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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927878

ABSTRACT

Mucins,a family of heavily glycosylated proteins,present mainly in epithelial cells.They function as essential barriers for epithelium and play important roles in cellular physiological processes.Aberrant expression and glycosylation of mucins in gastric epithelium occur at pathological conditions,such as Helicobacter pylori infection,chronic atrophic gastritis,intestinal metastasis,dysplasia,and gastric cancer.This review addresses the major roles played by mucins and associated O-glycan structures in normal gastric epithelium.Further,we expound the alterations of expression patterns and glycan signatures of mucins at those pathological conditions.


Subject(s)
Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Glycosylation , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Helicobacter pylori/metabolism , Humans , Mucins/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
2.
Más Vita ; 3(4): 33-40, dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1355015

ABSTRACT

La gastritis es una enfermedad con una alta morbilidad a nivel mundial, el principal factor de riesgo es la infección por Helicobacter pylori. Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas, histopatológica y endoscópicas en una población con gastritis crónica. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional de tipo descriptivo, retrospectivo, se incluyeron 49 pacientes que acudieron a la consulta externa del área de gastroenterología, de 18 a 65 años, a quienes se realizó el estudio histopatológico y endoscópico en el Servicio de Gastroenterología en el Hospital General Quevedo, de Los Ríos-Ecuador, durante septiembre 2017 ­ septiembre 2018. Resultados: Se observó predominio del género masculino (65%); en mayores de 40 años (55%), la epigastralgía y la sensación de acidez estomacal, 39% y 35% respectivamente, fueron los síntomas más frecuentes, La positividad para Helicobacter pylori, alcanzó el 86%, y la lesión no erosiva un 73%, existió mayor presencia de la forma no atrófica (84%) sobre la atrófica. Conclusiones: La gastritis crónica predominó en el grupo etario mayor a 40 años y de género masculino, siendo los factores de riesgo de mayor prevalencia la infección por Helicobacter pylori y los asociados al consumo de antiinflamatorios no esteroideos, mala alimentación, alcohol y tabaco, los síntomas como epigastralgía y la sensación de acidez estomacal fueron los más frecuentes. El hallazgo endoscópico fue mayor para las formas no erosivas, y de acuerdo a la histopatología la gastritis no atrófica antral moderada fue la más frecuente(AU)


Gastritis is a disease with high morbidity worldwide, the main risk factor is Helicobacter pylori infection. Objective: To describe the clinical, histopathological and endoscopic characteristics in a population with chronic gastritis. Material and methods: An observational, descriptive, retrospective study was carried out, including 49 patients who attended the outpatient consultation of the gastroenterology area, aged 18 to 65 years, who underwent a histopathological and endoscopic study in the Gastroenterology Service at the Quevedo General Hospital, Los Ríos-Ecuador, during September 2017 - September 2018. Results: A predominance of the male gender was observed (65%); In people over 40 years of age (55%), epigastralgia and the sensation of heartburn, 39% and 35% spectively, were the most frequent symptoms, the positivity for Helicobacter pylori, reached 86%, and the non-erosive lesion 73 %, there was a greater presence of the non-atrophic form (84%) over the atrophic one. Conclusions: Chronic gastritis predominated in the age group over 40 years of age and male, the most prevalent risk factors being Helicobacter pylori infection and those associated with the consumption of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, poor diet, alcohol and tobacco. symptoms such as epigastric pain and the sensation of heartburn were the most frequent. The endoscopic finding was greater for non-erosive forms, and according to histopathology, moderate antral non-atrophic gastritis was the most frequent(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Helicobacter pylori/drug effects , Dyspepsia/etiology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastritis/physiopathology , Peptic Ulcer , Signs and Symptoms , Biopsy , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Acidity , Gastroenterology
3.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(1): 74-78, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098051

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The role of Helicobacter pylori infection on eosinophilic infiltration in duodenal mucosa is poorly studied. An increase in the number of eosinophils in duodenum has been associated with functional dyspepsia. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of H. pylori infection on duodenal eosinophil count and the role of eosinophilic infiltrate of duodenum in functional dyspepsia. METHODS: Positive and negative H. pylori individuals were included. Both functional dyspeptic patients according to Rome III criteria (cases) and individuals without gastrointestinal symptoms (controls) were enrolled. They were submitted to upper endoscopy and H. pylori infection was verified by gastric histopathology and urease test. Eosinophils in the duodenal mucosa were counted in five high-power fields, randomly selected on slides of endoscopic biopsies. RESULTS: Thirty-nine H. pylori positive (mean age 40.5 and 69.2% women) and 24 negative patients (mean age 37.3 and 75% women) were included. The influence of the infection was observed in the duodenal eosinophil count, which was higher in infected individuals: median 13.2 vs 8.1 in non-infected individuals (P=0.005). When we analyzed patients according to symptoms, cases - mean age 39.6; 71.4% women - and controls - mean age 38.7; 71.4% women - had similar duodenal eosinophil count: median 11.9 and 12.6 respectively (P=0.19). CONCLUSIONS: We did not demonstrate association of duodenal eosinophil count with functional dyspepsia but found association with H. pylori infection.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O papel de infecção por Helicobacter pylori no infiltrado eosinofílico duodenal ainda é pouco compreendido. Um aumento no número de eosinófilos duodenais tem sido associado a dispepsia funcional. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a influência do H. pylori na contagem de eosinófilos duodenais e o papel do infiltrado eosinofílico duodenal na dispepsia funcional. MÉTODOS: Indivíduos H. pylori positivo e negativo foram incluídos. Ambos os grupos, compreendendo dispépticos funcionais pelos critérios de Roma III (casos) e indivíduos sem sintomas gastrointestinais (controles), foram submetidos à endoscopia digestiva alta para pesquisa de H. pylori, efetuada por histopatologia e teste de urease. Eosinófilos na mucosa duodenal foram contabilizados em cinco campos de maior aumento, selecionados randomicamente nas lâminas de biópsia endoscópicas. RESULTADOS: Trinta e nove indivíduos H. pylori positivo (média de idade 40,5 e 69,2% mulheres) e 24 H. pylori negativos (média de idade 37,3 e 75% mulheres) foram incluídos. A influência da infecção por H. pylori foi observada na contagem de eosinófilos, que foi maior nos positivos: mediana 13,2 vs 8,1 (P=0,005). Quando analisados pacientes de acordo com sintomas, os casos (média de idade 39,6 e 71,4% mulheres) e controles (média de idade 38,7 e 71,4% mulheres), apresentaram semelhante contagem de eosinófilos duodenais: mediana 11,9 e 12,6, respectivamente (P=0,19). CONCLUSÃO: Não demonstramos associação da contagem de eosinófilos duodenais com dispepsia duodenal, mas encontramos associação com infecção por H. pylori.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Duodenum/pathology , Dyspepsia/microbiology , Eosinophilia/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Biopsy , Case-Control Studies , Gastroscopy , Duodenum/microbiology , Dyspepsia/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/microbiology , Middle Aged
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(4): e9290, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089356

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to investigate the expression of RBM8A protein in patients with gastric cancer (GC) and to explore its correlation with clinical pathological features as well as prognosis. One hundred pairs of gastric carcinoma tissues and adjacent tissues from patients undergoing gastrectomy for GC were included in this study. The protein expression level of RBM8A was determined by immunohistochemistry using tissue microarrays. We also detected the mRNA expression level of RBM8A in 16 pairs of gastric carcinoma tissues and adjacent tissues. Meanwhile, we predicted the potential correlation between RBM8A and tumor stages as well as survival condition in patents with GC based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The correlation of RBM8A with the clinical pathological features and prognosis of the 100 patients with GC was also elucidated. The expression level of RBM8A was significantly higher in gastric carcinoma tissues compared to the adjacent tissues. The protein level of RBM8A was correlated with tumor size (P=0.031), depth of invasion (P<0.001), lymph node metastasis (P<0.001), TNM stage (<0.001), and distant metastasis (P=0.001). Patients with increased RBM8A expression (P<0.0018, 95%CI=0.322−0.871), higher TNM stage (P<0.001, 95%CI=4.990−11.283), and lymph node metastasis (P<0.001, 95%CI=2.873−4.002) had a lower overall survival. Taken together, our study demonstrated that RBM8A may act as a proto-oncogene, which could be a promising biomarker and therapeutic target in the diagnosis and treatment of GC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Survival Analysis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging
5.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(3): 264-269, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038716

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: It is widely assumed that gender, age, gastritis and Helicobacter pylori , all have some degree of correlation and, therefore, can synergistically lead to the development of gastric cancer. OBJECTIVE: In this cross-sectional study, we expected to observe the above mentioned correlation in the analysis of medical records of 67 patients of both sexes (female, n=44), mean age ± standard deviation: 41±12 years old, all from Belém (capital of Pará State, Brazilian Amazon), a city historically known as one with the highest gastric cancer prevalence in this country. METHODS: All patients were submitted to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for gastric biopsy histopathological analysis and rapid urease test. All diagnoses of gastritis were recorded considering its topography, category and the degree of inflammatory activity, being associated or not associated with H. pylori infection. RESULTS: The results show that no statistically relevant associations were found among the prevalences of the observed variables. CONCLUSION: The authors hypothesize that observed risk factors associated to gastric cancer might be lesser synergistic than is usually expected.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: É amplamente assumido que gênero, idade, gastrite e Helicobacter pylori , todos têm algum grau de correlação e, portanto, podem sinergicamente levar ao desenvolvimento de câncer gástrico. OBJETIVO: Neste estudo transversal, esperamos observar a correlação acima mencionada na análise de prontuários de 67 pacientes de ambos os sexos (sexo feminino, n=44), média de idade ± desvio padrão: 41±12 anos, todos de Belém (capital do Estado do Pará, Amazônia Brasileira), uma cidade historicamente conhecida como sendo uma das que apresenta maior prevalência de câncer gástrico no país. MÉTODOS: Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à endoscopia digestiva alta para análise histopatológica da biópsia gástrica e teste rápido da urease. Todos os diagnósticos de gastrite foram registrados considerando sua topografia, categoria e grau de atividade inflamatória, sendo associada ou não associada à infecção por H. pylori . RESULTADOS: Os resultados mostram que não foram encontradas associações estatisticamente relevantes entre as prevalências das variáveis observadas. CONCLUSÃO: Os autores levantam a hipótese de que os fatores de risco associados ao câncer gástrico podem ser menos sinérgicos do que o esperado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Stomach Neoplasms/microbiology , Urease/analysis , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Gastric Mucosa/microbiology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Biopsy , Brazil/epidemiology , Sex Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/enzymology , Helicobacter Infections/epidemiology , Age Factors , Sex Distribution , Gastritis/microbiology , Gastritis/pathology , Intestinal Mucosa/enzymology , Middle Aged
6.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 36(1): 101-105, feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003658

ABSTRACT

Resumen La estrongiloidiasis es una enfermedad desatendida en Latinoamérica. Las manifestaciones gastrointestinales son inespecíficas y la obstrucción duodenal es una complicación infrecuente. Presentamos el caso clínico de un varón de 31 años, procedente de la selva central de Perú, que ingresó por una obstrucción intestinal alta, con úlceras y una estenosis duodenal evidenciadas en la endoscopia digestiva alta. El informe histopatológico reveló la presencia de larvas de Strongyloides stercoralis. La evolución clínica y endoscópica fueron favorables con el tratamiento con ivermectina. Existen poco más de 20 casos publicados de obstrucción duodenal por S. stercoralis. Adicionalmente, se confirmó una infección por HTLV-1, asociación descrita frecuente.


Strongyloidiasis is a neglected disease in Latin America. Gastrointestinal manifestations are nonspecific and duodenal obstruction is a rare complication. Here we present the case of a 31-year-old male from the central jungle of Peru, admitted due to a high intestinal obstruction, with duodenal ulcers and stenosis evidenced in the upper endoscopy. The histopathological report revealed presence of larvae of Strongyloides stercoralis. Clinical and endoscopic follow up were favorable with ivermectin treatment. There are near 20 reported cases of duodenal obstruction due to S. stercoralis. Additionally, infection by HTLV-1 was confirmed, being this a frequent association.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Adult , Strongyloidiasis/complications , Strongyloides stercoralis/isolation & purification , Duodenal Obstruction/parasitology , Strongyloidiasis/pathology , Biopsy , HTLV-I Infections/parasitology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/methods , Duodenal Obstruction/pathology , Duodenal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Gastric Mucosa/parasitology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Larva
7.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(1): 119-124, 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991382

ABSTRACT

IgG4 related disease is a systemic autoimmune disease, which can affect different organs. The most common digestive manifestation is autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP), followed by involvement of bile ducts and the major papilla. The stomach is only rarely involved. We report a 71-year-old diabetic woman consulting for jaundice and weight loss. Abdominal CAT scan, cholangio resonance imaging, endosonography and a serum IgG4 of five times the normal value, lead to the diagnosis of an autoimmune pancreatitis. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a diffuse thickening of gastric folds. The pathological study confirmed the presence of IgG4 positive plasma cells. The patient was successfully treated with steroids.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease/pathology , Gastritis, Hypertrophic/pathology , Pancreatitis/pathology , Biopsy , Immunohistochemistry , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Gastroscopy/methods , Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease/diagnostic imaging , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastritis, Hypertrophic/diagnostic imaging
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(3): e201900310, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989069

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate serum levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in chronic gastritis patients to predict Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection, inflammatory activity, and precancerous lesions. Methods: A total of 811 patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms and histopathological diagnosis of chronic gastritis were enrolled in the study. On endoscopy, five gastric biopsies were taken according to Modified Sydney protocol, which were stained with hematoxylin & eosin and Giemsa Results: HP infection was found in 28.6% of patients, being significantly more common in specimens with acute and chronic inflammatory activity. Mucosal atrophy, intestinal metaplasia, and dysplasia were found in 20.2%, 18.8% and 2.7% of biopsy specimens. Mean hs-CRP was 1.9±1.6 mg/dl for males and 2.2±1.9 mg/dl for females. hs-CRP average were significantly higher in patients with severe acute inflammation (p:0.049), in patients with severe chronic inflammation (p:0.015) and in those with HP (p: 0.001) . The severity of HP infection increased significantly with the increased degree of acute inflammation, chronic inflammation and hs-CRP level (p=0.001 for both). Conclusion: Serum hs-CRP level increases in patients with chronic gastritis, it could be an indicator of severity of acute or chronic mucosal inflammation, and presence of HP infection. Therefore, hs-CRP may aid the diagnosis of chronic gastritis, but it is not associated with pre-cancerous lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Helicobacter Infections/blood , Gastroscopy/methods , Gastritis/pathology , Gastritis/blood , Reference Values , Biopsy , Blood Cell Count , Severity of Illness Index , Acute Disease , Chronic Disease , Regression Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Metaplasia/pathology
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(11): 1002-1006, Nov. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976793

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study retrospectively reviewed 46 cases of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors treated by endoluminal endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFR) microsurgery in our gastrointestinal endoscopy center. We aimed to evaluate the EFR for the treatment of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors originating from the muscularis propria. METHODS: A total of 46 patients with gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors originated from the muscularis propria layer from January 2012 to June 2015 were treated with EFR. The patients were followed up with gastroscope and computed tomography (CT) for evaluation of therapeutic effect and safety. RESULTS: EFR was successfully accomplished to remove all tumors in 46 patients. The mean procedure time was 82.5±39.8min (56-188min). Except in 3 leiomyomas, pathological examination confirmed gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) in 43 cases. None of the patients had occurred bleeding, peritonitis and other complications after EFR. Thereafter, all patients were followed up with gastro-scope after 1, 6,12 months. CONCLUSIONS: EFR is effective and safe for patients with gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors originated from muscularis propria layer and has the advantage of less invasive treatment and higher tumor resection rate. It should be considered for further application.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Este estudo revisou retrospectivamente 46 casos de tumores gástricos estromáticos gastrointestinais tratados por microcirurgia endoluminal endoscópica de ressecção completa (EFR) em nosso centro de endoscopia gastrointestinal. Pretendemos avaliar a EFR para o tratamento de tumores gastrointestinais estromáticos originários da muscularis própria. MÉTODOS: Um total de 46 pacientes com tumores gástricos estromáticos gastrointestinais originários da camada muscular própria, de janeiro de 2012 a junho de 2015, foi tratado com EFR. Os pacientes foram acompanhados com gastroscópio e tomografia computadorizada (TC) para avaliação de efeitos terapêuticos e segurança. RESULTADOS: A EFR foi realizada com sucesso para remover todos os tumores em 46 pacientes. O tempo médio de procedimento foi de 82,5±39,8 min (56-188 min). Exceto em três leiomiomas, exame patológico confirmou tumor estromal gastrointestinal (Gist) em 43 casos. Em nenhum paciente ocorreu sangramento, peritonite e outras complicações após EFR. Posteriormente, todos os pacientes foram acompanhados com gastroscópio após um, seis e 12 meses. CONCLUSÕES: A EFR é eficaz e segura para pacientes com tumores gastrointestinais originários da camada muscular própria e tem a vantagem de ser um tratamento menos invasivo e com maior taxa de ressecção tumoral. Deve ser considerada para posterior aplicação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/surgery , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/methods , Gastrectomy/methods , Gastric Mucosa/surgery , Leiomyoma/surgery , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/diagnostic imaging , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Leiomyoma/pathology , Middle Aged
10.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(3): 279-282, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973898

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has been introduced by since 1983 by Marshal and Warren to play the main role in the pathophysiology of gastritis and gastric ulcers. Almost half of the world population1 is infected by H. pylori. Current therapeutic regimen against H. pylori includes the use of a proton pump inhibitor plus two or more antibiotics. However, the efficacy of this regimen is decreasing mainly due to antibiotic resistance and side effects of medications. This fact has resulted in public interest in other therapeutic options and the role of probiotics merits special attention in this regard. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of honey-derived Lactobacillus rhamnosus on H. pylori-induced gastric inflammation and gastro-intestinal infection in C57BL/6 Mice. METHODS: The 24 C57BL/6 Mice were randomly divided into three groups of eight mice each. All the mice were fed with 1cc suspension containing 5*1010 CFU/ mL of ATCC43504 strains of H. pylori for 3 consecutive days, twice daily via polyethylene gavage tubes. At the end of 4th week, infection with H. pylori was confirmed with stool Ag (ELISA) and following sacrifice of one mouse from each group, histopathologic study confirmed gastritis. The groups were subjected to different therapies as stated, 1: without Bismuth (Bi), Omeprazole (Om) and L. rhamnosus prescription, 2: Bi, Om and Clarithromycin (Cl) and 3: Bi, Om plus 1cc of suspension of 109 CFU/mL of L. rhamnosus. After 2 weeks, the stool was analyzed for Ag and the mice were sacrificed for evaluation of histopathologic changes. RESULTS: Treatment with L. rhamnosus group provided Zero titer of stool Ag and was associated with improved gastric inflammation in all subjects, similar to the clarithromycin group. CONCLUSION: Honey-derived L. rhamnosus probiotics provides similar results as clarithromycin in terms of improvement of H. pylori infection and gastritis in C57BL/6 Mice model, without its cons of antibiotic resistance.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) foi reconhecido em 1983 por Marechal e Warren como protagonista principal na fisiopatologia de gastrite e úlceras gástricas. Quase metade da população mundial está infectada por H. pylori. O regime terapêutico atual contra H. pylori inclui o uso de um inibidor da bomba de prótons associada a dois ou mais antibióticos. No entanto, a eficácia deste regime está diminuindo principalmente devido à resistência aos antibióticos e efeitos colaterais de medicamentos. Este fato resultou no interesse público em outras opções terapêuticas e o papel dos probióticos merece atenção especial a este respeito. OBJETIVO: Este estudo visa avaliar a eficácia do mel-derivado do Lactobacillus rhamnosus na inflamação gástrica e infecção gastrointestinal H. pylori-induzida em camundongos C57Bl/6. MÉTODOS: Vinte e quatro camundongos C57Bl/6 foram divididos aleatoriamente em três grupos de oito camundongos cada. Todos os ratos foram alimentados com suspensão de 1cc contendo 5*1010 UFC/mL de cepas ATCC43504 de H. pylori por 3 dias consecutivos, duas vezes por dia através de gavagem por tubos de polietileno. No final da 4ª semana, a infecção com H. pylori foi confirmada pelo antígeno fecal (ELISA) e após o sacrifício de um rato de cada grupo, o estudo histopatológico confirmou gastrite. Os grupos foram submetidos a diferentes terapias, como indicado, 1: sem prescrição de bismuto (BI), Omeprazol (Om) e L. rhamnosus, 2: Bi, Om e claritromicina (CL) e 3: Bi, Om mais 1cc de suspensão de 109 UFC/mL de L. rhamnosus. Após 2 semanas, as fezes foram analisadas para o antígeno e os ratos foram sacrificados para a avaliação das alterações histopatológicas. RESULTADOS: O tratamento com o grupo L. rhamnosus forneceu o título zero de antígeno e foi associado com a inflamação gástrica melhorada em todos os camundongos, similar ao grupo claritromicina. CONCLUSÃO: O probiótico mel-derivado L. rhamnosus fornece resultados semelhantes ao da claritromicina em termos de melhoria da infecção H. pylori e gastrite em C57Bl/6 camundongos modelos, sem os inconvenientes de resistência aos antibióticos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/therapy , Probiotics/therapeutic use , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Gastritis/therapy , Honey/microbiology , Time Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Colony Count, Microbial , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Helicobacter Infections/microbiology , Treatment Outcome , Clarithromycin/pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Gastric Mucosa/microbiology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastritis/microbiology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
11.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(3): 212-215, July-Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973892

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Gastritis is a very common disorder that is widely distributed worldwide, representing one of the most prevalent pathological entities in Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze the correlation between the endoscopic findings and the histological diagnosis of antral gastritis. METHODS: In this study, 92 reports of upper digestive endoscopy were performed between November 2014 and January 2015, including biopsy of the antral gastric mucosa, comparing the endoscopic and histological findings, which were classified according to the Sidney System. The 92 exams included 35 men and 57 women, ranging in age from 15 to 84 years. The most frequent indication was epigastric pain. RESULTS: Of the 92 examinations analyzed, the histological diagnosis of antral gastritis appeared in 75 exams, 59 endoscopic reports contained the diagnosis of antral gastritis, and 33 endoscopic findings were normal. The kappa coefficient was 0.212 (P<0.05), indicating that there was no significant agreement between the endoscopic findings and the histological diagnosis of antral gastritis. CONCLUSION: We conclude that histology represents the gold standard method for the diagnosis of antral gastritis and that in daily clinical practice, biopsies should always be performed, regardless of the endoscopic findings.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Gastrite é uma afecção muito comum, de larga distribuição mundial, representando uma das entidades patológicas mais prevalentes em Gastroenterologia e Endoscopia Digestiva. OBJETIVO: Este estudo tem por objetivo analisar a correlação entre os achados endoscópicos e o diagnóstico histológico de gastrite antral. MÉTODOS: Nesse estudo, foram analisados 92 laudos de endoscopia digestiva alta, realizados entre novembro de 2014 e janeiro de 2015, que continham biópsia de mucosa gástrica antral, comparando-se os achados endoscópicos e histológicos, que foram classificados segundo o Sistema Sidney. Os 92 exames analisados englobaram 35 homens e 57 mulheres, com idade variando entre 15 e 84 anos. A indicação mais frequente foi epigastralgia. RESULTADOS: Dentre os 92 exames analisados, o diagnóstico histológico de gastrite antral apareceu em 75 exames, sendo que 59 laudos endoscópicos continham o diagnóstico de gastrite antral e 33 laudos endoscópicos foram normais. O coeficiente kappa foi 0,212 com P<0,05, mostrando que não há concordância significativa entre os achados endoscópicos e o diagnóstico histológico de gastrite antral. CONCLUSÃO: Concluímos que a histologia representa o método padrão-ouro para o diagnóstico de gastrite antral, e que na prática clínica diária, biópsias devem ser sempre realizadas, independente dos achados endoscópicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Gastroscopy/methods , Gastritis/pathology , Gastritis/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Reproducibility of Results , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Helicobacter Infections/diagnostic imaging , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Middle Aged
12.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(2): 122-127, Apr.-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950513

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The association between infection with Helicobacter pylori and different gastroduodenal diseases is related to bacterial, host and environmental factors. Studies have demonstrated an association between the genetic diversity of H. pylori, especially in the vacA and cagA genes, and the development of digestive diseases such as peptic ulcer and gastric cancer. In addition, the nature of the host inflammatory response may explain these different manifestations of infection caused by this microorganism. In this respect, host factors that regulate the immune and inflammatory responses involving the functional interaction of H. pylori infection with different components of the immune system, particularly T cells, in gastroduodenal diseases still need further investigation. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the immune response, including immunity induced by infection with H. pylori, especially virulent strains (vacA alleles and cagA gene), by analyzing the cytokine profile and T-cell population present in gastroduodenal diseases in a Brazilian population. METHODS: In a prospective study, gastric biopsies were collected from 554 patients with different gastroduodenal diseases for histological analysis and for the determination of bacterial genotype and cytokine production (IL-4, IL-10, IFN-γ and IL-12) by ELISA. RESULTS: The predominant genotype of the H. pylori strains isolated from the patients studied was s1m1cagA+, which was more common among patients with gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer and gastric cancer. A significant association was observed between the s1m1cagA+ genotype and a higher degree of inflammation, higher neutrophil activity and the development of intestinal metaplasia. The gastric concentrations of IFN-γ and IL-12 were significantly higher in patients infected with H. pylori than in uninfected individuals. Higher levels of these cytokines were detected in patients with gastric ulcer and cancer, while the levels of IL-4 and IL-10 in the gastric mucosa were lower in these patients. In addition, IFN-γ and IL-12 concentrations in gastric biopsies were higher in patients infected with the virulent s1m1cagA+ genotype. In contrast, IL-4 and IL-10 levels were higher in tissue infected with s2m2cagA in gastric biopsies. CONCLUSION: Our study shows that the interaction between the type of infectious strain and the Th1 immune response can influence and perpetuate gastric inflammation, and thus contributes to the development of the different clinical manifestations of H. pylori infection.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A associação da infecção por Helicobacter pylori com diferentes doenças gastroduodenais pode estar associada a fatores bacterianos, do hospedeiro e do ambiente. Nesse contexto, estudos têm demonstrado que a diversidade genética do H. pylori, sobretudo nos genes vacA e cagA, está associada ao desenvolvimento de doenças gastroduodenais como a úlcera péptica e o câncer gástrico. Além disso, a natureza da resposta inflamatória do hospedeiro pode explicar essas diferentes manifestações da infecção por esse microrganismo. Portanto, fatores do hospedeiro que regulam as respostas imunológica e inflamatória, envolvendo a interação funcional da infecção por H. pylori com diferentes membros do compartimento imunológico, especialmente respostas imunes de células T nas doenças gastroduodenais, ainda precisam ser melhor estudados. OBJETIVO: Caracterizar a resposta imune, incluindo imunidade induzida por infecção pelo H. pylori, especialmente com cepas virulentas de H. pylori (alelos vacA e gene cagA), através da análise do perfil de citocinas e da caracterização da população de células T presentes em doenças gastroduodenais em nossa população. MÉTODOS: Em um estudo prospectivo, foram coletadas biópsias gástricas de 554 pacientes portadores das diferentes doenças gastroduodenais. Nas amostras biológicas destes pacientes foi realizada a determinação do genótipo bacteriano e a detecção das citocinas IL-4, IL-10, INF-γ e IL-12 através do método Elisa. Foram obtidas biópsias gástricas para avaliação histológica. RESULTADOS: Observamos que o genótipo predominante nas cepas de H. pylori isoladas dos pacientes estudados foi s1m1cagA positivo, sendo mais frequentes entre os pacientes com úlcera gástrica, úlcera duodenal e câncer gástrico. Houve associação significativa das cepas com o genótipo s1m1cagA positivo com maior grau de inflamação, atividade neutrofílica e desenvolvimento de metaplasia intestinal. As concentrações gástricas de INF-γ e IL-12 foram significativamente mais elevadas em pacientes infectados pelo H. pylori do que nos não infectados. Foram detectados níveis mais elevados dessas citocinas nos portadores de úlcera e câncer gástrico, sendo que nesses pacientes foram observados níveis mais baixos de IL-4 e IL-10 na mucosa gástrica. Além disso, as concentrações de INF-γ e IL-12 em biópsias gástricas, foram mais elevadas nos pacientes portadores das cepas bacterianas virulentas s1m1cagA+. Contrariamente, os níveis de IL-4 e IL-10 foram maiores em tecido infectado por cepas s2m2cagA. Pacientes com maior grau de inflamação, de atividade neutrofílica e presença de metaplasia intestinal, apresentaram níveis mais elevados de INF-γ e IL-12 e uma concentração mais baixa de IL-4 e IL-10 nas biópsias gástricas. CONCLUSÃO: Nosso estudo demonstra que a interação entre o tipo de cepa infectante e resposta imunológica com perfil Th1, podem influenciar e perpetuar a inflamação gástrica contribuindo para o desenvolvimento de diferentes manifestações clínicas na infecção pelo H. pylori.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Stomach Neoplasms/immunology , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Helicobacter Infections/immunology , Duodenal Ulcer/immunology , Gastric Mucosa/immunology , Gastritis/immunology , Stomach Neoplasms/microbiology , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , DNA, Bacterial , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prospective Studies , Cytokines/biosynthesis , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Helicobacter Infections/microbiology , Duodenal Ulcer/microbiology , Gastric Mucosa/microbiology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastritis/microbiology , Genes, Bacterial/immunology , Genotype , Middle Aged , Antigens, Bacterial/genetics
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(3): 259-267, Mar. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886275

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effect of metyrosine against I/R induced gastric damage in rats. Methods: Eighteen albino Wistar male rats were divided into groups; gastric I/R (GIR), 50 mg/kg metyrosine+gastric I/R (MGIR), and sham (SG) groups. 50 mg/kg metyrosine was given to the MGIR group, and distilled water was given to the GIR and SG groups by the oral gavage. After 30 minutes, 25 mg/kg thiopental sodium was injected intraperitoneally. Ischemia was achieved for 1 hour by clamping the celiac artery of the MGIR and GIR groups, then reperfusion was achieved for 3 hours. After that, animals were killed with 50 mg/kg thiopental. Biochemical and histopathological examinations performed on the gastric tissues. Results: Metyrosine decreased the MDA and MPO and the increased the tGSH and SOD. In addition, it reduced inflammation by suppressing the decrease of COX-1 and the increase of COX-2. Histopathologically, metyrosine decreased symptoms caused by I/R such as mucosal necrosis, hemorrhage, edema, PMNL infiltration, and dilated congested blood vessels. Conclusions: Metyrosine prevented the I/R induced oxidative stress in the gastric tissue. Metyrosine may be beneficial for gastric I/R injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Reperfusion Injury/complications , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , alpha-Methyltyrosine/administration & dosage , Enzyme Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Gastric Mucosa/metabolism , Time Factors , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Gastric Mucosa/pathology
14.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 29(1): 9-15, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116687

ABSTRACT

Background: Atrophic gastritis (AG) and intestinal metaplasia (IM) are stages that appear in the process of gastric carcinogenesis. Their presence requires programmed endoscopic vigilance. Objectives: To determine the frequency of AG and IM in gastric biopsies (GB) taken according to Sydney Protocol and to correlate them with endoscopic findings. Methods: Retrospective descriptive analysis of 233 upper gastrointestinal endoscopies with GB per Sydney Protocol. OLGA (Operative Link for Gastritis Assessment) and OLGIM (Operative Link for Gastric Intestinal Metaplasia Assessment) scores were calculated based on the GB description. Endoscopic findings were analyzed for atypical findings and compared to the GB report. Statistic analysis for Kappa and ANOVA was performed via Stata 12. Results: Mean age of patients was 58 ± 12 years. 69% were women. The frequency of AG and IM was 44% and 33% in the antrum, 31% and 20% in the angular incisure and 14% and 9% in the body, respectively. AG and IM were more frequent in the antrum (p < 0.05). AG and IM were more severe in the angular incisure and body (p < 0.05). We were unable to calculate OLGA and OLGIM in 6% and 9% of cases, respectively, due to absence of severity description in GB. 53% were OLGA 0, 42% OLGA I-II and 5% OLGA III-IV. 70% were OLGIM 0, 25% OLGIM I-II and 5% OLGIM III-IV. Agreement between endoscopic and histological findings was best for IM in the antrum (75.5%, Kappa 0.4). Sensitivity and specificity of endoscopic findings were 39% and 70% for AG, and 30% and 85% for IM, respectively. Conclusion: AG and IM are frequent findings in our patients. Due to the low endoscopic sensitivity for AG and IM, we suggest a systematic GB sampling using Sydney Protocol in patients over 40 years old.


Introducción: La gastritis crónica atrófica (GCA) y la metaplasia intestinal (MI) son etapas en el proceso de carcinogénesis gástrica, su presencia requiere control endoscópico programado. Objetivos: Determinar la frecuencia de GCA y MI en biopsias gástricas (BG) por protocolo de Sydney y relacionarlas con el hallazgo endoscópico. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo mediante revisión de 233 endoscopias digestivas altas con BG por Protocolo Sydney. Se graduó puntaje OLGA (Operative Link for Gastritis Assessment) y OLGIM (Operative Link for Gastric Intestinal Metaplasia Assessment) según la descripción de la BG. Se definió el hallazgo endoscópico según su informe y se comparó con BG como patrón de referencia. Estadística: Stata 12 para Kappa y ANOVA. Resultados: Edad promedio 58 ± 12 años, 69% mujeres. La frecuencia de GCA y MI en antro fue de 44 y 33%, en ángulo 31 y 20% y en cuerpo 14 y 9%, respectivamente. Hubo mayor frecuencia de GCA y MI en antro (p < 0,05). La graduación de GCA y MI fue mayor en ángulo y cuerpo (p < 0,05). No se obtuvo OLGA en 6% y OLGIM en 9% por ausencia de graduación. La frecuencia de OLGA 0 fue de 53%, OLGA I-II 42%, OLGA III-IV 5%, OLGIM O 70%, OLGIM I-II 25% y OLGIM III-IV 5%. La mejor correlación se observó entre la MI antral endoscópica con la histológica (75,5%, Kappa 0,4). La sensibilidad y especificidad endoscópica fue de 39 y 70% para GCA y 30 y 85% para MI. Conclusión: GCA y MI son hallazgos frecuentes en nuestros pacientes. Por la baja sensibilidad endoscópica en la identificación de GCA y MI sugerimos la toma sistemática de BG por protocolo de Sydney en pacientes mayores de 40 años.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Precancerous Conditions/diagnosis , Precancerous Conditions/epidemiology , Gastritis, Atrophic/diagnosis , Gastritis, Atrophic/epidemiology , Metaplasia/diagnosis , Metaplasia/epidemiology , Precancerous Conditions/pathology , Biopsy/methods , Chile/epidemiology , Clinical Protocols , Mass Screening/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Sensitivity and Specificity , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastritis, Atrophic/pathology , Metaplasia/pathology
15.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 54(4): 308-314, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888221

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Endoscopic mucosal resection is still considered an accepted treatment for early gastric cancer for selected cases. Histopathologic criteria for curative endoscopic resection are intramucosal well-differentiated adenocarcinoma, lateral and deep margins free of tumor, no histological ulceration, and no venous or lymphatic embolism. A 5% local recurrence rate has been described even when all the above-mentioned criteria are met. On the other hand, antigen expression by tumoral cells has been related to the biological behavior of several tumors. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether early gastric cancer mucin immunoexpression, p53 and Ki-67, can predict recurrence after endoscopic mucosal resection, even when standard histopathologic criteria for curative measures have been attempted. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with early gastric cancer were considered to have been completely resected by endoscopic mucosal resection. Local recurrence occurred in 5/22 (22.7%). Immunohistochemical study was possible in 18 (81.8%) resected specimens. Patients were divided in two groups: those with and those without local recurrence. They were compared across demographic, endoscopic, histologic data, and immunohistochemical factors for MUC2, MUC5a, CD10, p53, and Ki-67. RESULTS: Mucin immunoexpression allowed a reclassification of gastric adenocarcinoma in intestinal (10), gastric (2), mixed (4), and null phenotypes (2). Mixed phenotype (positive for both MUC2 and MUC5a) was found in 80% of cases in the local recurrence group, while the intestinal type (positive MUC2 and negative MUC5a) was found in 76.9% of cases without local recurrence (P=0.004). Other observed features did not correlate with neoplastic recurrence. CONCLUSION: The mixed phenotype of early gastric adenocarcinoma is associated with a higher probability of local recurrence after endoscopic mucosal resection.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A ressecção endoscópica da mucosa é tratamento aceito para o tratamento do câncer gástrico precoce em casos selecionados. Os critérios histopatológicos favoráveis à ressecção endoscópica curativa são adenocarcinomas intramucosos, bem diferenciados, com margens lateral e profunda livres, ausência de ulceração ou de embolização angiolinfática. Taxas de recorrência local próximas a 5% têm sido descritas mesmo quando se cumprem tais critérios. Por outro lado, a expressão antigênica por células tumorais tem sido relacionada com o comportamento biológico de diversos tumores. OBJETIVO: Avaliar se a imunoexpressão de mucinas, p53 e Ki-67 podem predizer a recorrência tumoral após mucosectomia endoscópica no câncer gástrico precoce, mesmo se critérios de cura histopatológicos forem atingidos. MÉTODOS: Vinte e dois pacientes com critérios de cura para ressecção endoscópica e sumetidos a mucosectomia foram selecionados. A recorrência local ocorreu em 5/22 (22,7%). O estudo imunohistoquímico foi realizado em 18 (81,8%) espécimens. Os pacientes foram divididos em grupos com e sem recorrência local. Foram comparados quanto a dados demográficos, endoscópicos, histológicos e fatores imunohistoquímicos para MUC2, MUC5A, CD10, p53, e Ki-67. RESULTADOS: A imunoexpressão de mucinas permitiu a reclassificação dos adenocarcinomas gástricos em intestinal (10), gástrico (2), e de fenótipo misto (4) e nulo (2). Os fenótipos mistos (positivos tanto para MUC2 quanto para MUC5A) foram encontrados em 80% dos casos no grupo de recorrência local, enquanto tipos intestinais (MUC2 positivo e MUC5A negativo) foram identificados em 76,9% dos casos sem recorrência (P=0,004). Os outros fatores observados não se relacionaram com a recorrência tumoral. CONCLUSÃO: O fenótipo misto do câncer gástrico precoce está associado a maior probabilidade de recorrência local após a mucosectomia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/metabolism , Phenotype , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Stomach Neoplasms/classification , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/classification , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Gastric Mucosa/surgery , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Middle Aged , Mucins
16.
Rev. chil. cir ; 69(3): 256-258, jun. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-844369

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los cuerpos de psammoma son calcificaciones bien circunscritas. Están descritas en una serie de neoplasmas. Caso clínico: Paciente mujer de 37 años de edad, con obesidad leve es sometida a gastrectomía tubular por obesidad, posterior a la evaluación por el equipo multidisciplinario. La biopsia postoperatoria informa de la presencia de cuerpos de psammoma en la mucosa gástrica. Discusión: Este es el primer caso publicado de cuerpos de psammoma en la mucosa gástrica tras manga gástrica. La paciente constituye un desafío en su seguimiento para detectar alteraciones en la mucosa gástrica.


Background: Psammoma bodies are a well circumscribed calcifications. They are described in some neplasms. Case report: Female 37 year-old patient with mild obesity, a sleeve gastrectomy was performed. The biopsy showed the presence of psammoma bodies in gastric mucosa. Discussion: This is the first case of psammoma bodies in gastric mucosa after a sleeve gastrectomy. This patient is a challenge to detect mucosa abnormalities in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Calcinosis/pathology , Gastrectomy , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Obesity/surgery
17.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(2): 218-224, April.-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839380

ABSTRACT

Abstract The severity of Helicobacter pylori-related disease is correlated with the presence and integrity of a cag pathogenicity island (cagPAI). cagPAI genotype may have a modifying effect on the pathogenic potential of the infecting strain. After analyzing the sequences of cagPAI genes, some strains with the East Asian-type cagPAI genes were selected for further analysis to examine the association between the diversity of the cagPAI genes and the virulence of H. pylori. The results showed that gastric mucosal inflammatory cell infiltration was significantly higher in patients with East Asian-type cagPAI genes H. pylori strain compared with mosaicism cagPAI genes H. pylori strain (p < 0.05). H. pylori strains with the East Asian-type cagPAI genes were closely associated with IL-8 secretion in vitro and in vivo compared with H. pylori strains with the mosaicism cagPAI genes (p < 0.01). H. pylori strains with East Asian-type cagPAI genes are able to strongly translocate CagA to host cells. These results suggest that H. pylori strains with East Asian-type cagPAI genes are more virulent than the strains of cagPAI gene/genes that are Western type.


Subject(s)
Humans , Helicobacter pylori/classification , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Helicobacter Infections/microbiology , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Genomic Islands , Genotype , Phylogeny , Virulence , Cluster Analysis , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Virulence Factors/genetics , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Histocytochemistry , Microscopy
19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(3): 215-218, Mar. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-956439

ABSTRACT

Summary Ménétrier's disease is an extremely rare disease of unknown etiology causing gastric mucosal hypertrophy and protein-losing gastropathy. Rare cases of this condition have been reported in patients with autoimmune diseases. However, to the best of our knowledge, Ménétrier's disease associated with autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) has never been reported. We described a case of severe hypoproteinemia as a harbinger of Ménétrier's disease associated with AIP. The patient was successfully treated with octreotide and high-protein diet, which led to symptomatic remission and significant improvement in serum levels of albumin and recovery of the nutritional status. Thus, in AIP patients presenting with severe and persistent hypoproteinemia without apparent cause, clinicians need to consider Ménétrier's disease in the differential diagnosis. In this setting, endoscopic evaluation with histological examination of gastric biopsy material, including a full-thickness mucosal biopsy of involved mucosa, may be helpful in promptly establishing the diagnosis and allowing appropriate and timely therapy.


Resumo A doença de Ménétrier é uma condição extremamente rara, de etiologia desconhecida, caracterizada por hipertrofia da mucosa gástrica e gastropatia perdedora de proteína. Casos raros dessa patologia têm sido relatados em pacientes com doenças autoimunes. Até o momento, desconhecemos qualquer relato dessa doença associada à pancreatite autoimune (PAI). Descrevemos um caso de hipoproteinemia grave como indicador de doença de Ménétrier associada à PAI. O paciente foi tratado de forma satisfatória com octreotide e dieta hiperproteica, alcançando remissão sintomática, melhora significativa das concentrações de albumina e recuperação do estado nutricional. Portanto, em pacientes com PAI e hipoproteinemia grave e persistente, deve-se considerar a doença de Ménétrier como um diagnóstico diferencial. Nesses casos, a avaliação endoscópica com biópsia gástrica, incluindo biópsia de toda a espessura da mucosa, pode ser útil no estabelecimento do diagnóstico e do pronto início da terapêutica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Pancreatitis/complications , Autoimmune Diseases/complications , Gastritis, Hypertrophic/complications , Hypoproteinemia/etiology , Pancreatitis/pathology , Pancreatitis/blood , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , Autoimmune Diseases/blood , Biopsy , Severity of Illness Index , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastritis, Hypertrophic/pathology , Gastritis, Hypertrophic/blood , Hypoproteinemia/pathology , Middle Aged
20.
GED gastroenterol. endosc. dig ; 36(1): 1-6, jan.-mar. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-833536

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) é uma bactéria gram-negativa capaz de colonizar a mucosa gástrica e predispor a diversas patologias. Para identificação do H. pylori, os testes invasivos ainda são os mais realizados, sendo que não há um teste padrão ouro aceito universalmente. A análise histológica e o teste da urease são dois dos principais métodos diagnósticos utilizados atualmente. Objetivo: o presente estudo tem como objetivo avaliar a positividade do teste da urease e da análise histopatológica, levando em consideração as variáveis como sexo, idade e patologias associadas. Métodos: trata-se de um estudo transversal de caráter quantitativo, tendo como base dados obtidos por meio de laudos de endoscopias realizadas no Hospital Universitário Santa Terezinha de Joaçaba ­ SC no período entre abril de 2014 e dezembro de 2015, assim como a partir de dados dos exames anatomopatológicos dos respectivos casos, fornecidos pelo Instituto de Patologia Joaçaba, de Joaçaba ­ SC. Os dados foram analisados e comparados através do software Microsoft Office Excel. Resultados: dos 313 pacientes que compunham a pesquisa, o teste da urease mostrou-se positivo para o H. pylori em 84 (26,83%) amostras e a avaliação histopatológica em 89 (28,43%) amostras. Em relação ao sexo, o teste da urease apresentou maior prevalência de casos positivos em homens, com 45 (53,57%) amostras. Já a histopatologia mostrou leve predominância de mulheres, com 45 (50,57%) amostras. No tocante à idade dos pacientes, ambos os métodos diagnósticos apresentaram maior frequência de positividade entre 41 e 50 anos e entre 61 e 70 anos. Quanto às lesões gástricas encontradas em pacientes com H. pylori positivo, no teste da urease, 54,76% das amostras apresentavam pangastrite enantematosa e, na avaliação histopatológica, 87,64% dos pacientes apresentavam gastrite crônica ativa. Conclusão: a comparação entre os dois métodos diagnósticos, teste da urease e histopatologia mostrou resultados equivalentes na detecção do H. pylori, sendo indicada a realização dos métodos concomitantemente. A gastrite foi a patologia mais evidenciada em ambos os métodos com H. pylori positivo; no entanto, muitos dos não acometidos também apresentavam tal patologia, o que sugere a presença de outros fatores envolvidos na gênese da afecção.


Introduction: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a gram negative bacteria capable of colonizing the gastric mucosa and predispose to various diseases. For identification of H. pylori, invasive tests are still the most accomplished, and there is no gold standard universally accepted. Histological analysis and urease test are two of the main diagnostic methods currently used. Aims: this study aims to evaluate the test positive urease and histopathology, taking into account variables such as gender, age and associated pathologies. Methods: this is a cross-sectional study of quantitative approach, based on data obtained through endoscopies reports conducted at the University Hospital Santa Terezinha de Joaçaba - SC from April 2014 to December 2015, as well as from data pathological examination of their cases, provided by the Institute of Pathology Joaçaba, Joaçaba - SC. The data were analyzed and compared using the Microsoft Office Excel software. Results: of the 313 patients who comprised the study, the urease test positive proved to H. pylori in 84 (26.83%) samples and histopathological evaluation in 89 (28.43%) samples. Regarding gender, the urease test showed a higher prevalence of positive cases in men, with 45 (53.57%) samples. Already histopathology showed slight predominance of women with 45 (50.57%) samples. Regarding the age of the patients, both diagnostic methods showed a higher frequency of positivity between 41 and 50 years and between 61 and 70 years. As for gastric lesions found in patients with H. pylori positive, the urease test, 54.76% of the samples had enanthematous pangastritis, and in histopathology, 87.64% of patients had chronic active gastritis. Conclusion: the comparison between the two diagnostic methods, urease test and histopathology showed equivalent results in the detection of H. pylori is indicated performing the methods concurrently. Gastritis was more evident pathology in both methods with H. pylori positive, however, many unaffected also had such pathology, suggesting the presence of other factors involved in the pathogenesis of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Urease , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies
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