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1.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 353-358, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345299

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The Prex2 protein is a member of the Rac family proteins that belongs to small G proteins with a critical role in cell migration, cell proliferation, and apoptosis through its effects on PI3K cell signaling pathway and phosphatase activity of PTEN protein. The effect of PREX2 gene expression has been shown in some cancer cells. A survey of PREX2 gene expression in gastric antral epithelial cells of gastric cancer patients with Helicobacter pylori various genotypes infection can conduct to better understanding H. pylori infection's carcinogenesis. METHODS: In a case-control study, PREX2 gene expression was evaluated in gastric antral biopsy samples on four groups of patients referred to Sanandaj hospitals, including gastritis with (n=23) and without (n=27) H. pylori infection and gastric cancer with (n=21) and without (n=32) H. pylori infection. Each gastric biopsy sample's total RNA was extracted and cDNA synthesized by using Kits (Takara Company). The PREX2 gene expression was measured using the relative quantitative real-time RT-PCR method and ΔΔCt formula. RESULTS: The PREX2 gene expression increased in gastric antral biopsy samples of gastritis and gastric cancer patients with H. pylori infection (case groups) than patients without H. pylori infection (control groups) 2.38 and 2.27 times, respectively. The patients with H. pylori vacA s1m1 and sabB genotypes infection showed a significant increase of PREX2 gene expression in gastric cancer antral epithelial cells. CONCLUSION: H. pylori vacA s1m1 and sabB genotypes have the positive correlations with PREX2 gene expression in gastric antral epithelial cells of gastritis and gastric cancer patients.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A proteína Prex2 é membro das proteínas da família Rac que pertencem a pequenas proteínas G com um papel crítico na migração celular, na proliferação celular e na apoptose através de seus efeitos na via de sinalização celular PI3K e atividade fosfatase da proteína PTEN. O efeito da expressão genética PREX2 tem sido mostrada em algumas células cancerosas. Um levantamento da expressão genética PREX2 em células epiteliais antrais gástricas de pacientes infectados com vários genótipos de Helicobacter pylori pode conduzir a um melhor entendimento da carcinogênese da infecção por H. pylori. MÉTODOS: Em estudo de caso-controle, a expressão genética PREX2 foi avaliada em amostras de biópsia antral gástrica em quatro grupos de pacientes encaminhados aos hospitais de Sanandaj, incluindo gastrite com (n=23) e sem (n=27) infecção por H. pylori e de câncer gástrico com (n=21) e sem (n=32) infecção por H. pylori. O RNA total de cada amostra de biópsia gástrica foi extraído e cDNA sintetizado por meio de kits (Takara Company). A expressão genética PREX2 foi medida utilizando-se o método RT-PCR em tempo real quantitativo relativo e a fórmula ΔΔCt. RESULTADOS: A expressão genética PREX2 aumentou em amostras de biópsia antral gástrica de pacientes com gastrite e câncer gástrico com infecção por H. pylori (grupos de casos) em relação aos sem infecção por H. pylori (grupos de controle) 2,38 e 2,27 vezes, respectivamente. Os pacientes com infecção por genótipos H. pylori vacA s1m1 e sabB apresentaram um aumento significativo da expressão genética PREX2 em células epiteliais antrais de câncer gástrico. CONCLUSÃO: Os genótipos H. pylori vacA s1m1 e sabB têm correlações positivas com a expressão genética PREX2 em células epiteliais antrais gástricas de pacientes com câncer gástrico e gastrites.


Subject(s)
Humans , Helicobacter Infections , Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors/genetics , Gastritis/genetics , Gastritis/microbiology , Case-Control Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/microbiology , Gastric Mucosa
2.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 45: 53-59, May 15, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177447

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori is a chronic pathogenic bacteria that causes gastric mucosal damage through various host-related and pathogen-related factors. Thus, a single gene research cannot fully explain its pathogenicity. PURPOSE OF STUDY: It is necessary to establish a Helicobacter pylori pathogenic gene transcription factor regulatory network (TFRN) and study its central nodes. RESULTS: The expression data of Helicobacter pylori pathogenic genes were obtained through GEO Datasets of NCBI. The genes were screened using linear model-empirical Bayesian statistics in R language Limma package combined with the conventional t-test; the results identified 1231 differentially expressed genes. The functional analysis (gene ontology-analysis) and signal pathway analysis (pathway-analysis) of differentially expressed genes were performed using the DAVID and KEGG databases, respectively. The pathogenic gene regulatory network was constructed by integrating transcriptional regulatory element database (TRED); the disease-related analysis of the pathogenic genes was conducted using the DAVID annotation tool. Five pathogenic genes (Nos2, Il5, Colla1, Tnf, and Nfkb1) and their transcription factors (Jun, Cebpa, Egrl, Ppara, and Il6) were found to suppress the host immune function and enhance the pathogenicity of Helicobacter pylori by regulating the host immune system. CONCLUSIONS: This effect was largely mediated via three signaling pathways: Tnf pathway, PI3K Akt pathway, and Jak­STAT pathway. The pathogenicity of Helicobacter pylori is closely related to the body's immune and inflammatory system. A better understanding of the correlation of the pathogenic factors with the host immune and inflammatory factors may help to determine the precise pathogenic mechanism of H. pylori infection.


Subject(s)
Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Helicobacter pylori/pathogenicity , Computational Biology , Transcription Factors , Cytokines , Virulence Factors , Gastritis/immunology , Gastritis/microbiology , Genes, Bacterial , Immune System , Inflammation
3.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(2): 111-116, abr. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125050

ABSTRACT

La resistencia bacteriana a ciertos antibióticos condiciona el éxito del tratamiento erradicador de la infección gástrica por Helicobacter pylori y es motivo de creciente preocupación a nivel mundial. Dada la escasa evidencia publicada en Argentina sobre este tema, nuestro objetivo fue investigar factores asociados a la persistencia de H. pylori post-tratamiento antibiótico. Se determinó la frecuencia de fracaso terapéutico en 81 pacientes con gastritis por H. pylori tratados en nuestro Servicio y sometidos al estudio de urea en aire espirado para confirmar la erradicación de la infección. La edad promedio fue 58±12 y 43.2% eran hombres. La frecuencia de fracaso terapéutico fue 17.3%. De los dos esquemas más utilizados, la frecuencia de fracaso fue mayor con claritromicina + amoxicilina que con levofloxacina + amoxicilina (25% vs. 6.6%, p=0.04). Como factores de riesgo investigamos las siguientes variables: edad, género, síntomas, tabaquismo, consumo de anti-inflamatorios, diabetes, obesidad, tipo y duración de tratamiento. En el análisis univariado, el uso de esquemas con claritromicina y el género masculino se asociaron significativamente a persistencia de la infección [OR 4.2 (1.1-15.6) y 5.2 (1.1-26.4)]. En el análisis multivariado, el uso de esquema con claritromicina permaneció asociado al fracaso terapéutico [OR 5.38 (1.1-29.5)]. Concluimos que la inclusión de claritromicina en el esquema terapéutico para la gastritis por H. pylori se asoció a mayor fracaso terapéutico. Este fracaso es atribuible a alta prevalencia de resistencia de H. pylori a ese antibiótico en la población atendida en nuestro hospital y cuestiona las prácticas habituales de tratamiento en nuestro medio.


Antibiotic resistance may hinder the efficacy of eradication therapy against Helicobacter pylori infection and it has become a major concern worldwide. Due to the relatively scarce evidence published in Argentina on this topic, our aim was to describe factors associated with H. pylori persistence after antibiotic treatment. The therapeutic failure rate was described among 81 patients with H. pylori gastritis treated in our Hospital with a post-treatment urea breath test to determine successful eradication. Mean age was 58 ± 12 and 43.2% were male subjects. H. pylori persistence was observed in 17.3% of subjects. Therapeutic failure was more common among patients receiving clarithromycin + amoxicillin therapy that among those receiving levofloxacin + amoxicillin (25% vs. 6.6%, p = 0.04). The following variables were assessed: age, gender, referral symptoms, smoking, anti-inflammatory use, diabetes, obesity, treatment type and duration. Clarithromycin-based therapy and male gender were associated with infection persistence on univariate analysis [OR 4.2 (1.1-15.6) and 5.2 (1.1-26.4)]. On multivariate analysis, clarithromycin-based was associated with infection persistence [5.38 (1.1-29.5)]. We conclude that clarithromycin-based therapy is significantly associated with treatment failure. This failure may be due to an elevated prevalence of H. pylori resistance to clarithromycin in the population under study and raises the question on the utility of such therapeutic alternative.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Gastritis/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Argentina , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/microbiology , Treatment Failure , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination , Levofloxacin/therapeutic use , Gastritis/microbiology , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use
4.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(3): 264-269, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038716

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: It is widely assumed that gender, age, gastritis and Helicobacter pylori , all have some degree of correlation and, therefore, can synergistically lead to the development of gastric cancer. OBJECTIVE: In this cross-sectional study, we expected to observe the above mentioned correlation in the analysis of medical records of 67 patients of both sexes (female, n=44), mean age ± standard deviation: 41±12 years old, all from Belém (capital of Pará State, Brazilian Amazon), a city historically known as one with the highest gastric cancer prevalence in this country. METHODS: All patients were submitted to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for gastric biopsy histopathological analysis and rapid urease test. All diagnoses of gastritis were recorded considering its topography, category and the degree of inflammatory activity, being associated or not associated with H. pylori infection. RESULTS: The results show that no statistically relevant associations were found among the prevalences of the observed variables. CONCLUSION: The authors hypothesize that observed risk factors associated to gastric cancer might be lesser synergistic than is usually expected.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: É amplamente assumido que gênero, idade, gastrite e Helicobacter pylori , todos têm algum grau de correlação e, portanto, podem sinergicamente levar ao desenvolvimento de câncer gástrico. OBJETIVO: Neste estudo transversal, esperamos observar a correlação acima mencionada na análise de prontuários de 67 pacientes de ambos os sexos (sexo feminino, n=44), média de idade ± desvio padrão: 41±12 anos, todos de Belém (capital do Estado do Pará, Amazônia Brasileira), uma cidade historicamente conhecida como sendo uma das que apresenta maior prevalência de câncer gástrico no país. MÉTODOS: Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à endoscopia digestiva alta para análise histopatológica da biópsia gástrica e teste rápido da urease. Todos os diagnósticos de gastrite foram registrados considerando sua topografia, categoria e grau de atividade inflamatória, sendo associada ou não associada à infecção por H. pylori . RESULTADOS: Os resultados mostram que não foram encontradas associações estatisticamente relevantes entre as prevalências das variáveis observadas. CONCLUSÃO: Os autores levantam a hipótese de que os fatores de risco associados ao câncer gástrico podem ser menos sinérgicos do que o esperado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Stomach Neoplasms/microbiology , Urease/analysis , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Gastric Mucosa/microbiology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Biopsy , Brazil/epidemiology , Sex Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/enzymology , Helicobacter Infections/epidemiology , Age Factors , Sex Distribution , Gastritis/microbiology , Gastritis/pathology , Intestinal Mucosa/enzymology , Middle Aged
5.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(3): 279-282, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973898

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has been introduced by since 1983 by Marshal and Warren to play the main role in the pathophysiology of gastritis and gastric ulcers. Almost half of the world population1 is infected by H. pylori. Current therapeutic regimen against H. pylori includes the use of a proton pump inhibitor plus two or more antibiotics. However, the efficacy of this regimen is decreasing mainly due to antibiotic resistance and side effects of medications. This fact has resulted in public interest in other therapeutic options and the role of probiotics merits special attention in this regard. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of honey-derived Lactobacillus rhamnosus on H. pylori-induced gastric inflammation and gastro-intestinal infection in C57BL/6 Mice. METHODS: The 24 C57BL/6 Mice were randomly divided into three groups of eight mice each. All the mice were fed with 1cc suspension containing 5*1010 CFU/ mL of ATCC43504 strains of H. pylori for 3 consecutive days, twice daily via polyethylene gavage tubes. At the end of 4th week, infection with H. pylori was confirmed with stool Ag (ELISA) and following sacrifice of one mouse from each group, histopathologic study confirmed gastritis. The groups were subjected to different therapies as stated, 1: without Bismuth (Bi), Omeprazole (Om) and L. rhamnosus prescription, 2: Bi, Om and Clarithromycin (Cl) and 3: Bi, Om plus 1cc of suspension of 109 CFU/mL of L. rhamnosus. After 2 weeks, the stool was analyzed for Ag and the mice were sacrificed for evaluation of histopathologic changes. RESULTS: Treatment with L. rhamnosus group provided Zero titer of stool Ag and was associated with improved gastric inflammation in all subjects, similar to the clarithromycin group. CONCLUSION: Honey-derived L. rhamnosus probiotics provides similar results as clarithromycin in terms of improvement of H. pylori infection and gastritis in C57BL/6 Mice model, without its cons of antibiotic resistance.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) foi reconhecido em 1983 por Marechal e Warren como protagonista principal na fisiopatologia de gastrite e úlceras gástricas. Quase metade da população mundial está infectada por H. pylori. O regime terapêutico atual contra H. pylori inclui o uso de um inibidor da bomba de prótons associada a dois ou mais antibióticos. No entanto, a eficácia deste regime está diminuindo principalmente devido à resistência aos antibióticos e efeitos colaterais de medicamentos. Este fato resultou no interesse público em outras opções terapêuticas e o papel dos probióticos merece atenção especial a este respeito. OBJETIVO: Este estudo visa avaliar a eficácia do mel-derivado do Lactobacillus rhamnosus na inflamação gástrica e infecção gastrointestinal H. pylori-induzida em camundongos C57Bl/6. MÉTODOS: Vinte e quatro camundongos C57Bl/6 foram divididos aleatoriamente em três grupos de oito camundongos cada. Todos os ratos foram alimentados com suspensão de 1cc contendo 5*1010 UFC/mL de cepas ATCC43504 de H. pylori por 3 dias consecutivos, duas vezes por dia através de gavagem por tubos de polietileno. No final da 4ª semana, a infecção com H. pylori foi confirmada pelo antígeno fecal (ELISA) e após o sacrifício de um rato de cada grupo, o estudo histopatológico confirmou gastrite. Os grupos foram submetidos a diferentes terapias, como indicado, 1: sem prescrição de bismuto (BI), Omeprazol (Om) e L. rhamnosus, 2: Bi, Om e claritromicina (CL) e 3: Bi, Om mais 1cc de suspensão de 109 UFC/mL de L. rhamnosus. Após 2 semanas, as fezes foram analisadas para o antígeno e os ratos foram sacrificados para a avaliação das alterações histopatológicas. RESULTADOS: O tratamento com o grupo L. rhamnosus forneceu o título zero de antígeno e foi associado com a inflamação gástrica melhorada em todos os camundongos, similar ao grupo claritromicina. CONCLUSÃO: O probiótico mel-derivado L. rhamnosus fornece resultados semelhantes ao da claritromicina em termos de melhoria da infecção H. pylori e gastrite em C57Bl/6 camundongos modelos, sem os inconvenientes de resistência aos antibióticos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/therapy , Probiotics/therapeutic use , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Gastritis/therapy , Honey/microbiology , Time Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Colony Count, Microbial , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Helicobacter Infections/microbiology , Treatment Outcome , Clarithromycin/pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Gastric Mucosa/microbiology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastritis/microbiology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
6.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(3): 401-402, Apr.-June 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-957431

ABSTRACT

Abstract We report the case of a 23-year-old immunocompetent patient who presented at the emergency department of a Brazilian hospital with epigastric pain and fever. After an investigation that included a computed tomography scan and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with biopsy, a diagnosis of mucormycosis was established. The patient exhibited favorable progress after surgery and antifungal therapy. Mucormycosis is a rare condition that usually affects immunocompromised patients, with a high mortality rate of up to 85%. Correct diagnosis and fast initiation of therapy are required to ensure improved patient prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Gastritis/microbiology , Mucormycosis/complications , Biopsy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Immunocompromised Host , Rare Diseases , Gastrectomy , Gastritis/surgery , Gastritis/diagnosis , Mucormycosis/diagnosis
7.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(2): 122-127, Apr.-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950513

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The association between infection with Helicobacter pylori and different gastroduodenal diseases is related to bacterial, host and environmental factors. Studies have demonstrated an association between the genetic diversity of H. pylori, especially in the vacA and cagA genes, and the development of digestive diseases such as peptic ulcer and gastric cancer. In addition, the nature of the host inflammatory response may explain these different manifestations of infection caused by this microorganism. In this respect, host factors that regulate the immune and inflammatory responses involving the functional interaction of H. pylori infection with different components of the immune system, particularly T cells, in gastroduodenal diseases still need further investigation. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the immune response, including immunity induced by infection with H. pylori, especially virulent strains (vacA alleles and cagA gene), by analyzing the cytokine profile and T-cell population present in gastroduodenal diseases in a Brazilian population. METHODS: In a prospective study, gastric biopsies were collected from 554 patients with different gastroduodenal diseases for histological analysis and for the determination of bacterial genotype and cytokine production (IL-4, IL-10, IFN-γ and IL-12) by ELISA. RESULTS: The predominant genotype of the H. pylori strains isolated from the patients studied was s1m1cagA+, which was more common among patients with gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer and gastric cancer. A significant association was observed between the s1m1cagA+ genotype and a higher degree of inflammation, higher neutrophil activity and the development of intestinal metaplasia. The gastric concentrations of IFN-γ and IL-12 were significantly higher in patients infected with H. pylori than in uninfected individuals. Higher levels of these cytokines were detected in patients with gastric ulcer and cancer, while the levels of IL-4 and IL-10 in the gastric mucosa were lower in these patients. In addition, IFN-γ and IL-12 concentrations in gastric biopsies were higher in patients infected with the virulent s1m1cagA+ genotype. In contrast, IL-4 and IL-10 levels were higher in tissue infected with s2m2cagA in gastric biopsies. CONCLUSION: Our study shows that the interaction between the type of infectious strain and the Th1 immune response can influence and perpetuate gastric inflammation, and thus contributes to the development of the different clinical manifestations of H. pylori infection.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A associação da infecção por Helicobacter pylori com diferentes doenças gastroduodenais pode estar associada a fatores bacterianos, do hospedeiro e do ambiente. Nesse contexto, estudos têm demonstrado que a diversidade genética do H. pylori, sobretudo nos genes vacA e cagA, está associada ao desenvolvimento de doenças gastroduodenais como a úlcera péptica e o câncer gástrico. Além disso, a natureza da resposta inflamatória do hospedeiro pode explicar essas diferentes manifestações da infecção por esse microrganismo. Portanto, fatores do hospedeiro que regulam as respostas imunológica e inflamatória, envolvendo a interação funcional da infecção por H. pylori com diferentes membros do compartimento imunológico, especialmente respostas imunes de células T nas doenças gastroduodenais, ainda precisam ser melhor estudados. OBJETIVO: Caracterizar a resposta imune, incluindo imunidade induzida por infecção pelo H. pylori, especialmente com cepas virulentas de H. pylori (alelos vacA e gene cagA), através da análise do perfil de citocinas e da caracterização da população de células T presentes em doenças gastroduodenais em nossa população. MÉTODOS: Em um estudo prospectivo, foram coletadas biópsias gástricas de 554 pacientes portadores das diferentes doenças gastroduodenais. Nas amostras biológicas destes pacientes foi realizada a determinação do genótipo bacteriano e a detecção das citocinas IL-4, IL-10, INF-γ e IL-12 através do método Elisa. Foram obtidas biópsias gástricas para avaliação histológica. RESULTADOS: Observamos que o genótipo predominante nas cepas de H. pylori isoladas dos pacientes estudados foi s1m1cagA positivo, sendo mais frequentes entre os pacientes com úlcera gástrica, úlcera duodenal e câncer gástrico. Houve associação significativa das cepas com o genótipo s1m1cagA positivo com maior grau de inflamação, atividade neutrofílica e desenvolvimento de metaplasia intestinal. As concentrações gástricas de INF-γ e IL-12 foram significativamente mais elevadas em pacientes infectados pelo H. pylori do que nos não infectados. Foram detectados níveis mais elevados dessas citocinas nos portadores de úlcera e câncer gástrico, sendo que nesses pacientes foram observados níveis mais baixos de IL-4 e IL-10 na mucosa gástrica. Além disso, as concentrações de INF-γ e IL-12 em biópsias gástricas, foram mais elevadas nos pacientes portadores das cepas bacterianas virulentas s1m1cagA+. Contrariamente, os níveis de IL-4 e IL-10 foram maiores em tecido infectado por cepas s2m2cagA. Pacientes com maior grau de inflamação, de atividade neutrofílica e presença de metaplasia intestinal, apresentaram níveis mais elevados de INF-γ e IL-12 e uma concentração mais baixa de IL-4 e IL-10 nas biópsias gástricas. CONCLUSÃO: Nosso estudo demonstra que a interação entre o tipo de cepa infectante e resposta imunológica com perfil Th1, podem influenciar e perpetuar a inflamação gástrica contribuindo para o desenvolvimento de diferentes manifestações clínicas na infecção pelo H. pylori.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Stomach Neoplasms/immunology , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Helicobacter Infections/immunology , Duodenal Ulcer/immunology , Gastric Mucosa/immunology , Gastritis/immunology , Stomach Neoplasms/microbiology , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , DNA, Bacterial , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prospective Studies , Cytokines/biosynthesis , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Helicobacter Infections/microbiology , Duodenal Ulcer/microbiology , Gastric Mucosa/microbiology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastritis/microbiology , Genes, Bacterial/immunology , Genotype , Middle Aged , Antigens, Bacterial/genetics
8.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(2): 183-189, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897069

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Helicobacter pylori, a water contaminant, is the primary pathogenic agent associated with gastric diseases in humans. Exposure to H. pylori is more likely higher in developing countries. This study aimed to evaluate the risk factors associated with H. pylori infection in patients undergoing endoscopy to validate the cause of dyspeptic symptoms in an urban population in northeast Brazil and to compare the urease test and polymerase chain reaction assay results with the histopathological findings. METHODS: We evaluated 200 of 759 individuals with dyspeptic complaints from Campina Grande, State of Paraiba, northeast Brazil. Patients underwent endoscopy, followed by gastric biopsies. Logistic regression analysis was performed to adjust for confounders and to determine significant risk factors of dyspeptic disorders. RESULTS: Women accounted for 72.5% (145/200) of the participants. Approximately 59.8% (120/200) of the samples tested positive for H. pylori based on histological examinations. The specificity of polymerase chain reaction assay was higher than that of the urease test (77% vs. 64%, p=0.034). City drinking water [odds ratio (OR): 2.6; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.3-5.21; p=0.004] and smoking (OR: 4.0; 95% CI: 1.13-14.5; p=0.031) were the risk factors of H. pylori infection. Belching was the most common symptom associated with H. pylori infection (p=0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The increased risk of H. pylori infection associated with non-treated water consumption indicates the need for improvements in public water treatment and better sanitary conditions because these can be a source of not only H. pylori infections but also other water-borne pathogen infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Duodenal Ulcer/microbiology , Dyspepsia/microbiology , Gastritis/microbiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Urban Population , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Sensitivity and Specificity , Duodenal Ulcer/diagnosis , Dyspepsia/diagnosis , Gastritis/diagnosis , Middle Aged
9.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 54(4): 297-299, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888214

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: As being the first bacteria determined to be carcinogenic, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a pathogen localized in the stomach in more than half of the world population. Some earlier studies have found a relation between tissue histocompatibility antigens and gastric cancers depending on the regions. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to determine the distribution of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I and class II antigens in H. pylori-positive pediatric patients with active gastritis and duodenal ulcer, excluding cancer cases, in our center. METHODS: The study included 40 patients diagnosed with H. pylori-positive active gastritis and duodenal ulcer and 100 controls consisting of healthy donor candidates. The HLA class I and class II antigens were studied in the isolated DNA samples using the polymerase chain reaction sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes. RESULTS: The frequency of HLA-B*51 antigen was significantly higher in the patient group than in the control group (40% vs 17%; P=0.003). There was no difference between the two groups in terms of the frequencies of HLA-A, HLA-C, HLA-DR, and HLA-DQ antigens. CONCLUSION: It was determined that HLA-B*51 plays a critical role in H. pylori infection.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Determinada como sendo a primeira bactéria cancerígena, o Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) é um patógeno localizado no estômago em mais da metade da população mundial. Alguns estudos anteriores têm encontrado uma relação entre câncer gástrico e antígenos de histocompatibilidade de tecido dependendo das regiões. OBJETIVO: O presente estudo teve como objetivo determinar a distribuição em nosso centro do antígeno leucocitário humano (HLA) de classe I e antígenos classe II em pacientes pediátricos H. pylori-positivos com gastrite e úlcera duodenal ativas, excluindo casos de câncer. MÉTODOS: O estudo incluiu 40 pacientes H. pylori-positivos diagnosticados com gastrite e úlcera duodenal ativas e 100 controles consistindo de candidatos doadores saudáveis. Foram estudadas nas amostras de DNA isoladas o antígeno leucocitário humano classe I e antígenos classe II, utilizando-se as cadeias de sequência específica de polimerase do oligonucleotideo. RESULTADOS: A frequência do antígeno HLA - B * 51 foi significativamente maior no grupo de pacientes do que no grupo controle (40% vs 17%; P=0,003). Não houve diferença entre os dois grupos em termos das frequências dos antígenos HLA-A, HLA-DR, HLA-DQ e HLA-C. CONCLUSÃO: Determinou-se que o HLA - B * 51 desempenha um papel crítico na infecção pelo H. pylori.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Histocompatibility Antigens Class I/immunology , Histocompatibility Antigens Class II/immunology , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/immunology , Duodenal Ulcer/immunology , Gastritis/immunology , Case-Control Studies , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Gastritis/microbiology
10.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 54(4): 300-304, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888218

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction is one of the early stages of vascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the endothelial dysfunction markers in patients with chronic gastritis associated with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. METHODS: By a cross sectional study, basic and clinical information of 120 participants (40 patients with positive H. pylori infection, 40 patients with negative H. pylori infection and 40 healthy people) were analyzed. Carotid intima media thickness and flow-mediated dilation levels were measured in all patients and controls. Soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) were measured with Elisa for all subjects. IgG level was assessed in chronic gastritis patients. RESULTS: The flow-mediated dilation level in patients with positive H. pylori infection (0.17%±0.09) was significantly lower than those with negative H. pylori infection (0.21% ±0.10, P<0.05) and compared to the control group (0.27% ±0.11, P<0.05). Carotid intima media thickness level in patients with positive H. pylori infection (0.58±0.13 mm) was significantly higher than those with negative H. pylori infection (0.48±0.32 mm, P<0.05) and compared to the control group (0.36±0.44mm, P<0.05). The mean level of sICAM-1 in positive H. pylori infection group (352.16±7.54 pg/mL) was higher than negative H. pylori infection group (332.64±8.75 pg/mL =0.75) and compared to the control group (236.32±12.43 pg/mL, P<0.05). A direct relationship was revealed between flow-mediated dilation and carotid intima media thickness changes and between sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1 associated with the level of H. pylori IgG in chronic gastritis. CONCLUSION: The levels of flow-mediated dilation, carotid intima media thickness and sICAM-1 were higher among patients with positive H. pylori infection. Patients with chronic gastritis associated with H. pylori infection are at risk of endothelial dysfunction due to flow-mediated dilation and carotid intima media thickness abnormalities and increased level of sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A disfunção endotelial é um dos estágios iniciais de doenças vasculares. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar os marcadores de disfunção endotelial em pacientes com gastrite crônica associada com infecção por Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). MÉTODOS: Através de estudo cruzado seccional, foram analisadas informações básicas e clínicas de 120 participantes (40 pacientes com infecção pelo H. pylori, 40 pacientes sem infecção pelo H. pylori e 40 pessoas saudáveis). A espessura da camada íntima-média da carótida e níveis de dilatação mediada por fluxo foram medidos em todos os pacientes e controles. A adesão da molécula-1 solúvel (sVCAM-1) à célula vascular e da molécula de adesão intercelular-1 (ICAM-1) foram medidas pelo método Elisa para todas os indivíduos. O nível de H. pylori IgG foi avaliado em pacientes de gastrite crônica. RESULTADOS: O nível de dilatação mediada por fluxo em pacientes com infecção positiva pelo H. pylori foi significativamente menor do que em aqueles com infecção negativa (0,17% ±0, 09) X (0,21% ±0,10) P<0,05 e em relação ao grupo controle (0,27% ±0,11) P<0,05). O nível da espessura da íntima-média da carótida em pacientes com infecção positiva pelo H. pylori foi significativamente maior (0,58±0,13 mm) do que aqueles com negativa (0,48±0,32 mm) P<0,05) e em relação ao grupo controle (0,36±0,44 mm) P<0,05). O nível médio de sICAM-1 grupo de infecção H. pylori positiva (352,16±7,54 pg/mL) foi maior do que o grupo de infecção negativa (332,64±8,75 pg/mL = 0,75) e em relação ao grupo controle (236,32±12,43 pg/mL) P<0,05). Revelou-se uma relação direta entre a dilatação mediada por fluxo e alterações da espessura da íntima-média da carótida e sICAM-1 e sVCAM-1, associada com o nível de H. pylori IgG em gastrite crônica. CONCLUSÃO: Os níveis de dilatação mediada por fluxo, da espessura da íntima-média da carótida e sICAM-1 foram maiores entre os pacientes com infecção positiva pelo H. pylori. Pacientes com gastrite crônica associada a infecção por H. pylori correm o risco de disfunção endotelial, devido à dilatação mediada por fluxo e anormalidades da espessura da íntima-média da carótida e aumento do nível de sICAM-1 e sVCAM-1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carotid Arteries/physiopathology , Helicobacter pylori , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/blood , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/blood , Gastritis/physiopathology , Gastritis/microbiology , Biomarkers/blood , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Helicobacter Infections/physiopathology , Helicobacter Infections/blood , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Gastritis/blood , Middle Aged
12.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 29(3): 142-145, July-Sept. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796953

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The influence of Helicobacter pylori (HP) in inflammatory disorders of the digestive mucosa has been the subject of several studies since socioeconomic, personal and environmental factors were implicated in the bacteria transmission. Aim: To correlate the inflammatory endoscopic findings with HP infection and the onset of mucosal diseases mucous of the upper digestive tract. Method: Comparative observational study, in which were collected data from 2247 patients who underwent upper endoscopy and biopsies for HP with urease test. The patients were divided into two groups: HP+ and HP- (control) in which endoscopic findings were observed for the following changes: esophagitis, esophageal ulcer, gastritis, erosive gastritis, gastric ulcer, bulboduodenitis, bulbar ulcer and without disease. Results: As for esophagitis, there was little disparity in the distribution favorable to HP+ group (HP+ =67.11% and HP- =69.89%) and esophageal ulcer (HP+ =0% and HP- =0, 21%). Gastritis was favorable to HP- group (HP+ =78.34% and HP- =73.63%), as well as erosive gastritis (HP+ = 67,11% and HP- = 64,55%), in bulboduodenitis (HP+ =1,87% and HP- 1,23%), in gastric ulcer (HP+ =2,14% and HP- =2,03%) and in the absence of alterations in the HP+ group (4.81%) with the HP- control group (6,30%), in which there was little disproportion in favor of HP- group, but without statistical significance. As for the bulbar ulcer (HP +=10.16% and HP- =4.48%), there was statistically significant (p=0.00001). Conclusion: There is no difference between HP+ and HP- groups in inflammatory changes in endoscopic gastroduodenal mucosa, except for the relationship between HP and bulbar ulcer.


RESUMO Racional: A influência do Helicobacter pylori (HP) nas alterações inflamatórias das mucosas digestivas tem sido objeto de vários estudos uma vez que fatores socioeconômicos, pessoais e ambientais são implicados na transmissão da bactéria, facilitando-a. Objetivo: Relacionar os achados inflamatórios endoscópicos com a infecção pelo HP e o aparecimento de doenças mucosas do trato digestivo alto. Método: Estudo observacional comparativo, o qual foram coletados dados de 2247 pacientes submetidos à endoscopia digestiva alta e biópsias para HP com teste de urease. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: HP+ e o controle HP-dentro dos quais foram observados os achados endoscópicos referentes às seguintes alterações: esofagite, úlcera esofágica, gastrite, gastrite erosiva, úlcera gástrica, bulboduodenite, úlcera bulbar e sem doença. Resultados: Quanto à esofagite, observou-se pequena desproporção na distribuição, favorável ao grupo HP+ (HP+ =67,11% e HP- =69,89%) bem como na úlcera esofágica (HP+ =0% e HP- =0,21%). Na gastrite foi favorável ao grupo HP- (HP+ =78.34% e HP- =73.63%), assim como na gastrite erosiva (HP+ = 67,11% e HP- = 64,55%), na bulboduodenite (HP+ = 1,87% e HP- 1,23%), na úlcera gástrica (HP+ =2,14% e HP- =2,03%) e na ausência de alterações no grupo HP+ (4.81%) com o grupo controle HP- (6,30%), nos quais há pequena desproporção favorável ao grupo HP-, porém, sem significância estatística. Já quanto à úlcera bulbar (HP+ =10,16% e HP- =4,48%), houve significância estatística (p=0,00001). Conclusão: Não há diferenciação entre os grupos HP+ e HP- nas alterações endoscópicas inflamatórias na mucosa gastroduodenal, exceto para a relação entre HP e úlcera bulbar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Duodenoscopy , Duodenitis/microbiology , Duodenitis/pathology , Esophagitis/microbiology , Esophagitis/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/microbiology , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Gastroscopy , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastritis/microbiology , Gastritis/pathology , Intestinal Mucosa/microbiology , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology
13.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 29(2): 73-76, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787888

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Studies with latest technologies such as endoscopy with magnification and chromoendoscopy showed that various endoscopic aspects are clearly related to infection by Helicobacter pylori (HP). The description of different patterns of erythema in gastric body under magnification of images revived interest in identifying these patterns by standard endoscopy. Aim: To validate the morphologic features of gastric mucosa related to H. pylori infection gastritis allowing predictability of their diagnosis as well as proper targeting biopsies. Methods: Prospective study of 339 consecutive patients with the standard videoendoscope image analysis were obtained, recorded and stored in a program database. These images were studied with respect to the presence or absence of H. pylori, diagnosed by rapid urease test and/or by histological analysis. Were studied: a) normal mucosa appearance; b) mucosal nodularity; c) diffuse nonspecific erythema or redness (with or without edema of folds and exudate) of antrum and body; d) mosaic pattern with focal area of hyperemia; e) erythema in streaks or bands (red streak); f) elevated (raised) erosion; g) flat erosions; h) fundic gland polyps. The main exclusion criteria were the use of drugs, HP pre-treatment and other entities that could affect results. Results: Applying the exclusion criteria, were included 170 of the 339 patients, of which 52 (30.58%) were positive for HP and 118 negative. On the positive findings, the most associated with infection were: nodularity in the antrum (26.92%); presence of raised erosion (15.38%) and mosaic mucosa in the body (21.15%). On the negative group the normal appearance of the mucosa was 66.94%; erythema in streaks or bands in 9.32%; flat erosions 11.86%; and fundic gland polyps 11.86%. Conclusion: Endoscopic findings are useful in the predictability of the result and in directing biopsies. The most representative form of HP related gastritis was the nodularity of the antral mucosa. The raised erosion and mucosa in mosaic in the body are suggestive but not specific to the infection. The other forms were not conclusive of the presence of HP.


RESUMO Racional: Estudos com tecnologias mais recentes como endoscopia com magnificação e cromoscopia mostraram que vários aspectos endoscópicos estão claramente associados à infecção por Helicobacter pylori. A descrição de padrões diferenciados de enantema no corpo gástrico através da magnificação de imagens reavivou o interesse na identificação desses padrões pela endoscopia convencional. Objetivo: Validar os padrões morfológicos de mucosa gástrica usando videogastroendoscopia convencional relacionados à gastrite por infecção por Helicobacter pylori, permitindo previsibilidade do seu diagnóstico e o direcionamento de biópsias. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo de 339 pacientes consecutivos com análise das imagens de videogastroendoscopia obtidas, gravadas e armazenadas em banco de dados. Estas imagens foram estudadas com relação à presença ou não do Helicobacter pylori diagnosticado por teste rápido de urease e/ou por pesquisa direta por estudo anatomopatológico. Foram estudados: a) aspecto normal da mucosa; b) nodularidade da mucosa; c) enantema inespecífico difuso de antro e corpo; d) enantema em mosaico ou salpicado; e) enantema em estrias ou faixas; f) erosões elevadas; g) erosões planas; h) pólipos de glândulas fúndicas. Os principais critérios de exclusão foram o uso de medicamentos, tratamento prévio de HP e outras entidades que pudessem interferir nos resultados. Resultados: Aplicando os critérios de exclusão, incluíram-se 170 dos 339 pacientes sendo 52 (30,58%) positivos para Helicobacter pylori e 118 negativos. No grupo positivo os achados que mais se associaram com a infecção foram: nodularidade no antro (26,92%); presença de erosões elevadas (15,38%) e mucosa em mosaico no corpo (21,15%). No grupo negativo o aspecto normal da mucosa foi de 66,94%; enantema em estrias ou faixas em 9,32%; erosões planas em 11,86%; e pólipos de glândulas fúndicas 11,86%. Conclusão: Achados endoscópicos são úteis na previsibilidade de localização e direcionamento de biópsias na pesquisa do HP. A mais representativa forma de gastrite por HP foi o achado de nodularidade na mucosa antral. As erosões elevadas e mucosa em mosaico no corpo são sugestivas, mas não específicas da infecção. As demais formas não foram conclusivas da presença do HP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Gastroscopy , Gastritis/microbiology , Gastritis/pathology , Video Recording , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies
14.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 53(1): 55-60, Jan.-Mar. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777117

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Morbid obesity treatment through vertical gastroplasty Roux-en-Y gastric bypass initially used a contention ring. However, this technique may create conditions to the development of potentially malign alterations in the gastric mucosa. Although effective and previously performed in large scale, this technique needs to be better evaluated in long-term studies regarding alterations caused in the gastric mucosa. Objective To analyze the preoperative and postoperative endoscopic, histological and cell proliferation findings in the gastric antrum and body mucosa of patients submitted to the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with a contention ring. Methods We retrospectively evaluated all patients submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with a contention ring with more than 60 months of postoperative follow-up. We compared the preoperative (gastric antrum and body) and postoperative (gastric pouch) gastric mucosa endoscopic findings, cell proliferation index and H. pylori prevalence. We evaluated cell proliferation through Ki-67 antibody immunohistochemical expression. Results In the study period, 33 patients were operated with the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass using a contention ring. We found a chronic gastritis rate of 69.7% in the preoperative period (gastric antrum and body) and 84.8% in the postoperative (gastric pouch). H. pylori was present in 18.2% of patients in the preoperative period (gastric antrum and body) and in 57.5% in the postoperative (gastric pouch). Preoperative cell proliferation index was 18.1% in the gastric antrum and 16.2% in the gastric body, and 23.8% in the postoperative gastric pouch. The postoperative cell proliferation index in the gastric pouch was significantly higher (P=0.001) than in the preoperative gastric antrum and body. Higher cell proliferation index and chronic gastritis intensity were significantly associated to H. pylori presence (P=0.001 and P=0.02, respectively). Conclusion After Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with contention ring, there was a higher chronic gastritis incidence and higher cell proliferation index in the gastric pouch than in the preoperative gastric antrum and body. Mucosa inflammation intensity and cell proliferation index in the postoperative gastric pouch were associated to H. pylori presence and were higher than those found in the preoperative gastric antrum and body mucosa.


RESUMO Contexto O tratamento da obesidade mórbida através da gastroplastia vertical com derivação gastrojejunal em Y de Roux inicialmente utilizou o anel de contenção. No entanto, essa técnica pode criar condições para o desenvolvimento de alterações potencialmente malignas na mucosa gástrica. Apesar de eficaz e realizada anteriormente em grande escala, essa técnica precisa ser melhor avaliada em estudos de longo prazo em relação às alterações causadas na mucosa gástrica. Objetivo Analisar os achados endoscópicos, histológicos e da proliferação celular na mucosa do antro e corpo gástricos no pré-operatório e no pós-operatório de pacientes submetidos à derivação gastrojejunal em Y de Roux com anel de contenção. Métodos Avaliamos retrospectivamente todos os pacientes submetidos à derivação gastrojejunal em Y de Roux com anel de contenção e mais de 60 meses de seguimento pós-operatório. Comparamos os achados endoscópicos da mucosa gástrica, o índice de proliferação celular e a prevalência do H. pylori no pré-operatório (antro e corpo gástricos) e no pós-operatório (bolsa gástrica). Avaliamos a proliferação celular pela expressão imuno-histoquímica do anticorpo Ki67. Resultados No período do estudo, 33 pacientes foram operados com a derivação gastrojejunal em Y de Roux usando anel de contenção. Encontramos a taxa de gastrite crônica de 69,7% no período pré-operatório (antro e corpo gástrico) e 84,8% no pós-operatório (bolsa gástrica). O H. pyloriestava presente em 18,2% dos pacientes no período pré-operatório (antro e corpo gástrico) e em 57,5% no pós-operatório (bolsa gástrica). O índice de proliferação celular pré-operatório foi de 18,1% no antro gástrico e 16,2% no corpo gástrico, e de 23,8% na bolsa gástrica no pós-operatório. O índice de proliferação celular pós-operatório na bolsa gástrica foi significantemente maior (P=0,001) do que no antro e corpo gástrico no pré-operatório. O maior índice de proliferação celular e a intensidade da gastrite crônica na bolsa gástrica associaram-se significantemente à presença do H. pylori(P=0,001 e P=0,02, respectivamente). Conclusão Após a derivação gastrojejunal em Y de Roux com anel de contenção, houve maior incidência de gastrite crônica e maior índice de proliferação celular na bolsa gástrica do que no antro e corpo gástricos no pré-operatório. A intensidade da inflamação da mucosa e o índice de proliferação celular encontrados na bolsa gástrica no pós-operatório associaram-se à presença doH. pylori e foram maiores do que os encontrados na mucosa gástrica do antro e corpo gástricos no pré-operatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Gastric Bypass/methods , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/microbiology , Gastritis/microbiology , Severity of Illness Index , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y , Immunohistochemistry , Gastric Bypass/adverse effects , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Helicobacter Infections/etiology , Cell Proliferation , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastritis/pathology , Middle Aged
15.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 53(1): 49-54, Jan.-Mar. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777114

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Recently, a great variety of studies aimed to investigate and even suggestHelicobacter pylori as an important key factor in gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal events development. The well-established relationship between bacterial virulence and increased risk for peptic ulcer or gastric carcinoma is not so clear when comparing inflammation markers alterations, such C-reactive protein, with the pathogen. Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate the presence of H. pylori, bacterial virulence and C-reactive protein serum levels in individuals diagnosed with functional dyspepsia. Methods Were prospectively included in this study 489 dyspeptic individuals. They fulfill Rome III clinical criteria for the diagnosis of functional dyspepsia with no organic disease at endoscopy. The bacterial infection was established by histology and urease rapid test. The levels of serum C-reactive protein were obtained by immunonefelometry and CagA status ofH. pylori positive individuals was determined through an imunoenzimatic assay. Results Prevalence rate of H. pylori was 66.3% and virulence factor CagA was detected in nearly 43% of positive samples. In addition, it has been noticed an association between Ilex paraguariensis(yerba maté) consumption and pathogen's prevalence. An important effect of bacterial infection on inflammation was only observed in gastric epithelium. Conclusion No systemic response to the pathogen, measured through C-reactive protein levels, was observed, regardless of CagA status. Otherwise, the intake of yerba maté should be considered as a cultural factor possibly related toH. pylori's transmission.


RESUMO Contexto Recentemente, uma grande variedade de estudos tem investigado e até mesmo sugerido a presença de Helicobacter pylori como um importante fator no desenvolvimento de eventos restritos ou não ao trato gastrointestinal. A relação já bem estabelecida entre virulência bacteriana e risco aumentado para úlcera péptica ou adenocarcinoma gástrico não parece estar tão elucidada quando se comparam alterações de marcadores inflamatórios, como a proteína C-reativa, com a presença do patógeno. Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a presença da infecção por H. pylori, a virulência bacteriana e os níveis séricos de proteína C-reativa em indivíduos diagnosticados com dispepsia funcional. Métodos Foram incluídos neste estudo, prospectivamente, 489 indivíduos dispépticos. Os pacientes deveriam preencher os critérios clínicos de Roma III para o diagnóstico de dispepsia funcional sem apresentar doença orgânica evidenciada a partir da endoscopia. A infecção bacteriana foi estabelecida por histologia e pelo teste rápido da urease. Os níveis de proteína C-reativa foram quantificados através de imunonefelometria e o status para a presença da CagA dos indivíduos infectados por H. pylorifoi determinado por ensaio imunoenzimático. Resultados A taxa de prevalência de H. pylori foi de 66.3% e o fator de virulência CagA foi detectado em aproximandamente 43% das amostras positivas. Adicionalmente, denotou-se uma associação entre o consumo deIlex paraguariensis (chimarrão) e a prevalência do patógeno. Um importante efeito da infecção bacteriana na inflamação apenas foi observado localmente, no epitélio gástrico. Conclusão Não foi evidenciada resposta sistêmica ao patógeno aferido através dos níveis de proteína C-reativa, independentemente do status para CagA. Por outro lado, o consumo de chimarrão pode ser sugerido como um fator cultural possivelmente relacionado à transmissão de H. pylori.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bacterial Proteins/blood , Virulence , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Helicobacter pylori/pathogenicity , Helicobacter Infections/microbiology , Dyspepsia/microbiology , Gastritis/microbiology , Antigens, Bacterial/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Prospective Studies , Helicobacter Infections/blood , Dyspepsia/blood , Gastric Mucosa/microbiology , Gastritis/blood , Middle Aged
16.
Salud pública Méx ; 57(4): 352-357, jul.-ago. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-760500

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Comparar la concordancia entre cultivo, histología y prueba rápida de la ureasa para el diagnóstico de infección por Helicobacter pylori, así como la relación de hallazgos histopatológicos y frecuencia de positividad entre dichos procedimientos diagnósticos. Material y métodos. Estudio de pruebas diagnósticas. Población de sujetos con endoscopía digestiva y toma de muestras gástricas antrales en un hospital de especialidades en México. Se realizó prueba rápida de la ureasa (una muestra), histología (dos muestras) y cultivo (dos muestras). Análisis estadístico con coeficiente de Kappa. Resultados. Se estudiaron 108 sujetos: 28 (25.9%) hombres y 80 (74.1%) mujeres; la edad promedio fue 49.1 (DE 15.1) años. El coeficiente de Kappa fue 0.729 y 0.377 entre cultivo con histología y prueba rápida de la ureasa respectivamente; asimismo, el coeficiente de Kappa fue 0.565 entre histología y prueba rápida de la ureasa. Conclusiones. La fuerza de concordancia fue mayor entre histología con cultivo y la prueba rápida de la ureasa, por lo cual la histología es lo más recomendable en la práctica clínica para la detección de la infección por Helicobacter pylori.


Objective. Compare the strength of concordance between culture, histology, rapid urease test for diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection and histopathological findings relationship and frequency of positivity among such diagnostic procedures. Materials and methods. Diagnostic test study. The study population were subjects with endoscopy and take samples of gastric antral. Rapid urease test (one sample), histology (two samples) and culture (two samples), and histopathological findings of gastric mucosa were performed. Statistical design with Student's t, Fisher exact test, Kappa coefficient. Results. We reviewed 108 subjects, 28 (25.9%) men, 80 (74.1%) women, mean age was 49.1 years (SD 15.1). The Kappa coefficient was 0.729 and 0.377 between culture with histology and rapid urease test, respectively; likewise the Kappa coefficient was 0.565 between histology and rapid urease test. Conclusions. The strength of concordance was higher between histology with culture and rapid urease test; the most recommended being histology in clinical practice for the detection of Helicobacter pylori infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Gastritis/diagnosis , Pyloric Antrum/microbiology , Bacterial Proteins/analysis , Urease/analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Helicobacter pylori/growth & development , Bacteriological Techniques , Gastroscopy , Gastric Mucosa/microbiology , Gastritis/microbiology
17.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 47(6): 739-746, Nov-Dec/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732991

ABSTRACT

Introduction Most studies that have evaluated the stomachs of patients with Chagas disease were performed before the discovery of Helicobacter pylori and used no control groups. This study compared the gastric features of chagasic and non-chagasic patients and assessed whether gastritis could be associated with Chagas disease. Methods Gastric biopsy samples were taken from patients who underwent endoscopy for histological analysis according to the Updated Sydney System. H. pylori infection was assessed by histology, 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) polymerase chain reaction (PCR), serology and the 13C-urea breath test. Patients were considered H. pylori-negative when all of these diagnostic tests were negative. Clinical and socio-demographic data were obtained by reviewing medical records and using a questionnaire. Results The prevalence of H. pylori infection (70.3% versus 71.7%) and chronic gastritis (92.2% versus 85%) was similar in the chagasic and non-chagasic groups, respectively; such as peptic ulcer, atrophy and intestinal metaplasia. Gastritis was associated with H. pylori infection independent of Chagas disease in a log-binomial regression model. However, the chagasic H. pylori-negative patients showed a significantly higher grade of mononuclear (in the corpus) and polymorphonuclear ...


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Chagas Disease/pathology , Gastritis/pathology , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Biopsy , Case-Control Studies , Chagas Disease/complications , Chagas Disease/microbiology , Gastroscopy , Gastritis/complications , Gastritis/microbiology , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Prevalence
18.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 34(4): 567-573, oct.-dic. 2014. graf, mapas, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-730940

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La prevalencia de infección por Helicobacter pylori es alta en Colombia; en la zona andina las tasas de cáncer gástrico son altas mientras que en las zonas costeras son bajas. Los genotipos de H. pylori cagA positivo y vacA s1 y m1 se asocian con un mayor riesgo de cáncer gástrico. Objetivo. Determinar las diferencias en las frecuencias de los genotipos de H. pylori asociados a virulencia en dos regiones de Colombia con riesgo opuesto de cáncer gástrico. Materiales y métodos. Se analizaron 401 biopsias del antro gástrico provenientes de 401 individuos con diagnóstico de gastritis no atrófica, gastritis atrófica o metaplasia intestinal; 256 se obtuvieron en la zona de alto riesgo (Tunja y Bogotá) y, 145, en la zona de bajo riesgo (Barranquilla, Santa Marta y Cartagena). La genotipificación de los genes de virulencia cagA y vacA se hizo mediante reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR). Resultados. No se observó diferencia en la frecuencia de infección por H. pylori entre las dos zonas (77,3 Vs . 77,9 %, p=no significativo, ns). La presencia de cagA fue mayor en la zona de bajo riesgo (77,9 Vs . 69,2 %, p=ns). El alelo vacA s1 también fue más prevalente en la zona de bajo riesgo (61,8 Vs . 72,0 %, p=ns). El alelo vacA m1 presentó mayor prevalencia en la zona de alto riesgo (57,2 Vs . 42,8 %, p=ns). La combinación cagA positivo s1m1 también fue más frecuente en la zona de bajo riesgo (48,9 Vs . 38,9 %, p=ns). Conclusiones. Las diferencias en el riesgo de cáncer gástrico en estas dos zonas no pueden explicarse por las diferencias en la prevalencia de infección por H. pylori o en la virulencia de las cepas circulantes.


Introduction: The overall prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection is high in Colombia; however, in the country´s Andean region, gastric cancer rates far surpass those in coastal areas. Helicobacter pylori genotypes cagA positive and vacA s1 and m1 are associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer. Objective: To compare the distribution of H. pylori genotypes associated with virulence in two regions in Colombia with opposing risk for gastric cancer. Materials and methods: Four hundred and one gastric antral biopsies were obtained and analyzed from 401 individuals diagnosed with non-atrophic gastritis, atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia: 256 came from the high-risk area cities of Tunja and Bogotá, and 145 from the low-risk area cities of Barranquilla, Santa Marta and Cartagena. Genotyping of virulence genes vacA and cagA was performed by PCR. Results: No difference was observed in the frequency of H. pylori infection between the two areas (77.3% vs 77.9 %, p=non significant, ns). The presence of cagA was higher in the low-risk area (77.9% vs. 69.2 %, p=ns). The vacA s1 allele was also more prevalent in the low-risk area (61.8 % vs 72.0 %, p=ns). The vacA m1 allele was more prevalent in the high-risk area (57.2 % vs 42.8 %, p=ns). The cagA positive s1m1 combination was also more frequent in the low-risk area (48.9% vs 38.9%, p=ns). Conclusions: The differences in the risk of gastric cancer in these two geographic areas cannot be explained by differences in the prevalence of infection by H. pylori or by differences in the virulence of circulating strains.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, Bacterial/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Gastritis/microbiology , Helicobacter Infections/microbiology , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Alleles , Atrophy , Biopsy , Colombia/epidemiology , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genes, Bacterial , Genotype , Gastritis/epidemiology , Gastritis/pathology , Helicobacter Infections/epidemiology , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Helicobacter pylori/pathogenicity , Incidence , Metaplasia , Risk , Stomach Neoplasms/microbiology , Stomach/microbiology , Stomach/pathology , Virulence/genetics
19.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 34(3): 229-235, jul. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: lil-728528

ABSTRACT

Barrett’s esophagus is a distal metaplasia characterized by the transformation of squamous mucosa into columnar mucosa. This esophageal phenotype is a product not only of the chronic reflux of gastric acids, but also by microorganisms that colonize the oral cavity and stomach. Two classes of microbiota can be identified in Barrett’s esophagus; microbiota type I is associated with the normal esophagus and type II with an inflamed esophagus. The present study describes the gastric microbiota of a patient with antral gastritis concomitant with Barrett’s esophagus absent infection with Helicobacter pylori. Gastric biopsies were obtained following the protocol of Sydney and following ethical practices. The isolates were cultivated under microaerophilic conditions on Columbia Agar supplemented with IsoVitaleX™ and 7% sterile blood. Extracted DNA was sequenced using 454-GS and the results analyzed on the MG-RAST server. Gram negative isolates were found and bacteria resistant to levofloxacin, amoxicillin, tetracycline, erythromycin, and clarithromycin. The phyla Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Fusobacteria and Proteobacteria, the genus Bacteroides and the species group Bacteroides fragilis were most abundant. Functionally, the metabolism of carbohydrates, amino acids, and to a lesser extent, the metabolism of cofactors and vitamins were most dominant, and of which the enzymes β-glucosidase (EC 3.2.1.21), β-galactosidase (EC 3.2.1.23) and β-N-acetylhexosaminidase (EC 3.2.1.52) were most dominant. The findings of this study, because they are of only one case may probably suggest a possible pathogenic role, previously undescribed for Bacteroides fragilis, associated with human gastritis when concomitant esophageal pathology exists.


El esófago de Barrett es una metaplasia distal caracterizada por la transformación de la mucosa escamosa a mucosa columnar. Este fenotipo esofágico es producto no solo de la exposición crónica al reflujo de ácidos gástricos sino también a microbios colonizantes de la cavidad oral y del estómago. El esófago Barrett presenta 2 clases de microbiotas; la microbiota tipo I asociada con esófago normal y la tipo II a fenotipos esofágicos inflamatorios. En el presente estudio se describió la microbiota gástrica de una paciente con gastritis antral concomitante con esófago de Barrett sin infección por Helicobacter pylori y se obtuvieron biopsias gástricas siguiendo el protocolo de Sydney y estándares bioéticos. Los cultivos se hicieron en condiciones microaerofílicas en agar Columbia suplementados con isovitalex y sangre estéril al 7%. El ADN extraído fue sometido a secuenciación empleando 454 GS y las lecturas fueron analizadas en el servidor MG-RAST. Se obtuvieron aislamientos gram-negativos y resistentes a levofloxacina, amoxicilina, tetraciclina, eritromicina y claritromicina. Los Phylum Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Fusobacteria y Proteobacteria, el género Bacteroides y las especies de grupo Bacteroides fragilis fueron los más abundantes. Funcionalmente, el metabolismo de carbohidratos, aminoácidos y en menor grado el metabolismo de cofactores y vitaminas fueron los más dominantes; de los cuales las enzimas la β-glicosidasa (EC 3.2.1.21), β-galactosidasa (EC 3.2.1.23) y la β-N-acetilhexosaminidasa (EC 3.2.1.52) fueron las más dominantes. Estos resultados, por ser de un solo caso, solo podrían sugerir un posible papel patogénico no descrito para Bacterioides fragilis asociado con gastritis humana cuando existe patología esofágica concomitante.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Barrett Esophagus/microbiology , Gastritis/microbiology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome/genetics , Metagenomics , Stomach/microbiology , Barrett Esophagus/complications , Gastritis/complications
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