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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880320


OBJECTIVES@#We performed an updated meta-analysis to clarify the relationship between the CEBPE rs2239633 polymorphism and the childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (CALL) susceptibility.@*METHODS@#All the case-control studies were updated on October 5, 2020, through Web of Science, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) electronic database. The heterogeneity in the study was tested by the Q test and I@*RESULTS@#A total of 20 case-control studies were selected, including 7014 patients and 16,428 controls. There was no association of CEBPE rs2239633 polymorphism with CALL (CC vs CT + TT: OR = 1.08, 95% CI = 0.94-1.26; CC + CT vs TT: OR = 1.10, 95% CI = 0.94-1.30; C vs T: OR = 1.02, 95% CI = 0.92-1.13). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, there is no significant association of this polymorphism and CALL risks among Asian and Caucasian populations in the three genetic models (CC vs CT + TT, CC + CT vs TT, and C vs T).@*CONCLUSION@#This meta-analysis found no significant association between the CEBPE rs2239633 polymorphism and susceptibility to CALL.

Adolescent , CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Child , Child, Preschool , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Humans , Infant , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1138-1145, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878167


BACKGROUND@#Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)-associated genes and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) can contribute to human disease. To comprehensively investigate the contribution of lncRNAs to breast cancer, we performed the first genome-wide lncRNA association study on Han Chinese women.@*METHODS@#We designed an lncRNA array containing >800,000 SNPs, which was incorporated into a 96-array plate by Affymetrix (CapitalBio Technology, China). Subsequently, we performed a two-stage genome-wide lncRNA association study on Han Chinese women covering 11,942 individuals (5634 breast cancer patients and 6308 healthy controls). Additionally, in vitro gain or loss of function strategies were performed to clarify the function of a novel SNP-associated gene.@*RESULTS@#We identified a novel breast cancer-associated susceptibility SNP, rs11066150 (Pmeta = 2.34 × 10-8), and a previously reported SNP, rs9397435 (Pmeta = 4.32 × 10-38), in Han Chinese women. rs11066150 is located in NONHSAT164009.1 (lncHSAT164), which is highly expressed in breast cancer tissues and cell lines. lncHSAT164 overexpression promoted colony formation, whereas lncHSAT164 knockdown promoted cell apoptosis and reduced colony formation by regulating the cell cycle.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Based on our lncRNA array, we identified a novel breast cancer-associated lncRNA and found that lncHSAT164 may contribute to breast cancer by regulating the cell cycle. These findings suggest a potential therapeutic target in breast cancer.

Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Case-Control Studies , China , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Genome-Wide Association Study , Humans , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1031-1042, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878118


Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease that resulted from the severe destruction of the insulin-producing β cells in the pancreases of individuals with a genetic predisposition. Genome-wide studies have identified HLA and other risk genes associated with T1D susceptibility in humans. However, evidence obtained from the incomplete concordance of diabetes incidence among monozygotic twins suggests that environmental factors also play critical roles in T1D pathogenesis. Epigenetics is a rapidly growing field that serves as a bridge to link T1D risk genes and environmental exposures, thereby modulating the expression of critical genes relevant to T1D development beyond the changes of DNA sequences. Indeed, there is compelling evidence that epigenetic changes induced by environmental insults are implicated in T1D pathogenesis. Herein, we sought to summarize the recent progress in terms of epigenetic mechanisms in T1D initiation and progression, and discuss their potential as biomarkers and therapeutic targets in the T1D setting.

Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/genetics , Epigenesis, Genetic/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Humans , Incidence , Twins, Monozygotic
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(1): e10465, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153508


Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is related to a higher risk of neonatal mortality, minor cognitive deficit, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease in adulthood. In previous studies, genetic variants in the FTO (fat mass and obesity-associated) and PPARγ (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma) genes have been associated with metabolic disease, body mass index, and obesity among other outcomes. We studied the association of selected FTO (rs1421085, rs55682395, rs17817449, rs8043757, rs9926289, and rs9939609) and PPARγ (rs10865710, rs17036263, rs35206526, rs1801282, rs28763894, rs41516544, rs62243567, rs3856806, and rs1805151) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with IUGR, through a case-control study in a cohort of live births that occurred from June 1978 to May 1979 in a Brazilian city. We selected 280 IUGR cases and 256 controls for analysis. Logistic regression was used to jointly analyze the SNPs as well as factors such as maternal smoking, age, and schooling. We found that the PPARγ rs41516544 increased the risk of IUGR for male offspring (OR 27.83, 95%CI 3.65-212.32) as well as for female offspring (OR=8.94, 95%CI: 1.96-40.88). The FTO rs9939609 TA genotype resulted in a reduced susceptibility to IUGR for male offspring only (OR=0.47, 95%CI: 0.26-0.86). In conclusion, we demonstrated that PPARγ SNP had a positive effect and FTO SNP had a negative effect on IUGR occurrence, and these effects were gender-specific.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , PPAR gamma/genetics , Alpha-Ketoglutarate-Dependent Dioxygenase FTO/genetics , Brazil/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Fetal Growth Retardation/genetics , Genotype
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(3): 370-375, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132588


Abstract Instruction: Noise-induced hearing loss is a leading occupational disease caused by gene-environment interaction. The Grainy Like 2, GRHL2, is a candidate gene. In this regard, many studies have evaluated the association between GRHL2 and noise-induced hearing loss, although the results are ambiguous and conflicting. Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify a precise estimation of the association between rs3735715 polymorphism in GRHL2 gene and susceptibility of noise-induced hearing loss. Methods: A comprehensive search was performed to collect data up to July 8, 2018. Finally, 4 eligible articles were included in this meta-analysis comprising 2410 subjects. The pooled odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were used to evaluate the strength of the association. Results: Significant association was found in the overall population in the dominant model (GA/AA vs. GG, odds ratio = 0.707, 95% confidence interval = 0.594-0.841) and allele model (G allele vs. A allele, odds ratio = 1.189, 95% confidence interval = 1.062-1.333). When stratified by source of the subjects, we also found association between rs3735715 and noise-induced hearing loss risk in the dominant model (GA/AA vs. GG, odds ratio = 0.634, 95% confidence interval = 0.514-0.783) and allele model (G allele vs. A allele, odds ratio = 1.206, 95% confidence interval = 1.054-1.379). Conclusion: Rs3735715 polymorphism in GRHL2 gene may influence the susceptibility of noise-induced hearing loss. Additional large, well-designed and functional studies are needed to confirm this association in different populations.

Resumo Introdução: Perda auditiva induzida por ruído é uma das principais doenças ocupacionais causadas pela interação gene-ambiente. O Grainy Like 2, ou GRHL2 é um gene que tem sido considerado como candidato. Nesse sentido, muitos estudos avaliaram a associação entre o GRHL2 e perda auditiva induzida por ruído, embora os resultados sejam ambíguos e conflitantes. Objetivo: Identificar uma estimativa precisa da associação entre o polimorfismo rs3735715 no gene GRHL2 e a suscetibilidade à perda auditiva induzida por ruído. Método: Uma pesquisa abrangente foi feita para coletar dados até 8 de julho de 2018. No fim, quatro artigos elegíveis foram incluídos nesta metanálise, abrangeram 2.410 indivíduos. As odds ratios agrupadas com intervalos de confiança de 95% foram usadas para avaliar a força da associação. Resultados: Uma associação significante foi encontrada na população geral no modelo de dominância (GA/AA vs. GG, odds ratio = 0,707, intervalo de confiança 95% = 0,594-0,841) e modelo de alelo (alelo G vs. alelo A; odds ratio = 1,189, intervalo de confiança 95% = 1,062 a 1,333). Quando estratificados pelo local de trabalho dos indivíduos, também encontramos associação entre rs3735715 e risco de perda auditiva induzida por ruído no modelo de dominância (GA/AA vs. GG, odds ratio = 0,634, intervalo de confiança 95% = 0,514 ± 0,783) e modelo de alelo (alelo G vs. alelo A; odds ratio = 1,206, intervalo de confiança 95% = 1,054- 1,379). Conclusão: O polimorfismo Rs3735715 no gene GRHL2 pode influenciar a suscetibilidade à perda auditiva induzida por ruído. Estudos adicionais, amplos, bem desenhados e funcionais são necessários para confirmar essa associação em diferentes populações.

Humans , Transcription Factors/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/genetics , Genotype , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Occupational Diseases/genetics
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(1): 91-99, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098050


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The role of -251A>T polymorphism in the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) gene in gastric cancer was intensively evaluated, but the results of these studies were inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to provide a comprehensive data on the association of IL-8 -251T>A polymorphism with gastric cancer. METHODS: All eligible studies were identified in PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Wanfang and CNKI databases before September 01, 2019. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were derived from a fixed effect or random effect model. RESULTS: A total of 33 case-control studies with 6,192 cases and 9,567 controls were selected. Overall, pooled data showed that IL-8 -251T>A polymorphism was significantly associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer under all five genetic models, i.e., allele (A vs T: OR=1.189, 95% CI 1.027-1.378, P=0.021), homozygote (AA vs TT: OR=1.307, 95% CI 1.111-1.536, P=0.001), heterozygote (AT vs TT: OR=1.188, 95% CI 1.061-1.330, P=0.003), dominant (AA+AT vs TT: OR=1.337, 95% CI 1.115-1.602, P=0.002) and recessive (AA vs AT+TT: OR=1.241, 95% CI 1.045-1.474, P=0.014). The stratified analysis by ethnicity revealed an increased risk of gastric cancer in Asians and mixed populations, but not in Caucasians. Moreover, stratified by country found a significant association in Chinese, Korean and Brazilian, but not among Japanese. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis suggests that the IL-8 -251T>A polymorphism is associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer, especially by ethnicity (Asian and mixed populations) and country (Chinese, Korean and Brazilian).

RESUMO CONTEXTO: O papel do polimorfismo -251A>T no gene anti-inflamatório citocina interleucina-8 (IL-8) no câncer gástrico foi intensamente avaliado, mas os resultados desses estudos foram inconsistentes. OBJETIVO: Portanto, realizamos uma meta-análise para fornecer dados abrangentes sobre a associação de IL-8 -251T>A polimorfismo com câncer gástrico. MÉTODOS: Todos os estudos elegíveis foram identificados nos bancos de dados PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Wanfang e CNKI antes de 01 de setembro de 2019. As relações de probabilidades agrupadas (ORs) com intervalos de confiança de 95% (IC) foram derivadas de um modelo de efeito fixo ou efeito aleatório. RESULTADOS: Foram selecionados 33 estudos de controle de caso com 6.192 casos e 9.567 controles. No geral, dados agrupados mostraram que o polimorfismo IL-8 -251T>A foi significativamente associado a um risco aumentado de câncer gástrico em todos os cinco modelos genéticos, isto é, alelo (A vs T: OR=1,189; 95% CI 1,027-1,378; P=0,021), homozigoto (AA vs TT: OR=1,307; 95% CI 1,111-1,536; P=0,001), heterozigoto (AT vs TT: OR=1,188; 95% CI 1,061-1,330; P=0,003), dominante (AA+AT vs TT: OR=1,337; 95% CI 1,115-1,602; P=0,002) e recessivo (AA vs AT+TT: OR=1,241; 95% CI 1,045-1,474; P=0,014). A análise estratificada por etnia revelou um risco aumentado de câncer gástrico em asiáticos e populações mistas, mas não em caucasianos. Além disso, estratificado por país. Encontrou-se uma associação significativa em chineses, coreanos e brasileiros, mas não entre os japoneses. CONCLUSÃO: Esta meta-análise sugere que o polimorfismo IL-8 -251T>A está associado a um risco aumentado de câncer gástrico, especialmente por etnia (populações asiáticas e mistas) e por país (chinês, coreano e brasileiro).

Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Interleukin-8/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e190498, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135282


BACKGROUND Biomphalaria glabrata snails are widely distributed in schistosomiasis endemic areas like America and Caribe, displaying high susceptibility to infection by Schistosoma mansoni. After the availability of B. glabrata genome and transcriptome data, studies focusing on genetic markers and small non-coding RNAs have become more relevant. The small RNAs have been considered important through their ability to finely regulate the gene expression in several organisms, thus controlling the functions like cell growth, metabolism, and susceptibility/resistance to infection. OBJECTIVE The present study aims on identification and characterisation of the repertoire of small non-coding RNAs in B. glabrata (Bgl-small RNAs). METHODS By using small RNA sequencing, bioinformatics tools and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), we identified, characterised, and validated the presence of small RNAs in B. glabrata. FINDINGS 89 mature miRNAs were identified and five of them were classified as Mollusk-specific. When compared to model organisms, sequences of B. glabrata miRNAs showed a high degree of conservation. In addition, several target genes were predicted for all the mature miRNAs identified. Furthermore, piRNAs were identified in the genome of B. glabrata for the first time. The B. glabrata piRNAs showed strong conservation of uridine as first nucleotide at 5' end, besides adenine at 10th position. Our results showed that B. glabrata has diverse repertoire of circulating ncRNAs, several which might be involved in mollusk susceptibility to infection, due to their potential roles in the regulation of S. mansoni development. MAIN CONCLUSIONS Further studies are necessary in order to confirm the role of the Bgl-small RNAs in the parasite/host relationship thus opening new perspectives on interference of small RNAs in the organism development and susceptibility to infection.

Animals , Schistosoma mansoni/physiology , Biomphalaria/genetics , Biomphalaria/parasitology , Schistosomiasis mansoni/physiopathology , Schistosomiasis mansoni/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Small Interfering , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Host-Parasite Interactions
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880781


OBJECTIVE@#To explore genetic mutation types and their correlation with clinical phenotypes in Uighur patients with aortic disease in Kashgar (Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China).@*METHODS@#We examined 37 pathogenic genes in 19 Uighur families with aortic diseases including Marfan syndrome from Kashgar using next generation sequencing, and the results were confirmed by Sanger sequence in the first relatives.@*RESULTS@#This study included 19 families with aortic diseases, in whom a total of 23 variants were identified, and 11 (57.89%) probands had one or more variants. Among them, definite pathogenic mutation was detected in one patient (5.26%), variants of uncertain significance (VUS) were found in 8 (42.11%), and benign/likely benign variants were detected in 7 (36.84%). The 23 variants identified included one (5.26%) pathogenic variant, 14 (60.87%) VUS, and 8 (34.78%) benign/likely benign variants. The 14 VUS were analyzed by prediction with SIFT and Polyphen2 HDIV, which identified 6 (42.86%) variants as deleterious/possibly damaging; all the 8 benign/likely benign variants were predicted to be deleterious/possibly damaging.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We detected 23 genetic variants in the 19 Uighur families with aortic diseases, and 22 of these variants remain to be verified by more patient data in future studies.

Aortic Diseases , China , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Mutation , Phenotype
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(3): e9102, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089346


The apolipoprotein B (APOB) gene contains several polymorphic sites described as risk modifiers for cardiovascular events. The objective of this study was to verify the association of the classic APOB Xba I polymorphism (rs693) with atherosclerotic risk factors in a segment of the Brazilian elderly population considering their usual dietary intake. Clinical and biochemical characteristics as well as total caloric and fat intake data were determined from 644 elderly individuals. Polymorphism analysis was performed by conventional polymerase chain reaction followed by enzyme restriction. Statistical analyses compared measures and proportions according to different APOB genotypic combinations. Statistically significant association was found between Xba I polymorphism and serum LDL, total cholesterol, and total lipid levels, with important elevations among T homozygotes compared to the other genotypes. There was homogeneity in all other parameters analyzed (including intake pattern), with a tendency for reduced levels of circulating apolipoprotein B among TT individuals. Our results pointed out that genetic variation in APOB affected the lipemic profile of elderly individuals in a context not biased by diet, generating a pattern suggestive of secretory disorder of lipoprotein particles, with possible implication in atherosclerotic risk.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Apolipoproteins B/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Atherosclerosis/genetics , Feeding Behavior , Lipids/blood , Brazil , Energy Intake , Cardiovascular Diseases/blood , Risk Factors , Atherosclerosis/blood , Gene Frequency , Genotype
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 23(6): 381-387, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089317


ABSTRACT Setting: Treatment of tuberculosis (TB) can result in Drug-Induced Liver Injury (DILI) since hepatotoxic metabolites are formed during the biotransformation of isoniazid (INH).DILI can be related to the genetic profile of the patient. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the CYP2E1 gene and GSTM1 and GSTT1 deletion polymorphisms have been associated with adverse events caused by INH. Objective: To characterize the genetic polymorphisms of CYP2E1, GSTT1 and GSTM1 in TB carriers. Design: This is an observational prospective cohort study of 45 patients undergoing treatment of TB. PCR-RFLP and multiplex-PCR were used. Results: The distribution of genotypic frequency in the promoter region (CYP2E1 gene) was: 98% wild genotype and 2% heterozygous. Intronic region: 78% wild genotype; 20% heterozygous and 2% homozygous variant. GST enzyme genes: 24% Null GSTM1 and 22% Null GSTT1. Patients with any variant allele of the CYP2E1 gene were grouped in the statistical analyses. Conclusion: Patients with the CYP2E1 variant genotype or Null GSTT1 showed higher risk of presenting DILI (p = 0.09; OR: 4.57; 95% CI: 0.75-27.6). Individuals with both genotypes had no increased risk compared to individuals with one genotype.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/drug therapy , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/genetics , Antitubercular Agents/adverse effects , Polymorphism, Genetic , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/enzymology , Prospective Studies , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1 , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/genetics , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/enzymology , Cytochrome P450 Family 2 , Genotype , Liver/drug effects , Liver/enzymology , Antitubercular Agents/therapeutic use
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(4): 367-371, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055179


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is the fourth most common cause of worldwide cancer. Also in contrast to the huge advances in curing, the chance of living is very low even in surgery cases. Having a genetic predisposition plays an important role in cancer development. The association between Metallothionein-2A gene polymorphisms and the risk of adenocarcinoma has been widely studied, yet there is only one study on stomach diseases. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to investigate the association between 2 (MT-2A) polymorphisms and adenocarcinoma. METHODS: This cross-sectional case control study was performed between Mach 2014 and January 2015 at the Tuba Hospital of Sari, Iran. Peripheral blood samples were collected in EDTA tube. DNA extraction was performed using the spin column procedure. The MT-2A polymorphisms MT-2A (rs1610216), (rs28366003) were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis in 95 a topic adenocarcinoma patients and 90 healthy individuals from Iranian population. RESULTS: The MT-2A rs1610216 polymorphism increased the risk of adeno carcinoma in our Iranian population [OR: 3.8533; 95%CI, 1.3155-11.2869; P=0.0139] and rs28366003 [OR: 4.0978; 95%CI, 1.2521-13.4108; P=0.0197]. CONCLUSION: The MT-2A gene polymorphism was associated with the risk of adenocarcinoma in the Iranian population.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: O câncer gástrico é a quarta causa mais comum de câncer em todo o mundo. Também em contraste com os enormes avanços na cura, a chance de viver é muito baixa, mesmo em casos de cirurgia. Ter uma predisposição genética desempenha um papel importante no desenvolvimento do câncer. A associação entre polimorfismos do gene metalotioneína-2A e o risco de adenocarcinoma tem sido amplamente estudada, mas há apenas um estudo sobre doenças estomacais. OBJETIVO: Neste estudo, objetivou-se investigar a associação entre 2 (MT-2A) polimorfismos e adenocarcinoma. MÉTODOS: Um estudo de controle de caso transversal foi realizado entre março de 2014 e janeiro de 2015 no hospital Tuba, Sari, Irã. Amostras de sangue periférico foram coletadas em tubo EDTA. A extração do ADN foi executada usando o procedimento da coluna da rotação. Os polimorfismos MT-2a MT-2A (rs1610216), (rs28366003) foram determinados pela análise do polimorfismo do comprimento do fragmento da reação-limitação de cadeia da polimerase em 95 pacientes com adenocarcinoma tópico e em 90 indivíduos saudáveis da população iraniana. RESULTADOS: O polimorfismo MT-2A rs1610216 aumentou o risco de adenocarcinoma de em nossa população iraniana. [OR: 3,8533; 95%CI, 1,3155-11,2869; P=0,0139] e rs28366003 [OR: 4,0978; 95%CI, 1,2521-13,4108; P=0,0197]. CONCLUSÃO: O polimorfismo do gene MT-2A foi associado ao risco de adenocarcinoma na população iraniana.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Adenocarcinoma/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Metallothionein/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Case-Control Studies , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cross-Sectional Studies , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Genotype , Middle Aged
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(10): 3607-3617, Oct. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039458


Abstract This article examines the origins of the term "genetic disease." In the late 19 and early 20th century, an earlier idea that diseases that occur in families reflect a vague familiar "predisposition" was replaced by the view that such diseases have specific causes, while Mendelian genetics provided then clues to the patterns of their transmission. The genetictisation of inborn pathologies took a decisive turn with the redefinition, in 1959, of Down syndrome as a chromosomal anomaly, then the development of tests for the diagnosis of other hereditary pathologies. At that time, geneticists distinguished "hereditary" diseases that run in families, from "genetic" conditions that are the result of new mutations during the production of egg and sperm cells. In the latter case, the inborn impairment is produced by an anomaly in the genetic material of the cell, but is not hereditary, because it is not transmitted from one or both parents. In the late 20th and early 21st century, new genomic technologies blurred the distinction between hereditary and genetic impairments, extended the concept of genetic disease, and modified the experience of people living with such a disease.

Resumo O presente artigo tem o objetivo de examinar as origens do termo "doença genética. No final do século XIX e início do XX, a vaga ideia que a doença manifesta entre familiares refletia uma "predisposição" familiar, foi substituída pela visão que essas doenças possuem causas específicas, enquanto a genética mendeliana forneceu as pistas para os padrões de transmissão da doença. A genética das patologias congênitas deu uma guinada decisiva, em 1959, com a redefinição da Síndrome de Down como uma anomalia cromossômica e, depois, com o desenvolvimento de testes para o diagnóstico de outras patologias hereditárias. Naquela época, os geneticistas distinguiam doenças "hereditárias" como aquelas que acometiam os elementos de uma família, de condições "genéticas" que são o resultado de novas mutações ocorridas durante a produção dos óvulos e espermatozoides. Neste último caso, a deficiência inata é causada por uma anomalia do material genético da célula, porque não é transmitida por qualquer um ou ambos os pais. No final do século XX e início do XXI, as novas tecnologias genômicas obscureceram a distinção entre deficiências hereditária e a genética, estenderam o conceito da doença genética e modificaram a experiência das pessoas que vivem com esse tipo de doença.

Humans , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , History, 21st Century , Genetic Testing/methods , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Genetic Diseases, Inborn/genetics , Genetic Testing/history , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/history , Genomics/methods , Genetic Diseases, Inborn/history
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(3): 287-292, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-ILSLPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-ILSLACERVO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1011110


Abstract: Background: Renal transplant recipients are submitted to immunosuppression to avoid graft rejection, which makes them susceptible to various conditions. Furthermore, these individuals present malignant tumors more frequently than the general population, including nonmelanoma skin cancer. The individual genetic basis that acts in the pathogenesis of cutaneous cancer may present a protection or susceptibility factor for disease development. One of these factors is the HLA complex. Objective: To investigate HLA alleles association to the occurrence of nonmelanoma skin cancer in renal transplant recipients from São Paulo State. Methods: A total of 213 patients (93 renal transplant recipients with nonmelanoma skin cancer and 120 renal transplant recipients without nonmelanoma skin cancer) were evaluated by retrospective and cross-sectional study. Epidemiological, clinical and HLA typing data were found in databases. HLA class I (A, B) and class II (DR) alleles were compared to establish their association with nonmelanoma skin cancer. Results: Comparing renal transplant recipients with and without nonmelanoma skin cancer, the HLA-B*13 allele was associated with higher risk of developing nonmelanoma skin cancer while B*45 and B*50 alleles were associated with protection. Study limitations: The HLA A, B and DR alleles identification for the kidney transplantation routine is done by low and medium resolution techniques that do not allow discrimination of specific alleles. Conclusion: The involvement of HLA alleles in nonmelanoma skin cancer in renal transplant recipients was confirmed in this study. Renal transplant recipients with HLA-B*13 showed higher risk for developing a skin cancer (OR= 7.29) and should be monitored for a long period of time after transplantation.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Skin Neoplasms/genetics , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , HLA Antigens/genetics , Skin Neoplasms/etiology , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , HLA-A Antigens/genetics , HLA-B Antigens/genetics , HLA-DR Antigens/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Alleles , Transplant Recipients
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(3): 255-261, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020958


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: There is evidence that genetic predisposition and epigenetic alteration (e.g. DNA methylation) play major roles in lung cancer. In our genetic epidemiological studies, rs1970764 in oncogene PPP1R13L was most consistently associated with lung cancer risk. Here, we explored the role of PPP1R13L methylation in lung cancer development. DESIGN AND SETTING: Analytical cross-sectional study (45 lung cancer cases and 45 controls), conducted in China. METHODS: We investigated the DNA methylation status of 2,160 cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) sites in the PPP1R13L promoter region using the EpiTYPER assay of the Sequenom MassARRAY platform. RESULTS: In the whole study group, the methylation levels of CpG-6, CpG-9, CpG-20 and CpG-21 were significantly lower and those of CpG-16 were significantly higher in cases than in controls. Among smokers, the methylation levels at five CpG sites (CpG-6, CpG-11, CpG-15, CpG-20 and CpG-21) were statistically significantly lower among cases. Among men, the methylation levels at four CpG sites (CpG-11, CpG-15, CpG-20 and CpG-21) were significantly lower among cases. Regarding smokers, the methylation levels at CpG-7.8 and CpG-21 among cases and at CpG-22 among controls were significantly lower, compared with nonsmokers. The frequency of positivity for methylation was not significantly different between lung cancer cases and controls (68.22% for cases and 71.87% for controls; P = 0.119). CONCLUSION: Our study on a Chinese population suggests that lung cancer patients have aberrant methylation status (hypomethylation tended to be more frequent) in peripheral blood leukocytes at several CpG sites in the PPP1R13L promoter region and that exposure to smoking may influence methylation status.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Repressor Proteins/genetics , DNA Methylation/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Promoter Regions, Genetic
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(4): 239-247, Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001352


ABSTRACT Objective: To study the genetic susceptibility to neuromyelitis optica (NMO) as well as the relationship between HLA genotypes and susceptibility to the disease in the southern Brazilian population. Methods: We analyzed patients with NMO, who met criteria for Wingerchuk's diagnosis of NMO, with detected serum anti-AQP4-IgG antibody. The HLA genotyping was performed by high-resolution techniques (Sanger sequencing) in patients and controls. The HLA genotypes were statistically compared with a paired control population. Results: The HLA genotyping revealed the diversity of the southern Brazilian population whose HLA profile resembled European and Asian populations. Some alleles had statistical correlations with a positive association (increased susceptibility) with NMO, particularly the HLA-DRB1*04:05 and *16:02. Conclusions: In our study, the HLA genotype was different to that previously reported for other Brazilian populations. Although our study had a small cohort, HLA genotypes were associated with increased susceptibility to NMO for HLA-DRB1*04:05 and *16:02. The alleles of HLA class I HLA-A*02:08 and *30:09, HLA-B*08:04 and *35:04 showed an association before the Bonferroni correction.

RESUMO Objetivo: Estudar a suscetibilidade genética a neuromielite óptica (NMO) assim como sua relação com o genótipo HLA na população do sul do Brasil. Métodos: Nós analisamos pacientes com NMO que preenchiam os critérios diagnósticos de Wingerchuk para NMO, com presença do anticorpo anti-AQP4-IgG no soro. O genótipo HLA foi realizado usando técnicas de alta resolução (sequenciamento de Sanger) em pacientes e controles. Genótipos HLA foram estatisticamente comparados com uma população controle pareada. Resultados: Genotipagem HLA revelou a diversidade da população sul brasileira cujo perfil HLA lembra as populações europeia e asiática. Alguns alelos tiveram correlação estatística com associação positiva (suscetibilidade aumentada) com NMO, particularmente o HLA-DRB1*04:05 e *16:02. Conclusões: Em nosso estudo, o genótipo HLA foi diferente do previamente relatado em outras populações brasileiras. Embora o número de pacientes tenha sido pequeno, HLA específicos foram associados com suscetibilidade aumentada a NMO para HLA-DRB1*04:05, *16:02. Os alelos HLA classe I HLA*02:08 e *30:09, HLA-B*08:04 e *35:04 tiveram associação antes da correção de Bonferroni.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Genes, MHC Class I/genetics , Neuromyelitis Optica/genetics , Genes, MHC Class II/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Alleles , HLA Antigens/genetics , Reference Values , Brazil , Case-Control Studies , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Gene Frequency , Genotype
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 79(1,supl.1): 27-32, abr. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002601


Los trastornos del espectro autista (TEA) son una alteración funcional de la corteza cerebral, que presenta anomalías estructurales del neurodesarrollo que afectan fundamentalmente a la función sináptica y el patrón de conexiones dentro y entre columnas corticales. Desde su aspecto etiológico, el TEA tiene una importante carga genética, considerándose un desorden derivado de una combinación de mutaciones "de novo", asociadas a una predisposición derivada de variaciones comunes heredadas. Las principales anomalías genéticas asociadas a TEA implican genes que codifican proteínas de la sinapsis. Así, en pacientes con TEA se han descrito alteraciones del desarrollo inicial de las sinapsis en los circuitos de conexión entre áreas corticales de procesamiento complejo. La complejidad molecular observada en la predisposición a desarrollar un TEA, junto con la diversidad de fenotipos estructurales neuronales, ha hecho que los modelos animales reproduzcan solo parcialmente el TEA. Para avanzar en el estudio experimental se hace pues necesario desarrollar modelos más representativos, como son los modelos celulares derivados de células humanas. En las últimas décadas, el desarrollo de la biología de las células madre nos da medios para acceder a paradigmas experimentales sobre células derivadas de individuos con TEA. Actualmente, los modelos de células plutipotentes inducidas (IPs) derivadas de células humanas permiten profundizar en el estudio de las bases moleculares y celulares del TEA. Sin embargo, presentan problemas inherentes derivados de la manipulación experimental que conlleva la reprogramación de la expresión génica, por lo que otros modelos celulares se están también postulando como válidos.

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a functional alteration of the cerebral cortex, which presents structural neurodevelopmental anomalies that affect synaptic function and the pattern of connections within and between cortical columns. From its etiological aspect, ASD has an important genetic load, considering a polygenic disorder, derived from a combination of "de novo" genetic mutations, associated to a predisposition derived from common inherited variations. The main genetic anomalies associated with ASD involve genes that encode proteins of the synapse. Thus, in patients with ASD, alterations in the initial development of the synapses have been described in the connection circuits between complex processing cortical areas. The molecular complexity observed in the predisposition to develop an ASD, together with the diversity of structural phenotypes, has made animal models reproduce only partially the ASD. To advance in the experimental study it is therefore necessary to develop representative models, such as cellular models derived from human cells. In recent decades, the advances in stem cell biology give us a way to apply experimental paradigms in cells derived from individuals with ASD. Currently, induced pluripotent cells (IPs) derived from human adult cells allow deepening the study of molecular and cellular bases of the neuronal development in humans, as well as the anomalies in this development, which give rise to disorders such as ASD. However, they present inherent problems derived from the experimental manipulation that involves the reprogramming of gene expression, therefore other models are also been explored.

Humans , Autism Spectrum Disorder/physiopathology , Models, Biological , Synapses/physiology , Synapses/genetics , Gene Expression , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Epigenesis, Genetic/genetics , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells/cytology , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/physiopathology , Autism Spectrum Disorder/genetics
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(1): 88-94, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001322


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence to show that TNF-α -308G>A polymorphism may be a risk factor for celiac disease, but the results are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: Thus, we aimed to perform a meta-analysis involving published studies up to January 2019 to elucidate the association. METHODS: To assess the effect of TNF-α -308G>A polymorphism on celiac disease susceptibility, we searched PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases to identify eligible studies, without restriction. Summary odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to evaluate the susceptibility to celiac disease. RESULTS: A total of 11 studies with 1147 cases and 1774 controls were selected for this meta-analysis. The pooled results indicated that TNF-α -308G>A polymorphism was associated with increased risk of celiac disease (A vs G: OR=2.077, 95% CI=1.468-2.939, P=≤0.001; AA vs GG: OR=8.512, 95% CI=3.740-19.373, P=≤0.001; AA+AG vs GG: OR=1.869, 95% CI=1.161-3.008, P=0.010; and AA+AG vs GG: OR=4.773, 95% CI=3.181-7.162, P≤0.001). Subgroup analysis by ethnicity also revealed significant association in Caucasians. In addition, there was a significant association between TNF-α -308G>A polymorphism and celiac disease risk in Italy, Spain and PCR-FRLP group studies. CONCLUSION: Our meta-analysis suggests that the TNF-α -308G>A polymorphism plays an important role in celiac disease susceptibility. However, our results are still needed to strengthen by further studies in different ethnicities and larger sample sizes.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: Há evidências crescentes para mostrar que o TNF-α-308G>A polimorfismo pode ser um fator de risco para a doença celíaca, mas os resultados são inconsistentes. OBJETIVO: Por isto objetivou-se realizar uma meta-análise envolvendo estudos publicados até janeiro de 2019 para elucidar esta associação. MÉTODOS: Para avaliar o efeito do TNF-α-308G>A polimorfismo na suscetibilidade da doença celíaca, pesquisou-se os bancos de dados do PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge e Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) para identificar estudos elegíveis, sem restrições. Para avaliar a suscetibilidade à doença celíaca, foram utilizadas os odds ratio sumários (ORs) e os intervalos de confiança de 95% (ICs). RESULTADOS: Um total de 11 estudos com 1147 casos e 1774 controles foram selecionados para esta meta-análise. Os resultados agrupados indicaram que o TNF-α-308G>A polimorfismo associou-se ao aumento do risco de doença celíaca (A vs G: OR=2,077; 95% IC=1,468-2,939; P=≤0,001; AA vs GG: OR=8,512; 95% IC=3,740-19,373; P=≤0,001; AA+AG vs GG: OR=1,869; 95% IC=1,161-3,008; P=0,010; e AA+AG vs GG: OR=4,773; 95% IC=3,181-7,162; P≤0,001). A análise de subgrupos por etnia também revelou associação significativa em caucasianos. Além, havia uma associação significativa entre o TNF-α-308G>A um polimorfismo e o risco do doença celíaca na Italia, na Espanha e em estudos do grupo do PCR-FRLP. CONCLUSÃO: Nossa meta-análise sugere que o TNF-α-308G>A polimorfismo desempenha um papel importante na suscetibilidade da doença celíaca. No entanto, nossos resultados necessitam de mais dados e de serem fortalecidos por outros estudos em diferentes etnias e tamanhos amostrais maiores.

Humans , Celiac Disease/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Risk Factors
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(4): e8217, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001511


The aim of this study was to perform an updated meta-analysis to quantitatively investigate the association between G20210A polymorphism of Prothrombin gene and the risk of retinal vein occlusion (RVO), based on the available publications with inconsistent results. We utilized the Stata software to perform the heterogeneity test, association test, Begg's and Egger's tests, and sensitivity analysis. We searched three on-line databases (PubMed, Embase, and WOS) and obtained a total of 422 articles. Based on our selection criteria, 24 case-control studies were finally enrolled in this overall meta-analysis; a subgroup analysis by the factors ethnicity, control source, and RVO type was done. Through the association test of overall meta-analysis, we did not observe a significant difference between RVO cases and controls under the A vs G (allele) (z=1.49, P=0.137), A vs G (carrier) (z=1.42, P =0.155), GA vs GG (z=1.50, P=0.135), and GA+AA vs GG (z=1.50, P=0.135). Furthermore, we observed similar negative results in the association test of subgroup analysis (all P>0.05). Heterogeneity, Begg's, and Egger's tests excluded the presence of high heterogeneity and publication bias. Statistically stable results were observed in the sensitivity analyses. Based on integrated analysis of the current evidence, Prothrombin gene G20210A polymorphism is likely unrelated to the risk of RVO.

Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Retinal Vein Occlusion/genetics , Prothrombin/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Risk Factors , Genotype
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(2): e8109, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974280


Aggrecanase-2 (ADAMTS5) gene is responsible for aggrecan degradation that may contribute to cartilage destruction in a mouse osteoarthritis (OA) model. We aimed to investigate the effects of ADAMTS5 gene polymorphisms on OA risk in a Chinese population. A total of 300 OA patients and 300 controls were recruited and their genotypes for ADAMTS5 gene rs226794 and rs2830585 polymorphisms were determined using a custom-by-design 48-Plex single nucleotide polymorphism Scan™ kit. ADAMTS5-associated genes were identified by co-expression analysis and their functions were investigated by Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analyses. Bioinformatics analysis showed that ADAMTS5 was significantly related to the components, structural constituent, and organization of the extracellular matrix. The rs2830585 polymorphism, but not rs226794 polymorphism, was significantly associated with an increased risk of knee OA. Stratified analysis further confirmed this significant association in patients at age ≥55 years. In conclusion, the ADAMTS5 rs2830585 polymorphism may be involved in the development of knee OA by destroying the extracellular matrix, but this finding should be further confirmed by larger studies.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Genetic Variation/genetics , Osteoarthritis, Knee/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , ADAMTS5 Protein/genetics , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Case-Control Studies , Genotype
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(11): e8549, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039260


The published data on the association between MCP-1 -2518A>G polymorphism and asthma susceptibility are inconclusive. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to estimate the impact of MCP-1 -2518A>G polymorphism on asthma susceptibility. PubMed, Web of Science, Wanfang, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases were used to identify eligible studies. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to calculate the strength of association. Sensitivity analysis was performed to evaluate the influence of individual studies on the estimates of overall effect, and funnel plots and Egger's test were used to assess publication bias. Eight publications with 1562 asthma patients and 1574 controls were finally identified. Overall, we found no significant association between MCP-1 -2518A>G polymorphism and asthma susceptibility in any of the genetic model comparisons. After stratified analysis by ethnicity, the results showed that a significant association with asthma risk was found in Caucasians in all the genetic models. However, a protective association was found in Africans under the dominant model. The present meta-analysis suggested that the MCP-1 -2518 A>G polymorphism is a risk factor for asthma in the Caucasian population, nevertheless it has a protective effect in the African population.

Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Asthma/genetics , Chemokine CCL2/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Genetic Association Studies , Risk Factors , African Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , European Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , Protective Factors , Gene Frequency/genetics