Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 117
Filter
1.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(9): 1144-1150, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041074

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE In view of the high incidence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and the unsatisfactory therapeutic effects of dimethyldiguanide or clomifene citrate alone, our study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects of dimethyldiguanide combined with clomifene citrate in the treatment of PCOS. METHODS A total of 79 patients with POCS and 35 healthy females were included, and endometrial biopsies were obtained. The sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 (SREBP1) expression in endometrial tissues was detected by qRT-PCR. POC patients were randomly divided into group A (n=40) and group B (n=39). Patients in group A were treated with dimethyldiguanide combined with clomifene citrate, while patients in group B were treated with clomifene citrate alone. The number of mature follicles and cervical mucus score, follicular development rate and single follicle ovulation rate, cycle pregnancy rate, early miscarriage rate, ovulation rate, endometrial thickness, positive rate of three lines sign, follicle stimulating hormone level and luteinizing hormone level were compared between the two groups. RESULTS The expression level of SREBP1 was higher in PCOS patients than that in the healthy control. SREBP1 expression was inhibited after treatment, while the inhibitory effects of combined treatment were stronger than those of clomifene citrate alone. Compared with clomifene citrate alone, the combined treatment improved cervical mucus score, follicle development rate, single follicle ovulation rate, endometrial thickness, positive rate of three lines sign, and follicle-stimulating hormone level. CONCLUSION The therapeutic effect of combined treatment is better than clomifene citrate alone in the treatment of PCOS.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Tendo em vista a alta incidência de síndrome dos ovários policísticos (SOP) e os efeitos terapêuticos insatisfatórios da dimetildiguanida ou do citrato de clomifeno isoladamente, nosso estudo teve como objetivo investigar os efeitos terapêuticos da dimetildiguanida associada ao citrato de clomifeno no tratamento da SOP. MÉTODOS Um total de 79 pacientes com POCS e 35 mulheres saudáveis foram incluídos, e biópsias endometriais foram obtidas. A expressão da proteína de ligação do elemento regulador de esterol-1 (SREBP1) nos tecidos endometriais foi detectada por qRT-PCR. Pacientes POC foram divididos aleatoriamente em grupo A (n=40) e grupo B (n=39). Os pacientes do grupo A foram tratados com dimetildiguanida combinada com citrato de clomifeno, enquanto os pacientes do grupo B foram tratados apenas com citrato de clomifeno. O número de folículos maduros e muco cervical, taxa de desenvolvimento folicular e taxa de ovulação, taxa de gravidez, abortamento precoce, taxa de ovulação, espessura endometrial, taxa positiva de três linhas, nível de hormônio folículo estimulante e nível de hormônio luteinizante foram comparados entre os dois grupos. RESULTADOS O nível de expressão do SREBP1 foi maior nos pacientes com SOP do que no controle normal. A expressão de SREBP1 foi inibida após o tratamento, enquanto os efeitos inibidores do tratamento combinado foram mais fortes do que os do citrato de clomifeno isoladamente. Comparado com o citrato de clomifeno sozinho, o tratamento combinado melhorou significativamente a pontuação do muco cervical, a taxa de desenvolvimento folicular, a taxa de ovulação do folículo único, a espessura endometrial, a taxa positiva de três linhas de sinal e o nível de hormônio folículo estimulante. CONCLUSÃO O efeito terapêutico do tratamento combinado é melhor do que o citrato de clomifeno isolado no tratamento da SOP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/drug therapy , Clomiphene/therapeutic use , Fertility Agents, Female/therapeutic use , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Metformin/therapeutic use , Ovulation Induction , Cervix Mucus/drug effects , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Clomiphene/pharmacology , Drug Therapy, Combination , Endometrium/physiopathology , Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1/adverse effects , Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1/genetics , Fertility Agents, Female/pharmacology , Ovarian Follicle/drug effects , Hypoglycemic Agents/pharmacology , Metformin/pharmacology
2.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 51(1): 12-17, mar. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003276

ABSTRACT

Phytophtora capsici es un patógeno que incide sobre cultivos de la familia de las solanáceas causando pérdidas económicas en cultivos de pimientos, tomates, berenjenas y cur-cubitáceas. En este trabajo evaluamos el efecto del quitosano de bajo grado de polimerización (QBP) sobre el crecimiento de P. capsici y sobre la regulación génica de este fitopatógeno a nivel transcripcional. A una concentración de 0,4mg/l de QBP se obtuvo un 88% de inhibición en el crecimiento; concentraciones superiores a 1,6 mg/l inhibieron el crecimiento en un 100%. Mediante ensayos de cambio en la movilidad electroforética de ácidos nucleicos se comprobó que el quitosano interactúa con el ADN y el ARN del hongo frente a concentraciones entre 2 y 4 mg/l de ADN y entre 0,5 y 3 mg/l de ARN. Además, se efectuó un análisis de despliegue diferencial de los productos de amplificación por RT-PCR de los ARN mensajeros de P. capsici obtenidos en presencia o ausencia de QBP; este mostró cambios en el perfil de expresión inducidos por el tratamiento con quitosano. El análisis bioinformático de las secuencias de los transcritos expresados diferencialmente sugiere que el QBP afectó la regulación génica de elementos involucrados en la síntesis de quitina y de proteínas de unión a hidratos de carbono.


Phytophthora blight of peppers, caused by oomycete Phytophthora capsici, currently causes economic losses in crops such as peppers, tomatoes, eggplant and cucurbits. In this work, we evaluated the effect of chitosan with low degree of polymerization (LDP) on growth and gene expression of P. capsici cultures. LDP chitosan inhibited 88% of P. capsici mycelial growth at concentrations up to 0,4 mg/l, whereas at concentrations higher than 1,6 mg/l it completely inhibit growth. Gel mobility shift assays demonstrated that chitosan interacts with DNA and RNA of the fungus at concentrations ranging from 2 to 4 mg/l for DNA and 0,5 to 3 mg/l for RNA. The differential display analysis of RT-PCR-amplification products of P. capsici messenger RNA revealed changes in gene expression profiles after the chitosan treatment. Bioinformatic analysis of sequences from selected differentially-expressed bands showed the gene regulation of elements involved in chitin synthesis and carbohydrate-binding proteins.


Subject(s)
Phytophthora/genetics , Gene Expression/drug effects , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Chitosan/administration & dosage , Phytophthora/drug effects , Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay/methods , Chitosan/therapeutic use , Polymerization
3.
Clinics ; 74: e688, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989635

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES This study aims to compare the differential gene expression resulting from tocotrienol-rich fraction and α-tocopherol supplementation in healthy older adults. METHODS A total of 71 eligible subjects aged 50 to 55 years from Gombak and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, were divided into three groups and supplemented with placebo (n=23), α-tocopherol (n=24) or tocotrienol-rich fraction (n=24). Blood samples were collected at baseline and at 3 and 6 months of supplementation for microarray analysis. RESULTS The number of genes altered by α-tocopherol was higher after 6 months (1,410) than after 3 months (273) of supplementation. α-Tocopherol altered the expression of more genes in males (952) than in females (731). Similarly, tocotrienol-rich fraction modulated the expression of more genes after 6 months (1,084) than after 3 months (596) and affected more genes in males (899) than in females (781). α-Tocopherol supplementation modulated pathways involving the response to stress and stimuli, the immune response, the response to hypoxia and bacteria, the metabolism of toxins and xenobiotics, mitosis, and synaptic transmission as well as activated the mitogen-activated protein kinase and complement pathways after 6 months. However, tocotrienol-rich fraction supplementation affected pathways such as the signal transduction, apoptosis, nuclear factor kappa B kinase, cascade extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase-2, immune response, response to drug, cell adhesion, multicellular organismal development and G protein signaling pathways. CONCLUSION Supplementation with either α-tocopherol or tocotrienol-rich fraction affected the immune and drug response and the cell adhesion and signal transduction pathways but modulated other pathways differently after 6 months of supplementation, with sex-specific responses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Gene Expression/drug effects , Dietary Supplements , alpha-Tocopherol/pharmacology , Tocotrienols/pharmacology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Protein Kinases/drug effects , Time Factors , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Cell Adhesion/drug effects , Single-Blind Method , Sex Factors , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Immune System/drug effects
4.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 141-147, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742492

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: microRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding RNAs composed of 20 to 22 nucleotides that regulate development and differentiation in various organs by silencing specific RNAs and regulating gene expression. In the present study, we show that the microRNA (miR)-183 cluster is upregulated during hair cell regeneration and that its inhibition reduces hair cell regeneration following neomycin-induced ototoxicity in zebrafish. MATERIALS AND METHODS: miRNA expression patterns after neomycin exposure were analyzed using microarray chips. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was performed to validate miR-183 cluster expression patterns following neomycin exposure (500 µM for 2 h). After injection of an antisense morpholino (MO) to miR-183 (MO-183) immediately after fertilization, hair cell regeneration after neomycin exposure in neuromast cells was evaluated by fluorescent staining (YO-PRO1). The MO-183 effect also was assessed in transgenic zebrafish larvae expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) in inner ear hair cells. RESULTS: Microarray analysis clearly showed that the miR-183 cluster (miR-96, miR-182, and miR-183) was upregulated after neomycin treatment. We also confirmed upregulated expression of the miR-183 cluster during hair cell regeneration after neomycin-induced ototoxicity. miR-183 inhibition using MO-183 reduced hair cell regeneration in both wild-type and GFP transgenic zebrafish larvae. CONCLUSION: Our work demonstrates that the miR-183 cluster is essential for the regeneration of hair cells following ototoxic injury in zebrafish larvae. Therefore, regulation of the miR-183 cluster can be a novel target for stimulation of hair cell regeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Genetically Modified , Cell Count , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Green Fluorescent Proteins/metabolism , Hair Cells, Auditory/drug effects , Hair Cells, Auditory/physiology , Larva/drug effects , Larva/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Morpholinos/pharmacology , Neomycin/toxicity , Regeneration/drug effects , Regeneration/genetics , Zebrafish/genetics
5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(8): e7299, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951744

ABSTRACT

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common disease associated with metabolic syndrome and can lead to life-threatening complications like hepatic carcinoma and cirrhosis. Exenatide, a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist antidiabetic drug, has the capacity to overcome insulin resistance and attenuate hepatic steatosis but the specific underlying mechanism is unclear. This study was designed to investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms of exenatide therapy on NAFLD. We used in vivo and in vitro techniques to investigate the protective effects of exenatide on fatty liver via fat mass and obesity associated gene (FTO) in a high-fat (HF) diet-induced NAFLD animal model and related cell culture model. Exenatide significantly decreased body weight, serum glucose, insulin, insulin resistance, serum free fatty acid, triglyceride, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, aspartate aminotransferase, and alanine aminotransferase levels in HF-induced obese rabbits. Histological analysis showed that exenatide significantly reversed HF-induced lipid accumulation and inflammatory changes accompanied by decreased FTO mRNA and protein expression, which were abrogated by PI3K inhibitor LY294002. This study indicated that pharmacological interventions with GLP-1 may represent a promising therapeutic strategy for NAFLD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Peptides/pharmacology , Venoms/pharmacology , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Fatty Liver/metabolism , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/drug therapy , Alpha-Ketoglutarate-Dependent Dioxygenase FTO/drug effects , Blood Glucose/analysis , Body Weight/drug effects , In Vitro Techniques , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Morpholines/metabolism , Chromones/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Eating/drug effects , Enzyme Inhibitors/metabolism , Fatty Liver/pathology , Diet, High-Fat , Alpha-Ketoglutarate-Dependent Dioxygenase FTO/genetics , Exenatide , Insulin/blood , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Obesity/metabolism
6.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 83(2): 155-161, Mar.-Apr. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839425

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Salicylate at high doses induces tinnitus in humans and experimental animals. However, the mechanisms and loci of action of salicylate in inducing tinnitus are still not well known. The expression of Immediate Early Genes (IEG) is traditionally associated with long-term neuronal modifications but it is still not clear how and where IEGs are activated in animal models of tinnitus. Objectives: Here we investigated the expression of c-fos and Egr-1, two IEGs, in the Dorsal Cochlear Nucleus (DCN), the Inferior Colliculus (IC), and the Posterior Ventral Cochlear Nucleus (pVCN) of rats. Methods: Rats were treated with doses known to induce tinnitus in rats (300 mg/kg i.p. daily, for 3 days), and c-fos and Egr-1 protein expressions were analyzed using western blot and immunocytochemistry. Results: After administration of salicylate, c-fos protein expression increased significantly in the DCN, pVCN and IC when assayed by western blot. Immunohistochemistry staining showed a more intense labeling of c-fos in the DCN, pVCN and IC and a significant increase in c-fos positive nuclei in the pVCN and IC. We did not detect increased Egr-1 expression in any of these areas. Conclusion: Our data show that a high dose of salicylate activates neurons in the DCN, pVCN and IC. The expression of these genes by high doses of salicylate strongly suggests that plastic changes in these areas are involved in the genesis of tinnitus.


Resumo Introdução: Salicilato em doses elevadas induz zumbido nos seres humanos e em animais experimentais. No entanto, os mecanismos e loci de ação do salicilato na indução de zumbido ainda não são bem conhecidos. A expressão dos genes precoces imediatos (GPIs) está tradicionalmente associada a alterações neuronais em longo prazo, mas ainda não está claro como e onde os GPIs são ativados em modelos animais de zumbido. Objetivos: No presente estudo investigamos a expressão de c-fos e Egr-1, dois GPIs, no núcleo coclear dorsal (NCD), colículo inferior (CI) e núcleo coclear ventral posterior (NCVp) de ratos. Métodos: Os ratos foram tratados com doses que, conhecidamente, induzem zumbido em ratos (300 mg/kg IP/dia, por três dias) e as expressões das proteínas c-fos e Egr-1 foram analisadas por meio de Western blot e imunoistoquímica. Resultados: Após a administração de salicilato, a expressão da proteína c-fos aumentou significativamente no NCD, NCVp e CI, quando analisados por Western blot. A coloração imunoistoquímica mostrou uma marcação mais intensa de c-fos no NCD, NCVp e CI e um aumento significativo de núcleos positivos de c-fos no NCVp e CI. Não detectamos aumento da expressão de Egr-1 em qualquer dessas áreas. Conclusão: Nossos dados mostram que uma dose alta de salicilato ativa neurônios no NCD, NCVp e CI. A expressão desses genes por doses altas de salicilato sugere que as alterações plásticas nessas áreas estão envolvidas na gênese do zumbido.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Inferior Colliculi/drug effects , Salicylates/pharmacology , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Genes, Immediate-Early/drug effects , Cochlear Nucleus/drug effects , Salicylates/administration & dosage , Blotting, Western , Genes, fos/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Early Growth Response Protein 1/drug effects
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110767

ABSTRACT

The protective effect of aspirin during exposure to heat stress in broiler chickens was investigated. We assayed pathological damage, expression and distribution of Hsp90 protein and hsp90 mRNA expression in chicken heart tissues after oral administration of aspirin following exposure to high temperature for varying times. Heat stress induced increases in plasma aspartate aminotransferase, creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase activities while causing severe heart damage, which was characterized by granular and vacuolar degeneration, nuclear shrinkage and even myocardium fragmentation in cardiac muscle fibers. After aspirin administration, myocardial cells showed fewer pathological lesions than broilers treated with heat alone. A high positive Hsp90 signal was always detected in the nuclei of myocardial cells from broilers treated with aspirin, while in myocardial cells treated with heat alone, Hsp90 in the nuclei decreased, as did that in the cytoplasm. Aspirin induced rapid and significant synthesis of Hsp90 before and at the initial phase of heat stress, and significant expression of hsp90 mRNA was stimulated throughout the experiment when compared with cells exposed to heat stress alone. Thus, specific pre-induction of Hsp90 in cardiovascular tissue was useful for resisting heat stress damage because it produced stable damage-related enzymes and fewer pathologic changes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacology , Aspirin/pharmacology , Cell Nucleus/genetics , Chickens , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins/genetics , Hot Temperature , Myocytes, Cardiac/drug effects , Stress, Physiological/drug effects
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110766

ABSTRACT

Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a significant threat to patient health and a major concern during drug development. Recently, multiple circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to be potential biomarkers for DILI. To adapt and validate miRNAs for clinical use, we investigated the time-course changes in miR-122 expression levels in an acetaminophen-induced liver injury model in rats. In addition, miR-155 and miR-21 were evaluated as makers of inflammation and regeneration, respectively, to characterize liver status. Our results revealed that miR-122 is an early and sensitive biomarker of hepatocellular injury at a stage when alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, and total bilirubin were not detectable. However, no significant differences in the expression levels of other miRNAs (miR-155 and -21) were observed between treatment and vehicle groups. Collectively, these time-course changes in the expression levels of miRNAs may be useful as markers for clinical decision-making, in the diagnosis and treatment of DILI.


Subject(s)
Acetaminophen/toxicity , Animals , Biomarkers/blood , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/blood , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Hepatocytes/drug effects , Inflammation/blood , Liver Regeneration , MicroRNAs/blood , Predictive Value of Tests , Rats , Time
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110764

ABSTRACT

Gap junctions mediate direct communication between cells; however, toxicological cascade triggered by nonessential metals can abrogate cellular signaling mediated by gap junctions. Although cadmium (Cd) is known to induce apoptosis in organs and tissues, the mechanisms that underlie gap junction activity in Cd-induced apoptosis in BRL 3A rat liver cells has yet to be established. In this study, we showed that Cd treatment decreased the cell index (a measure of cellular electrical impedance) in BRL 3A cells. Mechanistically, we found that Cd exposure decreased expression of connexin 43 (Cx43), increased expression of p-Cx43 and elevated intracellular free Ca2+ concentration, corresponding to a decrease in gap junctional intercellular communication. Gap junction blockage pretreatment with 18β-glycyrrhizic acid (GA) promoted Cd-induced apoptosis, involving changes in expression of Bax, Bcl-2, caspase-3 and the mitochondrial transmembrane electrical potential (Δψm). Additionally, GA was found to enhance ERK and p38 activation during Cd-induced activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases, but had no significant effect on JNK activation. Our results indicated the apoptosis-related proteins and the ERK and p38 signaling pathways may participate in gap junction blockage promoting Cd-induced apoptosis in BRL 3A cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cadmium/toxicity , Calcium/metabolism , Cell Communication/drug effects , Connexin 43/genetics , Enzyme Activation/drug effects , Gap Junctions/drug effects , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Hepatocytes/cytology , Rats , Signal Transduction/drug effects
10.
Clinics ; 70(8): 556-562, 08/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-753968

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of elemene on the radiosensitivity of A549 cells and its possible molecular mechanism. METHODS: Apoptosis of A549 cells was detected by flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy. The effect of double-strand break (DSB) damage repair in A549 cells was evaluated using the neutral comet assay. Protein expression levels were detected using western blotting, and the correlation between protein levels was analyzed. RESULTS: Elemene exhibited a radiosensitizing effect on A549 cells. The level of apoptosis induced by elemene combined with radiation was significantly greater (p<0.01) than that elicited by either radiation or elemene alone. Following radiation and subsequent repair for 24 h, the tail intensity of A549 cells treated with a combination of elemene and radiation was greater than that of cells treated with either elemene or radiation alone (p<0.01). This result indicates that elemene inhibits cellular DSB repair. Both elemene combined with radiation and radiation alone decreased the protein expression of DNA-PKcs and Bcl-2 compared to elemene alone (p<0.01), while p53 protein expression was increased (p<0.01). A negative correlation was observed between DNA-PKcs and p53 expression (r=−0.569, p=0.040), while a positive correlation was found between DNA-PKcs and Bcl-2 expression (r=0.755, p=0.012). CONCLUSIONS: Elemene exhibits a radiosensitizing effect on A549 cells, and its underlying molecular mechanism of action may be related to the downregulation of DNA-PKcs gene expression. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/radiotherapy , Lung Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Radiation Tolerance/radiation effects , Radiation-Sensitizing Agents/pharmacology , Sesquiterpenes/pharmacology , Analysis of Variance , Adenocarcinoma/drug therapy , Adenocarcinoma/genetics , Apoptosis/drug effects , Apoptosis/radiation effects , Blotting, Western , Cell Line, Tumor , Comet Assay , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cell Survival/radiation effects , DNA Repair/drug effects , DNA Repair/radiation effects , DNA-Activated Protein Kinase/metabolism , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Gene Expression Regulation/radiation effects , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Radiation Dosage , Radiation Tolerance/drug effects , /metabolism
11.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 143(2): 237-243, feb. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-742575

ABSTRACT

Currently, there is no discussion on the need to improve and strengthen the institutional health care modality of FONASA (MAI), the health care system used by the public services net and by most of the population, despite the widely known and long lasting problems such as waiting lists, hospital debt with suppliers, lack of specialists and increasing services purchase transference to the private sector, etc. In a dichotomous sectorial context, such as the one of health’s social security in Chile (the state on one side and the market on the other), points of view are polarized and stances tend to seek refuge within themselves. As a consequence, to protect the public solution is commonly associated with protecting the “status quo”, creating an environment that is reluctant to change. The author proposes a solution based on three basic core ideas, which, if proven effective, can strengthen each other if combined properly. These are: network financing management, governance of health care services in MAI and investments and human resources in networked self-managed institutions. The proposal of these core ideas was done introducing a reality testing that minimizes the politic complexity of their implementation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Autophagy/drug effects , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Sirtuin 1/metabolism , Stilbenes/therapeutic use , Cell Line, Transformed , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Doxycycline/pharmacology , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Insecticides/toxicity , Microscopy, Immunoelectron/methods , Microtubule-Associated Proteins/genetics , Microtubule-Associated Proteins/metabolism , Mutation/genetics , Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/pharmacology , Rotenone/toxicity , Time Factors , alpha-Synuclein/genetics , alpha-Synuclein/metabolism
13.
Salud pública Méx ; 57(1): 50-57, ene.-feb. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-736461

ABSTRACT

Objective. To determine the effect of pH, and exposure time over the inactivation of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) during the tortilla making process as well as the degradative molecules generated. Materials and methods. Inactivation of AFB1 in maize-dough with alkaline pH and in alkaline methanolic solutions was determined by HPLC. Kinetics of time exposure of AFB1 in methanolic solution and the degradative products were analyzed by direct injection electrospray mass spectometry (DIESI-MS). Results. The alkaline pH of the maize-dough after nixtamalización between 10.2, and 30-40 minutes of resting at room temperature allows the 100% reduction of AFB1. DIESI-MS analysis of the extracts indicated the presence of two degradation molecules from AFB1. Conclusion. The alkaline pH of maize-dough and resting time are the principal factors involved in diminishing AFB1 levels in tortillas. A procedure to the tortilla making process is proposed, which allows the reduction of remnant AFB1, avoiding the accumulative effect over consumers.


Objetivo. Determinar el efecto del pH alcalino de la masa de maíz y el tiempo de exposición sobre la aflatoxina B1 (AFB1) durante la producción de tortillas e identificar los posibles productos de degradación mediante DIESI-MS. Material y métodos. La inactivación de la AFB1 a pH alcalino y diferentes tiempos de exposición en masa nixtamalizada y en soluciones metanólicas fueron determinadas por HPLC. La cinética de degradación de AFB1, y los productos de degradación en soluciones metanólicas se determinaron por DIESI-MS. Resultados. El pH alcalino de la masa y 30 a 40 minutos de reposo redujeron en 100% la AFB1 adicionada. Se identificaron dos moléculas de degradación. Conclusión. Los principales factores involucrados en la disminución de la AFB1 durante la producción de tortillas son la hidrólisis alcalina y el tiempo de reposo. Se propone un procedimiento para la producción de tortilla que reducirá la AFB1 residual evitando el efecto acumulativo en los consumidores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , /genetics , Epithelial Cells/physiology , Gene Expression Regulation , PPAR delta/physiology , PPAR gamma/physiology , Sulindac/analogs & derivatives , Cell Line , Epithelial Cells/drug effects , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Prostate/cytology , Prostate/physiology , Sulindac/pharmacology
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-220401

ABSTRACT

Fucoidan has attracted attention as a potential drug because of its biological activities, which include osteogenesis. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in the osteogenic activity of fucoidan in human alveolar bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hABM-MSCs) remain largely unknown. We investigated the action of fucoidan on osteoblast differentiation in hABM-MSCs and its impact on signaling pathways. Its effect on proliferation was determined using the crystal violet staining assay. Osteoblast differentiation was evaluated based on alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and the mRNA expression of multiple osteoblast markers. Calcium accumulation was determined by Alizarin red S staining. We found that fucoidan induced hABM-MSC proliferation. It also significantly increased ALP activity, calcium accumulation and the expression of osteoblast-specific genes, such as ALP, runt-related transcription factor 2, type I collagen-alpha 1 and osteocalcin. Moreover, fucoidan induced the expression of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) and stimulated the activation of extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase by increasing phosphorylation. However, the effect of fucoidan on osteogenic differentiation was inhibited by specific inhibitors of ERK (PD98059) and JNK (SP600125) but not p38 (SB203580). Fucoidan enhanced BMP2 expression and Smad 1/5/8, ERK and JNK phosphorylation. Moreover, the effect of fucoidan on osteoblast differentiation was diminished by BMP2 knockdown. These results indicate that fucoidan induces osteoblast differentiation through BMP2-Smad 1/5/8 signaling by activating ERK and JNK, elucidating the molecular basis of the osteogenic effects of fucoidan in hABM-MSCs.


Subject(s)
Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/genetics , Calcium/metabolism , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Humans , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Osteoblasts/cytology , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Phosphorylation , Polysaccharides/pharmacology , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Smad Proteins/metabolism
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-42471

ABSTRACT

Bucillamine is used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. This study investigated the protective effects of bucillamine against cisplatin-induced damage in auditory cells, the organ of Corti from postnatal rats (P2) and adult Balb/C mice. Cisplatin increases the catalytic activity of caspase-3 and caspase-8 proteases and the production of free radicals, which were significantly suppressed by pretreatment with bucillamine. Bucillamine induces the intranuclear translocation of Nrf2 and thereby increases the expression of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (gamma-GCS) and glutathione synthetase (GSS), which further induces intracellular antioxidant glutathione (GSH), heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2). However, knockdown studies of HO-1 and SOD2 suggest that the protective effect of bucillamine against cisplatin is independent of the enzymatic activity of HO-1 and SOD. Furthermore, pretreatment with bucillamine protects sensory hair cells on organ of Corti explants from cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity concomitantly with inhibition of caspase-3 activation. The auditory-brainstem-evoked response of cisplatin-injected mice shows marked increases in hearing threshold shifts, which was markedly suppressed by pretreatment with bucillamine in vivo. Taken together, bucillamine protects sensory hair cells from cisplatin through a scavenging effect on itself, as well as the induction of intracellular GSH.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants/metabolism , Apoptosis/drug effects , Caspase 3/metabolism , Caspase 8/metabolism , Cell Line , Cisplatin/toxicity , Cysteine/analogs & derivatives , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Glutathione/metabolism , Heme Oxygenase-1/genetics , Intracellular Space/metabolism , Male , Metabolic Detoxication, Phase II/genetics , Mice , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/genetics , Nitric Oxide/biosynthesis , Organ of Corti/drug effects , RNA Interference , Rats , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase/genetics
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-30205

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary dysfunction caused by ischemia-reperfusion injury is the leading cause of mortality in lung transplantation. We aimed to investigate the effects of sevoflurane pretreatment on lung permeability, tight junction protein occludin and zona occludens 1 (ZO-1) expression, and translocation of protein kinase C (PKC)-alpha after ischemia-reperfusion. A lung ischemia-reperfusion injury model was established in 96 male Wistar rats following the modified Eppinger method. The rats were divided into four groups with 24 rats in each group: a control (group C), an ischemia-reperfusion group (IR group), a sevoflurane control group (sev-C group), and a sevoflurane ischemia-reperfusion group (sev-IR group). There were three time points in each group: ischemic occlusion for 45 min, reperfusion for 60 min and reperfusion for 120 min; and there were six rats per time point. For the 120-min reperfusion group, six extra rats underwent bronchoalveolar lavage. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) and pulse oxygen saturation (SpO2) were recorded at each time point. The wet/dry weight ratio and lung permeability index (LPI) were measured. Quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot were used to measure pulmonary occludin and ZO-1, and Western blot was used to measure cytosolic and membranous PKC-alpha in the lung. Lung permeability was significantly increased after ischemia-reperfusion. Sevoflurane pretreatment promoted pulmonary expression of occludin and ZO-1 after reperfusion and inhibited the translocation of PKC-alpha. In conclusion, sevoflurane pretreatment alleviated lung permeability by upregulating occludin and ZO-1 after ischemia-reperfusion. Sevoflurane pretreatment inhibited the translocation and activation of PKC-alpha, which also contributed to the lung-protective effect of sevoflurane.


Subject(s)
Anesthetics, Inhalation/therapeutic use , Animals , Capillary Permeability/drug effects , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Lung/drug effects , Lung Diseases/drug therapy , Male , Methyl Ethers/therapeutic use , Protein Kinase C-alpha/metabolism , Protein Transport/drug effects , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Rats, Wistar , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Zonula Occludens-1 Protein/analysis
18.
Biol. Res ; 48: 1-8, 2015. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-734619

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are considered the best candidate in stem cells therapy due to their multipotent differentiation ability, low expression of co-stimulatory molecules (CD80, CD86, CD34 and HLA-II) and immunosuppression effects on in vivo immune responses. MSCs were now widely used in clinical trials but received no encourage results. The major problem was the fate of engrafted MSCs in vivo could not be defined. Some studies indicated that MSCs could induce immune response and result in the damage and rejection of MSCs. As toll like receptors (TLRs) are important in inducing of immune responses, in this study we study the role of TLR7 in mediating the immune status of MSCs isolated from umbilical cord. RESULTS: Our results indicated that TLR7 agonist Imiquimod could increase the proliferation of PBMC isolated from healthy human volunteers and release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in supernatant from PBMC-UCMSCs co-culture system. Flow cytometry and quantitative PCR also confirmed the regulated expression of surface co-stimulatory molecules and pro-inflammatory genes (IL-6, IL-8, IL-12, TGF-β and TNF-α). And the down-regulation expression of stem cell markers also confirmed the loss of stemness of UCMSCs. We also found that the osteo-differentiation ability of UCMSCs was enhanced in the presence of Imiquimod. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first report that activation of TLR7 pathway increases the immunogenicity of UCMSCs. Extensive researches have now been conducted to study whether the change of immune status will be help in tumor rejection based on the tumor-tropism of MSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adjuvants, Immunologic/pharmacology , Aminoquinolines/pharmacology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/drug effects , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/immunology , /agonists , Antigens, CD/drug effects , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , /analysis , /analysis , /analysis , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/drug effects , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/immunology , Membrane Proteins/drug effects , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transforming Growth Factor beta/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis
19.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 28(1): 53-56, 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-742746

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In traditional laparoscopic cholecistectomy, the cystic duct and artery are commonly closed by metallic clips just before their division. Although the placement of these clips for occluding cystic artery and duct can be considered safe, biliary leaks and bleeding may occur especially by its dislodgement. AIM: To report a prospective case-series in total clipless cholecystectomy by means of harmonic shears for closure and division of the artery and cystic duct as well removal of the gallbladder from the liver. METHODS: Was evaluate a series of 125 patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy where the sealing and division of cystic artery and duct was carried out only by harmonic shears. The intact extracted gallbladder was submitted to a reverse pressure test for assessment of the technique safety by means of CO2 insuflation. RESULTS: The most common indication for surgery was gallstones. The mean operative time was 26 min and all gallbladders were dissected intact from the liver bed. There was no mortality and the overall morbidity rate was 0.8% with no hemorrhage or leaks. The reverse pressure test showed that all specimens support at least 36-mmHg of pressure without leaking. CONCLUSION: The harmonic shears is effective and safe in laparoscopic cholecystectomy as a sole instrument for sealing and division of the artery and cystic duct. The main advantages could be related to the safety and decreased operative time. .


RACIONAL: A colecistectomia laparoscópica na técnica tradicional oclui o ducto cístico e a artéria cística por clipes cirúrgicos, que podem se deslocar ou desprender no pós-operatório, possibilitando a ocorrência de fístula biliar ou hemorragia. OBJETIVO: Relato prospectivo de série de casos de colecistectomias laparoscópicas sem uso de clipe cirúrgico, sendo que a ligadura e secção da artéria cística e do ducto cístico foram realizadas por meio de bisturi ultrassônico. MÉTODO: Foram incluídos 125 pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica sem utilização de clipe cirúrgico metálico, onde a ligadura da artéria e do ducto cístico e também a remoção da vesícula biliar de seu leito hepático foram realizadas por meio de tesoura ultrassônica. Realizou-se teste de pressão reversa na vesícula biliar removida intacta do leito hepático para verificar a segurança da técnica. RESULTADOS: A principal indicação cirúrgica foi a colelitíase. O tempo cirúrgico médio foi de 26 min e todas as vesículas biliares foram retiradas intactas do leito hepático. Não houve mortalidade e a taxa global de morbidade foi de 0,8%, sem hemorragias ou fístulas. O teste de pressão reversa mostrou que o ducto cístico ocluído pelo bisturi harmônico suportou ao pelo menos 36 mmHg de pressão sem que ocorresse nenhum vazamento. CONCLUSÃO: O bisturi harmônico é eficaz e seguro em colecistectomias laparoscópicas eletivas como um instrumento único para ocluir e seccionar tanto a artéria cística quanto o ducto cístico. Vantagens podem ser apontadas ao método com relação a sua segurança e diminuição do tempo cirúrgico. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Drosophila Proteins/metabolism , Drosophila melanogaster/drug effects , Drosophila melanogaster/physiology , Sodium Chloride/pharmacology , Stress, Physiological/drug effects , Symporters/metabolism , Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , Carbohydrate Metabolism/drug effects , Cell Membrane/drug effects , Cell Membrane/metabolism , Drosophila melanogaster/cytology , Drosophila melanogaster/genetics , Feeding Behavior/drug effects , Genes, Insect , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Ion Transport/drug effects , Luminescent Proteins/metabolism , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Organ Specificity/drug effects , Phylogeny , Reproducibility of Results , RNA Interference/drug effects , Survival Analysis , Sodium Chloride, Dietary/pharmacology , Time Factors
20.
Biol. Res ; 48: 1-8, 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950773

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Various health benefits have been attributed to Er-Miao-San (EMS), a traditional Chinese herbal formulation that contains equal amounts of cortex phellodendri (Phellodendron amurense Ruprecht) and rhizoma atractylodis (Atractylodes lancea D.C). However, its effect on the anti-inflammatory activity in human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) and the mechanism underlying this effect are unknown. RESULTS: This study investigated the effects of EMS on TNF-α-induced MMP-1 expression in HDFs. Our data show that EMS inhibited TNF-α-induced MMP-1 expression in a concentration-dependent manner. Interestingly, EMS maintained IkB content without inhibiting the phosphorylation of MAPKs, which are well-established upstream kinases of NF-kB. Moreover, EMS reduced the level of nuclear p65 protein in HDFs. Luciferase assay revealed that EMS inhibits the transcriptional activity of NF-kBbystabilizing IkB. Our results show that EMS exerts its anti-inflammatory effect by inhibiting NF-kB-regulated genes such as IL-1ß and IL-8. Moreover, EMS effectively inhibited TNF-α-induced expression of MMP-1 via the NF-kBpathway. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our data suggest that EMS could potentially be used as an anti-inflammatory and anti-aging treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aging/drug effects , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Dermis/cytology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/biosynthesis , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Cell Line , Cell Survival/drug effects , Enzyme Induction/drug effects , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Interleukin-8/drug effects , Interleukin-8/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/drug effects , Interleukin-1beta/drug effects , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Fibroblasts/enzymology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL