Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 4.642
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 591-599, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440342


SUMMARY: Obesity is commonly associated with chronic tissue inflammation and skeletal muscle dysfunction. The study aimed to investigate the effects of High-Intensity Interval training (HIIT) on myokines and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress of diet- induced obese (DIO) mice. Three-month-old C57BL/6 male mice were fed a control (C) diet (n=20) or a high-fat (HF) diet (n=20) for 16 weeks. Then, half of the groups underwent HIIT (treadmill running) for an additional four weeks. HIIT increased calf muscles' contribution to BW (+24 %) and reduced weight gain in HF/HIIT than in HF (-120 %). Intramuscular fat accumulation was observed in HF and HF/ HIIT. Peak velocity was higher in HF/HIIT compared to HF (+26 %). Plasma insulin did not change, but glycemia was lower in HF/HIIT than in HF (-30 %). Fndc5 (+418 %) and Irisin (+72 %) were higher in HF/HIIT than in HF. Muscle Fgf21 was higher in HF/HIIT compared to HF (+30 %). In addition, NfKb (-53 %) and Tnfa (-63 %) were lower in HF/HIIT than in HF. However, Il1b (-86 %), Il6 (- 48 %), Il7 (-76 %), and Il15 (-21 %) were lower in HF/HIIT than in HF. Finally, HIIT reduced ER stress in HF/HIIT compared to HF: Atf4, -61 %; Chop, -61 %; Gadd45, -95 %. In conclusion, HIIT leads to weight loss and avoids muscle depletion. HIIT improves blood glucose, Irisin-Fndc5, and peak velocity. In addition, HIIT mitigates muscle inflammation and ER stress.

La obesidad es asociada comúnmente con inflamación tisular crónica y disfunción del músculo esquelético. El estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar los efectos del entrenamiento de intervalos de alta intensidad (HIIT) en las mioquinas y el estrés del retículo endoplásmico (ER) de ratones obesos inducidos por dieta (DIO). Se alimentó a ratones macho C57BL/6 de tres meses de edad con una dieta control (C) (n=20) o una dieta rica en grasas (HF) (n=20) durante 16 semanas. Luego, la mitad de los grupos se sometieron a HIIT (carrera en una trotadora) durante cuatro semanas más. HIIT aumentó la contribución de los músculos de la pantorrilla al BW (+24 %) y redujo el aumento de peso en HF/HIIT en HF (-120 %). Se observó acumulación de grasa intramuscular en HF y HF/HIIT. La velocidad máxima fue mayor en HF/HIIT en comparación con HF (+26 %). La insulina plasmática no cambió, pero la glucemia fue menor en HF/HIIT que en HF (-30 %). Fndc5 (+418 %) e Irisin (+72 %) fueron mayores en HF/HIIT que en HF. El Fgf21 muscular fue mayor en HF/ HIIT en comparación con HF (+30 %). Además, NfKb (-53 %) y Tnfa (-63 %) fueron menores en HF/HIIT que en HF. Sin embar- go, Il1b (-86 %), Il6 (-48 %), Il7 (-76 %) e Il15 (-21 %) fueron más bajos en HF/HIIT que en HF. Finalmente, HIIT redujo el estrés de RE en HF/HIIT en comparación con HF: Atf4, -61 %; Picar, - 61 %; Gadd45, -95 %. En conclusión, HIIT conduce a la pérdida de peso y evita el agotamiento muscular. HIIT mejora la glucosa en sangre, Irisin-Fndc5 y la velocidad máxima. Además, HIIT mitiga la inflamación muscular y el estrés ER.

Animals , Male , Mice , Cytokines/physiology , Muscle, Skeletal/physiology , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress/physiology , High-Intensity Interval Training , Obesity , Gene Expression , Inflammation , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Molecular Biology
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 716-722, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986200


Objective: To analyze the expression levels of the F9 gene and F9 protein in hepatocellular carcinoma by combining multiple gene chip data, real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (RT qPCR), and immunohistochemistry. Additionally, explore their correlation with the occurrence and development of hepatocellular carcinoma, as well as with various clinical indicators and prognosis. Methods: The mRNA microarray dataset from the GEO database was analyzed to identify the F9 gene with significant expression differences associated with hepatocellular carcinoma. Liver cancer and adjacent tissues were collected from 18 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma. RT-qPCR method was used to detect the F9 gene expression level. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the F9 protein level. Combined with the TCGA database information, the correlation between F9 gene expression level and prognostic and clinicopathological parameters was analyzed. The biological function of F9 co-expressed genes associated with hepatocellular carcinoma was analyzed by the Gene Ontology (GO) and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). Statistical analysis was performed using Graphpad Prism software. Results: Meta-analysis results showed that the expression of the F9 gene was lower in HCC tissues than in non-cancerous tissues. Immunohistochemistry results were basically consistent with those of RT-qPCR. The data obtained from TCGA showed that the F9 gene had lower expression values in stages III-IV, T3-T4, and patients with vascular invasion. A total of 127 genes were selected for bioinformatics analysis as co-expressed genes of F9, which were highly enriched in redox processes and metabolic pathways. Conclusion: This study validates that the F9 gene and F9 protein are lower in HCC. The down-regulation of the F9 gene predicts adverse outcomes, which may provide a new therapeutic target for HCC.

Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Down-Regulation , Prognosis , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1655-1669, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981161


Deacetylation of chitin is closely related to insect development and metamorphosis. Chitin deacetylase (CDA) is a key enzyme in the process. However, to date, the CDAs of Bombyx mori (BmCDAs), which is a model Lepidopteran insect, were not well studied. In order to better understand the role of BmCDAs in the metamorphosis and development of silkworm, the BmCDA2 which is highly expressed in epidermis was selected to study by bioinformatics methods, protein expression purification and immunofluorescence localization. The results showed that the two mRNA splicing forms of BmCDA2, namely BmCDA2a and BmCDA2b, were highly expressed in the larval and pupal epidermis, respectively. Both genes had chitin deacetylase catalytic domain, chitin binding domain and low density lipoprotein receptor domain. Western blot showed that the BmCDA2 protein was mainly expressed in the epidermis. Moreover, fluorescence immunolocalization showed that BmCDA2 protein gradually increased and accumulated with the formation of larval new epidermis, suggesting that BmCDA2 may be involved in the formation or assembly of larval new epidermis. The results increased our understandings to the biological functions of BmCDAs, and may facilitate the CDA study of other insects.

Animals , Bombyx/metabolism , Metamorphosis, Biological/genetics , Larva/metabolism , Gene Expression , Insect Proteins/metabolism , Chitin
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981072


OBJECTIVE@#Here, we explored molecular changes that could potentially mediate healing effects of Gua Sha - a method employed by the Chinese traditional medicine with proven track records of safe and efficient applications dating back to ancient times as well as support from randomized controlled trials performed by modern medical studies - yet remaining almost entirely unexplored by the modern-day high-throughput methods of the -omics sciences.@*METHODS@#We investigated transcriptome changes occurring shortly after Gua Sha treatment in the whole blood of healthy volunteers using bulk RNA-seq analysis. We applied various analytical tools to identify genes with consistent expression changes in multiple individuals in response to Gua Sha and their networks.@*RESULTS@#We found that while the changes were very subtle and individual-specific, we could identify consistent upregulation of three histone genes. Further analysis of the potential regulatory networks of these histone genes revealed the enrichment of functions involved in the immune response and inflammation.@*CONCLUSION@#The significance of these results in the context of potential effects of Gua Sha and the next steps in exploring the molecular mechanisms of action of this technique are discussed.

Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Histones , Gene Expression
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981591


Objective To screen antigen targets for immunotherapy by analyzing over-expressed genes, and to identify significant pathways and molecular mechanisms in esophageal cancer by using bioinformatic methods such as enrichment analysis, protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, and survival analysis based on the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database.Methods By screening with highly expressed genes, we mainly analyzed proteins MUC13 and EPCAM with transmembrane domain and antigen epitope from TMHMM and IEDB websites. Significant genes and pathways associated with the pathogenesis of esophageal cancer were identified using enrichment analysis, PPI network, and survival analysis. Several software and platforms including Prism 8, R language, Cytoscape, DAVID, STRING, and GEPIA platform were used in the search and/or figure creation.Results Genes MUC13 and EPCAM were over-expressed with several antigen epitopes in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissue. Enrichment analysis revealed that the process of keratinization was focused and a series of genes were related with the development of esophageal cancer. Four genes including ALDH3A1, C2, SLC6A1,and ZBTB7C were screened with significant P value of survival curve.Conclusions Genes MUC13 and EPCAM may be promising antigen targets or biomarkers for esophageal cancer. Keratinization may greatly impact the pathogenesis of esophageal cancer. Genes ALDH3A1, C2, SLC6A1,and ZBTB7C may play important roles in the development of esophageal cancer.

Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms/metabolism , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/metabolism , Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule/metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Gene Regulatory Networks , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Braz. j. biol ; 83: 1-15, 2023. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468821


Nucleotide excision repair (NER) acts repairing damages in DNA, such as lesions caused by cisplatin. Xeroderma Pigmentosum complementation group C (XPC) protein is involved in recognition of global genome DNA damages during NER (GG-NER) and it has been studied in different organisms due to its importance in other cellular processes. In this work, we studied NER proteins in Trypanosoma cruzi and Trypanosoma evansi, parasites of humans and animals respectively. We performed three-dimensional models of XPC proteins from T. cruzi and T. evansi and observed few structural differences between these proteins. In our tests, insertion of XPC gene from T. evansi (TevXPC) in T. cruzi resulted in slower cell growth under normal conditions. After cisplatin treatment, T. cruzi overexpressing its own XPC gene (TcXPC) was able to recover cell division rates faster than T. cruzi expressing TevXPC gene. Based on these tests, it is suggested that TevXPC (being an exogenous protein in T. cruzi) interferes negatively in cellular processes where TcXPC (the endogenous protein) is involved. This probably occurred due interaction of TevXPC with some endogenous molecules or proteins from T. cruzi but incapacity of interaction with others. This reinforces the importance of correctly XPC functioning within the cell.

O reparo por excisão de nucleotídeos (NER) atua reparando danos no DNA, como lesões causadas por cisplatina. A proteína Xeroderma Pigmentosum complementation group C (XPC) está envolvida no reconhecimento de danos pela via de reparação global do genoma pelo NER (GG-NER) e tem sido estudada em diferentes organismos devido à sua importância em outros processos celulares. Neste trabalho, estudamos proteínas do NER em Trypanosoma cruzi e Trypanosoma evansi, parasitos de humanos e animais, respectivamente. Modelos tridimensionais das proteínas XPC de T. cruzi e T. evansi foram feitos e observou-se poucas diferenças estruturais entre estas proteínas. Durante testes, a inserção do gene XPC de T. evansi (TevXPC) em T. cruzi resultou em crescimento celular mais lento em condições normais. Após o tratamento com cisplatina, T. cruzi superexpressando seu próprio gene XPC (TcXPC) foi capaz de recuperar as taxas de divisão celular mais rapidamente do que T. cruzi expressando o gene TevXPC. Com base nesses testes, sugere-se que TevXPC (sendo uma proteína exógena em T. cruzi) interfere negativamente nos processos celulares em que TcXPC (a proteína endógena) está envolvida. Isso provavelmente ocorreu pois TevXPC é capaz de interagir com algumas moléculas ou proteínas endógenas de T. cruzi, mas é incapaz de interagir com outras. Isso reforça a importância do correto funcionamento de XPC dentro da célula.

Animals , Crosses, Genetic , DNA Damage , Gene Expression , Trypanosoma cruzi/genetics
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(2): 1-7, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1427931


Objetivo: Evidências científicas sugerem que a deficiência de estrógeno e fatores genéticos influenciam o desenvolvimento do sistema estomatognático. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a influência da deficiência de estrógeno na expressão gênica de TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6 e IL-10 durante o desenvolvimento dentário em modelo murino. Material e Métodos: Ratas Wistar Hannover foram divididas em dois grupos de acordo com a intervenção recebida: Grupo Hipoestrogenismo - cirurgia de ovariectomia e Grupo Controle - cirurgia fictícia. Para avaliar o desenvolvimento dentário, o incisivo inferior foi escolhido. O modelo de hipofunção dos incisivos inferiores foi realizado por ajuste incisal. O incisivo homólogo exercia hiperfunção dentária. Os animais foram avaliados durante todo o período puberal. Após a eutanásia, as hemimandíbulas foram removidas para avaliar a expressão gênica do TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6 e IL-10 na região odontogênica dos incisivos por meio de PCR em tempo real. Foi realizado o teste de Kruskal-Wallis e o pós-teste de Dunn. O nível de significância foi de 5%. Resultados: Houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas na expressão gênica de TNF-α e IL-1ß entre os grupos hipoestrogenismo e controle sob condição de hipofunção dentária (p=0,0084, p=0,0072, respectivamente). Conclusão: A deficiência de estrógeno influencia a expressão gênica de TNF-α e IL-1ß na região odontogênica de dentes hipofuncionais (AU)

Objective: Scientific evidence suggests that estrogen deficiency and genetic factors have an influence on the development of the stomatognathic system. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of estrogen deficiency on the gene expression of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6 and IL-10 during dental development in a murine model. Material and Methods: Wistar Hannover rats were divided into two groups according to the intervention received: Hypoestrogenism Group - ovariectomy surgery and Control Group - fictitious surgery. To evaluate the dental development, the lower incisor was chosen. The mandibular incisor hypofunction model was performed by incisal adjustment. The homologous incisor exerted a hyperfunction. The animals were evaluated throughout the pubertal period. After euthanasia, the hemimandibles were removed to evaluate the gene expression of the TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6 and IL-10 in the odontogenic region of the incisors through real time PCR. Kruskal-Wallis test and Dunn's posttest were performed. The level of significance was 5%. Results: There were statistically significant differences of TNF-α and IL-1ß gene expression between the hypoestrogenism and control groups under hypofunction condition (p=0.0084, p=0.0072, respectively). Conclusion: Estrogen deficiency influences TNF-α and IL-1ß gene expression in the odontogenic region of the hypofunctional teeth. (AU)

Animals , Rats , Osteogenesis , Gene Expression , Cytokines , Estrogens , Genes
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(3): 1147-1163, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425447


A Insuficiência Cardíaca (IC) é uma das principais causas de internação hospitalar no mundo e tem um elevado grau de morbidade e mortalidade, sendo um grave problema de saúde pública. Os lncRNAs (RNAs longo não codificantes), têm funções regulatórias transcricionais e/ou pós transcricionais bem complexas e que ainda não são totalmente claras, mas que podem exercer influência sobre as doenças cardiovasculares, dentre elas a IC. Assim o estudo teve como objetivo identificar na literatura o papel dos lncRNAs na patogênese da IC por meio de uma revisão integrativa com busca sistemática. Foram considerados elegíveis para leitura e composição do estudo 33 artigos e os principais papéis dos lncRNA na IC foram relatados como possíveis marcadores biológicos para diagnóstico e prognóstico da doença devido a sua expressividade na corrente sanguínea. Além disso, os lncRNAs podem estar relacionados à capacidade funcional uma vez que o aumento ou diminuição de sua expressão promove redução da apoptose de células endoteliais, melhora a disfunção cardíaca, distúrbios de contratilidade e dos canais de cálcio em pacientes com IC. Portanto, os lncRNAs parecem estar envolvidos na patogênese e/ou fisiopatologia da IC, podendo ser utilizados como biomarcadores genéticos com sensibilidade e especificidade semelhantes ou superiores aos empregados atualmente no diagnóstico e prognóstico da IC.

Heart Failure (HF) is one of the main causes of hospitalization worldwide and has a high degree of morbidity and mortality being considered a public health pro- blem. lncRNAs (non-coding long RNAs) have very complex transcriptional and/or post- transcriptional regulatory functions that are still not entirely clear but may influence car- diovascular diseases, including HF. Thus, the study aimed to identify in the literature the role of lncRNAs in the pathogenesis of HF through an integrative review with a systema- tic search. A total of 33 articles were considered eligible for reading and composition of the study. The roles of lncRNA in HF were reported as possible biological markers for the diagnosis and prognosis of the disease due to its expressiveness in the bloodstream. In addition, lncRNAs may be related to functional capacity since the increase or decrease in their expression promotes a reduction in endothelial cell apoptosis, and improves car- diac dysfunction, contractility, and calcium channel disorders in patients with HF. The- refore, lncRNAs seem to be involved in the pathogenesis and/or pathophysiology of HF and can be used as genetic biomarkers with sensitivity and specificity similar or superior to those currently employed in the diagnosis and prognosis of HF.

La Insuficiencia Cardiaca (IC) es una de las principales causas de hospita- lización en el mundo y tiene un alto grado de morbimortalidad considerándose un pro- blema de salud pública. Los lncRNAs (ARN largos no codificantes) tienen funciones re- guladoras transcripcionales y/o post-transcripcionales muy complejas que aún no están del todo claras pero que pueden influir en las enfermedades cardiovasculares, incluida la IC. Así pues, el estudio se propuso identificar en la literatura el papel de los lncRNAs en la patogénesis de la IC mediante una revisión integradora con una búsqueda sistemática. Un total de 33 artículos fueron considerados elegibles para su lectura y composición del estudio. Las funciones de los lncRNA en la IC se señalaron como posibles marcadores biológicos para el diagnóstico y pronóstico de la enfermedad debido a su expresividad en el torrente sanguíneo. Además, los lncRNAs pueden estar relacionados con la capacidad funcional, ya que el aumento o disminución de su expresión promueve una reducción de la apoptosis de las células endoteliales y mejora la disfunción cardiaca, la contractilidad y los trastornos de los canales de calcio en pacientes con IC. Por tanto, los lncRNAs parecen estar implicados en la patogénesis y/o fisiopatología de la IC y pueden ser utili- zados como biomarcadores genéticos con sensibilidad y spe-cificidad similares o superi- ores a los empleados actualmente en el diagnóstico y pronóstico de la IC.

Heart Failure/diagnosis , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Patients/psychology , Review Literature as Topic , Biomarkers , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Gene Expression , Public Health/statistics & numerical data , Heart Diseases/diagnosis , Hospitalization
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(2): 159-174, maio-ago. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372969


A obesidade é definida pelo excesso de gordura corporal acumulada no tecido adiposo quando o indivíduo atinge valores de IMC igual ou superior a 30 Kg/m2. Constitui um dos principais fatores de risco para várias doenças não transmissíveis (DNTs) como por exemplo, diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2), doenças cardiovasculares, hipertensão arterial, acidente vascular cerebral e até mesmo o câncer. Embora a obesidade esteja diretamente relacionada com o consumo calórico excessivo em relação ao gasto energético diário, sua etiologia pode estar associada aos baixos níveis de atividade física, às alterações neuroendócrinas e aos fatores genéticos. Considerando o componente genético, esta pode ser classificada como sindrômicas e estar associada às alterações cromossômicas estruturais ou numéricas, ou como não sindrômica, quando relacionada, principalmente, com os polimorfismos de nucleotídeos simples (SNPs) em alelos que atuam como herança monogênica, ou ainda com a interação vários genes (poligênica multifatorial). Apesar de existirem muitas etiologias diferentes, normalmente a obesidade é tratada a partir da mesma abordagem, desconsiderando a fisiologia que a desencadeou. Dessa forma, o objetivo do presente trabalho foi abordar a obesidade genética não sindrômica por meio a) da descrição breve de perspectiva histórica sobre seu entendimento; b) da exposição dos principais mecanismos moleculares envolvidos com o controle de peso; c) da compilação dos principais genes e SNPs relacionados; d) da definição dos principais genes; e e) da abordagem das principais perspectivas de intervenção.

Obesity is defined as excess body fat accumulated in the adipose tissue when the individual reaches BMI values equal to or greater than 30 kg/m2. It is one of the main risk factors for several non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2D), cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure, stroke and even cancer. Although obesity is directly related to excessive calorie intake in relation to daily energy expenditure, its etiology may be associated with low levels of physical activity, neuroendocrine changes, and genetic factors. Considering the genetic component, it can be classified as syndromic and be associated with chromosomal or numerical changes, or as non-syndromic and being related mainly to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in alleles that act as monogenic inheritance, or with an interaction of several genes (multifactorial polygenic). Although there are many different etiologies, obesity is usually treated using the same approach, disregarding the physiology that triggered it. Thus, the aim of this study was to address non-syndromic genetic obesity through a) a brief description of a historical perspective on its understanding; b) the exposure of the main molecular mechanisms involved in weight control, c) the compilation of the key genes and related SNPs, d) the definition of the key genes and e) the approach of the main intervention representations.

Humans , Male , Female , Body Weight/genetics , Epigenomics , Genes/genetics , Obesity/genetics , Body Mass Index , Gene Expression/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Receptor, Melanocortin, Type 4/genetics , Melanocortins/genetics , Receptors, Leptin/genetics , Alpha-Ketoglutarate-Dependent Dioxygenase FTO/genetics , Hypothalamus/physiopathology , Obesity/physiopathology
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(2): 120-125, Apr.-June 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394416


Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most prevalent type of cancer worldwide, and is one of the major health problems in Asia, Africa, Europe, and America. The tumor antigens recently are of interesting indicators as diagnostic and prognostic tools, The aim of the present study is to detect the expression levels of carbonic anhydrase IX (CA9), the Wilms tumor gene (WT1), and the preferentially expressed antigen in melanoma (PRAME) in the peripheral blood of CRC patients in comparison with healthy controls. Methods: A prospective case-control study of CRC patients was conducted. We included 25 newly-diagnosed CRC eligible patients and obtained peripheral blood samples of them as well as 10 blood samples from the control group. All samples were then submitted to deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) extraction and a molecular study through real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results: The CRC group consisted of 15 (60%) female and 10 (40%) male patients with a mean age of 50.52 ± 9.8 years, while the control group included 4 (40%) female and 6 (60%) male patients with a mean age of 47.7 ± 7.9 years. The CRC group, 24 (96%) of patient samples were CA9-positive with strong statistically significant differences (p < 0.00001; sensitivity: 96%; specificity: 90%). Regarding the WT1 gene, there were 11 (44%) positive samples in the CRC group, with no statistically significant differences (p = 0.055; sensitivity: 44%; specificity: 90%). The PRAME gene was positive in 9 (36%) samples in the CRC group, with no statistically significant differences (p = 0.357; sensitivity: 36%; specificity: 80%. Among CA9 (24 patients; 96%) of patients with CRC expressed positive results, in WT1 11(91.6%) CRC patients expressed gene, and in PRAME gene, 9 patients with CRC (81.8%) expressed positive results. Conclusion: Overexpression of the CA9 gene in CRC of high sensitivity and specificity to be used as a tool to discriminate CRC from benign associate with high accuracy compare to WT1 and PRAME genes. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor , WT1 Proteins/genetics , Carbonic Anhydrase IX/genetics , Antigens, Neoplasm/genetics , Prognosis , Case-Control Studies , Gene Expression , Prospective Studies , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2022. 130 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396955


O câncer colorretal (CCR) é o terceiro câncer mais diagnosticado em humanos. O CCR causou mais de 900.000 mortes em 2020 e foi estimado, para o período entre 2020 - 2025, um incremento de 13.5 % no número de casos novos de acordo com a plataforma Web Global Cancer Observatory. A Terapia Fotodinâmica (PDT) é uma alternativa terapêutica promissora. Conhecer as vias de sinalização de morte celular, assim como, as respostas associadas com a resistência ao dano foto-oxidativo, são relevantes para incrementar a eficiência da PDT. Neste trabalho, investigamos como as células de adenocarcinoma colorretal HT 29 respondem ao dano fotoinduzido gerado pelo fotossensibilizador (FS) meso-tetrafenilporfirina dissulfônado (TPPS2a), uma molécula que é ativada pela irradiação com luz em 522 nm. Como esperado, após irradiação (2.1 J cm-2) foi verificado que com o incremento do TPPS2a houve diminuição da viabilidade celular. A concentração do FS escolhida para darmos seguimento ao estudo foi a necessária para reduzir em 30 % a sobrevida celular (DL30; 148 nM). Abordagens moleculares nos permitiram identificar que nas células fotossensibilizadas a redução na maturação da catepsina D (CTSD, 55 %) e da catepsina B (CTSB, 52 %) contribuem com a disfunção endolisossomal. Além disso, comprovamos que as células fotossensibilizadas tiveram, pela menor quantidade de CTSD ativa, o processamento da prosaposina (PSAP) significativamente afetado. Células coletadas após 24 horas de irradiação expressaram 7 vezes mais PSAP do que as amostras dos grupos controle, sugerindo que as reações de oxidação causadas pelo TPPS2a podem ocasionar o acúmulo de glicoesfingolipídios nos endossomos e nos lisossomos, mimetizando o fenótipo observado em doenças de armazenamento lisossomal. Imagens de células HT 29 com expressão estável da proteína LGALS3 fusionada ao marcador EFGP mostraram que, após 24 horas de irradiação, as células não ativaram a lisofagia para remover os endossomos e os lisossomos danificados. A ausência do recrutamento da LGALS3 também apontou que as membranas dos endossomos e dos lisossomos não apresentam rupturas permanentes que permitam a passagem de uma molécula de 26 kDa. Experimentos complementares de análise da expressão proteica dos marcadores autofágicos LC3-II e p62/SQSTM1 (referida como p62) confirmaram o bloqueio do fluxo autofágico nas células fotosenssibilizadas. Pelo envolvimento do sistema endolisossomal no tráfego de membranas e no fluxo de lipídios, o aumento da transcrição da Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA reductase (HMGCR) (≈ 1.6 vezes) uma enzima envolvida na síntese de novo do colesterol - sugeriu que a disfunção dos endossomos e dos lisossomos altera a distribuição de colesterol. Não obstante, para manter a homeostase lipídica nas células fotossensibilizadas este não foi o único mecanismocompensatório acionado, uma vez que houve um incremento sutil; porém, significativo (1.2 vezes) na transcrição da ceramidase ácida (ASAH1). Em conjunto, nossos dados apontam que a fotossensibilização com TPPS2a constitui uma ferramenta promissora para causar dano no sistema endolisossomal, inibindo a autofagia e permitindo o estudo das respostas metabólicas em células expostas a estresse oxidativo

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer in humans. CRC caused more than 900,000 deaths in 2020 and it was estimated for the period 2020 - 2025, an increase of 13.5 % in the number of new cases according to the Global Cancer Observatory Web platform. Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) is a promising therapeutic alternative. Understandings of cell death signaling pathways as well as the adaptive responses associated with resistance to photo-oxidative damage are relevant to optimize the effectiveness of PDT. For this purpose, in this research, we investigated how HT-29 colorectal adenocarcinoma cells respond to photosensitization reactions generated by TPPS2a, a molecule activated by irradiation with light at 522 nm. PS concentrations displayed increased inhibitory effect on cell viability after irradiation (2.1 J cm-2). The lethal dose selected to photosensibilize cells was the TPPS2a concentration able to reduce 30 % of cell survival (LD30; 148 nM). By molecular methods, we observed a reduction in cathepsin D (CTSD, 55 %) and cathepsin B (CTSB, 52 %) maturation, depletion that may contribute to endo-lysosomal dysfunction in photosensitized cells. It is widely known that endo-lysosomal cathepsins are crucial in protein turnover and degradation. Thus, we focused on the consequence of CTSD reduction. Literature data indicate that CTSD plays a key role in prosaposin (PSAP) processing to the four saposins (SAPs) that are required in glycosphingolipids breakdown. In fact, our results in photosensitized cells showed that, due to the lower amount of active CTSD, PSAP processing was significantly affected. Cells collected after irradiation expressed 7 times more PSAP than cells from the control groups. This data suggest that oxidative photodamage induced by TPPS2a may result in glycosphingolipid-accumulating endosomes and lysosomes, phenotype which mimics lysosomal storage diseases. Furthermore, we monitored by fluorescence microscopy a form of selective autophagy which detects and removes damaged endosomes and lysosomes known as lysophagy. Images of HT-29 cells expressing Galectin 3/LGALS3 fused to EFGP showed that photosensitized cells did not activate lysophagy. The absence of LGALS3 recruitment also indicated that the membranes of endosomes and lysosomes do not present ruptures which allow the passage of proteins with a molecular weight up to at least 26 kDa. Protein expression analysis of the autophagic markers LC3-II and p62/SQSTM1 (referred as p62) confirmed autophagic flux blockade in cells challenged with photoactivated TPPS2a. The endo-lysosomal system plays a key role in membrane trafficking and lipid flux. At the transcriptional level, 1.6-fold increase in gene expression of Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGCR) - an enzyme involved in the synthesis de novo of cholesterol - indicated that endosomes and lysosomes dysfunction alters the distribution of cholesterol in cellschallenged with photoactivated TPPS2a. However, to maintain lipid homeostasis in photosensitized cells, this was not the only compensatory mechanism triggered, since there was a slightly increase (1.2-fold) in the transcription of acid ceramidase (ASAH1). Taken together, our data showed that photosensitization with TPPS2a constitutes a promising tool to damage the endolysosomal system, to inhibit autophagy and to study metabolic responses in cells exposed to oxidative stress

Autophagy , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Cathepsins/chemistry , Photochemotherapy , Gene Expression , Cholesterol/adverse effects , Lysosomal Storage Diseases , Oxidative Stress , HT29 Cells/metabolism
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929232


Natural products (NPs), especially those from traditional herbal medicines, can evidently modulate human gene expression at multiple levels, leading to a wide diversity of bioactivities. Although numerous bio-functions of NPs for human body have been found, there is little understanding about how NPs achieve it, as less attention was drawn to the definite mechnism by which NPs regulate gene expression. Furthermore, based on the rapidly advancing knowledge of mechanisms for gene regulation in recent years, newly-understood mechanisms, such as post-transcriptional regulation, are found to be involved in NP-elicited bio-effects, providing a new perspective on understanding the role of NPs in gene expression. Therefore, in the current review, we summarize the function of NPs in gene expression from the perspectives of transcriptional, post-transcriptional, and post-translational regulation, which will reinforce the understanding of NP-induced effects in gene expression and facilitate the exploration of more NPs with potential therapeutic effects.

Humans , Biological Products/pharmacology , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Regulation
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928745


OBJECTIVE@#To identify the key genes and explore mechanisms in the development of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) by bioinformatics analysis.@*METHODS@#Two cohorts profile datasets of MDS were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Differentially expressed gene (DEG) was screened by GEO2R, functional annotation of DEG was gained from GO database, gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis was performed via Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database, and key genes were screened by Matthews correlation coefficient (MCC) based on STRING database.@*RESULTS@#There were 112 DEGs identified, including 85 up-regulated genes and 27 down-regulated genes. GO enrichment analysis showed that biological processes were mainly enriched in immune response, etc, cellular component in cell membrane, etc, and molecular function in protein binding, etc. KEGG signaling pathway analysis showed that main gene enrichment pathways were primary immunodeficiency, hematopoietic cell lineage, B cell receptor signaling pathway, Hippo signaling pathway, and asthma. Three significant modules were screened by Cytoscape software MCODE plug-in, while 10 key node genes (CD19, CD79A, CD79B, EBF1, VPREB1, IRF4, BLNK, RAG1, POU2AF1, IRF8) in protein-protein interaction (PPI) network were screened based on STRING database.@*CONCLUSION@#These screened key genes and signaling pathways are helpful to better understand molecular mechanism of MDS, and provide theoretical basis for clinical targeted therapy.

Humans , Computational Biology , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Profiling , Microarray Analysis , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics , Protein Interaction Maps
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928628


OBJECTIVES@#To study the correlation of the expression of Lipin1 in visceral adipose tissue and Lipin2 in liver tissue with hepatic fat content in rats with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR).@*METHODS@#Pregnant rats were given a low-protein (10% protein) diet during pregnancy to establish a model of IUGR in neonatal rats. The pregnant rats in the control group were given a normal-protein (21% protein) diet during pregnancy. The neonatal rats were weighed and liver tissue was collected on day 1 and at weeks 3, 8, and 12 after birth, and visceral adipose tissue was collected at weeks 3, 8, and 12 after birth. The 3.0T 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to measure hepatic fat content at weeks 3, 8, and 12 after birth. Real-time PCR was used to measure mRNA expression levels of Lipin2 in liver tissue and Lipin1 in visceral adipose tissue. Western blot was used to measure protein levels of Lipin2 in liver tissue and Lipin1 in visceral adipose tissue. A Pearson correlation analysis was performed to investigate the correlation of mRNA and protein expression of Lipin with hepatic fat content.@*RESULTS@#The IUGR group had significantly higher mRNA and protein expression levels of Lipin1 in visceral adipose tissue than the control group at weeks 3, 8, and 12 after birth (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the IUGR group had significantly lower mRNA and protein expression levels of Lipin2 in liver tissue on day 1 after birth and significantly higher mRNA and protein expression levels of Lipin2 at weeks 1, 3, 8, and 12 after birth (P<0.05). At week 3 after birth, there was no significant difference in hepatic fat content between the IUGR and control groups (P>0.05), while at weeks 8 and 12 after birth, the IUGR group had a significantly higher hepatic fat content than the control group (P<0.05). The protein and mRNA expression levels of Lipin1 were positively correlated with hepatic fat content (r=0.628 and 0.521 respectively; P<0.05), and the protein and mRNA expression levels of Lipin2 were also positively correlated with hepatic fat content (r=0.601 and 0.524 respectively; P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Upregulation of the mRNA and protein expression levels of Lipin1 in visceral adipose tissue and Lipin2 in liver tissue can increase hepatic fat content in rats with IUGR and may be associated with obesity in adulthood.

Adult , Animals , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Rats , Fetal Growth Retardation , Gene Expression , Liver/metabolism , Organic Chemicals , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936230


Objective: Transcriptome sequencing and bioinformatics analysis were performed on the gene expression of nasal epithelial cells in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis (AR) and perennial AR, so as to obtain the differences in the gene expression of nasal epithelial cells between seasonal AR and perennial AR. Methods: The human nasal epithelial cell line(HNEpC) was cultured in vitro, treated with 100 μg/ml mugwort or house dust mite (HDM) extracts for 24 hours. Total cell RNA was extracted, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to detect the expression of cytokines, including IL-6, IL-8, IL-33 and thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP). From November 2019 to November 2020, 3 seasonal AR patients, 3 perennial AR patients, and 3 healthy controls who attended the Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University were analyzed. The patients' primary nasal epithelial cells were cultured in vitro, treated with corresponding allergens for 24 hours. Total RNA was extracted for transcriptome sequencing, and the sequencing results were analyzed by bioinformatics. Results: The qPCR results showed that the cytokines IL-6, IL-8, IL-33 and TSLP of HNEpC treated with mugworts extracts and HDM extracts had the same trend of change. After the nasal epithelial cells from patients with seasonal AR and perennial AR were treated with corresponding allergens, there were differences in biological processes and signal pathways between those and control. Gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis showed that the differentially expressed genes (DEG) in AR patients allergic to mugwort were mainly enriched in the oxidation-reduction process, the negative regulation of apoptosis process, and the cell adhesion; the DEG in AR patients allergic to HDM were mainly enriched in cell adhesion, the negative regulation of cell proliferation and the response to drug. Enrichment analysis of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) signaling pathway showed that the DEG of AR patients allergic to mugwort were significantly enriched in arachidonic acid metabolism, p53 signaling pathway and transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) signaling pathway, while the DEG of AR patients allergic to HDM were mainly enriched in cells cycle, Fanconi anemia pathway and DNA replication. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) showed that the inflammatory response, TNF-α/NF-κB signaling pathway and IL-2/STAT5 signaling pathway were significantly up-regulated in AR patients allergic to mugwort, indicating the promotion of inflammatory response; and AR patients allergic to HDM had significant down-regulation of G2M, E2F, and MYC, indicating the inhibition of cell proliferation. The protein-protein interaction network showed that TNF and CDK1 were the most interacting proteins in mugwort and HDM allergic AR patients, respectively. Conclusion: Seasonal AR and perennial AR may affect the different biological processes and signal pathways of nasal epithelial cells, leading to differences in the occurrence and development of AR.

Animals , Humans , Allergens , Computational Biology , Cytokines/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Gene Expression , Interleukin-33/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Interleukin-8 , Nasal Mucosa/metabolism , Plant Extracts/metabolism , Pyroglyphidae , RNA/metabolism , Rhinitis, Allergic/metabolism , Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial , Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal , Seasons
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 719-736, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927739


Gluconobacter oxydans are widely used in industrial due to its ability of oxidizing carbohydrate rapidly. However, the limited gene manipulation methods and less of efficient gene editing tools impose restrictions on its application in industrial production. In recent years, the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) system has been widely used in genome editing and transcriptional regulation which improves the efficiency of genome editing greatly. Here we constructed a CRISPR/dCpf1-mediated gene transcriptional repression system, the expression of a nuclease inactivation Cpf1 protein (dCpf1) in Gluconobacter oxydans together with a 19 nt direct repeats showed effective repression in gene transcription. This system in single gene repression had strong effect and the relative repression level had been increased to 97.9%. While it could be applied in multiplex gene repression which showed strong repression ability at the same time. Furthermore, this system was used in the metabolic pathway of L-sorbose and the regulatory of respiratory chain. The development of CRISPR transcriptional repression system effectively covered the shortage of current gene regulation methods in G. oxydans and provided an efficient gene manipulation tool for metabolic engineering modification in G. oxydans.

CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats/genetics , Gene Editing , Gene Expression , Gluconobacter oxydans/genetics , Metabolic Engineering
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 29-46, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922666


A large number of putative risk genes for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been reported. The functions of most of these susceptibility genes in developing brains remain unknown, and causal relationships between their variation and autism traits have not been established. The aim of this study was to predict putative risk genes at the whole-genome level based on the analysis of gene co-expression with a group of high-confidence ASD risk genes (hcASDs). The results showed that three gene features - gene size, mRNA abundance, and guanine-cytosine content - affect the genome-wide co-expression profiles of hcASDs. To circumvent the interference of these features in gene co-expression analysis, we developed a method to determine whether a gene is significantly co-expressed with hcASDs by statistically comparing the co-expression profile of this gene with hcASDs to that of this gene with permuted gene sets of feature-matched genes. This method is referred to as "matched-gene co-expression analysis" (MGCA). With MGCA, we demonstrated the convergence in developmental expression profiles of hcASDs and improved the efficacy of risk gene prediction. The results of analysis of two recently-reported ASD candidate genes, CDH11 and CDH9, suggested the involvement of CDH11, but not CDH9, in ASD. Consistent with this prediction, behavioral studies showed that Cdh11-null mice, but not Cdh9-null mice, have multiple autism-like behavioral alterations. This study highlights the power of MGCA in revealing ASD-associated genes and the potential role of CDH11 in ASD.

Animals , Mice , Autism Spectrum Disorder/genetics , Brain , Cadherins/genetics , Gene Expression , Mice, Knockout
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 307-313, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935531


Objective: To analyze the genetic landscape of 52 fusion genes in patients with de novo acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and to investigate the characteristics of other laboratory results. Methods: The fusion gene expression was retrospectively analyzed in the 1 994 patients with de novo ALL diagnosed from September 2016 to December 2020. In addition, their mutational, immunophenotypical and karyotypical profiles were investigated. Results: In the 1 994 patients with ALL, the median age was 12 years (from 15 days to 89 years). In the panel of targeted genes, 15 different types of fusion genes were detected in 884 patients (44.33%) and demonstrated a Power law distribution. The frequency of detectable fusion genes in B-cell ALL was significantly higher than that in T-cell ALL (48.48% vs 18.71%), and fusion genes were almost exclusively expressed in B-cell ALL or T-cell ALL. The number of fusion genes showed peaks at<1 year, 3-5 years and 35-44 years, respectively. More fusion genes were identified in children than in adults. MLL-FG was most frequently seen in infants and TEL-AML1 was most commonly seen in children, while BCR-ABL1 was dominant in adults. The majority of fusion gene mutations involved signaling pathway and the most frequent mutations were observed in NRAS and KRAS genes. The expression of early-stage B-cell antigens varied in B-cell ALL patients. The complex karyotypes were more common in BCR-ABL1 positive patients than others. Conclusion: The distribution of fusion genes in ALL patients differs by ages and cell lineages. It also corresponds to various gene mutations, immunophenotypes, and karyotypes.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Gene Expression , Genes, ras , Oncogene Fusion , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/metabolism , Retrospective Studies
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e234855, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1153468


Exposure to the hight-fat diet may alter the control of food intake promoting hyperphagia and obesity. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of this diet on dopamine receptors (drd1 and drd2), proopiomelanocortin (pomc), neuropeptideY (npy) genes expression, and preference food in adult rats. Wistar female rats were fed a hight-fat or control diet during pregnancy and lactation. The offspring were allocated into groups: Lactation - Control (C) and High-fat (H). Post-weaning ­ Control Control (CC), offspring of mothers C, fed a control diet after weaning; Control Hight-fat (CH), offspring of mothers C, fed a hight-fat diet after weaning; Hight-fat Control (HC), offspring of mothers H, fed with control diet after weaning; and Hight-fat Hight-fat (HH), offspring of mothers H, fed a H diet after weaning. The groups CH and HH presented greater expression of drd1 in comparison to the CC. The drd2 of CH and HC presented higher gene expression than did CC. HH presented higher pomc expression in comparison to the other groups. HC also presented greater expression in comparison to CH. The npy of HH presented greater expression in relation to CH and HC. HH and HC have had a higher preference for a high-fat diet at 102º life's day. The high-fat diet altered the gene expression of the drd1, drd2, pomc and npy, and influencing the food preference for high-fat diet.

A exposição à dieta hiperlipídica pode alterar o controle da ingestão de alimentos, promovendo hiperfagia e obesidade. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar os efeitos dessa dieta sobre a expressão gênica dos receptores de dopamina (drd1 e drd2), da proopiomelanocortina (pomc) e neuropeptídeo Y (npy), e preferência alimentar em ratos adultos. Ratas Wistar foram alimentadas com uma dieta hiperlipídica ou controle durante a gestação e lactação. Os descendentes foram alocados em grupos: Lactação ­ Controle (C) e Hiperlipídica (H). Pós-desmame - Controle Controle (CC), descendentes das genitoras do grupo controle e alimentados com dieta controle após o desmame; Controle Hiperlipídica (CH), descendentes das genitoras do grupo controle e alimentados com dieta hiperlipídica após o desmame; Hiperlipídica Controle (HC), descendentes das genitoras do grupo hiperlipídica e alimentados com dieta controle após o desmame; Hiperlipídica Hiperlipídica (HH), descendentes das genitoras do grupo hiperlipídica e alimentados com dieta hiperlipídica após o desmame. Os grupos CH e HH apresentaram maior expressão de drd1 em comparação ao CC. O drd2 de CH e HC apresentou maior expressão gênica que o CC. HH apresentou maior expressão de pomc em comparação com os outros grupos. O HC também apresentou maior expressão de pomc em comparação ao CH. O npy do HH apresentou maior expressão em relação ao CH e HC. HH e HC tiveram uma preferência maior por uma dieta rica em gordura no 102º dia de vida. A dieta hiperlipídica alterou a expressão gênica dos drd1, drd2, pomc e npy e influenciou na preferência alimentar pela dieta hiperlipídica.

Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Pro-Opiomelanocortin/genetics , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Body Weight , Neuropeptide Y/genetics , Gene Expression , Receptors, Dopamine/genetics , Rats, Wistar , Food Preferences
Braz. j. biol ; 82: 1-10, 2022. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468517


This study investigated the use of melatonin to arrest the effects of apoptosis in vitrified zebrafish (D. rerio) embryos. Dechorionated embryos at 22-24 somite-stage were divided (n = 60/treatment) into a non-vitrified (Control Group, 0 M melatonin) and vitrified treatments with 0 M (T1), 1 µM (T2) and 1 mM of melatonin (T3). For vitrified treatments, a solution methanol/propylene glycol based was used and the embryos stored in -196 °C for a week. After thaw, survival rate, scanning electron microscopy, expression of anti (bcl-2) and pro-apoptotic (bax/caspase-3) genes, reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and DNA fragmentation analyses were performed. No live embryos were obtained from vitrified treatments, observing a rapid degeneration immediately after thawing, with the vitelline layer rupture and leakage of its content, followed by breakdown of epithelial cells and melanisation of the tissue. Regarding the apoptotic process, T3 had the highest relative gene expression, for the three genes (P 0.05). The inclusion of 1 µM of melatonin in the vitrifying solution, countered the effects of apoptotic process in post-thaw embryos, suggesting its utility in cryopreserving fish embryos.

Este estudo investigou o uso da melatonina para conter os efeitos da apoptose em embriões vitrificados de zebrafish (D. rerio). Embriões descorionados no estágio de 22-24 somitos foram divididos (n = 60 / tratamento) em tratamento não vitrificado (Grupo Controle, melatonina 0 M) e tratamentos vitrificados com 0 M (T1), 1 µM (T2) e 1 mM de melatonina (T3). Para os tratamentos vitrificados, utilizou-se uma solução à base de metanol/propilenoglicol e os embriões foram armazenados em -196 °C por uma semana. Após o descongelamento, foram realizadas análises de taxa de sobrevivência, microscopia eletrônica de varredura, expressão dos genes anti (bcl-2) e pró-apoptóticos (bax/caspase-3), formação de espécies reativas de oxigênio (EROS) e análises de fragmentação de DNA. Não foram obtidos embriões vivos a partir dos tratamentos vitrificados, observando uma rápida degeneração imediatamente após o descongelamento, com ruptura da camada vitelina e vazamento de seu conteúdo, seguida de quebra das células epiteliais e melanização do tecido. Em relação ao processo apoptótico. T3 apresentou expressão gênica relativa alta para os três genes (P 0,05). A inclusão de 1 µM de melatonina na solução de vitrificação, contrariou os efeitos do processo apoptótico em embriões pós-descongelamento, sugerindo sua utilidade na criopreservação de embriões de peixes.

Animals , Gene Expression/drug effects , Melatonin/administration & dosage , Zebrafish/embryology , Zebrafish/genetics , Vitrification