Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 274
Filter
1.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación; 1 ed; Mar. 2022. 49 p. ilus.
Monography in Spanish | MINSAPERU, LILACS, LIPECS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-1362125

ABSTRACT

En el marco de la difusión e implementación de la NTS N° 127-MINSA/2016/DGIESP "Evaluación, Calificación y Certificación de la persona con discapacidad" y en coordinación con el Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación, se elaboró el plan de implementación, dándose inicio a la capacitación de médicos rehabilitadores, otras especialidades relacionadas al diagnóstico de la discapacidad, en uso del instrumento y a los médicos generales, en generar las competencias para la evaluación, calificación y certificación de la persona con discapacidad, así como la Certificación de la Discapacidad


Subject(s)
Specialization , Certification , Disabled Persons , Diagnosis , General Practitioners
2.
Ann. afr. méd. (En ligne) ; 15(2): e4577-e4588, 2022. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1366402

ABSTRACT

Contexte et objectif. Le syndrome d'apnées hypopnées obstructives du sommeil (SAHOS) est une pathologie fréquente, mais méconnue. L'objectif de cette enquête était d'évaluer les connaissances ainsi que les habitudes diagnostique et thérapeutique des médecins généralistes (MG) vis-à-vis le SAHOS. Méthodes. Etude transversale, déclarative, observationnelle menée auprès des MG de la ville de Kinshasa, à partir d'un questionnaire anonyme n'ayant pas précisé au préalable l'objet de l'étude. Les réponses aux questions et le nombre des répondants sont exprimés en fréquence et en pourcentage. Résultats. Sur 177 MG ayant répondu au questionnaire, près de 70% avaient obtenu leur diplôme après l'année 2009. Le cursus universitaire avait été la principale source d'information. La majorité des MG de l'enquête (62%) n'était pas familiarisée avec le SAHOS. Les symptômes cardinaux (ronflements, apnées nocturnes, somnolence diurne) avaient été cités par plus de moitié des MG mais sans leur donner de signification réelle dans leur pratique médicale. L'obésité a été largement citée comme un facteur associé au SAHOS par 68 % de MG, cependant les autres facteurs ont été méconnus ou à peine cités. Plus de la moitié des MG (54,2 %) ne connaissait pas les répercussions et les complications des apnées nocturnes sur l'individu et son environnement. La polysomnographie comme examen clé du SAHOS avait été citée par 56 % des MG. Le niveau des connaissances révélé par l'ensemble des résultats s'est avéré globalement faible. Conclusion. Le SAHOS est une pathologie fréquente, méconnue et très peu intégrée dans les pratiques professionnelles médicales à Kinshasa. Cette situation appelle un approfondissement de la formation des médecins par l'enseignement universitaire et la formation médicale continue


Context and objective. Obstructive sleep apneahypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a frequent pathology. The objective was to assess the knowledge as well as the diagnostic and therapeutic habits of general practitioners (GPs) concerning the OSAHS. Methods. A crosssectional, observational study was conducted among GPs using an anonymous questionnaire that did not specify the purpose of the study beforehand. Results. Out of 177 GPs who answered the questionnaire, almost 70 % had graduated after 2009. University education had been the main source of information. The majority of GPs in the survey (62%) were not familiar with OSAHS. Cardinal symptoms of OSAHS (snoring, nocturnal apnea, daytime sleepiness) had been cited by more than half of GPs but without giving them any real significance in their medical practice. Half of them had never discussed the diagnosis of OSAHS with their patients. Obesity was widely cited as a factor associated with OSAHS by 68% of GPs, however other factors were either unrecognized or barely mentioned. More than half of GPs (54.2%) did not know the repercussions and complications of night apnea on the individual and his environment. Polysomnography as a key examination for OSAHS was cited by 56% of GPs. The existence of care was also indicated by a large number of them (87%) but without knowing the terms. Conclusion. OSAHS is a pathology affecting the population of Kinshasa, but little integrated into professional medical practices. Its cardinal symptoms, complications and diagnostic and therapeutic modalities are little known to GPs. This situation calls for further training of doctors through university education and continuing medical education.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Signs and Symptoms , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Diagnosis , General Practitioners
3.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(5): 1297-1309, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352112

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la situación de salud bucal de la población es factible de conocerse a partir del análisis de la situación de salud. Objetivo: caracterizar la situación de salud bucal de 30 familias pertenecientes a un consultorio médico. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo transversal en el Consultorio Médico de la Familia No. 3 del área Centro del municipio Sancti Spíritus, entre diciembre de 2019 y febrero de 2020. El universo estuvo constituido por toda la población del consultorio (n = 937) y la muestra por 98 pacientes pertenecientes a 30 familias, seleccionados por un muestreo aleatorio simple. Se estudiaron las variables edad, sexo, clasificación epidemiológica, factores de riesgo, enfermedades bucales y nivel de conocimientos. Se emplearon métodos empíricos y estadísticos. Resultados: existió predominio del sexo femenino (56,1 %) y del grupo de 20 a 59 años (48 %). Respecto a la clasificación epidemiológica, el 49 % de los pacientes eran sanos con riesgo y el 46,9 % enfermos. La higiene bucal deficiente se identificó en 52 % de la muestra estudiada. La enfermedad bucal de mayor prevalencia fue la caries dental (41,8 %) y el nivel de conocimientos sobre salud bucodental resultó ser regular (61,7 %) en la mayoría de la población. Conclusiones: el sexo femenino y el grupo etario de 20 a 59 años fueron los más representativos. Predominaron los pacientes sanos con riesgo, siendo la higiene bucal deficiente el factor más prevalente. La caries dental representó la enfermedad con mayor aparición y se evaluó de regular el nivel de conocimientos sobre salud bucodental (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: it is feasible to know the oral health situation of the population from the analysis of the health situation. Objective: to characterize the oral health situation of 30 families belonging to a medical office. Materials and methods: a cross-sectional descriptive observational study was carried out in the Family Medical Office No. 3 of the Central area of Sancti Spiritus municipality, from December 2019 to February 2020. The universe was formed by the entire office population (n = 937) and the sample by 98 patients from 30 families, chosen by simple random sampling. The variables that were studied were age, sex, epidemiological classification, risk factors, oral diseases and level of knowledge. Empirical and statistical methods were used. Results: female sex (56.1 %) and 20-59 years age-group (48 %) predominated. Regarding epidemiological classification, 49 % of patients were healthy at risk and 46.9 % were sick. Poor oral hygiene was identified in 52 % of the sample studied. The most prevalent oral disease was dental caries (41.8 %) and the level of knowledge about oral health proved to be regular (61.7 %) in most of the population. Conclusions: female sex and the 20-59 years age-group were the most representative. Healthy patients at risk predominated, being poor oral health the most prevalent factor. Tooth decay represented the most common disease and the level of knowledge about oral health was evaluated as regular (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Physicians' Offices , Oral Health/education , Oral Hygiene/education , Diagnosis of Health Situation , Risk Factors , Dentistry , General Practitioners
4.
Educ. med. super ; 35(3): e2248, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1339819

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La educación y la práctica médica constituyen un par dialéctico, del cual emerge el tutor como figura protagónica de los procesos formativos, con conocimientos, habilidades y experiencia para guiar al educando hacia su desarrollo integral. Objetivo: Caracterizar la preparación del tutor en el proceso de formación del residente de Medicina General Integral en el municipio Habana Vieja durante enero-junio de 2019. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación pedagógica en el área del posgrado, de tipo descriptivo. El universo y la muestra estuvieron constituidos por 75 médicos que ejercían la tutoría de formación en residentes de la especialidad de Medicina General Integral. Se aplicaron métodos teóricos y empíricos. Para obtener la información, se efectuó un análisis documental y se aplicó una encuesta, previo consentimiento informado. Resultados: El 42,7 por ciento de los tutores poseía experiencia como tutor y se encontraba en la agrupación entre 1-3 años; el 54,7 por ciento tenía entre 5-10 años como especialistas. La mayor representación (65,3 por ciento) no ostentaba categoría docente ni científica. La maestría de educación médica superior fue la actividad formativa de mayor representación (15,9 por ciento). El 86,6 por ciento refirió no formar parte de investigaciones; y el 53,3 por ciento, no haber participado en eventos científicos. Solo el 24 por ciento de tutores puntualizó haber realizado publicaciones en revistas de alto impacto. Conclusiones: Existen insuficiencias en la preparación del tutor, por lo que se hace necesario implementar estrategias, como la creación de la comisión de trabajo tutorial a nivel del departamento docente(AU)


Introduction: Medical education and practice make up a dialectical pair, from which tutors emerge as leading actors of training processes, with knowledge, skills and experience to guide learners towards their comprehensive development. Objective: To characterize tutor training in the process of formation of the Family Medicine resident in La Habana Vieja Municipality in the period from January to June 2019. Methods: A descriptive pedagogical research was carried out in the postgraduate area. The universe and the sample consisted of 75 physicians who provided tutorship for training Family Medicine residents. Theoretical and empirical methods were applied. To obtain the information, a documental analysis was carried out and a survey was applied, with prior informed consent. Results: 42.7 percent of the participants had experience as tutors and were in the group between one and three years, while 54.7 percent had been specialists for five to ten years. The highest representation group (65.3 percent) did not hold a teaching or scientific rank. The master's degree in higher medical education was the training activity with the highest representation (15.9 percent). 86.6 percent expressed that they were not carrying out any research, while 53.3 percent have not participated in scientific events. Only 24 percent of the tutors specified that they have published in high-impact journals. Conclusions: There are shortcomings in tutor training, a reason why it is necessary to implement strategies, such as the creation of a tutorial work commission at the level of the teaching department(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Teaching/education , Mentors/education , General Practitioners/education
5.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 15(2): 210-215, Apr.-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286202

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT. Early dementia diagnosis has many benefits and is a priority. In Brazil, most cases are diagnosed by a specialist. Objective: We aimed to study the average time from disease onset to specialist assessment and related factors; we also propose potential strategies to deal with this delay. Methods: This was a cross-sectional database study in 245 patients with dementia from an outpatient clinic in a tertiary university hospital in Southern Brazil, which only assesses individuals from the Unified Health System (SUS). The outcome was time from symptoms onset to specialist assessment, reported by the informants. Individuals were separated into two groups: less and more than 1 year to specialist assessment. Multivariable analysis was used to test the potential related factors associated with delayed specialist assessment. Results: Mean±SD of time from symptoms onset to specialist assessment was 3.3±3.3 years. In the unadjusted analysis, individuals who were assessed before 1 year were more often diagnosed with vascular dementia, had more sudden and subacute onset, neuropsychiatric symptoms at presentation, rapid progression, and alcohol and antipsychotics use (p<0.05). In multivariate analysis, the effects of personality changes and onset presentation persisted, even when controlling for other variables. Conclusion: We found a long time from disease onset to specialist assessment, and those with personality changes and faster presentation were referred earlier. Improving the diagnostic capability of general practitioners, mass educational campaigns and transmission of knowledge by experts are some potential strategies to deal with delay of dementia diagnosis.


RESUMO. O diagnóstico precoce de demência tem muitos benefícios e deve ser uma prioridade. No Brasil, ele é feito por especialistas na maioria dos casos. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o tempo médio entre o início da doença até a avaliação com especialista e seus possíveis fatores relacionados; também propomos estratégias potenciais para lidar com esse atraso. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal de base de dados com 245 pacientes com demência atendidos em ambulatório de um hospital universitário do sul do Brasil, que avalia indivíduos provenientes do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). O desfecho principal foi o tempo entre o início dos sintomas até a avaliação com o especialista, relatados pelos informantes. Os indivíduos foram separados em dois grupos: tempo até a consulta com o especialista menor e maior que 1 ano. A análise multivariável foi usada para testar os possíveis fatores relacionados à avaliação tardia pelo especialista. Resultados: O tempo médio±DP entre o início dos sintomas e a avaliação com o especialista foi de 3,3±3,3 anos. Na análise não ajustada, os indivíduos que chegaram para avaliação antes de 1 ano do início da doença foram diagnosticados com mais frequência com demência vascular, tiveram início do quadro mais repentino e subagudo, sintomas neuropsiquiátricos na apresentação, progressão rápida, uso de álcool e antipsicóticos (p<0,05). Na análise multivariada, apenas alterações de personalidade e início rápido dos sintomas mostraram-se preditores para chegada mais precoce ao especialista, mesmo controlando possíveis confundidores. Conclusão: Encontramos um longo tempo entre o início da doença até a avaliação do especialista e indivíduos com alterações de personalidade e apresentação mais rápida foram encaminhados mais precocemente. Melhorar a capacidade diagnóstica do médico de família, campanhas educacionais em massa e transmissão de conhecimento por especialistas são algumas estratégias potenciais para lidar com o atraso do diagnóstico de demência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dementia , Referral and Consultation , Information Dissemination , Education , Delayed Diagnosis , General Practitioners
6.
Medisan ; 25(2)mar.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1250356

ABSTRACT

El plan de estudio, documento fundamental que establece la dirección general y el contenido principal de la preparación de los profesionales, se ha ido perfeccionamiento continuamente, en correspondencia con el desarrollo cientificotécnico alcanzado. El programa de la asignatura es el que refleja las características más importantes de esta, tiene validez científica y pedagógica y contribuye a la formación del médico general, según las demandas de la sociedad cubana actual. Teniendo en cuenta las consideraciones anteriores se realizó el presente estudio con el objetivo de analizar los elementos teóricos y metodológicos del programa de la asignatura Farmacología General en el plan de estudio D para la carrera de medicina.


The syllabus, fundamental document that establishes the general direction and the main content of the professionals training, has been continually improving, in correspondence with the scientific technical development achieved. The subject program is the one that reflects its most important characteristics; it has scientific and pedagogic validity and contributes to the general doctor training, according to the demands of the present Cuban society. Taking into account the previous considerations this study was carried out aimed at analyzing the theoretical and methodological elements of the General Pharmacology subject program in the syllabus D for the medicine career.


Subject(s)
Pharmacology/trends , Education, Medical , Professional Training , General Practitioners/education
7.
Iatreia ; 34(1): 15-24, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154354

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivos: medir el impacto en la calidad de la prescripción antibiótica empírica en los médicos generales luego de la implementación de un sistema de evaluación y retroalimentación. Métodos: estudio cuasiexperimental con pre y postintervención en una clínica de tercer nivel en Medellín. Se revisó las prescripciones de un grupo de antibióticos por un médico internista, un epidemiólogo y un infectólogo. Se midió el consumo de antibióticos, las retroalimentaciones realizadas, el diagnóstico de la sepsis, tiempo de inicio de los antibióticos en el servicio de urgencias y la prevalencia de Escherichia coli productora de betalactamasa de espectro extendido. Resultados: el número de retroalimentaciones descendió de 10,9 a 2 %. Se redujo el consumo de ceftriaxona (p = 0,04), piperacilina tazobactam (p = 0,01), cefepime (p = 0,04) y ciprofloxacina (p = 0,01). Se evidenció una tendencia a la reducción en la prevalencia de E. coli BLEE (p = 0,3). La intervención no produjo un retraso en el inicio de antibióticos en el servicio de urgencias. Conclusión: una estrategia de auditoría y retroalimentación a los médicos generales, referente a la calidad de la prescripción antibiótica, reduce el consumo de antibióticos sin afectar la oportunidad del diagnóstico de sepsis o el inicio de su tratamiento y puede impactar favorablemente en el perfil de resistencia de la flora microbiana institucional.


SUMMARY Objectives: To measure the impact on the quality of the empirical antibiotic prescription in general practitioners, after the implementation of an evaluation and feedback system. Methods: Quasi-experimental study with pre- and post-intervention in a tertiary care center in Medellín. The prescriptions of a group of antibiotics were reviewed by an internist, an epidemiologist and an infectologist. When failures were found, prescribing doctors were informed. Subsequently, antibiotic consumption, feedbacks, sepsis diagnosis, start time of antibiotics in the emergency department and monthly incidence of Escherichia coli producing extended spectrum betalactamase were measured. Results: The numbers of feedbacks decreased from 10.9% to 2%. Consumption of ceftriaxone (p = 0.04), piperacillin tazobactam (p = 0.01), cefepime (p = 0.04) and ciprofloxacin (p = 0.01) was reduced. There was a tendency to reduce the prevalence of E. coli ESBL. The intervention did not cause a delay in the start of antibiotics in the emergency department. Conclusions: A strategy of continuous feedback to general practitioners regarding the quality of antibiotic prescription reduces consumption of antibiotics without causing changes in diagnosis opportunity or the beginning of antibiotics in sepsis and can impact favorably the resistance profile of the institutional microbial flora.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prescriptions , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Feedback , General Practitioners
8.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(2): 107-113, Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153156

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the leading cause of dementia worldwide. Despite alarming evidence on dementia prevalence, the condition is still underdiagnosed by general practitioners (GPs) in primary care. Early detection of the disease is beneficial for patients and relatives, who should be provided comprehensive guidance on dealing with dementia complications, covering medical, family and social aspects, thereby providing an opportunity to plan for the future. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge of and attitudes toward dementia held by GPs from a city in the interior of São Paulo State, Brazil. Methods: A non-randomized intervention study was conducted involving six lectures about dementia. Before and after the intervention, the participating physicians completed two quizzes about knowledge of and attitudes towards dementia. The study was carried out in the primary care services of the town and a total of 34 GPs participated in the study. Results: The mean age of the sample was 33.9 (±10.2) years and the majority (76.5%) of the sample had not undertaken medical residency training. The mean number of correct answers on the Knowledge Quiz about dementia before and after the training intervention was 59.6 and 71.2% (p<0.001), respectively. The comparison of the mean responses on the Attitude Quiz revealed no statistically significant difference between the two applications of the instrument, before and after intervention (p=0.059). Conclusions: More training for GPs on dementia should be provided.


RESUMO Introdução: A doença de Alzheimer é a principal causa de demência em todo o mundo. Apesar das evidências alarmantes sobre a prevalência de demência, a condição ainda é subdiagnosticada por clínicos gerais na atenção primária. A detecção precoce da doença é benéfica para pacientes e familiares, que devem receber orientações abrangentes sobre como lidar com as complicações relacionadas às demências, abrangendo aspectos médicos, familiares e sociais, proporcionando assim uma oportunidade de planejar o futuro. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os conhecimentos e as atitudes em relação à demência por parte de clínicos gerais de uma cidade do interior de São Paulo, Brasil. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo de intervenção não randomizado, envolvendo seis palestras sobre demência. Antes e depois da intervenção, os médicos participantes completaram dois questionários sobre conhecimentos e atitudes em relação à demência. O estudo foi realizado nos serviços de atenção primária da cidade e um total de 34 clínicos gerais participaram do estudo. Resultados: A idade média da amostra foi de 33,9 (±10,2) anos e a maioria (76,5%) da amostra não havia realizado treinamento em residência médica. O número médio de respostas corretas no Questionário do Conhecimento sobre demência antes e após a intervenção de treinamento foi de 59,6 e 71,2% (p<0,001), respectivamente. A comparação das respostas médias no questionário de atitudes não revelou diferença estatisticamente significativa entre as duas aplicações do instrumento, antes e após a intervenção (p=0,059). Conclusões: Deve ser fornecido mais treinamento sobre demência para os clínicos gerais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Dementia/diagnosis , Dementia/therapy , General Practitioners , Primary Health Care , Brazil , Attitude of Health Personnel , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(1): 50-54, ene.-feb. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279073

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La enfermedad cardiovascular (ECV) constituye la principal causa de mortalidad en mujeres; la preeclampsia (PE) y la diabetes mellitus gestacional (DMG) están asociadas a incremento en el riesgo de ECV. Objetivo: Evaluar el conocimiento de los médicos generales (MG) sobre complicaciones obstétricas asociadas a ECV. Métodos: Se envió a los MG un cuestionario electrónico anónimo basado en casos, diseñado para evaluar el entendimiento de la influencia de la historia obstétrica en el riesgo cardiovascular a largo plazo y el conocimiento general sobre riesgo de ECV. Resultados: La tasa de respuesta fue de 35 % (161/465). Los participantes reconocieron que la PE y la DMG son factores de riesgo para ECV (98 y 83 %, respectivamente) y reportaron las siguientes estrategias de tamizaje de ECV en mujeres con historial de PE y DMG: monitoreo de presión arterial (PE 100 %, DMG 46 %), cálculo de índice de masa corporal (PE 68 %, DMG 57 %), evaluación del perfil de lípidos (PE 71 %, DMG 57 %), hemoglobina glucosilada (PE 26 %, DMG 92 %) y glucosa en ayuno (PE 28 %, DMG 91 %). Conclusión: Las estrategias de tamizaje para identificar ECV en mujeres con antecedentes de PE y DMG reportadas por los MG fueron variables.


Abstract Introduction: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality in women; preeclampsia (PE) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are associated with an increased risk of CVD. Objective: To evaluate general practitioners (GP) knowledge about complicated pregnancies and their association with CVD. Methods: An anonymous case-based electronic questionnaire designed to assess the level of understanding on the influence of a history of pregnancy complications on long-term cardiovascular risk and general knowledge about CVD risk was sent to GPs. Results: The response rate was 35 % (161/465). The participants recognized that PE and GDM are risk factors for CVD (98 and 83 %, respectively), and reported the following CVD screening strategies in women with a history of PE and GDM: blood pressure monitoring (PE 100 %, GDM 46 %), body mass index calculation (PE 68 %, GDM 57 %), lipid profile evaluation (PE 71 %, GDM 57 %), glycated hemoglobin (PE 26 %, GDM 92 %), and fasting glucose (PE 28 %, GDM 91 %). Conclusion: GP-reported screening strategies to identify CVD in women with a history of PE and GDM were variable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pre-Eclampsia , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/etiology , Clinical Competence , Diabetes, Gestational , General Practitioners , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/diagnosis , Blood Glucose/analysis , Blood Pressure Determination , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Body Mass Index , Risk Factors , Fasting/blood , Health Care Surveys/statistics & numerical data , Lipids/blood
10.
Artemisa; I Jornada Científica de Farmacología y Salud. Fármaco Salud Artemisa 2021; 2021. [1-12] p. tab.
Non-conventional in Spanish | MTYCI, LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1284609

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La utilización de las plantas medicinales por los tutores de residentes de Medicin General Integral es un aspecto a tener presente en la formación del futuro especialista Objetivo: Determinar la utilización y conocimientos sobre los fitofármacos por los tutores de residentes de Medicina General Integral municipio Arroyo Naranjo La Habana 2020. Método: Se realizó una investigación observacional descriptiva transversal, sobre la utilización, de las plantas medicinales Universo: 74 tutores de residentes en la atención primaria de salud Muestra 43 tutores seleccionados por muestreo no probabilístico por factibilidad que se encontraban en los consultorios de médicos de familia. Se aplicó una entrevista semiestructurada con las variables siguientes: fitoterapia, vía de información, formas de uso, afecciones por aparatos donde se prescribe, síntomas y reacciones adversas Resultados: Se obtuvo información sobre plantas medicinales las cuales se identificaron y clasificaron. La forma de preparación preferida fue la decocción 41.8%, la parte de la planta más utilizada, las hojas 46.6 % , Los cursos de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas fue la primera forma de adquirir el conocimiento 100,0%, seguida del Fitomed 76.7% Se recomendó en más de 20 síntomas y enfermedades, el uso en múltiples afecciones, alcanza >60% Se reporta más de 40 especies con fines curativos. Conclusiones, son insuficientes los conocimiento sobre la cantidad a preparar, las contraindicaciones y las reacciones adversas que pueden producir el uso inadecuado de las mismas. La información que tienen los tutores de los residentes de MGI, no siempre cuenta con un sustento científico


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Plants, Medicinal , General Practitioners , Primary Health Care , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cuba , Phytotherapy
11.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 45(2): e064, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288294

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Introduction: The way information is transmitted is of crucial importance in the doctor-patient relationship, as good communication reduces complaints about inadequate practices and patient concerns and improves treatment adherence and health recovery. However, patient dissatisfaction on this subject is not unusual. Objectives: The objective of this work was to evaluate the perception of patients admitted to a Hospital Complex about the communication of clinical doctors and surgeons during the hospitalization period. Method: Cross-sectional, descriptive, analytical inquiry study, with the application of a questionnaire with questions about physicians' general communication. The instrument was built by the researchers and was answered by 120 adult patients. The sample was defined by convenience and stratified by medical and surgical clinic. Frequency and statistical analyses were performed on the obtained results. Results: Of 120 patients, 53.33%(n=64) were admitted to the Surgical Clinic and 46.67%(n=56) to the Medical Clinic. Of this total, 57.5%(n=69) had high school to college/university education. Patients reported more negative than positive responses to the following questions: information about the side effects of medications (66%), advice on post-surgical procedures (68.75%) and information on health promotion and prevention in the hospital environment (63.33%). The surgical clinic had significantly lower proportions of positive responses for: The doctor said their name (p <0.01; crude OR: 0.33; 95% CI 0.15-0.76); The patient was informed about how their treatment would be conducted (p=0.02; crude OR: 0.38; 95% CI 0.17-0.87); and the patient was informed about the need to undergo tests (p=0.02; crude OR 0.40; 95% CI 0.18-0.90), which remained significant after adjustment for certain confounding factors. There were no significant differences regarding the other questions. When analyzing the question: "What grade would you give to the doctor's general communication?" a significantly higher value (p=0.007) was given to the Medical Clinic (average 4.46±0.76) when compared to the Surgical Clinic (average 4±1.19). Conclusion: The doctor-patient communication showed significant deficits. Therefore, it is necessary for medical schools to offer students the development of this competence. Additionally, for an adequate generalization of the obtained results, new studies need to be carried out at different levels of medical care.


Resumo: Introdução: A maneira de transmitir informações é essencial na relação médico-paciente, pois a boa comunicação reduz queixas por práticas inadequadas e preocupações dos pacientes, e melhora a adesão aos tratamentos e a recuperação da saúde. Porém, não são raras as insatisfações dos pacientes sobre esse assunto. Objetivo: O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a percepção dos pacientes internados em um complexo hospitalar sobre a comunicação de médicos clínicos e cirurgiões durante o período de internação. Método: Trata-se de estudo transversal, descritivo e analítico, do tipo inquérito, com aplicação de um questionário com perguntas sobre a comunicação geral do médico. O instrumento foi construído pelos pesquisadores e respondido por 120 pacientes adultos. A amostra foi definida por conveniência, estratificada por clínica médica e cirúrgica. Realizaram-se análises de frequência e estatística dos resultados encontrados. Resultados: Dos 120 pacientes, 53,33% (n = 64) foram internados na clínica cirúrgica e 46,67% (n = 56) na clínica médica. Desse total, 57,5% (n = 69) tinham escolaridade que variava de ensino médio a superior. Os pacientes relataram respostas mais negativas do que positivas em questões referentes a: informações sobre os efeitos colaterais dos medicamentos (66%), orientações de procedimentos pós-cirúrgicos (68,75%) e informações sobre promoção e prevenção da saúde no ambiente hospitalar (63,33%). A clínica cirúrgica teve proporções de respostas positivas significativamente menores para: "O médico disse o nome dele" (p < 0,01; OR bruta 0,33; IC95% 0,15-0,76); "O paciente foi informado sobre como será seu tratamento" (p = 0,02; OR bruta 0,38; IC95% 0,17-0,87); e "O paciente foi informado sobre a necessidade de realizar exames" (p = 0,02; OR bruta 0,40; IC95% 0,18-0,90), que se mantiveram significativas após o ajuste por determinados fatores intervenientes. Não se observaram diferenças significativas para as demais questões. Na análise da questão "Que nota você daria para a comunicação geral do médico? ", verificou-se valor significativamente maior (p = 0,007) para a clínica médica (média 4,46 ± 0,76) quando comparada à clínica cirúrgica (média 4 ± 1,19). Conclusão: A comunicação médico-paciente apresentou déficits significativos. Por isso, é necessário que as escolas médicas ofereçam para os discentes o desenvolvimento dessa competência. Além disso, para uma generalização adequada dos resultados encontrados, novos estudos precisam ser realizados em níveis diferentes do cuidado médico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Physician-Patient Relations , Communication , Interpersonal Relations , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Education, Medical , General Practitioners , Surgeons , Hospitals, University
12.
Educ. med. super ; 34(4): e2082, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1154075

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las reformas curriculares al Análisis de la Situación de Salud se orientan hacia la formación de un médico general con capacidades transformadoras para la intervención en la salud comunitaria. Objetivo: Identificar el tratamiento dado al contenido del Análisis de la Situación de Salud en elementos curriculares seleccionados del plan de estudio C de medicina, perfeccionado en 2010. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación pedagógica exploratoria al plan de estudio C de la carrera de medicina. Se aplicaron los métodos analítico-sintético e histórico-lógico y se hizo un análisis de contenido del Análisis de la Situación de Salud en 3 elementos curriculares: trascendencia en funciones profesionales y habilidades, tratamiento en estrategias curriculares y manifestación en la asignatura Salud Pública, con su representación en el plan de estudio. Resultados: En los 21 elementos analizados, de las cinco funciones profesionales, el Análisis de la Situación de Salud estuvo explícito en 5 e implícito en 12; en las 40 habilidades de aplicación, explícito en 3 e implícito en 18, y incluido en las 2 estrategias curriculares. En la asignatura Salud Pública ocupó el 25,62 por ciento del fondo de tiempo, y fue explícito en 3 de sus objetivos generales e implícito en los demás. En el currículo: la asignatura representó el 5,42 por ciento; y el contenido del Análisis de la Situación de Salud, el 1,39 por ciento. Conclusiones: Los elementos curriculares analizados revelaron la acertada reforma realizada al contenido del Análisis de la Situación de Salud cuando fue perfeccionado el plan de estudio C de la carrera de medicina(AU)


Introduction: The curricular reforms to the analysis of the health situation are oriented towards the formation of a general practitioner with transformative capacities for intervention in community health. Objective: To identify the management given to the content of the analysis of the health situation in selected curricular elements of the study plan C of medicine, perfected in 2010. Methods: An exploratory pedagogical investigation was carried out to study plan C of the medical studies. Analytical-synthetic and historical-logical methods were used and content analysis of the Health Situation Analysis was made in 3 curricular elements: transcendence in professional functions and skills, treatment in curricular strategies and meters in the Public Health subject, with its representation in the study plan. Results: In the twenty-one elements analyzed, out of the five professional functions, the Health Situation Analysis was explicit in 5 and implicit in 12. Concerning the forty application skills, it was explicit in 3 and implicit in 18, and it was included in the two curricular strategies. Regarding the Public Health subject, it employed 25.62 percent of the hours, and was explicit in 3 of its general objectives and implicit in the others. In the curriculum, the subject represented 5.42 percent; and the content of the Analysis of the Health Situation represented 1.39 percent. Conclusions: The curricular elements analyzed revealed the reform to the content of the Analysis of the Health Situation was successful in reference to study plan C of the medical studies(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Evaluation of Medical School Curriculum , Analysis of Situation , Medicine , Public Health/education , Education, Medical, Undergraduate , General Practitioners/education
13.
Acta bioeth ; 26(2): 179-187, oct. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1141923

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las reflexiones en este artículo consideran el modo en que el médico general puede interpretar y aplicar la regla referida al derecho del paciente a conocer la verdad, con base en sus esquemas de asimilación y comprensión, estrechamente emparentados con la filosofía implícita en el modelo teórico de la medicina contemporánea. Se considera la necesidad de que la regla que prescribe el "derecho del paciente a conocer la verdad" se adecue al grado de desvalimiento de cada caso, con el fin de no convertir a este derecho en una obligación que contradiga el principio de responsabilidad que señala la corriente bioética personalista. Se hace referencia a la "fobia al médico" -iatrofobia- como expresión del daño psíquico específico que resulta de una inapropiada aplicación de la "veracidad", y, en orden a una práxis que ha dejado de ser "asistencial" (derivada del latín "assistere": estar al lado de) para convertirse en estrictamente terapéutica, se hace referencia al desafío de desenvolverse por fuera de las férreas matrices positivistas en las que el modelo médico actual persiste instalado, señalando los obstáculos que seguramente han de sortear los comités de bioética, a la hora de instar al cumplimiento responsable de la regla de veracidad.


Abstract The reflections recorded in this article consider the way in which the general practitioner can interpret and apply the rule referring to the patient's right to know the truth based on their assimilation and understanding schemes, closely related to the philosophy implicit in the theoretical model of contemporary medicine. The need is considered that the rule that prescribes the "right of the patient to know the truth" be adapted to the degree of helplessness of each case, in order not to make this right an obligation that contradicts the bioethical principle of responsibility that it indicates the personalistic bioethical current. Reference is made to "doctor's phobia" -iatrophobia- as an expression of specific psychic damage resulting from inappropriate application of "truthfulness." In order to a practice that has ceased to be "assistance" (derived from the Latin "assistere": to be next to) to become strictly therapeutic, reference is made to the challenge of coping outside the iron positivist matrices in which the medical model is installed, pointing out the obstacles that the Bioethics Committees must surely overcome when it comes to urging responsible compliance with the truth rule.


Resumo As reflexões neste artigo consideram o modo com que o médico generalista pode interpretar e aplicar a regra que se refere ao direito do paciente de conhecer a verdade, com base em seus esquemas de assimilação e compreensão, estreitamente relacionados com a filosofia implícita no modelo teórico da medicina contemporânea. Se considera a necessidade de que a regra que prescreve o "direito do paciente em conhecer a verdade" se adeque ao grau de desamparo de cada caso, com o fim de não converter este direito em uma obrigação que contradiga o principio de responsabilidade que aponta a corrente bioética personalista. Se faz referencia à "fobia ao médico" -iatrofobia- como expressão do dano psíquico específico que resulta de uma inapropriada aplicação da "veracidade", e uma ordem a uma práxis que deixou de ser "assistencial" (derivada do latim "assistere": estar ao lado de) para converter-se em estritamente terapêutica, se faz referencia ao desafio de desenvolver-se por fora das férreas matrizes positivistas nas quais o modelo médico atual persiste situado, apontando os obstáculos que seguramente irão de sortear os comitês de bioética, na hora de obrigar ao cumprimento responsável da regra de veracidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patients , Bioethics , Patient Rights , General Practitioners , Medicine
14.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 36(3): e1094, jul.-set. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149905

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El sistema de habilidades específicas diseñado para la residencia de Medicina General Integral debe brindar al proceso formativo del profesional un actualizado instrumento en su especialización y actividad científica a partir de las exigencias sanitarias. Objetivo: Elaborar una propuesta de perfeccionamiento de tarjeta de habilidades específicas para la especialización en Medicina General Integral. Métodos: Se realizó estudio de corte pedagógico rectorado por el método materialista dialéctico en el Policlínico Universitario Pedro Borrás Astorga de la ciudad Pinar del Río durante el año 2018. Se utilizaron métodos de los niveles teórico y empírico. Conclusiones: El perfeccionamiento de habilidades específicas en residentes de Medicina General Integral representa un reto a asumir dentro de su programa formativo(AU)


Introduction: The system of specific skills that has been designed for the family medicine residency must provide the professional training process with an updated instrument in its specialization and scientific activity based on health requirements. Objective: To prepare a proposal for the improvement of the card of specific skills for the family medicine specialization. Methods: A pedagogical study guided by the dialectical-materialist method was carried out at Pedro Borrás Astorga University Polyclinic in Pinar del Río City, during the year 2018. Methods of the theoretical and empirical levels were used. Conclusions: The improvement of specific skills in family medicine residents represents a challenge to be taken within their training program(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Specialization , Family Practice , General Practitioners/education
15.
Rev. Asoc. Méd. Argent ; 133(2): 13-16, jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119924

ABSTRACT

Se destaca la importancia de la primera consulta médica del paciente joven, que llega a la guardia médica y es recibido por un médico generalista. Es el momento ideal para realizar una medicina basada en la prevención de enfermedades orgánicas, socioculturales y psicopedagógicas que puedan comprometer la salud del adolescente. Se señalan algunos datos que el médico generalista puede obtener en esta primera entrevista sobre anomalías en el desarrollo puberal y factores de riesgo socioculturales y psicopedagógicos que pueden poner en riesgo la salud y la vida del adolescente que consulta, para realizar la posterior derivación al especialista en adolescentes.


The importance of the first medical consultation of the young patient is highlighted. It's the ideal moment to carry out a medicine based on the prevention of organic, sociocultural and psychopedagogical diseases that may compromise adolescent health. Some data that the general practitioner can obtain in this first interview about anomalies in pubertal development, sociocultural and psychopedagogical risk factors that may put at risk the health and life of the adolescent who consults and make your subsequent referral to the Teen Specialist, are point out.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adolescent Health , Disease Prevention , General Practitioners , Office Visits , Physical Examination , Physician-Patient Relations , Medical History Taking
16.
Rev. colomb. psiquiatr ; 49(1): 1-2, ene.-mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1115633

ABSTRACT

En psiquiatría en particular, el diagnóstico se basa en una revisión cuidadosa de los síntomas y el reconocimiento de las características principales del episodio actual y la caracterización de los periodos intercríticos, cuando ello sea posible, de los trastornos recurrentes1. Dadas las dificultades conocidas en relación con la validez y la confiabilidad del proceso diagnóstico de los trastornos mentales, se implementó la evaluación mediante entrevistas clínicas estructuradas, particularmente en situaciones de investigación clínica y epidemiológica.


In psychiatry in particular, diagnosis is based on a careful review of symptoms and recognition of the main features of the current episode and characterisation of intercritical periods, where possible, of recurrent disorders1. Given the known difficulties regarding the validity and reliability of the diagnostic process of mental disorders, assessment by structured clinical interviews has been implemented, particularly in clinical and epidemiological research situations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Diagnosis , General Practitioners , Psychiatry , Signs and Symptoms , Reproducibility of Results , Mental Disorders
17.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(1): 44-49, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088984

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Neurological complaints are frequent in emergency department routine. Among them, headache is a common disorder, which requires a certain degree of knowledge on Neurology because of its extensive differential diagnosis. Objective: To assess general practice physicians' level of knowledge about headaches, in addition to outlining the profile of professionals who attend in emergency departments, as well as the profile of their respective workplaces in terms of neurological approach. Methods: We included in evaluation physicians who attend emergency care units for adult public as general practitioners. A questionnaire was applied with questions regarding participants' general knowledge on headache, neurological approach, demographic profile, and workplace profile. Results: 159 physicians answered the questionnaire. The professionals' profile corresponded to recently graduated individuals (mean of 6.31 years). Knowledge about headache management was regular. Those who do not have any specialization or are not majoring a specialization were statistically significantly more confident in neurological patients care (p=0.006). Only 18.24% reported access to Magnetic Resonance Imaging and 35.85% had no access to any type of neuroimaging. Conclusions: General practice physicians often do not feel confident when performing neurological exams, demonstrating low knowledge about the topic. The profile of professionals working in these departments is predominantly of newly graduates, which may affect in some way on care quality. There was also a lack of structure for adequate care.


Resumo Introdução: Queixas neurológicas são frequentes na rotina de setores de emergência. Entre elas, a cefaleia é um distúrbio comum, que por seu diagnóstico diferencial amplo, exige certo grau de conhecimento em Neurologia. Objetivo: Avaliar o nível de conhecimento em cefaleias de médicos generalistas, além de traçar o perfil dos profissionais que atendem em setores de emergência nesta função, assim como de seus respectivos locais de trabalho em termos de abordagem neurológica. Métodos: Foram incluídos na avaliação médicos que atendem em unidades de pronto-atendimento para público adulto, na função de generalista. Um questionário foi aplicado com perguntas referentes ao conhecimento geral dos participantes sobre cefaleia, abordagem neurológica, perfil demográfico e perfil do local de trabalho. Resultados: 159 médicos responderam ao questionário. O perfil dos profissionais presentes na amostra correspondeu a indivíduos graduados recentemente (média de 6,31 anos). O conhecimento a respeito da abordagem de cefaleias foi regular. Aqueles que não possuem nenhuma especialização, nem estão cursando uma residência, se mostraram, de forma estatisticamente significativa, mais seguros no atendimento de pacientes neurológicos (p=0,006). Apenas 18,24% referiram ter acesso à Ressonância Magnética e 35,85% não tiveram acesso a nenhum tipo de neuroimagem. Conclusão: Médicos generalistas frequentemente não sentem segurança ao realizar atendimento e exame neurológicos, demonstrando pouco conhecimento acerca do assunto. O perfil dos profissionais que atuam nesses setores é predominantemente de recém graduados, o que pode impactar de alguma forma na qualidade de atendimento. Verificou-se também falta de estrutura para um atendimento adequado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Clinical Competence/statistics & numerical data , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , General Practitioners/statistics & numerical data , Headache/therapy , Neurology , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , Disease Management
18.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 137, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, BBO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1145069

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To describe the knowledge and attitudes of general practitioners of the basic health network of the city of São Paulo in relation to patients with dementia and identify patterns of attitudes. METHODS: A total of 10% of the basic health units in the city of São Paulo (n = 45) were randomly distributed into six regional health coordination centers. Up to two general practitioners were interviewed in each unit, with a total of 81 physicians interviewed. They answered the translated and cross-culturally adapted version for Brazil of two British questionnaires, the knowledge quiz (knowledge about dementias) and the attitude quiz (attitude towards the patient afflicted with dementia), as well as a sociodemographic and occupational questionnaire to understand the profile of general practitioners working in primary care. Descriptive data analysis, factor analysis of the main components of the attitude quiz and study of association between attitudes and knowledge were performed, in addition to the multiple linear regression test to determine the relationship between occupational profile and knowledge about attitude patterns in dementia. RESULTS: The physicians interviewed had a median of five-year graduation time; 35.8% worked exclusively with primary care, and less than 40% had completed, or were attending, medical residency or specialization. Physicians showed a lower knowledge about the diagnosis of dementia than about the epidemiology of the disease and its therapeutic management. Their attitudes towards patients afflicted with dementia resulted in four factors: proactive optimism, delegated optimism, implicit dismay, and explicit dismay. The regression study showed that the attitude of explicit dismay decreases the longer the weekly working hours of the physician in the units, and that the delegated optimistic attitude of the physician decreases in the same situation. CONCLUSION: Investment in training is essential to improve physicians' performance in the field of dementia in primary care.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Descrever os conhecimentos e atitudes dos médicos generalistas da rede básica de saúde da cidade de São Paulo em relação a pacientes com demência e identificar padrões de atitudes. MÉTODOS: Foram sorteadas aleatoriamente 10% das unidades básicas de saúde da cidade de São Paulo (n = 45), distribuídas proporcionalmente em seis coordenadorias regionais de saúde. Foram entrevistados até dois médicos generalistas em cada unidade, obtendo-se ao todo 81 médicos entrevistados. Eles responderam à versão traduzida e adaptada transculturalmente para o Brasil de dois questionários britânicos, o knowledge quiz (conhecimentos sobre demências) e o attitude quiz (atitudes frente ao paciente dementado), além de um questionário sociodemográfico e ocupacional para o entendimento do perfil dos médicos generalistas que atuam na atenção primária. Realizaram-se análise descritiva dos dados, análise fatorial dos principais componentes do attitude quiz e estudo de associação entre atitudes e conhecimentos, além do teste de regressão linear múltipla para determinar a relação entre o perfil ocupacional e de conhecimento em demência sobre os padrões de atitudes. RESULTADOS: Os médicos entrevistados tinham mediana de tempo de formado de cinco anos; 35,8% trabalhavam exclusivamente com atenção primária, e menos de 40% tinham concluído, ou estavam cursando, residência médica ou especialização. Os médicos mostraram um conhecimento menor sobre diagnóstico de demência do que sobre a epidemiologia da doença e seu manejo terapêutico. Suas atitudes em relação a pacientes dementados resultaram em quatro fatores: otimismo proativo, otimismo delegador, desalento implícito e desalento explícito. O estudo de regressão mostrou que a atitude de desalento explícito diminui quanto maior for a jornada de trabalho semanal do médico nas unidades, e que a atitude otimista delegadora do médico diminui na mesma situação. CONCLUSÕES: O investimento em capacitação é fundamental para melhorar o desempenho do médico no campo da demência na atenção primária.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Attitude of Health Personnel , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Dementia/diagnosis , Dementia/therapy , General Practitioners/psychology , Physician-Patient Relations , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interviews as Topic , Surveys and Questionnaires , Middle Aged
19.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 19: e50371, 20200000.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1119293

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate whether the professional profile and the type of service interfere in the score of the attribute of coordination of the Primary Health Care in the cities of residence of children and adolescents living with HIV, linked to a specialized service in southern Brazil. Method: cross-sectional study, conducted from March to August 2014, in 25 municipalities of Rio Grande do Sul, with 527 professionals.The Primary Care Assessment Tool ­Brazil, professional version,was employed. For the analysis, the Pearson's chi-square test, the Mann Whitney test and Poisson regression were used. Results: Satisfactory score both in the integration of care(6.96) and in the information systems (8.22).The variables associated with the high score were: education (p=0.001), job position (p=0.003) and link to the service (p=0.018).The basic health unit was associated with receiving information from the specialized service in the return (p=0.049).Conclusion: general practice, not having a position and having a statutory link positively interfere in the quality of the PHC, and the Family Health Strategy type of service has the potential to coordinate health care for children and adolescents living with HIV.


Objetivo: avaliar se o perfil profissional e o tipo de serviço interferem no escore do atributo da coordenação da Atenção Primária à Saúde dos municípios de residência de crianças e adolescentes vivendo com HIV, vinculados a um serviço especializado no Sul do Brasil. Método: estudo transversal, desenvolvido de março a agosto de 2014, em 25 municípios do Rio Grande do Sul, com 527 profissionais. Utilizou-se o Primary Care Assessment Tool-Brasil versão Profissionais. Para a análise, foi utilizado o Teste do qui-quadrado de Pearson, de Mann Whitney e Regressão de Poisson. Resultados: Escore satisfatório tanto na integração de cuidados (6,96), quanto nos sistemas de informações (8,22). As variáveis associadas ao alto escore foram: formação (p=0,001), cargo no serviço (p=0,003) e vínculo com o serviço (p=0,018). A unidade básica de saúde foi associada ao recebimento de informações do serviço especializado no retorno (p=0,049). Conclusão:a formação clínico geral, não possuir cargo e ter vínculo estatutário interferem positivamente na qualidade da APS, e o tipo de serviço Estratégia Saúde da Família tem potencial para coordenar a atenção à saúde às crianças e adolescentes vivendo com HIV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , HIV Infections , Child , Chronic Disease , Adolescent , HIV , Empathy , Primary Health Care , Health Centers , Comorbidity , Health , Nursing , Health Personnel , General Practitioners , Health Services Research , Infections
20.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1257743

ABSTRACT

Background: In 2012, the National Department of Health in South Africa started contracting of private medical practitioners (MPs) as part of the first phase of National Health Insurance (NHI) in 11 pilot districts to improve access to healthcare. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the effect of contracting private MPs on the utilisation of primary healthcare (PHC) services in public healthcare facilities. Setting: A National Health Insurance pilot district compared to a non-pilot district. Methods: A quasi-experimental ecological study design was used to compare selected PHC utilisation indicators in the District Health Management Information System from June 2010 to May 2014 between a pilot and a non-pilot district. Both single and controlled interrupted time series analyses were used for comparing before and after implementation of the intervention. Findings: Single interrupted time series analysis showed an increase in adults remaining on anti-retroviral therapy, clients seen by a nurse practitioner and clients 5 years of age and older in both districts. However, controlled interrupted time series analysis found no difference in all parametres. Despite a decrease in total headcounts in both districts using single interrupted time series analysis, controlled interrupted time series analysis found no differences in all parameters before and after the intervention. Conclusions: The increase in utilisation of PHC services in the pilot district may not be attributable to the implementation of contracting private MPs, but likely the result of other healthcare reforms and transitions taking place in both districts around the same time


Subject(s)
General Practitioners , National Health Programs , Primary Health Care , South Africa
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL