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1.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(11): 878-882, Nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357078

ABSTRACT

Abstract Non-invasive preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidies (niPGT-A) aiming to assess cell-free embryonic DNA in spent culturemedia is promising, especially because it might overcome the diminished rates of implantation caused by the inadequate performance of trophectoderm (TE) biopsy. Our center is part of the largest study to date assessing the concordance between conventional PGT-A and niPGT-A, and we report here the delivery of the first baby born in Brazil using niPGT-A. The parents of the baby were admitted to our center in 2018. They did not present history of infertility, and they were interested in using in vitro fertilization (IVF) and PGT-A in order to avoid congenital anomalies in the offspring. A total of 11 (3 day-5 and 8 day-6) expanded blastocysts were biopsied, and the spent culture media (culture from day-4 to day-6) from 8 day-6 blastocysts were collected for niPGT-A. Overall, 7 embryos yielded informative results for trophectoderm (TE) and media samples. Among the embryos with informative results, 5 presented concordant diagnosis between conventional PGTA and niPGT-A, and 2 presented discordant diagnosis (1 false-positive and one falsenegative). The Blastocyst 4, diagnosed as 46, XY by both niPGT-A and conventional PGTA, was warmed up and transferred, resulting in the birth of a healthy 3.8 kg boy in February 2020. Based on our results and the recent literature, we believe that the safest current application of niPGT-A would be as a method of embryo selection for patients without an indication for conventional PGT-A. The approximate 80% of reliability of niPGT-A in the diagnosis of ploidy is superior to predictions provided by other noninvasive approaches like morphology and morphokinetics selection.


Resumo Abordagens para o teste genético pré-implantacional não-invasivo para aneuploidias (non-invasive preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidies, niPGT-A, em inglês) com o objetivo de avaliar o DNA embrionário livre são promissoras, especialmente porque estas podem reverter as menores taxas de implantação causadas por inadequada biópsia de trofectoderma (TE). Nesse contexto, nosso centro é parte do maior estudo atual que avalia as taxas de concordância entre PGT-A convencional e niPGT-A, e relatamos aqui o nascimento do primeiro bebê brasileiro após niPGT-A. Os pais do bebê foram admitidos no nosso centro em 2018. Eles não apresentavam histórico de infertilidade, e estavam interessados em utilizar os tratamentos de fertilização in vitro (FIV) e PGT-A para evitar anomalias congênitas na progênie.Umtotal de 11 blastocistos expandidos (3 do dia-5 e 8 do dia-6) foram submetidos a biópsia, e os meios de cultivo condicionados (cultivo do dia-4 ao dia-6) de 8 blastocistos do dia-6 foram coletados para niPGT-A. No total, resultados informativos para as amostras de TE e dos meios foram obtidos para sete embriões. Entre os embriões com resultado informativo, 5 apresentaram diagnóstico concordante entre PGT-A convencional e niPGT-A, e 2 apresentaram diagnóstico discordante (1 falso positivo e 1 falso negativo). O Blastocisto 4, diagnosticado como 46, XY por ambos niPGT-A e PGT-A convencional, foi desvitrificado e transferido, o que resultou no nascimento de ummenino saudável, que pesava 3,8 kg, em fevereiro de 2020. Com base em nossos resultados e literatura contemporânea, acreditamos que a aplicação atualmais segura do niPGT-A seria como método de seleção embrionária para pacientes sem indicação ao PGT-A convencional. A confiabilidade aproximada de 80% do niPGT-A para determinação da ploidia ainda é superior àquela obtida com abordagens não invasivas, como seleção morfológica ou morfocinética.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Preimplantation Diagnosis , Blastocyst , Brazil , Fertilization in Vitro , Genetic Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Aneuploidy
2.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(3): 29-31, jul.-set. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342523

ABSTRACT

Chromosome 5p13 duplication syndrome represents a contiguous gene syndrome involving duplication of several genes on chromosome 5p13. Some clinical phenotypes are related to it, such as: obsessive-compulsive behavior, small palpebral fissures, intellectual disability, global development delay and ocular hypertelorism. The exact mechanism behind these changes has not well known and further studies are needed for this purpose. Since it is a rare and uncommon clinical situation, the case report contributes to the knowledge of the disease and early diagnosis. This condition mainly affects the cognitive neuromuscular system. We describe an 8-year-old Brazilian patient with the duplication of chromosome 5p13.2, karyotype, whose neurodevelopmental evaluation presented cognitive impairment, severe language delay and atypical physical examination, with ocular hypertelorism, right auricular tags, congenital heart defect and long fingers. The patient was diagnosed by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH)-array revealing a 204Kb of DNA duplication. The exact mechanism behind these structural disorders is still unclear and further studies are needed for this purpose. Nevertheless, the diagnostic suspicion of this genetic alteration that, in general, presents late diagnosis, should be considered to enable better clinical support to the patients and family genetic counseling.


A síndrome da duplicação do cromossomo 5p13 representa uma síndrome genética contígua envolvendo a duplicação de vários genes contidos nesta região. Alguns fenótipos clínicos estão relacionados com ela, tais como: comportamento obsessivo compulsivo, fissuras palpebrais pequenas, déficit intelectual, atraso no desenvolvimento global e hipertelorismo ocular. Por ser uma situação clínica rara, o relato do caso contribui para a disseminação do conhecimento acerca da condição, assim como para seu diagnóstico precoce. Descrevemos uma paciente brasileira de oito anos com a duplicação do cromossomo 5p13.2, que na avaliação do neurodesenvolvimento apresentou comprometimento cognitivo, grave atraso da linguagem e dismorfismos como hipertelorismo ocular, apêndice auricular direito, sopro cardíaco, relacionado a defeito do septo ventricular, e dedos alongados. A paciente foi diagnosticada por meio da pesquisa molecular (CGH)-array com ganho de 204Kb de DNA. O mecanismo exato por trás dessas alterações estruturais ainda não está claro e são necessários mais estudos para este fim. Não obstante, a suspeita diagnóstica dessa alteração genética que, em geral, apresenta diagnóstico tardio, deve ser aventada para viabilizar melhor suporte clínico aos pacientes e aconselhamento genético familiar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Segmental Duplications, Genomic , Chromosome Duplication/genetics , Genetic Testing/methods , Cognition Disorders/diagnosis , Failure to Thrive , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Language Development Disorders/diagnosis
3.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(3): 16-23, jul.-set. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342511

ABSTRACT

Amyloidosis are characterized by mutations in the gene coding for transthyretin (TTR), located on chromosome 18. TTR is a set of four 127-aminoacid polypeptides structured as homotetrameric protein of 56 kDa with a secondary ß sheet structure. It plays the role of thyroxin (T4) carrier, and has a binding domain for retinol (vitamin A). It is synthesized in the liver, although a small quantity is also produced by the choroid plexus, and retinal cells. Mutations of this gene result in loss of tetramer stability. Insoluble amyloid fibrils (AF) are formed and deposited in tissues and organs. The abnormal aggregation of TTR protein trigger several syndromes, such as familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP-TTR), cardiomyopathies (CMP), and senile systemic amyloidosis (SSA). It is estimated there are 5,000 to 10,000 cases of FAP-TTR globally. OBJECTIVE: The study intends to develop an online platform for the diagnosis of FAP-TTR. The aim is to facilitate the diagnosis process and promote a tool for epidemiological study. METHODS: The project was based on a literature review featuring clinical and epidemiological evidence for the development of a practical platform (applied research). RESULTS: It was elaborated a platform containing a questionnaire to allow a more dynamic, cheaper, and efficient operation, mediated by a better characterization of the disease to enable its early diagnosis. CONCLUSION: The platform might become a valuable resource for the characterization, diagnosis, and future epidemiological study of FAP-TTR


As amiloidoses se caracterizam por mutações no gene codificante da transtirretina (TTR) no cromossomo 18. A proteína TTR compõe-se de uma corrente de polipeptídios de 127 resíduos, que constituem uma proteína homotetramérica de 56kDa com estrutura secundária de folha ß, que serve como proteína de deslocamento para a tiroxina (T4), e uma proteína de ligação ao retinol (vitamina A). O principal local de produção dessa proteína é o fígado, embora uma pequena quantidade seja produzida pelo plexo coroide e pelas células retinianas. O gene codificante da TTR (18q11.2-12) é pequeno (7 kb) e contém quatro éxons. As mutações convertem-se em perda do equilíbrio do tetrâmero proteico. Surgem assim, fibrilas amiloides (FA) em cadeias não ramificadas de 10 a 12 nm de diâmetro e fibrilas indissolúveis, que se condensam nos tecidos e órgãos. As síndromes concernentes ao acúmulo da proteína TTR são: polineuropatia amiloidótica familiar (PAFTTR), miocardiopatias (MCP) e amiloidose sistêmica senil (ASS). Estimativa recente relatou a existência de 5.000 a 10.000 casos de PAFTTR no mundo. OBJETIVO: O estudo objetiva elaborar uma plataforma de diagnóstico PAFTTR on-line para auxiliar como ferramenta de contribuição para o estudo da epidemiologia e facilitar o diagnóstico. MÉTODOS: O projeto baseou-se em uma pesquisa bibliográfica capaz de levantar evidências clínicas e epidemiológicas na elaboração de uma plataforma facilitadora (pesquisa aplicada). RESULTADOS: O resultado alcançado foi a elaboração da plataforma contendo um questionário, que tornará o trabalho dos profissionais mais dinâmico, barato e eficiente, caracterizando melhor a doença e promovendo um diagnóstico precoce. CONCLUSÃO: A plataforma poderá tornar-se recurso valioso para caracterização, diagnóstico e futuro estudo epidemiológico da PAF-TTR


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Prealbumin/genetics , Epidemiologic Studies , Amyloid Neuropathies, Familial/diagnosis , Amyloid Neuropathies, Familial/genetics , Amyloidosis , Mutation/genetics , Genetic Testing , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(6): 452-456, June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341140

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The objective of the present study was to determine the frequency of malformations and chromosomal abnormalities in a population of fetuses with an aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA). Methods This is a 6-year retrospective study of fetuses with a prenatal diagnosis of ARSA conducted during the period between September 2013 and June 2019 at a fetal medicine unit. Data were collected from ultrasound, fetal echocardiograms, genetic studies, and neonatal records. Results An ARSA was diagnosed in 22 fetuses. An ARSA was an isolated finding in 18 out of 22 cases (82%). Associated abnormal sonographic findings were found in 4 cases. All cases underwent invasive testing. In 1 of the cases, a chromosomal abnormality was detected (mos 45,X [13]/46,X,e(X) (p22.1q22.1)). No cases of congenital heart disease were found in any of these fetuses. There were two cases in which the postnatal evaluation revealed amalformation: one case of hypospadias and 1 case of cleft palate. Conclusion The presence of an isolated ARSA is benign and is not associated with chromosomal abnormalities. The finding of ARSA, however, warrants a detailed fetal ultrasound in order to exclude major fetal abnormalities and other soft markers.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar a frequência demalformaçães e anomalias cromossômicas em uma população de fetos com artéria subclávia direita aberrante (ARSA). Métodos Este é um estudo retrospectivo de 6 anos de fetos com diagnóstico prénatal de ARSA realizado durante o período de setembro de 2013 a junho de 2019 em uma unidade de medicina fetal. Os dados foram coletados de ultrassom, ecocardiograma fetal, estudos genéticos e registros neonatais. Resultados Um ARSA foi diagnosticado em 22 fetos. Um ARSA foi um achado isolado em 18 dos 22 casos (82%). Achados ultrassonográficos anormais associados foram encontrados em 4 casos. Todos os casos foram submetidos a testes invasivos. Em um dos casos, foi detectada uma anormalidade cromossômica (mos 45, X [13] / 46, X, e (X) (p22.1q22.1)). Nenhum caso de doença cardíaca congênita foi encontrado em qualquer um desses fetos. Houve dois casos em que a avaliação pós-natal revelou a malformação: um caso de hipospádia e 1 caso de fenda palatina. Conclusão A presença de ARSA isolado é benigna e não está associada a anormalidades cromossômicas. O achado de ARSA, no entanto, justifica uma ultrassonografia fetal detalhada para excluir anormalidades fetais importantes e outros marcadores leves.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Subclavian Artery/abnormalities , Congenital Abnormalities/diagnosis , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Chromosome Aberrations , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/genetics , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Subclavian Artery/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography , Genetic Testing , Retrospective Studies
5.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(1): 55-59, ene.-feb. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279074

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Es importante conocer si el documento que ampara el consentimiento informado (CI) del paciente a quien se le realizan pruebas genéticas de laboratorio (PGL) es legible y comprensible. Objetivo: Analizar la legibilidad de documentos de CI para pruebas genéticas de laboratorio (PGL) en México. Métodos: Se analizó la legibilidad de 10 formatos de CI libres en internet utilizados para PGL mediante el programa Legible.es; se evaluó índice de Flesh, versión de Fernández Huerta, y la escala INFLESZ. Se contabilizó el número de sílabas, palabras, frases, párrafos y palabras raras, tiempo para leer el documento y años de escolaridad mínima para entenderlo. Resultados: Se identificó que 60 % de los formatos de CI analizados son poco legibles. En promedio, se contabilizaron 3290 sílabas, 1459 palabras, 124 frases, 58 párrafos y 52 palabras raras. El tiempo requerido para la lectura fue de siete minutos y la escolaridad mínima de seis años. Conclusiones: Los formatos de CI analizados tuvieron bajos índices de legibilidad y exceden el número recomendado de palabras. Proponemos un modelo de CI para PGL en México, que cumple con los índices de legibilidad para la correcta comprensión del documento.


Abstract Introduction: Knowing if the document that supports the informed consent (IC) granted by the patient who undergoes genetic laboratory tests is legible and understandable is important. Objective: To analyze the readability of IC documents for laboratory genetic tests (LGT) in Mexico. Methods: Readability of 10 free IC forms on the internet used for LGT was analyzed using the Legible.es program; the Flesh index, Fernández-Huerta version, and the INFLESZ scale were evaluated. The number of syllables, words, phrases, paragraphs and strange words, time to read the document and minimum years of education required to understand it were counted. Results: 60 % of the analyzed IC documents were found to have poor readability. On average, 3,290 syllables, 1,459 words, 124 sentences, 58 paragraphs and 52 strange words were counted. The time required for reading it was seven minutes and minimum level of education to understand it was six years. Conclusions: The analyzed IC forms for LGT have low readability rates and exceed the recommended number of words. We propose an IC model for LGT in Mexico that complies with appropriate readability indexes for a correct understanding of the document.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genetic Testing , Comprehension , Consent Forms/standards , Terminology as Topic , Reference Standards , Time Factors , Educational Status , Mexico
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1266-1270, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888550

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the genotypes and distribution of thalassemia in children in Quanzhou Region so as to provide reference for the prevention and control of thalassemia.@*METHODS@#A total of 1 302 children with suspected thalassemia were collected from January 2014 to April 2020 in Quanzhou Region. The deletional α-thalassemia was detected by Gap-PCR, and DNA reverse dot blot (RDB) hybridization was used to detect α- and β-thalassemia mutations.@*RESULTS@#In the 1 302 cases, 667 cases were identified as thalassemia carriers, and the positive detection rate was about 51.23%. Among them, 380 cases of α-thalassemia gene were detected, and --@*CONCLUSION@#There are various genotypes of thalassemia in children in Quanzhou Region, and many children with thalassemia major or intermedia. Therefore, further prevention and control of thalassemia need to be strengthened for reducing the birth of thalassemia major or intermedia.


Subject(s)
Child , China , Genetic Testing , Genotype , Heterozygote , Humans , Mutation , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888396

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a sib pair featuring 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3 deficiency.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from the proband, her sister, and their parents, and was subjected to sequencing analysis with a gene panel for sexual development. Suspected variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#Both the proband and her sister were found to harbor novel compound heterozygous missense variants of the HSD17B3 gene, namely c.839T>C (p.Leu280Pro) and c.239G>T (p.Arg80Leu), which were derived respectively from their mother and father. The variants were unreported previously and predicted to be deleterious by PolyPhen2, MutationTaster and other online software. Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics standards and guidelines, both c.839T>C(p.Leu280Pro) and c.239G>T (p.Arg80Leu) were predicted to be likely pathogenic (PM2+PP1+PP2+PP3+PP4, PM2+PM5+PP1+PP2+PP3+PP4).@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterogeneous variants of the HSD17B3 gene probably underlay the disease in this sib pair. 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3 deficiency may lack specific clinical features and laboratory index, genetic testing can facilitate a definitive diagnosis.


Subject(s)
17-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases/genetics , Female , Genetic Testing , Genomics , Humans , Mutation , Mutation, Missense
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888393

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical feature, diagnosis and phenotype of Majeed syndrome.@*METHODS@#Clinical manifestation, diagnostic process, imaging feature and genetic testing of an ethnic Han Chinese patient with Majeed syndrome were reviewed.@*RESULTS@#The patient, a 3-year-9-month-old boy, had featured psychomotor retardation and developed bone pain from 8 month on. The child had tenderness of the lower limbs and presented with repeatedly joint swelling and pain accompanied by fever. Physical signs included limb muscle weakening, slightly decreased muscle tone, reduced muscle volume and positive Gower sign. High-throughput sequencing revealed that the child has carried compound heterozygous variants of the LPIN2 gene, including c.1966A>G and c.2534delG. MRI showed multiple lesions in bilateral knee joints and distal middle tibia presenting as patchy SPAIR high signals with unclear edge, in addition with edema of soft tissue surrounding the right distal femur.@*CONCLUSION@#Majeed syndrome is characterized by chronic and recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis, congenital dyserythropoietic anemia, and growth retardation. Surrounding muscle tissue of osteomyelitis may also be involved. The syndrome may also affect the central nervous system, resulting in delayed language and motor development. Discovery of multiple pathological variants of the LPIN2 gene suggested that the clinical phenotype of this syndrome may vary between patients to some extent.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Dyserythropoietic, Congenital/genetics , Child , Genetic Testing , Humans , Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes/genetics , Infant , Male , Osteomyelitis/genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888391

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing for a pregnant woman with mild mental retardation, facial dysmorphism, and a history of adverse pregnancies and provide prenatal diagnosis for her.@*METHODS@#Routine G-banded karyotyping and single nucleotide polymorphism microarray (SNP-array) analysis were performed on the couple and amniotic fluid sample.@*RESULTS@#No karyotypic abnormality was found with the couple and amniotic fluid sample. SNP-array analysis showed that the woman has carried a 7.801 Mb microdeletion in 10q22.3q23.2, which involved 18 OMIM genes including CDHR1, BMPR1A, NRG3, GRID1 and LDB3, which are associated with facial abnormalities, developmental retardation, mental retardation and autism. The fetus also carried a 7.819 Mb deletion in the same region, while the father showed no abnormality.@*CONCLUSION@#Both the pregnant woman and her fetus have carried a 10q22.3q23.2 microdeletion, which has provided guidance for her subsequent pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Cadherins , Chromosome Banding , Chromosome Deletion , Female , Fetus , Genetic Testing , Humans , Karyotyping , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888379

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze a pathogenic variant of MEFV gene in a family with autosomal dominant-familial Mediterranean fever (AD-FMF).@*METHODS@#A 5-year-old boy presented with recurrent aseptic meningitis and his major symptoms included recurrent fever with headache and vomiting. His family members including his mother, sister and brother also had recurrent fever. A genetic disease was considered. DNAs were extracted from patient and all his family members' blood samples. Whole exome sequencing was performed to identify putative pathogenic variants that can explain this family's condition and Sanger sequencing was conducted. The impact of detected variants were predicted and validated by bioinformatics.@*RESULTS@#A missense variant c.2229C>G (p.Phe743Leu) in MEFV gene was identified in the proband and his family members including his mother, sister and brother. This variant had not been reported in China previously, but the locus of it had already been reported in Arabic patient with AD-FMF (PS1). This variant was absent in major allele frequency databases (PM2) and had been predicted to be pathogenic based on Mutationtaster, PROVEAN and PolyPhen-2. In addition, the change of amino acid, locating in 743 locus of pyrin protein, encoding by MEFV gene, was found to cause SPRY_PRY_TRIM20 and SPRY_superfamily domain destroyed and finally influenced the fuction of pyrin protein. On the other hand, using UCSF chimera software, we find the variant c.2229C>G (p.Phe743Leu) can induce serious influence to the spatial structure of pyrin protein and loss of protein fuction (PP3). According to the ACMG variant classification guideline, the variant c.2229C>G (p.Phe743Leu) in MEFV gene was classified as likely pathogenic (PS1+PM2+PP3).@*CONCLUSION@#The condition of this AD-FMF family may be attributed to the missense variant c.2229C>G (p.Phe743Leu) in MEFV gene. The recurrent aseptic meningitis was a very rare manifestation in AD-FMF patients and had not been reported in China previously. The clinical and genetic findings of the present study are helpful for the further understanding of AD-FMF.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Familial Mediterranean Fever/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genetic Testing , Humans , Male , Mutation , Pyrin/genetics , Whole Exome Sequencing
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888374

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of a child with recurrent infection, multiple malformation and dysmorphism.@*METHODS@#The child and his parents were subjected to trio whole exome sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The child had a complaint of fever and cough, with long and thin eye fissures and long eyelashes. Genetic testing revealed that the child has carried a non-triplet deletion of the KDM6A gene, which was unreported previously. The variant resulted in frameshift and premature termination of the translation. His parents were both of the wild type for the locus. After antibiotic and immunoglobulin treatment, the severe secondary pneumonia caused by immunodeficiency has improved.@*CONCLUSION@#With combined laboratory test, imaging examination and genetic testing, the child was ultimately diagnosed with Kabuki syndrome type 2. The characteristics of immunodeficiency of Kabuki syndrome may render conventional antibiotic treatment ineffective, which deserves clinical attention.


Subject(s)
Abnormalities, Multiple , Child , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Face/abnormalities , Genetic Testing , Hematologic Diseases , Histone Demethylases/genetics , Humans , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Phenotype , Pneumonia , Vestibular Diseases
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888364

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of a Chinese pedigree affected with progressive non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss.@*METHODS@#High-throughput DNA sequencing was carried out to analyze 415 genes associated with hereditary deafness in the proband. Sanger sequencing was carried out to verify the suspected variants among her family members.@*RESULTS@#The proband was found to carry a heterozygous c.842T>A (p.Ile281Asn) variant of the POU4F3 gene. The same variant was found among all other patients from the pedigree including the proband's mother, brother, aunt and maternal grandfather, but not among those with normal hearing. Based on the standards and guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics and the Association for Molecular Pathology, the c.842T>A(p.Ile281Asn) variant of the POU4F3 gene was predicted as likely pathogenic (PM2+PM5+PP1+PP3+PP4).@*CONCLUSION@#A Chinese pedigree affected by a rare type autosomal dominant deafness-15 (DFNA15) due to a novel c.842T>A (p.Ile281Asn) variant of the POU4F3 gene was identified. The result has facilitated genetic counseling and risk assessment for the pedigree.


Subject(s)
China , Deafness/genetics , Female , Genetic Testing , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/genetics , Humans , Male , Mutation , Pedigree
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879881

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the screening results of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency and gene mutation distribution of G6PD deficiency in preterm infants in Chengdu, China, in order to provide a basis for the improvement of G6PD screening process in preterm infants.@*METHODS@#Fluorescent spot test for G6PD deficiency using dried blood spots was used for G6PD screening of 54 025 preterm infants born from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019 in Chengdu, and G6PD enzymology and gene detection were used for the diagnosis of 213 infants with positive screening results.@*RESULTS@#Among the 54 025 preterm infants, 192 were diagnosed with G6PD deficiency, with an incidence rate of 3.55‰. The incidence rate of G6PD deficiency in preterm infants was higher than that in full-term infants in the same period of time and tended to increase year by year. Birth in summer, gestational age T mutation tend to have mild conditions.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Female , Genetic Testing , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase/genetics , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency/genetics , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Mutation
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879851

ABSTRACT

This is a case report on a 1-day-old male neonate admitted due to a weak cry for 1 day and recurrent circumoral cyanosis for 2 hours. He had unusual facial features at birth, with a single transverse palmar crease on both hands, flat feet, weak cry, feeding difficulties, congenital heart disease, and abnormality on cerebral MRI. Whole exome sequencing showed a


Subject(s)
Exons , Genetic Testing , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Male , Mutation , Whole Exome Sequencing
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879815

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and genetic findings of patients with infantile intrahepatic cholestasis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data were collected in children who were admitted to the Department of Gastroenterology in Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from June 2017 to June 2019 and were suspected of inherited metabolic diseases. Next generation sequencing based on target gene panel was used for gene analysis in these children. Sanger sequencing technology was used to verify the genes of the members in this family.@*RESULTS@#Forty patients were enrolled. Pathogenic gene variants were identified in 13 patients (32%), including @*CONCLUSIONS@#The etiology of infantile intrahepatic cholestasis is complex. Next generation sequencing is helpful in the diagnosis of infantile intrahepatic cholestasis.


Subject(s)
Alagille Syndrome/genetics , Child , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/genetics , Citrullinemia , Genetic Testing , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins , Mutation
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879632

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a fetus with renal abnormalities through whole exome sequencing and imaging examination.@*METHODS@#Clinical data and result of medical imaging of the fetus was collected. Amniotic fluid sample was collected for the extraction of fetal DNA. Whole exome sequencing was carried out. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Prenatal ultrasonography showed that the fetus had bilateral enlargement of the kidneys with hyperechogenicity and diffuse renal cysts. Whole exome sequencing revealed that the fetus carried compound heterozygous variants of the PKHD1 gene, namely c.5137G>T and c.2335_2336delCA, which were derived from its mother and father, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The fetus was diagnosed with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease through combined prenatal ultrasonography and whole exome sequencing. The compound heterozygous variants of the PKHD1 gene probably underlay the pathogenesis in the fetus. The results have enabled prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling for its parents.


Subject(s)
Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive/genetics , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Receptors, Cell Surface/genetics , Whole Exome Sequencing
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879631

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To delineate the nature and origin of a chromosomal aberration detected in a boy with mental retardation.@*METHODS@#The proband and his parents were subjected to routine G-banded chromosomal karyotyping and single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array) analysis.@*RESULTS@#The karyotype of the proband was determined as 46, XX, add(8)(p23). No karyotypic abnormality was detected in either of his parents. SNP-array has identified a 34.9 Mb duplication at 8p23.1q11.1 and a 6.78 Mb microdeletion at 8p23.1pter in the proband. No copy number variation was detected in either parent.@*CONCLUSION@#The child was diagnosed with 8p inverted duplication deletion syndrome, which might be induced by non-allelic homologous recombination between olfactory genes in the 8p23.1 region.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosome Banding , Cytogenetic Analysis , Genetic Testing , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Male
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879625

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing for a Chinese patient with X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (XLHED) and explore its genotype-phenotype correlation.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the patient was collected. Peripheral blood samples were taken from the patient, his parents and 100 unrelated healthy controls. Genetic variants were detected by using next-generation sequencing using a skin-disease panel through targeted capture and next generation sequencing. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing. All literature related to genetic testing of XLHED patients in China was searched in the database, and the genotypes and phenotypes of patients in the literature and the correlation between them were statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A novel splice site variant c.655_689del was detected in the patient but not among his parents and the 100 unrelated healthy controls. So far 61 variants of the EDA gene have been identified among Chinese patients with XLHED, which suggested certain degree of genotype-phenotype correlation.@*CONCLUSION@#A novel c.655_689del variant has been identified in the EDA gene, which has expanded the spectrum of EDA gene variant and facilitated delineation of the genotype-phenotype correlation of XLHED.


Subject(s)
Child , China , Ectodermal Dysplasia 1, Anhidrotic/genetics , Ectodysplasins/genetics , Genetic Testing , Genotype , Humans , Phenotype
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879618

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize clinical manifestations and results of genetic testing in 12 children with Gitelman syndrome (GS).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the children was collected. Whole exome sequencing(WES) was carried out to screen potential variants of genomic DNA. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The patients have included 10 boys and 2 girls, whom were diagnosed at between 2.8 to 15.0 year old. Six patients were due to infections, 5 were due to short stature, and 1 was due to lower limb weakness. All patients were found to carry variants of SLC12A3 gene, which included 11 with compound heterozygous variants and 1 with homozygous variant. All of the 19 alleles of the SLC12A3 gene carried by the patients were delineated, which included 15 missense variants, 2 frameshift variants and 2 splice region variants. These variants were unreported previously, which included c.578_582dupCCACC (p.Asn195Profs*109), c.251C>T (p.Pro84Leu) and c.2843G>A (p.Trp948X).@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical symptoms of GS in children are atypical and often seen in older children. For children with occasional hypokalemia associated with growth failure, GS should be suspected. The majority of GS children carry two pathogenic variants of the SLC12A3 gene, mainly compound heterozygotes, among which p.Thr60Met is the most common one. The discovery of new variants has enriched the spectrum of SLC12A3 gene variants.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , DNA , Female , Genetic Testing , Gitelman Syndrome/genetics , Humans , Hypokalemia/genetics , Male , Solute Carrier Family 12, Member 3/genetics
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879609

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a screening model for females of reproductive age carrying Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) variants based on a current community health examination platform.@*METHODS@#A total of 61 870 participants were recruited between October 2017 and October 2019. Serum creatine kinase (CK) was measured with a Roche Cobasc 701/702 using an enzymatic rate method. Genetic testing was offered to those with a CK level of ≥ 200 U/L. For carriers of DMD variants, genetic counseling and follow up were provided.@*RESULTS@#For the 61 870 females participating in the program, 1078 were found with raised serum CK (≥ 200 U/L), of which 618 (57.33%) accepted CK re-measurement after at least a two-week interval. One hundred and twenty cases were found with sustained serum CK elevation, of which 6 were confirmed to be definite DMD carriers regardless of family history. Genetic testing was provided to 33 females with a family history for DMD, and 13 were determined as definite carriers. An affected fetus was detected by prenatal diagnosis. After genetic counseling, the parents had opted induced abortion.@*CONCLUSION@#Large-scale DMD carrier screening through a three-step approach based on the current community health examination platform is both feasible and cost effective.


Subject(s)
Female , Genetic Carrier Screening , Genetic Counseling , Genetic Testing , Humans , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/genetics , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
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