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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 582-588, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986174

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of targeted carboxylesterase 1f (Ces1f) gene knockdown on the polarization activity of Kupffer cells (KC) induced by lipopolysaccharide/D-galactosamine (LPS/D-GalN) in mice with acute liver failure. Methods: The complex siRNA-EndoPorter formed by combining the small RNA (siRNA) carrying the Ces1f-targeting interference sequence and the polypeptide transport carrier (Endoporter) was wrapped in β-1, 3-D glucan shell to form complex particles (GeRPs). Thirty male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into a normal control group, a model group (LPS/D-GalN), a pretreatment group (GeRPs), a pretreatment model group (GeRPs+LPS/D-GalN), and an empty vector group (EndoPorter). Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR and western blot were used to detect Ces1f mRNA and protein expression levels in the liver tissues of each mouse group. Real-time PCR was used to detect the expression levels of KC M1 polarization phenotypic differentiation cluster 86(CD86) mRNA and KC M2 polarization phenotypic differentiation cluster 163 (CD163) mRNA in each group. Immunofluorescence double staining technique was used to detect the expression of Ces1f protein and M1/M2 polarization phenotype CD86/CD163 protein in KC. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to observe the pathological damage to liver tissue. A one-way analysis of variance was used to compare the means among multiple groups, or an independent sample nonparametric rank sum test was used when the variances were uneven. Results: The relative expression levels of Ces1f mRNA/protein in liver tissue of the normal control group, model group, pretreatment group, and pretreatment model group were 1.00 ± 0.00, 0.80 ± 0.03/0.80 ± 0.14, 0.56 ± 0.08/0.52 ± 0.13, and 0.26 ± 0.05/0.29 ± 0.13, respectively, and the differences among the groups were statistically significant (F = 9.171/3.957, 20.740/9.315, 34.530/13.830, P < 0.01). The percentages of Ces1f-positive Kupffer cells in the normal control group, model group, pretreatment group, and pretreatment model group were 91.42%, ± 3.79%, 73.85% ± 7.03%, 48.70% ± 5.30%, and 25.68% ± 4.55%, respectively, and the differences between the groups were statistically significant (F = 6.333, 15.400, 23.700, P < 0.01). The relative expression levels of CD86 mRNA in the normal control group, model group, and pretreatment model group were 1.00 ± 0.00, 2.01 ± 0.04, and 4.17 ± 0.14, respectively, and the differences between the groups were statistically significant (F = 33.800, 106.500, P < 0.01). The relative expression levels of CD163 mRNA in the normal control group, the model group, and the pretreatment model group were 1.00 ± 0.00, 0.85 ± 0.01, and 0.65 ± 0.01, respectively, and the differences between the groups were statistically significant (F = 23.360, 55.350, P < 0.01). The percentages of (F4/80(+)CD86(+)) and (F4/80(+)CD163(+)) in the normal control group and model group and pretreatment model group were 10.67% ± 0.91% and 12.60% ± 1.67%, 20.02% ± 1.29% and 8.04% ± 0.76%, and 43.67% ± 2.71% and 5.43% ± 0.47%, respectively, and the differences among the groups were statistically significant (F = 11.130/8.379, 39.250/13.190, P < 0.01). The liver injury scores of the normal control group, the model group, and the pretreatment model group were 0.22 ± 0.08, 1.32 ± 0.36, and 2.17 ± 0.26, respectively, and the differences among the groups were statistically significant (F = 12.520 and 22.190, P < 0.01). Conclusion: Ces1f may be a hepatic inflammatory inhibitory molecule, and its inhibitory effect production may come from the molecule's maintenance of KC polarization phenotypic homeostasis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Carboxylesterase/genetics , Galactosamine , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Kupffer Cells , Lipopolysaccharides/adverse effects , Liver Failure, Acute/chemically induced , Mice, Inbred C57BL , RNA, Messenger
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e9173, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142586

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the correlation of kinesin family member 2A (KIF2A) expression with disease risk, clinical characteristics, and prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and investigate the effect of KIF2A knockdown on AML cell activities in vitro. Bone marrow samples were collected from 176 AML patients and 40 healthy donors, and KIF2A expression was measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Treatment response, event-free survival (EFS), and overall survival (OS) were assessed in AML patients. In vitro, KIF2A expression in AML cell lines and CD34+ cells (from healthy donors) was measured, and the effect of KIF2A knockdown on AML cell proliferation and apoptosis in HL-60 and KG-1 cells was detected. KIF2A expression was greater in AML patients compared to healthy donors, and receiver operating characteristic curve indicated that KIF2A expression predicted increased AML risk (area under curve: 0.793 (95%CI: 0.724-0.826)). In AML patients, KIF2A expression positively correlated with white blood cells, monosomal karyotype, and high risk stratification. Furthermore, no correlation of KIF2A expression with complete remission or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was found. Kaplan-Meier curves showed that KIF2A expression was negatively correlated with EFS and OS. In vitro experiments showed that KIF2A was overexpressed in AML cell lines (KG-1, HL-60, ME-1, and HT-93) compared to CD34+ cells, moreover, cell proliferation was reduced but apoptosis was increased by KIF2A knockdown in HL-60 and KG-1 cells. In conclusion, KIF2A showed potential to be a biomarker and treatment target in AML.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Kinesins/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Survival Rate , Risk Factors , Apoptosis , HL-60 Cells , Cell Proliferation , Gene Knockdown Techniques
3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 893-900, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921293

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect and potential mechanism of knockdown of sphingosine kinase-1 (SPHK1) on the proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect SPHK1 mRNA expression in human healthy lung fibroblasts (MRC-5 cells) and four NSCLC cell lines. Then, A549 and H1299 cells were transfected with SPHK1-shRNA and corresponding negative control. CCK-8, Annexin V-FITC/PI dual staining and cell cycle assay were performed to evaluate cell proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle distribution, respectively. JC-1 mitochondrial membrane potential measurement kit was adopted to measure mitochondrial membrane potential. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression levels of cell cycle and mitochondrial apoptotic pathway-related proteins, as well as MEK/ERK signaling pathway. The results showed that the mRNA expression of SPHK1 in NSCLC cells was higher than that in MRC-5 cells. SPHK1-shRNA significantly inhibited the proliferation of A549 and H1299 cells, blocked the cell cycle in G0/G1 phase, and promoted cell apoptosis through the mitochondrial pathway. Compared with the control group, the expression of p-MEK and p-ERK proteins in the SPHK1-shRNA group was significantly down-regulated. Moreover, MEK/ERK inhibitor could dramatically suppress cell proliferation and promote cell apoptosis. These results suggest that SPHK1 knockdown can inhibit the proliferation of NSCLC cells and might promote mitochondrial apoptotic pathway by inhibiting MEK/ERK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)/genetics
4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 79-87, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009754

ABSTRACT

The transition from spermatogonia to spermatocytes and the initiation of meiosis are key steps in spermatogenesis and are precisely regulated by a plethora of proteins. However, the underlying molecular mechanism remains largely unknown. Here, we report that Src homology domain tyrosine phosphatase 2 (Shp2; encoded by the protein tyrosine phosphatase, nonreceptor type 11 [Ptpn11] gene) is abundant in spermatogonia but markedly decreases in meiotic spermatocytes. Conditional knockout of Shp2 in spermatogonia in mice using stimulated by retinoic acid gene 8 (Stra8)-cre enhanced spermatogonial differentiation and disturbed the meiotic process. Depletion of Shp2 in spermatogonia caused many meiotic spermatocytes to die; moreover, the surviving spermatocytes reached the leptotene stage early at postnatal day 9 (PN9) and the pachytene stage at PN11-13. In preleptotene spermatocytes, Shp2 deletion disrupted the expression of meiotic genes, such as disrupted meiotic cDNA 1 (Dmc1), DNA repair recombinase rad51 (Rad51), and structural maintenance of chromosome 3 (Smc3), and these deficiencies interrupted spermatocyte meiosis. In GC-1 cells cultured in vitro, Shp2 knockdown suppressed the retinoic acid (RA)-induced phosphorylation of extracellular-regulated protein kinase (Erk) and protein kinase B (Akt/PKB) and the expression of target genes such as synaptonemal complex protein 3 (Sycp3) and Dmc1. Together, these data suggest that Shp2 plays a crucial role in spermatogenesis by governing the transition from spermatogonia to spermatocytes and by mediating meiotic progression through regulating gene transcription, thus providing a potential treatment target for male infertility.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , Cell Line , Cell Survival , Chondroitin Sulfate Proteoglycans/genetics , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Infertility, Male , Meiosis/genetics , Mice, Knockout , Mice, Transgenic , Phosphate-Binding Proteins/genetics , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 11/genetics , Rad51 Recombinase/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Spermatocytes/metabolism , Spermatogenesis/genetics , Spermatogonia/metabolism
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1395-1404, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826837

ABSTRACT

By inserting microRNAs into the intron of EF1α promoter, we constructed a novel lentiviral vector knocking down PD-1 gene via microRNA and applied it to CAR-T cells. Lentiviral transduction efficiency and PD-1-silencing efficiency were detected by flow cytometry. PD-1 expression was detected by Western blotting. Relative expression of microRNA was measured by Q-PCR. Cytotoxicity of CAR-T cells based on this vector was tested by luciferase bioluminescence and flow cytometry. Compared with lentiviral vector with microRNA transcribed by U6 promotor, the transduction efficiency of lentiviral vector with microRNA which was inserted into the intron of EF1α promoter was more significant, and the knockdown rate of PD-1 was more than 90%, which was validated by flow cytometry and Western blotting. And the relative expression level of microRNA in Jurkat cells transduced with this novel lentiviral vector was shown by Q-PCR. Compared with normal CAR-T cells, CAR-T cells based on this vector showed stronger cytotoxicity against PD-L1 positive Raji cells. We successfully constructed a novel lentiviral vector that knocked down PD-1 via microRNA and verified the superiority of its transduction efficiency and knockdown efficiency of PD-1. CAR-T cells based on this vector can exert a more powerful cytotoxicity, thus providing theoretical support for the subsequent treatment of PD-L1 positive tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Lentivirus , Genetics , MicroRNAs , Metabolism , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Genetics
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1414-1421, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826835

ABSTRACT

Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated proteins (Cas) system is a hotspot of gene editing and gene expression research, in which CRISPR/Cas13 system provides a new direction for RNA interference and editing. In this study, we designed and synthesized the corresponding gRNAs of CRISPR/Cas13a and CRISPR/Cas13b systems in non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) pathway, such as Ku70 and Lig4, and then detected the expression of ku70 and lig4 in HEK293T cells. The CRISPR/Cas13a system could efficiently knockdown the mRNA expression of ku70 and lig4 more than 50%, and CRISPR/Cas13b system also suppressed ku70 and lig4 about 92% and 76%, respectively. Also, CRISPR/Cas13a, b systems could down-regulate Ku70 and Lig4 proteins level to 68% and 53%, respectively. The study demonstrates that the CRISPR/Cas13 system could effectively knockdown the expression of RNA and protein in HEK293T cells, providing a new strategy for gene function and regulation research.


Subject(s)
Humans , CRISPR-Cas Systems , DNA Ligase ATP , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Genetics , Gene Knockdown Techniques , HEK293 Cells , Ku Autoantigen , Genetics
7.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 228-235, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826377

ABSTRACT

To investigate the mechanism of long non-coding RNA plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) in gastric cancer caused by (HP) infection. The expression of PVT1 was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in HP-infected normal gastric epithelial cells GES-1. Gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901 was transfected with PVT1 small interfering RNA and co-cultured with HP,and then the inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α),interleukin (IL) -1β,IL-6 and IL-8 were detected. After PVT1 was knocked down,the effects of PVT1 on the proliferation and migration of gastric cancer cells were examined by cell scratch assay. RNA-pulldown combined with mass spectrometry was used to detect the protein binding to PVT1,and the result of mass spectrometry was verified by RNA-pulldown combined with Western blot. In HP-infected normal gastric epithelial cells GES-1,quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction showed that PVT1 was significantly up-regulated (=7.160,=0.019). PVT1 was knocked down in gastric cancer cells,and then infected with HP. The expressions of inflammatory factors including TNF-α (=3.899,=0.011),IL-1β (=14.610,=0.000),and IL-8 (=6.557,=0.001) were significantly inhibited. Although PVT1 knockdown had no significant effect on the proliferation ability of gastric cancer cells,it inhibited the migration of cells. PVT1 might interact with RPS8 protein. PVT1 may act as a pro-inflammatory factor and regulate gastric cancer caused by HP infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cytokines , Metabolism , Epithelial Cells , Cell Biology , Microbiology , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Helicobacter Infections , Pathology , Helicobacter pylori , Inflammation , RNA, Long Noncoding , Genetics
8.
Biol. Res ; 53: 53-53, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505779

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Our previous study indicated that aerobic exercise relieves cognitive impairment in patients with vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) via regulating brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), but the mechanism is not yet clear. This study aimed to explore whether lncRNA taurine upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) participates in the process of VCI by regulating BDNF. METHODS: The expressions of TUG1 and BDNF in the serum of VCI patients were detected. The potential molecular mechanisms of TUG1 in regulating hippocampal neuronal apoptosis were explored in oxygen and glucose deprivation-induced (OGD-induced) hippocampal cell line HT22. The VCI mouse model was established, and TUG1 and BDNF were overexpressed via lentivirus injection. The cognitive impairment of mice was detected by the Morris water maze experiment after the aerobic exercise. RESULTS: The level of TUG1 was elevated in the serum of VCI patients compared with the control group. The knockdown of TUG1 in OGD-induced HT22 cells increased BDNF level and decreased cell apoptosis, and the downregulation of BDNF restored the decreased cell apoptosis. RNA immunoprecipitation and RNA pull-down assays showed that TUG1 could bind to BDNF protein. The aerobic exercise alleviated cognitive impairment and inhibited hippocampal apoptosis in VCI mice. Meanwhile, the overexpression of TUG1 reversed the therapeutic effects of aerobic exercise on cognitive impairment. CONCLUSIONS: The knockdown of TUG1 reduced hippocampal neuronal apoptosis and participates in the aerobic exercise-alleviated VCI, which was partly through regulating BDNF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Mice , Physical Conditioning, Animal , Apoptosis , Cognitive Dysfunction/genetics , Cognitive Dysfunction/therapy , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Neurons/pathology , Taurine , Cell Line , Mice, Knockout , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Knockdown Techniques , RNA, Long Noncoding/blood , Hippocampus/cytology , Mice, Inbred C57BL
9.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 345-350, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009652

ABSTRACT

While it is known that spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) initiate the production of male germ cells, the mechanisms of SSC self-renewal, proliferation, and differentiation remain poorly understood. We have previously identified Strawberry Notch 1 (SBNO1), a vertebrate strawberry notch family protein, in the proteome profile for mouse SSC maturation and differentiation, revealing SBNO1 is associated with neonatal testicular development. To explore further the location and function of SBNO1 in the testes, we performed Sbno1 gene knockdown in mice to study the effects of SBNO1 on neonatal testicular and SSC development. Our results revealed that SBNO1 is required for neonatal testicular and SSC development in mice. Particularly, in vitro Sbno1 gene knockdown with morpholino oligonucleotides caused a reduction of SSCs and inactivation of the noncanonical Wnt pathway, through Jun N-terminal kinases. Our study suggests SBNO1 maintains SSCs by promoting the noncanonical Wnt pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Adult Germline Stem Cells/metabolism , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Proteome , Repressor Proteins/metabolism , Testis/metabolism , Wnt Signaling Pathway/physiology
10.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 262-267, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776518

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of exendin-4(Ex-4) on the differentiation of neural stem cells(NSCs) in adult mouse subventricular zone(SVZ)and its mechanism .@*METHODS@#NSCs in the SVZ were derived from 5-week C57BL/6J mice and the expression of nestin was detected by immunofluorescence. The cell morphology was observed after the cells treatmed with 100 nmol/L Ex-4 for 14 days.The expressions of nestin and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) were detected by immunofluorescence. GLP-1R was knocked down by using shRNA and the study was divided into four groups: control group, Ex-4 group, GLP-1R knockdown group, GLP-1R knockdown + Ex-4 group. After treatment with 100 nmol/L Ex-4 for 14 d, β-tublin III and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) were labeled by immunofluorescence and then the proportion of β-tublin III positive cells were counted. Western blot was used to detect the activation of cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) in NSCs. In order to further study the effects of Ex-4 on mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) and phosphatidylinositol 3-hydroxy kinase (PI3K) pathways, the cells were pretreated with MAPK inhibitor U0126 at a concentration of 0.07 μmol/L for 30 min or PI3K inhibitor LY294002 at 50 μmol for 2 h, respectively. The study was divided into six groups: control group, Ex-4 group, U0126 group, U0126 + Ex-4 group, LY294002 group, LY294002 + Ex-4 group. The activation of CREB in each group was detected by Western blot. The experiment was repeated three times independently.@*RESULTS@#NSCs were successfully extracted from SVZ of C57BL/6J mice. Immunofluorescence showed that nestin and GLP-1R were positive in NSCs. Compared with the control group, the proportion of neurons differentiated from Ex-4 group was higher. The percentage of neurons in GLP-1R knockdown + Ex-4 group was basically the same as that in control group (P<0.01). The positive cells of beta-tublin III showed positive activation of GLP-1R and CREB. Western blot showed that CREB was significantly activated in the Ex-4 group, and knockdown of GLP-1R abolished its activation (P<0.01). U0126 did not affect Ex-4-mediated CERB activation, and LY294002 significantly reduced Ex-4-mediated CREB activation (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Ex-4 promotes the differentiation of NSCs into neurons in SVZ of adult mice through GLP-1R receptor, which may be achieved through PI3K/CREB pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein , Metabolism , Exenatide , Pharmacology , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor , Genetics , Metabolism , Lateral Ventricles , Cell Biology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neural Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
11.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 336-346, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775445

ABSTRACT

We have previously reported that Cystatin C (CysC) is a pivotal mediator in the neuroprotection induced by hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) preconditioning; however, the underlying mechanism and how CysC changes after stroke are not clear. In the present study, we demonstrated that CysC expression was elevated as early as 3 h after reperfusion, and this was further enhanced by HBO preconditioning. Concurrently, LC3-II and Beclin-1, two positive-markers for autophagy induction, exhibited increases similar to CysC, while knockdown of CysC blocked these elevations. As a marker of autophagy inhibition, p62 was downregulated by HBO preconditioning and this was blocked by CysC knockdown. Besides, the beneficial effects of preserving lysosomal membrane integrity and enhancing autolysosome formation induced by HBO preconditioning were abolished in CysC rats. Furthermore, we demonstrated that exogenous CysC reduced the neurological deficits and infarct volume after brain ischemic injury, while 3-methyladenine partially reversed this neuroprotection. In the present study, we showed that CysC is biochemically and morphologically essential for promoting autophagic flux, and highlighted the translational potential of HBO preconditioning and CysC for stroke treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Autophagy , Physiology , Beclin-1 , Metabolism , Brain , Metabolism , Pathology , Brain Ischemia , Metabolism , Pathology , Therapeutics , Cystatin C , Genetics , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Expression , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Lysosomes , Metabolism , Pathology , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Metabolism , Neurons , Metabolism , Pathology , Neuroprotection , Physiology , Oxygen , Therapeutic Uses , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rats, Transgenic , Reperfusion Injury , Metabolism , Pathology , Therapeutics
12.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 65-74, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775252

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the expression, localization and regulatory effect on mitochondrial calcium signaling of Rictor in embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (ESC-CMs).@*METHODS@#Classical embryonic stem cell cardiomyogenesis model was used for differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells into cardiomyocytes. The location of Rictor in ESC-CMs was investigated by immunofluorescence and Western blot. The expression of Rictor in mouse embryonic stem cells was interfered with lentiviral technology, then the superposition of mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in ESC-CMs was detected with immunofluorescence method; the cellular ultrastructure of ESC-CMs was observed by transmission electron microscope; the mitochondrial calcium transients of ESC-CMs was detected by living cell workstation;immunoprecipitation was used to detect the interaction between 1,5,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3 receptor, IP3R), glucose-regulated protein 75 (Grp75) and voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1) in mitochondrial outer membrane; the expression of mitochondrial fusion protein (mitonusin-2, Mfn2) was detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Rictor was mainly localized in the endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondrial-endoplasmic reticulum membrane (MAM) in ESC-CMs. Immunofluorescence results showed that Rictor was highly overlapped with ER and mitochondria in ESC-CMs. After mitochondrial and ER were labeled with Mito-Tracker Red and ER-Tracker Green, it was demonstrated that the mitochondria of the myocardial cells in the Rictor group were scattered, and the superimposition rate of mitochondria and ER was lower than that of the negative control group (<0.01). The MAM structures were decreased in ESC-CMs after knockdown of Rictor. The results of the living cell workstation showed that the amplitude of mitochondrial calcium transients by ATP stimulation in ESC-CMs was decreased after knockdown of Rictor (<0.01). The results of co-immunoprecipitation showed that the interaction between IP3R, Grp75 and VDAC1 in the MAM structure of the cardiomyocytes in the Rictor group was significantly attenuated (<0.01); the results of Western blot showed that the expression of Mfn2 protein was significantly decreased (<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Using lentiviral technology to interfere Rictor expression in mouse embryonic stem cells, the release of calcium from the endoplasmic reticulum to mitochondria in ESC-CMs decreases, which may be affected by reducing the interaction of IP3R, Grp75, VDAC1 and decreasing the expression of Mfn2, leading to the damage of MAM structure.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Calcium Signaling , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Genetics , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Mitochondria , Physiology , Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells , Myocytes, Cardiac , Physiology , Protein Transport , Rapamycin-Insensitive Companion of mTOR Protein , Genetics , Metabolism
13.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 6-12, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772128

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of MTBP in regulating the migration and invasion of human prostate cancer cells.@*METHODS@#The baseline expressions of MTBP in 3 different human prostate cancer cells lines (22RV1, DU145 and Lncap) were detected using Western blotting. The cells were transfected with a small interfering RNA (siRNA) for MTBP knockdown or MTBP plasmid for MTBP overexpression, and 48 h later, the cells were examined for MTBP expression with Western blotting; the changes in the migration abilities of the cells were evaluated using wound healing assay and Transwell assay, and the cell invasiveness was assessed using Matrigel Transwell assay. The expression of E-cadherin protein, a marker of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT), was detected using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#MTBP expression was the highest in DU145 cells followed by Lncap cells, and was the lowest in 22RV1 cells, indicating a positive correlation of MTBP expression with the level of malignancy of human prostate cancer cells. Transfection of the cells with siRNA or MTBP plasmids efficiently lowered or enhanced the expressions of MTBP in human prostate cancer cells. Wound healing assay showed that inhibition of MTBP expression decreased the migration ability of the prostate cancer cells, and MTBP overexpression significantly promoted the migration of the cells ( < 0.01). Transwell assay showed that MTBP knockdown significantly lowered the migration and invasion ability of the cells, while MTBP overexpression markedly increased the number of migrating and invading cells ( < 0.01); Western blotting results showed that MTBP knockdown increased the expression of E-cadherin protein, and MTBP overexpression decreased E-cadherin expression in the prostate cancer cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#MTBP overexpression promotes the migration and invasion of human prostate cancer cells possibly relation to the induction of EMT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Cadherins , Metabolism , Carrier Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Prostatic Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , RNA, Small Interfering , Transfection
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1008-1012, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771847

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of nucleophosmin (NPM) in the proliferation of chronic myeloid leukemia cells (K562 cells) and its mechanism by RNAi technology.@*METHODS@#shRNA was used to inhibit the expression of NPM. The expression of NPM gene was detected by real-time quantitative PCR. The effect of inhibiting NPM gene on cell proliferation was detected by MTS assay. Change of cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry. Western blot was used to detect the expression of cell cycle-related proteins.@*RESULTS@#The shRNA lentiviral vector targeting at NPM gene was successfully constructed and used to transfect the K562 cells. The results showed that compared with the control groups, suppression of NPM gene expression in K562 cells could inhibit the cell proliferation and decrease the cell colony formation. Moreover, interference of NPM gene could prolong G/G phase and arrest cell cycle, which may be related to the down-regulation of NPM gene expression and activation of p21 protein expression, thereby inhibited the formation of CDK2/ Cyclin E complex.@*CONCLUSION@#Down-regulation of NPM gene expression in K562 cells can induce cell cycle arrest and inhibit cell proliferation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Gene Knockdown Techniques , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Nuclear Proteins
15.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 178-183, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009565

ABSTRACT

Phosphoglycerate mutase 1 (PGAM1) is upregulated in many cancer types and involved in cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and apoptosis. However, the relationship between PGAM1 and prostate cancer is poorly understood. The present study investigated the changes in PGAM1 expression in prostate cancer tissues compared with normal prostate tissues and examined the cellular function of PGAM1 and its relationship with clinicopathological variables. Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting revealed that PGAM1 expression was upregulated in prostate cancer tissues and cell lines. PGAM1 expression was associated with Gleason score (P = 0.01) and T-stage (P = 0.009). Knockdown of PGAM1 by siRNA in PC-3 and 22Rv1 prostate cancer cell lines inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and enhanced cancer cell apoptosis. In a nude mouse xenograft model, PGAM1 knockdown markedly suppressed tumor growth. Deletion of PGAM1 resulted in decreased expression of Bcl-2, enhanced expression of Bax, caspases-3 and inhibition of MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression. Our results indicate that PGAM1 may play an important role in prostate cancer progression and aggressiveness, and that it might be a valuable marker of poor prognosis and a potential therapeutic target for prostate cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Mice , Apoptosis/genetics , Caspase 3/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Deletion , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Mice, Nude , Neoplasm Invasiveness/genetics , Neoplasm Transplantation , PC-3 Cells , Phosphoglycerate Mutase/genetics , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Transplantation, Heterologous , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism
16.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 300-305, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009561

ABSTRACT

This study aims to validate our hypothesis that acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) may contribute to the symptom of pain in patients with chronic prostatitis (CP). We first established a CP rat model, then isolated the L5-S2 spinal dorsal horn neurons for further studies. ASIC1a was knocked down and its effects on the expression of neurogenic inflammation-related factors in the dorsal horn neurons of rat spinal cord were evaluated. The effect of ASIC1a on the Ca2+ ion concentration in the dorsal horn neurons of rat spinal cord was measured by the intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) intensity. The effect of ASIC1a on the p38/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway was also determined. ASIC1a was significantly upregulated in the CP rat model as compared with control rats. Acid-induced ASIC1a expression increased [Ca2+]i intensity in the dorsal horn neurons of rat spinal cord. ASIC1a also increased the levels of neurogenic inflammation-related factors and p-p38 expression in the acid-treated dorsal horn neurons. Notably, ASIC1a knockdown significantly decreased the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, the levels of p-p38 and pro-inflammatory cytokines in acid-treated dorsal horn neurons were significantly decreased in the presence of PcTx-1, BAPTA-AM, or SB203580. Our results showed that ASIC1a may contribute to the symptom of pain in patients with CP, at least partially, by regulating the p38/MAPK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acid Sensing Ion Channel Blockers/pharmacology , Acid Sensing Ion Channels/genetics , Calcium/metabolism , Chelating Agents/pharmacology , Chronic Disease , Cytokines/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Egtazic Acid/pharmacology , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Imidazoles/pharmacology , Inflammation/metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System/genetics , Pain/genetics , Peptides/pharmacology , Phosphorylation/drug effects , Posterior Horn Cells/metabolism , Prostatitis/complications , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Pyridines/pharmacology , Spider Venoms/pharmacology , Up-Regulation , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism
17.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 24-29, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009523

ABSTRACT

Emerging evidence indicates that aldosterone and mineralocorticoid receptors (MRs) are associated with the pathogenesis of erectile dysfunction. However, the molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this study, freshly isolated penile corpus cavernosum tissue from rats was treated with aldosterone, with or without MRs inhibitors. Nuclear factor (NF)-kappa B (NF-κB) activity was evaluated by real-time quantitative PCR, luciferase assay, and immunoblot. The results demonstrated that mRNA levels of the NF-κB target genes, including inhibitor of NF-κB alpha (IκB-α), NF-κB1, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and interleukin 6 (IL-6), were higher after aldosterone treatment. Accordingly, phosphorylation of p65/RelA, IκB-α, and inhibitor of NF-κB kinase-β was markedly increased by aldosterone. Furthermore, knockdown of MRs prevented activation of the NF-κB canonical pathway by aldosterone. Consistent with this finding, ectopic overexpression of MRs enhanced the transcriptional activation of NF-κB by aldosterone. More importantly, the MRs antagonist, spironolactone blocked aldosterone-mediated activation of the canonical NF-κB pathway. In conclusion, aldosterone has an inflammatory effect in the corpus cavernosum penis, inducing NF-κB activation via an MRs-dependent pathway, which may be prevented by selective MRs antagonists. These data reveal the possible role of aldosterone in erectile dysfunction as well as its potential as a novel pharmacologic target for treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Aldosterone/pharmacology , Cytokines/biosynthesis , Gene Knockdown Techniques , I-kappa B Kinase/antagonists & inhibitors , Interleukin-6/genetics , Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists/pharmacology , NF-kappa B/genetics , Penis/metabolism , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors , RNA, Messenger/biosynthesis , Rats, Inbred WKY , Receptors, Mineralocorticoid/genetics , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Spironolactone/pharmacology , Transcriptional Activation , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/biosynthesis , NF-kappaB-Inducing Kinase
18.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 43-50, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742506

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Tripartite-motif-containing protein 56 (TRIM56) has been found to exhibit a broad antiviral activity, depending upon E3 ligase activity. Here, we attempted to evaluate the function of TRIM56 in multiple myeloma (MM) and its underlying molecular basis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TRIM56 expression at the mRNA and protein level was measured by qRT PCR and western blot analysis. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and flow cytometry analysis was performed to investigate the effect of TRIM56 on MM cell proliferation and apoptosis. The concentrations of interferon (IFN)-β, interleukin (IL)-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α in MM cell culture supernatants were detected with respective commercial ELISA kits. Western blot was employed to determine the effect of TRIM56 on toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3)/toll-IL-1 receptor (TIR) domain-containing adaptor inducing IFN-β (TRIF) signaling pathway. RESULTS: TRIM56 expression was prominently decreased in MM cells. Poly (dA:dT)-induced TRIM56 overexpression in U266 cells suppressed proliferation, induced apoptosis, and enhanced inflammatory cytokine production, while TRIM56 knockdown improved growth, diminished apoptosis, and inhibited inflammatory cytokine secretion in RPMI8226 cells. Moreover, TRIM56 knockdown blocked TLR3 signaling pathway. Furthermore, poly (I:C), a TLR3 agonist, markedly abolished TRIM56 depletion-induced increase of proliferation, decrease of apoptosis, and reduction of inflammatory factor in MM cells. CONCLUSION: TRIM56 may act as a tumor suppressor in MM through activation of TLR3/TRIF signaling pathway, contributing to a better understanding of the molecular mechanism of TRIM56 involvement in MM pathogenesis and providing a promising therapy strategy for patients with MM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport/metabolism , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cytokines/metabolism , Disease Progression , Down-Regulation/drug effects , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Multiple Myeloma/metabolism , Multiple Myeloma/pathology , Poly I-C/pharmacology , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Toll-Like Receptor 3/metabolism , Tripartite Motif Proteins/deficiency , Tripartite Motif Proteins/metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/deficiency , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism
19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 51-56, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742505

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: 14-3-3ζ regulates cell signaling, cell cycle progression, and apoptosis, and its overexpression is associated with disease recurrence and poor clinical outcomes in some solid tumors. However, its clinicopathological role in ovarian cancer is unknown. Our goal was to investigate whether 14-3-3ζ is associated with ovarian cancer prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined 14-3-3ζ expression by immunohistochemistry in ovarian cancer tissues obtained from 88 ovarian cancer patients. The examined tissues were of various histologies and stages. 14-3-3ζ expression was also analyzed by western blot in seven ovarian cancer cell lines and a primary ovary epithelial cell line. Cell viability was measured using an MTS-based assay following cisplatin treatment. RESULTS: Among the ovarian cancer samples, 53.4% (47/88) showed high 14-3-3ζ expression, and 14-3-3ζ overexpression was positively correlated with more advanced pathologic stages and grades. 14-3-3ζ overexpression was also significantly associated with poor disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) of ovarian cancer patients. Median DFS and OS were 1088 and 3905 days, respectively, in the high 14-3-3ζ expression group, but not reached in the low 14-3-3ζ expression group (p=0.004 and p=0.033, log-rank test, respectively). Downregulating 14-3-3ζ by RNA interference in ovarian cancer cells led to enhanced sensitivity to cisplatin-induced cell death. CONCLUSION: 14-3-3ζ overexpression might be a potential prognostic biomarker for ovarian cancer, and the inhibition of 14-3-3ζ could be a therapeutic option that enhances the antitumor activity of cisplatin.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , 14-3-3 Proteins/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cisplatin/therapeutic use , Disease-Free Survival , Down-Regulation , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Gene Silencing , Immunohistochemistry , Ovarian Neoplasms/drug therapy , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis
20.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 141-147, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742492

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: microRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding RNAs composed of 20 to 22 nucleotides that regulate development and differentiation in various organs by silencing specific RNAs and regulating gene expression. In the present study, we show that the microRNA (miR)-183 cluster is upregulated during hair cell regeneration and that its inhibition reduces hair cell regeneration following neomycin-induced ototoxicity in zebrafish. MATERIALS AND METHODS: miRNA expression patterns after neomycin exposure were analyzed using microarray chips. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was performed to validate miR-183 cluster expression patterns following neomycin exposure (500 µM for 2 h). After injection of an antisense morpholino (MO) to miR-183 (MO-183) immediately after fertilization, hair cell regeneration after neomycin exposure in neuromast cells was evaluated by fluorescent staining (YO-PRO1). The MO-183 effect also was assessed in transgenic zebrafish larvae expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) in inner ear hair cells. RESULTS: Microarray analysis clearly showed that the miR-183 cluster (miR-96, miR-182, and miR-183) was upregulated after neomycin treatment. We also confirmed upregulated expression of the miR-183 cluster during hair cell regeneration after neomycin-induced ototoxicity. miR-183 inhibition using MO-183 reduced hair cell regeneration in both wild-type and GFP transgenic zebrafish larvae. CONCLUSION: Our work demonstrates that the miR-183 cluster is essential for the regeneration of hair cells following ototoxic injury in zebrafish larvae. Therefore, regulation of the miR-183 cluster can be a novel target for stimulation of hair cell regeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Genetically Modified , Cell Count , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Green Fluorescent Proteins/metabolism , Hair Cells, Auditory/drug effects , Hair Cells, Auditory/physiology , Larva/drug effects , Larva/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Morpholinos/pharmacology , Neomycin/toxicity , Regeneration/drug effects , Regeneration/genetics , Zebrafish/genetics
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