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1.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(6): 564-569, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352283

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Gastritis consists of inflammation of the gastric mucosa and is one of the main causes of dyspeptic symptoms in children. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of inflammation by evaluating fecal calprotectin (FC) in children diagnosed with chronic gastritis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Descriptive study in Pediatric Gastroenterology Department of Ondokuz Mayis University Hospital in Turkey. METHODS: Between January 2016 and July 2018, FC levels were compared retrospectively in children with chronic gastritis (histopathology-based diagnosis), patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and healthy children. RESULTS: A total of 67 chronic gastritis patients (61.2% girls) with a mean age of 13.09 ± 3.5 years were evaluated. The mean FC levels were 153.4 μg/g in the chronic gastritis group, 589.7 μg/g in the IBD group and 43.8 μg/g in the healthy group. These levels were higher in chronic gastritis patients than in healthy individuals (P = 0.001) and higher in IBD patients than in the other two groups (P < 0.001). The FC level in the patients with chronic active gastritis (156.3 μg/g) was higher than in those with chronic inactive gastritis (150.95 μg/g) (P = 0.011). Among the patients with chronic active gastritis, the FC level was significantly higher in Helicobacter pylori-positive individuals than in negative individuals (P = 0.031). CONCLUSION: We confirmed the association between increased FC and chronic gastritis. Elevated FC levels may be seen in patients with chronic active gastritis. In order to be able to use FC as a screening tool for chronic gastritis, further studies in a larger study group are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Gastritis/diagnosis , Biomarkers , Retrospective Studies , Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex , Feces
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921870

ABSTRACT

Objective To develope a deep learning algorithm for pathological classification of chronic gastritis and assess its performance using whole-slide images (WSIs). Methods We retrospectively collected 1,250 gastric biopsy specimens (1,128 gastritis, 122 normal mucosa) from PLA General Hospital. The deep learning algorithm based on DeepLab v3 (ResNet-50) architecture was trained and validated using 1,008 WSIs and 100 WSIs, respectively. The diagnostic performance of the algorithm was tested on an independent test set of 142 WSIs, with the pathologists' consensus diagnosis as the gold standard. Results The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated for chronic superficial gastritis (CSuG), chronic active gastritis (CAcG), and chronic atrophic gastritis (CAtG) in the test set, respectively.The areas under the ROC curves (AUCs) of the algorithm for CSuG, CAcG, and CAtG were 0.882, 0.905 and 0.910, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of the deep learning algorithm for the classification of CSuG, CAcG, and CAtG were 0.790 and 1.000 (accuracy 0.880), 0.985 and 0.829 (accuracy 0.901), 0.952 and 0.992 (accuracy 0.986), respectively. The overall predicted accuracy for three different types of gastritis was 0.867. By flagging the suspicious regions identified by the algorithm in WSI, a more transparent and interpretable diagnosis can be generated. Conclusion The deep learning algorithm achieved high accuracy for chronic gastritis classification using WSIs. By pre-highlighting the different gastritis regions, it might be used as an auxiliary diagnostic tool to improve the work efficiency of pathologists.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Deep Learning , Gastritis/diagnosis , Humans , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
3.
Medwave ; 20(6): e7972, 31-07-2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1118990

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La gastritis crónica es unas de las enfermedades más comunes en la población y varía por regiones. Existen diversos factores que influyen en su aparición. Sin embargo, no se ha estudiado a profundidad el efecto de la altura. OBJETIVOS: Determinar la asociación entre la zona altitudinal de residencia y gastritis crónica en pacientes ambulatorios de Perú. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal analítico. Se realizó a través del análisis secundario de datos. La variable dependiente fue gastritis crónica, tomada del reporte del paciente y verificado en la historia clínica, según antecedentes patológicos mencionados durante consulta médica. La variable independiente fue la zona altitudinal de residencia (divida en baja altitud, altitud intermedia, elevada y muy elevada). Las covariables secundarias fueron edad, sexo y tiempo viviendo en altura. Se realizaron modelos lineales generalizados para estimar razones de prevalencias, usando familia Poisson y ciudad como clúster. RESULTADOS: De los 4263 pacientes estudiados, 63% fue del sexo femenino; la mediana de la edad fue de 42 años. La prevalencia global de gastritis crónica fue 12,9%. Hubo asociación con gastritis crónica y altura de residencia a nivel intermedio, elevado, pero no con muy elevado, con una razón de prevalencia ajustada de 1,52 (intervalo de confianza 95%: 1,03 a 2,23); 2,01 (1,55 a 2,60) y 1,12 (0,84 a 1,48), respectivamente. CONCLUSIONES: Se encontró una asociación significativa entre gastritis crónica y altitud intermedia y elevada, pero no en muy elevada. Esto se explicaría por la hipoxia hipobárica en alturas, que podría conllevar lesiones en la pared gástrica, la adaptación de los peruanos a las alturas y por otras variables sociodemográficas.


INTRODUCTION: Chronic gastritis is one of the most common diseases in the population. Several factors influence its appearance; however, the effect of high altitude has not been studied thoroughly. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between the altitude of the residential area and chronic gastritis in outpatients of Peru. METHODS: Observational, analytical, and cross-sectional study. Secondary data analysis was conducted. The dependent variable was chronic gastritis, obtained from patient references, and verified in the medical history according to the pathological history mentioned during medical consultation. The independent variable was the altitude of the residential areas (categorized into low altitude, intermediate altitude, high and very high), and the secondary co-variables were age, sex, and time living at altitude. Generalized linear models were used to estimate prevalence ratios using Poisson family and city as a cluster. RESULTS: Of the 4263 patients studied, 63% were female; the median age was 42 years. The overall prevalence of chronic gastritis was 12,9%. There was an association with chronic gastritis and altitude of residence at the intermediate and high levels, but not at the very high; with an adjusted prevalence ratio of 1.52 (95% confidence interval, 1.03 to 2.23); 2.01 (1.55 to 2.60) and 1.12 (0.84 to 1.48), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We found a significant association between chronic gastritis and intermediate and high altitude but not at very high, which could be explained by hypobaric hypoxia in altitude that could lead to gastric wall lesions and other socio-demographic variables.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Altitude , Gastritis/epidemiology , Peru/epidemiology , Chronic Disease , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gastritis/diagnosis
4.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(4): 979-992, jul.-ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1094102

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La infección por helicobacter pylori afecta aproximadamente al 50% de la población mundial, es causante de gastritis crónica, úlcera péptica, cáncer gástrico y linfoma del tejido linfoide asociado a la mucosa. Desde su descubrimiento, la erradicación ha sido uno de los más importantes retos en Gastroenterología. En muchos países se desconoce la prevalencia de resistencia primaria del microorganismo a los diferentes antibióticos que empíricamente se utilizan, y por no realizar pruebas de rutina que verifican su erradicación en la práctica diaria, se ignora la efectividad de los esquemas prescritos. El incremento progresivo de la resistencia a la claritromicina y metronidazol, unido a una ausencia de antibioticoterapia alternativa, desafía la capacidad para eliminar de manera efectiva a ésta bacteria. El subcitrato de bismuto ha resurgido y su adición en la terapia ha permitido aumentar las tasas de curación por encima del 90%. Actualmente se invoca que para mejorar la eficacia en el tratamiento se debe combinar una supresión potente del ácido gástrico en tratamientos combinados cuádruples con una duración de 14 días, para la mayoría de los casos. La adherencia al tratamiento es crucial para obtener buenos resultados terapéuticos.


ABSTRACT The infection for helicobacter pylori affects approximately to the world population's 50%, it is causing of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer, gastric cancer and linfoma associated to the mucous one. From their discovery, the eradication has been one of the most important challenges in Gastroenterología. In many countries the prevalencia of primary resistance is ignored from the microorganism to the different antibiotics that empirically they are used, and for not carrying out routine tests that verify its eradication in the daily practice, the effectiveness of the prescribed outlines it is ignored. The progressive increment of the resistance to the claritromicina and metronidazol, together to an absence of alternative antibioticotherapy, challenges the capacity to eliminate from an effective way to this bacteria. The bismuth subcitrato has resurged and its addition in the therapy has allowed to increase the cure rates above 90%. At the moment it is invoked that to improve the effectiveness in the treatment, that is should combine a potent suppression of the gastric acid in combined quadruple treatments with a duration of 14 days, for most of the cases. The adherence to the treatment is crucial to obtain therapeutic good results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Risk Factors , Helicobacter Infections/etiology , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Helicobacter Infections/epidemiology , Treatment Outcome , Drug Therapy, Combination , Disease Eradication , Peptic Ulcer/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Tetracycline/therapeutic use , Bismuth/therapeutic use , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Clarithromycin , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone/diagnosis , Acidity Regulator , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Gastritis/diagnosis , Gastroenterology , Metronidazole , Metronidazole/therapeutic use
5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(5): 649-654, oct. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-973666

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar a los pacientes con fiebre mediterránea familiar (familial Mediterranean fever, FMF) y dolor abdominal crónico resistentes al tratamiento con colchicina. Se incluyó a 48 pacientes diagnosticados en nuestro consultorio de reumatología pediátrica que tenían dolor abdominal a pesar del tratamiento con colchicina. A todos los pacientes se los derivó a un gastroenterólogo pediátrico. Se registraron las características del dolor, tales como aparición, duración y frecuencia; se planificó una endoscopía digestiva para obtener un diagnóstico diferencial. Se determinó la presencia de una mutación del gen MEFV en 46 pacientes. La mediana de la duración del tratamiento fue de 2,8 años. Aproximadamente el 60% de los pacientes tenían dolor abdominal todos los días o de dos a tres veces a la semana; en el 73% de los casos, duró menos de tres horas. A 41 pacientes se les realizó una endoscopía digestiva alta. La gastroduodenitis es un hallazgo frecuente en los pacientes con FMF y dolor abdominal persistente a pesar del tratamiento. Los pacientes con los puntajes más altos de severidad de la enfermedad tenían inflamación digestiva grave.


The aim of the study to evaluate familial mediterranean fever (FMF) patients with chronic abdominal pain unresponsive to colchicine treatment. Forty-eight patients who diagnosed in our Pediatric Rheumatology clinics and suffering from abdominal pain despite colchicine treatment were include. All patients were referred to a pediatric gastroenterologist. The pain characteristics such as onset, duration and frequency were recorded; gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy was planned for differential diagnosis. MEFV mutation was determined in 46 patients. The median duration of treatment was 2.8 years. Approximately 60% of the patients suffered from abdominal pain every day or 2-3 times a week, in 73% of the cases it lasted less than three hours. Forty-one patients underwent upper GI endoscopy. Gastroduodenitis is a common finding in persisting abdominal pain despite therapy of FMF patients. The patients with the highest disease severity scores had severe inflammation within the entire GI system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Familial Mediterranean Fever/complications , Abdominal Pain/epidemiology , Colchicine/administration & dosage , Chronic Pain/etiology , Familial Mediterranean Fever/drug therapy , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/methods , Duodenitis/diagnosis , Duodenitis/etiology , Chronic Pain/epidemiology , Gastritis/diagnosis , Gastritis/etiology
6.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(3): 401-402, Apr.-June 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-957431

ABSTRACT

Abstract We report the case of a 23-year-old immunocompetent patient who presented at the emergency department of a Brazilian hospital with epigastric pain and fever. After an investigation that included a computed tomography scan and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with biopsy, a diagnosis of mucormycosis was established. The patient exhibited favorable progress after surgery and antifungal therapy. Mucormycosis is a rare condition that usually affects immunocompromised patients, with a high mortality rate of up to 85%. Correct diagnosis and fast initiation of therapy are required to ensure improved patient prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Gastritis/microbiology , Mucormycosis/complications , Biopsy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Immunocompromised Host , Rare Diseases , Gastrectomy , Gastritis/surgery , Gastritis/diagnosis , Mucormycosis/diagnosis
7.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(2): 183-189, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897069

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Helicobacter pylori, a water contaminant, is the primary pathogenic agent associated with gastric diseases in humans. Exposure to H. pylori is more likely higher in developing countries. This study aimed to evaluate the risk factors associated with H. pylori infection in patients undergoing endoscopy to validate the cause of dyspeptic symptoms in an urban population in northeast Brazil and to compare the urease test and polymerase chain reaction assay results with the histopathological findings. METHODS: We evaluated 200 of 759 individuals with dyspeptic complaints from Campina Grande, State of Paraiba, northeast Brazil. Patients underwent endoscopy, followed by gastric biopsies. Logistic regression analysis was performed to adjust for confounders and to determine significant risk factors of dyspeptic disorders. RESULTS: Women accounted for 72.5% (145/200) of the participants. Approximately 59.8% (120/200) of the samples tested positive for H. pylori based on histological examinations. The specificity of polymerase chain reaction assay was higher than that of the urease test (77% vs. 64%, p=0.034). City drinking water [odds ratio (OR): 2.6; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.3-5.21; p=0.004] and smoking (OR: 4.0; 95% CI: 1.13-14.5; p=0.031) were the risk factors of H. pylori infection. Belching was the most common symptom associated with H. pylori infection (p=0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The increased risk of H. pylori infection associated with non-treated water consumption indicates the need for improvements in public water treatment and better sanitary conditions because these can be a source of not only H. pylori infections but also other water-borne pathogen infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Duodenal Ulcer/microbiology , Dyspepsia/microbiology , Gastritis/microbiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Urban Population , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Sensitivity and Specificity , Duodenal Ulcer/diagnosis , Dyspepsia/diagnosis , Gastritis/diagnosis , Middle Aged
8.
Medisan ; 20(11)nov. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-829177

ABSTRACT

Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo de 989 pacientes con diagnóstico endoscópico de gastritis crónica, cuyas biopsias habían sido procesadas en el Departamento de Anatomía Patológica del municipio de Palma Soriano, en Santiago de Cuba, durante el período 2008-2014, con el objetivo de determinar la incidencia de la infección por Helicobacter pylori, para lo cual además se consideraron las variables: edad, sexo, tipos de gastritis, presencia del microorganismo y su asociación con neoplasias malignas. En la serie predominaron el grupo etario de 40-49 años (26,7 %) y el sexo femenino (69,0 %); asimismo, resultó más frecuente la gastritis superficial (57,8 %) y se halló la bacteria en 70,5 % de la muestra, donde solo 0,5 se asoció a neoplasias malignas


A descriptive and retrospective study of 989 patients with endoscopic diagnosis of chronic gastritis whose biopsies had been processed in the Pathology Department of Palma Soriano in Santiago de Cuba, was carried out during 2008-2014, aimed at determining the incidence of the infection due to Helicobacter pylori, for which the variables: age, sex, gastritis types, presence of the organism and its association with malignancies were also considered. In the series the 40-49 years age group (26,7 %) and female sex (69,0 %) prevailed; also, the superficial gastritis was more frequent (57,8 %) and the bacteria was found in 70,5 % of the sample, where only 0,5 was associated to malignancies


Subject(s)
Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Helicobacter pylori , Gastritis/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-13355

ABSTRACT

It is often difficult to differentiate gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma from Helicobacter pylori-associated follicular gastritis, and thus, it becomes unclear how to manage these diseases. This study aimed to explore the management strategy for and the long-term outcomes of suspicious gastric MALT lymphoma detected by forceps biopsy during screening upper endoscopy. Between October 2003 and May 2013, consecutive subjects who were diagnosed with suspicious gastric MALT lymphomas by screening endoscopy in a health checkup program in Korea were retrospectively enrolled. Suspicious MALT lymphoma was defined as a Wotherspoon score of 3 or 4 upon pathological evaluation of the biopsy specimen. Of 105,164 subjects who underwent screening endoscopies, 49 patients with suspicious MALT lymphomas who underwent subsequent endoscopy were enrolled. Eight patients received a subsequent endoscopy without H. pylori eradication (subsequent endoscopy only group), and 41 patients received H. pylori eradication first followed by endoscopy (eradication first group). MALT lymphoma development was significantly lower in the eradication first group (2/41, 4.9%) than in the subsequent endoscopy only group (3/8, 37.5%, P = 0.026). Notably, among 35 patients with successful H. pylori eradication, there was only one MALT lymphoma patient (2.9%) in whom complete remission was achieved, and there was no recurrence during a median 45 months of endoscopic follow-up. H. pylori eradication with subsequent endoscopy would be a practical management option for suspicious MALT lymphoma detected in a forceps biopsy specimen obtained during screening upper endoscopy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Biopsy , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastritis/diagnosis , Gastroscopy , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Humans , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone/complications , Male , Middle Aged , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies
10.
Salud pública Méx ; 57(4): 352-357, jul.-ago. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-760500

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Comparar la concordancia entre cultivo, histología y prueba rápida de la ureasa para el diagnóstico de infección por Helicobacter pylori, así como la relación de hallazgos histopatológicos y frecuencia de positividad entre dichos procedimientos diagnósticos. Material y métodos. Estudio de pruebas diagnósticas. Población de sujetos con endoscopía digestiva y toma de muestras gástricas antrales en un hospital de especialidades en México. Se realizó prueba rápida de la ureasa (una muestra), histología (dos muestras) y cultivo (dos muestras). Análisis estadístico con coeficiente de Kappa. Resultados. Se estudiaron 108 sujetos: 28 (25.9%) hombres y 80 (74.1%) mujeres; la edad promedio fue 49.1 (DE 15.1) años. El coeficiente de Kappa fue 0.729 y 0.377 entre cultivo con histología y prueba rápida de la ureasa respectivamente; asimismo, el coeficiente de Kappa fue 0.565 entre histología y prueba rápida de la ureasa. Conclusiones. La fuerza de concordancia fue mayor entre histología con cultivo y la prueba rápida de la ureasa, por lo cual la histología es lo más recomendable en la práctica clínica para la detección de la infección por Helicobacter pylori.


Objective. Compare the strength of concordance between culture, histology, rapid urease test for diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection and histopathological findings relationship and frequency of positivity among such diagnostic procedures. Materials and methods. Diagnostic test study. The study population were subjects with endoscopy and take samples of gastric antral. Rapid urease test (one sample), histology (two samples) and culture (two samples), and histopathological findings of gastric mucosa were performed. Statistical design with Student's t, Fisher exact test, Kappa coefficient. Results. We reviewed 108 subjects, 28 (25.9%) men, 80 (74.1%) women, mean age was 49.1 years (SD 15.1). The Kappa coefficient was 0.729 and 0.377 between culture with histology and rapid urease test, respectively; likewise the Kappa coefficient was 0.565 between histology and rapid urease test. Conclusions. The strength of concordance was higher between histology with culture and rapid urease test; the most recommended being histology in clinical practice for the detection of Helicobacter pylori infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Gastritis/diagnosis , Pyloric Antrum/microbiology , Bacterial Proteins/analysis , Urease/analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Helicobacter pylori/growth & development , Bacteriological Techniques , Gastroscopy , Gastric Mucosa/microbiology , Gastritis/microbiology
11.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 86(3): 189-193, jun. 2015. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-760113

ABSTRACT

Introdución: La ingesta accidental de cáusticos en pediatría no dispone de un consenso claro de actuación. El objetivo de este estudio fue caracterizar la población pediátrica atendida por ingesta de cáusticos en un centro asistencial. Pacientes y método: Estudio descriptivo de los pacientes atendidos en nuestro hospital por la ingesta de cáusticos durante el período 2008-2011. Resultados: Se atendieron 12 pacientes, edad media de 3,8 años (1-13 años). Predominio de varones (58,8%). Un 58,3% ingirió producto alcalino y un 41,6% ácido. El 58,3% no refería sintomatología, el resto refirió vómitos (33,3%), odinofagia (16,6%), hematemesis (8,3%), sialorrea (8,3%) y dificultad respiratoria (8,3%). El 75% presentaron lesiones en la cavidad oral. Todos, salvo un caso, fueron accidentales. Se realizó endoscopia al 100% entre las 12 y 24 h postingesta con hallazgos patológicos en un 41,6%. En el grupo ingesta de álcalis 2 pacientes presentaron lesiones (16,6%): una esofagitis grado 2B y una grado 3. En el grupo ingesta de ácidos 4 pacientes (33,3%) presentaron lesiones: una esofagitis aguda grado 1-2A, 2 gastritis agudas no erosivas y una gastritis aguda hemorrágica. Se realizó endoscopia de control según los hallazgos endoscópicos previos. Solo 2 presentaron complicaciones posteriores. Conclusiones: Destacamos la valoración endoscópica en las primeras 24 h en todas las ingestas sintomáticas y deliberadas, así como la reevaluación estrecha en las ingestas ácidas, por asociar lesiones diferidas.


Introduction: There is no clear consensus on the management of accidental ingestion of caustic substances in paediatrics. The aim of this study was to determine the profile of the paediatric population treated due to caustic ingestion in a Healthcare Centre. Patients and method: A descriptive study was conducted on patients treated for the ingestion of caustic substances in our hospital during the period 2008-2011. Results: A total of 12 patients were treated, with a mean age of 3.8 years (1-13 years), with the majority males (58.8%). An alkaline product was ingested by 58.3%, and an acid by 41.6%. The majority (58.3%) did not refer to symptoms and the remainder referred to vomiting (33.3%), odynophagia (16.6%), haematemesis (8.3%), hyper-salivation (8.3%) and shortness of breath (8.3%). Oral cavity lesions were observed in 75% of cases. All, except one, were accidental. An endoscopy was performed on all of them (100%) between 12 and 24 hours post-ingestion, with pathological findings in 41.6%. In the group that ingested an alkali, 2 (16.6%) patients had lesions, one a grade 2B and one a grade 3 oesophagitis. In the acid ingestion group, 4 (33.3%) patients had lesions; one grade 1-2A oesophagitis, two acute non-erosive gastritis, and one acute haemorrhagic gastritis. A follow-up endoscopy was performed depending on the previous endoscopic findings. Only two patients presented with complications. Conclusions: Emphasis is placed on the endoscopic evaluation in the first 24 hours of deliberate asymptomatic ingestions, as well as a strict follow-up in those that ingested acids, due to delayed associated lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Burns, Chemical/etiology , Caustics/toxicity , Endoscopy/methods , Esophageal Stenosis/chemically induced , Time Factors , Burns, Chemical/diagnosis , Burns, Chemical/pathology , Caustics/chemistry , Follow-Up Studies , Esophageal Stenosis/pathology , Esophagitis/diagnosis , Esophagitis/chemically induced , Esophagitis/pathology , Gastritis/diagnosis , Gastritis/chemically induced , Gastritis/pathology
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56673

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: In pediatrics, endoscopic examination has become a common procedure for evaluation of gastrointestinal presentations. However, there are limited data on pediatric endoscopy in Korea. The aim of this study was to analyze the current status and clinical impacts of endoscopic examination in children and adolescents. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of outpatients who visited the tertiary hospital. Patients under 18 years of age who underwent endoscopy were included. Endoscopic findings were classified as specific and normal based on gross findings. Specific endoscopic findings were reflux esophagitis, peptic ulcers, and Mallory-Weiss tear. Other findings included acute gastritis classified according to the updated Sydney system. RESULTS: In 722 of 330,350 patients (0.2%), endoscopic examination (554 esophagogastroduodenoscopies [EGDs], 121 colonoscopies, 47 sigmoidoscopies) was performed between January 2008 and January 2013. In EGD, abdominal pain was the most frequent presentation (64.1%). The most common diagnosis was gastritis (53.2%), followed by reflux esophagitis. The frequency of peptic ulcer disease was 12.8%. Frequent symptoms leading to colonoscopic examination were abdominal pain, diarrhea, and hematochezia. In colonoscopy, a negative result was more likely in children younger than 7 years old. After the procedure, the diagnostic yield of EGD and colonoscopy was 88.1% and 45.8%, respectively, and the rate of change in management was 67.1%. CONCLUSIONS: In pediatrics, endoscopic examination was useful for the choice of therapeutic strategy and it would be a standard method for evaluation of gastrointestinal presentation.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Esophagitis, Peptic/diagnosis , Female , Gastritis/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Histamine H2 Antagonists/therapeutic use , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/diagnosis , Male , Peptic Ulcer/diagnosis , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers
13.
GEN ; 67(2): 71-75, jun. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-690964

ABSTRACT

La endoscopia estándar no diagnostica infección por Helicobacter pylori. Con magnificación y "Flexible Spectral Imaging Colour Enhancement" (FICE) se observan patrones de mucosa gástrica que sugieren su presencia. Diagnosticar infección por Helicobacter pylori con magnificación endoscópica y "Flexible Spectral Imaging Colour Enhancement" (FICE). Previo consentimiento se incluyeron a los individuos con indicación electiva de endoscopia digestiva superior. Se realizó endoscopia digestiva superior con equipo Fujinon Inc. EG 590 ZW, y procesador EPX 4400. En ambas caras del cuerpo gástrico se realizó consecutivamente: a) alta resolución, b) magnificación, c) alta resolución, d)FICE, e)magnificación y f) biopsia en el antro y del patrón mas prevalente en cada cara del cuerpo evaluadas sin información del paciente. Todo el procedimiento se grabó, se fotografió y se guardó en JPEG en programa Power Point. Se evaluaron 60 áreas en 30 pacientes: 10 hombres y 20 mujeres con edades de 20-82 años y promedio 49,60 años. Solo magnificación y FICE identificaron los patrones de mucosa en cuerpo gástrico. En 37,03% se diagnosticó Helicobacter pylori con histología, 53,33% y 61,11% en patrón Z2 y Z3 respectivamente. La magnificación y FICE permiten identificar los patrones de mucosa gástrica que sugieren infección por Helicobacter pylori


Helicobacter pylori infection is not diagnosed with standard endoscopy. With high resolution and magnification patterns of gastric mucosa suggesting its presence are observed. Diagnose Helicobacter pylori infection with endoscopic magnification and "Flexible Spectral Imaging Colour Enhancement" (FICE). Individuals scheduled to undergo routine upper gastrointestinal endoscopy were enrolled. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed with Fujinon Inc. 590 EG ZW and EPX 4400 processor. Endoscopy was practiced on both sides of the gastric body consecutively with: a) high-resolution, b) magnification, c) high-resolution, d) FICE, e) magnification and g) biopsy of the antrum and the pattern more prevalent on each side of the body evaluated without patient information. The entire procedure was recorded, was photographed and was saved in JPEG in program Power Point. 60 Areas in 30 patients were evaluated: 10 men and 20 women with ages of 20-82 years and average 49.60. Only magnification and FICE identified patterns of mucosa in gastric body. Helicobacter pylori was diagnosed in 37.03% with histology and in pattern Z2 and Z3 in 53.33% and 61.11% respectively. The endoscopic magnification and Flexible Spectral Imaging Colour Enhancement (FICE) identify patterns of gastric mucosa suggesting Helicobacter pylori infection


Subject(s)
Female , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/methods , Gastritis/diagnosis , Gastritis/pathology , Gastritis/virology , Helicobacter pylori/virology , Radiographic Magnification/methods , Gastric Mucosa , Diagnostic Equipment , Diagnostic Techniques, Digestive System , Gastroenterology
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-175099

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death worldwide and is usually detected at a late stage, except in Korea and Japan where early screening is in effect. Results from animal and epidemiological studies suggest that Helicobacter pylori infection, and subsequent gastritis, promote development of gastric cancer in the infected mucosa. Relatively effective treatment regimens are available to treat H. pylori infection, and in general, mass eradication of the organism is not currently recommended as a gastric cancer prevention strategy. However, regional guidelines vary regarding the indications and recommendations for H. pylori treatment for gastric cancer prevention. In this review, we discuss the results from intervention studies, provide insight regarding current guideline recommendations, and discuss future study directions.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination , Early Detection of Cancer , Evidence-Based Medicine , Gastrectomy , Gastritis/diagnosis , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Humans , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Treatment Outcome
15.
GEN ; 66(3): 166-170, sep. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-664539

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Helicobacter pylori es un bacilo microaerofílico, que se asocia con gastritis folicular en 95% y cáncer gástrico entre 60 a 70%. En Venezuela la prevalencia alcanza 62% mientras en Mucuchíes - Mérida se ubica en 75%. Objetivo General: Relacionar la prueba de aliento C¹4 cuantitativa con la histología en la gastritis folicular por H. pylori, en Mucuchíes. Métodos: La muestra fue de 100 individuos entre 18 y 50 años, seleccionados a partir de muestreo probabilístico estratificado. Se realizo la prueba C¹4 y la endoscopia digestiva superior con toma de mucosa gastrica. Resultados: La prevalencia de infección por H. pylori fue 76%, la prueba de aliento en el diagnóstico de gastritis folicular cuenta con sensibilidad 90%, especificidad 75%, VPP 86% y VPN 82%. El 84,1% de los casos con gastritis folicular se asoció con atrofia gástrica. La correlación de Spearman entre valor cuantitativo de la prueba C¹4 con grado de inflamación fue -0,550, con densidad bacteriana 0,792 y la relación entre la densidad y grado de inflamación alcanzó -0,454, todos estadísticamente significativos. Conclusiones: El valor cuantitativo de la prueba de aliento es proporcional al grado de inflamación y densidad de H. pylori en la gastritis folicular, la cual está asociada con la atrofia gástrica, lesión preneoplasica para el desarrollo de adenocarcinoma.


Introduction: Helicobacter pylori is a microaerofilic bacile asociated to follicular gastritis in 95% of the cases and to gastric cancer in 60-70%. In Venezuela, its prevalence reaches 62%, while in Mucuchies, Merida it is 75%. General Aim: To relate the quantitative C¹4 urea breath test with the histology in H. Pylori’s follicular gastritis in Mucuchies. Methods: There was a sample of 100 individuals between 18 and 50 years, selected from probabilistic stratified sampling. Results: The H. pylori prevalence was 76%. The C¹4 urea breath test had a sensitivity of 90%, a specificity of 75%, a PPV of 86% and a NPV of 82% in the diagnosis of follicular gastritis. The 84,1% of the cases of follicular gastritis was asociated with gastric atrophy. The Spearman correlation between the cuantitative value of the urea breath test with the inflammation grade was -0,550; with bacterial density 0,792 and the relation between density and inflammation grade was -0,454. All these values were estadistically significatives. Conclusion: the cuantitative value of the C¹4 urea breath test is proportional to the inflammation grade and H. pylori density in the follicular gastritis, which is asociated with gastric atrophy, preneoplastic condition to adenocarcinoma development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Female , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Gastritis/diagnosis , Gastritis , Helicobacter pylori/cytology , Helicobacter pylori/pathogenicity , Gastroenterology
16.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 25(2): 96-100, abr.-jun. 2012. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-663872

ABSTRACT

RACIONAL - A gastrite crônica é inflamação da mucosa do estômago, que tem como principal fator etiológico o Helicobacter pylori. OBJETIVO - Verificar fatores associados com a gastrite crônica em pacientes com presença e ausência do H. pylori, visando obter maior conhecimento sobre os fatores etiológicos, manifestações clínicas, hábitos alimentares e de vida nesses pacientes. MÉTODOS - Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, retrospectivo com dados de prontuário de pacientes com gastrite crônica atendidos em ambulatório. A pesquisa foi realizada por meio de um questionário que investigava fatores etiológicos da gastrite crônica, bem como as manifestações clínicas das doenças, os hábitos alimentares e de vida, entre outros. Endoscopia digestiva e pesquisa do H. pylori foi a forma de diagnóstico da gastrite crônica. Para análise estatística foi utilizado o teste qui-quadrado. RESULTADOS - Dos 94 pacientes avaliados a maioria era sintomático, apresentando pirose, eructações, dor epigástrica, plenitude gástrica e náuseas. Em 56,6% (n=54) dos individuos foi detectada a presença da bactéria e em 43,6% (n=40) não foi achado fator etiológico específico. Os resultados que se mostraram significativos foram em relação à distensão abdominal e refluxo gastroesofágico, observando-se aumento desses fatores em pacientes que tinham a bactéria. Além disso, tornou-se evidente que além do H. pylori outros fatores estão relacionados com a gastrite crônica como: utilização de medicamentos, tabaco, álcool e pacientes que apresentavam hábitos alimentares com alimentação inadequada, realização de refeições rápidas, e dialogar durante as refeições. Também foram verificados estarem relacionados ansiedade, estresse e doenças associadas que pudessem aumentar a secreção ácida. CONCLUSÃO - Vários fatores etiológicos oriundos de hábitos alimentares e estilo de vida, como tabagismo, alcoolismo, ansiedade, estresse, doenças associadas e nutrição inadequada, interagem para o início das manifestações clínicas, e a presença ou ausência de H. pylori não mostrou diferenças significativas no estado clínico dos pacientes.


BACKGROUND - Chronic gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach mucosa, which is considered its main etiological factor the Helicobacter pylori. AIM - To observe the differences in patients with chronic gastritis as well as the presence and absence of H. pylori, to obtain a better understanding of the etiological factors, clinical, dietary and lifestyle habits and associated diseases. METHODS - This was a descriptive study, retrospective medical records of patients with chronic gastritis treated as outpatients. Endoscopy and research of H. pylori was used in the diagnosis of chronic gastritis. The survey was conducted through a questionnaire to ascertain the risk factors for chronic gastritis and the clinical manifestations of disease, dietary and lifestyle habits, family history of the disease, weight changes and medications. For statistical analysis was used Spearman coefficient. Data were considered statistically significant p<0.05. RESULTS - Of the 94 patients evaluated were symptomatic with heartburn, belching, epigastric pain, fullness and nausea. In 56.6% (n = 54) of individuals was detected the presence of bacteria and in 43.6% (n = 40) was not found any specific etiologic factor. Was performed chi-square statistical test of clinical manifestations and factors such as stress and anxiety, leading to positive correlation. It became evident that the risk factors for disease are diverse, including the use of drugs, alcoholism, eating quickly, talking during meals, with significant relation to abdominal distension and reflux. The patients with the bacteria, had a higher risk of experiencing these symptoms. CONCLUSION - Various etiological factors in eating habits and lifestyle, as smoking, alcoholism, anxiety, stress, associated diseases and inadequate nutrition, interact to the onset of clinical manifestations, and the presence and absence of H. pylori did not show significant changes in patient clinical status.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Gastritis/microbiology , Helicobacter Infections , Helicobacter pylori , Chronic Disease , Gastritis/diagnosis , Gastritis/etiology , Retrospective Studies
17.
Medisan ; 15(10)oct. 2011. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-616384

ABSTRACT

Se efectuó un estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo para diagnosticar, mediante endoscopia, la gastritis producida por Helicobacter pilory en 50 de 215 pacientes que acudieron a la consulta de gastroenterología del Centro Médico de Diagnóstico Integral del municipio de Achaguas, en el estado venezolano de Apure, desde enero de 2008 hasta igual mes de 2009, a quienes se les indicó un examen serológico para caracterizarles según clasificación endoscópica y topográfica de ese tipo de inflamación estomacal. En la serie se encontró un predominio del trastorno gastroduodenal por la citada bacteria en el sexo femenino y personas jóvenes de 15 a 34 años.


A descriptive and retrospective study was carried out from January, 2008 to January, 2009 to diagnose, through endoscopy, gastritis condition caused by Helicobacter pilory in 50 subjects out of 215 individuals who attended Gastroenterology Department at the Medical Center of Comprehensive Diagnosis from Achaguas municipality, located in Apure state, Venezuela. Those subjects underwent a serological test to characterize them according to endoscopic and topographic classification of that kind of stomach inflammation. A prevalence of that gastroduodenal condition caused by the aforementioned bacteria in female and young persons aged 15-34 years was found in the series.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Digestive System Diseases , Endoscopy , Gastritis/diagnosis , Helicobacter pylori , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies
18.
Arch. venez. farmacol. ter ; 30(3): 51-54, jul.-sept. 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-706174

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was describe effects of NonsteroidalAnti-inflammatory drug on prevalence of Helicobacter LikeOrganisms in gastric mucosa of Thoroughbreds horses. Werestudied 54 Thoroughbred horses in the national race Track“La Rinconada” Caracas-Venezuela. All equine were treatedby seven days with phenylbutazone at an intravenous doseof 4.4 mg/kg. All horses presented Equine gastric ulcer syndromeacute superficial gastritis (25/54), chronic gastritis witherosion focal (16/54), chronic gastritis with erosion focal andulcers (14/54) in the gastric in both regions mucosa squamousregion and glandular regions (fundus). Helicobacter Like Organismsinfection in the stomach was confirmed by Warthin-Starry (38/54). Gastric mucosa revealed numerous spiralshapedbacteria morphologically resembling Helicobacter LikeOrganisms in squamous regions, margo plicatus (20/38) andnumerous spiral-shaped bacteria in fundic glands (18/54). Inconclusion, we detected high presence of Helicobacter LikeOrganisms in the gastric mucosa of Thoroughbred horse’streatment with phenylbutazone.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Horse Diseases/pathology , Gastritis/diagnosis , Gastritis/therapy , Gastritis/veterinary , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Helicobacter Infections/veterinary , Horses/injuries
19.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 31(3): 289-296, jul.-set. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: lil-692398

ABSTRACT

Reportamos el caso de una mujer de 84 años con antecedentes de arritmia cardiaca y hemorroides. Tenía múltiples hospitalizaciones y transfusiones por anemia ferropénica sintomática; los estudios endoscópicos solo demostraron divertículos y pequeños pòlipos de colon. Posteriormente fue hospitalizada por presentar heces sanguinolentas de color rojo vinoso; la endoscopia alta indicó gastritis y la colonoscopia mostró pequeñas úlceras colónicas, un pólipo colónico y múltiples divertículos. Meses después, reingresó con hemorragia de origen oscuro; en esa ocasión se demostraron: gastritis, erosiones antrales, pequeños pólipos colónicos y úlceras colónicas en vías de cicatrización; la cápsula endoscópica mostró probable angiodisplasia en yeyuno medio, la enteroscopia anterógrada detectó en yeyuno proximal algunas lesiones eritematosas sin evidencia de sangrado activo. Volvió a ser hospitalizada por melena y dolor abdominal, la endoscopia alta mostró angiodisplasias gástricas y duodenales que fueron tratadas. El último ingreso indicó un tiempo de enfermedad de dos años, el episodio se caracterizó por presentar deposiciones rojo vinosas y anemia. La endoscopia mostró angiodisplasia gástrica, que fue tratada con termocoagulación con argón plasma. En el examen no presentó signos de descompensación hipovolémica. Enfocado como un problema de hemorragia digestiva de origen oscuro se repitieron varios exámenes endoscópicos sin resultados. Resangró estando hospitalizada, se realizó cápsula endoscópica que demostró sangrado agudo en yeyuno, se complementó con nueva enteroscopia anterógrada que mostró lesiones ulceradas de yeyuno, se marcó el área con tinta china y se indicó laparotomía exploratoria. En la intervención quirúrgica se encontró en borde antimesentérico de yeyuno, una tumoración redondeada (6x6x4.5 cm) de crecimiento extraluminal, que comprometía la pared sin adherirse a otras estructuras; se realizó resección del tumor y anastomosis yeyuno-yeyunal. El estudio histológico -con inmunohistoquímica- del espécimen mostró que se trataba de un Tumor Estromal Intestinal (GIST), de riesgo intermedio, patrón histológico fusiforme, con escasas mitosis, dependiente de la capa muscular propia del intestino delgado. En conclusión el presente caso se trata de una mujer con un GIST yeyunal cuya presentación clínica fue una hemorragia de origen oscuro que constituyó un problema diagnóstico y que gracias al advenimiento de los nuevos procedimientos endoscópicos (enteroscopia y cápsula endoscópica) fue localizada y posteriormente extirpada quirúrgicamente.


We report the case of a woman of 84 years with a history of cardiac arrhythmia and hemorrhoids. She had multiple hospitalizations and transfusions for symptomatic iron deficiency anemia, endoscopic studies showed only small diverticula and colon polyps. He was later hospitalized with bloody stools red wines, upper endoscopy and colonoscopy showed gastritis, small colonic ulcers, colonic polyp and multiple diverticula. Readmitted with bleeding of obscure origin, on that occasion showed gastritis, antral erosions, small ulcers, colon polyps and colon ulcers in the process of healing, capsule endoscopy showed angiodysplasia in jejunum, anterograde enteroscopy detected some erythematous lesions in proximal jejunum without evidence of bleeding. Again hospitalized for melena and abdominal pain, upper endoscopy revealed gastric and duodenal angiodysplasia were treated. The last entry indicated a time of two years disease, the current episode with wine-red colored stools, Hb: 8.4 g, for which he received two units of PG. Endoscopy showed gastric angiodysplasia, which was treated with thermocoagulation (argon plasma). In the entrance examination showed no signs of hypovolaemic decompensation. Approached as a problem of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding were repeated several endoscopic examinations without results. She re-bled being hospitalized, capsule endoscopy was performed showing acute bleeding in the jejunum, complemented by new anterograde enteroscopy that showed ulcerated lesions of the jejunum, the area was marked with indian ink. Exploratory laparotomy was indicated. In the surgical intervention it was in edge antimesentérico of yeyuno, a round tumor (6x6 cm) of extraluminal growth, which compromised the wall without sticking to other structure, Resection of the tumor and jejuno-jejunal anastomosis was realized. The histological study with immunohistochemistry showed an Intestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST), intermediate risk, histological pattern fusiform, with scarce mitosis; the lesion was dependent on the muscularis propria of the small intestine. In conclusion, this case involves a woman with a jejunal GIST whose clinical presentation was hemorrhage of unknown origin which was a diagnostic problem and thanks to the advent of new endoscopic procedures (enteroscopy and capsule endoscopy) could locate the place of injury and subsequent surgery.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/diagnosis , Jejunal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Angiodysplasia/complications , Angiodysplasia/diagnosis , Colonic Polyps/complications , Colonic Polyps/diagnosis , Diverticulum, Colon/complications , Diverticulum, Colon/diagnosis , Gastritis/complications , Gastritis/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/complications , Jejunal Neoplasms/complications
20.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 79(2): 65-67, abr.-jun. 2011. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-644953

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La infección por Helicobacter Pylori tiene una prevalencia elevada en países en vías de desarrollo, en los niños produce principalmente gastritis crónica, se han probado múltiples esquemas para el tratamiento de Helicobacter pylori, para considerar un régimen de tratamiento efectivo debe alcanzar una tasa de éxito en erradicación de 80%. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue establecer el perfil clínico epidemiológico de la infección por Helicobacter pylori en niños y su respuesta al tratamiento de primera línea o convencional. Métodología: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, en el hospital de especialidades del Instituto Hondureño del Seguro Social de Tegucigalpa, de enero de 2007 a diciembre de 2009, en niños menores de 11 años con enfermedad por Helicobacter pylori. que recibieron tratamiento con amoxicilina 60mg/kg/día, claritromicina 20mg/kg/día y lanzoprazol 30mg/día por 14 días, y se valoró la respuesta terapéutica. Resultados: Se incluyeron 144 pacientes, siendo el 55.6% del sexo femenino, el promedio de edad fue de 5.8 años, 81.9% era de procedencia urbana, el síntoma más frecuente fue dolor en epigastrio en 88.1% de los pacientes. El 79.2% de los pacientes reportó mejoría clínica y el antígeno fecal negativo posterior al tratamiento de primera línea. Discusión: el tratamiento convencional continúa siendo eficaz para la erradicación de Helicobacter pylori en la población estudiada...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Gastritis/diagnosis , Helicobacter pylori , Stomach Ulcer/complications , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/methods
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