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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2634-2643, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981221

ABSTRACT

The antigen gene expression level of a DNA vaccine is the key factor influencing the efficacy of the DNA vaccine. Accordingly, one of the ways to improve the antigen gene expression level of a DNA vaccine is to utilize a plasmid vector that is replicable in eukaryotic cells. A replicative DNA vaccine vector pCMVori was constructed based on the non-replicative pcDNA3.1 and the replicon of porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) in this study. An EGFP gene was cloned into pCMVori and the control plasmid pcDNA3.1. The two recombinant vectors were transfected into PK-15 cell, and the plasmid DNA and RNA were extracted from the transfected cells. Real-time PCR was used to determine the plasmid replication efficiency of the two plasmids using plasmid before and after Bcl Ⅰ digestion as templates, and the transcription level of the Rep gene in PCV2 replicon was detected by RT-PCR. The average fluorescence intensity of cells transfected with the two plasmids was analyzed with software Image J, and the transcription level of EGFP was determined by means of real-time RT-PCR. The results showed that the replication efficiency of pCMVori in PK-15 cells incubated for 48 h was 136%, and the transcriptions of Rep and Rep' were verified by RT-PCR. The average fluorescence intensity of the cells transfected with pCMVori-EGFP was 39.14% higher than that of pcDNA3.1-EGFP, and the transcription level of EGFP in the former was also 40% higher than that in the latter. In conclusion, the DNA vaccine vector pCMVori constructed in this study can independently replicate in eukaryotic cells. As a result, the expression level of cloned target gene was elevated, providing a basis for developing the pCMVori-based DNA vaccine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine , Circovirus/genetics , Vaccines, DNA/genetics , Replicon/genetics , Genetic Vectors/genetics , Plasmids/genetics
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2579-2599, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981217

ABSTRACT

Color is an important indicator for evaluating the ornamental traits of horticultural plants, and plant pigments is a key factor affecting the color phenotype of plants. Plant pigments and their metabolites play important roles in color formation of ornamental organs, regulation of plant growth and development, and response to adversity stress. It has therefore became a hot topic in the field of plant research. Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) is a vital genomics tool that specifically reduces host endogenous gene expression utilizing plant homology-dependent defense mechanisms. In addition, VIGS enables characterization of gene function by rapidly inducing the gene-silencing phenotypes in plants. It provides an efficient and feasible alternative for verifying gene function in plant species lacking genetic transformation systems. This paper reviews the current status of the application of VIGS technology in the biosynthesis, degradation and regulatory mechanisms of plant pigments. Moreover, this review discusses the potential and future prospects of VIGS technology in exploring the regulatory mechanisms of plant pigments, with the aim to further our understandings of the metabolic processes and regulatory mechanisms of different plant pigments as well as improving plant color traits.


Subject(s)
Plant Viruses/genetics , Plants/genetics , Gene Silencing , Plant Development , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Genetic Vectors
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1789-1803, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981170

ABSTRACT

Manipulation of genes, including knock-out or knock-in, replacement of gene elements (such as promoters), fusion with a fluorescent protein gene, and construction of in situ gene reporter, is required in most of the biotechnological laboratories. The widely used gene manipulating methods based on two-step allelic exchange are cumbersome in terms of constructing plasmids, transforming and screening. In addition, the efficiency of using this method for long fragment knockout is low. To simplify the process of gene manipulation, we constructed a minimized integrative vector pln2. When a gene needs to be inactivated, an internal fragment of the target gene (non-frameshift) is cloned into the pln2 plasmid. Once the single-crossover recombination between genome and the constructed plasmid occurs, the endogenous gene is segmented by the plasmid backbone and thus inactivated. We developed a toolbox based on pln2 that can be used for different genomic operation mentioned above. With the help of this toolbox, we successfully knocked out large fragments of 20-270 kb.


Subject(s)
Genetic Vectors/genetics , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/genetics , Plasmids/genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Genome
4.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 106-115, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971643

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Melittin, a cell-penetrating peptide, improves the efficiency of many non-viral gene delivery vectors, yet its application in viral vectors has not been well studied. The non-pathogenic recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vector is an ideal in vivo gene delivery vector. However, its full potential will only be achieved after improvement of its transduction efficiency. To improve the transduction efficiency of rAAV2 vectors, we attempted to develop a melittin-based rAAV2 vector delivery strategy.@*METHODS@#The melittin peptide was inserted into the rAAV2 capsid either in the loop VIII of all viral proteins (VPs) or at the N terminus of VP2. Various rAAV2-gfp or -fluc vectors were subjected to quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot assays to determine their titers and integrity of capsid proteins, respectively. Alternatively, the vectors based on wild-type capsid were pre-incubated with melittin, followed by transduction of cultured cells or tail vein administration of the mixture to C57BL/6 and BALB/c nude mice. In vivo bioluminescence imaging was performed to evaluate the transgene expression.@*RESULTS@#rAAV2 vectors with melittin peptide inserted in the loop VIII of VPs had low transduction efficiency, probably due to dramatically reduced ability to bind to the target cells. Fusing the melittin peptide at the N-terminus of VP2 produced vectors without the VP2 subunit. Interestingly, among the commonly used rAAV vectors, pre-incubation of rAAV2 and rAAV6 vectors with melittin significantly enhanced their transduction efficiency in HEK293 and Huh7 cells in vitro. Melittin also had the ability to increase the rAAV2-mediated transgene expression in mouse liver in vivo. Mechanistically, melittin did not change the vector-receptor interaction. Moreover, cell counting kit-8 assays of cultured cells and serum transaminase levels indicated melittin had little cytotoxicity.@*CONCLUSION@#Pre-incubation with melittin, but not insertion of melittin into the rAAV2 capsid, significantly enhanced rAAV2-mediated transgene expression. Although further in vivo evaluations are required, this research not only expands the pharmacological potential of melittin, but also provides a new strategy to improve gene therapy mediated by rAAV vectors.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Humans , Melitten/genetics , Dependovirus/genetics , Serogroup , HEK293 Cells , Mice, Nude , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Transgenes , Genetic Vectors/genetics
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1217-1231, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970434

ABSTRACT

The construction of efficient and stable Lactobacillus expression vector is critical for strain improvement and development of customized strains. In this study, four endogenous plasmids were isolated from Lacticaseibacillus paracasei ZY-1 and subjected to functional analysis. The Escherichia coli-Lactobacillus shuttle vectors pLPZ3N and pLPZ4N were constructed by combining the replicon rep from pLPZ3 or pLPZ4, the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene cat from pNZ5319 and the replicon ori from pUC19. Moreover, the expression vectors pLPZ3E and pLPZ4E with the promoter Pldh3 of lactic acid dehydrogenase and the mCherry red fluorescent protein as a reporter gene were obtained. The size of pLPZ3 and pLPZ4 were 6 289 bp and 5 087 bp, respectively, and its GC content, 40.94% and 39.51%, were similar. Both shuttle vectors were successfully transformed into Lacticaseibacillus, and the transformation efficiency of pLPZ4N (5.23×102-8.93×102 CFU/μg) was slightly higher than that of pLPZ3N. Furthermore, the mCherry fluorescent protein was successfully expressed after transforming the expression plasmids pLPZ3E and pLPZ4E into L. paracasei S-NB. The β-galactosidase activity of the recombinant strain obtained from the plasmid pLPZ4E-lacG constructed with Pldh3 as promoter was higher than that of the wild-type strain. The construction of shuttle vectors and expression vectors provide novel molecular tools for the genetic engineering of Lacticaseibacillus strains.


Subject(s)
Lacticaseibacillus , Lacticaseibacillus paracasei , Plasmids/genetics , Genetic Vectors/genetics , Lactobacillus/genetics , Escherichia coli/genetics
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 7-18, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970355

ABSTRACT

Viruses are powerful tools for the study of modern neurosciences. Most of the research on the connection and function of neurons were done by using recombinant viruses, among which neurotropic herpesvirus is one of the most important tools. With the continuous development of genetic engineering and molecular biology techniques, several recombinant neurophilic herpesviruses have been engineered into different viral tools for neuroscience research. This review describes and discusses several common and widely used neurophilic herpesviruses as nerve conduction tracers, viral vectors for neurological diseases, and lytic viruses for neuro-oncology applications, which provides a reference for further exploring the function of neurophilic herpesviruses.


Subject(s)
Herpesviridae/genetics , Neurosciences , Genetic Vectors/genetics , Genetic Engineering , Neurons
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 489-494, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982085

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen better promoters and provide more powerful tools for basic research and gene therapy of hemophilia.@*METHODS@#Bioinformatics methods were used to analyze the promoters expressing housekeeping genes with high abundance, so as to select potential candidate promoters. The GFP reporter gene vector was constructed, and the packaging efficiency of the novel promoter was investigated with EF1 α promoter as control, and the transcription and activities of the reporter gene were investigated too. The activity of the candidate promoter was investigated by loading F9 gene.@*RESULTS@#The most potential RPS6 promoter was obtained by screening. There was no difference in lentiviral packaging between EF1 α-LV and RPS6-LV, and their virus titer were consistent. In 293T cells, the transduction efficiency and mean fluorescence intensity of RPS6pro-LV and EF1 αpro-LV were proportional to the lentiviral dose. The transfection efficiency of both promoters in different types of cells was in the following order: 293T>HEL>MSC; Compared with EF1 αpro-LV, RPS6pro-LV could obtain a higher fluorescence intensity in MSC cells, and RPS6pro-LV was more stable in long-term cultured HEL cells infected with two lentiviruses respectively. The results of RT-qPCR, Western blot and FIX activity (FIX∶C) detection of K562 cell culture supernatant showed that FIX expression in the EF1 α-F9 and RPS6-F9 groups was higher than that in the unloaded control group, and there was no significant difference in FIX expression between the EF1 α-F9 and RPS6-F9 groups.@*CONCLUSION@#After screening and optimization, a promoter was obtained, which can be widely used for exogenous gene expression. The high stability and viability of the promoter were confirmed by long-term culture and active gene expression, which providing a powerful tool for basic research and clinical gene therapy of hemophilia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transduction, Genetic , Genetic Vectors , Hemophilia A/genetics , Transfection , Blood Coagulation Factors/genetics , Lentivirus/genetics
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 844-850, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939698

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To provide a research basis for a safe and effective cell therapy for β-thalassemia through optimization of HS4 region of the third generation lentiviral vector for stable expression of β-globin.@*METHODS@#The human β-globin HS4 region in the third generation lentiviral expression vector was optimized to construct the lenti-HBB, and the transcription and translation of β-globin gene were analyzed by RT-PCR and Western blot after the transduction of lenti-HBB in MEL cell line. Furthermore, the erythroid differentiation of CD34+ cells which were transduced lentiviral virus carrying human β-globin from normal human umbilical cord blood cells and peripheral blood cells of patients with β-thalassemia major were confirmed by colony formation assay, cell smear assay and flow cytometry. The safety and effectiveness of the optimized lenti-HBB were verified by NSG mouse in vivo test.@*RESULTS@#The human β-globin was expressed stably in the MEL cells, and CD34+ cells from health umbilical cord blood as well as PBMC from patient with β-thalassemia major transduced with lenti-HBB could be differentiated to mature red blood cells. The β-globin expression and differentiation in CD34+ cells were demonstrated successfully in the NSG mouse for about 35 months after post-transplant.@*CONCLUSION@#Stable β-globin expression through the optimization of HS4 from CD34+ in the third generation lentiviral vector is safe and effective for patients with severe β-thalassemia and other β-globin abnormal diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Genetic Therapy , Genetic Vectors , Lentivirus/genetics , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , beta-Globins/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/therapy
9.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 554-560, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936347

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct a HEK293 cell line stably overexpressing TrxR1 as a cell model for functional study of TrxR1 and screening of TrxR1-targeting drugs.@*METHODS@#TrxR1 gene was amplified by PCR and ligated with the lentivirus expression vector pLVX-Puro, which was transformed into Escherichia coli and identified by Sanger dideoxy sequencing. HEK293 cells were infected with the recombinant lentivirus vector (pLVX-Puro-TXNRD1) and screened with Puromycin for cell clones with stable TrxR1 overexpression (HEK293-TrxR1-OE cells). HEK293-TrxR1-OE cells, along with HEK293 cells infected with pLVX-Puro vector (HEK293-NC) and normal HEK293 cells, were tested for mRNA and protein expression levels of TrxR1 using RT-qPCR and Western blotting. TrxR1 enzyme activity in the cells was evaluated with insulin endpoint assay and TRFS-green probe imaging. The sensitivity of the cells to auranofin, a specific TrxR1 inhibitor, was determined with CCK8 assay.@*RESULTS@#TrxR1 gene was successfully inserted into the lentiviral vector pLVX-Puro as confirmed by DNA sequencing. The enzyme activity and mRNA and protein expression levels of TrxR1 were significantly higher in HEK293-TrxR1-OE cells than in HEK293 and HEK293-NC cells (P < 0.005). The inhibitory effects of auranofin on proliferation and cellular TrxR1 enzyme activity were significantly attenuated in HEK293-TrxR1-OE cells as compared with HEK293 and HEK293-NC cells (P < 0.005).@*CONCLUSION@#We successfully obtained a HEK293 cell line with stable TrxR1 overexpression, which shows resistance to auranofin and can be used for screening TrxR1 targeting drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Auranofin , Cell Line, Tumor , Genetic Vectors , HEK293 Cells , Lentivirus/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Transfection
10.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 328-332, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935804

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct a recombinant lentiviral vector for mouse miR-204 overexpression, and to verify the targeted regulation of miR-204 and DVL3 in silica (SiO(2)) -induced mouse lung epithelial cells (MLE-12 cells) . Methods: In October 2019, the pre-miR-204 gene was amplified from the mouse genome by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. After sequencing, the amplified product was cloned into the pLenti-CMV-EGFP lentiviral vector. The positive clones were identified by PCR screening and sequencing. The miR-204 overexpressed lentiviral vector was transfected into 293T cells, and lentiviral packaging and titer determination were performed. The experiment was divided into SiO(2) control group, virus control group, and miR-204 virus group, and the expressions of miR-204 and DVL3 gene were detected by real-time PCR. Results: The miR-204 lentiviral expression vector Lv-miR-204-5p was constructed and identified correctly by PCR and sequencing, and a virus dilution with a titer of 9.57×10(8) IU/ml was obtained. The results of real-time PCR showed that the expression of miR-204 in MLE-12 cells of the miR-204 virus group was higher than that of SiO(2) control group and virus control group, and the expression of DVL3 gene was lower than that of SiO(2) control group and virus control group, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Overexpression of miR-204 by lentiviral vector may inhibit the expression of DVL3 gene in silica-induced mouse lung epithelial cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Epithelial Cells , Genetic Vectors , Lentivirus/metabolism , Lung , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Silicon Dioxide/toxicity , Transfection
11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1013-1018, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941034

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct an adenovirus vector expressing artificial splicing factor capable of regulating alternative splicing of Yap1 in cardiomyocytes.@*METHODS@#The splicing factors with different sequences were constructed against Exon6 of YAP1 based on the sequence specificity of Pumilio1. The PCR fragment of the artificially synthesized PUF-SR or wild-type PUFSR was cloned into pAd-Track plasmid, and the recombinant plasmids were transformed into E. coli DH5α for plasmid amplification. The amplified plasmids were digested with Pac I and transfected into 293A cells for packaging to obtain the adenovirus vectors. Cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were transfected with the adenoviral vectors, and alternative splicing of YAP1 was detected using quantitative and semi-quantitative PCR; Western blotting was performed to detect the signal of the fusion protein Flag.@*RESULTS@#The transfection efficiency of the adenovirus vectors was close to 100% in rat cardiomyocytes, and no fluorescent protein was detected in the cells with plasmid transfection. The results of Western blotting showed that both the negative control and Flag-SR-NLS-PUF targeting the YAPExon6XULIE sequence were capable of detecting the expression of the protein fused to Flag. The results of reverse transcription-PCR and PCR demonstrated that the artificial splicing factor constructed based on the 4th target sequence of YAP1 effectively regulated the splicing of YAP1 Exon6 in the cardiomyocytes (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#We successfully constructed adenovirus vectors capable of regulating YAP1 alternative splicing rat cardiomyocytes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Adenoviridae/metabolism , Alternative Splicing , Animals, Newborn , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Genetic Vectors , Myocytes, Cardiac/metabolism , Plasmids , RNA Splicing Factors/metabolism , Transfection
12.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: 1-10, 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468498

ABSTRACT

Alpha amylase, catalyzing the hydrolysis of starch is a ubiquitous enzyme with tremendous industrial applications. A 1698 bp gene coding for 565 amino acid amylase was PCR amplified from Geobacillus thermodenitrificans DSM-465, cloned in pET21a (+) plasmid, expressed in BL21 (DE3) strain of E. coli and characterized. The recombinant enzyme exhibited molecular weight of 63 kDa, optimum pH 8, optimum temperature 70°C, and KM value of 157.7µM. On pilot scale, the purified enzyme efficiently removed up to 95% starch from the cotton fabric indicating its desizing ability at high temperature. 3D model of enzyme built by Raptor-X and validated by Ramachandran plot appeared as a monomer having 31% α-helices, 15% β-sheets, and 52% loops. Docking studies have shown the best binding affinity of enzyme with amylopectin (∆G -10.59). According to our results, Asp 232, Glu274, Arg448, Glu385, Asp34, Asn276, and Arg175 constitute the potential active site of enzyme.


A alfa-amilase, que catalisa a hidrólise do amido, é uma enzima ubíqua com imensas aplicações industriais. Um gene de 1698 pb que codifica a amilase de 565 aminoácidos foi amplificado por PCR, a partir de Geobacillus thermodenitrificans DSM-465, clonado no plasmídeo pET21a (+), expresso na cepa BL21 (DE3) de E. coli e caracterizado. A enzima recombinante exibiu peso molecular de 63 kDa, pH ótimo igual a 8, temperatura ótima de 70° C e valor KM de 157,7 µM. Em escala piloto, a enzima purificada removeu com eficiência até 95% de amido do tecido de algodão, indicando sua capacidade de desengomagem em alta temperatura. O modelo 3D da enzima construída por Raptor-X e validada por Ramachandran plot apareceu como um monômero com 31% de hélices alfa, 15% de folhas beta e 52% de loops. Os estudos de docking mostraram melhor afinidade de ligação da enzima com amilopectina (∆G: - 10,59). De acordo com nossos resultados, Asp 232, Glu274, Arg448, Glu385, Asp34, Asn276 e Arg175 constituem o sítio ativo potencial da enzima.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli/genetics , Geobacillus , Genetic Vectors , alpha-Amylases/genetics
14.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(1): 256-260, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1153048

ABSTRACT

As vantagens dos animais transgênicos têm sido demonstradas em diferentes aplicações, entretanto muitas metodologias usadas para gerar animais geneticamente modificados (GM) apresentam baixas taxas de eficiência. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a entrega dos vetores lentivirais (VLs) em zigotos durante a fertilização in vitro (FIV), para gerar embriões GM, com o gene da proteína verde fluorescente (GFP) ou do fator IX de coagulação humana (FIX). Vetores lentivirais com os genes GFP (pLGW-GFP-LV) ou FIX (pLWE2-FIX-LV) foram utilizados na FIV ou na cultura de embriões in vitro (CIV). A coincubação de pLWE2-FIX-LV com espermatozoides e complexos oócitos-células do cumulus (COCs) durante a FIV diminuiu (P<0,05) as taxas de clivagem e de blastocistos, enquanto com pLGW-GFP-LV diminuiu (P<0,05) a taxa de blastocisto quando se comparou ao controle sem VL. A coincubação de pLWE2-FIX-LV e pLGW-GFP-LV com presumíveis zigotos durante a CIV não afetou (P>0,05) o desenvolvimento embrionário. A expressão da proteína GFP não foi detectada em embriões após a coincubação de FIV ou CIV, embora as células do cumulus expressassem a proteína até o dia oito de cultivo in vitro. Reações em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) não detectaram os genes GFP ou FIX em embriões, mas ambos foram detectados em células do cumulus. Assim, a coincubação de VL com espermatozoide bovino e COCs não é eficaz para produzir embriões geneticamente modificados por meio de FIV.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Zygote , Animals, Genetically Modified/genetics , Transgenes , Embryo, Mammalian , Genetic Vectors/analysis , Fertilization in Vitro/veterinary , Gene Transfer Techniques/veterinary
15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 674-679, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888337

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct and identify adenovirus vector co-expressing hBMP2 and hVEGF165 fusion protein which labeled with green fluorescence protein, and laying the foundtion of the effect of hBMP2 and hVEGF165 gene inducing BMMSCs differentiation to osteoblast and bone defect repaired in the body.@*METHODS@#BMP2 and VEGF165 gene was amplified from cDNA library by PCR and inserted to the polyclonal site of adenovirus shuttle plasmid pAd-MCMV-GFP. Ad-BMP2- VEGF165 was recombinated and propagated in HEK293 cells by co-transfecting with the constructed recombinant shuttle plasmid pAd-MCMV-BMP2-VEGF165 and adenovirus helper plasmid pBHGloxΔ E1, 3Cre. The recombinant adenovirus was purified and virustiter was determined, and then to research GFP expression and to calculate the adenovirus transfection rate in rabbit BMMSCs.@*RESULTS@#The recombinant adenovirus vector Ad-BMP2-VEGF165 was successfully constructed by the methods of gene analyzing, colony PCR, Western blotting and observing GFP expression, and the titer of the adenovirus was 1×10@*CONCLUSION@#Recombinant adenovirus vector containing hBMP2 and hVEGF165 gene was successfully constructed and its high titer was obtained.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rabbits , Adenoviridae/genetics , Bone Marrow Cells , Genetic Vectors/genetics , HEK293 Cells , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Transfection
16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2786-2793, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887841

ABSTRACT

To obtain chicken CD40L protein, the cDNA was prepared from chicken splenic cells and used as a template to clone and amplify CD40L by PCR. The target gene was cloned into pFastBac vector to construct a pFastBac-chCD40L donor plasmid. Recombinant plasmid was transformed into DH10Bac and recombinant Bacmid-chCD40L was obtained. The Bacmid-chCD40L plasmid was transfected into sf9 insect cells to obtain His-chCD40L protein. In addition, the target gene was cloned into pQM01 vector to construct a pQM01-chCD40L plasmid, recombinant plasmid was transfected into HEK 293T cells to obtain Strep-chCD40L protein. The chCD40L protein was purified by affinity chromatography, and the concentration of purified chCD40L protein was determined to be 0.01 mg/mL. Primary cells were isolated from the bursal tissue of 3-week old SPF chickens, and the chCD40L protein was added to the culture medium to stimulate cells. The chCD40L could bind to CD40 on B cells as examined by Western blotting, indirect immunofluorescence assay and flow cytometry, suggesting that chCD40L protein is biologically active. We successfully obtained chicken CD40L protein of biological activity, which laid the foundation in the in vitro culture of primary B lymphocytes for the isolation and diagnosis of virulent IBDV.


Subject(s)
Animals , Baculoviridae/genetics , CD40 Ligand/genetics , Chickens , Cloning, Molecular , Genetic Vectors/genetics , Recombinant Proteins/genetics
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2283-2292, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887796

ABSTRACT

Immunotherapy is becoming an effective and less invasive strategy that can be applied to the treatment of various malignancies. Lentiviral vectors (LVs) have shown great potential in immunotherapy as they can stably integrate relatively large foreign DNA, and effectively transduce dividing and non-dividing cells. Clinical application needs high quality LVs, and therefore strict quality control of the final products is necessary to ensure their purity, efficacy and safety. The quantitative detection of LVs is among the key parts of product development and quality control. In this paper, the existing methods for quantitative detection of LVs are summarized, including fluorescence activated cell sorter (FACS), P24 enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (P24 ELISA), real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA), tunable resistive pulse sensing(TRPS) and virus counter(VC).Their advantages and disadvantages are listed, and future development and challenges are discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genetic Vectors/genetics , Immunotherapy , Lentivirus/genetics , Neoplasms , Transduction, Genetic
18.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 515-525, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922523

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Plant-derived cytotoxic transgene expression, such as trichosanthin (tcs), regulated by recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vector is a promising cancer gene therapy. However, the cytotoxic transgene can hamper the vector production in the rAAV producer cell line, human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells. Here, we explored microRNA-122 (miR122) and its target sequence to limit the expression of the cytotoxic gene in the rAAV producer cells.@*METHODS@#A miR122 target (122T) sequence was incorporated into the 3' untranslated region of the tcs cDNA sequence. The firefly luciferase (fluc) transgene was used as an appropriate control. Cell line HEK293-mir122 was generated by the lentiviral vector-mediated genome integration of the mir122 gene in parental HEK293 cells. The effects of miR122 overexpression on cell growth, transgene expression, and rAAV production were determined.@*RESULTS@#The presence of 122T sequence significantly reduced transgene expression in the miR122-enriched Huh7 cell line (in vitro), fresh human hepatocytes (ex vivo), and mouse liver (in vivo). Also, the normal liver physiology was unaffected by delivery of 122T sequence by rAAV vectors. Compared with the parental cells, the miR122-overexpressing HEK293-mir122 cell line showed similar cell growth rate and expression of transgene without 122T, as well as the ability to produce liver-targeting rAAV vectors. Fascinatingly, the yield of rAAV vectors carrying the tcs-122T gene was increased by 77.7-fold in HEK293-mir122 cells. Moreover, the tcs-122T-containing rAAV vectors significantly reduced the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma cells without affecting the normal liver cells.@*CONCLUSION@#HEK293-mir122 cells along with the 122T sequence provide a potential tool to attenuate the cytotoxic transgene expression, such as tcs, during rAAV vector production.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Dependovirus/genetics , Genetic Therapy , Genetic Vectors/genetics , HEK293 Cells , MicroRNAs/genetics , Trichosanthin
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1676-1679, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922316

ABSTRACT

β-thalassemia is a monogenetic inherited hemolytic anemia, which results in a series of pathophysiological changes due to partial or complete inhibition of the synthesis of β-globin chain. The curative therapy for this disease is to reconstitute hematopoiesis, and transplantation with genetically modified autologous hematopoietic stem cells can avoid the major difficulties of traditional allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation,such as HLA matching and immune rejection. β-thalassemia gene therapy strategies mainly include gene integration and genome editing. The former relies on the development of lentiviral vectors and adds a fully functional HBB gene to the chromosome; the latter rapidly develops with the research of specific nuclease which can repair the HBB gene in situ. In this review, the latest progress of the two strategies in gene therapy of β-thalassemia is summarized.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gene Editing , Genetic Therapy , Genetic Vectors , beta-Globins/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/therapy
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 322-327, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880076

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct an acute myeloid leukemia cell line stably expressing CD123-CLL1 so as to provide an "in vitro" model for studying the role of CD123 and CLL-1 in leukemia and the treatment targeting CD123 and CLL-1.@*METHODS@#The recombinant plasmid of lentivirus was constructed by synthesizing CD123 and CLL-1 sequences and PCR homologous recombination. The lentivirus vector was packaged by three-plasmid packaging system. After collecting the supernatant of lentivirus, the virus titer was determined by quantitative PCR. K562 leukemia cells were collected and transtected with virus supernatant. Leukemia cell line stably expressing the target gene were screened by purinomycin. The expression levels of CD123 and CLL-1 were detected by RT-PCR and flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The lentiviral vector was successfully constructed, and identified by agarose gel electrophoresis and gene sequencing, then the virus titer of the supernatant was up to 5.81×10@*CONCLUSION@#Lentiviral vector expressing CD123-CLL1 has been successfully constructed, and K562 leukemia cell line stably expressing CD123 and CLL-1 has been successfully obtained.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Genetic Vectors , Interleukin-3 Receptor alpha Subunit , K562 Cells , Lentivirus/genetics , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/genetics , Plasmids , Transfection
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