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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878968

ABSTRACT

Dabie Mountains, a unique transition area of subtropical and warm temperate zone, span Anhui, Hubei and Henan pro-vinces with a humid and suitable climate. It is rich in traditional Chinese medicine resources including many Dao-di herbs, and has a profound culture of traditional Chinese medicine with many herbalists in the past. This paper combed the historical geography of Dabie Mountains and development vein of medicinal materials recorded in history, and a textual research on the historical evolution of Dao-di herbs and special herbs in Dabie Mountains was carried out. The administrative region of Dabie Mountains has been changing constantly in history, which includes 25 counties and districts of six cities in Anhui, Henan and Hubei provinces at present. Dabie Mountains abound in a variety of Chinese herbal medicines, which have been recorded in herbal works in the past dynasties and local chronicles in detail. The recorded Dao-di herbs Dendrobium huoshanense, Artemisia argyi, and Poria cocos are well-known in China, and the output of Gastrodia elata, Ganoderma lucidum, and P. cocos is in the forefront of the country. Additionally, there are still many local special herbs emerging in modern times. In a word, this paper reviewed development of historical geography and ancient records of medicinal materials in Dabie Mountains, and made a textual research on the Dao-di herbs and special herbs, will provide a reference for the mo-dern research and intellectual property protection of Dao-di herbs in Dabie Mountains.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gastrodia , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828400

ABSTRACT

Gastrodia elata is a kind of traditional Chinese medicinal materials and has good medicinal value. G. elata is divided into five varieties, which includes G. elata f. elata(proto variant), G. elata f. glauca, G. elata f. viridis, G. elata f. flavid and G. elata f. alba. Among them, G. elata f. elata and G. elata f. glauca have excellent characteristics and higher contents of gastrodin and polysaccharides. The hybrid of G. elata f. elata and G. elata f. glauca is present in markets, but the characteristics between hybrid and parent are not obvious and distinguished quickly and accurately. The aim of this study is to establish a PCR specific PCR identification method, which can identify G. elata f. elata, G. elata f. glauca and their hybrid. Based on the re-sequencing results of G. elata, we screened for the single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP) variation sites, and designed two pairs of specific primers(W291-F/W291-R and H255-F/H255-R). We further collected G. elata f. elata, G. elata f. glauca and their hybrid samples from different regions, established and optimized PCR method, and investigated and verified their tolerance and applicability. The results showed that when the annealing temperature was 48 ℃ and the number of cycles was 33, 255 bp specific band were obtained from G. elata f. glauca and hybrid by using specific primers W291-F/W291-R. When the annealing temperature was 51 ℃ and the number of cycles was 33, 291 bp specific band were obtained from G. elata f. elata and hybrid by using specific primers H255-F/H255-R. Our method could be used as a promising method to identify G. elata f. elata, G. elata f. glauca and their hybrid.


Subject(s)
Gastrodia , Polymerase Chain Reaction
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828028

ABSTRACT

Gastrodia Rhizoma, as a precious Chinese materia medica, has attracted the attention of Chinese materia medica experts in the past dynasties for the commercial specification and experimental identification, and has gradually formed a wealth of terms concerning commercial specification and experimental identification. Through combing the literatures of successive dynasties, this paper discussed the change of the commercial specification of the Gastrodiae Rhizoma and formation of its identifying terms. It has found that the Gastrodiae Rhizoma mainly came from the dried rhizomes of the Gastrodia elata f.elata before the Qing Dynasty. Since the Qing Dynasty, G. elata in Yunnan and Guizhou gradually arose and become one of sources of mainstream commodities. After that, G. elata f. glauca and G. elata f. elata were becoming the main sources of Gastrodiae Rhizoma. Before the large-scale cultivation of G. elata in the 1970 s, there is only wild G. elata over the country. In terms of commercial specification, they were often classified into Chunma and Dongma according to their harvest time. With the successful promotion of cultivation technology and the endangered wild resources of G. elata, the Dongma became the mainstream in the market. The adulterants of G. elata increased significantly in the 1960 s and 1970 s, in this period, the terms of experimental identification for G. elata also increased obviously. Experimental identification is distinctive in different times, therefore, studying experimental identification of medicinal materials helps to promote the development of the Chinese materia medica.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gastrodia , Materia Medica , Rhizome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828012

ABSTRACT

To better understand the formation mechanism of Gastrodia elata traits, the agronomic traits of aboveground tissues and tubers were measured and analyzed in this study. It has shown that the color and thickness of the stems of the 39 samples of the G. elata collected are affected by the germplasm and variation. Clustering analysis of 39 agronomic traits of G. elata was conducted with Ward's method and Euclidean distance. The threshold of 11.0 was divided into three groups, namely hybrid G. elata, G. elata f. elata and G. elata f. glauca. Simultaneously, the correlation analysis, coefficient of variation analysis, factor analysis and cluster analysis of 13 agronomic traits of 105 G. elata tuber samples were carried out. The results showed that the weight of G. elata was significantly positively correlated with tuber length and width. The agronomic traits of tuber were highly variable, and the depth of variability of the scar was the largest and 13 agronomic traits could be divided into 6 types of factors and the contribution up to 89.348%, furthermore, tuber length factor, width and weight factor contributed more than 20%, indicating that it is of great significance for distinguishing G. elata germplasm. Cluster analysis was performed by Ward's method and Euclidean distance, with 8.0 as the threshold can be divided into three categories in the light of the origin of the source, 33 samples from Shanxi and Hubei are clustered into one category, and 19 samples from Yunnan and Guizhou are clustered into one group, and the remaining samples are grouped into one category. This study will provide a basis for the identification and purification of G. elata germplasm and germplasm resources.


Subject(s)
China , Gastrodia , Phenotype , Plant Tubers
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827983

ABSTRACT

Gastrodia elata is a kind of precious traditional Chinese medicine. In artificial cultivation, it has not got rid of its dependence on forest resources. In order to maintain the balance of the ecological system and reduce the waste of resources as much as possible, based on the information from field investigation at many places, this paper introduced the new ecological circulation planting patterns of G. elata, such as "forest-G. elata" supporting planting, G. elata-edible mushroom rotation, forest-G. elata-edible mushroom three-dimensional planting, fungus material classification planting technology, and so on. In this paper, we expounded the ecological problems solved by several planting patterns in G. elata production and analyzed their shortcomings. Finally, based on the exis-ting models, a complete ecological planting system of G. elata was summarized. This planting system emphasizes: ① The follow-up forests should be started before the planting of G. elata. And the economic forests were used to cultivation of G. elata. ② The classified utilization of fungus-growing materials. The leaves were used to cultivate germination bacteria of G. elata, the small branches were used to cultivate protocorm and juvenile tuber, the large branches were used to cultivate immature tuber, and the tree trunk was used to cultivate mature tuber. ③ Recycle utilization G. elata fungus material. The old fungus materials were used to produce strains or cultivate edible fungus. This design project not only solves the problems of the source of G. elata fungus material, the efficient utilization of fungus material and land resources, but also enriches the industrial structure. Using limited time and land resources to obtain greater economic benefits. It has certain guiding significance for poverty alleviation and ecological improvement.


Subject(s)
Agaricales , Bacteria , Gastrodia , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Tubers
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777525

ABSTRACT

Gastrodia elata B1.,a traditional Chinese medicine,was frequently applied as a cure for headache or migraine. Its effects include suppressing hyperactive liver,calming endogenous wind,dredging collateralsand relieving spasm. There has been a proportion that G. elata should be added to The List of Substances That Are Traditionally Both Food and Chinese Medicinal Materials. The dry G. elata was commonly used in clinic,which have some fundamental study on efficacy and mechanism. However,fresh G. elata,which was added to herbal cuisine very often,lacks corresponding research. The interaction of diet,microbiota and human is a hot issue and lots of scholars are focusing on it. This research sequenced the 16 S rRNA of mouse cecal contents on Mi Seq platform to understand the effect of taking fresh G. elata. As the results showing,multiple probiotics grew after taking fresh G. elata extract,including Ruminiclostridium,Butyricicoccus,and Parvibacter. To contrast,some pathogens or potential pathogens,such as Escherichia/Shigella,Parasutterella,decreased. This manifests that fresh G. elata performs a positive regulation on mouse gut microbiota,especially the low-dose fresh G. elata extraction could restructure the microbiota apparently. Our result reveals that microbiota might be a new target for G. elata extract and provides an important basis for further research on the interaction between gut microbiota and pharmacological activity of G. elata.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mice , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777500

ABSTRACT

The efficacy and quality of Gastrodia elata from different producing areas are significant difference. The identification of producing area is helpful for the scientific and reasonable usage of medicinal material. Application near infrared spectroscopy( NIR) together with variance spectra,principal component analysis( PCA),interval partial least squares( i PLS) and genetic algorithm( GA),the characteristic spectra of G. elata from inside and outside of Yunnan province( except Zhaotong) and Zhaotong were extracted,and the pattern recognition models of i PLS-DA and GA-SVM were built,and the suitability of the models were also validated. The results showed that the prediction accuracy of i PLS-DA model was 96. 15%,the values of R2,RMSECV and RMSEP were 0. 893,0. 224 and0. 321,respectively. The prediction accuracy of GA-SVM model was 100% and RMSECV was 0. 719 4. Both methods could identify G. elata from different producing area preferably. Further,two-dimensional spectroscopy analysis was conducted for the characteristic spectra extracted by i PLS and GA. The results showed that the differential spectra of G. elata from outside and inside Yunnan were mainly located in the absorption areas of the stretch,bending and double frequency of C-H,C-N,O-H and N-H bonds of polysaccharides,aromatic hydrocarbon,amides and starch. The differential spectra of G. elata from outside Yunnan and Zhaotong were mainly located in the absorption areas of the stretch,bending and double frequency of C-H,O-H and N-H bonds of vegetable protein,aromatic hydrocarbon,polysaccharides,and alcohols. The differential spectra of G. elata from inside Yunnan and Zhaotong were mainly located in the absorption areas of the stretch,bending,transformation and double frequency of CHO,N-H,C-H,O-H and HOH bonds of lignin,aromatic hydrocarbon,alcohols,polysaccharides and aliphatics. Effective recognition of different producing areas and exploration the difference of component of G. elata could be conducted through NIR combined with multivariable selection and two-dimensional spectroscopy,which provided the basis for the reasonable development and efficient utilization of G. elata.


Subject(s)
China , Gastrodia , Least-Squares Analysis , Principal Component Analysis , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773673

ABSTRACT

Armillaria gallica is a symbiotic fungus in the cultivation process of Gastrodia elata and Polyporus.The rhizomorph of A. gallica invades the stalk of the G. elata or the Sclerotium of the Polyporus,and is digested and utilized by the latter,becoming their important source of nutrition. Different nature of A. gallica affects the growth of G. elata and Polyporus. The authors collected A. gallica from 13 commercially available regions and screened two A. gallica,A and B,at the genetic and metabolic levels,in order to distinguish between the two A. gallica market. We have established convenient and effective DNA molecular identification method.By comparing the sequence differences between the A. gallica type A and type B invertase genes,PCR-RFLP primers were designed based on differential fragment. Primer ZTM.F/ZTM.R can amplified A. gallica type A and B,producing a band of about 304 bp in length. The restriction endonuclease EcoR V could recognize the difference sequence of A and B types of A. gallica. The type B was digested to form two fragments,thereby specifically identifying the A. gallica as type B. The established methods of PCR-RFLP is an accurate identification method for A. gallica. Therefore,in the cultivation process of G. elata and Polyporus,suitable strains can be selected according to different needs of variety,growth stage and ecological environment,and the yield and quality can be improved according to local conditions.


Subject(s)
Armillaria , Classification , Gastrodia , Microbiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Polyporus
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773172

ABSTRACT

The grade of Gastrodia elata pieces is evaluated by quality constant evaluation method.Fifteen batches of G. elata pieces collected were measured for their appearance and morphological indexes. The contents of gastrodin,p-hydroxybenzyl alcohol,barrisoside A,B and E were taken as index components for the content determination. The traditional grading standards were combined with modern quality control indicators,and the quality constants were calculated to grade the pieces.The results showed that the quality constants of 15 batches of G. elata ranged between 143. 3 and 1 027. 3. If the percentage mass constant( ≥80%) was the first grade,the percentage mass constant between 50%-80% indicated the second grade,and the remaining percentage mass constant indicated the third grade. The quality constant of the first gradepieces was sality,that of the second grade pieces ranged between 513. 0-821. 0,and that of the third grade pieces was <513. 0. On the basis of the study for the grading method of quality constants,and the natural morphology and cutting characteristics of the pieces,a grading model for the quality constants of the pieces cut along texture was established,which made the method scientific,rational as well as " personalized". The model method is applied in grading G. elata pieces,so as to specify the grading method,further enrich the study data of the grading evaluation of G. elata pieces and provide a useful reference for the grading evaluation of G. elata pieces. Meanwhile,the grading method of mass constants could be further applied and promoted to prove its rationality,scientificity and practicability.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Quality Control
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773171

ABSTRACT

Quality constant is a kind of grading evaluation method of traditional Chinese medicine pieces based on the combination of traditional knowledge and modern quality control. This method has been successfully applied in the grading evaluation of Glycyrrizae Radix et Rhizome pieces and traditional Chinese medicine pieces,and with a positive influence in the industry. With Dachuanxiong Formula for example,different grades of Ligusticum chuanxiong and Gastrodia elata pieces formed high-quality,moderate and qualified Dachuanxiong Formula on the basis of the grading evaluation of the pieces,and the pharmacodynamics method was used to evaluate its efficacy. The results showed that the maximum vascular diastolic rates of Dachuanxiong Formula in the three grades were( 80. 3±5. 2) %,( 67. 0±6. 1) %and( 60. 3±6. 5) %,and the strength of pharmacodynamics was positively correlated with the grade of L. chuanxiong and G. elata pieces.The quality constant technique can objectively and quantitatively classify single decoctions,and has important correlations and prompts for the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions composed of these pieces,with important significance in promoting hierarchical management of the industry,implementing better price for high quality and defining high quality and superior effect.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Ligusticum , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776395

ABSTRACT

Studies on the characteristic chemical markers of sulfur fumigation have become an effective auxiliary way for quality control of traditional Chinese medicine. This study established a quantitative analysis method for the determination of -hydroxybenzyl hydrogen sulfite (-HS) in Gastrodiae Rhizoma (GR) based on UPLC-MS/MS. Then, 37 batches of GR were screened, and the results showed that 27 batches of them were sulfur-fumigated. Especially, the GR samples in Yunnan producing areas were sulfur-fumigated more seriously. Based on the stability of -HS after different storage time and heat treatment methods, it was found that the content of -HS was stable and reliable in the storage period of 8 months and under normal heat treatment (50, 60, 70, 80 °C) conditions. In conclusion, this study shows a high sensitivity, good selectivity and good stability of -HS, which can provide reference for the quality control and sulfur fumigation screening of GR.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Fumigation , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry , Sulfites , Sulfur , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776394

ABSTRACT

As Gastrodiae Rhizoma (GR) is one of the herbs more seriously affected by sulfur fumigation, so its quality has been always of a great concern. In this paper, GR samples collected from eight main producing areas and in three forms were fumigated with sulfur and quantitatively and qualitatively analyzed based on UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS. The results showed that the contents of gastrodin, parishin, parishin B and parishin C were decreased, while the content of parishin E was increased after sulfur fumigation treatment. Besides, a new sulfur marker named p-hydroxybenzyl hydrogen sulfite was produced in sulfur-fumigated GR samples. As compared with producing origins, forms had a greater impact on the quality of GR, especially in Hongtianma and Wutianma. Besides, the contents of gastrodins and parishins in Hongtianma from Jilin were lowest as compared with those in other producing areas. This might be correlated with planting patterns and environmental factors. In conclusion, sulfur fumigation has a more obvious impact on the quality of GR than origins and forms, which is attributed to the generation of new sulfur fumigated markers.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Fumigation , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry , Sulfur , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776393

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of different storage time on the chemical compositions and sulfur dioxide residues of sulfur-fumigated Gastrodiae Rhizoma (GR), and provide scientific basis for solving the quality and safety issues of sulfur-fumigated traditional Chinese medicinal materials. GR, sulfur-fumigated GR and its medicinal slices were stored under the same conditions, and then 8 active ingredients and sulfur dioxide residues were measured respectively. The results showed that the content of gastrodins in sulfur-fumigated GR and its medicinal slices was significantly lower than that in the non-fumigated GR. Moreover, the content of sulfur dioxide residue in sulfur-fumigated GR was significantly higher than that in its medicinal slices. That is to say, sulfur fumigation degree had significantly higher effect on GR quality as compared with its medicinal slices. During the whole storage time (8 months), the content of the eight chemical components in GR was not changed greatly in general. However, after the storage for 4 months, the content of 8 components and sulfur dioxide residues in all of GR samples were significantly changed. In particular, the content of sulfur dioxide residue in GR medicinal materials decreased up to 50% or more.


Subject(s)
Drug Storage , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Fumigation , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Rhizome , Chemistry , Sulfur , Sulfur Dioxide
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-20677

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Gastrodia elata Blume (GEB), a traditional herbal medicine, has been used to treat a wide range of neurological disorders (e.g., paralysis and stroke) and skin problems (e.g., atopic dermatitis and eczema) in oriental medicine. This study was designed to investigate whether GEB extract inhibits melanogenesis activity in murine B16F10 melanoma. MATERIALS/METHOD: Murine B16F10 cells were treated with 0-5 mg/mL of GEB extract or 400 µg/mL arbutin (a positive control) for 72 h after treatment with/without 200 nM alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) for 24 h. Melanin concentration, tyrosinase activity, mRNA levels, and protein expression of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), tyrosinase, tyrosinase-related protein (Trp)1, and Trp2 were analyzed in α-MSH-untreated and α-MSH-treated B16F10 cells. RESULTS: Treatment with 200 nM α-MSH induced almost 2-fold melanin synthesis and tyrosinase activity along with increased mRNA levels and protein expression of MITF, tyrosinase, Trp1 and Trp2. Irrespective of α-MSH stimulation, GEB extract at doses of 0.5-5 mg/mL inhibited all these markers for skin whitening in a dose-dependent manner. While lower doses (0.5-1 mg/mL) of GEB extract generally had a tendency to decrease melanogenesis, tyrosinase activity, and mRNA levels and protein expression of MITF, tyrosinase, Trp1, and Trp2, higher doses (2-5 mg/mL) significantly inhibited all these markers in α-MSH-treated B16F10 cells in a dose-dependent manner. These inhibitory effects of the GEB extract at higher concentrations were similar to those of 400 µg/mL arbutin, a well-known depigmenting agent. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that GEB displays dose-dependent inhibition of melanin synthesis through the suppression of tyrosinase activity as well as molecular levels of MITF, tyrosinase, Trp1, and Trp2 in murine B16F10 melanoma. Therefore, GEB may be an effective and natural skin-whitening agent for application in the cosmetic industry.


Subject(s)
Arbutin , Dermatitis, Atopic , Gastrodia , Herbal Medicine , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Melanins , Melanoma , Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor , Monophenol Monooxygenase , Nervous System Diseases , Paralysis , RNA, Messenger , Skin , Skin Lightening Preparations
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106543

ABSTRACT

Gastrodia elata (GE) is traditionally used for treatment of various disorders including neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. To investigate the neuroprotective effect of GE, amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta)-treated PC12 cells were cultured with GE aqueous extract. In vitro assay demonstrated that 50 microM of pre-aggregated Abeta was lethal to about a half portion of PC12 cells and that Abeta aggregate-induced cell death was significantly decreased with GE treatment at < or =10 mg/mL in a dose-dependent manner. To further examine in vivo cognitive-improving effects, an artificial amnesic animal model, scopolamine-injected Sprague-Dawley rats, were orally administered the extract for 6 weeks followed by behavioral tests (the passive avoidance test and Morris water maze test). The results showed that an acute treatment with scopolamine (1 mg/kg of body weight) effectively induced memory impairment in normal rats and that the learning and memory capability of scopolamine-treated rats improved after prolonged administration of GE extract (50, 250 and 500 mg/kg of body weight for 6 weeks). These findings suggest that a GE regimen may potentially ameliorate learning and memory deficits and/or cognitive impairments caused by neuronal cell death.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Alzheimer Disease , Animals , Body Weight , Cell Death , Gastrodia , Learning , Memory Disorders , Memory , Models, Animal , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Neurons , Neuroprotective Agents , PC12 Cells , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Scopolamine
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284757

ABSTRACT

To make clear of the absorbed components of Tianzhusan (TZS) and its possible mechanism in preventing vascular dementia (VD), the rats' models of VD were prepared by a permanent ligation of the bilateral common carotid arteries. After 60 days, rats were administrated with TZS for 0.1 g x kg(-1), and the volume is 0.02 mL x g(-1). After 3 days, the medicated serum was prepared and detected by UPLC, and then we predicted the possible chemical structure of the absorbed components of TZS. According to the absorbed components, the potential targets of TZS were found by ligand profiling of Discovery Studio 3.5. All of these target genes were submitted to DAVID onine for gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). The 5 absorbed components of TZS have been predicted, and four of them have been identified as parishin B, parishin C, parishin, pennogenin-3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosy-(1-->2)-beta-D-glucoside. Through reverse finding targets, we got 861 pharmacophore models and 9 pathways from KEGG, BIOCARTA after document verification. These results showed that the efficacy mechanism of TZS on VD perhaps were be related with these absorbed components and pathways. If the traditional herbs could be proved effective by efficacy tests, the serum pharmacochemistry, computer-aided drug design, system biology and other technologies can be used in the next experiments, which will be beneficial to fast discovery of material basis and mechanisms of traditional medicine coming form ethnic minorities.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dementia, Vascular , Drug Discovery , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Trillium , Chemistry
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360278

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the nerve regeneration mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) combined with polysaccharide of gastrodia elate blume (PGB) for secondary thalamic damage of focal cerebral ischemia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty Sprague-Dawley adult rats were randomly divided into a normal control group, a model group, an EA group, a PGB group and an EA + PGB group, 8 rats in each group. The rat model of right middle cerebral artery occlusion was prepared by suture-occluded method. Two weeks after model establishment, rats in the normal control group and model group received no treatment; rats in the EA group were treated with EA at "Baihui" (GV 20) and left "Zusanli" (ST 36), 30 min per treatment, once a day for 14 successive days; rats in the PGB group were treated with intragastric administration of PGB (100 mg/kg) , once a day for 14 days; rats in the EA + PGB group were treated with EA and PGB treatment, once a day for totally 14 days. The expressions of nestin and stem cell factor (SCF) in thalamic ventroposterolateral nucleus (VPL) were detected by immunohistochemical method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were positive cells of nestin in ischemia VPL in the model group, and the number of SCF positive cells was increased compared with that in the normal control group (P<0.05). The number of positive cells of nestin and SCF in ischemia VPL in the EA group, PGB group and the EA + PGB group was increased compared with that in the model group (all P<0.05), and the average gray value of immune positive product was all reduced (all P<0.05). The number of positive cells of nestin and SCF in the EA + PGB group was higher than that in the EA group or the PGB group (all P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EA combined with PGB can significantly increase the SCF expression in ischemia VPL and promote the proliferation of neural stem cells, which is likely to be one of the nerve regeneration mechanism of acupuncture and medication tor secondary thalamic damage of local cerebral isctemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Ischemia , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Combined Modality Therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Electroacupuncture , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Humans , Male , Nestin , Genetics , Metabolism , Polysaccharides , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stem Cell Factor , Genetics , Metabolism , Thalamic Nuclei , Metabolism
18.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 122-127, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-182831

ABSTRACT

Gastrodia elata Blume is a well-known kind of natural products used as a folk medicine for thousands of years. However, anti-atopic dermatitis-like effects of G. elata Blume had not been evaluated until now. The aim of the present study is to investigate the protective effects of water extract from the roots of G. elata Blume (GE) on 2, 4-dinitrochlorobenzene-induced atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions using balb/c mice. Combination treatment of GE (at a dose of 12.5 mg/kg body weight by administrated per os + 0.5 mg/cm2 as ointment to apply on ear and dorsal skin) was significantly inhibited spleen weight, ear thickness, levels of serum immunoglobulin E and number of mast cells, compared with that of 2, 4-dinitrochlorobenzene-included groups without GE. Furthermore, combination application by oral administration plus by ointment of GE significantly inhibited the histamine release from rat peritoneal mast cells. These results suggest that combination treatment of oral administration plus ointment form of GE could be helpful as a potentially natural pharmaceutical treatment on atopic-like dermatitis.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Biological Products , Body Weight , Dermatitis , Dermatitis, Atopic , Ear , Gastrodia , Histamine Release , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulins , Mast Cells , Medicine, Traditional , Mice , Rats , Skin , Spleen , Water
19.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 219-225, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-221413

ABSTRACT

In the previous experiments, we reported that ethanol extract of Gastrodiae Rhizoma, the dried tuber of Gastrodia ElataBlume (Orchidaceae) increased pentobarbital-induced sleeping behaviors. These experiments were undertaken to know whether 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde (4-HBD), is one of the major compounds of Gastrodiae Rhizoma increases pentobarbital-induced sleeping behaviors and changes sleep architectures via activating GABA(A)-ergic systems in rodents. 4-HBD decreased locomotor activity in mice. 4-HBD increased total sleep time, and decreased of sleep onset by pentobarbital (28 mg/kg and 40 mg/kg). 4-HBD showed synergistic effects with muscimol (a GABA(A) receptor agonist), shortening sleep onset and enhancing sleep time on pentobarbital-induced sleeping behaviors. On the other hand, 4-HBD (200 mg/kg, p.o.) itself significantly inhibited the counts of sleep-wake cycles, and prolonged total sleep time and non-rapid eye movement (NREM) in rats. Moreover, 4-HBD increased intracellular Cl- levels in the primary cultured cerebellar cells. The protein levels of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and GABA(A) receptors subunits were over-expressed by 4-HBD. Consequently, these results demonstrate that 4-HBD increased NREM sleep as well as sleeping behaviors via the activation of GABA(A)-ergic systems in rodents.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ethanol , Eye Movements , Gastrodia , Glutamate Decarboxylase , Hand , Mice , Motor Activity , Muscimol , Pentobarbital , Rats , Receptors, GABA-A , Rodentia
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246139

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the content of mineral elements and the principal components in Gastrodia elata.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Mineral elements were determined by ICP and the data was analyzed by SPSS.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>K element has the highest content-and the average content was 15.31 g x kg(-1). The average content of N element was 8.99 g x kg(-1), followed by K element. The coefficient of variation of K and N was small, but the Mn was the biggest with 51.39%. The highly significant positive correlation was found among N, P and K . Three principal components were selected by principal components analysis to evaluate the quality of G. elata. P, B, N, K, Cu, Mn, Fe and Mg were the characteristic elements of G. elata.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The content of K and N elements was higher and relatively stable. The variation of Mn content was biggest. The quality of G. elata in Guizhou and Yunnan was better from the perspective of mineral elements.</p>


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Minerals , Principal Component Analysis
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