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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888051

ABSTRACT

Screening suitable reference genes is the premise of quantitative Real-time PCR(qRT-PCR)for gene expression analysis. To provide stable reference genes for expression analysis of genes in Aconitum vilmorinianum, this study selected 19 candidate re-ference genes(ACT1, ACT2, ACT3, aTUB1, aTUB2, bTUB, 18S rRNA, UBQ, eIF2, eIF3, eIF4, eIF5, CYP, GAPDH1, GAPDH2, PP2A1, PP2A2, ACP, and EF1α) based on the transcriptome data of A. vilmorinianum. qRT-PCR was conducted to profile the expression of these genes in the root, stem, leaf, and flower of A. vilmorinianum. The Ct values showed that 18S rRNA with high expression level and GAPDH2 with large expression difference among organs were not suitable as the reference genes. NormFinder and geNorm showed similar results of the expression stability of the other candidate reference genes and demonstrated PP2A1, EF1α, and CYP as the highly stable ones. However, BestKeeper suggested EF1α, ACT3, and PP2A1 as the top stable genes. In view of the different results from different softwares, the geometric mean method was employed to analyze the expression stability of the candidate re-ference genes, the results of which indicated that PP2A1, EF1α, and ACT3 were the most stable. Based on the comprehensive analysis results of geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, and geometric mean method, PP2A1 and EF1α presented the most stable expression in different organs of A. vilmorinianum. PP2A1 and EF1α were the superior reference genes for gene expression profiling in different organs of A. vilmorinianum.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Gene Expression Profiling , Genes, Plant/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reference Standards , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878959

ABSTRACT

Amana edulis is a traditional Chinese medicinal plant with low propagation coefficient. In recent years, the increasing demands of A. edulis lead to a shortage of its wild resources. In order to analyze the expression of related functional genes in A. edulis, the selection of suitable internal reference genes is crucial to improve the accuracy of experimental results. Eight genes(ACT, TUA, CYP, GAPDH, UBQ, UBI, EF1a, UBC)were chosen as candidate reference genes based on the RNA-Seq. Real-time fluorescence quantitative technique was used to detect the expression level of candidate internal reference genes in different organs(bulb, leaf, flo-wer) and stolons at different development stages of A. edulis. Then GeNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper softwares and RefFinder website were used for a comprehensive analysis of the expression stability of the candidate genes.The results showed that among the 8 candidate reference genes, the variation range of Ct value of UBC was the smallest, and the expression level was stable, which was suitable for an reference gene. GeNorm and NormFinder software analysis showed that UBC and UBI were the optimal reference genes. BestKeeper analysis showed that CYP and UBC expression were relatively stable. Comprehensive evaluation of RefFinder website showed that UBC and UBI were the most stable genes, and ACT displayed the lowest stability in all software evaluation, indicating UBC and UBI were suitable for reference genes. Additionally, the most stable UBC, UBI and the most unstable ACT were used as internal reference genes to detect the expression of GBSS gene in A. edulis, and expression pattern of GBSS gene was the same under the calibration of UBC and UBI. The expression data of GBSS gene confirmed that UBC and UBI genes were reliable for A. edulis qRT-PCR as internal reference genes. The results would benefit future studies on related gene expression of A. edulis.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Genes, Plant/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reference Standards
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878914

ABSTRACT

To select suitable references gene of Polygonum multiflorum for gene expression analysis in different tissues, five candidate reference genes like Actin,GAPDH,SAND,PP2A,TIP41 were selected from the transcriptome data of P. multiflorum, then the specific primers were designed. The expression stability of the five reference genes in different tissues of P. multiflorum was analyzed by Real-time quantitative PCR through avilable analysis methods such as geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, Delta CT and RefFinder, to ensure the reliability of the analysis results. The results showed that there were significant differences in the expression levels and stability of candidate genes in different tissues of P. multiflorum. Ct distribution analysis of the expression levels of candidate genes showed that the expression levels of Actin and GAPDH genes were relatively high in different tissues, while the expression levels of SAND, PP2A and TIP41 were lower. The stability of each candidate gene was analyzed by different methods. The results of geNorm analysis showed that the expression of PP2A and GAPDH was the most stable, the expression stability of SAND was the worst, the stability of PP2A was the highest in both NormFinder and Delta CT, the stability of SAND was the lowest, and the stability of Actin was the most stable in BestKeeper analysis. Through the comprehensive evaluation and analysis of the stability of candidate genes by RefFinder, it is concluded that the stability of PP2A gene is the highest, followed by GAPDH, Actin, TIP41, SAND, and SAND gene is the worst. Therefore, the PP2A gene is an ideal reference gene for the analysis of gene expression in different tissues of P. multiflorum.


Subject(s)
Fallopia multiflora , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Genes, Plant/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reference Standards , Reproducibility of Results
4.
Cienc. tecnol. salud ; 7(2): 218-235, 2020. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1348155

ABSTRACT

El complejo mancha de asfalto (CMA) en maíz (ZeamaysL.), causado por los hongos Phyllachora maydis Maubl. Y Monographella maydis Müller & Samuels, es una enfermedad de importancia económica en Guatemala, que ha causado pérdida en el rendimiento entre 30 a 50%, inclusive del 100% si las condiciones son favorables. El objetivo de esta investigación fue identificar marcadores de un solo nucleótido o SNP (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism, por sus siglas en inglés) y genes candidatos asociados a la tolerancia genética al CMA. Para ello se analizaron 463 poblaciones nativas y 329,692 SNP, y se compararon dos modelos genómicos, single markery BayesB, para la identificación de regiones asociadas a la tolerancia genética al CMA. Se identificaron 40 marcadores SNP asociados significativamente a la tolerancia genética al CMA con ambos modelos. La proporción de variación fenotípica total explicada (PVE) por los 40 SNPs fue de 56%, atribuida a efectos genéticos aditivos. Múltiples genes de resistencia a enfermedades fueron identificados en las regiones señaladas por los marcadores SNP. Sus funciones principales son receptores y transductores de señal, factores de transcripción que regulan positivamente la expresión de genes de tolerancia y genes de la familia kinasa, por lo que potencialmente están involucrados en el mecanismo de defensa al CMA.


The tar spot complex (TSC) diseasein maize (ZeamaysL.), caused by the fungi Phyllachora maydis Maubl. And Monographella maydis Müller & Samuels, is an economic important disease in Guatemala, producing yield losses between 30 to 50%, inclusive of 100% if the conditionsare favorable. The objective of this researchwasto identify single nucleoti depolymorphism markers (SNP) and candidate genes associated withgenetictoleranceto TSC. Asetof 463 native populations and 329,692 SNP were analyzed with two genomic models, single marker and BayesB, for the identification of regions associated with genetic tolerance to TSC. Forty SNP markers were significantly associated with the genetic tolerance to TSC with both models. The proportion of total phenotypic variation explained (PVE) by the 40 SNPs was 56%, attributed to additive genetice ffects. Multiple candidate genes for disease resistance were identified in the región sindicated by the SNP markers. Their main functionsare signal transducersand receptors, transcription factors that positively regulatethe expression of tolerance genes and family kinase genes, there fore, they are potentially involved in the defense mechanism to TSC.


Subject(s)
Genes, Plant/genetics , Zea mays/genetics , Disease Resistance/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Chromosomes, Plant
5.
Braz. j. biol ; 79(2): 180-190, Apr.-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989438

ABSTRACT

Abstract Synthetic polyploids are key breeding materials for watermelon. Compared with diploid watermelon, the tetraploid watermelon often exhibit wide phenotypic differences and differential gene expression. Digital gene expression (DGE) profile technique was performed in this study to present gene expression patterns in an autotetraploid and its progenitor diploid watermelon, and deferentially expressed genes (DEGs) related to the abiotic and biotic stress were also addressed. Altogether, 4,985 DEGs were obtained in the autotetraploid against its progenitor diploid, and 66.02% DEGs is up-regulated. GO analysis shows that these DEGs mainly distributed in 'metabolic process', 'cell' and 'catalytic activity'. KEGG analysis revealed that these DEGs mainly cover 'metabolic pathways', 'secondary metabolites' and 'ribosome'. Moreover, 134 tolerance related DEGs were identified which cover osmotic adjustment substance, protective enzymes/protein, signaling proteins and pathogenesis-related proteins. This study present the differential expression of stress related genes and global gene expression patterns at background level in autotetraploid watermelons. These new evidences could supplement the molecular theoretical basis for the better resistance after the genome doubling in the gourd family.


Resumo Poliploides sintéticos são materias fundamentais para melhoramento genético da melancia. Comparativamente ao seu homólogo diploide, a melancia tetraploide apresenta amplas diferenças genotípica e fenotípica e diferença de expressão gênica. A expressão gênica digital ou DGE (digital gene expression) foi utilizada neste estudo para representar o perfil de expressão gênica da melancia autotetraploide e seu progenitor diploide e a expressão diferencial de genes relacionados ao estresse biótico e abiótico. Os resultados mostraram que 4.985 DEGs foram observados no organismo autotetraploide, sendo que, deste total, 66.02%foram supra-regulados. A análise de ontologia gênica (GO) mostrou que estes DEGs estão relacionados principalmente com processos metabólicas, célula e atividade catalítica, abrangendo de acordo com a análise de genes e genoma (KEGG) rotas metabólicas, metabolismo secundário e ribossomos. Além disso, 134 genes de defesa foram identificados, abrangendo substâncias de ajuste osmótico, enzimas/proteínas de proteção, proteínas sinalizadoras e proteínas relacionadas à patogênese. Este estudo mostrou a expressão diferencial de genes relacionados ao estresse e o perfil global de expressão gênica de melancia autotetraploide, estes resultados podem complementar, a nível molecular, o entendimento do fator resistência após a duplicação do genoma em cucurbitáceas.


Subject(s)
Polyploidy , Genes, Plant/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant/genetics , Citrullus/genetics , Citrullus/metabolism , Transcriptome/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Diploidy
6.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 31: 75-83, Jan. 2018. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022130

ABSTRACT

Background: Phalaenopsis is an important ornamental flowering plant that belongs to the Orchidaceae family and is cultivated worldwide. Phalaenopsis has a long juvenile phase; therefore, it is important to understand the genetic elements regulating the transition from vegetative phase to reproductive phase. In this study, FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) homologs in Phalaenopsis were cloned, and their effects on flowering were analyzed. Results: A total of five FT-like genes were identified in Phalaenopsis. Phylogenetic and expression analyses of these five FT-like genes indicated that some of these genes might participate in the regulation of flowering. A novel FT-like gene, PhFT-1, distantly related to previously reported FT genes in Arabidopsis and other dicot crops, was also found to be a positive regulator of flowering as heterologous expression of PhFT-1 in Arabidopsis causes an early flowering phenotype. Conclusions: Five FT homologous genes from Phalaenopsis orchid were identified, and PhFT-1 positively regulates flowering.


Subject(s)
Plant Proteins/genetics , Arabidopsis , Orchidaceae/genetics , Flowers/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Cloning, Molecular , Genes, Plant/genetics , Computational Biology , Orchidaceae/growth & development , Flowers/growth & development
7.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2013 Jul; 51(7): 522-530
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-147623

ABSTRACT

Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa) is widely recognized for its economic importance and contribution to human nutrition but abiotic and biotic stresses are main obstacle for its quality, nutritional status and production. In this study, 3,429 Express Sequence Tag (EST) sequences were generated from B. rapa cv. Osome cDNA library and the unique transcripts were classified functionally using a gene ontology (GO) hierarchy, Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG). KEGG orthology and the structural domain data were obtained from the biological database for stress related genes (SRG). EST datasets provided a wide outlook of functional characterization of B. rapa cv. Osome. In silico analysis revealed % 83 of ESTs to be well annotated towards reeds one dimensional concept. Clustering of ESTs returned 333 contigs and 2,446 singlets, giving a total of 3,284 putative unigene sequences. This dataset contained 1,017 EST sequences functionally annotated to stress responses and from which expression of randomly selected SRGs were analyzed against cold, salt, drought, ABA, water and PEG stresses. Most of the SRGs showed differentially expression against these stresses. Thus, the EST dataset is very important for discovering the potential genes related to stress resistance in chinese cabbage, and can be of useful resources for genetic engineering of Brassica sp.


Subject(s)
Brassica/drug effects , Brassica/genetics , Brassica/growth & development , Databases, Genetic , Expressed Sequence Tags/metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Library , Gene Regulatory Networks , Genes, Plant/genetics , Genome, Plant , Humans , Molecular Sequence Annotation , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Signal Transduction , Sodium Chloride/pharmacology , Stress, Physiological/genetics
8.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2013 Jul; 51(7): 492-501
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-147619

ABSTRACT

In the wild type P. sativum, each of the adult plant stem nodes, bears a pair of sessile foliaceous stipules and a petiolated unipinnately compound leaf of 4 to 6 leaflets and 7-9 tendrils. The stipule-reduced (st) and cochleata (coch) single null mutants and coch st double null mutant differ fom the wild type in respectively having sessile stipules of much reduced size, petiolated simple and/or compound leaf-like stipules and no stipules. It is also known that coch leaves are somewhat bigger than st and wild type leaves. Here, pleiotropic phenotype of coch st double mutant was investigated. The morphologies of stipules and leaf were quantified in the field grown plants and microcultured shoots, latter in the presence and absence of gibberellic acid and N-1-naphthylphthalamic acid. The observations showed that as compared to the corresponding plants or shoots of COCH ST (WT) genotype, (a) coch st plants bore leaves in which all the organs were hypertrophied; (b) full complement of leaflets and 3-5 tendrils were formed on leaf; (c) the microcultured coch st shoots were taller despite lower number of nodes, and (d) they also produced leaves in which all the organs were bigger and the ratio of leaflets/tendrils was higher. It was concluded that in coch st double mutant (a) ST function is essential for stipule primordium differentiation, in the absence of COCH function and (b) absence of negative feedback loops between simple stipules and compound leaf for metabolite utilization allows hypertrophied growth in leaves.


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Genes, Plant/genetics , Gibberellins/pharmacology , Hypertrophy , Morphogenesis , Mutation/genetics , Peas/drug effects , Peas/genetics , Peas/growth & development , Phenotype , Plant Growth Regulators/pharmacology , Plant Leaves/drug effects , Plant Leaves/genetics , Plant Leaves/growth & development
9.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2012 Feb; 49(1): 36-41
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-140216

ABSTRACT

A gene OsZnI encoding Cys3/His1-type zinc finger protein was isolated from the water stress-induced cDNA library of rice (Oryza sativa) cv. N-22, an early maturing, deep-rooted, drought-tolerant genotype adapted to upland conditions. The in-silico analysis revealed an insert of 800 bp with an ORF of 663 nucleotides, encoding 221 amino acids. OsZnI had three distinct features — nuclear localization signal (NLS) present in Arg152-Arg168, Zn finger domain between 185-193 amino acids and 12 amino acids conserved domain in 71-82 amino acids homologous to LEA motif, and belonged to C-type family of Zn finger protein. OsZnI showed induced expression under water deficit stress.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence/genetics , Base Sequence/genetics , Cloning, Molecular/methods , Conserved Sequence/genetics , Dehydration/genetics , Droughts , Genes, Plant/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Oryza/genetics , Plant Extracts/genetics , Plant Extracts/metabolism , Plant Leaves/genetics , Plant Leaves/metabolism , Plant Proteins/genetics , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Transcription Factors/genetics , Zinc Fingers/genetics
10.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 14(3): 9-9, May 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-602986

ABSTRACT

Leaf rust, caused by Puccinia triticina Eriks. is a common and widespread disease of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), in Argentina. Host resistance is the most economical, effective and ecologically sustainable method of controlling the disease. Gene postulation helps to determine leaf rust resistance genes (Lr genes) that may be present in a large group of wheat germplasm. Additionally presence of Lr genes can be determined using associated molecular markers. The objective of this study was to identify Lr genes that condition leaf rust resistance in 66 wheat cultivars from Argentina. Twenty four differential lines with individual known leaf rust resistance genes were tested with 17 different pathotypes of leaf rust collected from Argentina. Leaf rust infection types produced on seedling plants of the 66 local cultivars were compared with the infection types produced by the same pathotypes on Lr differentials to postulate which seedling leaf rust genes were present. Presence of Lr9, Lr10, Lr19, Lr20, Lr21, Lr24, Lr25, Lr26, Lr29, Lr34, Lr35, Lr37, Lr47 and Lr51 was also determined using molecular markers. Eleven different Lr genes were postulated in the material: Lr1, Lr3a, Lr3ka, Lr9, Lr10, Lr16, Lr17, Lr19, Lr24, Lr26, Lr41. Presence of Lr21, Lr25, Lr29, and Lr47 could not be determined with the seventeen pathotypes used in the study because all were avirulent to these genes. Eleven cultivars (16.7 percent) were resistant to all pathotypes used in the study and the remaining 55 (83.3 percent) showed virulent reaction against one or more local pathotypes. Cultivars with seedling resistance gene combinations including Lr16 or single genes Lr47 (detected with molecular marker), Lr19 and Lr41, showed high levels of resistance against all pathotypes or most of them. On the opposite side, cultivars with seedling resistance genes Lr1, Lr3a, Lr3a + Lr24, Lr10, Lr3a + Lr10, Lr3a + Lr10 + Lr24 showed the highest number of virulent reactions against local...


Subject(s)
Genetic Markers , Genes, Plant/genetics , Immunity, Innate/genetics , Pest Control, Biological , Triticum/genetics , Triticum/microbiology , Argentina , Bread , Basidiomycota/physiology , Plant Diseases/genetics , Plant Diseases/immunology , Polymerase Chain Reaction
11.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 14(2): 10-10, Mar. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-591940

ABSTRACT

Screening of peanut seeds resulting from 0.39 percent sodium azide treatment with NIRS calibration equation for bulk seed samples identified a plant with more than 60 percent oleate. Oleate content in individual seeds of the plant, as predicted by NIRS calibration equation for intact single peanut seeds, ranged from 50.05 percent ~ 68.69 percent. Three seeds with >60 percent oleate thus identified were further confirmed by gas chromatography. Multiple sequence alignments of the FAD2B gene from Huayu 22 (wild type) and peanut seeds with elevated oleate (mutant type) revealed a C281T transition in the coding region causing an I94T substitution in the oleoyl-PC desaturase, which may be responsible for reduction in the enzyme activity.


Subject(s)
Oleic Acid/metabolism , Arachis/genetics , Arachis/metabolism , Agriculture , Fatty Acid Desaturases/genetics , Arachis/enzymology , Sodium Azide/pharmacology , Base Sequence , Chromatography, Gas , Cloning, Molecular , Genes, Plant/genetics , Mutagenesis , Seeds , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared
12.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 13(1): 12-13, Jan. 2010.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-559595

ABSTRACT

In this review, we address the role of stress as one of the principal causes for a cell or tissue to change its pre-existing somatic program, reprogramming itself to express the embryogenic pathway. The focus of this paper is the effect of different stress conditions on the induction phase of plant somatic embryogenesis, as well as the development of embryogenic competence as a result of the applied stresses. We also present a variety of data that link plant somatic embryogenesis, DNA methylation and oxidative stress response.


Subject(s)
Embryonic Development/physiology , Embryonic Development/genetics , Oxidative Stress , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Genes, Plant/genetics , DNA Methylation , Reproduction, Asexual/genetics , Cellular Reprogramming
13.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 11(4): 4-5, Oct. 2008. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-531930

ABSTRACT

Genomic DNA sequences sharing homology with NBS region of resistance gene analogs were isolated and characterized from Pongamia glabra, Adenanthera pavonina, Clitoria ternatea and Solanum trilobatum using PCR based approach with primers designed from conserved regions of NBS domain. The presence of consensus motifs viz., kinase 1a, kinase 2, kinase 3a and hydrophobic domain provided evidence that the cloned sequences may belong to the NBS-LRR gene family. Conservation of tryptophan as the last residue of kinase-2 motif further confirms their position in non-TIR NBS-LRR family of resistance genes. The Resistance Gene Analogs (RGAs) cloned from P. glabra, A. pavonina, C. ternatea and S. trilobatum clustered together with well- characterized non-TIR-NBS-LRR genes leaving the TIR-NBS-LRR genes as a separate cluster in the average distance tree constructed based on BLOSUM62. All the four RGAs had high level of identity with NBS-LRR family of RGAs deposited in the GenBank. The extent of identity between the sequences at NBS region varied from 29 percent (P. glabra and S. trilobatum) to 78 percent (A. pavonina and C. ternatea), which indicates the diversity among the RGAs.


Subject(s)
Clitoria/genetics , Fabaceae/genetics , Genes, Plant/genetics , Solanum/genetics , Cloning, Molecular , Polymerase Chain Reaction
14.
J Biosci ; 2007 Apr; 32(3): 611-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-110928

ABSTRACT

Elucidation of genome sequence provides an excellent platform to understand detailed complexity of the various gene families. Hsp100 is an important family of chaperones in diverse living systems. There are eight putative gene loci encoding for Hsp100 proteins in Arabidopsis genome. In rice, two full-length Hsp100 cDNAs have been isolated and sequenced so far. Analysis of rice genomic sequence by in silico approach showed that two isolated rice Hsp100 cDNAs correspond to Os05g44340 and Os02g32520 genes in the rice genome database. There appears to be three additional proteins (encoded by Os03g31300, Os04g32560 and Os04g33210 gene loci) that are variably homologous to Os05g44340 and Os02g32520 throughout the entire amino acid sequence. The above five rice Hsp100 genes show significant similarities in the signature sequences known to be conserved among Hsp100 proteins. While Os05g44340 encodes cytoplasmic Hsp100 protein, those encoded by the other four genes are predicted to have chloroplast transit peptides.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Genes, Plant/genetics , Genome, Plant/genetics , Heat-Shock Proteins/chemistry , Multigene Family/genetics , Oryza/genetics
15.
Biocell ; 30(1): 15-25, abr. 2006. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-448073

ABSTRACT

A gene encoding a mannose-binding lectin, Pinellia pedatisecta agglutinin (PPA), was isolated from leaves of Pinellia pedatisecta using genomic walker technology. The ppa contained an 1140-bp 5'-upstream region, a 771-bp open reading frame (ORF) and an 829-bp 3'-downstream region. The ORF encoded a precursor polypeptide of 256 amino acid residues with a 24-amino acid signal peptide. There were one putative TATA box and six possible CAAT boxes lying in the 5'-upstream region of ppa. The ppa showed significant similarity at the nucleic acid level with genes encoding mannose-binding lectins from other Araceae species such as Pinellia ternata, Arisaema heterophyllum, Colocasia esculenta and Arum maculatum. At the amino acid level, PPA also shared varying homology (ranging from 40% to 85%) with mannose-binding lectins from other plant species, such as those from Araceae, Alliaceae, Iridaceae, Lillaceae, Amaryllidaceae and Bromeliaceae. The cloning of the ppa gene not only provides a basis for further investigation of PPA's structure, expression and regulation mechanism, but also enables us to test its potential role in controlling pests and fungal diseases by transferring the gene into tobacco and rice in the future


Subject(s)
Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Plant , Genes, Plant/genetics , Mannose-Binding Lectin/genetics , Protein Conformation , Pinellia/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Plant Lectins
16.
Biocell ; 29(2): 187-193, ago. 2005. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-429674

ABSTRACT

Using RNA extracted from Zantedeschia aethiopica young leaves and primers designed according to the conservative regions of Araceae lectins, the full-length cDNA of Z. aethiopica agglutinin (ZAA) was cloned by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The full-length cDNA of zaa was 871 bp and contained a 417 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a lectin precursor of 138 amino acids. Through comparative analysis of zaa gene and its deduced amino acid sequence with those of other Araceae species, it was found that zaa encoded a precursor lectin with signal peptide. Secondary and three-dimensional structure analyses showed that ZAA had many common characters of mannose-binding lectin superfamily and ZAA was a mannose-binding lectin with three mannose-binding sites. Southern blot analysis of the genomic DNA revealed that zaa belonged to a multi-copy gene family


Subject(s)
Mannose-Binding Lectin/physiology , Mannose-Binding Lectin/genetics , Mannose-Binding Lectin/chemistry , Mannose-Binding Lectin , Plant Proteins/physiology , Plant Proteins/genetics , Plant Proteins/chemistry , Genes, Plant/physiology , Genes, Plant/genetics , Plants, Genetically Modified/physiology , Plants, Genetically Modified/genetics , Plants, Genetically Modified/chemistry , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant/physiology , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant/genetics
17.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2005 Apr; 43(4): 369-72
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-56216

ABSTRACT

Expression of rbcS genes encoding small subunit of rubisco, most abundant protein in green tissue, is regulated by at least three parameters--tissue type, light conditions and stage of development. One of the green tissue-specific promoters of rbcS gene family was isolated from pigeonpea by PCR. Expression of uidA gene encoding beta-glucuronidase in the transgenic tobacco plants under the control of pigeonpea rbcS promoter, clearly showed that this promoter was as strong as pea rbcS3A promoter characterized earlier. Study of the sequence similarity with pea rbcS3A promoter, especially the region (boxes I and III) that is required for rbcS3A expression, showed more than 50% divergence. In contrast, pigeonpea promoter sequence isolated in the present study was more similar to that of spinach and rice rbcS promoters.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Cajanus/genetics , DNA, Plant/genetics , Genes, Plant/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Plant Leaves/genetics , Plants, Genetically Modified , Promoter Regions, Genetic
18.
Genet. mol. res. (Online) ; 3(3): 356-368, 2004.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-482172

ABSTRACT

Plant breeding deals with high-yielding genotypes. However, how best to choose parents of these genotypes remains an unsolved question. Here, we focus on a priori choice based on parental distances by means of agronomic and molecular data. Despite numerous theoretical and empirical studies, a priori choice continues to be a controversial procedure. Both success and failure are commonly reported. We looked at these ambiguous results in order to investigate their possible causes. A total of 139 articles on genetic divergence were sampled to examine aspects such as type and number of markers utilized. We suggest that the mean number of 160, 281 and 25 for RAPD and RFLP markers, and SSR loci, respectively, which we found in these papers, should be increased for accurate analysis. A second sample composed of 54 articles was used to evaluate the divergence-heterosis association. Most of them (28) detected positive divergence-heterosis association, whereas 26 revealed negative or inconclusive results. We examined several causes that influence a priori choice positively and negatively.


Subject(s)
Linkage Disequilibrium/genetics , Genetic Variation , Genes, Plant/genetics , Breeding/methods , Hybrid Vigor/genetics , Genetic Markers , Genotype , Microsatellite Repeats , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Quantitative Trait, Heritable , Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique , Reproducibility of Results
19.
Genet. mol. res. (Online) ; 3(3): 323-341, 2004. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-482174

ABSTRACT

Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) has been shown to be of great potential in plant reverse genetics. Advantages of VIGS over other approaches, such as T-DNA or transposon tagging, include the circumvention of plant transformation, methodological simplicity and robustness, and speedy results. These features make VIGS an attractive alternative instrument in functional genomics, even in a high throughput fashion. The system is already well established in Nicotiana benthamiana; however, efforts are being made to improve VIGS in other species, including monocots. Current research is focussed on unravelling the mechanisms of post-transcriptional gene silencing and VIGS, as well as on finding novel viral vectors in order to broaden the host species spectrum. We examined how VIGS has been used to assess gene functions in plants, including molecular mechanisms involved in the process, available methodological elements, such as vectors and inoculation procedures, and we looked for examples in which the system has been applied successfully to characterize gene function in plants.


Subject(s)
Gene Silencing , Genes, Plant/genetics , Plants, Genetically Modified/genetics , Tobacco/genetics , Transcription, Genetic/genetics , Plant Viruses/genetics , DNA, Viral , Flowers/genetics , Genetic Vectors , Genomics/methods , Models, Genetic , Transformation, Genetic
20.
Genet. mol. res. (Online) ; 2(4): 334-347, Dec. 2003.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-417596

ABSTRACT

Controlled and natural hybridization between cassava and wild relatives does occur. Barriers within the genus appear to be weak due to recent evolution of the group. All Manihot species examined cytogenetically have a chromosome number of 2n = 36. However, they behave meiotically as diploids. The weak interspecific barriers have led to an extremely heterozygous gene pool that may begin a sequence of hybridization followed by speciation. Introgression from cassava into a number of wild species (M. neusana, M. alutacea, M. reptans and M. anomala) has been detected by both morphological marker genes and molecular techniques. Winged fruit, setaceous bracteoles, and wide leaf sinus were dominant genes that came from cassava and appeared in the hybrids. The characteristic protein bands of cassava were recognized in the hybrid seed protein electrophoresis


Subject(s)
Crosses, Genetic , Genes, Plant/genetics , Manihot/genetics , Cytogenetic Analysis/methods , Genetic Markers , Hybridization, Genetic/genetics , Manihot/classification
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