Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 287
Filter
1.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 34(3): 5-9, sept. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552475

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El sangrado digestivo intraluminal postoperatorio es una entidad poco frecuente y su manifestación clínica no difiere de la hemorragia digestiva baja de otra etiología. A pesar de que su presentación más habitual es la hematoquecia autolimitada en la primera deposición, en un discreto porcentaje puede requerir transfusiones, tratamiento endoscópico, hemodinámico, o incluso cirugía. Objetivo: Analizar los pacientes con sangrado digestivo intraluminal postoperatorio tratados en un centro de alta complejidad y realizar una revisión bibliográfica del tema. Diseño: Estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo. Material y métodos: Pacientes con sangrado anastomótico durante el post operatorio inmediato de una colectomía izquierda, operados en el Servicio de Cirugía General y Coloproctología desde enero del 2017 a diciembre del 2021. Las variables estudiadas fueron edad, sexo, anticoagulación y su causa, descenso de hemoglobina, cirugía realizada y su indicación, vía de abordaje, configuración de la anastomosis, electividad de la cirugía, complicaciones, días de internación y manejo terapéutico. Resultados: Se incluyeron 4 pacientes con una edad media de 72 (rango 54-87) años y una distribución por sexo de 1:1. En todos la colectomía izquierda fue programada y en 3 el abordaje fue laparoscópico. La anastomosis fue termino-terminal con sutura mecánica circular. Todos los pacientes presentaron sangrado en las primeras 24 horas postoperatorias. El tratamiento fue decidido de acuerdo a la condición hemodinámica: en los 2 pacientes con estabilidad hemodinámica fue suficiente el tratamiento conservador con reanimación y transfusiones. Los otros 2 que presentaron inestabilidad hemodinámica requirieron manejo intervencionista con endoscopía rígida, videocolonoscopía y cirugía. Conclusión: El sangrado intraluminal es una complicación poco frecuente de la anastomosis colorrectal que requiere manejo intervencionista solo en los pacientes que presentan inestabilidad hemodinámica. (AU)


Introduction: Postoperative intraluminal gastrointestinal bleeding is a rare entity and its clinical manifestation does not differ from lower gastro-intestinal bleeding of another etiology. Despite the fact that its most common presentation is self-limited hematochezia at the first stool, in a small percentage it may require transfusions, endoscopic or hemodynamic management, or even surgery. Aim: To analyze the patients with postoperative intraluminal gastrointestinal bleeding treated in a tertiary center and to carry out a bibliographic review of the subject. Design: Retrospective descriptive study. Material and methods: Patients with immediate postoperative anastomotic bleeding from a left colectomy, operated on at the General Surgery and Coloproctology Service from January 2017 to December 2021 were included. The variables recorded were age, sex, anticoagulation and its cause, decrease in hemoglobin, procedure performed and its indication, surgical approach, type of anastomosis, electiveness of surgery, complications, hospital stay and management. Results: Four patients with a mean age of 72 (range 54-87) years and a 1:1 gender distribution were included. All procedures were elective and 3 laparoscopic. All anastomoses were performed end-to-end with a circular stapler. All patients presented bleeding in the first 24 postoperative hours. The treatment was decided according to the hemodynamic condition; patients with hemodynamic stability (2) received medical treatment while those with hemodynamic instability (2) required interventional management with rigid endoscopy, colonoscopy and surgery. Conclusion: Intraluminal bleeding is a rare complication of colorectal anastomosis that requires interventional management only in patients with hemodynamic instability. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Colectomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Hemorrhage/etiology , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Reoperation , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Colon/surgery , Postoperative Hemorrhage/therapy , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy
2.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 21(3): e3941, mayo.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1409483

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La proctitis actínica crónica hemorrágica (PACH) se presenta secundaria a la radioterapia pélvica. La coagulación con argón plasma (APC) es una terapéutica eficaz, segura, de fácil uso y relativo bajo costo. Objetivo: Describir la respuesta terapéutica a corto y largo plazo del APC en pacientes con PACH, así como evaluar la calidad de vida antes y después de la intervención. Material y Métodos: Estudio observacional, prospectivo de serie de casos en 46 pacientes con PACH, atendidos en el Centro Nacional de Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso entre 2017 y 2020. Se emplearon medidas de resumen y comparación de medias (t de Student pareada) para la hemoglobina inicial y final, así como para los puntajes de calidad de vida aplicados antes y después de la intervención. Para determinar el tiempo libre de resangrado se utilizó l Método de Kaplan-Meier. Se estimó una significación menor a 0.05 para un intervalo de confianza de 95 por . Resultados: Se necesitó una media de 3,6 ± 2,394 sesiones de APC. La media de hemoglobina se incrementó 1,9 g/L. La respuesta terapéutica a corto plazo se observó en 100 por ciento de los pacientes y a largo plazo en 91,3 . La media de puntaje para la calidad de vida descendió en 12,065 puntos (p˂ 0,00), La percepción global percibida se incrementó en una media de 7.326 puntos (p˂ 0,00). Conclusiones: El APC tiene buena respuesta terapéutica a corto y largo plazo con pocas sesiones y bajo número de complicaciones, con mejoría de la calidad de vida de los pacientes(AU)


Introduction: Chronic hemorrhagic radiation proctitis (CHRP) appears secondary to pelvic radiotherapy. Argon plasma coagulation (APC) is an effective, safe, easy-to-use, and relatively inexpensive therapy. Objective: To describe the short- and long-term therapeutic response of APC in patients with CHRP, as well as to evaluate the quality of life before and after the intervention. Material and Methods: Observational, prospective case series study of 46 patients with CHRP, treated at the National Center for Minimally Access Surgery between 2017 and 2020. Summary measures and comparison of means (paired Student's t-test) were used for baseline and final hemoglobin, as well as for the quality of life scores applied before and after the intervention. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to determine the recurrence free time. A level of significance less than 0.05 was estimated for a 95 por ciento confidence interval. Results: A mean of 3,6 ± 2,394 APC sessions was required. The mean hemoglobin increased 1,9 g / L. Short-term therapeutic response was observed in 100 % of patients, and long-term in 91,3 por ciento. The mean score for quality of life decreased by 12,065 points (p˂ 0,00). The perceived global perception increased by a mean of 7,326 points (p˂ 0,00). Conclusions: APC has a good therapeutic response in the short and long term with few sessions and a low number of complications, with an improvement in the quality of life of the patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Proctitis/therapy , Quality of Life , Argon Plasma Coagulation , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy , Time Factors , Chronic Disease/therapy , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
3.
São Paulo med. j ; 139(6): 583-590, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352290

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Many scoring systems for predicting mortality, rebleeding and transfusion needs among patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) have been developed. However, no scoring system can predict all these outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To show whether the perfusion index (PI), compared with the Rockall score (RS), helps predict transfusion needs and prognoses among patients presenting with UGIB in emergency departments. In this way, critical patients with transfusion needs can be identified at an early stage. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective cohort study in an emergency department in Turkey, conducted between June 2018 and June 2019. METHODS: Patients' demographic parameters, PI, RS, transfusion needs and prognosis were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 219 patients were included. Blood transfusion was performed in 174 patients (79.4%). The PI cutoff value for prediction of the need for blood transfusion was 1.17, and the RS cutoff value was 5. The area under the curve (AUC) value for PI (AUC: 0.772; 95% confidence interval, CI: 0.705-0.838; P < 0.001) was higher than for RS (AUC: 0.648; 95% CI: 0.554-0.741; P = 0.002). 185 patients (84.5%) were discharged, and 34 patients (15.5%) died. The PI cutoff value for predicting mortality was 1.1, and the RS cutoff value was 7. The AUC value for PI (AUC: 0.743; 95% CI: 0.649-0.837; P < 0.001) was higher than for RS (AUC: 0.725; 95% CI: 0.639-0.811; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: PI values for patients admitted to emergency departments with UGIB on admission can help predict their need for transfusion and mortality risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Triage , Perfusion Index , Prognosis , Severity of Illness Index , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Risk Assessment , Emergency Service, Hospital , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy
4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(3): 512-517, Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339177

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamentos A síndrome de Heyde é a associação de estenose aórtica importante com episódio de sangramento gastrointestinal por lesões angiodisplásicas. Pouco é conhecido sobre os fatores associados a novos sangramentos e desfechos em longo prazo. Além disso, a maioria dos dados é restrita a relatos de casos e pequenas séries. Objetivo Avaliar o perfil clínico, laboratorial e ecocardiográfico de pacientes com síndrome de Heyde submetidos a intervenção valvar ou tratamento medicamentoso. Métodos Coorte prospectiva de 24 pacientes consecutivos entre 2005 e 2018. Foram avaliados dados clínicos, laboratoriais, ecocardiográficos e relacionados à intervenção valvar e a desfechos após o diagnóstico. Valor de p<0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significante. Resultados Metade dos 24 pacientes apresentou sangramento com necessidade de transfusão sanguínea na admissão. Angiodisplasias foram encontradas mais frequentemente no cólon ascendente (62%). Intervenção valvar (cirúrgica ou transcateter) foi realizada em 70,8% dos pacientes, e 29,2% foram mantidos em tratamento clínico. Novos episódios de sangramento ocorreram em 25% dos casos, e não houve diferença entre os grupos clínico e intervenção (28,6 vs. 23,5%, p=1,00; respectivamente). A mortalidade no seguimento de 2 e 5 anos foi de 16% e 25%, sem diferença entre os grupos (log-rank p = 0,185 e 0,737, respectivamente). Conclusões Pacientes com síndrome de Heyde tiveram alta taxa de sangramento com necessidade de transfusão sanguínea na admissão, sugerindo ser uma doença grave e com risco elevado de mortalidade. Não encontramos diferenças entre os grupos submetidos ao tratamento clínico e à intervenção valvar em relação a taxas de ressangramento e mortalidade tardia.


Abstract Background Heyde's syndrome is the association of severe aortic stenosis with episodes of gastrointestinal bleeding due to angiodysplastic lesion. Little is known about the factors associated with new episodes of bleeding and long-term outcomes. Furthermore, most data are restricted to case reports and small case series. Objective To assess the clinical, laboratory and echocardiography profile of patients with Heyde's syndrome who underwent valve intervention or drug therapy. Methods Prospective cohort of 24 consecutive patients from 2005 to 2018. Clinical, laboratory and echocardiography data were assessed, as well as those related to valve intervention and outcomes after diagnosis. A P <0.05 was used to indicate statistical significance. Results Half of the 24 patients presented with bleeding requiring blood transfusion on admission. Angiodysplasias were more frequently found in the ascending colon (62%). Valve intervention (surgical or transcatheter) was performed in 70.8% of the patients, and 29.2% remained on drug therapy. News episodes of bleeding occurred in 25% of the cases, and there was no difference between clinical and intervention groups (28.6 vs 23.5%, p = 1.00; respectively). Mortality at 2-year and 5-year was 16% and 25%, with no difference between the groups (log-rank p = 0.185 and 0.737, respectively). Conclusions Patients with Heyde's syndrome had a high rate of bleeding requiring blood transfusion on admission, suggesting that it is a severe disease with high mortality risk. No difference was found between clinical and intervention group regarding the rate of rebleeding and late mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Angiodysplasia/complications , Angiodysplasia/therapy , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy
5.
Clinics ; 76: e2921, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278928

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Acute variceal bleeding (AVB) results from rupture of esophageal or gastric varices. It is a life-threatening complication of portal hypertension. Nevertheless, it remains unclear how to predict adverse outcomes and identify high-risk patients. In variceal hemorrhage, high Child-Turcotte-Pugh (Child) and Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) scores are associated with a worse prognosis. The Rockall system (Rockall), Glasgow-Blatchford (Blatchford), and AIMS65 scores have been validated for risk stratification for nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding; however, their use is controversial in AVB. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of Child, MELD, Rockall, Blatchford, and AIMS65 scores in risk stratification for rebleeding and/or mortality associated with AVB. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital over 42 months. The outcomes were 6-week rebleeding and mortality. The AUROC was calculated for each score (1-0.9, 0.9-0.8, and 0.8-0.7, indicating excellent, good, and acceptable predictive power, respectively). RESULTS: In total, 222 patients were included. Six-week rebleeding and mortality rates were 14% and 18.5%, respectively. No score was useful for discriminating patients at a higher risk of rebleeding. The AUROCs were 0.59, 0.57, 0.61, 0.63, and 0.56 for Rockall, Blatchford, AIMS65, Child, and MELD scores, respectively. Prediction of 6-week mortality based on Rockall (AUROC 0.65), Blatchford (AUROC=0.60), and AIMS65 (AUROC=0.67) scores were also not considered acceptable. The AUROCs for predicting mortality were acceptable for Child and MELD scores (0.72 and 0.74, respectively). CONCLUSION: Rockall, Blatchford, and AIMS65 scores are not useful for predicting 6-week rebleeding or mortality in patients with AVB. Child and MELD scores can identify patients at higher risk for 6-week mortality but not for 6-week rebleeding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/diagnosis , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/etiology , End Stage Liver Disease , Prognosis , Severity of Illness Index , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Hospital Mortality , Risk Assessment , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy
6.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(3): e405, 2021. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1367044

ABSTRACT

Desde que Edward Heyde vislumbró en 1958 una misteriosa asociación entre estenosis aórtica y hemorragia digestiva han transcurrido seis décadas y se ha suscitado no poca controversia. En la época en que fue propuesta, el estatus técnico y metodológico de la ciencia médica y una interpretación sesgada de su idea original impidieron obtener un sustento estadístico y fisiopatológico que le otorgara un amplio reconocimiento como entidad clínica individual. Los avances en varias disciplinas permitieron demostrar que su frecuencia de presentación excede el efecto del azar, además de esclarecer con precisión y elegancia sus mecanismos fisiopatológicos. Su consolidación como síndrome nos revela una verdadera encrucijada entre la cardiología, la gastroenterología, la hematología y el laboratorio, especialidades involucradas tanto en su proceso de comprensión como en su manejo práctico en la actualidad. Sin embargo, a pesar de tener una incidencia no desdeñable y adquirir un papel central en la conducción clínica de la estenosis aórtica, esta entidad parece haber pasado de ser resistida a relativamente ignorada. Con el objetivo de contribuir a su visibilidad, la presente revisión ofrece un panorama integral sobre el tema, incluyendo una perspectiva histórica de los principales aportes en pos de su conocimiento y un abordaje en profundidad de sus mecanismos, las claves de su detección clínica y su impacto en el manejo de la estenosis aórtica y otras entidades con fisiopatología afín.


Since Edward Heyde perceived in 1958 a mysterious association between aortic stenosis and gastrointestinal bleeding, six decades have passed and no little controversy has arisen. At the time it was proposed, the technical and methodological status of medical science and a biased interpretation of his original idea prevented obtaining a statistical and pathophysiological support that would grant it wide recognition as and individual clinical entity. Advances in several disciplines allowed to demonstrate that its frequency of presentation exceeds the effect of chance, besides clarifying with precision and elegance its pathophysiological mechanisms. Its consolidation as a syndrome reveals a true crossroads between Cardiology, Gastroenterology, Hematology and Laboratory, specialties involved both in its understanding process and in its practical management today. However, despite having a not negligible incidence and acquiring a central role in the clinical conduction of aortic stenosis, this entity seems to have gone from being resisted to relatively ignored. With the objective of contributing to its visibility, this review offers a comprehensive overview of the subject, covering the main historical contributions to its knowledge and approaching in depth its mechanisms, the keys to its clinical detection and its impact on the management of aortic stenosis and other entities with related pathophysiology.


Desde que Edward Heyde imaginou em 1958 uma misteriosa associação entre estenose aórtica e hemorragia gastrointestinal, seis décadas se passaram e não houve pouca controvérsia. Na época em que foi levantada, o estado técnico e metodológico da ciência médica e uma interpretação tendenciosa de sua ideia original impediram a construção de um apoio estatístico e fisiopatológico que lhe concederia amplo reconhecimento como entidade clínica individual. Avanços em diversas disciplinas permitiram demonstrar que sua frequência de apresentação excede o efeito do acaso, além de esclarecer com precisão e elegância seus mecanismos fisiopatológicos. Sua consolidação como síndrome revela uma verdadeira encruzilhada entre Cardiologia, Gastroenterologia, Hematologia e Laboratório, especialidades envolvidas tanto em seu processo de compreensão quanto em sua gestão prática hoje. No entanto, apesar de ter uma incidência não desprezível e adquirir um papel central no manejo clínico da estenose aórtica, esta entidade parece ter passado de resistida para relativamente ignorada. Com o intuto de contribuir para sua visibilidade, esta revisão oferece um panorama abrangente do tema, revendo as principais contribuições históricas ao seu conhecimento e abordando em profundidade seus mecanismos, as chaves para sua detecção clínica e seu impacto na gestão da estenose aórtica e outras entidades com fisiopatologia relacionada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Valve Stenosis/complications , Angiodysplasia/complications , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , von Willebrand Diseases/complications , Angiodysplasia/etiology , Angiodysplasia/therapy , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy
7.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 40(3): 219-223, Jul-Sep 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144667

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction : During the COVID-19 pandemic, endoscopic procedures are associated with a high risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection. However, in cases of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB), priority should be given to an early endoscopy. Objective : The main objective was to compare the time since arrival at the hospital and the performance of the endoscopy between both groups. Materials and methods : We performed a retrospective study. Data contains information of patients who attended to the hospital with UGIB and underwent an endoscopy between October 19th, 2019 and June 6th, 2020. Patients were divided into 2 phases: pre-pandemic and pandemic. The time between arrival at the hospital and the performance of the endoscopy in both phases were compared as well as other indicators such hospital stay and in-hospital mortality. Results : With information from 219 patients, the median age was 69 years. 154 and 65 endoscopies were performed in pre-pandemic and pandemic phase, respectively. The time between arrival at the hospital and the performance of the endoscopy was significantly longer during the pandemic (10.00 vs. 13.08 hours, p-value = 0.019). Nevertheless, there were no significant differences in hospital stay or mortality. Conclusion : The management of patients with UGIB during the COVID-19 pandemic is complex and requires the application of clinical judgment to decide the best timing to perform an endoscopy without affecting patient care.


RESUMEN Introducción : Durante la pandemia de COVID-19, los procedimientos endoscópicos se asocian con un alto riesgo de infección por SARS-CoV-2. Sin embargo, en casos de hemorragia digestiva alta (HDA), se debe dar prioridad a una endoscopia precoz. Objetivo : El objetivo principal fue comparar el tiempo transcurrido desde la llegada al hospital y la realización de la endoscopia entre ambos grupos. Materiales y métodos : Realizamos un estudio retrospectivo. Los datos contienen información de pacientes que acudieron al hospital con HDA y fueron sometidos a endoscopia entre el 19 de octubre de 2019 y el 6 de junio de 2020. Los pacientes se dividieron en 2 fases: prepandémica y pandémica. Se comparó el tiempo transcurrido entre la llegada al hospital y la realización de la endoscopia en ambas fases, así como otros indicadores como la estancia hospitalaria y la mortalidad intrahospitalaria. Resultados : Con información de 219 pacientes, la mediana de edad fue de 69 años. Se realizaron 154 y 65 endoscopias en fase prepandémica y pandémica, respectivamente. El tiempo entre la llegada al hospital y la realización de la endoscopia fue significativamente mayor durante la pandemia (10,00 frente a 13,08 horas, valor de p = 0,019). Sin embargo, no hubo diferencias significativas en la estancia hospitalaria ni en la mortalidad. Conclusión : El manejo de pacientes con HDA durante la pandemia de COVID-19 es complejo y requiere la aplicación del juicio clínico para decidir el mejor momento para realizar una endoscopia sin afectar la atención del paciente.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pneumonia, Viral , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/trends , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/trends , Coronavirus Infections , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract/diagnostic imaging , Pandemics , Time-to-Treatment/trends , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Peru , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies , Infection Control/methods , Hospital Mortality/trends , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Clinical Decision-Making , COVID-19 , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/mortality , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy , Length of Stay/trends
8.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 39(2): 105-110, abr.-jun. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058499

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La escala de Glasgow-Blatchford (GBS) nos permite clasificar al paciente como riesgo alto o bajo de presentar complicaciones. En los pacientes identificados como "bajo riesgo", la realización de una endoscopia temprana, podría disminuir los días intrahospitalarios y en el coste global. En nuestro medio, desconocemos la utilidad de la escala de GBS. Objetivo: Describir la utilidad de la escala de Glasgow-Blatchford (GBS) en la estratificación del riesgo en los pacientes con hemorragia digestiva alta (HDA) no variceal atendidos en el servicio de urgencias en un hospital de tercer nivel. Materiales y métodos: Se incluyeron prospectivamente 218 pacientes, y se les realizó en las primeras 24-48 h endoscopia urgente. Éstos se estratificaron, según la escala de GBS, en bajo riesgo (GBS ≤ 2), y alto riesgo (GBS ≥ 3). Se calculó la sensibilidad, especificidad, valor predictivo positivo (VPP) y negativo (VPN) de la escala de GBS en nuestro medio basándonos en el requerimiento de tratamiento endoscópico, radiológico (embolización arterial), transfusión de hemoderivados y/o cirugía, como estándar de oro para clasificar a los pacientes en alto riesgo. Resultados: Se incluyó un total de 218 pacientes, con edad media de 56 ± 18 años, de los cuales 121/218 (55%) fueron varones. 156/218 precisaron intervención por lo que fueron clasificados como "alto riesgo" mientras 62/218 no precisaron y se clasificaron como "bajo riesgo". Un valor de corte de GBS ≤ 2 mostró una sensibilidad del 98% con un VPN de 100%. La utilidad de la escala de GBS mostró un área bajo la curva ROC 0,83 (IC 95% 0,75-0,90). Conclusión: La escala de GBS utilizada pacientes con HDA no variceal atendidos en el servicio de urgencias posee una validez diagnóstica adecuada para predecir la necesidad de intervención.


Introduction: The Glasgow-Blatchford (GBS) scale allows us to classify the patient as a high or low risk of presenting complications. In the patients identified as "low risk", the performance of an early endoscopy could reduce the intrahospital days and the overall cost. In our environment, we do not know the usefulness of the GBS scale. Objective: To describe the utility of the Glasgow-Blatchford scale (GBS) in the stratification of risk in patients with non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (HDA) seen in the emergency department of a tertiary hospital. Materials and methods: 218 patients were prospectively included, and they were performed in the first 24-48 hr an urgent endoscopy. These were stratified, according to the GBS scale, at low risk (GBS ≤ 2), and high risk (GBS ≥ 3). We calculated the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of the GBS scale in our setting based on the requirement of endoscopic, radiological treatment (arterial embolization), transfusion of blood products and / or surgery, as our gold standar to classify patients as "high risk". Results: A total of 218 patients were included, with a mean age of 56 ± 18 years, of which 121/218 (55%) were male. 156/218 required intervention for what were classified as "high risk" while 62/218 did not specify and classified as "low risk". A cut-off value of GBS ≤ 2 showed a sensitivity of 98% with a NPV of 100%. The utility of the GBS scale showed an area under the ROC curve 0.83 (95% CI 0.75-0.90). Conclusion: The GBS scale used in patients with non-variceal UGB attended in the emergency department has adequate diagnostic validity to predict the need for intervention.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Assessment , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract , Emergency Treatment , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/epidemiology , Panama , Time Factors , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Emergency Service, Hospital , Tertiary Care Centers , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/complications , Hospitals
9.
In. Madrid Karlen, Fausto. Abordaje clínico del paciente con patología quirúrgica. Montevideo, s.n, 2019. p.49-56.
Monography in Spanish | BNUY, UY-BNMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1290993
10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 582-593, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009403

ABSTRACT

Portal hypertension(PH) is one of the main complications of cirrhosis.Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt(TIPS) is the percutaneous creation of a conduit from the hepatic vein to the portal vein that is used to manage consequences of PH (i.e., variceal bleeding and refractory ascites) and used as a bridging therapy to liver transplant for decompensated cirrhosis. The following Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) presents profession associational recommendations of the Chinese College of Interventionalists(CCI) on TIPS for PH. The CPGs was written by more than 30 experts in the field of TIPS in China (including interventional radiologists, liver surgeons, hepatologists and gastroenterologist, et al.). The panel of experts, produced these CPGs using evidence from PubMed and Cochrane database searches and combined with relevant expert consensuses and high quality clinical researches in China providing up to date guidance on TIPS for PH with the only purpose of improving clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/therapy , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy , Hypertension, Portal/therapy , Liver Cirrhosis/therapy , Portasystemic Shunt, Transjugular Intrahepatic , Treatment Outcome
11.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 38(4): 374-376, oct.-dic. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014112

ABSTRACT

Las lesiones de Dieulafoy se definen como una anomalía vascular que producen un sangrado en la mucosa proveniente de una arteria submucosa anormalmente larga y tortuosa que se ubican principalmente en estómago (80%), con poca frecuencia a nivel duodenal y constituyen el 6% de los sangrados gastrointestinales no asociados a varices y del 1% al 2% de todos los sangrados gastrointestinales. Reportamos el caso de un paciente masculino de 60 años que ingresó por hematemesis, melena y signos de hipovolemia con hemoglobina de 9 g/dl, que luego de realizar su compensación hemodinámica se le realizó una endoscopía alta que evidenció una lesión de Dieulafoy con sangrado activo severo en la segunda porción duodenal realizándosele inyección con adrenalina al 1:10 000 sobre los bordes de la lesión, pero al no lograrse una hemostasia adecuada se le tuvo que realizar la colocación de un clip ovesco con hemostasia efectiva que se corroboró 24 horas después, a través de una segunda endoscopía para poder egresar al paciente sin complicaciones, ni resangrado.


Dieulafoy's lesions are vascular anomalies that produce gastrointestinal bleeding of the mucosa from an abnormally long and tortuous submucosal artery. It is found predominately in the stomach (80%) and less frequently in the duodenum. They constitute the 6% of all non-variceal bleeding and the 1 to 2% of all gastrointestinal bleeding source. We report a case of a 60-year-old man with hematemesis, melena and signs of hypovolemic shock with a hemoglobin level of 9 g/dL. After adequate fluid resuscitation, an upper endoscopy showed an actively bleeding Dieulafoy lesion in the second portion of the duodenum. After epinephrine injection over lesion borders, an adequate hemostasis was not achieved. An over-the-scope clip was placed. Follow-up endoscopy 24 hours later showed an effective hemostasis and the patient was discharged without complications or re-bleeding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arteries/abnormalities , Hemostasis, Endoscopic/instrumentation , Duodenal Diseases/therapy , Duodenum/blood supply , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy , Intestinal Mucosa/blood supply , Duodenal Diseases/etiology , Equipment Design , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology
12.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 38(1): 89-102, jan.-mar. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIGG | ID: biblio-966192

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Proveer recomendaciones clínicas basadas en evidencia para la evaluación y el manejo de pacientes con hemorragia digestiva alta (HDA) en el seguro social del Perú (EsSalud). Materiales y métodos: Se conformó un grupo elaborador local (GEG-Local) conformado por especialistas en gastroenterología y metodólogos. El GEG-Local formuló 11 preguntas clínicas a ser respondidas por la presente guía de práctica clínica (GPC). Se buscaron y seleccionaron GPC de HDA publicadas a partir del 2012, que respondieran a las preguntas planteadas y obtuvieran un puntaje mayor a 60% en los dominios 1 y 3 del instrumento Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II (AGREE-II). Durante septiembre del 2017 se realizaron búsquedas bibliográficas en Pubmed, para actualizar 9 preguntas clínicas de las GPC preseleccionadas, y para responder 2 preguntas de novo. La calidad de la evidencia fue evaluada usando la metodología Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE). En reuniones de trabajo periódicas, el GEG-Local revisó la evidencia y formuló las recomendaciones, los puntos de buenas prácticas clínicas y el flujograma de evaluación y manejo, usando la metodología GRADE Finalmente, la GPC fue aprobada con Resolución N° 80-IETSI-ESSALUD-2017. Resultados: La presente GPC abordó 11 preguntas clínicas, divididas en cuatro temas: valoración de riesgo, manejo inicial, manejo de HDA no variceal, y manejo de HDA variceal. En base a dichas preguntas se formularon 10 recomendaciones (7 recomendaciones fuertes y 3 recomendaciones débiles), 24 puntos de buena práctica clínica, y 2 flujogramas. Conclusión: Este artículo es el resumen de la GPC de EsSalud, en la cual se valoró la evidencia científica disponible sobre evaluación y manejo de HDA.


Objective: To provide evidence-based clinical recommendations for the evaluation and management of patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGB) in the Peruvian Social Security (EsSalud). Materials and methods: A local guideline development group (local GDG) was established, including specialists in gastroenterology and methodologists. The local GDG formulated 11 clinical questions to be answered by this clinical practice guide (CPG). We searched and selected CPG of UGB published from 2012, which answered the posed questions and obtained a score higher than 60% in domains 1 and 3 of the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II (AGREE-II) tool. During September 2017, bibliographic searches were conducted in Pubmed, to update 9 clinical questions of the preselected CPGs, and to answer 2 de novo questions. The quality of the evidence was evaluated using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology. In periodic work meetings, the local GDG reviewed the evidence and formulated the recommendations, points of good clinical practice and the flowchart of evaluation and management, using the GRADE methodology Lastly, the CPG was approved with Resolución N° 80-IETSI-ESSALUD-2017. Results: This CPG addressed 11 clinical questions, divided into four themes: risk assessment, initial management, management of non-variceal UGB, and management of variceal UGB. Based on these questions, 10 recommendations (7 strong recommendations and 3 weak recommendations), 24 points of good clinical practice, and 2 flow charts were formulated. Conclusion: This article is the summary of the EsSalud' CPG, where the available scientific evidence on evaluation and management of UGB was evaluated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , National Health Programs
13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 162-166, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742488

ABSTRACT

The creation of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is a widely performed technique to relieve portal hypertension, and to manage recurrent variceal bleeding and refractory ascites in patients where medical and/or endoscopic treatments have failed. However, portosystemic shunt creation can be challenging in the presence of chronic portal vein occlusion. In this case report, we describe a minimally invasive endovascular mesocaval shunt creation with transsplenic approach for the management of recurrent variceal bleeding in a portal hypertension patient with intra- and extrahepatic portal vein occlusion.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Chronic Disease , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/complications , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/diagnostic imaging , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/therapy , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/complications , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy , Jejunum/pathology , Portacaval Shunt, Surgical , Portal Vein/diagnostic imaging , Portal Vein/pathology , Portal Vein/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Venous Thrombosis/complications , Venous Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Venous Thrombosis/therapy
14.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 145(10): 1336-1341, oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902448

ABSTRACT

Management of gastrointestinal bleeding caused by fundal varices is particularly difficult to manage. The options are: transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS), endoscopic injection of cyanoacrylate or balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO). We report a 63 year-old male with a cirrhosis caused by hepatitis C and a 66 year-old female with a cirrhosis caused by a non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Both patients had a gastrointestinal bleeding caused by fundal varices and were treated with sclerotherapy with cyanoacrylate assisted with BRTO. Flow was interrupted in the gastro-renal shunt by a femoral access in both patients. The male patient had a new bleeding two months later and died. In the female patient an endosonography performed nine months after the procedure showed absence of remaining varices.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/therapy , Sclerotherapy/methods , Cyanoacrylates/therapeutic use , Balloon Occlusion/methods , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy , Portal Vein , Portacaval Shunt, Surgical , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/complications , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Fatal Outcome , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Liver Cirrhosis/complications
17.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 36(4): 293-303, oct.-dic. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991200

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El sangrado digestivo bajo (SDB) es una entidad cuyas tasas de complicaciones y mortalidad se han incrementado en las últimas décadas. Si bien se han identificado algunos factores relacionados a mal pronóstico, aún quedan variables por evaluar. Objetivo: Identificar factores de mal pronóstico en pacientes que presentaron SDB en el Hospital Nacional Edgardo Rebagliati Martins de Lima, Perú. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional analítico de tipo cohorte retrospectivo. Se realizó un censo de todos los pacientes que presentaron SDB agudo entre enero 2010 y diciembre 2013. Las variables principales a evaluar fueron frecuencia cardiaca ≥100/min, presión arterial sistólica <100 mmHg y hematocrito bajo (≤35%) al ingreso. Se definió mal pronóstico como cualquiera de los siguientes criterios: muerte durante la hospitalización, sangrado que requiera transfusión de ≥4 unidades de sangre, reingreso dentro del primer mes, o necesidad de cirugía de hemostasia. Resultados: Se incluyó un total de 341 pacientes con SDB, de los cuales el 27% tuvo mal pronóstico y 2% fallecieron. Se encontró como variables asociadas a mal pronóstico: frecuencia cardiaca ≥100/min al ingreso (RR: 1,75, IC 95% 1,23-2,50), presión arterial sistólica <100 mmHg al ingreso (RR: 2,18, IC 95% 1,49-3,19), hematocrito ≤35% al ingreso (RR: 1,98, IC 95% 1,23-3,18) y sangrado de origen no determinado (RR: 2,74, IC 95% 1,73-4,36). Conclusiones: Frecuencia cardiaca elevada al ingreso, hipotensión sistólica al ingreso, hematocrito bajo al ingreso y presentar un sangrado en el cual no se encuentra el punto de origen son factores que incrementan el riesgo de presentar mal pronóstico, por lo que se recomienda un monitoreo más estricto en estos pacientes


Background: Lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) is an event that has shown an increase in complications and mortality rates in the last decades. Although some factors associated with poor outcome have been identified, there are several yet to be evaluated. Objective: To identify risk factors for poor outcome in patients with LGIB in the Hospital Edgardo Rebagliati Martins of Lima, Peru. Material and methods: A prospective analytic observational cohort study was made, and a census was conducted with all patients with acute LGIB between January 2010 and December 2013. The main variables were heart rate ≥100/min, systolic blood pressure <100 mmHg and low hematocrit (≤35%) at admission. Poor outcome was defined as any of the following: death during hospital stay, bleeding requiring transfusion of ≥4 blood packs, readmission within one month of hospital discharge, or the need for hemostatic surgery. Results: A total of 341 patients with LGIB were included, of which 27% developed poor outcome and 2% died. Variables found to be statistically related to poor outcome were: heart rate ≥ 100/min at admission (RR: 1.75, IC 95% 1.23-2.50), systolic blood pressure <100 mmHg at admission (RR: 2.18, IC 95% 1.49-3.19), hematocrit ≤35% at admission (RR: 1.98, IC 95% 1.23-3.18) and LGIB of unknown origin (RR: 2.74, IC 95% 1.73-4.36). Conclusions: Elevated heart rate at admission, systolic hypotension at admission, low hematocrit at admission and having a LGIB of unknown origin are factors that increase the risk of developing poor outcome, and these patients should be monitored closely due to their higher risk of complications


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rectal Diseases/diagnosis , Colonic Diseases/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Patient Readmission/statistics & numerical data , Peru , Prognosis , Rectal Diseases/mortality , Rectal Diseases/therapy , Blood Transfusion/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Hospital Mortality , Colonic Diseases/mortality , Colonic Diseases/therapy , Risk Assessment , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/mortality , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy , Hemostasis, Surgical/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, Public , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
18.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 45(3): 267-276, jul.-set. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-960541

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las estrategias actuales de diagnóstico y tratamiento del paciente con hemorragia digestiva incluyen la identificación de los factores clínicos y/o endoscópicos que permitan identificar los pacientes con una hemorragia grave y quiénes no. Objetivo: identificar aquellos parámetros clínicos, analíticos y endoscópicos que posibiliten predecir la gravedad en la hemorragia digestiva alta no varicosa. Métodos: estudio descriptivo de una serie de casos, que incluyó a 188 pacientes que presentaron hemorragia digestiva alta no varicosa en el Hospital Dr. Luis Díaz Soto desde el 1ro. de enero hasta el 31 de diciembre de 2014. Se realizó medición de variables clínicas y endoscópicas. Se practicó análisis uni y multivariante, por método de regresión logística, para identificar las que pudieron predecir la gravedad del sangrado. Resultados: los predictores de hemorragia grave son: el consumo de AINES (RR 2,28), poseer más de una enfermedad asociada (RR 1,01), la presencia de melena como signo de presentación clínica (RR 9,53) y su constatación en el examen rectal (RR 2,87); así como las cifras de hemoglobina menores de 10o g/L (RR: 4,39) y la FC mayor de 100 latidos por minuto (RR 5,49). Esta probabilidad es 3,4 veces mayor si la hemoglobina está por debajo de 100 g/L y 2,4 veces si la frecuencia cardiaca aumenta por encima de 100 latidos por minuto. Conclusiones: se confirma el valor de los síntomas y signos clínicos que acompañan la pérdida hemática aguda y las alteraciones hemodinámicas para predecir la probabilidad de presentar una hemorragia grave(AU)


Introduction: The current strategies for diagnosis and treatment of patients with gastrointestinal bleeding include the identification of clinical and / or endoscopic factors to distinguish between those with severe bleeding and those who do not. Objective: Identify clinical, analytical, and endoscopic parameters that predict the severity of non-varicose upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Methods: A descriptive study of a series of cases was carried out in 188 patients treated with non-varicose upper gastrointestinal bleeding at the Dr. Luis Díaz Soto hospital from January 1st to December 31st, 2014. Measurement of clinical and endoscopic variables were taken. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed by logistic regression method to identify those that could predict the severity of bleeding. Results: Predictors of severe bleeding are: the consumption of NSAIDs (RR 2.28), having more than one associated disease (RR 1.01), the presence of melena as a sign of clinical presentation (RR 9,53) rectal examination (RR 2.87);as well as hemoglobin levels below 10 g/L (RR: 4.39) and HR greater than 100 beats per minute (RR 5.49). This probability is 3.4 times higher if hemoglobin is below 100 g/L and 2.4 times if the heart rate increases above 100 beats per minute. Conclusions: The value of clinical signs and symptoms accompanying acute blood loss and haemodynamic changes to predict the likelihood of severe bleeding is confirmed(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/methods , Colonic Diseases/epidemiology , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy , Severity of Illness Index , Epidemiology, Descriptive
19.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 144(7): 879-885, jul. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-794001

ABSTRACT

Background: There is a paucity of good quality research about the diagnosis of esophageal varices and the prophylaxis and treatment of variceal bleeding in pediatric patients with portal hypertension There is little consensus and practically no evidence-based approach about the management of these patients. Aim: To describe the behavior and preferences of pediatric gastroenterologists in Chile in the management of portal hypertension in children. Material and Methods: An online survey was sent to Chilean pediatric gastroenterologists, with questions evaluating the physicians’ approaches to screening of esophageal varices in children with portal hypertension, and their preferred methods of prophylaxis and initial management of variceal bleeding. Results: Thirty five of 69 contacted physicians answered the survey (51%). Twenty nine pediatric gastroenterologists (83%) screen for esophageal varices in patients with clinical evidence of portal hypertension, and 12 (34%) in every patient with chronic liver disease. Twenty eight respondents (80%) use primary prophylaxis, mainly beta blockers. Octreotide, proton pump inhibitors and endoscopy are the most common practices in the initial management of an esophageal varix bleed. The methods mostly used as secondary prophylaxis are band ligation and beta blockers. In the case of recurrent hemorrhage, besides band ligation, management with Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS) and hepatic transplantation are more likely. Conclusions: Even though most pediatric gastroenterologists in this survey are inclined to offer endoscopic screening of esophageal varices and prophylaxis to patients with portal hypertension, this is not a universal behavior. There are different approaches mainly in the election of secondary prophylaxis and the initial management of variceal bleeding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/statistics & numerical data , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/therapy , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy , Hypertension, Portal/complications , Hypertension, Portal/therapy , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/complications , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/prevention & control
20.
JCPSP-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. 2016; 26 (1): 76-76
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-175811
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL