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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878883

ABSTRACT

Nano-LC MS/MS was used to analyze trypsin digested deer-hide gelatin(DHG) samples, hydroxylation and O-glycosylation on lysine sites of DHG were comprehensive identified by using PEAKS Studio software. The sites, sorts and amounts of hydroxylation and O-glycosylation on Type Ⅰ collagen α1 chain(COL1 A1) and α2 chain(COL1 A2) of DHG were revealed. As a result, 5 284 peptides were identified from DHG samples, which were mainly from COL1 A1 and COL1 A2. Among these peptides, there were 449 peptides with hydroxylysine, 442 with galactosyl-hydroxylysine, 449 with glucosyl-galactosyl-hydroxylysine. The major modified sites of hydroxylation and O-glycosylation in DHG were shown as follow: α1-9 N and α2-5 N in N-telopeptides, α1-87, α1-174, α1-930, α2-87, α2-174, α2-933 in triple helix domain, and α1-16 C in C-telopeptides. These hydroxylation and O-glycosylation were correlated with the formation and stability of collagen molecules and collagen fibrils. It is feasible for the collagens and peptides dissolving from deer skin collagen fibrils under high temperature and pressure decocting, high temperature and pressure also might destroy inter-molecular covalent cross-linking and help those glycol-peptides formations. The present study provided ideas and strategies for the in-depth investigation on DHG chemical constituents, and showed good theoretical significance and application value.


Subject(s)
Animals , Deer/metabolism , Gelatin , Glycosylation , Hydroxylation , Lysine/metabolism , Protein Processing, Post-Translational , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888027

ABSTRACT

Huanglian Ejiao Decoction,firstly recorded in Treatise on Febrile Diseases,could be used to treat heat-conversion syndrome of Shaoyin. It has been identified that,the indications of Huanglian Ejiao Decoction include:(1)in modern medicine,it can be used to treat insomnia,arrhythmia,oral ulcer,Xiali,blood syndrome and other diseases;(2)in terms of symptoms and signs,it is mainly used for restlessness,ritability,insomnia,extremely difficult to fall asleep,palpitation,atrial premature beat,ventricular premature beat and other arrhythmias,stomach distension and stuffiness,stomach pain,vomiting,abdominal pain,cramps,lower edge,constipation,blush,red lips,easy bleeding,red tongue,thin or no coating,dry tongue surface,or light red tongue,or dark red,thin white tongue coating,and rapid pulse. It has been also identified that,(1)although the original statement of Huanglian Ejiao Decoction is very simple,it can not only be used according to irritability and insomnia;(2)tongue image is not the key to syndrome differentiation of this prescription;(3)the essence of Shaoyin syndrome is not completely heart kidney Yang deficiency,which is closest to shock in modern medicine,including septic shock,hypovolemic shock and cardiogenic shock;(4)the essential difference between Shaoyin cold and heat conversion syndrome of Shaoyin lies in the different types of shock,in which cardiogenic shock is the main cold type,while septic shock is the main heat shock;(5)heat-conversion syndrome of Shaoyin is more common in the late stage of septic shock,and part of it can be seen in the stage of heart failure combined with sympathetic activation;(6)Dioscoreae Rhizoma and Rehmanniae Radix are often used to replace egg yolk;(7)Huanglian Ejiao Decoction takes effect quickly and the course of treatment is short.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Gelatin , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/drug therapy , Yang Deficiency
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887999

ABSTRACT

Nano-LC-MS/MS was used to analyze trypsin digested deer-horn gelatin( DCG) and deer-hide gelatin( DHG) samples.The glycopeptides in DCG and DHG were quantified by Label-free quantitative( LFQ) peptidomics,on the basis of which the glycopeptides with significant difference in DCG and DHG were determined. As a result,5 736 peptides were identified from DCG samples,including 213 galactosyl-hydroxylysine containing peptides( Gal-Hyl-peptides) and 102 glucosyl-galactosyl-hydroxylysine containing peptides( Glc-Gal-Hyl-peptides),while 6 836 peptides were identified from DHG samples,among which there were 250 Gal-Hyl-peptides and 98 Glc-Gal-Hyl-peptides. With over 3-fold peak area difference and highly significant intergroup difference( P < 0. 01) as the screening criteria,444 differential peptides were determined in DCG and DHG,including 16 Gal-Hyl-peptides and 5 Glc-Gal-Hyl-peptides. Then XIC peak shapes,standard deviation of peak area,and fold change were applied for further screening and 5 glycopeptides with significant differences in DCG and DHG were confirmed,which could serve as potential biomarkers for distinguishing DCG and DHG. The present study provided ideas and strategies for the in-depth investigation on the discrimination of DCG and DHG and is of good theoretical significance and application value for the further research on chemical constituents and quality control of gelatin derived Chinese medicinals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, Liquid , Deer , Gelatin , Glycopeptides , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
4.
São Paulo; s.n; 20200000. 136 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1119566

ABSTRACT

A composição e arquitetura das matrizes desempenham um papel importante na regeneração tecidual, e a interação entre seus componentes pode influenciar no desenvolvimento celular. Assim, o objetivo do presente estudo foi desenvolver e analisar as características morfológicas, físico-químicas, biológicas e antimicrobianas de matrizes reticuladas ou não a base de quitosana, gelatina e dentina em pó. Matrizes sólidas de quitosana pura; quitosana e gelatina reticuladas ou não com genipina; quitosana, gelatina e dentina em pó reticuladas ou não, foram elaboradas através do método de congelamento e liofilização. As características morfológicas das matrizes foram analisadas por microscopia eletrônica de varredura. As características físico-químicas foram analisadas ensaio de degradação, embebição e liberação de proteínas. A citotoxicidade do meio condicionado com as matrizes nas células-tronco da papila dental foi avaliada pelo ensaio de MTT. A citotoxicidade das matrizes foi avaliada pelo ensaio de contato direto. A morfologia e adesão celular nas matrizes foram avaliadas por microscopia eletrônica de varredura e a proliferação celular pelo ensaio de MTT. A diferenciação das células nas matrizes foi avaliada pelo ensaio de vermelho de alizarina. O efeito antimicrobiano das matrizes foi avaliado pelo método de cultura bactéria, e a adesão das bactérias nas matrizes foi observada por microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Os dados obtidos foram comparados com nível de significância de 5%. Assim, todas as matrizes apresentaram estruturas porosas. A reticulação da matriz reduziu a taxa de degradação e embebição. Com exceção da quitosana pura, todas as matrizes liberaram proteínas. A adição de dentina em pó nas matrizes reticuladas compostas por quitosana e gelatina promoveu maior liberação de proteínas, adesão, proliferação e diferenciação celular. Adicionalmente, conferiu-lhe efeito bacteriostático sobre E. faecalis, limitando sua adesão à superfície da matriz. Assim, conclui-se que a matriz reticulada composta por quitosana e gelatina com adição de dentina em pó apresenta características morfológicas, físico-químicas, biológicas e antimicrobianas adequadas para seu potencial emprego na regeneração das estruturas do complexo dentinho-pulpar. Sendo a adição de dentina em pó determinante na melhoria dessas características.


Subject(s)
Chitosan , Gelatin
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828090

ABSTRACT

Colla Corii Asini(Ejiao)is an important Chinese medicine used in China for thousands of years, and is well known for its famous tonic properties. The herbalogical study was detailed carried out based on the naming, habitat, harvesting, processing, medicinal properties and clinical efficacy. The results showed that the name of Ejiao could be traced back to Shennong's Materia Medica, and various names of Lvpi Jiao, Penfu Jiao and Fuzhi Jiao were recorded in other ancient books. In the many intervening centuries, the main materials of Ejiao had been replaced from cow leather before Tang Dynasty to donkey skin in the middle to late Tang Dynasty. This phenomenon could be probably caused by complicated social factors of various periods and different efficacy of Ejiao made by all kinds of raw materials. Ejiao was merely processed with the simple methods before Tang Dynasty, which subsequently improved avariety of methods to enhance the supplementation action. Most importantly, Ejiao has a wide clinic application along with the development of processing theories and methods, which can be found in various Classics, especially in imperial medical case record in Qing Dynasty.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Gelatin , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
6.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(4): 383-389, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042009

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives Modern crystalloid and colloid solutions are balanced solutions which are increasingly used in perioperative period. However, studies investigating their negative effect on whole blood coagulation are missing, and vivid debate is going on about which solution has the minimal coagulopathy effect. The aim of our study was to assess the effect of modern fluid solutions on whole blood coagulation using rotational thromboelastometry. Methods Blood samples were obtained from 30 patients during knee arthroscopy before and after administration of 500 mL of crystalloid, Hydroxyethyl Starch and gelatin according to the randomization. Rotational thromboelastometry (Extem, Intem and Fibtem tests) was used to assess negative effect of fluid solutions on whole blood coagulation. Results In Extem test, the initiation phase of fibrin clot formation represented by CT parameter was not influenced by any fluid solution (p > 0.05). The speed of clot formation represented by CFT and α angle was impaired by Hydroxyethyl Starch and gelatin but not by crystalloids (p < 0.05). The strength of formatted coagulum represented by MCF parameter was impaired both in Extem and Fibtem test by HES and in Fibtem also by crystalloids (p < 0.05). Intem test was not negatively influenced by any crystalloid or colloid solution in any parameter (p > 0.05). Conclusion Extem test appears to be sensitive to coagulopathy effect of modern colloids and crystalloids. Hydroxyethyl starch has the most obvious negative effect on clot formation followed by gelatin and finally by crystalloids. Intem test seems to be insensitive to adverse effect of modern colloids and crystalloids.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos Os cristaloides e coloides modernos são soluções balanceadas e cada vez mais utilizadas no período perioperatório. No entanto, não há estudos que avaliem seu efeito negativo na coagulação do sangue total e o intenso debate sobre a solução que cause um efeito mínimo na coagulopatia permanece. O objetivo de nosso estudo foi avaliar o efeito das soluções líquidas modernas na coagulação do sangue total com o uso da tromboelastometria rotacional. Métodos De acordo com a randomização, amostras de sangue foram colhidas de 30 pacientes durante a artroscopia de joelho, antes e após a administração de 500 mL de cristaloides, hidroxietilamido e gelatina. A tromboelastometria rotacional (testes Extem, Intem e Fibtem) foi utilizada para avaliar o efeito negativo das soluções líquidas na coagulação do sangue total. Resultados No teste Extem, a fase de iniciação da formação de coágulos de fibrina representada pelo parâmetro CT não foi influenciada por qualquer solução líquida (p > 0,05). A velocidade da formação de coágulos representada pelo CFT e pelo ângulo α foi prejudicada pelo hidroxietilamido e pela gelatina, mas não pelos cristaloides (p < 0,05). A força do coágulo formatado representado pelo parâmetro MCF foi prejudicada tanto no teste Extem quanto no teste Fibtem pelo HES e no teste Fibtem também pelos cristaloides (p < 0,05). O teste Intem não foi influenciado negativamente por nenhuma solução cristaloide ou coloide em nenhum parâmetro (p > 0,05). Conclusão O teste Extem parece ser sensível ao efeito de coagulopatia dos coloides e cristaloides modernos. O hidroxietilamido apresentou o efeito negativo mais óbvio na formação do coágulo, seguido pela gelatina e finalmente pelos cristaloides. O teste Intem parece ser insensível ao efeito adverso dos coloides e cristaloides modernos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Thrombelastography/methods , Crystalloid Solutions/administration & dosage , Gelatin/administration & dosage , Arthroscopy/methods , Blood Coagulation/drug effects , Blood Coagulation Tests , Hydroxyethyl Starch Derivatives/administration & dosage , Plasma Substitutes/administration & dosage , Colloids/administration & dosage , Knee Joint/surgery , Middle Aged
7.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(3): 811-818, May-June 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1011292

ABSTRACT

Trauma or disease inflicted by tissue injuries may cause tissue degeneration. The use of biomaterials for direct or indirect repair has emerged as a promising alternative, and has become an important research topic. The pequi fruit (Caryocar brasiliense Camb.) has shown antifungal, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, healing, antitumor, and antioxidant properties. The objective of this study was to develop a new biomaterial using a combination of collagen, gelatin, and pulp pequi oil, and to evaluate its biocompatibility in comparison with that of biomaterials produced without pulp pequi oil. Membranes were prepared from a mixture of bovine tendon collagen, commercial gelatin, and pulp pequi oil. The inflammatory and cicatricial processes were assessed via histopathology of the tissue interface/implants in the subcutaneous tissues and quantitative evaluation of leukocyte and collagen production in Wistar rats. It was observed that the presence of pequi oil reduced the amount of foreign-body giant cells and favored the recruitment of fibroblasts (P< 0.01), thereby promoting greater production of collagen membrane than that in the membranes of control samples. Therefore, it can be concluded that the addition of pequi oil improved the biocompatibility of collagen and accelerated the healing process.(AU)


Trauma ou lesões causadas por doenças podem enfraquecer e degenerar os tecidos humanos e animais. O uso de biomateriais para reparação direta ou indireta surgiu como uma alternativa promissora e tornou-se um importante tema de pesquisa. O óleo de pequi (Caryocar brasiliense Camb.) mostrou propriedades antifúngicas, antibacterianas, anti-inflamatórias, curativas, antitumorais e antioxidantes. O objetivo deste estudo foi obter um novo biomaterial, produzido pela combinação de óleo de pequi, colágeno e gelatina, para avaliar sua biocompatibilidade em comparação às membranas produzidas sem o óleo. As membranas foram preparadas por meio da mistura de colágeno de tendão bovino, gelatina comercial e óleo de pequi. Os processos inflamatórios e cicatriciais foram avaliados por histopatologia da interface / implantes de tecido subcutâneo de ratos Wistar para avaliação quantitativa da produção de leucócitos e colágeno. Observou-se que a presença de óleo de pequi reduziu a quantidade de células gigantes de corpo estranho e favoreceu o recrutamento de fibroblastos (P<0,01), promovendo, assim, maior produção da membrana de colágeno em comparação com a membrana de controle. Portanto, pode-se concluir que a adição de óleo de pequi melhorou a biocompatibilidade do colágeno e acelerou o processo de cicatrização.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Soft Tissue Injuries/veterinary , Ericales , Wound Healing , Collagen/therapeutic use , Gelatin/therapeutic use
8.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180072, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041540

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Appropriate preservation of specimens is important for taxonomic identification. In sandfly research, various methods have been used for slide preparation; however, high cost, low commercial availability, and associated hazards make their use impossible in some studies. Therefore, the efficacy of Kisser glycerol gelatin for sandfly slide preparation was tested. METHODS: Kisser glycerol gelatin, as a substitute for Canada balsam and Berlese's fluid, was used for mounting sandflies. RESULTS: Forty-two mounted specimens were created and maintained even after 14 months. CONCLUSIONS: Use of Kisser glycerol gelatin is simple and efficient for preparing microscope slides of sandflies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Psychodidae , Specimen Handling/methods , Gelatin , Glycerol , Insect Vectors , Microscopy/methods
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766119

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Despite the well-known anti-inflammatory effects of vitamin D in periodontal health, its mechanism has not been fully elucidated. In the present study, the effect of vitamin D on strengthening E-cadherin junctions (ECJs) was explored in human gingival keratinocytes (HGKs). ECJs are the major type of intercellular junction within the junctional epithelium, where loose intercellular junctions develop and microbial invasion primarily occurs. METHODS: HOK-16B cells, an immortalized normal human gingival cell line, were used for the study. To mimic the inflammatory environment, cells were treated with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in the culture medium were assessed by an MMP antibody microarray and gelatin zymography. The expression of various molecules was investigated using western blotting. The extent of ECJ development was evaluated by comparing the average relative extent of the ECJs around the periphery of each cell after immunocytochemical E-cadherin staining. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) expression was examined via immunohistochemical analysis. RESULTS: TNF-α downregulated the development of the ECJs of the HGKs. Dissociation of the ECJs by TNF-α was accompanied by the upregulation of MMP-9 production and suppressed by a specific MMP-9 inhibitor, Bay 11-7082. Exogenous MMP-9 decreased the development of ECJs. Vitamin D reduced the production of MMP-9 and attenuated the breakdown of ECJs in the HGKs treated with TNF-α. In addition, vitamin D downregulated TNF-α-induced nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling in the HGKs. VDR was expressed in the gingival epithelium, including the junctional epithelium. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that vitamin D may avert TNF-α-induced downregulation of the development of ECJs in HGKs by decreasing the production of MMP-9, which was upregulated by TNF-α. Vitamin D may reinforce ECJs by downregulating NF-κB signaling, which is upregulated by TNF-α. Strengthening the epithelial barrier may be a way for vitamin D to protect the periodontium from bacterial invasion.


Subject(s)
Bays , Blotting, Western , Cadherins , Cell Line , Down-Regulation , Epithelial Attachment , Epithelium , Gelatin , Humans , Intercellular Junctions , Keratinocytes , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Matrix Metalloproteinases , NF-kappa B , Periodontium , Receptors, Calcitriol , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Up-Regulation , Vitamin D , Vitamins
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742388

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Tissue engineering is a multidisciplinary field which attracted much attention in recent years. One of the most important issue in tissue engineering is how to obtain high cell numbers and tissue regeneration while maintaining appropriate cellular characteristics in vitro for restoring damaged or dysfunctional body tissues and organs. These demands can be achieved by the use of three dimensional (3D) dynamic cultures of cells combined with cell-adhesive micro-carriers. METHODS: In this study, human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) were cultured in a wave-bioreactor system for up to 100 days, after seeding on Cultisphere-S porous gelatin micro-carriers. Cell counting was performed at the time points of 7, 12, 17, 31 days and compared to those of hMSCs cultured under static condition. Higher growth and proliferation rates was achieved in wave-type dynamic culture, when cell culture continued to day 31. A scanning electron microscope (SEM) photographs, both live and dead and MTT assays were taken to confirm the survival and distribution of cells on porous gelatin micro-carrier surfaces. The results of histological stains such as hematoxylin and eosin, Masson’s trichrome, Alcian blue and Alizarin red S also showed improved proliferation and tissue regeneration of hMSCs on porous gelatin micro-carriers. CONCLUSION: The experimental results demonstrated the effect and importance of both micro-carriers and bioreactor in hMSC expansion on cell proliferation and migration as well as extracellular matrix formation on the superficial and pore surfaces of the porous gelatin micro-carriers, and then their inter-connections, leading to tissue regeneration.


Subject(s)
Alcian Blue , Bioreactors , Cell Count , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Proliferation , Coloring Agents , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Extracellular Matrix , Gelatin , Hematoxylin , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Regeneration , Tissue Engineering
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785656

ABSTRACT

Ultraselective conventional transarterial chemoembolization (cTACE), defined as cTACE at the most distal portion of the subsubsegmental hepatic artery, is mainly performed for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) ≤5 cm. Distal advancement of a microcatheter enables injection of a larger volume of iodized oil into the portal vein in the limited area under non-physiological hemodynamics. As a result, the reversed portal flow into the tumor through the drainage route of the tumor that occurs when the hepatic artery is embolized is temporarily blocked. By adding gelatin sponge slurry embolization, both the hepatic artery and portal vein are embolized and not only complete necrosis of can be achieved. Ultraselective cTACE can cure small HCCs including less hypervascular tumor portions and replace surgical resection and radiofrequency ablation in selected patients.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Catheter Ablation , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Drainage , Gelatin , Gelatin Sponge, Absorbable , Hemodynamics , Hepatic Artery , Humans , Iodized Oil , Necrosis , Porifera , Portal Vein
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786673

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Stem cell engineering is appealing consideration for regenerating damaged endothelial cells (ECs) because stem cells can differentiate into EC-like cells. In this study, we demonstrate that tonsil-derived mesenchymal stem cells (TMSCs) can differentiate into EC-like cells under optimal physiochemical microenvironments.METHODS: TMSCs were preconditioned with Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM) or EC growth medium (EGM) for 4 days and then replating them on Matrigel to observe the formation of a capillary-like network under light microscope. Microarray, quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting and immunofluorescence analyses were used to evaluate the expression of gene and protein of EC-related markers.RESULTS: Preconditioning TMSCs in EGM for 4 days and then replating them on Matrigel induced the formation of a capillary-like network in 3 h, but TMSCs preconditioned with DMEM did not form such a network. Genome analyses confirmed that EGM preconditioning significantly affected the expression of genes related to angiogenesis, blood vessel morphogenesis and development, and vascular development. Western blot analyses revealed that EGM preconditioning with gelatin coating induced the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), a mature EC-specific marker, as well as phosphorylated Akt at serine 473, a signaling molecule related to eNOS activation. Gelatin-coating during EGM preconditioning further enhanced the stability of the capillary-like network, and also resulted in the network more closely resembled to those observed in human umbilical vein endothelial cells.CONCLUSION: This study suggests that under specific conditions, i.e., EGM preconditioning with gelatin coating for 4 days followed by Matrigel, TMSCs could be a source of generating endothelial cells for treating vascular dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Blood Vessels , Blotting, Western , Eagles , Endothelial Cells , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Gelatin , Genome , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Morphogenesis , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Palatine Tonsil , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Serine , Stem Cells
13.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 31(1): e1342, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-885756

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Obtaining effective hemostasis either in the traumatic or surgical lesions of parenchymal viscera, especially the liver, has always been a challenge. Aim: Comparative study between the use of different hemostatic sponges in hepatic wound and their capacity of integration to cells in a short period. Methods: Fifteen Wistar rats were divided into three groups. Through laparotomy a standardized wound in hepatic right lobe was made. The animals were treated with three sponges, being gelatin in group I, equine collagen in group II, and oxidized cellulose in group III. The hemostatic capacity was analysed. On the 7º day after surgery samples for histology analysis (H&E and picrosirius) were collected for inflammatory evaluation and collagen quantification (types I and III) with polarized microscopy. Results: All materials used had similar haemostatic effects, with no significant difference in hemostasis time. In the assessment of tissue repair and adhesions provoked, as well as analysis of the inflammatory process, the gelatin sponge presented greater inflammation and adhesions to the contiguous structures to the procedure in relation to the other groups. Conclusion: Animals which had their wounds treated with collagen and regenerated cellulose sponges presented better results in relationship to the ones treated with gelatin sponge.


RESUMO Racional A obtenção de hemostasia eficaz nas lesões traumáticas ou cirúrgicas de vísceras parenquimatosas, em especial do fígado, sempre foi desafiante. Objetivo: Comparar o uso de hemostáticos absorvíveis em ferimento hepático quanto à capacidade hemostática e de integração aos tecidos em curto prazo. Métodos: Foram utilizados 15 ratos Wistar separados em três grupos. Foi realizada laparotomia e ferimento padronizado em lobo hepático direito. Os animais do grupo I foram tratados com esponja de gelatina sobre os ferimentos; os do grupo II com esponja de colágeno equino, e os do grupo III com celulose regenerada oxidada. Na ocasião foi estudada a capacidade hemostática. No 7º dia de pós-operatório nova laparotomia foi realizada e foram coletadas amostras para estudos histológicos (H&E e picrosirius) avaliando os processos por microscopia ótica e de polarização para quantificação de colágeno (tipos I e III). Resultados: Todos os materiais usados apresentaram efeitos hemostáticos semelhantes, não havendo diferença significativa no tempo de hemostasia. Na avaliação da reparação tecidual e aderências provocadas, assim como análise do processo inflamatório, os tratados com esponja de gelatina apresentaram maior inflamação e aderências às estruturas contíguas ao procedimento em relação aos outros grupos. Conclusão: Os animais tratados com a esponja de colágeno e celulose regenerada apresentaram resultados melhores que aqueles com esponja de gelatina.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Hemostatics/therapeutic use , Cellulose, Oxidized/therapeutic use , Hemostatic Techniques/instrumentation , Collagen/therapeutic use , Gelatin/therapeutic use , Liver/injuries , Wound Healing , Surgical Sponges , Rats, Wistar
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758874

ABSTRACT

We investigated the effect of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) on equine hyaluronan synthase 2 (HAS2) gene expression and hyaluronan (HA) synthesis in culture models of articular chondrocytes. Equine chondrocytes were treated with TGF-β1 at different concentrations and times in monolayer cultures. In three-dimensional cultures, chondrocyte-seeded gelatin scaffolds were cultured in chondrogenic media containing 10 ng/mL of TGF-β1. The amounts of HA in conditioned media and in scaffolds were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. HAS2 mRNA expression was analyzed by semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The uronic acid content and DNA content of the scaffolds were measured by using colorimetric and Hoechst 33258 assays, respectively. Cell proliferation was evaluated by using the alamarBlue assay. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), histology, and immunohistochemistry were used for microscopic analysis of the samples. The upregulation of HAS2 mRNA levels by TGF-β1 stimulation was dose and time dependent. TGF-β1 was shown to enhance HA and uronic acid content in the scaffolds. Cell proliferation and DNA content were significantly lower in TGF-β1 treatments. SEM and histological results revealed the formation of a cartilaginous-like extracellular matrix in the TGF-β1-treated scaffolds. Together, our results suggest that TGF-β1 has a stimulatory effect on equine chondrocytes, enhancing HA synthesis and promoting cartilage matrix generation.


Subject(s)
Bisbenzimidazole , Cartilage , Cell Proliferation , Chondrocytes , Culture Media, Conditioned , DNA , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Extracellular Matrix , Gelatin , Gene Expression , Horses , Hyaluronic Acid , Immunohistochemistry , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcription , RNA, Messenger , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Transforming Growth Factors , Up-Regulation
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740121

ABSTRACT

Gelatinous transformation of bone marrow is characterized by hypoplasia of fat cells with focal loss of hematopoietic cells and deposition of extracellular gelatinous substances. It is known to be associated with devastating underlying diseases that starve bone marrow. Here, we present a case of a patient whose magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of vertebral column were interpreted as metastasis or hematologic malignancy, however, the final diagnosis revealed a gelatinous transformation of bone marrow. This is the first report of gelatinous transformation of bone marrow without evidence of underlying devastating disease.


Subject(s)
Adipocytes , Bone Marrow , Diagnosis , Gelatin , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasm Metastasis , Positron-Emission Tomography , Spine
16.
Biomedical Engineering Letters ; (4): 101-116, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739413

ABSTRACT

Portable wireless ultrasound has been emerging as a new ultrasound device due to its unique advantages including small size, lightweight, wireless connectivity and affordability. Modern portable ultrasound devices can offer high quality sonogram images and even multiple ultrasound modes such as color Doppler, echocardiography, and endovaginal examination. However, none of them can provide elastography function yet due to the limitations in computational performance and data transfer speed of wireless communication. Also phase-based strain estimator (PSE) that is commonly used for conventional elastography cannot be adopted for portable ultrasound, because ultrasound parameters such as data dumping interval are varied significantly in the practice of portable ultrasound. Therefore, this research aims to propose a new elastography method suitable for portable ultrasound, called the robust phase-based strain estimator (RPSE), which is not only robust to the variation of ultrasound parameters but also computationally effective. Performance and suitability of RPSE were compared with other strain estimators including time-delay, displacement-gradient and phase-based strain estimators (TSE, DSE and PSE, respectively). Three types of raw RF data sets were used for validation tests: two numerical phantom data sets modeled by an open ultrasonic simulation code (Field II) and a commercial FEA (Abaqus), and the one experimentally acquired with a portable ultrasound device from a gelatin phantom. To assess image quality of elastograms, signal-to-noise (SNRe) and contrast-to-noise (CNRe) ratios were measured on the elastograms produced by each strain estimator. The computational efficiency was also estimated and compared. Results from the numerical phantom experiment showed that RPSE could achieve highest values of SNRe and CNRe (around 5.22 and 47.62 dB) among all strain estimators tested, and almost 10 times higher computational efficiency than TSE and DSE (around 0.06 vs. 5.76 s per frame for RPSE and TSE, respectively).


Subject(s)
Dataset , Echocardiography , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Gelatin , Methods , Ultrasonics , Ultrasonography
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739176

ABSTRACT

Transcatheter arterial embolization using N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) for gastrointestinal arterial bleeding enables higher cessation rate and lower recurrent bleeding rate compared with conventional embolic materials including gelatin sponge, metallic coil, and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particle. Glue embolization is particularly effective in patients with coagulopathy. Even in the lower gastrointestinal tract, ischemic bowel complications by glue embolization are comparable to other agents. Glue embolization is also effective for arterial esophageal bleeding without any serious ischemic complications although the anatomy of the esophageal artery is complex and varied. For bleeding after abdominal surgery such as pancreaticoduodenectomy or hepatic lobectomy, interventional radiologists should be careful with indicating glue embolization because the presence of fewer collateral vessels can easily result in serious ischemic complications. Modified glue such as Glubran 2 (NBCA associated with methacryloxyfulfolane) can reduce the risk of ischemic complication due to its less thermal reaction, but the outcomes seem unsatisfactory.


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Arteries , Cyanoacrylates , Embolization, Therapeutic , Enbucrilate , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Gelatin , Hemorrhage , Humans , Lower Gastrointestinal Tract , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Polyvinyl Alcohol , Porifera
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739175

ABSTRACT

Hemorrhage following pancreatitis may become complicated during the disease course and with possibly fatal consequences. Radiologic findings are as follows: the presence of hematomas, hemorrhagic pseudocysts, extravasation of contrast media or the formation of arterial pseudoaneurysms. The digital subtraction angiography findings are as follows: contrast extravasation due to arterial rupture; pseudoaneurysm formation; and luminal irregularity. A pseudoaneurysm is considered to be treated as soon as detected due to its risk of rupture. Endovascular management, which includes embolization using coils, N-butyl cyanoacrylate, gelatin sponge, stents, and thrombin, is an effective option for the treatment for pancreatitis-related bleeding.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, False , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Cyanoacrylates , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endovascular Procedures , Extravasation of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Materials , Gelatin , Hematoma , Hemorrhage , Pancreatitis , Phenobarbital , Porifera , Rupture , Stents , Thrombin
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713876

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the technical and clinical outcomes of plug-assisted retrograde transvenous obliteration (PARTO) for the treatment of gastric varices (GV) and to evaluate the role of intra-procedural cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) performed during PARTO to confirm its technical success. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2016 to December 2016, 17 patients with GV who had undergone PARTO were retrospectively evaluated. When the proximal part of the afferent vein was identified on a fluoroscopy, non-contrast CBCT images were obtained. In patients with incomplete embolization of GV, an additional injection of gelatin sponges was performed. Follow-up data from contrast-enhanced CT and upper intestinal endoscopy, as well as clinical and laboratory data were collected. RESULTS: Plug-assisted retrograde transvenous obliteration procedures were technically successful in all 17 patients. Complete embolization of GV was detected on CBCT images in 15 patients; whereas, incomplete embolization was detected in two. Complete embolization of GV was then achieved after an additional injection of gelatin sponges in these two patients as demonstrated on the 2nd CBCT image. The mean follow-up period after PARTO was 193 days (range, 73–383 days). A follow-up CT obtained 2–4 months after PARTO demonstrated marked shrinkage or complete obliteration of GV and portosystemic shunts in all 17 patients. There were no cases of variceal bleeding during the follow-up. CONCLUSION: Plug-assisted retrograde transvenous obliteration is technically and clinically effective for the treatment of GV. In addition, intra-procedural CBCT can be an adjunct tool to fluoroscopy, because it can provide an immediate and accurate evaluation of the technical success of PARTO.


Subject(s)
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Endoscopy , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Fluoroscopy , Follow-Up Studies , Gelatin , Humans , Porifera , Portasystemic Shunt, Surgical , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Veins
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713802

ABSTRACT

A titanium implant surface when coated with biodegradable, highly porous, osteogenic nanofibrous coating has shown enhanced intrinsic osteoinductive and osteoconductive properties. This coating mimics extracellular matrix resulting in differentiation of stem cells present in the peri-implant niche to osteoblast and hence results in enhanced osseointegration of the implant. The osteogenic nanofibrous coating (ONFC) consists of poly-caprolactone, gelatin, nano-sized hydroxyapatite, dexamethasone, ascorbic acid and beta-glycerophosphate. ONFC exhibits optimum mechanical properties to support mesenchymal stem cells and steer their osteogenic differentiation. ONFC was subjected to various characterization tests like scanning electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, x-ray diffractometry, thermal degradation, biomineralization, mechanical properties, wettability and proliferation assay. In pre-clinical animal trials, the coated implant showed enhanced new bone formation when placed in the tibia of rabbit. This novel approach toward implant bone integration holds significant promise for its easy and economical coating thus marking the beginning of new era of electrospun osteogenic nanofibrous coated bone implants.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ascorbic Acid , Dexamethasone , Durapatite , Extracellular Matrix , Gelatin , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Osseointegration , Osteoblasts , Osteogenesis , Spectrum Analysis , Stem Cells , Tibia , Titanium , Wettability
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