01),fewer days with drainage tube indwelling(6.0(3.8)days vs. 7.0(4.0)days)(Z=-3.351, P=0.001), and fewer postoperative days in hospital(8.0(5.0)days vs. 14.0(7.5)days)(Z=-6.079,P<0.01) than those in the laparotomy group. Patients in the laparoscopic group displayed better overall survival (P<0.01) and progression-free survival (P<0.01). Subgroup analysis for GBC of T1b-T2 and T3 stages revealed comparable overall survival and progression-free survival between the laparoscopic and laparotomy groups (P>0.05). Conclusions: Laparoscopic radical resection can achieve long-term survival for GBC comparable to that with open surgery. Laparoscopic radical resection has advantages over open surgery regarding surgical trauma and postoperative recovery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy , Laparotomy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 337-342, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927615

ABSTRACT

Benign gallbladder diseases are common diseases in surgery,which are closely related to the occurrence of gallbladder cancer.Currently,nonstandard treatment exited in the surgical management of benign gallbladder diseases in China. Based on relevant domestic and foreign literature,guidelines,and expert consensus,consensus on the surgical management of benign gallbladder diseases(2021 edition) has been formulated. Further,recommendations related to diagnosis and treatment were presented to improve the standardization of surgical diagnosis and treatment of benign gallbladder diseases in China,so as to eliminate the clinical harm of gallbladder diseases and reduce the incidence rate of gallbladder cancer and prevent the occurrence. After the publication of the consensus,it has aroused heated discussion. This paper will interpret the hot issues.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Consensus , Gallbladder Diseases/surgery , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery
12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 4-9, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927609

ABSTRACT

Benign gallbladder diseases are common in surgery department,and the incidence rate is increasing in recent years.Currently,nonstandard treatment existed in the surgical management of benign gallbladder diseases in China.Based on relevant domestic and foreign literature,guidelines,and expert consensus,this consensus expounds on the diagnosis and surgical treatment of common benign gallbladder diseases such as gallstone,cholecystitis,gallbladder polypoid,gallbladder adenomyosis,gallbladder variation and deformity,complications after cholecystectomy.Further,recommendations related to diagnosis and treatment were presented to improve the standardization of surgical diagnosis and treatment of benign gallbladder diseases in China,so as to eliminate the clinical harm of gallbladder diseases and reduce the incidence rate of gallbladder cancer and prevent the occurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholecystectomy , Consensus , Gallbladder , Gallbladder Diseases/surgery , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery , Gallstones/surgery
13.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(7): 360-365, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358943

ABSTRACT

El cáncer de vesícula es la neoplasia maligna más frecuente del tracto biliar. Con un mal pronóstico, su enfoque terapéutico muchas veces se centra en el tratamiento paliativo debido a que los pacientes suelen recibir un diagnóstico en estadios avanzados de la neoplasia, en los cuales ya no son candidatos para tratamientos quirúrgicos curativos. Por esta razón se utilizan stents o drenajes vesiculares, a fin de reducir el principal síntoma que se presenta: la ictericia, con sus consecuencias, por obstrucción biliar maligna. Este artículo pretende hacer una revisión de la evidencia recolectada en los últimos 5 años (período 2016 - 2021) acerca de los diferentes abordajes mínimamente invasivos en el tratamiento paliativo del cáncer de vesícula, sus resultados clínicos, y las diferencias entre ellos.


Gallbladder cancer is the most common malignancy neoplasm of the bile ducts. With a poor prognosis, its therapeutic approach is often focused on palliative treatment because patients usually receive a diagnosis in advanced stages of the neoplasm, in which they are no longer candidates for curative surgical treatments. For this reason, stents or gallbladder drains are used in order to reduce the main symptom that occurs: jaundice, with its consequences, due to malignant biliary obstruction. This article aims to review the evidence collected in the last 5 years (period 2016 - 2021) about the different minimally invasive approaches in the palliative treatment of gallbladder cancer, their clinical results, and the differences between them.


Subject(s)
Humans , Palliative Care , Epidemiologic Studies , Stents , Drainage/methods , Cholestasis/therapy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Early Detection of Cancer , Gallbladder Neoplasms/therapy
15.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(5): 272-275, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359357

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Presentar una resección quirúrgica R0, con fines curativos de un cáncer de vesícula biliar estadio 1B. Caso Clínico: Femenina de 60 años de edad, sin antecedentes de relevancia, que presenta por estudios complementarios alta sospecha de cáncer de vesícula biliar (T2N0Mx), se realiza laparotomía exploradora con colecistectomía convencional, bisegmentectomía 4 b y 5 del hígado y vaciamiento ganglionar. Sin complicaciones con alta sanatorial al 4 día post operatorio. Conclusión: El diagnostico precoz y una cirugía temprana en el cáncer de vesicula biliar puede ser una herramienta fundamental para poder ofrecer al paciente una cirugía curativa en este tipo de patología


Objects: This paper introduces an R0 surgical resection in the treatment of stage 1B gallbladder cancer. Discussion: 60-year female patient without medical history with highly suspect gallbladder cancer (T2N0Mx), revealed by clinical exams. The patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy, a conventional cholecystectomy, a double segmentectomy for 4b-5 liver, and the lymph node was removed. Complications were not reported, and the patient was discharged four days after surgery. Conclusion: Early diagnosis and early surgery on gallbladder cancer patients may prove essential to cure such pathology


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Cholecystectomy , Ultrasonography , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery , Gallbladder Neoplasms/therapy , Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic
16.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 121-124, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288182

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La neoplasia papilar intracolecística con carcinoma mucinoso invasor y células en anillo de sello es una variedad de cáncer de vesícula, una patología agresiva y con mal pronóstico, la cual puede presentarse en forma similar a una colecistitis y, a pesar del tratamiento operatorio y quimioterapia posterior, la supervivencia y pronóstico son peores en relación con los otros cánceres de vesícula. Este artículo tie ne por objetivo describir un tipo histológico muy específico, de baja frecuencia, de cáncer de vesícula y el tratamiento realizado.


ABSTRACT Intracholecystic papillary neoplasm with invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma and signet ring cells is a rare, aggressive variety of gallbladder cancer, with symptoms mimicking cholecystitis. Survival and prognosis are worse that other types of gallbladder cancer despite surgery and chemotherapy. The aim of this article is to describe a case of a rare gallbladder cancer with specific histology and the treatment performed


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Gallbladder Neoplasms , Pathology , Survival , Therapeutics , Grief , Cells , Baja , Blister , Drug Therapy , Gallbladder , Histology , Neoplasms
17.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021338, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345357

ABSTRACT

Mucosal Schwann cell hamartoma (MSCH) is a rare benign neurogenic tumor characterized by pure S100p positive spindle cell proliferation. Most cases occur in the distal colon. Involvement of the gall bladder is exceedingly rare. There have been no reports of recurrence or a syndromic association with MSCH. Herein, we describe a case of MSCH of the gallbladder in a 55-year-old female patient with prior history of gastrointestinal neurofibromas who presented with abdominal pain. MR imaging revealed choledocholithiasis, gallbladder thickening, and marked biliary and pancreatic ductal dilation. The patient subsequently underwent cholecystectomy with choledochoduodenostomy. Histologic evaluation of the gallbladder showed diffuse expansion of the mucosa with S100p positive cells with spindly nuclei and indistinct cytoplasmic borders and diagnosis of MSCH of the gallbladder was rendered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Schwann Cells/pathology , Gallbladder Neoplasms/pathology , Hamartoma/pathology , Neurofibroma/pathology , Neuroma
18.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(6): 573-578, dic. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388769

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Describir resultados en términos de morbilidad y mortalidad de la colecistectomía extendida laparoscópica (CELap) en pacientes con cáncer de vesícula biliar (CVB) incidental. Materiales y Método Serie de casos de pacientes con CVB incidental sometidos a CELap en el Hospital Regional de Temuco entre diciembre de 2017 y marzo de 2019. Resultados: Incluimos 10 pacientes, con edad promedio de 59,2 ± 11 años, 90% de género femenino. Respecto a la invasión de pared de la vesícula biliar (TNM), 1 presentó invasión hasta mucosa (T1a) con invasión de senos de Rokitansky Aschoff y 9 hasta subserosa (T2). Dos tuvieron ganglio cístico positivo en biopsia inicial. Respecto a la CELap, el tiempo operatorio promedio fue 333 ± 40 minutos. El promedio de ganglios resecados fue 4 ± 2,78, presentando lecho hepático positivo en 1 paciente. La clasificación TNM obtenida: un paciente T1aN0M0, siete T2N0M0 y dos T2N1M0. La estancia hospitalaria promedio fue 5 ± 2,3 días. Siete pacientes recibieron, posteriormente, quimioterapia con gemcitabina + cisplatino. Hubo morbilidad en 2 pacientes, tipo I de Dindo-Clavien. No reportamos mortalidad. El seguimiento promedio fue 7,1 ±5,1 meses, no reportamos recurrencia. Discusión: Esta serie presenta menor número de ganglios resecados que otros estudios (posiblemente por ser nuestra serie inicial) y mayor morbilidad, pero sólo tipo I de Dindo-Clavien. Presentamos una estancia hospitalaria similar a series internacionales y menor presencia de metástasis según reportan análisis retrospectivos. Conclusión: La CELap es una opción terapéutica aceptable y presenta cifras de morbilidad y mortalidad comparables con series nacionales e internacionales.


Aim: Describe results in terms of morbidity and mortality of minimally invasive treatment in patients with gallbladder cancer until subserosal layer. Materials and Method: Case series of patients with gallbladder cancer undergoing CELap at Hospital Regional of Temuco between December 2017 and March 2019. Results: Ten patients were included, the average age was 59,2 ±11 years. Ninety percent female. According to the invasion in gallbladder layers (TNM Classification), 1 patient was T1a (mucosa) with invasion of Rokytansky-Aschoff sinus and 9 patients T2 (subserosa). Two patients had a positive cystic node. The average operating time of CELap was 333 ± 40 minutes. The average number of resected nodes was 4 ± 2,78 and a positive liver bed was found in 1 patient. The TNM classification was 1 patient T1aN0M0, 7 patients T2N0M0 and 2 patients T2N1M0. Mean hospitalization was 5 ± 2,3 days. Seven patients subsequently received chemotherapy with gemcitabine + cisplatin. There was 2 patients with morbidity, type I of Dindo-Clavien scale. No mortality is reported. The average follow-up was 7,1 ±5,11 months and no recurrence was reported. Discussion: This series has a lower number of resected nodes than other studies (possibly because it is our initial series) and higer morbidity, but only Dindo-Clavien type I. Furthermore, we present a hospital stay similar to international series and a lower presence of metastases as reported in retrospective analysis. Conclusion: CELap is an acceptable therapeutic option and presents morbidity and mortality comparable with the national and international series.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cholecystectomy/methods , Cholecystectomy/mortality , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery , Chile , Laparoscopy/methods , Gallbladder Neoplasms/pathology
20.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(4): 430-435, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156325

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: la endoscopia es una de las herramientas necesarias para el manejo de las enfermedades biliares y pancreáticas. La colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) es uno de los procedimientos técnicamente más demandantes y de mayor riesgo de complicaciones realizados en el tratamiento de los desórdenes hepatopancreatobiliares. Objetivo: caracterizar los resultados clínicos de los pacientes llevados a CPRE en un centro de pacientes con cáncer exclusivamente. Métodos: estudio de serie de casos observacional, retrospectivo, descriptivo con base en datos clínicos de pacientes llevados a CPRE en una población diagnosticada con cáncer de distintos orígenes primarios y en diferentes estadios de enfermedad desde enero de 2010 hasta enero de 2017. Resultados: se analizaron 255 procedimientos en los que predominó el sexo femenino con 140 casos (54,9 %), el promedio de edad fue 62,9 años (desviación estándar [DE]: 12,9 años). Todos los procedimientos se hicieron con intención terapéutica. La indicación más frecuente fue cáncer de páncreas (n = 47; 18,43 %), compresión extrínseca de la vía biliar (n = 42; 16,47 %), disfunción de prótesis (n = 36; 14,12%), colecistocoledocolitiasis (n = 32; 12,55 %), otras causas (n = 32; 12,55 %), cáncer de vesícula (n = 24; 9,41 %), colangiocarcinoma extrahepático (n = 21; 8,24 %), coledocolitiasis recidivante (n = 9; 3,53%), coledocolitiasis residual (n = 6; 2,35 %) y tumor de Klatskin (n = 6; 2,35 %). La canalización exitosa se presentó en 222 casos (87,06 %). Durante el procedimiento, 10 pacientes presentaron complicaciones (4,3 %), de las cuales la pancreatitis y las perforaciones fueron las más frecuentes (n = 3; 1,18 %), seguidas por sangrado, colangitis (n = 2; 0,78 %) y dolor post-CPRE 1 (0,39 %). Conclusiones: en la población evaluada, la causa predominante para realizar el procedimiento está relacionada con cáncer y la frecuencia tanto de canalización exitosa como de complicaciones es similar a la de los reportes en las poblaciones generales.


Abstract Introduction: Endoscopy is one of the tools necessary to treat biliary and pancreatic diseases. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is one of the most technically demanding procedures with the highest risk of complications when treating hepato-pancreato-biliary disorders. Objective: To characterize the clinical outcomes of ERCP patients in a cancer patient center. Methodology: Observational, retrospective, descriptive case series study based on clinical data of patients brought to ERCP in a population diagnosed with cancer of different primary origins and in different stages of the disease from January 2010 to January 2017. Results: A total of 255 procedures were analyzed. The female sex was predominant with 140 cases (54.9%), and the average age was 62.9 years (SD 12.9 years). All procedures were done with therapeutic intent. The most frequent indication was pancreatic cancer (N=47; 18.43%), extrinsic compression of the common bile duct (N=42; 16.47%), biliary prosthesis dysfunction (N=36; 14.12%), cholecystocholedocholithiasis (N=32; 12. 55%), other causes (N=32; 12.55%), gallbladder cancer (N=24; 9.41%), extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (N=21; 8.24%), recurrent choledocholithiasis (N=9; 3.53%), residual choledocholithiasis (N=6; 2.35%), and Klatskin tumor (N=6; 2.35%). Successful cannulation was reported in 222 cases (87.06%). During the procedure, 10 patients presented complications (4.3%), with pancreatitis and perforations being the most frequent (N=3; 1.18%), followed by bleeding, cholangitis (N=2; 0.78%), and post-ERCP pain (N=1; 0.39%). Conclusions: In the population studied, the principal reasons for performing the procedure were related to cancer. The frequency of successful cannulation and complications reported here are similar to other results in the general population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Neoplasms , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Gallbladder Neoplasms
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