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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 514-519, 20210000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254383

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El linfoma puede afectar el tracto gastrointestinal de manera primaria o secundaria, y representa hasta el 2 % de todas las neoplasias malignas del intestino delgado y colon. El tracto gastrointestinal es la ubicación extraganglionar primaria más común en el linfoma no Hodgkin. Métodos. Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura en las principales bases de datos académicas, con revisión de textos publicados sobre el tema en los últimos 5 años. Discusión. La presentación clínica del linfoma con compromiso gastrointestinal es inespecífica y, hasta en la mitad de los pacientes, se puede presentar de manera inicial con complicaciones que requieran manejo quirúrgico. Entre las principales se encuentran la perforación intestinal, el sangrado digestivo y la obstrucción intestinal


Introduction. Lymphoma can affect the gastrointestinal tract, primarily or secondarily, and accounts for up to 2% of all malignant neoplasms of the small intestine and colon. The gastrointestinal tract is the most common primary extranodal location in non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Methods. A literature search performed in the main academic databases, with a review of texts published on the subject in the last 5 years.Discussion. The clinical presentation of lymphoma with gastrointestinal involvement is nonspecific and, in up to half of the patients, it can present initially with complications that require surgical management. Among the main ones are intestinal perforation, digestive bleeding and intestinal obstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Lymphoma , Gastrointestinal Tract , Intestinal Obstruction , Intestinal Perforation , Intussusception
2.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(1): e1065, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289374

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El tumor estromal gastrointestinal es la neoplasia mesenquimal más frecuente en el tracto digestivo, su diagnóstico y tratamiento aun es controvertido por ser infrecuente. Objetivo: Caracterizar los pacientes con tumores estromales gastrointestinales atendidos en nuestro servicio. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo longitudinal en pacientes con tumores estromales gastrointestinales atendidos en el servicio de cirugía del Hospital Clínico-Quirúrgico "Arnaldo Milián Castro" desde 2015 hasta 2018. La muestra fue de 17 pacientes. Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes entre 60 y 69 años (35,3 por ciento) del sexo femenino (58,82 por ciento). El dolor abdominal como síntoma más frecuente (58,82 por ciento). El (47,1 por ciento) de los tumores midieron más de 10 cm, celularidad fusiforme (58,8 por ciento), índice mitótico menor de 5 (70,6 por ciento), sin patrón de crecimiento infiltrante (70,6 por ciento). La metástasis ausente en el (82,4 por ciento). Presente con igual frecuencia en estómago e intestino delgado (N = 8), fue igual la presencia de comportamiento agresivo bajo y alto (35,3 por ciento). Predominaron los marcadores CD.117 (41,2 por ciento) y CD.34 (35,3 por ciento). La recesión segmentaria de intestino delgado con anastomosis término-terminal fue la técnica quirúrgica más empleada (35,3 por ciento). Conclusiones: A pesar de ser mayormente grandes y encontrarse en porciones altas del tubo digestivo, muchos presentaron índice mitótico bajo, no obstante, un grupo considerable presentó comportamiento agresivo. Si bien es cierto que casi la totalidad de pacientes egresaron vivos, falta un seguimiento en el centro, lo cual resultaría interesante evaluar en futuros estudios(AU)


Introduction: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor is the most frequent mesenchymal neoplasm in the digestive tract, its diagnosis and treatment is still controversial because it is infrequent. Objective: To characterize the patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors treated in our service. Methods: A longitudinal descriptive observational study was carried out in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors treated in the surgery service of the "Arnaldo Milián Castro" Clinical-Surgical Hospital from 2015 to 2018. The sample consisted of 17 patients. Results: Female patients between 60 and 69 years old (35.3 percent) predominated (58.82 percent). Abdominal pain as the most frequent symptom (58.82 percent). Tumors (47.1 percent) measured more than 10 cm, spindle cell cellularity (58.8 percent), mitotic index less than 5 (70.6 percent), and no infiltrative growth pattern (70.6 percent). Metastasis absent in (82.4 percent). Present with equal frequency in the stomach and small intestine (N = 8), the presence of low and high aggressive behavior (35.3 percent) was the same. The markers CD.117 (41.2 percent) and CD.34 (35.3 percent) predominated. Segmental recession of the small intestine with end-to-end anastomosis was the most widely used surgical technique (35.3 percent). Conclusions: Despite being mostly large and found in high portions of the digestive tract, many presented a low mitotic index, however, a considerable group presented aggressive behavior. Although it is true that almost all the patients were discharged alive, there is a lack of follow-up at the center, which would be interesting to evaluate in future studies(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Abdominal Pain , Aftercare , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/therapy , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Longitudinal Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2976-2984, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921232

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Prospective analyses have yet to identify a consistent relationship between sleep duration and the incidence of gastrointestinal (GI) cancers. The effect of changes in sleep duration on GI cancer incidence has scarcely been studied. Therefore, we aimed to examine the association between baseline sleep duration and annual changes in sleep duration and GI cancer risk in a large population-based cohort study.@*METHODS@#A total of 123,495 participants with baseline information and 83,511 participants with annual changes in sleep duration information were prospectively observed from 2006 to 2015 for cancer incidence. Cox proportional-hazards models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and their confidence intervals (CIs) for GI cancers according to sleep duration and annual changes in sleep duration.@*RESULTS@#In baseline sleep duration analyses, short sleep duration (≤5 h) was significantly associated with a lower risk of GI cancer in females (HR: 0.31, 95% CI: 0.10-0.90), and a linear relationship between baseline sleep duration and GI cancer was observed (P = 0.010), especially in males and in the >50-year-old group. In the annual changes in sleep duration analyses, with stable category (0 to -15 min/year) as the control group, decreased sleep duration (≤-15 min/year) was significantly associated with the development of GI cancer (HR: 1.29; 95% CI: 1.04-1.61), especially in the >50-year-old group (HR: 1.32; 95% CI: 1.01-1.71), and increased sleep duration (>0 min/year) was significantly associated with GI cancer in females (HR: 2.89; 95% CI: 1.14-7.30).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both sleep duration and annual changes in sleep duration were associated with the incidence of GI cancer.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Female , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/etiology , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Proportional Hazards Models , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sleep
4.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(5): 464-467, oct. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138740

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivos: El melanoma cutáneo presenta un alto potencial metastásico y constituye la fuente extraabdominal más frecuente de lesión del intestino delgado. El diagnóstico de metástasis gastrointestinales es a menudo una expresión de enfermedad avanzada, con una supervivencia media de entre 6 y 9 meses. Materiales y Método: Presentamos el caso de un paciente varón de 63 años diagnosticado de melanoma cutáneo que acudió a urgencias por dolor abdominal y estreñimiento. Se realizó una TC abdominal donde se informó de la existencia de 2 lesiones metastásicas a nivel de intestino delgado que condicionaban oclusión intestinal. Resultados: El paciente fue intervenido quirúrgicamente bajo abordaje laparoscópico con resección de los dos segmentos intestinales afectos y anastomosis intracorpórea. El informe histopatológico confirmó que se trataban de metástasis de melanoma. Discusión: La oclusión intestinal por metástasis de melanoma maligno es muy infrecuente. La cirugía es el tratamiento de elección en pacientes con metástasis intestinales de melanoma. El tratamiento quirúrgico puede mejorar el pronóstico y estaría indicado casos de metástasis únicas o pacientes sintomáticos con intención paliativa. El abordaje mínimamente invasivo ofrece resultados oncológicos similares a la laparotomía.


Aim: Cutaneous melanoma has a high metastatic potential, being the most frequent extra-abdominal source of small bowel metastasis. The diagnosis of gastrointestinal metastases is often an expression of advanced disease, with an average survival of 6-9 months. Materials and Method: We herein present the case of a 63-year-old male patient diagnosed with cutaneous melanoma who arrived to the emergency department complaining of abdominal pain and constipation. An abdominal CT scan was performed, it revealed two metastatic lesions in the small bowel which marked the mechanical obstruction. Results: Patient underwent a laparoscopy and both involved segments were removed. Pathology exam confirmed the diagnosis of melanoma metastases. Discussion: Surgery excision is the treatment of choice in patients with small bowel metastases from melanoma. Surgical management can improve the prognosis and it would be indicated in cases of single metastases or symptomatic patients with a palliative intention. Minimally invasive approach provides similar oncological results as conventional laparotomy. Small bowel obstruction due to metastases of malignant melanoma is extremely rare.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Melanoma/diagnosis , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Biopsy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Laparoscopy , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/secondary , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Melanoma/pathology
6.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(1): 12-19, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090846

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background This study defines the disease profile in south Indian population and determine the clinic-pathological aspects of Gastro-Intestinal Stromal Tumors. Method In this prospective study patients diagnosed of gastrointestinal stromal tumors were taken thorough clinical examination and a database of Anthropometric details and clinical details were analyzed. Pathological data included tumor size, presence or absence necrosis, mitotic counts, immunohistochemistry for CD-117, CD-34. Results There were 44 patients with confirmed diagnosis of gastro-intestinal stromal tumor. The highest incidence was found in the 6th decade. The most common symptoms were abdominal pain and gastrointestinal bleed. Stomach was most frequent site for gastro-intestinal stromal tumors. Immunochemistry for CD-117 was positive in 93.18% cases. Majority of tumors (79.5%) had pure spindle cell morphology and mitotic activity showed that 34% of the GISTs were of the high risk group. Forty two patients were suggestive of surgery as the primary treatment after presentation. Conclusion Abdominal pain was the most common presenting complaint. Majority of the tumors aroused from the stomach. The majority of the tumors had pure spindle cell morphology and 93% of the tumors were CD-117 positive. A significant relationship between tumor size, tumor necrosis and mitotic activity with large tumors having necrosis and high mitotic rate having high risk of malignancy, was observed. Surgical resection is considered mainstay of treatment of gastro-intestinal stromal tumor. Imatinib therapy should be given to patients in moderate to severe risk categories.


Resumo Justificativa Este estudo define o perfil da doença na população do sul da Índia e determina os aspectos clínicos e patológicos dos tumores estromais gastrointestinais. Método Neste estudo prospectivo, os pacientes diagnosticados com tumor estromal gastrointestinl foram submetidos a um exame clínico completo, e uma série de dados dos pacientes, incluindo detalhes antropométricos e clínicos, foram analisados. Os dados patológicos incluíram tamanho do tumor, presença ou ausência de necrose, contagem mitótica e imuno-histoquímica para CD-117, CD-34. Resultados Havia 44 pacientes com diagnóstico confirmado de tumor estromal gastrointestinal. A maior incidência foi encontrada na 6ª década de vida. Os sintomas mais comuns foram dor abdominal e sangramento gastrointestinal. O estômago foi o local mais frequente para tumores estromais gastrointestinais. A imuno-histoquímica para CD-117 foi positiva em 93,18% dos casos. A maioria dos tumores (79,5%) apresentava morfologia pura de células fusiformes e a atividade mitótica mostrou que 34% dos GISTs pertenciam ao grupo de alto risco. Quarenta e dois pacientes receberam indicação para cirurgia como tratamento primário após a apresentação. Conclusão A dor abdominal foi a queixa mais comum. A maioria dos tumores afetava o estômago, apresentava morfologia pura de células fusiformes e 93% eram CD-117 positivos. Foi observada uma relação significativa entre o tamanho do tumor, a necrose tumoral e a atividade mitótica, com os tumores grandes apresentando necrose e alta taxa mitótica com alto risco de malignidade. A ressecção cirúrgica é considerada o principal tratamento do tumor estromal gastrointestinal. A terapia com imatinibe deve ser administrada a pacientes em categoria de risco de moderadas a grave.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/pathology , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/immunology , Antigens, CD34/immunology , Imatinib Mesylate/therapeutic use , India , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
7.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(1): e835, ene.-mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126409

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Con el auge contemporáneo de novedosos paradigmas en las ciencias médicas, como la Medicina personalizada, se busca una resección oncológica más eficaz, con nuevos márgenes quirúrgicos de acuerdo al estadio tumoral. Para alcanzar estos resultados, se abren paso técnicas como la cirugía radioinmunoguiada. En Cuba, los adelantos biotecnológicos han permitido el desarrollo de fármacos líderes en el mundo, como el Nimotuzumab, un anticuerpo monoclonal dirigido contra el receptor del factor de crecimiento epidérmico, sobrexpresado en múltiples tumores malignos de origen epitelial. Al marcarlo con un radioisótopo puede auxiliar al cirujano en la determinación precisa de la extensión tumoral (radioguiada) de estas neoplasias durante el acto quirúrgico(AU)


ABSTRACT The contemporary rise of new paradigms within medical sciences, such as personalized medicine, a more effective oncological resection is pursued, with new surgical margins based on tumor stage. To achieve these outcomes, some techniques, such as radioimmunoguided surgery, are expanding. In Cuba, biotechnological advances have allowed the development of world-leading drugs, such as nimotuzumab, a monoclonal antibody directed against the epidermal growth factor receptor, overexpressed in multiple malignant tumors of epithelial origin. Marking it with a radioisotope can help the surgeon in the precise determination of tumor extent (radioguided) of these malignancies during the surgical act(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Precision Medicine/methods , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/diagnosis
8.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(1): 53-59, feb. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092775

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: el carcinoma endometrial es la sexta entidad maligna más común a nivel mundial. En la mayoría de casos se diagnóstica de forma temprana. Recurre principalmente a cúpula vaginal y a nivel linfático, sin embargo, se han descrito metástasis a vagina, peritoneo y pulmones, entre otros. PRESENTACIÓN DEL CASO: paciente femenina adulta mayor con antecedente de carcinoma endometrial hace 7 años, tratado quirúrgicamente con estudio histopatológico que evidenciaba un miometrio infiltrado en un 95% sin invasión a otros órganos y linfadenectomía libre de lesión (estadio FIGO IB), quien consulta por dolor abdominal localizado en mesogastrio y deposiciones melénicas, evidenciándose una lesión gástrica, con resultado de biopsia que reporta carcinoma pobremente diferenciado con positividad focal para vimentina compatible con metástasis gástrica secundaria a carcinoma endometrial. Se indica manejo sistémico con quimioterapia, se documenta respuesta total de la lesión. DISCUSIÓN: las lesiones tumorales a nivel de estómago son primarios en su gran mayoría, una metástasis a este nivel es inusual. En el momento del diagnóstico de una metástasis gástrica, la mitad de las pacientes presentan concomitante compromiso de otros órganos. El carcinoma endometrial no está descrito dentro de los primarios que generan este compromiso. CONCLUSIÓN: el caso expuesto es un reto clínico, que representa un vacío en la evidencia actual; se comparte la experiencia de un manejo exitoso. Son necesarios más estudios para evaluar el pronóstico, opciones de tratamiento y definir la pertinencia de métodos de tamización para la detección temprana de estos casos.


INTRODUCTION: the endometrial carcinoma is the sixth cancer worldwide. Usually it is diagnosed in early stages. The sites of recurrence includes vaginal cuff and lymph nodes, however some metastasis have been described to vagina, peritoneum and lungs, among others. CASE REPORT: Elder female with history of an endometrial carcinoma 7 years ago, surgically treated. With histopathology that reported myometrial infiltration in a 95% without invasion to other organs and lymphadenectomy free of neoplasm (FIGO IB), who consult at the emergency room due to abdominal pain and black stool, with further studies that make evident a gastric lesion with biopsy reported as a poorly differentiated carcinoma, vimentin positive, compatible with gastric metastasis secondary to an endometrial carcinoma. Chemoterapy was indicated, documenting total posterior response of the lesion. DISCUSSION: Secondary lessions in stomach are rare. If they are present at the moment of diagnosis half of the patients concomitantly have metastasis in other organs. The endometrial carcinoma hasn't been described as a common localization that result in this compromise. CONCLUSION: the case exposed is a clinical challenge, a therapeutic success is shared. Limited evidence is available. Further studies are necessary to evaluate the prognosis, therapeutic options and to define the relevance of screening tests for early detection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Carcinoma/secondary , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/secondary , Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
9.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(1): 61-71, Jan. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1091654

ABSTRACT

Gastrointestinal neoplasms (GIN) are uncommon in dogs, but they mainly show malignant behavior and poor prognosis. The types of GIN in dogs and their frequency, as well as their epidemiological and histopathological characteristics were analyzed through a retrospective study of biopsies from 24.711 dogs from 2005 to 2017. Additionally, histological sections of neoplasms were subjected to immunohistochemistry (IHC) using antibodies against pancytokeratin, vimentin, smooth muscle actin, c-Kit, S-100, CD31, CD79αcy, and neuron-specific enolase. Of the total samples from dogs analyzed, 88 corresponded to GIN. Neoplasms occurred more frequently in purebred dogs (64.8%, 57/88), males (53.4%, 47/88), with a median age of 10 years. The intestine was affected by 84.1% (74/88) of the cases. Of these, the large intestine was the most affected (67.6%, 50/74). Most of the neoplasms had malignant behavior (88.6%, 78/88). Regarding the classification of neoplasms, 46.6% (41/88) of the diagnoses corresponded to epithelial, 46.6% (41/88) were mesenchymal, 5.7% (5/88) were hematopoietic, and 1.1% (1/88) was neuroendocrine. The most frequently diagnosed neoplasms were papillary adenocarcinoma (19.3%, 17/88), leiomyosarcoma (17.0%, 15/88), gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) (12.5%, 11/88), and leiomyoma (5.0%, 8/88). Adenocarcinomas were located mainly in the rectum, whereas leiomyosarcomas and GISTs developed mainly in the cecum. Epithelial neoplasms showed a greater potential for lymphatic invasion whereas mesenchymal neoplasms appeared to be more expansive with intratumoral necrosis and hemorrhage. Immunohistochemistry was found to be an important diagnostic technique for the identification of infiltrating cells in carcinomas and an indispensable technique for the definitive diagnosis of sarcomas.(AU)


Neoplasmas gastrointestinais (NGI) são pouco comuns em cães, mas possuem principalmente comportamento maligno e prognóstico reservado. Os tipos de NGI em cães e sua frequência, bem como características epidemiológicas e histopatológicas foram analisados por meio de um estudo retrospectivo dos exames de biópsias de 24.711 cães entre os anos de 2005 a 2017. Adicionalmente, cortes histológicos de NGI foram submetidos à técnica de imuno-histoquímica (IHQ), utilizando os anticorpos anti-pancitoqueratina, vimentina, actina de músculo liso, c-Kit, S-100, CD31, CD79αcy e enolase neurônio específica. Do total de cães analisados, 88 corresponderam a NGI não linfoides. Os neoplasmas ocorreram com maior frequência em cães de raça pura (64,8%, 57/88), machos (53,4%, 47/88), com mediana de idade de 10 anos. O intestino foi acometido em 84,1% dos casos (74/88). Destes, o intestino grosso foi o segmento mais afetado (67,6%, 50/74). A maior parte dos neoplasmas tinha comportamento maligno (88,6%, 78/88). Quanto à classificação, 46,6% (41/88) dos diagnósticos corresponderam a neoplasmas epiteliais, 46,6% (41/88) mesenquimais, 5,7% (5/88) hematopoiéticos e 1,1% (1/88), neuroendócrino. Os neoplasmas mais frequentemente diagnosticados foram adenocarcinoma papilar (19,3%, 17/88), leiomiossarcoma (17,0%, 15/88), tumor estromal gastrointestinal (GIST) (12,5%, 11/88) e leiomioma (12,5%, 8/88). Adenocarcinomas localizavam-se principalmente no reto, enquanto leiomiossarcoma e GISTs desenvolveram-se principalmente no ceco. Os neoplasmas epiteliais demonstraram um potencial maior de invasão linfática enquanto que os mesenquimais aparentaram ser mais expansivos, com necrose e hemorragia intratumorais. A imuno-histoquímica mostrou ser uma técnica diagnóstica importante para a identificação de células neoplásicas infiltravas no caso dos carcinomas e uma técnica indispensável para o diagnóstico definitivo de sarcomas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Stomach Neoplasms/veterinary , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/pathology , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/veterinary , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Intestinal Neoplasms/veterinary , Immunohistochemistry/veterinary , Adenocarcinoma, Papillary/veterinary , Carcinoma, Acinar Cell/veterinary , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/veterinary , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Leiomyosarcoma/veterinary
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787238

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Public hospitals were established to provide high quality medical services to low socioeconomic status patients. This study examined the effects of public hospitals on the treatment and prognosis of patients with five-major gastrointestinal (GI) cancers (stomach cancer, colon cancer, liver cancer, bile duct cancer, and pancreatic cancer).METHODS: Among the 1,268 patients treated at Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center from January 2010 to December 2017, 164 (13%) were in the medicare group. The data were analyzed to identify and compare the clinical manifestations, treatment modality, and clinical outcomes between the groups.RESULTS: No statistically significant differences in the clinical data (age, sex), treatment method, and five-year survival rate were observed between the health insurance group and medicare group in the five major GI cancer patients. On the other hand, some medicare group patients tended more comorbidities and fewer treatment options than health insurance patients.CONCLUSIONS: Public hospitals have a positive effect on the treatment and prognosis in medicare group patients with the five-major GI cancers.


Subject(s)
Bile Duct Neoplasms , Colonic Neoplasms , Comorbidity , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Hand , Hospitals, Public , Humans , Insurance Coverage , Insurance, Health , Liver Neoplasms , Medicare , Methods , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Social Class , Survival Rate
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827197

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical and pathological characteristics of primary gastrointestinal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (PGI-NHL) patients, and to explore the factors affecting the patients' survival and prognosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 219 patients with PGI-NHL diagnosed in our hospital from March 2009 to April 2016 was collected and retrospectively analyzed. Survival analysis was performed by using the Kaplan-Meier method. Log-rank test was used for comparison among the groups, and Cox regression was used for multivariate analysis.@*RESULTS@#Among the 219 patients with PGI-NHL, 126 patients were males and 93 patients were females. 182 patients were IPI 0 to 2 and 37 patients were IPI 3 to 5. There were 205 cases (93.6%) of B cell phenotype and 14 cases (6.4%) of T cell phenotype. 140 patients (63.9%) were patients with primary gastric NHL, including 85 DLBCL and 19 MALT. 79 cases (36.1%) were patients with primary intestinal NHL, including 46 DLBCL, 4 MALT, 7 FL, 3 MCL and 4 Burkitt lymphoma. 23 cases were HP positive and received anti-HP therapy. 57 cases and 32 cases received surgery and chemotherapy respectively. 84 cases received combination treatment of surgery and chemotherapy and 11 cases received combination treatment of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Overall survival (OS) of indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was longer than that of invasive B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, which shows better prognose. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that there was no difference between progression-free survival (PFS) and OS in the patients with different origin sites, age and sex. There was no significant difference in PFS between B-cell and T-cell-derived patients, whereas OS of B-cell-derived PGI-NHL patients was longer than that of T-cell-derived PGI-NHL patients. The OS and PFS of patients with IPI 0-2 were longer than those of patients with IPI 3-5. According to Lugano and Ann Arbor staging systems, there was no difference in prognosis of patients between phase I/II and III/IV. The prognosis of patients treated with surgery alone was worse than that of patients treated with combination therapy, and the prognosis of patients with surgery combined with chemotherapy was not significantly different from that of patients with chemotherapy alone.@*CONCLUSION@#B-cell phenotype, indolent and low IPI score lymphoma indicate better prognosis, while that of different origin site, sex and age shows no different in prognosis. Surgery is used only for emergency case or pathological materials, and these patients should be treated with chemotherapy-based combined treatment.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Humans , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Male , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Survival Analysis
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828628

ABSTRACT

To study the clinical effect of oral sirolimus in the treatment of children with blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (BRBNS) in the gastrointestinal tract, a retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data and follow-up results of two children with BRBNS treated by sirolimus. The two children with BRBNS had gastrointestinal bleeding and anemia and were treated with sirolimus at a dose of 1 mg/day as part of treatment. The plasma concentration of the drug was maintained between 2.5-12.0 ng/mL. The children showed disappearance of gastrointestinal bleeding and improvements in anemia and coagulation function, and blood transfusion could be stopped during treatment, with no obvious adverse drug reactions. PubMed, Wanfang Data, and CNKI were searched for related articles on sirolimus in the treatment of BRBNS. A total of 26 cases of children with BRBNS, aged 0-18 years, were obtained. With the addition of the 2 cases in this study, sirolimus treatment achieved a satisfactory clinical effect in all 28 cases. Sirolimus may be effective and safe in the treatment of children with BRBNS, and further prospective studies are needed to evaluate the long-term efficacy of this drug.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Nevus, Blue , Drug Therapy , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Sirolimus , Therapeutic Uses , Skin Neoplasms , Drug Therapy
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828526

ABSTRACT

Hippo signaling pathway is highly conservative in evolution. MST1/2, LATS1/2, and the effector protein YAP/TAZ are the core members of this signaling pathway in mammalian cells. There have been many studies on YAP/TAZ and its downstream, however, the upstream regulatory factors of the Hippo signaling pathway remain unclear, and become one of the hot research directions of this pathway at present. In addition, Hippo signaling pathway can cross-talk with other signaling pathways such as Wnt and Notch signaling pathways, and plays an important role in controlling organ size, maintaining tissue homeostasis, and promoting tissue repair and regeneration. Abnormal Hippo signaling pathway may lead to the occurrence of a variety of tumors, especially gastrointestinal cancers such as liver cancer, colorectal cancer and gastric cancer. The abnormal expression of its members in gastrointestinal cancers is related to cancer cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and migration. Hippo signaling pathway is vital for liver repair and regeneration. Its inactivation will lead to the occurrence of primary liver cancer. The mechanism of YAP in liver cancer mainly depends on TEAD-mediated gene transcription. Hippo signaling pathway is also important for maintaining intestinal homeostasis, and its imbalance can lead to the occurrence and recurrence of colorectal cancer. In primary and metastatic gastric cancer, the expression of YAP/TAZ is significantly up-regulated, but the specific molecular mechanism is unclear. This article summarizes the recent progress on Hippo signaling pathway and its upstream regulatory factors, its roles in the development of gastrointestinal cancers and related molecular mechanisms; and also discusses the future research directions of Hippo signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Physiology , Cell Proliferation , Physiology , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Humans , Signal Transduction
15.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 31(2): 85-89, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292373

ABSTRACT

Subepithelial lesions are generally an incidental diagnosis with an prevalence of 0.4%. These tumors represent a great diagnostic challenge, mainly when ruling out potentially malignant lesions, such as gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), lymphomas and carcinomas. Among the many differential diagnosis, the ectopic pancreas arises with an prevalence of 1-2% in general population. The first diagnostic approach is performed using upper digestive endoscopy, computed tomography and endosonography. This last one has a diagnostic performance of less than 50%, which increases to 90% when it is associated with a histopathological examination. There is no current consensus regarding the management and monitoring of these lesions. Based on the imaging and histological characteristics, the possibilities range from observation to endoscopic or surgical resection. In this context, we will present a clinical case of ectopic pancreas as an incidental finding, and afterwards the diagnostic and therapeutic breakdown of subepithelial lesions.


Las lesiones subepiteliales son pesquisadas generalmente de manera incidental, con una prevalencia de 0,4%. Estos tumores suponen un gran desafío diagnóstico, principalmente al momento de descartar lesiones potencialmente malignas, como el tumor estromal gastrointestinal (GIST), linfomas y carcinomas. Dentro de los posibles diagnósticos, surge el páncreas ectópico, con una prevalencia de hasta 1-2% en la población general. La primera aproximación diagnóstica se realiza mediante endoscopia digestiva alta, tomografía computarizada y la endosonografía, ésta última con un rendimiento diagnóstico menor del 50%, que aumenta hasta el 90% al asociar el examen histopatológico. No existe consenso actual respecto al manejo y seguimiento de estas lesiones, que según sus características imagenológicas e histológicas, va desde la observación hasta la resección endoscópica o quirúrgica. En este contexto, se presenta un caso clínico de páncreas ectópico como hallazgo incidental y el desglose diagnóstico y terapéutico de las lesiones subepiteliales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pancreas/diagnostic imaging , Choristoma/diagnostic imaging , Stomach Diseases/diagnosis , Endosonography , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/diagnosis
16.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 36(1): e00041518, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055611

ABSTRACT

Resumo: A alta complexidade é componente fundamental da Política Nacional para a Prevenção e Controle do Câncer no âmbito do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) brasileiro. Tem como obrigação garantir cuidado integral aos pacientes. A regulação é parte da estrutura organizacional, sendo responsável por definir os fluxos de atendimento. No Rio de Janeiro, a Central de Regulação iniciou as atividades em junho de 2015, organizando procedimentos ambulatoriais de alta complexidade. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo analisar o deslocamento para o tratamento de pessoas com tumores digestivos no Estado do Rio de Janeiro, antes e após a atuação da regulação, sob a perspectiva da Análise de Redes Sociais (ARS). Foi desenvolvido um estudo ecológico, comparando os períodos anterior (2013) e posterior (2016) à implantação da central reguladora. A pesquisa foi desenvolvida com a utilização de dados secundários provenientes do Departamento de Informática do SUS. Desse modo, foram desenhados dois sociogramas referentes aos anos 2013 e 2016, relacionando local de residência com local de internação. Com essa abordagem foi possível identificar algumas mudanças na dinâmica das relações entre as microrregiões do estado após a implantação da regulação. As microrregiões que apresentam estabelecimentos de Alta Complexidade em Oncologia exibiram um incremento no número de internações no segundo ano estudado. Observa-se ainda que a microrregião Rio de Janeiro mantém centralidade de grau nos dois momentos. A utilização da ARS para a avaliação de políticas públicas pode trazer uma importante contribuição para planejamento e gestão em saúde.


Abstract: High complexity is a fundamental component of Brazil's National Policy for Cancer Prevention and Control under the Unified National Health System (SUS). The policy mandates guaranteeing comprehensive patient care. Regulation is part of the organizational structure and is responsible for defining treatment flows. In Rio de Janeiro, the Central Regulating Office launched its activities in June 2015, organizing high-complexity outpatient procedures. The current study aims to analyze commuting for treatment by individuals with gastrointestinal tumors in the state of Rio de Janeiro, before and after the implementation of regulation, from the perspective of Social Network Analysis. This ecological study compared the periods before (2013) and after (2016) implementation of the Central Regulating Office. The study drew on secondary data from the Brazilian Health Informatics Department. Two sociograms were designed for the years 2013 and 2016, correlating place of residence with place of hospitalization. This approach allowed identifying some changes in the dynamics of relations between the state's microregions after implementation of the regulation. The microregions with high-complexity oncology establishments displayed an increase in the number of hospitalizations in 2016. The microregion of Rio de Janeiro also maintained degree centrality in the two moments. The use of Social Network Analysis to assess public policies can contribute to health planning and management.


Resumen: La alta complejidad es un componente fundamental de la Política Nacional para la Prevención y Control del Cáncer en el ámbito del Sistema Único de Salud (SUS) brasileño. Tiene como obligación garantizar el cuidado integral a los pacientes. La regulación es parte de la estructura organizacional, siendo responsable de definir los flujos de atención. En Río de Janeiro, la Central de Regulación inició sus actividades en junio de 2015, organizando procedimientos ambulatorios de alta complejidad. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar el desplazamiento para el tratamiento de personas con tumores digestivos en el Estado de Río de Janeiro, antes y después de la actuación de la regulación, desde la perspectiva del Análisis de Redes Sociales (ARS). Se desarrolló un estudio ecológico, comparando los períodos anterior (2013) y posterior (2016) a la implementación de la central reguladora. La investigación fue desarrollada con la utilización de datos secundarios provenientes del Departamento de Informática del SUS. De este modo, se diseñaron dos sociogramas referentes a los años 2013 y 2016, relacionando lugar de residencia con local de internamiento. Con este abordaje fue posible identificar algunos cambios en la dinámica de las relaciones entre las microrregiones del Estado tras la implementación de la regulación. Las microrregiones que presentan establecimientos de Alta Complejidad en Oncología mostraron un incremento en el número de internamientos en el segundo año estudiado. Se observa incluso que la microrregión Río de Janeiro mantiene centralidad de nivel/grado en los dos momentos. La utilización de la ARS para la evaluación de políticas públicas puede conllevar una importante contribución para la planificación y gestión en salud.


Subject(s)
Humans , Comprehensive Health Care/organization & administration , Delivery of Health Care/organization & administration , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/therapy , Government Programs/organization & administration , Brazil , Longitudinal Studies , Social Networking
17.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202512, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136558

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This is an integrative literature review with the objective of identifying the relationship between biochemical parameters and the nutritional status of surgical patients with cancer of the gastrointestinal tract, developed in April 2019, encompassing the databases SCOPUS (Elsevier), PubMed Central® (PMC), and the Cochrane Virtual Health Library (BVS). We used the terms "Gastrointestinal Neoplasm" AND "Nutritional Status" AND "Blood Chemical Analysis" with the aid of the Academical software after the protocol validation. Out of 147 articles analyzed, seven were included in the review, as they met the inclusion criteria. There were relevant associations between biochemical parameters and nutritional status. Impaired nutritional status can negatively influence the postoperative outcome. The monitoring of interdisciplinary teams can assist in the recovery of these patients and prevent unfavorable outcomes.


RESUMO Trata-se de revisão integrativa da literatura com o objetivo de identificar a relação dos parâmetros bioquímicos com o estado nutricional de pacientes cirúrgicos com câncer do trato gastrointestinal, desenvolvida em abril de 2019, incluindo as bases de dados SCOPUS (Elsevier), PubMed Central® (PMC) e Biblioteca Cochrane: Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BIREME). Utilizou-se a associação dos descritores "Gastrointestinal Neoplasm" AND "Nutritional Status" AND "Blood Chemical Analysis" com o auxílio do Programa Academical após a validação de protocolo. Dos 147 artigos analisados, sete foram incluídos na revisão por atender os critérios de inclusão. Dentre os resultados, evidenciaram-se associações relevantes entre os parâmetros bioquímicos e o estado nutricional. Observou-se que o estado nutricional depauperado pode influenciar negativamente o desfecho pós-operatório. O acompanhamento de equipes interprofissionais pode auxiliar na recuperação desses pacientes e evitar desfechos desfavoráveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nutritional Status , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/surgery
18.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(2): e1512, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130523

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors are rare, usually presented as subepithelial or polypoid tumors. Accurate diagnosis and indication of the type of resection are still challenging. Aim: To determine the effectiveness of echoendoscopy in determining the depth of the lesions (T) identified by endoscopy in order to evaluate surgical and/or endoscopic indication, and to evaluate the results of endoscopic removal in the medium term. Methods: Twenty-seven patients were included, all of whom underwent echoendoscopy for TN tumor staging and the evaluation of possible endoscopic resection. The parameters were: lesion size, origin layer, depth of involvement and identified perilesional adenopathies. The inclusion criteria for endoscopic resection were: 1) high surgical risk; 2) those with NET <2 cm; 3) absence of impairment of the muscle itself; and 4) absence of perilesional adenopathies in echoendoscopy and in others without distant metastases. Exclusion criteria were TNE> 2 cm; those with infiltration of the muscle itself; with perilesional adenopathies and distant metastases. The techniques used were: resection with polypectomy loop; mucosectomy with saline injection; and mucosectomy after ligation with an elastic band. The anatomopathological study of the specimens included evaluation of the margins and immunohistochemistry (chromogranin, synaptophysin and Ki 67) to characterize the tumor. Follow-up was done at 1, 6 and 12 months. Results: Resections with polypectomy loop were performed in 15 patients; mucosectomy in five; mucosectomy and ligation with elastic band in three and the remaining four were referred for surgery. The anatomopathological specimens and immunohistochemical analyzes showed positive chromogranin and synaptophysin, while Ki 67 was less than 5% among all cases. The medium-term follow-up revealed three recurrences. The average size of tumors in the stomach was 7.6 mm and in the duodenum 7.2 mm. Well-demarcated, hypoechoic, homogeneous lesions occurred in 75%; mucous layer in 80%; and the deep and submucosal mucosa in 70%. Conclusions: Echoendoscopy proved to be a good method for the study of subepithelial lesions, being able to identify the layer affected by the neoplasm, degree of invasion, echogenicity, heterogeneity, size of the lesion and perilesional lymph node involvement and better indicate the treatment option.


RESUMO Racional: Tumores neuroendócrinos gastrointestinais são raros geralmente apresentados como tumores subepiteliais ou polipoides. O diagnóstico preciso e a indicação do tipo de ressecção ainda são desafiadores. Objetivo: Determinar a eficácia da ecoendoscopia em determinar a profundidade das lesões (T) identificadas pela endoscopia com objetivo de avaliar indicação cirúrgica e/ou endoscópica, e avaliar os resultados da remoção endoscópica em seguimento em médio prazo. Métodos: Foram incluídos 27 pacientes todos submetidos à ecoendoscopia para estadiamento tumoral TN e à avaliação de possível ressecção endoscópica. Os parâmetros estudados foram: tamanho da lesão, camada de origem, profundidade do acometimento e adenopatias perilesionais identificadas. Os critérios de inclusão para ressecção endoscópica foram: 1) risco cirúrgico elevado; 2) aqueles com TNE <2 cm; 3) ausência de comprometimento da muscular própria; e 4) ausência de adenopatias perilesionais na ecoendoscopia e em outros sem metástases à distância. Os critérios de exclusão foram TNE >2 cm; os com infiltração da muscular própria; com adenopatias perilesionais e metástases à distância. As técnicas utilizadas foram: ressecção com alça de polipectomia; mucosectomia com injeção de solução salina; e mucosectomia após a ligadura com banda elástica. O estudo anatomopatológico dos espécimes incluiu avaliação das margens e imunoistoquímica (cromogranina, sinaptofisina e Ki 67) para caracterizar o tumor. O seguimento foi feito com 1, 6 e 12 meses. Resultados: Ressecções com alça de polipectomia foram realizadas em 15 pacientes; mucosectomia em cinco; mucosectomia e ligadura com banda elástica em três e os quatro restantes foram encaminhados para cirurgia. O anatomopatológico dos espécimes e as análises imunoistoquímicas mostraram cromogranina e sinaptofisina positivas, enquanto que o Ki 67 foi menor que 5% dentre todos os casos. O seguimento em médio prazo revelou três recidivas. A média de tamanho dos tumores no estômago foi de 7,6 mm e no duodeno 7,2 mm. As lesões bem demarcadas, hipoecóicas, homogêneas ocorreram em 75%; da camada mucosa em 80%; e da mucosa profunda e submucosa em 70%. Conclusões: A ecoendoscopia mostrou ser bom método para o estudo de lesões subepiteliais podendo identificar a camada acometida pela neoplasia, grau de invasão, ecogeneicidade, heterogeneidade, tamanho da lesão e acometimento linfonodal perilesional e melhor indicar a opção de tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neuroendocrine Tumors/surgery , Neuroendocrine Tumors/diagnostic imaging , Endosonography/methods , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/surgery , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Neuroendocrine Tumors/pathology , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging
20.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(1): 68-71, feb. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-983784

ABSTRACT

Los schwannomas son tumores que se originan de las células de Schwann de los nervios periféricos. Su localización en el colon es extremadamente rara y no se han descrito, en la literatura, casos en niños. Por lo general, estos tumores son asintomáticos, pero pueden producir síntomas inespecíficos y gastrointestinales. La presentación como invaginación intestinal es muy infrecuente. Se expone el caso clínico de una paciente de 11 años de edad con un schwannoma de colon manifestado clínicamente como invaginación intestinal de sigma con dolor abdominal, rectorragia y estreñimiento de 10 días de evolución, que precisó resección intestinal con márgenes quirúrgicos libres, con buena evolución posoperatoria.


Schwannomas are tumours originating in the Schwann cells of the peripheral nerves. The appearance in the colon is extremely rare, and there are no known cases in the literature of schwannomas of the colon and rectum described in children. These tumours are usually asymptomatic, but can produce non-specific and gastrointestinal symptoms. The clinical presentation as intestinal intussusception is infrequent. We present a case of an 11-year-old girl with sigmoid swchannoma presented clinically as a colonic intussusception with abdominal pain, rectal bleeding and constipation of 10 days. An intestinal resection with free surgical margins was performed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Colon, Sigmoid , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Intussusception , Neurilemmoma
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