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1.
Adv Rheumatol ; 59: 25, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088631

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a major musculoskeletal disease with high prevalence in the elderly. The study of genetic polymorphisms of inflammatory mediators involved in OA may contribute to the elucidation of the complex pathophysiology of this disease and identification of susceptibility individuals. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the association between polymorphism at tumor necrosis factor alpha gene (SNP - 308 G/A TNFA) with presence, severity and functional status of osteoarthritis in elderly. Methods: This study was characterized as case-control and encompassed 257 physically independent elderly (Mean Age: 68.55 ± 5.2; Minimum age: 60 and Maximum age: 82) were recruited. After this selection, the groups were divided in: 92 elderly individuals with osteoarthritis (case group) and 165 without the disease (control group). Methods: The individuals were genotyped by the TaqMan real-time PCR system. The subjects were classified based on the degree of radiological impairment according to the criteria of Kellgren-Laurence and regarding functional impairment using the WOMAC and LEQUESNE questionnaires. Results: TNFA gene polymorphic individuals (subjects harboring allele A) are more affected by OA (χ2 = 8.7, p = 0.003), once they have major radiological lesion both in hip (Fisher-Freeman-Halton Test = 3.9, p = 0.04) and knee (Fisher- Freeman-Halton Test = 4.0, p = 0.04) as well as worse functional status assessed by the Lequesne questionnaire (Mann- Whitney, p = 0.04). At the multivariate analysis, after adjustment for age, gender, body mass index, the presence of rare allele for TNFA (allele A) increases the susceptibility to OA development [OR: 1.87 (95% CI: 1.1 —3.2)]. Conclusion: We conclude that the SNP - 308 G/A of TNFA gene may affect osteoarthritis susceptibility, severity and functional status of individuals with osteoarthritis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Osteoarthritis/physiopathology , Polymorphism, Genetic , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction/instrumentation , Genotyping Techniques/instrumentation
2.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056864

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the relationship between the Serotonin transporter SLC6A4 (5-HTTLPR) gene polymorphism in cheilitis angularis patients. Material and Methods: We conducted a descriptive analysis of 100 DNA samples extracted from the blood serum of 50 patients with cheilitis angularis and 50 patients without cheilitis angularis. Analysis of the Serotonin transporter SLC6A4 (5-HTTLPR) gene polymorphism was observed by carrying out PCR method followed by electrophoresis for the analysis, without the usage of restriction enzyme. The Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis Results: In the cheilitis angularis group there were 24 samples with SS genotype, 23 samples with LS genotype, and 3 samples with LL genotype. Whereas in the non-cheilitis angularis group, there were 5 samples with SS genotype, 18 samples with LS genotype, and 27 samples with LL genotype. In the cheilitis angularis group found 71 S alleles and 29 L alleles, and in the non-cheilitis angularis group 28 S alleles and 72 L alleles were found. A statistically significant difference was found between the groups (p<0.001) Conclusion: There were significant differences in the distribution of the Serotonin transporter SLC6A4 (5-HTTLPR) gene polymorphism between patients with and without cheilitis angularis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Polymorphism, Genetic , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins , Genotyping Techniques/instrumentation , Genes , Chi-Square Distribution , Cheilitis , Intervention Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Statistics, Nonparametric , Indonesia
3.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2017. 121 p. tab, ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-884207

ABSTRACT

Danos em biomoléculas podem ocorrer a partir de uma interação direta entre as biomoléculas e espécies reativas de oxigênio e nitrogênio como também, pela reação de produtos secundários dessas espécies como eletrófilos gerados na peroxidação lipídica. Alguns desses produtos secundários possuem estabilidade química maior que as espécies reativas das quais foram derivadas e podem se ligar covalentemente as biomoléculas comprometendo o funcionamento normal das mesmas. Portanto, modificações em proteínas por aldeídos gerados na lipoperoxidação têm sido investigadas por suas implicações com desordens patológicas relacionadas à agregação proteica, e modificações em diversas vias de sinalização amplificando os efeitos deletérios em sistemas biológicos. Os objetivos desse trabalho foi contribuir na elucidação dos mecanismos moleculares associados ao desenvolvimento da esclerose lateral amiotrófica (ELA) através da identificação, caracterização e quantificação de modificações póstraducionais em proteínas pelos aldeídos 4-hidroxi-2-hexenal (HHE) e trans-4-hidroxi-2-nonenal (HNE) in vitro (citocromo c) e in vivo (modelo ELA) a partir de técnicas de Western blot, imunoprecipitação e espectrometria de massa com abordagem proteômica de "shotgun" em ratosSOD1G93A modelo de esclerose lateral amiotrófica (ELA). Estudos com citocromo c mostraram a ligação dos aldeídos ao citocromo c e mecanismos de reação foram propostos. Foram encontrados seis peptídeos modificados por HHE e um para o HNE, e o peptídeo TGPNLHGLFGR se mostrou modificado pelos dois aldeídos paralelamente. Foi demonstrado que a histidina 33 é um "hot spot" frente as adições pelos aldeídos. Nas análises por western blot das proteínas ligadas a aldeídos foi possível observar uma tendência de aumento na concentração de proteínas ligadas ao HNE nos animais ELA, mais acentuada nas amostras de 70 dias comparadas ao controle. Com relação aos resultados obtidos com HHE tanto os animais pré-sintomáticos quanto os sintomáticos não apresentaram diferenças de HHE-proteína, tantonos controles quanto nos animais ELA. Nas amostras dos animais sintomáticos não detectamos diferença significativa na concentração de aldeído-proteína entre os grupos. Já as análises proteômicas revelaram 24 proteínas diferencialmente expressas, com destaque para proteínas com os maiores valores de significância (p-value), como a ubiquitina no grupo dos pré- sintomáticos e a neurogranina, no grupo dos animais sintomáticos e várias proteínas de metabolismo energético, de neurofilamentos, proteínas de processos redox e proteínas ligadas o metabolismo de cálcio (fundamentais na fisiopatologia em ELA). Algumas proteínas importantes foram encontradas com exclusividades nos grupos pré-sintomáticos e sintomáticos pelo diagrama de Venn. Com relação a proteínas modificadas pelos aldeídos, foram encontradas algumas relevantes como a proteína 2 de interação com a polimerase delta que foi modificada por HNE via adição de Michael encontrada nos animais ELA pré-sintomáticos e sintomáticos, a catalase que foi encontrada modificada por HNE via base de Schiff apenas nos ELA pré- sintomáticos, e a tiol redutase induzível por interferon gama no grupo dos animais ELA sintomáticos. Com relação a proteínas modificadas por HHE, foram encontradas a Janus quinase e proteína 3 de interação com microtúbulo, modificadas tanto por adição de Michael quanto via base de Schiff nos animais ELA sintomáticos. É interessante ressaltar que algumas modificações encontradas em proteínas não caracterizadas podem indicar proteínas novas ainda não descritas como modificadas por esses aldeídos. Os resultados mostram que algumas das proteínas modificadas por HNE e HHE encontradas neste trabalho, estão relacionadas ao estresse redox, vias metabólicas energéticas, proteínas envolvidas na resposta a danos oxidativos, e processos inflamatórios. Tais modificações ocorrem não só no modelo de neurodegeneração, mas foram previamente descritas em outros processos patológicos, como doença cardiovascular, lesão hepática por uso crônico de álcool


Damage to biomolecules can occur from a direct interaction between biomolecules and reactive of oxygen and nitrogen species as well as from the reaction of secondary products of these species as electrophiles generated in lipid peroxidation. Some of these by-products have greater chemical stability than the derived reactive species and can bind to biomolecules compromising their normal function. Therefore, protein modifications by aldehydes generated during lipoperoxidation have been investigated for their implications with pathological disorders related to protein aggregation and modifications in signaling pathways amplifying the deleterious effects in biological systems. The aim of this work was to contribute to the elucidation of the molecular mechanisms associated with the development of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) through the identification, characterization and quantification of posttranslational modifications in proteins by 4-hydroxy-2-hexenal (HHE) and trans-4-hydroxy-2- nonenal (HNE) in vitro, cytochrome c, and in vivo, rat model (SOD1G93A) of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), throught Western blot techniques, and mass spectrometry with shotgun proteomics approach. The results showed the binding of aldehydes to cytochrome c. Six peptides were modified by HHE and one by HNE. The peptide TGPNLHGLFGR was modified by the two aldehydes. Histidine 33 has been shown to be a hot spot against aldehydes additions. By western blot analysis of the aldehyde-bound proteins, it was possible to observe a tendency of increase in the concentration of HNE-bound proteins in the ALS animals, more pronounced in the samples of 70 days compared to control samples. Regarding the results obtained with HHE, both pre-symptomatic and symptomatic animals did not show HHE-protein differences, both in controls and in ALS animals. We did not detect a significant difference in the aldehyde-protein concentration between the groups in the samples of the symptomatic animals. Proteomic analysis revealed 24 differentially expressed proteins, with emphasis on proteins with thehighest values of significance (p-value), such as the ubiquitin in the pre-symptomatic group and neurogranin in the group of the symptomatic animals and several proteins of the energetic metabolism pathways, neurofilaments, proteins of redox processes and proteins linked to calcium metabolism (fundamental in the pathophysiology of ALS). Some important proteins were found exclusivity in the pre-symptomatic and symptomatic groups by the Venn diagram. With regard to aldehyde-modified proteins, some relevant ones such as Delta-2 polymerase interaction protein, that was modified by HNE via the addition of Michael found in presymptomatic and symptomatic ELA animals, catalase that was found to be modified by HNE via Schiff's base only in pre-symptomatic ALS, and gamma interferon-inducible thiol reductase in the group of symptomatic ALS animals. Janus kinase and microtubule interaction protein 3, were found to be modified by Michael addition and Schiff base pathway respectively in symptomatic ALS animals. It is interesting to note that some modifications found in uncharacterized proteins may indicate new proteins not yet described as modified by these aldehydes. The results show that some of the proteins modified by HNE and HHE found in this work are related to redox stress, energetic metabolic pathways, proteins involved in the response to oxidative damage, and inflammatory processes. Such modifications occur not only in the neurodegeneration model, but were previously described in other pathological processes, such as cardiovascular disease, liver injury due to chronic alcohol use


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Proteins/analysis , Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/physiopathology , Mass Spectrometry/methods , Biomarkers/metabolism , Blotting, Western/methods , Small Ubiquitin-Related Modifier Proteins , Proteomics/instrumentation , Cytochromes c , Protein Modification, Translational , Aldehydes/analysis , Chromatography, Reverse-Phase/methods , Genotyping Techniques/instrumentation
4.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 13(3)dez. 2015. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-774724

ABSTRACT

A doença de Fabry é uma enfermidade genética ligada ao cromossomoX e de caráter progressivo, causada pela deficiênciaparcial ou total da enzima alfa galactosidase A (?-Gal A). Habitualmenteo diagnóstico é tardio em função das complicaçõespatológicas provocadas pela deficiência da enzima. OBJETIVO:Neste estudo, descrevemos os aspectos clínicos de um caso familiaratravés do acompanhamento ao longo de 3 anos, duranteo tratamentopela reposição enzimática. MÉTODOS: O métodoadotado foi indutivo, relacionado ao estudo de caso familiarde pacientes com doença de Fabry. Quanto à natureza das informações,a pesquisafoi qualitativa, utilizando-se, quanto aoseu objetivo, à pesquisa exploratória. Com relação as fonte deinformação e procedimento de coleta, a pesquisa caracteriza-secomo sendo bibliográfica e documental. A amostra foi compostapor três pacientesque realizamacompanhamento quinzenalpara aplicação de terapia de reposição enzimática. O critério deinclusão para a pesquisa partiu do pressuposto de se considerarque a doença de Fabry é uma afecção rara e que a família estudadacontempla com riqueza manifestações clínicas, capazesde caracterizar a doença de Fabry. RESULTADOS: Os principaissintomas clínicos relatados pelos pacientes foram: crisede dor generalizada, fadiga, acroparestesia, febre, mialgia, dorabdominal, hipohidrose, intolerância ao frio, calor e ao exercíciofísico. Esses sintomas segundo os pacientes surgiram nainfância e foram amenizados após o uso da terapia de reposiçãoenzimática, propiciando uma melhor qualidade de vida para osmesmos. Também, se observou sinais específicos desta patologianos pacientes, como córnea verticillata e angioqueratoma. Atravésda genotipagem se verificou a semelhança da mutação entre os pacientes do estudo, demonstrando padrão típico de herançarecessiva ligada ao cromossomo X. CONCLUSÃO: Os pacientesdeste estudo apresentaram quadro clínico semelhante,sendoque a sintomatologia iniciou na infância. Córnea verticillata eangioqueratoma umbilical foram sinais encontrados nos pacientes do sexo masculino e são considerados manifestações clínicas frequentes desta patologia. A herança encontrada nesta amostra tem um padrão típico de herança recessiva ligada ao cromossomo X. Desta forma, apesar de ser uma afecção rara na população em geral, o diagnóstico precoce e a terapia de reposição enzimática permitem a evolução clínica favorável e a melhoria da qualidade de vida do paciente.(AU)


Fabry disease is a genetic disorder linked to the X chromosomeand progressive, caused by partial or total deficiency of alphagalactosidase A (?-Gal A). Usually the diagnosis is delayed dueto the pathological complications caused by deficiency of theenzyme. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we describe the clinicalaspects of a family case by monitoring for over three years,during the treatment by enzyme replacement. METHODS:The method adopted was inductive, related to the study of afamily case with patients with Fabry disease. About the nature ofthe information, the research was qualitative, using, as its goal,the exploratory research. Regarding the source of informationand collection procedure, the research is characterized asbibliographical and documentary. The sample was composed ofthree patients submitted to biweekly monitoring for applicationof enzyme replacement therapy. The inclusion criterion forthe research assumed to consider that Fabry disease is a raredisease and that the studied family contemplates with wealththe clinical manifestations, able to characterize the Fabrydisease. RESULTS: The main clinical symptoms related bypatients were: generalized pain crisis, fatigue, acroparesthesia,fever, myalgia, abdominal pain, hypohidrosis, intolerance tocold, heat and exercise. These symptoms according to patientsemerged in childhood and were alleviated after the use ofenzyme replacement therapy, providing a better quality of lifefor them. Also, we found specific signs of this disease in patients,as verticillata cornea and angiokeratoma. By genotyping, it wasfound the similarity of the mutation among patients in thestudy, showing typical pattern of recessive inheritance linkedto chromosome X. CONCLUSION: The patients in this study showed similar clinical condition, and the symptoms began inchildhood. Verticillata cornea and umbilical angiokeratomasigns were found in male patients and are considered commonclinical manifestations of this pathology. The heritage found inthis sample has a typical pattern of recessive inheritance linkedto chromosome X. Thus, despite being a rare disease in generalpopulation, early diagnosis and enzyme replacement therapyallow favorable clinical evolution and improved patient qualityof life.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Glucan 1,4-alpha-Glucosidase/therapeutic use , Fabry Disease/diagnosis , Enzyme Replacement Therapy , Angiokeratoma , Clinical Enzyme Tests/instrumentation , Genotyping Techniques/instrumentation
5.
Rev. obstet. ginecol. Venezuela ; 74(3): 210-216, sep. 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-740395

ABSTRACT

Presentamos paciente de 33 años, II gesta, I aborto, con enfermedad de Gaucher tipo I, diagnosticado hace 28 años. Recibió terapia de reemplazo enzimático. A las 38 semanas de gestación se realizó cesárea obteniendo recién nacido femenino. En el Instituto de Investigaciones Genéticas de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad del Zulia. Maracaibo. Se analizaron 6 muestras de ácido desoxirribonucleico, correspondientes a afectada, hija y madre de afectada y 3 controles. En esta paciente no hubo complicaciones durante el embarazo, la recién nacida no presentó defectos congénitos, puerperio complicado con anemia y trombocitopenia. La asignación de genotipos permitió adecuado asesoramiento genético.


We present a 33 year-old female. Gravida II, abortion I, with type I Gaucher disease diagnosed 28 years before, receiving treatment with enzyme replacement therapy during pregnancy. At 38 weeks gestation a female infant was delivered by cesarean section. In Genetic Research Institute of the Faculty of Medicine. University of Zulia. Maracaibo. 6 samples of desoxyribonucleic acid corresponding to affected, daughter and mother of affected, and 3 controls were analyzed. In this pacient there was no complications during pregnancy, there were no malformations at birth, post partum with anemia and thrombocytopenia. The assignment of genotypes allowing adequate genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Congenital Abnormalities , Pregnancy Complications/diagnosis , DNA , Gaucher Disease/diagnosis , Gaucher Disease , Glucosylceramidase/deficiency , Pathology, Molecular , Thrombocytopenia , Genotyping Techniques/instrumentation , Enzyme Replacement Therapy , Genotype , Pregnancy Complications , Risk Factors
6.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2013. 126 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-750904

ABSTRACT

Os polimorfismos denominados Indels são variações de comprimento geradas por inserção ou deleção de um ou mais nucleotídeos em uma sequência de DNA. Estes marcadores genéticos vêm apresentando um grande potencial para fins forenses e populacionais por combinar características dos marcadores SNPs, tais como a capacidade de analisar fragmentos curtos (menores que 250pb) e baixas taxas de mutação, com a facilidade da genotipagem dos STR em uma única PCR, seguida de detecção dos fragmentos amplificados por eletroforese. Com o objetivo de avaliar a eficiência dos Indels em aplicações forenses e esclarecer os detalhes da formação de diferentes populações brasileiras através de dados genéticos, amostras populacionais de diferentes estados brasileiros foram genotipadas através de dois sistemas multiplex. O primeiro (indelplex-HID) foi otimizado para fins de Identificação Humana (HID) e inclui um grupo de 38 marcadores Indels selecionados por apresentarem altos valores de diversidade genética dentro das principais populações continentais. Já o segundo (46-AI-indels), foi selecionado para estudos de ancestralidade e é composto por um conjunto de 46 marcadores informativos de ancestralidade (AIMs). Nesse último caso, ao contrário do anterior, o sistema multiplex inclui marcadores com alta divergência nas frequências alélicas entre populações continentais. Na primeira etapa, o multiplex HID foi aplicado em uma amostra populacional do Rio de Janeiro e em uma amostra populacional dos índios Terena...


Indels are length polymorphisms created by the insertion or deletion of one or more nucleotides in a DNA sequence. This type of genetic marker is potentially very useful for forensic and population genetic applications because it combines some desirable SNP features, such as the possibility of being analyzed in small fragments (less than 250bp), and low mutation rate, and in the same way as for the STRs it is easily genotyped in a single PCR followed by capillary electrophoresis detection of the amplified fragments. In order to evaluate the efficiency of Indels in forensic applications, and clarify some details on the formation of different Brazilian populations through genetic data, population samples from different Brazilian States were genotyped through two Indel multiplex systems. The first (Indelplex-HID) has been optimized for Human Identification (HID), and includes a group of 38 Indel markers selected by presenting similarly high values of genetic diversity within the main continental populations. The second (46-AI-indels) was selected for studies of ancestry, and it is composed by a set of 46 ancestry informative markers (AIMs). The latter, unlike the first one, includes markers with high divergence in allele frequencies among populations. In a first stage, the multiplex HID was used to study a population sample of Rio de Janeiro and a population sample of Terena Amerindians...


Subject(s)
Humans , Forensic Anthropology/methods , Genetic Markers , Genetics, Population/methods , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Forensic Anthropology/instrumentation , Racial Groups , Forensic Genetics , Genotyping Techniques/instrumentation
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