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1.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(1): 98-102, feb. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388925

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El vólvulo de vesícula biliar (VVB) es una causa extremadamente rara de colecistitis aguda. Aproximadamente 500 casos han sido reportados en la literatura mundial. Puede generar una obstrucción total del drenaje vesicular e isquemia con alto riesgo de progresar a perforación y peritonitis biliar. Caso clínico: Mujer de 90 años consultó por dolor hipogástrico de inicio súbito, asociado a masa abdominal palpable y dolorosa en flanco y fosa ilíaca derecha. Tomografía axial computada de abdomen y pelvis demostró una acentuada distensión de la vesícula biliar, ubicada por fuera de la fosa vesicular y con un punto sugerente de torsión. Fue sometida a laparotomía exploradora, desvolvulación seguida de colecistectomía, con evolución posoperatoria favorable. Discusión: Para el desarrollo de un VVB se requiere una "vesícula flotante", su cuadro clínico es inespecífico y muchas veces es confundido con una colecistitis aguda litiásica, su diagnóstico preoperatorio es difícil pese al estudio con imágenes. La intervención quirúrgica oportuna es el único tratamiento resolutivo, con excelentes resultados. Conclusión: La VVB es una patología rara, representa un desafío diagnóstico tanto para cirujanos como radiólogos.


Introduction: Gallbladder volvulus (GV) is an extremely rare cause of acute cholecystitis. Approximately 500 cases have been reported in world literature. It can lead to total obstruction of the gallbladder drainage and ischemia with a high risk of progressing to perforation and biliary peritonitis. Case report: 90-year-old woman consulted due to hypogastric pain of sudden onset, associated with painful palpable abdominal mass in the flank and right iliac fossa. Computed axial tomography of the abdomen and pelvis demonstrated an accentuated distention of the gallbladder, located outside the gallbladder fossa and with a point suggestive of torsion. She underwent exploratory laparotomy, devulvulation followed by cholecystectomy, with favorable postoperative evolution. Discussion: The development of GV requires a "floating gallbladder", its clinical picture is non-specific and is often confused with acute lithiasic cholecystitis. Its preoperative diagnosis is difficult despite the imaging study. Timely surgical intervention is the only resolutive treatment, with excellent results. Conclusion: GV is a rare pathology, it represents a diagnostic challenge for both surgeons and radiologists.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Gallbladder/pathology , Gallbladder Diseases/diagnosis , Cholecystectomy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
2.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 4-9, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927609

ABSTRACT

Benign gallbladder diseases are common in surgery department,and the incidence rate is increasing in recent years.Currently,nonstandard treatment existed in the surgical management of benign gallbladder diseases in China.Based on relevant domestic and foreign literature,guidelines,and expert consensus,this consensus expounds on the diagnosis and surgical treatment of common benign gallbladder diseases such as gallstone,cholecystitis,gallbladder polypoid,gallbladder adenomyosis,gallbladder variation and deformity,complications after cholecystectomy.Further,recommendations related to diagnosis and treatment were presented to improve the standardization of surgical diagnosis and treatment of benign gallbladder diseases in China,so as to eliminate the clinical harm of gallbladder diseases and reduce the incidence rate of gallbladder cancer and prevent the occurrence.


Subject(s)
Cholecystectomy , Consensus , Gallbladder , Gallbladder Diseases/surgery , Gallbladder Neoplasms/surgery , Gallstones/surgery , Humans
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927378

ABSTRACT

Based on the thinking of integrative and holistic acupuncture and moxibustion, FU Wen -bin proposes to treat depression complicated with obsessive-compulsive disorder from perspective of heart and gallbladder. In clinical practice, the treatment pattern of "acupuncture at the top priority, followed by moxibustion, and consolidation at the end" is applied, acupuncture, refined moxibustion, intradermal needle and other therapies are comprehensively adopted, acupoints on the heart meridian, pericardium meridian and gallbladder meridian are selected or back-shu points and front-mu points of the heart, gallbladder and pericardium are matched, and the acupoints on the conception vessel and governor vessel and with the functions of tonifying kidney and regulating qi are added to calm the heart and tranquilize the mind, so as the symptoms of depression and obsessive-compulsive can be effectively relieved.


Subject(s)
Depression/therapy , Gallbladder , Humans , Meridians , Moxibustion , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
4.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 280-297, 20220316. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362970

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El diagnóstico de cáncer de vesícula biliar se realiza generalmente de forma incidental durante el estudio de las piezas quirúrgicas o cuando la enfermedad está avanzada y se expresa por su diseminación. Muy pocas veces se diagnostica de forma preoperatoria. Corresponde a la neoplasia más común de las vías biliares y su incidencia varía de acuerdo a la región geográfica. La región andina en Latinoamérica presenta una de las mayores incidencias a nivel mundial. Métodos. Se realizó una revisión narrativa de la literatura, para presentar una información actualizada en lo referente a los factores de riesgo (incluyendo las alteraciones genéticas y moleculares), al diagnóstico y al tratamiento de esta patología. Basados en los datos actuales, presentamos algunas recomendaciones dirigidas al diagnóstico temprano, que permita un manejo más adecuado de nuestros pacientes. Resultados. Se han implicado nuevos factores de riesgo relacionados con la etiología del cáncer de vesícula biliar, como la obesidad, factores genéticos y moleculares. A pesar de la disponibilidad de los métodos diagnósticos imagenológicos, no ha ocurrido una importante variación porcentual en cuanto al estadio al momento del diagnóstico. Conclusiones. El manejo quirúrgico del cáncer de vesícula biliar está indicado en los estadios más tempranos de la enfermedad y es importante evaluar las opciones terapéuticas en pacientes con enfermedad avanzada. Se considera de suma importancia el estudio anatomopatológico de la pieza quirúrgica y la revisión del informe por parte del cirujano.


Introduction. The diagnosis of gallbladder cancer is generally made incidentally during the study of the surgical pieces or when the disease is advanced and is expressed by its dissemination. It is rarely diagnosed preoperatively. It corresponds to the most common neoplasm of the bile ducts and its incidence varies according to the geographical region. The Andean region in Latin America presents one of the highest incidents worldwide. Methods. A narrative review of the literature was carried out to present updated information regarding risk factors (including genetic and molecular alterations), diagnosis and treatment of this pathology. Based on current data, we present some recommendations aimed at early diagnosis, which allows a more adequate management of our patients. Results. New risk factors related to the etiology of gallbladder cancer have been implicated, such as obesity, genetic and molecular factors. Despite the availability of diagnostic imaging methods, there has not been a significant percentage variation in terms of stage at diagnosis. Conclusions. Surgical management of gallbladder cancer is indicated in the earliest stages of the disease and it is important to evaluate therapeutic options in patients with advanced disease. The pathological study of the surgical piece and the review of the report by the surgeon are considered of utmost importance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polyps , Lithiasis , Gallbladder , Therapeutics , Risk Factors , Diagnosis , Neoplasms
6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1358272

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 40 años portadora de litiasis biliar sintomática que se operó de coordinación por abordaje laparoscópico


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Lithiasis/diagnostic imaging , Gallbladder/abnormalities , Cholangiography , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Lithiasis/surgery
8.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 121-124, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288182

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La neoplasia papilar intracolecística con carcinoma mucinoso invasor y células en anillo de sello es una variedad de cáncer de vesícula, una patología agresiva y con mal pronóstico, la cual puede presentarse en forma similar a una colecistitis y, a pesar del tratamiento operatorio y quimioterapia posterior, la supervivencia y pronóstico son peores en relación con los otros cánceres de vesícula. Este artículo tie ne por objetivo describir un tipo histológico muy específico, de baja frecuencia, de cáncer de vesícula y el tratamiento realizado.


ABSTRACT Intracholecystic papillary neoplasm with invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma and signet ring cells is a rare, aggressive variety of gallbladder cancer, with symptoms mimicking cholecystitis. Survival and prognosis are worse that other types of gallbladder cancer despite surgery and chemotherapy. The aim of this article is to describe a case of a rare gallbladder cancer with specific histology and the treatment performed


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Gallbladder Neoplasms , Pathology , Survival , Therapeutics , Grief , Cells , Baja , Blister , Drug Therapy , Gallbladder , Histology , Neoplasms
9.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 125-130, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288183

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La vesícula izquierda (VI) es una rara anomalía de la vía biliar que, cuando enferma, no suele dar sín tomas diferentes de aquella normoposicionada, haciendo infrecuente su diagnóstico preoperatorio. Presentamos el caso de una colecistitis aguda en un paciente con VI, resuelto en forma segura por vía laparoscópica. Un paciente ingresa por un cuadro típico de colecistitis aguda. Como hallazgo in traoperatorio se constata una vesícula biliar inflamada, ubicada en posición siniestra. Se modificó la ubicación de los puertos de trabajo y se realizó colangiografía transvesicular por punción, antes de iniciar la disección del hilio vesicular. Luego de identificar el conducto cístico, se realizó colangiografía transcística que confirmó la anatomía de la vía biliar completa y expedita. Se completó la colecistec tomía laparoscópica en forma segura. El hallazgo de una VI obliga al cirujano a cambiar la técnica de una colecistectomía laparoscópica. Esta anomalía incrementa el riesgo de lesiones de la vía biliar. La disección cuidadosa del hilio vesicular logrando una visión crítica de seguridad y el uso de colangiogra fía intraoperatoria son de extrema importancia para una colecistectomía segura.


ABSTRACT Left-sided gallbladder (LSGB) is a rare bile duct abnormality, usually found during a cholecystectomy. Symptoms usually do not differ from those of a normally positioned gallbladder, making the preoperative diagnosis extremely uncommon. We report the case of an acute cholecystitis in a patient whit LSGB, safely managed with laparoscopic surgery. A 24-year-old male patient was admitted to our institution with clinical and radiological signs of acute cholecystitis. The intraoperative finding of an acute cholecystitis in a LSGB made us modify ports positioning and a cholangiograhy was done by direct puncture of the gallbladder before hilum dissection. After the cystic duct was identified, a transcystic cholangiography was performed which confirmed a complete and clear bile duct anatomy and laparoscopic cholecystectomy was safely completed. The intraoperative finding of a LSGB makes the surgeon change some aspects of the usual technique to perform a safe cholecystectomy as LSGB significantly increases the risk of common bile duct injuries. Meticulous dissection of the gallbladder hilum to achieve a critical view of safety and the systematic use of intraoperative cholangiography are extremely important to perform a safe laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Cholecystitis, Acute/diagnostic imaging , Gallbladder , Cholangiography , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Laparoscopy
10.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 40(1): e839, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289452

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La litogénesis biliar, proceso de sobresaturación de colesterol en la bilis vesicular, es prevenible. Objetivo: Describir las nuevas evidencias biomoleculares de la litogénesis biliar de colesterol como base de la futura terapia preventiva de la litiasis vesicular. Método: Se realizó una revisión sistemática y crítica de las evidencias de impacto sobre la litogénesis biliar. Se consultaron artículos publicados entre 2015-2020 en las bases de datos PubMed, Medline, SciELO, LILACS y Elsevier. Resultados: Se recuperaron evidencias actuales de los mecanismos biomoleculares relacionados con las futuras terapias preventivas de la litiasis vesicular, propuestos como fundamentos teóricos. Conclusiones: La descripción actualizada de la litogénesis biliar de colesterol, con los nuevos conceptos biomoleculares incorporados, aporta a su comprensión el papel de los genes de receptores nucleares, la intervención de estos últimos y de los transportadores de la secreción biliar. Dirigida a médicos generales, cirujanos, gastroenterólogos y fisiólogos, la descripción actualizada de La litogénesis biliar impacta como nuevo paradigma con los conceptos biomoleculares que intervienen en pro de su prevención(AU)


Introduction: Biliary lithogenesis is a preventable process of cholesterol supersaturation in gallbladder bile. Objective: Describe the new biomolecular evidence of biliary cholesterol lithogenesis serving as a basis for future preventive therapy for gallbladder lithiasis. Methods: A systematic critical review was conducted of impact evidence about biliary lithogenesis. The papers consulted were published in the databases PubMed, Medline, SciELO, LILACS and Elsevier from 2015 to 2020. Results: Current evidence was retrieved of biomolecular mechanisms proposed as theoretical foundations for future preventive therapies for gallbladder lithiasis. Conclusions: Intended for general practitioners, surgeons, gastroenterologists and physiologists, the updated description of biliary lithogenesis including the role of nuclear receptors, biliary lipid transporters and the biological value of enterohepatic circulation in the integrity and functioning of the hepatobiliary system as regulators of the cholesterol mechanism, makes an impact as a new paradigm with the biomolecular concepts involved in biliary lithogenesis prevention(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Biological Products , Cholesterol/metabolism , Enterohepatic Circulation , Gastroenterologists , Gallbladder , Urinary Bladder Calculi/prevention & control
11.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021248, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153175

ABSTRACT

Metastatic gallbladder carcinoma to the ovaries is occasional but a recognized entity. It can mimic, clinical and morphologically, a primary ovarian tumor, challenging the diagnosis. We present the case of a patient with a lump in the hypogastrium extending into the right iliac fossa and was found to have abdominopelvic cystic lesion with enhancing solid components and multiple sub-centimetric and ill-defined abdominal lymph nodes. Also, subpleural and parenchymal nodules in the lungs were present. She subsequently underwent a laparotomy. Cholecystectomy was also done due to pre-existing symptomatic biliary lithiasis. The histologic report described the ovarian involvement as metastases from a gallbladder carcinoma. The presentation of ovarian metastases can challenge the diagnosis. Hence, careful evaluation of the digestive tract and judicious use of immunohistochemistry should be considered in patients presenting with ovarian masses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma , Gallbladder/abnormalities , Immunohistochemistry , Neoplasm Metastasis
12.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020232, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153174

ABSTRACT

Acute hemorrhagic cholecystitis is a rare, life-threatening condition that can be further complicated by perforation of the gallbladder. We describe a patient with clinical and radiologic findings of acute cholecystitis with a gallbladder rupture and massive intra-abdominal bleeding. Our patient is a 67-year-old male who presented with an ischemic stroke and was treated with early tissue plasminogen activator. His hospital course was complicated by a fall requiring posterior spinal fusion surgery. He recovered well, but several days later developed subxiphoid and right upper quadrant pain and an episode of hemobilia and melena. A computed tomography scan revealed an inflamed, distended gallbladder with indistinct margins and a large hematoma in the gallbladder fossa extending to the right paracolic gutter. The patient also developed hemodynamic instability concerning for hemorrhagic shock. He underwent an emergent laparoscopic converted to open subtotal fenestrating cholecystectomy with abdominal washout for management of his acute hemorrhagic cholecystitis with massive intra-abdominal hemorrhage. Prompt recognition of this lethal condition in high-risk patients is crucial for optimizing patient care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Biliary Tract Surgical Procedures , Cholecystitis, Acute/complications , Gallbladder/injuries , Postoperative Complications , Stroke/surgery
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887866

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS)and ultrasound(US)in the differential diagnosis between cholesterol polyps and gallbladder adenomas. Methods A total of 136 patients with gallbladder polyp lesions(GPLs)and undergoing cholecystectomy in the First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2019 to October 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.All the patients underwent US and CEUS examinations before cholecystectomy.US and CEUS images of cholesterol polyps and gallbladder adenomas were compared for the evaluation of the performance of CEUS in the diagnosis of gallbladder adenomas. Results The 136 cases of GPLs included 95 cases of cholesterol polyps and 41 cases of gallbladder adenomas.Cholesterol polyps and gallbladder adenomas showed significant differences in the maximum size of GPLs(


Subject(s)
Adenoma/diagnostic imaging , Cholesterol , Contrast Media , Diagnosis, Differential , Gallbladder/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography
14.
Hepatología ; 2(1): 257-262, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1396570

ABSTRACT

El virus de hepatitis A es la causa más común de hepatitis viral aguda en el mundo. La infección en adultos produce un cuadro sintomático, agudo y autolimitado, pero se pueden presentar alteraciones extrahepáticas, como anormalidades en la vesícula biliar y pancreatitis aguda. Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 49 años con engrosamiento de las paredes de la vesícula biliar, atribuido en un principio a una neoplasia de la vesícula, cuya etiología ulterior fue la hepatitis A. Las anormalidades de la vesícula son un hallazgo frecuente en las hepatitis virales agudas, en especial por virus de hepatitis A. Los médicos deben estar familiarizados con esta manifestación extrahepática de la infección para no incurrir en exámenes innecesarios o tratamientos invasivos como la colecistectomía.


Hepatitis A virus is the most common cause of acute viral hepatitis in the world. Infection in adults produces an acute, self-limited symptomatic disease, but extrahepatic manifestations may occur, such as gallbladder abnormalities and acute pancreatitis. The case of a 49-year-old man with gallbladder wall thickening, initially attributed to gallbladder cancer, whose subsequent etiology was hepatitis A, is presented. Abnormalities of the gallbladder are common in patients with acute viral hepatitis, especially due to hepatitis A. Physicians caring for adults with hepatitis A virus infection should be aware that such disease manifestations may occur, in order to avoid unnecessary clinical investigations or invasive treatments such as cholecystectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gallbladder , Hepatitis A , Diagnostic Imaging , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Jaundice
15.
Clin. biomed. res ; 41(4): 368-370, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349410

ABSTRACT

A heterotopia pancreática é definida como a presença de tecido pancreático em localização topográfica anômala. Essa patologia pode acometer variadas estruturas da cavidade abdominal, mas raramente manifesta-se na vesícula biliar. Até o momento, menos de 40 casos de heterotopia pancreática em vesícula biliar foram relatados na literatura médica. Apresentamos um caso de uma mulher de 25 anos, que realizou uma colecistectomia videolaparoscópica por colelitíase, com exame anatomopatológico que identificou uma heterotopia pancreática. Apesar de rara, a doença deve ser considerada em pacientes com sintomatologia de doenças da via biliar e de doenças pancreáticas e sem diagnóstico após uma investigação de rotina, tendo em vista que o tecido pancreático ectópico está sujeito às mesmas alterações patológicas, manifestações clínicas e complicações encontradas no próprio pâncreas. (AU)


Heterotopic pancreas is defined as the presence of pancreatic tissue at an anomalous location. This condition may affect multiple structures in the abdominal cavity but rarely appears in the gallbladder. To date, fewer than 40 cases of heterotopic pancreas in the gallbladder have been reported in the medical literature. We present a case of a 25 year-old woman who underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis, with a pathology test that detected heterotopic pancreas. Despite its rarity, this disease must be considered in cases of corresponding symptoms without a diagnosis after a routine evaluation, considering that ectopic pancreatic tissue is exposed to the same pathological alterations, clinical manifestations, and complications found in the pancreas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pancreas , Choristoma/diagnostic imaging , Gallbladder , Choristoma/physiopathology , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic
16.
Rev. Méd. Paraná ; 79(1): 82-84, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282483

ABSTRACT

O íleo biliar representa de 1 a 4% das causas de obstrução mecânica do trato gastrointestinal, causado por um cálculo de origem biliar quando atinge a luz intestinal através de uma fístula bilioentérica. O seu tratamento normalmente é cirúrgico através da enterolitotomia, com ou sem realização de colecistectomia e correção da fístula bilioentérica no mesmo tempo cirúrgico. Relata-se o caso de um paciente de 78 anos com obstrução intestinal ao nível do íleo terminal. Devido ao risco cirúrgico elevado optou-se pela realização de colonoscopia de urgência, que extraiu um cálculo de 2,1cm, impactado na válvula ileocecal. O paciente evoluiu bem após o procedimento, sendo optado pelo tratamento conservador da vesícula biliar e fístula durante o internamento. Conclui-se que pacientes de alto risco se beneficiam com procedimentos menos invasivos, como os endoscópicos, que além de diagnósticos podem ser terapêuticos


The gallstone ileus represents 1 to 4% of the causes of mechanical obstruction from gastrointestinal tract, caused by a gallstone when it reaches the intestinal lumen through a bilioenteric fistula. The treatment is usually the enterolithotomy, with or without cholecystectomy and correction of the bilioenteric fistula at the same surgical time. We report a case of a patient, 78 years old, with intestinal obstruction at the level of the ileocecal valve. The examination showed abdominal distension and pain, with no signs of peritonitis. Due to the surgical risk, a emergency colonoscopy was performed, which removed a 2.1 cm gallstone impacted into the ileocecal valve. The patient evolved well after the procedure and it was chosen the conservative approach to the gallbladder and fistula during the same hospital stay. We conclude that the high-risk patients could benefit from less invasive treatments, such as endoscopy, which can be diagnoses and therapeutic


Subject(s)
Humans , Digestive System Fistula , Biliary Fistula , Intestinal Fistula , Gallbladder , Intestinal Obstruction , Ileum
17.
Medisan ; 24(6) ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1143271

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso clínico de una paciente de 95 años de edad, quien acudió al Cuerpo de Guardia del Hospital Provincial Docente Clinicoquirúrgico Saturnino Lora Torres de Santiago de Cuba por presentar dolor abdominal difuso, de comienzo súbito con 48 horas de evolución, acompañado de náuseas y vómitos de escasa cuantía y de coloración oscura, así como ligera distención abdominal, sin expulsión de heces ni gases. Se decidió su ingreso para tratamiento quirúrgico urgente, con el diagnóstico presuntivo de oclusión intestinal. Durante la cirugía se encontró la vesícula distendida con su pedículo torcido. Se realizó colecistectomía típica. La paciente evolucionó satisfactoriamente y no presentó complicaciones posoperatorias.


The case report of a 95 years patient is described, she went to the emergency department of Saturnino Lora Torres Teaching Clinical Surgical Provincial Hospital in Santiago de Cuba due to a diffuse abdominal pain, of sudden beginning with 48 hours of clinical course, accompanied by nauseas and vomits of scarce quantity and dark color, as well as slight abdominal distention, without expulsion of stools neither gases. Her admission was decided for emergency surgical treatment, with the presumptive diagnosis of intestinal occlusion. During the surgery the distended gallbladder with bent pedicle was found. A typical cholecystectomy was carried out. The patient had a favorable clinical course and she didn't present postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Cholecystectomy , Gallbladder/surgery , Torsion Abnormality , Middle Aged
19.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(4): 414-420, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156323

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: los pólipos de vesícula biliar, benignos y malignos, en la mayoría de pacientes tienen un diagnóstico generalmente incidental; a través de estudios de imágenes, que no se pueden distinguir con precisión según su grado de malignidad. Objetivo: determinar los factores de riesgo para la malignidad de los pólipos vesiculares en dos hospitales públicos peruanos. Metodología: estudio de cohorte retrospectiva, de datos secundarios, en colecistectomizados del 2004 al 2012 en un hospital de Lima y otro de Callao. Se definió como pólipo maligno según el tipo histopatológico de adenocarcinoma. Se obtuvieron los riesgos relativos y sus intervalos de confianza del 95 % (IC 95 %). Además, mediante curvas ROC (característica operativa del receptor), se obtuvieron la sensibilidad y especificidad según el tamaño de pólipo. Resultados: de las 368 biopsias, 26 (7 %) fueron adenocarcinomas. La mediana del tamaño de los pólipos fue de 4 mm (rango: 1-65 mm), 176 (51 %) tuvieron múltiples pólipos y 85 (23 %) tuvieron litiasis biliar asociada. En el análisis multivariado, se incrementó el riesgo de malignidad por cada milímetro del tamaño del pólipo en 26 % (IC 95 %:14 %-40 %, valor p < 0,001) y del tamaño de la pared vesicular en 182 % (IC 95 %:46 %-445 %, valor p: 0,002), ajustados por la edad del paciente, la litiasis y el tamaño vesicular. Para un tamaño de 6 mm se tuvo una sensibilidad de 81 % y especificidad del 85 %. Conclusión: se concluye que el tamaño del pólipo y el grosor de la pared vesicular estuvieron asociados con la malignidad de pólipos vesiculares.


Abstract Introduction: In most patients, gallbladder polyps, both benign and malignant, are usually an incidental finding. However, imaging studies cannot accurately establish their degree of malignancy. Objective: To determine the risk factors for gallbladder polyp malignancy in two Peruvian public hospitals. Methodology: Retrospective cohort study conducted on secondary data from patients who underwent cholecystectomy between 2004 and 2012 in Lima and another in Callao, Peru. The malignancy of the polyp was established according to the histopathological type of adenocarcinoma. Relative risks and their 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were obtained. Moreover, ROC curves were used to determine sensitivity and specificity according to the size of the polyp. Results: Of 368 biopsies, 26 (7%) were adenocarcinomas. The median size of the polyps was 4mm (range: 1-65mm). 176 patients (51%) had multiple polyps, and 85 (23%) had associated gallstones. Multivariate analysis showed that the risk of malignancy increased by 26% (95%CI:14-40%, p-value:<0.001) per millimeter of polyp size and by 182% (95%CI:46-445%, p-value=0.002) based on vesicular wall size, adjusted for patient age, lithiasis and vesicular size. For a size of 6mm, sensitivity was 81%, and specificity was 85%. Conclusion: The size of the polyp and the thickness of the vesicular wall are associated with the malignancy of vesicular polyps.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Polyps , Adenocarcinoma , Risk Factors , Gallbladder , Hospitals, Public , Neoplasms
20.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 869-875, Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124868

ABSTRACT

In the current study, the histological structure of the gallbladder of Alburnus tarichi (Güldenstädt, 1814) was investigated. Hematoxylin and eosin were used to stain the histological sections for routine examinations, in addition to using periodic acid Schiff (PAS) for the neutral mucins, aldehyde fuchsin (AF) for the sulphated mucins, and Alcian blue (AB; pH: 2.5) for the acidic mucins. In addition, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) immune-staining was performed for the detection of dividing cells among the epithelium. The gallbladder of A. tarichi was composed of mucosa, muscularis, and serosa or adventitia layers. The mucosa covering the wavy pleomorphic folds was made up of tall columnar epithelium and a lamina propria. The apical surface of the epithelial cells was lined by continuous short microvilli. On the epithelium, the luminal surface was remarkably stained with PAS, AF, and AB. Slight to moderate staining was observed on the epithelial cells in the apical zone with PAS. The cytoplasm of epithelial cells were stained in a slight manner with AF. No goblet cells were observed among the epithelium. According to the PCNA immune-staining, some epithelial cells were observed to proliferate. The lamina propria consisted of loose connective tissue that contained fibrocytes, collagen and elastic fibers, capillaries, and small blood vessels. The muscularis layer displayed muscle fibers that were circular, smooth, and surrounded by collagen fibers. The subserosal and serosal or adventitial layers had typical morphology to those of other fish and vertebrates.


En este estudio, se investigó la estructura histológica de la vesícula biliar de Alburnus tarichi (Güldenstädt, 1814). Las secciones histológicas se tiñeron con Hematoxilina-Eosina para los exámenes de rutina, además de usar el ácido periódico de Schiff (PAS) para las mucinas neutras, aldehído fucsina (FA) para las mucinas sulfatadas y azul alcián (AB; pH: 2,5) para las mucinas ácidas. Además, se realizó una tinción inmune de antígeno nuclear de células proliferativas (PCNA) para la detección de células en división entre el epitelio. La vesícula biliar de A. tarichi estaba compuesta de capas, mucosa, muscular y serosa o adventicia. La mucosa que cubría los pliegues pleomórficos ondulados estaba formada por un epitelio columnar alto y una lámina propia. Se observó una superficie apical de las células epiteliales revestida por microvellosidades cortas y continuas. En el epitelio se observó una tinción importante de la superficie luminal teñida con PAS, FA y AB. Se observó una tinción leve a moderada en las células epiteliales en la zona apical con PAS. El citoplasma de las células epiteliales se tiñó ligeramente con FA. No se observaron células caliciformes entre el epitelio. Según la tinción de PCNA, se observó que proliferaban algunas células epiteliales. La lámina propia consistía en tejido conectivo laxo que contenía fibrocitos, colágeno y fibras elásticas, capilares y pequeños vasos sanguíneos. La capa muscular mostraba fibras musculares circulares, lisas y rodeadas de fibras de colágeno. Las capas subserosas y serosas o adventicias tenían una morfología típica a la de otros peces y vertebrados.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cyprinidae/anatomy & histology , Gallbladder/anatomy & histology , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen
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